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: '?DO THOU LIBERTY GREAT. INSPIRE OUR SOULS AND MAfcl^HJR LIVES IN 'PHY POSSESSION HAPPY, OR OUR DEATHS GLORIOUS IN THY CAUSE." .]??_' . ? :'.
VOL. XXVII. BENNETTSVILLE, S. C., FMpAY, FEBRUARY 13, 1903. NO. 14.
LYNCHED THEM BOTH
For tho Murder of Mr. W. K. Jay
Near Troy, S. C.
THEY ACCUSED EACH OTHER.
Mun und Wlio Quarreled and Jay
Ordered Penco Then Ono or
. tho Other Shot Ills lleud
O IT Prom Their House.
A*special dispatch to The State
from Greenwood ol' Saturday says Will
K. Jay, one of thc most prominent
yoting tanners ol' the Troy section of
this county, was foully murdered in
his own yard Triday" evening between
0 and 7 o'clock by cither Oliver Wile
man or his wife, two negroes li vin}? on
his place. Both negroes were made
to pay thc death penalty for their
deed by an I nf ut lated crowd of Mr.
Jay's neighbors and friends.
From all accounts, many of which
differ, the following ls offered as the
most nearly correct of how the killing
Air. Jay lives in a new house about
three and ouc-half miles from Troy.
This place has never been inclosed and
thc negro cabin formerly occupied by
the negroes is within about 2f> or :!U
yards of the residence. Mr. Jay was
returning to his house after attending
to some business iii the neighb irhdod
and when close to his house he heard
the two negroes making considerable
disturbance in the cabin.Tt seems that
the man was abusing or lighting his
wife and they were both quarreling
and resisting, lt was to stop this dis
turbance that lead Mr. Jay to their
home, which as stated, is only about
'JO yards from his own house. On
his arrival bc ordered thc negroes to
be quiet-that If they could not be
they could not stay oh his place. Im
mediately after this Mrs. Jay, who
was in her house, heard the report of
a gun. She ran l<> thu dour and looked
out, and saw the two negroes, man
and wife, running away from their
.cabin, balling to them, she asked
?what was the matter, but thc negroes
made no answer and kept on running.
Failing to get any response from them
she called loudly to bc husband.
There w.is no response. She was then
wild with fear and began looking
over thc yard, and in a short v iv.'
found him dead in a pool ol his own
hlpjjd. Almost his.- entire head had
been blb\u?v c5tl.' Death was instan
The aiarm was at once given and
the immediate neighbors rushed in.
The news of the horrible murder
spread rapidly: Carriages started in
all directions. A telephone furnished
the uews to Troy and nearby towns,
'f.jand the whole country for milos
1 round was S;)on being lifcra^lv scour
cu tor xneji,^.o.-.icvs. j
' A party^ol'men coming towards Ibo
place from a .section of the community
a few miles near Mr. Jay's home, met
two negroes in the road, a man and a
woman. The party did not know Mic
negroes, but arrested them on suspi
cion and carried them back to tho place
of inquest. They were tho guilty
Ouv When examined both acknowl
edged thc deed, bul, accused each
other ol' committing it. t hc man said
the woman did it and the woman said
the man did it. They never changed
fron? this, but. died accusing each other
of the crime.
The gnu with which the murder
was committed v.as carried to old hill
Wideman's house, the father of tho
man, and left there while the tvw>
started out in Hight. They wore go
ing towards fidgeiielri when caught.
After thc inquest the two negroes
were turned over to the constable,
who started to jail with them. Al
thc Winterseat bridge they were stop
ped by a crowd of infuriated friends
and neighbors and lynched. The
lynching occurred about midnight.
Is Now* a Pud.
Wireless telegraphy is now an as
sured fact. Tlie Halifax Chronicle
announces that wireless telegraphic
communications have been succcssfni
lly established hy Marconi between
(Jape Proton ami Cornwall, Kngland.
A message has already boen seul, lo
King Edward by Lord .Minto. Gov
ernor-Goncral of Canada, and also one
to thc King or Italy. Dr. Parkin. M.
P., of Toronto, special correspondent
of the London Timos, also had a mes
sage transmitted. Marconi has hoon
at Table Head for J he last eight weeks
working steadily. The wires wore all
removed and installed anew, the fa
mous coherer being replaced hy another
wonderful invention of Marconi, called
a magnetic detector, width gives most
satisfactory results and which cnabl< s
the transmitter to attain greater
speed and accuracy. Tho. Inventor
has also'established at his Table Head
station ono of thc wo. d. lt was
thought that until a similar current
was established at thc Cornwall sta
tion satisfactory results would not be
had. Tests were' made frequently
during the last few weeks, bat I he
greatest secrecy was maintained.
Last week communication was estab
A Street Duel.
At Nichols, (?a., on Wednesday Sam
P. Padgett and J. C. Duchaban,young
white men, fought an impromptu duel
on the street, as a consequence of
which Padgett is dying and I ?ochar?an
is seriously wounded. The two young
men married sisters, and while tin:
cause of Mic trouble is not known it is
believed to be a family disagreement.
Padgett and-Buchanan have hereto
fore been friendly, but un meeting
Wednesday each drew a revolver and
. - began shooting. Padgett was she!,
through thc chest near the heart and
Suntu Cl/iiiK Scorched.
A dispatch from Georgetown to
The State says Tuesday night at a
Christmas free celebration in thai
city, Dr. ll. S. Dailey, wilt? was act ing
as Santa Claus, was painfully but n it
_iii'.onsly burned. His clothing ac
AWFUL E AI LEO AD ACCIDENT.
