Newspaper Page Text
?LM?N'S SIDE. : ;|
[Continued from pago 1.]
rnear GervatB and Main streets. -They
lived! in the same direction. ] One of
the bot editorials had just appeared
. in the State. Mitohollsald:
"Mr. Gonzales, don't you think
that it is about time you would. let
'..up on old Jim?" :r?
"?o," said Gonzales, 'he is a our,
aiid I am going to fight him as long
us horuns for office in South Car
Then I said to him: "Well, you
know you can drive a-dog to bay
Hcrc'there was objection by the
state on the ground that nothing was
competent except.a threat. The point
was argued by Messrs. Thurmond and
Croft. . The former. contended that
only the statement of Gonzales and
none of tho conversation leading up
- to it was competent. Mr. Croft con
tended that all the facts surrounding"]
tile threat were . admissible. The
court asked for authorities on the
' question. No ruling was made and
tae question was ebauged.
Gonzales told him Tillman was a
eur and that he Gonzales had pu ved it
on him on every occasion. Gonzales
Bald that he could Blap Tillman's face
and he would not resent lt. Gonzales
further stated that if Jim Tillman
ever batted bis eyes at bim he would
lill him so full of lead that he could
not tote it off.
Mitchell testified further that he
had told Tillman of the conversation
at some time between the first and
Having-got the threat in evidence
Col. Croft then asked that the entire
eon vei ha Li un be repeated, The stale
objected again, but this time Judge
Gary ruled tbac in order to get a full
understanding of .the case the entire
conversation should be admitted.
Mitchell then recited the entire con
versation, which was in substance as
On the cross-examination Mitchell
v said that he was a contract painter
"and that he had done work as a detec
tive for the Southern railway. Mr.
Bellinger cross-examined the witness
to bring out thc idea that Mitchell did
not have a sufficient acquaintance
with deceased to become a confidant.
Mitchell admitted that he had never
talked to the dead editor but that one
time. He further admitted that he
had met Ambrose Gonzales after the
killing and said that "1 understand
that Colonel Tillman shot your brother
in the back, and if so-1 am done with
SOME MOKE TESTIMONY.
CA. J.,Flowers, of Darlington, who
1 ved in Columbia for tf?Tee years, was
the uext witness. Ile was a conductor
on a street car for about two years.
Ile quit thc company January 1st, be
cause he could not stand work on ac
omnt of rheumatism. During sum
mer, 11)02, Gonzales was a passenger
oci his car. Gonzales was riding on
the rear seat of the car and there were
three other men with Gonzales. Gun
ziles and the party got on thc car at
Lady street aud rode around to Wav
erly and. bick.
The party was discussing politics
and he heard Gonzales say to thc other
three men that If he did not succeed
la defeating Tillman he would never
take his seat, for he would kill him.
One of the gentlemen toidi Gonzales
that he should not talk that way.
On the cross-examination he said
that at the time of the shooting he
was Sick In Darlington, and that some
time after he had written to Col. Till
man, who was then in jail, telling him
of the threat. Thc letter was pro
duced in court and olTered as evidence
by thc defense. On cross-examination
it was brought out that the witness
told several employes,. pf the street
railway company that he knew noth
ing of the case. On the redirect Mr.
Nelson brought out the fact that he
had warned thc witness not to talk
with street railway people with whom
be was formerly familiar, because the
officers of that company were opposed
to Tillman, lie became interested
id T?lman because he was in his regi
P. W. Hughes, truck farmer of War
renvillc, S. C., who was formerly a
resident of Edgcfield, was sworn, lie
was a deputy Tor Jones for the killing
of thc Pressleys he first met N. G.
Gohzaics. In July, 1002. he came tu
Columbia and met ?sT. G. Gonzales oo
Main street, near McMallau's drug
store. Several men were with him.
Mr. Stroude, one of the party, spoke
to Gonzales. Gonzales asked Stroude
about the m ll vote. Stroude told him
that it was mixed up and that Tillman
was In the lead. Hughes then asked
Gonzales if he did not think he had
done Jim Tillman a great injustice.
