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: '?DO THOU LIBERTY GREAT. INSPIRE OUR SOULS AND MAfcl^HJR LIVES IN 'PHY POSSESSION HAPPY, OR OUR DEATHS GLORIOUS IN THY CAUSE." .]??_' . ? :'.
VOL. XXVII. BENNETTSVILLE, S. C., FMpAY, FEBRUARY 13, 1903. NO. 14.
General Sir Hector McDonald Com
r. "mita Suicide in Paris.
COULD NOT FACE THE CHARGES.
Thc Distinguished Ofticer Stood
'High in thc British Service.
? Was to bc Tried on Sorl
On Wednesday a dispatch from
Calambc, Ceylon, said charges of the
most serious nature have been brought
against Major General Sir Hector Mac
Donald, commanding the forces in
Ceylon, in consequence of which the
governor or that island. Sir Joseph
SVcst Ridgeway, has been authorized
to convene a courtraartial to try
General MacDonald. Tile latter,
when thc charges was tiled sometime
ago, went to England from Ceylon to
confer with his friends and superior
officers and bc started to return and
face thc charges, which it is alleged,
are based on immoral acts.
But it seems he feared to face thc
charges, as he committed suicide at
thc Hotel . Ut gima on Wednesday in
Pails.- He sin-1 himself in thu right
temple shortly rifler no:in and expired
a few minutes later. Tho general was
alone in his small chamber on the
mazzanlne floor of the hotel at thc
time of thc tragedy. One of tile
female attendants heard thc pistol
shot and opening the door saw the
general's figure stretched out on the
door with blood gushing from a bullet
wound.in the head. She ran scream
ing to "tire" "balcony overlooking the
lobbyof tile hotel, where many guests,
including a number ot ladies, were as
sembled. Thc proprietor of the hotel
was the first to reach the expiring
Thc commissary of police was noti
fied, and, accompanied by a doctor,
proceeded-to a preliminary investiga
tion. "No money or papers of any kind i
were found in Sir Hector's baggage.
Twa.&Qtes written in English were
found lying oil a table in his room anti
these were taken possession of by thc
authorities, but it is understood that
their Contents have no bearing on thc
suicide, in tile general's coat, lying
oUrthe bed, were found some photo
graphs. The british embassy and
consulate were notified later, and
Consul General Inglis visited thc hotel
and took charge ol* thc body.
Slr Hector MacDonald arrived in
Paris last Friday evening from Lon
don on his way back to Ceylon, where
it was understood that an immediate
court martial would be held to clear
up thc charges made against bini. On
peaching thc hotel at ll o'clocji at
" .night he .>yas_tuld -that" only a small
anq. inu?i?erent -r?.ol?i 'was avaihibiev
Iic replied that that was quite suth
ci?nt. He was not accompanied by
?dy"aid decamp or valet. He said
. he only intended to stay a days or two
,in Paris. Little was seen of him since
j hts arrival. He was, however, In thc
lo"bby this morning about noon and it
ii believed that a newspaper, printed
- .in English, containing a resume of thc
, grave charges brought against him
and embellished with the general s
portion in full uniform, came under
his attention, lie left the lobby, go
ing to his room and tho pistol shot
followed soon after. Thc general's
suicide has profoundly shocked tho
British cfhoial herc. Those about thc
hotel who have conversed with Slr
Hector MacDonald recently say bc
showed no signs of excitement or men
CAPTURED THE TOWN.
Trouble With th?? fmiidi-oucs on the
Island ot' Mindanao.
A dispatch from Manila says the
town of Surigao, in thc northeastern
partof thc Island of Mindanao, which
was captured Sunday by ladrones, was
relieved Wednesday. The American
officials and foreigners were found to
bc safe. Secretary Root received a
cablegram from Governor Taft giving
the following account of thc attack
''Affair at Surigao tums out to be
the escape of 10 prisoners sentenced
to long terms for ladronisin, who,
with (io or 80 of their fellows returned
to Surigao, succeeded in surprising
and rushing the constabulary inspec
tor, Lewis M. Clarke, and thus taking
command of the town. Nine Ameri
cans, including two women, retreated
to tiic provincial building, where, un
der the direction of Luther S. Kelly,
provincial treasurer, formerly captain
of volunteers and still earlier an In
dian scout, known as 'Yellow Stone
Kelly,' barricaded 1 he building against
the attacking party. Thc Americans,
armed with only a few shotguns and
short of ammunition, maintained
their defense against tile ladrones, re
fusing to yield to an ultimatum de
manding guns by the reply of Kelly
that they would not give up a single
gun and would kill on sight any la
drone within range. Assistant Chief
Taylor arrived at Surigao willi con
stabulary force, about IS hours after
thc attack. On his approach the la
drones disappeared and columns are
now following them. Surigao. ex
treme northeast, Mindanao; is so far
removed that I have concluded to call
upon George W. Davis to put military
in command with hope that a large
force of ladrones and their gnus may
bc captured and they may be prosecu
ted for murder and ladronisin. So far
as advised Capt. Clarke only American
killed. The cable from Surigao land
ed near provincial building io which
Americans took refuge and tiley were
tims able, to communicate with mili
tary commander at lligan and with
constabulary headquarters at Cebu.
Two constabulary Inspectors were ab
sent from Surigao in Cebu, where
they were passing their examinations
for promoiion. Surigao had been re
garded as a quiet province since the
capture and sentence of ladrones, but
their escupe led to the dilliculty. If
deemed necessary hy the military
commander the commission will sus
pend the writ of habeas corpus for
Surigao, but it is to be hoped that
.this measure can be avoided."
