Newspaper Page Text
?.r7i' > iii I.- Wurf. rfc-,-^? Wn h
COTTON IS KING.
A Write- in the Augusta Chronicle
Thinks It Sovereign.
NO MORE IOW COTTON SAYS HE.
Acronf*,; ('annul ho Increased
anil If Twelve Million nales
IM M?rie; lt Cannot lip
The following letter which we clip
from the Augusta Chronicle on the
cotton outlook will lr read v/ifcli in
terest by the farmers and others in
NORWOOD, Ga., Feb. 23-There
have been only th reo mon, so histo
rians tell us, that have combined the
soldier, statesman and financier In
one -Julius Caesar, born 100 years be
fore Christ: Ccorgc Washington, born
in 1732; Napoleon Bonaparte, born in
l*7li(i V nrl "ll nf ??-->-. !.?r>n l'>f> ?in
- .'.'?? ...j?. i.i. Ol UlJt-Ol> ililli lulu fill
impression upon their times that can
never be elTaced. They did more for
human rights and constitutional
liberty than the balance of great men,
and yet none was a king. It is said
of Caesar before he was assassinated
at the foot of thestatue.of Pompey,
that while thc crown was offered him
three times and the last* time pushed
gently aside, 1 remember him only as
Caesar who paused on thc brink of the
Rubicon and uttered these immortal
words: "veni, vidi vlei," and today,
while neither of these illustrious men
was ever crowned king, there is a
king today in thc south who rules the
world, and he has said "veni vidi vlei,
and my name is King Colton."
Marius sitting on the ruins of Car
thage is not amore pitiable sight dari
an oid Bear sitting on a bale of cotton
and a sherill' selling him out. And
now let me tell you, North, South,
East and West, England; France
Russia, Germany "and the balance of
mankind, you will never get the cot
tori_ we make again at what you have
been paying. Your Bustuns,1 your
Beers' and your Neils' days are over.
The south ls coming forth in her
grandeur and her glory with prosperity
thundering from eveiy mountain top,
from every vale and dell and the glori
ous re- frain "Cotton is King," is
heard o'er the land.
England may talk of planting cot
ton in Africa, South Africa is the on
ly part of Africa's vast domain of
11,300,000 statute square miles that
is worth a continental for cotton.
Thc Egyptian cotton raised along thc
Nile is contincd to a small territory,
and the cotton raised in Russia is
short in libre and can't ht* spun un
less mixed witli other cotton ol' long
libre. The cotton talked of in Cuba
by Clark Howell is a farce. No coun
try growing a stalk as large as a tree
can make cotton, thc climatic condi
tions arc too tropical. The cotton
planted in South America, in Mexico,
The United State wi til over lin ee
million statute square miles has about
gone her limits and you will never set
over eleven million bales of colton
raised again in thc south.
Suppose, then, over eleven milliot
bales were raised (say twelve million)
it could not he gathered. The soutl
will never again gather a twelve mil
lion bale crop, simply because Hu
labor ls not there to gather lt. Tuc
old time negro is dying out, and Hu
young buck coming forward educated
ain't worth a ou.>s as a tarin hand
totally unavailable as a laborer. Tin
statistics show that whenever yon
educate a negro, you spoil a good
farm hand. Ile no longer desires ti
pull the bell cord over a mule. Ut
wants to teach school or preach, and
besides, there are hundreds ol' avoca
tions opening up lo the daily tnilcrln
our country-turpentine farming,
saw mills, factories, railroads. Our
Southland has made more progress in
the last ten years, than in two de
cades past, and these institutions are
paying good wages and ready cash.
With the boll weevil in Texas,
thousands of acres of land devoted tc
peach culture in the south, the popula
tion of thc country by far outgrowing
the production of thc country, and Hie
conquest of the Philippines, and lang
land's inroads into Africa, is bringing
into Hie folds of civilization a vast
horde of people who went about cloth
ed with a simple tig leaf until lately,
who now wear clothes. I was told
while in Augusta during my last visit
that while Augusta was quoted al
holding about forty thousand bales of
cotton, there in reality were only
about Hf teen thousand bales cotton
for market, the balance is I h ma li's
and others, not for sale, bulto deliver
Now there is one thing clearly
demonstrated to my mind-that thc
south never will make twelve million
bales-if slie did the labor is not herc
to gather it, and what is not picked by
January 1st, will never lie picked. And
again the top crop will never bc again
a factor. As my friend Josii Doughty
told me, Dan Howies had 2(5 acres of
thc prettiest and forwardest second
crop ever seen. It was the pride of
the mill men around Augusta, and
the cotton motors gazed long and
lovingly upon the large unopen bolls
that were destined to die unborn.
Th.e beautiful soft, silky-white locks
Were never to lie kissed hy a southern
sun, and I am told that while the
boys were dwelling in rapture over
Bowles's crop, Dan, who is sharp as
he is clever, and being very democra
tic in his ideas, offered the crop for
one hale, and thc trull; i:<; it made
The price of ten cents cotton has
made a wonderful difference in the
situation. There were at least ;*?,00()
bales sold in the last few days in
Augusta and with what is now to sell
Will put in circulation in Augusta
nearly a. quarter of a million dollar*
more, as this cotton was bought at
about H cents. I want to pay a compli
ment to the factors of Augusta. They
are the cleverest and most reliable
set of men in thc sout h and have been
anel ure the tanners' friends. They
rejoice to see the staple risc.
