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;V Psalm qr thcu?l'i Boulton
.^ust as when sunset comes
. With bugle calli that die away
. Abd softly tlirobldi?gdriims?
Tho shadows reach across tho Sky
;V (V Abd hnsh.tho cares of dayl
: The bugle.call and drum beat die
- The blue fades into gray?
Tho gray is blending into blue
' A sunrise glad and fair;
When, in the j;.lchnessof the dew, .
The roses.riot; there. * > . ,
The bitterness of. yesterday
Is lost to mo and" you; 1 -
1 Tho blue is fading Into gray
"Tho gray blends into blue. ,
They're sleeping now the long, iong
, Th? boys who wore the bltie; -
Aboy? the gray the grasses creep
And both Were good and truo;
And'in the twilight of our life
Tlio ending of the way
There comes forgetfulness of strife
Tho blue fades into gray.
Above each mound the lily grows,
. And humble daises nod;
Tho ruby glory of the rose
.Sheds luster on the sod;
The tears-the tears-they are thc
That greets the coming day.
The-gray is blending into blue
The blue fades into gray.
By W. D. Nesbit.
Congressman Baker Says Publio Offi
cials Should Refuse. Them.
COURTESIES FOR PRIVILEGES.
Tho New York Congressman Who
lloturned Ballimore ATM! Ohio
l'iiKN Given His Views
The attitude of Representative
Robert Baker, of the Otb. New York
Congressional district, which is a part
of Brooklyn, regarding the acceptance
hy public olllcials of railway passes,
has aroused no little interest and com
ment throughout the country.
lt will be remembered that Mr.
Baker a few days ago returned a pass
issued by the Baltimore and Ohio
Railroad Company. Upon request of
the Sun he set forth his ideas on the
matter in detail, the neccessary brevi
ties of a note returning the pass failing
to convey fully his opinions, Mr. Baker
replies as follows:
'Tho extent to which the evil of
free passes lias permeated legislative
bodies was vividly portrayed on thc
the occasion of my spending a. rew
days upon the Hour of the House ot
Representatives as a spectator of its
proceedings near thc end of the last
Congress. ? . : .
"Among tlie mearures acted upon
was the postolhcc appropriation bill.
It was openly charged by those oppos
ing one of its provisions-that for a
Southern fast mail- that many of
those favoring this specific item were
in the pay or were the recipients of
favors such as passes from thc railroad
which would bc the beneliclary of that
item in the appropriation. So vigor
ous and outspoken were its opponents
that the linger of scorn was pointed
at certain members and they were
openly charged With then having that
railroad's passes in their pockets, those
accused merely sneered cynically, one
even challenging thc opponents to go
over and count the 'railroad members.'
It was a, truly" discouraging exhibition
of indifference to a serious . charge.
Later personal discussion with several
members compelled' the conclusion
that many were in possession of passes
of thc various railroads. More than
one unhesitatingly advised their ac
ceptance. As one put it: 'Take all
you can get-railroad, telegraph br
N1CW YOllK I. KO ISL AT V HIS.
"That Legislators resent any sug
gestion of the curtailment or abolitiou
of thc practice was clearly shown dur
ing the recent session of New York
Legislature, where the attempt of a
New York city member to prevent the
acceptance of Pullman car passes re
sulted in his practical ostracism and
overwhelming defeat of his measures
as a punishment for his temerity.
Only a day or so since a Port Jervis
merchant informed me that immedi
ately upon the election of himself and
a friend to thc local governing body
there four years ago they received
through the mail passes from the
street railway company.
SAYS IT is connurriNo.
The widespread interest in tlie sub
ject is indicated in many commenda
tory letters from not only New York,
but Bulfalo, Boston, Binghampton,
Syracuse, etc, among them being one
from a well-known New York lawyer,
a former president of the State Har
Association, who says, among other
things: 'I know of no influence at
work in the community more corrupt
ing in its tendencies than the free
pass system. In going to attend a
m?eting o?-^Vunu?SSio" appointed to
appraise property take"n\by a railroad
company in a condemnate,1.1 proceed
ing I rode in thc car with onP of the
commissioners. He pulled ou(ovim an
nual pass as new and as clean as when
it left the company's olllce. Ile lived
on thc linc of thc railroad and (lld a
great deal o? travelling. This Pass
"was worth a good many hundred dol
lars to him.'
"I rode In the car tlie other d?Y
with a gentleman who pulled out a
bunch of "annual!;" that would take
him half way over the country.
'* 'I have sometimes been in a car
where more than half tlie people were
riding (tn a pass. The other half were
paying the fares for all. Where a
single annual pass is insulllcient to
work its purpose a pass for a private
car often completes the work of cor
"If a workman representing other
workmen is to be sent to jail because
he accepts bribe money, certainly the
men who ought to know better than
he and are supposed to have higher
ideals ought not to escape.
VLKX THAT IT IS "THU CUSTOM."
