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-tq. , :r sit$..
TO QUR PRIENDS
'taeiire t su i our publicationsI
we~~~~~~~ Mycm'. eOnds .11
olce aild by yd11r cbantenance and q'i
port. put, upona sutr founddIlNidyour
- <istrict paper. '.
Ohr ollice is at the old sta-ld '6" t1
Ieral and Regifter, where' we will bo
pleased to -Red all who Uay give 1; a
call. Por terntA, &c.,.*Pe first pdge.
TO OUa PAT&!ON8.
hould h1iy Of our patrons-fail torer
ceive fIhir piperg 'proiptly,'theyi will
please iotify us innedjatelf'Of the,fagt.
Our.carriers 'ro not yet 'thorotghly ac.
quinted with .tijr routes, lit we hope
'soon to have everything workilg orderly
We listructed the carriers' yesterday
;iorning to lave'a copy of the Ne6s at
the residence orjpliCe of b'uiiess of 6very
yesident in t).,toY atid ir.aily-.41 our
friends failedto receite a. oopy, ,high
Wa sent as a.spdoineu, we, regrFt the
Specimdh eIcple -w ill be sup by
chj' lig at"flie ofice, where *e irill be
PI.ased to r,e1iv orders at any'tii'o
and enter %pxa bs'criptions
The appe-ranp of the eswe yeater.1
4y', we rvgrot,,fIl short of our expecta
tions in conisequelie ot the re-adjhsttPet
of machinery'and the want of applianfcs
not yet coniplbtod. '[n a .few days (
S Va to ioniplete every arrvng n t nec
' Ary, and Ipn we assure our friends
tRat mepani6l'appeardince, -f t)e
INews #ball be qi 1o that uf any other
Paper pybished h ofederaly.
We;rd*ired on Sunday night from
passengers and other sources, a quantity
of rumors of the most exciting character,
but alth6ugh we concluded they were
mainly correct, we did- not give publiei4
tv to them, for the rea'on that we' re
gardad them contraband to the premt,
inasmuch as out telbgrnphic agent did
not furnish diApatches on the. ame sb.
We wiil endeavor to avoid' givig
publication to sensatiotal reports, as the
ptiblic mind is already. suffloinntly pgi.
taied and we, now' catitioli the peplo
against 'lending a willing ear. to the
nTany rumors which may be put afloat.
by "the reliable gentleman,"- esyecjally
the one with "the black carpet hag," as'
no donbt he is much more alarmed than
DE'PA RTURE OF THE NILITIA.
The militia forces, liable to dut.1, in
Fairfield District, departed cn Satuday
afternbon under command df Col. Jtms
_A. 4u .., to rendezvous at Coinmlya;
- S. C. TVhe men nppeared to 'bo in ex
'cellent trinm and chieerful.. TFhey wil do
- th.eir dudy \vhen onlied upon to face'the
invades'. - May Gon protect an'd retuna
them in safety to their friends and loyed
Of oairse itcno eepce that
we -will furnish a full history of pasalny
*efef1intil li-140 received a fd1l1shaw~
- 'of sid'hangee. We -will. do th2, es,
ug~derl.e circtiinstanaces. thatPwe posd
*blycain.. As soon as* pape0 corpreence
*comimg to us, and we have' a widerscope
fr~ making onr"selections, ive will n
*deavorto fill our shoet 'with more inter
esting matter.~ ',
Ifpn. B. F'. T'errv haq rectdved;to
pYpointnentof Judge of t'he Confederato
States Court for the - Distriot of South,
Carolina, vice Hion. A. 0. Magruth,
who resigned in consequence of havinig
beeni elected Governor of the State.' i
Honor Judge Perr.' qualifida and entered
*upon the duties of his re, oonsiblo poe.
- sition on Monday lat.--Colefi'm'a Guar
*Dr. Johnh,ori," at a'.late pe riod of his
live, observed t9 Sir Joshua I
Jf,a ntan:does not .make ne w
.pces p he,p'asses through .ii
soon find himself left a nie.
