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DO THOU IJIHRKTY G RB AT. INSl'ilU? OtJlt SOULS AND MAKIO OUR LIVES IN THY POSSESSION IIAITY, OU OUH DEATHS GLOiUOUS IN THY OAt'BK."
BENNETTS VILLE, S. C., FRIDAY, AUGUST J, 1902.
A HOT TIME.
Editor DeOhanip Calls Col. Jim Till
man a Falsifier
AT THE GAFFNEY MEETING. "
Correspondent With Tillman Submit- j
to<l; Dinordor Bocunio So Wido?
unread That Mooting Wan Ad
journed. No HIOWH Passed.
An orderly meeting of about OOO
voters and some ladles ended in dis
order at Gaffney Wednesday, involv
ing the most sensational incident ol!
campaign. Gob Tillman, as details
furthor on will show, was reading an
editorial from the Cl a liney Ledger
chargsng him with ''heing a gamhlor,
a Har and a drunkard." Ho was sar
castic In his comments and was inter
rupted hy Editor DcCamp of thc Ledg
er, who assumed entire responsibility
and defended with determination his
?charges, tn the ensuing discussion
Mr. DcCamp offered "to prove Col.
Tillman a Har over hisown signature."
"When asked to ?furnish this proof Mr.
DcCamp retired to his ellice, submit
ting upon ids return tho evidence he
low. Thc scene was most sensational.
Mr. DcCamp, wt tb no excitement,
resolutely pressed his accusation amid
noise and confusion, many cheers for
Tillman, no small amount for DeCamp
and numerous remarks addressed to
either and both and sometimes neither.
All tho gubernatorial candidates were
woll received, Tillman, Hoyward and
Talbert leading. Mr. Gary received
much cheering and applause, as did
Messrs. Sharpe, Martin and Frost.
Tho afternoon session had ti full
.house, this was true when the guber
natorial candidates wore announced at
;3 o'clock. Congressman Talbert was
the first speaker, and after tribute to
ladies, ho addressed the voters on re
sponsibilities of tho otllec sought. Has
had some, of thc necessary experienee
:and has tho manhood for requirements.
'Trust and monopolies, labor and capi
tal dlseussed, and Commercial Dem
ocracy vigorously assaulted. Wants
good feeling with all classes. Educa
tional Interest favored. Reiterated
white and colored tax scheme. (Cheers.)
Issues forcibly discussed. Col. Talbert
was heard most attentively. Inter
rupted with cheers, especlallly on tax
;schcmo closed with applause.
Thc next speaker was
CAPT. Il WY W Alli)
who was warmly received. He came
here as a stranger, knowing but very
few of these South Carolinians and
was most grateful for such greeting.
'This county destined to be one of the
: greatest counties of South Carolina.
Payed a tribute to South Carolina
^womanhood, then passed on to his
.candidacy. All love feast issues dis*
. cussed, blend and centre in up-building
.of our State. These issues discussed
In their exact meaning. Dispensary,
'education, good-roads, pensions dis
'cussed. Tribute to Confederate, sol
Klier. Heard witli closest interest and
:applause; eldred with applause.
MU. ANSHl, CAMK NIC XT
"yvU&h applause and unfortunately, with
a*o?rc throat. Ile regretted this, but
made his speech. Coining from the
Pearl of tho Piedmont portion of thc
State bo which Cherokee belonged;
paid his tribute to woman and her up
lifting influences. Comes with en
dorsement of Greenville county, six
years in legislature; comes with en
dorsement of live upper KouthCarollna
counties as solicitor for 12 years; olll
cial reen rd satisfactory, always, to his
constituents. Issues discussed and
Mr. Ansel's voice interferred not with
interest of his hearers, lie was heard
throughout with close attention, in
troduced Uro. Crpfford to thc Cherokee
: audience; closed with applause.
DH. TIMM KUNIAN
was thc next speaker, claiming that
j Wo and Mr. Ansel, twice married, were
thc only true friends of thc ladies.
Has never had to medicate his private
. or oflloial character. Col. Talbert re
reis to "tlmble rigging" in South Caro
lina politics. Tills is something un
known to the speaker. Has what no
. competitor can say, the endorsement
? of the people of Smith Carolina. At
j home elected to the, legislature, when
i not a candidate and under his prot est,
iail honor not bestowed on any other
5so far as he know. Ile is standing In
ibis own shoes; running on his own
mame. Object of government is pro
tection of society and issues so dis
ciwsudL As to when he was treasurer,
ho AM wot have to borrow money. As
sailed ffjtyl. Talbert's white tax scheme;
this ls dangerous. Closed with ap
U?flUT. OOV. TILLMAN
was the next and last speaker who
came forward with cheers and ap
plause and hurrahs for Tillman. Re
turned thanks for this and for past
support. Glad to soo these people face
to face to lot thom see If ho ls tho
man painted. Appeals to his country,
and by this to be judged; standing on
record. Referred again to thc ruling
incident in thc senate, then on to
.sword a If air. Finishing these in dc
* tall, ho found it necessary to notice au
.editorial in the Gaffney Ledger pub
lished some weeks ago.
This edltorlal oharged Col. Tillman
.' with "being a gambler, a Uar and a
. drunkard." Col. Tillman was reading
'thc article, stopping for vigorous and
?.sarcastic characterization on Its con
" ' tents. Tho article stated that County
Chairman 'P. P. Butler and Messrs.
McGraw and Sarrat could substantiate
. what was said. Turning to Mr. lintier
Cpl. Tillman asked to hear from him.
Replying, Col. Sutler said: "I know
^absolutely nothing about tliej state
ment and the man who wrote it did so
without my authority."
D'OAMT WAS TIIKKH.