"The only plea seriously advanced
in extenuation of this demoralizing
practice is that it is the 'custom' o?
railroad companies to send passes t:)
public olllcials as ari act of 'courtesy,'
To those that advance this plea lt is
appropriate to i tupi i ru wherein lies any
natural reason for railroads to do so,
any more than other large private
badness? Why has thc custom, if lt
is such, arisen ? Wc never hear of
large department stores or of big mer
cantile houses informing legislators
other public ollicials that they are at
liberty to choose goods rrom them free
of charge, or that several hundred dob
lars has been placed to their credit
against which they ran draw at pleas
ure. Why, then, are railroads so
,. Hrft)o only oilier private busing
tuati'ludUlK?? In thc luxufy;?f.^le?d>'
lng;" Valuablecourtesies lp ??blt? ?fft*
cUiM.?hd theil bniy/^stlloso^ il?Usbal?
ly umBpi0u'ous?, tilo ptlfbhl ~niedl61no
proprietors. Tills l? ouly.don? tonex
pl?lt theil? wdres? l}ub;.railroada
ueltlter ask bor dealrethattjegisiator ;
or other- public ortJclals shplr make
public announcement of thepossesslon
of passes or recommend tho 'road for
its superior accommodations.
v " Bl'ECIAL ritlVlLEOBS. V . T"
"The cause of the generosity of'tho
railroads is notdltUcult to discover, lr
lays in tim fact that they are .the
grantees ..of speclul privileges; that
Legislators have the power io , grant
further privileges} whil,e.certairi|pther
public otliclals are Chargen! with thc
duty of seeing tbat tho comp'anisb
comply with tile laws.
"ls there any neccessary relation, or
is lt a mere coincidence, that ollicials
in the possession of passes, and whoso
duty lt is to make assessment find
great clinically in discovering all the
property of thc railroads and assesses
their special privileges at so low a
"In Ohio this scandal has been car
ried to the extent ot railroad proper
tics being assessed not to exceed IQ
per cent of their value as against 00
per cent assessments on farm property.
The citizens of that State are to be
congratulated upon numbering among
their olllclals one-tho mavor or
Cleveland-who not only knows these
facts, but has the courage and deter
mination to oppose those who thus
violate their catlin of ellice and who
baa conduoted a vigorous and success
ful tight against members of his own
party who have broken their pledges
and betrayed thc people in voting, for
tho infamous 'Curative Act' extend
ing for a long term of years Senator
Moniker's Cincinnati street railroad
"In Pennsylvania it' is notorious
that thc railroad arc daily violating
not only the laws, but the Constitu
tion of the State, which prohibits
railroads from mining coal or engag
ing directly or indirectly in any other
business than that of common carriers.
It is a safe prediction that these flag
rant manifestations of contempt for
law are not unaccompanied with
wholesale distribution of passes to the
Legislators and other pu'il ic ollicials ot
that State. In these di-ys of lavish
expenditures and ostentatious display
of wealth the temporary control of a
private car doubtless tickles thc vanity
while it numbs thc conscience of thc
public otllcial who accepts it as ti
TERMS OK KUANCniSES.
"A newspaper that pleads custon
and courtesy as an'excuse* for'this de
i moralizing practice states that cvci
, those who'opposc1 the Tai l~r?ads->accep1
thc passes'and'theil proceed to dcllvei
ian ll-railroad speeches. May tills noi
'account for 50 much oracular ant,ago
nism being accompanied with so Ililli
result? It has become a trite"saj'ini
that 'corporations have no sou ls.' Thii
is certainly tr'ue'?s to special privilege
corporations. Their indifference tt
mere talk, no matter how boisterou
and condemnatory, is notorious. Tlii
only thing that hurts is au attempt
unfortunately too raro., of a public bill
cial to enforce tlie terms of their fran
ohises or the laws governing' thel
j " 'Gentlemen's agreements,' utidjei
; which ' public' officials orate, but un
'accompanied hy any overt act com
pelling compliance with the statutes
'are an excellent means of enabling ai
olllcial tu 'save his face' with the peo
plu without, st ral if lu g "the; courtesy p
the railroad which provided Hie pass
rand are probably largely responsible
?for tlie feeling amongtile people tba'
lt Is useless to'expect anything clTcc
"tlve to be done; the railroads wilt gov
'cm In any event.
CAN THEY 1110 PHOl'EKLY. ACCEPTED
"Hut can these 'courtesies' properl,
ibo accepted by tlie people's representa
ti ves? Railroads, surface, elevate
and national highways, telegraph tele
phone and electrlct light companie
have all entered into contractual ot;
ligations as a condition of the specia
privileges granted them. The er
forcement of these obligations depend
upon the energy and fidelity of cei
tain puhlicotlicials. Can such olllcial
--municipal, State or National-d
full duty to their employers, the pee
plc, if in receipt of favors from th
other party to these contracts? Tb
columns of the press generally bea
testimony to the very frequen j con
plaint that these obligations are nc
"Again, it is well known that bill
affecting railroads form a large pal
of those dealt witli by Legislatures
As agents or trustees of the people
property, how can legislators considc
proposed contracts solely from tb
standpoint of the Interest of publh
when tiley are recipients of even sue
favors as annual passes presented b
those asking either for new privilege
or extensions of old ones?
"No Judge would knowingly pei
mit an attorney to appeal for a chen
if the other party to the suit ha
given thc attorney some secret favoi
The Court would not accept eltht
'courtesy' or 'custom' as an excusi
Legislators, being chosen by the pei
pie ta act as their attorneys for
slated period, shopld tiley not be he!
to the same standard?
"KIUK EATER" IMPOTENT.
"Herc in New York two years ai
wc were treated to spectacular d
nunciations by the tire-eating can 1
dates for a high legal ollice in
hattan. being assured tlhat.werc 1
elected tho traction oct^iis 0f th
borougti would be brought to accoui
and its dciU?":C 3f h.w ended. Wi!
what result? Absolutely none. Tl
time has been too short, apparentl
even to begin the task.
"A few months after the election
massacre took place In the New Yo
Central tunnel. What did tlie Iii
eater do? Did he cause thc arrest
thc directors, or even the manage*
of tlie road for criminal carclessneE
Not at all. The poor engineer, wilt
retention of his job depended up
his running thc train according
schedule, although unable, owing
thc condition of the tunnel, to d
linguist! signals, was arrested, tina
the scapegoat of tlie company, un
thc proverbial nine days popular t
citcmcnt had largely subsided, tb
"If that corporation had a soul
would grant a liberal pension to W
gins for liaving been tlic focus
much of tho attention of an iud
nant, outraged and Buffering peo
upon himself, thus diverting some
tlic hostility that otherwise woi
have been directed at tlic directo
who wore really responsible for I
loss of lire.
