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: '?DO THOU LIBERTY GREAT. INSPIRE OUR SOULS AND MAfcl^HJR LIVES IN 'PHY POSSESSION HAPPY, OR OUR DEATHS GLORIOUS IN THY CAUSE." .]??_' . ? :'.
VOL. XXVII. BENNETTSVILLE, S. C., FMpAY, FEBRUARY 13, 1903. NO. 14.
Shoots t? Death th? United States
fi Consul at Beirut.
OUR GOVERNMENT DEMANDED
Immediate llcpnrntiuit Fron? Turkey
:'. ?'or tlie Ci hue and Will Bond
War VCSBOIB lo tho JScene
Tim?bate Department at Washing
ton .ieee! yeti a cablegram on Thurs
day f rom Minister Leishman at Con
stantinople announcing that William
O. Mageissen, United States vice con
sul at Beirut, Syria, was assassinated
Sunday while riding in a carriage.
Thc American minister immediately
brought thc crime to the attention of
the government and demanded action
by Turkey. Acting Secretary Loomis
cabled Minister Leishman instructing
him to demand the immediate arrest
and punishment of the persons guilty
of tho murder. No demand for money
indemnity for the man's family has
yet been made, but that prubably will
follow. Minister Leish man's cable
gram was dated Thursday and staled
that tho assassination occurred Sun
day, tho minister being Informed of
the crime by Consul Ravudal. The
consul stated that the murderer was
not seen and is not known.
NO P AKTICU L A its VET;
The announcement of the assassi
nation of the American vice consul,
following so soon upon the assassina
tion of a Russian consul in Turkey,
crea.ted strong comment in oUleinl
circles and thc suggestion was made
that such fretiuent assassinations in
-dicate the disturbed condition of
affairs in the Turkish dominations.
Minister Leishman gave no particu
lars of the assassination and tbc stale
?department has no information as to
the cause of thc murder. The Ameri
can government will insist that the
local authorities be punished if they
were derelict in their duty and thal
full measure of punishment bc given
the actual perpetrators of the outrage.
Beirut is a city on the eastern shore
of tlic Mediterranean sea and is a
place of considerable commercial im
ntOSU'T AND VIGOROUS ACTION.
Prompt and vigorous action is be
ing taken by the United States govern
ment to secure the punishment of
those persons implicated in tlic
assassination. Minister Llesbmari, at
Constantinople, who reported tlic fact
t? the state department, has been in
structed by the state department to
demand a thorough investigation of
the affair and tlic punishment of those
;: involved in the crime and the Furo
ucrm ^ouadron; ? consisting-of-t-hrr?r
warshlps, linn heeu ordered to proceed
immediately to Beit ut lo support the
demands of thc United State minister
should this bc found necessary.
Thc determination t? lose no time
in getting the squadron to Beirut was
also due in part to information receiv
ed by acting Secretary Loomis of the
state department Thursday night
from the president of tho American
Board of Missions at Boston indicating
that an attempt had been made to
burn thc Euphrates college buildings
at ITarpoot. Thin dispatch said:
''Information just received that an
attempt has been made to burn the
Euphrates college buildings. Condi
tions increasingly alarming. Great
anxiety felt for the safety of Ameri
can citizens there."
SAILED AT ONCE.
Acting Secretar} Loomis cabled to
Minister Leishman at Constantinople
to make immediate demands on the
porte to take adequate measures for the
protection of all Americans at Beirut
and to prevent any attack on the col
lege buildi'igs. Admiral Colton, who
was directed to hold his squadron in
rediness to proceed at a moment's no
tice to Beirut cabled the navy depart
ment as follows, under date of Nice,
"Cable just received. Machias at
Genoa for coal. Brooklyn has seven
days, San Francisco six and a half
days coal at ten nots. Cannot exceed
that speed willi Machias, lr squad
ron going west should coal at Mar
seilles, if east at Genoa.
Admiral Cotton's instructions are td
sail at once.
It is estimated that tho Brooklyn
going at full speed can reach Beirut
within six days
THE WILEY TU lt KS.
Acting Secretary Loomis received a
rather remarkable cablegram from
Minister Leishman in which tlic iat
tcr states that lie bad called at thc
Turkish foreign oft icc at Constanti
nople lo inquire about the assassina
tion of tlic United States vice consul
and that thc minister of foreign af
fairs emphatically denied any know
ledge of thc report. I Ie also attempted
to discredit it. The cablegram gave
no other information. Acting under
thc instructions ol' Hie president that
Admiral Cotton's squadron bc directed
to proceed immediately to Beirut,
Mr. Darling cabled the admiral lo
this clieut at Nice, directing him to
go to Beirut at once. The president's
instructions on this point will be car
ried out to tho letter.
UK WAS NOT KU,I,Kl).
A decidedly new turn In tho case of
the United Stales vice consul, Win.
C. Magclssun, at Mei rut Syria, who
was reported to have, bern assassinat
ed last Sunday, developed Sunday
night when it became known that t hc
report was incorrect, and that al
though Air Magclsscn had been shot
at bc had not even been injured. This
information carno, to thc state depart
ment tonight in a dispatch from
United States Minister Leishman at
Constantinople, who said Ibo mistake
in making the original announcement
was due to an error in thc transmis
sion of thc ciplicr dispatch from Con
sul Ilavadal at Beirut In reporting the
incident to thu minister. .
