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: '?DO THOU LIBERTY GREAT. INSPIRE OUR SOULS AND MAfcl^HJR LIVES IN 'PHY POSSESSION HAPPY, OR OUR DEATHS GLORIOUS IN THY CAUSE." .]??_' . ? :'.
VOL. XXVII. BENNETTSVILLE, S. C., FMpAY, FEBRUARY 13, 1903. NO. 14.
THE FIRST DEBATE
Takes Place in the State Senate Over
a Bill to
REG UL \TE THE TRAFFIC IN SEED
Cotton anti Unpacked Lint Cotton.
Full Text of tho OMI, and
How tho Hon tit ors '
Voted On lt.
"When Mr. Gaines' bill to regulate
thc traille in seed cotton and unpack
ed lint cotton came up for a second
reading in the Senate on Tuesday of
last week, a general debate ensued
which occupied almost the entire time
of the Senate. As tho bill is general
in Its scope and of much importance
to thc agricultural class, its ha ?In fea
tures are given as follows:
Section 1. Tile traflie in seed cotton
or unpacked lint cotton by purchase, ]
barter or exchange within thc period ]
beginning August loth and ending De
cember 2uth of each year without li-|
cense, or between the hours of sunset
and sunrise, is hereby declared against, |
thc public welfare, and is prohibited.
Sec. 2. Thc clerks of t hc courts of
common pleas arc authorized and em
powered to issue licenses lo traillo in
seed cotton or unpacked lint cutt on by
purchase", barter or exchange within
thc period beginning August l?th ano
ending December 2oth of each year,
1 ".itbin their respective counties
to such person or persons ns shall tile
with said clerks, respectively, a writ
ten application therefor, the granting
of which shall bc recommended in
writing by at least ten land owners re
siding within the township wherein ?
said applicant intends to carry on such
trafile. . Such license shall specify the
exact place whereat said traffic shall
be carried on and thc period within
wjiich such traffic is permitted, and
shall continue in force for the period
of one year from the date of issue; and
for such license, if granted, a fee of
th rec'hundred dollars shall bc paid by
the applicant to thc county treasurer
for thc use of the county.
Sec. ll. All persons engaged in the
traffic in seetl codon and unpacked
lint cotton are required to keep legibly
written in a book, which shall be open
to public inspection, the name of the
person or persons from whom they pur
chase or receive hy way of hailer, ex
change or Hallie of any sort, any seetl
cotton or unpacked lint colton, willi
the number of pounds and dale of pur
Sec. 4. Any person who shall engage
in the traille*in seed cotton or unpack
ed lint cotton within thc period begin
hing August 15th and ending Decem
ber 20th of any year without license as
herein provided, or between the hours
of sunset and sunrise, or who shall fail
to keep the book ol' record as herein
provided, shall be deemed guilty ol'a
misdemeanor, and on convict ion shall
bc punished by a tine hot exceeding
one hundred dollars or imprisonment
not exceeding six months, or by hot h
line and imprisonment , at Hie discre
tion of the court.
Sec. 5. The provisions of this act
. shall not apply lo t he purchase of "lin
> tors" nor to the purchase of seed col -
ler, or unpacked lint cot ton soid under
process o? law,!n the colled iopof rents
or of Jlcns. or . moi l games' P,c "iously
\vnen n-*^vc^ . " ^r'^e ouh ,,,,R euac
??u" ~n.use, which was promptly sec
Mr. Gaines, the author of the bill,
resisted thc motion, and stated how
the inequality o? the seed cotton law
now on the statute books mitigated
against Greenwood County with Abbe
ville and Edgehcld on her borders;
this was not only the case with his
county but' with several other coun
ties in thc State which had had spec
ial legislative enactments and il, is the
purpose and scope of t his bill to wipe
them all out and establish a general
law bearing equally In every county in
the State. His people wanted protec
tion and in granting lt io them it
was his desire to extend it to others.
Mr. Warren believes that there is
an abundance of laws already on this
subject and opposed it because, in his
judgmental would work a great hard
ship to the small farmers all over the
State. Under thc present law mer
_-.elnj.nts must keep a record book open
to inspection at all limes and if any
cotton ls suspected of having been
stolen and sold, Hie owner has no
trouble in tracing it by thc records.
Mr. McLeod strenuously opposed Hie
motion, and believed that, it was high
time that existing evils along this line
should be remedied. Thc record hooks
he declared, arc a farce and ?ire gener
ally tilled up with fictitious names,
and this he could assert from bis own
knowledge. The County of Leo is
hampered just as many others by its
border counties, and he wanted thc
hill to become a law as soon as possi
Mr. Mciver favored the motion, de
claring-the bill to bc extremely dras
tic and in some of the poorer counties
would almost amount Lu a confiscation
of property. Tho law, if enacted,
would not stop stealing, and the small
farmer will be the innocent, sufferer.
Mr. .1. W. ltagsdalo favored the
motion and told how the cotton acre
age had been decreased in thc Fee
Dee Country by the cultivation of
tobacco and lie knew that his county
desired no change in the seed cotton
law, as tills matter had been thor
oughly discussed throughout his coun
ty during the last campaign. The en
actment of l he hill would encourage
rather than discourage stealing.
Mr. Hardin was of the opinion that
the existing law is unconstitutional
and would not stand thc test before
the supreme court and therefore advo
cated the passage or the hill, believ
ing it to be for the general good of
Mr. Sharpe opposed the bill, believ
ing that the law as lt now stands is
(Ju the motion to strike out the en
acting clause the yeas and nays were
demanded and resulted as roi lows:
Those who voted in thc affirmative
were: Messrs. Davis, Forrest, McDer
mott, Me J vcr, ltagsdalo, J. W. Sharpe,
Sheppard, Stackhousc, Talbird, Von
Kolnitz, Warrcii. - 11.