A BATTLE WITH ROBBERS.
Ono ol" thc Gang; Killed, due "Wound
ed and One Liscapod.
A desperate battle was fought Satur
day between three robbers aud .o?Hcers
and citizens at Bedford, Ohio, result
ing in the death of one of thc robbers
and the wounding of one and the" cap
turing of another. Friday night'
three musked men entered thc town
of Gurrettsville, twenty-five miles east
of Cleveland, seized the night police
man and bound and gagged him.
The officer was marched to the post
office and compelled to witness an at
tempt, to blow open the safe by the
marauders. Finally, after working I
some time, they gave up the joh,
without securing anything of value.
Later they stole a horse and buggy
and drove to Ravenna, where they
hoarded a Cleveland and Pittsburg
ireight train Tor Cleveland.
Telegrams were sent to Bedford and
when the train arrived there a nura-j
ber of deputy shcrilfs and a posse cf
citizens were on hand armed with
guns and re*, ol vers. - A running light
began when the train reached Bed
ford. '.Die robbers li red as- they nm
toward an open Held, while the officers
and posse poured tn volley after volley
upon them. Finally one of thc pur
sued men dropped to the ground dead.
A second was so badly wounded that
he left, a trail of blood and he soon
surrendered. The third escaped.
None of the posse were lin rt.
Subsequently the captured robber
was taken to thc office of ?. S.. Mar
shall Chandler, where he gave h's
miine as James Bradly, 2.'l years old
of St. Louis, lie asserted that he did
not know the name of the robber who
was shot to death or of the one who
escaped. Further than this, .Bradly
declined to talk and was locked up in
thc county jail.
A special dispatch from Oarrctts
ville" states that thc robbers, after
failing to blow open tho postoffice
saie entered the office of W. D. Cush
man on the upper lioor of the same
building where the latter was sleeping.-.!
Cushman was tightly bound and
gagged, after which the robbers took
$50.and his watch. About $500 in
cash was found on thc body of thc
dead robber at Bedford together with
a number of skeleton keys and burg
lar's tools. Both men were well dress
A Wild Story.
An aged negro orator, A. J. Fre
mont, of Watertown, S. Dak., a well
known representative of tito colored
race, who, at the close of thc civil
war, was president ol thc society that
sent 50,000 negroes back to Africa,
lectured on the "Race Problem," and
while there called on Congressman
Tawney and asked for a private inter
view. Ile stated bc had a communi
cation which.he desired the congress
man to convey t?fthe president to the
effect that he had come into posses
sion of information that a plan had
been made to attempt the life of
President Roosevelt on his western
trip, bot that it had now been aban
doned and instead thc plotters were
planning at some favorable point in
Montana or Colorado to capture Sec
retary of the Treasury Shaw, Secre
tary of War Root and Attorney Gen
eral Knox and carry them to the
mountains to be held for suitable ran
som. Freemont refused to divulge
thc source of his information, but in
sisted that it was correct.
Need ol'a Bureau. 'S
The Columbia Record says letters
are being received at the governor's
office almost daily which emphasize
the need of an agricnltural and immi
gr?t ion bur au, recommended in
Governor I ley ward's message. The
following fromW. O. Bacon. Danville,
Mcnlor county, Ba., is a sample:
"Dear Sir: " Will you kindly cause
printed information to be sent me rel-,
alive to the ag ?cultural products,
climate, resources and special advant
age (d' diircrcnt sections of your state
for settlers from the North?"' The
information sent inquirers ol' t his kind
is only of a general nature and cannot
of cou rsc cover the ground thoroughly.
At Oshkash, Wis., after yawning
without interruption for three entire
days despite every 'effort at stoppage,
Mrs. Henry Jenner ls dead. The phy
sicians decided that she was suffering
from an obscure lesion of the brain
producing laryngial spasms. Rem:
edies and a mest beti cs were administer
ed without elicet. She was unable to
sleep and continued yawning until no
longer able from lack of strength.
Shot II Ls Two Sons.
At Frankland Ind., asa result of a
family feud David Gaines Thursday
hight shot two of his sons. Lloyd l l
years old, was shot in the side and the
older son who interferred was shot
through the lett hand. ? The younger
boy will die. Gaines left home, and is
being hunted by two other sons. .Who
are armed ?ind swear they will shoot
him on sight. Officers are also looking
for iii m.
There were (iU7.OOD.000 passengers
carried hy the railroads ol' the United
States in loo:;, which means that, on
an a.. v man, woman and
child rode eignu lime during thc year,
notes an exchange. That's another
popular fallacy, like this thing nf every
man, woman timi child in thc United
State having $20.115. As a matter of
fact wo know a man who rode only
twice and has only 95 cents left.
I,el a I/'hu rc h Burn.
Si. Joseph Italian Catholic Church
In Hazel township, just, outside the
city lindts, Hazel town, Ba., was burn
ed down early Wednesday morning.
Mayor Beuhardt refused to permit
the firemen to extinguish the. Hames
owing to the residents' refusal to join
in au ancxatioi) movement some time
ago for a (Jrealer Hazelton. The IDAS
is $20,000 and the cause incendiary.
I<M led I lie lull.
Lemuel Borden, lawyer ant. editor of
the Tribune 'of the People of Wood
stock, Va., advertised for a wife.
