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? BENNETTS VILLE, S. C., EBffegv;: AUGUST-28,. 1903.
"D0 TI?OU LIlffiHTY GREAT. INSPIRE OUR S?ULS AND MAKE ??B| WES-IN Til Y POSSESSION HAPPY, OR OUB DEATHS GLOItlOUS IN THY CAUSE." ]f I p." '
. . . ?
ON THE RIGHT LINE.
Strong, God-Fearing Men From tho
North of Scotland.
WHAT SOUTH CAROLINA NEEDS.
Mr. MiUhci'Bon, a Wealthy Citizen ol'
-Bennettsville, Gives lils Plan
?br llritiginK Them to
-To the Editor of Thc News and
Courier: Possibly there is nota citizen
of this State engaged in agriculture
certainly not a thinking one-who
has not given tlic matter of labor con
What with thc emigration to tlie
lumber mills and turpentine farms of
Georgia and Florida and thc inetllci
epcy and Indisposition to work of the
growing generation of negroes, thc
problem of field labor is one of press
ing moment-one that must be met
and, if possible solved.
I am not one -of those 'who regard
the building of factories as an all-un
mixedgood. Unquestionably the mills
have.drawn and are drawing from the
?country^ a large proportion or thc
yeomanry of the land-the hardy sons
of toll-and arc leaving lt and its
health-giving occupations to the ne
Instead of remaining upon and till
ing our fair liclds, drinking thc pure
air of heaven and following those oc
cupations conducive to the highest
moral as well as physicial develop
ment,- they congregate in close fac
tory villages and breathe only putrid
air of crowded houses tilled with
machinery. Who that has seen the
inert, pale and dwarfed factory child
.Sbut.. must wonder of what class will
be Ute generation Linee ur four remov
ed from the present?
TIIE N1?OKO DHTHUIOKATINO.
It must bc admitted, too, that tlie
negro is fast deteriorating in point bf
eniciency, to say nothing of his morals
and irresponsibility. Thc "old-time
darky" is dying out and thc younger
generation (I speak in all Kindness,
for I have nothing hut good will to
wards thc negro,) shows no disposi
tion to improve himself.
With due deference to Booker
Washington and his crusade Tor the
"Yankee dollar," 1 venture the asser
tion, and such is my-iuformabion, that
not 10 per cent of the graduates in
the several departments of manual
labor of Tuskegee Industrial College
follow their several trades after leav
ing the College grounds.
What, under these circumstances,
..-shall...we . do? Abandon our lands,
^.Ttthd?anf our fara lil..... to the towns
' and'forsake this, the first as Well as
the highest, noblest and most import
ant* of all occupations? Teach our
children other pursuits and make of
them poer preachers, shyster lawyers,
quack doctors, or precarious mer
While not a great admirer of Mr.
Bryan in some of Iiis ideas and
fallacies, yet there was never a truer
utterance than when he said, "Durn
down your cities and leave our farms
and your cities will spring up again
as if by magic: hut destroy our farms
and-tuc grass will grow in thc streets
of'every city in the country."
Being largely engaged and interest
ed in farming, 1 have given this mat
ter considerable thought and believe
that by concert of action apd the ex
penditure o! a few dollars, which will
in a short while return tenfold en
more, a scheme can be adopted which
will procure many, if not as many as
wc need, of tlie best agricultural
laborers in thc world.
Though not "native and to tlic
manner born" of Scotland, I am but
one generation removed, and 1 have
visited the old country several times,
besides keeping up communication
with several persons there. Thc north
"Land of the brown heather and
Land of the mountain and thc Hood,"
is densely populated with a class tif
people, the llncst specimens ol' man
hood and womanhood 1 ever saw. Thc
couutry is rugged and infertile, and
hence thc people, as a class, arc very
poor. Who has read Ian McLaren's
inimitable stories but has in his
mind's eye a picture of these people,
poor but proud of their blood and
descent: honest from principle, not
from policy; intensely patriotic yet
cosmopolitan in their ideas; religious,
but not fanatic; industrious, frugal
and as linc laborers as tho world can
Many of these people wish to ctni
'grate and would ?did they have tile
means; and at time's tlie bare neces
saries of life arc. so ditllcuit to obtain
that tlic public authorities encourage
emigration. America is the land ol"
promise and of plenty to these hard
working people, hut heretofore the
colonies of Great Url tain--especially
Canada and Australia.have received
a majority, owing to thc aid given
them by those colonies and thc effort
made to direct emigration in those
directions. 1 am satis lied that we
ean direct to our own State this most
desirable population il wc make tlie
Ml?. MATHIESON'S I'l.A.V.
Thc plan 1 suggest is as follows:
Let thc citizens of each county hold
a meeting on tlie first Monday in
November next and form an associa
tion to be known as "The-County
Immigration Society," electing the
usual olllccrs to act until superseded
as hereinafter provided. IQach of
these county organizations will elect
three delegates to attend a State con
vention to be held in Columbia on
Tuesday, November lo next.
