Newspaper Page Text
T?o K?fer Time,,. ' '?.
.. - . ; 0h,to?lj'detfnl?t?l'?tn 13 tho Uiver
As : jv. .hlh?' fj??r??ijti ?iie realm- of
Wit^ftiu'tM rhythm" anil ? m??lcttl
AnuV-pro?tibr sweep ?ti'? ? surge 3?tv
Afclt.bicnds with thc ocean df tfcatsi
How;*.ttitf? winto'rs are UrlftlugJ like
lipes bf show, , h ..... ?
And the s?m?iers? like the buds' be
tween, . . _?... ; \
And the yettr Itt tbb sheaf-sb ' they
come and they gb; . ? ?. ?", ;. -, -
On the rlverls breast, wltl? Jts ?bb ana.
? -its flow, lr -, ....
As ltglides In the shadow abd sheen.
There's.a magical isle up the River
Where the softest of airs are playing:
There's a cloudless sky and a tropical
And a song as sweet as a vesper chime,
Andullo Junes with thc roses are
And the name of the isle is Long Ago,
And we bury our treasures there.
There arcbrows of beauty and bosoms
. of snow;
They are heaps of dust- bur we loved
There arc trinkets and tresses of hair.
There are fragments of song that no
And a part of an infant's prayer:
There's a lute unswept, and a harp
. . without strings;
There are broken vows and pieces of
And tile garments that she used to
There are hands that are waved,
when tlie fairy shore
By thc mirage is lifted in air;
And we sometimes hear, through tlie
Sweet voices we heard in tile days gone
When the wind down the river is
Oh, remembered for aye be the blessed
- All the day of our life till night;
When the evening comes witli Rs
And our eyes are closing to shunbur
1 ' awhile, '
May that "Greenwood" of Soul bc in
-BENJAMIN F. TAY LOU.
EU?NS OF A BURNED CITY.
Remarkable DiucovcrlcH Made in Che
Stnto ol'Conhuiln Mexico.
Dr Nicolas Leon, the archaeologist
and ethnologist of thc National
Museum of Mexico, has returned to
the City of Mexico after a stay of two
weeks in the State of Coahuila, where
he made a number of important in
vestigations, of the remarkable finds
of thc remains of cities and animals
of antediluvian times. In giving an
account of the trip for thc first time
the doctor said:
"Thc discoveries that have been
made at Pardoe, in Coahuila, are the
most extraordinary of their kind that
have been made in Mexico and very
possibly anywhere in the world. The
excavations that have been made so
far show that a large city was burned
not far from the present town of Par
adoo by an immense amount of earth,
which was evidently washed down
from the mountains by Hood. How
long ago the catastrophe occurred
cannot as yet be determined.
"Portions of buildings so far un
earthed show that tile city-at least
the largest of the cities that was cov
ered by tile debris of the Hood, there
being at least three cities destroyed
was very extensive. The indications
are that there were many massive
structures Jn the fallen city and that
they were of a class of architecture
not to be found elsewhere in Mexico.
According to thc estimates of thc
scientists under whose directions the
excavations arc now being made the
city in question had u population of
at least 50,000.
"The destruction which was
wrought by the flood was complete.
All the inhabitants of the cities were
killed, as well as all the animals.
Skeletons of the human inhabitants of
the cities and of thc animals are
Btrewn all through the debris, from
a depth of three feet from the surface
to a depth of sixty feet, showing that
all the debris was deposited almost at
once. Measurement show that the
debris is on an average sixty feet deep
where the largest of the cities stood.
"Most remarkable of the minor
finds that have been made at Paradon
is that of the remains of elephants.
Never before in the history of Mexico
has it been ascertained positively that
elephant were ever in the service of
the ancient inhabitants. Tlie remain
of the elephants that have been found
at Paradon show plainly Unit the In
habitants of the buried cities made
elephants work for them. Elephants
were as much in evidence in thc
streets of the cities as horses. Upon
many of the tusks that have been
found were rings of silver. Most of
the tusks encountered so far have an
average length, for grown elephants,
of three feet and an average diameter,
at the root?pf six incUes. Judging
from tiiu remains of thc elephant so
iar unearthed the animals were about
'ten feet high, from sixteen to eigh
teen feet in length, dillering very lit
tle from those at present in existence.
"The Hood which destroyed the
ancient cities did not have any con
nection whatever with the deluge, as
far as what can be learned by scienti
lic investigation is concerned. Tlie
Coahuila flood was con li ned entirely to
the district in which the cities that
were destroyed stood. The Hood re
sulted from an immense cloudburst,
perhaps the most extraordinary that
tlie world lias ever known, from the
bursting of some great natural re
servoir In thc mountains or from some
cause as yet inexplicable. The sugges
tion which has been made by some in
vestigation that the cities were de
stroyed by landslides does not hold
good, according to the Government
geologists at work on the subject."
Murder and Suicide.
A special to Tiie Journal from
Oshkosh, Wis., says: Tilomas II.
Morgan, the milliouair sash and door
manufacturer, was shot to death
Tuesday by Fredrick Jlanipel, a dis
charged employe. 11 am pel was over
powered and taken to jail, where he
committed suicide later by hanging
himself when no one was watching.
Ilampel made a noose out of lils sus
penders, then tied thc other end to a
liar of his cell.
Winnini A?iii hint WoiUttll.
