Newspaper Page Text
COTTON IS KING.
A Writer in tho Augusta Chronicle
Thinks It Sovereign.
ko MOKE LOW COTTON BAYS HE.
Aorongij Cannot he Increased
and if Twelve Million Bales
IM Made, It Cannot he
The following letter which we ellp
from the Augusta Chronicle on thc
cotton outlook will be read with in
terest by the fanners and others In
Nonwoon, Ga., Keb. 2.*t-There
have been only threo mon, so histo
rians tell us, that have combined the
soldier, statesman and financier in
one-Julius Caesar, born 101) years be
fore Christ; George Washington, born
in 1732; Napoleon Bonaparte, born in
1700. And all of these men left an
impression upon their times that (Min
never be effaced. They did more for
human rights und constitutional
liberty than the balance of great men,
and yet none, was a king. It is said
of Caesar before he was assassinated
at the foot of the statue of Pompey,
that while thc crown was offered him
three times and the last* ti me pushed
gently aside, 1 remember him only as
Caesar who paused on the brink of the
Rubicon and uttered these immortal
words: "veni, vidi viel," and today,
while neither of these illustrious men
was ever crowned king, there is a
king today in the south who rules the
world, and he has said "veni vidi vlei,
and my name is King Cotton."
Marius sitting on the ruins of Car
thage is not amore pitiable sight than
an old Rear sitting on a bale of cotton
and a sherill' selling him out. And
now let inc tell you, North, South,
East and West, England, Prance
llussia, Germany and the balance of
mankind, you will never get the cot
ton we make again at what you have
been-paying. Your Bustons,' your
Boers' and your Neils' days are over.
The south is coming forth in her
grandeur and her glory with prosperity
thundering from every mountain top.
from every vale and dell and the glori
ous re- frain "Cotton is King," is
heard o'er the land.
England may talk of planting cot- ?
ton in Africa, South Artica is the on
ly part of Africa's vast domain of
11,300,000 statute square miles that
is worth, a continental for cotton.
The Egyptian cotton raised along the
Kile is confined to a small territory,
and the cotton raised in Russia is
short in libre and can't hov spun un
less mixed with other cotton (d' long
fibre. The cotton talked of in Cuba
by Clark Rowell is a farce. No coun
try growing a stalk as large as a tree
can make cot ton, the. climatic condi
tions are too tropical. Thc cotton
planted in South America, in Mexico,
The United State with over three
million statute square miles has about
gone her limits and you will never see
over cloven million bales ol' cotton
raised again in the south.
Suppose, then, over eleven million
bales were raised (say twelve million),
it could not be gathered. The sout h
will never again gather a twelve mil
lion bale crop, simply because the
labor is not there to gather it. Tue
old time negro is dying out, and the
young buck coming forward educated,
ain't worth a CU?S as a farm hand,
totally unavailable as a laborer. The
statistics show that whenever you
educate a negro, you spot! a good
farm hand. lie no longer desires to
pull the bell cord over a mule. Ile
wants to teach school or preach, and
besides, there are hundreds of avoca
tions opening up tn t he daily toiler in
our country -turpentine farming,
saw mills, factories, railroads. Our
Southland has made more progress in
the last ten years, than in two de
cades past, and these institutions are
paying good wages and ready cash.
With the boll weevil in Texas,
thousands of acres of land devoted to
peach culture in the south, the popula
tion ol' the country by far outgrowing
the production ol'the country, and thc
conquest of the Philippines, and Eng
land's inroads into Africa, is bringing
into thc folds ol' civilization a vast
iiordc of people who went about cloth
ed with asimple fig leaf until lately,
who now wear clothe.-.. 1 was told
while in Augusta during my last visit
that while Augusta was quoted at
holding about forty t housand bales of
cotton, there in reality were only
about iifteen thousand bales cotton
for market, the balance is lhman's
and others, not for sale, hut to deliver
Now there is one thing clearly
demonstrated to my mind-that the
south never will make twelve million
bales-if slie did the labor is not here
to gather it, and what is not picked by
january 1st, will never be picked. And
again the lop crop will never be again
a factor. As my friend Josh Doughty
told me, Dan Howies had 20 acres of
the prettiest and forwardest second
crop ever seen. It was the pride of
thc mill men around Augusta, and
the cotton motors gazed long and
lovingly upon the large unopen bolls
that were destined to die unborn.
Thc beautiful soft, silky-white locks
Were never to be kissed hy a southern
sun, and 1 am told that while the
boys were dwelling in rapture over
Bowles's crop, Dan, who is sharp as
he is clever, and being very democra
tic in his ideas, offered the crop for
one hale, and the truth is, it made
The price of ten cents cotton has
made a wonderful di Ile re nco in the
situat ion. There were at least f>,000
bales sold In the last few days in
Augusta and with what is now to sell
will put in circulation in Augusta
nearly a quarter ol a million dollars
more, as Ibis cotton was bought at
a)>out ? cents. I want lo pay a com pl h
mont to the factors ol' Augusta. They
are the cleverest and most reliable
set of men in the south and have been
and are thc I armers' friends. They
rejoice to see the staple rise.
