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The Marlboro democrat. (Bennettsville, S.C.) 1882-1908, February 02, 1887, Image 1

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" Do thou Groat Liberty Inspire our Souls and make our lives in thy possession happy, or our Deaths Glorious in thy Just Defence."
YOI.. XII.
I1 111 -1
NO.-8.
Hidden.
Nay, do uot call mo light and falso, dour
fi loud.
Ami turu away from mo with cold disdain,
Because tho chords you touchod with idlo
hand
Gavo lorth no answering strain ;
Nor ?ail mo ilcMo whilo I omllo and Jost.
And look toward tho world with happy
oyos ;
Why should I swell ltfo'a sorrowing tldo
With unavailing sighs.
Como I I will lift tho ilowors nhovo my heart,
And show you tho dark gravo I'VO hld
doudecp
voa did ?ot know ? ??y? "w *.*
mc
'flin timo is past to weep.
Aro thoro not tear? enough lu llfo's full cup?
Is not each wind that blows a dlrgo of
woo?
Then let mo laugh and sing with caroloss
mirth,
And lildo my sorrow low.
"OUR UNCLE JOE."
?I am not a rich man, Mrs. Ken
nington," said Mark PU ni i tunion ; and
I don't pretend to bo, I'm only a back
oountry farmer, aud my profession
that of law-brings mo but a slondor
iueomo out there. But I havo a noble
farm, and a viow of tho White Moun
tains that no artist can paint. And I
love your nioco, and sho bas given me
reasons to hope that iu time I can win
ber affection; and ie you will glvo her
to mo I will do my host to rnako her
happy."
"Dear me," said Mrs. Kennington;
"all this is vory sudden."
Mrs. Kennington, who was tho slater
of a rich New Yorkor, bad an abiding
idea that her nioco Madolluo ought to
marry a rich man.
"She's very bandsomo," mentally
reasoned Mrs. Kennington, "and she
ls accomplished; and she mado quito a
sensation in society this winter when
she was introJucod; and if such a girl
as this isn't to marry well, then I don't
know who is. And tho idea of this
farmer fellow coming hero to put in his
pretensions, when thoro are so many
eligible young mon in society."
"Yes," said Mark, quietly, .*! sup
pose it seems sudden to you. AU thoso
things do seem sudden at the last."
"I'm sure I don't know what Mr.
Vassar, her pa, will say," said Mrs.
Kennington, putting her head feebly on
one sido.
"Suppose we ask him," said valiant
Mark.
"Oh, you can't? fluttered. Mrs. Ken
nington. "I?o isn't at homo. Ho is in
Colorado. "
"Then wo will wrlto,"
"But I don't know his exact post
oQico address since ho left Denver,"
said Mrs. Kennington,
"Iii that caso," said Mark, "wo
must wait."
"Yes," said Mrs. Kennington, unde
cidedly- ' ?yes, I think you had botter
wait."
So Mark Pllnlimmon went back to
Purple Peak farm with a lock of red
gold bair cloao lo his heart, and Made
lino Vassar returned "into society"
with a plaiu gold band on her first
linger of her lett band, and a dowey
tenderness in bor lumel-oyes which had
never glittcreU thore boforo.
Whoo Mr. Vassar returned Mndolino
told him her heart seerot at once, for
tho bond of affection between this
father and daughter had always boon
very ton der and closo.
"So you love him, dear?" said ltufus
Vassar.
"Oh. yef, papal?
"Enough to give up all tho lllppories
of fashion for his sake?"
"Yos, papal" uttered tho girl witli
cm ph as i.s.
"And becomoa farmer's wife in tho
Whilo Mountains?"
"Oh, yes," cried Madeline, earnest
ly. "Papa, may I writo to him to
come?"
"Not just yet, child,'' said Mr. Vas
sar. "I've gota littlo moro business
to transact up in Albany boforo I can
cot sider myself fairly settled at homo.
