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Prqceedirigs of o?r Agricultural Con;
ventibn Held in Colombia.
BOBEE SIXTY-FOUR YT ABS AGO.
.William Gilmores Simms Wanted the
Sons and i>augbtersof the Farm
mora to l?avo Better Edaos
To the Editor.ot The Sunday Hews.
. An Agricultural Convention was held
In thc hall of. thc House of Representa
tives, in'the blty bf Columbia, .Novem
ber 25-28, 1839. The following was
W T Ellerbe. John McQueen.
From Ohester?eld-Thomas E Powe,
Marion-Thomas Evans, William
Evans, B Moody.
Edgcfleld -W Brooks, James Terry,
A P Butler, J O Nicholson, M Watson.
Darlington-Thomai, Mciver, W H
Cannon, Sr, W Wingate, Thos.P Lide,
J F Ewing, Alexander Sparks.
Fairfield-J J Myers, J B Dav s, W
K Davis, J H Means, Edward Means,
D F.lkin, W J Allston, John M Robert
sol.. Burrel B Cook.
Chester-T W Moore, J D Crawford.
Richland-F H Elmore, Robert W
Gibbes, James Gregg, Robert Henry,
R H Goodwyn, D 1) Finley.
Sumter-John F Richardson, James
P Richardson, DSt, C Du Bose, Thomas
J Wilder, Isaac Lenoir, J W English,
J S Rlchaidson.
Anderson and FIckens-J W Norris,
J P Reed, J N Garvin, Jesse McKin
ney, Thomas Pinekney, J B Reed, J E
Spartanburg-II H Thompson, John
Crawford, John W Hunt, Samuel N
Jivins, William K Poole.
Orangeburg and St., Matthew's
John M Felder, S Glover, S B Dwight,
Jacob Stroman, Elisha Tyler, D F
Lancaster-Benjamin Massev, J C
Crocket, M Clinton John M Baskin,
Abbeville-John A Calhoun, C F
Moialgue, A B Arnold, James Fiar, D
L Wardlaw, George McDullle.
Barnwell-Charles R Carroll. T H
Hammond, W S Reynolds, W Gilmore
Simms, James D i?rwin.
Lexington-J A Addison, L Pou, J
C Geiger, M F Percival, L Boozer, II J
Caughman, H Arthur.
St. Philip's and St. Michael's- F D
Quash, W Washington, J Rose.
St John's, Berkeley-John H Daw
son, P C Palmer.
St Andrew's-W Lawton, B B
Caroll, William J Bull.
St John's, Collcton-WM Murray,
J Jenkins Mlkell.
Rt Helena Island-J A Scott.
Prince William's-John E Framp
Prince George, Wlnyaw-R F W
Allston, Thos. G Carr.
All-Saints'-B F Dunkin, Edward
Union-Z P Hcrndon, E C Johnson.
St James, Goose Creek-John Wil
Col. F. Elmore was unanimously
elected president. Robert W. Gibbet
acted as secretary.
A committee of fifteen arranged
business for the Convention.
BOHJECTS KOU CONSIDERATION. .
This committee were of the opinion
thut the following subjects were "flt
and proper for the consideration bf
1. The creation by the Legislature
of an agricultural professorship in tfcu
South Carolina College.
2. The appropriation by the Leg
islature of a sum of money to defray
the expenses of a geological and
agricultural survey of the State.
3. The establishment of an agricul
tural school in some central ant:
healthy position of the State.
4. The establishment of a Statt
board of agriculture, to meet at Co
lumbla, or somewhere else in tut
5. The introduction Into our frer
schools of some elementary work ?jn
pv g"r--?- *R. Carroll ?upgftHfifl the
-. resolutions, which were opposed by
James H. Hammond, J. A. Calhorn,
and B. R. Carroll replied to Col. Ham
Resolution 1, concerning an agricul
tural professorship in the State Col
lege, was, on motion of Col. Ham
mond, laid on the table, seemingly
without a division.
By a vote of tifty-soven to thirty
four the Convention refused to tabh
Resolution 2, as to a geological and
agricultural survey of the State
which resolution, after a separate voti
on th-; "agricultural survey"-which
carried, thirty-eight to thirty-two
was agreed to as a recommendation to
the General Assembly.
The third, fourth and fifth proposi
tions were put and rejected.
J. M. Felder offered a resolution
recommending to the Legislature "to
take measures to secure a sound and
stable currency in this State." Thit.
motion was tabled.
AN AOIUCULTUltAL oOCIHTY.
Dr. Jil mes B. Davis offered a scries
of resolutions providing for a State
Agricultural Society; an annual Fair
and stock show; premiums for best lots
of cotton, best variety of corn, small
grain, etc; premiums for best essays
on culture of rice, corn, small grain,
cotton and the grasses; management
of negroes and Improving lands; and
the formatlonof agricultural societies
in each district.
These resolutions were seconded by
Col. J. H. Hammond "loa speech ot
Mr. W. Brooks proposed, and ti)
this proposition the Convention
agreed, to aid in the establishment of
a cheap weekly agricultural paper.
An amendment was adopted "recom
mending to public patronage, as a
means of diffusing agricultural Infor
mation, such papers as may be pub
lished in the State having for their
object the diffusion of all matters per
taining to agriculture."