Alexander and Alexander were the
first to sell a round lot (d' middling
ten cents. Nixon and Dan forth next
followed with a big lot at saine ligure
and the balance did the same. Tom
Dan far th told thc writer cotton would
bring eleven cents in .'10 days. Ile
goes me one better. The writer pro
poses to continue Ibis weekly letter
and along a little later with the help
of the farmers in Georgia and Carolina
desires to co-operate in opening up a
bureau of cotton statistics willoh will
be fully explained m next letter. The
writer is daily in receipt of letters
from prominent people, some of which
will he published later: would he glad
to hear from others.
Some want lo know why 1 sold cot
ton at 10 cents. Simply because that
was the price I waa fighting for nnd
wanted to ?ettie up by March Int.
Cotton will bo bringing ?2 cents by
July 1st. Don't buy. futures; it's tho
south's ruination. >
T. 33. MABGEN'QALK.
THE NEW LAWS
Ol' Ornerai IntcroHt Pimsetl ut the
Late Scission ol* tho LiegiBinturn.
There were 185 acts passed hythe
legislature which adjourned Saturday.
The greater part of this number is
devoted to local legislation, building
school houses, refunding over-paid
taxes, etc. There was not much anti
corporation legislation. A number of
acts merely correct errors in the code.
The filrat act passed by the general
assembly was Senator von K?ln liz's
bill to provide for any . deficiency in
the drawing of grand juries for the
year 1003. This act was ratilicd on
the 29th of January.
Thc following were the acts passed
by this general assembly:
tl KNISH AL LAWS.
To provide for the erection of a
monument to Wade Hampton.
To preveut the sale of toy pistols,
To regulate the employment of
children in factories, mines and manu
facturing establishments in tnis
To protect llsh hy regulating the
sale of dynamite, clo.
To establish a table of mortury sta
tistics for evidence in the courts.
An act to allow wholesale druggists
to sell alcohol without prolit to licens
An act to amend section 503 of the
criminal code of 1!)02, so as to furthtr
regulate the location and establish
ment of dispensaries.
Au act to provide .specimens of min
eral of this Slate for Clemson Agricul
tural and Mechanical college.
An act. to provide for chief State
An act.to lix the weight and regu
late the trade in corn meal.
Au act to require the State treas
urer to publish a monthly statement
showing the amount of money on
hand and the banks in which the same
An act to amend section 106ft, civil
code, relative to the persons entitled
to pensions, by eliminating agc limit.
An act to deiine the law relating'
to certain forms of commercial pa
An act to amend section 109 of thc
code of civil procedure, in reference
An act? to amend section 21f>5 of
the Code of Laws of South Carolina,
1902, volume ?, in reference to mile
age on short roads.
Ari act to amend section ITU of the
criminal cede, volume 1.1., code of
laws 1902, relating to the punishment
for removal, destruction or leaving
down of any gate, fence, bars or other
An act to amend an act to create a
State board of entomology, to doline
Its powers and prescribe its duties,
and provide for the inspection of fruit
trees, vineyards and vegetable farms;
to prevent contagious diseases and
destroy destructive insects in orch
ards, vineyards and other places in
An act to require tlie scrgeant-at
ui ms of the se?ale to take, care of the
furniture of the senate chamber and
r.enatc committee rooms, etc.
An act. to amend section 109 of thc
erl nliial code, so as to give magis
trates jurisdiction of stealing from
the Held when the property stolen
does not, exceed $IU in value.
Ali act lo require banks having on
deposit. Slate ninds to render lo the
State treasurer, at designated limes,
statements showing balances on hand
to credit ol' the State.
An act to abolish the otu-e of
Au act to lix the burden of proof on
the party accused of violation of game
An act to prohibit the sale, leasing,
cel., of pistols.
Ari act to repeal tlie provision of
tlie dispensary law allowing board or
directors to make direct contracts
with distillers in this State.
The general measure as to magis
trates and their salaries.
The three appropriations acts.
An act to amend section 27ft of the
code of civil procedure by prescribing
tile number of calendars to be kept by
Hie clerks of court, and the issue to
be placed on the same.
An act to amen tl section 2508,
volume 1, civil code 1902, limiting
admission of wills as evidence.
A joint resolution to authorize the
comptroller general to draw his war
rant or warrants in favor of the State
printer and thc State treasurer to pay
the same to ari amount not to exceed
the sum of $0,000, upon account of
amount now due to the Stale printer
under his contract for the public
An act to amend section 2853, vol
ume 1, of the civil code.
An act to amend an ac: entitled
"an act to provide for the incorpora
tion of towns of not less than 1,000
nor more than 5,000 Inhabitants."
An act to amend section 2132 of the
civil code, 1902, by changing the time
in which distress warrants may bc
An act to prohibit thc driving of
cattle and other live stock into this
Slate from other States, and to pro
vide a penalty thereof.
An act to supply bound copies of
the code of laws of South Carolina,
1902, lo certain members of the gen
An act to amend section 2170 of the
civil code, volume 1, code of laws,
1902, so as to increase thc penalty
provided therein and to give one-half
to the. person aggrieved and the other
half t') thc county.
An act to authorize the regents of
the State hospital for Hie insane to
close up a part of the extension of
Gregg street and a part of Hie exten
sion nf Elmwood avenue.
A joint resolution to authorize thc
regents of Hie State hospital for the
insane to purchase the. Seegers prop
erty, and to provide paying Hie same.