Col. TUlYnnn was proceeding In vig
orous and sarcastic characterization of
thc article whon lid I tor DcCamp of
'The Ledger stopped ii pon thc stage and
advancing directly lo (Joh Tillman,
whom he faced, sahl: "I am thc man
who wrote the editorial ana am re
sponsible for it." Turning to Col.
^hitler, Mr. DcCamp said: llavoyou
not boon drinking with Col. Tillman j
"Not more than with you," replied
Mr, Rutlor. (Cheers.)
Tho crowd was very noisy and vehe
ment, now and tho ladles loft precipi
tately, tho scene being stormy and
threatening. OI Veers for Tillman and
some for DeCamp; various cries and
suggestions to both and general move
ment a niau g thc audience. The chair
man's gavel and other noises were
heard. Mr. Decamp stood his ground
resolutely and again expressed with do-:
termination his authorship and
Then yon are tho author of some
thing ol* which you should he asham
ed." said Col. Tillman. Mr. DeCamp's
cool reply made a terrille commotion
wheo ho said: "Col. Tillman, 1 can
pi'oye you a liar over you own signa
ture.'' Col. Tillman requested him to
ilo so and Mr. Camp went to his olllce
for the proof. Jo the meantime Mr.
Ca ugh in un who had been absent, tiled
to speak but no one heard.
n'OAMi* mci NOS HIS I'KOOK.
Gol. Tillman was proceeding with j
his speech when Mr. DeCanip returned
producing the two letters below, ho
staled again that he could prove Col.
Tl il man a falsifier and read tho letters
which were in reply to bills sent from
time to time regarding an advertise
ing account which he had not been
able to collect. Following ls a ver
batim copy of the letters:
Edg?ll??dj .lan. :i. 1902.
Mr. IC. ll. DeCamp, Nidi tor Grit and
Steel, Cannoy, S. C.:
1 have rCCelved several letters from
you i enclosing bill for advertising in
<?rit and Steel. I beg to say that I
titihk if you will refer to you books
you will lind that all these bills I made
with Grit and Steel woro promptly
paid and in ad yanco.
(Signed) .las. ll. Tillman.
Replying to another bill from ML*.
D?Gamp, came the following letter.
Columbia, S. C., Feb. 12, 11)02.
Mr. 10. II. DeCamp, Business Manager
(frit and Steel, Gaffney, S. C.:
While l ani satisfied that I have al
ready paid the bill which you sent to
Mr. Shephard. I hand you under this
cover my check for $1 in payment of
same. Kindly acknowledge receipt.
Jas. ll. Tillman.
"KNHW UK WAS LYING.7
Mr. DeCamp maintained that Col,
Tillman knew ho owed the account
when he denied it and he also Insisted
that the contents of the two letters
revealed this fact. Mr. DeCamp fur?
thor remarked as he finished reading
the letters that Col. Tillman had
never paid thc bill and knew that he
was lying when he wrote, the letter.
Col. Tillman asked Mr. DeCamp to
hand him the letters. Mr. DeCamp
refused to do so. Cpl. Tillman insist
ed. Mr. DeCamp again refusing, say
ing (bey were his property. Col. Till
man said he only wanted to read them,
and Mr. DeCamp handed them to
him, standing by Col. Tillman while
he read. After reading Col. Tillman
"If I only had one matter on my
mind at once 1 would have known, but
after consulting my books and finding
the error, I sent him thc money due
Mr. DeCamp then wanted to know
If lt toole six letters to lind out one
mistake in u set of books. There was
much noise and excitement In the
audience, much cheering, some hiss
ing. Not a majority of the audience
by any means were cheering. Most of
the noise soe mod to be in favor of Till
man, but Mr. DeCamp, who firmly
and aggressively stood his ground, was
by no means without friends and sup
porters. Finally Chairman Butler ro
gard'ng that Col. Tillman's time limit
had expired, adjourned the meeting.
WANTS A CAROLINA STONE.
Hon. William J. Heyan Writes Rottet'
to Statu (.colonist.
Hon. W. J. B rayan wants a stone
from tills state. State Geologist Karie
Sloan have received thc following let
ter, which explains the matter more
Lincoln, Neb., July 18th.
Hon. Earle Sloan, State Geologist,
Charleston, S. C.
My Dear Slr: 1 am going to have,
just above tho fireplace in thc news
paper room of my new homo, a mosaic
made up of stones from the states
which I carried in either campaign.
I desire a piece of granite, or marble,
if possible. I wanta piece ten inches
square, polished on the face, and three
Inches thick. The name of the State
will be carved bore, so that the letters
will be uniform.
If you will pick out such a stone
and send lt to mc by frieghl I shall be
glad to rclmbuseyou to the thc extent
of any expense you may incur.
YV. J. Bryan.
In a letter to thc Charleston Post
Mr. Sloan says:
"This will il Ilford sonic of our gran
ite quarries an excellent opportunity
to exhibit some of our very superior
granite, and tho privilege of honoring
tho distinguished statesman from
"1 beg to suggest that the block to
be tendered be f rom some one of the
monumental grades affording a pro
nounced relief. In order to prominent
ly set forth the name "South Car
olina" in the letters with which it is
to be carved at Lincoln.
"The dark or Syenitlc granite
would probably show to t he best ad
vantage. I should be pleased to re
ceive tenders from from the respect! vc
As South Carolina gave her elec
toral vote to Mr. ll ry an in both lils
runs for the Presidency, ho probably
has a double desire for a block from
UH od th? Bailie IMMIOI.