Sir, should keep his f 'eridship in) coilr
s tant repair."
scussit)Igl@p'rbbility of recogiit.ior
by the great pore.s of Europe, reniids
us of the following historical abd:politi.
'France,-on-thr 5h .of FObruary, 1 /98
aCkowlPds4#AhQ in4q!jetqnni bf the
thirktn AA can .olonies, .no sny
indepindi,1it States. Lve the ar.
tie M Cnnfiration : wer onot then
i T T'he Unite Netherlands' fl.
lo'ed this puipl .6ber8th, 17h 8
and. Swedex: ji'd ft, I II
Britain, in the Treaty of -, ul .u
t'd e tnber'3dri8,' recog4ie' the
se'tl-a t atdh in' liqe'in'; a8 so niany
npn ont'dninitis~ 'Thiis recog.
nition eiimracd Virgink Nott Car.
lina, South Carolina ai,pogia by
hame; and it territorially included keni
Lucky, T6niessee,'Aliabhia and Misvis
Bippi. Tho reinailing Confedeste States
became possessed by titeir orgAitigationl
kid admission, of equal rights.with the
briginal States. aid stand on th'e sadin
footini The independent .natioftalit,y
of Texs was recognized by France in
183(1 and by Great BritAin in' 1.840.
She did not enter the Union until 1.845.
In no other form' has tli natioitalitv
5f the American States ever been. nec
kOw.led k-d.by .the. Eu'tropeAn Co,utv:.
1oh' Ualue Ws'seIt in 1777,' to roe
ent the States in France, and was soon
lfter'succeeded there by Dr. Franklin.
bey otlir received their authority from
ie. gigr of Delegates" ofthe set
-rol $i4u. the' Articleeof (dnfeder.
ion Were not adopt,ea'till !far9h, 17'81.
it. Adams' tinder an -appoint.ment re
ivod W776, remained as Ministe'r to
Enljgald pi 11788.
'Thbe Uni'on formed by the A rticles of
onfederation -wasdissolved Mirch'3d'
1789-.' ''he.jUnion under the Constiti.
,ibnAid''not' go i'nto operation until April
10, Psq, hind then only ad eleven States,'
Rhode Ishid and North Carblina, for a
In ill theue Jianges for the agetbny or
6du.ting theii- foreign iniercourse. the
'tatie'ditnd io. notification ncessary
.e other g6yernments. No, r6og:itiol
mas auked for any such nation af' the
"onfederat.io of States, fbr there was no
mch created; nor any such nation as the
Unhd' State, for'' thei same reason.
Che goverumen. estUblished by the arti.
,les of Confederation, aud y the Con.
ktitution, were the mere foreign. agenctei
:f the Statt, the true sovereign whoe
m.tionalit. was already acknowledged.
l'he European governments conceded to
Is the righ, to change thm form of this
Ncy whenever we pleased. The rec.
)guition of. the inidependence of the
itatev survived all thee changes )nl.
iarmad, the disbanding of the Confeder.
%tionl-in 1183 ; tlm.iliterregnium of fifty.
-iglt laym that followed ; the separat,ion
>r the States which-then continued for
-omel tine, Rhode sind and North Car.
A)la re'iaining distinct; and the accei
;ion to the-number of Stateswhich lfler
wards occurred from jime to time. 'Thle
,Vinsters sent by the Federal agent were
rectived onl the original ackitowledg-e.
nienstof the ntAtionality of the several
iates and no. other. 'No other was de
;ired, no other was proffori-d, no other
was thonght necesry or appropriat6.
SLetus ut>tieo somie of the dousequenl.