But at tho end oe a couple weeks or
so-"
"Papa, you ave a darling," cried
M ad ol I ne.
"Stop, stop, Miss Precipitancy I"
cried Mr. Vassar, "I havo not promised
anything yet, either ono way or tho
other. "
"But you're going to, papa-I know
you're going toi" cried Madollne, dauc
ing joyfully about.
"We'll seo," cried Mr. Vassar.
Tho great wood lires blazed up tho
chnunoys of Purple Peak farm, casting
a red reflection through tho twilight on
tho mountain t road outsldo, when a
stout, elderly man walkod up to tho
door, and knocked resolutoly on Its
panela.
"Can you keep mo hero all night,
young man?" ho enid. "Mr. Uift, of
Fortcaster, sont mo hore to havo a
power of attorney drawn out, and I
haven't passod any hotels-"
"No, I should think not," said Mark
Plinllmmon, with a cherry laugh. "We
don't deal much in hotols along this
road. 13ut you aro kindly welcome to
slay hero as long as you Uko, Mr.- "
"Mlddloworth," said tho stranger,
"Rufus Mlddloworlh."
And ho sat down his valise and
lookod around at tho dark oiled wain
scoting, tho codings travorsod by mon
ter beams, the lattlcod easements, tho
old oak sotties on each side of tho
blazing logs.
"You seem to havo a lino farm hore,
Mr. Flinlinnnon," said ho, "and ilnoly
kept"
"It's not bad," said Mark, carelessly
"And everything in real old English
stylo."
"Yes," said Mark, "lt belonged to
au old Lincolnshire family who took a
fancy to settle out hore. They got to
dabbling in railroad shares, and failed.
Tho daughters went back to their
friends in England, such as thoy had.
Tho father blow his brains out in New
York. The estate was sold a fore
closure. I bought it. There's tho his
tory of Purple Peak farm.
Madeline Vassar's father sat down
on tho old oaken settlo, and looked keen
ly at the tall young farmer. How glad
ho would havo beon If only ho could
soo into his hoartl For no father will
ingly gives tho apple of his eyo to n
stranger.
"His face and mien aro good," h(
told himself. "I wonder if Ids natur*
matches lt, I wonder how I can find
out."
Ono hy ono tho different members o
tlio family dropped in as ho sat talking
with Mark Pllnllmmon. Old Mrs
Pllnllmmon was first-a mild, white
haired matron, with soft, wistful-eyes
then a rosy-cheoked brace of nephews
"Their father and motlier aro dead,'
observed Mark, "so I adopted them, am
Uno fellows they are."
"Not a bad symptom," said Middle
worth Vassar to himself. 13ut o
courso most people aro good to thoi
own kitii and kin,"
i And then onterod a most majesth
old man, with long, white hair hang
ing over his shoulders, leaning on i
cano.
"And this," said Mark, is our "Uncl
doo," hastening as ho spoke to set ai
easy chair for tho ancient patriarch
"Uncle Joe, this is Mr. Mlddloworth
who has como from Portcaster. I hav
invited him to stay ali night-it you d<
not object."
Uncle Joo waved lils hand like ai
old prince.
"He is wolcomo," ho said; "vor
welcome, Mark, In fact any friend c
yours is wolcomo to Purplo Peal
farm."
And then ho bogan to warm himsol
at the blaze and fell into a sort of
reverie,
Uncle Joo, whoovcr ho might bo, wa
evidently tho person of most considera
tion in tho littlo household. Ho sat at th
head of tho littlo tablo, and said grao
before moat; and had tho warmos
corner, tho easlost chair, tho most ten
der consideration; and finally, when h
trudged upstairs to bed, Mark dutiful
ly hold tho door open for him to pas
through, and Mr. Mlddleworth asko?
with 8omo Intorost:
"Who IB that old gontloman? II
lias a very fino face. Of Course I kno\
that ho is your uncle-"
"No," said Mark Pllnllmmon, smi!
ing; "ho is not my undo at all. He i
no rolatlon in tho world to mo.''