Frank Poker, father of Charles F
and V J Poker, prominent business
men of Columbus! Ga , committed
suicide Wednesday by shooting him
self In the right temple with a :)8
callbrc revolver at the Poker Iron
works. Mr Poker was a Bohemian,
about 70 years of agc, and had lived
in Columbus about 25 years, lils mind
had been Impaired lo some extent for
a year or two About four years ugo
his son, Joseph Poker, committed
suicide In tho same svay and used thc
\ > .
DEPUTY AHL KILLED I
By n Supposed Horso Thief Named
LOWER PART OF AIKEN COUNTY.
Tho Story ofTho Anuir ns Obtained
iVoiu D?neront Sourced. Tho
Fugitivo a Dcnporato
ph lasO Tuesday night week Gov.
MeSweehcy received the following
Wagoner, .Inly 22.
To Go?'\ Mcsweeney, Columbia, S. C.
Jotfoout found. Killed ono of our
men. Escaped to swamp. Send
bloodhounds lo Perry tonight on train
No. 29. " J. A. Picons,
Deputy She ri If.
The governor found it impossible to
got communication with Wagoner
or to get bloodhounds, and wired tho
sherill' of Aiken comity to that effect,
also asking for further particulars.
There ls a reward of $100 for thc cap
ture and delivery of .lolfcoat, ?is lt is
supposed that he is at tho head of a
gang of horse thieves that have been
terrorizing the whole county.
The governor heard nothing more
Wednesday of the affair. 1 Ie expected
a reply from Sherill' Alderman to bis
telegram during thc forenoon, but np
to 2..'10 o'clock nothing came from the
sherill'. The governor then wired tho
slioriIf again as follows:
"Have you any information In re
gard to Jeffcoat militer at Wagner? 1
wired you last night to give me lull
in formation. Answer."
Tile State's correspondent at
Augusta sends thc story below, giving
some further information. Though
Jeffcoat is claimed In tho story as a
Georgian, he is a South Carolinian un
fortunately, and is known as a des
perado. The facts presented to thc
governor show that he bas been operat
ing at thc head of a gang of horse
thieves in Aiken county for some time
and only hist week the reward refer
red to above was offered, Herc is what
thc correspondent says:
A uKOitoiA ACCOUNT.
"Georgia has produced a veri table
Tracey, who has crossed over into
Carolina and has worked thc authori
ties of that State to a fever heat.
Charlie Jeffcoat was being chased by a
sheriff in the southern part of Georgia
hist week for horse stealing and when
he got too close for the welfare of the
fugitive Jeffcoat turned on him, shot
him. The criminal then crossed the
river to Aiken county and the chase
was taken up by Sherill' Alderman of
Aiken and Deputy Ahl with blood
hounds. Tuesday morning sometime
they struck tho criminal's trail and
followed him to Jelfeoatlown, a set
tlement down the river. When they
discovered Jeffcoat and were closing In
on him lie turned and tired a broad
side at the two olllcers. Sherill' Alder
man escaped the bullets, but Deputy
Ahl was shot dead and thc criminal
escaped the second time about 5.2JO
Tuesday afternoon, taking to the
woods. Sherill' Alderman immediate
ly organ i/.cd a posse and notified thc
sherill's of Orangeburg and lOdgclield,
who have joined in the hunt for Jeff
Coat, bloodhounds still being used to
HE WANTUI) A HMS.
Things rocked along until Wednes
day night before tho governor got any
Information from tho olllcers in Aiken
and when it did anne it was vague and
brought no facts bearing on the kill
ing of the deputy, lt was in tho shape
of the following telegram:
Palmetto lilies disbanded. Guns are
here but some parties refuse to give
them up. Wire instructions. My dep
uty and posse, still there. Will leave
soon as possible.
Owen Alderman, Sheriff.
Governor Mcsweeney promptly sent
Owen Alderman, Sherill', Aiken, S.
C.: I sahl nothing about Palmetto ri
des. My advice was for yiai to organ
ize posse and do your best to capturo
dolf cou t. Give me full particulars by
wire. M. P>. McSwecney, Governor.
MO UH MHSSAOKS.
Wagener, s. G., July 21.
Gov. M. ll. Mcsweeney:
Thc people think the parties are
bore in the swamp. Is there any
chance for blood bounds. If.so send
them. Send me two boxes 38 and IO
Winchester rides to Perry hist train.
This reply was sent:
Owen Alderman, Sheriff, Wagoner,
S. C. :
Ihive directed adjutant general's
department to ship two boxes of 38
and 10 Winchesters cartridges to
Perry at once. Will see If I can secure
blood bounds from county authorities
hero. Wire me fully as to your move
ments ?ind do your best to capture
Jell'coat. M. H. Mcsweeney,
Then caine this from tho sheriff:
Wagener, S. C., July 21.
Gov. M. M. Mcsweeney:
Parties here who are harboring Jell'
coat aro trying to koop us olf him.
Must 1 arrest those parties and send
them to jail. Notify sheriff Lexing
ton county to come and protect that
side of river. Answer.
Owen Alderman Sheriff.
This answer was dispatched:
Owen Alderman Sheriff, Wagoner,
Telegram received. It is your duty
to arrest the parties who aro In tor for
Ing with your efforts to capture
Jeffcoat. I would not hesitate a mo
ment to arrest every one of thom and
place thom In jail.
M. lt. McSweeney
Thc governor then wired to Lexing
ton's sheriff ns follows:
Sheriff Lox In ton County. Lexing
ton, S. C.,
Owen Alderman, sherill' Aiken coun
ty, wires from Wagoners as follows:
"Notify sheriff Lexington county to
como and protect that side of rivor."
Comply with Sheriff Alderman's re
quest. Wiro hi ni at Wagonor. Do all
you cnn to assist in tho arrest Of Jeff
M. B. Mcsweeney,
About 2 o'clock Sherill Alderman
who had gone to Perry's wired the
governor this report:
Perry, S. G..July 24.