A cloudburst struck thc vicinity of
Mayesvillc, Kas., bri Tuesday, causing
tim Big Blue river to rise If? feet in a
fow hours, sweeping away many hous
es in Hie lowlands and drowing one
JCALEB POWERS TO HANG.
November IWih Plvc? ns tho Day for
The third trial of cx-Secretary of
State Caleb Towers for complicity
in .the murder of Gov. William
Goebel, in January, 1900, closed
shortly before noon Saturday with
a verdict, . imposing the extreme
penalty of hanging for the distin
guished prisoner who had been in tho
penitentiary for three years ou life
sentence. Thc verdict of tile Jury:
."Guilty and tile punishment, or
death," was reported Into court at
11.20 Saturday. Several hundred peo
ple crowded the court room when the
verdict was read and the most intense
silence prevailed. Tho jury'Was poll
ed and each man declared thc verdict
of guilty to be his li tiding.. Powers
sat unmoved while his attorneys asked
for time to make a motion for a new
Arthur Goebel, the brother of the
victim and a prominent merchant at
Cincinnati, who hus spent his time
and fort une, for over three years in the
piosoeullon or those accused of being
in a con-piracy lo kill his" brother,
broke down fi oin the si rain upon hear
ing the verdict.
Towers lias been convicted twice be
t?re, this being the third trial In
which thc jury brought in a verdict
of guilty against bim. Oh his previ
ous trials lie escaped with a life sen
tence, as the evidence was nob sulll
ciently strong against him to lead thc
jury lo intlicllng tho extreme penalty.
All three of the trials were held at
Georgetown and in each ot them he
had the assistance of thc mo it able
lawyers who could be procured.
Thc last trihi was distinguished by
thc fact that Towers addressed thc
jury in his own behalf and In a long
review of the case showed himself to
bc a competent attorney, while his
eloquence in pleading for his life as
tonished those who had watched him
carefully in the past trials of the
Special Judge Hobbins this Satur
day afternoon formally overuled a mo
tion for the granting of a new trial to
Powers. He Iben passed (.he sentence
pf death upon him. After a declara
tion id' the prisoner, "1 am notguilty,
judge," the court lixed November 2f>th
next as thc days for thc execution.
The attorneys fur the defendant se
cured the granting of an appeal for
thc case to thc Kentucky court of
Powers was immedlatily removed to
thc Scott county jail tn be held there
pending the appeal of his case.
SEVEN LIVES LOST.
As n Kt-siiH of.a Severe New York
During ibo height of the storm
Wednesday a huge derick on thc
Central railroad of New Jersey bridge
across Nesvark bay from Bayonne to
Elizabeth, was swept from its sup
ports into the water, carrying with it
a number of workmen. Four of a
thc men were drowned and several
badly injured. At least t?0 men weie
at work on the bridge at a point half
ii mile from the Bayonne shore. The
top of tho derrick was 180 feet from
the water and nine men working at
various points up the huge structure,
Gustave Fisher of Bayonne being on
thc very top of lt.
Strange to say, he was about the
only one to escape Injury. Eight men
were on the ladder attempting to de
scend to a place of safety when the
storm broke. Fisher at thc very top
of the great pole realized that it was
impossible for him to reach the bridge
sb he clung to the ringging. The wind
struck the derrick and swept it into
Ihe water. Of the eight men, John
J. CouiOh and Charlie 'Bingley of
Jersey City, John McFaun of Rayonne
and Otto Ellinson of New York, went
down under the timbers and were
either dished to death or drowned.
Daniel Murphy of Olean, "N. Y., was
caught in the falling mass, and al
though taken out alive has little
chance of living. Three others fell
05 fact, but were able to swim ashore.
Gustave Fisher, still clinging to the
rigging at thc topmost part of the
pole, described a great circle and fell
plumb into thc center of the channel.
When he came to the surface he swam
Will do Settlement Work.
Misjsj Ruth Bryan, daughter of W. J.
Bryan, has been spending several
weeks in Chicago. One of the objects
of her trip was a visit to the Hull
House settlement at Halstead and
Polk streets, an institution supported
by charities for the benefit of the
poorer classes and conducted by Miss
.lane Addams, thc noted sociologist.
Miss Bryan will become a member of
thc Hull House stall'soon, Miss Bryan
is 10 years of age. She has been a
Student at the University of Nebraska
during the past two years. She is a
young woman of unlimited energy and
witli ambition to accomplish some
thing in thc way of assisting thc class
of children fostered by Mi:;s Addams
and others interested in such work.
The Muli House was founded In a
small way through thc ell'orts of Miss
Addams about ten years ago. Miss
Brynn and her mother have been deep
ly interested iii Hie settlement for a
long time lind while thc position will
demand a sacrifice to Miss I? ry an, she
feels that sile will be engaging in
pleasant and meritorious work.
A Mystery ortho Deep.
A launch party .'arrived[at Hertford
N. C., early Wednesday morning,
bringing with them the body of G.
Wallace lliddick, which was round
near Elizabeth City, Ed gc Held ?. C.
lliddick left his home at Hertford a
week ago to join a house party at
Nags Head, N. C., and was last seen
?i few minutes prior to the departue of
the steamer from Elizabeth City.
