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The Marlboro democrat. (Bennettsville, S.C.) 1882-1908, July 31, 1903, Image 1

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: '?DO THOU LIBERTY GREAT. INSPIRE OUR SOULS AND MAfcl^HJR LIVES IN 'PHY POSSESSION HAPPY, OR OUR DEATHS GLORIOUS IN THY CAUSE." .]??_' . ? :'.
VOL. XXVII. BENNETTSVILLE, S. C., FMpAY, FEBRUARY 13, 1903. NO. 14.
SENATOR TILLMAN
Speaks To a Large Crowd at Bishop
ville Last Week.
A SYNOPSIS OF mi SPEECH.
The Senator Snys tbe Selection nt' n
Democratic Presidential Nomi
nen is Difficult. The
Negro Question.
Senator Tillmau arrived at liishop
v?lle on Tuesday evening of last week
and was escorted by thc reception com
mittee to the Bisbopville hotel, which
was his headquarters during his visit
to thdt-town.
After supper he was called upon in
an Informal way by many olti/.ens,
with whom he Chatted upon every sub
ject but politics.
After a quiet night's rest on Friday
morning be was driven around Bishop*
ville and vicinity and shown the im
provements made ?n this lively and
progressive little town, and expressed
himself as highly pleased with thc
evidences of enery and enterprise.
At 11 o'clock he was escorted to thc
Woodworth grove the "central park"
of the town where lie was to address
our people on the quc.stions.of the day.
The turnout of the citizens at first
seemed disappointing as the assem
blage was much smaller than was ex
pected, but it must be remembered
that this is the busiest time in the
year for the farmer and that several
Important meetings are to be held in
the next ten days, and they could not
. well, at this juncture be spared from
"their farms.
It is estimated that from live to
eight/hundred people were present, in
cluding a goodly number of ladies, and
' that among those present lines had
been entirely obliterated, Reformers
and Antis, according to the old demar
cation, intermingling to do honor to a
man who had faithfully and strenuous
ly served his state under the most ad
verse circumstances.
The meeting was called to order by
Mr. Ralph ,W. McLendon, who re
quested the Kev. T. W. Phillips to
open proceedings with prayer.
Senator Tillman met the people of
Lee County for thc first time. I Ie said
he had tried to come over when the
country was in the throes of birth, but
. the people did not seem to want, him.
He was pretty well up on the geogra
phy of South Carolina; had traveled
. over every county but Lee several
times. He thanked the people for
their handsome vote at the last sena
torial election and felt that he de
served it.
v.. He found it hard to say anything
." ~" .t-b? npxt.-pfosidentinl. election;
everything ls in" doubt.' Parker, ot
New York, and Johnson, of Ohio are
spoken of as banner bearers but, in
' fact, no one seems to be prominent.
Cleveland is a bag of beef, only lit for
pitchforking. Bryan does not want
the nomination and could not get it if
he did; heis talking too much. The
method must bo to adopt some par
ticular policy or perhaps wait until the
Republicans show their hand and then
. formulate a platform which will appeal
to the people.
The Northern people are highly pro
gressive-in industry, money-making
and dishonesty. The Republican parti
is built on that basis and all the leg
- .islatlon is in the direction of fraud.
He instanced the pension swindle as
an example. All must play into the
hands of the G. O. P. and by degrees
all the money in the country will be
diverted in that direction.
He then told in his graphic way how
he had gained for South Carolina
against the government by playing
Allison against Joe Cannon.
The democratic party is sick. The
silver question must be put asi .le for
the present. Ile personally is as sound
a free silveriteas ever, but it is best
for financial reasons to avoid the issue
iust now. Ile does not see much hope
for democratic success in thc presi
dential election. Sentiment enters
largely into politics, lt was senti mont
thab brought on the civil war. Mrs.
Stowe's book, "Uncle Tom" and the
feeling must be considered. Theodore
Roosevelt knows how to appeal to this;
he Is a straddler and a shrewd one;
witness his action in the trust case
and in the matterol the appointment
of Crum as collector at Charleston.
The only straw which shows the cur
rent In the plank In thc platform en
dorsing the fourteenth and fifteenth
- amendments and declaring that they
must be maintained. Th's meant the
inauguration of a campaign to cut
down Southern representation. This
would mean a loss to South Carolina
of three or four congressmen.
If the idea prevails the fight may be
made upon this issue and thc speaker
would gladly welcome lt. ' On that is
sue the democrats could carry the
north as well as the south. But un
less that or some similar mistake is
made by them there is little elia ncc
for the democratic party.
In answer to an inquiry he said he
did not care about talking about the
frauds in thc postolllce department.
A committee would be appointed at
the next session of Congress which
would give the matter a thorough in
vestigation.
The senator then warned the peo
ple that the negro question was hy no
means settled. The constitutional
convention had arranged things for a
time, but tho trouble was hy no means
over.'
Thc negroes were educating their
.children and the rising generation
would not be prevented from voting
by the "illiteracy" clause. Being edu
cated they would demand the bal
ot and then-thc deluge. Thc neuro
.question hangs over the Sou tl 1 like the
sword of Damocles.
Thc time must and will come when
thc constitution of thc United States
must be amended and the entire ne
gro vote of the nation.eliminated for
ever.
The senator thinking that some of
his remarks might have been thought
lurid and Tillmanesque here made a
handsome apology to thc ladies pres
ent if his language had been a little
too fiery. Ile spoke loud, plain Anglo
Saxon English and did not try to orna
ment lt as his friend Lever did. And
with a little pleasant chating at the
j latter gentleman the, senator closed
amid aloud applause.
