Newspaper Page Text
flow Artemas Ward Beoamo a
Le otu re r.
Artemus Ward was undoubtedly tho
greatest humorist America bas yot pro
duced. Ho was goolul and companion
able, but not a great conversationalist,
nor did lie scatter tho scintillations, of
Ids wit ?nfl humor bvo>(dca?ti- but, on
tho contrary, was modest and retlcont
lu company, and only once in a whllo
sot tho table in a roar with somo dry
joko, at which ho never h.ughol him
self. In fact Artemus coulu not mako
an off-hand speech at all, and even tho
simplest of responses had to bo written
out and committed to memory.
It may bo interesting to know how
thc great humorist carno to take to tho
locturo platform,-when, befoio his great
success in that linc, lie had con ll lied
himself exclusively to tho pen; ano, as
I had a linger in the pie, I wl)l relate
lt. About thirty years ago thcro was a
paper published in this city by several
brothers named Stephens, called Vanity
Fair, having for contributors such men
as Thackeray, Fitz-Jnmos, O'Brien,
Gcorgo Arnold, Henry Stanley, and, in
fact, all the literary talent of tho
country, with editors such as Charles
G. Leland, Henry Clapp and Frank
Wood, and yet it was plain that tho
public did not want it, and it was about
to givo ni? tlie ghost when tho publish
ers consulted nie as lo what they should
do. My advice was lo get an editor
who was well known for his comic pro
clivities, and advert ise him as connected
with tho paiier, and I declared that
thero were only two men in tho whole
country who filled tho bil! John G.
Saxe and Artemus Ward, w hoso real
name I did not then know. I knew
that Saxe could not bo had, as he was a
candidate for Governor of Vermont*,
therefore tho publishers empowered mo
to correspond with Artemus ?ind offer
him $30 lim week and traveling expenses
to conic to New York as the new editor.
Tho response was i inmediate accept
ance, and $25 and two weeks' salary
wore forwarded-he afterward told me
the Offer was a godsend, as he was get
ting but $10 a week on the Cleveland
I'laiudcahr as a reporter-and in a fow
days Browne arrived in New York and
assumed the chair. Tho paper lan
guished on for a few months, and then
went the way ol' all funny papers. Ono
day, when this had happened, 1 was
walking up Broadway and regretting
tho result, for I had become very mu eli
attached lo Browne, he was talking
about going back to Cleveland and re
suming Ids old position, when 1 sug
gested to him that he try lecturing. At
this he laughed, declaring himself
..totally unfit, not being able to speak in
public at all, and having no subject. I
insisted, and gave him as a subject,
'"Ghosts," New York at tho limo being j
/ "vory much exercised over a foolish hum-1
bug got. np in t ho newspapers and called
"Tho Twenty-seventh Street Ghost."
Before We parted Artemus had promised
to write ooh a lecture, and to meet a
knot of i.nr .ry and artist friends the
jicxtove lug al l'faft's, on Broadway,
i??*. i I' i < > ?avio ? . v' . . . : i what
J.'/ .i :.? v\ . . :.. I ly inf ' i.il ?.bon!.
fi*! ' ' W fui, ?v?'.f tot Uii'v o'-i'i?ihi 1er ?
;i 'i i m : 'h.- ;>. ; : U.i-,. umnlh. in n
i ; il . . I ca) Vii . . ' \ A ;
vmu.ii.-i, mtu no small part ot the
inn was that thcro was not a
word about ghost? lu it, Tho next
day he finished it, and then the ques
tion was to bring it out. 1 knew an
actor, and spinel i mes mau ager, by tho
name of Po Walden, then part of tho
old Wal lack Company, who had somo
money, and 1 managed to get him In
terested. He took Niblo's saloon, now
tho dining-room ol' tho Metropolitan
Hotel, for one night, with the privilcgo
of six. Tho first night, with thc help
ol' the press, who wein all friends of
Artemus, was a triumph, and he ran
the week, clearing for himself and
manager ?4200, From that time his
lecturing was a grand success, and,
While Artemus was more than liberad,
he .saved money, or rather he made il
.-o fast Hitit he could not hell) its ac
ouinulaiing in his hands. He died wort h
almost a hundred thousand dollars, of
which he left the income to his aged
mother, and, aller her death, to found
an asylum for old and disabled print
ers, to which craft he originally be
A Thing of tho Past.
M he little maids of 1SS9 didn't ask
their mammas lo wake and call them
carly on tho first of May, its tho little
maids did in ?839, Mayday has passed
out. No little girls wander on thc
Common with paper roses on their
heads, or meander lo Tommy's Bock
in Boxbury to choose a queen and dance
around the May pole. All these things
have passed away. Young men do not
mount their horses and hie lo Savin
Hill, or take their lasses in chaises to
purchase at Winship's a bouquet of raro
flowers. Thero is no May day fair at
Boxbury, whero an early breakfast was
secured, and there aro no lilacs m bloom
for the boys and girls to purloin. All
these have passed, and instead thereof
The Mind Jealousy.
Tho inlnd-jcalousy is harder for somo
women to boar than tho heart-joalousy,
Ko vulgar dread of courso unfaithful
ness eau implant such a sting in tho
breast as does the dread that tho man
who is loved may find a higher ploasuro
with another woman than tho ono who
loves him. Tho coarse infidelity may
ho dospisod ; tho contempt it shows may
bo mot with contempt; but tho loftior
fooling that Is salisllod by tho loftior
byrnpathy cannot bo despised and trea
ted with contempt.