This convention will organize itself
into tlic "State Immigration Bureau
of South Carolina," adopt a constitu
tion and by-laws, both for tlie State
and tho several county organizations,
and elect an agent to be known and
designated as "South Carolina immi
grant agent." This convention will
also prepare and adopt a bill to bc
enacted into a law at the next meet
ing of thc General Assembly of thc
State, making this a State institution
for purposes hereinafter stated. Euell
county will proceed to collect ?a largo
a fund as possible, and the immigrants
will bc divided among thc Individual
contributors, ?nd hence, between.the
counties, in proportion to the amount
The agent above referred to should
go to Scotland, carrying with him
credentials from thc State and Na
tional Governments, and through our
minister at the Court of St. James be
accredited to the Government of Great
Britain. Armed with these evidences
of his character and responsibility;
I haven't the slightest doubt but that
this agent can get as many of the very
best of laborers as thc. fund he has.
charge of will authorize him to em
ploy, r lt is rather premature to make
estimates, but, as muny, owing to
past experiences, doubtless will ask "is
tills scheme practicable?" I submit
following ns entirely, within thc
possibilities of such an organization.
WHAT IT WILL COST.
Immigrants can be landed in New
York at about SS each and it docs
seem to me that thc railroads in this
State, In their own interest, will
bring them to thc State free or foi ?
nominal fare. Say that thc people of
Marlboro, Marion, Florence and
Darlington .wish two thousand of
these laborers, SUI,OOO will land them
in New York, and allowing 84,000 fur
additional expenses, ihe total cost will
bc $20,000. L'or an advance nf *I0
each, therefore, one cnn get a laborer,
in comparison with whom the present
laborer is as night to day. How often
it is tlic case that a farmer has to
make an outlay of that amount be
fore a laborer moves upon his pre
mises, or lias to make advances to that
amount before a "lick ls struck?"
. The foregoing estimate is based up
on thc theory that tlie immigrant
comes over on a regular line as steer
age passenger, hilt if a "tramp"
steamer were chartered, not only could
a larger number, he brought over, hut
the steamer could come directly to
one bf our own ports, say Charleston,
Georgetown or Beaufort, and thus
But., says someone else how are you
going to get ?rp?t?d the Allen Immi
gration Act, which prohibits, under
heavy penalties, the importation and
migration or foreigners and aliens un
der contract or agreement to perform
labor? In thc lirst place this Act ap
plies only to "any person; company,
partnership or corporation;!.' and can
not alTcct a State, hence my sugges
tion that the State take charge of
tlie scheme. I am no lawyear, and
claim to have no technicle knowledge
of the subject, but to my uncultured
mind it seems that thc National
Government could not interfere with
a sovereign State in its' elforts to pro
cure desirable inhabitants. In thc
second place, it seems to me that Con
gress would relieve so desirable an ob
ject from the provisions of the Act.
1 sincerely hope that sume one else
w.ill take up the subject and that we
j may have a full and free discussion of
thc matter. The accomplishment of
thc purpose sought is ono way in
which thc all-prevalent and never
ending "negro question" may bc
solved, for thc class of immigrants to
which 1 refer will make first-class citi
zens, untainted with socialism and un
hound by unions; ii God-faring, liberty
loving, law-abiding and faithful serv
ing class of pople. That a worse class
may not come, and that our liclds
maybe male to "bloom and blossom
as a rose," let us get together .
J. A. Matheson.
Bennettsville, August 17.
PASSING OF A GREAT INDUSTRY.
Shown by TIlO A liol it ion ol'tho OHlcC
ol' Phosphat o Innpector.
Thc abolition of the ollicc ol' phos
phate inspector marks tlic decadence
of an industry in this state, which at
one time was thc largest in it and
which brought into tlic treasury of
tlic state several million of dollars
after thc phosphate deposits began to
lie.worked. "When Tihnan was elect
ed governor he caused some lesislation
to bc passed which thc Coo Saw com
pany, which had a practical mononoly
of the business, claimed was Inimical
to the industry. Tlie legislation un
doubtedly put that particular com
pany practically out of business, but it
is doubtful where thc course pursued
had any cll'cct on phosphate min
ing generally. However, the trouble
of the industry began and increased
about the time, for valueable deposits
were found in Florida, Tenncssc? and
other places, which could bc worked
cheaper than our own phosphate de
posits. The business in consequence
grew less and less until now i tis com
paratively nothing as compared with
former years, or aa compared with the
business do'ic in other states.
Statistics show that from 1870 to
1000 tlie state received in royalties
$.1,242,008.5.1, thc royalty in ono year
1808; amounting to $$177150. li'dr
the past three years Isthas amounted
to only *".f?,oi)0 ppnrualy. Th hi money
is placed in thc sinking fund and is
pledged to bc used tor the education
ot Hie debt.
That a groat industry bas been
practically destroyed is to be regret
ted not only because it takes away
from ns a prc eminence we once had,
but became so many have had to seek
employment elsewhere, and because
thc state loses a great source or reve
nue. Still wc have some consolation
in tiio (.bongil that it is no fault or
ours that this industry has passed al
most, for nature made it so that wc
can no longer complete with sections
which have boen more favored in this
particular. Columbia Record.
Ordered Hin. oil'.
The Macon Telegraph says thal tlie
Boston Herald's indignant denial of
thc prevalence of intermarriage be
tween negroes and whites in Mass
achusetts recalls to mind tlic story
Tom Dixon tells in his great book,
"The Leopard's Spots," ol' the Boston
Republican politician "who advocated
tlie obliteration of tlic color line, who
took up an ambitious young negro,
lnviteii him into his borne, allowed
him to sit and chat with Iiis daughter
by the hour, but when tlic honestly
deluded young man proposed marriage
lie became enraged and ordered him
on" thc premises."