Those who voted in the negative
were"? Aldrich, Mlake, Ibice, Brown,
Carpenter, Douglass, Caines, Hood
win, Hardin, Hay, J fermion, Hood.
Hough, Johnson, Manning, Marshall,
McCall, McLeod, Peu ri foy, Ilaysor,
Stanland, Walker - Total 22.
So the motion was lost'
Mr. Peurifoy offered an amendment
making the license fcc $100 Instead of
Tue amendment was killed by a
vote of 18 to 13.
Mr. Talbird theu moved to exempt
Mr. Brice moved to lay Mr. Tal
blrd's motion on the table, which was
carried by a vote of 18 to 11.
Mr. J. W. Rugsdale then moved to
exempt Florence County.
Mr. Brice moved, to lay this motion
also on tlie table, which was carried
by a vote of 20 to 14.
It now became evident 1 that the
Senate was about to puss thc bill, and
uri motion of Mr. Shoppard. the bill
was committed to tho judiciary com
mittee to report whether or not ari
amendment to exempt certain coun
ties from the operation of this bill
will be obnoxious to the provisions or
the constitution relating to special
THE CHILD LABOR BILL.
Thi* Important MeuHiiru fasset) thc
Senate hy ii Good Vole.
Mr. Marshall's bill "lo regulate the
employment of children in factories}
mines and manufacturing establish
ments in this Stale," being made a
special order for Wednesday, caine up
for a second reading in the .Senate on
Mr. Hood of Anderson moved to
strike out thc enacting clause.
Mr. Marshall staled that every sena
tor had already studied the bill and
had their minds made lip as to how
they would vote on thc measure, and
he saw no use for argument.
A direct vote was immediately taken
on thc motion lo strike out the enact
ing clause and resulted as follows.
Those who voted in the afb miali ve
Messrs. Huller, Carpenter, Davis,
birihls, Douglass, Gaines, Hay, Hern
don, Hood, Hough, Mciver, Walker,
Those who voted In thc negative
Messrs, Aldrich, Blake, Brice. For
rest, Goodwin, Hardin, Johnson, Man
ning, Marshall, Mayfield, McCall, Mc
Dermott, McLeod, itagadalc, G. W.
Haysdale, .1. W.: Kaysur Thomas,
Sharpe, Sheppard. St ark house, Stan
land. Talbird, Von Kui nil/.-22.
So the bill was passed to a third
reading with notice of an amendment
by Mr. Marshall
On Thursday thc bill came lip for a
Mr. Mutier offered an amendment
adjudging as vagrants all lathers who
put their children at work in the fac
tories and spend their time in idle
ness, drawing the wages earned by
his children to bc squandered by him,
the overseers, superintendents and
mill presidents being required under
penalty to report all such cases to Ibo
Mr. lintier recited instances that
came to his own knowledge, among
them ari instance where a father had
rtravrrt nts children's wages and had
gone first' LU inc*dispensary, tuen to
a rest u rant and spent the balance
of the afternoon at a baseball park.
Thc bill provides for the protection
of tho. physical condition of thc labor
ing children and now he wanted the
State to protect t hem in their rights
as they could not do it themselves.
Mr. Marshall objected to thc pro
posed amendment, stating that the
bill provided that children under 12
years of age could not work in thc
factories and he thought it unjust tc
place this extra vigilance on thc mill
presidents and managers, and there
fore moved to idellnilely postpone the
The yeas and nays being demanded
thc vote resulted as follows:
Those vot ing in the allirmal.i ve were.
Messrs. Illa Icc, Brice, Brown, Davis,
Forrest, ("aines, Mai din, Hay, Hood,
Hydride, Manning, Marshall, McCall,
McDermott, Mel vcr, Mower, l'eurifoy,
Uagsdalc, G. W. Kaysor, Sharpe,
Sheppard, Talbird, von KolniU, War
Those voting the negative were:
Messrs. Aldrich, lintier, Carpenter,
Dennis, Douglass, Hcrndon, Hough,
Johnson, McLeod, ll.igsr.lulc, J. W.,
Stackhousc, Stanlan?, Walker,-To
Anil thus the child labor bill in its
original shape passed a third reading
and was sent lo tlie house of repre
Devoured hy Hears.
A Bedford City, Va. special suys:
A few days ago t hree black bears at
tacked t he children of a mountaineer
named Parker, living on the road from
Moue to Arcadia, on the James river,
and killed an l ale. his 2-year-old biby.
Parker's three children were playing
in file edge of thc woods only a few
hundred yards from the. house, when
the bears made their appearance. The
animals were very bold, and the two
older children ran to the house, forgot
ful or the baby. The father and
mother rushed lo sare tlie little one,
but the bears had torn Hie head from
the body of t he. child and were de
vouring it. During the winter black
bears have been very troublesome in
the mountains and have preyed on
hogs and cattle to such an extent
that owners have been forced to keep
their stock housed._
A llercaveil Family.
A dispatch from York ville to The
State says thc family of Mr. J. C.
Conner, of that city, have been sorely
bereaved within the past.few days.
[The body ol' one daughter, Mrs. D. A.
Poplin, was brought hero from ?Vinns
boro on Monday for burial, and while
family were at the cemetery laying
this beloved daughter to rest, another
daughter, Mrs. J. M. Fd wards ol
Virginia, who was here, on a visit,
died and was buried beside her sister
Wednesday afternoon. The agc ol
Mrs. Poplin was 1!? years and that ol
Mrs. (edwards was 2f> years.
