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Tilli OLEMSOJN GkRM.
Proceedings of our Agricultural Con
veut ion Held in Columbia.
SOME SIXTY-FOUR YT ARS AGO.
William Gilm?ro Simms Wanted the
Son? and Daughters of the Farm*
'mers to -Have Better Edaoa
? ?. . ... ?Hw?
i Ional Advantages.
To the Editorof The Sunday News.
. An Agricultural Convention was held
in thc hall of.the House of Rcpresenta
tlvcs, in the oity of Columbia, Novem
ber 26-28, 1839. The following Was
Prom Marlboro-James. -Gillespie,
W T Ellerbe, John McQueen.
From Chesterfield-Thomas E Powe,
Marion-Tilomas Evans, William
Evans, B Moody.
Edgefleld- -W Brooks, James Terry,
A P Butler, J O Nicholson, M Watson.
Darlington-Thoma*. Mciver, W II
Cannon, Sr, W Wingate, Thos. P Lide,
J F Ewing, Alexander Sparks.
Fairlicid-J J Myers, J B Dav s, W
K Davis, J II Means, Edward Means,
I) Elkln, W J Allston, John M Robert
son, Burrel B Cook.
Chester-T W Moore, J D Crawford.
Richland-F II Elmore, Robert W
Gibbes, James Gregg, Robert Henry,
R H Goodwyn, D D Finley.
Sumter-John P Richardson, James
P Richardson, D St, CDuBose, Thomas
J Wilder, Isaac Lenoir, J W English,
J S Richaidson.
' Anderson and Pickens-J W Norris,
J P Reed, J N Garvin, Jesse McKin
ney, Thomas Pinckney, J B Recd, J E
Spartanburg-H H Thompson, John
Crawford. John W Hunt, Samuel N
Evins, William K Poole.
Orangcburg and St., Matthew's
John M Felder, S Glover, S B Dwight,
Jacob Stroman, Elisha Tyler, D F
Lancaster-Benjamin Massey, J C
Crocket, M Clinton John M Baskin,
Abbeville-John A Calhoun. C F
Moiaigne, A B Arnold, James Fiar, D
L Wardlaw, George McDutlle.
Barnwell-Charles R Carroll. I II
Hammond, W S Beynolds, W Gilmore
Simms, James D Erwin.
Lexington-J A Addison, L rou, J
C Geiger, M F Percival, L Boozer, II J
Caughman, U Arthur.
St. Philip's and St. Michael's-F D
Quash, W Washington, J Rose.
St John's, Berkeley-John H Daw
son, P C Palmer.
St Andrew's-W Lawton, B R
Caroll, William J Bull.
St John's, Colleton-W M Murray,
J Jenkins Mlkell.
Rt Helena Island-J A Scott.
Prince William's-John E Framp
Prince George, Winyaw-R F "YY
Allston, Thos. G Carr.
All-Saints'-B F Dunkin, Edward
Union-Z P Herndon, E C Johnson.
St James, Goose Creek-John Wil
Col. F. Elmore was unanimously
elected president. Robert W. Gibbe^
acted as secretary.
A committee of fifteen arranged
business for the Convention.
SniUECTB KOU CONSIDERATION.
This committee were of *he opinion
that the following subjF cl J were "III
and proper for the <v msi deration bf
1. The creation by the Legislature
of an agricultural professorship io th(
South Carolina College.
2. The appropriation by the Leg
islature of a sum of money to defra\
the fxpenses of a geological and
agricultural survey of the State.
3. The establishment of an agricul
tural school in some central ant:
healthy position of the State.
4. The establishment of a Statr
board of agriculture, to meet at Co
lumbla, or somewhere else in tin
5. The introduction into our frer
schools of some elementary work jfa .
lding Wim ; ly. (kim mm 1> nmrtp/j' Mw
pt, ?,rr.-?~ R. U?rroil sup?i*ii?a thc
-resolutions, which were opposed by
James H. Hammond, J. A. Calhorn,
and B. R. Carroll replied to Col. Ham
Resolution 1, concerning an agricul
tural professorship in the State Col
lege, was, on motion of Col. Ham
mond, laid on the table, seemingly
without a division.
By a vote of fifty-seven to thirty
four the Convention refused to tabb
Resolution 2, as to a geological and
agricultural survey of the State
which resolution, after a separate vott
on the "agricultural survey" -which
carried, thirty-eight to thirty-two
was agreed to as a recommendation to
the General Assembly.
The third, fourth and fifth proposi
tions were put and rejected.
J. M. Felder offered a resolution
recommending to the Legislature "to
take measures to secure a sound and
stable currency in this State." This
motion was tabled.
AN AOIUCULTUKAh SOCIETY.
Dr. James B. Davis offered aseries
of resolutions providing for a State
Agricultural Society; an annual Fair
and stock show; premiums for best lots
of cotton, best variety of corn, small
grain, etc; premiums for best essays
on culture of rice, corn, small grain,
cotton and the grasses; management
of negroes and improving lauds; and
the formatlonof agricultural societies
in each district.
These resolutions were seconded by
Col. J. H. Hammond "ina speech ot
Mr. W. Brooks proposed, and to
this proposition the Convention
agreed, to aid In the establishment of
a cheap weekly agricultural paper.
