Newspaper Page Text
^.lOontlnued from page 1.]
Gervais and Main streets. They
lived , in the same direction. 1 One of
the . hot editorials had Just appeared
in the State. Mitchell said:- ..
"Mr. GonzakB, don't you think
that it is about time you would let
up on old JimP"
"Ko," said Gonzales, 'he is a cur,
and I am going to light him as long
. as ho runs for office-in South Car
;'. Then I said to him: "Well, you
know you can drive a-dog to bay-"
' Here there was objection by the
state on the ground that nothing was
competent except'a threat. The point
was argued by Messrs. Thurmond and
Orott. The former ^ contended that
only the statement of Gonzales and
nope of the conversation leading up
- to it was competent. Mr. Croft con
tended that all the facts surrounding
the threat were admissible. The
court asked for authorities on the
' question. No ruling was made and
the question was changed.
Gonzales told him Tillman was a
cur and that he Gonzales had poved it
on him on every occasion. Gonzales
said that he could slap Tillman's face
and be would not resent it. Gonzales
further stated that if Jim Tillman
ever batted his eyes at bim he would
fill him so full of lead that he could
not tote it off.
Mitchell testified further that he
had told Tillman of the conversation
at some time between the ?rst and
Having got the threat in evidence
Col. Croft then asked that the entire
conversation be repeated. - The state
objected again, but this Lime Judge
Gary ruled that in order to get a full
understanding of .the case thc entire
conversation should be admitted.
Mitchell then recited the entire con
versation, which was in substance as
On the cross-examination Mitchell
" said that he was a contract painter
"'and that he had done work as a detec
tive for the Southern railway. Mr.
Bellinger cross-examined the witness
to bring out the Idea that Mitchell did
not have a sufficient acquaintance
with deceased to become a confidant.
Mitchell admitted that he had never
talked to the dead editor but that one
time. He further admitted that he
had met Ambrose Gonzales after the
killing and said that "I understand
that Colonel Tillman shot your brother
in the back, and if sol am done with
Jim Tillman. -
SOME MOUE TESTIMONY.
r A. J..Flowers, of Darlington, who
1 ved in Columbia for turee years, was
thc uext witness. Ile was a conductor
on a street car for about two years.
He quit the company January 1st, be
cause he could not stand work on ac
C)unt of rheumatism. During sum
mer, 1002, Gonzales was a passenger
oa his car. Gonzales was riding on
th? rear seat of the car and there were
three other men with Gonzales. Gon
2 iles and the party got on thc car at
Lady street, and rode around to Wav
erly and back. '
The party was discussing politics
and-he heard Gonzales say to the other
three mon that if he did not succeed
ia defeating Tillman he would never
take his seat, for he would kill him.
One of the gentlemen told? Gonzales
that he should not talk that way.
On the cross-examination be said
that at the time of the shooting he
was sick in Darlington, and that some
time after he had written to Col. Till
man, who was then in jail, telling him
of the threat. The letter was pro
duced in court and offered as evidence
by the defense. On cross-examination
lt was brought out that the witness
told several employes, pf the street
railway company that he knew noth
ing of the case. On the redirect Mr.
Helson brought out the fact that he
had warned the witness not to talk
with street railway people with whom J
he was formerly familiar, because the [
officers of that company were opposed
to Tillman. He became interested
in Tillman because he was in his regi
P. W. Hughes, truck farmer of War
renville, S. C., who was formerly a|
resident of Edgefield, was sworn. He |
was a deputy for Jones for the killing
of the Prcssleys he lirst met N. G.
Gonzales. In July, 1002, be came to |
Columbia and met N. G. Gonzales oo
Main street, near McMallau's drug
store. Several men were with him.
Mr. Stroude, one of the party, spoke
to Gonzales. Gonzales asked Stroude
about the mill vote. Stroude told him
that it was mixed up and that Tillman
was In the lead. Hughes then asked
Gonzales If he did not think he had
done Jim Tillman a great injustice.
Gonzales replied: "That the black
legged gambler will get justice after
the election and it ought to be lead."
On the cross he said be had not told
of the conversation until a few months
ago. Hughes admitted that he had a
light about Alliance matters when he
lived at Words. Another time Hughes
was prosecuted for selling liquor in
THE AMENDE HONOHAIILE.
Court took a live-minute recess at
this time and Mr. Nelson asked per
mission to make a statement. Ile said
that counsel for both sides had talked
to him du ri g the recess and convinced
him that he had been too hasty in
taking up Mr. Bellinger's remarks
earlier in the morning. Personally
he would do nothing to offend Mr. Bel
linger, and regretted he had spoken so
hastily during the colloquy about the
admission of thc State's editorial in
Angus Blalock, a grocery ?nan, in
Columbia. He was one of thc Hughes
narty when the converaation with
Gonzales is alleged to have occurred.
Knew Gouzales by sight, lie is ason
in law of Hughes. He substantiated
in detail thc testimony of Hughes.
V. B. Cheshire, a residentof Ander
son, was thc next witness. He is a
""'pHn'teT-ty' trade and is employed on
thc Anderson Intelligencer. Knew
Tillman first as a member of the South
Carolina regiment. He was to testify
concerning a threat that came to him
through a Mr. Geer, traveling man of
the State, to thc el?tct that Gonzales |
was carrying a gun for Tillman. A
great argument was precipitated by
this witness. Thc jury was retired
during tho discussion. The argument I
continued until dinner time.