A Prince Killed.
Prince Wo!Hank /ti Stolherg. was
found Shot dead early this morning ii
the park of his castle at liotllcbcrodc,
Prussia- His lille, was nearby but il
is not known whether he was murder
odor accidentally shot himself. Tin
prince's father died a few days ago.
DEATH ON THE KAIL.
An Appalling Disaster on a Now
York Suburban Line.
SCENES WERE HEART RENDING.
An Express Train, Going nt tho
Hale or Sixty-live Miles 'un
Hour Kan Into n Iiocal
One of thc most appalling railroad
wrecks that has occurred in thc vicini
ty of New York for many years took
place Monday night, Jan. 20, at Grace
land on the Central railway of New
Jersey near Westfield, N. J., when
the Royal Blue'Linc Express ploughed
at top speed into the rear cud of a
Immediately after tho crash three
ni thc shattered cars of tito local train
tonk tire, rendering impossible the
rescue nf many of tuc wounded, who
wore pinned fast lu thc wreck. Many
bodies are believed to haye been con
Mimed. On board the Flyer all the
passengers, although badly snakcri
up, escaped uninjured except for trill
The train winch was run into New
York at 5:40 and rons us au express
to Hound Hrook, making stops at
Elizabeth, Westlich! and Plaiutield.
Beyond Bound Brook it runs as a lo
i al. The Royal Blue train left lifteen
?nimites later but travels at a high
rate of speed and makes no slop ex
empt at Elizabeth and is scheduled to
overtake the slower train just beyond
Graceland, where the kilter switches
from track three on to track four to
permit the Hoyal Blue to pass.
Monday evening a freight train was
blocked on track number four and thc
local received orders to proceed on the
express track to Dunellon and there
take the outside or number four track.
Shortly after receiving orders thc
nain had to stop for a hot box which
delayed her so that when she got un
der way again she was due at Dunel
lon. She had just started and was
moving slowly when the Royal Blue,
traveling apparently at full speed,
which at that point usually approxi
mates fi? miles an hour, crashed into
the rear end.
The heavy engine of tho Royal Blue
torc its way into the rear car and at
tile same time drove the forward end
of that car into the rear end of the
car ahead, which in turn was driven
into thc third car and this in turn was
driven into thc fouth car from the
rear. The fourth car was only partly
wrecked but thc last three were torn to
pieces. Thc engine of thc Royal Blue
left tim rails and turned over on her
side, tlie engineer and fireman stick
ing to their posts and going down in
the wreck. They arc now in Muhlcn
burg hospital at Palnlicd and the en
gineer is not believed to have a chance
ol' living of more than a few hours.
$ Passengers on the Flyer say the cn
minut? or so before the wreck. The.
train ahead had sent a flagman back,
but it seems he was recalled when thc
train to stop in the short distance re
maining got under way and althuogh
lie left thc torpedoes the Royal Hine
did not heed them or else was going
too fast to stop in the short distance
remaining. The man who went back
to flag the train had just Hung into
thc rear end of his train and ls among
the dead. The engine and three
worst wrecked cars were piled into an
awful heap containing at least one
hundred dead and injured. From the
mass came fearful cries for aid. A
minute later the wreck caught tire
from tlie tire box of the locomotive.
The screams of the injured in tile
heap were lntenslticd as they found
themselves hemmed in by thc Hames.
The passengers in the two forward
cars of Hie lirst train and all the men
from the express and every one In the
neighborhood started to work nt once
to get out thc Injured before the
llames could reach them. At times
while tolling in thc wreckage the
Hames reached tlie rescuers and their
clothing took Hie, but they worked on
though, in constant danger ot being
killed themselves. Some of tho in
jured were burned to death In sight
of the men who wer? working witli
desperation to save them, but the
Hames soon gained complete mastery
of the two last cars.
Thc li remen from Westfield were
summoned by telephone, but arrived
too late to save many lives. Doctors
weie called from Elizabeth, Westtield
and Blain Held, and there was a score
on hand. The parlor cars of thc
Hoyal Hine train were converted into
temporary hospitals. Tho dead as
they were taken out were laid in a
row along side the track until means
could he found to convey them to
Piainficd. Thc liremen after a time
mastered thc Hames. Then thc wreck
age was attacked again and the work
of recovering the bodies was begun.
Out of thc first car eight bodies
were taken. Thc sight while the
wreck was burning was horrifying.
Men could be seen In the wreckage
pinned fast amid thc timbers of the
cars and struggling to bc free while
the Hames roared around them. The
rescuers were helpless Lo aid them as
they had already been driven from the
wreck by thc Hames. Ono of those
who tried to lake a man pinned lu
found that lie was held down hy one
leg near thc ankle and seeing it would
he useless to do anything cine ls ?lld
to have llnallv severed the man's leg
and then carried him to one of tlie
parlor cars. Bot h rescued and roscu
ers were bailly burned.
When tho engine ploughed Into thc
rear car it partly spilt thc car open
and at thc same time lifted lt up and
on to Itself. Tills car was the first
to take lire and most of those In lt
are dead. Some of them arc believed
to be beneath the overturned engine.
Those in thc car ahead which was
lifted over the rear car suffered the
most. For some time before tlie Hames
reached them from thc car below and
behind them they were enveloped in
smoke and steam and lt was here that
the worst sights wore witnessed.