Gonzales replied: "That the black
. legged gambler will get justice after
the election and it ought to be lead."
On thc cross he said he had not told
of the conversation until a few months
?go. Hughes admitted that he had a
fight about Alliance matters when he
lived at Words. Another time Hughes
waa prosecuted for selling liquor in
THE AMENDE HONORABLE.
Court took a five-minute recess at
this time and Mr. Nelson asked per
mission to make a statement. Ile said
that counsel for both sides had talked
to him durig the recess and convinced
him that he had been too hasty in
taking up Mr. Bellinger's remarks
earlier in thc morning. Personally
be would do nothing to offend Mr. llo?
llngcr, and regretted he had spoken so
hastily during thc colloquy about the
admission of thc State's editorial in
Angus Walook, a grocery man, In
Columbia. He was one of thc Hughes
party when the convcraation with
Gonzales is alleged to have occurred.
Knew Gonzales by sight. Ile is ason
in law of Hughes. He substantiated
in detail thc testimony of Hughes.
V. B. Cheshire, a resident of Ander
son, was the next witness. He is a
" printer-by trade and is employed on
thc Anderson Intelligencer. Knew
Tillman first as a member of the South
Carolina regiment. Ile was to testify
concerning a threat that came to him
through a Mr. Geer, traveling man of
the .State, to thc effect that (Jon/ales
was carrying a gun for Tillman. A
great argument was precipitated by
this witness. Thc jury was retired
during tho discussion. Thc argument
continued until dinner time.
Thc afternoon session of the court
was itself quite snappy. It lcd off
with a tilt over thc Cheshire testi
mony, and continued pretty well
throughout thc afternoon. Not only
did thc lawyers indulge in debates,
but thc witnesses also took a hand in
Thc most interesting tilt took place
while Henry Head, of Augusta, was
on thc stand. Ile was telling how he
? was in Columbia with Col. Tillman, as
??Ja attorney, trying to secure thc
Tiivrjon of Will Goodwin. Mr. liolllng
.as popping questions at him
thick , arid ." fust and v.was getting
answers tn rapid fire order.... Suddenly:
Mr. Bellinger said: .
"What were you doing In Colurn*
bia?? : 'J-/
"I was there to see that Jira, TJU'1
man was attending to the buslnqgs for
which I was paying my good- money?
"So you were watching Jim, were
you?" asked Mr. Bellinger.
This ; question brought forth a
strong protest from tho defeoce. Col.
Croft said it might be just as well for
the gentleman not to drop' into the
vernacular of the State (newspaper) in
alluding to the defendant.
Eight hore thero wasa lively ?ebate
as to monners,etiquette,'courtesy and
kindred topics, lt grew heated.as it
progressed and finally Judge Gary had
to interpose and order the case to pro
ceed. In a few minutes Head alluded
to the defendant as Jim, and Mr. Bel
linger' called him down. "I apolo
gize," responded Mr. Head, to the
great amusement of the court. .
Mr. Head also caused a burst of
laughter in the room by alluring to
General U. Y. Gunter as the man
they called "X-Eay, or something
likc.that/." * .
The pace was too swift for the sick
Juror and about 4 o'clock he began to
show signs of weakening. At 4:30
Judge Garv saw that he could not
stand it any longer and ordered an
adjournment until 9>30 Friday morn
Two or three times during the trial
Wednesday Sherill Caughman, who
carried a bottle and spoon, gave Mr.
Sharpe a dose of medicine.
After a lengthy argument by coun
sel extending beyond the dinner re
cess, the court ruled that the Cheshire
testimony was competent when the
witness made the statement before
The representative of the State re
ferred to, he said, was Mr. Geer, sub
scription, solictor for thc paper, and
said the conversation with Mr. Geer
occurred on a train between Newberry
and Anderson. The witness was in
Col. Tillman's regiment, and oh cross
examination said he paid particular
attention to the statement, as "he
wanted to tell Mr. Tillman what was
said. He said when he told the defen
dant that he looked as if it hurt him,
and that he mace no reply.