Tho Son of Col. D. P. Duncan Instant
ly Killed Thursday.
THE BODYHORRIBLY MANGLED
Tho Young Mun Pell in Front: ol
nn Hughie >Vhlln at Work
<>n tho Koolbour<l near
J ? ? ? ' a- 5:i .i; c v 's "*? fe
- While out onhis engine footboard
oiling some valves, as he was about to
complete a trip from Asheville, .lohn
Peter Richardson Duncan, a Southern
railway li reman, lost his foothold
Thursday afternoon in some unknown
way and foil in front of his engine, be
ing killed before he could even cry
The engine and thc entire train of
lil coaches passed over his body leav
ing it dangling from the centre of
Booktcr's trestle eight miles west of
tlie city. The train, which had been
"slowed down" to pass over the trestle
still undergoing repairs for tlie dam
ages received in thc Hood of thc car,ly
part of the summer, was running only
about six miles an hour at the time
of the accident. None of thc train
crew saw the unfortunate boy fall.
?ODY 1 IOU lt HIL. Y MANOL.ICD.
Engineer.I. lt. Hunter, missing his
fireman, whom he had told to oil up
tlic valves, stopped thc train, pas
senger No. 14. due there from Ashe
ville ?it 2 o'clock, just as it pulled
over the trestle, and thc body, was
found about- a train length behind
lying dangling between the hills. The
skull was crushed into shapelessness
from the cars and eye brows up; both
feet were crushed Into formless masses
of broken bone and bruised llesh, and
there was a slight llesh wound over
The body was laid out in thc bag
gage car, where on reaching the city
lt was carefully dressed and prepared
for shipment to his nonie near Sumter,
where it will -go Friday morning at
7.10 for the funeral and thc inter
HAD A nUlOHT KUT?KK.
Young Duncan would have reached
his majority next month, ile was a
bright young rafi road mau with a tine
future before bim. Ile was fearless,
probably too much so, being almost
reckless about his own safety, often
assuming risks where they were not
necessary. Early in the day hewent
out on tiie footboard passing around
the cylinder for the saine purpose
while thc train was running 40 miles
an hour. This very clement in his
disposition, it is thought, was responsi
ble for the horrible''accident that sent
T??u^'iiilo- eternity > in _ a twinkling
Thursday. But all who come In con
tact with his bright, . sunny disposi
tion and buoyant nature were grieved
at the'news of bis death, for every
body likes and admires a brave, good
natured, healthy-minded, vigorous
looking hoy. Sucli a youth was Dun
can, remarkably free from vicious
habits for a lad in his business, and
kindly hi his manners.
LOVED THE SEKVlck.
Young Duncan had been in thc rail
road service a little over two years.
Fascinated with thc work, he left
WotTord college in bis sophomore year,
where he bael made excellent records,
and went out as ti li reman on the old
South Carolina and Georgia Extension
road. Then after spending six months
in tlic shops there lie was placed on
tlie extra list. A few weeks ago he
sulTored a contusion of thc spine in
the wreck near Hcndersonville. He
had been working on the Asheville
run only a week, but was advancing
rapidly in ctliclcncy and would likely
have been promoted In a short time.
Ile was finishing a "locomotive run
ning" course in a correspondence
school and had made unusually high
records in Uicse examinations.
Tlic dead boy was the son of Col.
D. P. Duncan, secretary of thc rail
road commission, who telegraphed
Mrs. Dunttan to come to Columbia at
once and she was expected to arrive
Thursday night. Tlie death bears
the more heavily upon her because
she had just finished an anxious and
exhausting seigc in nursing her little
daughter through an illness from
shake-bite that had all but proved
J ust before reaching tlic trestle, En
gineer Hunter asked Fireman Duncan
to oil thc engine valves. This could
ila vc been dime from, tbc cab, but
Duncan chose the quicker method of
going out on thc footboard. Engineer
Green, who was returning from a trip
to Spartanburg, was sitting out on
tlic footboard on tlic opposite side of
thc boiler. Mr. Hunter losing sight
of the boy oh the side he bad gone out
on and hearing from Green that he
had not appeared on the other side,
stopped the train to investigate. They
learned from Mr. lt. L. Rope, the
trestle foreman at work in front of
thc train, that tlie boy bad fallen in
front of thc eugine.
Much sympathy is expressed for
Cob and Mrs. Duncan and for Mr. \V.
Gist Duncan, the (?ead boy's brotber.
-Tlie State. .
KH!(MI IlitUHCir Alter All.
Herman T. Coast.es, who murdered
Louis Hui! itt Spring Valley N.' V.,
on May IU, 1002, committed suicide, in
thc Rockland county jail Tuesday by
cutting Iiis throat with a rusty razor
willoh iie obtained In sonic unaccount
able way. Coates was brought from
Richmond, Va., where he was arrest
ed for vagrancy. While there he con
fessed to the murder of Hull. On
Sunday he jumped from an Old Do
minion steamer off Sea Girt, hut was
Horn On a Train.
Austin and tireen Murray, twins,
were born on the iron Mountain train
near Piedmont, Mo., willie their
I mother was en route to the city hospi
tal at St Louis. Tlie conductor and
breakman secured thc services of a
physician, and both tlie babies arc do
? lng well. The mother named the boys
j in honor of tlic trainmen.
THE TILLMAN TRIAL.
i mr no Crowds Expected to Attend.
