Newspaper Page Text
BENNETTSyiLLE,^. C., : PR?YJSEPTE&?ER: ll, 1908.
passenger Train on the Southern
Falls Through Trestle
VERY NEAR YOEKVI?iLE./.
nix Mon ltopoiteil Killed -.and Many
Moro Her iou Hi y Injured.
"""Crowd? Rn to their
? special from Charlotte to the
State says: Passenger train No. 15,
northbound, on the South Caroliua
und Georgia Extension railroad, for
merly the Three Cs, now operated by
the Southern raliway, went through
a trestle 50 feet high over Fishing
creek, three miles east of Yorkvllle,
about il.30 o'clock Thursday, killing
six men arid injuring 21, live of whom
will likely die. Three o? the latter
. are negro passengers.
Engineer Prick man.
Fireman Fred Rhyne.
Postal Clerk Smith and tl)ree un
Julius Johnson of Rock Hill, per
\ W. L. Slaughter, Hickory Grove,
Fred Poag, Lancaster.
P. W. Spence, lloddcys.
J. N. McLaurin, Bethume.
Tura. J. C. Boyd, Pressly, Ni C.
Mrs. H. B. Buist. Rock Hill.
B. F. Whitford; Charlotte.
T. C. Hicks, Lancaster, seriously.
W. Harry Wylie, Jr., Hock Hill.
Pv. A. Willis, Edgemoor.
T. M. Stephenson, Kershaw.
O. V. nail, Rock Hill.
Mrs. Sadie Mccaskill, Kershaw.
Two children named Jenkins of
Y Conductor Ed Turner.
Billie Beard. Rock lilli.
Frank Burris, Sharon.
Alex nurry, Mcconnel ls ville.
All thc bodies have been taken out
save those of thc engineer and Jire
HOW IT HAPPENED.
The train consisted of an engine
arid . three cars. It left Rock Hill
.' .>l,Vut~ll o'clock with about 40 passen
if- -?' ' 'ooaru; rrnnn cne'-Xiuiu uoaseu-i
i trestle the entire structure
im^ .ac-cars gave way, hurling the'
engine and cars to the bank of thc !
creek, about 50 feet below.
B. F. Williford of Charlotte, who
was. slightly injured, displayed rare
presence of mind in helping the pas
Thc timbers of the bridge were rot
ten and to this fact is ascribed thc
cause of thc wreck.
DETAILS OF THE ACCIDENT.
The State special correspondent
writing' from Rock Hill says: Pas
senger train No. 15, on thc old Three
Cs. Thursday morning broke through
the trestle over Fishing creek, about
ll miles west of Rock Hill and the
engine with three cars plunged 45
feet to the bcd of the little stream,
killing live men and injuring a num
ber of others.
Engineer Henry Brickman and Fred
Khvne are supposed to be under the
The postal clerk was killed and Iiis
mangled body was pulled from under
A darkey by the name of Burris
and another unknown darkey were
Julian Johnson, a son of Mr. J. B.
Johnson of this place, who was on
his way to Clemson, is seriously, per
haps fatally, injured. His forehead
is badly cut, his face and head bruised
and his ledg injured.
Vernon- Hall, son of Prof. R. W.
Hall, who was also on his way tu
Clemson, had his left thigh dislocated.
W. T. Slaughter, Hickory (?rove,
ii.tu m? iurenciiii > UL, ano oruiscu, a
rill broken and his left hand frac
T. C. Hicks, a drummer, got his
Mj:^rarr?A\?.?fj?ilttckshiirg has a leg
R. A. Willis, his right knee Injured
and mouth, chin and lower lip badly
Tobe Burris, a brother of Burris
who was killed, Iras ilie right side of
his face cut, and is suiTcring from
Peter Miller has his right leg broken
in two places, his left ann broken and
his forehead fractured.
Three ladies were oil thc train, but
escaped with slight injuries. They
were Mrs. H. B. Buist of Rock Hill,
Mrs. J. C. Boyd ot Iredcll county, N.
C., and Miss Sud ie Mccaskill of Ker
To look at the wreck it seems like a
miracle that any one escaped. In thu
bed of the creek, now almosfi dry, in a
frightful mass of ruins, iles tho train
and trestle, thc cars shattered into
splinters, the engine a wreck, the Lim
bers of the trestle broken.
The bridge was about 45 feet high
and something like 100 or 450 feet
long. Il simply broke through and
thc timbers are seemingly rotten, save
tlic very heart.
Baggage Master D. F. Dukes, it is
understood, saved Iiis life by jumping
f.om the car alter it had started
A special train from Rock Hill Look
all of the physicians of the city to thc
sollie of the wreck and also a trained
nurse dud a few others, among them
The Yorkvillc people had reached
tlie ground, there being many ladies
THE STORY KltoM YORK VI LLE.
Another of the State's correspon
dents special from York vii le says the
wreck on thc Southern railway three
miles east of this place Thursday was
most complo> and dreadful.
The Yorkvillc people generally,
many ladles amongst them, went to
the scene and rendered all the aid
they could to the injured. Crowds of
men, both whit? aud colored, workeu
manfully In trying to remove the
wreck, lt -was diillcult to get a list
of thc injured as some were brought
here and seine taken to Hock lilli.