The meeting was a remarkably
pleasant one. Senator Tillman was at
his best. There were no "burning Is
sues"; to excite his wrath or induce
those "Hows o? vituperation for which
he seems to have acquired a reputa
tion, but spoke easily aud forcibly with
enough of his usual fire to give his
hearers and impressive Idea of the con
dition of things through the country.
Another enjoyable feature of thc
occasion was the entire obliteration
of the old factional lines. "Reform
ers" and "antis," of the nineties,
stood shoulder toshoulder.not to hail a
loud-voiced agitator und an inspirer
of strife, but to do honor to a man
who had worthily worn the'senato
rial toga and who hrs ably and fear
i lessly discharged the duties of the
high office to which he had been elect
ed practically by the unanimous vote
of lils state.
LOOK OUT FOR THEM.
Charleston linn Declared War on
White ami BlncK Vagrants.
Charleston has rightly declared war
on all vagrants that loaf about her
streets, and no doubt many of them
will lloatin this direction and lt would
be well for the authorities to keep a
sharp lookout for them. Thc Charles
ton Post says_ the idle, worthless
negroes, who have been loitering
about thc streets of the city day and
night, must either go to work or leave
the city or they will be arrested and
sent to the chain gang.
Several days ago The Evening Post
published an interview from a well
known business man, calling attention
to the large number of negro idlers in
thc city and urged that the police de
partment make an active campaign
on the vagrant class, and Chief Hoyle
issued orders to the special squad of
police olllcers to show the idlers no
quarter. AH negroes, male and female,
who are found hanging about the
streets and who have no visible means
of support will be arrested and tried
before the recorder on the charge of
being vagrants. Upon conviction
Recorder Jervey will not deal with
them lightly.
Chief Royle said that the police
department had never let up on the
enforcement of the vagrant law, for
the records In the police court show
tiiat negroes and white men are con
stantly being tried and convicted on
thc charge of being vagarants and
sent to thc public works. Only a few
days ago four young white men were
convicted under the vagrant act. The
crusade against the vagrants will now
I be actively carried on with renewed
vigor. The campaign ls going to be
lively and loafers will be arrested and
sent to headquarters.
--ilas thc-Cottoii Pevor. - -
Porto Rico seems to have a well de
veloped case of the cotton fever.
News from that island say that with
in a month the cotton ginneries being
erected on tba water front of San Juan
will be ginning the most pretentious
and certainly the most significant
cotton crop Porto Rico has raised with
in the past forty years. The output
will be at least 10,000 bales of some of
the finest sea island cotton ever grown.
The best yields will exceed l.flOO
pound seed and liber to thc acre; and
of sixty-eight experimental plots all
will show a profit. Nothing but sea
island cotton lias been planted, and
thc tendency here is to encourage as
far as possible the growing of that
grade only. Within a year, it is con
fidently expected, thc cotton boom in
Porto Rico will be attracting wide
spread attention. And it is not im
probable that through such a boom
thc rejuvenated industry will sillier by
a later reaction. The recent decision
of President Roosevelt that 90,000
acres of public lands in Porto Rico can
now be sold leads to the reasonably
supposition that a part of this land,
which will doubtless be appraised at
from 8-1 to 810 an acre, will before
long, blossom with cotton. At least
that's talk in San Juan. The cotton
fever is in the air. At present no at
tempt will bc made to grow short
staple cotton on the island.
A Terrille Tornado.
A terrific tornado visited Patterson,
M. J., Wednesday. During the blow
which lasted about three minutes,
two persons were killed and at least
three score more or less injured. Half
a dozen men were at work jacking up
a house. When the tornado struck
this building lt collapsed. Jos. Yan
Dam was buried under thc wreckage
and instantly'killed. Four other men
were caught, but were dug out alive,
although unconscious. At St. Joseph
hospital the patients were thrown in
to a panic. Rig trees in the grounds
around the hospital were blown
down, tile windows were smashed and
the awnings carried off. Thomas
Hancock, eight years old, was struck
by a piece of shafting blown from a
wrecked laundry building which com
pletely severed his head from his
body. Tiie monetary loss by the storm
is estimated at between 8150,000 and
8200,000. As nearly as can be estima
ted fifty-two houses have been blown
down or so torn by the wind as to he
beyond repair. About double that
number are badly damaged and sever
al times that number slightly dam
aged. _
Thunderstorm In Ohiougb,
Two persons were killed outright as
the result of a storm at Chicago Tues
day, viz, Bessie Jilerie, 2 years old,
crushed to death by a piano blown
from thc hands of movers, and Henry
Temm, struck by lightning while
standing on a street corner. Many
persons sufiered from broken limbs
and severe cuts and bruises due to
runaway accidents. Thc storm was
accompanied by a high wind, and thc
hall, which formed in jagged pieces of
iee while falling, played havoc witli
plate galss windows throughout thc
down-town district.
Iifupcd to Death.
A special to the Augusta Chronicle
says hy ticing one end of a rope
around lils neck and thc other around
a bush and then leaping over a clilf,
William Roark, a farmer of Ashe
county, N. C., ended his life after
having made several threats of suicid
ing.
LEPERS M AERY.
Some Hard Things Said About a
Havana Hospital
WHICH SHOULD BE REMEDIED.
Habana Post DiBCOvcrs a Horrible
Condition of Affairs nt the
Leper Hospital in thc
Cuban Capital.