The afternoon session of thc court
was itself quite snappy. It lcd off
with a tilt over the Cheshire testi
mony, and continued pretty well
throughout the afternoon. Not only
did thc lawyers indulge In debates,
but tire witnesses also took a hand lu
Thc most interesting tilt took place
while Henry Head, of Augusta, was
on the stand. He was telling how he
was In Columbia with Col. Tillman, as
Ovis attorney, trying to secure the
Theron of Will Goodwin. Mr. Hclllng
.as popping questions at him
tb ldc and fast and waa getting
ftOBwer? in rapid fire order.. Suddenly
Mr. Bellinger ?said: .
"What were-you doing lu Colum
"I waa there to "see that Jinx-.Till
man was attending to thc business for
whlohT was paying my good money?
"So you. were watohiug Jim,' were
you?" asked Mr. Bellinger.
This question brought forth. a
strong protest from tho. defence. Col.
Croft said it might be Just as well for
tho gentleman not tb drop into the
vernacular of tho State (newspaper) In
alluding to the defendant.
. Right here there waBa lively debate
as to manners,etiquette,'courtesy and
kindred topics, it grew heated.as lt
progressed and finally judge Gary bad
to Interpose and order, the case to pro
ceed.. In a few minutes Head alluded
to the .defendant as Jim, and Mr. Bel
linger called him down. "I apolo
gize," responded Mr. Head, to the
great amusement of the court. . ..
Mr. Head also caused a burst " of
laughter in the room by alluring to
General TJ. Y. Gunter as the man
they called "X-Ray, or something
Ilka that." ' .
The pace was too swift for the sick
juror and about 4 o'clock he began to
show signs of weakening. At 4:30
Judge Gary aaw that ho could not
stand lt any longer and ordered an
adjournment until 9}?30 Friday morn
Two or three times during the trial
Wednesday Sheriff Caughman, who
carried a bottle and spoon, gave Mr.
Sharpe a dose of medicine.
After a lengthy argument by coun
sel extending beyond the dinner re
cess, the court ruled that the Cheshire
testimony was competent when the
witness made the statement before
The representative of the State re
ferred to, he said, was Mr. Geer, sub
scription, solicitor for the paper, and
said the conversation with Mr. Geer
occurred on a train between Newberry
and Anderson. The witness was in
Col. Tillman's regiment, and orv cross
examlnation said ho paid particular
attention to the statement, as~"hc
wanted to tell Mr. Tillman what was
said. He said when he told the defen
dant that he looked as if it hurt bira,
and that he raaoc no reply. >
The witness detailed the conversa;
tlon which led up to what be stated
was said by Mr. Geer, and which bc
said began with an inquiry as tc
whether the "soldier boys" were- go
ing to support Mr. Tillman.
Henry S. Head, of Augusta, Ga.,
said he was in Columbia one year agc
this month, and that he was aroun<
with Mr. Tillman, and that afte
parting with him and while in com
pany with H. B. Sims, a man whon
he did not know, but whom he wa
subsequently told was N. G. Gonzales
met them, and that Mr. Gonzales asi\
ed him if he was the roan who wu
out riding with Mr. Tillman..
"I told him I was," witness said
"Ile asked me where he was at.
told him I left him standing at tb
II. B. Sims, of Graniteville, gav
R. S. Anderson, of Edgelield, a
employe nf the United States senati
after stating that he was In Edg<
lield during the summer of nit):
denied that he had held any coi
vcrsation with Mr. Tillman in a livei
stable in Edgelield, in which the e:
pression "get at him" was used, <
that he had engaged in any covers!
tion with Mr. Tillman regardin
Mr. Gonzales as testilied to in tb
.lame Davis, thc last witness callei
had but begun on his testimony whe
Judge Gary ordered an adjournmen
that the juror might not be overta:
Wileri adjournment was had Wet
nesday, James Davis was on the stam
He was put up to contradict atlidavi
made by Black, the Southern railwi
employe who is in an Augusta hosp
tal. He denied that on thc occasic
Black referred to Tillman . showed
pistol and said he intended to ki
Gonzales. He said Gonzales' nan
was not mentioned at all.
When Mr. Bellinger took up tl
cross-examination, the witness soo wi
a disposition to be "Sassy," but M
Bellinger plainly informed him thatl
must be respectful, and if'he was 1
would be treated In the same wa
After that thc witness was pleasant
in his demeanor.
The cross-examination brought oi
some confusion as to dates and as
who was present when the alleged co
versa tion took place. Last week wi
ness Terrell testified ?0 the san
thing as Black,, but Davis could n
say whether either Terrell or Bia
came Into the railroad car while
and Ti.'lraan were conversing; he kne
neither of them.
Thc next witness was Mr. Cole
Blease, and attorney for Tillman a
a resident of Newberry. He told wh
ollicial positions he had held. He sa
he was with Tillman nearly~?vcry cl
during the carapaign of 1002. He pi
doced a memorandum book, which
said showed where he had been ea
day of the year. Referring to t
campaign meeting at Columbia,
said he stopped at Wright's hotel
thc guest of Col. John Ti Sloan,
recalled the night Dr. E. C.
Adams called at Tillman's room. W
ness said he was reading some of 1
editorials in The State newspaper
Tillman at the latter's request,
said it was done to put Tillman in
position to reply to them In
speech. Referring to Dr. Adai
testimony, lie confirmed thc latte
testimony to the eiTect that he wo
accompany Tillman to the/ellice
He differed as to Tillman's rcr
He said that Tillman replied
Adams's proposition: "That won't
I'll be impeached as lieutenant g
crnor. But boys, you need'nt wor
If Gonzales attempts to tarry out
threat, HU snuff his life out w
this," Tillman showing pistol, w
ness gave another version of Tillm;
remark about the editorial. "M
theatricals." Witness said Tllln
said: "If he (Gonzales) attempts
cany out his threat, there will be
God damnedest tragedy that t
shocked South Carolina.''