News comes from Chattanooga,
Tenn., that Mrs. Melle Toliver had
shot and killed Mrs. .lames Williams,
near Plessan, an isolated place In the
Coal Creek coal region. Williams, tlie
husband of the dead woman, on com
ing home and learning of thc tragedy,
shot twice at Mrs. Toliver, but with
out effect. The cause of the shooting
is not known. Thc woman was ar
Tho* Eomahtic Fin?irj& o? TWO Hun
' il " :.- .'
dred Thousand Coins
JN A EIVIII OVEE iii ??JGL?ND.
man who cnn resist thb fascination of
bidden gold which a happy .inspira
tion, a kindly hi ut from capricious
Fortuno, may make his own, says
Tit-Bits. Certainty, as long as man
is merely human, thc prospect of thus
easily winning thc meuns to make life
smoother or to achieve some pct ambi
tion will always be irresistibly attrac
tive to him.
And thc charm of lt is that For
tune often smiles on a man just when
lie least expects lt, and when he has
made every effort to woo her. A
glance through the records of dis
covered treasures speedily proves this,
and lilis thc least sanguine or clever
of us with hope that, afterall, he may
be thc favored one.
Take, for instance, that romantic
unearthing of 200,000 coins in thc lied.
<if thc Uiver Hove, in Staffordshire,
seventy-two years ago. Home work
men were engaged in removing a mud
bank, which had termed in thc centre
of the river, when one of them was
amazed to lind, on raising lils spade,
that it glistened wifeh silver coins.
The next time the spade was raised it
brought them.up. by hundreds. ..
Attracted by the digger's cxclama
tlonsof astonishment and delight, bis
fellow- work met? hurried up, and in a
moment half a dozen men wore scram
bling and tigtiting for'thc treasure,
feverishly tilling their pockets, their
hats and beer cans with silver coins,
which were worth their weight in gold,
for they were of thc time of the tirst
two Fd wards and had lain in thc
river for 500 ycarrt. That the bulk of
thc treasure trove was ultimately
claimed by thc Duchy of Lancaster
mutters little; for its linders had al
ready appropriated scores of thousands
of thc precious discs.
Only two years later a few village
boys were playing at marbles one
Sunday afternoon in a Held near Bea
worth, in Hampshire, when one of
them caught sight or a piece of lead
projecting from a cart rut in a rough
road that crossed thc pasture. Tug
ging at the .strip of metal, he dis
closed a hole, and through the ex
posed opening he say a pile of glitter
ing coins, bright as if fresli from the
mint. To lill his pockots and those
of his playmates was the work uf a
few moments, and so little did thc
youngsters appreciate the value of
their discovery that on their way
home they amused themselves bj Hing
ing thc coins at passing birds or into
the village pond.
Ultimately nearly 7,000 coins were
recovered from this buried treasure
chest, and they proved to be of the
reigns of William 1 and ll, and in a
wundcl'ul state of preservation.
A similar discovery was made near
Wetherby, in Yorkshire, when a
heavy cart passing over a country road
stuck fast in a rut, and on being re
leased disclosed a nrmbcr of silver
coins, which had escaped from thc
burst lid of a chest hidden under till?
roadway, lt was assumed that thc
chest of coins had been buried there
In the perilous days of the civil war,
and that the gradual sinking of the
road and thc weight of thc passing
cart had at last brought it again to
thc light of dav.
In the year 18-10 a most valuable
deposit of treasure was revealed In thc
strangest fashion at Cucrdalc, near
Preston, in Lancashire. Some labor
ers were digging near the banks of the
Uiver Kibble, when thc pickaxe of one
of them struck something harder
than earth and more yielding than
r, ck. On removing his pick he found
transiixed at thc end of lt a large in
got of silver. Plying his tool with
renewed vigor, he soon disclosed a per
fect minc of wealth, consisting of
scores of silver ingots, weighing in all
over 1,000 ounces, together with an
almost priceless collection of 7,000
coins of different periods and coun
tries, many of them dating from
Saxon times 1,000 and more years
Similar fortune befell a cou plc of, la
borers who were digging in a .ditch
near Glastonbury, in Somersetshire,
when they unearthed an ancient chest
full of coins of tlie days ol thc Stuarts.
They took sampler, of,-che coins to a
neighboring antiqua/y bf wealth, who
not only paid the' men a large sum for
their trcasijie, but purchased a score
or more iu*res of land adjacent to the
lucky .flitch. And here the irony ol'
fortmic is well illustrated; for, al
though the antiquary spent thous
ands of pounds in buying and excavat
ing his land, not a single coin was
discovered beyond those which a
stroke of thc spade had revealed.
This is the kind of trick Fortune
loves to play uti designing man. Not
very many years ago, when thc
thatched roof of an ancient cottage
near Ripon was removed, a rich set of
f> guinea gold pieces was discovered
bidden away under it. When the
news of this treasure-trove came to
the ears of a neighboring landowner
bc was so llr^rt by the lust ol'gold that
he forthwith purchased a dozen simi
lar cottages in thc district and had
them all pulled down, but again not a
solitary coln was found in exchange
for the x'.Wt) the experiment cost bini.
In the year before that lucky game
ol' marbles near Heaworth disclosed
7,000 coins there was reported a curi
ously interesting discovery in North
umberland. When a grave was being
dug lu Hexham Church the pickaxe of
one of thc workmen struck ami trans
fixed a metal vessel, which proved to
he full of coins to Its very brim.
Kobherv nt White Stone.
