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"DO THO?.MBEIITY GREAT/'^ POSSESSION: HAPPY, OR OUR DEATHS GLORIOUS IN TIIF^AUBE,'?'
!. : il- ?t? ....'?Kt,?'.
BENNETTSYILLE, S. C., ERTJi^AY, SEPTEMBER ll, 1903.
.-Passenger Train on the Southern
Falls Through TreBtle
. VERY NEAR YORKVILLE.
Bix Mon Kcpmted Killed ami ?Hauy
. Moire Seriously Injured.
'.Crowds Go to tholr
A special from Charlotte to the
"State says: Passenger train No. 15,
northbound, on the South Carolina
and Georgia Extension railroad, for
merly the Three Cs, now operated by
the Southern railway, went through
a trestle 50 feet high over Fishing
creek, three miles east of York ville,
about 11.30 o'clock Thursday; killing
six men and injuring 21, Uso o" whom
will likely die. Three of the latter
are negro passengers.
Fireman Ered llhyne.
PoHtal Clerk Smith and three un
Julius Johnson of Hock Hill, per
' Vf. L. Slaughter, Hickory Grove,
Fred Poag, Lancaster.
P..W. Spence, Roddeys.
J. N. McLaurin, Bcthume.
Mrs. J. C. Boyd, Prcssly, N. C.
Mrs. H. B. Buist. Hock Hill.
B. F. Willlford, Charlotte.
T. C. Hicks, Lancaster, seriously.
W. Harry Wylie, Jr., Bock Hill.
It. A. Willis, Edgemoor.
T. M. Stephenson, Kershaw.
O. V. Hall, Bock Hill.
Mrs. Sadie Mccaskill, Kershaw.
Two children named Jenkins of
" Conductor Ed Turner.
THE TN.1U KED-COLO KED.
Billie Beard, Rock Hill.
Frank Burris, Sharon.
Alex nurry, McConnellsville.
All thc bodies have been taken out
save those of the engineer and iire
HOW IT HArTENEl).
The train consisted of an engine
and three cars.' It left Rock Hill
. ' ?^n??'l o'clock with about 40 passen
ooarar-vrnon enc-toutu .voaseu
e trestle thc entire structure
utuji. ..m ears gave way, hurling the
engino and cars to the bank of the
creek, about 50 feet below.
B. E. Wjlllford of Charlotte, who
was. slightly injured, displayed rare
presence of mind in helping the pas
The timbers of thc bridge were rot
ten and to this fact is ascribed the
cause of thc wreck.
DETAILS OF THE ACCIDENT.
Thc State special correspondent
writing' from Rock Hill says: Pas
senger train No. 15, on thc old Three
Cs. Thursday morning broke through
the trestle over Fishing creek, about
ll miles west of Rock Hill and the
?engine with three cars plunged 45
feet to the bcd of the little stream,
killing live men and injuring a num
ber of others.
Engineer Henry Brickman and Fred
Rhyne are supposed to bc under the
Thc postal clerk was killed and his
mangled body was pulled from under
A darkey by thc name of Burris
and another unknown darkey were
Julian Johnson, a son of Mr. J. B.
Johnson of this place, who was on
ids way to Clemson, is seriously, per
haps fatally, injured. His forehead
is badly cut, his face and head bruised
and his ledg Injured.
Vernon- Hall, son of Prof. R. W.
Hall, who was also on his way to
Clemson, had his left thigh dislocated.
W. T. Slaughter, Hickory Grove,
had his forehead cut and bruised, a
rib broken and his left hand frac
T. C. Hicks, a drummer, got his
Mr; Morrow of Blackshurg lias a leg
lt. A. Willis, his right lenee injured
and mouth, chin and lower lip badly
Tobe Burris, a brother of Burris
who was killed, has tho right side of
his face cut, and is suffering from
Peter Miller has his rigid; leg broken
in two places, bis left arru broken and
his forehead fractured.
Three ladies were on the train, but
escaped with slight injuries. They
were Mrs. II. B. Buist ol' Bock Hill,
Airs. J. C. Boyd of I rede ll county, N.
C., and Miss Sudic Mccaskill of Ker
To look at thc wreck it seems like a
miracle that any one escaped. In the
bed of the creek, now almost dry, in a
frightful mass of ruins, lies thc train
und trestle, the cars shattered Into
splinters, tile engine a wreck, the tim
bers of the trestle broken.
The bridge was about 45 feet high
and something like 400 or 450 feet
long. It simply broke thrungli and
the timbers are seemingly rotten, save
the very heart.
Baggage Master D. F. Dukes, it ls
understood, saved Iiis life hy jumping
fi om thc car after it had started
A special train from Bock Hill took
all of thc physicians of the city to the
seme of the wreck and also a trained
nurse and a few others, among them I
Tlic Yorkvillc people had reached
tiie ground, there being many ladies
THE STOltY FROM YO UK VILLE.
Another of thc State's correspon
dents special from Yorkvillc says the
wreck on the Southern ndlway three
miles cast of this place Thursday was
most complete and dreadful.
Thc Yorkvillc people generally,
many ladies nrnongBt thom, went to
Cbc $ceno abd rendered-^ all the aid
they Could to thc Injured* Crowds of
men,;both white and colored, workea
manfully In trying to remove the
wreck, lt was difficult to.get a Hst
of the injured us some were brought
here and some taken to Rock Hill.
