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: '?DO THOU LIBERTY GREAT. INSPIRE OUR SOULS AND MAfcl^HJR LIVES IN 'PHY POSSESSION HAPPY, OR OUR DEATHS GLORIOUS IN THY CAUSE." .]??_' . ? :'.
VOL. XXVII. BENNETTSVILLE, S. C., FMpAY, FEBRUARY 13, 1903. NO. 14.
' ' '_?_
In Settling the Stated Account With
the United States.
STORY OF TEE TRANSACTION.
Tho State's Debt of $?240,7I?0 is
Wiped Out nnd n Hillanco of
$8?, 137.7(1 Duo to ibo
Stute ?H Poid.
Through thc eiforts of Senator Till
man more than anyone else, as ..we
stated last week, tho State treasury
ls now $80,137.8? better off than lt
has been. This is thc amount of thc
net claim collected from the United
States Government by Senator Till
man. Senator Tillman on a recent
visit to Columbia presented the war
rant and receipt in person to Governor
lleyward. The impression has been
that Senator Tillman collected less
than $100,000, but, as a matter pf
fact, he settled claims against the
State aggregating $:i:n,887..Sii, as is
fully shown by lil's statement ?d' the
ease. Senator Tillman, in handing
over the papers in tlie case to Gover
nor lleyward, submitted a letter, in
which he fully explains thc entire
transaction in as brief space as-'.can
well bc done, and what he has to say
is of great interest, lt is as follows:
Washington I). C., Mardi li, 11)03.
Governor 1>. C. fleyward, Columbia,
S. C.-My Dear Sir: lt alfords me
great gratification to hand you here
with warrants Nos; 5,740 and ?,747 on
the United States Treasurer for $80,
I;i7.8(5, together with receipts from
the Southern Bxpress Company- for
$12:1,000, coupon bonds of thc State of
South Carolina, with coupons attach
ed; aggregating, principal and inter
est, $240,750, making a total in cash
and bonds or $:i:.7,887.8.?.
This warrant and these bonds have
been obtained by my receipting Hie
United States in full Tor thc claim of
the State of South Carolina, which
grew out or the expenditures by the
Slate on behalf of the United States
Government during the war of 1812
1 have been working on this maller
for the past four years and a bric!
statement of the facts may be of in
terest to you and lo the people of the
When the expenses attending the
enrollment of the volunteers for the
Spanish war were being provided for
by Congress in 1808 attention was di
rected by thc Secretary of Hie Treas
ury to the fact that South Carolina
was indebted to the United Stales on
account, ?d' the Indian trust fund, the
same being invested in the bonds
above mentioned, and the request was
imtuo hy thc secretary that Congress
. giveJJjUn tho authority to colled said
noun I.- Without my knowledge, or
i. fact, the koo_dgo of anyone, a
provision was sneaked Into the confer
ence report on an "appropriation bill,
authorizing the Secretary lo begin suit
against the State of South Carolina
for the collection of 1 he debt. I >einand
was made upon Governor loller bc for
settlement and be referred the mat
ter to mc, and 1 at once set about
trying lo secure an ad just nient of the
account of the Slate for the old claim
Lt required an immense amount of
work and research lo get track of the
necessary papers. We had to investi
gate the settlement in the war depart
ment and rummage through volume,
after volume of treasury reports, de
cisions of the courts, reports of com
mittees, eic. My own l ime was loo
much occupied with other necessary
business with which I have lo deal to
do more than give general directions.
The main work of that kind in the
case was performed by Mr. James M.
Raker, assistant librarian of the S -
atc, and a citizen of South Carolina,
whose home is at Lowndesvillo. Mr.
flaker worked zealously and indefati
gably both while Congress was in ses
sion and aller its adjournment, so
that at the next succeeding session 1
was prepared to demonstrate that in
stead (d' South Carolina being in debt
to the United States, Hie boot was ou
the other foot, and that we would be
(?lily too glad to have a settlement. In
thc mean lime suit had been begun by
the Attorney General for the United
Slates and a su m mons was directed to
the Governor to answer the suit. I
submitted all my evidence, based en
tirely upon otlicial documents emana
ting from the treasury department it
self to the committee on claims, and
secured from that committee a favor
able report on a bill to authorize an
adjustment and accounting between
thc State and the United Slates, in
which was included a claim for a bal
ance due the State on account (d' mon
eys expended during the Indian war
of 1830. The bill passed the Senate
without opposit ion, bul was held up
in the House. 1 tried lo get it on the
appropriation bill, but it was ruled
out on a point of order, and the only
thing 1 could accomplish was to have
the law authorizing suit against the
Last year this claim, along with a
similar one from Virginia, and Includ
ing' t he City ol' I ?altimore, was placed
on what is known as the omnibus
(daim bill, but the situation in regard
to Virginia'sdebt was different from
ours, and Senator .Martin, without my
knowledge, incorporated a provision
which was very advantageous to Vir
ginia, but without his knowing it,
worked great wrong to our Stale. I n
der the terms (d' this md. the auditor
for the war department made up the
accounts and practically balanced
them, making the bonds of the re
spective Slates olf.se t UK; claim of
each. Tlie (inference in the cases arose
from the fact that Virginia's bonds
were not due until 180i, and in order
lo have the accounts balance, as Hie
two interest-bearing funds were durer
ont, they would have to go back prioi
to lin; maturity ol'thc bonds several
years, thus making Virginia a dona
tion of about * 150,(11)1?. In our cast
the wrong consisted in charging inter
est on our bonds aller maturity. I at
once appealed from Un; decision of tin
auditor and had UK; matter revised by
the comptroller of the treasury, and
he was able lo make the case balance
even nearer than the. auditor had
done, reducing UH: amount to .'tl
cents, hut he also stated that tin
bonds al the date ol' their mat urity
amounted, principal and interest, tc
$248,750, while.the State had at that
time in the- treasury 3205,005, and it
luis since been recognized by Congress,
leaving a balance of $47,245, and thus
I had the basis of getting moro equit
1 succeeded inobtainlngthcconscnt
of tho appropriation committee to in
corporate an amendment in Hie dcll
cieucy bill, providing for tho payment
of. this balance, with interest ut 4 per
cent, from the 1st of January, 1881,
to date. A1 very strong, light was
made by thc 11 (msc committee on ap
propriations against allowing this
item and, while thc Senate conferees
and all the Senators familiar with thc
facts, supported the justice of thc
claim and insisted on its retention, it
was only after six hours of argument
in thc committee" that at 2 o'clock
the night of March 3 an agreement
was reached. 1 will say that I had
made up my mind that as there were
seven other claims of an identical
character, Involving several millions
ot dollars in the bill, that 1 fuit so
outraged at tue seeming injustice and
sectional animosity, tuat l served no
[ tice that I would talk the last twelve
hours of tba session or do whatever
other filibustering was necessary to
secure justice for my State. 1 felt
that, il" thc item went out Unit it
would never he possible during Mr.