TJIAIN HELD VOM DRPKW.
"A few years ago, being In Alb?
and desirous or returning lo N
York, I was one ot the victims
I that total disregard of thc rights
bcoD" held fur a hour arid a I KI IC ut
Oano8tota, ir I remember'aright, for
Senator Depow, who was en rudie
from Ithaoa, whore ho had delivered
an address, and who wished to keep
an engagement in New York... Per
sonally, t was j r\of seriously alf so Lcd
by Lliis scandalous refusal of tl ie odin
puny to fulfil the Implied conditions
of Ito.co'ntnict dnteretf Into when the
tickets wetesb'ld for that train, which
oonditlobs-tbat it would bring the
traill to it8 detination, New York,
with the Utmost dispatch-lt had
publicly advertised In tho newspapers
and by its agreement to do.
"I was, however, the witness of
several uffectlng scenes when the train
arrived at the Grand Central, depot
some two hours late. Friends of the
numerous passengers had been com
pelled to endure the suspense, the al
ternate hope and fear that no acci
dent hud ca u s od the delay, and this
anxiety was shown In the faces of sev
eral of thuse awaiting the arrival of
A WOMAN'S DI8TKIS88.
"This was surely bad enough, but
among the passcngcas was a lady and
two young children bound for sume
Interior point in Connecticut, who
had planned to take a train leaving
about 7.30 p. m., from thc same depot
where our train was advertised tu ar
rive atdp. m.-a sufficient leeway
surely. The change from hope to de
spair which was clearly depicted upon
the mother's face as con Hiding esti
mates were made to. her from time tu
time hv Ibo trainmen was truly piti
able. A stranger to New York, her
distress, when lt finally became evi
dent that tho last train which could
carry her to her destination that even
ing had departed, was apparent -a
distress induced, I think, by a realiza
tion of thc extent her scanty purse
must be depleted by staying uver night
in New Yurk.
"All her suffering, all thc anxiety
of hundreds of friends of thc passen
gers was Caused unnecessarily, and
was solely due to the callous indiffer
ence of thc company to the rights of
its passengers, and was a violation of
thc contract it had entered into with
them. The rights of thc passengers
were nullified; trouble, inconvenience,
annoyance and worry were caused to
?many, merely because au oilleial of
.thc company wished to keep some ap
pointment iii New York.
"There is'another reason why p.ub
iiio oflleials should not accept passes.
??The cost of these favors li burne by
those who pay for their tickets. How
great thc oust of this free service may
be is suggested in thc letter from the
.ex-president uf thc State Har Associa
tion already quoted Others have
doubtless had his experience of be?b?
a passenger where a large proportion
had passes. The cost In the aggregate
must be enormous and indicates how
! pre valen t is the practice and thc ex
tent to which it lias permeated official
D15NIAI. OF EQUAL RIGHTS.
"To those who regard the Jeffer
sonian philosophy of 'equal rights to
all, special privileges to none,'nob as
a glittering generality nor as a mere
party shibboleth; butas a vital, living
principle, applicable at all times to
the affairs" of men, thc 'gl ving br rc-'
celvlng of passes ls peculiarly objec
tionable, as they realize the practice
?operates as a bulwark tallie undemo
icratlc system, of'f?rra?ig' but Govern
ment functions to private individuals.
The fact that a railroad, telegraph or
telepiione system cannot exist without
the graut of special privileges-the
granting of which is a denial of the
equal rights of others-proves that
the function is governmental ?ind
should be carried ou by the people for
thc good of all.
as lriter-State railroads? surface and
elevated lines in our large cities, have
been the most prolilic cause of thc de
moralization and the debaueliery of
American politics, municipal as well
as national. The pass has not rn fre
quently been the first Insidious step
toward that debauchery. Good gov
ernment will not be had until this
cancer is removed and the whole sys
tem uprooted."-Baltimore Sun.
A Non hern Woman'** ViOW.
A New York woman writes as fol?
fows to the Ihnghampton, New York,
Herald: "We have heard enough
pleas for the poor negro; let us now
hear something for the children, the
beautiful, Innocent, young girls,
knowing and thinking no wrong,
crowned with virgin innocence and
purity, flitting about their homes like
stray sunbeams from Heaven, when
suddenly this dark, nameless horror
falls upon them and thc sunlight of
love and Heavcu is last in a fate in
finitely worse than death. Let us
hear semethipg of the happy homes
which these negro ravishers have de,r
stroyed, the fathers and mothers'who
are bowed to the earth- with in
supportable angujsii'?nd a horror so
great that ..^delight of day and the
mercy QjffGod seem a mockery to them.
kjMic?i law is irregular aud unlawful,
"imt so is the crime which is avenged.
Thero ls but one way. Just so lon?
as white girls.are ravished by black
llends just so long will negroes be
burned at the stake. Let them read
the writing on Hie wall. "Let white
girls alone," for just so long as they
commit this crime the fathers, broth
ers and sons will arise in their wrath
I and scourge them from the face of the
earth. Thc law ls to protect law
abinding citizens. Lynching is to
avenge wrongs so deep, dark and
hellish that no torture that can bc in
flicted is commensurate with Hie
crime. If the negroes will let white
girls alone they can enjoy wi Uh other
ci ti/ ns the equal justice of our law."