The ladies of our town responded
promptly and went to the Parish hotel
and helped to prepare beds and cots
for the injured and also in minister
ing to the sufferers. Those taken tb
the Parish hotel are: Mrs. Sa'rah
Waldron," Bessemer City, N. C., cut
about face and back wrenched; Mrs.
H. l). Buist of Winthrop college, cut
and bruised; Harry Wylie, Jr., Bock
Hill, face cut and shoulder badly
bruised; B. P. Whisouant,_.Blacks
burg, badly Injured internally; Mr.
Hicks of Lancaster, a traveling man,
thigh broken and other injuries; A.
H. Morrow, banker, Blacksburg,
thigh broken, severe injuries; Mr
Turner, conductor, badly bruised
about face and eyes injured.
At thc residence of Dr. A. Y. Cart
wright is D. jj\ Dukes of St. Georges,
express and baggage mcsseuger, who
lias severe bruises on both legs, aud
two young men who were on their
I way to Clemson college, Fred C. Pong
and Hazel Cunningham -if Lancaster,
but li shaken up and bruised but not
There are several negroes hi town
who were bruised and cut but not se
lt was a fact of wonderment to all
who saw tlie wreckage that this
trestle had nut gone down before this
time, as some of thc timbers were very
Down on Washington.
Thc suffrage league of Boston, a
negro organization Wednesday night
adopted resolutions declaring:
'"Inasmuch ns Booker T. Washing
ton has glorified the revised constitu
tion of tile South, has minimized the
Jim Crow case outrage, has attacked
thc wsidom of the fourteenth and fif
teenth emendments to the constitu
tion; has deprecated the primary im
portance of the ballot, has preached
to thc colored people silent, .submission
to intolerable conditions and makes
his people a by-word and laughing
stock before the world, he is not a. flt
leader for thc colored race and no pre
sident who recognizes him as a politi
cal leader should receive the colored
vote of thc North.
"Therefore, since President Roose
velt has ?ivc him tlie charge of ap
pointments of all negroes of whatever
state in the Union, and has made him
thc negro adviser as to all .policies
affecting colored Americans, in thc
interests of our ruco wc call upon
President Roosevelt to dispense with
Mr. . Washington as our political
Kdcape Convict's fcjrimo.
? -.-jouur-T-aurKUj-n mi ii ur, -^a.a-'uiiiu\? ti
from a Frisco train W?dnegday after
noon uear Cordova, by Jeff Van Horn,
?a convict who escaped from Jefferson
I county jail some months ago. The
I two quarreled on the thain and used
whiskey bottles as weapons. Clarke's
hold on a car platform rail was broken
by Van Horn, who cut his hands with
thc broken glass. The train was run
ning rapidly and did not stop to learn
Clarke's condition, but he is believed
to have been killed. Yan Horn was
arrested at Horse Crock after a des
A Murderous Ijimatic.
Aloysius Cavanaugh, 2(1 years old,
of Washington Grove, Md., a patient
in St. Agnes'sanitarium, near this
city, shot and instantly killed his
husiness partner, M. IL Guiney of
Washington, D. C., this evening, and
turning thc revolver, which he had
surreptitiously taken to his room in
the institution, shot and killed him
self. Cavanaugh was under treatment
for nervous trouble, and, his patner
was in attendance upon him. The
sister in charge of tlie sanitarium
could give no explanation of the
NOAV Counterfeit Note.
Tlie secret service reports the Bos
ton, Mass., of a new counterfeit 810
national bank noke. The description of
the note is as follows. "On the Me
chanics National Hank of New Bed
ford, Mass., series 1882, check letter
B. charter No. 743, treasurv serial
No. A87055A, bank serial No. 117D.1,
Bruce, register; Wyman, treasuer of
the United States. A good photograph
on plain paper, no libre; member seal
and panel of hack tinted with thin
colors. This note should not deceive
any careful handler of money. The
negative, however, is a line one."
At Pensacola, Pla.1, Louis W. Dun
ham v as instantly killed Wednesday
wliile storing lumber on the Spanish
steamer Durango. A large piece of
pitch pine had been hoisted on deck
and was standing oh end preparatory
lo being lowered into the hold when
thc chain broke and it fell, crushing
Dunham's head into a pulp. All work
in the hay ceased immediately and
vessels ol' all uationaltics lowered their
Hags to half-mast.
What It Cunt.
Thc cost of thc Richmond street
railway strike, to tlip company, to the
employes in loss of wages, and to thc
state in preserving oilier, aggregates
$250,000. One man was killed by
soldiers, another by a motorman
and scores of persons more or less seri
ously inj med during tlie strike. La
bor clashes of this kind are mighty
bad business. _
Died From Joy.
At San Juan, P. I., Jose Marrara,
a non-leprous patient who was liberat
ed from tlie leper colony as a result ol'
thc recent investigation, died Wed
nesday of heart disease, superinduced
by joy at Iiis release. Thc probing
into the leprosy scandal continues to
produce unpleasant developments.
Tlie public report of thc committee
of the executive council investigating
the matter will be made next week.
An Awful Mistake.
During a dramatic performance by
amateurs at Bessemer Ala., Wcdns
day night, Edwin Nceley, 10 years
old, was killed instantly. Tlie play
required thc firing of a volley of blank
cartridges, buta bullet accidentally
in one revolver caused the death.
Wade Rogers, one of thc players, sur
rendered to the police.
A STBONtr PAPER.
Edward'M.'shepard's Defence of the
South's Suffrage Laws.