It is hard to believe that in a civi
lized community and In this day and
age of the world that such a condi
tion of affairs can exist as does exist
in almost thc heart of that city today
at San Lazaro hospital, the place
where the unfortunate people suffer
ing from that dreadful and loathsome
disease, leprosy, are ke"pfc. The Post
has heretofore published stories about
this hospital but never before has
such a serious condition of affairs been
known. Before The Post published
about the patients from the hospital
escaping and mingling with the peo
ple in the streets, and going where
they wished to go over thc city. Dr.
Alfonso, the director of the hospital,
took occasion to deny the story of
The Post, but in an interview cel
ebrated with him at the hospital a
few days ago bc acknowledged that
The Post was right.
Allowing lepers to escape from the
hospital and risk the spreading of
their dead disease to other people is
bad enough, and no censure is too se
vere for this, but it passes belief that
Dr. Alfonso and the board of mana
gers of the leper institution would al
low people afllicted with leprosy to
marry and bring into the world chil
dren alllicted with the cause. .But,
horrible as this may seem, it is true.
Some time ago two lepers named Juan
Valdes and Ricardo Martin asked Dr.
Alfonso for permission to marry two
woman patients. Dr. Alfonso referred
the matter to the board of managers,
and ii is understood recommended
that permission be given. The board
of managers gave the permission, and
thc two men spent all of their savings
in titting up two rooms in the hospital
for their brides-to-be. But the news
of the approaching marriages reached
the ears of Secretary of the Govern
ment Vero, and the day before the
marriages were to take place and af
ter the priest had been secured the
word came from the secretary of gov
ernment that it would not be allowed.
It was reported that marriages had
been celebrated before ?? the hospital,
but this could not be verified. Dr..
Alfonso was found to be a very hard :
man to catch iii the hospital, -the.re
porter" ' Ba^Ihg^W'ipa^ '
fore the doctor could be found In. In
deed, the last time he was ndt in and
had to be sent for. The failure or
Dr. Alfonso to ever be in when The
Post reporter called, led to the con
clusion that he was trying to avoid
the interview, though he was very
courteous when finally found.
The hospital is In a terribly unsani
tary condition. Words arc not strong
enough to express the condition in
which The Post reporter found the
toilets. One could smell the sicken
ing stench long before one reached
them. No conveniences of any kind,
not even newspapers, were in evidence.
The sanitary effects were new, hav
ing been put in by the government of ?
intervention, and their condition was
due to nothing else than neglect,
pure and simple. The most pitiful
thing about the poor people, who are
compelled to stop in this asylum, is
that young boys, who arc suspected of
of being lepers are kept there and In
thc same rooms, eating and sleeping
with lepers who have been there for
years, playing games with men who
have lost their fingers and in some
cases their hands. If bliese children
do not develop the disease whether or
not they had it before it will not be
the fault of Dr. Alfonso or the board
of managers. There aro boys there
from 10 to 14 years of age who have
to sleep In the same ward with pa
tients who have lost hands legs, ears,
nose and eyes from the disease. What
has gone before seems Incredible, but
tlie public will hardly be prepared for
the news that all of the slops from the
patients are sold to an enterprising
man for $10 dollars a month, to be
fed to hogs. Pork fed on bread scraps,
mcatand soup which has been handled
and left by lepers, may not communi
cate the disease toa person eating the
pork, but it has not been demonstrat
ed that it has not, and lt Is safe to
say that no one would eat thc pork If
tliey knew that It had been fed on
such slops.
Despite what has been said In de
fense of the management of the hos
pital there is no doubt in the world
that the lepers do escape from the
building and mingle when they
pleased with the general public. On
thc 20th of May two women escaped
from thu hospital and were gone three
days when they returned voluntarily.
How many cases of leprosy will result
from these two women, of course, can
only bc conjectured. Thc Post repor
ter talked toa number ol" thc inmates
and they thanked Thc Post for call
ing attention to the bad management
heretofore. Tiley themselves said
that they could leave thc hospital
whenever they chose and showed The
Post reporter how they could get over
the wall. One even asked the repor
ter to name a day and hour to meet
him at thc ellice of The Post and he
would escape and lie there on time.
While talking with these patients thc
reporter noticed a negro trying to
bandage up his leg The poor fellow
found it impossible almost to do
so because bot h of his hands had been
eaten olT at the wrists. Tho reporter
called attention to this and the reply
came that the lepers received hardly
no attention from doctors but are
simply shut up and allowed to cure
themselves if they can. When asKcd
by thc reporter as to the location of
tho doctors who arc supposed to be
connected with the institution they
repl'cd that they scarcely gave them
any attention at all and were seldom
seen.
Thc Post reporter could easily see
that carelessness of thc worst kind
.was: .lriVevldence.. Dr. Alfonso said
that tho funds allowed by the ..state
were insufficient and that conditions
were due to this fact. He said that
he had made repeated endeavors to
gel a large appropriation for'the hos
pital but that all efforts had so far
been In vain, ne regretted the cir
cumstances more than adv one. Re
garding his consent to the marriage
of two of the Inmates he would say
nothing. No amusements of any
kind were noted by The Post repor
ter. "No library is there to help the
poor victims while away the long hours
before death finally overtakes them,
aud they must remain there day after
day, with nothing to occupy them
other than to watch the ravages which
.the disease is making upon them.
Thc hospital used to have a school
for education of the young boys loathe
hospital. 1. ? school was taught by
Senor Morejoo, a very intelligent
Spaniard, who ls also a patient. Mr.