His baggage was round aboard the
steamer, the next morning but llid
dick was reported missing. When bc
left home lie had $12.r,'ou lils person,
although but *<> were in his pockets
when his body was found. The cor
oner's jury rendered a verdict of acci
dental drowning, but lt is thought by
many that he was robbed and thrown
And Discuss Lynch Law and the |
Cause of lt.
ONLY ONE DISCARDANT SPEECH.
Tho Negroes Say They Look to tho]
White People to Holp
< Them to 'Uplift
There met in Columbia on Tuesday
of last week nearly a hundred negro'
men whose purpose is to put them-,'
selves on.record as denouncing the
crime willoh provokes lynchings and
t<> formulate an appeal to the white
people to put down mob law. These'
men can hardly he called represonta
tives or their race, for they are of an
order of intelligence whieh is above
the average of the colored people. But
they are the exponents of that race
and the advocates for their people.
Tho following account of the proceed
ings wc clip from TheSt-utte:
snouLi) nu NO KACK, HATUED.
In opening the convention's pro
ceed ings^Rov. M. Q. Johnson said that)
these foul crimes bf which negroes
have beeu accused aro painful lo the
hearts of all true colored citizens who
want it understood thal) they emphat
ically denounce that particular class of
crime and most bitterly condemn the
perpetrators. The object of this meet
ing is to take steps for the higher
moral elevation or that class which
would commit such crimes and to ap
peal Tor the suppression or. mob vio
lence, not only because Nie innocent
sometimes sulfur its punishment, bub
because the habit of lynch law will yet
lind for its victims persons guilty of
crimes less revolting.
It appears that now there is an en
mity between thc races which God
Almighty never intended. As lornas
such sentiments are fostered, * Leads
I of a tough clement of negro0 will be
regarded as characteristic o hat en
tire race, and thc lawlessness of a bad
element of white people will bc looked
upon as the expression of the entire
"With the help of God we will cor
rect the evil in our own race," ha said,
"and wo appeal to the white people to I
remove those grievances of .which wa
now complain." The true negro citi
zen, he said, longs to see that day
when we will have the protection of
law in the pursuit of happiness and
when the white people can go away |
from their homes and leave their fain-1
Iles secure In the knowledge that they
will not be harmed or molested.
The speaker complained rather bit
terly because some of thc leaders of I
his race and some of thc rac? papers
had criticized the spirit of this con
vention even before thor-convention
nan met,- ana-nir-r-atiud 'upon bimo*
who were opposed to tho movement bo
come anyway and witness what was
done. Otherwise by their negative in
lluencc they would be responsible to
God if in auy way they contributed to
thc failure of this movement which
has good for its object.
The meeting was then declared open
AN INKLAMITOltY 81'EEC'H.
"Is lynching ever justifiable, or docs I
it lessen the crime for which lt isl
done." That was the subject of an ad
dress by Rev. M. W. Gilbert, a teach
er in Benedict college, ile made thc
broad statement that lawlessness is
not a cure for lawlessness. Lynching
? ls a direct reversion to barbarism, to
the time when private vengeance was]
resorted to as the way in which bo set
tle disputes. It is thc execution of I
vengeance and is not justice. It is the
expression of race prejudice, and race |
prejudice is thc mother of injustice,
lt is a remedy to cure negroes of crime
while white pooplc go free.
He declared lynching to be thc out
come ol race prejudice, but his re
marks at this point were not calcu
lated to make thc convention think
any thc more kindly of the white peo
ple. Lynching, he declared, is unjus
tifiable because it is not confined to
punishment for a certain crime. He
declared that negroes should help the
legally appointed otllecs in finding
criminals. Every criminal, white or
black, ls thc enemy of society, and I
should be turned over to thc law. If|
lynching should stop, negroes would
join hands with thc white people in
running criminals down.
Lynching is unjustifiable because it|
is a confession that the law is impo
tent in taking care of society. It is I
said that the womera upon whom tile
crime is wrought ought not to bel
brought into the court room. That is
no excuse for lynching. The white
people have, courts, they have thc leg
islative halls. Let them pass a law
excluding from the court room all but
the jurors and thc judge. Lynching
is unjust!liable because it is inadequate
as punishment. The negro who is
lynched does not suffer sufficiently, as
he would do in jail, at thc trial and
on the gallows. Tho trial would give]
greater publicity and would bc more)
of an example to others.
In connection with this point bel
made thc significant statement that]
intelligent negroes lia ve never yob dis
graced IheLr race with tills terrible
crime, and he appealed for more
schools and a longer school term.
Lynching ls iinjustliable because,
being criminal in ils nature it, begets
crime, for ono crime begets another
frequently. He concluded by saying
that lynching is crime, lynching is
murder, lynching is anarchy ant
archy is bell. '
COMMON SENSE SPEECH.
The spoaoh which had moro com
mon sense in it, and yet was delivered
in a scholarly style, was from tho Rev
et. T. Dillard, ii 1'resbytcrian mission
ary. While ho spoke loyally andi
proudly of Iiis own raoc, there was j
ind hing bf unkindness for the other
race In a word that lie said. Ile llrst
told or Hie necessity or making the
home attractive and of impressing upon
thc minds of thc children lessons of
tr th and honor. There arc many such I
homes among negroes, but there are
too many which arc vicious. And In
building thc home, lot tho deeds to
tho property be in the negroes own
name, for the children will esteem lt
more highly than a "hired house." ll*
TO GOVERNOR HEY WARD.
lu nu Open Letter Local Negroes E2n*
tlorse His Adinlnlstration.