The witness detailed the conversa
tion which led up t-Q what he stated
was said by Mr. Geer, and which he
said began with an inquiry as to
whether the "soldier boys" were- go
ing to support Mr. Tillman.
Henry S. Head, of Augusta, Ga.,
said he was In Columbia one year ago
this month, and that he was around
with Mr. Tillman, and that arter
parting with him and while in com
pany with H. B. Sims, a man whom
he did not know, but whom he was
subsequently .told was N. G. Gonzales,
met them, and that Mr. Gonzales ask
I cd him if he was the man who was
out riding with Mr. Tillman..
"I told him I was," witness'said,
adding: . .
"Ile asked me where he was at. I
told him I left him standing at thc
LI. B. Sims, of Graniteville, gave
lt. S. Anderson, of Edge field j an
employe nf the United States senate,
after stating that he was in Edge
lield during thc summer of 1002,
denied that he had held any con
versation with Mr. Tillman in a livery
stable in Edgclicld, in which the ex
pression "get at him" was used, or
that he had engaged in any co vers?
t/ion willi Mr. Tillman regarding
Mr. Gonzales as testified to in this
Jame Davis, the last witness caller!,
had but begun on his testimony when
Judge Gary ordered an adjournment,
that thc juror might nut be overtax
When adjournment was had Wed
nesday, James Davis was on the stand.
Ile was put up to contradict allidavits
made by Blade, the Southern railway
employe who is in an Augusta hospi
tal. He denied that on thc occasion
Black referred to Tillman . showed a
pistol and paid he intended to kill
Gonzales. Ile said Gonzales! name
was not mentioned at all.
When Mr. Bellinger thole up the
cross-examinatii'n, the witness snowed
a disposition to be "Sassy," but Mr.
Bellinger plainly Informed him that he
must be respectful, and If he was he
would be treated In the same way.
After that the witness was pleasanter
in his demeanor.
The cross-examination brought out
some confusion as to dates and as to
who was present when the alleged con
versation took place. Last week wit
ness Terrell testified lb the same
thing as Black,, bat Davis could not
say whether either Terrell or Black
came into the railroad car while he
and Ti'lman were conversing; he knew
neither of them.
The next witness was Mr. Cole L.
Blease, and attorney for Tillman and
a resident of Newberry. Ile told what,
official positions lie had held. Ile said
he was with Tillman nearly "every day
during thc campaign of 1002. Ile pro
duced a memorandum book, which he
said showed where he had been each
day of the year, lief erring to the
campaign meeting at Columbia, he
said he stopped at Wright's hotel as
the guest ol' Col. .lohn T. Sloan. Ile
recalled the night Dr. E. C. L.
Adams called at Tillman's room. Wit
ness said lie was reading some of the
editorials in The State newspaper to
Tillman at the latter's request; He
said lt was done to put Tillman in a
position to reply to them In his
speech. Referring to Dr. Adam's
testimony, lie confirmen the latter's
test imony to the effect that he would
accompany Tillman to thc/office of
lie differed as to Tillman's reply.
Ile said that Tillman replied to
Adams's proposition: "That won't do;
I'll be impeached as lieutenant gov
ernor; But boys, you necd'nt worry.
If Gonzales attempts to carry out his
threat, Dil snuff his life out with
this," Tillman showing a pistol. Wit
ness gave another version of Tillman's '
remark about thc editorial. "Mock
theatricals." Witness said Tillman
said: "If he (Gonzales) attempts to
carry out hts threat, there will be the
God damnedest tragedy that ever
shocked South Carolina."
Witness said he knew Gonzales and
Tillman were unfriendly. He heard
Gonzales say once that he did not
want to bc in thc same room with
IT WAS IILKASU'S IMSTOTJ.