Mr. J. E. C ilhoun moved to lay on
the table the refutations relating to
agricultural papers. His motion was
IMIESOIENCU OK Vf. Ult, MOUE SIMMS.
W. Gilmore Simms Introduced the
following preamble and resolutions
which now, after sixty-four years, are
well worth reading and preserving not
only for the eminent author's sake,
but on account of the present interest
in tlio subjects treated:
"Whereas, in consequence of thc
scattered condition of our settlements
t iroughout the country thc present
plan of poor school education is found
Inoperative in most instances and par
tial and unsatisfactory in all, those
towns und cities alone excepted whore
'?xU?.;ri?o)?r":ot pupils la sufficiently
great: to justify tile erBploym?nt of
Bo lt recommended to the General
Assembly of the State,'oby? In session,
that a tract of land not to contain
less than fifteen hundred nor moro
than five thousand, acres, centrally
chosen, or as nearly sq-as practicable,
t>? procured in each of tho districts,
with which the poor establishment of
such district shali thenceforward be
endowed; that on the said tract of
land suitable bu i ld hi graball be erected
for the reception and. accommodation
of such a number of poor boys as, ac
cording to trie census of the district,
it shall be likely to contain; that
provision-be made qt all the usual and
necessary utensils for farm culture, as
practiced in said district; that it be
moderately stocked with horses, cat
tle, sheep and al) such other animals
as are found useful in such an estab
lishment; that, when this .ls done, %
teacher of known intelligence and In
tegrity be procured, who shall receive
an adequate salary for the tuition of
all pupils who muy be placed under
his care by, the commissioners of the
said . district; and. that for certain
periods of the day and in certain
classes and divisions, to be hereafter
determined by the commissioners, he
shall have entire control of their
studies and their time; that, at all
other periods, thc said pupils shall be
placed under the control of a compe
tent superintendent,' or overseer, who
shall direct their labors and industry
while preparing them, as farmers and
planters, for the proper performance
of such duties lu after lifo as may
seem best to correspond with their
condition and necessities; and that
the commissioners of each district be
empowered to receive as indented ap
prentices to the poor school of said
district,<on behalf of thc State, all
such boys the parents' of whom may
be foUnd desirous of securing for them
the advantages of such tuition and all
such orphans as, governed by a praise
worthy ambition, inay be willing to
ivail themselves of thc same; thc
j term of apprenticeship in no case to
.ic less than three nor more than seven
years, unless in the case of such
youth as may be already greatly ad
vanced towards the years and purposes
of manhood and who, at the discretion
of the commissioners, may be received
for a still shorter period."
AND TUB GIRLS, TOO.
Be lt recommended yet farther,
that on the same plantation or tract
-jf land, but removed from close prox
imity to the dwellings and the school
aouse of the boys, there be erected
-ai i table bouses for thc reception and
accommodation of poor girls, who
.?hall be placed under the tuition ol
me or more female superintendents,
from whom they shall learn the or
llnary elements of a plain English
education-and In addition, such du
Gies ol' a farm and household as com
monly devolve upon females in our
country; that they shall spin, weave
ind sew; attend to poultry and the
dairy, the culture of the silkworm, ir
it be deemed advisable, and be taught
also how to.fashion and make their
own and thc habits of the boys; the
latter, in turn, performing all those
severer labors ot the plantation as will
yield sufficient food and provision for
Be lt further recommended, that, lu
iddltion to the studies of the ordinary
English grammar school, thc mastei
. if the male department shall be re
quired to Instruct his pupils in a com
P' Jent knowledge of simple land sur
It is recommended, also, that tin
dress of the boys be mac|e uniform and
that the elder boys, ranging from thc
years ot 15 to 18,; be provided with
light muskets and be subjected to Mu
drill and instruction, Once a month,
of the neighborhood captain of mi
Resolved, That these recommenda
tions be respectfully submitted to thc
General Assembly, with the prayer ol
this Convention that they be subject
ed to examination and experiment in
three of the districts of the State, hi
order that their operation may be
witnessed, previous to their gcueral
idoptiirighfcout ot ?vfcaiijtho dis
tr1! was xvjShn order that uie-ttr
'pATObutf should be fairly made thc
listricts so chosen should he one in
each of the grand divisions of thc
State, the upper, the middle and thc
lower country; and that the present
commissioners of the districts chosen
oe requested to take charge of the en
It -.seems from the records that
these resolutions were not even dis
cussed; were immediately laid un tlu
table, on motion of J. E. Calhoun, ol
Anderson-near whose home Clemson
College stands to day-its site haying
been selected by Mrs Clemson, a neal
kinswoman of this Calhoun, to whoa
uer husband, Thos G. Clemson, pro
mised that he would found an agrl
cultural college upon Port Hill." Ol
rbis good woman, the favorite child ot
her distinguished father, John G. Cal
houn, Col lt. W. Simpson, of Pendle
ton, the executor of Mr Clemson')
will, the only president of the Clem
son College trustees, has written
*'Her love for her home and country
was superb, and to this noble, gencr
ous, and yet gentle, woman, soutl
Carolina ls as much indebted fo
Clemson College as to the distinguish
On motion of J. A. Calhoun thc
Convention unanimously adopted a rc
solution requesting the trustees of tht
South Carolina College to have the!
professor of chemistry deliver a cou rsi
of lectures on agricultural chemlstr;
and the pMnclpals of geology, "pru
vlded that they ?o not interiore will
his regular duties."