"Then who does ho bolong to?"
"Ho bolongs to nobody. Ho is a soi
of a cousin to Mr. Pendexter, til
Englishman who built tho house. Il
went with the young womon to Lil
colnahiro, but ho was not welcotn
thero. Ho was old, you seo, and poi
niloss, and past work. So ho can
hack boro, and thoy put him in tli
work-house. Hut I think tho shock an
all touched his mind; and ono day M
round him hero on tho stops, 'I hav
jomo home,' ho sahl. Tho work-houi
authorities sont for him, but I wouldn
[et him go back. Ho ls vory old, yo
ico, and very feoblo; and perhaps the
wouldn't bo quito so considerate of hil
is thoy ought. So boro ho romaine
fancying that ho is tho master of Pu:
?)lo Foale farm, and that wo aro h
friends and visitors. Ho Isn't tho lea
At of trouble, bless his kiud old soul,
Mark added apologetically ; "and if
was my father or yours, alone in tl
world, don't you seo-"
"Mr. Pllnllmmon, you are right,
ihoutod Mr. Mlddloworth, astonishli
tho young man by jumping up, ai
wringing his hand vehemently. "I'
pitto satisfied now. I know now."
"I beg your pardon," said Mark,
3omo surprise.
VAbout-about tho relationship
I said Mr. Mlddleworth. "I confess it
puzzled mo a llttlo at first."
Ho started to return to Now York
the noxt day; still ho did not divulge
his personality.
A month subsequently, when Mark
carno to tho city In rosponso to a joyful
lotter from Madolino, ho was con
ducted Into the library, whero an elder
ly gentleman sat.
"Hero ls papa, Mark," said Made
lino.
"How do you do Mr. Middloworth?"
said tho amazed son-in-law elect.
"Middloworth Vassar, If you pleaso,"
saul the old gentleman, with u chuckle,
"Aha! My llttlo girl hero, who
thinks sho Knows everything, doesn't
know that 1 went up to Purple Peak
farm to satisfy myself that sho had
fallon lu lovo willi a good and true
man. And I did satisfy mysolf."
"But you asked no questions, slr,"
said Mark, still moro amazed. "You
requested no roforoneos."
"No," said Mr. Vassar. "But'Old
Unelo Joe' settlod tho question."
And thou die explained lt all.
"I always liked Old Uncle Joe,"
said Mark, pressing Madolino's hand.
"But now I begin to believe ho is my,
good genius."
Aud so lt was tho master of Purple
Peak farm won tho Now York heiress.
"Madolino has monoy enough," said
her father. "And her husband bas, a
heart of gold. I knew that when I
heard the story of Old Unelo Joe."
ST. STLJPU ION'S SPIKE.
How a Tall Towoi* "Was Kepal red.
Tho tower of tho ancient church of
St, Stephon's, Vienna, which is suppos
ed to havo been founded in 1144, was
greatly Injured by an earthquake lu
1519, and it was necessary to restoro it.
In course of time lt deviated out of tho
perpendicular to a considerable cxtont,
An iron bar was carried through it as an
axis for tho support of tho spiro, which,
having a considorablo tendency to vi
brato, might bo considered as an ele
ment of destruction rather than of
strength. Consequently, tho thin wall
of tho lower portion of the spiro was
reduced almost to a ruin and at length
was lu such a dangerous condition as
to'roqulre rebuilding. Tho removal ot,,
tho old spiro was commenced in Aiw
Rust, 1030, and in tho following spring'
all tho condomned parts had been re
moved. Tho modo of construction
adopted in tho restoration was novel
and Ingenious, tho slight masonry or
tho spire being supported by means of a
framing of vortical Iron ribs, fastened
at their lower extremities to a cast iron
plate or base and united to each other
at Intervals by horizontal rings of rolled
iron. These rings are mado to project
from tho inner surfaco, so ns to admit
of a person ascending with tho aid of
ladders, to tho top of tho spire. All
tho wrought and rolled Iron employed
In tho construction of this iron skel
eton, the weight of which was only 123
hundred weight, was manufactured In
tho government works at Nouborg, in
Styrla. Tho cast iron plates or rings
were furnished from tho govornmont
iron works at Mariezoll. In the autumn
of 1812, whon thowholo of tho masonry
of tho spiro had beon completed, tho
upper portion consisting entirely of iron
work, was llxod. Thia also was attach
ed to a strong cast iron circular plate,
similar in construction to that below.