An amendment was adopted ''recom
mending to public patronage, as a
means of diffusing agricultural infor
mation, sucli papers as may bc pub
lished in the State having for their
object the diffusion of all matters per
taining to agilculturf."
Mr. J. E. Ctlhoun moved to lay on
the table the res duttons relating to
agricultural papers. His motion was
I'KESUIBNCE OF W. OILMOItE SIMMS.
W. Gilmore Simms introduced the
following preamble and resolutions
which now, after sixty-four years, are
well worth reading and preserving not
only for the eminent author's sake,
but on account of the present interest
in tho subjects treated:
"Whereas, in consequence of the
scattered condition of our settlements
t iroughout thc country the present
plan of poor school education ls found
Inoperative in most Instances and par
tial and unsatisfactory in all, those
towns and cities alone excepted whore
tbe number bf puplte,;lB sufficiently
great to justify tile; empl?ym?mVof
Bo lt recommended io the General
Assembly of the State,'now lu session,
that a tract of laud not to contain
less than lirteeu" hundred nor more
than five thousand, acres, centrally
chosen, or as nearly so' as practicable,
be procured - in each of the districts,
with which the poor establishment of
such district shall thenceforward be
endowed; that on tho said tract of
land suitable buildings shall be erected
for the reception and accommodation
of such a number of poor boys as, ac
cording to trie eensuB of the district,
lt shall be likely to contain; that
provision- be made qf all the usual and
necessary utensils for farm culture, as
practiced in said district; that it bc
moderately stocked with horses, cat
tle, sheep and all such other animals
as are found useful in such an estab
lishment; that, when this Js done, a
teacher of known intelligence and in
tegrity be procured, who shall receive
an adequate salary for the tuition of
all pupils who may be placed under
his caro by, the commissioners of the
said district; and. that for certain
periods of the day and in certain
classes and divisions, to be hereafter
determined by the coin missioners, he
shall have entire control of their
studies und their time; that, at all
other periods, the said pupils shall be
placed under the con trol of a compe
tent superintendent; or overseer, who
shall direct their laburs and industry
while preparing them, as farmers and
planters, for thc proper performance
of such duties in after life as may
seem best to correspond with their
condition and necessities; and that
the commissioners of each district be
empowered to receive as Indented ap
prentices to the poor school of said
district,'on behalf of the State, all
such boy s tbe parents of whom may
be foUnd desirous of securing for them
tho advantages of such tuition and all
such orphans av, governed by a praise
worthy ambition, may be willing to
avail themselves of the same; thc
term of apprenticeship in no case to
oe less than three nor more than seven
/ears, unless in the case of such
youth as may be already greatly ad
vanced towards the years and purposes
.>f manhood and who, at the discretion
of the commissioners, may be received
for a still shorter period."
AND 'in h piKLS, TOO.
Be lt recommended yet farther,
that on the same plantation or tract
of land, but remov?d from close prox
imity to the dwellings and the school
uouse of the boys, there be erected
-Hittable houses for thc reception and
accommodation of poor girls, who
.ihall be placed under the tuition ot
me or more female superintendents,
from whom they shall learn the or
linary elements of a plain English
education-and in addition, such du
des of a farm and household as com
monly devolve upon females In our
country; that they shall spin, weave
ind sew; attend to poultry and the
dairy, the culture of the silkworm, ir
it be deemed advisable, and be taught
also how to.fashion and make their
own and the habits of the boys; the
latter, in turn, performing ali those
severer labors ol the plantation as will
yield sufficient food and provision for
Be lt further recommended, that, in
iddltion to the studies of the ordinary
English grammar school, the mastei
.if the male department shall bo re
quired to instruct his pupils in a com
p' Je nt knowledge of simple land sur
It is recommended, also, that thc
dress of the boys be made uniform and
that the elder boys, ranging from thc
years of loto 18, . be provided with
light muskets and be subjected to thc
drill and instruction, once a month,
of the neighborhood captain of mi
Resolved, That these recommenda
tions be respectfully submitted to thc
General Assembly, with the prayer ol
this Convention that they be subject
ed to examination and experiment in
three of the districts of the State, in
order that their operation may be
witnessed^ previous to their general
idop ti fright out or ?yr. ajiche dis
tr'I was wjLt.B.u order that tt?iT-e?
LteivmfeutT should be fairly made the
li stricts so chosen should he one in
each of the grand divisions of thc
.State, the upper, the middle and thc
lower country; and that the present
commissioners of the districts chosen
be requested to take charge of the en
It -?seems from the records that
these resolutions were not even dis
cussed; were immediately laid on thc
table, on motion of J. E. Calhoun, ol
Anderson-near whose home Clemson
College stands to day-its site having
been selected by Mrs Clemson, a neai
kinswoman of this Calhoun, to whoo
uer husband, Thos G. Clemson, pro
mised that he would found un agri
cultural college upon Etirt Hill." Ol
r.his good woman, the favorite child ol
her distinguished father, John C. Cal
houn, Col ll. \V. Simpson, of Pendle
ton, the executor of Mr Clemson't
will, the only president of the Clem
son College trustees, has written
''Her love for her home and countrj
was superb, and to this noble, goner
ous, and yet gentle, woman, son tl
Carolina is as much indebted foi
Clemson College as to the distinguish
On motion of J. A. Calhoun thc
Convention unanimously adopted a rc
solution requesting the trustees of tin
South Carolina College to have thei
professor of chemistry deliver a cours?
of lectures on agricultural chemistry
and thc principals of geology, "pro
vided that they clo not Interfere will
his regular duties."