One passenger only was severely
burt on the Hoyal Blue. He was walk
lng in thc aisle in one of these cars
when the crush came and tba Impact
hurled him up iii tho air and sidewise
across thelheads or several perseus in
chairs and then through a window
Ono of his hands were out and he was
bruised. He said he was a dun of Juhu
Wanamaker, or Philadelphia. He did
good work later, after his hand had
Just as the wreck occurred an cast
bound train was approaching on track
5. Peforo it could be stopped the en
gine crashed into thc wreckage, which
had been buried on to the track, but
It was light stulf and the engine
brushed lt aside and crushed part of lt
under the wheels. Thc train ran its
own length beyond the wreck, stop
ped and after ascertaining it had sus
tained no injury itseir, proceeded to
ward New York.
The total loss of life 20. In addi
tion to these Engineer Davis.nnd Prc
?man McCarthy of the Philadelphia
and Reading express, who are in the
hospital at Plainfield, may die ab any
moment, and it is believed that
several of the Injured passengers can
not recover. Thc number of those
known to bc Injured ls upwards of
firty, of whom thirteen remain in thc
hospital. Thc blame for the disaster
is placed by the railroad un Engineer
Davis, who, according to policemen
who took him from the shattered cab
of his englue, admitted that he had
seen thc red end green danger lights
displayed, but expecting tu sec them
suddenly change to white rushed on
until it was too late to check the
speed before he plunged Into the rear
of the train ahead. No statement
has been obtained from Davis in the
hospital, but in Intervals of semi con
sciousness and delirium he moans, '"I
TRAINS CRASH TOGETHER
Ami IVlitny People Meet Dr nth hy
fleing Crunhcil und Hunted
The failure of night operator
George Clough at Vails-Station Ari
zona, toduliver orders to a west-bound
train, known as thc ''Sunset Limit
ed," caused a head-on collision at 3
o'clock Thursday morning between
two passenger trains, four miles cast
of Tucson and six miles from Vails
Station. At last account-? twenty
bodies have been taken from the mass
of burned and charred wreckage and
lt ls believed that seversl more arc
burled In the twisted and tangled
mass of Iron und steel.
Lynn Helm, an attorney "of Los
Angeles, Cal., and his wife, who were
passengers on the Sunset Limited
which was wrecked near Vails, Ari
zona, Wednesday, arrived herc Thurs
day. Mr. and Mrs. Helm were asleep
in the rear Pullman Car of the train
and escaped without injury, ne attri
butes thc escape of the two Pullman
cars of the'Westbound train to thc
nerve of Engineer Ijruccl who stuck to
his engine and set the air brakes. Mr.
"There were no groans from the 20
or more victims burled In thc burning
mass. All must have been killed In?
stantlv. Tlic flames were .so flore?
that those who were not killed In
stantly by thc shock must have perish
ed within a minute or two from the
intense bent: Thc oraah must have
signalled thc death of all, and there
fore the complete destruction of cars
and Inmates mercifully saved thc vic
tims from the tortures of the flames.
"Passengers"In the uninjured Pull
mans without exception, sustained
bruised heads. It was a matter of
general comment afterward thatevcry
passenger had one or more bumps on
his head caused by thc sudden stop
ping of the cars which threw thc
sleeping passengers against thc head
boards with considerable forco."
A I'ooilsii Alan.
While visiting an animal show In
Charleston Raymond Howman, a
white man, In a lit of bravado, offer
ed to go into thc leopard's cage with
th e. lady attendant, and the offer was
taken up by the show people, who
thought it only a bluff on lils part.
Howman evidently meant what he
said, however, for without a sign ol
fright he walked up to the cage and
followed the trainer In. For a few
minutes thc animal touk no notice of
the presence of the stranger and How
man became more bold. The move
seemed to anger the beast and with a
bound thc- leopard was on him. His
cries for assistance were answered by
thc showmen who were near, and
with some trouble the leopoard wai
forced to leave his prey. This, how
ever, was not done until Howman had
received several bites and scratches
from thc leopard's claws. Howman
is now in the hospital not expected to
THImrtll'H M nun/.l nc Pistol.
Gen. li. It. llcmpbill, editor of thc
Abbeville Medium, writes from Co
lumbia to his paper as follows: "Las I
Friday afternoon I went around tt
the ellice of J. Frost Walker, clerk ol
court, to see the pistol used by Lieu
tenant Governor Tillman when he
shot Editor Gonzalo). It ls known af
a magazine pistol and made In Ger
many. The balls are put In the st?eli
or handle of the weapons. The bar
rel ls nine Inches long and ls of blue
steel color. The stock ls rather Hat
and gives a better hand hold than ll
lt was round. It will shoot ten times
and lt ls said will kill a man 2[20(
yards distance If lt hits him. Tin
colt pistol ls also in the hands of the
clerk of court. It ls a short one ant
Is fully loaded."_
Tirer Intnred Trainor.
At Richmond, Va., Herman Weedon
of Indianapolis, an animal trainer,
was ?tucked by a tiger dujlng a per
formance Thursday, and seriously In
Jurcd. One of his arms was terribly
lacerated and a great piece wai' torr
out of one side of his face. Hlooc
poisoning ls feared.
Tired itt the Neuro.
At Topeka, Kansas, a resolutloi
was Introduced In the leglslatun
Thursday to amend thc election law:
so as to exclude all negroes from vot
lng and to require foreign born peo
pie to become naturalized before vot
ihg. Thcic is much sentiment ii
favor of the resolution and lt wll
cause a hard contest.