The ladies of our town responded
promptly and went to the Parish betel
.and helped to prepare beds and cots
for the injured and also in minister
ing to the sufferers. Those taken to
the Parish hotel are: Mrs. Sarah
Waldron,' Bessemer City, N. C., cub
about face aud back wrenched; Mrs.
ll. B. Buist o? Winthrop college, cut
and bruised; Harry Wylie, Jr., Hock
1(111, face cut and shoulder badly
bruised: B. P. Whisonaut,..Blacks
burg, badly Injured internally; Mr.
Hicks of Lancaster, a traveling man,
thigh broken and other Injuries; A.'
H. Morrow, banker, Blacksburg,
thigh broken, severe injuries; Mr
Turner, conductor, badly bruised
about face and eyes injured.
At thc residence of Dr. A. Y. Cart
wright is IX F. Dukes of St. Georges,
express and baggage messenger, who
has severe bruises on both legs, and
two young men who were on their
way to Clemson college, Fred C. Poag
and Hazel Cunningham 'if Lancaster,
both shaken up and bruised but not
There arc several negroes lu town
who were bruised and cut but not se
lt was a fact of wonderment to all
who saw thc wreckage that this
trestle had not gone down before this
time, as some of the timbers wore very
Down on Washington.
Tlie suffrage league of Boston, a
negro organization Wednesday night
adopted resolutions declaring:
"Inasmuch us Bunker T, Washing
ton has glori lied tlie revised constitu
tion of the South, has minimized the
Jim Crow ease outrage, has attacked
the wsidom of the fourteenth and tif
tcchtli cmendments to the constitu
tion; lias deprecated the primary im
portance of the ballot, has preached
Lo thc colored people silent submission
to intolerable conditions and makes
Iiis people a. by-word and laughing
stock before the world, he is not a. flt
leader for thc colored race and no pre
sident who recognizes him as a politi
cal leader should receive the colored
vote of thc North.
"Therefore, since President Roose
velt has give him tlie charge of ap
pointment.", of all negroes of whatever
state in the Union, and has made him
the negro adviser as to all .policies
alfecting colored Americans, in thc
interests of our race wc call upon
President Roosevelt to dispense with
Mr. . Washington as our political
IOacnpe Convict's ?rltno.
'-.-V-JOU?-CHurn.u,'_n;ruVUBr,:-TV? no -vu row b?
fruin a Frisco train W?dnegday after
noon near Cordova, by Jell-Van Horn,
a convict who escaped from Jefferson
county jail some months ago. The
two quarreled on the thain and used
whiskey bottles as weapons. Clarke's
hold on a car platform rail was broken
by Van Horn, who cut his hands with
the broken glass. The train was run
ning rapidly and did not stop to learn
Clarke's condition, but he is believed
to have been killed. Van Horn was
arrested at Horse Creek after a des
A Murderous lat nat ic.
Aloysius Cavanaugh, 2(1 years old,
of Washington Grove, Md., a patient
in St. Agnes' sanitarium, near this
city, shot and instantly killed his
business partner, M. Hi Guiney of
Washington, D. C., this evening, and
turning thc revolver, which he had
surreptitiously taken to his room in
the institution, shot and killed him
self. Gavanaugh was under treatment
for nervous trouble, and, his pa titer
was in attendance upon him. Tlie
sister in charge of thc sanitarium
could give no explanation of the
New Counterfeit Note.
Thc secret service reports the Bos
ton, Mass., of a new counterfeit $10
national bank note. The description of
the note is as follows. "On thc Me
chanics National Bank of New Bed
ford, Mass., series 1882, check letter
B. charter No. 743, treasury serial
No. A?7055A, bank serial No. 1I7!>:1,
Bruce, register; Wyman, treasuer of
lim United .Slates. A good photograph
oh plain paper, no libre; member seal
and panel of hack tinted with thin
colors. This note should not deceive
any careful handler of money. The
negative, however, is a linc one."
At Pensacola, Fla., Louis W. Dun
ham vas instantly killed Wednesday
while storing lumber on thc Spanish
steamer Durango. A large piece of
pitch pine had been hoisted on deck
and was standing on end preparatory
to being lowered i 11 Lo the hold when
the chain broke and it fell, crushing
Dunham's head into a pulp. All work
I in tile bay ceased Immediately and
vessels ol' all national tics lowered their
Hags to half-mast.
What lt Coat.
The cost of thc Richmond street,
railway strike, to tlie company, to the
employes in loss of wages, and to tlie
state in preserving order, aggregates
$250,000. Ono mau was killed hy
soldiers, another by a motorman
and scores of persons more or less seri
ously injured during the strike. La
bor clashes of this kind arc mighty
Died Prout Joy.
At San Juan, P. I., Jose Marrero,
a non-leprous patient who was liberat
ed from thc leper colony as a result of
thc recent investigation, died Wed
nesday of heart disease, superinduced
by joy at his release. Thc probing
into thc leprosy scandal continues to
produce unpleasant developments.
Thc public report of thc committee
of the executive council investigating
tim matter will be made next week.
Au Awful Mlsfuko.
During a dramatic performance by
amateurs at Bessemer Ala., Wcdns
day night, Edwin Neeley, 10 years
old. was killed instantly. Thc play
required the tiring or a volley of blank
cartridges, but a bullet accidentally
in one revolver caused the death.
Wade Rogers, one of thc players, sur
rendered to thc police.
A STRONG PAPER
Edward M. Shepard's Defence of tho
South's Suffrage Laws.
?N OUTSPOKEN DEMOCRAT.