An act to authorize and empower
counties and incorporated cities and
towns to own and operate rock quar
ries and to work convicts thereon, and
extend Hie police jurisdiction.
An act to prohibit the importation
of diseased stock into this State.
An act to require all railroads oper
ating in this State to protect the
rates of freight in the bili for carriage
of all freights, goods, wares and mer
chandise, and to provide penalties for
the violation thereof.
An act to amend section 2159, vol.
1, of the code of laws of this Slate, br
adding a proviso that on short roads
there must bc separate apartments for
An act to amend thc code of South
Carolina, 1902, volume I, (civil code)
hy insert ing section to he known as
section 20011a, in regard lo freight
rates on melons.
MO&? EVERY YE AB,.
The 8pecial Legislative Committee
8ohemo is Growing.
SEVERAL SIT BETWEEN SESSIONB
To t.ook Into VnrloiiH Mut fers, Sumo
ol' Whlcli Aro Important, und
Sonic: of Not Mue li
During the interim between sessions
of the general assembly,the legislative
investigating commissions, hold their
sessions. Some ol' these investigations
or Inspections arc merely formal and
the expense upon thc State is growl nu
every year. The members are paid $4
per day for each day in actual service
and given mileage at the rate or 5
cents a mile.
Each year another committee or so
is added to the list and each commit
tee costs about $000 a year. Last year
there was added to the list the com
mittee to visit the State colleges and
to look Into their financial reports.
This year there are three new com
missions, one to consider how to get
thc State out of debt, and two to con
sider matters in connection with the
completion of the State capitol. The
people of the State will nu doubt ex
pect something from these new com
mittees to prove the necessity for
their having been appointed.
Following arc the commissions ap
pointed under authority of concurrent
resolutions passed at the session just
Committee to examine into expendi
ture of appropriations for State edu
cational institutions-Senator P. L.
Hardin and Representatives T. II.
Rainsford and Arthur Kl bier.
Committee to consider completion
of State house- -Senators Robert Ald
rich and Richard I. Manning and
Repr?senta ti ves T. Y. Williams, .I.O.
Patterson and .Indie M. Rawlinson.
Committee (elected by thc commit
tee on State hospital for the insane) i
to examine accounts of penal and
charitable institutions-Senator W.
C. Hough and Representatives .1. II.
Brooks and .J. E. Beamguard.
Committee to examine and check
up the books of thc dispensary-Sena
tor W. H. Sharpe and Representatives
Joseph Glover and lt. W. Nichols.
Committee to examine thc books
and vouchers of the State treasurer,
comptroller general and commissioners
of the sinking fund-Senator Edward
Mciver and Reorcsentatives W. .1.
Johnson and J. G. Richards, Jr.
Committee to contract for printing
supreme court reports-Senator J. S.
Brice and Representatives J. R. Cog
geshall and A. H. Moss.
Committee to consider how best to
put'the State upon a cash basis-Sen
ators George S. Mower and Richard
1. Manning, and Repr :scntatives Jud.
P. Thomas, Jr.. Altamont Moses and
W. O. Tatum
Committee to investigate and report
oh certain repairs on State house
Senators J. Q. Marshall and George
von Kolnitz, and Representatives Al
tamont Moses, C. J. Colcock and S. T.
Some of these gentlemen have
served on the committees under ronn
er administrations, lt is a matter of
legislative courtesy to appoint the
member or the senator who introduces
tlie concurrent resolution-and these
resolutions are never delayed many
days alter the opening of the session.
There are other legislative appoint
ments which entitle the holders there
of to opporlunttier. for pleasant trips,
and for responsible duties. The chair
men of the senate and house commit
tees on educat ion are trustees of Win
throp. These gentlemen are Senator
Geo. W. Brown of Darlington and
Representative B. A. Morgan of
Greenville, succeeding Senator I). S.
Henderson and Representative Huger
Thc chairman of t he finance com
mittee of the senate, Senator George
S. Mower, and the chairman of thc
ways and means committee of thc
house, Hon. Altamont Moses, are
members of Hie sinking fund commis
Senator Sheppard" and Representa
tive J. O. Patterson, by virtue of be
ing chairman of the committees on
privileges and elections, are members
of thc State board of canvassers which
lias duties on election years.
The new commission lo consider
ways and means of gel ting the State
on a cash bar.is was appointed because
ol' the demand for some way to get
taxable property returned for its pro
per valuation and to get property on
the books which has escaped taxation.
The expenses of the government are
increasing, and the income is not
what it should lie. Mr. .Ino. H.
Thomas, Jr., of Columbia, is a mem
ber of tlie commission. Ile thinks
tlv.it one way to rectify the trouble
is to ?take the auditor's otlice out of
thc primary. Ile thinks that men of
honor and qualllled in every way ran
be gotten for the auditor's otliecs with
out the primary method, and thc
advantage would bc that they would
not bc hampered with campaign
pledges, etc., and could get tlie pro
perty returned for its right value.