This portion of tho framing, with tho
other ironwork employed In tho spire,
weighed about eighty hundred weight,
so that tho ontlre weight of iron was
botwoen two and three hundred woight.
Tho now portion of tho spiro was con
nected to tho old by moans of an ar
rangement of iron anchor fastonings.
Tho portion of tho spiro restored, viz.
(from tho gallery of the tower to the
top of tho cross), is about 182 feet high,
tho cost navlng been about 130,000
gulden ($05,000), of which sum 15,000
gulden were expended in taking down
the old spire and in construction of tho
necessary scaffolding.
More Spectacle Woarors Than lOver.
Tho increaso in tho number of por?
sons using glassos ls fully 33? per cont,
ovor provlous periods. I speak says a St.
Louis dcalor to a roportor, from an ox
porlonco of ovor thirty years. I attri
bute tliis increaso partly to tho prac
tise people havo of buying spectacles
from doalors who aro unskillod in Ut
ting thom properly to tho oyos of thoso
who buy thom, and partly to tho falso
economy employed by many in using
spectacles whoso only recommendation
is their cheapness. Herein St. Louis
fifteen years ago thore woro only threo
men ongaged In tho business of making
and soiling optical instruments, and
theso barely mado a living out of it.
Now thoro aro fifteen in that lino, and
ton of thom havo all thoy can do.
A grocor advertised in tho following 1
terse manner, "Hams and cigars, amok? 1
ed mid ?tismoketl,**
MAKING OF ?HAltCOA?j.
Origin ami Uses of tho ProduoU
Charcoal is a compound of tho Rus
sian and Anglo-Saxon tongues. "Char"
is to burn, or rcduco to coal or carbon,
and "coal" is a torin roforablo to all
black substances. Charcoal means, lit
erally, wood reduced to impuro carbon
by expelling tho volatile matter. Iii
tho carly history ol tho iron trade it was
an ingredient of tho first importance.
Our present namo for fossil coal is bor
rowed from this material. "When made
from beech wood it was called "beoch
Coal."
Carbonfcing wood is very ancient, as
it was described in detail in tho works
of a Greek author who wrote 300 years
H. C. Pliny reports that at tins time
lo make charcoal tho wood was stacked
up in pyramids and covered with clay I
ol' plaster, which was pierced in various
places to allow tho smoko to escapo,
.filie ancients evidently knew how to
. Hkci charcoal, and wero familiar with
properties and uses. Tho Chinese,
io have singularly porfected many
branches of industry, carbonize wood in
a subterranean furnace provided with
two openings, ono to servo as a chim
ney and tho other for ventilation.
When tho subterranean furnace is Ulled
with wood piled up vertically, it is cov
ered with twigs and branches of tree.;,
and lastly earth. It is then ignited at
tho openings, and as soon as tho smoke
conies >ff in Sulllolont abundance the
valves aro closed so far as to leave on
ly a very small opening. Five days af
ter tho tiro has boon ignited the smoko
commences to clear up, and dually lo
Docomo perfectly transparent, in proof
that the combustion of all the volatilo
ingredients of tho wood is complete.
When this point is reached every out
let is hermetically sealed, and in tho
course of six days more the contents of
tho furnace will bo found to bo sufll
ciontly cool to admit of tho removal of
tho charge.