Gov. M. B. Mcsweeney, Columbia, S.
Last account .Jeffcoat going back to
Brown's landing. Got posse in pur
JKVTCOAT'S OliOHOIA H13COUD.
The ?Savannah Morning News, re
ferring to the killing of the Aiken
deputy by Jeffcoat, Wednesday gavo
the desperado's Georgia record as fol
"This makes Jo (looa t's third killing.
Ho was wanted in lOmanuel county,
Ga., for killing a mau named Wilson,
near l l erndon last winter, lie went
til pro under tho name of Charlie John
son, and lt ls said he and Wilson were
doing an illicit liquor business to
gether. Aller killing Wilson he left
Kmanuel, but recently returned.
Sheri IV Flanders had made several ef
forts to apprehend him and on thc
night of July 1<> undertook, with a
posse to surround him in a swamp.
Thc man had escaped, however, and
thc posse scattered to search for him.
Deputy Sherill'Curl and Joe Flanders,
a brother of the sherill', overtook Jell
coat and his wife on the road to M hi
ville at 11 p:'m. The desperado was
expecting arrest and was sittlug In
his buggy with his face to tho rear.
When ordered to surrender he shot
Flanders in the left breast with a Win
chester rille, then jumped from thc
buggy and lied to a swami). Mrs.
Jeffcoat, or Johnson, also took part in
the shooting and was wounded in thc
head. She ls now jn JaiJ at Swains
"Jeffcoat baS sailed under a alias.
In IOmanuel county he was known as
Charlie Johnson. The people of that
county have been greatly aroused, and
any nows ol' the man who killed Flan
ders is eagerly sought. This was
shown by the way In which informa
tion was sought from Columbia and
"Rewards amounting w $900 have
been offered foi' Jeffcoat. Dodgers
h;<.vc been prlntWI and circulated, giv
ing descriptions ol' -Iiim. These may
be the means of running him to earth.
The rich prize his capture would bring
wiil induce police and constabularies
to maintain a strict watch for him.
Ho will find it a di (lieu lt task to
escape, and may yet meet death at the
point of a Winchester as unerring ?is
"The wife of J. C. Flanders oilers
$200 for the apprehension of Jcll'coat,
and Sherill'J. T. Flanders, brother of
the murdered man, oilers $200 moro.
In addition, $200 is offered by friends
of the Flanders, and the aggregate of
$000 is on deposit in tho Citizens' batik
at Swainsboro. In addition, there ls
$:U)0 offered by the governor.
"Jcll'coat, or Johnson, is described
as being between 27 and .'10 years old,
willah lng about l.'h? or 110 pounds.
He is f> feet ?, or 10 inches high, and
bas blue eyes and dark brown hair,
which, at a distance, seems black.
Ho has a light mustache and features,
When he left Immanuel county, ho
was barefoot and In his shirt sleeves,
"Jelfoout's occupation is Unit of a
wood sawyer. Ile has two brothers
living in Aiken and two living hear
M AUK HIS KHC.W'K.
The Columbia St ate says though il
was expected that news would reach
hero Friday that sonic ol' the posse
after Jeffcoat had managed cither i<
capture of kill him, that il: seems tin
fellow is an artful dodger ami has
managed lo confuse ami ('.nully elude
Hie man hunters who were so close
upon his I racks. The only informa,
thai the. governor received Friday wai
most discouraging, ll came in tili.1
Wagoner, .1 lily 27).
Hov. M. B. Mcsweeney:
Have iib definite trace of J elf coat.
Some, t hink he has gone; others' say
hot. Will slay herc today. Have
you heard from Pi titer and Hankinson
Owen Alderman Sheriff.
HOW DHIMJTY Alli. WAS K11.1,Kl),
The State's correspondent at AI kel
has sent Hie following details of Un
killing of Deputy Sherill' Ahl by UH
Hoeing desperado: On Monday even
lng, July 21, Oliief of Police 1). C
Weeks Of tho city of Aiken recel vet
a telegram stating that thc notorious
horse, thief J elf oca t was near Sei vern h
this county, and lo go there at once
At ll o'clock that night ho aceompanl
cd by Mr. D. C. Ahl, left for Sci vern
The account of thc chase and its sat
result, your correspondent has getter
from Chief Weeks upon his return,
Mr. Weeks says: Witch wc arriv?e
at Soi vern wc were Informed that .leif
coat had moved from where ho wa
when the telegram was sent to mc
The good citizens of Solvent wont U
work Immediately to locate him. Mr
Ahl and myself with two other oltl
zens of Aiken county went over Inti
Lexington county, and there strucl
his trail and followed him towards Co
lumbla some four or live miles, tlici
turning toward Horse bridge wc tracci
him back again Into Aiken county, am
we finally located him in thc yard o
his mother's house near Horse bridge
lie saw us as wc approached and
called to him to surrender, when li
at once opened Uro on our party wltl
a shotgun, and* then made for th
swamp. Our party separated atv
headed him oil' from tho swamp am
drove him back again to hlghc
ground, lie scoretcd hlmsolf in
dense thlckot In a little hollow an
oponed fire ?gain on us, which wa
replied to by our party. About 10 o
12 shots were fired at this place. II
thou ran off up tho hollow and turne
back toward tho swamp, when I head
cd him olf again. Mr, Ahl hoing bc
hind mc, did not notice his sudde
turn, and Jeffcoat being concealed I
a thlckot shot Ahl In tho back as h
was passing him. Ahl fell from bi
horso mortally wounded and only live
a few moments after wo readied hltr
Wo who were left still pursued Jcf
coat, ho firing at us and wo at him
lie fell to tho ground thc last shot
fired at him and wo thought him doac
but upon a thorough soaroh wo foim
ho had gotten away.