IIKKT BUG A It AND NATIVK SILK.
A Mr Russel, proprietor of the "bc
anlc garden" in Columbia, though th
president, presented to thc society
loaf of beet sugar from France an
several beautiful specimens of nativ
silk. Mr. Russel was duly thanked an
the sugar and the silk were presente
to the secretary of the Convention.
A constitution was adopted for th
State Agricultural Society and th
followerlng otficors chosen:
His Excellency, Patrick Noble, pref
ident W. B. Seabrook, Col W. Brook*
Col Wi K. Clowney, Col James G reg?
Chane B. F. Dunkin, vice presiden!
B. R.Carroll, corresponding secretary
Dr R. W. Gibbes, recording secretar
Gen George McDuflle was ?nanla
ously appointed anniversary orator ft
Wm Gilmore Simms offered a serle
of resolotlons affirming that "direc
taxation, while it saves thc citi/e
from the constant impositions of tl:
cunning, ls the only honest, cheal
safe medium for raising supplies in
country like ours." These resolution
at thc request of their author, wei
laid upon the table.
W. Brooks Introduced rcsolutloi
relating to bank and currency, whlo
were tabled at his own request.
"WV J. Allston offered rcsolutsoi
calling-attention tb "tbo riotoilou ly
bad condltlqo or .many of the most im
portant roads," "theutt?r/lnadaquiioy
of existing laws on the subjeot," their
"unequal and unjust operation;"- and
asking the Legislature "to remedy
the defects of the preseut system/ or
to substitute another.and better in its
stead." The Allston resolution was
adopted after "free discussion."
THEN AND NOW. 1
The Farmers' 'Institute- season of
1903 has. ended. ' Thlity. county in
stitutes have been held in different
sections of the State, from PlckenB to
Conway. Tho attendance aggregated
.The "round-up"-the. State Ins.tf
tdte at Clemson College-with its two
thousand people, was a record breaker
In tlie State and in the Union.
'It is hoped and believed the ap
proaching State Fair will be the most
successful ever held.
To-day seems, Mr Editor, a fib time
to read the page ot the State'H history
that tells of the great Agricultural
Convention of two generations ago.
Clemson College, AugUBb 27.
THE COLAR LINE NORTH.
A Negro Preacher Unable to Rent a
Houoe in Wa ter to Ayn.
A dispatch from Watertown, N. Y.,
says the Rev. J. Douglass Jackson, a
negro preacher, who went there on
July 1 from Richfield Springs bo
assume charge of the African Metho
dist Episcopal Zion Church, has been
unable to find a borne for himself and
family. Ile says that he has made
efforts to secure a home, and on sever
al occasions places have almost been
secured through white directors of
the church, but as soon as those about
to lease a house learn of the color of
the prospective tenant he ls turned
down. Now and then a place Is offer
ed him in a block of questionable re
putation, but this he refuses to accept,
as he nays it is such places as these
that ho proposes to break up. Jack
son bas a wife with him, and an
eighteen-year-old daughter he is
anxious to take to Watertown as soon
as he can rent a house. He is about
40 years of age and is having large
congregations of colored people in his
church, which is in .the tenderloin
district, and which will be moved as
soon as the direebors can raise bhe
necessary funds. A brigadier general
who served in the civil war mu'de the
announcement on learning of theclor
ed man's plighb, bbat while he
possessed only limlbed* means, he
would starb a subscription to purchase
a house for bhls or any colored preach
er who mighb succeed him. He is
willing to subscribe $50, and within a
few days a home for Jackson may be
purchased. 'It is thought probable
that the deal will have bo be made
quiebly, and by white people, so great
ls bbe prejudice agaiusb bhe negro race.
A Chicago Mystery.
Early Wednesday morning bhe dead
bodies of Harrieb Elizabeth Weber
and Inocenbl Talaminl, a marble cut
ter, were found on Lexington evenue
just south of 54th street Chicago, 111.
iioth had been shot twice, and while
there are indications that the man shot
the woman and tuen killed himself,
there are other tea tu res bo bhe case
bhab make ii.- somewhat mysterious.
Arthur M. Laurie, with whom the
dead woman had made her home, will
be held by the police until after the
Inquest. There is no evidence connect
ing him with the sh jobing, hut ho ls
detained os a witness. The body of
the woman was iudentified as that of
"Mrs Laurie," but when Laurie was
brought to the police station he said
she was nob his wife and bhab he did
nob know whose body was found with
In going through the effects of Miss
Weber an envelop was found addressed
evidently in the handwriting of the
man lnocenti Talaminl. ,ln. jfeeking
Tulamini to find what he might know
to thc woman or shooting, the pincers
identified the dead man as Tulum hu
himself. No cause is known why Tal
aminl should have shot the woman,
bhtrshcr-haid'told.several of her friends
the day before of a Jew who had been
following her and of whom she was
afraid. Talaminl has a Hebraic coun
tenance and it is a general theory, that
he shot her because she refused bo
In the man's hand was a revolver
with four chambers discharged, ac
counting for the four shuts fired. The
people living In thc neighborhood
where the tragedy occured declare
that more than four shots were fired
and one bullet crushed through a win
dow. These facts have led the police
to believe that there may have been u
third party to the shooting. The
Weber woman is a native of Detroit,
In tho Meadows.