She came in the person of Mrs. Aman
da Deer, from Montazuina. Ind. Fri
day. She was fully up to sp?cula
tions and in a few minutes they were
AN EXPERT VIEW.
The Medical News, of New York,
on the Race Issue.
TUT. NEGRO VIEWED MEDICALLY
Tho Nows Bays TJnlcss All tho
Pacts Aro Weighed, tho
South May bo Dono
Th? Medical News, a widely known
journal published in New York city,
is aroused by the recent discussion
of thc race issue to comment upon
'"Negro Supremacy from a Medical
Standpoint." In an editorial upon
that .subject in its issue of February
28 thc Medical News states that in
leading papers ot' the North and
South have appeared editorials of
great acumen and power, "but none
seem as yet to have dealt, except in a
superficial manner, witi' the race
problem as seen from a biological,
ethnological or medical standpoint."
Tile News continues:
One cannot intelligently answer
tho question whether tho negro can
take a place i ri t he social and econo
mic progress of the nation without
being in possession of thc main mor
phological diff?rences between thc
Caucasian and the African, since
these arc the fundamental bases for
mental and moral discrepancies be
tween tlic races.
That tho negro - more nearly ap
proaches in body to the quadrumana
or anthropoid apes is shown by the
following points: The arm is abnor
mally long-in the erect position it
often reaches thc knee-pans* and on
an avcrge exceeds that of Hie Cauca
sian by about two indies. Thc facial
angle, which is granted by all to have
a definite ethnological bearing, even
if thc function of the frontal lobes is
still but little known, average S2 de
grees in the Caucasian and 70 degrees
in thc black. Coincidentally with
t<his is the fnot that in brain weight
Hie white man exceeds thc negro' by
fully 10 ounces-almost as much as
he in turn exceeds the highest gorilla.
Another point nf difference anatomi
cally is seen in the lower extremity
this is not so well developed as the
white man's, the foot is broad and
Hat, the great toe prehensile <and
divergent, the heel often projecting
so far backward as to merit thc term
lt is.needless to dwell longer on
the well known difference which ex
ists, or to urge that they demonstrate
a distinct race of mankind and show
conclusively in the negro an inferior
type. Among thc fair-minded this
. ; Some years ago we were all alarmed
ovorgihe "yellow perth" Now the
"black peril" con fron tV?is.
. Thc article quotes ?fe. late Prof.
Ogden S. Rood, nf fvdr?n'bia. as ask
ing:- "How can there be any ques
tion of superiority or inferiority be
tween two peoples who develop men
tally are separated by a chasm of
20,000 years?" Eugene R. Corsori, in
his contribution to the Wilder Quar
ter Cetitury Book, states that as a re
sult of a most careful study of thc
cousus, and dependent upon personal
observation in the city of Savannah,
he is confident that tuberculosis and
alcoholism arc madin stultifying in- ;
roads on thc making negro, poor,
weakened product, that ho is, of mis
Sir Spencer St. John says'of the in
habitants of Ilayti: "Arter a resi
dence of over twenty years in this
island'I" "inn forced to thc conclusion
that thc negro is incapable of hold
ing an independent position. I lay ti
shows no sign of improvement-on thc
other hand* it is constantly retrograd
ing, lind-without external influence '
the ini^toitiints will Soon rall into the I
stage-'uf-tho dwellers of the Congo." 1
Tlie Med4oal News thin, continues its I
com men Ls: j :
If jt is true,'as some have perhaps 1
well "siiitl, that'the time is ripe for a 1
recognition of-thc negro, in substance 1
rather, than in theory, earnest thought 1
should bo given by those who would '
liberally interpret our laws, and they
should b& well versed in thc opinions
of stich men of science as wc lia vc
quqted. They must knov/ and reeog- '
ni/.e that profound differences do exist
-that.one race is 20,000 years behind 1
the' other. They must know that '
ethnological ly, physiologically , ana lo- (
mically, thc negro and Caucasian 1
must always be widely different. If 1
the negro is'nd Vancing, which, thanks 1
to thc noble efforts made at Tuskegee 1
and similar institutions, he surely is, 1
what,'meantime; is the Caucasian do- ?
ingV Advancing? Yes, with Iiis .
pliant brain o.tso, capable of permit- 1
ting progresivo development from ?
birth "to death, he ls thundering ahead
with it tush and a speed which no
alien race can hope to follow.
Unless.t'?cse facts arc weighed In a ,
true bala'ice bitter injustice may be
done the South, lt is no doubt true, .
as Carson assumes that Hie ir rc voe- .
able, law of thc "survival of the lit
test" will wipe- thc negro, away, hut
this will, take centuries. There i>a .
real abd immediate peril, as the Sena- j
tor from'"North Carolina has well said. ?
Science, 'education, religion, piulan- j
th ropy may well focus their bright .
rays upon it,.and unless our leaders
follow where these trend thc South
will surely suffer.
A MfMl Accitll nt.
At Cocoa, Kia., ata Charavari par- ?
ty given Mr. and Mrs. Leddi ii, an old
cannon used in the serenade hurst. ,
Mrs. lt. H. Holmes' leg was so shat- .
terod that amputation below tho knee. ,
was necessary. Arthur I/apham's leg '
was fractured. The knee of W. M ,
Paterson, and thc thigh of his wile ,
were injured. George Whale, Will ,
Hansom and Hugh Connor were abo '
hurt. The cannon was an old one
rescued from thc wreck of thc Brit
ish steamer off Sebastian.
