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v&drotafy' G??tt; ??bniittf R?poifc to,
. tho legislativo Committee.
FAVORS RADICAL C3AKGE9.
'Ho Discusses Intelligently Topics
\ Which Aro ol' Interest. In- "
V- ckvaso ?in Levy or rte- ^
?^KPsp'onse to the request of the
'?? .. bammissiou to suggest to the legisla
ture remedies for thc weakness,.lu thc
' tax system, Mr. Jesse T. Gan', t,
secretary or state, has made some In
vestigations which bave convinced
. himself of thc necesity for a change
in the laws. His very full report will
bo sent to the commissioners before
their meeting In Columbia next
; .Thursday. After reviewing the situa
tion In this State, he quotes copiously
from thc' messages of Gov. Kash of
Ohio, Gov. Ode!' of New York, Gov.
k: Van Sant of Minnesota, Ex-Go v.
\V. Tyler of Virginia, Gov. Beckham of
Kentucky, Ex-Gov. Vborhecs of New
Jersey and Gov. Murphy of New Jer
sey, all of whom approve a franchise
In his letter to the commissioners,
Senators Mower and Manning and
Representatives Moses, Thomas and
Tatum, Mr. Gantt says in part:
"The first inquiry which must ad
dress itself to you is that of-the liban
cial condition of the State, comparer!
witli its condition in former years."
He then, submits a table compiled
from the ollicial reports for thc past
six years, showing tho gross amount
realized from tile State levy, the casli
on hand available and to thc cr?dit of
the general fund ab thc close pf each
of said years, and thc outstanding
obligations ot' thc governor and treas
urer borrowed to meet current indebt
edness. This table shows that no fis
cal year was ended with an outstand
ing indebtedness until 1901, when thc
State was in arrears *l15,000, ari
amount which was increased t'? S20<>,
852 by thc beginning of thc current
Mr. Gantt continues:
"It wili thus be seen that until two
years ago t'nc State, while not on a
cash basis, generally recei ved the new
year's taxes in time to "meet all re
quired payments when due, although
on some occasions the treasurer was
compelled to resort to the expedient
of overdrawing his account with the
oinks. It shows that on the 1st of
January last, although more taxes
levied for the new year had been col
lected than ever before, thc treasurer
had outstanding notes for money bor
rowed to meet current expenditures
aggregating $290,852.70. lt can be
said, however, in partial explanation
of this condition, that for 1808, $92,
000, and in 1809, SlOO.OOO, was re
ceived by the treasurer from the dis
pensary, and that the present condi
tion of thc treasury is not entirely due
to an increase in the appropriations.
"For the present iiscal year, not
withstanding the ..fact .that 888,000
was received from thc United States
government and used in payment of
the appropriation for pensions, $275,
000 has already been borrowed by the
treasurer, which will doubtless be in
creased to $375,000, the full amount
permitted by law to be borrowed, be
fore the close of the fiscal year.
RECEIPTS AND EXl'KNDITURES.
"Thc appropriations which it is
usual to make exceed $1,123,000 each
year; the receipts of tl ie State barely
"It will thus be seen that not only
is the State's iiuances in comparably
worse conditions than six years ago,
that each year adds to our difficulties
a tloating indebtedness exceeding
$100,000. In Iiis message to the gen
eral assembly in 1808, Gov. Ellcrbc,
who had been comptroller general,
and consequently was qualified to
speak with authority as tu the condi
tion of thc State, asserted that "The
finances ol' the States are in a very
unsatisfactory condition. * * *
By refusing to borrow $100,000, as is
often done, though I lia ve not .saved
thc State any great amount in the
way of "interest charges, I have re
fused to sanction what appears to me
to bc a bad precedent." In his mes
sage to the general assembly bf 1809,
he said:. "The finances of thc State
are still in a very unsatisfactory con
dition. * * * Thc appropriations
must be cut down or the tax levy
raised." Gov. Eilerbe referred to the
necessity of the State treasurer to
overdraw his accounts with the bunks
during the summer months until thc
collection of the new year's taxes in
the fall could reimburse them, or to
borrow money sometimes for that pur
pose. "When lie refused to borrow
money, it was with no iJca that the
note would bc outsanding at the close
of thc year, but would bc settled from
taxes soon to be collected. The State
he deemed to have a deticll of $10 },
000, because it would have required
practically that amount at that time
to meet the current year's appropria
tion's from the taxes assessed for thc
expenses of thc current year. ( >n this
basis the deficit was, in round num
bers, $440,000 on Jan. I last, and
it will reach approximately ??(?00,000
by the next meeting of the general as
"The Iiuances of thc State are un
questionably in a deplorable condition,
and that some remedy must be lound,
and that at once, is unquestionable.
"Four alternate remedies suggest,
"First, Reduction in appropria
"Second. An increase in thc levy.
"'Third. A n increase in assessments.
'.Fourth. Kew sources of revenue.
"Is it possible to reduce appropria
tions to a sutllcient amount lo COOK;
witnjn thc present available income bf
"Tlie amount annually expended in
the government of the city ot New
"?ork would run tho government ol'
South Carolina about 40 years.
"Of our present tax levy of live
mills, one and one-half mills required
.to pay thc interest on the public debt,
three-fourths of .a mill to support, thc
asylum and institute for the blind one
mill for the pensions and a little less
than th rec-fou rtlis of a nilli for all col
leges and institutions for higher edu
cation of tlie State. There, is thus
. left but little more than one mill to
. . Hupperts.thc entire machinery of thc
!p> : ; . ?Stittc government, including the pay
ment of the salaries ol' all ofilccrs of
tho State, including thc legislature
and thc judiciary, the expenses of the
. ,^-^enforcement of thc laws and the col
. /lection of tile taxes and for all special
;. 'emergencies which arise. Can it be
was olusedr would the State's -ti nances
bo ihUdh improved? ?sti we default
on tho IhterOst on o?f hoods,'stop pen
sioning tho'veterans, or .turn .tho in
mates out abd elose the asylum doors?
