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IlT)o Thor/ Liberty Groat. Inspire Our Sonia anrl Mak* Our Live? in Thy P.?4?*??,??on Happy, or Our Deaths Glorious in
fni." T.. . ? t\ . ?
AU A ii jr uuov jL^wi?uoo."
?ENK?.1TSVILLE, S. Qf; FRIDAY, APRIL 12,1901.
SOP PAST HISTORY
Fx-Gov. Chamberlain Writes cf
. tho Reconstruction Uws
A3 HE6AW THEM
During tho Qood Days cf Good
Stealing and Pil'age In Ucu< h
Carolina. Hampton aa
a . Leader.
That tho reconstruction moasurea of
tho Republican Congressional lcadors
immediately aftor tho warworo a mis
tako was mai nt ni nod by this papor nt
tho tim?. That tboy Woro dirootly re
sponsible for the ora of corruption and
inifgovornmont which ?filioted tho
.South up to tho ond of tho efforts to
vmaiatain a blaok or Republican eupr?
'Igfaoythrough tho uvo of Federal ttoops
and denial of politioal rights to tho
rebol or whito loaders has boon abund
antly demonstrated in tho paeBago of
time. Of tho nature of tho blunder
and its doplorablo oonaequonoos no ono
is bottor ? Vjftod to spoak thau Dauiol
HL Ohawcrlain, of this Stato, fermer
.Governor of South Carolina, who most
fittingly heads a list of Atlantio Month
ly oontributors on reoonstruotion in tho
South. His artio'o in tho April num
bor of that magazino is woll worth at
.Tho purposo aa woll as tho effects cf
Jue reoonStruotion moaeures doviscd by
Thaddeus Stevens and Oliver P. Mor
ton woro to uni to tho blaoka, wholly
regardless of thoir utter ignoranco and
inoxperionoo and unfitness, and soouro
to them, and tho party thoy woro allic d
with, thatBupremaoy in Southern gov
ernment which thoir numbers alcno en
titled thom to. Thus.tho natural rulors
of .that section were not mcroly ignored,
but wero sharply antagonizod and em
bittered to tho la?t degroo. Tho in
evitable oonscquonoes to tho negro him
self woro tho worst possiblo and aro
conspicuously felt to thin day.
Governor Chamberlain was not by
any means a sympa'hot io agent of tho
Cong-essional ^teimata in their
mormuren of tho lime. Ho had enlisted
from Masnaohusotts and was in oorx
matd of colored troops during tho lat
ter part of tho reboil ic n, Bottling in
South Carolina after tho war. Ho had
poiooivcd the folly of tho plans of tho
Congr??Bional leaders in reconstruction
. at tho outsot, and in his visits to Wash
ington in or about tho year 1867 ho had
many int cr vio wu on tho subjoot with
men like Morion. Of tho obduraoy and
intolcianoo of Thaddeus Stevens in
for oin g raoftBUtos seen to bo moat un wis o
'?' by Mr. Chamberlain, tho latter gives us
BOmo idea when ho now o av? that "mero
personal Bolf-rcBpcot limited tho
writer's ihteroourao with him 'o ena
. opnv?reatiop^" Wtan.latejk^^^
\:i ^^alroti'tt/-I:' y fl'i"' --tWted Govor
/'Vnor^^'ihOibla.BctStoho did what ho
^obu'ld'to oruali tho over-presumptuous
" ncaa of tho negro party and bring tho
whjUcsinto that participation in tho Gov
?2 ? eminent of. tho Stato whioh thoir educa
tion, ability and experionoo onlitlod
thom to. His refusals to oommisaiou
two Jud geo nominated or diotatod by a
.Ttopublioan oauoua ia a caso in pcict
which is historical in South Carolina.
I- That Governor Chamberlain failed to
gain the oonfidenoo and support of tho
... whites, who turned to Wado Hampton
in 1870, is very far from telling against
,... the ability, impartiality and honesty of
bia administration. Under tho oiraum
. stances it was hardly to bo oxpootcd,
'.and tho settlement of tho disputed re
sults of tho Stato clootion of 1876 by
Mr. Chamberlain's withdrawal of Lid
ol ninia and tho passing of the Stato into
: Vth?. hands of tho whitoa waa tho wiso&t
E" Oflaiblo and and ronc?lo orodit upon
im. ; It is interosting to note that ho
, v .haS, in this article, only apprcoiativo
'words for his old nut agonist, (Jen. Wado
Hampton, whom ho characterizes aa tho
ono trna loader South Carolina had had
after Calhoun. Tho stronghth of his
^leadership, Mr. Chamberlain Bays, lay
* hot in his intellectual or oratorical
superiority, "but in high and foicoful
.. '''eh?raotor, perfect courago and jeal do
v?lion to what he conooivod to bo tho
welfare of South Carolina."
Ot tho gen oral ohareotor of tho re
construction measures Governor Cham
"It is now plain to all that recon
struction under the Acts of 1867 waa,
. at any rato, a . frightful oxporimont,
, - whfoh novcr could havo given a real
< statesman' who loamed or know tho
faots tho Bm ni lost hopo of suooots.
i Government, solf-govornmont, tho oaro
. of common publto interests by tho peo
ple themsolvoa, is not BO easy or simplo
a tti.sk as not to requiro a modicum of
experionoo as well as a modioum of
mental and moral oh arno ter. In tho
mass of 78,000 odored voters in South
? Carolina in 1867 what olemonts or
foroos oould havo existed that m ado for
good government? * * * Added to thia
obvious discouragement and impossi
bility in South Carolina was tho faot
that those 78,000 colored voters wero
distinctly and of design pitted against
46,000 whites, who held all tho proper
ty, eduoation and publio ezporionoo of
. tho State. It is not lons than shooting
to think of Buoh odda, suoh incvitablo
diaaslor. Yet it was deliberately
planned and oagorly wolcomed at Wash
ington, and-OJ! m'y ac copied by tho par
ty through thooountry."
And again in oonoluding his review
-a moat valuablo hiatorioal obaptor
of South Carolina's ton-years' expori
?'. enoo under reconstruction, ho says:
V'Tho chapter of roeont ovonts ov
? eibd by this papor ismado up largoly
. ox th?: fOQord ,of miatakos and orimos
followed by tho euro, unvarying retri
butions whioh all history toadies aro
: tljp carly or lato result of evil ocnraoa
. in nations and States as woll as in in
dividus bi. To whom, humanly spoak
. lng, aro these woos and waatos ohargo
. able?' Tho ann (vcr mnst bo, to thono
who dovincd and pub in operation tho
Congressional sohomo of reconstruction
-to thoir unapoaknblo folly, thoir
blind party grood, thoir insooaatoat
/ tempt to revorno tho laws whioh oontrol
Tho condemnation ia unqilificd and
oomes from ono probably moro oompo
tont to spode impartially on tho aub
joot than auy man now living'..