Morejon speaks English lluently.
When asked why he did not contin?e
the teaching of the school he would
not say, but another patient told Thc
Post reporter that it was because Dr.
Alfonso had told him that he was
teaching the boys meanness and for
that reason suspended the school.
All of the patients insisted Chat Thc
Post urge Secretary of Government
Yero to visit the hospital and see for
himself the conditions which prevail
there. They say that their condition
is becoming more pitiful daily, and
they knowing the Integrity nf secre
tary of government, want him to sec
with his own eyes the condition.-The
Havana Post.
THE DEADLY HOT SUPPER.
One Neirro Killed nnd Eight Others
Wounded at One.
The Charleston Post of Wednesday
says "at a hot supper given by negroes
one night last wecck at Bee's ferry in
St. Andrew's a terrible battle was
fought among negroes. One man,
William Edwards^ was killed and nine
are reported to have been seriously
wounded. It is said that 100 shots
were fired during the fight. Wednes
day morning Paul Lucas was arrested
on the charge of killing Edwards and
Robert Robinson was arrested on the
charge of being an accomplice. They
were committed to jail by Magistrate
Strubs.
The particulars of the riot and the
facts that lcd up to the trouble could
not be learned here. It ls stated that
whiskey was at the bottom of the
shooting. Several days ago it was an
nounced that a hot, supper would be
given at Bee's ferry, near Drayton
station on the night of July 20. The
frolic was well advertised ?..hroughout
and near. Tlrey brought pistols with
them, for when the difficulty occurred
and thc first shot fired the men pulled
their revolvers and commenced to
shoot In every direction.
The riot occured about 3 o'clock in
the morning. The negroes had been
drinking more or less all night and
having a good time with the girls,
some whom imbibed freely, too, and
aided and abetted in bringing on the
trouble. When the shooting opened
up in dead earnest the negro women
took to the bushes and remained under
cover until daylight. Edwards was
killed early during the trouble by Paul
Lucas, who, it is said, fired thc first
shot, and Robert Robinson had a hand
in the affair. Lucas and Robinson
were arrested Wednesday morning by
Magistrate Strubs' constable. It is
expected that other arrests will be
made.
Agreed to Suicide.
Gerald Jordan, a promoter who
gives his age as 42, and his wife,
Laura, twenty years younger, made
two attempts at suicide in New York
Wednesday. Mrs. Jordan says that
they came to an agreement to kill
themselves Wednesday night and
swallowed laudanum. The poison did
not take full effect and at noon' the
couple drank more of it. Mr. Jordan
apparently relcntod after tho second
dose and called a doctor from the
ground floor, who summond an am
bulance. Mrs. Jordan recovered rapid
ly. The man was slower in respond
ing to the treatment, lt is thought
that both will be well enough to be
arraigned In the police court Thurs
day. Jordan ls from the south. His
wife says he has lost everything.
' One Negro lillis Another.
At Spartanburg Tuesdav night two
negroes, Hub Flack and Dock Jones,
had a fight. Flack struck Jones on
the head with something that dazed
him. He walked to his home and lit
tle was thought of the nITair. Tues
day afternoon about 6 o'clock he died
Constables have gone out to arrest
Flack. Nothing definite ls known as
to cause of quarrel or what the blow
was given with.
Killed Iii Accident.
Mrs. Adelaide Hawley of New Mil
ford, Pa., was instantly killed and
others with her In an automiblc party
were seriously-in jared by the overturn
lng of their car, going at a tremendous
rate of speed on Ocean Park way
Brooklyn. Mrs. Elizabeth Elberts of
New Milford, Pa., suffered a con?us
sion of the brain and may die. Mrs
Hawley's son was cut and bruised
Two others escaped uninjured.
Killed Over Cnrds.
As a result of a free-for-all tight
over cards at Opeklska, W. Va., on
Tuesday night, Tom Carter was kill
cd outright. Chas. Lewis was mortal
ly wounded and William Jensen and
Henry Horner seriously wounded
All are negroes. Thc shooting, it is
said, was done by Robert Hycr, also a
negro, who made his escape and has
not yet been crptured.
Iiittle Hoy Killed.
In an altercation at Belle Sumpte
Ala., Joe Moore shot and severely
wounded Sol Bumette and killed hi
seven-year-old son, tho killing being
by accident. The men quarreled over
Burnette's alleged abuse of his wife
sister of Moore.
THE HOOK WOItJl.
1 ; j. ;
Plan8 io Exterm?iato the "Germ of
. "Mi
^'laziness" Being Made.
THE SOUTHERN STATES ACTING.
B ' -
Will Tr ' to Eradicato the Disease,
IVhlfch is Thought to Have
.j?'eon. Ono ortho Plagues
of 13Kyi>t.
Although it lias beeb less 'than six
montbn,' since Dr. Charles Wardell
Stiles, chief of the division of zoology
of the public health and marine hos
pital service, officially announced the
discovery uf the hook worm, or "germ
of lazlriess," preparations aro already
under'way In several Southern States
to utilize the discovery In combating
thc disease. The State board of health
of North Carolina, through Its secre
tary, Dr. Lewis, of Raleigh, has taker,
bhe'lead in the work, and it is confi
dently (expected by scientist in Wash
ington that the health otllcials of that
State soon will make an important an
louncenjent as the. result .of the ex
periment they are now conducting,
b'?r obvious reasons the experiments
ire being carefully guarded from pnb
ioity by thcotllcials both tn Washlng
:on and In North Carolina, bub it ls
jlvcn put" that a's soon as satisfactory
?esulbsdiave been obtained they will
ie fully exploited in language that the
ay man can easily understand.