Auditors nominated in tlie primary
must sometimes make inclination to do
right secondary to a necessity Lo lie
tactful or discreet in order to get
back into ohicc. Another remedy
suggested is to raise revenue by tax
ing franchises. This matter admits
There are two State house commis
sions, one to consider tlie quality of
tlie work which has been done; thc
oLher Lo look inLo the estimated cost
of putting the Interior of the build
ings and the grounds into first class
condition. AL the last session the
commission in charge ol' completing
Lhe SLalc house made its report, and
Senator Marshal! made a minority re
port in which he. severely criticised
The ot her commission was appoint
ed as the. outcome ol' a bili to provide
an appropriation for the repair of the
interior of the. building, for building
a granite reta!nhl wall around the
terraces and for buying new boilers
for the steam healing plant, lt was
thought that the new boilers would
cost between 810,000and int,ooo. The
legislature! seemed to think that the
boilers would not hurst for a while,
and instead of making the appropria
tion decided to have a joint committee
look into the matter carefully.-The
An act Lo auLhorizc thc Lexington
and Columbia railway Lo construct its
tracks through certain counties; and
for other purposes. *r,
To increase the salary of chaplain
of tlie penitentiary.
To permit directors ol' the peniten
tiary to exchange lands with (leo. E.
To permit 10-year convicts Lo lie
worked on the cha in gangs.
Albert Knapp Con rcs cn li* tho
Murder ot'Five Womb?.
Five murders, the victims of which
were nil women, und three of them
ids wives-such is , the revolting re
cord of Albert Knapp given Thursday
in u sworn confession by the murderer
before Mayor Hosoh or Hamilton,
Ohio. The murder of histldrd wife,
Annie Goddard Knapp, which led to
Knapp's arrest Wednesday in Indiana
polis was done; "I don't why," to
uno te the prisoner.
Knapp's confession,, which was
sworn to before Mayor Hosoh. ls as
"On Jan. 21, 181)4, 1 killed Emma
Littleiniui in a lumber yard in Gest '
street, Cincinnati; on Aug. I, 18514,1 1
lulled May Eckert, in Walnut street,
opposite the V. M. C. A.; in Cincin
nati: on Aug. 7, 185)4, 1 killed my ?
wife, Jennie Connors Knapp under
the canal bridge in Liberty street, j
Cincinnati, and threw'hei into the ,
canal: In Indianapolis, in July, 18115,
I killed Ida Gebhard. On Dec. 22, 1
11)02. 1 killed my wife, Annie Knapp,
at 335) South Fourth street, In Hamil
ton, and threw ber into the river
at Linden wald. This is the truth.
(Signed) Albeit Knapp.
"I make this statement ol' my own
free will and not by the. request ol
any olllcer or any one else.''
(Signed) Albert Knapp. j
Thc confession clears up the mystery i
at least ot' due death-that of- Jennie
Conn?) s Knapp, Knapp's second wife.
This woman's body was found In the
sluggish water of a canal near Cin- i
clnuati. Bruises were discovered <m
the bead but an investigation ltd to
no dc li ni tu conclusion concerning the '
manner ol" her death.
The most recent of the murders to ;
which Knapp has confessed-that of i
his third wife, Annie Goddard Knapp
ol'Hamilton, lcd to his arrest, at the
home of his fourth bride in Indiana
polis. Au uncle of the victim, hearing
of Knapp's marriage toa Miss Gamble <
in Indianapolis a few days after the
mysterious disappearance of Iiis niece,
formerly Annie Goddard, started an
Thc police were prepared for a
grewsomc story Thursday, Knapp
having admitted his guilt ol' the God
dard murder Wednesday night, but
they were dumbfounded at thc revela
tions which the prisoner made when
put under oath.
After his confession Knapp ad
mitted that he had repeatedly as
saulted women. Ile said:
"1 met thc Litticman child in the
lumber yard and choked lier to death
when she made an "outcry. I went
into the room with tim Eckert girl
and sat down with her. She cried
and 1 strangled h -r willi a towel and
hurried from thc house.
"I was mad at my wife, Jennie Con
nors Knapp, when 1 killed her. We
were walking along Liberty street. I
sat lier down under che bridge and
chocked her to death. 1 deny that I
poisoned her. I never told any one 1
did. After she was dead 1 threw the
body into the canal.
"Ida Gebhard I killed, hut my
memory is not clear as to what 1 did.
1 cannot tell what made me kill these
people. 1 could not help lt. Some
kind of a desire to kill took hoM of
me and 1 could not r/\sisi, the tempta
tion io kill. I am sorry ronny c'?T?hej
but now I hope they ?ill bc easy with
After the confession a fenn al
charge of murder in the first ellice
Attorney C. H. Tenner of Cincin
nati was allowed to sec Knapp and
told him to make no further M.aLc
mcnt. Knapp was surprised that
his people had secured a lawyer tor
Knapp talks much of tho Pearl
Pry a n murder and is afraid ot' being
Knapp is now suspected of strang
ling three women at Evansville, Incl.,
and of killin>i women elcswlierc. He
was in the Cincinnati house of refuge
whan I ' years old.
Tito Gon/.ales Memorial.
'Die Gastonia correspondent ol' the
Charlotte Observer tells thc following:
"A lecture entitled 'Thoughts
Vi pon Miisic, With Prelude; Interlude
and Postlude," is tu be delivered in the
V. M. C. A.. hall by Prof. 1). S. Li.
Johnson. Alter the lecture, a collec
tion will lie taken for the benclit of
the Gonzales monument fund now be
ing collected in Columbia. A very
interesting story is connected with
t his lecture, showing why this collec
tion is to bc made. It seems that the
last year of Mr. Gonzales' school life
was spent in Fairfax county, Vu.,
and his teacher was this same Prof.