Governor Heyward Hakes His Staff j
PERSONNEL IS REPRESENTATIVE
Tho Now Ofllcer? Como From Differ-|
cot Ports ot' tho State. Their
Commissions Take Effect
Gov. Hayward has, as commander-]
in-chief of the military forces of the
State appointe 1 the members of bis
personal stall, the commissions being
issued to take etlect from Jan. 21 last.
The following general order promul
gated from thc olllce of the adjutant
and inspector general Thursday makes
the formal announcement of the ap
Headquarters Adjutant and Inspec
tor General's Olllce, Columbia, S, C"
Jan. 29, 1UIKJ.
General Order No, 12.
Hy direction of his excellency D. C.
Hey ward,-governor and cojnmander
in chief of tho military., furies o?
South Ca? Una, the following otliccrs
arc hurel^.-appoinCiPfrmembers of his
..?taff to take rank from date of com
mission, and will be obeyed and re
Urigadjer General-.lohn U. Pro lb,
adjutant, and inspector general of
South Carolina, ex-ufllcio member and
chief of staff, Columbia. S. C.
Colonel John M. Pat.ljk, assistant
adjutant and Inspector general, ex
otllclo member, Anderson, S. C.
Colonel If. II. Watkins, ipiarter
master general, Anderson, S. C.
Colonel Altamont Moses, commissa
ry general, Sumter, S. C.
Colonel .f. F. Folk,engineer in chief,
Hamberg, S. C.
Colonel G. A. Neuffcr, sergcon gen
eral, Abbeville, S. C.
Colonel H* A. Molony, paymaster
general, Charleston, S. C.
Colonel B. A. Morgan, judge advo
cate general, Greenville, S. C.
Colonel R. .T. Gantt, chief of ord
nance department, Spartanhurg, S. C.
AIDES TO THU COMM A ND Ell-1 X-Cn I E.V.
Lieutenant Colonel T. Y. Williams,
Lancaster, S. C.
Lieutenant Colonel T. D. Dalling
ton, Laurens, S. C.
Lieutenant Colonel D. A. Spivey,
florry, S. C.
Lieutenant Colonel J. P. DeVaux,
Charleston, S. C.
Lieutenant Colonel W. G. Smith.
Orangeburg, S. C.
Lieutenant Colonel August Kohn,
Columbia, S. C. .-.
Lieutenant Colonel F. C. Sml??
Newberry, S. C.
Lieutenant Colonel C. F. Moore,*
Marlboro, S. C.
Lieutenant Colonel R. T. Jaynes,
Oconce, S. C.
Lieutenant Colonel J. R. Tuwill,
sxlripton, S. C.
Lieutenant Colonel E. R. Clark,
Coif^, S. C.
L. ^euant Colonel George Cotield,
spj ..vu?-rg, s. a ;
Jr .tena,ntvColqnrd James G. Pad
gel* Collo ton, S/C.
'Lic^enant Colonel Geo. P. Elliott,
Beaufort, S. C.
Lieutenant Colonel Robt. W. Hunt,
Charleston, S. C.
Lieutenant Colonel D. N. McLaugh
lin, chaplain, Chester, S. 0.
Captain A. G. Plnckney, Anderson,
Captain R. M. Barnes, Georgetown,
Ry order of thc Governor, com man
ler-ln-chlef. John D. Frost.
Adjutant and Inspector General.
Now Tax tau-.
Thc State Senate passed a new act
in Friday to lix the time for the pay
ment of taxes and penalties thereon,
lt provides that all State and county
taxes and all taxes collected, whet
State and county taxes arc collected,
shall bc due and payable from the lpt1:
day of October to and including thc
31st day of December of each and
?very year, and If such taxes anci
I assessments arc not paid on or before
I said time, a penalty of live percentun
thereon shall be added by the co?ritj
auditor on the county duplicate ant
collected by thc county treasurer; ant
if the said taxes and assessments ant
penalties are not paid on or before th?
31st day of March next thereafter, tin
I said county treasurer shall issue hi!
Lax execution for thc said taxes mu
penalties, against thc defaulting tax
payer, according to law.
."James B. Howard, of Clay county
tired the shor- that killed WU I ian
Goobel," said Henry E. Youtsoy, it
his confession as to his part in, ant
knowledge of, the conspiracy whicl
terminated in the assassination of tin
Democratic claimant to the governor
ship of Kentucky. Thc con victed mar
now says that he bas made a cleat
breast of the details of the plot ant
has told everything lie knows, "fullj
and frankly." He said that the shoi
wns tired from thc front window in
thc private ofllcc of Secretary of State
Caleb Poners, and that he and Jiu
Howard were thc only persons Insldi
the room. Ile named William S
Taylor. Charles Finely, Caleb Powers
John ti. Powers, William H. Colton
Wharton Golden "and William J
Davidson as conspirators with him.
A 8n<l Accident.
Harry Sanders and Miss Lilly Rush
lng were Instantly killed at a rnilroai
crossing by a Seaboard Air Linc pas
senger train near Savannah Wedncs
day. They were In a buggy with Mi?
Rushing's brother and his wife, hot)
of whom miraculously escaped uri in
Jurc.d . V bin ff..obscures the rallwii*
trat ?. .
'?.wesw ! ?.; . puiti >ii
I har-:.. .
Rrolse i>6\ve BO I LEN and
<,;/ Coi sali .. will
weet for .
won ? \ piy rt [i tJiig otlke,
Tho Suue .Sonnto I'as.Hog a Bill Tp
The Raysor compulsory education
bill, "to require all parents or guar
dians to compel their children or
wards bo attend school for eight weeks
in each year," was taken up in the
Senate on Thursday and after a pro
tracted debate which consumed thc
great part of the morning session was
with tho addition of two amendments
finally passed to a third reading. The
bill had been carried over from the
-previous day when at thc conclusion
of Mr. Brice's "argument to strike out
thc enacting clause lt was agreed to
resume the arguments Thursday.