Twcuty-oif-lit Killed ami Many Seri
The most frightful railroad acci
dent in the annals of the past decade
happened a short distance from the
little station of Wanstead, Can., on
tlie Sarnia branch of the Grand Trunk
railway, Saturday night. The trains
in collision were thc Pani tlc Express
and a freight. The express was run
ning nearly two hours late and was
making fast time. The freight was
endeavoring to make a siding to get
clear of the express, but failed by a
minute or two.
There was a dread ful crash, tho
locomotives reared up and fell over iii
a ditch, the baggage car ot tho ex
press telescoped tlie smoker and in an
instant tlie shrieks and eries of the
wounded and thc dying lilied the air.
The loss ol'life ?S2??. The injured
will humber considerably more, and
many of these may die.
Many of the demi were terribly mu
tlated. Iliads wee cut off, legs
wrenched from the bodies and thc
level streich of snow became crimson
with thc libed of fie victims.
The responsibility for the accident
h is not been deliultcly lixed, but it is
believed to have been due to a tele
graph operator's error.
Thc operator at one of the stations
where the two trains slopped gave an
order to the freight lp pass No. 5, the
F.toitic Express, al Wanstead.
in thc system of the tirano Trunk
this order should have been duplicat
ed, a copy being given to thc conduc
tor and cligiiicer of tlie express. In
stead of i bis the conductor of thc ex
press received a clea ra nco order, tell-'
i lg him to run right, through.'' The
freight train meantime had stopped
at Wanstead, lo .sidetrack, and was
telescoped by the express. The blind
ing storm which was raging rendered
objects invisible af Mic distance of a
few feet. Tue operator at Wanstead
is nor, usually on duty ai, night but
last evening be happened (lo be in thc
otlice for a short l ime. Ile was going
out at thc door when he heard thc
telegraph instrument elide repeatedly
the message: "Stop No. .">.'' ''Stop No.
Seizing ti lantern tho operator dash
ed for Hie door and as he closed lt be
hind he heard thc crash of the col
lision np the track.
/Thc- w as nota house at hand to
which the injured cou lo he carried.
Fortunately, however, thc two Pull
man cars on the train did not sustain
any damage. Tlioy wci'o wann and
comfortable and were converted into
a temporary hospital. The injured
were placed in the boi l is and every
thing possible donc tbt>i-se their suf
Tho Cold V ive.
rp?'ti? fnll^wini' h'nljejj il??u?n" Vri.hiy
by Obsci*?.cr'-'iiaOur 'vom Columbia
shows that thc severe weather is gen
eral: ''Tho severest ovid wave o? the.
season covers the upper Mississippi
valley where thc temperatures range
from zero to 2(1 below. The cold wave
carried Hie freezing line southward to
Northern Florida, with light frost at
.hickson ville, Southern Alabama, west
ward throuf-h Contra! Texas. The Pa
cific slope is innch wanhby, with rainy
weather ..prevailing, lt i.s snowing in
the lake regions, upper New langland
and tlie Ohio valley. I'urtland. Me.,
had over in inches ol' snowfall during
the past 21 hours, Generally clear
weather prevails over thc southern
States except along the coast where
it is cloudy. The highest reported
temp?rai un> friday was so at Los
Angeles, the lowest Saturday morning
was 20 below zero it I turon, S. I>."'
A Orea! Sensation.
A dispatch from Dresden says all
Saxony is agog wit .iterest and spec
ulation resulting irorri the Hight of
Crown Princess Louise, who said her
husband was a "beast," and t hat she
wtiti ld never again itt tiru to tho court,
ll .seems that the Princess eloped with
a Kreuch tutor, who had been em
ployed to teach the children. She is
an Austrian archduchess, being thc
eldest, daughter of Archduke Ferdi
nand, who represents Die Tuscan
hranidi of the Austlian imperial fami
ly. She was horn til Sal/burg in 1870
and married at Vienna in 1801. She
is considered one o? tho prettiest prin
cesses in Ku i ope, luiiig endowed with
great personal charin, keen intelli
gence, learning and modesty. Thc
crown prince isa linc looking, soldier
ly man of ,i7 years. There are live
children ol'the marriage, thc eldest,
Prince 'George, bel nj? hourly io years
The lt ti i i road Help.
To?: Columbia Mate says a .short,
time ago tile state treasurer wrote a
letter i<> the different railroad compa
nies asking them if con veulent to pay
their annual laxes into thc State
treasury. The lines of tho Southern
and Atlant it: (.'oast Line systems have
complied with this request of tho
treasurer and have paid their taxes to
Hie various county treasurers. This
relieves considerably the danger ol'a
stringency in money at the close of
I lu; year when the interest on the
Stale debt must bc met. No doubt
the read i i less bf i lu.'roads lo comply
and case the State's linaiicial condi
tion will bo properly appreciated by
the people ol' the State. Treasurer
Jennings ls urging every county treas
urer in thc Stale to feudi, the State
taxes as rapidly as they are received,;
and hopes to secure ?isulllcicnt sum to
l ide over the term of stringency.
Needed In Ihi-.vuii.
Thomas Fortune, special labor eom
missioner appointed bj Score tri ry Shaw
to visit the Philippines ami Hawaiian
islands is at Honolulu, loan inter
view in The Star he said: "I behove
the importation of negroes there
forms a natural solution of thc
cully which unavoidably follows the
absorpt ion of i topical or seini-t roplcal
conni ries by Hie United Still es. In
the Southern Slates and in the Caro
linas thc negro made thc industries
what they are." Thc commissioner
?said there might bc di theil I ty in ob
thO negro; Iud he thought
; planters cmid get all they
if, they sent thc right sort of
jyiter them. "You could get
t^k^rc in six months," he said.
By the Explosion of. Gua at Hot
SIXTEEN SERIOUSLY ' HURT.