Tho Itopubllosn loadorehip whioh
dr?v? through tho moasuros of1867 was
not hoking in high ability for State
orafL. Its fault was thnt it had booomo
tho moro or IOFS uacorn oious victim of
blind party fooling which sought to
niako porpolual in tho nation a party
position of unparalleled strength.
Springfiold Hoi ubi i can.
A Narrow Escapo.
Two Young ladies bad a narrow os?
capo from droning at Arlington Mills
at Groe r's Wodnosday afternoon.
Misses Wood and Armstrong, who live
not far frc m tho mill, woro driving in a
buggy going homo. Wbilo crossing
tho bridge over tbo river at tho mill,
tho mulo got freightcned at tho rush
and roar of tho river and oommencod
baoking, and boforo it oould bo stopped,
backed tbo'buggy off tho bridge, tho
two young women, buggy and mule
falling twelvo fcot into tho river, in ?ix
foi t ot woatbor. Tho river was swollen
by tho hoavy tains of tho past two days,
and tho current wai very swift. Tho
buggy with its ooeupauts was swept
fifty yards dowmn btroaui, Two young
mon who taw tho accident, and knowing
tho lol pl osa and almost hopeless posi
tion of tho girls, ran down tho banks
of tho river, dat-bcd into tho stream,
and suooeodod in rescuing tho girls
about fifty yards bolow tho biidgc.
Messrs. Armstrong aud Bagwoll woro
tho mon who Btvcd tho lives of tho
girls. Tho mulo and buggy woro rollod
and dashed out into tho stream and tbo
mulo waa drowned. Tho young ladies
woio taken to a rcsidonoo near by and
givon every ntionlion. It is feared that
they aro badly injurod by tho fall and
A Groat Ship.
Tho now Whito Star lino steamer
Ck U io j tho largoat VCESOI ovor built,
was successfully launohod at Belfast,
Thursday morning in thc presence of &
largo and representativo gathering. Tho
christening was porformoO by tho
Mar8bionosB of Dufforin. Thoarrango
monta for tho lauDohipg wero similar
to tiloso of tho OJO u io and tho now
vessol glided from tho wa/o and was
pulled up within her own longth by
droppicg threo pairs of auohors. Tho
launobing ocourrod admidst ohoors of
tho pooplo and tho blowing of sirons
and fog horns. Tho Celtio haa nino
docks and a capacity for 2,859 passen
gers. Sho will oarry a crow of 355
mon. Her tonnaco is 3 600 groatei
than that of thc Oe avio and nearly
doublo that of tho Ka'ser Wilhelm doi
Grosso ard her dhplaooinont is 12 50C
greater than that of tho latter vessol,
! whilo hor displacomont and tonnago are
10,300.1 vcr that of tho Great Eastern,
Tho Collie's dimensions aro aa follows:
Longth G80 9 foot; boam 75 feet, dept!
44 1 foot. Gross tonnago 20t880; nei
tonnago 13 650. Tho Coltio will hav<
a displacement of 33 000 tons.
Rev. Jasper Do?d.
Rev John J HR por, of Kiobmond
died Saturday. Tho fa no of his sor
mon, "Do Sun Do Move," did th<
worthy old man ,Eomo disorodit.
Although iilitorato.i\n-Mftfl. noM.ffonra??'
.,^.".1.. f 'cavCU 'i uyr? u oHOn a'mis
?ono(V>V??n aa to what oonBtituica odu
cition. It ia not book loaming, morolv
although many of (tho most importan
faots a man oan know aro treated of ii
booka. lUv. John Jaapor was no
tho ignorant noisy pounding negr<
preacher morely that tho famous ser
mon ho ireadied frequently indioatod
Ho had a strong mind naturally, whioh
improved by exporionoo and ob sor vs
tion and guidod by a kindly heart
placed him in a position of immonoe
ifcflucnoo among tho negroes and'gain
cd'thc respect of tho whito pooplo. H
was a worthy and wiso man.-Nowpor
McLaurin Gets it.
Tho govornment exhibits at tho But
falo exposition will bo brought to Char
lesion for tho South Carolina Intcrstat
and West Indian KxposUitiou. Th
, arrange mont io havo tho Unitod State
j represented a<* tho Charleston show wa
j made by Sonator John Jj, MoLaurit
! Sovoral days ago Sonator Molnurv
tcok up tho question of necurincc bli
cxhibitafor Charleston, aa was told i
Tho Evening Post sevoral days og<>. H
had several conferonocs with tho head
of of sovoral of ibo dorarlmonts.and th
mattor of scouring tho exhibits was dit
ouesod, and ho waa told that tho matto
weuld bo givon consideration. Thun
day morning tho suVjiot waa takon u
again and Senator Mclaurin waa inforn
ed that tho exhibits would bo sont t
Oh irlo iton if tho exposition oompan
furnishod tho buildings.
Will Issue a Manifesto.
Aguinaldo has tho assistanoo <
Chief Justieo ArolUno and Pisbo
Gon. MacArthur's privato Aoorotary, i
proparing hia manifesto. Tho work
not oompletcd and tho toner of tl
oontcniH is not divulgod. Chiof Ju
tioo Arellano had a long oonfotcne
with Aguinaldo. Ho says Aguinald
is realizing tho futility of furthor r
sistanco and is dosiroua of trusting i
tho jastioo and generosity of tho Amer
oan pooplo. Tho ohicf of tho rovoli
tion will urgo tho insurgents to coai
fighting and aooopt Amerioan novo
oignty. S?Lor Arollano says th
Aguinaldo's manifesto ia not y ot pr
pared for publication and that ba is u
able" to furnish tho text Tho author
tios assert that a fourni nnnounoomei
will bo mado whon anything definite
Local tforeioastor J?sunof?ky,
Charleston, sent out tho followii
"warning" Thursday: >
Tho Watereo at Camdon, 15 fe
abovo tho dangor line; tho Poo Doo
Ohcraw 15, nearing tho dangor lin
tho Oongaroo at Colunbia 15,4 fo
abovo tho danger lino.