Tho;disease which results from thc
ravages of the hookworm ls called uui
?lnariais by thc scientists. In common
parlance it is known as laziness. Ap
parently the disease raainlj is confined
xi warm climates, for lt ls there that
ihe hookworm abounds in greatest
lumbers. Dr. Stiles thinks lb quite
probable that the ancient Egyptians,
icarly 3,500 years ago, were acquainb
;d with the parasites which he has
?amed'as the hookworm, and whose
?abibs he is sbill sbudying with the cn
husiasm of amovice.
The disease appears to have attained
ts innist virulent form among the
Bgyptians of that period, and was
nuch'more damaging to its victims 1
?han it ls now. However, unless aspe- '
alic hVfound for it there Is seemingly 1
io reason why in time it should not !
lave a's ruinous efl'ecbs in bhe United (
-states Sus it had in Egypb more bhan '
l|500i years ago.
\ A' svady of bbe conditions of the- c
nosb widely infected regions of the 'j
South, mainly in Florida, appears bo 1
ihow uhab the paraslbe attacks chil
Ircrfia the rhral. sections%t a very
!arlyi(ge,!'?It Ka5 been satisfactorily
iempi)Strated that children who go
larefciited or permitted to loll around
reely'.pn. the ground.in summer time '.'
icp ?bi'^?d?oial victlmr, of the. hook-,
yura. r?5.i7i;/i^?asi^^^^ets ?
tarted ii thrives roarvelous^^-'CSie Jt
njury of its victim, actually'arresting ?
ihe developmenb of cerbain parts of the \
)ody and delaying the age of maturity ?
?o a noticeable extent. When full c
;rowth finally is attained the victim j
8 all through life indole.nb and shifb- ?
ess. This accounts for bhe large num
)er o' people in the South who are
.onsidered lazy. In poinfof facb, they
ire lazy, bub bheir laziness is due bo
ihe presence in the systems of hook
vorms and not to a natural indisposi- j
.ion bo work or exerb bhcmselycs. \
In a severe case of bhe hookworm (
llsease bbc face is blotted, -the shoul
lers droop, bhe abdomen is enlarged, |
ind the arm and legs are bhin. It has i
leen observed that the disease is most i
lommon among the di rb eaters of bhe j
?outh and among people who ll vc in
ihe sandy regions of that section. In
leed, Dr. Stiles declares that nearly
?very case of the disease found during (
ils trips through thc South while
budying the subjects was either liv- (
ng at the time in a sandy district or
rad lived in such a district a few years
leiore. Dr. Stiles also observes that
ic would not expect to lind the disease
iriginating in cities, and owns that|
.hey are well paved and sewered.
?aved sbreets and grass lawns, he dc
dares, do nob favor thc development
>f thc hookworm.
Another interesting discovery he has I
nade in connection with the ravages
if the "germ of laziness" is that the
jest is more active in summer than In
vlhter. This accounts, lu a large
ncasure. for the apparent increase of
azlness in hot weather. According to I
ihe testimony ol' Dr. Stiles, thesymp
:oms of the disease begin to Increase!
n the spring and decrease in the carly
winter. "The periodicity," says the
liseovery or the "germ of laziness,"
tvill be noticed, of course, only In lo
calities which arc above the frost line,
ind it is easily explained when we take I
into consideration the biology of the |
parasites. It is probably thal bim-ucn?
ional pcrlodiey of the symptoms
noticed in our Southern States will be
modified in the tropics, so that the
symptoms will increase in severity in
the rainy season and decrease In the
dry period of thc year."
One of the most interesting features |
af Dr. Stiles' observations is this:
"Uncinariasis," says bc in his report
on the subject, "occurs in botli blondes
lind brunettes, and in both the white
?md negro races, but, so far as my ob
servations go, the disease is more |
severe, or at least more noticeable, in
blondes than in brunettes, and more
severe, as a rule, In the white than In
thc negro."
Snakes IOncnne.
Alloana, Pa., was thrown into a]
Hood of terror and excitement Wed
nesday by an accident ab a cage con
taining 800 snakes. Tho door was!
opened by mistake and the reptiles]
mad? a wild break for liberty. Soon |
ihe city was overran by them, spcad
Ing terrors wherever they crawled.
Uollcebor Albright, who attempted to
ulosc thc cage and stop thc rush of the j
snakes from their place of confine
ment, was bitten four times.
Aged Dudy Killed.
Thc police were notified Tuesday
morning at 1:30 o'clock that Mrs.
Reid, mobher of lt. R. Reid, bhe well
known expressman, was murdered in
her home on Mounb Plcasanb Mass,
some blme after midnight. lb ls rc- !
porbed bhab bwo men enbered bbc house
and assaulted thc woman who was 701
years old.
FRIGHTENED NEGROES. : .
'" 'y-? -.?>.?' 04 . M>-. Vt*.
- ? . J .- ?... . J C.?
Typographical Error in un Almanac
Causon CoriBtcrimtlon.
A "Gainesville, Ga., diapatcti. says:
Rev. J.' D. Lovejoy, colored, pastor
of the St. Paul Methodist Episcopal
Church of Gainesville, has the negroes
of that city wrought up toa high
pitch of excitement over a sermon bc
recently preached from Amos viii, 9.
The occasion of the sermon was fur
nished by a typographical error In
drier's Almanac of 1003.