Tho Prisoner Comfortably Fixed.
A special dispatch from Lexington
to the Spartanburg Journal under dale
of August IS says: About a month
hence ls expected that this llttle-towri'
will be entertaining thc largest num
ber of visitors ever known in its. hlsr
tory: Thc trial of Jos.' ll- Tillman
for tho murder ot- N. G. Gonzales in
Columbia is set for that time, and. it
is generally believed, will be delayed
ho longer. Almost 500 witnesses have
been summoned to appear in this case
by the opposing sides.
All available space in the hotels lias
been engaged weeks since hy interested
parties, and how the immense number
of spectators sure to be on hand, will
be accommodated, is an Interesting
problem. The last census gave tlic
town something over DOO inhabitants.
It is thought that at least 5,000 will
bc herc during thc trial.
Meantime tlic prisoner occupies his'
cell In the Lexington County jail.'
Sheri IT Caughman has made him as
comfortable as possible, putting him
on thc shady side of the building on
tlie Hist lloor near thc sheriff's own .
quarters and occassionally permitting
him to exercise himseir by walking up
and down the corridor. As a rule the
sheriff docs not lock the cell from thc
outside but leaves the lock for Tillman
to turn if lie so desires.
Three times a day Mr. Marks,' who
keeps a restrurant just behind the jail
can lie seen bringing the prisoner his
meals. Tillman states that he linds
Iiis quarters herc pleasanter than those
in tlic Richland jail, where he was im
prisoned during some warm days of
May and .lune.
Many visitors attracted by curiosity
or other motives go to.sec the noted
prisoner. Some time since his wife and
little daughter spent several days in
Lexington with relatives and made
frequent visits to thc jail. Others of
ids k?ii.sfork Si?vc been here from time
to time. Tillman's little nephew, a
handsome, boy ol' seven or eight sum
mers, is staying in the jail to wait up
on Iiis uncle and is said to bc a general
favorite with the prisoners.
Speculation as to tile verdict in the
case is almost useless. As stated
above, Mrs. .las. IL. THU man lias re
latives in the town and also in the
county and people feel much real sym
pathy for bea. It ki doubtful If the '
same feeling exists in her husband's
case. The belief of almost all those
who have read tlie newspapers and
care to express themselves ls that the
act was genuine murder and should be
punished. At the same time it should
be remembered that Senator Tillman
luis always had a large following in
tlie county, whatever -his nephew's
following wau, and that UhlS^Tacur.vi
almost sure to 1 ntluenccjtpnae.jury.ro^n.i j
So far sentiment does, not seem to
have crystallized, but it will be a sur
prise ifTilllman is either acquitted or
sentenced to he hanged as a result of
this trial. Not a few look for a mis
trial and thou another application for
Assaulted the Preacher.
Thc State's Spartanburg corres
pondent says, .Iones' tabernacle, near
Rich Hill, is a place of worship for the
the colored people of the Methodist
faith in that vicinity. A recent oc
currence at that place of worship will
be ventilated in thc courts. It ap
pears that on Sunday, Aug. 9, among
the many attendants on meeting
there, was one Preston Williams, a
negro strong in the Baptist belief.
The pastor, Rev. A. IX Duncan, in his
discourse, said something tlvit did not
please this auditor, who took it as re
flecting on thc Baptists. His be
havior occasioned his being reproved
in open meeting, and after service
Williams waited near the church en
trance for the Rev. Duncan. In one
hand he carried a stick and in thc
other an open knife. As Duncan ap
proached Williams struck iiim with
stick and advanced to ?arve bira with
the knife when bystanders interfered
and disarmed the belligerent. Duncan
swore out a warrant against Williams,
charging him withassaui tand battery
witli intent to kill.
A Boston DiMiinl.
Tlic Boston Herald protests most
strenuously against the veracity of a
statement credited to Selia tor Money;
to thc effect that last year in Massa
chusetts 2,000 white women were mar
ried to negroes. Thc Herald exclaims
that Litis asscrsiou is "besmirching
Massachusetts,1' that it is an "arrant
falsehood;'? and a "sheer invention"
for political purposes. This vehe
ment Boston paper declares that in
stead ol' 2,000 there were only 50
such marriages last year in that State,
and "not one among people of any
social standing or inlluence," the
white participants being usually of
foreign birth. This is a showing for
Massachusetts that wo. aro glad to see,
since lt demonstrates that tlie spirit
of race integrity is pretty strong even
there, but is it not evidence that "the
door of hope" is shut in tlic negro's
face in that abolitionist common
wealth? ls it possible that Massa
chusetts not only does not encourage
but does not even condone social
equality, ol' which the only and logical
end is intermarriage':' The. Slate.
I>eu?l Itoily hi a Can.
Thc blood stained corpse of a liyo
year-old boy was discovered Wednes
day oven mg by baggage A. B.
McDonald on a Pittsburg, Virginia
and Charleston railroad train en route
to Davcrsburg, Pa. The little body
was packed tightly in a largo eoffee
can two feet high and IS inches Wide
and was wrapped in thc. blood-soaded
folds of a woman's dress. Tho only
marks on tim body was a bullet hole
in the breast, probably the cause of
death. When Davcrsburg was
reached a man and woman who had
deposited tlie can in the baggage car
at Waltersburg were arrested , and
taken to jail in MeKeospor.t. They said
their names were Mr. and Mrs. Isaac
Juiblcr, of Tucker and that thc boy
was their son, who had accidentally
shot himself with Iiis father's revol
ver. When tlicy round him he was
dead. Theo decided to keep thc mat
ter quiet and hurry him quietly to
Secr?t??y,JWilBon Points Out Injury!