Tho Chinese method is ono of extremo
Simplicity, and fuiiiishoa thirty to thir
ty-live per cent, of hard, resonant, char
coal, and is a great improvement on tho
processed followed in this country and
tyiro})". Tn tho Eastern States for
inoro than ono hundred years tho for
ests on tho hillside have been despoiled
of their trees, and great quantities of
charcoal have boon made Tor uso in tho
manufacture of charcoal iron. So much
injury has beon dono to tho country by
tho ruthless manner in which this work
has boon dono that it is a question
whether all of tho iron manufactured
can comp?nsalo for the damage. It tho j
person wdio first invented charcoal had j
dug down into tho bowels of tho earth
and brought to light tho coal buried
there and had never discovered how to
carbonize tho wood, it would have been
an untold blessing to the beauty of our
forests, irrigation of our soil, and to tho
many stories that have been woven
around tho charcoal camp-of monarchs
hi disguise, seeking to escapo pursuit;
of outlaws fleeing from tho myrmidons
of the law; of lost huntsmen; abducted
children; of gnomes and wood spirits
and kobbolde; of hermits and saintey
mon-affording a confusion of history,
superstition and religion, which lends
tu the depths of the forests a charm pe
culiarly its own.
Charcoal-burners, asa rule, aro a rudo
sot everywhere, living, as they do, apatr
from tho dwellings of men, often in
h?i ?es not made with hands, out of tho
reach of schools.
In "olden times" charcoal-burners
wero called colliers, an occupation
which furnished tho family namo of
Collior, Collyer and Colyear. Some
years ago it was discovered that wood
charcoal removos offonsivo smolls from
animal substances, and counteracts
their putrefaction. This property has
been largely used in dwellings, hospit
als, sowers and manufactories. Somo
gases aro absorbed to a largo extent;
for example, ono volumo of fresh char
coal will absorb ninety volumes of am
monia, llfty-fivo volumes of sulphurct
cd hydrogen, thirty-llye volumes of car
bonic acid, and 1.75 volumes of hydro
gen. Charcoal also absorbs a consider
able quantity of water from tho atmos
phere
Charcoal ls ono of tho most indestruc
tible substances in nature which has
beon known from tho earliest times.
Tho Romans charred tho stako? willoh
wero usod for the construction of bridg
es, and after a lapso of nearly 2,000
years, tho romains of tho woodwork in
tho foundation of tho famous bridgo
built by Caesar ovor tho Ithino liavo
been found to havo boon porfoctly well
prosorvod, Most of tho houses In Von
ico stand on pilos of wood which havo
nil boon previously charred for thoir
preservation.
Charcoal hoing perfectly non-volatllo
and possessing no affinity for any othor
olomont at ordinary tomporaturos, forms
tho ino3t lasting ink possible and pa
pyrl penned with carbon ink aro tis log
iblo and perfect as on tho first day thoy
were writton. Charcoal is also a con
ductor of electricity, and is thonce usoil
to surround tho earth-tormlnals of light
ning conductors. For making char
coal crayons tho willow is tho hist
wood that can bo employed, as it is uni
form in its texture and dogroes of hard
ness and softnoss.
'When charcoal is requited for medi
cal or chemical purposes it is reealeinod
in a close vessel, washed with acids and
water, and carefully dried and ground.
For making gunpowdor-el.arcoal the
lighter woods, freo of resin, such as tho
willow, dogwood and alder, answer
best, and in their carbonization caro is
taken to let nil of tho vapors escapo.
Of the different kind of wood, lignum
vitae yields tho largest quantity of
charcoal, tho Norway pine tho smallest
quantity.
Old Shoos Romndo.
lt may bo a surprise to some people
to learn that tho old shoes cast into tho
ash barrel .iro liablo to reappear in the
boudoir and parlor. A New York re
porter who saw a couple of rag pickers
quarrelling overa lot of worn-out and
seemingly worthless footgear inter
viewed ono of tho chiffonniers, and
found that they sold thom to tho manu
facturers of wall paper, lie followed
up tho clew, and oh questioning tho
foreman, of one of these establishments,
elicited tho following bits of infor
mation.