In the November table of the rising
ind setting of tho sun on thc 25th
the astronomers calculate that the
jun will rise at 0:60 a. m. and set at
5.0 p. m.
Here is where tbe_ "devil" proof
reader or printer comes in and makes
the error upon which the colored
clergyman's remarks are based.. In
stead of the printer setting in up 5 01
p.- m , he substituted a figuro 1 in
place of tbc iigure 5, and Rev. Love
joy in looking over the almanac sees
the error and comes to.the conclusion
that this is the day set apart, for the
anding of all eartly things.
Therefore he takes his hlble and
burning to Amos viii, 0, selects tho
following scriptural for the text.
"And lt shall come to pass in that
flay, Baibh the Lord,'God, that I will
cause the sun to go down at noon and
I will darken the earth lu the clear
?lay."
With a voice trembling with ex
citement and his frame shaking with
apparent fear Rev. Lovejoy cited his
bearers to tho scriptural quotations
ind the typographical error in the
almanacs as proof positive that the
Turigm?nt Hay was near at hand and
would surely arrive at? noon, Novem
ber 25, next. Although there is one
hour and one, minute's difference be
tween thc going down of the sun_as
appears in the almanac and tbe scrip
tural quotations this matters not to
either Rev. Lovejoy or his congrega
tion-they both believe that the end
3f the world is scheduled for this par
ticular day and time.
With tile roar of the recent tornado
itill ringing In their ears, Lovejoy
ind his congregation are prepared to
jelieve that a similar or even worse
visitation may como at any day and
jhc error of tbe almanac furnishes
ibem with dates upon which they
jan agree-and this time .Is the end
ug of tbe world ;\pon which they
lave decided. St. Paul Church was
lestroyed in the recent storm and the
;reduility of this congregation uow
mows' no bounds. -.>.. .
A TRAGIC DEATH.
v Lady-Thrown from a Wagon , and
? '. -, " .7 .
Dies from Pall.- -.
-- . . .
-^The.SpXitanburg. Herald says Tues
? aV-- th Cvrprss ^??|V?id-th.^hl ty.- o.t .' th e.
.ragic death of Mrs. Lee Bogan ?nS?n? ;
lay afternoon. Mrs; Bogan, along
vith her.husband and two of their
?bildren, started to a meeting on Sun
lay afternoon at the Holiness church,
t few miles above Cowpens. Mr. Bo
tan lives a distance beyond Cowpens.
L'hey were traveling in a one-horse
vagon, to which a mule was attached.
Tho mule became frightened, from
lome reason, and became ungovern
able. Mr. Bogan and the cbildr.cn
umped from the wagon, and escaped
without serious injury. The f righten
:d animal carried the wagon and Mrs.
[logan a considerable distance forward,
inally striking the vehicle against a
tree. Mrs. Bogan was thrown from
icr scat, and in faliing sustained fatal
injuries from which she died shortly
ifterw'ards.
Her death is a peculiarly sad one.
She leaves a devoted husband and s?v
irai children. She was a middle aged
.vornan, and a useful, pious soul, who
jxertcd her influence for thc better
raent of her circle and her neighbors,
[ri her humble sphere she labored
faithfully, and eternity alone can tell
the fruits of her work. Her remains
.vere buried near Cowpens.
A GrCUt Contras!.
The Fort Mill Times says: "The
naost unique marriage that has occur
red here in years took place at the
Palmetto hotel Thursday morning, the
contracting parties being Mr. Li. L.
?utting and Miss Mary Ray, of Salis
bury, N. C. The bride is a handsome
young women, weighing probably 175
pounds and could have faced the tape
near the (5-foot mark, while the groom
is about 4 feet 10, and would tip the
scales at about 75 pounds. A greater
contrast could scarcely be imagined.
Thccouple were married hy 'Squire
McElhaney and left on the afternoon
train for North Carolina."
Cut Him Badly.'
A serjoua and perhaps fatal cutting
"anray took place about one mlle from
Union Tuesday night about 10 o'clock.
William Gilliam went to the home of
his son-in-law, Richard Ridley, while
under the Inlluenco of whiskey and
cursed and used very abusive language.
Mr. and Mrs. Hailey endeavored to get
bim quiet, but he became more angry,
and it is reported that he struck Mrs.
Hailey and knocked Mr. Halley down
with a bottle and jumped on him.
When he did so Mr. Balley pulled bis
knife and cut bim seriously. There
are seventeen gashes. At last report
Gilliam was in a critical condition.
Shipping Colton Huck.
A dispatch from Havre says a large
proportion of the cargo of the General
Transatlantic Line's steamer La Bret
agne, which sailed for New York, con
sists of cotton which has been re-ship
ped to the United States on account
of the American speculation in that
staple.
Tho Toy Pistol.
Ten deaths have resulted from lock
jaw in Cleveland, Ohio, since July 4.
The latest vicltim was Joseph Stasko.
He died as a result of a slight wound
received in handling a toy pistol on
.lilly 4.
Thc I?Mrst Bale.
The llrst bale of cotton of the crop
of 1003 arrived at New York Tuesday
and was sold at the door of tho cotton
exchango for 20 1-2 cents a pound.
The cotton was raised In Zapata coun
ty, Texas, and was bought in Galves
ton, Texas.
WBAT A GBEAT NAVY MEANS.
President Roosevelt's Fervid Oratory
iii <. ' :t ? ?>'.:..: .?' .
I Bolled Down to Hard'Facts.