Johnson. Young Gonzales was ambi
tious to prepare himself for newspa
per work, and the teacber did not
classify liim, so thal lie might have
an opportunity to make all thc pro
gress possible. From that time until
his unfortunate death he did not for
get his "Mr. Davy,' as he affectionate
ly called his old teacher. On last
Christmas Mr. Gonzales wrote him as
follows: 'My dear Mr. Davy: Please
let nie share with you, this Christmas,
my dividend from Tia; State.' Ac
companying dis letter was a very
liberal check. His old teacher has
met with reverses, lint wishes to do
what he. can lo pay a tribute to his
old pupil; the lamented Gonzales."
Killed by Dynamite.
.1. K. Martin, a white man, and Joe
Youl ree and William Bennett, ne
groes, were killed at :i railroad camp
in Hie western outskirts of Nashville,
Tenn., Tuesday by thc accidental ex
plosion ol' two sticks of dynamite.
Tlie men's body were fearfully man
gled and were unrecognizable. The
cause ol' t bc explosion is not known.
Thc while mau was hurled lf>0 feet.
Portions of one of thc negro's body
and fragments of his clothing were
anded in a free 7f> feet away.
General Frost Appointed.
Adjt. Gen. Corbin of thc United
Slates army has written Gov. llcy
Wiiril saying t hat he has been appoint
ed chief marshal of the great parade
in St. Louis. Mo., on April 30, incl
dent to thc dedication of the world's
fair, and asking that thc governor
name some member "f his stair to
represent South Carolina on Gen.
Corbin's stall' on that occasion. The.
governor has named Gen. John D.
Frost, his chief of staff, who will go
lo St. Louis and serve.
Tho Solo Survivor.
The man supposed to.he thc sole
survivor ol' the St. Pierro disaster was
a passenger hy I he steamer Foti tabell?
which arrived al. New York Tuesday
from tiic West Indies. He is Joseph
Sibaracc, a negro aged 27 years, a
native ol' Martinique, lie was a pris
oner in the dungeon; of St. Pierre
when the ill-fated city was destroyed
hy thc eruption ol' Mont Peclec. He
? was taken to Kills island.
tt?^n rvtv-ttnmV^'Vi V i "n - ir n'-'i'. '
.Wo have read Senator Tillman's
speech on the trust question delivered
In tho Senate sometime ?go, and wo
oonsldor HT ono of the strongest
speeches yet made on that subject.
It presents the Democratic view in a
most rorcible light. He rightly takos
the position that moro and additional
federal statutes are not needed in or
der to deal with thc trust question;
that the present laws are good enough
and stringent enough if they were
only enforced: "In the opening part
or his speech he says:
"lt ls said by those, charged with
the administration of the government
that we need more legislation; that
we have not now any remedy for the
evils which confront us; that the noo
nie are helpless; that congress must
do more; that the olllcers of the 1; w
Lire powerless, and their efforts wlil
he futile to render relief. Iain n
minded here of an old and hackneyed
couplet which all of us have heard o
jfUMi and so long that most of us fa.l
L?give it Its full import. 1 think it
ls from Pope, hut it does not inuit? r
who wroteit.it is as true now as t
"For forms of government let fo 's
Whate'er is liest administer'd is hes'.
"We may load down our statut s
with law after law and pass all UK
Hood of bills that arc coming in now
from both ends of Hie capitol, and
unless Hie sworn oliioers of the law
Miall ?liscliarge their duties fearlessly
mid honestly everv effort t?i protect
the people will rail, as the effort which
hive been made in Hie past li ive
failed, because of Hie dereliction of
iuty oil the part of those charged
with ex? cuting Hie law."
Senator Tillman then lakes up the
Sherman anti-trust law tin analyzes
its provisions, claiming that almost
itiiy kimi of i.rust, and especially the
lion! trust, could have heen check
mated under its provisions. lie does
not deal in generalities, hut is most
minute in his specifications, tracing
Hie history of the consolidation pt Hie
coal interests and the railroad inter
ests. He shows that thc trust was
formed openly and above board, in
open defiance of the law, and that it
could have been checked by thc attor
ney general of the United States if lie
had only performed his sworn duty.
Tiie speech is a very long one, and
we regret that we cannot reproduce
it, or any great part of it, in these
columns, lt should he read by all
who can secure a copy of it. It is an
able and logical presentation of a very
vexatious subject, and fortifies and
strengthens thc democratic position
on the qiiestibh.
Conviction ami l?utiinhmciit.
The Anderson Daily Mail says that
Judge Purdy was talking about Solici
tor Hoggs in the court roora while the
solicitor was not abput. "He heats
any man I ever saw," said Judge
Purdy. "Over in Greenville last week
he tried forty cases iii live days and a
hall and convicted thirty-seven of
them. Pour of them were murder
cases, and he is going to have two of
Hiern hanged. I think that beats
all the records in the criminal courts
in this state."
Thc Greenville Mountaineer says
"Judge Purdy is right about the con
victions, and that is Hie etui of the
rope with Solicitor Hogg or any other
prosecuting attorney for the state.