A mau who don't l.uow anything is
>protty sure to tell lt tho first chance ho
-At Sacramento, Cal., on May 18,
>tho G-yeai'Old maro Emnlino, by ?lec
itlonoor, out of thoroughbred Emma
Hobson, by Woodburn (by Lexington,
dam Hoads I Say, by imp. Gloncoo),
I won her maiden raco In straight heats,
' ..kinir a record of 2 27,4,
Mother And Child.
My child la lylngon my knees:
Thu signs of heaven she reads ;
MY face ls all t ie l?wveu sho sees,
ls all the heaven she need*.
And ?ho ls well, yea, bathed In bliss,
If heaven ls In my face,
Bohlitu lt Is all tenderness
And truthfulness and grace
i morn. h*?r weil so earnestly
Unchanged lu changing mood,
My lifo would go without a sigh
To bring her something good,
I abo mu a child, and I
Am Ignorant and week;
I gaze upon Ibo starry sky,
And thoa I must not speak.
For all behind tho starry sky,
Ilelilnd tho world so broad.
Ilehlnd men's hearts and souls doth Ho
Tbe Infinite of tSod.
If tine to her, though troubled sore,
I cannot choose but be.
Thou who art peaeo forovci mo.o
Art very true to me.
If 1 nm low and sinful, bring
More love where need is rife:
Thou knoWost what an awful thin?
It ls to bea life.
Hast Thou not wisdom to enwrap
Mv waywardness about,
lu doubting safely git the lap
Of Love that knows no doubt .'
Lo! Lord, 1 sit In Thy wide ?paco,
My child upon my Knee ;
She lookoth up Into my face,
And I look till to Thee.
JACK PR LC li.
I suppose not ono In a thousand will
caro to read a' dock hand's story. Feo
plo call us coarse und vulgar. Grou
ted; but our work makes us so. There
uro ladies, I fancy, who will shudder
ut tho thought of such a story, uud
and gentlemen who will dip into it
carefully, expecting to lind u string of
oaths. Judge for yourselves whether
tilts tale of Jack Prlco, my partner, is
fit for refined ears.
No neod lo tell you of a deck hand's
life. A man that beats about iii tho
cold and rain, handling sleety ropos or
balancing himsolf on tho gunwale of a
coal bargo with twenty feet ot swift
waler under him, is not apt to be a
pretty, kid-gloved, Soft-voiced follow.
If his face is red it is because midwin
ter winds on tho Ohio ure not good tor
the complexion. Ho deals with rough
work and is rough himself; but Iiis
heart is just about as apt to bo right as
that of a Senator or a Judge.
Wo started from Pittsburgh on the
Gcorgo llammoud iu July, Jack and ?,
Thero was a big river, and wo made
good timo to Louisville, where wo
shipped on tho Charley Roberts, bound
for Orleans. To say we found it hot on
tho Lower Mississippi gives no idea of
tlie weather. Half tho crew wore unlit
for duty. One morning there was a
whispering among IL3 boys.
'What's up, Jack?' said I.
'Steve Robinson's down with swamp
Tlie boys gathered in a knot around
the captain. Before long thom was a
panic among them. Tho mate shook
lils bend and looked thoughtful.
'The man must be put ashore,' said
'No, sirl' cried Jack Price.
'Who are you?'
'Plain Jack Price;, but Stove dou't go
ashore. It's an outrage to think of
I ' Who'i to Viiv.k Idhi?'
I ?Je.!> , . .... .......
WSh V?M 'IU.W-'AW.: ?a .. *hv.
'I'll nurse Stove, I tell you! Wo'vo
made live trips together, and if ho's put
ashore hero in tlie swamps 1 go with
'You it is,' said tho captain, turning
on his heel. 'Kot another man goos
into Slevo's state-room.'
For ten days Stevo's room was quar
antined. Nobody but Jack saw tho
inside of lt. We saw him sometimes,
carrying something to tho sick man or
sitting on tho guards to got a breath of
air; but every soul on tho boat kept out
of his way. Wo all liked Jack, but tho
fever might bo in his clothes; Ho
began to look pale, but I o never grum
bled. One day tho news cunio out to us
that Stove was dead. A few hours
after we buried bim on an island in thc
river in a pine box, and tho only tiling
Uko a prayer sahl ovor him was from
Jack: 'God help him!'
The fevor did not spread, and wo all
breathed freer. A fow evenings after
Stove's death I was on watch at tho
hoad of tho tow, and Jack was with
me. Wo were puffing at tobies to keep
off the mosquitoes. Them was a bazo
over tho waler, but tho stars were
shining, and tho broad river was quiet
as a lake.
.Jack,' said I, 'I've got a raging
'No?' said he, us if ho asked a ques
tion. Ho took my hand and held it.
.Not fover, ls it. Jack?'
'('OHIO and lio down,' was his an
A din! ness cunio ovor me, and
without Jack's arni to steady me, I
would novor have reached my bunk.
1 remembered very little after that. I
learned afterwards that I was delirious;
but how long I can not tell you. I re
member Jack's face near mo at times
in a dream-the kindliest fuco you ovor
saw, not handsome, may-bo, but a face
with somo of God's good noss in lt.