A dispatch from Spartanbiirg to
The State says robberies amounting
in all to a total valuation of $f>00 have
occurred at thc White Stone Springs
hotel since Tuesday night and up to
dinner hour Wednesday. Mrs. J. fi,
Morgan of Augusta had a watch which
cost $1 :<5,Ktolcti. Mrs. Hough of Co
lumbia had $:10 worth of jewelry
stolen and other robberies were effect
ed. Thc operations were confined to
live rooms of thc hotel on thc south
side, second lloor. There is suspicion
as to the thief, but nt) tangible proof
is forthcoming, Searches and inves
tigations have as vet revealed noth
ing. Proprietor Harris was in Spar
enburg on thc track of a person sup
posed to be thc guilty party. Ills
visit was not rewarded with any re
turn ot the stolen articles.
Bti fihya N?W dct-scy Jud?? Wi ?t)fl?k;r
in? of Woll St&o'r,
. ? . r. ? t'
**All Tools are riot dead y?t" is'the
motto of the "Wall Street promoter.who
are foisting inflated stocks on the pub
11c, said Vice Chancellor Pitney to the
attorneys arguing the application . or
Edwin A. MeAlpln.aud others at New
ark, N. J., for the appointment of a
receiver for tho Universal Tobacco
Company. . ,. ?"
Attorney General Robert II. McCar
ter, of counsel for thc defendant cor
poration, bega? tim argument, 'fte
said that when George B. and William
II. Dtitl?r, W. .Bourke Cockran and II.
C. Wiesenger agreed to put money in
the company, which was tobe financed
byTiirord, it was with thc under
standing that the voting trust should
exist and that Frank Tilford and
Henry H. Wilson were to remain with
them in the attempt to light tlie
American Tobacco Company. But In
stead of doing so, Mr. McCartcr said,
Tilford and Wilson got out when they
had got what they wanted and did not
consider the obligation they were un
der to others who had joined them in
lie claimed that the alcgation of in
solvency made by tho complainants
was falxc. He said that the faut that
thc corporation wanted more ca pi Lal
was no proof of insolvency.' He asked:
"Where are those men who have made
millions out of the scheme by selling
Vice Chancellor Pitney, interrupt
ing, said: ? "1 do not quite agree with
counsel that they made millions. I
assume that they made about $r>00,
001), less expenses. What they got.
beyond that was by cheating some
At tile close of Mr. McCarter's argu
ment Wheeler. H. Peckham followed
for the defence. He began by read
ing tlie text of thc new Massachusetts
corporation law, but was interrupted
by Vice Chancellor Pitney.
"The Massachusetts judiciary is de
generating," announced thc vice
chancellor, "and I don't consider their
opinion any more. Thirty years ago
it was d?(Terent."
When Mr, Peckham resumed by re
ferring to thovice chancellor's opinion
of Massachusetts as similar to that of
thc opinion expressed by the Court a
few days ago regarding Wall street
and stock inflation he was again inter
rupted by the vice chancellor, who
"You know and I know and every
body ought to know that stock ls in
flated to unload it on thc public. 1
consider it a fraud ami the people who
buy are fools. The men who inflate
thc stock take advantage of the old
adage, All tools are not yet dead.' It
may bc an old-fashioned idea, but ?tis
ground Into me and I am afraid 1 can
not shake it off."
Vice Chancellor Pitney suggested
before the hearing of the argument
began that he was fully decided that
he could not interfere with thc Putler
voting trust at this time, and request
ed counsel to address themselves as to
thc Court's action in maintaining the
"The important matter to bc set
tled now." he said, "is to decide upon
action to bc taken in tlie restraining
order now in force against thc bond
issuse. As the order stands today it
stops tlie sale or transfer of these
Mr. Peckham resumed his argument
after the recess. He said that if lt
were found, after thc organization of
an industrial combination, that other
concerns could be purchased and the
business enlarged it would bc wisdom
to take in such firms. This wasaxact
ly what was intended in the case of
thc Universal Company,-with thc re
sult that just as success was in sight
thc concern was sold out. There was
at present at issue the protection of
someone who had been defrauded, and
it was to this that much consideration
must be devoted.
A Kural Police Syatchi.
The Georgia Agricultural, Society,
in Hession in Athens recently] raised
the question of thc advisability of
establishing ? thorough and elllclent
rural police system in Georgia. Thc
matter- was suggested in the annual
address of thc President, Mr. White
head, who gave as a reason for tlie
abandonment of thc farms by many
intelligent and progressive men, the
inadequate protection to their women,
under tlie present condition of rural
affairs. Judge IOmory Speer, who was
present as a visitor, was called up to
speak, and protesting his incompet
ency to discuss agricultural topics,
proceeded to develop the rural police
ioea. Among other things, he said
that tho greatest danger to the rural
districts was thc presence of scatter
ing negroes of a peculiarly brutal
character, descendants of thc lowest
and most beastly of African tribes.
These negroes, he said, were scarcely
more responsible than wild animals,
and needed to beheld under the strict
est surveilauce. The idea of holding
them in check by means of one sheriff
fur each county, and au occasional
deputy is absurd, and what the coun
ty needs is an eillcient patrol, patent
ed after the Texas ranger system. Ile
thought there should be two or more
of these rangers, or rural police for
each township in a county and thc
system should be so developed that
criminals could be followed from tho
moment of the commission of their
crime until their arrest. He suggest
ed that stich a system would go f;?r to
doing away with all apparent necessi
ty for mob law, and thc rural districts
could be made as safe as the towns.
The judge's remarks produced a pro
found Impression upon the society and
there is a probability that the. rural
police idea will soon become au issue
iu Georgia as it should in al! other
Unit ul Iv Miirilei'od'
Thursday a negro farm hand on a
place a few miles from Spartanburg
wt nt to that city and reported the
finding of thc body of a negro lying
ont in arid old field. Hundreds of
negroes and many white men viewer]
thc corpse, but none identified it. The
negr<? met with ari awful death. Ile
was struck in the back ot thc head
with a large rock pr some heavy mis
sile and tlie hack of his skull was
crushed in a considerable distance.