Witness said be knew Gonzales
Tillman were unfriendly. He bc
Gonzales say once that he did
want to bc In the same room v
IT WAS HLEASB'S IMSTOTI.
Witness declared that he knew 'J
man did not carry a pistol during
campaign. He knew he did not i
one at the Gaffney meeting, wi
Tillman and DeCamp had a row.
knew it because they roomed togcl
most of the time. He did not ni
to say that Tillman did not ha>
pistol at some time.
Mr. Nelson again tried to bring
? . .111. '?""' "?.1 ff t ji. i
the truth' or falsity of tho editorial iib,
reference to the Gaffney meetlng^ndj
Objection being made, the, Quostioh
was rilled out.''
Witness, continuing, said' that-on
various occasions during'thecampaign
Tillman.was advised to go to Colum
bia and* settle the troubles .between
himself and Gonzales. Tillman inva
riably replied that he could not afford
to have a difficulty and he would a\ *d
it if possible.
On cross- examination, witness said
that nothing Adams bad said was
false. Ho admitted that when Till
man-in his room in the hotel.at Co
lumbia had replied to Adams, he
reached into his valise and drew out
a pistol. >. : . ~
Mr. Hellinger asked whether that
did not show that Tillman did carry a
pistol during the campaign.
Mr. Blease said the pistol had been
put in the valise and when asked who
put it there, he declined to answer at
first on the constitutional ground that
a 'witness cannot be compelled to .in
;. Finally he said that i twas his pistol
and'admitted that that, was the pistol
to "snuff out Gonzales's light."
Witness said tbat personally he was
friendly'with Gonzales, but politically
he was far apart from him, and thc
witness added that he was a Demo
On re-direct examination, he said
that pistol was put In the valise be
cause it was expected that- Gonzales
would attack Tillman in the opera
house in Columbia on the night of the
campaign meeting 'He said he ex
pected it because he knew "some
things would be said there that
night" and he knew Mr. Gonzales was
a fighting man.
Mr.. Blease then retired.
GONZALES m 'rms SENATE.
Geo. W. Ly brand and R. F. Sos
were pnt on the stand to show that
City Auditor Allen benlnd the lattice
work of his office could not see a man
smiling across the street.
Mr. Allen bad testified that he saw
Gonzales with a smile on his face while
the latter was across the street.
These men bad visited the cit}
auditor's office and said they coule
not . recognize * a smile under the
Senator Douglass, of Union, said
he saw Gonzales the day before thc
shooting standing at the reporters
desk In the senate chamber. Till
man soon after vacated his chair anc
Senator Sheppard occupied it. A fte:
leaving the reporters' desk, Gonzale;
went to one of thc pillars of the gal
lery and looked over the senate. Then
was no cross-examination.
Mrs. M. A. Evans, of Newberry
mother of the Hon. Hub Evans, stati
dispensary director, was the next wit
ness. She was in Columbia on Jami
ary 15, 1903. Going from thc stat
house down Main street she met Mr
Gonzales not far from the city rallwa;
transfer station. She noticed Goo
?ales's demeanor and expresi?n. Th
latter was vindictive; there wa
tragedy in it. She noticed thes
things' from what she had heard i
the lobby of thc senate. That wa
why his attitude and expression wer
so closely observed. Mr. Gonzales ha
his hands in his pockets aud itlookcd t
her as If there was more in his poekc
than his hands. She passed on muol
agitated and when she heard the sho
she threw up her hands with an e>
clamation, which she was not pei
mitted to repeat.
On cross-examination she said sh
heard two ' well dressed gentlemer
seemingly men of intelligence an
whom she believed to bc members (
the legislature, make remarks whic
agitated her in connection with th
homicide. She said she did not kno
the gentlemen and had not seen thei
. It was not developed in the testinu
ny what the remark was that so ag
tated Mrs. Evans, because the rul
of evidence would not admit lt.
IT AVAS A BOTTLE.
Jesse MahafTey, a member of tl
legislature, was pun up'to show tin
on the?day Dr. Lancaster said he sa
a pistol in Tillman's overcoat pockt
it really was the neck of a whiski
bottle,, and ne proceeded to say till
he knew lt was"a bottle. On eros
examination the court bad a good de
of fun out of Mr. Mahaffey in que
tions put to him as to his expertne
us to .bottles. Amongst other thinj
which created much merriment, 1
said he would rather be "shot" wil
;i bottle than with a pistol.
J. A. White, a door-keeper of a se:
ite committee room, was the ne:
fitness and Colonel Croft brought bi
ls Confederate record as a preliminar
He testified that one day when tl
senate was In session, Senator She
pard presiding, a man came up to tl
ioor of the senate and, coming bac
isked witness: "Where Is Lieutcnai
Governor Tillman?" He added in ;
i bru pt way: "1 mean your boss."
Witness replied he bad no boss, ai
}he man went on to say that he su
josed the lieutenant governor w
?eglectlng his duty as usual.