Tho Peo Doo at Choraw and Wator
at Camdon will riso 6 to 10 foot ade
tionally, and will begin receding la
Tho Oongaroo at Columbia will ri
5 to 9 foot additionally and will bog
slowly roocding into Thursday.
Tho lowor streams in South Oaroli
will roaoh dangor linos by tho 9th
Cant Koop Down Fight.
Tho London Daily Ohroniolo pv
lishos tho following dispatch frc
Borlin: "Count von Waldoraoo h
sont an urgont tologram to Empei
William, imploring him to endeavor
hasten tho negotiations for tho wit
drawals of tbo allied troops ou t
ground (hat it is impoasiblo to prove
quarrels bbtwoon tho soldiers of diff*
ont nationalities, whioh might
any moment load to eorious trouble"
A GHASTLY FIND.
Th? Bead Body of Willum Maynor
Pound in His Horns.
Inf ovulation has hoon roooived in tho
oityof thodoathof Win. Maynor, a
whito man atout 50 yoiiu old, who
Hvod about 10 milos north bf the oity.
The man was found doad in his houso
last Sunday, and it was evldont that
ho had boon doad for sovoral days, as
decomposition ht d already Bot in. Mr.
Mayncr livod by himeolf, although ho
had a wife and BC-verni ohildidn. Thoy
did not livo with him, but are employ
ed in the ootton mills in this oity.
Sunday a neighbor wont to oall on
Maynor, but found tho houBo ncouroly
looked, aud no ono repliod to his ro
poaud knooka. Looking through a
window ho saw Maynor utting in a
Chair with bia hoad bou od down on his
chest and ono of hts hands grasping
a ohair round. Breaking down tho door,
it was quickly diaoovored that Mayncr
waa dead and had boen for nomo time.
Mngistrato Babun hold tho inquoot,
owing to tho ooronor not being ablo to
bo proBont, and tho vordiot was that
Maynor oamo to his death from na
Tho laBt Boen of him was on Tuesday
preceding tho day of tho finding of his
body, l?o was in Columbia that day.
(lo ovidoutly intended to como buck,
for his wagon was found loadod with
produoo for salo in tho oity. Ho had
also killed a hog, and it was found half
out up in tho room whoro tho dead man
waa. It waa whilo performing this
work probably that tho fatal attaok
oamo on him. Aa stated. Mayner's
j family did not livo with him. and Tho
j Beoord's informant states tent a fow
days after tho inquoBt MagiBtrato ll-.bun
I married tho widow Maynor to a man
namod Morris. Mayncr ownod about
240 aoros of what is said to bo good
No Lard for Her.
"Mrs. Pullman, tho widow of tho
(dooring oar magosto, is fair, fat and
has grown sona. Soo also hal millions
cf dollars. SLo r-pont BODJO timo in Eu
ropo recently. While tboro an English
lord saw hor, acd lcarnod approxtma
toly how much nho was worth. Ho
tried to boprcflonted, but hor widow's
weeds pTovontol. Novortholoaa ho bo
camo dooply in love. All he dosirod
was an opportunity to lay his heart, his
titlo and his oastles at her foot. Tho
opportunity failed to ovoriluato whilo
nho was on the other side, so tho othor
day ho sent her a oahlo moasago of 150
words'(paid), in which ho laid baro his
heart and aakod for hor hand. So
much in earnost was ho that ho oabled
$25 for an immediate roturo moBsago
from tho object of his affections. Tho
cable rate to London is aomcthing liko
throo words for $1, boneo ho aonoludod
that ?^v??tv" five:,, war tts, of tho righ.v ,
?ort, would bo enon?K to- malte nim
happy. But tho prepaid reply was not
sont. "A piooo of unwarrantable im
pertinence," was M rd. Pullman's only
Some Solid Truths.
Prosidont and Mrs BooktorT. Wash
ington wore the guoota of honor at a
dinner, givon b? tho Now York Sooial
Bcform Club Wednesday night. Mr.
Washington waaintroduood as tho first
speaker. Ho said: "In dealing with
tho negro raoo wo must boar in mind
that it oamo from a land whoro thoro
waa nood for labor. Thon for 250
yoars it was forood to labor in a- way
little oalouialod to give it love for work.
I boliovo that in slavery tho solution
of tho problem was rosily laid and I bo
liovo if wo could have taken it up just
whoro it waa loft off whon slavery ondod
lt would havo boon bottor for our peo
ple Thoy folt that to hold o Ino?, waa
tho highest thing thoy could attain and
thoy put moro emphasis on tho political
than tho industrial sido of lifo. Thoy
thought tho objeot of education was to
put thom in a position whoro they
would not havo to work. Etghty per
cent, of the people in tho nouth depend
on agrioulture for a living and HO bogan
with that as a basis. Wo havo tried to
moko our farm an obj - ot teston to thoso
The Beal ISBUO.
Tho special signifioanoo of oleotion
results in tho prinoipal oitioa of tho
middlo westorn states iioa in tho em
phatic veriiot whioh tho votera havo
re-gistorcd against oontinuod oorporato
oontrol. In Clovoland, Columbus and
Tolodo, throo of tho four largo oities of
Ohio, tho Democratic candidatos were
victorious; in tho fourth of tho Ohio
quartotto, Cincinnati, there was no elec
tion. In those throo cition the issuo waa
sharply drawn. Tho Bopublioan nomi
n?os woro woll understood to stand for
tho corporations whioh hold or hopo to
hold munioipal franchises,, whilo tho
Domooratio nomin?os stood squarely for
tho oauso of tho poople na against thoso
corporations and thoir continu id domi
nation. Tho Bopubiioans endeavored
to dodgo tho ?BSUO, but tho poople would
not havo it. They know that tho Bo
publioan party stands pro-eminontly
and essentially for them corporations,
and in oaoh instanoo a largo majotity
was rogiatorod against tho Bopublioan
Scandal Among Nuns.
Moroy Hospital, at Iron mountain,
Mioh , haa oloeod its doors by orders of
Bishop Eis, and the nans have been or
dorod to loavo tho dioooaso. Thia Is tho
result of an coleaiastioal soandal which
ocourrod last January whon Ellen Ho
gan, a novitate in tho hospital was ar
rostod on an insanity ohargo. preferred
by tho Mothor Superior. Mian Hogan
was ad judged ?oimo by th? probato court.