When I got back to reality again I
found Jack bonding ovor me. I was in
tho same state-room, and I could feol
from tho motion that tho boat was
.How long have I been hero, Jack?'
'Quito awhile, my boy.'
'And whore aro wo?'
'.Not far from Memphis. ?
?Going up or down!'
.Going homo. Don't talk if it tires
.What WU3 tho matter with me,
'A touch of fover; but you'ro bettor
'Can't I look out, Jack? It will do
mo good to soo the sun.'
Horai80d mo up a3gontly as a woman
would liavo done, andi looked out
through tho glass door of tho state
room eagerly as a child. Had tho sun
mttammmm?mmmiinwn 11 m i. n nv? -ur n .' ww.rcAH?o?y*T3?.?<
! over ahon?'ao brightly baloto? The low
wooded shores'looked like paradice.
No 'mountain stream eyer seemed soi
beautiful to mo us tho great muddy
'Jack,' said I, when he laid me down
nguiu, 'what can 1 over do to pay
'Pay mo tor what?'
?Look ut mo; I'm thin ns a ghost. I
must, have been sick a long time.
You've pulled mo through, Jack.'
'I'vo done nothing of the kind,' said
1 noticed for the first timo how very
thin and pinched his faco was. lt
seemed as If he had grown old.
.IJOOK at mo, Jack; you'vo l?i?h the
best friend I over had. '
Ho m?de no answer, but look my
band und pressed lt. It seemed as if a
mist carno between us, and I saw big
tears standing in Jack's kindly eyos.
'I thought 1 got past this,' said bo,
Next day ho came in smiling, with a
letter and some oranges.
'1 ?eut ushoro at Memphis,' he ex
plained, 'and found a letter from Slstor
I Annie. Thoy'ro looking for mo
'We'll soon be in Pennsylvania
Ho looked mo full in tho face and
(smiled. His oye3 soemod very largo
and his checks were blood'oss. lt
sadd on ed mo to look at him.
'1 must go now,' said he. '1 hopo
you'll enjoy tho oranges.'
I was mending fust and cxpectod to
bo out very soon. Jack did net come
up again that day. Next morning tho
cook brought mo a cup of tea.
.Whoro ls Jack?' I asked.
I thought of him all day, but ho did
'Cook,' said I, ut last, 'I want you
to toll mo the truth about Jack.'
.Don't you fret!1 he answered.
'Hut I must know.'
'Well, ho's not able to be about.'
'Whero is he?'
'In No. 8. But you can't go near
him; ho's got tho fever! Delirious!
Wouldn't know his own mother?'
'Who's musing him?'
'I am-what little ho gels. Wo can't
make a hospital out of tho Charley
Cook tried to stop mc, but I stag
! gered across tho cabin into Ko. 8. I
could hardly recognize Juck as ho lay
on tho bunk, his taco was so Hushed
and Iiis oyes ao bloodshot. Ho had
dropped down, too weak to take his
clothes off. I took his hand und sat
Mack, my boy, what's wrong?'
Jack ne vor said much. Ile was bet
ter ut doing than saying.
I looked nttho poor follow in despair.
I had novor nursed a sick person In my
life. Tho captain carno in while T. sat
'Wo must have n doctor, captain,'
?Afjo-Pt <,q ivr.ll ,..o"*.ifj ft)]
cftlViVP 'ioV/ "
i^.iijii Sit".*,* J iv. ? '-'.hvi r:'. '?. ii i
a strange expression, 'you know my
*I want yon to toll her about me.'
'You will soon seo her, Juck.'
'No, Sum; I'm going.'
'We're both going homo.'
"Yes, going home. I'm tired!
Tl red I'
'Then ro3t Jack. I shall bo herc'
'Tako my hand, Sam.'
'1 have your hand, my boy. Try to
'Yes,' bo wont on, pointing, thero's
Anulo at tho door. She looks moro and
moro Uko mother as sho glow's older,
?ho's glad to soo me from tho way sho
'Indeed sho is, Jack.'
'That's Sam's voice; ho got over tho
fever well. I believo 1 had lt, too.
Hear old Point barking at tho gate;
ho's most as glad ns Annie to seo mo
back. Ab, -Sam, it's good to bo back
in Pennsylvania-God's country! An
Ho foll back in a stupor, with his
eyes sot. I felt a spasm pass through
bis franio, after which his hand lay in
mine like a lifeless thing. I looked up
questioning nt the captain.
'God holp bimi Ho is dead,'
'Oh, surely notl'
'Dead!' ho repeated.
Only when I bent over him did I bc?
liovo it. Jack was dead.
*IIo diod working for others,' saki
the captain, and in lieu of better words
these must stand for his epitaph.
I can onjy toll Jack's story in a plain
way. I can not /Ul your oyes with
tears as mino uro lilied, as there is no
nrt behind my words. You read of
good men unselfish and heroic mon that
pools sing of and historians immortal
izo-but thoro was ono that nobody
ever heard of. Who was thoro to read
a funeral sormon over him In a lonoly
plac? on tho river bank noxt day?
Who prayed over tho rough pino box?
Not a prayer, not n hymn nt tho fun
eral; only some tears that carno of gen
uino grlof. Wo left him thoro on tho
rlv.er bank with a ploco of driftwood to
murk lils gravo, which tho next Hood
would swoop away. I found a little
flower growing thero-a violet, I think,
which I brought away for Annie.