A low wind in tlie pines,
And a dull pain in tho breast
And oh! for a sight of her eyes and
One touch of the hand I pressed.
The slow, sad lowland wind.
Itsighls through the lifelong day,
While the eager mountain breezes
And the summer is burning away.
Here the pines sigli ever above.
And the broothsbraw sighs below,
And ever the dreamy silence stirs.
With the caw of the drowsy crow.
There thc oaks are scarlet and gold,
Like the tints of a fairy dawn.
And u si Inder shape in the aneen L
By the slow stream wanders on,
O day that weighs on the heart,
O wind in tbs dreary pines,
Does she dream of me in the golden
Past the mountain's long blue lines,
Tbs old hall, lithely and still.
By the silent, sad Edisto waves,
ls it touched to-day by thc happy
As the summer Howers bloom on
O sunshine, titting and sad,
O wind, that forever sighs,
Tlie hall is bright, but my life is dark.
For the sunshine of her eyes.
I jet Them Alone.
We agree with the Columbia State
that "the experience of that un
fortunate Russian girl In New York
should discuorugo thc husband
purchasing business which seems to
have thrived in that olby. After
three disappointments tho girl com
mitted suicide, but ber fate might
have been worse if married to one of
the men secured by a "matrimonial
broke" for a fee of 8200."
Tho Deadly Crossing.
A wagon containing Mrs, Lozen,
two sons and a daughter was struok
by a bruin ab a crossing near Rich
mond, Va., on Tuesday. Mrs. Lozen
and a five-year-old sold were insbanbly
killed and the daughters was seriously
THE. LONG FEUDS
Of Bre&thittiCouaty, Kentucky, and
Their! Numerous Fatalities. >
A DABK AND BLOODY 8TORY.
Tho Unrslu, Cockroll, Bounotte, mid
Other Blood Tbl'raty Families
Numbct* Their Dead hy
Breatbltt county, Kentucky, ls in
the eastern end of the State, about
midway between the Oblo\ river and
the southern boundary and to the
southwestward of a spur of the Cum
berland mountains that reaches* up
from the southeast and, having per
formed the useful purpose of dividing
Breathltt county from Wolfe and
Magoffin counties on the north, con
tinues through Lee and Est!ll coun
ties on the west.
, It ls the real thing in mountain
country, and its population, some
where about 12,000, is well scattered.
?Jackson, its. capital or court house
town, was, until the railroad pierced
the country, as isolated as any of the
remote hill towns, like Manchester,
Clay county, not far away.
The people are very like all the hill
people of Kentucky, hospitable to the
stranger, if he ls not a revenue officer;
contented to live without schools, if
they must be depended upon to pro
vide them; not worried ' because the
women wear one-piece frocks and sun
bonnets and rub snuff into their gums,
like their mothers before them; will
ing to be interested In the"outside
world, but not anxious to get into it;
with a native standard of morality
that is not just that of the blue gruss
lands below the'foothills, and so strong
in their likes and dislikes that the
men will fight to the death for a
friend or pursue a foe with a relent
lessness that will not wear out.
The casual visitor who should drop
into Jackson or any of the other small
er settlements of the county would
live there for months before he would
lose the Impression that it was
ouly a peaceful village, with a railway
connection direct to Frankfort or
Louisville bringing ' the two places
within a day's ride of the mountain
If the visitor wants to know about
Jackson's reputatlo'n as the capital of
the Hargis-Sewall Cockrell feud, he
will be surprised to find that the peo
ple are not only not'averse to discLss
itig it, but actually willing,' if not
anxious, to go into all details of thc
contention that ls described as having
begun when William Sewall of Jack
son married Virginia Britton of
Virginia in 1852.
Of this marriage there were two
sons, Thomas J. and William, and
two daughters, one of whom" was
married to Hiram Jett. Curtis Jett
was a child . of this marriage. When
William Sewall died,, his widow was
wedded to John Sj Hargis. There
was a big family of Harglses: Henry
A., James, John Gi, Benjamin and
Elbert; and If therefore any daugh
ters they are not talked ?. about. Tbc
mother of these sons the grand
mother of the Curtis who.is now.
The interests of ti^b^All brothers
and the Hargls brothers., sons of the
same motber,jDecamWi?entlQal for the
bitter purposes that pr l-*tly arrayed
the family against-o 1er family.
According to the local1 ?ounts, -the
troubles between the H .-gis and Cock
rell families between boys, Thomas J.
Sewall and Buck Coombs, played to
gether. They quarreled. Sewall shot
Combs. He was not killed, but his
shooting dlo the business.
A latent spirit of dislike, possibly
tinged with Jealousy and rivalry for
leadership in mountain society, burst,
into flame. Coombs was the nephew
of Tom Cockrell. ; Cockrell loudly pro
claimed that the injury to his family
must bc atoned by the blood of thc
Harglses. That was many years ago,
and in the course of the intervening
years the effort to make thc menace
k'ood, and the'determination of thc
other side to be even with the Cock
rells, have led to some slaughter. The
score shows greater activity by the
Harglses, but the Cockrell shooting
bas been thc more accurate and fatal.
It was not a constant, open tight.