HKKT BUOAll AND NATIVE SILK.
A Mr Russel, proprietor of the "bo
anic garden" in Columbia, though th
president, presented to the society ;
loaf of beet sugar from France am
several beautiful specimens of nativ
silk. Mr. Russel was duly thanked an
thc sugar and the silk were presente
to thc secretary of the Convention.
A constitution was adopted for th
State Agricultural Society and th
followerlng officers chosen:
His Excellency, Patrick Noble, pref
ident W. B. Seabrook, Col W. Brook.?
Col W. K. Clowney, Col James Gregg
Chane B. F. Dunkin, vice president
B. R.Carroll, corresponding secretary
Dr lt. W. Gibbes, recording secretar,
Gen George McDufile was unanlrr
ously appointed anniversary oratorio
Wm Gilmore Simms offered a serle
of resolutions affirming that "direc
taxation, while lt caves tho cltize
from the constant Impositions of th
cunning, is thc only honest, cheat
safe medium for raising supplies In
country like ours." These resolutions
at the request of their author, wei
laid upon the table.
W. Brooks Introduced resolution
relating to bank and currency, whio
were tabled at his own request.
"WV J. Allston offered resolutsot
calling attention" to "tho notorlou ly
bad condition of many of the most )m*
portent roads," "the utterinadaquacy
of existing laws on the sub'Jeob," their
"unequal and unjust operation;" and
asking tho Legislature "to remedy
the defects of the present-system, or
to substitute another and better in its
stead." The Allston resolution ' was
adopted after, "free discussion."
; THEN AND NOW.
The Farmers' 'institute, season of
1903 has ended.. Thiity. county in
stitutes have been beld lu different
sections of the State, from Plckens to
Conway. The attendance aggregated
_The "round-up"-the State Instf
tute at Clemson College-with its two
thousand people, was a record breaker
in the State and in the Union.
It is hoped and believed the ap
proaching State Fair will be the most
successful ever heid.
. To-day seems, Mr Editor, a fib time
to read the pago of thc State's history
tuat tells of the great Agricultural
Convention of-two generations ago..
Clemson College, August 27.
THE COLAR LINE NOETH.
A Negro Preacher Unable to Rent a
House in Watertown.
A dispatch from Watertown, N. Y.,
says the Rev. J. Douglass Jackson, a
negro preacher, who went there on
July 1 from Richfield Springs to
assume charge of the African Metho
dist Episcopal Zion Church, has been
unable to find a home for himself and
family. Ile Says that he has made
efforts to secure a home, and on sever
al occasions places have almost been
secured through white directors of
the church, but as soon as those about
to lease a house learn of the color of
the prospective tenant he is turned
down. Now and then a place is offer
ed him in a block of questionable re
putation, but this he refuses to accept,
as he says it is such places as these
that ho proposes to break up. Jack
son has a wife with him, and an
eighteen-year-old daughter he ls
anxious to take to Watertown as soon
as he can rent a house. He is about
40 years of age and is having large
congregations of colored people in his
church, which ls In -the tenderloin
district, and which will be moved as
soon as the directors can raise the
necessary funds. A brigadier general
who served In the civil war ma'de the
announcement on learning of theclor
ed man's plight, that while he
possessed only limited' means, he
would start a subscription to purchase
a house for this or any colored preach
er who might succeed him. He ls
willing to subscribe $50, and within a
few days a home for Jackson may be
purchased. ' It Is thought probable
that the deal will have to be made
quietly, and by white people, so great
is the prejudice against tlie negro race.
A Chicago Mystery.
Early Wednesday morning the dead
bodies of Harriet Elizabeth Weber
and Imccntl Talaminl, a marble cut
ter, were found on Lexington evenue
just south of 54th street Chicago, 111.
Doth had been shot twice, and while
there are indications that thc man shot
the woman and then killed himself,
there are other features to the case
that make it somewhat mysterious.
Arthur M. Laurie, with whom the
dead woman had made her home, will
be held by the police until after the
inquest. There is no evidence connect
ing him with the sh joting, bufhe is
detained as a witness. The body of
the woman was iudentlfled aS that of
"Mrs Laurie," but when Laurie was
brought to thc police station he said
she was not his wife and that he did
not know whose body ww found with
In going through the effects of Miss
Weber an envelop was found addressed
evidently In the handwriting of the
man Inocenti Talaminl. .In ..peeking
Tulamini to lind what he might know
LO thc woman or shooting, the olllcers
identitied the dead mun us Tulumi hi
himself. No cause is known why Tal
aminl should have shot the woman,
bhtrshe-liarPtold several or her friends
the day before of a Jew who had been
following her and of whom she was
afraid. Talaminl has a Hebraic coun
tenance and it is a general theory that
lie shot her because she refused to
In the man's hand was a revolver
with four chambers discharged, ac
counting for the four shots tired. The
people' living in tlie neighborhood
where the tragedy occured declare
that more than four shots were fired
and one bullet crushed through a win
dow. These facts have led the police
to believe that there may have been a
third party to tlie shooting. The
Weber woman is a native of Detroit,
In tho Meadows.