Jack was ns homely n mun as ever
you saw, a big raw-boned fellow, with
a twinkle ot tho oyo that made one
laugh. lind you boon hunting for a
mun of polish and education you would
not hnvo plckod him out. Ills head had
not boen cultivated ut the expoiiso of
hl3 heart. Ho used strong language
sometimes when a ropo got tangled or
tho pumps worked hard or tho coffoo
didn't suit him. I um not trying to
picture him ns porfect; I want you to
know him us he was. Ills voico in a
sick room was us couti" as a child's: he
mffii khal?fe? iban
OK .. 3, .md a bund that
.prved a./lrlgtid until..ready to drop
Iron: wcr.nhes??. I romembor him ?a
Uo bent < ver u?.S whoo 1 lay helpless
with te vc., a kindly/light beaming m !
his race bat b-aitiOod it. t learned f
thou hov. tinsel tli? ho was and my
lien it w. '.i'. bul to him, as yours would ;
li?ye geno luu: you known lum. This
was .lucie it his host.
JU?T ? U... OTHER MEN.
Mr. r. ...;?! IH Simply tho Average
I lu span d'
Born?? ot my ; - a leis umy huvo formed
thu opio;, i tii;'.'. Mr, Bowser ls egotis
tical, writes Mr.?. Bowser. Such i9 not
tile case ?tot p.uiioulurly. Hois sim
ply tho average husband. Tho uvor
age husband. kuo\y? it nil without be
in jv . v. d .'.r'fful. And if any ono has
formed i?h i Idea tllafc Mr. Bowser is ob
stimd . ? tylsli tb disabuse bia mind on
tliiti point. Mi.). Bowser never con
cede."! lo :no, but that isn't obstinacy.
Thal is simply thu way of nil Husbands.
Tile oilier morning I asked Mr. Bow
ser t ho:/viollld n't send upa carpenter
to li mg i b : screen door to tho kitchen,
anil ,uu i a icw nionionts thought, ho
.I'm in no hurry this morning, and
I'll lising ii myself.?
Ucl. il .- got to luvvo a spring on, you
'Well, v. hal ol' it??
'('an yo. you-?'
Mt' f can't l want to bo knocked on
the head .or an idiotl I'vo put on
more doov^nd gato springs than you've
gc hairs r yo?i head;'
lIo got lOH door down from tho loft
liiul alter Minniitij; up au ! down and
bi iv'ard , nd forward for half an hour
hi assorlioeni of tools consistod of
tv kiVv'sjj itu auv.er. a braco and bit, u
plano, a ger vv-drlver and screws, a
st)ii.iio, i*?>iopiis5, ii mitei-boX ami a
.iKies it fi juice all tho3c tools to
lian/ v Kc/i^n door?' luueried,
'Bihia; iii : may not,' he replied.
I . ' you ni any way?'
'Uah you assist mo? Mrs. Bowser,
y< ill; ii . yod didn't regard mo as
lu '.. V lion I want your vidu
al ? 1 isa i nci I'll send you word on a
postal curd J'
I. retired ii . id order, and lomamod
out. ol lighl L-wonty minutes. When I
re tu ri ted ie.' luvt tho door on ??lid
se nu; I voi'y well satisilcd.
You'd ((aye to tuuko u slight chang"
it ((Bat, M;. ! Muser.'
' Vou'\ u hupg (ti top to bottom.'
'I have, ob? I'll bet you $10,000,
00 i to a cent 1 haven't.'
lb' I; at the knob and the
catch ami Hugs oil tho pali?is,
JI waa I'ftl ri y neaten, and h>i realized
it, il lis) ii ol'aoknowlo Jging the
co lie 1 iii '. il it for a moment ai tl
the:! i i '.elly said.
; uppt! i it on that way to soo if you
wt , . notice it, out you'tl havo let it
pa ' i b;ii r illed your attention to
in l.'uo cu:i rsc of half an hour lie
blade i!i ',.i; i' a.; and was putting on
tl) ' . '.'Vi ii ! caine back. Ho bad
mr. i pul :i apriUii'oii a door in his life,
aiiO il woiilti na:, havo detracled from
lib dlgiiltyv : 1 my advice, but bo
Wpttlil diii Iii ! Ho measured for it,
tthd b'-'gari ; oro n whole for the
sci non, A fte i lu hud worked for two
or three .MM./. -, | asked:
'.Mr. IhiWaer, 'vlilclt way ure you
tur ::.),. ll'; : .. ni int?'
'What v- mean?' lie domanded
as he -top; wbric;
! i>r,i I ne . > j : Ipi ?,
?.,.:, i;ik.? ?u\\h\ Woo i>vi> ?i u il
? i ive. ' -<:t Un 1 ?>ii> ;! ii .y ll ?
iviijb and : 5Jtv6.o\'!?j>'ilHn ; ip B-in.
': ft! ii.iii . . " . V : ?
to the right.'
'They dooli? What a smart wifo ?
havo ! You had bettor deliver u series
of lectures on mechnnism.'
'Will you turn to the right?.
Ho bored ami bored, determined not
to givo in, and at length ?. pushed him
asido and turned tho gimlet to tho right
and had it into the wood in no time.
'Didn't I loll you so, Mr. Bonser?'