A Crowd Was Gathered to floor
lt cimn H From Now Or lon H.s
Knees When tho Implo
AL Hot Springs, Arkansas, Wednes
day afternoon in thc cellar of thc turf
exchange, a club house and pool room
operated hy Chambers & Walker, the 1
building was badly damaged and 'JO
peuple were injured, 1(5 of them being
in a serious condition. The most seri
ously injured are:
II. C. Chambers, ono of the proprie
tors of Hie turf exchange, holli le^s
lind both wrists broken.
Wini ITclwIg, a blind man, nmhnger
of ii balli house, Loth legs broken,
The injured are:
,1. ,S. Meeks, Ilot Springs, 'Ark.,
both legs broken.
Joseph Pace, hotel keeper, Hot
Spings; both legs broken.
Finnegan, plumber, Hot Springs,
potli legs broken.
James Gowen, Hot Springs, both legs
Wm. Met/or, a boy, Hot Springs,
both legs broken and skull fractured,
.lames Couglin, plumber, Hot
Springs, leg broken.
(J. G. Parker, Milwaukee. Wis.,
both legs broken.
Al. -F. HotcbskilV, Hot Springs,
T. O/.ier. engineer, H.it. Springs,
both legs broken.
fl, (?eorge, New York, leg broken.
F. Cranfield, Cincinnati both legs
broken, ribs crushed.
Walter Powers, St. Louis, arm
Eugene Haly, Hot Springs, both
Tims. Phelan, telegraph operator,
Hot Springs, badly cut.
Mr. Donnelly, visitor, residence un
known, leg broken, also badly cut.
Twelve others sustained bruises and
About 1 o'clock Wednesday after
noon tlie poolroom was crowded with
more than IOU persons, .lust as a
race in New Orleans was being called
by the operator the lloor of the build
ing seemed to rise in an instant and a
report that shook tue building rang
The news of the explosion sin ead
rapidly and soon Central avenue was
jammed-with people. The police and
bremen, took, obarire. <?r tUa l*,'*x*,.n"
,;.;? ?ilS "tVoiiv ituo?o bC'gatl.. J.iei
were pulled from under the building j
in a terribly shattered state, tine of
the. most pitiable sights was when
''Billy" I Iel wig, the blind manager of
tlie Lamber bathhouse was taken from
the ruin.;. Ucl wig is widely Known
to thousands of visitors who como to
Hoi Springs annually.
P. C. Chambers, one of the proprie
tors of the turf exchange, is one of
the best known sporting men in Mic
country. His condition is serious.
The injured were taken in charge by
the local physicians.
The exact cause of the explosion
has nut yet becti determined, it is
said by some that gas:which escaped
in thc cellar of thc building was ig
nited in some manner, causing the
Another report, wittel) is probably
correct, says a driver of a gasoline
wagon was fliting a tank ir. tlie cellar
when the explosion occurred.
IJ.Vncheil in Kaunas.
At .Montgomery, Kansas, on Christ
mas day, Montgomery (Joclley, a negro
man, was taken from thc" jail and
lynched by a mob because early Christ
mas morning he had shot and killed
Milton Hinkle, a policeman, while the
otllccr was trying to protect .himself
against a crowd of unruly negroes.
At the first effort to lynch the negro
fin; rope broke. Some one - in lite
crowd then cut Godley's t hroat, sever
ing the jugular vein. After this he
was banged a second time. The
shoot ingot Policemen ll inkle occurred
al a dance, which was attended by a
large number of negro men and wo
men from neighboring mining camps.
Montgomery Codlcy and his brother
were drinkhm ?ind bad become very
disorderly when Policeman Hinkle in
terfered. The negroes became insult
ing and, when Hinkle drew his club
to defend bin.self, Montgomery (bul
ley slipped behind the policeman,
grabbed the ohlccr's pistol and shot
ninkle behind thc car. The wound
ed policeman was carried to thc City
1 lall, where lie died several hours later.
The news of the shooting spread
rapidly and a mob gathered in front
of the jail. Tho doors were battered
in and thc mob seized Montgomery
God Icy, who, with his brother, had
been arrested soon after the shooting.
They took the slayer to a telephone
pole three blocks away and there
hanged him. At Itrst tlie negro was
defiant, hut Just before bc was hanged
lie begged hard for his lt fe.
l??VA??CH Ol' Tillie.
In the singular failure of thc old
windows of York cathedral, thc glass
has lost'most of ils transparency, and
in plates has become so perforated
that it crumbles af the slightest
I ouch. To stop thc ''disease"' some
glass of thc thirteenth and fourteenth
centuries has been removed, lt is
known that thc hardest cement is
sometimes disintegrated hy chemical
action .set up by minuto organisms,
and it is supposed that the destruction
of the glass lias been due los?me fun
Stamin l>y itu; NCKI'O.
Gov. Longino, of Mississippi, Wed
nesday issued a prod;, mat ion offering
fifty dollars reward foi the arrest ami
conviction of any person who forc?s a
negro to leave el thor of the count les
Of Lincoln, Amite, Franklin or Pike.
Hundreds of negro residents have
been ordered to have these counties
(luring the past, few months, hoing
served willi not ices supposed to ema
nate, from "whiteeapper" organiza
tions. ' ".
THE MEANEST MAN.
Ho HUH Hoon Found nt IJOS Aii?clcs,
The worst thing about some stories
is that they are lies. The worst thing
about this story isthat it is literally
true. The meanest man in Los An
geles has been found, thc ease lias
been proved and "Next" has been
citied: lt is doubtful, in tact, whether
a .meaner mau will bc found anywhere.
The story needs no erhbellshmcnt.