Clearly there is no remedy here,?and
any appropriations'that'oan bo or will
bo cut will not al?e?t the" result, and
will leave the necessity now upon us as
apparent as before.
S INCUBASE TH 13 LEVY.
"bau the levy be Increased? While
it is within the authority of the- ge li
erai.assembly to increase the levy to
any amount necessary to meet the
needs of thc State, and clearly it must
be increased if other remedies are re
jected, this step would entail added
hardship upon those citizens who own
real property, and who .aro already
bearing more than their share of tho
burden of government. If the next
general assembly attempts to tliusj
raise suMielen b-money to pay the ruin
standing notes of thc treasurer, .and
to raise a sutllclenb amountvto meet
necessary appropriations, a levy of
seven and one-half or eight mills must
be made; If the outstanding notes are
eairied as Moating Indebtedness) still
the levy must be increased at least
"This levy of seven and one-half or
eight mills would be nearly three times
the average direct levy in the other
States of the union. We can only ap
preciate our condition by comparing
it with theirs. Would not an increase
in the levy but add to thc dihiculties
under which we are laboring,' by giv
ing an added inducement to the own
ers of real and personal property to
evade\an excessive demand by the
"Is not the present ridiculously low
returns for assessment in many quar
ters due to a feeling with many people
that becausu their property ls tangible
they are called upon to bear a burden
whidh should be in part on the shoul
ders of other men?
* In a bulletin issued by the State of
New York, showing the ?"mancos of the
various States for the vear 1895, the
accuracy of which cannot be question
ed, it is shown that 45 States of the
union received that year from all
sources 8121,925,920 of which only
449.000,-108 caine from general proper
ty taxes. South Carolina received that
year from all sources (including phos
phate royalty, which, like the State's
dispensary income, has vanished) $l,-j
150,090, of which $8-15,708" came from
the general property tax. Thus the
States collectively raised only bwu
llfths of the money required for their
purpuses by direct taxes upon proper
ty; South Carolina thus raises practi
cally all of hers.
"Assessments clearly -should be
raised, if for no other reason than that
the relative importance and resources
of the State should not be misrepre
sented to the world at large. How
ever, I doubt if any better method of
raising them will be found than to
tirst reduce tile present- excessive tax
levy and show to the man who owns
real estate that he is asked to con
tribute only his fair share to the sup
port of government.
"For the foregoing reasons, I would
suggest ns the most practical means
of rectifying the present tinancial
condition ol the State the adoption of
some of thc measures by which the
other Statrs of thc union have been
enabled to raise three-fifths of the
various suras required for their sup
port, and I could not better express
the measures which I would recom
mend than did Gov. Nash to the gen
eral assembly of Ohio, at the session
of 1902, and which were substantially
adopted by that body and enacted into
After ?ploting Gov. .Nash's recom
mendation as to tile franchise tax, Mr.
Gantt continues: "Of course 1 do nut
intend in every instance to endorse or
recommend the schedule tixed In this
bill, as your committee and the mem
bers of the general assembly are well
qualified to determine what would be
fair and equitable, and what excep
tions, if any, should bc made therein.
I would call your attention to the fact
that New York exempts manufactur
ing corporations from the payment of
this annual franchise tax. 1 intend
merely to suggest the source; nor can
it be expected that anything like the
sums suggested by Gov. Nash can be
realized in South Carolina.
"Tlic revenue derived from the or
ganization of corporations cannot be
materially increased. Although the
present schedule was adopted largely
at my suggestion, its practical opera
tion lias convinced me that some modi
fications and amendments should be
made lg it, and to the general law for
thc formation of corporations, which
I will suggest in detail in my regular
report to thc-general assembly.
"Among other sources of revenue to
the State are inheritance taxes, and
certain forms of business licenses. A
majority of the Sbates of the union
tax inheritance in some form; the At
lantic coast States' generally receive
large sums from tish and oyster privi
leges and taxes, while slot machines,
etc., are generally taxed elsewhere.
These measures, In some instances,
are more equitable and less burden
some than some of thc corporation
taxes referred to.
"The general assembly should adopt
rib measure which will place an undue
burden upon any industry; the pros
perity of thc State no longer depends"
solely upon agriculture, hut is inti
mately and inseparably connected witli
tho wcll-bejng and provableness of
tirade and manufactures. The corpor
ations llave done, and are doing, much
for South Carolina and the State
should adopt the most liberal laws and
measures in dealing with them con
sistent with tlie good of thc common
wealth. Hut tills liberality should
not extend to an exemption from any
portion of their share of the burden of
"While I realize tshat some of the
measures I have proposed will be
deemed revolutionary, and possibly un
fair by some of those who are familiar
only with the laws and practices in
.South Carolina, they are in fact not
so. They are now in force in many of
the most progressive States, and have
not been found unduly burdensome;
tiley have been frequently determined
by the courts to be just and constitu
Wanted Him Out.
lt is said Limb a promient South
Carolina lawyer received thc following
significant letter from a former Geor
gian -who now lives in Texas:
"Dear Kernel: 1-have beam that,
my son -John has been sent to the
l?gislature' an' .ri te'to ask that you use
all possible means to "get him out.
The old lady un' nio allers taught
him to be a good boy and never had
no idea that he would bring disgrace
upon our honorable name. Ef you
can't get him out enny other way
please try to get Gov. Tearre! to par
don him ari' 1 will settle the bill an'
oblige, your old friend."
C'?HdUCtdf WoUld NotStop td Pibtf
. tipa |Iaii >Vht>.l fi'i. ?
A special dispatch to'the" Augusta
Chronicle says Mr. Frank Booth,.thc
prominent'Oconee county .planter who
foll from the Seaboard Air ?Line train
near' Tucker, Ga,, Tuesday night
about 9 o'clock, regained consciousness
Wednsday morning'about li o'clock to
find two dogs biting hlra^ and to find
himself badly torrup by'fulling from
a train running at about Md miles an
Mr. Booth had been VpvAtlanta and!-;
was returning bomb On the S?saboard?
train; which leaves Atlanta at 8:10
mi * After tba train left'" Tucker Mr.