Ills pockets were turned wrong side
outward and there was every evidence
of ii cowardly murder and robbery.
The head of the victim rested on his
old felt hat and the blood and brains
had trickled through thc cavity In its
rear, forming a pool on the ground.
The body had lain in tlie field a day fir
two, for there were signs of d?com
C?l'tttlT AT LAST,
US Green" ??koii by the Sheriff With?
out Arly Trouble. '
WAS LOCATED IN lO?fT OF BARN.
"YVho? Surrounded Ly Pjtfise Ho S?r
v rendered. ?i? "Vlcthn1 Vida
Dol?ig min d itin?iie*s
<s ?li???iifi .. . .. . .
. When Biitclicked.
Wi '.''?"l"..^"'-'? 5-/i'.---o;?;....
j :A dispatch from j Aiken to Tho
State saysrLce Oreen, the alleged mur
I derer; pf Surasky, the Jew peddler
from Aiken, was brought to Aiken by
?Sheriff. Alderman and posse Thurs
day night about 9/30 o'clock. Green
was surrounded aud captured at his
I father's place near Hawthorn, about
'20 miles from Aiken? Thursday eve
ning. For several days . two .men of
that section. Arthur Glover and
? West Cadden, have been watching for
Gr?cn and finally located . hirnN-at his
father's house, when they succeeded
in holding: him until the sheri lt cou"?1
arrive with help.
Thursday, morning they telegraphed
Sheriff Alderman that Gr?cil was cor
nered and if lie would como at once
with a few men tho man could be dap
turcd. Sherill" Alderman left Aiken
about 1- o'clock with lo men, and two
of Zurasky's brothers also went to the
scene at about the same time. Thc
'sheriffs posse arrived at McCain's
store, two miles from Green's house
about 5 o'clock, where they found
Glover and Cadden, who had slipped
away toagiiln communicate with t! o
sherill", Messrs. Glover and Cadden rt>
porled that they and Green had fired
several shots at one another during t' c
morning and tnat they knew ho w; s
still on Lim place.
IN T1IK VODDKK LOFT.
Sherill' Alderman, who now held
about 15 men, sent part of his force
around to come in to the back of the
farm and the sheri IT and the balance
went to thc house. Mr. Green, the
elder, was asked if his son Lee was
at home, lie replied that his son was
on the -place, but he did no know ex
actly where he was. The posse then
searched all thc buildings and lt was
finally discovered that Green vas in
thc fodder loft pf thc barn.
THU MAN SlMtllKNniSItlSD.
lt was tit first thought that thc
barn would have to he burned in order
to chase Green out, hut thc sheriff
finally sent Green's biol lier into the
loft to tell him that, ho bad' better
give up. Green's brother went into
the barn and camcout with Lee's gun,
and then the man who is said to have
terrorized that section of j Aiken
county for nearly a month came out
of thc barn and gave himself lip to tlie
sheriff. Tho gun Green had with
bim was asingle barreled breechloader
and his ammunition was shell; loaded
with bird shot. When capturai, it is
[.said that Green told tlie .Sheriff that
bc was going to give himself up alter
awhile, as he didn't want to stay In
j ri i I so long and was not able\ to.give
bond. However there is no doubt
that that immediate vicinity is feel
ing a great deal easier now. ?that he
and the sheriff have il milly ride con
A HAD MAN. C
Lee Green is a young mpg' about
18 years of age, weighs'abqvt L7f>
pounds and is .about six feet tvl; is a
powerful mun for his age; is married;
is said to bc a bad character lipd a
great trouble to his old f'athoV' who
is one or the best men in that suction.
It is said that Lee Green shol at a
Jew peddler named Levy $ from
Augusta not long ago, and stabed at
the time that he did it just torses him
run. Green is said to have threatened
to kdl the next peddler that'came to
lils house, as they always sold Iiis wife
goods and he was never able to keep
a cent of money, in the house. ?
CRIMIS WOItSK THAN Kl ItST lUSC?llTUD.
Abram Zurasky is said to have been
killed while performing an act of cour
tesy. >for Green. On the day of the
raurder Green had been to thc grist
mill and rode up to his house on his
horse with Lis sack of meal and his
double barraled shot gun across thc
sadole just about the same time that
Zurasky drove up In his wagon. This
was about ii o'clock in the afternoon.
Green got off his wagon they shook
lia ods. Zurasky saw thc sack on
tlie horse and took it across lils
shoulder and told Green that hew mid
take it into the house for him. Zu
rasky walked towark the house and
when he was about 2fi steps away
Green shot him twice in the back, did
not hurt him as the shot nearly all
entered the sask of .meal. Zurasky
turned and throwing the sack down
lifted his hands above his head and
begged Green not to shoot him. Zu
rasky then saw Green reloading his
gun, so the peddler ran Into the house
where Mrs. Green was and begged
tier not to let lier husband kill him.
HIS WI KB rn IS AD KU KOll .IKW's LIKU.
It is said that.'Mrs. Green pleaded
for the life of the Jew, but Green
rushed into thu house alter him. Zu
rasky held Mrs. Green between lilinscir
and his assailant, and then Green is
said to li;1 ve told lils wife that if she
did not get out of the way lie would
shoot lier. Zurasky then tried to run
away, but Green shot him twice in thc
back and brought him to thc ground
just outside of tlie door. The shots
did not kill him and Green then got
an axe and chopped him until life was
extinct. Green then loaded the body
on lils victim's wagon and hid him in
the woo:1s as before reported. Thc
above story ol the crime is said to
have been received direct from a re
lation of Lee Green and is thought to
Thief Captured Hin Captor.
