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The Marlboro democrat. (Bennettsville, S.C.) 1882-1908, August 07, 1903, Image 1

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: '?DO THOU LIBERTY GREAT. INSPIRE OUR SOULS AND MAfcl^HJR LIVES IN 'PHY POSSESSION HAPPY, OR OUR DEATHS GLORIOUS IN THY CAUSE." .]??_' . ? :'.
VOL. XXVII. BENNETTSVILLE, S. C., FMpAY, FEBRUARY 13, 1903. NO. 14.
CUT THEIR WAY OUT.
Thirtoon Daring Prisoners Escape
trora Fels o m Penitentiary.
GUARD CARTER CUTf$n DEATH.
A Sanguinary mittle- Wan Fought
"Before 'tho Olllcials Were Over
powered, Some Oltlcera Taken
Away an Prisoner**.
'A special from Folsom says li
desperate prisoners con Unod in tho
Folsom penitentiary made a succ?s t
ful break for liberty at the breakfast
hv^ r Tuesday morning.
Alter a fierce light in tho captain's
ollice during which a turnkey was fa
tally stabbed, a guard was killed and
another officer was wounded, the con
victs seized arms and ammunition
and, using thc warden and other
olllcers as shields escaped. Tuesday
night it is believed they arc making
for tho Bald mountain. State troups
ordered out by Gov. Pardoe have gone
to the scene.
Thc dead:
Wm. L. Colter, a guard, cut in
abdomen, died live horns later.
Wounded:
O..J. Cochran, turnkey, stabbed in
back-, will probably die.
W..C. Tulmer, cub in tho head.
Thc convicts made their break for
liberty about 7 a. m. They went to
the office of R. J. Murphy, captain of
the guard, and seized Warden Wilkin
son, Capt. Murphy and several other
officers and guards. A desperate tight,
took place. The convicts wen: armed
with knives and razors, and with those
they assaulted Warden Wilkinson ?ind
his officers. The warden's clothing
was slashed into nhreds with ?1 razor,
but thc blade tiki not touch thc Mesh.
Turnkey Cochrane fought the convicts
with a chair, raining blows upon them
right and left. Finally he was felled
by a knife thrust in the back. Guard
Carter was disemboweled by a cut in
the abdomen and bc died about inion.
Palmer was severely cut in tho head.
The fioor of the office was covered
blood.
Thc officers were easily out-number
ed and were soon relieved of their
arms Then, using thc olllcers as
shields, the convicts started fur the
armory on the outskirts ol' thc peni;
teutiary grounds. Tiley passed a Gat
ling gun on one of the walls, but thc
guards were afraid t:> shoot at tho
. convicts for fear of killing the prison
officials.
-.?v- When''the armory was reached olll
'--..ce'rs'there attempted to interfere but
-J^C^v=<i>?'cl5"ly-'. rn-r?t>f>evw>iH}<l---Kiid--li.Uo.
convicts after fortifying themselves
further with rides, knives, pistols and
ammunition made a dash for thc coun
try
Convicts, each armed with rides,
marched on either side of Warden
Wilkinson, who was threatened with
death if he attempted to escape, and
thc olllcers were told that if any of
the pursuers took thc life ol' one of
their number they would retaliate,
life for life.
At Mormon bridge, about a mile
from uhe penitentiary, the warden, his
grandson and Capt Murphy were re
leased and sent back. The others
were marched along with the convicts.
Further on the convicts went to a
farmer's house, seized his four-horse
team and wagon, stripped the house
of all its portable valuables, took the
farmer with them as a driver and
headed for Bald mountain. Evident
ly it is their intention to reach
Alabaster cave, situated near this
mountain. All the convicts are still
at large. Among the ollicers carried
off by them is General Overseer Mc
Donough. Some fears are felt for his
safety as he bears the especial ill will
of the convicts.
The several hundred remaining pris
oners made no attcempt to get away
and were quietly returned to their
cells and locked up.
Warden Wilkinson was the first to
return to the penitentiary. The con
victs had taken lils hat. Capt. Mur
phy appeared afterward, minns part
of his clothing, and later young Wil
kinson came in.
Folsom penitentiary is the prison
without walls, lt is situated in a rocky
amphitheatre close to the American
river, about '20 miles from Sacramen
to. .Nearly J,;10(j men arc confined
there where it has been thc practice
to send the most desperate prisoners.
ONK CONVICT Kl M. KO.
The result o? the light between the
convicts and the two officers at 7
o'clock Wednesday night in F.ldorado
county vvas the death of Fred I Iowan!,
a convict killed outright, and the
wounding of another convict, a negro
named Seavis. Thc coroner at Flaccr
ville at thc request ol' the prison
officials will hold an Inquest on thc
dead convict. When last seen tho
convicts were in citizens' clothing,
while their prisoners wore stripes.
Thc latter appeared to be having a
hard time of it, as they were heavily
laden with bundles and amunition.
Thc latest information is to Hie ell oct
that another encounter has taken
place between the Hoeing convicts and
their pursuers, resulting in the death
of John Addison, a convict anti of an-,
other whoso name is unknown. Tho
posse and militia are closing hi on the
desperadoes. The capturcWr destruc
tion of the complete band is only a
matter of a short time:
At 10 o'clock Wednesday night thc
convicts turned Bernard Schlottman.
Joe Foster anti the following prison
otllcials loose: ,1. C. Mcdonough, .1.