Booth ?tried - to pass from' bnri1 earHo
another, and Sn doing so, uuobher
passenger brushed against him and he
fell from the train. Before the train
had run a half mlle, according tb many
witnesses who were on board, thc bell
cord was pulled and conductor Lane
was notified that Mr. Booth had fallen
oil. Mayor J. P. Rhodes, Mr. Chas.
N. ITodgson and other prominent men
on the train went to Lane and asked
him to back thc train and pick Mr.
Booth up. Lane was sitting io the ne
gro coach and did not get up; he was
writing and did not move his pencil
from the paper on which he was writ
ing, but replied, in an unconcerned
manner, that when the train reached
Lawrenceville, a distance of some
fifteen miles, he would wire to Atlanta
and have the next freight brain look
out for Mr. Booth. Lane's refusal to
back tiie train such a short distance,
in a caso like this, completely", dura
founded -those" who appealed to him td
do so, as it disgusted tho other pas
Singers on thc tram and many threats
were made against the man.
Several parties decided to board the
engine at the next stop, and while
others took charge of Lane, hold a*
pistol to' Ids head and cuni pel him to
return, for the .unfortunate man who
was left to his fate on the right of
way. It was decided, however, that*
this was not the right thing* to do,
and a petition was circulated by a
committee of passengers expressing
thc indignation of those aboard thc
train, and asking that Laue be dis
charged. Thc petition, signed by a
number of prominent men lt'i this sec
tion of tiie state, who witnessed
Lane's conduct, is as follows:
"Supt. E. Berkley, Seaboard Air
Line, Atlanta, Ga. Dear Sir: We,
the undersigned passengers on your
train leaving Atlanta Monday night
at 8:10 o'clock, very respectfully sub
mit that Conductor Lane, of said
train, should he summarily discharg
ed from the service of your company,
on the following statement of facts:
"Near Tucker, Ga., on your road,
Mr. Prank Booth, a leading planter
of Uconee county, fell from the train;
two reputable witnesses saw him tall;
the hell cord was pulled before the
train could have possibly run a half
mile and Conductor Laue was imme
diately notified of what had occurred
and appealed to by a score ol' people
to carry the train back and - recover
(Signed) C. N. Hodgson, B. F. Hol
der, Jr., I; B. Smith, A. M. Burch,
Barrett Phinzy, J. G. Hill, P. M.
Smith, C. O. Niblock, 1). A. Watson,
S. B. Wingfield Jr., J. F. Rhodes, J.
G. Carthiers, C. D. Epps, II. P. Hin
ton, Paul E. Jackson F. A. Connell,
E. D. Sledge, J. A. Wilson, Louis M.
Johnson, J. W. Tuck', W. C. Wing
field, .1. N. Williamson, W. A. Har
ris, E.. G. Turner, L. P. J)urham, R.
J. Turner, W. G. Harris."
MODERN ENOCH ARDEN.
A Mun Supposed tobo i)en<t Suddenly
A special dispatch from Grltlln, Ga.,
to the Atlanta Journal says: "That
truth is stranger than fiction has
been most forcibly demonstrated by a
strange incident that has created
great excitement in this city, .lack
Reid, belonging to one of the best
families in Georgia and before the
war one of the most wealthy, turned
up in Griffin Wednesday night, after
having supposedly been'dead twenty
yiars. Ills case outrivals Rip Van
Winkle in human interest and pathos.
When a young man Reid was married
to one of the fairest daughters of the
state, but they separated and- Reid
went west over thirty years ago.
"About twenty years since a dis
patch came to Iiis relatives here that
he had been killed in a light in Texas
and his supposed remains were
brought to Griffin and interred in the
family burial ground. It is said that
the casket was opened and the body
identified as that of Jack Reid. His
relatives mourned his demise and . a
second wire came an:l wept over., his
bier. Wednesday night .the .'police
found a strange man on the streets,
evidently trying to locate scenes of
long years ago. When asked his ,
name he replied that he was .lack
Reid. When thc story was circulated
over the city Thursday it created a
sensation the like of which G ri flin has
never known and many refused to
believe the man's statements.
u Friends of his boyhood hunted him
up and used every cunning question
to entrap the man and prove him to
bc a fake, but their efforts were futile',
and all are forced to admit the truth
fulness of his assertion that he l's the
Jack Reid and the body resting in the
city cemetery is that of an unknown
man. Jlsicl claims to have been liv
ing in Central and South America for
many years past and accumulated and
lost a large fortune. Ho left Llenia,
Peru, nine weeks ago and reached his
old home Wednesday night. He has
a sister living in Griffin. Mrs.'Charles
G. Mills, hut she is away for the sum
mer and Reid says he will not be here
but a few days and dims not kjiow
whether he will get'to sec her or not.
When asked about tiie fraud perpe
trated upon his relatives In 'sending
thc remains of another, pretending
they were lils, he replied that he knew
of the circumstances, hut would not
give his reason for allowing the de
Used Her Teeth.
A dispatch from Columbia, Ga.,
says when BaililTs Jack Harris and C.
A. Smith attempted to arrest Emma
Ferrell, colored, Wednesday after
noon, \shc drew a hammer on the offi
cers, but was prevented froth using it.
She bit Bailiff- Harris, sinking her
teeth In his arm before he could pre
vent it. In the struggle the woman
was struck In thc face with handcuffs
and was finally ai rested.
Pl?llei' ftt?kuin^ Oy
Harry Dean nt Sparta?burg. .
. Miller M^cUvlnbey, a; member of tho
Qrro or Sloane &'Melvinney,-merchants
at Tucaupa miHa.'ivas ; shot and killed
Wednesday afternoon about 3 o'clock
by. IlarryiDean, son of Magistrate J.