Much Interest is being taken by the
negroes of Spartan burg in. the anti
lynching convention which was called
by Ilev:M.G.Johnson and other colored
laen to meet in Columbia Wednesday.
In connection with this thc Journal
has received the communication pub
lished below. This is in the form of
an open letter to Governor Ileyward
andds said to express thc sentiments
of "all law abiding citizens of our
race ia this section."
TO THE OOVHUNOIl.
We the undersigned colored ^peo
nie of Spartanburg Comity do heartily
endorse your administration. We
know you have offered rewards for
those who have taken thc law In their
own-hands contrary to the constitu
Mon of this state. We feel lhat you
have done all you can to bring the
guilty parties Injustice But,, Gover
nor Ileyward, we as American" citi
zens and tax payers know that wc
cannot get justice under the present
condition of affairs. Now, Governor,
we know that you are powerless to en
force the law. We as colored people
ask you to sign this petition asking
the United Suites to help us emigrate
to a territory to ourselves that we
may serve God and not be the cause
of keeping either raceoutof thc klng
djm of Heaven.
Wc believe in abiding by the laws
of our country, and are unalterably
opposed to lynching, but we do stand
ready and willing at times to do all in
our power to bring criminals of our
race to justice, und are always glad to
see punishment meted to them accord
ing to the ennorinlty of their crime
and according lo the laws of our com
monwealth. Tile laws of our country
are uti ti rely in tho hands of the white
man, and while we abhor crime, we
do think that a better feeling between
the two races oould bc had If more
decisive steps were taken to prevent
(Signed) W. M. Moss,
the children are taught to be iodustri
ous and obedient they will not be rim
ing around the streets at nights and
getting into mischief. The next point
he stressed is thc fact that the schools
should teach such lessons as had been
started in the properly regulated
home. There arc 2,000,000* colored
children of school age in this country
and yet only one-third of that number
is at school. Ile urged the race to be
more cheerful and not be always pre
paring lo die and organizlngjburial aid
societies. The best way to prepare
to die is to prepare to live.
Ile theil touehe-dA^n-^Tta|^?r
tho qiiestion willoh required some
statesmanship to handle-tho negro
preacher. For years, he said, the ne
gro was led blindly by the carpet bag
gers and thc scalawags and scoundrels
who had come here. Now the great
est monopoly in the world is that of
the negro preachers. They control
the negroes almost absolutcfy and vet
it is said that of tho 20,000 negro
preachers half can read only with the
greatest dilllculty. Ile paid a splendid
tribute to the honest, educated
preacher who has dug out the beauties
of the Bible in many languages. But
there are hundreds of the negro
preachers who arc absolutely corrupt
"and wc preachers must-get together,
get down to business and put the ras
cals out," he said. Better homes, bet
ter schools and fumigate thc ministry
was his remedy for thc criminal as
saults of which thc race is licensed.
IC. J. Sawyer, a negro lawyer of
Bennettsville, spoke also. His theme
was an appeal to thc intelligent and
humane white citizens of this country
for a more faithful enforcement of the
law against mob violence. He said
that it is beyond the power of thc ne
groes to mete out just and legal
punishment, and they can Only appeal
for thc punishment to bc just and
legal. The lesson is entirely lost when
thc punishment is conspicuously il
legal, and thc party who is so dealt
with may be regarded by Iiis neigh
bors more as a martyr than as a bruit
ish criminal. There were 87 lynch
ings id the south alone last year, and
it is estimated pated in those crimes.
They are guilty, murderous, riotous,
and yet allowed to go free. What will
the harvest be? There is a remedy
and it eau bc found by thc coopera
tion of the law fearing negroes and
thc crime detesting white peoplo.
Ile was followed by Rev. R. E. Wall
of Columbia who was assigned to
speak upon the question, "How can
more kindly relations be established
between thc raeas." He advised the
negroes to assure thc white people that
tiley are satisfied wi til their color and
to show them that ..o work is menial.
Ask thc white people merely to treat
them as men, pay them their Just due
and get out of the negro's sunlight and
"our hearts best blood shall be theirs."
Thc last speaker was G. W. Murray
of Sumter, who once represented
thc negroes In congress, lie denied thc
fact shat negroes seek social equality.
The convention ended Wednesday
morning after having formed a perma
nent organization and after, ha vint,?
adopted ah address to bb issued tb the
peoplo of South Carolina- particularly
to tho while people. In forming a
permanent organization, the purpose
is have a state association wi iii 41 vice
presidents and ll assistant secretaries
who shall be the presidents and secre
taries bf the respective county asso
ciations. Those county associations
are to get up picnics and gatherings
at which thc people of thc race will bu
addressed upon common sense topics
and ah cjTorfc made to get Hiern to
build their own homes and to become
moro Interested in the good tilings thc
world around them. Rev.' M. (!,
Johnson was elected president, Rev.
G. T. Dillard vice president, aud Rev.
J. A. Urown secretary.
Almut a (tiri.