AN OUTSPOKEN DEMOCRAT.
Ho Thinks tho South. Justlilod
in Restricting Mio Suffrage
._t in jthe Way that
She Docs. --
The' Evening. Post lins sent the
letter of* inquiry, printed below, to
many prominent northern "Democrats
as to their position on the question
of negro suffrage. So far thc only an-,
swers received have been from Mr.
Cleveland and Mr. Edward M. Shep
ard. Mr. Cleveland's letter is as fol
To the Editor of Thc Evening Post:
Sir: Your''letter propounding cer
tain questions touching negro suffrage
in the south is at hand.
1 am not willing to take from my
vacation the time necessary to an
swer these questions in a thorough
manner-even if i were inclined to
enter into the discussion invited by
Buzzard's Bay, Mass., July 21.
This letter of ex-President Cleve
land was sent In reply to the follow
Dear Sir: It is frequently alleged
in the southern press that leading
northern Democrats are in sympathy
with the effort to disfranchise tho ne
gro in the south; under color of laws
unequally enforced as between whites
and'blacks. To test the truth of this
assertion, The Evening Post respect
fully asks you to give lt for publica
tion your opinion upon the following
statement of facts:
In the case (18.721) tf Jackson W.
Giles, appellant, vs. the Board of Reg
istrars of Montgomery County, Ala
bama, argued before the United States
supreme court at the October term of
1002, it was shown that the said board
of registrars refused to register quali
fied negroes "for no other reason than
their race or color." The brief for
thc appellant spec!Qed that "more
than 5,000 colored persons" in Mont
gomery county alone are thus exclud
ed from the suffrage, though "quali
fied under thc law of thc State of Ala
bama and of the United States."
Granting thc truth of Wiese state
ments and failing intervention'by the
(1) Has congress any duty in the
(2) If the constitutional'guaranties.
are. allowed to lapse, wbou' u^ers Can
we count upon remaining in vigor?
(3) If the negro may be deprived of
the suffrage In thc south, how long
will it be before the same argument
Will be adduced, as Mr. Dos Passes of
the "New York bar admits that it may
bc, for thc disfranchisement of thc
foreign-born voters in the north who
are the peculiar strength of the Demo
By answering these questions at
your earliest convenience, you will
greatly oblsge. Yours very truly.
Editor of The Evening Post.
The foregoing was mailed to thc
address of thc following gentlemen,
in addition to Mr. Cleveland:
W. J. Bryan, AltonB. Parker, Rich
ard Olney, David B. Hill, Judson Har
mon, Edward M. Shepard.
Also to th?se northern Democratic
representatives: Congressmen Gran
ger, Thayer, Sullivan, Hughes, Mc
Dermott, Sulzcr, Harrison, Ryan and
The letter was sent, in addition, to
Gov. Garvin of Rhode Island, to May
or Collins of Boston and also to Mayor
Harrison of Chicago and Mayor John
son of Cleveland.
-Congressman Granger of Rhode
Island, so his private secretary wrote,
was out of thc country and cauld not
reply. Acknowledgment came also
from thc private secretaries of Con
gressmen Sulzcr and Harrison (if this
city, both of whom were out of reacli
in tlie weat. All of thc others ad
dressed, with the exception of Mr.
Shepard, omitted to state their opin
ions on thc case submitted. Mr. Shep
ard's letter of roply is as follows:
YI IC WS OK KDWAltuai. SlIKPAltD.
To the Editor of Tlie Evening Post;
Sir: I cannot brielly auswer your
three questions upon negro suffrage,
predicated upon the Giles case. Il l
am not-upon this large and difficult
question-to be misunderstood, I must
write at length. I do not "grant the
truth" of unproved statements made
by a complaint in equity of which
neither thc court in which the suit
was brought nor thc supreme court,
tu which it was appealed, had juris
diction. Tlie courts required no an
swer to the complaint and refused to
take evidence upon lt-holding that
it was judicially immaterial whether
the statements of th* bill were true
or false-since, even if they were true,
the courts could give no relief to thc
colored "plaintiff. In this conclusion
thc report indicates that all the judg
es of tlie supreme court concurred ex
cept Judge Brewer and possibly J'.;.lge
Brown. Even Judge Harlan, who ex
pressed his merely personal opinion
that In a proper suit thc colored citi
zen might have had relief, declared
that in the only suit which he did
bring tlie court could not help him.
Nor did 1 accept tlie suggestion that
the southern press ascribes to north
ern Democrats "sympathy with the
effort feo disfranchise tho negro in tlie
south under color o? laws unequally
enforced as between whites and
blacks." Have you correctly under
stood thc southern press? Has it not
been interested over thc condemna
tion of negro sn If rage by Secretary
Root, Dr. hyman Abbott, and othrr
distinguished Republicans? Might
not your questions be more proporly
addressed to members of the party
now in power? Is not their opinion,
for tlie time, of more consequence
than that of Dcmocrrts? Tlie su
preme court, sneaking by Judge Hol
mes, while itself refusing thc colored
voter any relief slgulllcantly said that,
If there had been the political wf?rig
he charged, then thc rolief, impart
from mere'money damages (confessed
ly no adequate reparation), must be
given by tbo people of bis State pr by
bb? ''legislative 'and -political1 depart
ment, bf tbo government of tbe United
States." President Roosevelt ls at
the bead of such department; and of
bis position be. is. amply vconscious.