A low wind in the pines,
And a dull pain in the breast
And old for a sight of her eyes and
One touch of the hand I pressed.
The slow, sad lowland wind.
lt sights through the lifelong day,
While the eager mountain breezes
And the summer is burning away.
Here Hie pines sigh ever above.
And the broomstraw sighs below,
And ever the dreamy silence stirs.
With Uie caw of the drowsy crow.
There the oaks are scarlet and gold,
Like the tints of a fairy dawn.
And a si hider shape in the ance ot
Hy the slow stream wanders on,
O day t hat weighs on the heart,
O wind in tbs dreary pines,
Does she dream of me in thc golden
Past the mountain's long blue lines,
Tbs old hall, landy and still.
Hy Hie silent, sad Edisto waves,
Is it touched to-day by the happy
As thc summer flowers bloom on
O sunshine, titting and sud,
O wind, that forever sighs,
The ball is bright, but my life is dark.
For Hie sunshine of lier eyes.
licit Them Alone.
We agree with tlie Columbia State
that "the experience of that un
fortunate Russian girl in New York
should discuorago the husband
purchasing business which secma to
have thrived In that city. After
three disappointments the girl com
mitted suicide, but her fate might
have been worse if married to one of
thc men secured by a "matrimonial
broke" for a fee of 8200."
Tlie Deadly OrosHliitf.
A wagon containing Mrs, Lozen,
two sons and a daughter was struck
by a train at a crossing near Rich
mond, Va., on Tuesday. Mrs. Lozen
and a llvc-year-old sold were instantly
killed and the daughters was seriously
THE. LONG EEUDB -
: . .' vi -.
Of BreatiUtt County, Kent, cky, and
Their. Numerous Fatalities.
A DAEK AND BLOODY STORY.
The Uar?Ju, CooltroU, Bonnette, null
Other Blood Thlraty Families
Number Their Dead by
Brea th itt county, Kentucky, is in
the eastern end of the State, about
midway between the Obie river and
the southern boundary and to tho
southwestward of a spur of the Cum
berland mountains that reaches' up
from the southeast and, having per
formed the useful purpose of dividing
Bre'athitt county from Wolfe and
Magoffin counties on the north, con
tinues through Lee and Estill coun
ties on the west.
It Is the real thing in mountain
country, and its population, "some
where about 12,000, is well scattered.
Jackson, its. capital or court bouse
town, was, until the railroad pierced
the country, as isolated as any of the
remote hill towns, like Manchester,
Clay county, not far away.
The people are very like all the hill
people of Kentucky, hospitable to the
stranger, if he is not a revenue ofllcer;
contented to live without schools, if
they must be depended upon to pro
vide them; not worried because the
women wear one-piece frocks and sun
bonnets and rub snug into their gums,
like their mothers before them; will
ing to be interested In the' outside
world, but not anxious to get into it;
with a native standard of morality
that is not just that of the blue grass
lands below the foothills, and so strong
in their likes and dislikes that the
men will light to the death for a
friend or pursue a foe with a relent
lessness that will not wear out.
The casual visitor who should drop
into Jackson or any of the other small
er settlements of the county would
live there for months before he would
lose the Impression that it was
only a peaceful village, with a railway
connection direct to Frankfort or
Louisville bringing' the two places
within a day's ride of the mountain
If the visitor wants to know about
Jackson's reputation as the capital of
the Hargis Sewall Cockrell feud, he
will be surprised to find that the peo
ple are not only not'averse to discuss
ing it, but actually willing,' if not
anxious, to go into all details of the
contention that ls described as having
begun when William Sewall of Jack
son married Virginia Britton of
Virginia in 1852.
Of this marriage there were two
sons, Thomas J. and William, and
two daughters, one of whom' was
married to Hiram Jett. Curtis Jett
was a child of this marriage. When
William Sewall died, his widow was
wedded to John S, Hargis. There
was a big family of Hargises: Henry
A., James, John Gj, 'Benjamin and
Elbert; and if tberelwero any daugh
ters they are. not'talked is-bout. The
mother of these BO?? the grand
mother of the Curtis who is now
In Statc-pr!50Q>^^v. - ;
Tho interests of tl^^Mi brothers
and the Hargis brothel sons of the
same mother, becam^'dehtical for the
bitter purposes that pr^ ^tly arrayed
the family against a 1er family.
According to the local* counts, -the
troubles between the H .-gis and Cock
rell families between boys, Thomas J.
Sewall and Buck Coombs played to
gether. They quarreled. Sewall shot
Combs. He was not killed, but his
shooting diu the business.
A latent spirit of dislike, possibly
tinged with jealousy and rivalry for
leadership in mountain society, burst,
into flame. Coombs was the nephew
of Tom Cockrell. Cockrell loudly pro
claimed that the injury to his family
must be atoned by the blood of the
Hargises. That was many years ago,
and in the course of the intervening
years tho effort to make the menace
good, and the'determination of thc
other side to be even with the Cock
rells, have led to some slaughter. The
score shows greater activity by the
Hargises, but the Cockrell shooting
has been the more accurate and fatal.
It was not a constant, open fight.