Tho mother Superior also oh arged her
with theft. After being released by or
dor of Judge norgor, Miss Hogan inado
ohargos against the Mother Superior,
one of whioh was drunkenomt. The in*
vostigation by Bishop Eia resultod in
tho closing of the institution.
A Bad Man.
T. IT, Hennigar, of Memphis, Tenn.,
who was arrested oharged with tho mur
dor of his wlfo, was Wodnoaday com
mitted to Jail to await the action of the.
grand jury, it developed at tho pre
liminary examination that Mrs. Hen*
ni gar carried a life insuranoo pol loy for
$20,000 payable to hor husband, upon
whioh a throe months' premium had
boon paid the day bot oro her doath.
T?IE SIMPLE FACTS;
About Annixaliont of Territory
to the United 8tate?.
SOME INTERESTING TRU f Ml
That Should be Read and Re
me moored by Sc me Benight
ed Editors In South
Bo muoh has boon said by tho ina-;
porialiatfl to tho cffoot that tho admin-;
istratiqn's Philippine policy in identical
with tho annexations of tho past that it'
is ito poi tant that tho student of publi?'
affaira should oloarly undoratand tho
facia rolatiog to annexations. .
NORTHWEST TERRITORY. ~
The territory now forming tho Slates!
of Ohio, Indiana, Illinois, Michigan;
and WiBoonsin, waa called tho ''North1,
wost Toirltory." Now York, Virginia/
Missaohuaetta ?nd Uonnootiout B?voral'
ly laid olaimto thin torritory, but finally
eaoh stato ooded its interests to thc
gonoral go vor arnon t. This may bo
oalled our first annexation. In 1787,
congress ircYidcd for tho govornmont ot
this tonitory. It provided that after
1800 slavery within this toiritc ry should;
bo prohibited. It was BIBO provided that
no property quail fio? tion should bo ro
quired of eleolora, A temporary gov
ernment ff as authorized to exist until
tho malo population of tho territory
reaohod 5,000, at whioh timo a per
manent representativo govcrnmont
would bo pormittod, with a roi raconta*'
tivo in congress possessing tho saine:
privileges that our tonitorial delegates''
do today-entitled to dobnto, but not
to voto. It waa also prov id od that',
whonovcr tho inhabitants of any ono'
section of tho torritory numbered 60,?y
000, that footion should bo ddmittod ns;
THE JAY TREATY.
Tho first annexation treaty was with
Great Britain, arid was known as tho!
Jay treaty. This was modo Fob. 29
1796 It contained this provision: ?;?
Artiolo H.-All sellers and traders;
within tho prooinots or jurlsdio?or^?ofj
tho said posts * * * Shall not bo coin
polled to Ix como oitizons of tho Unite*
States, but they shall bo at full liPM
to do BO if thoy think proper, and tbs
ohall make and doolam their olc?do
within a year after the evsoua?'. vivyi?j
said. Aud all porsona wh/n*, Aim m
tinuo thoro ?iftor thc oX] '
aaid yoar without hayin
intention of remaining
tho'?/hl^i^jcatos. , ii
Tho Booond troaty wal
PuTohaso treaty of OoteJT
mado with Frauoo, It
Artiolo III,-The inl
ooded territory shall boAnoorporotod in
tho union cf the United Statofl, and ad1
mitted ao soon as possible, aoaording to
tho prinoiples of tho Fodoral Oonstitu-.
tion, to tho onjoymont of all tho rights;
advantagoa and immunities of tho oiti
sons of tho United Statos, and in tho
moan timo they shall bo maintained and
protested in tho freo onjoymont of
their liborty, property and tho religion
whioh thoy profess.
THE FLORIDA CESSION.
The third troaty involved tho oesBion
of Florida. It was mado with Spain
Fob. 22. 1821 and provided:
Arliolo VI.-The inhabitants of tho
territorios whioh his Catholic majosty
oedos to tho Unitod States by thin
treaty rhall bo incorporated in tho
union of tho United States as soon ns
may bo oonsistent with tho principios
of tho F?deral Constitution, and admit
ted to tho enjoyment of all tho *privi
logos, rights and immunities of tho
oitizons of tho United Statos.
OUR TREATIES WITH MEXICO.
Tho fourth and fifth treaties woro
executed July 11818 and Juno 30 1854.
Thoy woro known as the Mexican
troaty and tho Gadsden Pureba io treaty
and provided \y
Artiolo IX-Tho Mexicans who in
tho torritories aforesaid shall not pre
servo tho oharaotor of cit izo rm of thc
Mcxioan ropublio shall bo incorporated
into tho union of tho Unitod Statos and
bo admittod at tho proper time (to bo
judged of by tho ooogross of thc Unitod
States) to tho onjoymont of all tho
rights of oitizons of tho United Staten
according to tho Constitution, and in
tho moan ti mo shall bo maintainod
and protootod in tho freo onjoymont
of their liborty and property and
Boourod in tho freo cxoroiBo of thoir
religion without restriction.
ANNEXATION OF ALASKA.
Tho sixth troaty involved tho Alaskan
purohaBO. It was mado with BuBsia
Juno 20, 1807, and provided:.
Artiolo lil.-Tho inhabitants of thc
ooded territory acoordiLg to thoir
ohoioo, reserving thoir natural alle
giance may return to BusBia within
throe yoars, but if thoy should profor
to romain in tho oedod territory, thoy
with tho exocption of tho uncivilized
nativo tribo.j, shall bo admitted to tho
onjoymont of all tho rights, advam
tagen and i m mu ni tieri of oitizons
of the Unitod Statos, and shall bo
maintained and pro tee tod in the froo
on j oj mont of thoir liborty, proporty
and religion. Tho unoivilizod tribes
will bo subject to such laws and regula
tiona an the Unitod States may frc m
timo to timo adopt in rogard to aborigi
nal tribos of that couti try.
THE CASE OF HA1\ AIL
The next instanoo of annexation was
Hawaii. This accomplished by joint
resolution of Congress, whioh j Mut
re nola tion provided as fol lowe:
All whito pomona, inoluding Portu
guoflo and porsons of Afrioan donoont,
and all porsons doaoondod from a
Hawaiian raco. on either tho patornal
or maternal side, who wero oitizons of
tho ropublio of Hawaii immediately
prior to the transfer of tho sovereignty
thoroof to tho United Statos, aro boro by
doolorod to bo oitizons of tho Unitod
THE TREATY WITH SPAIN.