Ho Thinks tho South. Justified
In KcstrlcUnjr Mio SullVii?c
In J.ho Way that
Jho Docs. -
Tile Evonlng. Post lins sent the
letter of' inquiry, prlntec^below, to
many prominent northern Democrats
as to their position on the question
o? negro suffrage. ' So far the only an
swers received have been from Mr.
Cleveland and Mr. Edward M. Shep
ard. Mr. Cleveland'? letter is as fol
To tho Editor of The Evening Post:
Sir: Your'lcbtcr propounding cer
tain questions lunching negro suffrage
in the south is at baud.
1 ara nut willing to take from my
vacation the time necessary to an
swer these questions lu a thorough
manner-even if 1 were inclined to
enter into the discussion invited by
Buzzard's Hay, Mass., July 21.
This letter or ex-President Cleve
land was sent In reply to the follow
Doar Sir: It is frequently alleged
in the southern press that lending
northern Democrats are in sympathy
witli the effort to disfranchise the ne
gro in thc south, ender color of laws
unequally enforced as between whites
and'blacks. To test the truth of this
assertion, The Evening Post respect
fully asks you to give it for publica
tion yoqr opiniou upon thc following
statement of facts:
In the case (18.721) cf Jackson AV.
Giles, appellant, vs. the Hoard of Reg
istrars of Montgomery County, Ala
bama, argued before the United States
supreme court at the October term of
1902, it was shown that the said board
of registrars refused to register quali
fied negroes "for no other reason than
their race or color." Tho brief for
thc appellant specified that "more
titan 5,000 colored persons" in Mont
gomery county alone are thus exclud
ed from the suffrage, though "quali
fied under the law of the State or Ala
bama and of the United States."
Granting the truth of Wiese stato
racuts and failing intervention! by thc
(1) lias congress any duty In thc
(2) If thc constitutional guaranties
are allowed to lapse, whav* o?u6rs can
we count upon remaining in vigor?
(3) If the negro may be deprived of
thc suffrage in the south, how long
will it bc before the same argument
will be adduced, as Mr. Dos Passos of
the New York bar admits that it may
bc, for tile disfranchisement of thc
foreign-born voters in the north who
arc the peculiar strength of thc Demo
By answering these questions at
your earliest convenience, you will
greatly oblsge. Yours very truly,
Editor of Thc Evening Post.
The foregoing was mailed to the
address of the following gentlemen,
in addition to Mr. Cleveland:
W. Ji Bryan, Alton B. Parker, Rich
ard Olney. David B. Hill, Judson Har
mon, Edward M. Shepard.
Also to these northern Democratic
representatives: Congressmen Gran
ger, Thayer, ?Sullivan, Hughes, Mc
Dermott, Sulzer, Harrison, Ryan and
Tlic letter was sent, in addition, to
Gov. Garvin of llhodc Island, to May
or Collins of Boston and also to Mayor
Harrison of Chicago and Mayor John
son of Cleveland.
-Congressman Granger of llhodc
Island, so lils private secretary wrote,
was out of the country and eau ld not
reply. Acknowledgment came also
from the private secretaries of Con
gressmen Sulzer and Harrison ?f this
city, both of whom were out bf reach
in the west. All of thc others ad
dressed, with the exception of Mr.
Shepard, omitted to state their opin
ions on the case submitted. Mr. Shep
ard's letter of roply ls as follows:
V?KWS OK KDWAKU 'M. S1IKPAKD.
To the Editor of The Evening Post:
Slr: 1 cannot briefly answer your
three questions upon negro suffrage,
predicated upon thc Giles case. If I
am not-upou this large and dilllcult
question-to be misunderstood, I must
write at length. 1 do not "grant thc
truth" of unproved statements made
by a complaint in equity of which
neither thc court in which the suit
was brought nor the supreme court,
to which it wits appealed, had juris
diction. The courts required no an
swer to the complaint and refused to
take evidence upon it-holding that
it was judicially immaterial whether
the statements of the bill were true
or false-since, even if they were true,
the courts could give no relief to the
colored "plaintiff. In this conclusion
thc report indicates that ?ill the judg
es of thc supreme court concurred ex
cept Judge Brewer and possibly Judge
Brown. Even Judge Harlan, who ex
pressed his merely personal opinion
that in a proper suit thc colored citi
zen might have had relief, declared
that in tlie only suit ' which he did
bring the court could not help him.
Nor did I accept tile suggestion that
the southern press ascribes to north
ern Democrats "sympathy with the
effort feo disfranchise thc negro in thc
south under color of laws unequally
enforced as between whites ami
blacks." Have you correctly under
stood thc southern press? Has lt not
been interested over thc condemna
tion of negro suffrage by Secretary
Root, Dr. Lyman Abbott, and other
distinguished Republicans? Might
not your questlous be more properly
addressed to members of thc party
now in power? Is not their opinion,
for thc time, of more consequence
than that of Democrrts? The su
preme court, speaking by Judge Hol
mes, while itself refusing thc colored
voter any relief slgnllicantly said that,
Plf there had been the political wrong
ho charged, then tho rollef, apart
from me re-' money damages (confessed
ly-no adequate reparation), .must be
given by tho people of his State or by
tpe ''legislative and -political depart
ment br the government of the United
States'^ President Roosevelt is at
the bead of such department; and .of
his'position he is. amply . conBcio.us.