The simple faets aro bad enough, and
thia's just the way the events Occur
A well known woman went out rid
ing a few days ago. She had her
pocketbook with lier. The pocketbook
contained some moimy. Therefore it
is unnecessary to explain that thc
woman was not out shopping. She
lost tile pocketbook. When she came
home she told her husband about thc
loss. As to whether he scolded her or
not my informant docs not say. At
?my rate, that evening thc family
telephone hell rang and oh answering
it a man's voice was heard to make
the usual inquiries, after which lie
"L found a pocketbook today con
taining a card bearing your wife's
name. 1 supposed the book belonged
to your wife. 1 have if at my olliee."
The thanks of thc relieved fa nil Iv
were freely poured over the wire, and
sleep in that household was sweet t hat
Next morning the husband of thc
woman who lost thc pocketbook called
at the olliee of thc well-known gentle
man who had telephoned, ile was
presented tb a tine looking person who
was said to be the one who owned the
funnel property. Tire husband des
cribed thc portmonnaie accurately,
including thc contents, and thc Under
graciously acknowledged that thc des
cription was correct.
The book was then produced and
was promptly recognized,
" I am very much obliged to you for
telephoning us of your lind," said thc
gratified visitor; then, as a matter of
course, ho added: "Now, how much
do L owe you for your kindness?''
Thc other looked serious for a mo
ment, and then replied slowly:
"Well. I hardly know just how
much to say. Well, let's say-no. lt's
up to you."
To say that thc husband of thc
pocketbook loser was surprised would
bc putting il mildly. Had he been
haggling with a pickpocket, street
gamin or a '-gar he would not have
been in the k. st taken aback. Hut to
hear that sort of a cool bid for a pit
tance from a well dressed, grown-up
man who had done, an ordinary kind
ness such as might bc returnable any
hour was moro than he was prepared
When he had recovered his breath
he said'...... .,.^.^---?.
.. ' ,vhy, i ..r>. a r?.vnru fr..-.,
life, and hdv/Vtio idea of thc rules cus
tomary governing" such eases. I should
feel better if you would hame the
Th? man looked still more serious.
Taking a pencil from his pocket, he
heirn n lo make ".ligures on a piece of
paper. .. ; ?
"fief's see.'1 he said, musingly, as
he eyed t he pocketbook. "Pretty good
pocketbook; slightly worn-say, one
lilly. Contents, three dollars and live
cents - total, four tifty-(ive- We might
spill thc dill-no, say two dollars."
And bc lookpd up at ins viel lin with
bite innocence of a child.
The man dug Into his pocket speech
lessly, and handed out ^2. und started
for thc door. He thought, he had had
thc experience of his life. Not so. If
thc man's diminutiveness had been ex
hausted, his nerve hadn't. 1 teaching
into bis vost pocket, he drew out a
card, handed it to the stu pi fled caller
"Here's my card. In case you
should ever want anything in our lino
we would like to have you remember
tho man whit) found your wife's pock
etbook."-Los Angeles Herald.
Helped tho ttobhers.
At Chicago on Wednesday Police
man Patrick MahOncy?wns found guil
ty, and Daniel Curran, co-defendant,
not guilty of burglary, hy a jury
which returned its verdict of a locally
sensal ional case in Judge McHweu's
court today. The burglary of Ilage
mann's jewelry store with "which the
defendants wen; charged, netted the
robbers $10,000 for which $7,000 was
recovered by the police. James Clark
and an accomplice were convicted and
served terms in the penitentiary.
Upon his release Clark told a story to
the state's attorney which resulted in
the arrest of Curran a saloon keeper,
and Mahoney,;! policeman, well known
and respected among his Minus.
Clary test i lied that Mahoney ?ii full
uniform stood guard while thc jewelry
store was being looted.
Hurried to Dcnth.
At Malone. X. Y.. four persons
were burned to death Christmas day
in the house of Julius King, of Picrce
(lekl a pulp and paper manufacturing
town in tile Adriondacks. The lire
had gained such headway before it
was discovered that Mrs. M. J. Mc
Govern, King's eldest daughter, and
her three ohileren, who were sleeping
on thc lower floor, wer" not able to
gcL out and all were, burned to death,
tine of the children, whose body was
found close to window, evidently had
made heroic eilorts to escape. King
and his wife, with a-few boarders on
an upper iloor, escaped by jumping
out of the windows. One man was
burned seriously. lt is not known
how thc lire started.
Killed by n Woman.
News reached Mobile Friday of thc
killing on Dauphin island, in Mobile
bay. A Fred Matthews, by a (laugh-1
ter of George Sprinkle. Matthews
was a son of a former mayor of Scran
ton, Miss., where his remains were
taken for bural. The details of thc
shooting arc not known although one
report stat.s that it was accidental;
The Oem'.'v L'Ai'ler Kille.
Al Springville, J.la., on Wednesday.
Prof. JaCjUb Forney, of the State uni
versity, was accidentally killed while
shoot lng-sparrows with a parlor rifle*
Prof. Forucy was a son of the late
Mai. '-' V doini II. Forney of the
Expert J s-fake Charge of douBiderabld j
, _ ?breage" ??oar '.Colu'rjt?ia.v.; ,.
SOME 'FACTS . -P??;; PI02JEEES.
. " ' ,. "
?MP. AVo3dcl?:;Tnl1?;s About Holl of
lucilia od. County and Its
fcvUlubllity* foi- Culturo
y il .ot' Weed. ^ .
The Oolurr-bia Sta to says.Mr.' H.S.
Watkk'lij'^Vylio is a nati vo of. Halifax,
county, Virgin hi,; bas arrived iii tlie
city. Http tlie '-.xpert In tobacco wno
b is bccn^brouRlit here to take charge
of tlie c/;\erl mental farms to be estab
lished near Irv?tt Park bv Mr. F. H.