Alexander and Alexander were Hit!
first, to sell a round lol nf middling
ten cents. Nixon and Dan for th next
followed with a big lot at saine ligure
and the b;'.l;ince did tht: same. Tom
Danfartb told thc writer cotton would
bring eleven cents in 30 days. Ile
goes me one better. The writer pro
poses to continue this weekly letter
and along a little later with the help
of the farmers in Georgia and Carolina
desires to co-operate in opening up a
bureau of cotton statistics which will
he fully explained in next letter. The
writer is daily in receipt of letters
from prominent people, some of which
will bc published later: would he glad
to hear from Others.
Some want to know why 1 sold cot
ton at 10 ccnls. Simply because that
was tho prl?a'I xvas fighting for and
wanted to Bettie up by March Int.
Cotton will bo bringing 12 cents by
July 1st. Don't buy futures; lt's tho
south's ruination. '. '
T. 10. MABSKNOALE.
THE NEW LAWS
Ol' General Interest Paused at tlie
Late Session ol* the Ije?lBlature.
There wore 18.3 acts passed hythe
legislature which adjourned Saturday.
The greater part of tills number ls
devoted to local legislation, building
school '-houses, refunding over-paid
taxes, etc. There was not much anti
corporution legislation. A number of
acts merely correct errors in the code.
Tlie lirst act passed by tlie general
assembly was Senator von Kol h I tit's
bill to provide for any ; deficiency in
tlie drawing of grand juries for the
year 11)03; This act was ratiiied on
the 25>th of January.
Thc following were the acts passed
hy this general assembly:
To provide for the erection of a
monument to Wade Hampton.
To prevent the sale ol toy pistols,
T?) regulate the employment of
children in factories, mine" md manu
facturing establishments in this
To protect fish by regulating the
sale of dynamite, etc.
To establish a table of mortury sta
tistics for evidence in the courts.
Ail act to allow wholesale druggists
to sell alcohol without prolit to licens
Ap act to amend section 503 of the
criminal code of 1002, so as to furtlur
regulate the location aud establish
ment of dispensaries.
An act to provide specimens of min
eral of this State Tor Clemson Agricul
tural and Mechanical college.
An act to provide for chief State
An act.to fix thc weight and regu
late Hie trade in corn meal.
Au act to require thc State treas
urer to publish ii monthly statement
showing the amount of money on
hand and the banks in which the same
An act to amend section 1000, civil
code, relative to the persons entitled
to pensions, by eliminating age limit.
An act to detioe Hie law relating
to certain forms of commercial pa
An act to amend section 109 of thc
code of civil procedure, in reference
An act to amend section 2105 of
the Code of Laws of South Carolina,
1902, volume 1, in reference to mile
age on short roads.
An act to amend section 170 of the
criminal cede, volume IL, code of
laws 1902, relating to the punishment
for removal, destruction or leaving
down of any gate, fence, bars or other
An act to amend an act to create a
State board of entomology, to detioe
its powers and prescribe its duties,
and provide for Hie inspection of fruit
trees, vineyards and vegetable farms;
1 to prevent contagious diseases and
' destroy destructive insects in orch
ards, vineyards and other places in
1 the State.
An act to require the sergeant-at
1 amis of the senate to take care of the
i furniture of tlie senate chamber and
1 .".enate committee rooms, etc
An act to amend section 109 of the
5 criminal code, so as to give inagis
? trates jurisdiction of stealing from
: tlie lield when the property stolen
i does not exceed * lu in value.
An act tu require banks having on
deposit State Hinds to render to thc
j State treasurer, at designated limes,
' statements showing balances on hand
' to credit of the State.
An act to abolish thc ellice ol
An act to lix the burden of proof on
the party accused of violation ol' game
An act to prohibit tile sale. leasing,
ect., of pistols.
Ari adi to repeal the provision ot
: the dispensary law allowing board ot
directors to make direct contracts
willi distillers in this State.
1 Tlie general measure as to magis
trates and their salaries.
The three appropriations acts.
An act to amend section 270 of thc
code of civii procedure by prescribing
Hie number of calendars to be kept by
thc clerks of court, and the issue tn
bc placed on the same.
An act to amend section 2508,
volume 1, civil code 1902, limiting
admission of wills as evidence.
A joint resolution to authorize the
comptroller general to draw his war
rant or warrants in favor of the State
printer and the State treasurer to pay
the same to an amount not to exceed
the sum of $0,000, upon account of
amount now due to thc State printer
under his contract for the public
An act to amend section 2853, vol
ume 1, of the civil code.
An act to amend an ac entitled
"an act to provide for the incorpora
tion of towns of not less than 1,000
nor more than 5,000 inhabitants."
An act to amend section 2432 of the
civil code, 1902, by changing Hie time
in which distress warrants may bc
An act to prohibit the driving of
cattle and other live stock into this
State from other States, and to pro
vide a penalty thereof.
An act to supply bound copies of
the code of laws of South Carolina,
1902, to certain members Of the gen
An act to amend section 2.70 of Hie
civil code, volume 1, code of laws,
1902, so as to increase tito penalty
provided therein and to give one-halt'
to the person aggrieved and thc othoi
; half to the county,
i An act to authorize thc regents ot
the State hospital for thc insane t<
close up a part of the extension ol
Gregg street and a part of the ex ten
i sion of RI m wood avenue.