? Albert Holtland, alias George John
son, who wan captured at Kaw i i ns and
was being taken back to Chicago to
answer to the charge of grand larceny
effected a reinaikable escape from lle
tcctive William Marsden. Marsden
left Kawlins Wednesday night witli
Eckitind, and to make sure of Iiis man
shackled him to a seat In thc smok
ing compartment of a chair car.
While Marsden wits sleeping beside
his prisoner Kcklund went through
thc detective pockets, secured thc
keys to the shackles, released himself
and then shackled tho officer to tho
steam pities. Having received the
olllcci's weapons and other property,
Kcklund left thc train at Laraine.
Marsden was not awakened hy the
conductor until Cheyenne was reached
when bc called for assistance. As
Marsden had absolutely nothing on
Iiis person to prove I hat lie was not a
prisoner, the trainmen would not re
lease him. The railroad authorities
telepra plied to Chicago for instruc
tions, and when thc train readied
Syndcy Ma isden was dually released
from his predicament.
< hlianage J? ?bUtU ht* C?Htlreii,
Tlje Tliornwe? orphatWc? iodated
In Clinton,'Soiith C?rolihaV, ls an In.:
stit?t.toh for the primary, lilt? school
aucl advanced education, both Horary
ard technical, of orphan b?ysSapd
klrls. The institution ls under the
control of trustees*appointed by the
three synods of South Carolina, Geor
gia aha lTlorida, but lt receives pupils",
from any religious denominations and
from any part of our common coun
Orphans to be received must-be
without '-".means of support of their
own, rand nbnce the care of them rest
upon thc -general public. Contribu
tions for tlicaid of thc institution arc
not ordered by any church court; there
arc no agents canvsshig tho-Held ask
ing for money? there are no collection
boxes on ihc promises of the institu
tion'.' Tlie only dependence of these
orphans for their dally bread is on
thc tfOodnesB of God, the.printed page
?nd thc generous- help given by the
press in spreading information about
Tim boys and girls arc not legally
bound to thc institution, but arc free
to come and go. They choose to come.
They hate to leave us even when all
has been done for them that can bc
done by the institution. As they arc
well taught in their books and trained
iu various trades, such as printing,
carpentry, fanning, laundering- and
the like, tiley arc able to take care of
themselves on leaving us.
We have 102 oiphans from South
Carolina, 42 from Georgia, li) from
Florida and ?12 from twelve other
states and territories.
.Those who love the fatherless (all of
our 200 children arc fatherless) can
aid by sending Hour, molasses, sugar,
rice, meal, or any other kind of pro
visions except vegetables (which they
raise for themselves) or by gifts of
money. The sum of five dollars will
board and clothe a child for One month.
Almost anybody can by that small gift
oe a" protector of some orphan for
thirty days. This may be sent simply
to Thorn well orphanage, or to Kev.
Dr. Jacobs, Clinton, S. C., who will
take pleasure in giving additional In
formation to any asking for it.
COTTON BOLL ROT
ls Playing Havoc \Vit.ii Cotton in
Portions ol* Georgia.
Thc Atlanta correspondent of the
Aagusta Chronicle says Assistant
State Entomologist Newell returned
Wednesday morning from Gwinnett
county, where he went to investigate
tlic supposed boll rot in cotton. Mr.
Nowell says he found the territory
effected embraced about sixteen
square miles in which there was prob
ably not over two hundred acres in
cotton, but that cotton is ruined. To
the Chrouictc correspondent Mr. Ne
About a week ago wc received some
squares and bolls from the cotton
fields, in Gwinnett county, which
appeared to bc decaying badly and
continued large quantities of bacteria.
The indications were that the cotton
had been attacked by boll rot, which
is a disease that appeared several years
ago in Alabama, and did considerable
damage there. We are not very well
equipped with labora ted facilities for
investigating these things, so in order
to verify our opinion wc sent thc ma
terial to thc department of agriculture
at Washington, and that department
reported the Unding of. the germ
which caused thc boll rot. I went to I
Gwinnett county yesterday to further
investigate the disease and lound it
covered approximately sixteen square
miles, a piece of country near Snell
ville.. Investigating the conditions in
thc held, however, 1 am not at all
positive it is the boll rot which is
entirely to blame for thc trouble. Wc
are at present engaged in making a
further investigation of the trouble,
in co-operation with thc authorities
?'Is thc.cntire crop ruined?"
""There is perhaps a square mile in
which the cotton promises to make no
crop at all. The squares arc attacked
as quickly as they form upon thc
plant, and at once fall off. The
trouble appears to bc a very peculiar
one, and one regarding 'which very lit
tle is known. Sncllvilfe, the point at
which tile trouble exists, is about
eight miles south ol' Lawrenceville.
Thc disease appeared only ten days
ago, and at present seems to he confin
ed to a section four miles wide and
four miles long.".