Mr. Raysor, in opposing Mr. Brice's
motion, spoke at length and held the
undivided attention of the senate
throughout. Ile said that thc mat
ter had been before the public a long
time and had been discussed in all its
phases. It had the endorsement of
all the leading educators of the coun
try not only in this State but else
where and in addition to this thc gov
ernor .md thc superintendent of educa
tion had earnestly pressed it upon thc
general assembly. The most abiding
good that can come to a people is the
uplifting of thc niasses. Conditions
in thc State aro rapidly changing;
competition is becoming .sharper every
day and it is the duty or thu
Slate to do all iii its power
to improve thc mental as well as
.the physical well being of ber peo
ple. The children of today arc the
material out of which our future
statesmen are made, who in after
years will come Into these legislative
halls to enact laws for tho government
of our people. The argument of pa
ternalism has nuthlng to do with the
fulfillment of thc conditions In this
proposed measure. 11 ls a matter or
record that no State which has ever
enacted a compulsory educatio.i law
has ever repealed it. He drew a com
parison between the State of South
Carolina and Massachusetts where
the law had been enforced for a num
ber of years. He spoke of Germany
and pointed to her as thc leader of all
the nations, today thc strengest corii
morcial competitor of the United
States. In South Carolina there arc
O?.OOO white children and the sta
tistics show that only 58 per cetit. of
them attend the schools and 2f> per
cent, go to school uni}' two weeks in
the year. The great question now is
to arouse the parents and make them
take advantage of the opportunities
which the State has given to aid them
in the discharge, of their God given
obligations. The bill is Intended to
represent thc rights of the child. The
. State, undertakes to defend his physi
cal condition and it is nothing but
right that his mental condition be also
cared for if we expect to take our
proper places among thc sisterhood of
'States. Thc constitutional conven
tion, he said, fixed a tax of three mills
upon all our people whether they be
parents or not and under the law wc
have an educational qualification for
voting. As to felic negro, he is herc
and here tb stay. Ts'olaw is necessary
to compel him to go tu school. Ills
parents are willing to make any sacri
fice to.send him and will do so even if
they have to steal from their employ
ers to buy books and pay contingent
expenses. It ls thc white people who
arc indifferent and he believes if
necessary the strong arm of the law
should he used to compel them to take
advantage of the opportunities ex
Mr. Hough thought thc proposed
measure beautiful in theory but tbor
. oughly impractical. "Wc can open
the school doors," declared Mr. Hough,
"hut wc cannot drive thc children
into them without] violating one" o?
thc fundamental 5 principles of ' iXic
J constitution. Thc- child labor- bill
- embodies all that is necessary to give
. the children opportunity to attend tile
' public schools.
i Mr. Sheppard expressed himself as
, being in favor of thc bill except that
i he is utterly unwilling td imprison
? any man who has committed no crime
I but whose iinancial conditions arc
I such that he could not possibly com
; ply with the conditions of the law.
i Ile said that if the penalty of "im
t prisonmerit in the county jail for not
1 less than ten days nor more than 20
I days" be stricken out, he would ehcer
i fully vote for the measure,
i Mr. Goodwin and Mr. Price opposed
i it; Mr. Johnson and Mr. Sharpe favor
s ed it and Mr. .J. W. Ragsdale stated
1 that he had promised his people tt
- favor and vote for the bill and he wm
now perfectly willing to fulfill that
Mr. Sheppard offered an amendment
' to strike out thc words "or imprison
1 ment in the county jail for not les.1
1 than 10 days nor more than 20 days.'
1 The yeas and nays were demanded ant
1 resulted as follows:
' Those who voted in the affirmative
were: Messrs. Price, Prown, Davis,
1 Dennis, Forrest, Gaines, Goodwin,
J Hardin, Hood, Hough, Mciver, Mo
1 Lend, Mower, Peurifoy; ltagsdalc, G.
\V., .Sheppard, Talbird, von Kolnitz,
L Walker, Warren-19.
' Those who voted in.thc negative
' were Messrs. Aldrich, Mlake, Butler,
1 Carpenter, Douglass, Hay, Herndon,
T Hydride, Johnson, Manning, Marshall;
. McCall, McDermott, Ragsdale, J. W.,
' Haysor, Sharpe, Stackhousc-18.
' Mr. Manning offered an amendment
. which was adopted to reduce the age
. limit from IA to 12 years so to malo
if conform to thc child labor measure.
Frozen tn Dont li.
' Mr. Edward lapford, a white man
about (?0 years of age, was found dead
near his home two miles below Wal
* terboro Wednesday afternoon. Thc
1 facts, as far as could be ascertained,
' are about as follows: Mr. Llpford,
t' .?iw| js unmarried, lived alone witli
brother;. Thc latter was absent
- home. Monday morning thc
\sccl left home and on returning
_ night and when in about half ii
! of his bouse, it is thought thal
ell from his mule and was frozen
oath. Whiskey was found on lib
i? a ?on. Dr. Lindsay Kennel made ti
.mortem examination and stat.ee
li pera he Jury that in his opinion thc
rcBpaB?i was frozen to death. There
coimte no marks or bruises that wonk
?rig, hint to foul play. The jury rentlcrec
JV. Qth-Tdiet that the deceased came tt
.death by misfortune or accident.