VrBrom Corner in Cotton.
FOI?MN NATIONS ARE ACTIVE I
ThoJ^bjrJnjro. ortho Crop ?Ins Noth
hi'^to ?lo With the Prohibi
^fiyo Price. C?rner M ti Hf
dngton on Thursday Seero
.? of,the agricultural depart
id -o.an interview declared that in
?uit?,\mlschicf ls being done td the
cottohj'itiannfaeturing industry and
to'thfe cotton: g rowing industry by thc
speoTilativc movement iii cotton.
There speculators have concered
thc'inarket," said thc secretary, "and
put irp'thp price so high that manu
facturers cannot usc raw cotton. At
oxistth'g prices there is no prollt to
the?,? The price of manufactured
goousjcannot bc manipulated as cnn
ba tn? "price of raw Cotton.
"The manufacturer found it more
profitable: to sell his cotton to thc
ganiftlers. Mills were closed down be
cause- of there being no raw material
lefthand in some instances cotton
which was sold to European manufac
turers bas been brought back to this
country and used in the gambling op
Secretary Wilson; continuing, said
tbaffinost European nations which
manufacture cotton and also own
land's In outlying provinces where cot-1
ton might be grown are anxious to bc
coriib" independent bf our speculators,
?md So are organizing and holding out j
inducements for thc development of
thc^cotton*' raising industry. Thc
liri tish, the "French, tile Germans, the
Belgians and others own lands in
Africa, .and they have been for some |
time organizing to produce cotton.
"T'hey know," said Secretary Wil-1
souj\.'"that we are training scientists
here..to study the cotton plant andi
tlioy; have'been anxious to get our)
high class men over there to organize
fyr iiliem. .Thc United States sent1
$8.000,000 to Egypt last year to pay
furlong; staple Egyptian cotton. The
department ot' agriculture is trying to
grow as good a staple at home, by
hybridizing and creating new varie
ties:, j Thc secretary of agriculture for
Egypt paid mc a visit not long ago
and|'"dd that with the irrigation of
enla' ed areas along the Nile valley
grO'.* np out of thc completion of the
greji dam', the production of Egypt
would 'be' greatly Increased. They
P?y i?p! cents a day for labor there.
....'ires-is a.breed of cattle" which does
njl.;,t(ie work and- stands thc heat bet
fe*"~c^?Tth': .milles.-"^--, Those -European
na* brisownlug 'territory in Af rica have
bct,.4-coming to our southern States
anil engaging expert negro labor to go
over there and organize the natives.
''Twelve-cent cotton in the United
States ls a great' encouragement bo all |
those people to increase their output.
The nations, in Asia are doing every
thing to increase thc cotton produc
tion -to become independent of us.
There has been a feeling Cor some timo^
that it would be wiser for us to grow
more cotton, but gambling opera
tions this summer had thc immediate
el?cct of stimulating efforts for in
The secretary said that every cITort
is being made by the department of
agriculture to help thc cotton grow
ers of the southern States to hotter
saystem bl agriculture through which
a larger yield of cotton can bc had,
but that thc increased output neces
sarily . would come slowly. Thc
United States had not been increas
ing its output for several years, thc
crop having sulFcrnd considerably last
year on account of thc ravages of the
boll weevil. Mr. Wilson said the ef
fect of the present crop had nothing
whatever to do with thc operations of
thc speculators. The shortage of raw
cotton to thc manufacturer, he de
clared, is not due to shortage in thc
crop, but to the fact that tho corner
in cotton has put thc price pf raw
material to a point where thc manu
facturer cannot profitably use it. Thc
producer bas not profited by these
high prices, as thc cotton practically
is all out of his hands. In conclusion
Secretary Wilson said he saw no pros
pect ol' relief for the working men
who are thrown out of employment
by the mills closing down, because of
the scarcity of raw cotton until thc
corner in cotton bursts and thc prico
of the raw material is reduced. The
new crop of cotton will soon begin to
"Of course," bc said, "Ure corner
can continue of ir the gamblers have
enough money to buy in thc new
No Ni'tfroes Wmttoil.
The State says 101 wood, Indiana, ls
another northern town which will not
allow a negro iii its limits. An In
dianapolis dispatch says that several
horsemen who had animals to exhibit
at thc 101 wood fair this week and em
ploy negroes to care for thc horses
were waited on by these employes and
told that they "dare not enter thc
town, as they had been warned not to
approach the place." "Thc horse
men," says the dispatch, "consulted
thc local authorities and wore, inform
ed that thc people of Kl wood and es
pecially the. employ?s ol' the factories,
are greatly prejudiced against negroes
and that no negro had over been
allowed toc?me into the town." And
this is in Gov. Du rbi n's common
Home llniiKinuH Needed.
There seems to bc a band of incen
diaries abroad in thc laud. Many
hams and dwellings In the sparsely
settled districts of this state are being
burned and requests bo the governor
to olfcr rewards for the apprehension
of thc guilty parties arc being received
daily. Wednesday a reward of $100
was olfercd for the parties who burned
thc barn of Francis Manual, in Laur
ens county. This makes thc eleventh
reward oi?c'rcd in thc past two days
for this crime and it is a noticeable
fact that few rewards of.this kind arc
i SUPPRESSION OF GAMBLING.