Cannon's incumbency as Speaker to
obtain redress or get what was due, so
L decided 1 would take the rosposibili
ty of of forcing an extra session before
1 would lamely submit to such wrong.
In conclus! n, I desire to .suggest
it will he ...i act of graceful recogni
tion and or simple justice lo Mr.
Ilakcr that thc Legislature .should
recognize, his invaluable service by ap
propriating a small amount of money,
say $1,000, out of that which has
been obtained. His work was not
done with this idea, however, hut he
is poor and has a growing family, and
the State can well alford to pity him
handsomely. Yours truly.
It. lt. Tillman.
I?. S.-To save express expenses for
the transmission of the bond.s, worth
as they are in I he market lil ty cents
im the dollar of their lace value he
cause (d' t heir being refundable; I re
quested that all ol' the hoods and cou
pons should he cancelled. 1 also deem
it nothing less than an element of
safely that these obligations of thc
State that have been thus redeemed
should lie treated as all similar bonds
are. They come to you in this shape
simply as evidence and as a part of
the. State's debt which lias been paid.
It is worth while to note that the
United States Government has lost
money hy not refunding these bonds
at Hf ty cents on the dollar in ISSI,
thc same as any other of our creditors.
Their, would have been issued in lieu
thereof practically the same amount
of bonds and t he interest on fliese for
twelve years at ti per cent and ten
years at I' per cent would anion nt to
$115,000. Tile State, has saved this
interest and has only thad t o pay about.
$l:M,oou.t<Kiedeem the bonds at their
face value. As a matter of interest
to thc Legislature 1 enclose you a
copy of my speech in the Senate yes
terday, giving thc history of the
transaction, wit h the otlicial records.
I twas maile in answer to Mr. Can
non's speech and in justification of
the Senate's action and my own part
in the transaction. 1 should bc ob
liged il* you would transmit it to tho
Legislature when it convenes apain.
li. li. T.
iOvcn up to the very last, as will be
seen by the. following letter, certain
of Hie ofticials in Washington tried to
hold down the claim by allowing only
two days' interest, but Senator Till
man would not consent to any such
business. Thc letter follows:
Treasury 1 >epart>nenl,
< Mllcc of Comptroller ol' the Treasury,
Washington, March, 5, ino:t.
Thc Honorable thc Secretary of the
Treasury-Sir: At your request and
under your direction, 1 have, re-exam
ined the account of the Sta fe of South
Carolina against the. United States,
as settled hythe auditor for tito war
department hy ce rt! Ilea te No. 21,804,
wherein he allowed the Slate the sum
Of $47,245.77 together with two days'
This audit was made under the
fenns of the following provision of the
Dclicicucy Act, which was approved
and became a law on thc ?ld inst, viz:
"To pay Hie State of South Caro
lina for balance found due noni flic
United States to said State, according
to the compulation made by the comp
troller of tlie treasury up to January
1, ISSI, as stated in ins letter to the
Secretary of the Treasury, dated
february 21, I?03, $47,245.77 and in
terest upon thc same at I per cent
annum until paid."
Tlie force of this language indirec
tion by Congress to pay the State of
Smith Carolina the sum of $47,245.77
and interest thereon from the 1st day
of January, issi, up to the dato of
the approval of this Act.
Thc Act , while if only sets out said
sum, yet it clearly appropriates tlie
interest thereon as if if had been set
out, in specific figures. It is thc same
as if a Court should render a judge
ment for a specific sum and the inter
est thereon from a date certain. The
amount ol' the judgment is simply a
matter ol' calculation, so the amount
ol' this appropriation is simply a mat
ter of calculai ion.
Thc auditor will therefore restate
this account and allow the Slate ol'
South Carolina the furl ber sum of
$11,SS I. til, being the interest on said
sum of 317,247.77; af 1 per cent, from
said 1st day ol' January, issi, up to
the approval ol'said Act. A credit,
certificate ol' (inference will issue for
It, J. Tracewell,
I it vi I al iniiM (?'alore.