B^iitt r- .if '-'-J'".-- Mr. Waddell has
already one over considerable lalid In
the vicinity o? Columbia and inspect
ed lt. lie has lnnj; been a student of
tobacco -.ultu rc. Thursday he closed
thc conflict with Mr. Hyatt for the''
cultivation of 5? acros,and will doubt
less take, ftp acres also for parties own
ing adjoi ling lands. Mr, "Waddell has
also CIOS. LI with Mr. Liuifman to fur
nish an osp'ert to manage .6ft acres of
his land across the river, to place In
cultivation, ?le ls ready now to in
spect th' iftnd of any others In the
county (Lairing. to plant tobacco, ad
vise witl them, and if they .desire it
secure nen to take charge of the
farms, g ;t them here.
lie wi hes to establish a tobacco
warehoth <p tho ?r3t seasftn and expects
to make Columbia bis home. Friday
he talker' interestingly of the culture
of brlgh". leaf tobacco, which, he says,
thc land; hi this section arc adapted
to. He considers. ::hose lands much
better ?i? anted to such culture than
tho a veriee lands now growing tobac
co both I.i.this State and North Caro
lina. U - fai'ys ho thinks there: are
from ?.O.'O to 10,000 acres li; this lrn->
mediate vicinity that arc thoroughly
adapted to growing bright tobacco
and fha- t'^is is sufficient to .establish
a tirst ckfss market, He.says that
sclf-draln.dj?? land of light color will
make tobacco, and those with thc yel
low clay subsoils will make a ilnor
grade. Lands of this nature rarely
ever fail in producing color or quality,
regardiez o?*the state of cultivation.
He sa vs; V''As to tlioyhiantity of
fertilizers per acre and the kind this
is best determined by lkstVivhig the
land a ' i ?tie-' study of its. Audition.
From <<ii. to 1,000 pounds of : high.,
grade fe:Hikers on .a basis say of 8 per
cent, ph.-spheric aeid, 4 per cent. ai. -
monia a-'f^ .i per cent, potash Is ? gout!H
combinai ion,-wjthTfr?.in. 10 'to 30 bush-" I
els of^cor r m s^redror-double this quam c
t i ty. si.- ' .v.?nyjc?:.:: r "r- '
Thei; _tarmer, inexperienced y
in tobaa .,' stands in dread of the ex- t
pense ar.d risk in planting tobacco. 1 1
would sw just herc there is a greater t
per cern ..pf failure in agriculture In t
almost atv other crop cultivated dian t
there Ja in tobacco. To* succeed you
cannot rule this crop on a half-hand- | ]
cd, hap tizard basis. If requires
study an Intelligence. Do your part
nf the w rk first. I have known farm
ers their hst year cult ?vat ing tobacco
to fiver.-' e 8if>0 to $250 per acre with
out any obstruction from any one.
'"I (io inf approve of tile (.ne crop
basis. lo believe though in diversi
fied f?imii.gi It pays, .liaise plenty
tosustan your farm suchas grain,
forage, deaf, etc., theil plant some
cotton aid some tobacco. Even a one
horse firmer wileri he is lixed for
farming .?should plant from live to ten
acres of foli?ceo, or from one to two
barns, [a to the size of a crop that
can best tie det ermined by your situa
tion, l ie first item is land, then
capital, ind next and most important
is labor, j The needy Hinein labor is
tiic harvlstlng season, .Inly and Au
gust, wi (rn your other crops arc all
laid by after which it can bc market
ed with ;") per emit, less labor.
In larjjc crops from 2f> acres up, if
pays to luve an'experienced man who
maj bo .'poured for an interest in the
crop, ?vj?n that arc most capable will
cost you, from thc fact they cati make
money ai it for themselves alone. I
have succeeded In locating titree men
with "'ops from 30 to (10 acres and
have twd more I know personally to be
capable of managing like quantities.
I will aiil any one in securing men;
that is bring them in and give you my
judgment on thc land, Inquire as to
his references and sec that all such get
gund tobacco seed free., providing any
such will write me in the next few
days and give, mc full particulars as to
how and where they arc located. 1
don'1, ask a penny for what I Lc ll them
or di. tor them. 1 do this simply with
a view ol' establishing a market here.
'". would cay to all interested.: In
the event you cannot plant sulla mt
acreage t > employ an experienced ii n,
try your immediate neighbors' and
wor'.c up say IO to ~? acres and write
me. as bs important that Ulis decis
ion should be made carly. You sow
the seed in the months of January
ami February and if ls essential that
yoi, should push forward your work,
particularly where yon have much
bu ld lng to do. Tobacco barns can be
built from *'!0 up. A barn will har
vest from I to 7 acres owing to size
aral season, its lifetime, is about 20
years, so practically your building
doesn't cost much, lt is the other
small expenditures, suca as Hues,
sticks arni canvas for plan beds: Uley
last from three to eight years, accord
ii.g to the care you lake of them.
After you once get lixed to make
tobacco you can make il and put it
cn thc market at an average cost
of from 2 to ?l? cents per pound, or
from $20 lo *ci"> titi acre, according Lo
seasons and conditions as to labor. I
will answer all inquiries. 1 finnish to
b?ceo seed in plenty of time for you,
s i long as they last. This oller ls con
tinod strictly to Ulohland and Lexing
ton counties or not exceeding 30 miles
'rom this polnf,."
tlc ts "Itf-^^isanrU.'' ',. '
In New Yorly'"VVcdnesday. Thomas
.1 Sharkey, thc' ?rivate detective, who
'was conyjet?d/ . manslaughter in the.
second degrca'for having killed Nicho
las Fish, t>" taker, on Sept. 27, was
seilten' *.' i?imj<~'"f" prison for ten
tf AA '
r ?" ' ^^v-'-'? . ' ' '. . * . . .?- f-'.-'\d?i
'"' . ''??? Wc' . j . . ?" ? . ... . . .