Bucket Shops Ult Hurd By n North
At Charlotte, N. C., in a charge to
the grand jury Judge Walter IL Neal,
O.I tile superior court, laid special em
phasis on tli? suppression oPgarnbling,
having direct reference to "bucket
.Ile palled the attention of the grand
jury to tim fact that there is a law on
thc statute books of North Carolina,
enacted by thc legislature of. 188?,
which makes a contract in futures
void and also provides that any per
son who buys or sells future contracts
may bc indicted. "As long as that
law stands un thc statute buoks," said
Judge Neal, "it is the duty of. thc
courts to enforce lt, and 1 feel it my
duty to bring the matter to' the' at
tention of this grand jury. You have
no more right, in thc discharge of
your duties, to discriminate between'
gamblers, for dealing in futures'ls a
species of gambling, than to discrimin
ate between other violators of the law.
All gambling is indictable, whether it
be playlDg oards for gain, shooting
craps or . any other form that some
people might consider innocent."
Judge Neal moralised on the evil in
fluence of gambling, especially gamb
ling in futures. He.called attention
to the belief of many that they .had
an inherent right to spend their own
ranney in such ways as they thought
proper, and, while this might be true
as au abstract proposition, it was also
true that they were subject to this
quantisation: Nu man lias tuc right
Lo dispose of his money or property in
a manner detriment ul to good inor?is.
Continuing Ids remarks aloiig.the
same, linc, Judge Neal spoke of tlie
trouble and disgrace caused by sd
many good men failing by the way
side by gambling. '"For instance,','
lie said, "there is the man engaged Tn
handling funds belonging, to ,other
people. Ile linst stakes his own money
and loses it. In trying to recoup his
losses, with no intent to steal,, he
takes the money that belongs t? an
other. Again fortune goes against
i him, and he becomes a defaulter and
jan embezzler, and his family is. dis
graced." Thc temptation is so great
along this linc, continued Judge Neal,
"that the state it the exercise of its
sovereignty, has placed a ban on all
forms of gambling and declares that
contracts in futures are void."
No charge delivered by any judge
in Charlotte in recent years has beeu
talked ol' more than the remarks of
Judge Neal to the grand jury. Char
lotte people have, become accustomed
to seeing onslaughts;made on poker,
craps and other-forms of gambling,
where the stakes may be a few cents
or a few dollars, but no one has seemed
to think bf inveighing against gam
bling when the stakes amounted to",
hundreds sud thousands of dollars.'
Oh'- every -hand people' havc.:asked:
"What action' will the 'graiitT T?ry
take? Will any one be indicted for
dealing in futures?''
lt may be remarked in passing that
no one would be surprised to see well
known men of this city summoned be
fore tim grand jury and put under
their oaths to tell of their connection
with transactions in the cotton
I futures. Virginia-Carolina Chemical
Sar others.-Atlanta Journal.
DEATH TO CHRISTIANS.
That lu ttie Cry ol'thc Turks, Who
Are Hendy to Rill.
A tierce battle is reported to have
occurred in the neigborhood of Mon
astir, Macedonia. Three Turkish bat
talions attacked a thousand insurgents
and after thc tight had raged for six
lion rs the Turks were repulsed, with
the loss of 210 men killed or wounded.
The insurgent loss is not given.
lteports received herc from Constan
tinople, and believed to be authentic,
con li rm the picvious statements to the
etlcct that when the Turks recaptured
Krushevo they slaughtered the entire
Christian population without excep
tion, and it is pointed out that among
those killed were the employes of the
government tobacco establishments
which were under European control,
as thc proc cds from these establish
ments were assigned to tho service of
tlic Turkish debt.
A reign of terror is reported to
prevail at Uskub, where thc Christian
inhabitants arc afraid to leave their
houses. Tlie vail has issued the
strictest orders to thc Mussulman
population to remain on the quiet and
not molest their Christian neighbors,
hut thc Mussulmans in meeting in the
mosque have resolved at a given sig
nal to massacre thc whole Christian
population, immediately after thc Hrst
insurgent band appeared near Uskub,
or on any pretext. The Christians are
terrorized. Thc Turkish troops, who
are their only protection, do not shpw
the slightest disposition to aid them.
The attitude of thc Turkish troops re
cently was plainly manifested when a
trainload of soldiers, shortly after
leaving Uskub, tired on thc Bulgarian
workmen who were repairing the
track. Three of thc workmen were,
killed and their bodies were left lying
on the linc.
Rd ward Mikell, a colored barber,
setting himself up as good as any
white man and pressing tho proposi
tion in tin offensive way upon J. A.
Storer, alderman from Ward 12 in
Char??fitnn, wa;: gi ven a hard punch
in thc face by Mr. Storer Monday
morning willie thc two wore riding
on a trolley car. Later in the day
Mikell sought Mr. Storerat his store
on King street and attemped to re
new thc discussion, drawing a razor.
Ile was knocked down, remaining un
conscious for some. time.
Seven Hundred Killed.
Dispatches from '/unguium dated
Aug. 17, gave details of thc distinc
tion of the town of Uli rmi, in north
ern Nigeria, by a British force of MO
whites and f>00 natives rank and lile
The enemy's loss was 70U killed, in
cluding tlie former sultan of Sokota
and a majority of the dhlcfs. Thc
British loss was ll men killed, includ
ing one officer, and 62 men wounded.