The governor has received au in
vitation from J. I?. Mc I hide, super
I visor of Florence county, to ho pres
? cut af a meeting called for thc pur
! pose of forming gund roads' associ.t
. t ions on March Hi. Ile was compelled
' to decline. An invitation was also
'? received from Hie chairman of thc
' board ol' visitors ol' Hie citadel to de
liver the annual address af thc en
campment at Hock Hill on .lune ll?.
I The annual meeting of Hie society ol'
charities and connections will he held
> in Atlanta tills year, May li-12, and
' thc governor has been invited lo at
1 tend and to appoint delegates.
A BE* EAKE
Deal in Pennies as a Result of a
OF A WASHINGTON MERCHANT,
Who Offered "1? Cents l'or 1002
Pennies," and by Which
Many Speculators AVoro
Recently a clothing store in Wash
ington advertised that it would pay at
noon Saturday, the 7th inst., "18
cents for .1902" pennies, and because
of tbis advertisement practically ail
the pennies in the picdemont section
of North Carolina and in a good many
towns In upper South Carolina ha vu
come into the possession of a few
speculators. Thc fact that tbc ad
vertisement was not a bonatide pro
position, but a play <m words, did not
become known until Wednesday,.when
lt, was discovered that, thousand of
11)02 coppers bad changed bands after
a big premium lind been paid.
Thc ftdlowing ls tbc story as told
by the Charlotte Observer:
Kor a week or ten days it bas been
currently rumored in this city that a
Washington agency wanted thc pen
nies in question, and it was said that
tho agency was acting for the govern
ment, which wished the pennies re
called because it liad been found that
in coining them a large quantity of
gold bad been accidentally spilled into
thc molten copper.
Thc absurdity of the rumor seemed
to impress no speen hitor, and for the
last four or live days penny-buying
has been going on here at a great
Karly last week Mr. Edwin H.
Gresham, ot' the. linn of Gresham &
Company, the well known railroad
eating house Concern, collected all thc
11)02 pennies he could in banks and
other business places in Charlotte, ile
got the pennies at their real value and
before the report of the prmlum-giv
ing bad become widespread. A day
or sn arter his purchase Mr. Gresham
sold to Baggage Agent Sonner or the
Southern railway, 330 pennies for SX'l,
and Sonner slated that the next day
ho sold the pennies to a bank in
Alexandria, Va., at lf> cents apiece.
Mr. Gresham worked assiduously
anti collected many hundred other
pennies, but he was able to sell none
of those at a profit. Ile still has on
band enough copper to make life-sized
statues of both the mayor and thc re
Mr. Otcshnm was not the only man
who bought pennies in large quanti
ties. Toni ttowland, the popular
conductor on bife S lates ville road, de
voted a large part of btv time to cop
per-grabbing and did not desist in his
speculative operation until Wednes
ihilf a dozen other Charlotte men,
men in near-by South Carolina towns,
and residents of Sainsbury and other
places in this State, made wide search
tor last year's coppers.
Thc movements of tlie speculators
bad its natural "elTcct, and Tor a week
IU02 pennies have been selling high;
jumping from two and a half and three
cents each to live, seven and ten cetus
Thc knowledge thal. the. advertise
ment was- inserted with intent to de
ceive did not reach here until Wednes
day. It was said that hags holding
over (5,000 pennies belonging to specu
lators in this section, reached Wash
ington Saturday morning, and, keep
ing company with copper that came
from many other sources, were about
to be taken to thc clothing store to bc
redeemed at thc IS cents valuation,
when it was discovered that a visit to
the store would provoke ridicule and
allow no protit. It was declared that
thc tirst man who entered the store
presented 1,050 pennies and demand
ed 18 cents for each copper.
"You have misunderstood the ad
vertisement," was Hie reply.
"Hut you said you would give is
cents for 11)02 pennies."
"Certainly: wc arc prepared now to
give 18 cents for one thousand nine
teen hundred and two pennies."
Then thc would he vendor under
stood the game that had been played
shouldered bis coppers and walked
away. Other men who came carrying
copper as a prize were met with a
similar reception. And the copper
that went to Washington from the
piedmont section was shipped back
home Mr. Gresham said last night
that- he had been told that the enter
prising business men who worked the
advertisement had been arrested.
It was reported in Charlotte Wed
nesday night that the mad scramble for
the 11102 pennies was still maintained.
Pennies ol' that date sold for ll cents
each in Mooresville yesterday, it was
declared, and were still bringing a
fancy price in Salisbury and other
neighboring towns. Thc agitation over
copper has st ru .-lc the rural districts
of upper South Carolina and unless
runners convey thc intelligence of the
lake game into the various hamlets
thc tierce rush for one cent pieces may
last, for a good 'many days.
M (isl Nm Drink.
Mr. Hammett., Chief State Con
stable, who is a temperate man him
self, has issued the following omer.
To Division Chiefs: <>n anti after
t his date the usc ol' intoxicating liqu
ors by members of the State consta
bulary force will not be tolerated.
Any const able against whom the
charge of intoxication shall bc made,
will upon eon viet ion, be suspended :U)
days the Inst olfense. and upon con
viction of the second olfense lie will
be dismissed from thc service. You
will communicate this order as quick
ly as possible, lo the various constables
iinder your direction.
G. lt. Hammett,
M li ci lc red Seven People.