Ho talks of a "square deal" to negro
citizens. - He thinks that tiio Impor
tance of their recognition justifies the
demoralization of the public service
at the sou til by negro appointments
which are personally-offensive to. nine
tenths of those having business with
tlie pillees; and this, while -he refuses
at thc north to appoint negroes'to
places of like relative importance. . lt
is tile duty of the president to execute
existing laws. Does lie think that
there arc laws assuring negro suffrage
which Ttvc not, ' but which can be, en
forced? It ls bis constitutional duty
to recommend new laws when old laws
fall. Does ho recommend any such
new laws? If so, what are they?
And why has he not recommended
tbera'before, and why did not .Presi
dent McKinley recommend .them?
And why, 1 -wunder, were -not-your
quesslons addressed to the Republican
president or tbe Republican " congress
of Republican statesmen after an un
satisfactory auswer by thc Republican
supreme court? Thc Republican par
ty has been coutitiuously in power
since March, 18!I7, and has perfectly
known thc sou thor u situation, ll
has neither done* nor suggested blie
doing of anything to right the wrong,
if wrong there be- And whynot?
I decline, to assume with you thal
the supreme court was wrong i ti'tuc
Giles case; or that if, as you seem lt;
imply, "Constitutional guarantee and
penalties* * * ?ire allowed to lapse."
that is to sav, allowed by thc refusal
of courts, presidents, congresses and
public senAiment to enforce them-il
is useful to enact other guaranties and
penalties the effleacy of which equally
depends upon courts, presidents, con
gresses, and public sentiment, and
which, therefore, would be equally fu
tile with those at' present existing.
So also' 1 decline to assume that "for
cign-boni voters at the north * * *
are thc peculiar strength of the Dem
1 prefer, however, to deal with thc
substance of thc topic of which you
would provoke discussion. 1 believe
profoundly in Democratic self-govern
ment; and I make no exception
against negroes or Filipinos or any
racc'or country which lias shown any
capacity for any degree of orderly ad
ministration. I lia ve always 'hated,
and I nate now more than ever, hu
man slavery, whether ol'white men oi
black or yellow or brown. I abbot
tho suggestion recently made by. u
distinguished northern clergyman and
approved by a distinguished northern
newspaper which has warmly suportec?
President Roosevelt, that a system ol
g^vcrnmcntal.ctimpulsory labor .should
south as'-upon at? xuc?.'- I ab
hor peonage, and would have every
enginery of our governments, State
and Federal, applied to punish.and
prevent it. I honor tho citizens of
Alabama who, os prosecutors, judges
and jurors have punished it in that
State, and the great majority of white
citizens there who haye supported
them in their execution of thc law.
In my opinion, there rests upon thc
president no duty more imperative
than to enfore. the Thirteenth amend
ment and the legislation enacted un
der it. For thc amendment can bc
practically enforced. Wot only is il
supported by the teachings of thc
noble men and women who convinced
thc American people of thc crime ol
slavery and by the reverence in wbicl:
wc hold them, hut by thc nationa
conscience enlightened during thc
dreadful war with .which God pun
?shed tho nation for the wrong-a na
tional conscience dominant in thc
public sentimont of white men soutl
and north. I believe in the future
growth ol the intelligence and
strength of character of th?
American negro. I consider hi:
progress, industrial, intellectual
and moral, since he was a slave
to be vastly creditable to bira anc
full of promise. I admire, anc
am grateful for, the labors of thai
very true American patriot, Rooke:
T. Washington, and of his colored as
sociates. lt is not difticult for mc ti
cuter into thc feelings of men Uki
Prof. Du Hois. 1 should rejoice to sci
everywhere accorded td negro intolll
genet; and industry and character tin
very same esteem and security in poi
son and property which would beac
corded the same faculties under ?
white skin. I believe it, to bc wi?
for southern white men, and to tliei
[true interest, Lo cheerfully accord tin
ballot to tlic negroes who ach le V'
industrial success and arc intcliigcn
and men of high character. All tin
and more like il, I can say.
None the less, 1 should regard it a
calamitous to tho American nation
and, above all, calamitous to tb
American negro, if the north were t
undertake, through the federal gov
ernmeut, to enforce muni the soutl
the right of the negro to vole, or ti
make a political issue of that right
Tuc undertaking means the use o
physical force. Can anything h
plainer illari this? Iii thc (liles eas
the supreme court declared that i
would not enforce the right, becaus
tlic physical ability of courts was in
siifiluicut. The condition of publi
sentiment being what it is at th
south, the court would have t?ente
every election district ?Hid undertake
thc supervision of every election. No
is this more than saying that judi?la
writs arc futile lo compel the whit
race in South Carolina or Misslsslp?
to turn over the government of them
selves and their l?tate to tho blac
race. No power can make head wa
with sucli an undertaking. Only ur
der military law could it attain eve
a nominal success, if even that be al
tainublc. Our generation rememoci
that' a northern army did establls
and maintain in the south "carpel
bag" governments, with their infamie
and lapses towards barbarism. If ai
other northern army were to reno
the undertaking, we should have th
For the problem, it is plain to tb
last degree, ls not one of Democrati
self-government. 1 would, if I coule
have blacks govern themselves. Then
fore it Is that I hate the imperialist)
scheme carried out by tlic Rep?blica
[Continued cm pago 4.]
' THE COTTON 8IT?ATI0N.
%J? ab? %M> 2b? ?.'
A Ne.w York Br?ker Says tho Farmers
---?rr*--"-*' 'Gan Oontrollt. "
.>-- rv/- - .. . ?- ?