Ile talks of a "square deal" to negro
citizens. . He thinks"that the impor
tance of their recognition justifies the
demoralization of the public service
at tbe south hy negro appointments
which are personally-offensivo to nine
ton ths of those having business with
the otlices; and this, while he refuses
at the north to appoint negroes* to
places of like relative importance. '. It
is the dulyof'jthc president to execute
existing lawfe Does he think that
there arc laws assuring negro suffrage
which nTc not,' but which can be, en
forced? It is his constitutional duty
to recommend new laws when old laws
fail. Does ho recommend any such
new.l?wB? If so, what arc they?
And why has he not recommended
chem'before, and why did not Presi
dent McKinley recommend them?
And why, I -wundor, were not your
qucssions addressed to the Republican
president or the Republican congress
of Republican statesmen after an un
satisfactory auswer by thc Republican
supreme court? The Republican par
ty has been contitiuously iu power
since March, 18117, and has perfectly
known thc southern situation, lt
has neither done' nor suggested the
doing of anything to right the wrong,
if wrong there be- And whynot?
I decline to assume with you that
the supreme court was wrong in the
Giles case; or that if, as you seem to
imply, "Constitutional guarantee and
penalties* * * are allowed to lapse."
thai is to say, allowed by the refusal
of courts, presidents, congresses artd
public sonrtiment to enforce them-it
is useful to enact other guaranties and
penalties tho elTlcacy of which equally
depends upon courts, presidents, con
gresses, and public sentiment, and
which, therefore, wou.d be equally fu
tile with those at present existing.
So also' I decline to assume that "for
cign-born voters at the north * * *
are the peculiar strength of the Dem
ocratic party." ; 1
1 prefer, however, to deal with t p
substance of the topic of which v d
would provoke discussion. 1 believe
profoundly iu Democratic self-govern
ment; and I make no exception
against negroes or Filipinos or any
race'or country which has shown any
capacity for any degree of orderly ad
ministration. I have always'hated,
and I nate now more than ever, hu
man slavery, whether of white men or
black or yellow or brown. I abhor
tho suggestion recently made by a
distinguished northern clergyman and
approved by a distinguished northern
newspaper which has warmly su ported
President Roosevelt, that a system of
governmental compulsory labor' should
.uC ^!<--^'TOUrT7WFt<'- ' ' ' T-ir??-'ittV?*'
south as .upon ai* .-?.??.v? me?."' I ab
hor peonage, and would have every
enginery of our governments, State
and Federal, applied to punisli \ and
prevent Lt. I honor thc citizens of
Alabama who. as prosecutors, judges
and jurors have punished;it in that
State, and the great majority of white
citizens there who have supported
them in their execution of the law.
In my opinion, there rests upon the
president no duty more imperative
than to enforc thc Thirteenth amend
ment and the legislation enacted un
der it. For the amendment can be
practically enforced. Not only ls lt
supported by thc teachings of the
noble mon and women who convinced
the American people of thc crime of
slavery and by the reverence in which
we hold them, but by thc national
conscience enlightened during the
dreadful war with .which God pun
ished the nation for the wrong-a na
tional conscience dominant in the
public sentiment of white men south
and north. I believe in the future
growth ol the intelligence and
strength of character of the
American negro. I consider his
progress, industrial, intellectual
and moral, since he was a slave,
to be vastly creditable to him and
full of promise. 1 admire, and
am grateful for, tiic labors of that
very true American patriot, Hooker
T. Washington, and of his colored as
sociates. It is not dillicult for me to
enter into the feelings of men like
Prof. Du Rois. I should rejoice tosco
everywhere accorded to negro intelli
gence and industry and character the
very same esteem and security in per
son and property which would bc ac
corded the same faculties under a
white skin. 1 believe it to bc wise
for southern white men, and to their
true interest, to cheerfully accord the
ballot to the negroes who anil l?ve
industrial success and arc intelligent
and men of high character. All this
and more like il I can say.
None the less, 1 should regard it as
calamitous to thu American nation,
and, above all, calamitous to tile
American negro, if the north were tc?
undertake, through the federal gov
ernment, to enforce upon the south
the right of the negro to vote, or to
make a political issue of that right.
Tue undertaking means the use of
physical force. Can anything be
plainer than this? In the Giles case
the supreme court declared that it
would not enforce the right, because
thc physical ability of courts was in
sullielent. The condition of public
.sentiment being what it is at the
koli th, tlie court would have to enter
every election district and undertake
thc supervision of every election. Nor
is lids moro than saying that judicial
writs are futile to compel thc white
race in Routh Carolina or Mississippi
to turn over thc government of them
selves and their (r?tate to the black
race. No power can make headway
witli such an undertaking. Only un
der military law could it attain even
a nominal success, if even that be at
tainable. Our generation remember*
that' a northern army did establish
and maintain in thc south "carpet
bag" governments, with their Infamies
and lapses towards barbarism. If an
other northern army were to renew
thc undertaking, wc should lia ve the
For the problem, it is plain to thc
last degree, is not one of Democratic
self-government. 1 would, if I could,
have blacks govern themselves. There
fon; it is that I hate the imperialistic
scheme carried out by the Republican
[Continued on page 4.]
' '? THE COTTON SITUATION.
ANOAV Voi k Broker Bays tho fraVinors
'4 ' Gan Control lt.
..''J.'M: ?ycr,\ V*New York cotton
broker1 j recently' presented his views on
theremarks ofJ Secretiry .Wilson a?d
."Wp will al] have to. recognize that
statements can.be made under misap
prehension atid. that men as well
equipped both intellectually and lu
the fatter oLhiftrrraatlon as Messrs.