.es. which inay be deducod from this
eiew of. the case, looking al it from a
oreign stand point,'and excluding all
-eference to our own eon troversy as. to
,e .right .9f 'Secesion, France and
Snghad nitight any' tt.li~ r. Iiancolu was
s;ppointed int 180 by an elettion itt
vhich all the States participated; that
hus heo was l-egularly dbnstituted .the1.
liijupn.at.ic repteaent tiv.of al bhe Statesj
gr specified tenm: thit, as t, Eu.
ope reqogized'him aa fajgoluIed accor
ling to our own formi. Aftoe he fogrth
f March next lhe willmsdn, however,
dltffrent charatter. - Ie .will -h4ve eui'
o jn ua 'terai of service t*oiyhiefs
an9ug t:aus, dclbdged b) Eu
Oipe as-.mdependent, had noq part' iin
L1s , conimlissionl from Virginia. -and
'~'th CArglfla, ir' the rest of the Con
e ~rate Statea. ,He 'can :ho6Who "aft
horityw topresen) tlierh.' di~e e Iatf,er
lates at* nce re'trained, ahd gere ex
ulided, fromr all eshare in his appointment.
Pthig, ;1nrope is duly noafiell, and it
rould b''bth an outLge'and a' perfidy
o acknowledge,sas Alio reprsetaitv
tf States recogoited as inidependnt a i'
igent in whos a.ppoiiltment they had
to-share. "A0 well 'n'iight the-Einperk
We~ci~hllijp"uaadhidE' to represent the
Jn iderate $tatsa'as The man whto rules
it Washingtosn Virginia and te
R.ave'' claimeod(to cohange their' fary
igency fretLu~ently in tlie past, and it i as~
bAn . acrdled---how : en tle t'ight be
jpiioned now ?
Their responsibility for Lincoln's-ap
pointwas as organ for foreign inter
course, Ihau ejof 1disgharged by 'the er-'
piratiorn of the ' errm for which he was
elected. Ia the now appointment they
n, .ar, nproe 0)wed ef
ani . co 1(catiobe p4ten
it r entfthl .ither in bu
for . W e vi4& uis tb '
well be adopted by Fraicep And ENgta
without rpference to tl-e'other- netWof
our caose; atid,-we (10 lot-ke1how they:
.Un b6 Vvvrloo ked or how they cold .bVe
nMet.' Ai 4 taking ito osdrto
't6e dutties4whli'thesa goiienets pwe
to tbir O* j p t' their. owu digni
ty, to soud riternatidnal pi-incples, and
to 4s-lubles,.,h'oYeQt*,."whi i ley
love declineo uxtil tl1g neglect h*at be.
-cm=a evere reprdach-r we . t,hink it
,ery" reasonable and very. probabl e that
they w.ill hided prqft by the common
opportitity to' aban*q1 thbeir -present
positipnt wit4 a good gr'ace.
In a r town debate in - Congress, Mr.
Wiflil spoke as follows:
"rhe Pisident. in a opeoch in-eorgd,
stated that tNi-tliir4s of the arriy Wre
absent. CQmpel these men to return to
their poste-and you.have no meed foinogro
Mr. Browne-"low,willyou get them
Mr. Wigrall-,-How! By placing thaf
great captain, Joseph. . Johnston, in1
cornmand-of that army. Do that, and
these men will need no invitation or ap.
peal to; return. ,U ( Wigfall) was fight.
ing ir .slavery,.,.ad for. i'othing else.
The patent, of uQbility is in the color of
the-skin. He wa nted to live, in no country
in, Wih the riin who blacked his boot
anu n.ttriid his horse was his equal. O V
the, '#qgrqes ,iiskjts and .nake th6iA spil
diQrs, andte ..ne ubjoe, introduced
for discussion will be miscegenation-the
neg'o,wonch will be placed on.an equ
atity iith our wives, our mothert and
our 'istfrt He wanted to live in no free
negro cotutry., There- were' white nief
enmgh on our nl ster rolls to win this
right; and- he thanked God that we now
had an officer in .command of the arnies
)f the Confederate State.q, who would so
lirect. -matters as in all probability to
We See no real,"tangible cause for de.
ipondphey., The great heart of the nktion,
he bon6 aid sinow of tie country, the
)rave. veterans in-the Iield- all, all are
lopeful; yea, sanguine of ultimitto suc
'ess. Why shoqld -we despond? Is not our
lause just. and will nov the God of battles
lefend the right?