On the surface Breathitt county was
not always a turbulent region. From
time to time, sometimes by accident
and again by design, not infrequently
from the security of ambush, a Cock
rell would slay a Harris or a Hargis a
Cockrell. The record, as made up at
Jackson recently, Bhowed the account
to stand as follows:'
THK HKW A Ll. -HA ito 19 SCORE.
Buck Coombs, wounded by T. J.
Judge Cardwell, wounded by T. J.
Thomas Dunbar, killed by T. J.
Jerry South, wounded by William
Filmore Brown, wounded by Wil
Henry Barnett, killed by Elbert
Sally Hayes, killed by John G.
Chrales Everett, wounded by Ben
Samuel Lentzford, wounded by Ben
Tom Cockrell, wounded by Ben
Henry Smith, shot by County Judge
Dr. Cox, killed.
John Cockrell, killed by Curtis Jett.
James B. Marcum, killed by Curtis
Jett and Thomas White.
Willis Gabbard, killed by Jeff
Granville Prater, killed by George
Hiram Miller, killed by Reuben
George Smith, killed by Charles
TVE COCKRBLL SCORE.
John G. Hasgis, killed by Jerry
Ben Hargis, killed by Tom Cockrell.
A. F. Bullock, killed by A. Cock
B. Davis, killed by Tom Cockrell.
Elkanah Smith, killed by Bud Bo
Bud Allen, killed by Joe Hadrtix.
Susan Barnett, killed by Robert
Reuben Landrum, killed by Hiram
J. W. Noble killed by Jacoh Noble.
Irvine Nowguto, killed by Jerry
Daniel Hays, killed by Wesley Cox.
This record of ll yiotlhaa to tho re
sentment of the Cockrells ?od 10 slain
by the Sewall-naTgis fraction to the
feud, all since aboutjl870, In addition
td persons wounded:, in notable en
counters, does not take account ot the
manifold conflicts:-;that resulted in
wounds not mortal br serious.
When Thomas Bewail, intent upon
discharging a duty that bill etiquette
transferred to him, shot Judge Card
well in the back, something like public
spirit asserted Itself, and he fled to
Madison county, further west; but not
far away. On Muddy creek he en
countered Thomas Dunbar, a kins
man of the Cockrells, and killed him.
For this attempt to maintain the
vendetta he was arrested, and bis
trial resulted in a sentence to im
prisonment for life. He served for 12
years,. when he was released-by the
governor; His conviction and im
prisonment did not deter his brother,
William Se wall,' from lengthening the
family record of crime. Jerry South
and Lillmore Brown had been witness
es of the murder of Dunbar, William
Sewall shot, but did not kill, both or
these men. He was not even tried
for the crimes.
There were days and months at the
time when no hostile shots were tired.
Breathlts wore an outward air of
peace, but at the same time the feud
was becomiug more intense and was
enlisting on one side or the other a
widening circle of persons connected
by birth, marriage or sympathy with
tlie Cockrells aud Hrrgises. .
The Hargis family enjoyed an ad
vantage over that of the Cockrells In
being the more numerous, and if it
was more active the record shows that
the Cockrells pointed their guns mqre
accurately and shot more fatally.
The feud spirit grew so strong as to
assert itself superior to the tradition
that in a feud fight women and chil
dren were always immune from the
assassin's violence. Such controversies
were to be carried on by men only,
and women need never be at all anx
ious about their own safety.
A Hargis violated this unwritten
law. Elbert Hargis shot and killed
Henry iiaruett, whose offense seems
to have bien that he had become
known as an adherent, for sympathcic
reasons, to the Cockrell family and its
resentments. Sally Hayes was an eye
witness to the shouting. Not ' long
after she was shot and killed by John
The response was speedy and fatal.
Jerry Cardwell, thc brother of Judge
Cardwell, who had been wounded by a
shot In the back Trom Tom Sewall,
revenged the murder of Sally Hayes
by killing John G. Hargis. The shoot
ing of Charles Everett, another Cock
rell sympathizer, by Ben Hargis fol
lowed, and not long afterward the
same Hargis shot and wounded, but
did not kill, Tom Cockrell's brother
in-law, Sam Lieut zfjrd,
At this time the feud occupied all
tbe time and thoughts of the parties
to lt. They sought lu many ways to
secure advantages over each other,
often by trick and device.
Tom Cockrell was especially offen
sive to the Hargis party as the leader
of the opposing faction, and it was de
sirable to get rid of him. Ben Hargis
laid a plan to get Cockrell into a sa
loon and kill him. Cockrell fell Into
the trap, but in the attempt at assas
sination Ben Hargis was killed and
Tom Cockrell was only wounded.
James Hargis was county " judge.
His office was to maintain the peace,
but thc feud spirit inspired and in
furated him, and he shot and killed a
man named Smith Who had become a
member of the Cockrell family by
. Business and general affairs were
not generally disturbed in the county
by these occasional encounters of the
two factions. Elections went on, the
nominations for local offices being
more or less affected by the feud.
The Cockrells were not numerous
enough to control in the elections, uur]
they did not enjoy being outvoted by
the Ilargises. Judge James Hargis
election, as well as that of Sheri fl
Callahan; was protested by James B.
Marcum of Jackson, Callahan was
llargls's brother-in-law. ' Dr. Cox
openly expressed his participation ir
the protest and for this offenso wai
shot and killed.