A joint resolution to authorize thc
. regents of the State hospital for Hu
insane to purchase the Seegers prop
? city, and to provide paying Hie same,
i An act to authorize ami empowei
counties and incorporated cities ami
towns to own and operate rock quar
: rios and to work convicts thereon, and
. extend thc police jurisdiction.
An act. to prohibit the importation
: of diseased stock into this State.
An act to require all railroads oper
ating in this State to protect Hie
rates ol' freight in the bill for carriage
of all freights, goods, wares and mer
chandise, and to provide penalties for
thc violation thereof.
An act lo amend section 2159, vol.
1, of Hie code of laws of lids State, by
adding a proviso that on short roads
there must be .separate apartments for
An act to amend the code of South
Carolina, 1902, volume 1, (civil code)
hy inserting section to bc known as
section 2090a, in regard to freight
rales on melons.
MOR? EVERY YEAR.
Tho Special Legislativo Committee
Boheme io Growing.
SEVERAL SIT BETWEEN SESSIONS
To Look !n io V ail cn IN Mutters, Home
ol' Which Al'U Important, uni!
Some ol' Not Much
During tiie Interim between sessions
of tiie general assembly,the legislative
investigating commissions hold their I
sessions. Some of these investigations!
or inspections are merely formal and
tile expense upon tho State is growing
every year. The members are paid $-1
per day for each day in actual service
and given mileage at the rate of 5
cents a mile.
Kach year another committee or so j
is added to thc list and each commit
tee costs about $?100 a year. Last year
there was added tn the list the com
mittee to visit the State colleges and
tn look int.t? their thmimia! reports.
This year Utero are three new com
missions, one to consider how to get
the State out nf debt, anti two to con- i
sider matters in oonucelion with tile
completion of thc State capitol. Tiie
people cf the State will no doubt ex
pect something from these new com
mittees to prove tiie necessity for
their having been appointed.
Following are the commissions ap
pointed under authority of concurrent. I
resolutions passed at tim session just !
Committee to examine into expendi
ture of appropriations for State edu
cational institutions-Senator P. Li
Hardin and representativos T. II.
Kuinstord and Arthur Ki bier.
Committee to consider completion
of State house-Senators Kobe 1t Ald
rich and Richard I. Manning and
Representatives T. V. Williams, ,I.O.
Patterson and Jodie M. Rawlinson.
Committee (elected by thc commit
tee on State hospital for thc insane)
to examine accounts of penal and
charitable institutions-Senator W.
C. Hough and Representatives .1. il.
Brooks and .1. E. Beamguard.
Committee to examine and check
up thc books of thc dispensary-Sena
tor W. H. Sharpe and Representatives
Joseph Glover and R. W. Nichols.
Committee to examine the books
and vouchers of thc State treasurer,
comptroller general and commissioners |
of thc sinking fund-Senator Edward
Mciver and Representatives W. .1.
Johnson and J. G. Richards, Jr.
Committee to contract for punting
supreme court reports-Senator J. S.
Brice and Representatives J. R. Cog
geshall and A. H. Moss.
Committee to consider how best to
put" tl ic State upon a cash basis-Sen
ators George S. Mower and Richard
I. Manning, and Repr ?sentatlves J no.
P. Thomas, Jr., Altamont Moses and
W. G. Tatum
Committee to investigate and report |
oii certain repairs on State house
Senators J. Q. Marshall and George
von Kolnitz, and Representatives Al
tamont Moses, C. J. Coleock and S. T.
Sonic of these gentlemen have
served on the committees under form
er administrations. It is a matter of
legislative courtesy to appoint the
member or the senator who introduces
tile concurrent resolution-and these
resoiutions are never delayed many
days alter the opening ol' the session.
There are other legislative appoint
ments willoh entitle the holders there
of to Opportun i tic. for pleasant trips,
and for responsible duties. The chair
men ol" the senate and house commit
tees on education are trustees of Win
throp. These gentlemen are Senator
Geo. W. Brown of Darlington and
Representative B. A. Morgan ol'
Greenville, succeeding Senator I). S.
Henderson and Representative Huger
Tile chairman ot' the linanee com
mittee of tiie senate, Senator George
S. Mower, and the chairman of the
ways and means committee of tilt;
house, Hon. Altamont Moses, aro j
members of t lie sinking fund commis
Senator Sheppard' and Representa
tive J. Ol Patterson, by virtue of be
ing chairman of the committees on
privileges and elections, arc members
of tiie State hoard of canvassers which
has duties on election years.
The new commission lo consider!
ways and means of getting the Stale
on a cash basis was appointed because
of tiie demand for some way to get
taxable property returned for its pro
per valuation and lo get property on
Hie books which lias escaped taxation.
The expenses of tiie government arc
increasing, and the income is not|
what it should he. Mr. J no. P.
Thomas, Jr., of Columbia, is a mem
ber of tile commission. He thinks |
that one way to rectify the trouble
is to i take the auditor's oilice out of
the primary. He thinks that men of
honor and qualilied in every way ran
begotten for the auditor's otlices with
out tiie primary method, and thc
advantage would be that they would
not bc hampered with campaign
pledges, cte., and could get the pro
perty returned for its right value.