Witness did uot know the man, bi
Dick Ilolzenback told him thc in;
ivas Gonzales. Gonzales also, li;
?aid he had made Tillman show tl
white feather, and would do it agai
Witness told Tillman about lt soi
ifter In the room of the president
On cross-examination he said Ti
man had appointed bim to the po
tion. Ile had never seen Gonzales I
fore. After Gonzales left he nev
saw him again. When Gonzales a
iresscd him it was on the morning
lanuary 14, 1902.
. DKSCRIltKD THE SHOOTING.
Richard ll. Ilolzenback was t
next witness. He testified that
was in Columbia during thc session
190:i for the purpose of getting a po
Lion. He stayed in Columbia fr<
the P2ih to the 17th. Ile knew G<
'.ales hy sight for two years. He s;
that on January 14 Gonzales walk
ip to the senate door and looked
Gonzales turned back and spoke
Japtain White, and witness proc??c
,o tell the same story as thu prevU
Witness told White who Con zn
vas. Later on the same day wi tn
old Tillman of thc eon vers?til
Iolzenhack went on to tell that
vas walking behind Tillman ano S<
. tors Brown and Talbird MI thc d
?f the homicide. He saw Gonza
:omlng up thc street. Ile could bi
missed Tillman on the .outsi :le of i
pavement without touching Iii
r,onzales had his hands in his pock
ind started across the pa verne
[lonzales shoved his right hand du
lu his pocket, and witness expec
llonzales to shoot. Tillman fired.
Ilolzenback went to work to ill
trate the various positions taken,
ing from thc witness chair to ill
trate his testimony. Bc was v
idept and had all thc movements
thc participants well studied out
parently. Mr. Bellinger objected ?
witness proceeded to give his tc
mopy in the ordinary way.
On cross examination he said G
z?les bad Bald bo- would make Tillman
show the white feather ag^ln' wh?n h?
toet: him. He said maybe Captain
White didn't hear that. Witness'said
that be thought Gonzales" was going
to kill Tillman, but he failed to warn
Tillman on.tbe day of the homicide.
He said that after the shooting-he
heard Tillman BUY, "I got your mes
sage." 'Ho denies that he was walk
ing with anybody and that;Just as
Tillman pulled his pistol witness fand
his companion dropped back,- ; H? de
nied that he had made such a state
ment to Several individuals. He de
nied that on tho 11th of January,
1003, that he had said to certain in
dividuals that he didn't expeot to get
a job in the legislature,. but'.tbat..he
was going to Columbia! for sotr?etblng
better. He denied that he had ex
hibited two $5 bills in substantiation
of lils statement. ..He did say, however,
If he did not get the legislature job he
would_get another job.
THE DEFENCE CLOSED.
After Col. Tillman finished his
testimony on Friday which is pub
lished elsewhere, the defence, examin
ed two or three unimportant witnesses
and then'announced that they had no
more witnesses to examine.
'The State then Introduced several
witnesses to . impeach II olsen back's
testimony and others."- Col. Tillman
in bis testimony said he had not been
on good terms with Mr. Gonzales for
years. In contraditlon of this state
ment Mr. II. N. Edmunds, who was
at one time an editor on The State,
testified that he saw Cul. Tillman in
Mr. Gonzales private olUce ohattlng
and laughing with him after the close
ot the Spanish war. . ;. '
M. W. Clark, J. J. Williams, % II.
Denny, Mack Toncy, Dr. J. Hul'ett,
Louis Holmes, William Toney, and
others testified that they would not
believe Halsenback on his oath.
Saturday the State put up August
Fischer, chief of police of Orangeburg,
John 13. Livingston, of Orangeburg,
E. W. Parker' and C. B. 'Simmons,
real estate dealers of Columbia, all of
whom lesli lied that they would not
believe T. D. Mitchell on oath. ; J. A.
Salley, bf Orangeburg, who was sum
moned by the defence ; to- prove
Mitchell's good character, when put
on the stand swore that he would not
believe Mitchell on oath. H. G.
Heidt, of Columbia, swore he would
not believe Mitchell on oath. Several
of the witnesses testified that Mitchell
had beat them out of house .rent.
Heidt said that Mitchell would rather
move than pay rent.
The following testified as to Holzen
back's good character: Captain S. M..
Smith. P. B. Mayson, J. A. Lott,
John lt. Heidson, J. W. Hardy, John
A. Hester, and several others, all be
ing from Edgctield.
. Susprintendent Wallace of the Co
lumbia city railway company declared
that he would not believe witness
Flowers on his oath. Flowers ls the
man who said L?. heard Gonzales say
in a car that Tiliman would never
take his Seat as governor even If he
was elected because Gonzales would
Before the jury came into the court.
Saturday morning Judge Gary said
that he was satisfied that he had
made a mistake In his ruling Friday,
when bc did not permit Mr. Edmunds
to testify as to Gonzales's eyesight,
and the fact that lt was absolutely
necessary for him to wear glasses In'lj.
order to see. He said he made : this*
statement so that the prosecution :
might take advantage of lt if I, :
choose and not be prejudiced by Yi'.,.
prevlous^pling. ->.-.-.? -., 7
" All the testimony ls now in and the
argument by the lawyers on the two
sides commenced Monday morning.
DAMAGE SUIT DROPPED.
Thc Caso \gainst Harris and Morgan
Will he Stopped. j
The following Itenrr clipped from'
thc La Porte Und. Daily Herald of
Sept. 28th, will be of interest to tho
readers of The Herald:
"Norman Boyeson, son of the late
Janie Stewart Boyesen, whose deatli
at Asheville, N. C., asa result0M11
suits and indignities suffered at th?,
hands of a Dr. Morgan of Augusta,
Ga., and Landlord Harris of the
White Stone Lithia Springs at Spar
enburg, S. C., is still fresh in the
minds of the people, is a guest of
John H. Wllk.