"Wo buy," said tho foronuri, "all
tho boots and shoes tho scavengers
can bring us. Wc pay different prices
for different qualities of loa thor. A
pair of lino calfskin boots will bring as
high a i ? cents. Wo don't buy cowhido
boots. Tho boots and shoes aro
Hist soaked in several waters to get tho
dirt off them. Thou tho nails and
threads are romovoe?, tho leather ground
up into Hue pulp, and is ready for use.
.'Tho embossed leather paperings
which havo como into fashion lately,
and stamped leather Aro screens, aro
really nothing but thick paper covered
with a layer of this pressed leather pulp.
Tho liner tho leather tho bettor it takos
tho bronzo and old gold and other ex
pensive colors in tho designs painted on
them. Fashionable pooplo think they
are going away back to tho mediaeval
times when they havo tho walls of their
libraries and dining rooms covored with
this embossed loather ; they don't know
that tho shoes and boots which thoir
neighbors threw Into tho ash barrel a
month before forro the beautiful materl
, al on thoir walls and on tho screens
which protect their oyos from tho lire.
"Wo could buy tlip old shoos cheaper
if it wero not for tho competition from
carriage houses and book binders and
picture framo makers. I don't know
how many other trades uso old shoes
and boots, but tho tops of carnagos aro
largely made of them, ground up and
pressed into sheets. Bookbinders uso
thom in making tho choapor forms of
leather binding, and tho new stylo of
leather frames with leather mats in them
aro ontiroly mado of thc cast off covering
of our feet.
Noxt'o Shift lossiio** At Boan fort.
A fow years ago tho writer had occa
sion to pass tho. summer in Uoaufort.
All around could be seen houses which
gave evidence of tho relliloment of for
mer days. Their former owners, how
ovor, were gono, and in their place Afri
ca had established itself. Woods, over
ran tho llowor yards, windows and
doors were either broken or unhinged,
tho walls wore blackenod, lumber par
titions woro torn away for firewood, and
ruin existsd. In ovory room could bo
found a wholo family of negroes. Tho
visitor would bo nt a loss to know upon
what thoso people subsisted. They
worked but little, and nothing was in
store. An evening on tho beach ox
plained tho problom. At about 5 o'clock
tho black mass began to assemble.
From houses, from among tho forest
inland, along tho roads-in fact, from
tho wholo landward viow negroes of
all sorts and sizes could bo soon Hocking
to tho water's edgo, whero thoy gatherod
up tho shollflsh, &c, such as wore in
soason. This scono, day in and day out,
could bo witnessod, tho only chango be
ing from ono kind of fish to anothor.
or from tho wator's edgo to tho woods
or Holds, according as fish oe borrlos or
othor products of naturo woro most easi
ly obtained. The absoluto relianco upon
naturo and failure to work for a living
was tho first indication of a r.-lapso in
to barbarism. Rocontovonts show that
but llttlo improvements had boen made.
Thoy huddle togothor, and aro never
moro united thou when shielding Borne
criminal from arrost.
If the way to heaven bo narrow, li
is not long; and if tho gate bo straight
it opens Into ondloas lifo.
ON SHOUT ?OTIOK.
Au Kvory-Dny lucidon! Gives a Good
Wii'c tu ii Generous Husband.
Soven out of ten pcoplo Would turn
around and look nt him, while not ono
in twenty would htwo ?lvon her a sec
ond glance. Ho was a great big fel
low, moro than six feet, with massive
shoulders, a woll-set head, and eyes that
took in every thing at a glance. His
dress alone betrayed his rusticity. Tho
flannel shirt, sort hat and heavy hoots
all hespoko the country. It could bo
seen at a glance that she waa a poor
shop girl or a seamstress. Her faded
dross and colorless shawl, the slow,
tired slop, tho weary, worn-out look in
her great, dark eyes, all hespoko hope
less poverty, ami as sho walked along
among tho crowd of clogantly dressed
women liiere scorned lo follow her an
atmosphere of want anti misery.