But other victims were soon tobe
sacriliced to gratify the resentment ol
the Hargis faction. Curtis Jett shot
and killed John Cockrell. Not loni!
afterward James B. Marcum was shol
and killed in thc court house at Jack
son. Curtis .lett and Thomas Whit?
are now serving life sentences foi
committing this crime, which lia^
brought the Cockrell Hargis feuc
prominently into notice.
lt has taken SO years of this sort o
strife to deaden the moral sense o
Hrcalhitt county to the luwlessnes
that the Cockrell and Hargis diger
enees have brought about. Those 01
either side who have become attache!
to thc oue or the other have learnci
to regard the feud as a matter quit
outside of the law,' a matter to be set
tied, as their own private affair, be
tween the two families, lt does no
appear that at any time ah arbitra
tor has arisen, moved by a spirit o
peace and loathing for murder to bri ni
about an agreement to settle the ven
dctta that can only be terminated, I
pacific settlement is not reached, b;
I tlie death of tlie last male survivor o
one of the families.
Yet these people move with appar
ent unconcern about tlie streets am
along the roads, the children some
times attend the rfame school, am
Cockrells and Ilargises have bcci
known to gather in the sam
Churches. Hut the poison is movin
lu the blood all the time.
lt sometimes, as has been men
tiuned, kills the spirit of souther
gallantry that is supposed to regar
with scorn the idea of lighting wc
meu. Sally Hayes was not the onl
woman victim of the feud.
She was a Cockrell sympathizer an
eyewitness to the murder of Henr
Harnett. Another Barnett of til
Hargis side was charged with the mm
der bf Granville Prater, but was ai
quitted. During the month of Jun
of this year the body of Susan Bal
nett, his wife, was found floating i
tlie river, with wounds that showe
thc cause of her death to have bee
other than drowing.
Robert Sales, a Cockrell sympathize
who was suspected of the murder, wt
indicted. A fair trial in his case wi
boas difficult to procure as when Cu
tis Jett and White wore tried for th
killing of James B. Marcum.
The conditions aro extremely di
flcult to contend with. A cure mn
seem easy and not difficult to tho:
who cannot realize that these raurde
and woundings have scarcely affectt
the currents 6f soeiety or thc buslne
affairs of tho county.. ,
. Schools and churohes goon asusun
thero ls the cxch.^ige of the usu
courtesies between ^rallies, with t
occasional meeting o.,dlstantly-rela
.cd members of both t.imlliea to tl
feud. 13 ir the feud ls always in tl
minds of tho people.
" ' . . v. ;
.'O'. ... Y:'J:-':??' '/'M ': -' -,'
To expecc;to. secure J?rjea of the
vicinage that will conderoo the killing'
of a Hargls'ts'to expect that a Jury all
made-up of rn?rab?M of that family,
shall try. th? ?ase." "All feud ' killings
must be tried away fro'm.the; county?.
as the Marcum cuse hud to bq to get a
It'ls QUt of the question to hope to
get i h? Coukr?ils to leave the county
and take their li?tes ?md their vows
of vengeance withythcm. And -.tho
Hargis family ,is too large and influ
ential to listen to such a proposition.'
They have been the more act! ve "of
the two factions to tho feud, and they
are both numerically arid Tuateiiu ly
more strongly established in tho cbu
mun'lty. To remove the feud Bplr'lt,
however, would be to depopulate the
county, for in 60 years its roots have
taken hold in other families.
There are people who say, they are
indifferent to tho quarrel^ and who
preserve a wise silence when opinions
are sought. But the impartiality of
these persons ought not to be depend
ed upon in determining the guilt or
innocence of a man tried for murder
as the result of the rend.
Immigration -might effect an im
provement in the state of public feel
ing. Newcomers, ignorant of the ori
gin of the feud or indifferent to it, and
also indifferent to the causes given as
justifying its continuance, might stif
fen up the courts, and by imposing
severe penalties for feud crimes under
the practice of open or convert mur
der. But there is little to invite such
a throug of immigrants as would be
necessary to leaven the lump of dead
Breath!tt will not reform itself. Its
reformation ls a duty which the State
government should assume and under
take. Only such a cure, or the preva
lence of a discriminating epidemic,
will banish the use of the rille and pis
tol as thc settlers of family disputes.
This is the c. un try and these are
thc people thc Salvation Army expect
to conquer by gospel lessons.-New
A Dm Hui Son. ,
The Columbia State says: "A
young physician in Georgia has asked
Guv. Terrell's permission to take the
place of his father who is serving a
life sentence for murder. The father
is 04 years old and has been iq prison
eight years. He killed a man named
Lilly with whom he had a business
disagreemi nt, going to the church
where Lilly was superintendent of a
Sunday school, tiring at him until the
superintendent foll in the door as he
ran out and in the piesence of the vic
tim's children cut his throat from ear
to ear. The son say he cannot hope
for a pardon for this crime but is wil
ling to make atonement in his father's
stead and let the old man spend his
last days in freedom. Under our hu
man laws this ls impossible, of course,
and wisely so, for no truer words are
found in Holy Writ than the daclara
tlon that the sips of the father shall
bc visited upon the children even to
the third and fourth generation. It
is unnecessary for man-made statutes
tc add to that decree.
A Good Iiuw.
There is a law on the New York
statute books providing for heavy
punishment for the man who, under
any circumstances whatsoever, strikes
a man whose eyesight compels him to
wear eyeglasses. This law was passed
a good many years ago, and lt has
always been rigorously enforced.