.' J.'M.' . A*y6r/. -'a' New York cotton
broker,' recently presented lils views on
the remarks of Secretary-Wilson ahd
;" Wo will all have.to, recognize tbat
statements can be made.under misap
prehension , and . that men . as well
equipped' both' Intellectually 'and in
the matter of-hi formation as Messrs.
Butler and Wil&pp. can > occasionally
bo mistaken.'^ Mr.1 Wilson seems to
have'been unfortunate in the use of
term's, j By ipt-.Tcuceishe characterizes
as gamblers''tbeim\?n*wbo ar? credited
with having put the prfee of; cotton
up. .If they, aro.gamblers, then, every
shopkeeper j,and ,every merchant bn
earth who'buys'anything with a view
to .selUng.it for. an advapce.pn, the
purchase pVlcb^lsd" gambler.' Cotton
is bringing.only wliat^anyfacturers
will', pay for;it. Mr. Wilson's/ 'ginn
blor^' can .n?^ej any price tb>.y please,
'hutJitTey can coin pel "no one to" buy.
AVh?p ri'tallis ris so,'; it js generally
thought, 'and:.pcrhaps must be ad
mitted, thatVxIstlhg conditions have
bro?f?bt about such manipulative
tactiqp as ha.ve caused prices of cotton
Tor 'fflbure months to reach a higher
evei't.Ha'b they would have touched in
the^.?bsence or such manipulation.
Mut-pycn in this, the suggestion holds
good'that no one can be male to buy
at a . .higher price than he thinks he
can?A?ford to pay.
'j'jThe'high level reached- has acted
as uncheck on thc consumption or the
supply of cotton in existence, and this
haSjjfelhiltied, as Mr.'Wilson says, in
the',-}closing br many mills and the
shortening of time by many others,
etc/^but . as has been pointed out, if
every, known bale of .cotton, had been
Iii .-the.hands ot'Hue. m-inufacturcrs
and ali'or it had been consumed, this
condition would have necessarily pre
vailed ?i some time during thc season
just/'clbsing. It is, therefore, clear
that? the so-called corner In cotton
cannot be held responsible for the in
convenience and hardship imposed on
employes by thc closing of the fac
"The. amount of available cotton
thatr hak been or can bc marketed
from, the past crop and old supplies
at prices above Di cents is compara
tively small, and taking into consid
eration the price at which the greater
parteof the old crop has been sold, the
actual average paid for it by manufac
turers would .not exceed a price ab
which' it" cou ld bc consumed at. some
profit. Of course, the spot prices of
todayxould never have been paid for
allito? old crop without ruin to the
factories unless there had been a cor
rcsp griding increase in prices of the
lufaetured products.- Hence, it
iprosjaois v . - advanced
during the coming year, the quota
tion* . of today cannot profitably bc
paid} for tho coming crop.
''Mr. Butler takes occasion to call
attention to the quotations of a cer
tain date, ranging around 10 cents for
December, January, etc., and says
that on that day every planter in the
South could have sold the cotton he
expects to produco at those prices for
future delivery, and that if the plant
er has failed to do so it is his own
fault. Now, the sale ot every bale of
cotton made on the exchauges presup
poses actual delivery and whenever
more cotton is offered than is desired
at the time, a sale cannot bc effected
without some sacrifice in price. For
illustration, let us say thc next crop
will be 11,000,000 bales. Then let us
suppose that all thc plantera had of
fered their product (amounting to this
11,030,000 bales) for sale on that day,
and bad ke;>t offering it until all of lt
was sold. The consequence would
have been nothing less than a disas
trous panic and the crash in quotations
that would have resulted can hardly
be guessed. In this particular, Mr.
Butler seems to have been as unfortu
nate in his supposition as Mr. Wilson
was in the usc of terms.
"The situation now is one in which
thc planters could, If they would, put
themselves in absolute control. There
is no cotton in thc country, and little
is available from any source supplies
must be procured from the coming
crop, and if this crop could be moved
to market only as fast as consumers
would pay 10c or more for it, that
price might be realize:! for practically
every bale ol' cotton produced during
tile coming year.
"The operation of such an econo
mic- plan as this can hardly be hoped
for, and there will surely be periods in
which thc rush of cotton to market
will be in excess of actual demands.
Thc result must necessarily be some
decline in prices; how much, remains
to be seen."
Killis ll is Own i a lc
Eugene Willis of Rome. Ga., drank
thc contents of on ounce phial of laud
anum late Thursday afteruot n and
died Friday hight at 8 o'clock from
thc effects or the drug. When phy- j
sieians arrived Willis was found uncon
scious in Iiis room at thc Central ho- '
tel and all efforts to save his life was
or no avail. Willis swallowed thc
laudanum by mistake, thinking it was
medicine bc had been taking for stern
adi trouble. Willis went to Rome a
few weeks ago from Athens, Ga.,
and accepted thc position of head
clerk at the dry goods house of Henry
Lanham. His wife and three children
joined him here last Saturday. Willis
was about 119 years of age and al
I though nc had been herc utily u short
willie, bc was tillite well known.
A Narrow Hsoupn.
A large boiler in thc chemical
establishment of thc Hansen Vinkle
company Newark N. J., exploded
Thursday, demolishing thc building.
Five men wero Injured by thc shock of
thc explosion or.fby being beneath thc
debris. They aW?: William Wickle
housc, John Winters and Charles Con
nelly, Holard Oliver, and Albert
Burned to Death.