Thc second trial ol' A. IO. liaison,
charged with thc murder of scvei
members of thc Earl family neill
Welsh, La., was concluded then
Thursday evening, thc jury lindi ii),
thc accused guilty as charged. I ?asl (ii
took the verdict quietly, for a SCCOIK
Unie bc will be sentenced to death.
EXCHANGE OF BIFLES.
Soon tho State Militiamen Will Have
Their-New lira RS.
Adjutant-General Frost recently
visited Washington to see If ho could
not arrange with the war department
for an immediate exchange of old for
new rides and uniforms for the railhia,
saving tile freight bills for two ship
He called to see the secretary of war
in company with Senator Latimcr, and
was received by Assistant Secretary of
War S?nger in thc absence of Secre
tary Root. Gen. Frost says lie was
warmly received and after going over
the provisions of the new act of con
gress lt was determined that South
Carolina could at once proceed to ex
change the Springlield ritlcs and car
tridges for tlie new ICrag-Jorgensen
magazine rilles. The requisition will
go forward shortly.
Tlie secretary of war luis been so
busy since the adjournment of congress
that lie has been unable as yeo lo
place contracts for the furnishing bf
the new regulation olive drat) uni
forms, consequently they will not be
issued for some time. Thc depart
ment, however, has allowed Gen. Frost
to make, requisition for khaki uni
forms and campaign hat? for the State
militia for the summer. This requi
sition will be sent on at once. Tho
present blue uniforms will be con
tinued in tho service until the olive
drab suit? are available.
Gen. Frost askod for authority to
loan to certain schools in the State,
not having commandants of cadets,
some of the old Springlield rifles, Ile :
was informed that this could not be '
done; that the law only allows thc war
department to loan ritles to military
academies having regular army ofllecrs .
stationed at them as commandants,
md then onlv upon the tiling of an ap
plication and a bond from the trustees
of such institutions; that thc State
annul loan ritles at all. This will
mean that the Citadel's supply of
Krag-Jorgcnsen ritles will have, to be !
ailed in hy the adjutant general soon,
iud another supply secured In the
Under the Dick act also the ex
change of equipments provided for
pplies only to ritles and cartridges
md not to tents or camp equipage.
Sen. Frost also made Inquiries about 1
the stationing of an army ollleer in
the otlicc of tiie adjutant "gcpcral.. 1
Upon Secretary Hoot's return the de
partment will determine whether to
detail active anny otlleers to these
positions or retired ollicers.
.Gen- Frost talked interestingly of
thc new uniform regulations of the "
army. There will henceforth be three '
styles of uniforms for ollicers. Thc
first will be tl\e. full dress, with froek
coat and gold braid in abundance, a
heavily gold braided cap and a chap
peau. Th? latter will never be worn
while the otlteer is in the saddle.
Tlie dreas-unlform will tip, exaetlyV
like the present blue fatigue uniform, >
with the exception that the caps will
have bell crowns. The infantry olli
cers will no longer wear white stripes '
on their trousers, but a lighter shade ?
of blue Instead. !
Thc new olive drab uniform will be
the same for ollicers as for privates
save that a small strap will be worn .
by ollicers on each shoulder, and thc
leggins will bc leather instead of can- 1
vas. No trouser stripes will be wein
by ollicers with this uniform.
It is the latter uniform that will
be used exclusively in the service in !
this State. The members of thc gov- !
ernor's stair alone will wear thc dress
uniform. All other otlleers will wear !
Uri olive drab regulation.-The State.
Takes His Own lair.
.1. W. Logan, a white fanner living
at Phoenix in Greenwood county com- .
milted suicide Wednesday by shoot
liiniseif in his right temple with a
small pocket derringer, lt was stated ',
by those in a position to know in that
community that bad health and finan
cial troubles no doubt led to his deci
sion to end his life. Mr. Logan was
about 50 years old. He leaves a wife
and live children. He has a son,
Frank, about grown, lt is a note
worthy coincidence that this place
was the scene of the suicide of one of
the earliest settlers of that communi
ty, namely, Dr. Chapman, who com
mitted suicide in what Is now a tene
ment house in tlie yard of this place,
about ?l) years ago. Also that this is
the fourth suicide within a radius of
a mile and a half within the last ten
years. All the suicides were, white
farmers and all over 50 years of age.
A Tillman Dinner.
The Charleston correspondent of
The State says: "A lefter has been
received from Senator Tillman, accept
ing the invitation of a number of
business men to attend a dinner, to
be given to bim, in recognition of his
services to that city in many matters
elfecting its welfare. The plans for
the function arc yet to be put in shape.
During his stay in Charleston, Sena
tor Tillman will bc the guest of Mr.
Henry I?. Williams, cashier of the
Charleston Savings bank, af his ele
gant home on Fast Battery."
Th?: Cr u m CiiHe.
The senate committee on commerce
Thursday decided to postpone action
on the nomination of Dr. W. D.
Criim, to be collector of the port at
Charleston, S. C., until next Thurs
day. The suggestion for postpone
ment was made by Senator Clay.
There are a number of vacancies on
the commit tee and be urged that the
committee should not act until these
were tilled, lt is now believed by the
opponents of Dr. Cru m that another
meeting of the committee will not lie
held during the present session.
Perhaps the. most remarkable
bridges in the world are the kettle
bridges in Russia and Siberia, of which
Cossack soldiers arc expert builders.