Our material is yet mn e, and adequate
knd suicient -our re.s-oirces abundait;
knd let but the popularpulse ofour gallant
4riy-all vibrate with unanimity-andl
lepend itpon i. t yj wiil not. b, far dis.
ant when the bjght. .sutn of liberty aid
ndependence fil sh ne upon us.--Cob.
L?tlbiar Carolini 4n.
While tle Pinc ot Wales Was at Heb.
-on h and his#wte obtainid pernission to
visit the Cavdof Machltli, Abraham's
mrial place. ihy aro.the firstchristiatis
Iho hav hoin allowitd .0 enter it silcu
he Criuadu. nearly seven huinidred years
tgo.. Dr.St nleylays everythingis kept I
it the moat .leautiful order, and gothiig
:ould bu more satisfactory than the sataLe
n which the t ombs are preserved* Abr
lam, Isaac, Jaco, Joseph iSarah, Relo
:aand Leah arl buried there.
The , New / York ferahl proteswt.
rgainit the dr,ift in, that' city, ts beingj
hispropertionfite. It says thatCbecans
New York/"voted for' McClellan, the
A.dminist,rntiou appears determined to
invet.rcyvenge ha an exces.sive anid im.
'he Houston' AIeq;aphe says the nitre
tudnng bnreau in Texas is now pro.
li4ig nitre enough to supply the. do
~artnwnt with gunpowder. I't is capa.
>lo of liroduciug 5,000 pounde. ye.. day.
Says A rtetnns Ward: "Yu ma djffei
is much as fou ploase about the style of
, Tonng lady's figger, but I tellfyou kon.
etially ifshe ' has forty thousand dl
rar t;hp figger is ,au as- near ritea
r'ou wvill get it.
R, pyeh&s., agoed hcuseseat, -
er and Ironor.
'Il'sab,.a.comfortable .hotne and 1Jnd
reett.a will be given.- -
- 5~FaQrsas,,D n).
T~IM partnons weqau ~ eAdva.
iIem Tax ioN t and'Sol
e intax pagetat Tity medi.
e soldierg tax ofe t to'te paid'in
orn Agr*iUlkra(proport.1,i ll be
J n a Y~nbrblesineing onthe'.1st
a.f uth'i dexWa' f to' e1mend of
Mept,Ad as soonks1 t4fl i- tithe
a 61 Ard cu'e frirn thP $ ge
blaster a certificate stating tb alue .of the
~iJte so that' tlie deotot1on - sy be snade by
~lot ColleloI.ia6 any<balselefoA4
0.3 I.' TifOMPSON,
UTIT CAR, ,
YOM TUE F
n apavalry engagerment ~1itFr~
weith Gecn7Kilpatrick near Aikan, i2a
'thel,.r ied. by erblsnce
.iarging aixg - i c e
- Oes to theirrnfn#enchm ut.
.Ugivy .akirnjpaung i.s .goimg on
0 angeburg the eiact iesilts 9f whichi
have noi lm:ard reported. If ourtIoo
should.bq, corypOle to ietir.p from ti
peIt, We stppose they w0i,l take the
of 11.t Co1ga; vqr t6 piotect .t
positiOns ol'KingAP.A,and Coim))im.
dono knowhow1arge.cro iiro
yesterd.V' below Oranigebut TI
would appear to be a divprgeutnV m t
direction they4iavehitherto pur.%ed, a'
my'iidicato the purpose. of crossing i.
Sante,o, A hd going to the eastern part
theto tpiepaP thence 'iCoNorth Carolin
cutting,the North 'aitern 'Railroad.