IJOVCI'H Drowned? ,
Walter Ch ism, Luther Owen and
.lennie 'George were drowned io thc .
Pemiscot Bayou, Arie, while return- ?
mg from a prayer meeting in a canoe. <
Miis George and Owens were to have i
been married wit hin a fortnight. 11
MUST BE CRAZY.
Mud Act ol'u Morilla? IClder in WU?
limn Bburj; County. >
A dispatch to Thc State says there
was considerable excitement at Lake
City in Williamsburg County on last
Thursday caused by two Mormon eld
ers. About 10 o'clock that morning
one ol' thc Mormon elders entered the
home of Mr. A. C. Stewart, a farmer
living a few miles below Lake City.
Thc men folks were out in the Held at
.work, no one being iu the house but
Mrs. Stewart and her daughter. He
talked insultingly to Mrs. Stewart
and lier daughter, causing them to
run out of the house with fright, the
young lady jumping out of the win
dow and running across tho Held to
Mr. S. Ed. Floyd's screaming for help
with thc Morru.m elder chasing lier,
It seem tlie other elder tried to stop
him. - _
Mr. Floyd and others gob him and
tied liim and after he was tied he
went into thc house of a Mr. McKen
zie and used -insulting language to a
young lady there. Ile fought to a
Ii nish and was knocked down into a
clay hole ol' water by Mr. Floyd with
a large paddle used in boiling clothes.
Ho-begged Mr. Floyd to pull him out,
and when out he fought Mr. Floyd
again, and thc latter had to knock
him down several times before lie con
Mr. Stewart was informed that
two men were attempting a crime
upon his daughter, and lt took, hard
work to get in's gun away from him,
as lie wanted to kill this fellow, the
other having gotten away.
A courier went into Lake City with
the report, saying they had one bring
ing him to town and wanted dogs to
catch tho other. Soon after they
came in witli the man they had cap
tured, tied and bloody, wet and cold,
and shivering like he had an ague.
An excited crowd soon assembled,
but nothing rash was attempted. Ile
did not ask to have bis wounds dress
ed, but begged for some one to do
something tn get Iii DI warm. His
wounds were dressed by Dr. Courtney.
Ho was having a preliminary trial for
attempted rape when your correspon
tlcn?'s train arrived. Your correspon
dent had a talk with thc prisoner and
believes he. is not in his right mind.
A. Thrilling Kscttlic.
A mother, father, infant and. ser
vant were rescued by firemen from
sull'ocatiort in a tire which occurred
at Richmond, Ya., last Wednesday
morning. The family were all asleep
at the time their lives were endanger
ed. The household consisted of R. L.
Charles, his wife and infant son, and
a servant named liosa Carter Fire
man E. H. Harris reached thc third
Moor by means of a ladder. He found
thc room dense with smoke and the
family fast becoming suffocated. Ile
snaCchcd'up the baby, wrapped iuVlffi
his coat and handed it to another fire
man, then on thc ladder, who carried
it. to a place of safety. Returning,
tho first ti reman wrapped Mrs. Charles
in a quilt and then carried her to thc
window and handed her to a third
lireman, who landed her safely. Mr.
Charles was then awakened and de
scended thc ladder with thc assistance
of tho lireinen. The sot vant, when
aroused, became su excited that she
started to climb down the ladder head
iirst, and would have been dashed to
pieces on the ground below, bub for
lireman No. 4, who set her right and
assisted her in reaching the street.
Lost Her Huir
Miss Eva Mcneil, a pretty and
popular society girl of Carrollton, Ga.,
lost her beautiful hair Thursday nighb
through the combinai ion ol' a lamp
light, and a celluloid comb.
She was reading and became so
hierested in lier book she did notice
that her head was nearly against thc
lamp on tlie table. Tho flame of tim
lamp heated the comb she wore in her
liait* and before she was aware of her
langer the comb bad ignited and her
nead was enveloped in a mass of fire,
?she attempted to brush thc llamos
From her hair and badly burned ber
liands. Finally she conquere! the
riamos, but her magnil'lcient suit of
liai r was gone anti ono side of her face
ivas badly burned.
Knrieri Thiel Lives
At Milans. Texas, because of family
troubles D. E. Marmore and S. H.
Worthington agreed Lo take morphine
LO end thier lives, (tormore was the
i ist to take tho dose and when dis
?bvered Worthington wa:; among those
>vho worked over him in the oliort at
estoration. Uar moro died. Wor
kington immediately went to his
room and wrote a lotter to his wife
'rom whom he was separated and took
i large dose of poison. He was found
shortly afterwards and every effort
.vas made to save him but the phy
sicians say it is hardly probable.
Shot. Her Bet roy cir.
Ellie Waggy, daughter of William
Waggy, a prosperous farmer, of Wes
ton, Vu., shot Ital ph McDonald son of
Bx-Sherllf McDonald Wednesday near
the Waggy homestead. Four years
tgo Miss Waggy alleges that Mc
Donald, who f.'tidied medicine in a
Louisville, Ky., college, betrayed her.
She says she lias been-wa tching her
.banoo ever since to kill him. She fired
live shots, two of which took effect in
lis back and side. There is little
lope of In's recovery. The woman has
lot boon arrested.
Tho Tilintan Trini.