Tiie man stood at tho corner^of Slate
and Washington streets, Chicago, and
was busy watching a big leam of gray
horses that were pulling a massive ex
press wagon. As tho team passed down
State street ho loaned listlessly against
tho lamp-post and gavo his attontion to
tito big policoman who stopped teams
and car? and condescendingly escorted
protty women across tho street. Stand
ing there and partly lost in thought ho
heard a loud warning cry and turned to
seo a girl stumbling frantically on tho
freshly-watored street H her effort to
c:o3S closo in front of an approaching
carriage It did not tako him live sec
onds to grasp tho bit.', of tho excited
horsos, and having forced thom back,
to raiso tho half-funting girl. Tender
ly, courteously and with tho gentleness
of the strong man he half led, half car
ried her to tho sido walk. There ho
wai seon to bend over her, and tho
words sho spoke brought a bright Hush
to his faco and an incredulous look in
his eyes. Then "they disappeared down
tho steps of a basement, and au hour
later wero still thoro talking earnestly.
But her faco had lighted up and sho
would scarcely havo been rocogni/.od as
tho pale, wan woman of two hours be
fore. Ills face evinced only sincero ap
preciation, with now and then a shadow
of regret. In about an hour thoy em
erged from tho restaurant uni slowly
walked down Stato street. What had
they found to talk about all that timo?
What would bo tho result of an ac
quaintance so strangely begun? The
answer was given a low houvs later.
At tho Union dopot stood tho couple
talking calmly and contentedly. Thc
neat new michel; tho llttlo trunk some
what worso for wear, but stoutly cord
ed; tiUe bright appearanco of tho girl;
tho nutn's air of proud possossion, all
told tho story that Inquiry confirmed.
Thoy wero married. Tho courtship
had been brief, but singlo lifo had little
attraction for either; and, after all,
why should they not caro for each other?
It was a dainty lesson in love, despito
the poverty of surroundings.
How Anigo Monsuretl tho Power ol'
Steam.
Tho experiments which were entered
upon for tho purposo of measuring tho
force of tho vapor of wator wero very
Important and vory dangerous; import
ant becauso tho safe working of steam
j engines was dependent upon correct
measurements of tho force, and becauso
all tho properties of heat had to be pass
ed in roviow; and dangerous becauso
they "imposed tho task of confronting
tho unknown caprices of a formidable
force. There wore hut two mon lo ac
cept it aiid conduct it to success :
Arago, who never shrank from a duty,
and Dulong, already maimed by an ox
plosion, whoso previous studies had ad
mirably propared him for the new
work." A rudo manomotor was ex
temporized, and a boiler, far less
staunch than tho sleam-boilcra of to
day, was set mi, in which water was
heated till tho pressuro ^YUS twonty
soven atmospheres. "They could not
go further. At this oxtromo point lt
leaked at all tho joints, and tho steam
escaped through the fissures with a his
sing that was of bad omeh. But tho
observers, though awaro of tho danger,
silent niul resigned, finished without ac
cident tho measurements which thoy
had begun." Tolling M. Jamin tho
story, which was written but as abovo
from his dictation, Anigo said: "Only
ono being of our company preserved his
serenity and slept; it was Dulong's dog;
thoy called him Omicron."
Grout Sources ol' Wealth..
Tho silver mines of Mexico oxtond from
tho Slorra Madre in Son?la, near tho
norlhorn bordor, to tho gold deposits in
Oaxaca, in the oxtromo south. A con
tinuous vein traversos no less than soven
teon states and sinco tho day of Its dis
covery has yielded moro than $i,000,
000,000. Yet thoso great s?nicos of
wealth aro estimated to bo not moro
than ono por cont of.' tho undovelopod
and undiscovered wholo.
,j. '' ''"":'' ''?0 MWWI \?

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