They arc built up of the soldiers' lan
ces and cooking kettles. Seven or
eight lances are placed under thc
handle of a number of kettles and
fastened by means of ropes to form a
rall. Fach of these rafts will bear
t he weight ol' half a ton.
The southern press is unanimous in
: coin mending Gov. Hey ward's treat
i nient of the Wisconsin race problem
I convention plan. The northern papers
maintain au eloquent, silence.
By ilia Automobile Rum)inp Over)
Ed go of High Embankment.
DAS?ED TO PIECES ON ROCKS.
His Wife, Who Waa With Him
W hen tho Terrible Accident
Happened, ia Seriously
. . |.
Bu?falo, N. Y., lias another sensa
tlon.oRecently one of her prominent
citizens by the name of E. T. llurdick,
was^>und m'J rd G red in his residence,
and up to this time thc police has
1 leen umihie to locate the murderer.
Tuesday afternoon Arthur H. Pennell,
one ofcthe chief figures iii the investl
gat??h of the Uurdlek murder, was
hurled headlong into eternity. Mr.
fennell was riding in his electric
automobile with Mrs. Pennell. They
were.pn Kensington avenue near J''ill
morbjjavcuue, skimming along the edge
of tlie Genni stone quarry, a huge
roclM-ibbed hole in thc ground. Air.
l'en- Oil's hat blew ott". The automo
bile s\vcrved anti in some inexplicable
manlier it leaped over the curb into
thc ijpyss below. Pennell was killed
instantly, his head being crushed to
an unrecognizable mass. Mrs. l'en nell
was injured kp severely that the sur
gcon^at the Sisters hospital, to which
she v$is taken, say her chances of re
covery are very slight,
TW? boys saw the tragedy, They
were too far away to know positively
just How jt happened. Sirs. Pennell
whcn| found was unable to speak. She
was <;hly semi-conscious when taken
to thc;hospital and could speak no co
herent words. After the operations
performed immediately hy Dr. lOugcnc
Smltji in tho hope of saving her life,
she lapsed into unconsciousness and
hence there can be no true version of
precisely how the altair occurred;
Mr., Pennell left his ollice in the
Austin building at 1.0*? o'clock. Ile
wenU to Iiis home at 20S Cleveland
avenu?. A friend who called up Mr.
Pennell on the telephone about ">
o'clock was informed that Mr. Pencil
was in. but that he was going for a
drive-. Mr. Pennell himself answered
thc t?l?phone and said that lie would
he bick between ?.ilu and 7 o'clock,
making an appointment with his
friend for that hour.
"Would G o'clock do?" he was asked.
"Oh, Well, you might come at .0
[/clock, but you better making It
later." 'said Mr. Pennell.
Those were the last words Pennell
was known to speak to any one except
Mi-sienne)!, ssivc ??hat he went back
tofttjp'st?ij.s and called out to Lizzie
R?maji??v,V}jhe ?laid:.. ."Lh?zie, we will
?? ?i? O??CK - bf-tweeb' 0V and -7-Relock
Then li? abd'-Mrs. Pennell rode away
In the automobile.
lt was learned that the matter
mentioned in the telephone talk was
something he considered most serious
ind which weighed heavily upon him.
lt was in connection with thc Purdiek
Recently Mr. Pennell made the fol
lowing statement: "About this case
if Purdick, I have told thc authori
ties 1 went away to New York before
thc murder and that 1 met, Mrs.
Purdick while 1 was away. In facti
saw Mrs. Purdick near New York two
;tr three days before the murder. 1
have told it frankly and thc meeting
was a proper one. Put they seem to
he determined to drag all thc business
imt in thc papers. 1 would do any
thing to stop it."
Pennell and his wife left their home
nt 4.50 o'clock or one or two minutes
before that time, lt was a gloomy
afternoon and rain was falling. It
seemed a strange day for a man to
take his wife automobiling, in the
lonely northeast section ol* the city
at such an hour.
Pennell was not a veteran at auto
mobiling. Yet he was an expert at
handling the machine and was ex
perienced as to its management.
What was unusual about the
proceedings, according to the maid,
was that Mrs. Pennell had always be
fore told her when they would return.
Today, however, said th? girl, "when
they went out it was Mr. Pennell who
Mrs. Pennell has been loyal to her
husband throughout his trying experi
ence's during the last ten days. Sha
frequently said that her faith in him
was unshaken and that she would
stick to him to thc end. Pcnncll's
body was received at morgue shortly
after H..'JO o'clock. The features of
the. dead man were distorted and out
of all semblance to their natural
character. Iii the pockets were found
some money and newspaper clippings
and identification cards from two in
il KS. Pl?NNM.t. ni KS.
Mrs. Arthur Pennell dted at the
Sisters of Charity hospital Wednes
nesday night, at ? o'clock. For hours
thc surgeons worked over the uncon
scious form of tile injured woman. A
faint twitching of the eyelids ora
murmer of pain were the only signs of
returning consciousness perceptible
during the lil hours the. injured wo
man was in the hospital ward. Ex
cept for a few incoherent words utter
ed when she was lirst taken to the
hospital Mrs. Pcnncll's lips did not
lie Will Hung:.
The decision pf the United States
Court in refusing tu reverse the decis
ion of thc Supreme Court of Knuth
Carolina in the case ol" the. Slate vs,
J Olin Prownlield, who murdered Mr.
Scurry, at Georgetown in ism), fixes
his doom. The murder was the direct
cause of the Georgetown riot. Prown
lield has been lu jail ever since thc
tragedy, and if it had mit been for
thc clforts of a colored lawyer bc
would have met his fate on the gal
lows a short time after the occurrence.