Solicitor Thurmond stated Friday
hat tho trial of .lames H. Tillman
.vould probably come up Monday April,
13. The Iirst week of criminal court,
would be taken up with minor cases,
nany of which would be disposed of in.
i day ?ind none of tho important cases
would bc reached until thc second
ivoek. There were a large number Ol'
witnesses in tho Tillman case, the
solicitor said, ?ind the state would be
ready for trial on Monday of that week.
Killed hy u Train.
.1. C. Howling and W. A. Cooper,
farmers, wore killed liv thc eastbound
-Southern railway brain eight miles
wrestof Durham, N. C., ?it Scarlet
-rossiog Thursday. Thc mon were in
i wagon, which was struck and were,
carried some distance. It ls supposed
that he'eausc of a deep cub bbc men
lid not hear tlie train.
SETTLED AT LAST.
Interesting Suit Against the Charles
"tun and Seashore Railway.
SIX THOUSAND DOLLARS
Damages Awarded Mitts Annie Car
roll. "Who Pell Through tho
^pmpnnj 's Wliart'iind Was
"?.Very Seriously Injured.
Tho supr?me court has lately atllrm
ed a 'decision of the circuit court in
Orangeburg, awarding a verdict of
$0,000 to the plaintiff, in the case of
Annie II. Carroll vs. the Charleston
and ^ashore Railroad company. This
case 'ls" quite an interesting one and
has been thoroughly investigated un
der thd law, having been three times
brought to trial in thc lower court,
and then appealed hy the railway com
On'the 23 rd of August, 1898, there
was .to be a dance at the Isle of Palms
Miss Carroll left Charleston, attend
cd tho dance and relumed when it
was Over. On the way hack she alleges
that while leaving the Mount Pleasant
wharf to board the ferryboat she fell
through a hole lu the wharf and into
the water and was rescued only with
grcati dilllculty. The complaint fur
therjalleges that though lt was at the
time,of the accident about 1.30 a. m
that there was no light on the wharf,
and thus lt was that she failed to see
the hole in the planking.
Afjss Carroll claimed that she suf
fered so from sickness and from shuck,
caused by hcrsudden plunge and from
remaining in her wet clothing" until
she got home, that she was practically
incapacitated from" ever earning her
living again. She asked from the
railway company for her disability
$lo;00O, and in addition $250, which
she, had paid the physician who at
tended her. Five thousand dollars
was also demanded because of the
negligence of the. company.
Iii answering the complaint the rail
way company said that Miss Carroll
had left thc regular passageway and
climbed over a pile of lum her, placed
especially for the purpose of guarding
persons from the hole in the wharf.
The case was brought up in Charles
ton In November, 1809, before Judge
Cage, but resulted In a mistrial. It
was again brought up in "November,
11)00, In Charleston, before Judge Bu
chanan with the same result. It was
then transferred, on motion of the
plaintiff's attorneys, to Orangcburg,
where it was heard in May, 15)02, he
.>'T?ie jury ?jt that time, after hear
ln?r'th&TSvij&ejnjc^. 'rendered a' verdict^
of for Miss Carroll'. Tb? de
fense then asked for a new trial on
the ground o." excessive damages, and
Judge Gage sustained this motion,
recommending a new trial unless the I
plaintiff should remit S3.0U0 of the)
verdict-rendered. The attorneys for
the defense appealed on the ground
that Judge Gage should have granted
a new trial without the option of the
reduction of the verdict. Tile case
was heard by Judges Dope, Gary and
Jones, and the decision affirmed.
NEGRO BLOOD IN THEIR VAINS.
Henry Watterson Takes Notice ol a
Itccent New York Kscnpndc.
Henry Watterson tinnily has taken
note of thc entertainment on thc part |
nf New York's 400 of a negro woman,
Aida Overton Walker. The Cou
rier-Journal's editor does not appear
lo have been greatly shocked. Ile
says some of these swells need not go
far back to lind negro blood in their
Says Mr. Watterson: "The news
papers are making au ado over the In
cident which came to pass at Del mo
il i co's the other evening, where at a I
function by some members of thc
smart seta colored lady became the I
piece bf resistance, as we Irish say.
"lt is due to the truth that history
observe that the colored lady was not |
among the originally invited guests.
in point of fact, she belonged to a
company of show people exhibiting at
a Broadway theatre, and that she
came to instruct the swells into the
mysteries of the cakewalk. They
t ?ok sucha liking to her, however,
that the line of distinction was quick
ly obliterated, thc host leading the'
Queen (d' Midnight through the giddy
mazes of thc dance, and the lily white]
helles of thc court circle, making her
at iiomc and Inviting her to other en
tertainments, pledged her in Hagons|
of foaming champagne.
"The Courier-Journal has been
asked by several esteemed contempo
raries for an expression as to this new]
departure, lt is not, wc take leave]
to remark, an altogether new depar
ture. Several swells named as oT
those present are known to have acted
within their rights. If questioned)
these might trace their (?wu origin
back to the rich, red blood of the
Bthionian, in some cases not so very
far hack, either. They did hut honor
their race in honoring the dusky rep
resentatives nf the vaudeville stage.
"The Courier-Journal is not en
gaged in the work of sensational speci
licatlon. if it was so engaged, it
might reduce t he great question to the ]
'limonsions of a vulgar scandal.
Washing Um Tost.