Butler; and ^Wilson:; can , occasionally
bo raisialcenr' Mr/ Wilson seems to
have'been unfortunate jn the use of
terniji. >By inf \rencei';he characterizes
as Kamblerfl^thojjnen'wiio ?rfe credited
wi titi having put the price of; cotton
up-j^f they aregamblers, then, every
shopp?per ..and .every merchant on
earth who ??ylS atiything with a view
to r selling. J.t for, an t advaucc ,on. thc
pu roliase pr ice is d' gambler. 'Cotton
is bringing emly what manufacturers
wllf pity! ?pr??t. Mr. ^t&?ii^iy^m
bloti'^an^niirhe/any pVl?fe fchcy.pJeaRC,
bub they can com pel *?? one to hiiy.
.WlUip this fis s?^'it is generally
thought, and: perhaps must bc ad
mitted, that fisting conditions lia ve
bro?t?bt about such manipulative
tActtc^as. haye caused prices bf'cotton'
for ^future months to reacli a higher
ev??'??ah they would have touched iu
the'/.tthsence of such manipulation.
But pyeu in this, the suggestion holds
good; that no one can be male to buy
at a/i, higher price than he thinks he
can??iTord to pay.
MThe:high level reached- has acted
as typheck on the consumption of the
supply pr oottonin existence, and this
has,.Resulted, as Mr;'; Wilson says, in
the.?closing of many mills and thc
shortening of ti me by many others,
etc/?but . as has been.pointed out. if
every-known bale of :cotton had been
in :the hands of the manufacturers
and all' of it h'a'd been consumed, this
condition would have necessarily pre
VajWd, some time during the season
justrcl'osing. It is, therefore, clear
that.* tho .so-called corner in cotton
cannot be held responsible for the in
convenience and hardship Imposed on
emimpyes by the closing ot the fac
?"|?he amount of available cotton
that?, liafc been or can bc marketed
from'the1 past crop and old supplies
ab prices above Dj cents is compara
tively, small, and taking into consid
eration the price at which thc greater
parfc?'f the old crop has been sold, the
actual average paid for it by manufac
ture vs would .not exceed a price at
whi0h ' lt could be consumed afc some
prellt./ Of course, thc spot prices, of
to^Ky-could-never have been paiu for
all'ttio old crop without ruiu to the
factories unless there had been a cor
responding increase in prices of the
-uf?ctu'rcd products. - Hence, it
pr??^cbs \. . . advanced
d?rr^g the coming year, tho quota
tiijn'-i of today cannot profitably bc
paid] for the coming crop.
j Mr. Butler takes occasion to call |
attention to the quotations of a cor-1
tain date, ranging around 10 cents for
December, January, etc., and says I
that, on that day every planter in the]
South could have sold thc cotton he
expects to produce at those prices for |
future delivery, and that if the plant
er has failed to do so it is his own I
fault. Now, thc sale of every bale of|
cotton made on the exchanges presup
poses actual delivery and whenever I
more cotton is offered than is desired I
at thc time, a sale caunot bc eifected
without some sacrifice in price. For
illustration, let us say the next crop
will bc 11,000,000 bales. Then let us |
suppose that all the planters, had of
fered their product (amounting to this
11,030,000 bales) for sale on that day,
and had kept offering it until all of it
was sold. The consequence would
have been nothing less than a disas
trous panic and the crash in quotations ]
that would have resulted can hardly
be guessed. In this particular, Mr.
Butler seems to have been as unfortu
nate in his supposition as Mr. Wilson |
was in the use of terms.
"Tlie situation now is one in which I
the planters could, if., they would, put
themselves in absolute control. There
ls no cotton in the country, and little I
is available from any source supplies |
must bo procured from the coming
crop, and if this crop could be moved
to market only as fast as consumers
would pay 10c or more for it, that |
price might bc realize:! for practically
every bale of cotton produced during
tlie coining year.
"Tlie operation of such an econo
mic plan as this can hardly bc hoped
for, and there will surely be periods in
which thc rush of cotton to market
will be in excess of actual demands.
The result must necessarily bc some
decline in prices; how much, remains
to bc seen."
Illida ll i H Own Irilu
Eugene Willis of Home, Ga., drank
thc contents "f on ounce phial of laud
anum late Thursday afternot u and j
died Friday night ab 8 o'clock from j
the el?ects of the drug. When phy
sicians arrived Willis was found uncon
scious in his room at the Central ho
tel .and all cITorts to save his li ic was
of no avail. Willis swallowed thc
laudanum hy mistake, thinking it was
medicine bc had been taking for stom
ach trouble. Willis went ttl'llorac a
few weeks ago from A Minis, Ga.,
andr accepted thc position of head
clerk at tlte dry goods house of Henry
Lanham. His wife and three children
joined him here last Saturday. Willis
was about .'19 years of age and al
though bc had been here only a short
While, he was quite well known.
j\ Narrow troupe.
A large boiler lu thc chemical
establishment of thc Hansen Vliikle
company Newark N. J., explodctl
Thursday, demolishing thc building.
Five meuwero Injured by the shock of
thc explosion or "'by being beneath the
debris. They arc: William Wlckle
house, John Winters and Charles Con
nelly, Holard Oliver, and Albert
Humed to Dent li.
At Blue Ash, Ohio Thursday Mrs.
John Henberson and Mrs. William
Shaffer were burned to death. Their
children narrowly escaped. The boil
ing over of a pot of coffee extinguish
ed the lire in a gasoline stove, but the
fluid flowed unnoticed and an explo
sion followed the lighting of a match.