Auditors nominated in tile primary
must sometimes make inclination to (ki |
right secondary to a necessity to he
tactful or discreet in order to get
back into oillcc. Another remedy
suggested is to raise revenue hy tax
ing franchises. This matter admits
There are two State house commis
sions, one to consider the quality of
the work which has been done: the
other to look into thc estimated cost
of putting the Interior of t he build
ings and the grounds into first class
condition. At the last session the
commission in charge of completing
tiie State house made its report, anti
Senator Marshall made a minority re
port in which he severely criticised
The other commission was appoint
ed as the outcome of a bili to provide
an appropriation for tiie repair ol' tile
interior of the building, for building
a granite retain in wall around the
terraces and for buying new boilers
for the steam heating plant. It was
thought that the hew boilers would
cost between $ Iii, OOO and $2C ,000. The
legislature seemed to think that the
boilers would not burst for a while,
and instead of making the appropria
tion decided to have a joint committee
look into the matter carefully.-The
An act to authorize the Lexington
and Columbia railway to construct its
tracks through certain counties, and
for other purposes.
To increase tiie salary ol' chaplain
of thc penitentiary.
To permit directors of the peniten
tiary to exchange lands with Geo. F.
To permit lo-year convicts to b?
worked on the chaingangs.
Albert Knapp Conrea e? tit ibo
Murder 'ol' Five Women.
Five murders, the victims of willoh
were nil women, und three of them
his wives-such ls ,the revolting re
cord of Albert Knapp given Thursday
in a sworn confession by tuc murderer
before Mayor Mosch or . il un ll ton,
Ohio. Tiie murder of bis third wife,
Annie Goddard Knapp.'which led to
Knapp's arrest Wednesday in Indiana
polis was done. "I don't why," to
(piole the prisoner.
Knapp's confession,, which was
sworn lo before Mayor ?losch, is as
"On Jan. 21, 1894, 1 killed Kinma
Littlemau in a lumber yard in (jest
street, Cincinnati; on Aug. 1, 1894, 1
killed May Eckert, in Walnut street,
opposite lhe Y. M. C. A., in Cincin
nali: on Aug. 7, 189-i, 1 killed my
wife, .Jennie Connors Knapp under
the canal bridge in Liberty street.
Cincinnati, and threw' hoi into the
canal: In Indianapolis, in.I ul v. 1895,
I killed Ida Gebhard. On Lee. 22,
1902. I killed my wife, Annie Knapp,
?lt 330 South Fourth street, In Hamil
ton, and threw her into Hie river
al Linden wald. This is the truth.
(Signed) Albert Knapp.
"I make this statement of my own
free will and not by the request ol'
any otliccr or any one else."
(Signed) Albert Knapp.
The confession clears up the mystery
at least ol' one death-that oL .lennie
Con li? s Knapp, Knapp's second wife.
This woman's body was found in the
sluggish water of a canal near Cin
cinnati. Hruiscs were discovered on
the head bul an investigation lcd tc
no delinite conclusion concerning the
manner of her death.
The most recent ?T the murders lt
which Knapp has confessed-that of
his third wife, Annie Goddard Knapp
of Hamilton, led to his arrest at tin
home of his fourth bride in Indiana
polis. An uncle Of the vict im, hearing
of Knapp's marriage toa Miss Gambit
in Indianapolis a few days after tin
mysterious disappearance of Ids niece
formerly Annie Goddard, started ai
The police were prepared for !
grewsome story Thursday, Knap]
leaving admitted Ids guilt o? the God
dard murder Wednesday night, bu
they were dumbfounded at the revela
lions which the prisoner made whei
put under oath.
After his confession Knapp ad
milted that he had repeatedly at
saulted women. He said:
"1 met the Littlemau child In th
lumber yard and choked her to deal
wi len she made an "outcry. I wen
into the room with the, Eckert gi
and sat down with lier. She erie
and 1 strangled li T willi a towel an
hurried from Hie house.
"1 was mad at my wife,.lennie Coi
nors Knapp, when i killed her. YA
were walking along Liberty street,
sal her down under Uhc bridge ar
chocked lier to death. 1 deny that
poisoned lier. 1 never told any one
did. After she was dead 1 th re A' tl
body into the canal.
"Ida Gebhard i killed, bul n
memory is not clear as to what I di
I cannot tell what made me kill the
people. 1 could not help it. ?tori
kind bf a desire to kid took boll
me and I could not r.esisi the tonint
tion to kill. I am sorry lonny ?ivn
but now I hope they ?ill bc easy wit
After the confession a fenn
charge of murder in tile jirst dfgr
Attorney C. R. Tenner of Cihei
natl was allowed to see Knapp ai
told him lo make no further dal
inenl. Knapp was surprised th
his people had secured ?1 lawyer f
Knapp talks much of the Pei
Hryan murder and is afraid of bel
Knapp is now suspected of strati
ling three ?omen at Evansville, ln<
and of killing women clcswhere. I
was in the Cincinnati house of refii
whan 17 yeti rs old.
The Uoir/.itlcH Memorial.