The main dilllculty is that punish
ment does not always follow convic
tion. In this statement of Judge
Purdy it is claimed that there are to
lie two hangings as thc result or con
victions af Hie recent term, when asa
mat ter ol' fact ?me or them lias heen
postponed indefinitely, as they say in
in Hie legislature.
A few years ago, when Judge (tenet
was holding acrimminal court in that
city, Solicitor Hoggs at ids first term
as solicitor obtained large humber pr
convictions, including in tile schedule
Hn\e hangings for murder, hut not
?me of them ever took place. The
lawyers for the defense often work
harder after Hie conviction than be
fore the trial, and Hie complacent
public kin?lly assist, by signing every
petition that comes around, and exe
cutive clemency puts the finishing
touch upon the worn of Hie circuit
court hy commuting Hie sentence of
releasing thc prisoner.
"Hy no means lessen Hie. number of
convictions, but let the way be found
to fit the punishment to the crime,
and South Carolina will be freed in
a measure from the contumely now
being heaped upon thc state for thc
non-enforcement of the criminal
laws." The question is how is the
way to he found and by whom?
Nearly every man who kills another
should lie punished in some way or
other, but none scarcely are punished,
t What is the remedy: One should be
found and applied.
Do Von Know?
Why should thc farmers of thc
United States be poor when the pro
ducts of agriculture form about two
thirds of the entire export trade of
the country? Last year, according to
the secretary of agriculture, exports
from tiie farm amounted to 8800,000,
OOO. On tiie farm what should be
among the possibilities in wealth and
power and a high degree of intel
ligence when it is known that Hie
science of agriculture is yet in rudi
mentary stages throughout thc world?
The farmer is Hie great man of the
country and should lie thc happiest
and most independent man. If lie is
not: who is to blame? The signboards
are up and if lie takes the wrong fork
in tiie road he should blame himself
because lie has eyes and refuses to see.
At'rnhi of Ililli.
At Washington a young man giv
ing the name of W. L. Clark gained
admission to thc floor of the house
Tuesday and seated himself in thc
chair of tile speaker's messenger neat
the speaker's desk where lie sat idly
twirling a white hat with a red band.
Assistant Doorkeeper Kennedy es
corted him out and turned him over
to the capitol police who t?>ok him to
Hie guard room where he was recog
nized as the same young man who was
escorted from thc capitol building
Sunday because ot' his strange conduct.
Ile was scut to police headquarters in
A Drummer Shot.
W. J. Thompson, formerly a travel
ing representative for a Louisville,
Ky., house, was shot three times and
fatally wounded in the dining room
of Iiis residence at Maxton, N. C., at
(t o'clock Thursday evening by li. N.
McLean, a nephew of Thompson's
wile. Thompson, who was under thc
Influence of whiskey, objected to thc
presence or McLean, who had been
summoned by Mrs. Thompson on ac
count of her husband's condition, and
an altercation ensued. McLean claims
hat Uie*shootlng was entirely in self*
DR. HATHAWAY. 5
Recognized as the Leading and \\
Most Successful Specialist in tl
His linc in the United States. ?*
ftX_X. "_ My cure for this disease is
!S?TrS I.TI?rfi no cutting or danserons HI
OM IUIUI O uai attention, andtreatlu
Hon and porencss la allayed and tao canal lion!:
Tbls dleoaso ?9 tho cnla:
the vitality, lt weakens
form certainty just as qu
any other disease, and their strength is being d
cd, and learn the cause ot your trouble. Send f
RlflOd PoiSOn kn?V'justwhatmy
UMUUU I UIOU1I bones, falling hair,
I will tell you frankly whotlier or not you are ?
drugs, In as quick, lt not quicker, limo than any
Will be eradicated from tao system forever. 80:
Diseases of Women Jg
to health thousands ol suffering women. 8en?
Chronic Diseases ?jg
ls equipped with the most approved X-Ray and
Home Treatment S??
countries. Correspondence confidential.
88 Inman Building, 22* S. Broa*
The Weather for Murch.
The following date, covering al
period of 15 years, have been compiled
from the weather bureau records at|
I Columbia for the month of March:
Mean or normal temperature, 54 de
The warmest month was that of
181)4, with an average of 00 degrees.
Tlie coldest month was that of 1891,
with ari average of 48 degrees.
The highest temperature was no de
gress on March 22, 1894.
Thc locwst temperature was 20 de
grees on March 7, 1901.
Average date 011 which first "kill
ing" frost occurred in autumn, Novem
Average date-011 which last "killing"
frost occurred in spring, March 23.
Average for thc month, 4.53 inches.
Average number of days with Ol ol
ari inch or more, 10.
Thc greatest month- precipitation
was li.'.fl inches in 1801;
The least monthly precipitation was
1.20 inches in 18?:?.
Thc greatest amount of precipita
tion recorded in any'24 consecutive
hours was 2.?3 inches on March 2fi-2<?,
The greatest amount of snowfall re
corded in any 24 consecutive hours
(.record extending to winter of 1884-85
only was 1 inch in March. 1890.
Average number of clear days, ll:
partly cloudy days, 9: cloudy days, li.
The prevailing winds have been
from the west.