A-physician of note says: We hear
a great deal of talk about malaria
nowadays, but there is more malaria
to bc found in most modern bedcham
bers than anywhere else." Persons
who are moderately intelligent on
other topics appear to have small
thought, or that. vcry_ perverted, on
the subject of hygiene In t heir sleep
ing rooms, and especially those oceu
pied by children. The ventilation of
a bedchamber cannot be too carefully
attended to, ?ind, assays Horace Mann
"seeing the atmosphere is forty miles
deep all around thc globe, it is a use
less piece of economy to breathe lt
more than once." Yet nine mothers
out of ten will carefully close all thc
windows, "for lear of colds and night
air," and leave two or three children
to sleep in a stilling atmosphere, and
see no connection between tho colds,
throat troubles they have and the viti
ated air she compels them to breathe
night after night. Let thc morning
air and sunshine into thc bedroom as
soon as possible after thc occupants
have arisen: ant', il there is no .sun
shine, and it is not raining, let in thc
air. Do not make up beds as soon as
they are vacated. You may get your
house tidied stumer, but it is neither
..)..1.. ...... I.Ut.P..I ... ..1.1.
on.iniij MOI iiuiiuillui LO .iinij.i.i (?in u
up lied clothing until exhalations of
felic sleepers1 bodies have been removed
by exposure to air.
Will Gol Commission.
Tlie State says: "Under an "order
issued by Secretary of War Hoot the
first honor graduate of tlic Citadel
hereafter will be eligible each year to
admission to thc regular army ol' thc
United States as second lieutenant.
This order means much to the Citadel.
Graduates or thc Citadel have often
sought commissions in thc army and
in competitive examinations many of
them have secured appointments, but
there luis never before been within
tlic Institution Itself an opportunity
to secure a commission such as is now
offered by the order of the secretary
pf war. The order is evidence of the
high merit in which tlic Institution is
held and it ls believed that it will
have an excellent effect upon the
- ' WHIT'S Gifte SXOt?l?
?ly Eight tfegru Desperadoes T?l?feH
from Fortified Camp.
Tho kidnapping ot a young white
girl and the killlog'of one of a posse
that tried to. rescue her, are tho
crimes charged against a party or
eight negroes fortified on Bruces Is
land, sixteen miles west of Fort
Smith, Ark. It is feared their cap
ture will lead to a bloody encounter.
(The ncgroesaro said to be well armed.
IV few days ago two farmers living
near Wilsons Rock, landed on Bruces
Island in search of plums, and acci
dentally ran into a camp in which
tl&re were two negro men and a white
girl about twelve years old. They
made some inquiries about jthe girl
and the negroes said, she was the
daughter of a white man who was
travelling with them arid who had
gone to ?'ort Smith for provisions.
The negroes would not let thc gill
take part in the conversation am) this
aroused suspicion. A watch was kept,
on the negroes for two days, but no
white man appeared. Monday after
noon a party of farmers decided to in
vestigate the case, and as they neared
the island, were llred on by the ne
groes, and one of the party, Roland
by name, was killed. A sharp tight
was kept up for some time, during
which tile girl escaped from the ne
groes and ran to the white men. She
was so excited that she could not give
any intelligent account of herself.
She said, however, that Lev father
was not travelling with the negroes,
hut that slie had been stolen from
lier home near Fort Gibson. She has
been taken to Muid row.
Roland, the dead "man, was a com
parative stranger at Wilsons Hock.
Posses of citizens left for the scene of
tho trouble from Fort Smith, Spiro,
Muldrcw and Fort Gibson. There ls
much excitement around thc island.
One or two of the negroes are known
to be desu?rate characters.
REQUISITION TURNED DOWN.
Declined to Give Up Nofrro Wan led
inr Murder in Georgia.
Governor Terrell of Georgia and
Governor Bliss, of Wisconsin, are hav
ing a lively correspondence at present
because the latter governor lins so far
declined a requisition of Governor
Tcroll's for Charlie Thomas, a negro,
who ls wanted in Augusta, Ga., for
tho murder of .lames Kendrick, a
'Jhimas killed Kendrick in AtiguslS
about a year a^o and was recently
located in Maryland. Ile made his
escape shortly*aftcr the killing and no
body knew of his whereabouts until
thc Athens police arestcd his brother
oh one occasion and upon searching
him found a letter from Charlie stat'
'ing where he was living.
Thc letter was immediately sent to
the Augusta police and oillcers armer!
with requisition papers was started
for Detroit, where the negro was
When the requisition papers were
presented they were turned down by
the governor because of several
technicalities, one of which was the
fact that the judge and solicitor
general signing the requisition had
shown no authority of their positions.
News has come to Genrgfa, however,
that Thomas., who is said to be a
graduate1 bf Booker Washington's
school, claims that he will be lynched
if he is brought back to Georgia, and
that his attorneys in Michigan are
making a tight before the governor on
Governor Terrell has witton Gover
nor Bliss a letter assuring him that
Thomas will be given a fair trial, and
stating that it ls seldom that a negro
is lynched in Qeorgia for thc crime of
murder. Another hearing will be
given in the matter.-Atlanta .lour
The Way to rhook At lt.
IOditors of newspapers published in
large cities can sit in their ofliiccs sur
rounded hy a great population and
write editorials condemning the
lynching of black brutes who assault
white women, hut as the Crowford
villc Democrat puts it, the fact is
they do not understand or appreciate
the condition in the rural districts of
tile south. Wives and (laughters
are forced daily to go about
their homes unprotected while
fathers and brothers are away
in the lields toiling for there daily
bread. Tue trilling, impude.it scoun
drel steals up to the unprotected home
and with his polluted touch despoils
thc sacredness of a one happy home.