Wc are glad to see the Northern peo
ple taking thc right view of thc
lynching question. Some of their
women have suffered at the hands
of the black rape fiend, and conse
quently they see thc crime tn an alto
gether different aspect from what
tiley formerly did.
SIXTY years ago thc Prince of Wales
was born worth 8000,000 a year. Par
liament lidded $200,000 more a year,
when he wedded at 22. Some twenty
seven years later pari lament added
81X0,000 more a year to keep his cost
ly family. Also, his wife drew $50,
000 a year for thirty-seven years. All
this made a family incom' to the
prince of $7110,000 a year. Mut now
as King l?dward VII, he get* nearly
: three times as much, over $5,000 a
P?ki?v:coaico Very ??Kr Gr?tlliir
A Way With cb a?-? o t to. Merchant's.
j Qui to -aja (j & uer of Charlotte advert
vertlBer? -Wednesday narrowly^ escaper}
beln^ ; vlot?i?'ized by an advertising
swindle, says tho Nows, Last week a
young, r?an who ?ayo hi's narbo as? C!
p. Lahatteapd who said be bailed
from Augusta, t?a., drdrarued up a
riuuiber of advertisements to go ?n a
railroad memorandum time book, an
edition of 1,000 copies of which be
proposed to have printed und. placed
with au attache or tho Southern Rail
way here to bo given out tb engineers,
coud uctors, brakemen, bremen and
railroad men generally. He contracted
with'a local j?bolllcc to print him only
250, which were finished and turned
over to him Wednesday. Ile took a
Tow samples of the book and wont out
to make his collections, telling his
patrons that be had complied with ali
the requirements of his contract and
he had nearly realized all ot his money,
about $iao, whop one advertiser re
fused to pay bi Torc having proof of
the number printed and made a per
sonal investigation to lind that only
250 copies had hoon ordered.
This let the cat out of the bag and
telephones wore kept hasy spreading
the news among the lambs of how they
had been sheared. . The aforesaid
lambs wero now no longer deaf before
their shearer. One advertiser who
bad been caught to thc amount of $20
demanded it back of the follow under
threat of haying him subjected to the
pains and penalties of the" law. The
police were called in and the fakir,
now thoroughly alarmed, was com
pelled to disgorge every cent, of his
collections, which were returned to thc
swindled ones, making them both glad
and sorrow, too.
Not only was a swindle worked In
the number of copies printed, but the
same space was sold to three di li?rent
advertisers, two of them paying $8
and the the other $20 for the same
space. This was managed by having
thc unsuspecting printer to shift thc
ads. and print a few each way, which
the fakir exhibted to the subscribers
abd secured bis money on. The young
man was accompanied by a clerical
looking gentleman who said be was
bis father. Nobody knows whether to
connect him, however, with the swin
dle worked by the younger man. It is
not necessary to try to point a moral
I or adorn a, talc out of this episode.
Tiley are top obyiou.s for, comment.
Some of thc advertisers, are i,n posses
sion of. a copy each bi the book, which
will bc i\ souvenir of their experience.
Sin ops to Small Th,ill?;S.
j Ijf there was anything lacking to
?prove to the country that President
Roosevelt was a man of small caliber^,
it has been supplied by his treatment
of Gen. AJLiles, who was retired last
week from the head of the United
States Army after a service of forty
two years, l t has never been doubted
by those familiar with all of thc facts
that Secretary Root has always had
thc greatest admiration for Gen.
Miles as a soldier and bad matters
been left in Mr. Root's hands thc gen
eral would have retired with Hying
colors iustead of with lin unprecedent
ed snub. "Mr. Root wanted Gen.
Miles to have thc honor of -dng the
last commanding general cf ?nc army,
as congress intended and issucl an or
der which clearly indicated that the
command was to bc discontinued. At ;
thc same time he prepared ai?arew?ll
Jotter to Gen. Miles whi4^vn?^&??v'
the most laudatory type. Without
referring to thc unpleasantness of re- :
?cent years Mr. Root complimented ?
Gen. Milos warmly as an olllccr and a
great commander, praised his' heroic
deeds and commented on thc example
bc luid set for every soldier and the
army in general. Air. Root took the
letter to Oyster Hay and submitted it
to thc President. Mr. Roosevelt tore
up thc letter aud ordered that a re
ti renient of thc coldest aud most for
mal style bc issued and that Gen.
Young bc appointed to the command
of thc army for six days so that Gen.
Miles would be deprived of the honor
which congress intended bim to have.
One feature of thc ceremonies attend
ed Gen. Miles' retirement was Gen.
Young's violation of the regulation of
the army. Though thc law provides
that there shall never bc more than
one lieutenant general on thc active
list and it had been otllcially an
nounced that Gen. Miles would not
retire until' twelve o'clock, Gen.
Young took the oath of ol?lee as lieu
tenant general at ten o'clock and
when be called to pay his last respects
to Gen. Miles bc wore the three stars
of a lieutenant general. Consequent
ly for two hours Thursday there were
two lieutenant generals of the army
which is expressly prohibited by law.
Gen. Young's action was severely com
mented on by all the olliccrs even in
cluding those who were unfriendly to
Gen. Miles. Wc arc no great admirer
of Gen. Miles, but wc do not th I pk-litf
deserves to he treated .tl ic"' way lie has
been. Wc ?ue-SOrry that we have a
man in Mic Residential chair that can
stoop lo Stich things.
^jf A Murderer Cutijiht.