Tlie highest velocity of the wind
was 41 miles from the southwest on
March 30 1902.
Inexpensive to lay.
Easy to keep in repair.
Bight and very durable.
Waterproof and orderless.
Not affected by change of tem
Acid and Alkali-proof.
Fire-resisting and oil-proof.
Vermin will not attack it.
All ready to lay.
Needs no painting or coating.
Will not deteriorate with age.
-WRITE FOR BRICES
LIME & CEMENT
All classes building material,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
25 . o ri <
2 3 0 u
? S t S';? g 9 ?|if
S 'I fe * . g ^2
rt O SH"
?4 O rt ?? ?
The Vital Points.
A Quality j of the gooda, and
W and j- sometimes the date
K Price ) of shipment. When
in need of Paints, ?Yment,
Sash, etc., etc., give us a
chance to prove that ^ we can
satisfy yon on all titree points.
tail Biders ssmtr Go.,
015 Blain St.. Columbia, S. C.
?Vmpnf Tn CHARLESTON
VyUUiL-Ill V;U., South Carolina.
Cager's White Lime, Cements, Fire
Bricks, Terra Cotta Ripes.
Tlie specialist i? now lnaiepensabW. in'all walks of Uf? ihnr? lVn"dum/ind for
con do one particular thin? bettor than any ono etso,an<l?ucu aihai?lj onewlirjhas confined;
ls endeavor io, and centered all ot hld energy and ability on the' .ipect'ilty lio has chosen for hld
-Early lu my professional career I reallied' that Chronto VU?OSCJ ?ero not DclnVfriveii thc
:tentioa which their importance warranted, ? I saw .??nt tbeso diseases required a special flt
?BB -which tho busy practitioner could never acquire. For mo re' than. I wtjii ty years fhWo'i?e*
otcd myself exclusively to tho study and treatment of these diseases, and tho fact thatphysb'
ians recommend mo to their patients la ?rn evidence- of my skill and ability la my sp?cial line, 1
Ivo special counsel to physicians with obstinate and obscuro cases. 1
I barn devoted particular attention to chronlo diseases of ?nen nnd women,"and no other '?
lass of dlscaso requires more intelligent and expert treatment. Iti3 ? fact that a malprlty of '.'
acnowo tho seriousness of their condition to improper treatment, and a failure to realize tho
mportanco of placing their case in tho hands' of a skilled and expert specialist/' .'. ^ .
UantfAlie "flnhilrfru 0T?*?"?nlgcnce, f??tw?tt?n'8 a?? .excesses ivre not tho only
vul VUuo UyUIMlV causes of lin Impairment of sexual strength. Such adernniro
, , , ? ,, ? J . ment frequently comes from worry, overwork, mental strain,;
tc., which gradually weakens and injures the sysloin-before tho .unfortunate victim realizes
lie true nature of his trouble. Nervousness,weak bnck, dizziness, loss of memory, spots before'
lie eye3. despondency, etc., often aro the first symptoms of an impairment of manly vigor,'and ul
eglected serious resuItB are sure to follow. 1 want to talk to every man who has any of these
ymptoins ot weakening of his manly functions. lean promptly correct all Irregularities, and
ndcr my skillful treatment you will have restored all of < tho strength nnd glory of your mart
ood. Whether you consult me or not, do not jeopardlzo your Health by experimenting with
;ady-made medicines, freo samples, so-called quick cures,-etc.. aa the most delicate organs of
ie body are Involved, and only an expert should ba entrusted with your case. Send forireo
ooklet, " Nervous Debility and Its Family of Ills." ? 1 - '
gentle and painless, and often causes no detention from business or other duties. It Involves
lrglcal operation. Improper treatment will result In serious Injury. I give each caso Individ
i every requirement. Every, obstruction is removed, and all discharge soon ceases, lnflamma
i up promptly and permanently. Bend for freo book on Stricture.
icement of veins of the scrotum, which fill with stagnant blood, causing a constant drain upon
i thc entire system and saps away all sexual Btrength. 1 cure this disease with the same uni
lek as consistent with medical science. Probably moro men aro afflicted with Varicocele than ;v
rained away without their knowing thc cause. Come to mc at ouce If you think you arc afflict
or free booklet on Varicocele. '.'
?0 is no longer incurable, and when I say th at I can cure the most sevo'ro caso I do so becauso I;
treatment has accomplished. If you have sores, pimples, blotches, soro throat, pains In tho
or any symptoms which you do not understand, lt is important that you consult nie at once, and
in unfortunate vlotlm. i -.viii guarantee toouro you without tho use.of strong and injurious
known treatment. My cure ls A permanent ono, and ia not mere patchwork, and tho disease
nd for my f roe booklet, "Tho Poison King."
non who suffer from thc ail mnnts peculiar to their sex aro cured by my gentle and painless
hod of treatment, which avoids all necessity for surgical operations. If you suffer froth bearlnR
n pains, backache, irregularities, leuehorrnca, etc., write me aboilt your case. 1 have restored
I for my free booklet on women's Diseases.
, electrical apparatus, pp that-my patients get tho benefit of the latest "dlscovTrlcs^oTsclem:e
?rrone to consult mo without charge, nnd will refund railroad fare ono way to nil who toko
If you cannot seo me in person write for symptom blanks and lull information about my suc
. of home treatment by which I have cured patients in every State in tho Tjulun audln foreign
. >.. .
tl St., Atlanta, Ga.