Mr. W. F. Hudson n. V?iinil. 1 > tatt In
.His 'Room. '. ..
S : i^f^^|l^^?j^^t^|p|) f roui <2a tuf;
dBU fldyftriiorriblo. tragedy.was enacted,
at; tho.:A*r*?t??ed Hiver bridge, gener
ally known as the iron bridge, Friday
night),' and tho. whole affair is so far
shrouded .in,-mydiery! 33&ly Satur
dav??ri?friingi >?r. W. F. Hudson,Hho
toll keeperj was found dead in his bed
in a. pool OC blood, in his/ liou.se-.fiy Che
river bridge, on the west' bank of tho
Waterce." A blood trail, leading" from
the great-wooden gates of the bridge,
which ate ?bout 50 feet fcQm t lie
house, to the.bed. Indicate 'that thc
shooting took place ali thc.gatcs. Thc
large gates arc closed every night and
locked, and. only a small postern ls
left open. The supposition ls tbat the
person.or persons who committed the
murder came from thc cast side of thc
river as'the po;?tern shows marks on
lt, as if some one had tried to prize it
open from that side, while a Tew feet
oil, tho gate keeper's lantern was
found with blood spots on it. Tho
blood trail begins on tho right gate,
where one spot ls visible near thc
ground,'* and leads directly to thc
phone which is to tho right of the
house door. . Thcro is blood on thc re3
eel vcr, and the u n Tor tuna to man el ther
endeavored to 'phone or reached for
his gun, which hung over the door.
A large pool of blood is on the mid
11c of the door, and young Hudson
Iles in another one on his bed. His
pistol was found on the desk, but lt,
is not supposed that he had it with
lilm when he went to thc gate. Who
perpetrated thc horrible deed is still
tn unsolved story, and no very detinite
?lues leading up to the detection of
thc murderer have been found as yet.
Robbery was apparently not the mo
tive as nothing was taken out of the
muse and thc toll, money was not
rouched, Messrs. Craig and John
Clyburn, who passed over the bridge
ictween il and 12 o'clock Friday
light,'seem to have been the last per
sons who saw Hudson before the m?r
ier, state that, he came; out and
jpened tho gates to let'their buggy
iass through. Mr.' V/. F. Hudson
vas about 30 years old,' single, and
ils position was a very responsible
me, and the best evidence or the cori
idence and esteem he enjoyed ki this
lommuhlty was lils appointment-.to
Le same last year.
: -V .?iH?d hy Rabbers.
?A special from Matthews! ? -Ga.,
ays: A horrible crime vas perpetra.^
id near that pla?e? on-Ohristmas eve
.jfght. ?' Mr;. Er\ .^r:iy,- who was at
iooao after his place of huslriess was
sloged fpjr^ft hight, jWjasca.ll.od io thc
t v.;. r.-"?-'-"i) V!^?,? ask-"<f
change some money. ?Tot' b?lu^
? ito ma k c, th e, elvinfgo M r. G fay
idly cc::?.c'yteU'to go to thc : stove,
_niall was a short distance away, to
ihinlcing hoi husband was staving
onger than necessary, became uneasy
md started to the front of the house
osee if he coming. She was startled
o see Mic storehouse a mass of Hames
ind gave the alarm by screaming,
tefore assistance could arrive t'.ie
tore was gutted. Among thc re
nal ns Mr. (hay's skull, fractured,
vas found ami thc safe was open. Lt
s believed foe man, after forcing Mr.
?ray to open thc sn fe, which contained
?1,200, murdered him, robbed thc
tore and then set lire to it lo covci
ip his crime. There is no clue to lils
Two Trains Collide.
Tlie Pennsylvania limited, runnin<
dmost an hour late, crashed into th?
ear end of the Lcetsdale accomoda
ion at Quaker Valley, Pa., Wcdnes
lay night, at 11 o'clock. The big cn
,'ine ol" the limited ploughed into th
.car car, the smoker, like a knit'
brough paper, and thc little car wa:
lushed through the one ahead pf it
naking the two cars thc length of one
Plie crash was heard for a mile am
he limited, running at the rate o
ifty-live miles an hour, carried ill
rain from Quaker Valley to Edge
,vorth. a distance of almost half
niic before it could be stopped. Man
.vere injured, seme of them probabl
Smith Oin us Humed.
Forestdale, 15-ycar-old boyattaci
K! to thc Salvation Army, at liam I
.on Ohio, was fatally bumed Chris
lia? night while playing Santa Clai
Lp HOC) poor children. The ?ccidci
jccurrcd in the Salvation Awn y's hal
where the annual Christmas ente
La i n mont for thc poor was in uri
<rcss. (?ale was swathed in rolls <
..of ton and wore a long beard of sim
lar material. As he was friskin
iround thc tree, picking gifts for cac
?hUdj his doilies ignited by a candi
Viro enveloped him almost instantly
Thc false beard was burned and ho. ii
lialed thc Hames. Chile was taken
i hospital, where he died in two ni
Pound i:i a Well.
Thc body of John Miller, a your
man who had not been seen since Su
lay night, was found In a well af II
arly's brick yard ono. mile cost of WI
?ton, N. C.. late Wednesday af tc
noon. J tis believed that Rufus Ste
kitson, who committed suicide yeste
lay afternoon, and his brother, Sat
Stevenson, killed Miller and th rc
lil m In the well. Sand Stevenson w
irrested near the Stocks county Hi
yesterday afternoon. He is in ja
A. woman tells the oitlcers that t
Stevenson brothers and Miller were
lier house Sunday and that the latt
had money. All of them were (Irin
Mr. Will Moody, a fl reman on t
Georgia road, went under thc engl
which he was tiring when the tm
made the stop at Social Circle, G
to make some repairs to the ash pr
and while in a position with one 1
extending across the track thc cngi
moved, thc wheel passing over t
left leg and mangling it so that a
putntion was necessary. Thc oil
hip was badly bruised and disloca t<
At the time "of the accident there v
little hope for recovery-, hut bc ls 1
proving and there Ts good hope
recovery. He at one time worked
thc Southern road and lived In Qjlti
bia. . - '
Twenty ?liiMon.?plIqrs Knlued n.y.Uio
MetWdiHt KplBoopul Church.