On the surface Breathltt county was
not always a turbulent region. From
time to time, sometimes by accident
and again by design, not Infrequently
from the security of ambush, a Cock
rell would slay a Harris or a Hargis a
Cockrell. The record, as made up at
Jackson recently, showed the account
to stand as follows:'
TI?K BEWALL-HARGIS BCOItK.
Buck Coombs, wounded by T. J.
Judge Cardwell, wounded by T. J.
Thomas Dunbar, killed by T. J.
Jerry South, wounded by William
Filmore Brown, wounded by Wil
Henry Barnett, killed by Elbert
Sally Hayes, killed by John G.
Chrales Everett, wounded by Hen
Samuel Lentzford, wounded by Ben
Tom Cockrell, wounded by Ben
Henry Smith, shot by County Judge
Dr. Cox, killed.
John Cockrell, killed by Curtis Jett.
James B. Marcum, killed by Curtis
Jett and Thomas White.
Willis Gabbard, killed by Jeff
Granville Prater, killed by George
na rnctt, Jr.
Hiram Miller, killed by Beuben
George Smith, killed by Charles
THE COCKHELL SCORE.
John G. Ha8gis, killed by Jerry
Ben Hargis, killed by Tom Cockrell.
A. F. Bullock, killed by A. Cock
B. Davis, killed by Tom Cockrell.
Elkanah Smith, killed by Bud Bo
11 anon. .
Bud Allen, killed by Joe Haddlx. ;
SuRan Barnett, killed by Bobert
Beuben Landrum, killed by Hiram
J. W. Noble killed by Jacob Noble.
Irvine Newgate, killed by Jerry
Daniel Hays, killed by Wesley Cox.
--?-:-rr1 ' - 1 1 . v. - "' - - ??
This record of ll yiotims td thc re-'
seo.tment ottbe Cockrells and 10 Blain
by tb? Bewail ?H ?rgis fraction to the
feud; all since about 1870, In addition
to pontons, wounded-.: In notable en;;
counters, does not take account of tho
manifold conflicts that resulted In
wounds not mortal or serious.
?When Thomas Sowall,Intent upon
discharging a duty that hill etiquette
transferred to bluVshot Judge Card
well lo tho baok, something like public
spirit asserted- itself, and he .fled to
Madison county, further west; but not
far away. - On Muddy 'creek he en-,
countered Thomas Dunbar, a kins
man of the Cockrells, and killed him.
For this attempt to maintain the
vendetta he was arrested, and his
trial resulted In a sentence to im
prisonment for life. He served for 12
years, when he was released-by the
governor; His conviction and im
prisonment did not deter his brother,
William S?wall, from l?ngtbenlng the
family record of crime. Jerry South
and LUlinore Brown had,been witness
es of the murder of Dunbar, William
Sewell shot, but did not kill, both or
these men. Ile was not even tried
for the crimes.
There were days and months at the
tln.e when no hostile BhotB were ll red.
Breath Its wore an outward air of
peace, but at the same time the feud
was becoming more Intense and was
enlisting on one side or tbe other a
widening circle of persons connected
by birth, marriage or sympathy with
the Cockrells and Hrrgises..
The Hargls family enjoyed an ad
vantage over that of the Cockrells In
being the more numerous, and If it
was more active thc record shows that
thc Cockrells pointed their guns more
accurately and shot more fatally.
The feud spirit grew so strong as to
assert Itself superior to the tradition
that in a feud light women and chil
dren were always immune from the
assassin's violence. Such controversies
were to be carried on by men only,
and women need never be at all anx
ious about their own safety.
A Ilargis violated this unwritten
law. Elbert Hargls shot and killed
Henry Barnett,.whose offense seems
to have bien that he bad become
known as an adherent, for sympatheic
reasons, to the Cockrell family and Its
resentments. Sally Hayes was an eye
witness to the shooting. Not long
after she was shot and killed by John
The response was speedy and fatal.
Jerry Cardwell, the brother of Judge
Cardwell, who had been wounded by a
shot In the back from Tom Se wall,
revenged thc murder of Sally Hayes
by killing John G. Hargls. The shoot
ing or Charles Everett, another Cock
rell sympathizer, by Ben Ilargis fol
lowed, and not long afterward the
same Ilargis shut and wounded, but
did not kill, Tom CockrelPs brother
in-law, Sam Lem/.ford.
At this time the feud occupied all
the time and thoughts of the parties
to lt. They sought In many ways to
secure advantages over each other,
often by trick and device.
Tom Cockrell was especially offen
sive to the Ilargis party as the leader
of the opposing faction, and lt was de
sirable to get rid of him. Ben Hargls
laid a plan to get Cockrell into a sa
loon and kill him. Cockrell fell into
the trap, but in the attempt at assas
sination Ben Hargis wns killed and
Tom Cockrell was only wounded.
James Ilargis was county " judge.
His otlice was to maintain the peace,
but the feud spirit inspired and in
rurated him, and he shot and killed a
mau named Smith Who had become a
member of the Cockrell family by
.Business and general affairs were
j not generally disturbed In the county
by these occasional encounters of the
two factions. Elections went on, the
nominations for local offices, being
more or less affected by the feud.
The Cockrells were not numerous
enough to control in the elections, aud
they did not enjoy being outvoted by
thc Harglses. Judge James Hargls'
electlou, as well as that of Sheriff
Callahan, was protested by James B.