President Roosevelt's Fourth of July
prohouncement'thdt '-we need a navy
equal, Bhlp forsbtp, to the navy of any
other nation," must mean, of course,
that an American navy equal to the'
British is a national necessity. If tho
president ls right lt is worth while to
to count the cost. The British navy,
according to the latest official return,
made at the beginning of the current
year, included 540 vessels of 1,401,018
tons already built, and 78 vessels build
ing, of .?00,850 tons. Against this
total of 624 vessels, of 1,807,874 tons,
comprised in the King's Navce," the
United State had on thc same date 109
vessels of 278,259 tons already built,
and 444 vessels,of :i00,484 tons, build
ing; in all 153 vessels of 578,743 tons.
From this it plainly appears that to
realize Mr. Roosevelt's Ideal navy we
must build at once battleships, armor
ed cruisers and other varieties of the
ship militant aggregating the little
trifle of 1,220,131 tons.
Now, what would this obst?
The shortest way to answer the
question is to reduce it to battleship
terms. A first-class battleship aver
ages 15000 tons displacement and costs
at least 85,000,000 to build. To get
even in the matter of ships built and
building with thc british navy, as tho
account stood on Jan. 1 last, we must
therefore build the equivalent of more
than 80 battleships at a cost of $400,
000,000. Admiral Melville has stated
the actual first cost of our navy as it
stands today, including the vessels
now building, and the auxiliary ex
penditures indispensable to maintain
ing it afioatrdocks, coaling stations,
training ships, etc.,-at $550,000,000.
The same authority says the actual
cost of creating a navy is double the
mere first cost of building the ships.
On the basis of this expert testimony.
Mr. Roosevelt's navy, "equal ship for
ship" the Great Britain's, would cost
us $800,000,001) plus what we have al
ready spent -Just to call it i oto ex
istence. Mean-while the ships we
liave are becoming obsolete or worn
out. The New York, Indiana and
Iowa are "laid up for repairs" that
-will cost $500,000_for each.
- Furthermore, Great Britain ls year
by year increasing the pace -of naval
construction. She has increased her
naval expenditures nearly threefold
during thc pastis years, and they now
exceed 8150,000,000 annually. At our
present rate of construction, unless the
British pace ls lowered, we shall never
eaten up with lier, but Bball grow rel
atively weaker/ "We must "see" her
$150,000,000 a year for naval purposes
and add at least $70,000,000 a year to
it in order to overtake her within 13.
years.
- This is in factaniunderestimate/ be
cause it costs us 30 per cent, more to
hui 1 d a.waratii g thjtnlji^
?Ian ' and 30'pef cetit.r'<monr "to main-"
tain it in service. Hence nearly one
third must be added to the vast totals
of cost above given for the realization
of our fighting president's naval dream.
Naval appropriations aggregating not
much less than $300,000,000 yearly,
and containing for 13 years to come,
Is the unavoidable price to be paid for
the whistle of a standing navy as big
as Great Britain's.
But what for? Do we really need
it? Who threatens us? Or whom do
wc desire to threaten? What is the
the worldwide game of war for which
Mr. Roosevelt would have us go into
training? And would the game,
whatever it is, be worth so costly a
candle.
A SAD CASE.
A Physician Went to Aid a Man and
. Found His Son.
Thc Atlanta Journal says: Hearing
that a man bad been injured by a
Southern raliway freight' train at a
point between Johns street and North
avenue, Dr. W. O. Trammell, who ls
the proprietor of a drug store at 503
Marietta stre?t, rushed to the scene
as rapidly as possible to render what
ever assistance might be in his power
to thc comfort of the dying man. As
soon as Dr. Trammell reached the
scene he knelt beside the injured man
to ascertain thc extent of his injuries,
and as he did this he gave a scream of
horror and fainted. Thc injured man
was his son, Alwin Trammell, who- in
a few minutes was dead.
lt is . thought that thc car which
struck . Trammell had been "kicked"
and was silently rolling along the
tracks in the direction of Trammell
when lu attempted to cross, but so
silently was lt moving that he did not
hear lt and started across the tracks
when he was struck. Henry Hunter,
a negro fireman, was the closest wit
ness lo the tragedy. Ile said at the
coroner's inquest this morning that
he heard a scream and turning saw a
body doubled up beneath the cars. He
immediately flagged down the train.
Trammell was going in thc direction
of Marietta street and was crossing
the tracks at a place where there is no
regular path.
It Is thought that Trammell was
returning to his father's drug store,
503 Marietta street, when he met his
death, for in the afternoon he had left
with a number of bills against em
ployes of the railroad . working in the
yards. To make a quick cut to
Marietta street is thought to be his
reason for crossing thc track at the
point where lie was killed. The right
side of Trammcll's face was struck by
the wheels of the car. Thc wheels
also mashed his right leg between the
knee and ankle.
Tlie body was removed directly from
the railroad tracks to the undertaking
parlors of II. M. Patterson, where It
was prepared for burial. Trammell
waa about 20 years of age and was em
ployed in his father's drug storo. The
verdict rendered at thc inquest Tues
day morning, which was conducted at
Patterson's by Coroner Stamps, was
that Trammell met bis death by be
ing struck by a freight car. No blame
is attached to either the engineer or
fireman of the train.
Four Drowned.
Jason Ramsey and three childreu
wcredrowned by thc capsizing of a
skiff on the Calfkiller, near Sparta?
Tenn., on Wednesday.
RED HANDED WAR.
A kost Horrible Battle . W^o . It
Lasted, Says a Dispatch.