Tho enemy made a desperate house to
GEORGIA'8 MEW VAGRANT LAW'.
! ...!?;) vii. ;? i ? J*4pityl*lV&*fcffity
... , ..- >f n , i "3 ii ,
Just Sacha Ono IB i?ad?y Needed-In
Booth ?aVolinal '." .
.. i v ? -.
In all the large towns or the South}
and especially where great industrial
enterprises aro in progress, there <ifl
much inconvenience and to some ex
tent a great deal'of suffering, because
of thc scarcity of labor on which tho
people rely. Farmers, as thc Augusta
Chronicle says, look in val nf or labor
ers, though about street corners in
towns, cheap rum ish?ps and railway
stations negro loafers are congregated
in largo numbers. "They have too
easy a time In town, living by their
wits or on the charity ot negro . cooks
"and house servants," largely we may
add, obtained from thc larders ot the
households lb "which these are im-'
ployed, and no persuasion can induce
them to go to work on the farms
where they are needed:
. The prevalence ot this-form of
vagrancy, an incentive to idleness'and
.leading directly to various forms of
crime, has caused the Georgia legisla
ture, to consider a new method of
treating tho..question of negro labor,
and . it is meeting with much favor
In other parts of the South than
Georgia. The bill gives a clear aud
easily understood definition bf vag
rancy, and- empowers police and other
likdfc ollieials to give to any officer
authority to issue a criminal warrant
for the arrest of all vagrants or per
sons suspected of being vagrants,
with a view of their trial. Thc bill
detipes vagrancy, against which its
provisions arc directed, as follows:
; ".Persons wandering or strolling
about in idleness, who ?are. abie to
.work and have no property to sup
"Persons leading an idle, immoral
life, who have no proerty to support
them, and who arc able to work and
do not work.
"All persons able to work, having
ho'property to support them, and who
have no visible or known means of a
fair, honest and reputable livelihood.
Tlic terms 'visable and known means
of a fair, honest, and reputable liveli
hood,' as used in this section, shall
be construed . reasonably continuous
employment at some lawful occupa
tion for reasonable compensation, or a
tixed and regular income from proper
ty or other investimcht,' the iucome
from which is sufficient for the sup
port and maintenance of such vag
"Persons having a fixed abode, who
have no visible property to support
them, and who live by stealing or by
trading or bartering stolen property.
' "Professional gamblers living in
"All able-bodied persons who are
found begging fora living or who quit
their houses and leave their wives and
children without means ef subsist
:fcrjce, '.. j?? .
' "All persOns able td w?rk^aiid whc?
do not work, but hire out their minor
children and live on their wages."
This is the most interesting leg
islation of the kind"that has ever been
attempted. Of course It is directed
against negoes as a class. Even the
Georgia "crackers" work after their
way, but tile negroes are largely given
up tb vagrancy as set forth in this
bill. As a remedy it is urged that
European immigration be diverted to
southern ports and fields, but this
would be very difficult to accomplish.
Only a trilling, percentage ol European
immigrants go to thc south in the
hope of employment, lt is a fact,
whether as regards northern or Euro
pean labor, that lt keeps dear of com
petition with negro labor. The south
wants thc negroes, but ib wants them
to work. The negroes of the south,
as the Atlanta Constitution contends,
must "be made to understand that
shiftlessness and unreliability in labor
employment," no longer to be toler
ated, will bring sure suffering to them;
and it recognizes that Booker Wash
ington is helping laudably to that
end by Inculcating "a reform of negro
philosophy," or the philosophy of win
ning white respect by. working to de
STRUNG HIM UP.
A Negro Hoy Ooinniitts Horrible
Crimo mid ia L/ynchcd.
At Halifax, N. C., Thurday eve
rrfug between 7 aud 8 o'clock thc dead
body of Mary Jenkins, 13 years old,
was found in the stable of Capt. Grif
fin, her grandfather. Her throat was
cut from ear to ear; and thc body was
tied up in a bag. Thc girl's grand
mother had been looking for her, and
going to thc stable, found lt locked.
She put Mary's little sister through an
opening in thc door, and thc girl stum
bled over thc body in thc bag. .
A negro who is employed at the ho
tel and also by Capt. Griffin ls sus
pected of thc crime. "When searched,
lie was found to have Wie keys of the
stuhle in his pocket, a bloody knife and
blood on his hands and his clothes.
He is now under guard of a large num
ber of citizens, as well as deputies and
constables, awaiting thc arrival of
bloodhounds from Weldon, to bc used
to track him from the stable. The
whole town ls throughly aroused, and
crowds of men have come in from Wel
don armed with rides. It is not
thought the negro whose name is Man
na Ponton, will u\;c to sae day ii gilt.
Later news says a crowd gathered
and securing thc negro, hanged' him
to a tree and riddled his body with
bullets. Thc negro after the noose
had hoon placed around his neck con
fessed to the murder of bbc littlechild
and having criminally assaulted her.
After disposing of thc negro the crowd
which had made no attempt at con
cealment, dispersed without any furth
Wanted for Murder.