Scrappy men who never thought to I
see the inside of a prison have done j
bitter sentences In Sing Sing and
otber-Nesv York penal institutions
for forgetting it-if, indeed, some of j
them ever knew-that the law of [
New York State will not tolerate any
list abuse of thc chap who bas'to wear I
eyeglasses or spectacles. It is a |
peculiarly but a perfectly Just- and
idmirabie law,' considering the disad
aotage under which a man with in
ferior eyesight must necessarily labor j
In a light with a man whose eyes are
all right, and New York is said to bc
thc only State in the Union that has|
suoh a law.
Yost KIPPER.-Yom Kipper, the
anmi.il fasl day of Hie Jewish people,
occurs today and tomorrow. Yom
Kipper is tlie great dav of atonement
with tlie Jews, and has been observed
from time immemorial. The people
of this race guttier in their synagogues
all over the world, recount their sins,
oller stoneraent and pray for forgive
ness. The is observed by both the
orthdox and reformed Jewish church.
The clay begins this afternoon at 6
o'clock, and last until the same hour
tomorrow evening. This ls the day
according to the Hebrew method of
reckoning a day. lt is a fast day
with the people and strictly observed
in every household.
A Queer ('ano.
Drs. Moore, Sheppard and Warren
arc being sued at Salisbury, N. G., by
the administrator of Julia Stanfield,
a negro woman, for 05,000 damages
for pronouncing her dead and per
mitting her to bc put into a coffin
j and suffocated. The doctors say they
I can prove the woman was dead when
they iiaid she was.
Mullet! Mullet! Mullet!
and all kinds of Fresh and Salt Water
tish and oysters. If you are dealing In
Fresh Fish or intend to deal In them
write for prices and send your ord rs to
TERRY FISH CO., Charleston, S. C.
or COLUMBIA FISH 86 ICE (JO
? Columbia S. C. We ship only fresh
caught tisli and our pi ices are as low
as they can be sold at. Write us.
I Try us, and be convinced
Great Distress Throughout the South
Could he eliminated by tho usc of Dr.
niggers Huckleberry Cordial. It cures
Dysentery; Diarrhoea, Children Teeth
ing. At Druggists 25c and 50c per
A fellow who claims to know says
it takes a fellow with a bank account
to draw a check; a pretty woman to
draw attention; a horse to draw a
cart; a porns plaster to draw the skin;
a toper to craw a cork; a free lunch
to draw a crowd, and an advertise
ment to draw traue.
Tins man in thc moon lias just about
as much chance of getting the Demo
I eratic nomination for president tis
Grover Cleveland has.
The Great Teited Remedy for the speedy li
and permanent cure of Scrofula, Kheuma- y<>
ti ?m. Catarrh, Ulcers, Eciema, Sores. hrup
lions. Weakness, Nervousness, and a.i
BLOOD AND SKIN DISEASES.
lt ls by far the best building up Tonic and
Wood Purifier ever offered to the world, lt
makes new, rich blood, imparts renewed vi
tality, and possesses almost miraculous
healing properties. Wrlto for Book of Won
derful Cures, sont free or. application.
If not kept by your local druggist,'send
$i.co for a large bottle, or $5.00 for six bottles,
and medicine will be sent, freight paid, by
BLOOD BALM 00., Atlanta, Ga
A passeriger service unexcelled for luxury
and comfort.eq??ppedVvlth the latest Pullman
Dining, Sleeping; and Thoroughfare Cars.
For rates, schedule, maps or any informa
tion, write to
WM. J. CR?iq, w
O c nc ra! Passe n ger Agent,
Wilmington, N. C.
Geo A Wagener, Pres. Geo Y Coleman, Vice Pres. 1 G Bal], Sec'y & Treas
Coleman-Wagener Hardware Company,
Successor to G, P. Poppenheim.
303 KING STREET, - - . . . CHARLESTON, S O A'
TFTE ANSTER TO WHY DOES CHARLESTON MAKE THE W ATP lt
RATE HER MOTTO IS, HER WATER RATE (HVE^HEIVr^UBLE
???T? ?RYA?T* FREIGHT RATES. MAKE? A "OoT?lU?
CLASSIFICATIONS * Pim O?TIW?DT^'
Prom NBW YORK, N. Y. PER loo T.BB. . NAILS
TO 1 2 3 4 5 0 '
CHARLESTON, S C .60 40 34 28 23 17 12c per 100 lbs,
-^^-?^n^^oJ^^J^!^--Y.D_??S. ""T K,VE Oh?rlest0n^pr entire trade
Oo You Ever Think -.<.
of Columbia as being the most convenient place where you can trade: situated/,
as it is in thc exact centre of the State, with Railroad HDCS radiating Uko
spokes in awheel? We are In a position to reach all points quickly,v We
have a fine large Jewelry Store, tilled with choice goods ard we want your
trade. We are getting out. a fine illustrated catalogue to be ready latter part
of this month. Send in your name Tor our mailing list. Watch this space for
a new advertisement each week.
P. H. LACHICOTTE & CO.
1424: Alain Ht
COLUMBIA, S C
Pw?olz BUIILDMG. RE-PRESSED AND
Ol lUiV FANCY SHAPES.