The Gastonia correspondent of t
Charlotte Observer tells thc follow!i
"A lecture entitled 'Thotigl
I'pon Music, With Prelude, lnterli
and Postlude,' is to bedclivcrcd in t
V. M. C. A.. hall by Prof. I). S.
johnson. After Hie lecture, a coll
lion will lie taken for ibo benelit
the Gonzales monument fund now
ing collected in Columbia. A vi
interesting story is connected w
this lecture, showing why this coll
lion is to be made. It seems that I
last year of Mr. Gonzales' school !
was spent in Fairfax county, V
and his teacher was this same Pi
Johnson. Young Gonzales was au
Hons to prepare himself for news
per work, and the teacher did
classify liim. so that lie might li
an opportunity to make all the |
gross possible. Prom that time m
his unfortunate death he did not I
get Iiis 'Mr. Davy,' as lie affections
ly called his old teacher. On 1
Christmas Mr. Gonzales wrote bin
follows: 'My dear Mr. Davy: Plc
let me share willi you, lins Christn
my dividend from The State.'
companying this letter was a v
liberal check. His old teacher
met willi reveries, but ??sites to
what he can to pay a tribute to
old pupil. Hui lamented Gonzales."
Killed by Oynnmite.
J. K. Mart in, ii white man, and
Vont ree and William Kennett,
groes, were kided al a railroad ci
in the western outskirts of Nashv
Tenn., Tuesday by Hie accidental
plosion of two sticks of dynan
Tiie men's body were fearfully II
gled and were un recog? d/.a hie. '
cause ni l ?ie explosion is not kuti
Thc while mau was hurled 150 f
Portions of one ol' Hie negro's I
and fragments of his clothing \
anded in a tree 70 feel. away.
(?eneral Front Appointed.
Adjt. (icu. Corbin of the Un
States army has written Hov. 1
wiird saying that lie lias been lippi
ed chief marshal of I he great pa
in St. Louis. Mo., on April 30,
dent to the dedication of thc wo
fair, and asking Hutt the gove
name some member of his stall
represent South Carolina on <
Corbin's stall'on that occasion,
governor has named (?en. Jobi
Frost, his chief of slit IT, who wi
to St. Louis and serve.
Tho Sole Survivor.
The man supposed to. he thc
survivor of Hie St. Pierre disaster
a passenger by I he.steamer Fon ta
which arrived at New York Tue
from tiie West Indies. He is Jo
Si barace, a negro aged 27 yeai
native ol' Martinique. He was a
oner in the dungeon, of St. P
?hen the. ill-fated city was destt
by Hie eruption ol' Mont Peelee.
was taken to Kills Island.
Tho Trust Question.
.Wo havo read Senator Tillman's
speech on the ti list question delivered
tn the Senate somet? mo ago, and we
consider 16? ono of the strongest
speeches yet made on that subject.
It presents the Democratic view in a
most forcible light. Ile rightly takes
the position that moro and additional
federal statutes arc not needed in or
der to deal with thc trust question;
that the present laws are good enough
and stringent enough If they were
onlv enforced. In the opening part
or Dis speech he says:
"lt is said by those charged with
the administration or the government
that we need more legislation; that
wc have not now any remedy for the
evils which confront us; that the peo
ple are helpless; that congress must
do more; that thc oflicers of the h w
aie powerless, and their clioris whl
be futile to render relief. 1 nm ri
m i oded herc of an old and hackneyed
couplet which all or us have heard o
often and so long that most of us rad
to give it: its full import. 1 think it
is from Pope, but it does not malt' r
who wroteit.it is as true now as t
"For forms ni government let fo 'Si
Whate'er is best administer^! is bes'. |
"We may load down our statut s
with law after law and pass all tb?.
Unod of hills that are coining in now
from both ends of thc capitol, and
unless thc sworn ollieers of the law
shall discharge their duties fearlessly
and honestly everv effort to protect
t he people will fail, as theelfort which
luve been made in the past hive
failed, because of the dereliction, of
duty on the part of those charged
with executing the law."
Senator Tillman then takes up the
Sherman anti-trust law an analyzes
its provisions, claiming that almost
any kind of trust, and especially the
coal trust, could haye been check
mated under its provisions. Ile does
not deal in generalities, but is most
minute in his specifications; tracing
the history of thc consolidation of thc
coal interests and the railroad inter
ests. Ile shows that the trust was
formed openly and above board, in
open defiance of the law, and that it
could have been checked by the attor
ney general of the United States if he
had only perrormed his sworn duty.
Thc specclt is a very long one, and
we regret that wc cannot reproduce
it, or any great part of it, in these
columns. It should he read by all
who can secure a copy of it. It is an
able and logical pr?sentation of a very
j vexatious subject, and furti tics and
strengthens the democratic position
on the question.
Conviction nixl I'uiiiuhincitt.
The Anderson Daily Mail rays that
.Judge Purdy was talking about Solici
tor Hoggs in the court room while the
solicitor was not abput. "Tie beats
any man 1 ever saw," said .ludgc
Purdy. "Over in Greenville last week
lie tried forty cases in live days and a
half and convicted thirty-seven of
them. Four of them were murder
cases, and he ls going to have two of
them hanged. 1 think that beats
all the records in the criminal courts
in this state."
The Greenville Mountaineer says
'Mudge Purdy is right about thc con
victions, and that is thc end of the
rope with Solicitor Hogg or any other
prosecuting attorney for the state.