Tho novonth treaty wa* mado w}th
Spain Deoombor, 10th, 181)8, ' ?twas
thopoaoo troaty. Thia treaty provided:
Jr?rtiolo IX-Spanish puhjootw, ni.
tfyos of tho i oninsula * * * may pro
tiorvo tl? oir illoglanoo to tho oro wu of
Spain by making boforo a oourt of rc
f'?'iii) within fi yofrom tho dato of
? exohaugo of ratifications of this
a declaration of thoii' dooibion
$'proBOi vo Buoh allegiance, in default
of which declaration thoy snail bo held
t? lia vo ronour cod it and to havo
'rabntod tho nationality of tho teiiitory
jtiWhioh they may rooido.
yf'tyko oivil rights and political Btatus
pf /tho nativo inhabitants of tho terri
torio? horoby oeded to tho inhabitants
oj tho Unitod 8'atcs shall bo doter
mine^ by tho CongroBS.
.piti will not bo difficult for tho studont
to determino tho dii?oronoo bbtwoon tho
'administration's Philippiuo pol'oy and
tho policy adopted in all formor an
uVkfkt-'ooii. In all Othor inatanoes oiti
?;. ,unli?p for tbo pooplo cf territory an
i^'afccd ^aa contemplated and provided
ffc&'^In thia iDotanoo eitfzonship was
.i:;.V';.?uarautoed to tho pooplo of tho
an nexed territory, but tho oivil righi s
?nd p?litioal ttatus of tho nativo in
KikpliantB wero loft for tho dotorroina
TUB M'ENBUV RESOLUTION.
Thodifforonco botweon tho adintnifl
^tswoh'o Philippino polfoy and tho
.n';'Ucj\ nd bored to withroaptot to a'l
fdrmor annexations was emphasized
.^ret?tlio United States Senato, af tor
fAnmrig.".tho wcaoo troaty. adopted tho
MoKucfrji' resolution, whioh provided ns
y^ffHtf^jf. 'tho 'ratifioation of tho treaty
o^iofoj?-Witli Spain it is not intondod
[d'l iifoo^rporato tho inhabitants of tho
Philippines ' into oitizoDship of tho
?Mlod Elates, nor is it intondod to
viii: ?iK??htiy annpx fia*J iftlftnd? as ftQ
?YtogVd-.patt of tho territory of tho
Uki it od ?lat?ijbut it is tho intontion
r>l,tl'o UnitodBtatoa to establish on eaid
is'ltijua.sj n goVornraont euitablo to tho
KNvnta and conditions of tho inhabitants
M$,'> eaid iel ands,' to proparo thom for
l '.oul tolf*!g?v0rnmont, and in duo timo
t^iuako snob disposition of said islands
<v\ will boat pr?motn the intcrosts of
tlW oi ti zen? ofi'tho Unitod States and
ll'iq'i.uh ibitarjta of said islands.
' .thin resolution waa adopted in Fob
Mw^j 189/) Two years luv-J elapsed,
rt ?^?nat^ftd of gottiug nc-- '
??iii pol loy of th ii
. ??li ?o?poot to; annexath
noa roi* to tho
exation, wo bavo
^?SSdci'ivlily farther by conferring
|^porsw?. t?';bo named by theProsi
v.r i, Vail Military, oivil and judioial
! i ivoivV in. tho Philippines, said powers
i*.\.i)oo * or o i fled under tho ProBident's
;]:\:U i? i\hportar)ti that wo oarofully ob
' V* tho m'MKt?d diffcronoo botweon
v. "d.m.iiii^tvation'fl policy and tho
( '.?n\rsty policy of tbii government
*o, previous to that
tfinoB, tho inhabit
, nu territory^ wtro
. of tho United
. . -imy-: w?n . co
?k?i' ?eJ of tho
Xj >ho oaso of tho
S^ioal Btatus was to
JMB, And in ratify
Sonata said: "It ia
Tnoorporato tho inhabi-"
i of tho Philippines into oitizon
?bVp ?f tho United States. Nor is it
iul'ondod to pormanontly annex said is
IdaM (is an integral pu-t of tho teiritory
oHho Unitod States."
s'Jiio pooplo havo been dcooived by
RelpublioAn proionsos-they havo re
fua?d to beliovo that a revolution in
our form bf govornmont waa it tended.
J Each day makoa olearor tho purposoof
tho nd mi oin tnt ion to disoard American
principles and mould cur institutions to
suit Eur?poan idoas.-Tho Commoner.
Testing and Reforming.
Giorgo Towusond, an Indiana farm
er, behoved in "Ohristian Saionoo" and
I his wifo did not. Wo aro told that ho
ca mo homo from town in a muddled
oondition, and tho warm room BOOU
put him to sleep. Thon tho wifo, by
way of testing bis Ohristian Soionoo
faith, tied him fait to his ohair with
a clothesline. Sho tV.on wont to tho
barn and returned with a blacksnake
whip, whloh sho applied vigorously to
tho back and fboulders of her liogo
lord. Ho writhed und ir tho saiart of
tho lash, buttha moro ho bogged tbo
harder abo laid on tho whip. "Thero
is nq BUoh thing aa pain," said sho, aa
sho continuo tbo castigation; "it's all
imagination. ' You aro Christian
Soioncc; nothing can hurt you. You
don't icol any pain at all, do yon,
?George.?-You aro fooling firat rato, ain't
you, Goorge?" Tho wiro not only ex
ploded bis Ubriatian Soionoo theory,
but; it is said, also worked a reforma
tion in his drinking habits. Thia ia a
praotioal way of testing a man's faith
and incidentally reforming him.
Tho women's dopartmont of tho
South t[andina Interatato and Wost
Indian exposition will givo a pr izo of
$10 for tho beat original design for a
a souvonir to bo sold in tho womans's
building during tho exposition. This
coinpotUion is open only to woroon of
South Carolina. Ifiioh design must bo
r ont jto tho undersigned by duly lat,
1901, and must bo accompanied by
apoomoations for its oonstruotion, and
tho toal nnmo of oompotitor in a sealed
onvelopo, and not appearing ekowhore,
io that thc nauio of oompotitor will not
bo known until tho award is mado. Ito
jootod dosigns will bo returned upon ap
plication (with postago oncloBod) mado
within thirty days after tho olosa of tho
oompotltion> Tnoexooutlvo oommitteo
of tho women's dopattmont will bo tho
judges of tho oompotiton.
Mrs. It. With ors Mtmraingor,
Ohair'n Oommitteo on Souvonir,
.li Pitt etroot, Oharloston, S. 0.