IO. Jolter, J. W. Dulan, W. J. Ilop
tona and TlioB. Seavy. They were
released lu thc brush about four miles
south of Idols place and cann: into
JJiels about <> o'clock Thursday morn
ing. John KlcndorfT, one of the
guards, tumbled ont of the wagon
during thc tiring at Pilot Hill and
escaped unhurt. This makes all the
free men accounted for and safe.
The convicts arc somewhat short, of
ammunition and arc without.supplies,
having lost them in the light at Pilot
Hill. All of them had lunches in
their pockets, and when the shooting
began they threw them into a box in
the wagon and a few minutes later
lied. "Nearly all of them have a little
money. They debated whether to
kill their hostages or turn them loose,
but ilnally they decided to let them go
unharmed. About 100 shots were
exchanged in the battle at Pilot Hill.
Tile light at Pilot Hill Wednesday
night between the convicts and their
'pursuers seems to have been a more
serious affair than at tirst reported.
After they had looted a provision store
at Pilot lilli they were practically
surrounded by thc sheriffs of Sacra
mento and Placers counties, each coni
j manning a Strong posse. All four
horses on thc convicts' wagon were
shot and one of the criminals was kill
ed outright. Then the outlaws raised
a white Hag and marched up thc road
with the guards and others whom
they had captured on each side of
them. A general volley was not or
dered, as it might have killed several
innocent men. in this deliberate
manner thc'second escape was made.
The pursuing ollicers have been in
structed to shoot the convicts on sight
and their death or capture in the near
future is expected.
TWO TRAINS CRASH.
A Fast Vestib?l? DnshcH Info ii Slow
Work Trnln.
Two people were killed and seven
injured in a rear-end collision between
the South-western Vestibule Limited
on the Southern railway and a work
train at. Springfield, Va., seven miles
from Alexandria at 7.15 o'clock Sun
day morning. The engines and several
of the cars were badly damaged.
The killed:
W. AV. AYoodward, Jonesville, Va.,
21) years old. a postal clerk.
Walter ?leeks, llreman.
The injured:
Benjamin I ; awi rigs, Orango, Va.,
postal clerk, both legs broken; may
die.
Peter Harrington, engineer of the
passenger train, seriously injured
about head: may die.
John L. Thompson, Washington; 1>.
C., postal clerk, in charge pf the mail
cars on the limited, wrist badly cpl,.
J. Frank'Kellcr, postal clerk, Lant
v.cr's "Mills, Va., right arin broken.
Fred J. Larrlck, postal clerk, contu
sion of l ight leg and foot.
TA. Fontaine or Bethel Hill, N.
C., badly bruised.
One unknown passenger,
The Southern is double tracking its
line between here and Atlanta and
the work train had been on a siding
at Springfield getting ballast out ol' a
pit. The brakes refused to work and
thc train, beyond the control of its
crew, slipped out on to the main track.
I he limited, tile crack train of the
Southern between here and New Or
J?a-un, duo lnjJlds_cIt?y^JLJ>-iio'isl?ckJ.
was bctwecn hall' iib. hour late and-was
running at a high rate f f speed. En
gineer Harington was unable to t;ec
thc work train until within 200 feet
of it. Tlic collision occurred about
15 feet, south ol' the siding and the
baggage, mail and express and several
passenger cars were thrown into a
ditch. The engine of thc limited was
turned on its side and thc other engine
was badly wrecked. The tracks were
made impassable for several hours.
Fon tain, Keller and Rawlings were
brought to this city and treated at the
Emergency hospital.Engiueer Arling
ton and the other injured were taken
to Alexandria.
mind Tiger Clubs.
Thc Columbia State says Gov. Hay
ward's attention has been called to the
fact that there ls an increasing num
ber of social clubs in thc city, and it is
darkly hinted that some of these clubs
exists only for the purpose of selling
liquor. It, ls a very delicate question.
Recently one of these clubs on lower
Main street was raided anti thc consta
bles found an iee box in which were a
lew bottles ot' beer and a large num
ber of bottles ol' soda water. The
proprietors of the club asked the con
stables to leave the "soft drinks."
AAMiereupon the constables became
suspicious and upon opening thc bot
tles supposed to be lilied with sodo
water found instead that they were
loaded with rca) hoo/c.
A Distiller in Trouble.
A Special tojThc State from Bickens
says Chief Constable C. L. Ctn eton
of that, division assisted by 10. P.
McUriivy and G. W. Coleman Thursday
set a.watch over government distilcry
No 2:i?.), operated by J. I). S tansell,
lt was not long before they saw Stan
sell go into the cistern room and in a
l'e\y minutes he emerged with a
tin bucket containing two gallons of
whiskey and started with it toward
his house. The ollicers pursued and
soon captured him. They confiscated
the whiskey and brought Statisch to
thc magistrate at Bickens before
whom he pleaded guilty on a charge
of transporting and paid the linc of
* I (?? an unusual price for two gallons
ol' whiskey. The distillery will
probably he broken un.
Fatal Accident.
At New York three men are dead
and several injured as thc direct result
of thc blowing out of a cylinder-head
of an engine attached to ?tn ammonia
[itnnp lu thc Jacob Ruppert Brewin
companies ice plant on Alexander
avenue carly Tuesday. Ono hundred
and lilly men wen: at work at one
time and as soon as the engine stopped
working the ammonia Mowed from the
pump, thc fumes spreading to all parts
bf the building. Bat roi man David J.
Goss was overcome by Hie fumes while
rescuing unconscious employes from
the building and his injuries may
prove fatal.
A Fatal Kow.