Florence. Itrumor locate otjijpr parti
oi the 'North Edisto about Joba' Brid
an nehr,dott' P. O. Thiese howeye
f The cars yesterday proceded no furth
down than Louisvilp- Guaids'n, 131
AFFAIR W.TIJ :rM E Ei .N RATCIN
iThe following. official dispatch fro
on. Le,e has been rei.ved at. the' W
uns's , y Non-rui.:nI VIno1I1NTA,
* . ..1Febr'uary, 6, 186
7- Gen. A Coocper:
!Iiheenemy moved-instroig t6rceye
tordny to latiher's run. Part of h
infantry,'i*' Grgg' civalry, crosst
and proceede i on iho Vauglju oad, ti
infinry to Cattail creuk, zhe cavalryI
Dinwiddie Court [Hbule, where its'a
vance encountered a pertion of otirI
airl.- hnd:retired. In the afternoon par
of IHill's and Gordan's tro.opa demonstri
ted Pgainst the left, of Iatcber'ara
near Arastrong's ipill. ' FiVding hi
i%trenched, they were wit.hdrawn aft
,drk. .During the night the force h
had allVanced ieyond the creek rettin
to it mnd Vere repprtpd to be re-crossin
Thi$ Diorning Pegrau1's diQinWovi
,down -the right bnk of the creek to r
coinipitre, whe're it, was- vig6r.ouslyI a
tacked. Th" battle vins obstinately dor
tested for several houia,'but Gen. Pegrat
being killed, while brAely encouragin
hiA iien, aIId Col. Hiof'man woundec
soine confitsion oceurred, and the divi
ion was pressed hack to itj original p(
mition. ,Evans' division, ordered b)
Gen. Gordon to support Ptigram's charp
t'd the enemy nd fored 'Iim'ba|ck, bu
w m turn c.mpelled tu retire, Mi
hone's division arriving, the eretny wit
driven rapialy,t b lis, defe.ncev on Ha
eher's rum, Ouriloss is'reported to I*
small; that of the e Iue,i.y . 10r. siEppose
. (l, Joln C. BreckiAri'dge entere
upon the dia<;harge of hma Wduties as Se
!r of War. 7th ins
4_IIit see elffAts offid
11HARLOTTY &.1. R.
COAuMIAIA. . (., .anniry
U NTIB furtherni :ice. jiiq e
not receive nr forward
FLtEIGil1T for Chxarlotin nr poin
fe 1'G5 .GenealSuporinidn
1411e, Xe. 'eeps45 o N?ane of 11
8OUTli' CAROldNA COLlIn(GP
- Or.AsNAa,. January 16, 1ty5.
Jto. a thip Jtecordi, I earnxestl
appe41. 'et famillas 4r friends of eur de
ooueadjs s to sndateattenacetheir nameu
&c., whRlelb hi'ea anopportunity to secure
~rpirate lifotm&tI.tr.( Hlospitair egisteri
and Iofortsdf dasauiutes fremx th be ay ccr4
lefloib'ut In thieLnformsaiol requiredg jriuul
be obtainled at, hton&
The Record',ill date biok to tie ginninj
af the war,'fud Inoinde 911 who'hure l:1
kiliWI in'a(ttJ 'or -dledfof~ wounds ;-reoeived
n' bittle, or'.from 'disease or .accident'. Ii
roer have ;beena so .fortuCate .as not to lose
rries.d or wxel#tive, ye? remsjnber that ilai
3oblto rees from 'o4 ip4 theonamneof
but.one frel mout .ho had gone from
vour nelghb6t,o to die in our cause..
Give.-1. -Namp in fell.. 2. Fron, yhat
District. 8. Reek. 4. Cornpany. 6. RIegiI ent
and armn of agrvige. 0.' 1)id, year, t'n
Iayr7. CAnse of goathi, and remarks 'a
where bedied,~, ppevlousl3uwoundel d
- Cipulablanks .to be filled wlfl
1e$se mue4 e *heMn-No fee erezpeu,
idteeu y y' obp. 6rhaving the re.
uad9e ~l~a is;etdJeeoing to fulfall a
ter'edi 4J.' t - in me ting . now, a re
ording wfor 4I n5aueso i
was sent ,r
T. T Iit , AP*o9MT;.V0 A AT oir
rad U.1ATIoN AD PRATn,
'TIyA '.-The Congress of the
ertt. Ihave, by a joint resolu.