Thc case was carried to thc Supreme
Court on the plea that the negro had
not received justice as there were nc
negroes on the grand jury, while
three-fourths of the population ol
Georgetown County are negroes.
?Judge Holmes said there was no prool
j of thc allegation and sustained UK
decision of the State Court. As this
,is the last resort Prownlield will haw
I to go to the gallows.
SENSATIONAL MURDER CASE.
A Young Woman Tried for Killin**
? Young Man.
Marron had quite a sensational trial
last week, in which Miss Josephine
Ii urns was tried for murder. Miss
Burns is a young white woman of
Nichols and is on trial for killing
Dustin H. Sarvis, a young telegraph
operator at Nichols in last November.
Since the tragic occurrence she lias
been in North Carolina, hut duly ap
peared for trial. /
It will be remembered that at the
time of the killing it. was stated by
the accused that she. bad been secret
ly married to Sarvis several months
prior to that timc'aud .that she had |
gone to seo him at thc d?p?t in Nich
ols to insist upon his. announcing
tholr marriage; that he ref used to t
so, became ling ry, shot ber in the,
head with a pistol and then shot Iii in
self, dying instantly. The verdict of
thc coroner's jury was in accordance
i with tbis statement,
r The theory ol thc prosecution is to
thc clfcct that she shot thc deceased
and then attempted to commit sui
cide, tbe testimony or the State's wit
nesses being that he saw her shoot
herself. She was wounded in the fore
head, thc ball narrowly missing the
brain. There was "some delay in form
ing a jury so ihahy\jurors stating they
had expressed an opinion oh the case.
Naturally much interest was mani
fested but no new sensational features
have been developed. The court
room was tilled with a crowd of spec
tators. The young lady was acquitted
by the jury.
Tho Wheel I0x|>l<?<If<l.
A dispatch from Sumter to The
State says Mr. .lohn F. Laughery was
seriously injured in an accident , re
sulting in his death Friday night,
which happened at the plant of tho
Lukcns Lumber company Friday af
ternoon about" \.'M o'clock. Mr.
Laughery had gone to thc saw mill
and was standing up by the engine
when it ran away, tho .governors re
fusing to check the speed of the Hy
wheel, which was 10 feet In diameter.
Mr. Laughery sprang towards the
valve to turn off thc steam when the
explosion caine, the Hy wheel hurst
to pieces and Mr. Laughery was
struck on the right side cf thc face
and head by a Mut piece of iron, his
face and skull being crushed in. When
picked up vhe .was Jo an unconscious
condition. Erigi?eer Joiner was also
in the engine room when the wheel
burst, but. escapted without injury.
One. piece of thc wheel Hew upward
and torc a large hole in the roed', an
other section struck a wheel about 15
feet distant, nod although the other
wheel was running un'4. 2(5 inches in
diameter, torc it ro pieces. Some
parts of the wheel lauded on the
ground as far as 75 feef away , from
thc scene of the accident.
Fooled Willi Href Kuhhit.
Last week an old negro captured II
rattlesnake and sold it to Dr. McLeod,
of Macon, Ga., who wished to experi
ment with it. (hi Saturday he. placed
a live rabbit in the cage lo see. what
the snake would do with lt. The
snake would not notice the rabbit, t ill
lie was molested, and then he at
tempted to bit the rabbit, but only
succeeded in getting his mouth full ol'
fur. Sunday night they both, seemed
to be well, but not so Monday morn
ing. Thc rabbit was well, but thc
snake was far from well. lie was
minus hts head and part of his neck.
The flesh being gnawed entirely off of
thc bone for several inches next to his
head. His rattles were, beaten to
pieces, supposedly In his light with
the rabbit, and the door of the cage
was covered with blood, showing that
the rabbit had killed him, and not
that he had eaten the snake after it
had died a natural cle:tth, as there
would then have been no blood. The
rabbit seems to bc none thc worse for
The Old Negro.
Senator Tillman has on his planta
tion in South Carolina a negro named
Joe Gibson, who has lived with him
for thirty years. Joe bas charge of
the premises, carries thc keys, and
takes caro of everything in Mr. Till
man's absence. A nd speaking of this
man the other day the Senator said:
''I do not know whether I "belong to
Joe or doc belongs to mc. Anyhow,
wc have, been together for thirty
yeats, and wc have agreed to live to
gether till one or both of us dies, and
when 1 go away, if I go ti ist, I know
he will shed as sincere a tear as any
body. I would die to protect him
from injustice, and wrong." This is
one of thc old time negro gentlemen
of whom we have often spoken. They
arc an honor to the race and to trie
"Old Miss" who trained them. White
men are proud and fortunate to have
such negro friends. Thc pity is that
thc dear old gentlemen are fast dying
A Pitched Untile.
A desperate battle between the
hands of two turp?n ti tic farms took
place near (Mange. Springs. Fla., last
week. A contention arose about a
matter of little importance between
some of thc negro laborers of Megs'
camp and those of Law's camp. This
aroused the fury of the entire, crowd
ano precipitated a light which elided
in a general battle. Tho report is
that eight men were killed atula large
number of others wounded.
/\ tiredly Snub?;.