Wd Robinson and Samuel Lusk
fought about a girl at Mount Vernon(
Ind., on Monday and Lusk was stab
bed and killed, the girl being ii witness
to tho tragedy.
ISSUES AN ADDRESS.
WhaH?? Negroes Have to Say io the.
W?ST?- LYNCHING STOPPED,
But ills Very Iiittle to' Say About
ti?e . Oriuio Hint . Causes'
mv- ? <
. ,MIt and Condemns It
Thp'?o?ilowing is tile address issued
l)y the dog ro convention to"the white
peuple nf? tho State. Perhaps the ad
dress may lie disappointing to those
white'p??plb who might have expect
ed something di li?rent from what was
adoptefl--^something^ which would
acknowledge tho-crime. which' has
caused so many lynchings?., and which
would appeal,to tho ^white, people to
stop .lynchings*upon the promise ,of
the negroes; that they would endeavor
to restrain the >rutish Clement of
their race from crimes of passion.
Wc. .the. colored citizens of South
Can lina in convention.; assembled,
desire" .ti) direct the attention of'thc
law-abiding white oitizens-of the State
lo theialarruing amount of lawless
ness ' that is being practiced in the
Slate which is disturbing the peace
and gora order or society, generally,
creating1 much bad feeling and anta
gonism ?between . .thc races . and en
dangering thc lives of many citizens
by raohiviolencc. It is well known
that in the majority ol' instances where
for any^'Cause a clinically occurs be
tween a/ whitc and colored mao, thc
latter lias nothing like an equal show
ing before-cqurts if at all permitted
to come to trial. It cannot bo denied
that lf a colored man is accused of
any serious crime in which thc in
terests fof a white man is involved,
especially If the crime results in per
sonal injury to the latter, a lynching
is likely to take place. .
Whenever thero has been a sem
blance bf race riot in South Carolina
.thc prlucipal cause was the attempt
of white men to punish crimes charg
ed against negroes, instead of invok
ing tbef. law. Numerous Instances
could he. cited in proof of this fact and
wc venture to challenge tho impar
tial public -to cite a single instance to
Thc negro in South Carolina has no
voice or ; participation In the enact
ment or tho enforcement of the law.
We therefore, appeal to the white
people for the proper enforcement of
thc lawv'.whlch they themselves have
made, for ; wo havo relied upon the
promises.cf protection and equality
before thc -law made by the late Gov.
\y&de?,l?mptoii and .successors and
endo:' by the law-abiding citizens.
iii'groe?--- .tye do iiob7a?tfy-;u?au
negro A .co"furnishes - an alarmingly
large . ^ cent, of the criminal class
ef South'Carolina, and we do not con
done their crimes. We denonnce tho
crime of rape as inhuman and brutal
and those who commit it should be in
flicted with the serveres* punishment
provided by law, butrhold that thc
heinousness of thc crime should
strengthen the demand of a jury trial.
We feel assured that thc better class
of white citizens do not believe that
the better class of colored citizens
would harbor or conceal any member
of tlic race who is accused of crime
from the properly constituted au
thorities. We jfcnouneo lynching as
unlawful, and therefore unjustifiable
under any circumstances and wc re
gret that not even a liberal reward by
the governor will secure thc identifica
tion and arrest of white lynchers in
South Carolina. We do not recall a
single instance where white lynchers
have been convicted in this State, but
it is on record that for thc one and
only instance where (in the county of
Pickens) negroes lynched a white
rapist, thc lynchers wore tried and
convicted. We deplore thc unreliable
methods used by the State press and
hy the management of the Associated
l'ress dispatch olllcers in the State to
secure correct reports of crimes alleg
ed to have been committed by negroes.
Too often sensational reports that ex
cited little or no interest in the locali
ties where the alleged offenses occurr
ed are sent out by thc press- And
lynching parties have probably benn
organized under excitement resulting
from such reports.
Wc deplore the cruel and inhuman
attacks upon the negro race that are
hoing made by tlic senior United
States senator from South Carolina
and prayerfully hope that the good
white pe?ple of thc State do not en
dorse his views. We are surprised
that those high In authority, State or
federal, would make utterances cap
riblc of the inference that the better
slass of negroes should bc held any
more responsible for the morals, pover
ty or crimes of their race than the
better class of other races composing
thc republic should be for theirs. The
negro proves no less responsive to the
ilvtllzrhg inlluenccs in American life
than any other race. Further we de
clare that thc gross crimes charged
against the race are not committed by
the educated and self-respecting class.
To our mind this is a forcible argu
ment favorable to the extension of
thc school terms and the improve
ment of our educational facilities.
We entertain the hope that the sen
timent expressed by thc cx-govcrnor
In the following, "'lt ls not necessary
to worry about thc negro he is getting
til thc education which rs provided
now and could get no more under com
pulsory attendance," does not prevail.
Why is not compulsory education as
necessary for the colored child ron as
for any other Class of children? Why
mould wc expect an illiterate negro
Lo be a more law-abiding citizen than
in indolent whit? man? Wc most
tiarnestly appeal to those in authority
fora continuance of their efforts on
behalf of thc colored schools, which
tliey declare to be one of the most In
dispensable helps in the improvement
of thc race.
Wc pledge ourselves to -earnestly
and faithfully advise our people to ab
stain from all lawlessness and the
habits of shiftlessness, and vagrancy.