Tho Noeds of Epworth,
A slip oontainlng tho following, was
loosoly inserted in tho Maroh issuo of
Tho Epworth O.phanago Ueoord:
"Thcro aro 109 fatherloss ohildron at
the Epworth Orphanage, who aro boing
suportad by tho voluntary contribu
tions of tho bonovolont pooplo of tho
state, Sovon hundred and fifty dollars
ls needed every month to proporly oaro
for, oduoato and train thoso ohildron.
Send a liboral offoring this glad IHfiStOK
timo to holp carry, of this Obrifltly
work.; Money is greatly noe dod fora
houooithat should bo build at ono?, and
for tho eupport fund. Lot all mako an
oiforliig. "Worship tho L?rd With thy
subs(aoo), So shall thy barns bo filled
. '?: ?' ?}>
AN EXCITING SCENE
Caused in a New York' Theatre
by a Runaway.
TWO HORSES MAKE A OABH.
Tboy C.u'd Not Ba K*pt on
th? Stage and Plugged
Into th? Audience,
Tho Now Yolk Journal enys a woman
-oi? lin and nt ono* y amid a panic-Wod
oosday Dight stopped two hoisos wkloh
dashed o vor tho footlights from tho
stago cf tho Academy of Music, whoro
they wore u&<d in tho produotion of
"Unolo Toni's Cabin." Tho struggling
animals p'ungod into tho audionco.
'I ho horso* wore a magnificent white
Tho animals oamo right over tho
footlights. Tho herolr o who ni oj ped
them was Mrs. Edward 8. GL Wowing
of Holona, Mont. It is duo to her that
this story is not tho story of a tragedy.
FJVO persons wore hurt during tho panic
in the goneral rush foi' tho doors. Taro
David Poysorof No. 158 Hudson avc
nuo, tho drivor of the team, sustained
a fracturo of throe ribs and aevoro in*
jurios about tho head. Samuol Mich
nelsen of No. 137 Eldrigo street, had
his aim broken. Thrco other men
were injured. Ono of thom, a musioian
named Mofzer, had a pi?se oall for his
life, for ho was dircootly ia tho path of
tho maddon od hornes nu they slid ovir
It was in tho first scone of tho tl l d
?ot tl at tho aooidont took plaoo. The
Eocno ropresonts St. Clair's houso and
garden. On tho otago wero Etr'o
Browne, playing tho ohartoter of St.
Olair, and Alioo Evans, playing tho
part cf Mrs. St. Olair.
From an outrance far la dc on tho
couth bide of tho stage appeared a
praccipg team of whito horses drawing
an open ouriago, Poy ?ev was on tho
drivor's coat and seated iu tho oirriago
woro G John Kollorod, as Unolo Tom,
Georgie L\oro nco Otp, as Little Eva,
and Mrs. Annto Yeamans as Aunt
O pb ol ia.
Tho carriage should havo stopped in
the contre of tho stage to allow tho ac
tors to alight. It did not stop Wednes
day night. Tho horcos wero rostlcss,
but Mr. Koli ord managed to got out
and assist Miss Olp lo the s togo. Mtv.
Yoamans was unnblo to leavo tho oar
At a point probably toa feet from
tho exit through whioh the team was to
havo gono, tho horses became frighten
ed at tho flapping of tho traces and be
gan Co plan go. In oidor that they
might not harm tho stago thoy wore
shod with smooth 'shoes, and it was but
a few sooonds until they were slating
arouod ia dangerous proximity to tho
footlights. Poynor was poworlcss to
hold the soon frenized animals, and it
beoaino apparent then an aooideat was
iaovitable. Tho musioios left their pit
in a rush. This alone precipitated a
With hoads high in tho air and'Haw
ing from sido to. side as Poy sor yanked
on tho reins, tho horses slid to tho foot
lights, through tho footlight ohain,
breaking it and several of tho inoan
dosoont globes, then over tho edgo of
tho stago and into tho orohestra pit,
alighting partly In the pit and partly ia
tho sido aislo on the eouth side of tho
houeo. Tho ourringo toppled over, with
Mrs. Yoamans ia lt, but tho two hind
wheols vimsinod on tho stago, ?ad tho
votornn aotroes was dragod to safely by
Earlo Browno. Peyser was thrown on
tho stiuggliog horses aod thoy kicked
A Royal Separation.
Whoo tho Ki Kg of Port u g tl wont to
London ia oonneotioa with the Q loon's
yunera! ho roocived a deputation of
Protestants, to whom ho undo a spoeoh,
promising a continnanoo of tho oollvht
cued policy of religious toleration ia
his dominions. Tho spot oh was manly
and oouv? goouo and was widdy reported.
lt was commented upon ia Portugal,
and while it olioiti d tho enthusiastic
approval of tho Liberals it sorvod to
accentuate tho fued botweon tho King
and tho religious orders, which was
originally e&usod by tho alleged intor
ferouoo of tho Jesuits io tho secular
affairs- of tho government of that coun
try. Tho unhappy rosult of this fric
tion was troublo in the rojal household
itsolf, the Quoon taking sidos with tho
church. Aooording lo advices just ro
ooived from Lisbon, this breech was
widoned and thoro is said to bo a proba
bility of a soparation of tho royal
Alive Without a Stomaclx.
At the (livman Hospital in WillamB
h'urg M. Y., it was said Wednesday j
that Jacob Woiolmmnn, who recently
undorwent tho oporation of having his
stomaoh romovod. was in a good condi
tion. Tho attendant whom Col. Louis
Finklomeir, superintoadont of tho nos*
pi tal, delegated to give information re
garding thooaso, said: "I spoke to him
this morning und Wichmann told mo
that ho felt woll. He said there had
boen no ill effools from tho oporation
Ho is a little weak, but that is all." It
was said that thero was no fever. What
tho result of tho oporation will bo no
body oan toll as yet. Many of tho doc
tors who wore pr?sent?t tho operation
woro at tho hospital today to WAtoh tho
Killed in a Wreck.
In a wreok on tho Durham and Char
lotto railroad noar (Juif, in Chatham
county N. C., Friday, the engineer and
two negroes woro killed and another man
was injured. Tho IT,Ain ran off tho track
into a crook, oatohing tho three men
under it. The bodies have not yoi been
A General Strike.
A dlspatoh from Chaarlotte, N. 0.,
nayn a gonoral strike of ?11 operatives in
the toxtilo mills of tho south will be or
dered unless the demands of President:
Oompors for * ten hour day ie asoedod
to by tho Ktyeraido mills, at Djmvillo.