M. Dean of Duncan's. ; The tragedy;
ls -a most deplorable ouo, and the
prominence of thc families of both de
ceased and his ..Blay er makes.; lt the
more regrettable. . .
From what can .?bo ' learned of the
happening, it appears' that a debt of
82>?p ??e McKinney by '/Dean, caused
thekllllbg. Th'eVtworhjen entertain
ed hard,"feelingsi. ifor,. q?ch.. other . for
someftime, mid1?j?'; tragic,''peqUcl of
this af C?r'b?bb wasche /res?ltl' There
b?cuis'to have been no eyewitnesses to
the afialri. Tho bod}* of McKinney
was discovered on tho road side imme
diately after the' m?etlng bf tile men.
Yesterday afternOon- Miller. McKin
ney was riding in his buggy from
Tucap?ii to Duncan's. About a quar
ter of a mlle, ..from /Pucapau he sind
Harry Dean bad' their .'meeting. Dean
was .on foot. The (j'isc bf thc pistol
shots was-- lieard ai" '^shortly after
wards the lifeless body of Miller Mc
Kinney was discovered.
Harry Dean secured a horse and
rode to this city where he surrendered
to the county sheriff and was imme
diately placed in jail. -He was seen
there this afternoon late. He is 18
years cf age, and a youth bf medium,
slight build. Ile "wore .'.the ordinary
working clothes bf' a.iarmcr and ap
peared calm and collected in conversa
Ho was asked-a s to the rumor thab
he shob .McKinney jj* Trom ambush.
This he denied emphatically aud his
versi?n or bbc tragedy, ls bhab he had
started up the road from his Held, to
sec a-neighbor and met Miller McKin
ney driving along in a buggy. * '
McKinney accosbed him about'tho
$2.50 acribun^ and Dean acknowledg
ed'bhab ho owed him ?something, but
.pot bhab much. * This' caused an in
terchange of some hob words: and
bhen, according, to Dean's statement,
McKinney with an oath, said: "I will
just give you a whipping." lo return
Dean warned him to stay, in thc bug
gy, but McKinney was in -the acb of
getting out and, Dean says McKinney
produced a pistol at'this juncture, bc
(Dean) drew a 38-callbre pistol a?d
shot. Dc stated bhab he did nob
know how many times- he fired. His
aim was effective and fatal and Mc
Kinney was a dead man in a few min
Harry Dean's plea will bc self-de
fense. Thc deceased was about 25
years of age, unmarried, and a son of
Mr. Wm. McKinney, who lives near
Clifton.- His family is a prominent
one in Spartanburg county. Harry
Dean is a 'grandson of Col. A. II.
Dean of Duncan's ?nd a nephew of
State Senator Dean of Greehville coun
ty and Cnief of police Dean of this
city. His father, Mr. J. M. Dean of
Duncan's, is one of,.the -county's sub
stantial citizens.' Coroner Fosbe?
lett this afternoon to conduct the in
quest* -, * ,
' '.THE NEGRO IN CHICAGO.
Ho"'Barely-.*: '-^r*, m?;...IIB fc???
'? ? / i"
Pron, a Ijj nc." >w;r Mt'O. ? " ' ->
' .>"*'<?...': .y .'
Undera fire.of bricks and stones
policemen Wednesday hight "at Chica
go, 111-, rescued a -negro murderer
from a mob of wouldjbe lynchers. Ten
minutes before, John Uri ilkley, a col
ored watchman, -had shot and killed
Charles McCarthy, a plasterer, almost
in the presence of the laster's wife,
who stbod in the doorway holding her.
baby.' Then the negro, backing inTo
tile doorway of his own quarters, held
a crowd of 200 men and boys at bay
until policeman Roberb Mooney walk
ed up to bim ubarmecT -and took his
weapon. Mooney took his prisoner
into the office of the tile factory, In
which Brinkley *.yas employed, to
await thc patrol wagon. But as -he
did so the crowd surge? forward once
more with cries of "Lynell him,"
'Lynch him; get a rope." Brinkley
turned and lied from the office hy thc
The mob'saw the escapo? and, head
ed by Mooney, streamed down an alley
in pursuit.'.'The negro ran soveral
blocks before he was linallyovcrtakeii.
Tile policeman having been, brushed
aside Brinkley was now at thc mercy
of the crowd. A teamster jumped
down from his wagon and began lash
ing the negro across thc faeewith lils
whip, thc victim being held tiie while
by a dozen men and boys. A patrol
wagon arrived.with three policemen,
who, together with Mooney, seized the
negro and succeeded In dragging him
to thc patrol wagon. The h?rses
were whipped up and the rescued pris
oner whirled to the police station.
None of thc rioters was arrested.
Tiie killing grew out of a quarrel in
which McCarthy had accused.Hrinklcy
of stealing cjiickens from hjs premises.
THOSE 'FREE PASSES.
Senator Tillman Speaks of'tlie Hiilla
haloi) al Home.
A special tfi the State from Nor
folk says: * ?"'
In a letter ta vt .* H. King,' a Turk
ish bath manager in this city who
comes from South Carolina abd who
wrote Senator Tillman that fie would
not believe thc latter accepted, free
passes and franks unless he had veri
iication -over the senator's signature.
Mr. Tillman averfr thc matter was a
Republican'move to direct attention
away from the manner.he was push
ing Senator Uurtbjn inj^'e. race ques
tion debate. ' . ^ ,
Senator Tillman writes under date
of September f, from'Trehtr'rn S. Ci
"All . tiie 'hullabaloo'"'which has
been kicked np recently lutd for a
foundation thc fact that I lost a card
case containing passes over the
Chicago, Burlington and /.Quincy sys
tem which 1 had never used 1 noli lied
the railroad so they' could protect
themselves from any impostors. My
record in Washington will show
whether or not thc use pf such cour
tesies bas inllucnced my actions or
utterances.. A mat) Who can 'be
bought with a pass can bc bought
with'money. My opinion is that thc
great notoriety and publicity given to
thc slmplb Irfddont grew out of thc
fact.! wa? pusjiing Jturton very bard
on tiie race question and thc Republi
can papers seized on tills optortunlty
to create a diversion and it ls notori
ous that my enemies never let slip an
.opportunity to abuseand misrepresent
The golton noll WecyM
In wany c?u?eli?s throughout Texas .
recqntly prjiyoro were offered m relief ?
from the Mexican boll? ?weeyJl peat.