A special dispatch from Aiken to
The State says-' T. W. McMillan,
chief of police ol' Greenwood, arrested
a negro named Jim Lowin, in a negro
gambling den in Baptist Pottom, in
Aiken, who was wanted by the au
thorities or Shelby, N. C., for the
murder of their chief of police, Jones,
in 100?. Lowin was in Greenwood
about three months ago and was sus
pected by Chief McMillan, who had a
description of thc murderer, as being
tlic man wanted. Mrs. McCall of
Laurinburg, N. C., who ls a third
cousin of Chief Jones, also recognized
Lowin. The negro came to Aiken, to
which point Mr. McMillan followed
him and put him in jail there to await
instructions from the authorities of
Curtis .lett and Thomas White were
Friday found guilty ol' thc murder of
J. \\, Marcum at Jackson, Ky., May ?,
and sentenced for lire. At, their trial
held in Jackson last month one juror
bung thc jury to thc last on the ques
tion ol guilt, and this time one juror
bung thc jury for 21 hours on thc
question of .sen'encc. Thc li rat ballot
was 11 to 1 for conviction of both de
fendants and thc second was unani
mous for both. The first ballot on
thc sentence was 7 for death and S
for life imprisonment. Thc separate
ballots on .lctt'8 case stood ll for
banging and one for life sentence and
this result was not changed.
WOMISN have invaded' many Hues of
employment hitherto thought exclu
sively masculine. There aro shown
in thc last ?ehsus I2(J women plum
bers, -15 plasters, 1(17 bricklayers and
stonemasons, 211 paperhangers, 1,75?
painters, and alfi carpenters.
BB?Bfi tltn ? ?OKA??OE.
Bftufcruiil?y for ?lie. l'Napo?eon of
tho AV licol t*i?."
?t New York Thursday Edward L.
Dwyer filed a petition in bankruptcy
with tho dork of the United States
district court. The liabilities aro
tlxed nt 9374,850, and assets $150.
Most of the liabilities .are secured.
The history of Edward L. Dwyer
reads like a romance. He was born
in Connecticut 43 years ago, and at
tile agc or 25 went to Mexico, where
ho realized a million dollars through
tho development of the land in con
struction of a railroad. Then ho
went to Chicago and entered Into
wheat speculation and for some time
was known as .the "Napoleon or the
wheat pit." In his wheatspeculatlon,
it is said bc made several million dol
lars, but tinnily lost all.
In 1893 he met and married the
, Duchess de Castelluchla, a New York
I woman, who many years previously
had been married to an Italian noble
man. The ductless possessed many
?acres nf orange groves in Florida. She
was 73 years of age and Dwyer 33.
Not long after thc marriage Mrs.
Dwyer died, leaving an estate of over
$3,000,000. She bequeathed $10 or
this amount to Dwyer. The will was
fought for six years but finally was
admitted to probate by the surrogate
of New York city.
After the death or his aged wife,
Dwyer went all over the west organiz
ing mining and land companies, muny
of which arc said to have returned
vast sums or money to the investors,
of which he says he luis received lit
tle or nothing.
In 1000, Dwyer enlisted In the ma
rine corps in thc Brooklyn navy yard
for a lorin of three years and was sent
to Manila where ho was known as thc
"millionaire marine." Afteroneyear's j
service, on the application or friends,
bc recived an honorable discharge.
SAD DEATH OF A BEIDE.
Marled Only Ono Hour Whoo She
Breathed Her Liast.
Two notices appeared in thc News
and Courier of Thursday, and ali who
read them, whether knowing any of
the parties concerned or not, must have
been touohed. The first told of the
j marriage ot two young people the sec
ond gave notlco ur the death of thc
bride. It was a very sad little story,
involving life and love and death, all,
it seemed, in one chapter, and in the
city many spoke of lt and breathed a
sigh for thc husband, bereaved while
the minister's words were still ringing
in his ears.
It was Wednesday evening that
Charles Calhoun Tylee and Annie S.
Malone, having deceided to wait no
longer on a convalescence that did not
hasten, and rising from a hedor illness
thc girl, who had plighted lier troth
to the young man or her choice, stood
beside him, supported by his strong
arm, and said in a clear and unhesi
tating voice the words that made
them one, "while life doth last."
There were but few rrlends present
and thc ceremony prescribed by the
Ephoopal Church was conducted by
the Rev. A. E. Cornish, rector of St.
John's, Hampstead. The bride was
especially bright, consldcing her Ill
ness, and, the family and friends were
thinking that maybe the new condi
'SoTTTTli^'d the strengthened bonds of
love would prove a medicine more
powerful than all others and stay the
hand of the llcapcr that had already
cast his grim shadow in the home.
When the ceremony was over Mr.
and M.r.s. Tylee prepa red tn leave their
house, and In a very short time were
at Nu 93 Nassau street, where every
thing had been arranged for the hon e
coining of his bride. The door was
opened and scarce past the threshold
the two had passed when, with a
sigh, the wire of but an hour passed
away in lier husband's arms.
Mr. Cornish, who had been called
away soon after the marriage, receiv
ed another message a little later and
hastened tu thc house where Mr. and
Mrs. Tylee had gone, and there stood
bedside the bedside c. be bride.
Friday afternoon the friends
who had attended the wedding Wed
nesday night saw the fair young bride
in her wedding gown, still and cold in
the embrace of death,and followed her
to lier last resting place.
Miss Malone was a niece of Mr. and
Mrs. Vincent lt. Salvo and the mar
riage took place at their residence,
No 28 Hanover street. Mr. Tylee is
a well-liked young man of this city
and lias a good position willi the Con
solidated Company.- News and Cou
Took Out a Girl's Heart.
.. It ls "repLrted from St Louis that
surgeons at a hospital in that city re
moved Hie heart of Alma Toomoy, a
thirteen-year-old girl, who had been
stabbed by her aged lover, Thomas
Barnes, laid it upon her breast, ex
amined lt, found ir uninjured and re
placed it. lt is said lo be thc eleventh
operation of (his kind in thc annals
of surgoiy. Fearing that ihe heart
or Ibo ghi bad been Injured by the
knife, Dr. Doyle, assisted by lits.