The S til tea Claim;
The Columbia Record says there is
considerable misunderstanding among
the newspapers of thc country in re
gard tb that $80,120 war claim which
Senator Tillman secured recently from
the government and the. Philadelphia
Press recently stated that the sum
grew out of a claim in 1812 on which
only 31 cents was due. rids mis
understanding grew out of a statement
made by the auditor of the treasury
in regard to a claim which the govern
ment had against this state for destroy
ing government property in Charleston
at the beginning of the civil war. The
auditor stated that If this claim was
paid by the state a balance of 34 cents
would be due. No attention was
paid to thc claim however.
ON CHICCO STREET.
Tue Crusade Againt Charleston Blind
Tigers are linEnrueet.
T!ie Charles ton correspondent of Thc
State says Governor Tillman- once
ordered the dispensary constable to'
'.raise hell on Chicco street." Sub
stitute "establishments" for the last
word of the order and then some idea
may be bad of the_maniier of the war
fare the constables have begun, start
ing lirsfc with the East Bay and Mar
ket street places of the famous king
of the blind tigere, lt was stated that
all the blind tigers are to bc similarly
dealt with and tin work was started
with Qhlcco's ( st bFshments.
A gallon d-miiolin of corn whiskey
was found in a room over Chicco's
restaurant and bar and this was con
sidered ample evidence to raid and dis
mantle the places. Chicco Indignant^
ly denied Thursday that-"that 10-cent
corn whiskey" was lils. He said that
it belonged to a boarder, and "every
body knows that I don't sell that sort
of stulT. You get good goods here."
At all events,-when the dismantling
process started, Chicco asked that he
be permitted to remove the fixtures
and furnishings himself, wh oh was
allowed by Howie, and the sounds of
the saw and hammer took the place of
thc clinking of the glasses and pop
ping of corks at the'weil known and
much frequented places Thursday.
The fixtures will be stored for future
use. Chicco expressed his willingness
to quit the retail business, provided
tho other tigers were similarly dealt
with, and he said that C'oief Howie
promised to dismantle all thc other
places in thc same way.
Chicco said that he would have left
Charleston long ago if it were not fdr
his holdings of property here, ne
said that even now he is willing to
leave, provided any one will purchase
all of his pioperty. He is willing.to
knock off 20 per cent, of its value to
close out. Chicco declares that ho has
always condcuted a decent place and
lie can npt understand why the con
stables should have swooped down on
him in tho manner that they did. His
fellow violators hellcvc that Chicco's
trials are largely thc result of his ap"
peal for leniency in thc enforcement
of thc act. attracting attention lo his
own violation of the law. At ali events,
he wants thc other dealers to share
the same fate, and thc constables say
that the raid is the beginning of a
general dismantling of the bars over
A TERRIBLE EXPERIENCE.
A r,Utle Boy Pell Thirty Poet Into
In an open well, :10 feet deep, for
llt'tcen hours, without any means of
escupe, was the harrowing experience
bf Henry Miller, the seven-year-old
?;on of S. C. Miller, a machinist for
thc National Furniture company, who
lives at 42 Ponders avenue.
Thc child fell in thc well ahout S
o'clock Saturday morning, and was
not found until ll o'clock that night,
cold, injured and almost unconscious.
He had made desperate efforts to get
out of the well, having dug steps in
Gie dirt half way up to the surface,
only to fall hack again
Thc well into which the boy had
fallen was on thc property of the
Ware Furniture company, on "West*
Fourth street, about one hundred and
titty yards from thc residence of the
boy's father- A building ol' thc com
pany was burned some time ago,, and
since that time there hus been noth
ing on the property.
About ? o'clock Saturday morning
while Hying his kite, thc hoy fell into
tho well. He was running backward -j
u,t the time and tl id* nob know of the
opening.' He stumbled backward and
fell to the bottom without -anything
to brake thc force of the fall. . There
happened to bc no water in the well,
and tlie boy's fall, on the hard bottom
was one which rendered him uncon
Nothing was known of thc boy's
fall, and his father reported thc mat
ter to the police and aske'l. them to
help him in Unding thc lad. ile stated
that the boy had left home to sec the
cadavers which had been deserted on
the river lino and had ..not. been seen
since. When fou rid thc boy 'was ...in
a semi-conscious condition and almost
frozen, tlie-little water iii tlie well
chilling him to the marrow.
When he was taken from thc well
thc little fellow could hardly spet?k,
and it was some time before he .was,
resuscitated. He said that ,j?he; ;fa?j?
had rendered him unconscious raht?
regained his senses that afternoon. He
then, began making desperate efforts
to get out of the well, .digging steps
In the side of thc well,-using only his
liands to cut. into the dirt. His hands
were bleeding and lacerated when res
cued. His efforts to escape, however,
liad proven fruitless, thc well having
^avetl in about half way up, and lie
?mild not pass thc cavcd-in-plaee.
Starving in ! inland.
Thc Berlin Die Post states that the
famine in Finland ls more acute daily.
Pl ic suffering of the populace is
more intense and lias been aggravated
by entire lack ol'meat, milk and po
tatoes since October.*. Thc people are
barefooted and clothed in .rags. In
Kogan! and U leaborg alojic there are
i thousand peasants said, to Vic starv
ing, wliilc thc carcases of thousands of
i-attlc and corpses of human beings'
lill thc air with pollution. Hpidemics
of various Sorts has broken out. Am
erican relief expeditions have reached
llaparalda, Swccclen, on the b".y of
Both i na, opposite Ulcaborgs;
A Club ol'HilcMico.
There is in Paris a society of deaf
mutes who maintain a club called the
"Club of Silence." Thc servants arc
deaf and dumb, and arc summoned, lt
is said, by slight electric shocks In
stead of bells. When the club mem
bers are haying a particularly gay
time thc servants are So heavily
charged that thc elccbric.sparks drown
thc popping of champagne corks.