I ^ * - - 0
The Great Spring Remedy.
/| After the rigors of winter are felt you are liable to feel the need of a
.if- tonic, laxative and
YOU WANT THE BEST OF COURSE; THAT IS
This medicine is scientifically compounded from thc extracts of roots,
herbs and barks, combined with certain other purifying and alterative
products. A sure cure for Rheumatism, Indigestion, Constipation, Boils,
Kidney Troubles, and all diseases arising from impurities in thc blood.
Ask you- umpprlsta for RHEUM A.CIDK anti Insist on getting lt.
Hewn i c of substitutes of doubtful vain?. .
All Druggists, or express prepaid.
Bobbitt Chemical Co.. . - BalUmorWrUhyU. S. A.
o'tLk?ee Ren,edyoi:*>WreetGum & .VI Ull?il?
Cures Cough?, Colds, Whoping Cough, "L:i< ?? ipi ie nidi all
, Throat ami Lung 'J roubles wintle of Kure Sweet Glim, Mul
lein and Honey. Ytuir Drnggist sells ir 25 ?mri M<? J- ,!
Ii r full line of Hardware is not bel tor than other, don't buy it.
Our salesmen are out. ,i
Coleman-Wagener Hardware Company
3(53 KING Sb.
CHARLESTON, S. C.
JPlie C oble Company
-rilK LAW I'.ST MANUFACTURERS OK--r-'
High lix aie Pianos and Organs
T? ? TC WORLD,
Knetorles, Chicago and Sr. Charles, Illinois.
Canif.l.TW ) MILLION DOLLARS, 32,000,000.
hiansh House, 28*> Kim St. C Elleston, S. C.
IIANO? AND OB GANS Sr ll on Easy Terms. Before buying,
w itt .or our cital'-gab ai 1 ter>"? Factory prices made.
S. Lill 1 nc of Shrcl Milgie air' small Musical Instruments in stock.
.1. V. WALLACE, Manager.
THE TA.HLE OOIVIRAIMV,
Lil \l\ i.ES PON, S. C.
a> GOLUMBSA CUMBER & MFG. GO.
bA?tt, DCORS, EL"'=IDS, ?NTP.P^OR F?NfSt1, MOUI.?
.INO AIND CUMBER, ft:"'Y QUANT: .<"Y. f
Tortured by Rdbberfl.
Ten masked robbers went lo thc
hume of Christian Joel il i ti, two milos
from the city of Toledo, Ohio., Thurs
day night at H o'tiurk, battered clown
the doors with clubs and entered the
residence, leaving two men outside
as guards. In the house were Mr.
and Mrs. Christian Jochim, Mr. and
Mrs. Jacob Joehlin, John Anderson,
Jos. Joelin, also a three-year-old hoy
and an 18-months-old girl. All, in
cluding even the baby hoy and girl, j
were clubbed into insensibility, hound
and gagged. When the Joch? i ns re
covered consciousness thc robbers
demanded $20,000, which they said
they knew was secreted in the house.
When told t hat no such amount was
there the bandits applied burning
torches to the faces and feet of all
their victims, blistering oven the in
fant's little feet. Christian Joehlin.
ag aged paralytic, was beaten s->
frequently that there is not a spot on
his head that is not bruised and raw.
The marauders leaving their victims
securely tied, searched every corner
or the house, securing $300 in cash
and several articles of jewelry. They
drank several gallons of "due they
found in the cellar, prepared a hearty
meal, including meat, potatoes, coffee;
wine and other edibles, and ate it.
They were In thc house live hours,
leaving at -i o'clock this morning,
after notifying the family that they
would return for the $20,000. Every
policeman and detective in thc city is
working on thc case, but not even 11
clue of tho intruders' whereabouts;
hus been discovered.
By a rising vote the Southern Asso
ciation of Newspapers Circulators,
which opened its session at New Or
leans 'J hursday, decided to tender
sympathy to A. E. Gonzales of the
Columbia State oh the recent tragic
ilca'li of hil brother,'editor of that
pa tier. .Vice President II, II. Ahrens
called Cse association to order. Many
important 'topics are lo he discussed
during Hie two days session. Tho
associai ion was organized in Atlanta
A POUT AoviiitTisiNo.-Where one
merchant falls to get value from ad
vertising there are ten who have suc
ceeded In realizing on the Investment.
If merchants all had the ability to do
as much advertising ns tney might
desire lhere would be results sticking
out all over the business community. .
Thc majority lack capacity to take on ?
as much advertising as might be re
commended, hut they should not hesi
tate about advertising all they can .
merely because, they can't clo all they
would like to do._
A TEXAN known as " Volcano" Mar
shall b?chame stranded in Manila and
asked Geri? Chalice to send him home.
The general said his orders were to
give such aid only to those in the
military or civil service. "You could
send me if yon wanted to, said Mar
shall persuasively.^ "See here," said .
thc. commander in-.stern tones, "if
our places wore reversed would you -
give me transportation?"- "You beti
I would, and be darned glad to v
rid of you," said the Texan volcano.-,
Gen. Chalice smiled discreetly when
asked whether he sent Marshall home.