A tragedy occurred lu Mason county,
'Tenn, last week, in which three men
were killed and a fourth desperately
wounded. The trouble occurred iii
thc home of Miss Julia Bell while a
darice, was in progress. Miss Bell, it
is said, had shown a preferencc_ior J.
Frels and Dick Mason, Tom Fields,
Clay House and Mike Johnson attack
ed Frets, who it ls said, began to
shoot with tho result that the three
first named were killed and Johnson
is thought to bc mortally wounded.
Frets, it ls said, shot only four times,
tigging a man each time.
A FATAL ERHOB.
Mistook Nitric Acid for Water and
Poured it on Nitro Glycerine,
WHICH CAUSED AN EXPLOSION
Ol' Powder which wa? Boni?: Taken
From tin- MUKiizincH und
Bonded on Wagons nt
tho Tinto.
At Lowell, Mass., two small gun
powder magazines, situated in thc
very midst of the humble residences
of 60 mill operatives, -exploded Thurs
day with a frlghtfftl concussion, and
the resultant wave of death cut liff the
lives of more tiian a score of human
being and injured nearly 50 others.
Half a dozen men who were loading
kegs of powder from one of the maga
zines were blown to pieces; four buys
200 yards, were killed by tho force of
thc explosion, and 14 frame houses
within a radius of 400 yards were
blown down as if they had been built
of curds. Seven of these houses im
mediately caught lire, probably from
thc kitchen stoves, and were complete
ly consumed. At least three persons
were caught In thc ruins and burned
to death, while seven or eight others
who were rescued died subsequently of
their injuries.
lt is estimated that 70 separate
pieces of property, including thoso al
ready mentioned, were destroyed,
while the force of thc explosion
wrecked windows for live or six miles
around, and its thuudur could be
heard distinctly more than f?0 miles;
away.
Thc following is the Hst of those
known to be killed: George Finn,
?lohn MoMasters, Louis E: Richards
and James D. Grady, ali employed by
the United States Cartridge company;
?lames ll. Sullivan, Charles Mooro,
Jean lioleau, all employed by the
Stanley Forwarding company; Gilbert
McDermott, 10 years; Michael McDer
mott, 12 years: Thomas Hooligan, ll
years: Joseph Hooligan, 10years; Wil
liam Galloway and son Hubert Gallo
way, Albert Lebrun, Mrs. Catherine
Higgs, tiddic Rodgers, George A. Mc
Dermott, four years; Josephine J'e
i'ussc, ll years: Mrs. Victoria Perusse
and Sept triam Periisse (the nine last
named were killed hy the fall of their
houses or burned to death); unknown
man. ,
Four persons are missing, two car
penters, names unknown; John Higgs
and Patrick Spencer.
Those fatally injured arc. Amador
Buulugcr, 18 years; Clarendon Good
win. JiQ. year?, ~borJa.enQ.ployejL_Q?"carT
trldge company: Mrs. Howard0 Bur
kett, Miss McDermott, Eliza Gallo
way and Clara Superna.
The magazines were the property of
thc United States Cartridge company
of this city, but fortunately were sit
uated more than a mile away from
the factory rtself. They were con
structed some :10 years ago, in what
was then a broad, open Held on the
banks of the Concord river. During
thc last decade small wooden dwell
ings have gradually sprung up in the
vicinity, crowding nearer and nearer
with fancied security to the two Inno
cent-looking little buildings until they
were almost completely surrounded, by
them, except on thc river side, the
nearest house being scarcely ?30 feet
away.
Both magazines ordinarily contain
ed two or three tons ol' gunpowder In
tin kegs. Thc company has for some
time been desirous of strengthening
thc Moor of the magazine nearest thc
street and this morning eight men,
three of them employes of the com
pany, three expressmen and two car
penters, were sent there with three
large express teams to take out the
powder and mend the Moor. Two
of thc teams had been loaded and the
other was almost full when, at six
minutes past i) o'clock the explosion
occurred.
It was discovered that a oan of
nitro-glycerine, which was stored inthe
magazine, was leaking. Mr. Goodwin
picked up what he thought was a jug
of water and began to your it on tiie
nitro-glycerine with thc idea ol' dilut
ing it and was washing it up. As
soon as the Huid from the jug struck
the Moor, he found that it was nitric
acid. Thc lloor at once began to
.smoke, and when the mun saw it they
rushed from the building, but had not
gone 10 feet when the explosion oc
curred.
This magazine was, therefore, the
lirst to go up, followed immediately
by the gunpowder in the three loams
and several seconds later by the
second magazine.
To those who heard thc ?rash, lt
seemed as If there were two distinct
explosions, with a continuous roar be
tween them. There arc, however,
live holes in th? ground, which clearly
ind?cate live explosions.
The entire catastrophe, however,
occupied the space of scarcely live sec
onds, but in that time the surround
ing property was swept as if a small
volcano had broken forth In its midst.
Every house within 200 yards eiriltpps
cd trees were blown down, thc grass
within a hundred yards mowed as ii'
by a lawn mower, while bricks fruin
the two magazines were hurled tar
across thu ri ver and all over the neigh
borhood.
K?r'several minutes afterwards the
air was completely lilied with smoke
and dust, illuminated by thc glare
from the already burning houses.
The work of rescue began at once,
but in many cases thc Hames had al
ready gained full sway over thc crum
bled ruins and several poisons were
burned lo death bciorc thc debris
which covered them could bc remov
ed.