Son of Former Mayor Kills Wife's
.Vs ' ? ... . ?
Friend and Himself.
HE LOVED HIS VICTIM MADLY.
Ho . Implored Her, In His Wlfo's
Presence, to L-euvo H?r
Huubaiid and Flue ;
Townsend Edson, son of former
mayor of New York, Franklin Edsoh,
In his aparbmehts at 20 West Ninety-,
second street, New York, Wednesday
shot. and. instantly killed ;Mrs>:Fannie,
Fullen of 07H West-'End. avenue and
[il??n shot and killed lilmselir. The
Irnurderatid?si?ioldc appear; to?flhave'
4)ccn^'premeditated - and followed "?I;
dramatic scone in which:Edson called
lipon Mrs.-Pullen, a close and honored
friend of his wife and family, to de
sert her husband and children and Hy
with h I tu to another State. Mrs. Pul
len, a very handsome woman, is'said
to baye been thc daughter.of a United
States naval ofllcer.
Tho double tragedy brought to tim
surface the fact that Edson,*who was
"comptroller" of St. Michael's Protes
tant Episcopal church, had been sus
pected or misappropriating Tuntls be
longing to thc parish, and expert ac
countants arc at work on his accounts.
It was declared by those related with
thc family that Edson was finansially
distressed because of Wall Street
Whatever may have been tho pre
cise cause of the tragedy, members ol'
thc Edson family insist that the man
was insane. There arc many indica
tions ' that Edson was madly In love
with Mrs. Pullcu.
On the body of the man was found
the following letter:
"Mrs. Pullen: Darling, trust John
iraplieity. Ile will always be a go-be
tween and faithful. 1 know him
thoroughly. Ile will tell you where I
am walting for you, to seo your sweet
face once more beforo I. go. I am go
ing far, far away, but will die true to
you. No matter how long I live I shall
lead a new life, and an honest one, and
if I can ever come back to you with
my past cleaned up, I will, dearest.
Oh, my God, let me see and speak to
you once more. I cannot go until you
do. 1 hope and pray.that you put in
today's (Sept.) personal. Any way 1
answered it tn tomorrow's". I hope
you soc it. I eaunot sleep. .1 can only
pray and pray that yon will oome to
mq once more. Purely you will after
air you haye been to me in. thc past 10
know.you'au^oufiicroo me ouuoyn?re,m
darling, if only to say goodbye. I
shall-wait hore until you see rae, no '
matter how long. John will .tell, you
my hotel name. Ask clerk for me."
Thc following "personal" was pub- ,
lislied in a morning newspaper Wed
nesday: _ ?
"Ii. Loyal-Nothing in answer to
message; be good to me; worried about j
you; send word today; just as true to ^
you as always; with love."
The following, evidently a reply to
tho foregoing, appeared Wednesday J
"Fanny-I am loyal and true; can- ,
not go till 1 see you; trust John: he
will tell you where I am; with love." ,
These, are believed to be the two ;
personals referred to.
Dr. Peters of St. Michael's church, 1
who knew thc dead mail well, ls em
phatic in his declarations that none ;
but the most honorable relations ex
isted between Edson and Mrs. Pullen.
She was, he said, Edson's "friend ad
Mrs. Pullen lived with her husband,
John F. Pullen, an auditor at the
grand central station, and her two
children, Traf ton, 10 years old, and
Mary, 14 years old.
The Edsons were to break up their
home Wednesday morning, as a result
of an agreement to sign articles'of
separation, signed the night before.
The life of the couple had not been
happy. Edson had been acting in a
peculiar manner. For that reason fur
niture movers were in the house pack
ing up furniture and bric-a-brac.
Mrs. Edson spent Tuesday night
with her friend, Mrs. rallen. She was
about to go out Wednesday morning
when a note came from Kelson, asking
that Mrs. Pullen accompany his wife
where he was, Edson, his wife. Mrs.
Pullen, and Dr. David p. Edson, a
brother of Edson, met in Edson's
During tim conversation in thc din-,
ing room, Edson, is said to have turn
ed td Mrs. Pullen, and suggested that
she leave her home with him and go
to some other State where they could
lie happy. Mrs. Edson was horrilied.
Mrs. Pullen turned away in disgust.
Dr. Edson, aft-^r sharply rebuking his
brother, leit thc room with Mrs., Ed
son, but both returned In a. few
minutes when Edson again turned to
Mrs. Pullen and began to entreat her
to elope with him. Mrs. Pullen was
horrjlicd at thc suggestion, and pos
sessed with fear of the man ran out of
the room, Edson, however, seemed
to reeover his self-possession %a.nd all
went into tile dining room again. A
few moments arter, Mrs. Edson, who
was weak and trembling from thc
ordeal, was assisted to another room
by Dr. Edson. A moment later, ac
cording to Woods, a furniture man
working nearby in the hallway, Edson
pulled a revolver from his pocket, and
pointed lt at Mrs. Pullen, shouted:
"You must go with me. If you don't
elope with mc I'll seo that you go
with mo anyway."
In terror, Mrs. Pullen started to run
from the room. Sho had gone but a
a few steps when four pistol shots
rang out in quick succession. Thc
first bullet torc Mrs. Pullen's left
cheek, ?md thc second entered the
right side of her head.
According to Wood, Edson looked
at thc woman for a moment and then
turned thc muzzle of the revolver to
his head, Urlng instantly two shots
almost simultaneously. Doth entered
the head and he fell, his head strik
ing and resting on thc feet of Mrs.