The main dilliculty is that punish
ment does not always follow convic
tion. In this statement of Judge
Purdy it is claimed that there are to
bc two hangings as the result of con
victions at the recent term, when asa
matter of fact one of them has been
postponed indefinitely, as they say in
in the legislature.
A few years ago, when Judge (tenet
was holding acrimminai court in thal
city, Solicitor Hoggs at Ids first term
as solicitor obtained largo number of
convictions, including in the schedule
three hangings for murder, but not
one of them ever took place. The
lawyers for the defense often work
harder after the conviction than be
fore the trial, and the complacent
public kindly assist hy signing every
petition that comes around, and exe
cutive clemency puts the (hushing
touch upon the work of the circuit
court by commuting the sentence of
releasing the prisoner.
"Itv no means lessen the number of
convictions, but let thc way be found
to lit the punishment to the crime,
and South Carolina will be freed in
a measure from the contumely now
being heaped upon the state for the
non-enforcement of thc criminal
laws." The question is how is the
way to be found and by whom?
Nearly every man who kills another
should be punished in some way or
other, but none scarcely are punished.
What is the remedy: One should be
found and applied.
Do You Know?
Wliy should the farmers of thc
Uni teri States be poor when the pro
ducts of agriculture form about two
thirds of thc entire export trade of
the country? Last year, according to
thc secretary of agriculture, exports
from the farm amounted to $8(>o,ouo,
000. On the farm what should he
among the possibilities in wealth and
power and a high degree of intel
ligence when it is known that the
science of agriculture is yet in rudi
mentary st ages throughout thc world?
The farmer ls thc great man of the
country and should be the happiest;
and most independent man. If lie is
not; who is to blame? The signboards
are up and if he takes the wrong fork
in the road he should blame himself
because he. has eyes and refuses to see.
A fruid ol' II im.
At Washington a young man giv
ing tho name of W. L. Clark gained
admission to the Moor of the house
Tuesday and seated himself in thc
chair of the speaker's messenger near
the speaker's desk where he sat idly
twirling a white hat with a red band.
Assistant Doorkeeper Kennedy es
corted him out and turned him over
to the capitol police who took him to
t he guard room where he was recog
nized as the same young mah who was
escorted from thc capitol building
Sunday because of his strange conduct ,
lie was sent to police headquarters in
A Drummer Shot.
W. J. Thompson, formerly a travel
ing representative for a Louisville,
hy., house, was shot throe timos and
fatally wounded lu the dining room
of his residence at Maxton, X. C., at
ii o'clock Thursday evening by IO. N.
McLean, a nephew of Thompson's
wife. Thompson, who was under the
Inllueiice of whiskey, objected to the
presence of McLean, who had been
summoned by Mrs. Thompson on ac
count of her husband's condition, and
ah altercation ensued. McLean claims
hilt the-shooting was entirely In sc-lf
Recognized as the Leading and
Most Sticc??*fwl Specialist In
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My cure for this disease ls
no cutting or dangerous BI
ital attention, andtreatlt
tlon and soreness ls allayed and tho canal beal
?? ?_. This dlsoaso ls the enla
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Itt! IUUUUIU form certainty just SB qi
any otho- disease, and their strength ls being d
cd, and learn the cause of your trouble. Send t
Tills horrible dlsca'
bones, falling hair,
I will tell you frankly whether or not you aro I
drugs.In as quick, lt not quicker, timo than any
wilt be eradicated from thu system forever. Se
Diseases of Women
to health Miousnndn ot suffering women. Snnr
Chronic Diseases ???
ls equipped with the most approved X-Ray and
Home Treatment S-?
countries. Correspondence confidential.
88 Inman Building, 22| S. Broai
Tho Weather for Mureil.
Tlic following date, covering a
period of 15 years, have been compiled
from tlie weather bureau records at
Columbia for the month of Mardi:
Mean or normal temperature, 54 de
The warmest month was that of
1894, with an average of (50 degrees.
Ttie coldest month was that of 1891,
with an average of 48 degrees.
Thc highest temperature was DO de
gress on March 22, 1894.
The loewst temperature was 20 de
grees on March 7, 1001.
Average jato on which first, "kill
j ing" frost occurred in autumn, Novem
. Average date on which last "killing"
frost occurred in spring, Mareil 23.
Average for the month, 4.;1 :i inches.
Average number of days with 01 ol
an inch or more, 10.
The greatest montly precipitation
was 0.03 inches in 1891.
The least monthly precipitation was
1.20 indies in 189:!.
The greatest, amount of precipita
tion recorded in any 24 consecutive
hours was 2.83 inches on March 25-2U,
Tlie greatest amount of snowfall re
corded in any 24 consecutive hours
(record extending Lu winter of 1884-85
univ was 1 indi In Mardi, 1890.
Average number of clear days, ll:
partly cloudy days, 9: cloudy days, ll.
Tlie prevailing winds have been
from the west.
The highest velocity of tlie wind
was 41 miles from'the southwest on
March 30 1902.
Inexpensive to lay.
Easy to keep in repair.
Light and very durable.
Waterproof and ordorless.
Not affected by change of tem
Acid and Alkali-proof.
Ki re-resist lng and oil-proo'.
Vermin will not attack it.
All ready to lay.