The property is situated just over
the Lowell linc, in Tcwksbury, but
thc Lowell lire department did most
of thc work in caring for tho wounded,
liefere a stream of water was started
from thc engines, thc hose from all
thc wagons was taken out and the
bodies of the wounded were placed In
thc wagons and hurried to thc hos
pital. Ambulances soon appeared on
the scene and assisted the firemen,
nod all sorts of vehicles were presset!
luto tho service. Nearly -IO persons
were taken to the two hospitals with
in half an hour, while many more
whose injuries were slight had their
wounds dressed and remained on the
scene, where they assisted rn caring
for the less fortunate;
The explosion shook the city and
within hair an hour there were at
least 5,000 people on thc scene of thc
catastrophe. Thc crowd so badly
hindered thc work of caring for tho
wounded that the mayor sent out a
militia call. Three companies respond
ed and three hours later had thrown a
cordon of men around thc district and
cleared the place of every one except
those immediately engaged in quench
ing the Hames and searching for vio
ti ms.
Two hundred yards further down
thc river from thc second magazine
the firemen suddenly came across the
bodies of four little boys who were
about to have a swim. A liftli mem
ber of the part was in the river when
the explosion occurred, and escaped
without Injury.
Apparently thc force from this sec
ond magazino was expended In two di
rections, north and south. On the
north it completely demolished the
house of William Higgs, about 50
yards away, almost hu ry lng Mrs.
Higgs, and badly injuring her little
son. Mrs. Higgs died before being
takeu to thc hospital.
On the other side of the magazine
was a girovc of trees, through svhich
thc explosion tore a path 50 feet wide
for a distance or nearly .100 yards.
The four little boys were caught in
thc centre of this path, and three
were instantly killed, the lindy of one
of them being frightfully mutilated,
the head being completely blown oil*.
The fourth was alive when he was
discovered by tho police and tironeo
hut did not long survive.
Most of thc property destroyed con
sisted of small buildings constructed
of wood, and at a comparatively
small cost. The properly loss, there
fore, will not be heavy.
Thc select men of thc town of
Tewksbury believe that 875,000 will
cover tia.', entire loss.
RAINFALL VERY LIGHT.
Tho Weekly Ueport ol" thc Weill tier
arid Crops.
Section l>irc?tor .1. W. Ifciuer has
Issued his report on the weather ?md
crops for thc week ending July 2S. It
ls as follows:
The week ending. 8 a. m., Monday,
July 27th, had a mean temperature ol'
81.5 degrees, which is practically nor
mal. There were no very cool nights,
nor hot days, making the temperature
conditions quite favorable. Thc winds
were generally Ug4ii, variable and
very dry, There was more than the
usual amount of bright sunshine. Thc
.roJjUAve. hurftidlty. was: unusually .low,
throughout thc week, that caused veg
etation to wilt considerably Iii the
day time, but it generally freshened
during the nights, but this condition
was favorable for ridding Melds of
grass by cultivation.
Thc week's rainfall was very light,
averaging only o.l-l inch for the'State,
and consisted of widely scattered
showers. These showers werc'bcnell
cial where they occurred. There is a
uced of rain indicated for all parts of
thc State, although early corn is the
only crop that has as yet sui?ercd to
any material extent. The rain is
needed to counteract the severe work
ing that crops received in ridding them
of grass. Laying by ls cither linlshed
or well underway, and hut few fields
remain grassy. The drought is most
severe in York and adjacent counties.
Corn is tiring in the eastern coun
ties. In places old corn is safe, in
other places it is in a critical condition
for want of rain. Young corn is gen
erally promising, but needs rain to
maintain this condition. Some fodder
has been pulled.
A general summary of thc condition
ot cotton shows that on clayey lands,
and over the western counties, thc
crop has improved, but that on sandi
lands, and over the eastern counties,
except parts of Hampton, Barnwell,
Orangehurg, Sumter, Marion and
Marlboro, the conditions are less prom
ising. Tlie cotton crop would he hen
el! ttod hy a general rain. Sea island
cotton is in excellent condition.
Tobacco curing is making ?apid
progress, and in places is nearly finish
ed, tho crop is about half gathered.
.Some is -'burning" in thc fields. Mar
keting is underway, and prices are un
satisfactory,
Karly and late planted rice arc do
ing well, while in ter mediate plantings
are poor and grassy in thc Colleton
district. Peas are not doing well.
Stoic Sufc:and All.
A special dispatch from Sallcy's to
Thc Stale says last Friday night week
robbers entered thc room of Mr. Sulli
van Sawyer and stole a small iron safe
containing about *7?3 in cash and sev
eral valuable papers. It Is not known
how the robbers entered the house but
the supposition is that while Mr. Saw
yer was eating supper the parties
went into his room and carried thc
safe away. Saturday the safe was
found concealed in the woods near the
town but it had been opened and
everything carried away. Mr. Saw
yer is tine of the most prosperous mer
chants of the thriving little town of
Terry, it, is hoped that thc guilty
partie.; will soon be caught, and speedy
justice meted out to them. This is
the second time that, Mr. Sawyer has
been robbed in the last month and it
seems that thc robbers must be famil
iar with thc place and where the
money is kept. This ought to he a
lesson tm all who keep their money
and papers In such places that can be
easily moved.
Comino; South.
A dispatch from Evansville, Ind.,
says for twenty four hours many
strange negroes have been passing,
through thc etty on their way to thc
south, where they will seek homes.
Many of them caine from Danville,
III., and points on tl>e Illinois Central
railway. Two coaches lilied with
negroes passetl through at ono time.