Witness declared that he knew Till
man did not carry a pistol during the
campaign, lie knew he did not have
one at the Gaffney meeting, where
Tillman and DeCamphad a row. Ile
knew lt because they roomed together
most of thc time. He did not mean
to say that Tillman did not have a
pistol at some time.
Mr. Nelson again tried to bring out
tho truth' of falsity Qi the editorial in
reference to tho Gaffney meeting and,;
objection peing made, tho question,
was ruled out.''
Witness, continuing, Bald that on
various occasions during the campaign
Tillman was id vised to go to Colum
bia and settle" the troubles between
himself and Gonzales. Tillman inva
riably replied that he could not afford
to have a difficulty and he would avoid
it if possible.
On oross- examination, witness said
that nothing Adams had said was
false. Ho admitted' that when Till
man "in his room in the hotel at Co
lumbia bad replied to Adams, he
reached into hiB valise and drew out
a plstol. . ;?. .'?':.;,v?^?''-- -
Mr. Bellinger asked whether that
did not show that Tillman did carry a
pistol during the campaign. -
Mr. Blease Bald the pistol had been
put in the valise and when asked who
put it there, he declined to answer at
first on the constitutional ground that
a witness cannot be compelled to In
; Finally he said that it was his pistol
and admitted that that was the pistol
to "snuff out Gonzales's light."
Witness said that personally he was
friendly'with Gonzales, but politically
he. was far apart from him, and thc
witness added that he was a Demo
On re-direct examination, he sale
that pistol was put in the valise be
cause it was expected that- Gonzales
would attack Tillman in the operr
house In Columbia on the night of th<
campaign meeting <$Ie said he ex
pected it because he knew "some
things would be said there thai
night" and he knew Mr. Gonzales wai
a fighting man.
Mr. Blease then retired.
GONZALES IN THE SENATE.
Geo. W. Ly brand and R. F. So:
were put on the stand to show tba
City Auditor Allen benlnd the lattle
work of his office could not see a mai
smiliug across the street.
Mr. Allen had testified that he sav
Gonzales with a smile on his face whll
the latter was across the street.
These mon had visited the cit,
auditor's office and said they coul
not -recognize*a smile under th
Senator Douglass, of Union, sali
he saw Gonzales thc day before th
shooting standing at the reporten
desk in the senate chamber. Til
man soon after vacated his chair an
Senator Sheppard occupied it. Aftc
leaving thc reporters' desk, Gonzah
went to one of the pillars of the ga
lery and looked over the senate. Thei
was no cross-examination.
Mrs. M. A. Evans, of ??cwbcrr:
mother of the Hon. Hub Evans, stat
dispensary director, was thc next wi
ness. She was in Columbia on Jam
ary lf>, 1903. Going from the stat
house down Main street she met M
Gonzales not far from the city rail wu
transfer station. She noticed Gbi
/.ales's demeanor and exprssion. Tl
latter was vindictive; there w;
tragedy in it. She noticed the
things' from what she had heard
the lobby of the senate. That wi
why his attitude and expression wei
so closely observed. Mr. Gonzales hi
his hands in.hls pockets aud itlookcd
her as If there was more fri his pock
than his hands. She passed on mu(
agitated and when she heard the sh
she threw up her hands with au e
clamai iou, which she was not pc
mitted to repeat. '
On cross-examination she said si
heard two "well dressed gcntleme
seemingly men of intelligence ai
whom she believed to be members
the legislature, make remarks whi
agitated her in connection with tl
homicide. She said she did not km
the gentlemen and had not seen" thc
It was not developed in the testin
ny what the remark was that so ai
tated Mrs. Evans, because the ru
of evidence would not admit it.
IT WAS A BOTTLE.
Jesse Mahaffey, a member of t
legislature, was put up'to show th
on thejday Dr. Lancaster said he si
a pistol in Tillman's overcoat pocli
it really was the neck of a whisk
bottle,, and ne proceeded to say til
he knew it was a bottle. On ero
examination the court had a good di
of fun out of Mr. Mahaffey in qu
tions put to him as to his experts
as to .bottles. Amongst other thir
which created much merriment,
said he would rather be "shot" wi
a bottle than with a pistol.