Cotton plantera, alarmed at tho reap
pearance of the insect? asked tue ni lu-,
fst?rs for their aid and tbc pastora.re- ?
stfonded, " hob only X" tho country
towns and villages, but in the largest
churches, in the principal cities in thc
Stato. The Mox lean ^bollw "'I, tho
most destfiiotive enemy Of t ?otton j
crop that bas over ' appeare?, bossed
the Rio Grandq, a-few years ago, and
bas now.- .spread over the eastern
quarter of /Texas, reaching from the
coast dino almost tQ,, the Arkansas
.lu 1902, the damage inflicted by, this
insect' on the cotton; crop was esti
mated at $10,000,000, and, in. the
natural order of events, tbe;damatee
this year should be greater, the
territory involved having1 greatly
increased. What the extent of dam
age will be,- however, can not be es
timated until the third annual genera
tion of the insect appears in tho next
two or three weeks. The weevil mul
tiplies about 1,000,000 times or more
each generation, and Texas planters
are now anxiously awaiting thc coming
The territory in Texas already cover
ed is large, Involving as great an area
as is embraced in the bound ries on one
of the larger Slate of the Union. At
last, the weevil has crossed the Texas
boundary, and appeared in western
Louisiana and in South Oklahoma,
but the damage; tills year, will not bc I
gtcat outside of Texas. The only case
in which the weevils has made a long|
jump has been to New Orleans it hav-j
ingappeared, in large numbers, at the
State experimental station in Audubon
park, in the upper limit of New
Orleans,- a few weeks ago. It 15 esti
mated that the third crop will spread
until tbe entire cotton belt of Texas is
enveloped, and Texas produced about
one-tiftb of the cotton crop of _the|
country. . ..
Cheap Iluten un Southern.
Thc Southern Railway " will sell
tickets*Jor delegates and members of
the following name meetings at rate
of one and one-thud fare on the Cer
t'itlcatc Plant ">? tbe Round''trip,
' Atlanta^ Ga. National' Corrvention
of Congregational Workers, Sept. 19
23, tickets on sale Sept. 10-21, tinal
limit Sept. 20th, 1903. . .-. ......
Charleston, S. C. United Daughters
of the Confederacy, Nov. 11-14, tickets
on sale Nov. 7-13, final limit Nov. 18.
Chattanooga, Tenn,, Woman|s Home
Missionary Society 'ot 'the *"M. E.
Church, Oct. 28 Nov. G, tickets on sale
Oct. 24-30 filial limit Nov. 9.
.Washington,. P.O. National. Associa
tion of 'Retail Druggists, Oct, 5-8,
tickets on sale Oct. 1-7, li nal Ihn il Oct,
Washington,-!). C. National Spirit
ualist's Association, Oct, 20-23, tickets
on sale Oct. 10-22, tinal limit Oct. 27.
Tue Southern Railway will also sell
Open Round Trip Excursion tickets to
points numed below:
Baltimore, Md. Sovereign Grand
Lodge, 1. O. O. h\ Sept. 21-20, tickets I
on sale Sept. 18-20, tinal limit Sept. 28.
One fare for round trip, plus $2.
Greensboro, N.C. Reunion Non-Rcs
ident North Carolinians, Oct. 12-13.
One first-class fare, plus $1.00, for
round trip from points beyond a. rad i us
of 300 miles of Greensboro. One first
class fare, plus 25 bcrits, for round trip
from points within radius of Greens
boro; tickets on sa-cGot. 9-10, within
iina-1 limit Iii clays from date, of sale.
Trains scheduled to arrive in Greens
boro before noon of Oct. 12th, with
final limit 7 days from date of sale.
New Orleans, La. American
Economic Association and <Yinerican
Historical Association, Deo. 28, '03
Jan. li '04, 'tickets on salo Dec. 20-27,1
final limit Jan..;), 1904. One first-class.)
fare plus 25 cents.
^-?2?r full- information apply to any |
agent, or to'1 " ' '?
Wi H. TAYWIU, R. W. HUNT,
Ass. Gen. Pass. Agt., Div Pass Agt" I
Dauber in Snil.i linn ICH. '
. Do yob know that the siphon bottle
ordlnaily used for vichy, soda water
and other dior vosee nt drinks is usually
chargea1 with a- pressure ol' from 12o lo I
Hit) pounds to tue square inch? Thc]
danger likely to result from an explo
sion of one of these little household
articles is by no means inconsiderable,
and yet the average person handles
a siphon tus though it were the most
harmful thing in thc world. There
are two or three things to, remember
in handling sipbpnes. Never keep
your siplioncs near tile range, for the
unusual heat is more likely than
anything else to cause an explosion.
Don't subject the bottles to any
sudden change of. temp?rature
whatever. For instance, if you keep
your siphons in the ice box-and
that is tue best and safest plac? for
hem-dottj't .-.grasp thc .glass part
of the bottle with ' your warm
hands, for the sudden change of tem
perture is apt to cause an explosion.
The best way to carry a siphon at all
times is by the metal top at the head
of the bot tie. It i-s needless to say the
greatest care should be taken not to
drop a siphon, for an explosion is the
inevitable result. When cniftty the
siphon is, of course, quite harmless.
That those bottles are considered a
great source of danger is evidenced
by the facts that the Courts invariably
hold the bottlers strictly liable for all
damages resulting from the explosion
of one of them ir even the slightest
defect in the, manufacture of the bot
tle can be shown.