"I oarrlcd Ahl's body to Wagcnoi
whore an inquest was held and then I
brought him to his family In Aiken
and dually ho was laid to rest at Elko,
Mr. Weeks says Mr, Ahl'sdeath has
caused intense feeling lind excitement
in this county and his friends are on
a lleroe Uunb after Jel?coat. Tills all
happened on Tuesday, thc 22d inst.
On Wednesday Sherill Alderman to
gether! with a posse took up thc chase,
and they are still hunting for this des
TUE FARMER'S ALLIANCE.
leonidOfm Coiiiiti?b Wero Kopi'OBOUt
joel nt tho Stat? ?If doti nf?.
TJie -Stale alliance, the organization
of which so much was beard a lew
years huck -particularly lu campaign
years ki.still alive and doing well uc
ee rd lng to president Ell rd, and he
docs not think that its days of useful
ness ititi over'. Tho organ Iza Hon met
in Columbia Wednesday night and be
gun Ita annual session, reaching a
ii nal adjournment about midnight,
There were l l of tim forty-odd coun
ties in the State re presen tod at thc
At tim opening of thc session Presi
dent 1>. P. Kit rd of Lexington pre
sented his annual report.
Thc following appointments were
made for the present meeting:
Chaplain- das. A. Lewis.
S te wa vd -.J. lt. Thompson.
Doorkeeper--A. H. Frick.
Assistant Doorkeeper-O. V, Good
Tho olllccrs present were tho follow
President1-I). E. Eli rd.
Vice President and Lecturer-W.
Secretary-Treasurer-J. W. Reid.
Executive Commltbomcn-Dr. J, L.
Shuler, J. F. Nisbet and A. C. Eyles.
Committee on Credentials J. R.
Thompson, James T, Held, and W.
The following delegates from subor
dinate alliances were in attendance:
Anderson-J, lt. Douthit.
Rain well-W. II. Duncan.
Chester-S. T. McKeown.
Dorchester -AV. N. Campbell.
' I lorry-das. A. Lewis.
Lancaster-J. R, Thompson.
Laurens-Q. P. Goodwin.
Lexington-J. W. prober.
Marlon-IC: C. Edwards.
Newberry-J. L. Kelti.
Oconce--dames T. Held.
Plokens-W. W. l<\ Bright.
Spartanburg--J. W. Poid.
Union-A. G. byles.
York - J. F. A she.
Pounty Land- J. U. Pickett.
Ford---G. lb WI uga rd,
RighUvell A. S. Krick.
St. Clair J. A. Wessh)goi\
,S%;r., morville- ...lames M. Addy.
Thoro wore Interesting and timely
talks on general al I hi nco topics by Y Ice
President and Lecturer W. N. Eider,
A. G. byles, .). I'. Nisbet, W. N.
Campbell, J, ?. ricket!, and J. W.
The report, of the executive com
initi?e in regard io the hooks Of
g??rci a ry-liva surer being examined
and found correct was adopted.
A press committee was appointed
consisting of O. P? Goodwin, J^ P. Nis
bet and ,). lb Pickett,
A telegram from Col. Jamos A.
Hoyt published in Thc. Cotton Plant,
explaining lils absence was read bofore
Um St a Lc alliance.
All the otilccrs were thon unani
mously reelected fio- tho coming yeat*.
Tli? committee oh good of tim order
was chosen as follows: Dr. .Lil?. Snider
J. ll. Pickett, and J. ll. Doti th I ti.
Thc following offered by .las. l.t.
Addy way adopted:
Ih-.olved. Thal, this alliance ask tho
directors of thc State alliance ex
change for a contribution from thc
interest accruing from said exchange
fund for thc henelit of thc reorganiza
tion of tho suspended alliances.
The usual resolution of thanks to
thc railroads for reduced rates was
Columbia was chosen as place of
next meeting and the time is the
fourth Wednesday in duly, 15)03, at
8.a0 p. m.
The committee on reorganization of
the alliance was continued as follows:
1). P. Ktlrd, president: W. N. Elder,
vice president; A.C. Lyles, incihbor of
Afc midnight the alliance concluded
all its business and adjourned the an
nual session. -The State.
A Columbia Hoy.
The Columbia State says some years
ago a tall, slender young man loft his
home in Columbia determined to make
a name for himself In tho far west. It
was James C. Sims, a son of tim late
Col. R. M.. Sims, and ho was full of
determination. He came backte his
old homo a few days ago on a visit to
lils relatives, and goes from Columbia
to Washington to visit his mother and
sisters, lie ls now a stout, linc look
ing man. lie is thc presont State
chairman of thc Democratic party
In California, a leading lawyer in San
Franoiseo, and Js tho Stato senator
representing tho county in which thc
city of San Francisco ls located. Mr.
Sims'scores of old fi lends were de
lighted to seo him once moro and to
congratulate him upon lils success.
Deputy Collectors ChmiKod.
Major Micah Jenkins, who bas as
sumed charge of the collector's oillce,
has made no change hi the ellice force,
and most of tho clerks there have been
commissioned. Two changes have
been mado in tho list of deputies,
howevor. George Washington Murray,
appointed by Collector Rooster, has
been supplanted by E. W. Sere von of
Columbia who ls a stautioh white Re
publican. Deputy Collector Harper,
appointed also by Collector Rooster,
has been supplanted by Deputy Mar
shal Adams, who has been for somo
time connected with tho United States
marshal's oillce In Charleston.