Marcum of Jackson, Callahan was
li arg i s's brother-in-law. '< Dr. Cox
openly expressed his participation In
the protest and for this offense was
shot and killed. x
But other victims were soon to be
sacrificed to gratify the resentment of
thc Ilargis faction. Curtis Jett shot
and killed .John Cockrell. Not long
afterward James B. Marcum was shot
and killed in the court house at Jack
son. Curtis Jett and Thomas White
arc now serving life sentences for
committing this crime, which has
brought thc Cockrell-Hargis feud
prominently into notice.
It has taken 50 years of this sort ol
strife to deaden the moral sense ol
Breath!tt county to the lawlessness
that the Cockrell and Hargls differ
ences have brought about. Those on
either side who have become attach?e
to thc (?ue or the other have learner
to regard the feud as a matter quit?
outside of tue law, a matter to be set
tied, as their own private affair, be
tween the two families. It does nol
appear that at any time ah arbitra
tor has arisen, moved by a spirit o:
peace and loathing for murder to brilia
about an agreement to settle the ven
detta that can only be terminated, I:
pacllic settlement is not reached, bj
thc death of the last male survivor o:
one of the. families.
Yet these people move with appar
ent unconcern about the streets ant
along the roads, the children some
times attend the dame school, ant
Cockrells and Harglses have beei
known to gather in the sam<
churches. But thc poison is movim
in tile blood all the time.
lt sometimes, as has been men
tinned, kills the spirit of souther!
gallantry that is supposed to regari
with scorn thc idea of lighting wo
men. Sally Hayes was not theonl;
woman victim of the feud.
She was a Cockrell sympathizer am
eyewitness to the murder of Heur
Barnett. Another Barnett of tb
Ilargis side was charged with the mur
der of Granville Prater, but was ac
quitter!; During the month of Jun
of this year the body of Susan Bar
nett, his wife, was found Moating li
the river, with wounds that showei
the cause of her death to have beei
other than drowing.
Robert Sales, a Cockrell sympathizer
who was suspected of tho murder, wa
Indicted. A fair trial in his case wll
boas difficult to procure as when Cur
tis Jctt and White wore tried for th
killing of James B. Marcum.
The conditions are extremely dil
llcult to contend with. A cure ma
seem easy and not difficult to tlios
who cannot realizo that these murdei
and woundings have scarcely affecte
the currents of society or thc buslnei
affairs of the county.
: Schools and churches goon asusua
thcro ls the exchange of tho usu?
courtesies between ^rallies, with a
I occasional meeting distantly-rela
ed members of both families to tl:
feud. But the feud Isylways In tl
minds of the people. *
? ?.??..-'.?/. .
T? expect to. secure jprlea of tho
vicinage that will condemn the killin?,
of a HarglpMs:U> expect that a jury all
made - up of members of that family ,
shall- try the case.- TAll f??d killings;
must be -tried away from..the : county,,
as tho Marcum case had to be, to get a
If ls qut of the question.to hope to
get i be' Cockrella to lcaye the county
and take their hates and "their. vows
of vengeance^ wi th ;, them. And the
Hargis family . is too large and Influ
ential to listen tb such a proposition.
They have been the more aotive br
thc two factions to the feud, and they
are both numerically and mateiialy
more strongly established In the cou
muulty. To remove the feud spirit,
however, would be to depopulate the
county, for In 60 years Its roots have
taken hold In other families.
There aie people who say they are
Indifferent to the quarrel, and who
preserve a wise 6llonco when opinions
are sought! But the Impartiality of
these persons ought not to be depend
ed upon tn determining the guilt or
innocence of a man tried for .murder
as the result of the feud.
Immigration -might effect an Im
provement in the state of public feel
ing. Newcomers, ignoraut of the ori
gin of the feud or indifferent to it, and
also indifferent to thc causes given as
justifying its continuance, mi^ht stif
fen up the courts, and by imposing
severe penal Ci es for feud crimes under
the practice of open or convert mur
der. But there ls little to invite such
a throng of immigrants as would be
necessary to leaven the lump of dead
Breatbltt will not reform Itself. Its
reformation is a duty which the State
government should assume and under
take. Only such a cure, or the preva
lence of a discriminating epidemic,
will banish the use of the rifle and pis
tol as thc settlers of family disputes.
This ls the c> imtry and these are
the people the Salvation Army expect
to conquer by gospel lessons.-New
A Dutiful Son.
The Columbia State says: "A
young physician In Georgia has asked
Guv. Terrell's permission to take the
olace pf his father who is serving a
life sentence for murder. The father
is 04 years old and has been In prison
eight years. He killed a man named
Lilly with Whom ho hud a business
disagreemi nt, going to the cnurch
where Lilly was superintendent of a
Sunday school, tiring at him until the
superintendent foll in the door as hr
ran out and In the piesence of the vic
tim's children cut his throat from ear
to ear. The son say he cannot hope
for a pardon for this crime but is wil
ling to make atonement In his father's
stead and let the old man spend his
last day? In freedom. Under our hu
man laws this is impossible, of course,
and wisely so, for no truer words are
found in Holy Writ than the daclara
tion that the sips of the father shall
be visited upon the children even to
the third and fourth generation. It
is unnecessary for man-made statutes
to add to that decree.
A Good I/aw.
There Is a law on the New York
statute books providing for heavy
punishment for the man who, under
any circumstances whatsoever, strikes
a man whose eyesight compels him to
wear eyeglasses. This law was passed
a good many years ago, and lt has
always been rigorously enforced.