J. A. White, a door-keeper of a si
ate committee room, was thc ni
\yltness and Colonel Croft brought (
ls Confederate record as a prell mina
He tcstitied that one day when t
senate was in session, Senator Sh
pard presiding, a man came up to 1
door of the senate and, coming bai
asked witness: "Where is Lleuteru
Governor Tillman?" He added In
abrupt way: "1 mean your boss."
Witness replied he had no boss, a
the man went on to say that best
posed the lieutenant governor .
neglecting his duty as usual.
Witness did not know thc man, 1
Dick Holzen bael: told him thc n
was Gonzales. Gonzales also, 1
said he had made Tillman show
white feather, and would do it aga
Witness told Tillman about it si
after In the room of thc president
On cross-examination he said 1
man had appointed him to the p
tion. He had never seen Gonzales
fore. After Gonzales left he nc
saw him again. When Gonzales
dressed him it was on the morning
January 14, 1902.
', DESCUIItED THE SHOOTING.
Richard ll. Holzen back was
next witness. He tcstitied that
was in Columbia during the sessio
190:i for thc purpose of getting a r.
tion. He stayed in Columbia f
the 121h to thc 17th. He knew G
zales hy sight for two years. He
that on January l-l Gonzales wa!
up to the senate door and looked
Gonzales turned back and spoke
Captain White, and witness procei
to tell the same story as the prov
Witness told White who Cons
was. Later on the same day wit
told Tillman of thc convers?t
. lolzenhack went on to tell that
was walking behind Tillman ano !
ators llrown and Tal bl rd un the
of the homicide. He saw Gobi
coming up tlic street. Ile could 1
passed Tillman on the .outs!:1c of
pavement without touching !
Gonzales had ids hands in his poe
and started across thc pa ven
Gonzales shoved his right hand ci
in his pocket, and witness ex pc
Gonzales to shout. Tillmandircd
Holzenback went to work to I
trate the various positions taken,
ing from the witness chair to i
trate his testimony. He was
adept and had all t lie movement
the participants well studied out
parcntly. Mr. Bellinger objected
witness proceeded to give his t
mopy in the ordinary way.
On cross examination he said
zules bad Bald bowould make Tillman
show the white feather adalidi when be
met him. He Bald - maybe ; Captain
White did n't hear that. Witness 'said
that h? thought Gonzales" was going
to kill Tillman, but ho fatied to warn
Tillman on the.day of the -homicide.
He said that: after the shooting he
heard Tillman s?y, -'I got your mes
sage." Ho denies that he was walk
ing with anybody and that-just as
Tillman pulled bis pistol witness 'and
his companion dropped back.-He de
nied that he had made such a state
ment to several Individuals. Ile de
nied that on the 11th of January,
1003, that he had said to certain in
dividuals that he didn't expect to get
a job in the legislature, but ^that .he
was going to Columbia, for something
better. He denied "*t hat he had ex
hib? ted two 85 bills in substantiation
of his statement.. He did say, however,
if he,did not get the legislature job he
would get another job.
TOE DEFENCE CLOSED.
After Col. Tillman finished his
testimony on Friday which ls'pub
lished elsewhere, the defence, examin
ed two or three unimportant witnesses
and then'announced that they had no
more witnesses to examine.
.The State 'then Introduced several
Witnesses to . impeach Holsejabaok's
testimony and others^ Col. Tillman
in bis testimony said he had not been
on good terms with Mr. Gonzales for
years. In con tradition of this state
ment Mr. H. N. Edmunds, who was
atone time an editor on The State,
testified that he saw Col. Tillman in
Mr. Gonzales private ellice chatting
and laughing- with him after the close
ol the Spanish war.
M. W. Clark, J. J. Williams, T. lt,
Denny, Mack Toney, Dr. J. Iluiett,
Louis Holmes, William Toney, and
others testified that they would not
believe Halsenback on his oath.