. An Awful Doati?. ;
While attempting to cross tho track
In front of a passenger train Carrie
Meets, a colored girl, twelve years
old, was run over, and Instantly killed
Wednesday morning near Helena, a
station on tho Columbia and Greon
vilo division of tho Southern. Thc
mangled romains woro scattered for u
mlle along tho traok,
SOME PLAIN TALK
Against Child Labor by tho Hov.
THE SOUTHERN H&IVILEGE/
nocieron That Ii lu Ono Willoh
(ho South WIM Denounce
and l<'orbhl IV hon
Tho Hov. Hudson Stuck, Doun ol'
St. Matthovm' Cathedral, publishes
tho following letter on the question of
child labor ju the Dallas, Texas, News,
lt will he ol* Interest to our readers
just at this thne;
I nth sorry to seo that Tho Nows, in
Its leading edi toi'lul of Tuesday, seems
disposed to put a damper upon tho
IV tte n/i ps that aro being piado to pro
curo such legislation }n Texas as shall
prevent tho employment ol'children in
factories, I had thought that ir tho
world had arrived at one definite con
clusion in tho whole wide realm ol
economics, it was that such luhor is
detrimental to the well-being ol' the
community, and ls a proper object ol
leg Isla tl ve prol 11 hi tlon.
It ls not a theory that we aro deal
ing willi. Wo are not to ho led from
the plain purpose ho fore us hy vague
considerations of tho' wholo subject
of thc condition of children
In homes and on farms through
out tho State. lt ls one plain,
notorious, indefensible abuse that we
arc socking to abolish "Some senti
mental reformers," says your article ol'
Tuesday, "taking little note of prog
ress that has been made, and ol' the
natural difllcultlcs that must always
remain in the way, would make the
old-time crusade to free the little meek
slaves (d' London" (whatever I hat may
mean) ''a new-lime lad, and would
run oil'into lines that are not practi
cal, and that turn In the wrong direc
tion.'' Now that either means some
thing or lt means nothing. It has
either sonic application lo Texas or it
bas none. The only movement on foot
today in Texas, ol' which I know any
thing, is a movement to secure thc
passage and enforcement, ?d' a law te
prohibit entirely the em ploy mont of
children under I2 years of age hi fac
tories, and lo regulate thc. hours and
conditions of employment of young
persons up lo Ki years ol' age.
ls this a now-lline fad? ls that
running od in Ihn s that aro not prac
tica', and Ulai turo 11: tile wrong di
rect) m? Td call lt a new-time fad ls
absurd, ll ls thc the old struggle that
was foitglilout out in langland many
di radi i;ago, thal, was fought out In
New langland soon after, that has
hoon h night and won in every Euro
pean conni ry, and that mon had sup
pi >sed would never have to he fought
again, Hut il' it be necessary to prove
that t wo and two makes four lu thc
Sont,h as well as in New England (and
of such manifest shnpllcty I hold thc
economic problem In question to he)
why we must open the matter again,
must re-address ourselves to the old
Tho conditions existing in Dallas to
day ure conditions that the llrltlsh
Parliament forbade in England exact
ly loo years ago, in 1802; that were
forbidden hy law in Massachusetts
sixty-six years ago, in 18UG.
In one mill in this city there are be
tween sixty and seventy children from
5 ort? years old to 12, working twelve
hours a day. And this not all. Two
or three times a week, whenever lt
suits the convenience of the mill, they
work Hf teen hours a day. That is
what thc first English factory act for
bade, In 1802. Utterly ignorant, not
knowing their letters very often, even
up to good sized youth, these children
are Compelled to forego the night
school to which they drag their weary
foot, whenever it suits their employers
to demand overtime.
"At any rate,'' says your* leading
article, "if the child labor movement
ls to be kept along let the good work
begin at once where lt is most need
ed." That is precisely tho view of
those who arc beginning thc agitation
for factory laws In Texas. Wo know
iib better place where thc movement
may he "kept along" as you express lt,
than right hore in our midst whore
such outrages on childhood are per
Tho Encyclopedia Britannica, lil
summing up its article on factory
laws, says "Hy these various enact
ments thc State has emphatically
taken under its protection thc wllolo
class of children and young persons
employed in manufacturing Industries.
It has dono this in thc namo of tho
moral and physical health of tho com
munity." Ono would hardly accuse
thc Britannien of hoing a "?>entlmcnt
Says Dr. Hadley, tho president of
Yale, In his recent book "Economics"
(1000,) "Prohibition of child labor ls
unquestionably Justlllcd on public
grounds, because If children go to
work In the factory at too early an
agc they arc deprived of the chance
of health and education willoh would
enablo thom to make the mast of
themselves." That ls tho case In a
nutshell. All observation, all expcrl
enco, show that children put to work
early In faotorlos aroceprlved of those
two things-perhaps the two most
valuable things that a human being
can possess-thc chance of health and
tho chanco of education.
Charles H. Spahr, In hts late book
entitled "America's Working Peoplo,"
says: "Whoo 1 wont through tho
mills at Now Bedford, I Baw only two
children 'who looked to mo less than
13," and ho was assured that they hold
eortl neates that thoy wore above that
age. "In Massachusetts today," ho
adds, "I hoard no manufacturer oven
hint at a deslio for the Southorn priv
ilege of omploylng llttlo children."
'"Tho Southorn nrlvllcgol" Does lt
not mako tho blood of honest mon and
womon boll to hear of this Southern
Wc are about to colobrato with ovory
circumstance of honor and dignity,
our undying memory of thoso who
shed thobr blood In the Civil War.