'Well, the man who made that gimlet
deserves State prison I It's tho llrst
ono I over saw that turned to tin right,
lind I hail seen millions of them before
you were born.'
'Can you put the spring on alone?'
.Mrs. Bowser' ho answered, after
glaring at mo in a cbillod-stcel way for
a half a iiiiuiito, 'perhaps 1 ought lo be
in ibo idiot asylum, und perhaps I do
know enough to come in when it rains.
You will oblige mo very much by
going into tlie house and knocking that
squalling young'on on tho head.
It was half un hour before I dared
go out again. By that time Mr. Bow
ser hud tho spring on, but the door
stood oiion instead of shut. He was
standing m a deep study.
'I know what ails it, Mr. Bowser.'
.How shrewd I'
'When you tightened tho spring up
you turned it to tho right. That
throws tho door open. If you'll tight
en to tho loft tho door will spring shut.
Ho sat down on tho stops mid lookod
at mo with twolvo dii?orenl shades of
irony and sarcasm in bia expression
and dually deigned to reply :
'Where djd yuu lenrn nil you know?'
'Will you lix that spring as I told
'No ma'am I won't; I've been
looking it over and I know where the
troublo is. It's a spring for a loft hand
door. I should havo seen it from thc
outset if you had'nt been bothering
'1 can mako that spring work on this
.Mrs. Bowser 1 wouldn't have your
jconcelt for any money.' Ko wonder
you havn't a single friend in this neigh
'I havo all I want and I can lix that
spring in two minutes.'
'Ncvor I You simply want un op
portunity to break it. You'd tear tho
kitchen down to carry your point. Go
in and maul that howling baby some
1 grabbed the wrench from his hands
loosened tho spring and then turned
it tho other way, and lol the door shut
and was hold stiff in its place as was
.Ibero! Mr. Bowser!*
?Tho spring shuts tho door.'
1 don't seo lt.'
'But look I Hld you over seo a door
'Jt doesn't work at all.'
'I soo a ruined door, jost ns I expec
ted to seo and now I must get an en
tilo now screen! Mrs. Bowser 1 have
born with you until tho limit is about
reachod. Doh't provoke mo to .desper
ation. IfrisbaiidH rondered dosroralo
by persistent and malicious nagging
have bebn knlwn to arise at midnight
and wlpo outlhe whole family.'
. -> , ? ?.?*??.?<.? I?....I i IM^I ll?.*
True and Falso M?8alor?3.
About i\ quarto.; of a century ugo
thoro lived iii Weaf?rli Virginia an old
Methodist clorgynittu, who, being dia
abled by age from preaching, taught a
dozen little children to spoil und road.
All of hi? loisuro time ho guvo to tho
writing of a hook on geometry. Ho
wan so kind ant] devout a mun, Unit his
unconscious iri?uonoo on his pupils
was us wholcsomo as tho sun and puro
air upon young plants. Every ono of
them has been a nobler man or woman
for hiS teaching.
Yet this touching ho looked upon ns
play; it was tho unconstrained effort bf
ins nature. His reid work in tho
world, ho thought-, was tho discovery
of unknown laws and methods in mathe
Hut when ho was dead, tho hugo rolls
of manuscript which ho left behind him
were pronounced by m a t h e ni a t i e ia nu to
bo faulty, and of no value.
Thoro' is nothing in which men aro so
readily mistaken as in their own true
work in lifo. That which costs them
labor and effort, they are apt to value
most highly; but that whioh is most
likely to last in the world is tho work
which expressed their soorot nature
and feeling; which carno from thoir
minds as naturally as tho breath from
Haydon, tho artist, painted with in
finite caro and pain many gigantic his
torical pieces which ure now almost f< ??
gotten, while he is known best to pos
terity by a hasty sketch thrown oil for
his own amusement.
Von Kroublo was tho author of many
ponderous tomes on metaphysics, but
he is remembered only as tho writer of
a little song full of love and pathos,
which is sung in every nursery in Ger
Tho same discouraging truth meets
us m ov?ry-d?iy .?te. Tho coh^?iOhti
ous young man who measures every
hour of tho day, and tills it with a duty,
and who regulates every word nnd ac
tion by rigid laws, is apt to lind that
while the outward life is perfeot, some
unexpected taint suddenly shows itself
in his heart.
Ho ls priggish, irritable, vain, or ma
licious, and he tinda, to his astonish
ment, that il is those hidden faults that
impress his companions, rather than
his faithful observance of duty. The
last is forced action; tho first is the
true expression of his nature.
.~ While he' has been busy in seeing
that the ramparts aro secure, and the
sentinels oil guard on the outer walls of
his character, the neglected ownor of
the fortress hus proved traitor, pubed
dowh the Hag, and yielded to tho
"What nm I to do, then?" somo boy
Ol' girl will probably ask. "Am I not
to strive to do good work, or to live a
perfect life in tho world?"
Thc wist; Asiatic king answered the
question ages ago. "Keep thy heart
with all diligence; for out ol' it uro the
issues of life."
That work will be most effective and
enduring into which you throw your
own vitality. That word ami action
only will huve a real power in tho world
which aro the expression of your own
feeling and belief.
.See to it that the foundation bo pure,
if you would heal and not poison the
world with its waters.
There wero somo very apt remarks
under this heading in a recent number
of J/((rpt:/'\i liaza)' by ?. M. Ki Howe.