Thc announcement was authorized
Wednesday that all proceedings rela-'
live to the sad affair would be dropped,
the sons of the deceased Indiana liter
ary woman and musician having no
desire to incur the notoriety that the
pushing of the cases against the land
lord and the doctor would occasion.
It will be recalled that Mrs. Boyesen
started a $f?0,000 damage suit in the
federal court at Charleston, S.- C.,
shortly before her death, and of course
her passing away would necessitate
the tiling of a new complaint, in
which thc sons would bethe plaintiffs,
but after consulting friends and at
torneys it has been thought best to
drop the matter. They feel, as do
all who are conversant with the facts,
that there would heno trouble obtain
ing substantial damages from the
Southern landlord and the Georgia
doctor but the gain would not repay
them for the notoriety and trouble
which they would have. They feel
also that their mother's name lias been
fully vindicated through the newspa
pers and by right minded people and
so,Che pushing of the damage suits
will not be necessary."
Mr. James T. Harris, proprietor of
the White Stone Springs Hotel, is
In the city. In speaking to a Herald
representative Wednesday, he .autho
rized the statement that not one of
the stolen articles of jewelry has been
Entire Crew Hilled.
Three men were killed andan entire
crew injured by thc explosion of the
boiler of a stave mill of the Standard
Oil Company at Crossville, Tenn.,
Thursday. Something got wrong with
the boiler and Fireman Polk was seek
ing ascertain the cause when thc
bollei bust and he was Instantly killed.
Walter Gilbert of Hising Fawn,. Ga.,
a sawyer, was also killed and Foreman
(Jonch of Waynesbory, Ky., died
Thursday morning as the result of a
fractured skull. A number of other
men were seriously Injured, but will
Suicide in Bank.
At Massilion, O., Albert M. Wet
ter, a prominent young business man,
proprietor of the Massilion Sand Sc
Stone Company, president of the
Massilon Steel Sand Company and a
director of thc State Bank here, com
mitted suicide In his office at the
bank carly Wednesday by shooting
himself through the herat. Thc body
was discovered by the Jan!tress of thc
building a few minutes after thc fatal
shot was fired. Intimate friends
know of no cause for^he act. He was
unmarried, and lived<with his parents.
DOES EDUCATION PAY?
Every : Moffior and Father Should
Read the Stat?^
Tho following, article was published
in a recent number of tho Southern
Cultivator. We hope every mother
and father, will read it. v
With all reasonable people, especial
ly those who have elven the subject of
education any thought, the caption of
this article has long since ceased to bo
a question. The fewest number of peo
ple there are who really believe, or
pretend to believe education does not
pay ;~and they are what are commonly
called cranks, (using the word in no
offensive sense, or slaves to prejudice
i r ignorance.
But while the Intellectual*-assent,
that education does pay, is almost uni
versal, there is a large class.of people
who, by their actions and spirit of
indifference, manifest a decided lack
of faith in its utility. ThlB is shown
in the small enrollment, and still
smaller attendance, in our BChbols. It
ls shown In the general poor 'educa
tional facilities we are satisfied to give
our children. It is shown .in the
stolid opposition to every step'toward
improvement,' especially if money ls
required or any personal sacrifice de
manded. It is shown In a thousand
ways in a lack of- sympathy and co
operation on thc part of some patrons
towards those who are striving, even
against mitrhty odds, to better the edu
cacional advantages of the children.
And this lack of interest, sad to re
late, is found almost wholly in thc
.rural districts. In the towns and
cities, where the schools arc largely
supported by local taxpayers, the work
ls not so badly hampered. The ; peo
ple here are exempt fr ira a thousand
and one disadvantages that confront
people of the country, and . their chil
dren attend school raorcregulurly.
But these obstacles, apparently so
great, are hy no means, Impregnable.
If moved hy an intense interest In the
cause; if-lnsplred_by .an intelligent
comprehension of the true value of
education; and if drawn on by an
abiding and growing desire to have
their children properly prepared for
life, the people could and would easily
overcome these dilliculties.
Bishop Candler having been asked
if he thought education would benefit
a certain class of people, replied, "Yes
education will help an old hound dog."
Then, let us not despair, my country
men. Let us labor on. We give be
low a few statistics illustrating the
practical value of education:
According to an estimate made from
the latest census returns there are in
the United States 40,782,007 people
over twenty-one years old. These are
divided educationally"ahout as follows:
Class 1. Without school training,
Class 2. With only common school
Class 3. With common and high
school training, 2,105,357.
Class 4. With college or higher
education added, 1,001.201.
-Who's Who In America gives a list
of 8,000 persons now living In the
United States who have become
famous for some work of Importance
to the people of the country at large
pr of some considerable portion of it;
and an effort has been made to de
mine how .many of these 8,000 dis
tinguished citizens belong to each of
Thc 4,082,498 of class 1 furnish 31.
The 32,802,591 of .class 2 furnish
The 2,155,357 of olass 3 furnish
j The 1,071,201 of class 4 furnish
It thus appears:
l&t. That an uneducated child
has one chance in 150.000 of attaining
distinction as a factor in the progress
of the age.
2nd. That a common school educa
tion will increase his chances.nearly 4
3d. That a high school training
will increase the chances of the com
mon school boy 23 times, giving him
87 times the chance of thc uneducated.