Wo arc about to laud our heroes to
thc skies once mor?, We have been
accustomed elnco tim time of Homy
Grady l.o point lo Hie wi . ^ow
South" Unit luis sprung mic ashes
of that .old South for willoh tlicso
heroes fought. Jlut ls it not mnttoi'
for'serious relleetlon that this Now
Suuth ls bringing in Ita train tho old,
worn-out, thoroughly discredited
abuses that even the greed of Eastern
manufacturers long ago relinquished
for very shame? That in many eases
the descendants of the very men who
plunged tho nation in warfare to abol
ish tho institution of negro slavery,
uro employing their capital to enslave
our poor white children today?
Tho South has been apathetic be
cause, and only because, this thing
was new to ft; because lt has crept In
almost unnoticed, and is still very I
hugely unknown to lt. A huge ma
jority of tilo citizens of Dallas arc
wholly ignorant of thc state ot a Ita I rs
in tills respect within their own city
limits. Tho heart or the South is
souud wherever women and children
arc concerned; quick tu resent and lo
protect, '"rile Southern privilege ol'
employing little children" for lil l cen
hours a day in factor?as, ls a Privileg??
which the .South will denounce and
for* ul as soon as lt wakes uri to the
situation, HUDSON STUCK.
Dean of St. Matthew's,
AGAINST CHILD LA non.
Texan TtmcltOi'H ?tl tl Re an App??al to
lilt: I ,<v; islul lii'tV.
Thc Dallas, Texas, News says by
the invitation of Prof. Long, ibo su
perintendent, of Dallas public schools,
Dean Stuck made an address to the
teachers of tho city schools on thc
subject of the legislative regulation of
child labor in factories. There were
about 100 teacher present, and much
interest was displayed. Dean Stuck
quoted from an article by Elbert
Hubbard, the author of '"ThcMessage
to Garcia," In the current number of
"The Philistine," as follows, "i
know the sweat shops of Hester street,
New York; I am familiar with the
vide, depravity and degradation of the
Whitecbapel district in East London;
I hove visited the Ghetto in Venice;
1 know the lot of tho coal miners of
Pennsylvania, and I know something
of Siberian atrocities, but for misery,
woe, and hopeless suffering, I have
never seen anything to equal the cot
ton mill slavery cf South Carolina
ibis in my own America, tho land of
the free and tho home of thc, brave!
For the adult who accepts the lifo
or tho mills I have no word to say
it is his own business. My plea ls in
defense of thc innocent. I voice the
cry of tho child whoso sob is drowned
In tim thunder of whirring wheels."
Dean Stuck Insisted that tho condi
tion of things in South Carolina
threatened Texas, too; that a begin
ning had already been made of the In
troduction ot the system of child labor
that now was the time to make a
strong light for the enactment of a law
that should forbid its extension, and
that lt was necessary to arouse public
sentiment In order that such a bill
might havo a chance of passing at the
next session of thc Legislature.
The following resolutions, moved by
Prof. Morgan, were unanimously ad
"Whereas, Thc Increase of factories
In States where there is no regulation
of thc employment of child labor has
resulted In certain grave evils to
childhood, namely, ilrst, an excesslvo
length of dally work, this being ex
tended at times Into the night; second
ly, thc physiclal, mental anti moral
weakening of the children, owing to
this contiucmont and the unhealthy
conditions of work;, and, thirdly, a
great increase in tho percentage of
illiterates owing to the loss to Ibo
children of the opportunities of school.
''Whereas, Factories arc rapidly In
creasing lu Texas, and these grave
evils are increasing with them. We,
thc teachers of the Dallas public schools
In thc name of thc children of Texas,
do respectfully present to thc legisla
tors of Texas our earnest request that
they take into consideration thc mat
ter of regulating child labor. Wc
urge that Texas prolltby tho bitter
experience of t'.J older cotton States
and regulate obese evils before they
assume greater proportions. We be
lieve that this regulation ought to
come now, for lt ls statesmanship to
learn from others how to prevent these
evils rather than to learn in our turn
by saeribeting the lives of a genera
tion of children."
AK?*CCH WIH? ftfillor
Capt. Capors agrees with T. E.
.Millor about the appointment of negro
physicians on tho pension hoards. Ho
says that ho had decllmed to with
draw his recommendation of a colorod
physician on tho pension examining
board both at Greenville and at Colum
bia, and has advised the department
that if tho colored physicians recom
mended arc not retained that ho will
decline to make any further recom'j
inondations In that particular matter,
Capt Capers takes thc position that lt
is not a social matter, but simply a
business proposition, and a just rec
ognition of merit in two unassuming
reputable, capablo physicians of the
IcTllcd IiIRo Goobol.
donnes Cock roll was shot and killed
from tho court house window at Jack
sorr Ky., at noon Wednesday by an
unknown assassin. Erlonds who ac
companied tho wounded mah to Lex
ington say they fear his death will bo
tho signal for a prolonged and dis
astrous warfare Cook roll was preparing
to leave Jaokson to got out of a fued
when tho shots wero fired. Ho was
town marshal of Jackson. ;
Still At Imv?o.
Harry Tracoy, tho outlaw appeared
at Miller's logging camp, four milos
from Kansaskat, Wednesday. Tracey
is not wounded, and looks fresh and
rested. Ho is wearing a dorey hat,
but he had a slouch hat in his pookot.
Ile still lins his rlilo and two revolvers
and has a good supply of ammuni
tion. _ _
UNH1S0.U1TBD lOVO (lrOVO (I VOUIlg
man to commit suicido In a St, Peters
burg hotel. It transpired that he had
asked a Uttlo girl in tho street to
choose one of two pieces of pnpor which
he handod to her. On one was writ
ten !i Td fe," and on tho other
?'Doath." Tho girl choose "Death."
AN AWFUL SCENE.