BLOOD FLOWED LIKE WATER DT
. . - ?
Cu ta nd. Whoso Streets Were Swept ;
by Shot and Shell, Filling
Them With Dond and * . ~. .'.
Dying .Soldiers.
A dispatch from Soledad, Venezue
la, says for "hours on Tuesday after
noon tho bettie between the revolu
tionary forces at Ciudad Bolivar and
the Venezuelan government army,
commanded by General Gomez, has
raged madly. Block after block was
disputed, the government troops en
tering the eley slowly. All the houses
had been barricaded and the revolu
tionists had been forced from (lat roofs
called Azoboas. When the revolu
tionists finally abandoned the houses,
after having taken all that could be
used for barricades or to otherwise
stop the advance of the government
troops they were immediately occupied
by the government soldiers who bored
holes in them sp- as to communicate
with the next house. The city apr'
pears to have been struck by a cyclone.
Afc 7 o'clopk in the evpniug the gov
ernment forces, which were advancing
from all directions arrived near the
center of Ciudad Bolivar. For two
hours previously; S ri og bad diminished;
bub it was renewed, with more vigor at
110 o'clock ab nighb and illuminated the
sky. At 3 o'clock in the inornf ng when
bbc Inhabitants of the commercial and -
foreign parts of the city near tho Ala
meda saw. the.advance of the govern
ment troops they all abandoned their
homes and sought refuge' in other
parts of bhe.elby crossing thc streets
amidst a hail of bullets and ;
shells, the women carrying their chil
dren; the strong helping the weak;
many men in trying to protect the
women falling, struck by bullets. "
In the middle of the streets what
with the tiring, the yell of the wound
ed and the crying of the women and
children, a berri ble scene was witness
ed, bad enough to disgust anybody
forever-with civil war. The govern
ment.troops,, however, acted.with hu
manity, especially bhe forces of Gen
eral Rivas, who fighting bravely, was
the first to order the attacking force
be; merciful. Ab 8. o'clock bhe govern
ment generals having effected a Juncr
bure of bheir forces, norbh and spubh,
and having received further supplies
and ammunition, decided to push bhe
abtack on thqeenter of bhe city., .
..?'. At. lo o'olo?k bhe.goverpmenb. troops
titt?)??^pt;?re;^jfcpTe:. north side^of?fch?^
Alameda, >th?-publlo ; park* rdf r^Iua'aa ' "..!
Baili var; which hasTje'en'def ended .by
double row of barricades. Behind one
of these, were found'more than 30 dead
soldiers lying on top of each other
while wounded men were seen on all
sides.' Ab 10 o'clock the government
commanders seeing that only the ar
tillery could make a breach in the bar
ricades of the Alameda ordered bwelve
guns bo open Ore on them and afc the
same time the Venezuelan fleet? which
changed lbs anchorage so as to bring
its guns to bear effectively on the city,
opened fire.
The soldiers on both sides have bad
no food for two days, no ambulances
are being used and yet the lighting
continues. ' The old custom house and
waterworks have been baken. The
Dalton block, the property of the
United Stabes counsel, where all the
leading German and French families
reside are now being afcbacked. The
Jail is the centre of a terrible reslsb
ance. All bhe defeated revolublonlsbs
have concentrated there. It Is esti
mated that more bhan 200 men have
been killed in bhab vicinity. The ar
billery of bhe revolutionists is fiercely
replying to the attack of the fleet.
Early in the af bernoon 5,200 govern
menb broops stormed and captured bhe
"Zamora," called the Sebastapol of
Ciudad Bolivar. Nlneby-four dead re
bels were found inside, among them
being General Azanza, one of the rev
olutionary leaders, whose head had
been blown off by a shell. The escape.,
of the revolutionisbs after the capture
of the capitol, winch is inevitable,
seems impossible. They musb either
surrender or die. At 7 o'clock Tues
day nighb the custom house was taken
after a ten-hours fight. Thc Associ
ated Press representative counted
sixty killed as a result of this fight.
The Dalton Block, wher?>the Ameri
can consulate and most of'the foreign
business houses are located, was cap
tured afc 5 o'clock. The revolutionists
are without provisions and water, vtho
supply pipe having been cub Monday.
Their situation ls considered desperate
and hopeless. The shops are being
pillaged.
A Foolhardy Practioo.
For some years there has been a
bendency on bhe parb of people giving
or participating in public performan
ces to run hazardous risks in order bo
win bhe applause of bho populace, and
bhe risks are many and varied. lb ap
pears bhab the specbacle of a man
looping bhe loop" on a bicycle is no
longer suftlcienbly bhrilling to suit the
crowd, and some new sensation involv
ing peril human life is demanded. To
supply this deficiency a young man hi
Indianapolis the other day tried to
make the circuit of the loop on a pair
of roller skates. In-order to bring
his center of gravity close to thc point
of contact he had constructed a pair
of skates weighing 100 pounds. But
oven with this aid tho chances were
Infinitely against him, for by placing
the greatest weight at bhe base of the
tali column presented by his frame he
lessened his opportunity forbaloncing.
So when he was making a trip he lost
his poise when at the highe.it point of
the loop and fell to tho ground, his
skull being crushed. Ile died shortly
afterward. There aro many varieties
of this lifo risking performance now
on view, all of which should bc pro
nounced illegal and prohibited. They
add nothing to tho public knowledge,
and tho entertainment they afford is
nerve racking and productive of an
abnormal taste of hortor's,

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