And to attempt to wipe out such a
crime hy the life of the fiend by
strong hands is one of thc lirst duties
of southern manhood. Yes, we say
it. with out hesitation and with full
knowledge of the meaning of the>e
words, that, the brute should be given
nu quarter---and when he has paid the
penalty, placard his dirty carcass with
the sworn fact that "thus shall thc
sacredness of our homes bc protected
against lieuds incarnate." Preachers
may preach and writers may write
till the end or time, hut the inevit
able truth remainsvtbat just so long
as assn Its continue just so long will
lynchings prevail Thc virtue of one
pure white girl is worth more to
human kind than all the lives of thc
black brutes who have lived since thc'
world began Iii writing what wc
have about this matter we want it dis
tinctly understood that it is not
through "race prejudice." We have
the utmost respect for thc law-abid
ing and energetic colored man. We
hope to be of service to him in better
ing his condllitn. ile is here
through no fault of his, and we
would ever assist him In being hap
pier and more contented with his lot.
\ Urions ?illillH.
( >ak stain is made by mixing a pint
of boiled linseed-oil, a gill and a half
of turpentine and three tablespoonfuls
of-whiting. Mahogany stain, which
is darker, is made by mxinig one pint
of boiled linseed-oil und a gill and a
half of turpentine, three tablespoon
fuls of whiting, half a teaspoonful of
Bismarck brown, and one of analinc
black. Thc one that so nearly re
sembles hardwood" doors, and is dark
as rosewood, is mixed tims: A tablc
spvonful of burnt lumber to a pint of
boiled linsced-oil, or a little less ii you
prefer a lighter color. To prepare
your Hour for thc stain, he very care
ful. Don't use lye or soap to wipe
them tip-it leaves them cloudy; hut
made a warm suds of rainwater und
pearline, and wipe perfectly dry be
fore walking over them. Then wipe
thc dust olT, using a rag dipped in
karoseno-cheesecloths are nice to
Requireincr?ts for admission arc tho
leges. Advanced courses leading to tl
Every department.ln charge of a , speck
teacher. Superior advantages in Music
health record. Only cistern .water used
As only a limited number can bo accomo
daughters will have the fostering care of
September 24, 1003. For catalogue addn
W. vV. DANIE
Geo A Wagoner, Pres. Geo Y Coleman,
"i -f ?**'} "J. Vf- i HMV-I"--^?':.iii}?ii
Successor to C. 1
303 "KIN G ' ST R? ?T, - -
AVE AUB PUBLISHING THE/NEV
COIIPAKE TIIK FOLLOWING KAI
tProm.NKW Youie, N. Y. .I-EU'IOO
TO 1 2.- 3. 4
OHAKLKSTON, S C 50 40 ?34 28
WHO PAYS TH
We Do Not Deceive
If you are sick and vt
but bc sure that your i
We do not believe iii ai
FKISE MISDIUINK seilen
under our treatment i
lar Need bc paid Until
tists wlio have establis
. and collecting the fcc ?
T&Sggffifff^* If you want HONKST
form of Clironlc Diseases, write us TODA
has never been excelled.
BOX Z; Al
"Founded in 1850.
Write for Free Ci
MEDICAL DEPARTMENT UN
Curriculum included twenty-three
thorough review quiz; seven laboratory
work daily.- New building elaborately (
i appliances. Tuition $05.00. Address,
Building and Re-Pressed Brick. Soe
j*ra Cotta Flue Linings. Prepared to til
Prepare yourselves tc meet tlie dem
and bookkeepers. Write forcatal
MACFEAT'S BUSINESS C(
W. H. Macfcat, olllcial Court Stenos
Pre s b/y te ri. a. rv Ga 1.1 eg o.
BOA HI), Ri* OM-K KN T, and 'J
for $100.00. N.ext Session
For ca tn I O?r ne or in lonna
SASH, DOORS, RMNDS, IN
INO AND LUMBER, ANY QU,
Whiskey Morphine I Cigarctt
Habit, I Habit I Habit
Cured by Keeley I
1320 Lady St. (or P. O'. Box 75)* Coln
I ence, solicited.
Recently a.resident of Spartanburg
was arrested and tried and liped for
violation of the postal laws and re
gulations. The tine, which was paid,
Was $10. The party violated section
484 of these laws. The following is
the clause of the section which was
violated: "Any person who shall
knowingly couceal ur enclose any mat
ter of a higher class in that pf a lower
I class, and deposit or cause the same
to bc deposited for conveyance by
mail at a less rate than would be
I charged for botli such higher and low
er class matter, shall for every such
olTcnse, be liable to a penalty of $10."
I Thc linc was paid. There are many
people who do not know of the ex
istence of such a law. Thc otTensc
which occasioned this tine was the
mailing of a photograph and a letter
inside a wrapper of a newspaper,
which bore a one cent stamp.
Mullet! Mullet! Mullet!
and all kinds of Fresh and Salt Water
tish and oysters. If you are dealing in
Fresh Fish or intend to deal in them
write, for prices and send your ord rs to
TERRY FISH CO.* Charleston, S. C.
or COLUMBIA FISH Sc ICE CO
Columbia S. C. We ship only fresh
caught lish and our prices are ns low
as t hey can be sold at. Write us.
Try us, and bc convinced.
Tun trainmaster of the Terre liante
division ot* the Chicago & Eastern
Illinois road has postea bulletins for
bidding trainmen to flirt with ladles
residing near the roads, threatening
the offenders with "serious trouble ir
tlic practice ls continued."
Dysentery, Choleramorbus Cured
By a trial of Dr. Diggers Huckleber
ry Cordial. At Druggists 25c and 50c
wini nn* I n iiVeil of the
lie ft medical treat
ment should not tull
lo consult Dr. H^tfia
\"^7^ HI <. i-oi' n I /.c ii as the
Vf lending und most suc
i-psrful s pee I n I lat.