Associate- Justice and Code Commis
sioner aro Chosen.
Wednesday Mr. 0. A. Woods, of
Marion was elected associate justice of
the supreme court and Wednesday
ni ?ht Mr. Wm. Elliott, Jr., was clect
etTcode commissioner. Thero were in
all four ballots for associate justice
and eight for code commissioner. Mr.
Woods' election was not a walkover as
his leading opponent, Col. Aldrich de-,
veloped considerably on the final bal
lot. Mr. Elliott started Into the bal
loting for code commissioner with
strong support, _ but Mr. McClure's
friends stuck to him aud as the other
candidates dropped out the race be
came more and more Interesting. Mr.
Woods' term is for two years-to-fill'
out tko unexpired term of-Hon. Y. J.
Pope, recently elected chief justice.
Mr. Elliott's term is nine years to
succeed Mr. W. II. Townsend, who
became assistant attorney generala
few clays ago.
MK. C. A. WOODS ELECTKD.
When the joint assembly recon
vened Wednesday all but two of the
caudioatcs for associate justice were
withdrawn from the Held by the gen
tleman who had made the nomina
tions. : The two names in the final
ballot were C. A. Woods, of Marlon,
and Robert Aldrich, of Barnwell.
A train there was a full vote, 154 out
of HU, and again Mr. Woods went in
to thc contest with unanimous sup
port of tim Pee Dee counties.
Col. Aldrich received 21 votes from
I his colleagues in the Senate while Mr.
Woods received 17. But In the House
of Rc present.it i ves Mr. Woods receiv
ed 24 votes more than Col. Aldrich.
The final result was, votes cast 154;
necessary to a choice "8; Mri Wood?
87; Mr. Aldrich (?7. On the tinal bal
lot Tuesday the vote stood Woods 71,
Aldrich 33, Tribblc 17, Caldwell ia.
Ular l>, Gfuber 14. In thc ll nal ballot
Mr.. Woods gained 1(5 votes and Cul.
Aldrich a4 votes, lt was. to be ex
pected that Col. Aldrich would make
these gains as Judge Izlar and Mr.
Gruber are from neighboring coun
Thc joint assembly then turned its
consideration to the election of code
commissioner. This ls a very respon
sible position, requiring the services
of a man who has more than a super
licial knowledge of the law and a man
of sober and careful habits.
Mr. J. C. McClure, of Chester, was
nominated by Senator Hardin, second
ed by Senator Price.
Mr. E. C. Haynsworth of Sumter
was nominated by Senator Manning,
seconded by Mr. Wm. L. Mauldin.
Mr. Wm. Elliott, Jr., of Columbia,
was nominated by Senator Marshall,
seconded by Mr. Colcock.
Mr. E. II. Dominick, of Newberry,
was nominated by Mr. Klblcr, second
ed by Mr. Dennis.
Mr. Elliott and Mr. Dominick tied
on the lirst ballot, on thc second Mr.
McClure pulled up and tied Mr. Dom
inick. On the announcement of thc
fifth ballot Mr. Dominick's name was
The sixth ballot resulted: Elliott
5(5; Haynsworth 41; McClure 50.
There were but 147 votes polled on
that ballot. Mr. Elliott needed eigh
teen, Mr. McClure 24 and Mr. Hayns
worth 33 votes. A recess was taken
until 8 p. m.
When the joint assembly recon
vened at 8 o'clock, thc seventh ballot
for code commissioner was taken.
The vote was Elliott GI, Hayns
worth 35, and McClure 4(5.
Senator Manning then withdrew
thc name of Mr. Edgar C. nayns
The eighth ballot resulted as fol
lows: Elliott 7a, McClure 71. The is
sue was watched with keen interest,
Biri McClure, who ls a partner of So
licitor .}; K. Henry and one of tin
besti young lawyers of the State, modi
a spje.ndid run. The majority of thc
Hainsworth vote went in a bulk t<
MivMcClurc. lt was thought up tx
thc last vote that the result would bc
a tie, but Speaker Smith changed tin
probable result by voting for Mr. El
There was one other election, thal
of trustee of the South Carolina Col
i lege to succeed Lieut. Gov. J. T.
Sloan. Mr. John J. McMahau. whe
for four years has held a place on thc
board by reason of being State Super
intendent of Education received thc
unanimous vote of the joint assembly
) Fa:?il Boiler Explosion.
1 At Anniston. Ala., a large boiler ii
' the malleable foundry of the Souther!
Car and Foundry Company blew u]
' Wednesday, killing six persons an<
' injuring probably.20 others, several o
j whom will die. Tom Hird, one of tin
killed, was on top of thc engine ad
justing thc piping when the acclden
occurred, and was blown (50 feet int?
! the air. J. A. Forte, holler maker
was blown to the top of a neighborinj
shed and Instantly killed. Ike H ard j
was hit by a flying piece of the boilei
while 70 feet away and instantly kill
ed. Parts of the boiler weighing a tor
or more were blown over buildings ?
thousand feet from the place of thc
explosion. Thc cause of the explosioi
is not known.
Won't Ii t Hooker Speak.
A dispatch from Gainesville, Ela.,
? says recently AV. N. Shea ts, superin
! tendent of public instruction, Invitee
Hooker Washington to deliver an ad
dress before thc joint convention ol
county superintendents of public in
struction and the general educationa
1 board to meet at Gainesville February
1. Mr. Shoats is severely censured ir
j Gainesville which he claims as hi!