Needs no painting or coating.
Will not deteriorate with age.
-WRITE VOW PRICES
LIME & CEMENT
Ail classes huilding material,
CHARLESTON, S. C.
ii CAI W
y ti fi
? o o
* p y
I tri -
S \[ % ai
IA ?T r* ?
.2 ?'| *
The Vital Points.
A Qualily j of the goods, and
lt and V sometimes the date
K Price ) of shipment. When
in need ol' Paints, ?Vment,
Sash, etc., etc., give tis a
chance to prove that*we can
satisfy yon on all titree points.
Shani Builders Sngy Co.,
015 IMaln St..
Columbia, S. C.
Geni PI it Co CHARLESTON
^L/IUUIU V,U., South Carolina.
(inger's Wlilte Lime, Contents, Fire
Bricks.'Terra Cotta Pipes.
Tue specialist i* now Indispensable, ih 'all walks of life Ibero Ii' ? demand for the'
Tho con do ono particular ming bottorthan any ono else, ondsuch a raah'ls one who lias confined
ils endeavor to, and centered all of bi* energy and ability on the .-.peelatty no tia* chosen for bis ~
lie's work. ?? t; \ v. '- ? : '
'Early in iny professional career I reallied that Chronic Discuses wero not 1>ein^ /riven trie
mention which their importance warranted. ?1 saw .that, these O.lscascs required a special flt- .
tess which tho hwy practitioner could never acquire. For more triant twehty years f have <tc
>otod wy sui f exclusively to tho study and treatment of these dlJ>ens*? a"-' "-c '--? t?-a*
Ians recommend me to their patients ls an evidence of mysklllandVblUtyTrir'my?poclal l"in?'"i
Ivo special counsel to physicians with obstinate r.ud obscuro cases
I bava devoted particular attention to chronic diseases ot men and .'women, and no other
lass of discaso requires moro intelligent and expert treatment. It is a fact thata' majority ot
nen ow? tho seriousness of their condition to impropcr/Jrcatment, and a'fo?luro to Wilie tho
mportanco of placing their case in the hands ot a Skilled and expert speciallB ti vi ": />
?nnimilC ?lnh?l?'-frw Overindulgence, ?ii?|ecr?tlon? and excesses aro not the only
ilBrVUllS UcDllllV causes of un impairment of sexual strength. Such a dcinne
J ment frequently come?irom. worry, overwork, m?ntal strain
tc., which gradually wcokens and Injures thc system-before tho unfortunate victim reallies ' T
he ti ue nature of his trouble. Nervousness, weak hack, dizziness, loss of memory, spots before
he eyes, despondency, etc, often ore the first symptoms of an iinpalrmontof manly vigor, and it
icglected serious reBults arc sure to follow. J want to talk to every man who lias-any of these
ymptowB of weakening of his manly functions. Icon promptly correct nil irregularities, and'- --'Mk
uder my skillful treatment you will have restored all of thc strongth n nd glory ol your xnun
lood. Whethoryou consult me or not, do not Je pardlzo your health by experimenting with'"-V-V.-r-j?
eady-made medicines, freo samples, so-called quick curesreto.. aa the most delicate organs of.Vi'?.-&;
ho liody are involved, and only on exnert should bo entrusted with your case. Send for freo ' --'?
ooVlct, " Nervous Debility and Its Family of Illa." . ? ' rV?i
gent?o and painless, and often causes no detention from business or other duties. ' It involves
urglcal operation. Improper treatment will result In serious Injury. I give each caso Individ- '.
a every requirement. Every, obstruction is removed, ond all dlscbargo soon ceases, innomma
i up promptly and permanently. Send for freo book on Stricture.
rgemcntof veins of the scrotum, which fill with stagnnnt blood, causing o constant drain upon . . *?v
3 the entire system and sons away all sexual strength. I cure this disease wi Ul the same uni- .
tick os consistent with medical science. Probably more men aro alli lu ted with Varlcocelo than- '? ' /
.rained away without their knowing the cause. Come to mc nt oucc If you think you arc-aili lot-?~
or free booklet on Varleoeele.
sa ls no longer incurable, and when I Bay that I can cure the most severe case I do so because I
treatment hos accomplished. If you havo sores, pimples, blotches, sore throat, pains in the
or any symptoms which you do not understand, it 1B Important that you consult ruo ot once, and
sn unfortunate victim. I will guarantee to euro you without tho use of strong and Injurious
known treatment. My cure ls a permanent one, and is not mere patchwork, ?sud thc disease
nd for my free booklet,''Tho Poison Klug."
non who suffer from thc all mon ts peculiar to their sex aro cured hy my gentle and painless
hod of treatment, which avoids all necessity for surgical operations. If you suffer from bearlng
n pains, backache irregularities, leuehorrnea, etc., wrlto me about your case. I have restored
I for my free booklet on women's Diseases.
ltyalso includes all other chronic disensos, suchas Rheumatism, Catarrh, Diabetes, Bright's
tomach, Liver and Kidney Diseases, Piles, Fistula, Kupture, Paralysis, Locomotor Ataxla,3t.
ce, etc., and oil who want skillful, expert treatment should write mo about their case. My office
electrical apparatus, so that my patients get tho benefit of thc latest discoveries of science.