Wc further pledge ourselves to sup
port thc negro pulpit and press in de
A tfOO? TALK ?
On tho Race Question from William
Jennings Bryan. >?
SAY8 IT IS NATIONAL IN SCOPE;
Biaihes'niu i'ront?cnt lor Injactin'ig
Soolul ulnuallty IH Politics, "
and Knitting in tho Nf?ru
The following article, from the nen
of Don. J. W. Bryan wc take from a
recent number of The Commoner.
Un another page will bc found a
letter recently written by President
Roosevelt tb Governor purbin'outhe
Bubject of lynching.". Forgetting for
the present the failure of the presi
dent.to enforce the law against the
trust magnates and Governor Durbln's
'refusal to deliver to Kentucky authori
ties a Republican ex-governor charged
with murder, let us consider the sub
ject of mob law as lt is related to the
race question. The p.esldent is right
in protesting against mob law-ltcin-^
not be def* tidsd. lt is a reflection on
the people if legal means of puishmciit
arc adequate and effective, and it is a
rellection on thc government if the
people have reason to distrust Its
ability to enforce the law. All will
agree will) the president that, punish
ment should not only bc sure, but
should bc as swift ?is a due regard to
the rights of thc accused will permit!
Whatever punishments are sanctioned
by public opinion should be embodied
in tlic law and In thc case of crimes
against women thc laws should bc
such-even though a constitutional
amendment were necessary to secure
it-that the victim of the. outrage
will he protected from thc humiliation
of having to gWo testimony before a
erowd of curious, but disinterested,
The president is also "to'bc com
mended for having coupled a denuncia
tion of rape with a condemnation of
lynching. Too many cry out against
thc lawless punishment without say
ing anything against tlic horrible
crime which arouses the auger of the
people. If some of thc enthusiasm
that is spent in passing resolution
denouncing mob law was employed lu
condemning the unspeakable beastial
ity that provokes summary punish
ment there would be fewor instances
of mob law. Tho fact that the presi
dent did not specifically mention
southern lynchings shows that the
lynchings and - burnings in northern
states have conri?ced *him that race
prejudice is us strong in- Illinois, In
diana, Delaware, and 'Kansas as lu
Mississippi, Georgia, ' ; Alabama, or
/^u4 7 - - -Min this connection *?.
consider race- pie] udrtf?Tor^a-^'dm-?tft
in connection with mob law. That'
there's such a thing must be admitted.
It is written on every page of history
and is not likely to disappear soon, lt
must be remembered, too, boast the
negro has as much prejudice against
the white man as the white man hos
against tho negro, and if the negro
was in a position to rule the white
man there is no reason to doubt that
the white man would havo reason to
complain. This was apparent in the
carpet-bag days and is apparent to
day wherever it can find expression.
A sense of justice, however, restrains
this prejudice and it is not often that
either the white man or tho negro
says anything in "thc presence of the
other that is calculated to offend.
Color is not a matter of choice, neither
can it be changed by will or by law:
lt ls, therefore, as unkind to taunt a
man with being black as it is un
reasonable for a black man to be an
gered by such a taunt.
A man is to be pjraised or blamed
according to thc usc he makes of his
talents or opportunities, not by his in
herited advantages. The fact that a
negro is -lynched by a mob beeause of
an outrage upon a woman ought noto
to increase the race prejudice that
exists. White men are lynched for
the same crime. Neither must the
white man's fadings towards the ue
gro be judged by his conduct when
under great excitement. Man mad is
an entirely different creature from
man deliberate. Men in anger have
killed fathers, wives, brothers, sons
and friends-they have broken every
tic of love and kinship.
Suffrage qualifications cannot be at
tributed entirely to race prejudice for
suffrage qualifications arc to be found
in nearly all countries and have been
employed in many of our own states.
They have been employed by white
men against members of the white race
and by people of every color against
people of their own color. Woman
suffragist complain that women are
disfranchised and such disfranchise
ment cannot be explained on the
ground of race prejudice either, for
husband and wire, mother and son,
are not only of the same race, but are
linked together by the strongest bonds
known. The suffrage amendments in
the south, so much complained of by
Republican politicians, are not nearly
to severe as thc Republican colonial
policy In thc Philippines.
First-In every southern state some
of Hie negroes can voto now, and all
others can qualify themselves for
suffrage; in the Philippines the in
habitants are permantly disquallticd.
Second-The negroes in the south,,
even when they cannot vote, have the
protection of fodoral and state con
stitutions; the Filipino has no con
stitutional protection whatever.
noupcing all criminal acts on tlic part
o? our race.
Werurther pledge ourselves to unite
with our white fellow citizens lu- all
lawful raethodu for tho apprehension
air.l arrest of all persons who may bo
charged with crime, and pledge our
cooperation with the white ministry,
press and law-abiding citizens in tho
creation of ? healthy sentiment in thc
Interest of law and order.
Signed by O. 1). Robinson, chair
man; W. P. Carolina, Jacob Mooter,
E. J. Sawyer, Ll; E. Wall, J. B. Man
cebo, R. II. Richardson, E. IL Wil
son, M. Q. Rhodes, S. E. Smith, A.
G. Townsend, Geo. T. Dillard and J.
A". Brown, secretary.