A Man Curses and Raves on the
JUST BEFORE BEING HUNG
For o Brut ul Murder. A Sud
Wni'iiiilK to Y o II UK M on
to hot Strong- Drink
Al. fovty-ono minutos past eleven- .
o'clock Tuesday morning Ashley Cooke
and 'l'uni Lauderdale, thc murderers
ni lOugineer Wray, expiated their
crinto upon thc gallows at Greenville
Cooke died cursing everybody In
G roen ville and the olllcors of tho law.
Lauderdale mot his fate calmly.
At early dawn great throngs ol' peo
ple began to arrive in tho city and by . \
lo o'clock tho place was crowded to ~"
ile utmost capacity.
Sherill' Hunt had sworn In a largo
number of deputies and every precau
tion was taken to prevent any possible
trouble. Cooke and Lauderdale, af- v.
ter a good night's sleep, awoke at.?/ : ^
o'clock. Breakfast was offered them
but both declined to Cat.
Cooke was visited by ROY. Cunning
ham, who tiled his utmost to induce
the doomed man to embrace religion,
but all to no purpose. -
At ll o'clock tho two mon woro
brought Into tho corridors of tho Jail
whoro thc last farewells wore said.1
They woro then taken to tho scar
fold and In full view of thousands of
people both were hanged. Lauderdalo
remained firm and quiet throughout
but Cooke raved Uko a madman, curs
ing everything and cvorybody in
Greenville and ii nally when tho black
cap was adjusted ho uttered a foai'ful
oath at tho sheriff and his deputies.
There was no semblance of trouble.
BTOHY OF 'f 1115 OU1M1S.
Thc crlmo for which Ashley Cooko
and Tom Lauderdale Tuesday paid tho
death.penalty on tho gallows commit
ted on a Yazoo and Mississippi Valloy
train about 3 o'clock on tho morning
of December 30, J 001, beWMQjMl?&tXi
towns of Leland and EHS??betnin
Ashloy Cootcet ^sfm Laudordalo,
Will Blackburn and G. M. Phipps, ror
siding In Bolivar county, boarded
the northbound passenger train at 3
o'clock In the morning for tho purposo
of returning to their home at Shelby,
G. M. Wray, an onglneor, was a pas
senger on tho car entered by Cooko and
his party. Cooke and his tinco com
panions wore all moro or less under
tho inlluenco of liquor. Phipps foll
against Wray who was asleep on scat in
tho coach. Wray asked Phipps what
he meant and reply came from Cooke
that lt meant that he (Wray) must
leave the coach. Wray having fully
awoke realized that tho men woro
drinking and told them that it was all
right and that ho would leave thc car.
As Wray started to walk out Black
burn said to Cooke:
"What shall we do with that follow?
He says that ho has done nothing, but
ls willing to apologize."
VOTED TO IC ll JJ HIM.
"1 vote to kill bimi" replied Cooke.
Phipps at this time sank into a seat
and was not with his companions.
Cooke, Lauderdale and Blackburn
then began shooting at Wray as tho
latter was trying to leave the coach.
Wray was riddled with bullets and
fell dead In thc aislo ot thc car. While
Conductor McLauchlln, who had stop
ped tho train, was looking for olllcors
to assist him in thc arrest of thc three
men, tho trio got olf and wont to tho
engine and forced the engineer to un
couple thc engine and proceed at once
to Shelby and the engineer obeyed the
Instructions at the point of a gum
At Shelby, Cocke,. Lauderdalo and
Blackburn were arrested and brought
to Greenville on a special train, every
precaution hoing taken to provent a
lynching which was threatened by
many cltlzoiis. Tho men wore indict
ed for murder in tho first degree.
Codec and Lauderdale essayed to bo
1 tried together and after ono of thc
most hitter legal battles In tho history
of thc country, they were convlotcd
and sentenced to bo hanged on March
21, 1002. Notlco of an appeal was
filed, which stayed tho oxeoutlon.
Later Blackburn was tried found gull
I ty. l?o was sentenced to imprison
ment for lifo, his previous oharacter
having boon proven exceptionally good.
Tho supremo court reviewed the
caso of Cooke and Laudordale and af toi
an oxhaustlvo examination of thc/
record adlrrncd tho decision of th(e
lower court and fixed Tuesday, $my
23, as tho day for tho execution.
OIIKAT I.1?GAT, HATTTA5.
Thou began a mighty effort to s?v?
tho two mon f rom tho scaffold. In
fluential relatives and frfonds of Cooke
and Lauderdale, and especially Cocko,
who is highly connected in tinco, or
moro states, presonted strong potitlons
and earnest appeals to Governor
Longiuo to commute tho death sent
encc to Imprisonment for lifo,?but the
governor deeply sy mpathized with the
family and.relatives of tho two mon,
remained firm and declined to,Inter
foro. Attorneys at Yho last moipcnt
went to Narragansett Pier, R. I,,'with
a potltion to Mr, J ustice Vvbl to of tho
supreme court ot tho, United, States,
and begged that the 'ex?cution bo
stayed on constitutional ? grounds.
.HVitlcc White, after revloWlng-j tho
papers, also declined to interfere, and
tho mandato of the law1 was caroled
out, tho two mon dying on thp:%mo.
Tuesday night the family of Cor
nelius McKenzie, colored, Society Hill,
was taken sorlously ill from tho offsets
of poison administered In some
mysterious manner. At this writing
two aro doad, father and ono son,
wlu> three othors aro lying at tho
point of death How tho polsiort Was
gi ven ls not known, yet lt ls most
gonerally believed that lt was put in
water, from which they drank, by
sopio nolgnbovs wlt'iV whom they ha ve
boon at odds for some time As yet no
arrests havo boon in?do