" * Too Many Knzors.
A special to the Chronicle from
Harmony Grove, Ga., says while the
big excursion that went to Atlanta
Wednesday .was on its return trip,
lighting began ?ind near White Sul
phur Springs Henry" Deadwyler, of
that place, got into a' row and to
escape razors that wero drawn on him
jumped from tile train. His dead
body was found Thursday morning by
his brother, who went in search ol'
Ono ?libre Victim.
One.of the negroes injured in the
Fishing Creek wreck,Peter Miller died
at Kock Hill Wednesday afternoon.
The direct cause of death was a frac
ture bf the base of the'skull, llisl
right leg was broken in two places,
his left arm broken and his face and
forehead lacerated besides the fractur
ed skull. He has received every attcn- j
Mus. Valentine Tllt?h and Miss
Eveline Perrin of New Hain pion Iowa,
are probably flu*, oldest twins in the
coiintry. They recently passed their
92nd birthday and are still in good
health, mental and physical. They
were boin in Vernon,'Conn.
.Tnuni; generations of one family are
compositors in the ollice of The Tren
ton, Mo., Republican-Tribune. There
arc '.'Grandpa*' Allen aged 05, his son,
C. A. Allen, who is foreman, and lat
ter's son and daughter, Thomas and
Mabel, aged l l and 10 respectively.
Tn H experiment of serving honey at
a Sunday school picnic was tried re
cently in Kansas. The bees in the
neighborhood learned of Vhe affair
and the picnic disbanded a bit sudden
ly. lt is strange that thc Kansas pa
pers have refrained from speaking of
tlie picnic as a swell affair. '
AN exchange says that Chicago man
who gave Iiis relatives $51,000,000 to
see what they would do with lt pro
bably had another motive-to see that
the relatives, instead of the lawyers,
lt baa long .tem Unov& that di*
tao?d?, especially t?a . cin?^Jinbwi? ' aa
vYo?o di?m?nUrJ," atcilkeiy to expledV
ff BUbjected only to wbat'wo?ld B?din a
very ordinary degree Of htmt.slich na
strong'rays 'from - tho: sub, etd..; :It la
"now believed that-the explosiona aro
tho result of tho rapid, expansion , di
certain volatile liquids Inclosed lu cavi
ties near the center of these precious
stones. A great hiuuy diamonds, even
though cut, mounted and worn as gems
of perfection, uro still 1 in unfinished
condition-that 1B, the Ht* Jd drop froui
which the Btone is boin:/ formed has
notiflB yet deposited all of lts"4,pure
crystals. of carbon.*' Thoso movable
drops may occasionally bo seen- with
'the utfked eyej
?Wheirthl.T lB'the case, a strong ml?
croscope will give tho drop the appear
ance of a bubble lu the fluid of n car
penter's level. It 1B also highly prob
able that besides tho liquid mentioned
these cavities; may contain gases under
great, tension. Tbls being the case,
one may readily comprehend how a
very small amount of beat would'
cause the liquid and gas to expand to
such a degree that the diamond woiild
give way with all the characteristics
of a miniature explosion.
Something- II o Had Forgotten.
"So you enjoyed your continental
trip, did you?" inquired tho simple old
gcntlemun. "I haven't been over In
fifty years, but my recollections are
Btlll vivid. I remember once standing
on Mont Blanc, watching thc sun Bink
behind the blue waters of tho Meditor
Yaneau, while to my right tbe noblo
Rhine rushed onward to the Black sea,
ond the Pyrenees, still holding the
snows of winter, were on the left. I
remember while standing there"'
"Bnt, Mr. Grey,", feebly Interrupted
bia listener, "I was on Mont Blanc
myself, and really-you'lfexcusc' me
but you really, must be mistaken in
"Mistaken?" returned the old man
lightly, "Not a blt of lt. ' But.I for
got; lt's different now. You know, my
dear boy, that shice hiy'dny the entire
map of Europe- has been-, changed by
those awful wars, and so of course yon
can't appreciate what lt was fifty year?
Home? In Italy.'
Speaking of homes and ways of HT*
lng. Mr. Luigi Vlllarl In "Italian Llf?
In Town and Country" reveals a curi
ous state of affairs. In Italian cities
there are no slum districts. The poor
est, of the poor may bu lodged in the
Bnuie palace with people whose Income
runs over $25.000 annually. The poor
are packed away In the garrets or In
thc cellars, to be sure, and their mis
ery must bc rendered all thc mora
acute by the sight and scent of such
lavish living. High class Italians have
. no objections whatever to dwelling over
A Bhop or place of business.
Mrs. Henpeck-We hev bin married
twenty years today. Hiram.
Hiram (with a sigh)-Yes, fer twentJ
years we've fought
Mrs. Henpeck (scowling) - What?
Voa old wretch!
. Hiram (quickly)-Life's battles to- .
Too Vnlnnblc to Lose.
Mi. Gronau-Sure, Molke, an' what
did yez do wit' y ure dorg?
Mike-^Oh. he wu/, wort' $ip an' Ol
kep' t-h'ikfitf If some wan sh'd stala
um Oi euuld 111 afford th* loss, so Ol
ga\?? um away, b'gorra! -Chicago
Dasher!}1-ls he so very Ignorant?
Plaslierly--lgiiorniit? Why. actually,
be doesn't even" know n cure for colds!
-Kansas City Independent;
A Family Feud,
A special from Selma Ala., says
George W. Coleman waylaid and shot
to death David A. Calvin. Thc kill
ing occurred behind Calvin's house.
After tiring two shots and as Calvin
lay dying, Coleman, it is said, reload
ed his gun and tired a third charge in
to the prostrate man. Coleman sur
rendered but refused to talk. The
tragedy is said to be the outgrowth of
an old family feud. Calvin was a
cousin of Mrs. Coleman. Some time
ago she left her husband and made
her home with Calviu's family. Re
cently her husband wanted her to sign
a mortgage and give up the custody of
their children: This she refused and
Coleman, it'is said, charged her re
fusal to the inlluence of Calvin.