At Blue Ash, Ohio Thursday Mrs.
John Henberson and Mrs. William
Shaffer were burned to death. Their
chlldrcu narrowly escaped. Tho boll
ing over of a pot of coffee extinguish
ed the lire In a gasoline stove, but thc
Hu ld llowcd unnoticed and an explo
sion followed thc lighting of a match.
Son* of Former Mayor Kills Wifo'B
. ?. . . ..
Friend and Himself.:
HE LOVED HIS VICTIM- MADLY.
IIo . implored Her, in His Vv uc ?
Presence, to JLeavo Her
Husband nnil Flee
Townsend Edsou, son of former
mayor of New York, Franklin Edsou,
iti his apartments at 29 West Ninety-,
second street, Now York, "Wednesday
shob and. ipstantly killed 'Mri;:Fannle.
Pullen of 073 West-'End, avenue and
(tr?en shot anti killed 'Himself. The
niurdor iiti? ?sy Felde appear- to'? have"
'ticen, rpr?ni?dltated and followed a
dramatic scene in which Edwin called
upon.Mrs/Pullen, a close and honored
friend of his wife and family, to de
sert her husband and children and fly
with-him to another State. Mrs. Pul
len, "a very handsome woman, is'said
to have been the dautthter.of a United
States naval ofllcer. . '
The double tragedy brought to thc
surface the fact that Edson, who was
"comptroller" of St. Michael's Protes
tant Episcopal church, had been sus
pected of misappropriating funds be
longing to the parish, and expert ac
countants arc at work on his accounts.
It was declared by those related with
tho family that Edson was flnaneially
distressed because of Wall Street
Whatever may have been the pre
cise cause of the tragedy, members or
thc Edson family insist that thc man
was insane. There arc many indica
tions'that Edson was madly in love
with Mrs. Pullen.
On the body of thc man was found
thc following letter:
"Mrs. Pullen: Darling, trust John
implicity. He will always he a go-be
tween and faithful. I know him
thoroughly. He will tell you where 1
am walting for you, to seo your sweet
face once more beforo I go. I am go
ing far, far away, but will die true to
you. No matter how long 1 live 1 shall
lead a new life, and an honest one, and
if I eau ever come back to you with
my past cleaned up, I -will, dearest.
Oh", my God, let me see and speak 'to
you once more. I cannot go until you
do. 1 hope and pray.that you put in
today's (Sept.) personal. Any way 1
answered it in tomorrow's. I hope
you soe it. I cannot sleep. J can only
pray and pray that you will come to
mu once more, purely you will after
alliyou have been to me lu the past. 10
darling, if only to say goodbye. I!
shall wait here until you see rae, no
matter how long, John will tell you
my hotel name. Ask clerk for me."
The fellowing "personal" was pub-,
lislicd in a morning newspaper Wed
nesday: : ^_
"P. Loyal-Nothing in answer to
message; be good to me; worried abolit
you; send word today; just as true to
you as always; with love."
Tlie followiug, evidently a reply to I
thc foregoing, appeared Wednesday
"Fanny-I am loyal and true; can
not go till 1 sec you; trust John: he
will tell you where 1 am; with love.
These, arc believed to be the two|
personals referred to.
Dr. Peters of St. Michael's church,
who knew thc dead mah well, is cm-1
pliatic in his declarations that none'
but the most honorable relations ex
isted between Edson and Mrs. Pullen.
.She was, he said, Edson's "friend ad
Mrs. Pullen lived with her husband,
John E. Pullen, au auditor at the
grand central station, and her two
children, Trafton, 16 years old, and
Mary, 14 years old.
The Edsons were to break up their
home Wednesday morning, as a result
or an agreement tu sign articles' cf
separation, signed the night before. '
The life of tlie couple had not been
happy. Edson had been acting in a
peculiar manner. For that reason fur
niture movers were in the house pack
ing up furniture and bric-a-brac.
Mrs. Edson spent Tuesday night
witli her friend, Mrs. Pullen. She was
about to go out Wednesday morning
when a note came from Edson, asking
that Mrs. Pullen accompany his wife
where he was, Edson, his wife. Mrs.
Tullen, and Dr. David 0. Edson, a
brother of Edson, met in Edson's
During the conversation in the din*?
lng room, Edson, is said to have turd*
ed to Mrs. Pullen, and suggested that
slie leave her home witli Iii m and go
to some other State where they could
lie happy. Mrs. Edson was horritied.
Mrs. Pullen turned away in disgust.
Dr. lOdson, aft'jr sharply relinking his
brother, left thc room with Mrs.. Ed
son, hut both returned in a few
minutes when Edson again .turned to
Mrs. Pullen and began to entreat her
to elope with him. Mrs. Pullen was
horrified at thc suggestion, and pos
sessed with fear ot tlie man ran out of
thc room. Edsou, however, seemed
to recover his self-possession ?and all
went into tlie dining room again. A
few moments after, Mrs. Edson, who
was weak and trembling from thc
ordeal, was assisted to another room
by Dr. Edson. A moment later, ac
cording to Woods, a furniture man
working nearby In the hallway, Edson
pulled a revolver from his pocket, and
pointed it at Mrs. Pullen, shouted:
"You must go with me. If you don't
elope with mc I'll seo thau you go
with mc anyway."