' Third-The negroes In the south
live, under the laws 'that tho white
man makes for himself; 'the .Filipino
livos under laws that wo. maka lui
him and would ndf live under our
selves/*; ,:>-t ? '..../.... -<.'
While the brownrman-pf.tho Orient
fs'faring worse than tho black man In
tlie sou Lb, the Kepa bl lean leaders aie
stirring * up/race .antagonism in. this
country ip orjder.to keep .tho colored
vote solid for >*he Republican ."party.
Even tlie president hus contributed
more than his share to tho agitation.7
Wheo he has appointed a colored-mau
to office tte has done it. wi tl; a nourish
of trumpets'and a brass band, accoba
paniracnt that the world might know
that thc "door" was wideop*cn;: When"
a colored . postmistress was objeotcd
to be refused to allow her to resign
and closed tho qlllce-and .did It allay
race prejudice? No; ll il jd more to
excite race prejudice thatl any ten
colored appointments that President
McKinley: mude... The Booker. -T.,
Washington dinner at the White
house did even moro tban the Indla
nola postoaice incident to excite race |
prejudice. . .
The president sur.elydid uot. intend
to inject the question of social,equali
ty Into politics, for on that issue he
could not carry a state in the Union;
then why arouse the colored people to
expect social ci.aallty or agitate the
whites-: with thc fear of lt? It is a
grievous nils'.tko to turn the negro's
thoughts from the substantial advan
tages Of industrial, intellectual and
moral progress to the .unsubstantial
promises of social recognition. The
amalgamation of thc races is not tile
solution of the race question, and that
would. bo tho logical result of social
equality. .In their natural right-to
life, liberty and the pursuit of happi
ness thc wiiite man and the black man
are equal and these rights should be
protectod with jealous care. Educa
tional advantages should be open tb
both races and both should be en
couraged.to-secure all thc mcnt.il dis
Whether the more advanced race
should fix suffrage qualifications for
the less advanced ls a question to be
determined by the facts in the case,
but it. is safe to say that on this sub
ject the people of tho north would be
mueh like the people of the south if
they were compelled to meet the
As to social equality there should be
a. frank- and candid understanding.
There is no ditTerenco on this subject
betwoen the white people of the north
and tho white people of tho south.
The color line is drawn by Republi
can families as distinctly as it is by
Democratic lamllles, as distinctly by
northern fannies as by southern fami
lies. There is moro friendliness and
helpfulness where this Is recognized
than where it ls loft in doubt and un
The white race ought tb recognize
tho rights of the black r?*ce and lend
it every possible assistance. The
.waites pf tho south, are^taxing. thmn-.
ae?,y??j'-v-ftO -.Tj'i'.i ?.???> -' ;>...?,. c->
darker skin, while Republican 'pollfcl
?ians iu the north are riding into of
fice on black votes and, while they ex
clude the colored people from their,
social functions, aro constantly trying
to array the southern negro against
the southern white man.
. There is another aspect of the ques
tion. The promise of social equality
-false as it is-encourages the edu
cated negro to hope to get away from
his race and thus, the race loses the
benefit that the more progressive ne
groes might brlug to it. Instead of
trying to bleach the face or to take
the kink out of the hair let the colored
man recognize that he is black by na
ture aud set to work to show what
one of his race can accomplish. No
upright, intelligent and law-abiding
colored man ever gets into trouble
himself or involves his people in a
race war. After the colored man has
established a reputation for virtue,
.sobriety and good sense, let him de
vote himself to thc building up of a
society that will satisfy his needs. If
he has daughters let him make them
worthy of the best young men of his
race; if he has sons, let him? make
them examples of industry and good
habits. To deserve respect and not
enjoy it is better than to enjoy respect
without deserving it, but to deserve
respect is the best and surest way to
A good character is more valuable
and moro permanent than a post?nico,
and nothing will do more to kill race
prejudice than the building up of
character. The white man needs to
be reminded, as the president sug
gests, that lawlessness is dangerous
and torture demoralizing to those who |
practice it, but the black mau must
also be cautioned not'to judge the
white man's life purpose by the pas
sions of an hour and lie should be
warned not to allow the vices and lusts
of thc most abandoned of hts race to
provoke hostility between himself and
the whites? Thc race question is here
and it will require thc intelligence
and the patriotism of thc people north
and south to settle it aright. It has
too long been used for political advan
Reports from Monastir, authenti
cated by the Russian and Austrian
consuls, give details of tho massacres
commltted'in the village of Armen
sko. The Turks destroyed 150 bous-.,
es, out of a total of 157. and massa
cred every man, woman and child.
The women were subjected to the
most terrible atrooltes by tho soldiers.
Eighty revolutionaries, captured at
Krushevo, and sent in chains in the
direction of Monstir, were slaughter
ed by the guards. The p-initary con
ditions of KruBhevo are revolting.
Thc dead aro lying In thc streets,
stripped of every garment. Tho
Turks even took the vestments off
thc body of a priest. The Turks mas
sacred all tho women and children
in twenty-two villages, and killed a
number of prisoners. Thc streets of
Krushevo arc strewn with dead. Thc
survivors arc afraid to bury thc bod
Worflt in Fifteen Yonr?.
Adrices from Belton, England, says
tho cotton trade is in a worse state
than for 15 years In consequence ot
the supply of cotton. Heavy demands
arc being made on the benefit socie
ties owing to the large number of per
sons who arc Idle.