At tho first shot Dr. and Mrs. Ed
son rushed to tho room, reaching there
Just;aa Edsop tired t?e ahot which eli
ded ?his own J|f?/y Mrs|' Edson" fgll to
the iloorvln a faint. \- . .
1 "Coroner?-JaekBon, . <atter, malling -a
thorough examination of the house-,
said that the ? evidence showed ? that
th? murder and-fcuicide were premedlr
tated; that he-had found- letters and
oth?r papers -in "Edfion'B* possession
which showed that he had a love af
fair; . . "- .....,; ? .
. Mr. Pullen^ the husband of th?'ra?r-,
desed woman. who is a vestryman of
St. Mloha?rs church, made" a state
ment tonight " in which he branded
Edson as a defaulter and j forger and
said that lie had stolen rrom the funds
of St. Michael's church. Ile also de
clared that Edsori son had attempted
to kill . Mrs/ Edson, hut missed and
killed Mr.< Pullen by error.
'.Mr.-/Pulton's -st?torrient, was not
horne . put. by .Coroner's ' Physician
p'H?nibn, who found 'powder marks
on the dead wbr???'s face,. showing
th afc'the-pistol, mu^t'diave'.. been iield
very close.- A .- 4 ,
L}r.tOyru8tEd80ri, ;.:a-j brothercaf the
suicide,, Said that the!; intimations.bf.<
.Iniprdper-rolationri hetweon - his broth-*
er and Mrs'. Pullen were absolutely
false. Ills brother,- he said; had re
cently been acting very strangely and
had admitted tbatdie wtfs involved lu
??: Iiis family, Dr. Edson said, had be
come so alarmed over Ids mental con
di (awn that arrangements . had been
made to have him examined byan
alienist. . "
The shoot!Ufr, -Dr. Elson declared',
was undoubtedly cdn?mitted ina ..mo
ment of manaiacal'Trenzy.""'"
ADJUTANT GENERAL FROST
Bubuiits Ills itennrt. ot the State j
Troop's to tlie War Department.
Gen. Frost has forwarded to' the
war department his report of thc
militia of tlie ?State for the year 19U3
up tb tho 1st of September. The re
port deals with thc riot calls, with
the encampment, and concludes with
recommendations as to future encamp
There were bu* four caNs for the
servidos of troops to suppress riots', at
Monck's Corner on March luth, at
Beaufort bn April 22nd, at Chester oh
May 4th, and at Norway on July 4th,
in all of which cases the troops re
sponded promptly and prevented trou
The account of thc various encamp
ments is then followed with a detail
ed report from Major P. J. Drew as
to number of men attending and ex
pense. Thc report? shows, that the
First .regiment had in camp. GOO of
ticers and mon; thc Second regiment
?12; the Third 545. All ot these were
cbdduoted^-tn.a most creditable m?n
vice ls duo,'he thirik ' Trec?nc :
Dick military law, wh.. consider
ed tlie best ever passed. Ile reborn
mends, however., that thc appropria
tion for encampment purposes will
be doubled next jear in order that thc
men might have two weeks In a con
Upon the matter of target practice,
Lim adjutant general suggests that
the government hold annual trophy
contests at. Savannah or some other
?ood range for thc southern troops,
ind he hopes tn organize rille teams
in tills State siKjn. Target practice
lias been neglected In South Carolina.
In view of tlie fact that 24 drills a
/ear are now required by thc war de
partment and th?"t each company only
gets about $150 from thc State, it is
recommended that the government
pay each man $1 per drill with $1 linc
for absence. This will enable thc
militia to obtain armories which are
badly neeeded. Thc suggestion is al
so made that the minimum number is
also made each company bc 15 instead
uf (io, and that the government here
after provide transportation for caval
The work of Capt. Leo Foster is
highly commended and much good was
done thc militia by his work. The
presence of a company of regulars at
Anderson and Camden, under Capt.
Bennett, also served as a model to the
A Henri ICH? Son.
Judge Dannisof thc circuit court of
Baltimore signed an order Thursday
removing William T. Tucker aa exe
cutor of the estate of his father, the
late Wesley T. Tucker, a leading
shoe merchant. Tucker, who, in con
junction with his mother, the eooxc
cut.or of the estate, had access to thc
money and .valuables belonging to the
estate and deposited in a safe in thc
?afe Deposit and Trust company. Of
those he is accused hy his motlier of
abstracting and converting to lils
own usc $560,000. Tucker has dixap-.
peared and is said to be in Central
America. Tucker and his mother be
ing thc only heirs to tlie estate she.
announces that she will take 110
further legal steps against him.
> ltotliHCliild Sentenced.
Baron Henri De Itothchild apparcd
In tlie police court at Paris to answer
the eimroc of automobile scorching.
The case came lip previously before
thc courts, but was postponed. His
defense was that he has a permit from
thc ministry of tlie interior, as a doc
tor, allowing him to disregard the
speed regulations. He was neverthe
less, sentenced to one days imprison
ment and a linc of ten francs.
i/iea in His Coil.
Preferring death to facing a serious
charge, Andrew W. Gorsline, a Long
Island city manufactur, has committ
ed suicide in his cell in the Quens
county, jail New York, by inhaling
illuminating gas. In a will found in
his cell Gorsline bequeathed all his
property to his nephew, who made
the complaint on which Andrew was
Killed on Stage .