[Uley and Clark, removed it with a
pair of forceps; elevated it to view,
and examined it for two minutes. No
Injury could be found and the heart
was put back lu its place with no ap
p iront injury to thc patient. The
oi gration was accomplished by cut
ting through two ribs and pushing
the lung aside. A hole was found in
the pericardium made by Ihe man's
knife, and after cutting about a half
Inch moro, severing several minor
arteries, the heart was ready to come
out. Dr. Doyle handled thc forceps.
Tlie heart continued to pulsate re
gularly while it was exposed. After
tho heart was put back thc arteries,
which liad been cut, were bound up.
Mullet! Mullet! Mullot!
and all kinds of Fresh and Sall Water
lish and oysters. If you are dealing iii
Fresh Fish or intend to deal in them
write for prices and send your ord rs to
TERRY FISH CO., Charleston, S. C.
or COLUMBIA FISH & ICE CO
Columbia S. C. We ship only frosh
caught lish and our prices are as low
as tlicy can be sold at. Write us.
Try us, and be convinced.
Dr. Biggera Huckleberry Cordial
Cures Children Teething, Diarrhoea,
Dysentery, Choleraiuorbus and Klux,
all Stomach and Bowel Troubles. At
Druggists25 and 50c per bottle.
Tho German sailing vessel, Isabella
and thc Norwegian steamship, Theo
dore, collided off the mouth of thc
Elbe. Both vessels sank. Twenty
live seamen are reported drowned.*
N5aii?eo br Thone- Wim ItaVo WrittJli
?ttr Winthrop scholarships has
been awarded. Moro than 400 yt?llhg
ladies tried for scholarship's In July,
and the following won.
Miss Ella M. llarrall, Chcraw:
Miss Athena Mellette, Davis Sta
Miss Florence M. Barnwell, Adams
"Miss Alice Ilderton, .Summerville.
Miss Minnie Ryan, Edgeileld.
Miss FreldingCottlngbam, Ebenez
Miss Marlon E. Monson, Winona.
Miss Helen Tarbox, Georgetown.
Miss Sarah Porter, Georgetwon.
Miss Jeanne V. Perry, Greenville.
Miss Alice Connor, Greenwood.. .
Miss Elizabeth Tompkins, Ninety
Miss Sue Martin, Conway.
Miss Ada Phelps, Camden.
Miss Lola Henderson, Barksdnlc.
Miss Lou Ferguson, Renoo.
Miss Mae Delle Barr, Lexington.
Miss Mary Alice Lcm mon, Magnolia.
Miss Gcacle Dell James, Bishop
Miss Marie Wakefield Antrevillc.
Miss Ella Haskell, Miss Eliza Marby,
Miss Ethel Coleman, Earle.
Miss Mabel Gardner, Aiken.
Miss Mary Lay, Pendleton.
Miss Eva Newton, Central.
Miss Bessie Hunter, Pendleton.
Miss Lizzie Gossaway, Ilonca Path.
1 Mlsss Mamie Rowell, Bamberg.
! Miss Annie Belle Metz, Denmark.
Miss Harrie Maria Bronson, Barn
Miss Mattie M. Dantzlcr, Miss
Vicie B. Dantzlcr, Holly Hill.
Miss Anule K. Gregorle, Mt. Pleas
Miss Louise IO. Ronson, C liar reston.
Miss May Duggin, Lawn. I
Miss Jessie S. Oats, Clicster.
Miss Mary Thomas, Santnc.
Miss Bessie Harper, Ktngstrce.
Miss Krminc Wilforg, Rook Hill.
Miss Jessie Caldwell, Miss Ernes
toni Caldwell, Campobcllo.
Miss Julia E. Webber, Miss Mabel
A. Webber, Spartanburg.
Miss Mary Grace Randie, Miss Bile
Miss Beulah McMillan, Mullins.
Miss Lola Sessions, Latta.
Miss Kate B. Manheim, Marion.
Miss Callie C. Dees. Miss Nunnie
Miss Carrie Hunter, Prosperity.
Miss Allic Stribling, Westminster.
Miss Fannie C. W?lling, Fort Motte.
Miss Marlon Sallcy, Miss Minnie
Herbert Glaze, Orangeburg.
Miss Florence Hendricks, Pickcns.
Miss Ada Ela Horde, Hook mun.
Miss Marie B. Dake, Columbia.
Ill I>nrl>itl's Metropolis.
j Willie Gov. Durbin of Indiana ise.v
! changing compliments with President
Roosevelt on thc effort of the Gover
nor to suppress lawlessness in bis
State, there is circulating about the
chief city of thc State, Indianapolis,
an appeal to the white people to keep
the negroes in political sn liordi nation
in ludiana. ? The circular says that If
decent white people want to continue
to live in peace and security they
must unite to eliminate the negro as
,a political factor. The circular pro
To speak fraukly, Indianapolis is
suliering from an experiment that has
been tried many times in history and
never once with success. - Wherever
the Caucasian and the African have
been "required to live together the
lower bas always been subordinated to
the higher type; the negro has been
required to live as the white mao
would permit him to live. From anoint
Cairo to modern Indianapolis thc
results of the experiment have been
unerring. Thc black race today sub
ordinated to tlic white race in South
Africa, in the Southern State of the
American Union, and wherever, in
deed, thc two races, In large numbers,
come in intimate contact with one
In commenting on thc above the
Charleston Post makes a good point
when it says thc President should
follow bis letter to Gov. Durbin on
lynching with another >to the same
plllclal on thc political rights of the
negro and the opening of the door of
hope, and he should emphasize his
attitude by appointing colored post
master at lndinapolls." The Post
must want to get thc President lynch
If you are not wi .'. .-*??! "*ant to know thu
truth about your
trouble, sena tor my
free booklets und sett
No. 1, Nervous Debili
ty (Sexual Weakness),
No. 2, Varicocele, No.