Por want of space we cannot ?iv o them
..m.. i unit'.') nz. i..LI.i ii, iMLii tiioy know
nothing well. They can cook a little,
sow a Jit-tie, play a little on tho piano,
embroider a little, possibly paint a ?ow
still' Howers or impossible landscapes.
What doos it amount to? Nothing, in
tho emergency of work or starve, not
one of these small accomplishments
avails for earning a living or ever re
plenishing their small wardrobe. They
have been trained to nothing. Tili) un
married women in New Kagland at
least out-number tho lUnrrjcd olios. Iii
Massachusetts alone there aro seventy
tive thousand moro women than men,
ami it ijs sale to infer that tho majority
ol' the lone sisters must support them
selves, li tllOhO go ilitp (lie big cities
their ililli tues* is against them and
many of them are hampered .by some
home tie and the question is, what can
a woman do at hov own hearthstone?
It may be helpful to observe how
women in country houses have solved
A poor clergyman's widow found her
self with four boys under thirteen yours
of ago to support. Iii desperation Olio
day she told the boys to gather trailing
arbutus which grew in profusion on
her little farm. ?She tied these May
flowers in light buhohos with a few
leaves and sent two of the boys to the
railway station where tho express train
stopped for water to soe if they could
sell them. The first day they return
ed with ii dollar, and day after day with
tho changes made in the flowers as the
season progressed they carried their
sweet blossoms and realized quite n
sum. One day a gentleman said I
don't want your Howers; why don't
you bring wild berries. After this no
day passed without the presence at thc
station of the boys with tiny birch bark
cups tilled with raspberries, blackber
ries or blueberries.
Another woman who had been her
brothers houso-koepor found herself at
his death without means of support.
?She had a largo conservatory in commo
tion with her home ami she determined
to sell Howers to the students in a
neighboring college. ?She did a good
business and increased it by advertis
ing to send cut Howers by express.
The flower woman ts very happy with
her work and is laying by something
for a rainy day.
There aro 62,000 women in America
interested in tho cultivation of fruit,
and among t hem are somo of tub most
successful orolmrdist in California, lt
is ofton nssortod that womon succeed
bettor at thoir work than mon. A Now
Jersey mother sont two boys to col lego
with tho recoipts of hor strawberry beds
and a Now York stato woman mado a
clear profit of 1(500 dollars ono season
by raspberry culturo. Homo daughters
'ol' a clergyman in New Hampshire
\ bought a small photographie outfit and
took viows ot tho beautiful Whito
Mountain sconory and sold them to tho
summer visitors and so made enough
money to finish their educations.
A Pennsylvania woman thought she
might be aldo to realize some!bing from
the birch bark which was abundant
near her home. Sho made lovely little
baskets filled with ferns and wild UIOSSOH
and thoy wero pronouncod lovoly for
table decoration, and sold rapidly.
Sh? took orders for filling vases and
I Waldeau eases for pertain rieh poople
whojliked unique decorations.
Au old lady in roduood circumstances
Bold raspberry shrub und oldorborry
wino of bor own making, und obtained
n ?um suflloient to cnablo ber to o?
large bor mothoda and now sho is kept
Those instaucer. only illustrate tho
possibilities within grasp whoa a woman
rm* nm intelligent nyn to son. taet to
a viril hersolf of tho resources into be
stows and onorgy to persevere. Rut
suecess in every ease was duo to scru
pulous euro to do tho thing attempted
in tho very best manner.
Tho World's Houses.
Under tho shadow of tho groat Eiffel
Tower in Paris them now stands a ser
ies of most interesting structures, ill
tonded, Uko tho towor, to signalize tho
centenary of tho beginning of the French
Revolution, and attract visitors to tho
exhibition of 1880.
This collection of structures is called
by tho people of Paris tim "?Street of
Habitations," and illustrates with a
groat number of bouses tho history of
tho habitations of mon.
In order to imitate tho oldest form of
habitation which man is known to have
built for himself? a little lako has boen
excavated, and in it, upon piles, Bovoral
"lake dwellings," Uko thoso occupied
by prehistoric, races, and such as havo
been found in Switzerland and else
where. have been erected. Tho pro
historio men wlib ure supposed to have
built those earliest dwellings will bo
imitated, as nearly ns possible, by poo
p.o who will occupy the houses during
Near by, in a rocky lodgo, some
dwellings like those of tho troglodytes
or eave-dwellers havo beon dug out.
Everything about those very primitivo
dwellings suggests tho flint and polished
stone agc. it is a curious fact, how
over, that not ali tho races ot mon havo
yet progressed out of the eavo-dwolliiig
'loverai races of savages still prefer
to dwell in caves or clefts of rocka, und
in Apulia, a province of Southern Italy,
civilized pooplo still Hyo in dwellings
carved out of the rocky ledges at tho
bottoms of valleys, which have boon oc
cupied in this way from time immem
Moro attractive than theso dwellings
are tho earliest stone and wood houses
like those- built by tho ancestors of all
tho Jndo-Europcan races in Central
Asia before the great migrations of tho
parent Aryan race. And still moro at
tractive aro tho Persian and Assyrian
houses, plain un i solid, but. well adapted
to tho needs of their occupants.