A number of thc negroes who left
Evansville, during the recent riots
have not returned. The feeling
against the negroes in the southern
Indiana towns has grown more intense
since the trouble In Evansville.
Senator Tillman "ttirsTJp a*W?8Con;
r'?VT " .?v?? ' rS:
..y- sin Audience by Eb
ijj ? .
TALK. ON .THE "NEGRO CUESTION.
-
I)idn!C biko IV h ut Ho Haid nt First
But When Ho Was Through
Thoy Thoiif-ht Best nf
tho Ai'guitiont.
Senator h. lt. Tillman, of South
Carolina, - matched his wit and sar
casm against thc legal mind and wes
tern rrranncrs or .Senator J. lt. Burton,
o? Eclisas, Monday night of last week
in a joint debato on tho negro ques
tion itt Madison, Wis. Thc following
report or the meeting wc take from
The ?News and Courier: Senator Tili
ntan \ said thc people of the North
were Xs bad as those of the South in
thcit*\; handling of the negroes who
committed ''unspeakable crimes.''
"Whctf ii negro up here shows thc
outcroppings or thc instincts or his
inferior race," said Senator Tillman,
"you'viuob, string, lynch, burn and
oqtrog?'? humanity with him. lt
makes, a mighty big dilfercnoc whose
family is struck, whose home is en
tered! whose, wife or daughter is the
victin). You men in the North are
uot sljjw to iiqt wheyi your wonicn arc
outrajred, and 1 want to Hay you .are
men to do it.
"Iflyou had as many niggers as we
have uh* South Carolina you would
feel as l do, and ymir people would
not sustain your anti-niggcr senators
as my-.neople sustain me." Tue licry
Southern senator was unpopular at
fi rst with it ho. audience of .-?,000 woo
plo, but at thc close of tho debate t ho
impression seemed to prevail that he
had the better of t'.iC argument.
Senator Tillman said the colored
people owed all the progress they lrad
made^n America to thc fact that
they, tycrc once in bondage, and that
thc South had nourished them into
whatever Industry, virtue and intel
ligence they ever attained; that the
North .wont to war to "free the nig
gers" llrst and tq "save thc union af
terward. The Republican party, he
said, played the friend of the blacks
In-.order to get black votes. The
greatest disturbing clement in thc
problem -was the fact that thc people
of the':?North, alice ting motives of
charUv?).Christianity and humanitar
ianism] .were attempting to poke their
'-'greaL' long Yankee noses" into the
businf-gs of the Southern states, that
were f ji'ual to the problem that would
not-bil in danger ol' overwhelming
the.m.vuVf?ess the Northern inlluence
bro;jtf"(\Vabou't a War of extermina
tlon.T'" C . ' '
Senator' Tillman said the negroes
were recognized In the South when
they deserved lt, and sometimes when
they did not, mentioning the recipi
ents of the United States' executive
appointments. Tho Southern sena
tor asked thc audience to hold an af
ter meeting to form a negro emigrat
ing society, for thc purpose of bring
ing to Wisconsin UOO.O?O negroes, thc
proportionate share of this state of
thc negro population of thc whole
country. The after meeting did not
develop.
Senator Burton agreed that the ne
groes had apparently grown more de
graded and criminal than they were
before the war, but he said it was the
fault of thc South, lack of schools,
and thc "cuchreing" of the negroes
out of their constitulsional rights hy
the Southern whites. lFc said in
education lay thc solution ol' the prob
lem.
Senator Tillman agreed with Sena
tor Burton in this but said thc South
would take up arms rather than allow
the north to force an impossible so
cial or political equality between the
whites and negroes in theMSouthern
slates.
i Senator Tillman said that thc
United States barred Chinese from
their gates because ol' thc inferiority
of the Mongolian race and the impos
sibility of Chinese ever becoming thc
socialer political equals of Ameri
cans.
"Thc Inferiority is greater and the
Impossibility more impossible with
respect to thc negroes and particular
ly the Southern negroes," Mr. Till
man declared.
Senator Burton placed ??tress on thc
great possibilities which, bc said, lay
in tho negroes. Their capacity for
development), bc said, had been prov
ed in every Northern state, and not
only In thc North, but in thc very
heart of thc South. At Tuskegee,
Ala., Booker T. Washington, a black
man, had demonstrated there for sev
eral years that the negro, when given
the advantages of properly adminis
tered education, could outstrip the
whites lu the moral and industrial
world.
Scnatort: Tillman and Burton e?rj
tluued their debate on tho negro ques
tion at Moline, III., on Thursday.
Thc Kansas speaker suggested kn
educational standard as a remedy for
negro ignorance, and Senator Tillman
delivered a striking speech. "Cod
made a negro inferior to a white
man," saul he, "as Africa proves. I
Would not put him back in slavery,
but ho shall never govern us. Yen
wouldn't let him, and we are as goori
as you arc, and wo will see him in hell
before wc will .permit it. Ve don't
intend ever t? let him get un pur
backs to govern us. When you hold
sacred the lificenth amendment, that
says the races are oqual, you add fuel
to a race war that is bound to come.
I do not believe in lynching for any
crime but one. When a negro as
saults a white woman the only thing
to do is to hunt him down and put
him out or his miserable existence as
soon as possible. We arc doing this
and wc arc going lo keep on doing it,
and if you don't like it you can lump
lt."
Hooker HINHCU.
At Boston whilo Booker T. Wash
ington was addressing a meeting of
colored people Thursday three persons
were arrested and elected for trying
to Interrupt his remarks by hissing.