1 home town, and W. M. Hallo way, conn
1 ty superintendent of public instruc
1 tion lias telegraphed to the Gainosvilh
1 Sun that Hooker Washington will noi
' be permitted to speak in thc auditor
I lum on the occasion.
IJ?VC Stock Humed.
i Thc barn of Mr. Edgar Hall a pros
; perons farmer, living four miles wes
i of Anderson, was destroyed by flip
I Friday night. Thc building contain
; ed live mules, a horse and two cows
? all of which were burned to death
1 together with a quantity of hay, fod
1 der, etc. Thc origin of the lire ir. no
) known. Mr. Hall had $500 insurance
which covers about a third of the los.'
BURNED TO DE?Tf?.
Fifty lunatics Perished by Tire in an
ALL THE VIOTIMB WEBE WOKEN.
Piro In Jo wiall Win? of Colney Hatch
Institution, .Panic-Stricken -
Inmates Impedo Work
At London, England; on Tuesday
morning bf last week fifty-two insane
patients, all 'women, were burned to
death by a fire at the Colney Hatch
asylum. The outbreak occurred in
tho Jewish wing of the Institution. ,,
The flames spread wi th great rapidity
and before they could be got under
control five wooden buildings, includ
ing dormitories and the doctors'
apartments, were gutted.
All tho efforts of tho officers were .
directed towards moving the insane
inmates, but the later, became wild
with excitement and so panic stricken
that not only were they unable to
help themselves but greatly Impeded
thc operations of those trying to save
There were nearly -OOO persons in
thc burned annex at the time tho fire
was discovered, and most of them
were safely transferred to the main
building which was'uninjured. All
the victims were ' lunatics. Their
charred remains presented a horrifying
spectacle. The asylum was besieged
by anxious relatives br friends of the
pat lents who arrived from all quarters.
Pitiable scenes were witnessed as .
weeping men and women left the
premises arter ascertaining that rela
tives or friends had perished in the
The nurses had a terrible experi
ence in trying to assist the insane
people, who were so panic stricken
that they had literally to be c?riven to
aplace of safety. Thc inflammable
premises almost immediately became
a furnace. Nothing was left stand
ing. The corrugated iron roofs of the.
dormitories and the bedsteads of the
patients were, melted by the intense
Some of the lunatics were burned
in their beds and the charred remains
of others were found huddled together
in corners, while groups of partially
consumed bodies on the site of the
corridors showed that many persons
lost their lives and sacriticed those of
others in their frantic efforts to force
a passage through the man building.
Thc Bill Gets the Requisite Two
Thirds Vote in the Senate.
There arc two billson the'calendar
in regard to biennial sessions, one by
Mr. Warren and the other .by <Mr.
li ay sor. Both arc joint resolutions
"tb amend section 0 article 3 of: the
State constitution sb as to provide -for
the biennial sessions of tho general
assembly." ?** Jj
.Mr. Warren's having been placed
first on the calendar was read and up-,', '_
on it the vote was taken.
This being a proposition to amend
the constitution bf the State a two
thirds majority vote* was necessary.
Those who voted in the affirmative,
were Messrs. Aldrich, Blake, Brice;
Butler, Carpenter, Davis, Dennis,
Douglass, Forrest, Hardin, Herndon,
nood, Johnson, Manning. Mayfield,
McCall, McDermott, Mciver, McLeod,
Peurifoy, Ragsdale, G. W. Ragsdale,
.1. W., Raysor, Sharpe, Sheppard,
Stackhousc, Stanland, Walker, War
Those who voted in the negative
were Messrs. Goodsvln, Hay, Hough,
) I Marshall. Talbird,' Von Kolnitz
So the bill was passed to a third
On Thursday the bill came up for a
third reading and was passed and sent
to the House. A two thirds vote was
necessary. Those voting for the bill
were as follows:
Messrs. Aldrich, Blake, Brice,
Brown, Butler, Carpenter, Davis,
Dennis, Douglas, Forrest, Gaines,
Hardin, Herndon, Hood, nydrick,
Johnson, Manning, McCall, McDer
mott, Mciver, McLeod, Peurifoy,
Ragsdale, G. W., Ragsdale, J. W.,
Raysor, Sharpe, Sheppard, Stack
hou e, Stanland, Walker, Warren
j Those voting against the bill were
Messrs. Goodwin, Hay, Hough, Mar
shall, Mower, Talbird-G.
I Before thc tina] passage of the meas
ure the Raysor bill was substituted
for the Warren bill as being more
As the House passed a similar bill
several times it is almost sure to pass
this one, and then the question will
be submitted to a vote of the people.
They Won't Preosso.
At Chicago a mob of nearly SOO men,
women and boys held up a Chicago
and Northwestern coal train and car
ried away the contents of live cars be
fore they were dispersed by the police.
Women led the attack, uncoupled thc
J cars in a number of places and In
11 timidating the train crew. For threo -
hours traffic was suspended while the
r I mob increased to more than a thous-}
land persons. A riot call was turned,
in and order finally ' restored. Three
women and two men were arrested,
but thc menacing attitude of the
i [ crowd caused thc women to be quickly
released. . ?
ICscnpcd in a Carriage.
Robbers blew open thc vault of tho
Dank of Steel ville lil., early Wednes
day morning and secured $3,000 with
which they escaped in a carriage. Tho
sheriff at Chester was notified at an
early hour and he has left with a
t, I posse for thc scene of tho robbery.
Lui Imei- l?lectcd.
lion. A. C. Latlmcr was formerly
I elected United States Senator by the
Legislature last Tuesday week to
succeed Senator John li. McLaurln,
whose time expires on the 4th of next