Noticing a large cobra with a small
portion of a snake's tail hanging out
of its mouth, a resident ol' Ceylon kill
et! thc reptile. During its death
struggles the Cobra disgorged three
fourths of a rat snake. Tile resident
; hauled out the rest, and, on taking
measurements, found the cobra to be
: I feetS inches long, and the. rat snake
lt had tried to swallow fi feet 2 inches.
IMjr* Families Wanted.
I Representative Mumie, the Pillia
? delphia Uccord reports, has introduced
! in thc Pennsylvania Legislature "a
bill which provides that the State
shall give a gold medal worth from
$10 to $ii0 and an equal sum of money
: to every mother of six or nine chil
; dren, thc idea being to encourage thc
; bringing of large families into thc
AN Oil ?IE.E
lu Now York Cluims Twt nty or^toro |
Twenty or paore,lives were lost and
fully twice that -number of people
bumed, or bruised by an explosion of
oil late Tuesday night, following the
wreck on thc Erle railroad, north of
Olean, N. Y. Owing to the fact that
some,Of thc bodies" were incinerated
in thc fierce flames or blown into the
creek by thc explosion, the exact num
ber 'of dead will "probably not be
known for several days.
. Thc number of injured, too, is un
certain, as a large number of them
were able to reach their home and' re:
eeived treatment there. Nine of thc
ecovered bodies have been identified
its residents of Olean, four of the
number being boys under seventeen
years of age. The injured are all
young boys of Olean and the neighbor
ing towns. Dozens of others, who
were not carried to the hospitals were
burned more or lc.;s severely.
lt was nine oVdook in the evening
when thc trainNiyas wrecked. An
Erie freight train, loaded with oil cars,
broke in two on tho bill two miles
north of tile city. At Hist the for
ward part of Ibo train, released of all
weight of the cars bellied, sprang for
ward wi ttl increased speed. Drakes
were applied and thc front, portion of
the train was brought 'almost to a
standstill at tho .iron bridge across
Olean creek. Tho rear cars, gather
ing momentum as .they came down
tlie bill, crasbedjnto tlie-forward part
of thc train. The tank-cars caught
lire soon after the collision and hurst
into Hames with a terrille explosion
A portion of the iron domes of the
ears was hurled a distance of several
hundred feet. The Hames shot, high
in thc air. Hundreds of people In
front of Olean and the surrounding
country side gathered to watch the
brillant scene. As the beat became
less intense thc crowd began to edge
a little closer to the wreckage.
Suddenly there was a terri tic explo
sion. A great mass of white Hames
shot hundreds of feet into thc air and
literally rolled down the banked sides
of the track into the gully where the
spectators were standing. Men and
boys Tell before the wave of light to
rise no more. Huge pieces of iron
were hurled through thc air, moving
down.human bciugs by the score. Men
and boys with their clothing a mass
of Hames ran shrinking down the
track, some of them falling to the
ground unconscious, while otbers
grovelled in the ditch or jumped into
thc creek in an endeavor to put out
thc tire that-was consuming them.
A dispatch-td The State from Green
ville says Thursday afternoon at 5
o'clock Constables Altman, Cooley and
Hell, witli Deputies Phillips and Put
nam, left the city with the intention
of linding a blockade distillery, and
went ?2 miles to the Middle Saluda
river, where tiley discovered what they
were expecting, and took possession of
alarga outfit which was being put in
readiness for operation, Including a
steam huiler, three fcrmenters and 500
gallons of beer. The officers knew in
advance that this was a portable affair
and that tho still had two localities, a
hair mile apart. They went to thc
other place and found a number of fer
menters. The still was near the resi
dence of Beattie G rice, and there was
a path from one to the other. The of
liccrs raided thc still at midnight and
spent only au hour or so in the vicini
ty, but lt required seven or eight
j hours lo reach the city again as the
roads do not allow fast traveling.
Killed un the Skyscraper.
Thc lirst fatality in connection with
thc erection of thc skyscraper in Co-1
lumbla occurred early Thursday morn
ing, when William Dixon, a colored
laborer, was instantly killed by an el
evator. There arc three elevators
used in the building, anti they run
from the tirst lo the twelfth floor
and back at ligtning speed. Ac
cording to thc testimony of wit
nesses, Dixon had just leaned over
the elevator shaft to speak to some
one in thc cellar when thc elevator
ame nown on him, killing him in
stantly. As soon as the accident was
seen thc engineer raised the elevator
and . the body was taken out. The
hea l and face were horribly mutilat
ed, but there were no other injuries,
I and death must have been instantane
A During- Scheme.
Pierce struggles with stowaways
armed with knives were reported by
1 the captain of thc American steamer
Marcher!te which arrived at New
York recently from Mediterranean
ports, '"lillrec days out from Messi
na," said the captain, "four fellows
came crawling out of the forehatch
with knives. They threatened thc
sailors but were quickly knocked down
and disarmed. I locked them up In
thc hospital and gave them bread and
waler. In thc afternoon of the same
day thirteen men, covered with coal
dust, came up out o? thc bunkers.
They had kin ves too, but my crew
were ready to light them and we took
the knives away from them. That
night we got to Algiers and police
men came aboard and took olT the
Wain's Mis Medal.
The governor recently received a
letter from Mr. Edwin H. Moore of
New York asking for information in
regard to medal given thc members of
"the glorious old Palmetto regiment"
which fought so gallantly in Mexico
in 1817. These medals evidently were
yoted before thc Civil war, for Mr.