Va. Tho general strike will bo ordered
on May 1.
v 't^^^^f?^*!^ '. ?
THE IRRIGATION OF RICK
The Census Bureau is Getting up Sta
tistics About the Matter.
Rico is the prii olpal ooroal produot
of tho South Atlantic and Gulf Hiatos.
Its cultivation bogan first in South Caro
lina and Georgia noarly two hundred
yoars igo. Within tho hst dcoado
Louisiana atd Toxas havo ongagod in
growing rioo on a ver;; largo soalo, and
today thoso statosfurnish nearly throe
fourths of all tho produot of tho coun
Recognising tho importance of this
agricultural product, whioh today forms
tho pr: not pal food of ono-half of tho
population of tho earth, the Dhision of
Agriculture of the Twolfth Census is
m&klng a special effort to collect and
tabulatodmportant data relating to rioo,
and tho various methods of irigation
whioh aro.praoticod in its oultivation on
tho doha laid* and inland marshes of
South Carol in i? and Georgia, the alluvial
lando of Louifiana, M?6B?8B?ppi,and other
stator, tho broad prairies inshouthoast
om Toxas and southwestern Louisiana.
Tl o sobodulonow being mailod to tho
riooplantors contains a numborof impor
tant quostions oovoring molhods, costs,
oto. From tho data thuBOolleotod together
?ith tho statistios gathoredby tho cen
sus enumerators, it is hoped to oom
pilo a bulletin whioh will oompbrohen
bivoly show tho oxtont and valuo of the
irrigation plants, tho aoioago cultivated
under thom, and many othor important
facti oonneoted with thia industry. As
tho v oin mo and valuo of thoso statistios
will depend upon tho interest Bhown in
tho iiqulries hy thoso engaged in tho
oultivation of rioo, tho Dirootor earnest
ly requests that all to whom tho coho
dales aro addrossod will mako a prompt
and oaroful reply.
O ?moro of plantations and soorota
rios of companion who do not rcoeivo
tho icquirios within a reasonable limo,
aro rrquostod to write to L G. Powors
Chief Statistician in ohargo of Agrieul
turo, Oonsu* Qfftoo, Wasbiogton D.O ,
and blanks will bo mailed to thom at
once. A oomprohonsiyo compilation
of tho faots relating to this rapidly
growing branoh of agriculture will havo
no una ll irfi lenoo on tho futuro pro
gress of rioo oultivation in ?bo south,
and tie oons<q iont dovolopomont of
largo aroas of now territory therein.
A Thrifty Sailor.
A dispatoh from Beaufort, S. C, to
tho Augusta Chroniolo, sajs: Among
the orew of tho United States ?nc niter
Amphilrito, whioh has boen hero for
gunnery pr a 3 ti oo during tho winter, is
an enlisted man by tho nanoo Rand.
His pay as a tar amounts to $16.00 por
month and yot notwithstanding thin
faot, ho stows away, tho snug sum of
about $600 por month, v Rand id tho
ship's barber and roooivoB$1.00 a quar
ter from eabh of tho 300 men compris
ing tho ship's crow, and $2 00 fromeaoh
eaoh of tho thirty petit and ward room
offioors for their shaving and hair dress
ing. In addition to.this tho enterpris
ing sailor londs monoy to his impecu
nious shipmates at 25 poreont interest.
A day or two ago Mr. Hand was rela
ting his exporionooin Cuba to tomo
oiiimns on Bay stioot, whon ho was ap
proohed by a drunken sailor who reques
ted tho loan of $40.00. Tho harbor pro
duced a $1,200 roll of groenbaoks from
tho depths of his navy blouse and count
od out tho amount aekod for, whioh tho
happy Jaok hastily pooketed and made
I off with.
Faster Than Steam.
Herr Ratheneau, tho hoad of the
Gonoral JiHoalrio company in Europe,
has given a description of tho olootrio
train whioh is to outpaoo tho fastoBt ex
press. Tho lino botwoen Borlin and
Zozzu'n has boon ohoson for tho export
mont, Tho oleo trio ouvrent of twolvo
thousand volts will bo oarriod from tho
works cloven milos distant ^ alorgudo
tho lino on supports. Thon it will be
transferred to tho vohiolo of whioh two
havo bron built. Ka oh of thoso ia six
ty-six foot long standing on two truoks
of throe axles, oaoh. Four of tho axles
aro driven by a threo ph a* o motor oaoh
of whioh is oapablo of seven hundred
and fifty her o power. A compartment
in tho oontor or tho vehiolo contains
tho entire machinery whioh is controll
ed by a driver standing in front and
manipulating lovors. Tho vehiolo will
aooomodato fifty paisongors.
Bloodshed in Greenville. .
Tho Rev. Jamos Wa1 ker, a. negro:
preaohor, was shot and almost instantly
killed by Dan Smith, a nogro rough, at
Contra), on tho Southern Railway, cn
Sunday night. Walker was standing
ri ear his church talking with a friend,
when Pniith and his companions carno
along and bogan using vilo opithets toa
woman related to Walker who was
standing near. Walker rom on it rat od,
when Smith draw his pistol and shot
Walkor, tho bullet ottering above tho
loft oyo, killing him almost instantly;
Smith osoaped, Walkor is highly ro
speoted by whito and odored oitizons.
John Rigdon, white, shot Bill Fisbor,
a negro, on Sunday evening, near Trav
eller's Rest, in this county. Rigdon
shot threo timed, ono buhot hitting
Fishor in the broast, Dootors think
that tho wound will prove fatal. The
oaufio of the d tili o ul ty could not bo
A Wondering Boy.
MIT. O. F. Fishbnrno of Aikon ooun
ty has Writton to Gov. MoH weeney ask
ing him to aid hor in locating hor son.
Tho young man left homo two wooks
ago to como hero to onlist in tho anny.
Sinoo thon she has hoard nothing from
him. and is very anxious to leno* what
han boo orno of Irin An. investigation
will bo made, and if the young man
has onlisted and started for tho Philip
pines she will bo ao informed.
A Qhitroh Demolished.
A terrifie wind storm whioh swept
ovor Qharlcuto? Wednesday morning
out a swath through Maryvillo. Just
over tho river from hero, and . demol*
ishea Knnnuol Mothodiot ohurOh,
whoro a Negro oongtogatton waa gather
ing fer night sotvloo, The church cob
lapsed, hut by some miraolo tho pexton
and tho first worabors of the congrega
tion to arrlvo woro not hurt. No other
damage has boca roportod.