Scrappy men who never thought to
see the inside of a prison have done
bitter sentences In Sing Sing and
other-New York penal Institutions
for forgetting it-If, indeed, some of
them ever knew-that the law of
New York State wlll uot tolerate any
Hst abuse of the chap who has'to wear
eyeglasses or spectacles. It is a
peculiarly but a perfectly just and
admirable law,' considering the disad
vantage under which a man with in
ferior eyesight must necessarily labor
in a fight with a man whose eyes are
all right, and New York is said to be
the only State in the Union that has
suoh a law.
YOM KIPPER.-Yom Kipper, the
anuuul fast day of Mic jewish people,
occurs today and l .murrow. Yom
Kipper is ttie great dav of atonement
with the Jews, and lias been observed
from time immemorial. The people
of this race gatticrin their synagogues
all over tile world, recount their sins,
offer s t?nernen t and pray for forgive
ness. The is observed by both the
orthdox and reformed Jewish church.
The day begins this afternoon at 6
o'clock, and last until the same hour
tomorrow evening. This is the day
according to the Hebrew method of
reckoning a day. It is a fast day
with the people and strictly observed
i in every household.
A Queer ('UKO,
Drs. Moore, Sheppard and Warren
are being sued at Salisbury, N. C., by
the administrator of Julia Stanfield,
a negro woman, for $5,000 damages
for pronouncing her dead and per
mitting her to be put into a coffin
and suffocated. The doctors say they
can prove the woman was dead when
they ??aid she was.
Mullet! Mullet! Mullet!
and all kinds of Fresh and Salt Water
tisli and oysters. If you arc dealing in
Fresh Fish or intend to deal in them
write for prices and send your ord rs to
TERBY FISH CO., Charleston, S. C.
or COLUMBIA FISH SB ICE CO
Columbia S. C. We ship only fresh
caught tisii and our prices arc as low
as they can be sold at. Write us.
Try us, and be convinced
Great Distress Throughout the South
Could lie eliminated hy the use of Dr.
Biggers Huckleberry Cordial. It cures
Dysentery, Diarrhoea, Children Teeth
ing. At Di?ggists 25c and 50c per
A fellow who claims to know says
it takes a fellow with a bank account
to draw a check; a pretty woman to
draw attention; a horse to draw a
cart; a porns plaster to draw the skin;
a toper to draw a cork; a free lunch
to draw a crowd, and an advertise
ment to draw traoe.
THIS man In the moon has just about
as much chance of getting the Demo
cratic nomination for president as
Grover Cleveland has.
Thc Great Toiled Hemed y for the speedy
I and permanent cure of Scrofula, Kheuma
I tism, Catarrh, Ulcers, Eczema, Sores. Erup
tions, Weakness, Nervousness, ana all
BLOOD AND SKIN DISEASES.
11 is by fir the best building up Tonic and
Illood Purifier ever ofTered to the world. It
rn.il.es new, rich blood, imparts renewed vi
tality, and possesses almost miraculous
healin? properties. Wtllo for Book ot Won
derful Cures, sent tree or. application.
If not kept by your local drue?ist.'send
$i.o->for a large bottle, or $5.00 for six bottles, j
' medicine will be sent, freight paid, "
BLOOD BALM CO., Atlanta, Qa.
? passenger service unexcelled for luxury ;
and comf?rt,equlppedw?ththejatest Pu U man
Dining, Sleeping: and Thoroughfare Cars.
For rates, schedule, maps or any infornia^
tion, write to :S
WM. J. GRAIG, -
General Passenger Agent,
Wilmington, N. C.
GeoA Wagener, Pres. Geo Y Coleman, Vice Pies. 1 G Ball. Sec'y & Treas
Coleman-Wagener Hardware Company,
Successor to C, P. Poppenheim.
363 KING ST.REET, ...... CHARLESTON, S O
T?!?N?^B TO HOES CHARLESTON MAKE THE WATER
SSiSS HER WATER RATE GIVES HER DOUBLE
crT AJ?yA? IN FREIGHT RATES. MAKE A COMPARE
cUJN AUAIN. ,
.CLASSIFICATIONS ' PKII CARtOAD.
From NEW. YOUK, N. Y. YBH loo tua. . NAILS,
TO 12 3 4 5 0
CHARLESTON, SC 60 40 34 28 23 17 12c per 100 lbs.
Oo You Ever Think
or Columbia as being the most convenient place where YOU can trade: situated!:
as lt is In the exact centre of the State, with Railroad lines radiating like
spokes In awheel? We are in a position to reach all points quickly.. We
have a tine large Jewelry Store, tilled with choice goods and we want your
trade. We are getting out a tine illustrated catalogue to be ready latter part
of this month. Send in your name for our mailing Hst. Watch this space for
a new Ldvertisement each week.
P. H. LACHICOTTB & CO., Jowelers,
1424 Main St COI .UM HI A, 8 O
IRP?PIT BU,ILDTVG? RE PRESSED AND
Di Ils JV FANCY SHAPES.
LARGE STOCK. PROMPT SHIPMENTS
GEoRGHA-C A KO Ll WARBRICK CO.,
? noward H. Stafford, President.
WRITE FOR PRICES. . AUGUSTA, GA.