SHOWING THEIR TEETH.
The Blind Tigers la Charleston Claws
tho Chief of Police.
A dispatch from Charleston to the
Augusta Herald says war against the
blind tigers of Charleston has develop
ed quite a sensation in which some
startling assertions against the
character of Charleston's chief of pol
ice have been made by means of plac
ing placards in j the window of one of
the places recently closed up. Since
tlie first o? his administration Gover
nor Heyward has been keeping the
constabulary moving actively against
tho blind tigers, of Charleston. The
developments in the Chicco affair were
spread broadcast and read with con
siderable interest in a great many
in:wspap rs, but the latest "affair" is
Hie Hrst of a really sensational type"so
far. Several days ago a blind tiger
run by It! M. McManos was raided, by
..rdcror Mayor Smythe and ever since
there have been placards placed daily
in the window knocking on tbe
character of the chief of the police
department to stare pedestrians in the
face. Tho day following the raid this
one appeared :
"This business was closed by
orders of a drunken, Incompetent
Chief of Police."
No notice was taken_of the placard
by the officials, but it was read by ev
erybody that passed the place. The
following day an even more sensation
al placard was exhibited in tue win
dow, reading as-follows:
"Why dou't this drunken Chief
of Police be as active in closing
other places as he has this. The
Governor could then call lu the
The affair did not stop "with this
placard, nor was it allowed to remain
long In its place. Apparently not
satistied with the effect a single pla
card was having, the advertisement
was changed this morning, and in
stead of one card, the show window
was decorated with au array of cards
that was calculated to stop anyone
who migbt be passing,.and could not
help but have some resting place in
thc minds of Lite readers. Thc signs
displayed are as follows:
"What tlie community wishes
td know is why this Chief of Police
disgraces the uniform that the
taxpayers put on his back. Who
pays thc rent of No. 37 Coming
street? Who runs that den? Let
bim answer that, too."
"Closed by order of that De- '
baucher, Imposter upon the tax
payers as the Chief of Police. Had
he been sober instead of a state of
beastly intoxication on the night
of tlie murder of Young Pinckney
the perpetrators ol* that foul deed
might have been apprehended." 5
"Who but this rotten Chief of
i Police is responsible for the rob
bery of tho old Veterans during
thcxeunion in the year 1898? ?
privilege was granted an Imported
?? gambler and ex-convlct, at the
cost or Sf),OOO to do tue work.
Why was sucha privilege granted?
Not for the love of this convict.
Who got the privilege money?
Let him answer that."
"This drunken Chief of Police
occupied the time of the special
detectives in hounding down
those that are distasteful to him,
while the thieves have their own
way and the taxpayers pay the
costs."' . . ,
It is the chief; of. police, W. A.
Hoyle, who ls refered to In the signs
or cards that appear in the window,
and everybody in Charleston expects
that some serious trouble will be the
result of what many of the best peo
ple herc are referring to as "a dirty
piece of work" on the, part of a "blind
tiger- keeper" meaning McManus.
While Chief Boyle^ has taken no
action in tlie mat.tervtroating it appa
rently with contempt, it is plainly
seen that the manner in which his
name is being handled by' the blind
tiger is not at all appreciated by him.
Tlie chief of police is pretty well liked
by the best element of Charleston's
people and the community is-slding
with him iii thc work ho" is-doing,
while on tlie other hand McManus has
very little standing boro at all. The
fair-minded element of the -city' are
referring to his action In. using -the
.placards the way he has as "a stab in
' Oo Not I^nujjju . :'>., "
. Do hot laugh at'the . drunken <man
reeling through the streets. However
ludicrous the sig lit may be, just pause'
and tbink. He is going horrid to some
tender, heart that Will'tb'rou with
ihtejise a*/Ony; some doting- mother,
perhaps, who will grieve over the'down
.fofl of him who was once >h?r sinless
'.'boy; or perhaps a fond wife, whose
heart will almost hreak with grief as
she views the dlstruction of her idol;
or maybe a loving sister who will shed
bitter tears over the disgrace., of her
brother, shorn of his manliness and
.self-respect. As your eyes .follow thc
drunken man's uncertain footsteps
record- a solemn vow that, while you
live, you will clo nil that within you
lies to avoid drunkenness.
A Mix Up.
Tlie people up North have a queer
way of settling family troubles. " De
claring that his wife had been stolen
from bim, A. Jloyal Guest, a well
known coal man of .N.ew York, obtain
ed aii-order from Judge Grconbaum.
Friday attaching for. $75,000 tho pro
perty of Clarence ,L. .Lowther,' another
coal merchant! who, it is alleged, is
now living somewhere in tho West
with Mrs. Ouest. Mrs. Lowther, the
wire of the missing man, hos obtain
ed judicial separation on the same
grounds on which Guest is suing,
A Prce PUSH.
An exchange says that it has been
offered four dollars for tsventy-two
dollars and Hf ly cents worth of adver
tising and will "note witli Interest
thenumber.tif brethren Who...accept
this munificent offer." One of the
hardships and actual losses of a news
paper ls iii doing a great deal of work
for nothing, and there is no way of
estimating the cost to a newspaper of
thc absolutely free advertising lt docs
.In the course of a year, . Hut the sur
prising thing is that lt is often expect
ed by people who arc liberal in other
A G RAIN LOUSE
And Not " the Hessian Fly is the
Thing That is
DESTROYING THE OAT CROP.