HE GIVES UP.
Sir Thomar. Lipton Will Never Chai- ! [U
lenge Again Till Ho
FINDS A NAT HERRESHOFF.
A? Manly' Statement In Which tho
True Sportsman Confesses. IJ,??
Uirtnppolntment and Praises
th? Americans. '
Sir Thomas Lipton, the owner of
the Yacht, Shamrock III, which is
trying to win the cup now held hy
the Ne v York Yacht Club gi yes up
tlic light. Tho Reliance, tho cup
defender, has won two races, out of
the live anchwould have won the third
ono last ' Wednesday had'lt not been
a calm, which made the race a draw.- . ' v
The Reliance was far in the lead
when the race was called on*.
Sir Thomas Lipton, aboard tho
Erin, declared Friday, in an interview
thal he would never challenge again
for the American's cup until a mau
had been found in England who
equalled Nat I?erreshplf - in yacht
building. The baronet admitted his
disappointment at his failure and
frankly said that lie had no hope bf
winning even a,slnglc race. He said:
"American brains and development
have us beaten. If the day ever
?ornes when England produces a Iler
reshoff, then I will challenge for the
cup again. * It will not be until then.
It is unpleasant to be compelled to '
admit it, but the brains in boatbuild
ing are on this side of the. water.
llerreshofT ls a wizard. His work is
wonderful: none can have admired Re
liance more than I have. She ls tho
best boat by all odds and has won on'
"lam a most disappointed man.
My hopes were high when I left home. .
I surely believed I would carry back
the cup. "Wednesday's fluke only
prolonged the agony for mc. I don't
want to win on any slips and I re
gretted Reliance's failure to get over
the linc as much as any ono could.".
Sir Thomas was asked why lt was -
that Shamrock III was not given
more sail area. Ho replied that bc
trusted everything regarding con-.'V'lv^'
s traction and design to the best of
England's talent. Ile complimented
Capt. B?rr? and said that ho had no
fault to lind with the way In wlilch.
Shamrock had been handled.
"I hope," be said, "that we will get
a 25-knot breeze and a heavy sea to
morrow. Then -we will have had all
the chances on thc calendar to try out
Shamrock's qualities." The, baronet
praises the hosplt?lityiand. goiibrostty
of Americans and expressed .thc belief
that many of to>em wanted to see biro
Shamrock over the line ahead "if/.they
:.y.j .. Too Many Wives.
The Columbia State says: A shock..
lng story of the lightness with which
martial ties are regarded has reached
Columbia through the arrest of O. E.
Dennard, who Is charged with bigamy.
He has a wife living in Atlanta, and
.his second wife is In this city. He
himself was at one time a fl?gman in
the employ of the Southern and has
a number of acquaintances among the
railroad people, and they were very
-muth surprised. But thc story is told
by tho Atlanta papers. The Even
ing Nows says: "Because ho has one
more wife than the law allows, O. E.
Dennard, 33 years old, who formerly
resided in Atlanta, ls held a prisoner
at the police barrack. Dennard was
arrested Thursday morning at 151
Luckie street by Patrolman Phillips on
complaint of Mrs. Dennard No. 1.
A dispatch to the State says-Mrs.
Jane E. Boyescn left Spartanburg
Wednesday afternoon for a trip to tho
mountains of Western North Carolina.
She states that she will return In
time for the civil action which she
expects to bring against those who
have humiliated her and degraded her
by suspicioning her as a thief aud by
searching her trunks. Wednesday her
counsel, Mr. Stanyarnc Wilson and
Carlisle & Carlisle, fowarded to the
clerk of the United State court in
Charleston thc papers of a nuit for
$50,000, which Mrs. Boyeson will
bring for humiliation and degradation
and damage to character against the .
White Stono Llthia company, Jas.
T. Harris, J. B. Morgan and J. C.
To Shut Out Negroes.
A philanthropic organization in
New York city has announced a plan
to colonize 200 families of negroes
from the South in each county in In
diana and Southern Michigan. In thc
regions named there are few negroes,
and thc white population aro aroused
over the prospect of having the race
question brought to their doors. An
organization is in process of formation
to discourage the negroes, some of
whom have already arrived In Porter
county, thc idea being to adopt a pol
icy of non-intercourse with the blacks,
refusing to employ them, sell them
?mipplies, or rent or sell real estate to
A lighting Judge.
Judge Carroll L. Wood of tho
Arkansas supreme court, who isoppos
ing Gov. . Davis as a candidate for a
third terra, knoeked Gov. Davis.QiT a
speaking stand, fmir feet, to the
ground, during thc campaign at Bis- j*5
marok Wednesday. Gov. Davis was.,
not hurt and friends prevented further?
trouble. Judge Wood was immediate-::
ly arrested on a charge of. .assault and I
battery. Gov. Davis publi?ly asked
Judge Wood questions, and before
tliey cauld be fully answered intcrupt
cd with more questions, which so
angered Judge Wood that ho jjnocked
Gov. Davis from the platform. Later
thc matter wa? adjusted.
Negroes and Bicycles.
There arc thousands of bicyalcs be
ing sold this season through Ula
southern states, where tthc bicyclo
craze lias struck thc negroes, and tba
wheel has almost boen abandoned
by tho whites.