We Do Not Deceive Tbe Sick
If you are sick and want toget.well, do not experiment .
but be sure that your ar placing your case In . expert hands ?
We do not believe in any form of deception. We have no
FKEE MEDICINE scheme to deceive sick, but every 'case put
under our treatment is positively guaranteed by Not a Dol
lar Need be paid Until Cured/ and we are the only Special
tists who have established a reputation for curing the albo t '
. ?Gi* and collecting the fee afterwards.
rf* ^^rr^^^S^t Ii you want HONEST and also SKILLFUL treatment for any '
form of Chronic Diseases, write us TODAY, for method of Home Treatment '
his never been excelled.
DR. BEYN0LB8 & COMPANY,
_BOX Z. _ ATLANTA, GA. _ _ _ _ _ _ _._ Z
Founded in 1850. - : Graduates 4,453 -
Write for Free Catalogue of the 'i ; ;, v
MEDICAL DEPARTMENT .UNIVERSITY OF NASHVILLE.
Curriculum Included twenty-three-lecture courses, each followed-by^.a .
thorough revle-w quiz; seven laboratory courses, .and three hours of elinicaF'
work dally.( New building elaborately eqlpped with modern apparatus and
appliances. Tuition ?65.00. Address, J. DILLARD JACOBS, M. D.,Sec.V/1 ' .
OilSonth Market St., Nashville, Tenn:
GOLUM?I?y_ S. C.
'Building and Re-Pressed Brick. Special sh?pbs tb ord er. Fire proof Te
ra Cotta Fl ue Linings. Prepared to fill; orders for thousands br for million
^rcsbyienarv College of Sou IK' Ga.ro Uria,,
ci^irsraroW, 0. c.
BOAHD, RCOM-KKNT, a nd TU I t>:?N for Collegiate Year
for $100.00. Next Session begins Sept. 2ibd, 190U.
For catalogue or information address '
A. E. SPENCER. ;
GOLUMBIA LUMBER & MFG. GO.
SASH, DOORS, BLINDS, INTERIOR FINISH, MOULD
INO AND LUMBER, ANY QUANTITY.
Golumbia, ?. G.
YOUNG MEN, YOUNG WOMEN, WAKE UF
* Prepare yourselves to meet the demand for Stenographers, typewriters
and bookkeepers. Write for catalogue of
MACFEAT'S BUSINESS COLLEGE, Columbia, S. O.
W. H. Macfeat, ofllcial Court Stenographer, President.
Whiskey I Morphine I Cigarette I All Drug and Tobacco
Habit, I Habit | Habit | Habits.
Cured by ICeele^r Institute, <v? ?. G.
?32U Lady St. (or P. O. Box 75)"Columbia, S. G. Confidential correspond
Doc Maxwell and Jesse nail, white
men, were convicted at Elberton, Ga.,
on Monday of criminally assaulting a
colored girl and were sentenced to ten
years In the penitentiary, the jury
hading recommended them to mercy
who are in need of th?
bent medical treat
ment should not (?ll
to .-mi HU it Dr', mah*
way at once, aa he ls
r IM' II i; H i p. i-11 as the
leading and mostsuo
cc?tlul 8 p e c 1 a 11 et.
You are sa fe in
placing your case In
lils hands,ns he la the
and has the heat rep*
malton. Ho eures
where others fall;
there ls no patchwork
Sor experimenting In
yhla treatment. Per
sonal attention hy Dr.
"Hathaway, also epe
Clat counsel from nts
when necessary, which no other ofllce has. It
von cutt nut call, write for free booktcta and
que,linn hlatiks. Mention your trouble. Ev
erything strictly confidential. J. Newton
Hathaway. M. P.
83 Inman Building 221 S. Broad S
Atlanta. Ga ^^^^^^^
Buy your Paints, Oils, Var
nishes, and Brushes, 8ash,
Doois, and Blinds from
SHAND BUILDERS SUPPLY CO.,
615 Plain St ? Columbia, S O
CHARLES C. LESLIE,
--Wholesale Dealers in
I^isli and Oysters.
8 & 20 Market St., Charleston, S, C.
Consignments of Country Produce
are Respectfully Solicited, Poultry,
Eggs, &o. . f . iv;.
Wilson's Freckle Cure.
also as a
Money r e
turned if it
> If not sold by your druggist,- write '
I. ?. WILSON & CO,
' Charleston, ?. C.
Thc Quality, Terms and Prioes wilt
Call or write
Malone's Music House?
Established 1884. Opposite Y M 0 A,
CQLUMBIA, S. C. '
185L -:.'. .">. "^Bu^oT^
GREENVILLE FE^LE COLLEGE.
Greenv'lle, S, 0. '
lah packed*in barrels ard boxes for
country trade a specialty.
College of -, highest ? grade. -Degwe,
courses and specials. 1<acuity of 18.
Greatly improved cqu nment. Puro
mountain water. Climate rarely,
equalled. ' For catalogue, and terms
write 'E. C. JAMES. LITT, D., Pres.
CIf?r.Tii aod brntiiLfiri UlS hair.
I^irtotet ? lu?uilar,l crotrth.
Ks ?or yalli to Restore Or*y|
Hair to ita Youthful Color,
Cure? Kita dl??*?c? is halifkUUtg.
?0;. toa j 1.1?) ?>:I>nifjt'yU