Y ii u n rc sain 1 u
plncnix your vase In
hi* luinds. us lin ls the
and lin* Ilia best rep
utation. Mr eures
whe re others full ;
there ls no patchwork
or experimenting In
his treatment: Per
sono I Attention hy Dr.
Hathaway", al^o "stie
eiul counsel from ills
when necessary, which no other attlee ha*, ff
yon can not enil, write for free booklets niul
question Wank*. Mention your trouble. Rv
erytliliiK Btrlctly eonllilciitlal. J. Newton
Hathaway, M. D.
88 inman Building 224 S. Broad St.
?The Great Tested UemedyTOr the speedy
and permanent euro of Scrojul.i, Rheuma
tism, Catarrh, Ulcers, Eczema,fSores, Krup
tions. Weak ness. Nervousness and u!?
BLOOD AND SKIN DISEASES.
lt is by far the best building up Tonic and
lllood Purifier ever offered to the world. It*
makes new. rich blood, imparts renewed vi
tality, and possesses almost miraculous
healing properties. Wrlto tor Dook Ol Won
?, derful Cures, sent freo on application.
An If not kept hy your local druggist, send
i ,| Jt.oo for a large bottle, or $5.00 for si? boules,
i Jj arid medicine will be sent, freight paid, by
< J BLOOD BALM CO., Atlanta, Oa.
adopted by tlie Association ..o? 'Cod
degrees. of B. hr, ili?A*Tand 'M.1 A.
trained arid thoroughly efn?lent
, Arti and Exprosslorii-. IterriaTk?olo
for drluking und .coQkliig.'p?rposes.
d ii ted,". paren t s are assured4 thc* t ue ir
borne life. Next session will, begin
(V, S. c. .
Vico Pres^LGJUall.&ecly. & pas
r'? TO Tii*? ??.vj^srb.E^\yo'itLD.
'ES WIT? COMIMiTINO (JIM;
12c per 100 i?s;;
'ant to get well,' do not experiment.'
ir placing your ease in expert' bands:'
ny form of deception. "Vvc have ri?,
ic to deceive sick, but every ease put.
s positively guaraiitced'by Not a JJol
Curcd, and weare the only-Special- .
lied a reputation for curing the allict
and also SKIX.LVUT, treatment; for jany
.Y, for method of Homo Treatment .
I & COMPANY,
italogue of t he
I VERS IT Y OF NASHVILLE. '.
lecture courses, each followed by a .
courses, and. three - hours ot. clinical
:qipped- with modern apparatus and
.1. DiLL?iuj JACOBS, M. I);; Sec.,
South Market St., Nashville; Tenn.
TA, S. C. '
dal shapes to order. Fire Proof .Te
1 orders for thousands or Tor million
arid for Stenographers, typewriters
1LLEGE, Columbia, S. C.
rraphcr, President. ' >*
o f South Ca.ro t [aa,
I'Ul !.; ON lor C..lle/<iate Year
begins Fepr. 2:1 d, 1903. 1
A. E SPENCER. ?
BER 3c MFG. GO.
ITERIOR PUNISH, MOULD
a, 'S. C.
e I - All Drug and Tobacco
I . . . Habits. "
nst i1 ii to, <> ? o. YifffiB
mbia, S. C.*, Confidential correspond-'
1854.' - : -.- ~- .i'X2-'03.-'
GREEPILLE. FEMALE COLLEGE.
. Greenv5lle,,S. 0.
College of highest grade. -Degrees
courses and specials. Faculty of 18.
Greatly improved equipment. Pirren
mountain water. Climate rarely
equalled. For catalogue and terms
write E. C, JAMES, LITT. D'., Pres.
Wilson's Freckle Cure.
to rein ove
and Bi m pies
al so as a
Money r e
turned if lt
?Oo. Trial si
5c postage. .
If not sold by your druggist, write
I. It. WILSON & CO,
Charleston, S. C.
Standard size Fire Brick and the
finest of Fire Clay at prices that (WilL.
get your business.
The Brick are perfect in manufac
ture and the Clay ls the stuff that
lasts in thc hottest of fires. .
Send us your inquiries and you will
award us your orders.
SHAND BUILDERS SUPPLY CO.,
015 Blain S?-.^CoTinribla/S <J
CA KS A R'S HEAD, S. O. n
.1,000 feet above tim sea. Views Info
several States. Temperature from 50
tb 75;degrees. Dry air, breezy nights.
Crystal spring waler. Popular resort.
Home life'for guests. Telephone and
daily mails. Resident, physician. Fur
man University Hotel. Hack linc
from Brevard, N.C.,or Greenville, S.
C. Reasonable rates. Open from June
lol i.. ^ w.x,. "11...- :..r->...u
tntu X\J * 'v 1 ? i ni . i in ...uiiui IIIIUIUII,-'
l ion write to j. E. G WIN N, Mgr.
Caesar's Head, S. C..
Henry N. Snyder Litt, D,, M. A.,.
President. Nine. professors. FD.U ri
courses leading to the A. ft. Degree.
Gymnasium under director. Athletics?
Grounds^ Course of lectures by the'?
ablest men on the .plaHorm.^Ncxti.
Session begins Sept. 23, 1003'. .
.I.A. CA M IO WELL, SEC' Y,
W off ord College Fitting School.
Twbnty-tw? bcd rooms, dining hall,,
class rooms and study hall all under
one roof. Steam heat and electric
A. M. DUPRE, II EA ? MASTER,
Spartanburg, S. C.