3, Stricta e, No.4, Kid
ney and Bladder Com
plaints, No. 6, Dlseaso
of Women, No. e. The
Poison King (Blood
Tolson'), No. 7, Ca
tarrh. These books
sbou'id be In the hands
of avery person afflict
ed, .is Dr. Hathaway,
I the author, ls recog
I nixed as the best au
thority and expert In
Oie United States on
? nu. HATHAWAY. thosediseases. Write
or send for thc book yu want to-day, and it
will be sent you free, seated. Address J. New
ton Hathaway, M.D.
88 Inman Building 221 S. BrbadJSb;
The Great Tested Remedy for the speedy
and permanent cure of Scrofuta, Rheuma
tism, Catarrh, Ulcers, Eczema, Sores. Erup
tions, Weakness, Nervousness, and all
BLOOD AND SKIN DISEASES.
lt is by far the best building up Tonic and
Wood Purifier ever offered to the world, lt
makes new, rich blond, imparts renewed vi
tality, and possesses almost miraculous
healing properties. Write (or Book ot Won
derful Cures, sent free on application.
If not kept by your local druggist, send
$1.00 for ?large bottle, or $5.00 for six bottles,
and medicine will be xent, freight paid, by
Henry N. Snyder Litt, D., M. A.,
President. Niuo professors. Four
courses leading to the A. B. Dogreo.
Gymnasium under director. Athletics
Grounds. Course of lectures by the
ablest men on thc platform. Next
j Session begins Sopt. 23,11103.
J. A. GAMEWELL, SEC'Y,
Spartanburg, S. C.
Wo?ford College Fitting School.
Twenty-two bed rooms, dining halli
class rooms and study hall all under
one roof. Steam heat and electric
A.M. DUPItE, HEAD MASTER,
. Spartanburg, S. C.
) 7 ~"
ld ? n?w ?od ecisntlflc compound mm?? fr?si reota, hart? and ft* rn?
neither ?pUUe aar poliotn. lt purifie^ th? Wood and^reraov.
fluaaaatl? aa? all blood <IHHM;
Istjr. Dca? M?t Inj ar? th? dlrwtlv? ergoc?.
AnyJa? ?^^?Rt??lJaACw?r wfiS*3*S?
FLOBBKO?, fl. O., Aus. 1*, 1M3*
Qentlcmon :-I bogan to duffer from
rheumatism about three y tar? ago, aa A
had it very bad In my Umba. At timed
X oould hardly walk. Waa treated by
a paralelan without benefit. More than
a rear ago. Ur. Goorgo Wilson, ah engi
neer on the Ooaat Line, living la Flor
eaos, told mo that Union ACIDS"
aurea bim. I got a bottle and lt bone
fltted me. I took five bottlea and am
noir aa well aa I over wad la mr Ufe.
X regard "RHKDMAOIDB" aa ? great
medicino. I know of other? lt baa
B? T. BURCH.
OABLijroiOW, S. O., Aug. lHh. 15?.
Geutlomen :-About two retira ?go Ev
bad ? very, advere attack or lnuaa*?
tory rheumatism. 1 .suffered greatyejn
?.WU oonDuvd to my bed fer fir?
weeks, nurina: tho time I was treated
by two Fnyaloian? without poncenent
reUef. Capt. Harker, a conductor ?n
tho Atlantlu Coait Lina heard of my
c ondl t i o a and ?uni mo two bc ttl ea o f
"lUicuuAOiiit" -1 began to tah? lt
and in a week 1 Bot np and walked on
orutohea. After taking three bo t tie? of
theiremedy:X.got.entirely -waU Ml*
went back to mr bu a I nea?. ;T;.-.?kASSg 9a
I.personally know of a number of
Tmir. J. I* B:
itel ra foi
told by Druggi?t?. Will ba aent expreii paid on receipt of fi.co.
^Bobbitt Chemical Co., - - ' Baltimore, nd., U. 3. A.
White Stone Lithia Water.
9 . . ' y r ^T^V
T?TE BEST I. ITU IA WATER IN AMERICA. Tris LARGEST AND MOST MODERN .
lune;: i fe TE CJ IN THE CAUOLINAB OE GEORGIA. THE COOLEST - :
RESORT IN THE STATE. - ,
AU modern improvements; electric car line from Southern Ry. to Hotel. .
Well shaded, pleasant grounds, scenery equal to the mountains, and alb
amusements found at first class water places. Come to White Stooo Lithia.
Springs for health or pleasure. - -t.'.,i'..- ,.
Read what the noted Dr. L. O. Stephens, who stands nt the head of thor
profession In South Carolina, and who was president'of the State Medical As-'
soclation, also president of the Medical Board of Examiners of South Carolina.
' until he resigned to move to Greenville, says:
Greenville, S. C., October 10,1002.;
After a service of one season at White Stone Lithia Springs, as resident,
physician, I do not hesitate to say that the cirect of the water upon tiloso -who >'.
drink it for any length of time, bas been perfectly marvelous. Invariably, am .
increase both in llesh and appetite was perceptible in one week, proving it:to>
he a mineral water of undoubted powerful tonic property. Its peculiar adapt
ability to diseases originating from disorders of tue Kidneys, bladder and Jiver,,
such as dropsy, Bright's disease, diabetes and urie acid calculi, and all forms bf ?
dyspepsia, rheumatism and gout, is to be expected from the splendid analysis.',
lt hos been noted frequently that visitors before coming here had to follow/
?every meal wi til some form of corrective, or contine themselves entirely^ ,t?? '
predigested foods; soon discarded these entirely, being delighted to find thats
the water alone-nature's own remedy-su diced.