James 'Dennis Edwards, wanted in
.Greenville for a murdor which bc is
charged with having committed in
11)01, has been arrested in thc oil fields
of Beaumont} Texas, Luther Taylor,
Edwards' companion in the crtane, ls
now serving a sentence in thc Peni
Of a Four Years Old Bey ali Detroit,
MANIAC OF1 UNUSUAL CUNNING,
Ho Commits a ltovojtlng Crime and
Loaves No Trnco of His Iden
tity. The Police.
The mutilated bbdyjpf four-year-old ; ;\
. Alphonse.Wilmes, whose father HveB
on Staubln . avenue, Detroit, Mich.,
.was found Tuesday in a lot at the rear .
bf the Michigan Stove WOrks at Adair
and Wight streets. Tho body was dis
covered by a workman about 10 o'clock
wedged in between twp moidlng'boxes.
The hands wore tied behind with wire 1
and a red handkerchief had been stuff- '
I cd down thc little fellow's throat for a- *
Tho' body was partly stripped of
clothing. Tho abdomen was slashed '
open and the left wrist was nearly li
severed. Both things also had long
deep cuts In them. All the wounds .
had apparently been made with a very ?
sharp instrument. Alphonse had been
missing from his home since Sunday [a
noon. Nothing was thought of his ab
sence at first, but when be did not re
turn for supper a .-search was begun
that.ended-with the. identification of
tho body by his father at the morgue
? it.s evident that the murder was
not committed near where the' body
was found, for although scarcely a
drop pf blood was left in the little fel
low's body, there was practically no
blood on thc boards where he was
found. .A search for blood stains to
and from thc scene was inaugurated
without result. Perhaps the strang
est phase of the mystery is that there
were only a few smalil stains on the
body and clothing of the lad, despite
the horrible character of his wounds.
It looks as though the murderer, after
committing the deed, washed thc
blood from the body, and then carried
it to thc lot where it was found.
Thc police are satisfied that the boy
was murdered by ? 'maniac and arc
working along these limes alone. The
ofilcers are inclined to believe that the
child was . killed in some house and
that afterward the murderer carried
his body, in a sack or a wagon,, to the
lonely spot where lt was found Tues
day. There have been several other
crimes against children In the city re
cently and many persons believe that
a maniac of unusual cunning is respon
A SIMILAR CASIS. .
A dispatch from Rockford, 111., sayB
the murder of the Detroit boy is iden
tical-in circumstances, with the mur
der of Dick Tibbltts, a seven-year-old
he'.Vsboy, there last month. The de
/cftij?v. correspond ?so . closely that the Fi
authorities nellie, tho.; murderer F' "
was tih'e same man,'an?'h"?^
"Jack the Ripper" type, and are now
communicating with, the Detriotpollce
department on the subject.
Dont Want Him.
Thc aristocratic circles^of Madden
the sedate residential suburb of J3os
t?n are stirred up by the advent of -
Joe Walcott, thc negro light weight
pugilist. Walcott, through an agent,
recently purchased a house adjacent
to the home of Col. Harry Converse,
one of thc wealthiest and most pro
minent citizens and in close proximity
to the palatlel residence of E. S. Con
verse, the multi millionaire rubber
manufacturer and philanthropist.
Walcott paid 55,000 for the house,
stable and land and through an agent
expended $1,000 in improvements.
The neighbors looked for a swell fam
ily to move in and after the furniture '
had been unloaded they were started i!
to see thc new tenants. The outfit
consisted of the champion negro pugi
list, bis mulatto wife, four pickanin
nies, his white mother-in-law and a
A Now Industry.
According to The State's correspon
dent several Anderson dealers are en
gagaged in buying mules in the coun
ty which will bc shipped to Tennessee
tb be fattened durihg . the fall and
winter. Next spring the.animals will
be shipped sodth again aht) sold for,. -
good prices. It is said tbaA a vp^y
large corn crop is being madei-.V -Ten
nessee this year and that a good profit
can be made in buying mules in this
section and shipping them there to bc
fed on thc corn. A great many of the
mules that are now going to Tennes
see came from that State last spring.
Asa rule the mules are of second grade
quality and many of them arc being
taken by the dealers from people who
bought' them on cijcdit and will not be
able to pay for LH ie m.
Chinese Crusier Hunk.
The Canadian Pacific railroad's
steamer Empress of India, from Van
couver, ll. C., July 27, and Yokohama,
Aug. 10, for Hong Kong, collided near
Hang with the Chinese cruiser Huang
Tai. Thc war ship sank an hour af
ter thc collison. The Empress of In
dia saved 170 of thc crew of tho cru
iser. Tim captaiu of the Huang Tai,
who refused to leave lils ship, and 1.3
of lier crew were drowned. Thc Em
press of India was badly damaged
a mids! ii p.
Sent Back to China
Forty-four Chinese prisoners were
balfron through Spartan burg Wednes
day afternoon on thc late Southern
train; on tholr way from Norfalk to
China, via San Francisco. They slip- I
ped Into thc country by way of Cana
da, and were gathered together from
different parts of the East. They
were carefully guarded on thc train.
They attracted much attention at the
depot while tho train was waiting.
Stole nit Kngino.
At. Charleston Edward Robinson,
colored, was arrested by the police on
the charge*of stealing a stationary
engine, thc property of G. G Pardue.
It ls alleged that Robinson, with the
assistance of another negro, carted tho
engine from Mri Pardue's premises on
Sheppard street during the night to
thc outskirts of thc city, where he
broke lt up Into bits of iron willoh ho
attomptcd to sell to Junk dealers.