4th. That a college education in
creases the chances of the high school
boy nine times, giving him 219 times
the chances of the common schoolboy
and more than 800 times the chance
of the untrained.
lt ls a surprising fact that of 7,852
"notables" thus- gathered together
4,810 proved to be full graduates of
colleges? M. B. DENNIS.
The Trusts Playing Out.
The trusts went up like rockets.
They are coming down like rocket
sticks. The latest one to hit the
ground ls the salt trust, which start
ed out with an alleged capital $12,
000,000, and has landed on the earth
with $37,500. There are more in the
air headed the same way. It ls stated
that since January 1 of this year
forty-four New .Jersey trusts have
been placed in the hands of receivers
whose aggregate "authorized" capital
was $80,340,000, which managed to
get trusted by some body to the ex
tent of $17,572,333,51, for the pay
ment of which they are "estimated"
to have assets of SI,504,(?84,28. That
ls . just about enough to pay the re
ceivers and lawyers for haying out the
corpses and burying them decently.
Incidentally, New Jersey's trust boom
has collapsed with the trusts which it
promoted, thc tilling fees are rapidly
dwindling, and the inhabitants' of
that thrifty state are confronted with
tile prospect of being once more com
pelled to pay taxes for thc support of
their own state government.
Increased Death Unto.'
An increase in thc death rate of the
army from 13.90 a thousand lu 1901
to 15.49 a thousand In 1902 is shown
In the annual report of Surgeon
General O'lilley for the liscal year
ending .lune 30. The increase is at
tributed to cholera, which caused
3.94 deaths a thousand. Tho report
commends the freedom from miscon
duct among thc insular scouts. The
spread of vice in the white troops is
due to the loss of the canteens. The
white troops suffered less than the
negroes and Filipinos.
A I'OSTM A STEH of a small -olllee in
Alabama offered Postmaster General
Payne. $50 if he would appoint him
postmaster in a better town and as a
result the man has been arrested for
bribery and will face Uncle Sam's
FIFTEEN hundred republican orators
have been Invited to take part In thc
Ohio campaign. Senator Uanna seems
to feel that reinforcements arc nec
essary to defeat, Tom Johnson.
WE see lt stated that a little eleven
year old hoy was recently accidentally
killed In a cotton mill at Gaffney, ls
it not a violation of the law for a
eleven year old boy to beat work in a
cotton mill'/ /
A CR?EL' MOTHEE.
A Girl Cbnlnod to tho-Floor for Hlx
m; Lioii? Years,
vfGhalpe? to the (loot of a roura In
bet-home; within thirty miles, bf ;.$ew
York olby, a young woman has".Jly^d-.
a captive of'her.<\own mother for" six
long weary yeafii. During all' that
timo Rho has but once . been ^beyond,
the contlnes'of that' one little room
that serves as her. prison, and that
was one day four years ago when she
/nade her escape for a few hours. The
[girl's liberty ls limited to the length
of a clanking chain, and that meas
ures Just two and. one half feet "from
the point where it is padlocked around
her body to the end that ls iastenod
I to the iloor with heavy iron staples.
In all the years of her captivity she
has seen nothlnp of the World heyond
the little glimpses that may be bad
from" two very small windows of her
prison room. 4 . ~
. From./dawn to dark'-she sits on a
! stout oaken chair. For six years she
has bad no other, and the thick wood
en legs tell a pathetic story of the
captive's longing for liberty, for they
have been worn down to stubby points
by belog pushed back and forth over
the lloor. The girl's mother says that
I probably two inches had been worn
loll those chair legs in the last six
years. Within a radius of that two
and a half feet of chair thc floor of
' the room is deeply furrowed by the
legs of the oaken chair. The floor
Itself ls of heavy oak planks, and yet
these furrows are no less than a quar
ter of an Inch In depth, cut in there
by the thousands of journeys taken in
that chair from the wall to tbe limit
of the chain.'
The captive woman is ?Margaret
Ryan, and her mother ls Anna Ryan.
Their home is a little frame house on
a steep hillside, just north of Crofton
Lake, where the family bas lived al
most from the time they-came to this
country from ; Ireland, more than
thirty years ago. Margaretas now 30
I years old, but captivity has dealt un
kindly with her and she might easily
be taken for twice that age. About
seven years ago she displayed symp
toms of mild insanity. Her father,
John Ryan, a contractor in Westches
ter County, had died several years be
fore, leaving the little farm and some
I money to the widow and daughter.
After his death the two lived in the
little-cottage at the mouth of "Dis
For the first year after' the girl's
mind became alleeted she' gave her
mother no trouble, but finally she got
into the habit of running away from
home, lt was then that t he chain
was brought into use. Mrs. Ryan
had it forged at a smithy near by, and
bought a big padlock with which to
fasten it to the girl's body. Chain
and lock together weigh nearly twen
ty, pounds. One end of the chain was
securely fastened to the oak iluor, just
where it meets thc wall. Around the;
gir's waist the mother put a heavy
piece of leather with ah iron ring in
thc middle, and to this the other end
of the chain was locked.
Only a few days ago the neighbors
were alarmed by the loud cries of
"Murder!" coming from thc Ryan
home. The screams could bc beard
for a mlle around in the Crofton val
ley, but no one dared togo to sec what
was wrong. Mrs. Ryan explained that
the trouble had been caused by thc
girl making a desperate attempt to
escape, "J. was trying the lock to
.iee if it was all right,'? said Mrs.