:. ' ''?wG?s^ij^rcio\^nc? j the efforts ;of
the." MeVhodisE i?piscbpu? C!iu rch - .to
-ratee a: Twentieth Century Tl?anic-Or
f?rl'ng-. fund of;7'$2o;O0O,OO?o 'About
$10,000,000 -lias 'already been' raised
-and; ? promise has Just been obtained
from a, millionaire to add the required
amount to complete tue full sum; The
hame of thc donor ls a secret, and- will
romain so Until New,.Year's Eve;
when, at a watch meeting to be held
hr Trinity Methodist Church, in
Springfield, Mass., formal announce-,
inetit of tho gift will bc made.
In" the meantime' speculation is rife
as to the man who is willing- and able
to give so large a sum. Many names
have been" mentioned, and it is be
lieved by many that the "SI,000,000
will come from ci tiler, John D." Rocke
feller or "Andrew Carnegie," notwith
standing that neither is a Methodist
Another guess was hazarded that a
Vanderbilt. bad opened his purse
Kev. Dr. Edmund M. Mills, who
has had charge or thc work of raising
the fund, refuses to discuss the mat
ter, but admits that the final-gift has
been "underwritten." Of the thank
offering Tund $8,000,000 will be devo
ted to the payment of church indebted
ness, and the prediction was made
that thc result will he that not a
Methodist Church In the country will
remain with a vestige of a debt hang
ing over it arter the committee con
cludes its work. Along this same line
will be the establishment of a fund of
$1,500,000 to provide pensions for
aged and infirm ministers: The fund
for this purpose will be increased
when opportunity presents itself.
The contributions have been sur
prising in their nature. The Norwe
gian conference, in Minnesota, which
is made up of a membership frugal,
but far from wealthy, bas'contributed
an average of $22 per member. The
German conference of Oregon has
contributed an average of $20 per
member. Erora .the son of an old
Methodist minister came a gi.it of
S400,0qo. ( .
. To the education of Methodist ?jbil
d'ren'hearly SS.v'UO.OOO will be devoted/
This fund has-.been gathered largely
through the efforts of the presidents
of Methodist institutions Of learning.
The sum of S1,J.7(J,800 was raised by
Syracuse TJpIve'rsity. -The Ohio "Wes
leyan- U,ni versi ty, raised .Sl,0i)2,80G.''
It is- understood that-8pi000,000
wi|U"je devoted to the hospital worjr.
Ten years ago the Methodists had not
a,, hospital in the world, whileV'/?ay
they have 20 in the United Sta^-^'
?everal.others are.under way.
r \V^;;-?,f^Arb<trnte?. .
A dispatch 'from AVashhi
President Roosevelt will nb
tra tor In-the. venezuelan cr
referred T?Ta'cJj<?Gitu,yic:i to.the ....
tribunal. Epitomized, this'- \s the
situation as itiiiid resolved itself at
the. conclusion of the cabinet meeting
today. The meeting was not a long
session. All the members except
Hoot were present. The Venezuelan
question was thc principal and practi
cally t he only topic of general concern
under consideration. Secretary Hay
presented the net results of thc O?ble
correspondence with the governments
ol' London, Itcrlin. Home and Caracas
In accordance with the suggestion of
President Roosevelt, President Castro
ol' Venezuela, was reported to have
agreed to submit thc differences be
tween his government and the Eu
ropean powers to arbitration bi thc
tribunal at the Hague. The Europ
ean powers have not only consented
to consented Lo submit the controver
sy to arbitration, but while they ex
pressed a preference for thc arbitra
tion to be conducted by. President
Roosevelt, they assented to his sug
gestion that the matter he referred tb
the Hague court. The presentation
of the case met the hearty approval of
thc members of thc cabinet. . No fear
is expressed by the administration
that tim Monroe doctrine will be
brought' into the controversy in any
manner that might result in embar
rassing the situation of the United
States. . ' *
lli-oiled Alive. .
A horrible accident occurred at the
Richland distillery on Christmas eve.
About half-past 1 o'clock Charlie Till
man, a colored employee, while walk
ing along-the gangway just above one
ol' the great slop vats which holds
2,000 gallons, slipped and fell info thc
vat. lt was lilied with.boiling slop,
the stull' from which the whiskey had
already been extracted. Tills sjtulf
was at thc time of a temperature oj
200 degrees Fahrenheit. When Till
man fell into tlic vat two fellow work
men tried to save >bis .life. They
quickly managed to grasp his hands
and pulled him out. He hardly spent
more than two minutes in the vat,
but when he was drawn out he, was
unconscious and had really been Cook
ed alive1. Tie was in such condition
that his clothing had tobe cut from
his boiled ilesh. Dr. Kendall was
hastily summoned aiid found thc man
still breathing. He administered opi
ates and as soon as possible the ?suf
ferer was removed to the colored hos
pital. 'Phrough everything possible
wrs done to save thc.man's.life, death
came and .relieved his awful'suffering's.
Ile had inhaled the deadly vapor from
the vat.-Columbia State.
Rev. W. M. Jones Shot.
While out hunting Rev. W. M.