An American, accustomed to reading
and hearing in his childhood about tho
houses of tho children of Israel, would
linger long at tho carly Hebrew habita
tion, with its three-cornered door and
its garden upon tho roof.
Thc simple aiid often imposing resi
dences of tho Egyptians will bo imitat
ed, as well as thc Hindoo architecture,
and tile Phmnieian house with its tower
and other Oriontal habitations. Then
tim ilrst houses of tho Creeks, Romans,
and even tho Scandinavians will be
copied, and tho gabled and timbered
mansion of tho Middle Ages, as woll as
tho,dwelling of tho Renaissance, whon
tho classic ideas of architecture began
to prevail once moro in Europe
Tho Russian house, surmounted by a
cupola in the form of an inverted pear,
will bu ii conspicuous object upon tho
street, and so will be tho Arabian houso,
with its squar?, battlemented tower.
Another group of structures interesting
to tho inhabitants of tho civilized por
' . ii I h ! iv .. M. V Iii i i-'O ir-;t.;en:s
lome'.! . i .vii i ? ... dwellings v.
sa . i ' .wili h v -. v.vi s o'! tho
?!.- 'au'/! b .lir.:. . ii'b'd i ii lint'** pi I.'. :>
. ?i m r.-.v'v. . io,. a:,-' mwm
V Ail ie ... .
I.' jvj'f.I ? !?./ tlii.i . .'VJ ll il. ! . Iii! ! 'V il'
tho Aztecs of Mexico, amt tho iuewa u.
Peru, lt is not probable, ? howovor,
that tho directors of tho.Exhibition will
attempt to duplicate tho great houses
of tito Pueblo I ndians of New Mexico
and Arizona. Theso immense struct
ures wore, built to accommodate the en
tire population of a town, and some
times contained six hundred apart
ments, in whi?h three thousand or four
thousaud people lived.
By no means all of tho varieties of
dwellings erected on tills Street of Hab
itations have been mentioned hero.
Tho list would lie too long.
In order to preservo as much as pos
sible tho similitude ol tho various
houses to those in representation of
which they are built, they will be oc
cupied, as far us possible, by people of
tito races to whom they belong. Thus,
the Egyptian houso will bo occupied
by modern Egyptians, in costumes
copi od from lately discovered antiqui
ties in Egypt.
Japanese and Chinese will occupy
the houses ol' their countries, and will
bo busily engaged in making tho pro
ducts which they make at homo. In
tho Indian wigwam will boan Indian
family from Canada.
lu 18.02 Ibo Emperor of China sent to
tho President several Allanthus trees,
which bore tho poetic name of tiio Tree
of Heaven. They were planted in the
White House yard and flourished until
they became among tho finest, trees
Ibero. In the spring of tho year when
in blossom tho Ailanthus gives off an
odor that only a Chinese would call
Heavenly, and now recently President
Harrison was so annoyed by theodor
that hu ordered tho historic trees cut
down and down they came. Tho tree
has rather a tropical look and about the
time thoso trees wore planted in tho
White Houso yard, they were quito thc
fashionable thing to plant, but their un
pleasant odor mado them unpopular.
Tho fomalo flowers do not smoll and wo
remembor somo charming Virginia
cousins who used tho Howers in their
hair in a way to make many less In
genious belles onvious.
Don't tempt ono to question your ve
A piece of satire, to bo beneficial,
should bc so rendered that ovory man
who reads, or hears it, shall say to him
self, "That is just, because it hits
everybody but mo."
Thoro- aro great things and little
things-as men seo things; but tho
greatness and tho littleness aro oftener
In tho seeing than in tho seen. Littlo
things aro often great to littlo minds
in a little way; but littlo things aro
great to great minds-in a great way.
Trilling is trivial only to him who is so
trivial as to bb a triller.
?NSTKAD of "slicking peas" in tho
usual mannor, tho Amorican Agricul
turist suggests setting stakes about a
rod apart and stretching wires botweon
i t.tem, tho first ono foot ft om the ground
and the others eight inches anart.
FASHION ftp l'Ks, ^, ;
Out-aida garments an?! bats'1 o'.Tor tm
. tho moat shunning novelties. ' !
?'What bhull wo wear for - wvoi^?'*' ?
I Wc reply that tho protty models wMKW
i wo publish in this number' will gly^nn
I oxaot iden. Pirat is tho poloriu?/ uhdor
; whatever form it presents itself, gofo*::'
times it is the form so well Known, \?f\i
: sleeves and lilted to tho back. Both;;.
I times it is tho polcrino gathered at ?jo '. '
I shoulders, and udjusted to tho bV^!< ;
with folds-again it is the sleeve of
wdiich wo have spoken detached from
tho baek whioh takes tho form of tho.
rodiugoto and falls baek again ag ?v,
dervish alcove with long lobs in\iroxit;
In our oi>inion all th?so gttrmouts ;
sliould bo made of pretty stuii', very
j coquettish and very now in order to'rov.
I lievo us a little from tho stripes of all'fi
' dimensions, aud all colors wh'ch have .
become thc commonest things in tho
For au elderly poison tho garment i?
jnade of surah silk trimmed with a cai'
cado of lace down tho front.