Ryan. "Margaret spied the key in
my hand and grabbed for if,, v I strug
gled with her and lt was all I could
do to keep her from wresting it frim
I punished her for that, ard it caus
ed her to scream and cry 1 "Murder!"
so that the neighbors heard hen I
used thc gag on her till she promised
not to try that trick again." For
.everal years thc neighb-rs have been
talking about taking some step to
put'thc girl in a public institution,
but no one has had the courage to
take the initiative. So if no one in
terferes, Margaret- Ryan may spend
the rest of her days within the limits
of the chain that' holds her to thc
floor of that room in the "Dismal
Advertising In thc Church.
The wide-awake Methodist, and
'progressive Presbyterians of Wiscon
sin, have reached the conclusion, as
thc Chicago Record Herald expresses
lt, that "Christianity must go into
the advertising business or it will
This is probably an excited and ex
travagant way of stating the fact
that publicity is one of the agencies
wliich might be used by the Church
or Meetinghouse to good advantage.
Presiding Elder John,"of the Oshkosh
District, declared at a Methodist Con
ference in Green Hay thc other day.
that "the Methodist Church must
adopt new Methods for attracting
people or conversions would cease,"
and Dr. Sanderson, a Pressbyterian
minister, has offered "a prize for the
best plan suggested for advertising
In commenting on the above The
News and Courier hits the nail square
on the head when it says "there is
probably something In this., view of
the matter, but we doubt that thc
ministers who spoke lipon thc subject
fully uppreclated what they were
talking aliG.it. lt is proper and neces
sary, wc should think, for churches in i
large communities to advertise thc.}
regular church services in the local
newspapers, but thc public would hot
have' much confidence In the sort if
Christianity which would go into the
"advertising business" as a means of
converting people to a religious life.
There nugi it to be no bargain counter
methods in thc Church, nnrl wo
should not have much faith in : a
Church which would seek the con
version of sinners in job* lots, or in
any effort that Methodist presiding
elders and Presbyterian ministers
might make to do business by matk- i
lng down thc price of salvation. Thc i
sort of advertising that the churches!
need is not the methods employed by
progressive mercantile establishments
but thc advertising which would
come to them by sincere efforts to up
lift humanity. What thc ministers
ought to do is to make their work In
the pulpit and in the pastorate more
nearly approach the needs of tho
people they are trying to serve. Sen
sational sermons rarely do any per
manent good. Tho Idea of merchand
ising tho pulpit is a very had Idea.
d?b/ArWagenpr,' Tres. - Geo;Y Col06ian
'-r%% Successor to'G. . J
. 303 KING STREET, '. ' -
THE ANSWER TO WHY DOES OE
vRATE HER MOTTO IS,' HEB W/
: THE ADVANTAGE IN I^RElGH^
SON, AGAIN. . ..'.- v ?
" ". . :*l - .-. ; GJ?ASSIFI??
From NEW Yoius, N. Y, . l'Eu 10P
TO - ... . 12 3 4
CHARLESTON, SO 60 40 34. 28
>.?.Wby is it that the up-country does
Building and Re-Pressed Brick. Sp?
ra Cotta Flue Linings. Prepared top]
Prepare yourselves to meet the dem
and bookkeepers. Write for catal
MACFEAT'S BUSINESS C(
W. H. Macfeat, oOlcial Court Stenoj
We Do Not Deceive
If you are sick and \
but be sure that, your
We do not-believe in a
FREE MEDICINE schei
under our treatment
lar Need be paid TJnti
tists who have est?bil
. and collecting the fee
F?^f-^frK???^S H y?u WANT> HONES:
form of Chronic Diseases, write us TOD
bas never been excelled.
Jewelry, Silverware, Cut Glass, Clo
plated Tableware, all make very accept
illustrations now of some of above. ' W
at close prices. On all orders accompa
??-barges on thc goods. We guarantee si
article does not please you, send it back
Isn't that fair? Send us your orders."
P. H. LACHICOTTE
14124 Matti St
Founded In 1850.
"Write for Free C
MEDICAL DEPARTMENT UN
.Curriculum included twenty-three
thorough review quiz; seven laboratory
work daily. New building elaborately i
appliances. Tuition $(35.00. Address,
LARGE STOCK. P
Howard H. Stau"
WRITE FOR PRICES. \
Whiskey I Morphine I Cigarett
Habit, I Habit | Habit
Cured by Keeley I
1329 Lady St. (or P. O. Box 75) Colu
The plain, simple old way is the best
way-certainly it. could not be Im
proved by bargain, counter rashes on
.certain occasions when the-machlnery
of salvation is supposed to b(?..-d?_Ing j
its best work." . L^1
?' ' : . .-:-:--- ' . ?>
THREE of the Van Wormer broth
ers, who murdered their uncle, were
electrocuted in the prison at Danne
moro, N. Y., Thursday. They were
no ordinary criminals, yet -the crime
for which they paid the penalty was
one of the most dastardly in the court
annals of the State, lt is rather grue
some to think of a family being wip
ed out in one day by the law. although
the Governor, knowing thc evidence
was forced to decline the pitiable
plea sent forth lb behalf of the.prlson
ers. ., V . '-' ;'?:
COL. Leonidas Williams Spratt died
recently In Jacksonville in the 82th
year of his age. He was the last sur
viving Charleston delegate to the se
cession convention and amoung the
last surviving six to sign the declarar
tion of secession. Through the
columns of The Southern Standard,
of which be assumed editorial charge
in 1853, he strongly advocated s?cese
i sion of the South, and was sent to
Florida to persuade that State to cast
its lot with South Carolina. He was a
Urst cousin of President James K.