Jones, the pastor of tho Willlston
iinptist church, was seriously wound
ed in the right arm by the accidental
discharge of his gun, in removing it
from the buggy, In which he, with
Dr. John A. McCrcary, was riding.
lt was at lirst thought that amputa
tion would bc necessary, but hopes are
now entertained that the arm may bc
rro/.en to Death.
Joseph Harlton, an-old prospector,
missing for the past three weeks, has
been found dead within throe hun
dred yards of his cabin near Ilse, Col.
Harlton was a. Confederate soldier
and, lt is said, was av. one tifnp mayor
of Atlanta. IT ls Supposed that he
perished In a storm in an attempt to
I seek shelter and food.
'L?2A&ING OUT ?S A SCANTi?Ir. : ;
Inspector or1 PorBo?ater, a Patentee -
Mnll Box and - Drought the
Matter Into Prominence.
" Mention was made in the Spartah
b?rg Herald some time ago of - tho
very unusual proceeding on the-'part '
ot the "subcommittee-pf "the c?ra?uit-.
tee on appropriations^ in recommend
ing an increase In salary for the supers
intendent of the rural, freo delivery
service anti the chief pf thc division
of salary and allowance; of the poste
olllce department, without the recom
mendation of the postmaster general.
As a sequel to the episode mentioned,
what promises to bc a very interesting "
matter has come up in regard to the
officials of the postoffice department
and it is said that an investigation .
will be asked, to be conducted by. con
gress. The matter is in connection;,
with the box question o? the rural free
During thc administration of Post
master General Smith a regulation of.
the department required that boxes
purchased for use on. rural ?free, dellv
?ry routes must be selected-' from" a>
curtain number of boxes, approved by '
the department,-and inad? by ? small,
lumber of the^ manufacturers of such
joods. Dissati??action was caused by .
ibis regulation,'? both because the ; pat-".
rons of the service , disliked to be
c-rced to buy. a .certain box, and be
cause certain manufacturers were ap7 /
iar/htly favored the regulation) PutjX~
Jo Sentiment, together with the inila-"";"" ~
??ce;of several members of congress?'.
vho were largely interested in rural
ree deliyeryj was.brought.tb bear up- "
tn the officials' with such pressure 1>hat'c;';;c
Jr. Payne, upon his' assumption of "
.he duties of the office of postmaster
;eneral).-Jiadradopted another regula
ion, \vhich'prescribed on,ly the ma- -
erials and size of the boxes to be
isedj and allowed them to. be made by
.n'yone, who co?id ?malte a box meeter - :
ng these requlrenients. ;-.Thls, it-was; I-f
hOught, would remove ail the former"; .-?
lissatisfaction ? and,, for ? /time;.:Bupti,';.:',
^as thc ease.
It is said how, however, that there ;
?'an understanding? between: some -of ^ i.v
he high authorities of. the rural free / "
?.'of these .'companies. :
. delivery" is; to bo" put.
.A 6ther:';'coc?paht?s are
emplated. The companies thus m
ored, according to the reports, are
he Corbin Lock Company, Bridgeport
!onn., the Century company, of De
roit, thc Bond Steel Post Company,
f Adrian, Mich., and a company do
tig business in Toledo.
A story is published to thc effect
hat one of ibo inspectors of the de
lartment, whose business is the laying
ut of rural free delivery routes, while
ii duty in New York, went to Bridge
tort, and, nuder the pretence of being
ngagetl in the laying out of a route
rom that point, assisted in the per
esting of a box in the shops of the
forbin company. In a short time, it
vas decided by the department to lay
n supply of about $75,000 worth of
)oxes, abd the inspector who had per
ected the box was one of the com
nission appointed to select the box of
vhich so large a supply should be pur
ihuscd by the department. The plan,
or M.Miie reason, was abandoned.
lt has been discovered, so the paper
ays, that ono of the high officials of
;he department is a large stockholder
? each of the companies whose agents
lave'thc advantage of others in being
ible to get upon the ground ilrst.
Another feature of the situation is
arought about by thc fact that officers
)f the rural free delivery division are
jnquestionably in a position such that
they might be able to confer favors
j pon certain members of congress,and
in return receive favors, and In fact
it is stated by the local paper above
referred to that instances are not rare
where ;i member of congress, upon in
quiry about routes where he sees no
possible reason for thc refusal of the
department to establish thc servico,
has boen told that nothing could bc
done for him in the matter of rural
tree delivery, whije others, in the bet
ter graces of thc officials, experience
no difficulty in securing any routes de
The operations of this oligarchy, or
postollice department trust, as it is
lilied, may be inquired into by con
gress upon its reassembling in Janu
Three years ago while Miss Caroline
3. Pritchard, of Pottsville, Pa., was
nursing the Vanderbilt family at
Newport, ll. I., she mot Harry P.
Smith, a*retlrcd millionaire, of Bos
ton. Thc romance then begun reach
id a happy conclusion in their wed?
ding at Pottsville Friday. The cer
emony was performed by thc Kev. Dr.
lames T. Satchell, at thc home of tho
bride's father, ex-Chief of Police H.
D. Pritchard. Miss Edna Stichler
neted as bridesmaid; L. L. Pritchard,
brother of thc bride, was best man.
The wedding was very quiet and Mr.
Smith anil Mrs. Smith left on an ex
tended Mediterranean trip. Mr.
Smith is a member of tho New York
Yatch Club and of the Eastern Yatch
Club. Mr. Smith and his bride will
later take a cruise in his handsome
At Armstrong, Mo., Rev. Nay Ipi:
performed a marriage ceremony
Christmas night in which five couples
were united. Thc brides and bride
grooms formed a euglo, 'nriinnfl~|,hfl
minister and clasped^m^t
tho vows. They
mon I al club