Of the many who drank this water this season for ten days consecutively?
notone but experienced decided benefit and a perceptible gain weight, varying'.
from two to live pounds. L. C. STEPHENS. M. D.
For rates and particulars, address
AVli?tre Stone Xv?iz??ia. Water Co.;
WHITE STONE SPRINGS. S. C.
Columbia Female College.
i Requirements for admission are those adopted by thc Association of Col
flexes. Advanced courses leading to thc degrees of B. L., B. A. and M. A.
Every department in charge of a specially trained and thoroughly efficient
teacher. Superior advantages in Music, Art, and Expression. Remarkable'
health record. Only cistern water used for drinking and cooking purposes.
As only a limited humber can be accomodated, parents are assured that their
daughters will have the fostering care of borne life. Next session will begin
September 21, 11)03. For catalogue address
W. W. DANIEL, President.
Geo A Wagoner, Pres. Geo Y Coleman, Vice Pres. I G Ball, Sec'y & Treas.
Coleman-Wgener Hardware Company,
Successor to C. P. Poppenhclm.
3(53 KING STPEET, - - - - - .CHARLESTON; S C
WE ARE PUBLISHING THE NEWS TO THE OUTSIDE WORLD.:
. COMPARE THE FOLLOWING RATES WITH COMPETING. CITIES."
CLASSIFICATIONS PER CARLOAD. \
From NEW YORK, N."Y. "' 'FER 10?' LU'S.': R ' ??'-"NAI?EBT*
TO 1 2 3 4 5 O'.-'- - \^ggjk
CHARLESTON, SC 50 40 34 28 23 n 12c per 100 lb3. . .
WHO PAYS THE FREIGHT?
We Do Not Deceive The Sick,
If you arc sick and want to get well, do not experiusawbi.
lint bo sure that your ar placing your case In expert harald^-'
Wc do nob believe in any form of deception. We have^no-?
FREE MEDICINE scheme to deceive sick, but every casc??pu6f'
under our treatment is positively guaranteed by ??ot a; Dol
lar Need be paid Until Cured, and we are the only SppolaV?
tists who have established a reputation for curing the-attlcfct.
?^^83??B?g&-^ and collecting tho fee afterwards.
fPCJI^"^^^?^ If you want HONEST and also SKILLFUL treatment for anyy
form of Chronic Diseases, write us TODAY, for method of Home Treatment**
has never been excelled. ?
DR. REYNOLDS & COMPANY,
BOX Z, ATLANTA, GA.
Founded in 1850. Graduates 4 #53^
Write for Free Catalogue of tho
MEDICAL DEPARTMENT UNIVERSITY OF NASlfiV?LLE.
Curriculum included twenty-three lecture courses, each followed by a'
thorough review quiz; seven laboratory courses, and, three hours of clinical
work daily. New building elaborately eqipped with m?dern apparatus and
appliances. Tuition $05.00. Address, J. DILLARD JACOBS, M. D., Sec.,
041 South Market St., Nashville, Tenn.
COLUMBIA, S. C.
Building and Re-Pressed Brick. Special shapes to order. Fire Proof Te
ra Cotta Flue Linings. Prepared to lill orders for thousands or for million
Prepare yourselves to meet the demand for Stenographers, typewriters
and bookkeepers. Write for catalogue of
MACFEAT'S BUSINESS COLLEGE. Columbia, S. O.
W. II. Macfcat, official Court Stenographer, President.
<v GOLUMBIf\ LUMB5R & MPG. GO.
SASH, DOORS, BLINDS, INT5R10R FINISH, MOULD
INO AND LUMBER, ANY QUANTITY.
Whiskey Morphine I Cigarette I AU ?>rucr
Habit, I Habit | Ilabit | Habits.
Cured by ICeele^r Institute, of SB. C
1329 Lady St. (or P. O. Box 75) Columbia, S. C. Confidential correspond
.Wilson's Freckle Cure.
to rem o v c
al so as a
I Money r c
I turned if it
If not sold by your druggist, write
I. R. WILSON & CO,
Charleston, 8. O.
Caesars' Head Hotel
CAESAR'S HEAD, S. C.
4,000 feet above thc sea. "V lews into
several States. Temperature from 50
to 75 degrees. Dry air, breezy nights
Crystal spring wator. Popular resort.
Home life for guests. Telephone and
daily mails. Resident physician. Fur
man University Hotel. Hack line
from Brevard, N. C., or Greenville, S.
C. Reasonable rates. Open from June
1st. to Oct. 1st. For other Informa
tion write to .1. E. G WI NN, Mgr.
Caesar's Head, S. 0.
and Fire Clay.
Standard size Fire Brick and the.'
finest of Fire Clay at prices that will
get your butdness.
The Brick arc perfect In manufac- .
ture and the Clay is tho stuff that .
hists In the hottest of fires.
Send us your Inquiries and you wilt !
award us your orders.
SHAHD BUILDERS SUPPLY CO.,.
015 Plain St Columbia, S O J '
GREENVILLE FEMALE COLLEGE.
College of highest grade. Degree
courses and specials. Faculty or 18.,
Greatly improved equipment. Pure
mountain water. Climate rarely
equalled. For catalqguo and terms,
write E. ?. JAMES, LITT. D., Pres.
n V E El