LARGE STOCK. PROMPT SHIPMENTS
GEORGIA-CAROLE NA.. BRICK CO.,
' Howard H. Stafford, President.
WRITE FOR PRICES. _ AUGUSTA, GA.
We Do Not Deceive The Sick
. If you are sick and want toget.well, do not experiment
but be sure that your ar placing your case in expert banda
We do not believe in any form of deception. We have no
FREE MEDICINE scheme to deceive sick, but every'case put.
under our treatment is positively guaranteed by Not a Dol
lar Need be paid Until Cured, and we are the ouly ; Special.,
tlsts who have established a reputation for curing the athel
. and collecting the fee afterwards.
fff 13^^0^S?Si If yo? want HONEST and also SKILLFUL treatment for any '
form of Chronic Diseases, write us TODAYJ for method of Home Treatment
h is never been excelled.
DR. REYNOLD8 & COMPANY,
BOX Z. ATLANTA, GA.
Founded in 1850. - Graduates 4,453
Write for Free Catalogue of the
MEDICAL DEPARTMENT UNIVERSITY OF NASHVILLE. . ;,
Curriculum included twenty-three-lecture courses, each followed by." ?
thorough review quiz; seven laboratory courses, .and three hours of clinical*
work daily./ New pulldinc elaborately cqlpped with modern apparatus and
appliances. Tuition fiQ?.OO. Address, J. DILLARD JACOBS, M.TX, Sec.,
041 South Market St., Naslwllle/Tenn.
COL TJMBJAy S. 6V
"Building and Re-Pressed Brick. Special shapes toVoider. Fireproof VPe
ra Gotta Flue Linings. Prepared to fill orders for thousands or for minion
Presbyterian 'College, of Sou?V Carol ? ria/
O"I ^TT^XON^; v
BOARD, RCOM-KKNT, and TUI?'ON for Collegiate. Year
for $100:00. Next Session begins Sept. 23id, 1903. ^^?^?
For catalogue or information address
A. E. SPENCER. i
' COLUMBIA LUMBER & MFG. GO.
SASH, DOORS, BLINDS, INTERIOR FINISH, MOCbD?
ING AND LUMBER, ANY QUANTITY.
YOUNG MEN, YOUNG WOMEN, WAKE I)F
Prepare yourselves to meet the demand for Stenographers, typewriters ~ i
and bookkeepers. Write for catalogue of
MACFEAT'S BUSINESS COLLEGE, Columbia, S.O.
W. n. Macfeat, official Court Stenographer, President.
Wliiskey I Morphine I Cigarette I All Drug and Tobacco
Habit, I Habit | Habit 1 Habits.
Cured by Keeley I ii si tit ute, <>f ?. C?,
1320 Lady St. (or P. O. Box 75) Columbia, S. O. Confidential corrcspond
I once solicited.
Doc Maxwell and Jesse nail, white
men, were convicted at Elberton, Ga.,
on Monday of criminally assaulting a
colored girl and were sentenced to ten
years in the penitentiary, the Jury
ha-ying recommended them to mercy.
Wilson's Freckle Cure.
who aro In need of th*
be Kt medical treat
ment should not fall
tn ,-nri-m11 nr. Katha-'
way nt once, as lie ls
ron?gii I zc d as the
lendlnR and most suc
cessful s pee 1 a 11 et.
You are sa fe In
placing your case In
his hands, as he la the
1 o n K c s t established
and has thc best rep
utation. Ue cures
.w li e r o others tall ;
there is no patchwork
or experimenting In
"..hts treatment. Per
%p?sonal attention by Dr.
Hathaway, also apo
hn. HATHAWAY. clal counsel from his
when necessary, which no other ofllco has. If
you cnn not call, write for free booklets and
question blanks. Montion your trouble. Kv
erythlnff strictly confidential. J. Newton
Hathaway. M. D.
88 Inman Building 22i S. Broad S
Buy your Paints, Oils, Var
nishes, and Brushes, Sash,
Do DIB, and Blinds from
SHAHD BUILDERS SUPPLY CO.,
to rem ove
also as a
Money r e-.
turned if it
50c. Trial J?
. -if not sold by your druggist; write '
I. R. WILDON & CO,
The Quality, Terms and Friocs wilt
Call or writo
Malone's Milgie House,
Established 1884. Opposite, Y MOA,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
?85L ~~~~ lin^oir^
GREENVILLE FEMALE COLLEGE.
Greeny'lle, S. ?.
015 riain St
Columbia, S O
CHARLES C. LESLIE,
-Wholesale Dealers In
l^isH and Oysters.
8 & 20 Market St., Charleston, S. C.
Consignments of Country Produce
are Respectfully Solicited, Poultry,
Fish packed In barrels and boxes for
country trade a specialty.
College of highest -grade. - Degree,
courses and specials. Faculty of 18.
Greatly improved equipment. Pure
mountain water. Climate rarely
equalled. For catalogue, and terms
write E. C. JAMES. LITT, p.. Pres.
HAIR BALSAM .
CU*ni*? ?nd brimtfles th? hair,
Promote! . laturhtnt (rrtnrlh.
Nov or Palls to Reitero Gray
Huir to ita Vern'
urea reatp di
ta Youthful Odor,
tiff Kits t: hair haling.
?1.00 nt DregrUta