, V ft ppoint a day of publie
an titighn n prayer, with ,bank,.
i, Ivin.o A G eld.
IL Is our duty, ait all' timel,, andi
n n.*.eAPOn of PNi trial
ftnd to bow Ink humble
' '10 ils footsoo,confessing
as ;r%f 6 'Upplicating Hife gracions
at, pa I Ilim iv.ine heol), e.
1 ti.rpe hanks for thts
Meh ich 119 isYo
of m, tiers; that 13
a' lir r armie's, and
An ender untco lis
holy n praiso -whiah ro
Prso "jklet at goodness. amw
a, for the le has eend.
ed to 118 a nd suffcrings o
protracted a ody war.
'sNow, jef-; .Is JE''FER80N DA VIS.
Preskden MU Contederato Slatem of
Amerer.. le tIIs, mly proolamtlion
n AppoIntt AY, te 10t doy of' Marelt
ir next,, mo P. pu blic fasting, humiliation
aMd.pray th t ahanksgiving.) r*r "in
voking*1 andi guidance (if Aklmighty
' earaeftly.hvite all soldier
-tad ti bl erv ndte.4amein pr
of rei lt ence and prayer.
q- Given.it hand and .the xetj' ofjthe
m. l n atex, , r0 dt&tond, this
t n ay o Jhuar i@h year
ofr n e thousand eight hudrie
JE .RS Ayie.
oi in; Senre(ary of state,
fio Pielas, of tile 1Idesphjg
T' UT Ti.' CONk-EDMnACY.
Qo rx res ii catdprarr
irRai 11141,mapd, Febi. 20,4,
it d and. r*e!*ahe.f i tdiers Ia
f NerVibern Virgini,% are here.
.yanl arratigernient hav'ibis day
d 0 ti the Souhern ress
rry all packsgei OI6F food and
V to IichMon, Va. .
c qdvauiAgos thus obtained
SPresm company, &be following
n unt be observed:
S Ast.0 ocortili more than one
bpo be W ell secured, and plainly
n5.. JU 1theoexpenveorthe ship
f the Soldierp' Belief Associa.
0 iocated &$'Tollowe:
y r6lina,. at Baleigh ; in BoAk
11m11iia; In beotia, at Augusta;
it Montgomer,i or to any ther
one oif teeAscainae
d of these Assonitions will here
of tnem, and ghjip daily, by
russ Cowpany, to the propr
respective States at Hichmond
hem distrIbte4 to the proper
wisheS of the soldie , ad to
yergain and speedly oiamublea
te Southern oxprte Com
*d to give this ffeight prefer.
- r,tinese iand, in order thst
4 .tthe oucess Of so
,0 threveral railroatt
questod to reand ther
aoe ailitis ias will ens
hera Express% Company as
nhiyof tha Traspra-,b
rcas,wan the pr sopia
eiadsto withdrto theroer
ertfora tda raeln
S isof the fAociLanti wil
neSin athe razr oe ara
djo to gae iigs hpeer.
thbielsmy-df iorer Vhe
t,qCol. ad toarerm'r.h
a taneUen ae coG ete
r ea Express Company ac
ofl Northe Vini adoele
they ayo prepae tloi arryeot
sV ertog ocd in: teave,
atj.i thewl do al other or
euresoy tse. piiee tr
',:b Noriy.fNotia h.
6x tr Gm'.
era Ezwss ompan herb
tho r pteae. -ar u
a aE annO ned Ia the abo.
at he twil d -si hi od
fIl o echisetin
a en-hl mor
te nledsls rerd
hl e noexceed ilyfu
tu t ithog a qae.pni