During a dramatic performance by
amateurs ab Bessemer. Birmingham,
Ala., Thursday night Edwin Neely,
"?0 years old, was killed instantly. The
play required th? dring of a volley of
blank cartridges, but a bullet acci
dents in one revolver caused death.
Wade Rogers, one of tho players, sur
rendered to the police.
% RECORD BREAKER
Hester!? Annual Report Shows Un
expectedly Largo Consumption of
COTTON BY SOUTHERN MILLS.
Great Britain's Takings Decreased
Nearly Two Hundred Thous
und Hales During tho
''Past Cotton. Year;
. The totals- of Secretary Hester's.
annual report of the cotton crop of
tho United States were promulgated
Sept. 3. They Bhow receipts of cotton
afc all United' States ports for tho year
7-,T24,104s against 7,079,200 last year;
overland to northern mills and Canada
1,083,383,,'agailist 1,103,953; southern
consumption taken' direct from the
interior of tho cotton belt 1,920,072,
against 1,897,137-making the cotton
crop of the United States tor 1902-03
amount to 10,727,559 halos, against .
10j080,080 last year and 10,?83,422
tbcTyear before. Colonel Hester *ras
made his usual investigation lelo the
consumption of the south and has re- .
ccivod reports by mail and telegraph
from every mill consuming cotton lu -:
tho cotton growing states, including,
woolen mills tnat have used cotton,
and the results show a total of 2,
000,729, hut of this 80,057 were -
taken from ports and included in
port receipts. -
This 'shows that the mills of th?
south have used up 02j758 bales more
than during 1901-02 and 379,798 more
than during 1900-1901, a most re
markable showing in face of recent
trade conditions, supposed to have
been , brought about by the abnormal
dilference between values of the raw
material and the manufactured
Colonel Hester's full report will be
issued Friday or thc day after and will
contain interesting and valuable facts
showing the consumption of tho south"
by states, tho takings and consump
tion of northern mills and thc world's,
consumption of American cotton. He
will also give tho crop by states and
facts in relation to the continuance of
the-remarkable increase in the spind
les of southern mills.. In addition to
thc totals of the crop and southern
consumption as above, Colonel Hester
also gave out the aGtual crop of the
state of Texas, which amounted to
2,830,025 bales, against 2,992,049; of
Indian Territory-, which amounted to
418,453, against 309,894 and of Okla
homa, which amounted this year to
lSii^^against 130,812 last year. He
also gave the exports for the year as
against 3,035,497,. a decrease of 183,- , .(
969;-to France, 785.079, against " 745,r,:'r:
909, - an increase of 39,710; to Coto
tinential European ports 3,039,958,
against 2,859,344, an increase of 180,
014: to British' North: America 123,
077, again 122^261, an increase of 1,
410; th?. total exports foreign, includ
ing British North America, amount
ing to 0,800,843, against 0,703,071, an
increase of 37,772. He stated that
Japan and China received of the past
crop 135,408 bales against 109,243, a
decrease of 33,835.
AFFAIRS AT CLEMSON.
Thc Hooks Examined and Everything
Pound in Good Shape.
A special to the State from Clem
son says Col. lt. W. Simpson, who
was here Thursday with Col. M. L.
Donaldson and Maj. A. T. Smyth at
a meeting of the finance committee,
said that the board of trustees of
Clemson college had submitted the
treasurer's books, accounts and vouch
ers, for two, years ending July 1, 1903,
to a thorough inspection by the .
American Audit company with head- -,
quarters at Columbia. The certificate
by this company is to the effect that
the books, records, vouchers and cash
account arc correct.
Prof. John Hamilton, when here at
the farmers' institute, said It was., the" -
largest institut-? ever held ..'Tn the
Uuited States, so far as he knew. He
is 1.1 ie farmers' institute specialist of
the department of agriculture.
Iii this connection the following ex
tract from a letter to Dr. P. Hv Mell
from Maj. Henry E. Alvord, chief of
the dairy division of thc department
of agriculture af. Washington, will ta
"I wish to express my special grati
lication, not only at being able to per
sonally participate in the farmers' in
stitute at Clemson college last week
.(although still regretting tho inability
.tb bo there all the week), but also at
thc remarkable success of the insti
tute itself. -v
? "From quite an extended knowledge
of such things, ib is my .opinion that
no agricultural college In the country
has heretofore helcla similar institute
upon its premises, of greater impor
tance or which could be regarded as
more successful. Thc morel think of
it, thc more it seems to mc to havo
been a notable occasion and full of en
courgement to thc agricultural in
terests of South Carolina, and to the
college as thc recognized agency for
promoting these interests. Pleaseac
,.nr.?. ... _ .-1 .1 .-v.l "Vf_ ......J
CCpu lui juuincn, un. xtcrruiuii, auu
all connected with "the organization,
preparation and condupt of the in
stitute my hearty congratulations
upon your truly remarkable success."
A number of old students who fail
ed on examinations or who have work
to make up are herc and hard at work.
Mr. A. Schllletter, tho popular
bursar, has everything in "shipshape"
down at tho barracks f?r tho recep
tion of the crowd. Most of the new
students will arrive Thursday and
stand examinations until the Otb,
when the regular class work will be
Col. Newman, Prof. Benton and
Judge Hook have tomporary quarters
In tho ' chemical laboratory. The
ground has been dared preparatory to
tho erection of tho big agricultural
hall. It will bc, it ls said, the most
Inspiring building on tho campus.