Moore declares that he never got bis
"because, 1 presume, as to the uncer
tainly as to my whereabouts, or
because of the occurrence of our Civil
war." Mr. Moore was life major, or
principal musician, of thc regiment
and his name is candled with Com
pany ll. There are living not more
than two score of the these gallant
men who made up the regiment which
at tracted so much attention to South
Carolina on account of its fearless
charges up mountain steeps.
A VERY.MEAN MAN..
. ? .-- ?.. ? ?
He Bought a Coffin for His Wife
Be?ore Her Death v - ?^? ^
BUT SHE MADE HIM OCCUPY IT.
Jeff Hackett, Formerly of SoutIi
Carolina, But for Many Years
a Virginian, Suffered for
Sometime ago, says a special dlE
patch to The State from Roanoke,
Va., a farmer's wife in Floyd county^
Va., who had been 111 for many weeks"
grew suddenly worse. Th'e"Iam*ny'
was small, consisting of twoVlittle. v *" '"4.
children; and tho farm house itself
occupied a lonesome, out-of-the-way
spot, In a rugged mountain country,
a good many miles distant from thO'"'
nearest country village. For weeks
the roads had been in an almost lin- ' .
passable condition from the effects of
the continued heavy fall of snow and
rain, and the only visitor to the sick
woman was the country doctor as he .
went his weary rounds. The husband,
Jeff Hackett, a native of one of the
upper counties of South Carolina, had
drifted to Virginia 35 years ago, and
ever B!nee locating in Floyd county :
had been a man known throughout
the section for his meanness and nig
gardly habits, and although by such
methods he had amassed a comfort
able sum of money, few ever saw the
color of it, and the numerous visits of
the doctor io his sick wife were viewed
with increased alarm, as indications
of a good-sized medical bill grew more
apparent. Just as the serious turn in
the woman's conditi?n came about,
the miserly husband hit on the happy
idea, as it seemed to him, of killing
two birds with ono stone. He had
come to Roanoke the following day
to attend to some business, and to get
a fresh Bupply of "them expensive
drugs." Just before his departure
the faithful doctor arrived to pay a
visit to the Bick wife. Hackett called
the physician to one side and ques
tioned him closely as tu the prospects
of his wife's early death. He explained
that bad as the roads were, they were
liable to become much worse, and
that If he could bi ing back a coffin
next day, much - inconvenience and
probable delay in the funeral, etc.,
could be saved, should bis wife expire.
Thc medical man assured him it was
his opinion that his wife could not
last twelve hours;.and that she would .
in all probability be dead when he re
turned from the city. The next day,
bright and early, the farmer bade the
sick womau good bye, and started on
his long drive to Roanoke. On arriv
ing there he purchased tho necessary
drugs, and then sought an undertak
ing establishment, where he bought a
moderate-priced collin. Congratulat
ing himself on his foresight, he plod- '
ded homeward and no sooner was he
in sight of his home, when the chil
dren awaiting his return, espied the
significant, looking casket. Running
into the house, the little ones notified
their, sick mother, who was apparent
ly in a very weak state, of what their
father had brought back from the
city. The wife guessed the truth at
once and summoning her now miser
able husband to her bedside, she raised
herself by main force and despite her
condition, showered upon him the
vials of her pent-up wrath. A new
resolution Hashed In her eyes. She
vowed her husband would be the worst
disappointed man in the country, and
should have thc collin for his own use.
So rapidly did she regain her strength
that inside of ten days, she was boss
ing the house as of old, and making
her parsimonious helpmeet's life a
burden. So much did the experience
weigh ou the latter's mind that he
fell ill and live days afterwards was
taken to the little country churchyard
in the identical receptacle purchased
by himself for his better and stronger
A Terrible Legacy.
Garrett Heddon, a notorious out
law and moonshiner, has been stabbed
to death by his brother, Riley Hed
don, in Polk County, Tenn. A year
ago in au altercation, with another
brother, Garrett killed him and this
murder led to his own death. Garrett
and Riley had visited the town of Re
liance and had started home when
"they became Involved In a quarrel
about Garrett having killed his broth?"
er,the result being that Riley plunged
a knife through his body. Garrett
was taken home, where after his fam
ily had assembled he gave to his eld
est son, aged 10, his pistol, making
bira swear that he would kill his un
cle when he was large enough.
Gets Big Pay.
King Malean, commander-in-chief
of the Moorish army, formerly an
IDngllsh lieutenant, getting $650 a
years draws the comfortable salary of
$85,000 a year. As the Sultan's right
hand man, he has conducted many
campaigns in thc Sahara, and is thc
only Christian that has openly cross
ed the Giania pass and visited the
sacred tomb of Mulal All Shcreef, In
tlie Tafilet district. Thc regular
army under his command numbers
about 20,000 with an irregular militia
May ito (bc Bobbers
Three men were arrested at Talbot
tan, Ga., on Wednesday last who blew
open the safe of Mr. AV. P. Cook at
Iva, Anderson Comity, about sie
weeks ago. A watch was found xn
one of thc men which is thought tobo
the watch taken from Mr. Cook, lt be
ing the same number as the one taken.
Sheriff Green is investigating thc mat
ter and if he gets sutllcient evidence
he will go and bring thom back to
stand their trial.
Tho Hampton Monument.
The law relating to thc Hampton
monument requires a commission to
have charge of the appropriation
when thc public raises $10,000. The
law became of effect Thursday and
.the governor has made the following
appointments: Senators McCall and
Marshall and Representatives Moses
i of Sumter, Morgan of Greenville and
Seabrook of Charleston.