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The free citizen. (Orangeburg, S.C.) 1874-1876, May 27, 1876, Image 8

Image and text provided by University of South Carolina; Columbia, SC

Persistent link: http://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn92065529/1876-05-27/ed-1/seq-8/

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Thc Art Gallery.
Thc most imposing anti ornate of all
the structures is memorial hall, built al
a coot of $1,500,000, hy the state ol
Pennsylvania and the city of Philadel
phia. This is placed at the disposal ol
the centennial* commission, to be used
during the exhibition aa an art gallery,
after which it yt designed to make it the
receptacle of ?n industrial and art col
lection similsr to tho famous south Ken
sington museum, at London. It stands
on ti line parallel with, and a short dis
tance northward of, the main building,
and is in a commanding position, looking
southward across the Schuylkill over
Philadelphia. It stands, upon a terrace
ono hundred and twenty-two feet above
tho level of tho Schuylkill. Being de
signed for. an absolutely fireproof struc
ture, nothing combustible has been used.
The design is modern Itcnaissance. Jt
covers an acre and a half, and is three
hundred and sixty-five feet long, twe
hundred and ten feet wide, and fifty
nine feet high, over a spacious basement
twelve feet high. A dome, rising one
hundred feet above the ground, sur
mounts the center, capped by a colossal
ball, from which rises the figure of Co
lumbla. Tho main front of this build
ing looks southward, displaying a mail
entrance in the center consisting of thret
enormous arched doorvKvys a pavilion tu
each end, and two arcades connectin?
thc pavilions with the center. The cn
trance is seventy feet wide, to whicl
thorp, is a riso ot thirteen steps. Eacl
of thc huge doorways is forty feet higl
and fifteen feet wido, opening into ?
hall. Ilctween the arches of the dont
waysare clusters of columns, terminatinj
in emblematic designs illustrative o
science and art. Thc doors are ol iron
relieved by bronze panels, displaying th
coats of arms of all thc stales and tci
ritorics. Thc United States coat of arm
is in thc center of thc main frieze. Th
dome is of glass and iron, of unique d<
sign. While Columbia mes at the to(
^a colossal figure stands at each corner t
thc. base of thc dome, typifying thc foti
quarters of the globe.
In each pavilion there is a large wit
dow, twelve and one-half feet by thin;
lour feet. There are altogether eight <
these windows, used for thc display i
stained glass paintings, cte. Tito arcadi
designed to screen thc long walls of tl
galleries each consist ot five groini
* arches, and form promenades look ir
outward over tho grounds and in\va?
over gardens extending back to the mai
wall ol' thc building. Those garden plo
are each ninety feet by thirty six feet,ti
nainented in the center with fountain
and intended to display statuary. Tl
arcades aro highly ornnncnted, and tl
balustrades of them and of the* stairwa
arc abo designed for statuary. Tl
walls of the east and wost sides of t
structure display thc pavilions and t
walls of tho picture galleries, and t
i relieved by niches designed for statin
The frieze is richly ornamented, a
' nrc it tho central (lome BIIOWS to gre
unlace. The rear or north front
building is of -tye -same gcnei
.actor as the maia front, but,
: of thc arcado, has a series of arch
?ll:. ,. ' .. ... . ; ' .'.
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The Pennsylvania railroad company,
whose linc? penetrate every section of Hie
Union, and directly connect all important
points with Philadelphia, has made magnifi
cent preparations for conveying, with safety
and comfort, the inilliuns of jKioplo who in
tend visiting the Centennial Exhibition di
rectly to the Centennial ground.?. The loca
tion of the Exhibition made it impossible
for any other railway to directly reach thc
Exhibition buildings and grounds, and thc
management, ever since the site was des
ignated, has employed its gigantic equip
ments and unrivuled facilities to make the
Exhibition a success, by providing the
amplest accommodations at the minimum
price, for both exhibitors and visitors. It
was titting that a railway company,national
in its character and operations,should thu:
second thc commissioners in illustrating om
centennial history by demonstrating thc
high degree of excellent** attained by thc
railway transportation system of America
in making thc great thoroughfares muting
the Atlantic seaboard and thc Mississippi
valley, tho W?*?5 Northwest and Southwest
with theCenjiPninl Cityy-os r crfect as possi
ble in nil ha ewKJUials ? nd detaiis.
N Its roiiics followVn? geographical chan
nels of continental drfter-communication
uniting most of the larger cUio^?a vin.
CENTENNIAL DEPOT, I
Hoiitliern shores if the great lakes, on the
Mississippi and V)hio rivers, and on thc At
lantic harbors. li?? main road from New