Chief Quartermaster William II.
Helme, of the construction and repair
.lepartment of tho-Brooklyn uavy yard,
was Wednesday handed his discharge
from the service, signed hy Assistant
Secretary of the Navy Darling. The
case of Quartermaster Helme has at
tracted widespread attention because
it involved the Grand Army bi the
Republic, of which he is a member,
the secretary of the local organization
having written a letter to the Secre
tary of the navy in which he threaten
ed that ir Helme was discharged the
veterans would be heard from this
Tilia Presbyterian Standard says:
"The drink bill in South Carolina is
a little over two dollars per capita,
lu the United States it is ten dollars
per capita. One fact.like that speaks
louder for the dispensary system, in
spile of its abuses, than a thousand al
legations ol' saloon newspapers.
. Teething Children During Hot
Should take Dr. Biggera Huckleberry
Cordial, lt cures all Stomach and
Bowels Disease, Diarrhoea, etc. At
Druggist s 2?C and 50c
F Li'TY-i-'oun years spent almost
continuously in touring this country
throughout its onormns length and
breadth has been thc life experience ot
Thomas 0. Maddock, a traveling jew
elry salesman for a New York jewelry
house. Mr. Maddock has visited every
portion of the country, and sold nearly
$0,000,0(10 worth ol' goods ?
Mullet! Mullet! Mullet!
and all kinds of Fresh and Salt Water
tish and oysters. If you are dealing in
Fresh FJgh or intend to deal in them
write lor prices and send your ord rs to
TERRY FISH CO., Charleston, S. C.
or COLUMBIA FISH & ICE CO
Columbia S. C. Wo ship only fresh
caught fish and our prices are as low
as they can he sold at. Write us.
Try us, and bc convinced
CHARLES C. LESLIE,
-Wholesale Dealers in
X^isli sxiicl Oysters.
8 & 20 Market St., Charleston, S. C.
Consignments of Country .Produce
are Respectfully Solicited, Poultry,
Fish packed in barrels and-boxes for
country trade a specialty.
Successorto 0; :
? ?303 klK? STJRBETj : -
THE ANSWER TO THE (jUBSTli
GOOPS FROM THE. NORTH
YES, THIS BEING SO, Wltf OA
Prom NEW'Toni:,- N. Y? VKH 100
io 12 3 4
. CHARLESTON, SC 50 40 34 28
Why Does Charleston Make the Vi
home for College wiHthcy riot need som
quire each pupil to bring herowiV Tvritl
lu Storhng Silver at from $4.50 to $8.00 o
cles In good sliver plate are good en?utrh
$1.25 to $3.50! Doyly. Rings loSterling
plate for 50 cents each. Sets of 3 shirt -;
silver, 75 cents to $1.35. Iii solid gold $2
drinking cups $5.50, $0.00, $7.00 and Up
$1.50, $2.00 to $3.50. Write to.us fur nny
P. H. LACHICOTT?
1124 Aluin St
LARGE STOCK. P
~~ - GEORGIA-CAROL
- Howard H. Stall
WRITE FOR PRICES.
We E9o Not Deceive
If you are sick arid v
but be sure that your ;
We do not believe in a
FKEK MEDICI** B scher
under o?r treatment
lar Need-be paid Until
tists-whb have est?bil:
and collecting the fee
fjYl?igj^g^EVc^ ir you want, HONEST
form of Chronic Diseases, write us TOD.
has never been excelled. ;-.!"'Vr.v?r?
BOX Z, Ar
Founded in 1850.
Write for Free C
MEDICAL DEPARTMENT UN
Curriculum included twenty-three
thorough review quiz; seven laboratory
work daily. New building elaborately 1
appliances. Tuition $05.00. Address,
Building and Re-Pressed Brick. Spc
ra'Cotta Flue Linings. Prepared to lil
j? res by Fe ri rm College
BOA HI"), Rf O M . K tiJS T, and 1
for S10U.U?. Next Session
For catalogue or informa
SASH, DOORS, BLINDS, li?
USG AND LUMBER, ANY Q?
Gol um bi
Prepare yourselves to meet the demi
and bookkeepers. Write foricatal
_ . MACFEAT'S BUSINESS CC
W. H. Macfeat, official Court Stcn0%
Whiskey I Morphine I Cigarett
Habit, I " Habit | Habit
Cured by Keeley 1
1320 Lady St. (bi P. O. Box 75)*Colu
euee solicited.' '
TiiE coroner's jury which inquired
into thc recent railroad disaster at
Fi?hing Creek, in York county, has
found that the victims "came to their
death in a train wreck on thc South
ern railroad, at the aforesaid trestle, .
which trestle was in dangerous and
unsafe condition, the dangerous condi
tion being due lo gross carelessness on
the part of the olhcers of the rail-,
whtnire in heed ot the
bost medical treat
ment .should not fail
to consult Dr. Hatha
way at once, as ho ls
rccogn 1'zo'd as' tho
leading and most suc
You are s a io in
glacing your case in
ls hands, as he is the
lon KO st established
and has the liest rep
utation. He ou rea
where others fail;
there is no patchwork
Jor experimenting in
bis treatment. Per
,_sonal attention by Dr.
* Hathaway, also epe
DR. HATHAWAY. cial counsel from his
when necessary, which no other office has; If
vou cnn not oall, write for freo booklets and
;iup?tl(in blank?. Mention your trouble. Kv?
erything- strictly confidential. J. Newton
Hathaway, M. D.
88 Inman Building 221 S. Broad St
1854. , ,l?Q2-'03.
GREENVILLE FEMALE COLLEGE.
Greenvale, S. C.
College of highest grade. Degree
courses and specials. Faculty, of 18.