As for carriago wraps and dusters for ;
traveling glazed taffetas of light color
aro very protty*
Our first illustration is a combin
ation of bluo cloth and olive groot!
cashmore; this green is a little dusty, a
little dim, liko tho loaves of tho elm}
tree. Tho skirt is of green silk cover
ed with black chenille tulle. Tli<>
tonie, a kind of blouse, is butt ohed iii
the back, thc fronts aro gathered and
hold in place by an "ancient" buckle.
The blouse is opened tho entire
length, in order to show a largo panno)
of tho skirt, sleeves of cashmere, .^till
ered on tho shoulders and open frouj
top to bottom on tho upper side, to
?show ah uiuior sleeve of silk oovorod
with tullo. This is quito now and suit
able for a young giri, also foy a young
married woman. Theso blouses, polo
naises, or corsago have been in great
favor for ?OHIO time and one c.vnuot
complain of them for they aro vory be
Young persons will wear tho tradi
tional plaited corsage, with throe wide
plaits in the buck and in front, hold to
tho waist with a girdle of gros grain.
This year with these ?Oraa'g?S will bc
seen under a rolled collar of tho same
material, the Uogattn cravat, suda .U
gehtlOih'on wear. It will bo very amus
ing, very coquettish, but I aiii afraid
that this corsage and this cravat soon in
the opening of tho vest will liavo thc
effect of tho flnnnol shirt that gentle
men wear at sea, which is in tho high
est degree "ohio" although it is no!
2)retty. In our peregrinations through
tho world of fashion wo have seen in n
largo establishment a vory beau ti fid
house postumo for a young married
lady which wo illustrate; Tho robo ii
of Bengaline of an exquisite and very
delicate tint of withered rose lewes.
Tho front of tho dress, tho plastron
and the sleeves aro of saxony lace, a
large scarf of Bong.ilino sOA p:v?*0H
around tho waist and falU in long enda
trimmed with fringe headed by a band
This robo is in stylo olegant and in
Wo have spoken of out-side garments
in tho commencement of this let?or, but
wo havo not onumoratod them. ThoiJo
is tho long mantle liko tho pelisse,- tho
redingote thatnmy !><. triads very He$'<
or very simplo iiono^dlngi to i' . ?i.?o.
Tho cloth redingote is ? . ! , ' aha
This whioh is uno:?n:ui. .< i. iht? vi
diUg?fo of iiod>t. Iv..I'., ti. ,,;,,,,( Mf
. i .! o- ,:r- v, with : nundi bliH'V, d?!s;g.u?i:
simula iiig lace net; u > -\ tho ' ?>:4. ?id
hutu; . v ; of ii'.:-;, '.ir t?Ufd.V'M?
M-?;o: i -v..i-;?vii ^hH-<;ttehr''-.ol2?f3 .'.
io th;i olbews, li) ord'?r d-.)' K< * ; : .h .id'
by iV.'lp.Co ?l?ovo, closed n't ilio \y?
Aa loi manues tnoy aro ot mauy
forms, differing from thoso? already
seen. Our illustrations present tho
diversit y of shape, and their elegance
bettor than any description.
It may bo said that black or colored
velvet, lace, beautiful embroideries
and an abundance of jet will make tho
BRONZE IN ANCIENT GREECE.
The Uso to Whioh tho Mota! Waa
Put ip Works of Art.
Bronze was used by tho Greeks for
works of art of many sorts, but very
few ancient bronzes remain to xis.
'Tho metal having considerable value,
capable of being coined into money and
always iii demand for decorative ap
pliances, is sure to bo molted down when
found or seized, unless the lovo of art or
display prevents it. So it?happens that
the Naples Museum alone contains
more largo carly bronzes than all other
mus?ums together, and that nearly all
hose works of art como from the ono
villa which was explored in llercuhv.
neum between 17?0 and 1760. Tho
Ciirl'v'St Greek works in this magnificent
collection are tl?? so-eared dancing girls
-stately d iii ped ilguros of life-size and
larger than life, statues of oxtraordln iry
dignity and refinement. The noble
head called a portrait of Plato, and a'so
by various other names, not originally a
bust, but evidently cut out of a bronze
statue, which probably had beon thrown
down and ruined, is also of a great
epoch in art, Half a dozen large
statues, and twico as many busts, all in
tho sumo hall, aro of valuo inferior only
to thoso who have been named. Tho
Spinario, or boy extracting a thon:
from his foot, in tho Capitol Museum ut
Home, and tho so-called Idol i no at
Florence, aro also Carly bronzes of great
importance, and tho Victory at Brescia
and tho Praying Boy at Berlin art
works of a later period.
Bronze was so much used by tho
Greeks for weapons and armor that it
was natural for thom, to decorate thesa
arms moro richly than could havo beon
the paso with steel. Accordingly, very
olaborato decoration was givon to parts
of this suit of defense j tho Sirius bronzes
in tho British Museum hoing tho most
olaborato specimens so far discovered.
Those aro shoulder pieces having figures
In high relief upon them; more com
monly engraving was used, and subjects
of many figures .woro given by this
means tc broast-plates and helmets.
Bronze mirrors, too, woro decorated in
this way, their backs hoing covorod
with ongraved dosigns; and ibero exist
also ongraved disks which were nov
minors, but apparently votive offer ?gs
But richest of all wore tho cist* or
boxos of sheet bronzo, circular or
oval in plan, with straight uprlgh
sidos having cast feet and handlea, bu
(bcoratcd othorwlso wholly yd th. 6
V ravin ?r.