In terror, Mrs. Pullen started to run
from the rcom. She had gone hut a
a few steps when four pistol shots
rang out in quick succession. Thc
hirst bullet tore Mrs. Pullcn's left
cheek, and thc second entered thc
right sido of her head.
According to Wood, Edson looked
at the woman for i moment and then
turned the muzzle of the revolver to
his head, tiring instantly two shots
almost simultaneously. Uoth entered
thc head and he fell, his head strik
ing and resting on tho feet of Mrs.
At tho first shot Dr. and Mrs. Ed
son rushed to tho room, reaching thcro
juBt,a8,Ec]Bon fired: the shot, wb/Ich /en
ded lite own .lifo. ? Mrs/ Edson fell tb
the floor: io a faint.
I TCproncr-Jackson, .-af tor. making - a
thorough . examination ott the house,-:
said that" the ? evidence showed.' that
thc murder and ?uicide were premedi
tated, that he-had found - lettor? and
oth?r. papers in "Edson'B*p.assesstori
which showed that he had a love af
fair; . i?" ... . ? .
.Mr. Pullen,, the husband of thOmur^
de??d woman who. is a vestryman of
St. Michael's church, made a; state
ment tonight in which . he branded
Edson as a defaulter and forger and
said that ho had stolen from the funds
of St. Michael's church. Ile also de
clared that Edson son had attempted
to kill . Mrs. Edson but missed and
killed Mrs/ Pullen hy error.
Mr., Pullen's statoment/ was not
borne put by Coroner's* ' Physician
O'liarrton, who found /powder marks
on the dead woman's lace, showing
thatUhe'pistol, must-have . been :he1d
very dose. - / . j ., . .1
.suicide, said that the.' intimations of
?imprbp?rirqlations he'tweori . hist broth
er anti Mrs. Pullen were absolutely
false. His brofcher,- ho said, had re
cently been acting very strangely and
had admitted thatdie was involved in
Ills family, Dr. Edson said, had.be
come so alarmed over Iiis mental con
dition that arrangements . had been
made to have him examined by an
The shooting, -Dr. Elson declared,
was undoubtedly committed in*a.mo
ment of manaiacal frenzy."
ADJUTANT GENERAL FROST
SubinitH His ilcporfc of the State
Troops to tlie War Department.
Gen. Freist has forwarded to' the
war department lils report of the
militia of tiie State tor the year 1?U3
up to tho 1st of September. Tlie re
port deals with thc riot calls, with
the encampment, and concludes with
recommendations as to future eucamp
There were but four caNs for the
servidos of troops to suppress riots', at
M nock's Corner on March 'Kith, at
Beaufort on April 22nd, at Chester on
Maj 4tb, and at Norway on July 4th,
in all of which cases the troops re
sponded promptly and prevented trou
The account ot the various encamp
ments is then followed with a detail
ed report from Major P. J. Drew as
to number of men attending and ex
pense. The report shows, thab the
First .regiment had in camp-COO. of
ticers and mon; the Second rogimcut
; ?12.; tho Third 545. All of tlicsewere
;c6iiduotec\JriRmpst creditable man
vice is due, lie thinly vrecent
Dick military law, wb... ...-consider
ed the best ever passed. Ile recom
mends, however," that, the appropria
tion for encampment purposes will
be doubled next .year in order that the
men might have two weeks in a con
. Upon tlie matter of target practice,
thu adjutant general suggests that
the government hold annual trophy
contests at. Savannah or some other
good range for the southern troops,
and he hopes'to organize rifle teams
in this State soon. Target practice
has been neglected in South Carolina.
In view of thc fact that 24 drills a
year are now required by the war de
partment and that eaeli company only
gets about $150 from thc State, it is
recommended that tho government
pay each mau $1 per drill with $1 line
for absence. This will enable the
militia to obtain armories which are
badly neceded. The suggestion is al
so made that the minimum number is
also made each company be 45 instead
of 05, and that the government here
after provide transportation for caval
The work of Capt. Leo Foster is
highly commended and much good was
done the militia by Iiis work. The
presence of a company of regulars at
Anderson and Camden, under Capt.
Bennett, also served as a model to thc
A Ilcorlles? Son.
Judge Dannisof thc circuit court of
Baltimore signed an order Thursday
removing William T. Tucker as exe
cutor of thc estate of his father, thc
late Wesley T. Tucker, a leading
slice merchant. Tucker, who, in con
junction with Iiis motlier, the coexe
cutor of thc estate,' had access to thc
money and .valuables belonging to thc
estate and deposited in a sato in thc
.Safe Deposit and Trust company. Of
these he ls accused by his mother of
abstracting and converting to his
own use $5150,000. Tucker has disap
peared and is said to bc in Central
America. Tucker and his mother he
log the only heirs to thc estate she
announces that she will take no
.further legal steps against him.
Baron Henri De llothchild appaled
in tlie police court at Paris to answer!
tlie charge of automobile scorching.
Thc case came lip previously before
tiic courts, but was postponed. His
defense was that lie lias a permit from
tlie ministry of the interior, as a doc
tor, allowing Iii m to disregard the
speed regulations. Ile was neverthe
less, sentenced tootie days imprison
ment and a line of ten francs.
Dies in Ills Cell.
Preferring deatli to facing a serious
charge, Andrew W. Gorslino, a Long
island pity manufactur, has committ
ed suicide in his cell in thc Quena
county, jail New York, by inhaling
illuminating gas. In a will found in
his cell Coraline bequeathed all Ills
property to lils nephew, who made
thc complaint on which Andrew was
Killed on Stage .