A HOODOO DOCTOR
A rr oited (n Charleston for Killi r ff
a Negro Girl.
DIED IN CONVULSIONS,
lt Was Provod Hrwever That tho
Admlrls'erlng of Har ?VIVI edi
ein? Did Not Canes tris
Tho. doath of Viola Simmons,
oolorod, ngod 9 years, of No. 3 liertz
row, whioh ooourrod Wodnesday morn?
l?g at ari oarly.hour, bas oausod tho
arrest of Josopk Hoy ward, an old
oolorod man, wbo livos near tho? Sim*
mons homo. Tho Nogro was hold for
t-ovoral hours at tho station houao at
tho request of Boputy Coroner. Groon
until an investigation could ho m ado.
Viola Simmon*, an idiot, tho 9 year
old daughtor of William Simmons, WAS
takon violently iii Tuoscjay' afternoon.
She was in convulsions and Joseph Hoy
ward, a root and horb dcolor who ls said
to havo mado wondotful ouros in giving
out powdorod wood and liquids made
fi om roots of certain trees, was oont for.
Dr. Hoyward, as ho io known, liy?d
only a short diatanoo. anti noi/.ing two
j bottlos containing a biaok liquid, hut'
ried to tho SiujuiG/is uouso. Tho
young Negro girl was on tho bed, twist- :\
mg and turning liko an anglo worm
Hoyward wont to work.to bring her
from under tho spell ami gavo hor a
quantity of his root modioino. 8i>ni)
timo afterwards tho girl bocamo quiet .
and tho members of tho family blessed
Hey ward, declaring that he had sue
oooded in oasting out bio evil spirit.
Bolioving that tho modioino was going
to quro his patient tho physician took
his departure. During tho night tho.
girl was again soi zed with convulsion?
and Wednesday morningaho died. Wil
liam Simmon?, her father, beomo
alarmed and ohargod Boy ward, with ^
killing his daughter. Tho polioo got
wind of tho matter and Arrested Hey
ward. Tho ooronor was notified and .
Doputy Coroner Grroon ordered tho po
lioo to hold Hoy ward until ho oould in- ?
quiro fullv?rnto tho death of tho Negro. ...
Iloforojpiolding tho oxamiuation ho
visited /ibo station houso and talked
With lioyward. Ho asked to seo his
liootiso giving him tho right to prao
tioo medicino, and in quired nt what col
logo ho studied medicino/ Tho old No
gro ropliod that ho;: was .licensed to: V
praotioo by tho Almighty and that na- .?.
;Waa!hja college,. > Ho declared tio
had a Divino powc'r'?nd that tho juioo '
oxtraotod from roots and woods assistod
him in making eurool
.Hoyward was badly frightened and
when ho was boiog floarohed ho trem
bled Uko a loaf shaken by tho wind.
Dr. Johnston Buist hold st autopsy
ovor tho Nogro girl and disoovorcd that -.
death was not caused by tho treatment
of Hoyward. > Sho had been an idiot
all her lifo and doath waa caused from
convulsions produced by cyst in tho
brain. Hoyward was roloasod -md ho
walkod out of tho station . houuo in a
happy fraino of mi?i.^?harl?fiton
Ohio Bank Roi).694.
A gang of half a dczon robWp Turs
day morning blow opon tho imf ? of tho
Oitizon's Savings Hank at" 'Chardon,
Ohio, and after a desperate fight with
night watchman Pomeroy and oitizons,
suoooedod in making their escapo. It
is boliovod they scourod less than $200.
Tho night watchman disoovorod tho
mon at work in tho hank. T?o was
soizod. bound and gagg?d, but riot, until
ho had shot ono of tho burglars. Dr.
Hudson was aroused by tho nebo and
wont to tho soono. Ho,was also soizod
and tiod, hand and fi ot, It-required
threo big ohatgos of dyriamito to bl6>\
tho safo door off. Tho robbors nuocood
cd In gaining ontranoo to only ono oom
paxtment of tho big safo. In ant thor
part, whioh was not roaohod? it ii tirod
to plaoos of safety, loaving Pomeroy
the night watohman, af tor shooting ono
of tho burglars, wa? badly olnbbod ovor
tho head At eaoh explosion tho rob
hors rotirod to plaoos of safety, loaving
Pomeroy in an oxposod placo, The -lob??
bora eeoapod on a hand nar.
Tho 'Christian- Neighbor.
Tho oblit?ration of a .newspaper is
hot of ton dou? voluntarily, but wo hbvo
an i ns tan 00 in this st ato that in unique
and unparalleled, so far as. wo know.'
Tho Ohrrstian Neighbor was established
April 2, 1868, j>y Bidi IT. Br?wno, in
advocacy of Christianity and ponoo, and
for nearly thirty-throo yoars it has boon:
malled from Columbia, S. 0. TT^
wooka ago tho. Noighbor wat) discon
tinued by tho cxtoutor ci: itu fe under,
editor and propriotor, in aocordauoo
with tho will of Mr, Browne, who mado
provision for its publioatio'n for a period
of six months after his do?oaso. Not
until tho booka aro oponed in another
world will thoro bo a revelation of tho
Sood aocomplishod by Mr, 'Browne and
is c?dab?rora for thia third of a' 'cen
tury, with itu trials and struggles for
tho advancement of'peace on earth good
will toward men."- -Greonvillo Moun
A paoli ago containing flvo hundred
dollars waa stolon from tho oxpress
oflloo at Lauronp Saturday last. Stewart
Miller, in ohargo, receipted for tho
paokatro and placed it in a drawer. Ho
was called cf! for a fow minutos and
whon about to make up his ahipmont a
fow minute? later mien od the package.
It wa? to have gone to Bimpnonville. A
negro employed at tho dopot is une'or
atroflt. - v^'V,
. ., ??li..?....., '
Very Borio'us Mat tor.
A sooond explosion of a ISdnoh sholl
in *<ho boro of a naval gun - ia having
tho offeot of causing flimasrixioiy soto
tho e.afoty of this typo of ammunition.
Tho. acoident occurred aboard tho Kon
tuoky abouy ftii? wfi?ka ate* Thc ord
nance oflloora aro very vcluotant to talk
about those mishaps, but assort that in
thiaoarto tho projootilo bur<-t just tn it
loft tho gun, doing little daiuago.