T"io Liittlo Pest Has Dono Much -
Damage to tho G row ?nc Oat?, ~ZJ >yi-'.
But Its Days Aro
Pror. Charles E. Chambliss of Clem- '
son college, an experienced entomolo
gist, was in Orangeburg for a few ?
hours Wednesday and has encouraging ",_
tidings for the farmers of Orangeburg,
Bamberg, Clarendon, Sumter, Flor
ence, Darlington, Marlboro, Lee,
Richland and Saluda counties, where
thc so-called Hessian. Hy has been
playing wild havoc with thc oats and
other small grain orops.
' In some sections of. these counties .
the crop has been almost totally de
stroyed, and the plague is of such a
serious nature that the State board of
entomology sent Professor Chambliss
out to study the destroyer and, if pos
sible, to advise some means of exter
minating ft; and he has been success
ful in his research. Professor Cham
bliss has visited Darlington, Florence,
and Orangeburg counties so far, and
linds the cause and conditions the
same In each. Professor Chambliss
says that the damage has been, done, .
not by the Hessian fly, but by a small
grain louse. This enemy obtains its
food by'inserting its jointed beak in
thc:fitcm and leaves ; of .the oats, by
vfhjch.it.sucks the sap and if it does
not completely kill the plant, will
cause the grain to be severely injured
and-shflveled. There is rib practical
remedy, but this need not cause alarm
for, at present, the natural enemy ot
the louse has checked-its ravages
These natural enemies Will keep the .
louse in bounds, and if there were a
praotical remedy there would be no
need ot applying lt. These natural .
enemies of the louse are bugs of four
species, and not unlike the potato bug.
These bugs feed on the louse and are j
rapidly exterminating them. Dry or
cool weather retards uhe work of the
louse, so that with favorable weather,
aided by the bugs, it is not thought
their ravages can continue longer.
The broadcasting of air-slacked lime
when it strikes the insects will kill
them, but not in sufficient numbers' to .
make this remedy pay. The applica
tion of nitrate of soda at 75 pound-?
per acre will unquestionably stimulate
the plant to vigorous growth which
might enable lt to resist the attack of
the louse, but no immediate results
could be obtained by its use and it
would prove a needless expense, as the
natural enemies have already so great-,
ly reduced the numhersof the louse as,.
to femovbthc fear of further injury. ,.
Professor Chambliss says that alL
volunteer oats should be destroyed,
and that in planting next fall it must
be done on land not now infected.
However, full instructions for future
guidance will be given in the bulletin
to be issued this summer. Professor
Chambliss urges as much publicity in
bbc weekly papers as possible, so that
the farmers may be Informed speedily,
thereby saving them -expense and
A Case ot'Toriuro.
Thc public has been aroused by the
case of a private In the army named.
Richter who was bound, gagged and
tortured by his company Lieutenant
Sinclair in the Philippines till the sol
dier died. Ills mother appealed to
the president to have the lieutenant
retired and punished, but so far her
request has open disregarded. Thc
war olllce publishes statements that
Richter was a hopeless case of drunken
Insolence and that his death while
being puhished resulted from drink.
A ' public rjieetlng in Faneuil Hall,
Bostsbhj thif historic hot bed of all
agitations has been held, where the
presjdcqt has been roundly denounced
for ^withholding from the public the
records.of the court-martial that tried
.Sinclair. This matter may yet be
mado an ; Issue against Roosevelt in
politics. The claim is made that in
the far away Philippines many deeds
o'f horror and cruelty in the army and
among the-natives arc perpetrr?ced
and'that only Inkling of the facts ever
reaches the public.
?jj . . . ? Singular Incident.
;..Rev. W. W; Waddell, ii Presbyterian
missionary in Brazil, arrived In New
York on the 12th, having made a
journey of 000^ miles to be treated, as
he believed, for a cancer growth in
the jawbone. Thc patient was exa
mined by an eminent cancer specialist,
and to his astonishment and relief was
informed that the trouble was not a
cancer but a decayed tooth. A visit
to a dentist confirmed the diagnosis bf
the specialtist, and the missionary
was speedily relieved of pain and fears.
So the man had not only gone a vast
distance but had spent thesavingsof a
little sal ry for years simply to have a
tooth pulled. Between joy at know
ing he was not attacked by a deadly
disease, and chagrin at the expendi
ture of so much travel, time and money
merely to have a decayed tooth ex
tracted the state of mind of Rev. Mr.
Waddell may bc imagined.
A lind Mess.
An unusual criminal case was re
cently tried in the court at Green
wood, Norman Dodges and Hargrove,
two white men, and three negroes,
Jim East, Kicking Bell and Robert
Coleman, were arraigned on thc seri- '
otis charge of highway robbery. It
ls said that they "'held up" Gus Ar
nold, a white man, near Ware's Shoals,
some time last fall and relieved him
of $6? in money. Gus Arn. ld is also
to bc tiled for killing a negro on last
Thanksgiving day. Thc three negroes
pleaded guilty, but asserted that
Arnold only had 35.1. They claim that
he"lost $13 gambling with thom and
with two white men, Hodges and
Cut His Throat.
A man believed to bc Albert G or
sola, a Spaniard, was found dead in
bcd in his room in thc Union Square
hotel in New York, Thursday morn
ing His throat was cut and suicide
is suspected. Little is known about