Polk. . _ :
Mu. M. V. Richards, land and indus
trial agent of the Southern railway,'
writes to the editor of The Charles
ton Evening Tost that a number of
Northern people are conferring with
the Southern railway oftlcials with, re
gard to locating canning factories j
or preserving works at or near Charles- j
ton. This is very welcome news and
it is to be .hoped that something
material will develop from the negotia
It you aro not w/i*. ~-tt\ want to kernt tho
; rr. I li about your
trouble, nona tor 'my
free booklet? mid ?efl
No. 1, Nervous nobili
ty (Sexual Weakness),
No. 3. Varlcoeele, No.
8, Stricture, No.?, Kid
ney and lt .'mi <lrr Com
plaints. No. 6. Diseaso
of Women, No. 8. The
Poison King (Blood
Tolson), No. 7, Ca
tarrh. These books
sbonlti be In the hands
of 2Vory person nfliict
ed, rvs br. Hathaway,
tho author, ls recog
nized ns tho bent AU
y.^Sthorlty and expert In
v?. the United Htates on
t na. TfATiTAWAY. these diseases. Wrlto
or send for tho book you want to-day, and lt
will be sent you free, scaled. Address J. New
ton Hathaway, M.D.
88 Inman Building 221 S. Broad St
Mullet! Mullet! Mullet!
and all kinds of Fresh and Salt Water
tish and oysters. If you are dealing In
Fresh Fish or intend to deal In thom
write for prices and send your ordrs to
TERRY FISH CO., Charleston, S. C.
or COLUMBIA FISH & ICE CO
[Columbia S. C. Wc ship only fresh
I caught tish and our prices aro as low
as they can bo sold at. Write us.
Try us, and bo convinced.
VI?CL'XQS. L u ?uii,aec'y s
CHARLESTON, S C:
[ARLE?TON^ MAIS E THE AY'?T?B?
iTEU RATE GIVES HEl?rDOUBLE'"
V RATES. MAKE A. .COMP ARL
TiONB ; !' . ' \ P.tig? CAB?OAI>.
LBS; ' NAILS.
' 5 O'- . . '
23 17 .120 poe 100 ?bs.'
hot gi va Charleston her entice'traie
TA, S. CS . *
?clal shapes to order. Fire Proof Ter
!1 orders for thousands or for million
WO vi EN,. WAKE UP
and for Stenograph ora, .typewriters
ogue of /.' >;.??:.?:'. ':.v. .;. ... .;
)LLEGE, Columbia, S. O. "
The S?Ck:. V;;v';U?'^V;.^:
vant to get well, do not." experiment;,
ar placing your case In expert; hands
iny* form of deception. We., have rid
ne to deceive sick, but every case put"
is positively guaranteed by Not a Pol
I Cured, and we are'; the only Special
shed a reputation for curing theV alllot
afterwards. ^' i:'2S2
r and also SKILLFUL treatment for a.ny
AY, for method of Home Treatment
5 & COMPANY,
cks, Bronze Figures,'Fine Lamps, sliver
able wedding'presents. We. can send
e handle only line goods, which .we sell:
inied by the cash we prepay express '
itisfactiou and if for any reason any
at once and we return your money,-'
6 CO., Jewelers^ '.?>
atalogue of the ^ " :
IVERSITY OF NASHVILLE,
lecture courses, each followed by a
courses, and three hours of elinical
iqlpped with modern apparatus and
J. "DILLAKD JACOBS, M. D., Sec.,
South Market St., Nashville,- Tenn.
INA BRICK CO.,
. . AUGUSTA, GA.
e I All.Drug and Tobacco -
I . Habits.
[iistitiite, of @. G.
mbiAi S.N0. Confidential correspond
Pres. Sec. and Treas.
Columbia Supply'. Co.
? . COLUMBIA, S.;'C . ? i
Now is' the time you aro. .'looking .
around yohr Gins.ana other machinery "..'
to see what supplies you need. . :We'xv
carry three grades of Rubber Belt,
3 grades of Leather and Gantf/ Belt."
Largest" stock of Wood Pulleys",'hi the
State. Carry Pi?e, Flttingsr-Valves,
Shafting, Hangers, RooJingand every
thing else in the supply line.: We want
your orders, this applies "io any one '
using or handling machinery.
You can save money by writing us.
GREENVILLE FEMALE COLLEGE.
Greenv'He, S. C.
College o? higiit?st) grade.. Degree
courses and specials. Faculty of 18.
Greatly improved equipme?b. Pure
mountain water. Climate rarely
equalled. For catalogue and berms,
wribe E. ?. JAMES, LITT. D., Pres.
Wilson's Freckle Cure.
to rem ove
also as a
Money, r e
burned if ib
50c. Trial /j
If not sold by your druggist, wribe
I. R. WILSON & CO, :
Charleston, S. O.
'"Buy your Paints, Oils, Var
nishes, and Brushes, Sash,
DODIS, and Blinds from
SHAND BUILDERS SUPPLY.CO.,
615 Plain Sb
Columbia, S G
The Quality, Terras and Prices willi
Call or wrlto
Malone's Musi? House,,
Established 1884. Opposite Y M CFA,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
CHARLES C. LESLIE,
-<- Wholesale Dealers in
I^i?H ?nuil Oyst?rs.
8 & 20 Market St.'.' Charleston, S. O.
Consignments of Country Produce
are Respectfully Solicitedv Poultry
Fish packed in barrels and* boxes'
tcountry trade a specialty.