:ryonc to consult mc without charge, ond will refund railroad faro ono way to all who tale
If you cannot soe me in person write for symptom blanks and full Information about my sue-,
of home treatment by which I have cured patients lu every State in the Union and in ioreisn
rON HATHAWAY, M. D.
1 St., Atlanta. Ga.
The Great Spring Remedy.
After the rigors of winter are felt you arc liable to feel the need of a
tonic, laxative and
I JSLUOD PUpFI
YOU WANT THE BEST OF COURSE ; THAT IS
This medicine is scientifically compounded from the extracts of roots,
herbs and barks, combined with certain other purifying and alterative
products. A sure cure for Rheumatism, Indigestion. Constipation, Boils,
Kidney Troubles, and all diseases arising from impurities in thc blood.
AmU. your <1 ru fr isintu for RHEUM ACIDE anil insist on getting lt.
Uewnro of substitutes af doubtful value. .
All Druggists, or express prepaid.
Bobbitt Chemical Co.. - - BaltimorerrfW^i;U. S. A. Q
TA Y LO K s
ol S weet Gum & M allein
(Mires Cough", Cold 4, VV]|r oping Cough, Lu Gi ipip? Michail
Throat and Lung'J roubles Made of Kure Sweet Gum, Mul
lein and Honey. Your Drnggist sells ir 25 and no
If r full linc of Hardware is not better than other, don't buy it.
Our salesmen are out.
Coleman-Wagener Hardware Company
363 KING St. CHARLESTON, S. C.
"JTlix* C able Company,
-HIK ?A K( I'ST MANU SACV'^ftERS ttl
Migh tii ?i ic Pianos and Organs
liN THIS WORLD.
Factories, Chicano and Sr. Charles, Illinois.
Caoitil.TW > MILLION DOLLA HS, 82,000,000.
launch H.ouse,'202 Ktnj St. C ?arleston, S. C.
IIANO? AND OBGANS Sr ll on Easy Terms. Heroic buying,
w iii ior our ci tal .gue ai 1 terr 5 Factory prices made.
\ rall l nt ofSht'ct M-r-.ic air' small Musical Instruments in stock.
'Jll,*"u .1. V. WALLACE, Manager.
THE ZPLM-.EL OOIVIRArJY,
Lil \b.L.ES PON, s. c.
BBR & MTG. GO.
P'OR F?NISH, MOULU.
NT: ."Y. f
Tortured by Kuhners.
Ten masked robbers went lo thc
hume of Christian .loehlin, two milos
fruin the city of Toledo, Ohio;, Thurs
day night at ll o'tlork, battered down
the doors with clubs and entered the
residence, leaving t'.vo men outside
as guards. In thc house were Mr.
and Mrs. Christian Jochim, Mr. andi
Mrs. Jacob Jophlin, .1 olin Anderson, ?
los. Joelln, also a three-year-old boy j
and an 18-months-old girl. All, in
cluding even tho baby boy and girl,
were clubbed into insensibility, bound
and gagged. "When the Joehlins re
covered consciousness tho robbers,
demanded 820,000, which t hey 8aid j
they knew was secreted in thc house. '
When told t hat no such amount was
there the bandits applied -burning
torches to the faces and feet of all
their victims, blistering even the in
fanfs little feet. Christian Jochim,
ag aged paralytic, was beaten s<>
frequently that there is not a spot on
his head that is not. bruised and raw.
Tlic marauders leaving their viel i ivis
securely tied, searched every corner
or the house, securing $300 in cash
and several articles of jewelry. They
drunk several gallons of wine they
found in the cellar, prepared a hearty
meal, including meat, potatoes, coffee.;
wine and other edibles, and afc it.
They were in the house live hours,
leaving at 4 o'clock this morning,
after notifying thc family that they
would return for the $20,000. Every
policeman and detective In t he cit y is
working on thc case, but- not oven a
clue of thc intruders' whereabouts
has been discovered.
Hy a rising vote thc Southern Asso
ci?t ion of Newspapers Circulators,
which opened its session at New Or
leans '1 hursday; decided to tender |
sympathy to A. E. Gonzales of the
Coln ip bia State on thc recent tragic
(lea h of hil brother,'editor of that
paper. .Vice President ll. II, Ahrens
called the association to order. Many
important topks are to be discussed
during ? t he. two days session. Tho
association was organized in Atlanta
Aiio?T AnviatTisixo.-Where one
merchant fails to get value from ad
vertising there are ten who have suc
ceeded in realizing on the Investment.
If merchants all had thc ability to do
as much advertisine as they might
desire ibero would be results sticking
out all over the business community.
The majority lack capacity to take on
as much advertising as might bc re
commended, but they should not hesi
tate about advertising all they can
merely because they, can't do all they
would like to do._
A TKXAN known as "Volcano'' Mar
shall became stranded in Manila and
asked Gem Chalice to send him home.
Tlie general said his orders wore
give sucli aid only to those in the'
military or civil service. "You could vv
send mc If you wanted to, said Mar- .
shall persuasively.4 "See here," said . -
the. commander Iii stern tones, "!f \
our places were reversed would you / J
give rac transportation':"' "You bot?'
1 would, and be darnell glad .to JT?>
rid of you," said the Texan volcaiteix;
I Gen. Chat?cc smiled discreetly whoa
asked whether he sent Marshall homcVI