Twenty-ll vc policemen were called in
to quell the disturbance.
A MEETING CALLED.
Coiurqd Citizens to'Dlsb?s? Ly h?h-,
intf and its ?aiisilg.
Rev. M. G. Johnston, pastor of Lad
son Presbyterian church, Columbia,
S. C., has issued a call for a meeting
of colored citizens of this and ad?
joining counties on Tuesday, August
25. The following is the call:
To All Colored Citizens of Richland
and Adjacent Counties: You aro In
vited and most earnestly requested to
attend a convention to be held in this
city on Tuesday, August 25, fdr the
purpose of talcing under consideration
lynchings, itsxanscs and its remedy.
And also to consider ways and means
pertaining to higher moral elevation
of tile race. We also note the sad
fact that every year hundreds or our
people, leave their farms In thc coun
try and crowd into the towns and
oitics, where they get little or noth
ing to do and very often some of them
commit crimes that are hurtful and
humiliating to us ail. All the above
merits our most serious and prayerful
consideration, prompt and decided ac
tion. *
If all wo hear and read about thc
race bo bru , then we have a work tu
(lo which can only bc done hy au hon
est, faithful and united effort on the
part of thc best thinking people of our
ratio.
While there no doubt will be some
among us who will not join in such
an clTort for the moral up-lifting of
thc race, J am satislled that there arc
thousands of men and women who
stand ready to do everything in their
power for a higher moral olevation of
thc race. Therefore we appeal to all
ministers of the pospcl, teachers of
private and public schools and lead
ers of thc rate to attend this conven
tion, ?Hid let us see where you stand
and what side you. arc on.
A numbor of speakers will address
thc cod vention and a uuraber of papers
will bc read. Nut I ?lng will be dis
cussed but thc moral condition of the
race, lynchings, it:; causes and its
curses. We expect to secure reduced
rates on all roads leading into Colum
bia. Names of speakers and rates to
the convention will be published later.
This call to the convention is endorsed
by thc ministers' union of Columbia.
THE SOUTH AN? THE NEGRO.
IteninrUnhle HRHOIUIInuit Adopted by
Ncftl'O .Mel hoi! ist Con IV ron oe
Ry denying the negro social equali
ty, Southern.whites befriend lilin^ de
clares a resolution adopted by.the. con
ference of thc African Methodist
"Episcopal churoh, recently lu session
at Macon, Ga. {The-South is declared
the bcstnlaoe for .the .negro,' and-the,
crimcs which provoke* iyiiclifiTg"are
condemned. In part thc resolutions
are:
"We commend the Southern white
mau becauscs he refuses to let negroes
drink at his founts, cat at his cafes,
sleep in lils hotels, for the following
reasons: It forces the negro to build,
his own resorts, teaches him business
and turns a Hood of money to ncgrq
vaults and bank accounts. It gives
his boy and girl work and establishes
thrift, industry and economy.
"Wc condemn the heinous crimes so
often charged to our people. Such
crimes are brutal, vicious and deserve
the most severe punishment that the
law is allowed to indict. They mar
our civilization, hinder our progress
and stamp us as villains.
"We equally condemn and regret
that it is evident that the mightiest
civilization on earth should resort to so
inhuman and bloody work as to lynch
a fellow being without due process Of"
law.
"We believe, after carefully recit
ing facts, that thc negro is as safe, or
safer, In the South than in thc North.
Safer, because he can carn a living In
any vocation in the South that he pos
sesses ability to do. Safer, because no
Southern preacher "is on record as hav
ing pleaded to 3,000 people to burn a
human being."
As td Watches.
IO very bod y carries a watch nowa
days-men. women, girls and boys.
Prices range from $1 loas many thou
sands as one cares to expend in jew
elry settings. The $1 watch keeps
just as good time as thc *5,000 one.
1 Md you ever consider the amount of
labor performed by a good watch in
its life-time or 50 years? Thc balance
wheel vibrates ts,OOO times an hour,
432,000 times a day or 157,(?SO,000
times a year. The hair spring makes
an equal number or vibrations, and
there is the same number of ticks
from the escapement. Multiply 157,
080,000 by 80 and you have 7,884,000,
000 pulsations. Yet the watch is ht
good condition at thc end of hair a
century of labor.
A But! Heath. 1
Tho Anderson correspondent of the
State says Mr. Lamar Milford, a son
of Mr. 1). Ruford of Calhoun Falls,
was drowned at Jacksonville, Florida,
lasb Friday morning. The young man
wis a telegraph operator at Jackson
ville. The supposition is that he was
trying to cross the St. .Johns river in
a small boat and fell out. Ills body
was recovered 3fl hours later and was
buried in Jacksonville. The young
man had many relatives and friends
in Anderson who will bc grieved to
learn of his tragic death. Ile was an
expert telegraph operator and hada
most promising caroer before himj?
ll?; w:ut only 19 years old.
Hl'lllO TllkN'H Sentenced.
At St. Louis, Mo, Wednesday Judge
Ryan passed sentence on live members
ol' the house of delegates, four of
whom were convicted of bribery and
one of perjury in connection with
municipal franchise deals. Following
are those sentenced: John A. Sheri?
(lan, bribery In connection with street
railway deal, live years; T. Edward
Albright, dribcry, suburban deal, live
years; Jerry J. Hannigan, bribery,
suburban deal, live years; Louis
Decker, bribery, suburban deal, four
years; Emil Hartman, bribery, city
lighting bill six years. All tiled ap
peal bonds In thc sum of $10,000 each.
rV? JtSHrows?i<Huf ??i.:. .iii$?i-V;%u?'