Greatly improved equipment. Pure '
mountain water. Climate rarely
equalled. For catalogue and terms
write E. C. JAMES, LITT. D., Pres. |
G A Guinard, . O. Atkinson,
Pres. Sec. and Treas.
Columbia Supply Cb,
COLUMBIA, S. C,
soi WKST GISH VAIS G I IIIIES BUILDING!
Now is the time you are looking
around your Gins ann other machinery
to sec what supplies you need. We
I carry three grades of Rubber Belt,
3 grades of Leather and Gandy Belt.
Largest stock of Wood Pulleys In the
State. Carry Pipe, Fillings, Valves,
Shaft ing, Hangers, Booting and every
thing else in the supply lin?. We want
your orders, this applies to any one
using or handling machinery.
You can save money by writing us.
Henry N. Snyder Litt, D., M. A.,
President. Nine professors. Four
courses leading to thc A. B. Degree.
Gymnasium under director. Athletics
Grounds. Course of lectures hy tho
ablest men on the platform. Next
Session begins Sept. 23,1003.
J. A. GAMEWELL, SEC'Y,
Spartanburg, S. C.
' - - ? . CILUlI/?STv)^/S-C
AS OHEAP VAS OTHER: O?TfrB;
LL YOUR ATTENTION; Ta^ER
TtOKS :'. , .- . IVli U?I?LOA;.). .
2;i 17 , ]2c per lO??bs;-?;
'ater Itatc^er MQtfbv
etliing In bur. -line?"Some schools re-.
'CV. For lc ?tW'?spb?ri. -we* H?V?'th'?S?'sotsI
r.inore. Sbino thinK that these attl-i
forschool usc,' if s?^'welh?ve tUemifr?rr]
J rom 75 cents : upward .'Uri>tirib 'sJlyei
vals? pins Indino rolled gold plate-, ot
.2Grt??5:00 per set or'3.".Stef Ung silver
ward.}: . Sliver .-'hl??A. oup?i8L0C,~ SUS5?
tb?t>3> you; Svar?t tb buy. in our line. '
& CO., Jewelers,
COLUMBIA; S O
ROMPT SHIPMENTS - "?'.' .-','
INA BRICK CO.r
;. AUGUSTA j .GA!
?.ant to get well,*.. do': not.f experiment,
ar piaolnguyotir case? ibu expert hamish
?i? form" Of deception We nave no
nc'to .deceive sick, but every case ;put. r
ls positively guaranteed by?j?t av Dol-v, :'
Gu red, and we are 'tho only; Specie
?lied a reputation for curing tho alllct
afterwards. .. ' *
p and also BKHX-KUI/ treatmerit^fbr any.
AY,' for method ot Horne -.Treatment . ;
atalogue of tlie . . -"
IVERS?TY OF NASiiyiLLE. %
lecture courses, each followed' by ia
courses, and three."ho?rs of elinlcal ^
cqipped with .modern, apparatus and
J. I) ii. i. A KU J Aeons, M. D., Seor,'
South Market St., Nashville, Tcra^^
IA, s. a, '.' '. ": .
tel al 'shapes to ord er. Fire Proof Te f
1 orders for thousands or ifpr, million
z of South. GcxroSiaa, -
>isr, @. o. :. *
I UI Vi ON for Collegiate, Year
begins Sept. 23rd, 190.3. . ;
tiou address ''^^^3^
A. K. SPENGEK.
&nu & iMre. GO. ;
?TERIOR FINISH, MOIULD
a,?. Cr. f
WOMEN, WAKE UP
ind for Stenographers, typewriters"
OgUe Of ; . v ; _ ?:: .
ALLEGE, Columbia, S.'?/-: ? .. V
"All Drugand Tobacco
. . :. Habite.. .
:nst.it:iitrev of ?. C
mbia, ,S. C. Con(Identia! correspond
i BLOOD 12 ALRfi
Thc Great Tested Remedy for the speedy
and permanent cure of Scrofula,- Rheuma
tism, Catarrh, Ulcers, Eczema; Sores,'Erup
tions, Weakness, Neryousness,'arni.all
B100D AND SKIN DISEASES. -
lt is by far the best building up Tonic and
Illood Purifier ever offered-to the world.1 It
makes new, rich blood, imparUirenewed -vi
tality, and possesses ' almost miraculous
healing properties. Write tor Book ot Won
derful Cures, sent (ree on application.
,If not kept by your local dr?ggisr, send
51 .oo for a Large bottle,- o> ?5.00 fbr suriotllcs, I
and medicine will be.sent, freight paid, by
BLOOD BALBI CO., Atlanta, Ga.
Caesars' Head Hotel
CAESAR'S HEAD', S.C. ''
4,000 feet above the sea. Views into
several-States. Temperature from 50
fco-75 degrees. Dry air, breezy nights. .
Crystal spring water. Popular resort .
Home life for guests. Telephone and V
daily mails. Resident physician. Fur
man University Hotel. Hack linc
from Brcvard, N. C., or Greenville, S.
C. Reasonable rates. Open from June
1st. to Oct. 1st. For other informa-'
tion write to J. E. G WI NN, Mgr,.
Caesar's Read, S..O.___v^.
a ve lYIon ,
.,. , .
"Buy your Paints, Oils, "Var
nishes, and Brushes, Sash,. '
Doois, and Blinds -from
SHARD BUILDERS SUPPLY. CO,,
015 Plain St
Columbia, S C
"Wilson's Freckle Caro.
to rem ove
al so as a
Money r c
turtied if lt
. If not sold hy your druggist, write
I. R. WILSON &V*C??"?
. . ?lrhrlo?roii,8?C>. r
High Grade :
Thc Quality, Terri's niki Prices willi
please. :v -
Call or write
Malone's Mnsic . House,
Established lAS^..' Opposite Y M C A,.
Twenty-two bed rooms, dining hall',,
class rooms and study hall all under
ono roof. Steam heat and .electrics
A M. DUPRE, HEAD MASTER,,
\ SpU?tanburg, S. 0;