During a dramatic performance by
amateurs ab . Bessemer- Birmingham,
Ala., Thursday night Edwin Neely,
"?0 years old, was killed instantly. The
play required thi tiring of a volley of
blank cartridges, but a bullet accl
dently in one revolver caused death.
Wade Bogers, ono of tho players, sur
rendered to the police.
Heater's A?nuar Eepoft Shows Vi
; oxpectcdly targe Conaumption bf
COTTON BY SOUTHERN MILLS.
.Great Britain's Takings . Decreased.viv
Nearly Two Hundred Thous
and Dales During the
Past Cotton Year.
The totals-rof Secretary Hester's
anoual report of the cottoa crop of
tho United States were promulgated
Sept. l. They show receipts of cotton
at all United States ports for tho year
7,724,101, against 7,079,200 last year;
overland to uor thorn mills and Canada
I,?8:i,33;i,.agiiiii?b 3 ,103,953; southern
Consumption taken' direct from the
liiterior of the cotton belt 1,920,072,
against 1,897,437; making the cotton
crop bf thc United States tor 1902-03
amount to 10,727,559 'halos,'against
10^030,?80 last year and 10,383,422
the*Vear berore. Colonel Hester has-.,
made his usual investigation into tho
consumption of the south and has re
ceived reports by mail -and telegraph
from every mill consuming cotton in
the cotton growing states, including
woolen mills Uial have used cotton,
and thc results show a total or 2,
000,729, but of this 80,057 were
taken from ports and included In
port receipts. -
This shows that the mills of th?
south have used up 02^758 bales more
than during. 1901-02 and 379,798 more
than during 1900-1901, a most re
markable showing in face of recent
trade conditions, supposed to have
been brought about by the abnormal
difference between values of the raw
material and the manufactured
Colonel Raster's full report will be
issued Friday or thc day after and will
contain interestlug-and valuable facts
showing the consumption of tho south
by states, tho takings and consump
tion of northern mills and the world's
consumption of American cotton. He
will also give tho crop by states and
facts in relation to the continuance of
thc remarkable increase in the spind
les of southern mills. In addition to
thc totals of the crop and southern
consumption as above, Colonel Hester
also gave out the actual crop of the
state of Texas, which amounted to
2,830,025 "bales, against 2,992,G49; of
Indian Territory, which amounted to
418,453, against 369,894 and of Okla
homa, which amounted this year 'to
180,323. aga! pst 130,812 laa,b year, no .
also ' gave tho exports for the year ias
against 3,085,497, a decrease of : 183,'-.
069;-to France, 785;079, against "715,
909, an increase of 39,710; to Con
tinental European ports 3,039,958,
against 2,859,344, an inoreaseof 180,
014: to British'North America 123,
077v again 122,201, an increase of 1,- .
419; Mie. total exports foreign, includ
ing British North America, amount
ing to 0,800,843, against 0,703,071, an
increase of 37,772. He stated that
Japan and China received of the past
crop 135,408 bales against 109,243, a
decrease of 33,835.
AFFAIRS AT CLEMSON.
Thc Dooks Examined and Everything
Found in Good Shape.
A special to thc State from Clem
son says Col. R. W. Simpson, who
was herc Thursday with Col. M. L.
Donaldson and Maj. A. T. Smyth at
a meeting of the finance committee,
said that thc board of trustees of ,
Clemson college had submitted the
treasurer's books, accounts and vouch
ers, for two, years ending July 1, 1903,
to a thorough inspection by the
American Audit company with head
quarters at Columbia. The certificate
by this company is to the effect that
the books, records, vouchers and cash
account are correct.
Prof. John Hamilton, when here at
tho farmers' instituto, said it was. thc -
largest institute ever held in the '
United States, so far as he knew. He
ls the farmers' institute/specialist of
che department of agriculture.
In this connection the following ex
tract from a letter to Dr. P. Hy*Mell
from Maj. Henry E. Alvord, chief of
the dairy division of thc department
of agriculture at Washington, will ka
"I wish to express my special grati
fication, not only at being able to per
sonally participate in the farmers' in
stitute at Clemson college last week
(although still regretting thelnability
,to bo there' all the week), but also at
thc remarkable success of the insti
tute itself. . -v
"From quite an extended knowledge
of such things, ib is my oplpion that
no agricultural college In the country
has heretofore held a similar Inptltute
upon its premises', of greater impor
tance or which could bo regarded as
more successful. The more I think of
it, the more lt seems to mc to havo
been a notable occasion and full of en
courgement to the agricultural in
terests of South Carolina, and to the
college as tho recognized agency for
promoting these Interest??. Please av
Icept for yourself, Cal. Newman, and
j all connected with .the organization,
preparation and conduct of the in
stitute my hearty congratulations
upon your truly remarkable success."
A number of old students who fail
ed on examinations or who have work
to make up are herc and hard at work.
Mr. A. Schillettcr, thc popular
bursar, has everything In "shipshape"
down at tho barracks f?r thc recep
tion of the crowd. Most of the new
students will arrive Thursday and
?stand examinations until thc 9tb,
wheu thc regular class work will be
Col. Newman, Prof. Benton and
j Judgo Hook have temporary quarters
(In thc ' chemical laboratory. Tho
ground has been ciarcd preparatory to
the erection of tho big agricultural
hall. It will bc, lt Is said, the most
Inspiring building on tho campus.