?^qc?rj?ia: Womttn^t?l*ds?II?r; ?i??it '
;.. ?,.:;, >?.?? -4; bt?I'
bund Strychnine For Quinine.' * ,
? ; - ? : -'ti .-?'.i ima f
Recently 1 Sheriff1Rogers -v?as s?m
moujcd to^Gresstori', 7;miles ! nOrtn'ol
. Eastman, td make arrest. TJp?h ar
ri vi og on'th?scene h?'toundra mob o?
over 500 threatening to lynch Robert
Cawthorn who they believe was in
conspiracy with Mrs. R. J. Tucker,
who gave her husband poison for
quinine In a oapsulo thc night before,
Tucker dying In less tl an an hour
after taking the dose.
Cawthon has been working on the
farm for Tuoker for a year or -more,
and he and Mr8,,TueJter.v?erc exceed
ingly good friends. She says he ask
ed her to kiss him once. Ile says her
i caresses were at his command, She
says some time ago Cawthon told-her
' he wanted fco marry a rich widow, and
i that she was thc widow, or would be
if she would help him;
On .Tune 32nd, it ls said, he went
to Emprie and bought some strych
nine from Dr. Kimberly to poison
dogs, lt is said they put the poison
In a drink of whiskey that Tucker
liad? knowing that sooner or later he
would (brink it. On July 18th Joel
Horn, a prosperous farmer, with his
wife was passing Mr. Tucker's home
and . told Tucker he was not feeling
well and Tucker told him ho had a
drink of whiskey and to drink it, and
it would probably do him good. Horn
drank the whiskey and died before he
had gotton a mile away.
Tuesday night Tuokcr took a cap
sule of supposed quinine ami died of
poison iu ao minutes. Mrs. Tucker
says Cawthon gave iu to him. Caw
thon sayrs she did lt. They both
have partly confessed and lt ls believ
ed they will fully confess before night.
Excitement is at fever heat, and it is
believed by many that au elTorh will
bc made to lynch Cawthon Thursday.
Thc stomach was taken to Atlanta
Thursday morning for a chemical
analysis by Dr. Clarke, Had it not
been for thc timely arrival of Sheriff
Rogers, Cawthon would have been
summarily dealt with at Grcsston
Thursday] U?tli man and woman are
now in jail. An effort will be made to
have Judge Roberts hold a special
term of court for trial of this ?use as
public senti meut demands speedy
justice.-Augusta Chronicle.
PLUCKY YANKEE GIRL
Punishes a MUMIUM- 1'ur His Insulting
Attentions to Her.
Armed with a whip which sha took
with her Trom lier pony carriage; .Miss..
Mary Recd, daughter ?f? . Polic?
racTraTnrnxTOoT^^ '
phia, followed a masher into the Lake
wood train ab Winslow Junction
Thursday night and administered a
sound thrashing. The mau only
escaped worso punishment at the
hands of thc father of the girl through
his train pulling out before thc lieu
tenant knew what was going on.
According to the story of eyewit
nesses, thc man left thc Atlantic City
train at the junction to make connec
tion with one to Lakewood. Miss
Reed was waiting for her father, who
had been to Atlantic City in charge
of one of thc police pension fund ex
cursions, to drive him to their country
home at Kim City.
While the yoting man and a party
of friends were waiting for their train
he amused himself by making insult
ing remarks to thc young lady, who
sat in her pony carriage. She could
not resent his unwelcome atttcntlons
on account of her horse being restive,
and he at last took hold of the borsc's
bridle and held it in spite of the girl's
protests.
Just as the Lakewood train pulled
into thc station and the young man
ceased worrying the girl in order to
catch it, her father arrived on the
scene. Without telling him of her
intentions, the girl handed him the
lines, and seizing the whip from the
socket ran to the car which the young
man had entered, and, catching him
in thc aisle, belabored him soundly
until he cried for mercy.
The affair happened so quickly
that none of the friends of the man
had time to interfere and Miss Recd
ran out of thc car and jumped from
Mic platform after the train had be
gun to move. When her father heard
the sorty from her he was furious and
made an effort to have the man ar
rested further up thc line, but did
not succeed. Miss Reed is twenty
three years of ago and very pretty.
Perished in the Flames.
Thc Sea View House, on thc camp
ground ab' Old Orchard, Maine, was
burned to the ground Thursday, and
two women guests, Mrs. A. 10. Stevens
and Mrs. Helen Martin, both of East
Grafton, N. 1T.; ar? missing. The
value ol the property burned was
about $4,000. The body of one cf
the missing women was found in the'
ruins this aftcrtoon. It was so badly
burned as to. make recognition im
possible. Search is being continued
with energy, as the finding of one
body is taken to show that both wo
men perished.
Mnrdcrcd Ills Wile.
At Mount Vernon N. Y., Coroner
Wcisendaogor Wednesday afternoon
announced that Martin Elicit, whose
wife's body was foimd In a sewer pipe
on Sunday with a shoe lace tightly
around the throat, had confessed to
him and to Chief of Pol I co Foley that
he had murdered the woman; Tt is
said UKI tr Ebcit had complained to his
sister that his wife was constantly ap
plying to him for money. Ile told his j
sister that he was tired of theso ap
plications and that lia wiSc was a
continual nuisance to him.
Juuiitod Into ii Creek.