York to Philadelphia though poising
througli the principal cl'?es ot New Jersey,
does not deviate six miles from an air line,
and this deflection is due to tho interposition
of navigable waters. These roui->d not only
excel in directness as well as in tl?., number
of important cities and towns Uiey'?jpimpet,
but they arc confessedly superior ii ^'Con
struction and equipment. Between Pitts
burgh and New "York. 4<M miles, the entire
linc is double track, laid witlydieavy steel
rails willi joints connected between..ties by
a process that gives the effect of .conihiuom
rail, on which there can bc no unpleasant
jarring. All bridges on thc line are of iron
or stone. A large portion of this distare0 --
provided with a third track, which enable*
freight trains to keep entirely out of I the
way of passenger travel, and permita thc
express trains to run their allotted d?8tAnct
without interruption, and near
Phiftdel
?ihin, mid other important terminal poi".18
our tracks have, for considerable} di*
tances, been completed.
The Block signal system, cxclustte)>
used on thc Pennsylvania railroad Mirri"!?""
out its entire length, compels thc eng}"0*:1
of a train to know whether the tra''c u
clear or not io tho next Htaiion.be itom
' -. i ? .. . .. "-- "
ENNSYLVANIA RAILROAD
or ten miles, and every modern "appliance
for combining tho highest speed with (lie
most perfect safety has been adopted. Thc
company has built "200 elegant ears, willi
engines of thc first class ample to move all
trains that may possibly be required. *
.Centennial visitors will find die Pennsyl
vania road the only direct route from thc
West, North and East to thc Centennial
Exhibition, thu ratos as low as by any othei
route, thc time made by it thc quickest, MK
the accommodations for comfort, luxury
and safety unequaled. Careful agents, 01
all trains, will arrange for ihe prompt am
cheap delivery of all baggage, and, for ii ft j
cents, sell seats in a comfortable carriage tc
any point in Philadelphia.
Above all, these visitors will be landed a
the very doors of tho Exposition, in tin
beautiful Centennial depot of thc company
represented in thc above cut. It Htands op
positc the open space separating thu Man
exhibition building from Machinery hall
facing thc principal entrance gate and th*
Judge's pavilion, and in close proximity tc
several immense hotels and restaurants. I
is 340 feet in length by 100 in width, tw<
stories high, and surmounted hy six towers
In design it is tusteful and ornamental
comparing favorably with tho many beaut!
ful structures erected for thc purjioses of tb
Exhibition. Thc first floor contains a gen
fr
eral wailing room, 130 by 100 leer, a lanie."
waiting room eighty-one by 100 fool, a ling
gage lonni forty-nine, liv 100 feet, a tickc
oilice thirty by forty feet, a package roon
ten by thirty feet, and a number of retiriii]
rooms, all bandsoinely finished, and pro
vidocl with every convenience. Thc loom
on tlie second floor aro for thc use of th
railroad officials and employees.
Tbis depot is readied hy a circle of Ihre
traeks sweeping from the main road wa;
four-fifths of a mile long, and the di amele
of the circle, they deserihe is OOO feet. Al
trains will enter thist circle heading west
ami depart from thc depot handing ea.if
Three trains can ho lauding or receivini
passengers in front of thu depot at th
same time, tlie entire tracks Innng HOOL
over, and no maller in what direction th
trains may come or go, they can las movci
without confusion, delay or danger.
Seventeen additional sidings have j nee:
constructed, connected with this circlet of :
length of 1,000 feet each, upon which wait
ing trains can be run and remain with cn
gincs attached, until thc time arrives f<\
them to enter upon tho circle, receive thei
passengers, and depart for destination
This arrangement of tracks and sidings i
novel, and a (lords facilities for thc transar,
lion, without detentio.v or confusion, of ai
almost unlimited passenger business. O
WE MEAN IT!
Ami aro prepared to demonstrate the faut.
OTJR AUGERS oro operated entirely by
HOUSE POWER, and will bore at tho roto
of 20 PEET PER HOUR. They boro
from
3 TO 8 FEET IN DIAMETER,
AntftfNY DEPTH REQUIRED. They -will -
boro in
All Kin.I., of Earth, ?ort Nanci and
i!s:e.".ton?( Itiiumlnnnn Stono
'Casi, Minto and Hardpan.
And wc MAKE the REST otVWKLLS in
QUICKSAND.
GOOD ACTIVE AGENTS Wanted In
every State nnd County tn the United .States. ?
Keno for our Illustrated Catalogue, terms,
nrir.es, ?kc., proving our nd vcr I i s emeu ts
buna /tile. Address
GREAT WESTERN WELL AUGER CO.
BLOOMFIELD, DAVIS CO., IOWA.
JVState in what paper you saw this adver
tlietnent.
"TREVIBBATOR"
1000 SOLD LAST SEASON
WITHOUT ONS FAILURE OU REJECTION
Tills la tim tommi* Threshing machino th nt has
-?wept tho field " omi created mich a revolution.!!) tho
trade,hy Its MATCHLESS QRAIN-SAVI.NO AXU TIMI>SAV.
INO prlnciploi.

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