Passenger train No. 2 on tho Vir*
giuia and Southwestern railway was
wrecked near Mcndotu, Va., Tuesday
Thc engine left the track anil plung
ed into a oreek, carrying with lt thc
baggage and combination cars. Flag
man Charles Sproles was badly Injur
ed and several passengers were hurfc.
The engineer and Uroman uaved them
selves hy Jumping.
*> -EXCESS-FASES.-'
y \< U ?'I-- ? . , ..
m Declared Unlawful by tho State
Supreme ? Court, v ;
, ,--r. , .
AN IMPORT AKT DECISION.
Conductors Aro' Not Allowed Hero?
after ' to' Collect tho Twenty
five Cents Excess on
Cash Fares.
Railroad companies have no right
to charg?'exeess fares ot persons who
get on tile train? without tickets
where they caubcobtained. Such lathe
decision of .the State supreme court in
a case which attracted much-atten
tion. So important was the case con
sidered to be fcbat the supreme court
caliea the Judges of the circuit court to
sit upon the cast.
Railroads are accustomed to charge
passengers 25 cents when passengers
fail to get tickets. It is objection
able to railroads for conductors to re
ceive cash fares, and for that reason
the 25 cents excess is charged, but a
rebate check is given and the- 25 cents
refuuded to the passenger by the
agent of the company upon the ar
rival of the passenger at destination.
It is claimed that the custom is in
violation of thc law limiting the rate
of fare to 3 cents per mile. This was
one of the main points in tho two
cases heard by the court "en bane"
and decided in the opinion flied Wed
nesday.
The cases are Duncan against the
Southern, tried before Judge Benet
in Karan ell; and Tulmer against the
Soushern, tried before Special Judge
Izl?r at Newberry.
In cacti case the railroad company
won, and the losing plaintiff appealed
to the 'supreme court. After argu
ment in that court it was ordered
that the case be reargued before the
court "en bane"-comprised of the
supreme court justices and seven of
the eight circuit Judges.
The court "en bane" duly assem
bled; Judge Watts being retired fn
the drawing of lots. * .
The leading.opinion in each case is
delivered by Associate Justice Gary,
and it ls concurred in by Ohlei -
Justice Pope and Judges Aldrich,
'Klugh, Dantzler, Purdy and Et-,
uest Gary, the last named Hiing a
separate' opinion. The conclusion
reached is that under the existing
statute a railroad company ls, limited
to the rate of passeng'er fare- 3. cents "
per-mile-fixed In .the statute and
that it cannot exceed that, rate. ;It*
is further held -that the 25.- cente-ex-.,
'cess ;i a re ls c?aT?geTT^v li?tWHi^W?dibg ~
the agreement of the railroad, in its"
"rebate check," to refund the sum to
the holder of the check. Judge Er-^
nest Gary holds that the railroad
company may excluue from its pas
senger car any person not provided
with a ticket, but having permitted
such a person not provided with a
ticket, to become a passenger with
out a ticket, the excess charge is un
lawful.
Thc dissenting opinion is written
by Associate Justice Jones and con
curred in by Associate Justice Woods,
Judge Townsend and Judge Gary. It
holds that as the passenger paying the
25 cents excess, because he has not
procured a ticket may set back that
sum by presenting his rebate check"
to the company's agent, there is no
extra charge but simply a reasonable
regulation of the railroad company in
the management of its passenger busi
ness.
? In each case the Judgement of the
circuit court ls reversed and the case
sent back for a new trial.
In the Ful mer case tho plaintiff was
represented by Messrs. Johnstone and
Welch and the company by Mr. B. L.
Abney and Mr. Thomas P. Cothran.
lu the Duncan case Messrs. Davis and
Best and Mr. John S. Reynolds repre
sented the plaintiff, while Mr. B. E.
Abney aud Mr. J. W. Barnwell ap
peared for the company.-Thc State.
-<?
I j o ne Hange Predictions.
W. F. Foster, writing to the News
and Courier from Washington, says
August, September and October will
bring unusually severe and dangerous
storms to the east coasts of North
America and Asia, the Mississippi
drainage basin, along the northern
steamship routes of North Atlantic
and North Pacific, East Indies, Weat
Indio* and Gulf of- Mexico. Severe
storms may occur any time during
these three months, but the danger
period seems to hover around August
11 and 25, September 7 and 20, Octo
ber 5, 15 and 20. Voyages on water
should bc avoided about these dates,
and precautions taken for safety on
liinrl, Vr-ry loy* temperatures about
August 28, September 25 and 30.
A Popular Govornor.
The Pickens Sentinel-Journal says:
"Gov. Hey ward has proven himself
every inch a man and ls faithfully
carrying out with the people the
promises he made to them on the
stump. Ile is a clean man and a true
one and furthermore, he ls a man that
is easily approached and lends a lis
tening car gladly and willingly to any
appeal that will help his State or his
people. Pickens county people are
proud of the record he ls making and
will bc ready to hold up his hands in
the discharge of his duty. Long life,
good luck ami several terms in the
gubcrnatlonai chair, for the mantle
of state ls on most worthy and excel
lent shoulders."
Ploaned With lloport. .
Thc Columbia State says Gov Hey
ward is pleased with tho verbal report
of State Constable Holmes of tho
Charleston division. The constables
declares that tho salo of Illicit liquor
in Charleston lias materially decreased.
At an informal "Conference between
the governor, the attorney general,
Chief Hammett and Constable Holmes
It was decided to make war upon tho
so-called clifbs In that city who operate
?lind tigers under the pretence of be
ing social organizations.

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