Saturday thc State put up August
Fischer, chief of police of Orangeburg,
John B. Livingston, of Orangeburg,
E. W. Darker and C. B. Simmons,
real estate dealers of Columbia, all of
whom testified that they would not
believe T. D. Mitchell on oath. J. A.
Salley, bf Orangeburg, who was sum
moned by the defence ; to- prove
Mitchell's good character, when put
on the stand swore that he would not
believe Mitchell on oath. H. G.
Heidt, of Columbia, swore he would
not believe Mitchell on oath. Several
of thc witnesses testified that Mitchell
had beat them out of house .rent.
Heidt said that Mitchell would rather
move than pay rent.
The following testified as to Holzen
baclc's good character: Captain S. M.
Smith. P. B. Mayson, J. A. Lott,
John R. Heidson, J. W. Hardy, John
A. Hester, and several others, all- be
ing from Edgefield.
. Susprintendent Wallace of the Co
lumbia city railway company declared
that bc would not believe witness
blowers on his oath. Flowers is the
mau who said he heard Gonzales say
in a car that Tillman would never
take his seat as governor even if he
was elected because Gonzales would
Before the jury came into the court
Saturday morning Judge Gary said
that he was satisfied that he had
made a mistake in his ruling Friday,
when he did not permit Mr. Edmunds
to testify as to Gonzales's eyesight,
and the fact that it was absolutely j
necessary for him to wear glasses in*j
order to see. He said he made this?
statement so that the prosecution
might take advantage of it if i
choose and-.not be prejudiced by fcf),
prevlous^guling. - ? ".?
All the testimony is now in and thc
argument by the lawyers on the tvto
sides commenced Monday morning. ^
DAMAGE SUIT DROPPED. I
Tlie Case Against Uavrls and Morcan
Will bo Stopped.
The following itenrr clipped from
the La Porte (Ind. Daily Herald of
Sept.'28th, will be of interest to the
readers of The Herald:
"Norman Boyeson, son of the late
Janie Stewart Boyesen, whose death
at Asheville, N. C., as a resultof'hi?
suits and indignities suffered at tia
hands of a Dr. Morgan of Augusta,
Ga., and Landlord Harris or the
White Stone Lidia Springs at Spar
tanburg, S. C., is still fresh in the
minds of the people, is a guest of
John ll. Wilk.
The announcement was authorized
Wednesday that all proceedings rein-*
ti ve to the sad affair would be dropped,
the sons of the deceased Indiana liter
ary woman and musician having no
desire to incur the notoriety that the
pushing of the cases against the land
lord and the doctor would occasion.
It will be recalled that Mrs. Boyesen
started a $50,000 damage suit in thc
federal court at Charleston, S.- C.,
shortly before her death, and of course
her passing away would necessitate
the tiling of a new complaint, in
which the sonswould bethe plaintiffs,
but after consulting friends and at
torneys it has been thought best to
drop the matter. They feel, as do
all who are conversant with the facts,
that there would heno trouble obtain
ing substantial damages from the
Southern landlord and the Georgia
doctor but the gain would not repay
them for thc notoriety and trouble
which they would have. They feel
also that their mother's name has been
fully vindicated through the newspa
pers and by right minded people and
so .the pushing of the damage suits
will hot be necessary.".
Mr. James T. Harris, proprietor of
thc White Stone Springs Hotel, Is
in the city. In speaking to a Herald
representative Wednesday, he.autho
rized tho statement that not one of
the stolen articles of Jewelry has been
lOutiro Crew Killed.
Three men were killed and an entire
crew injured by the explosion of the
boiler of a stave mill of thc Standard
Oil Company at Crossville, Tenn.,
Thursday. Something got wrong with
thc boiler and Fireman Polk wasscek
ing to ascertain the cause when the
boiler bust and he was instantly killed.
Walter Gilbert or Rising Fawn,. Ga.,
a sawyer, was also killed aud Foreman
Gooch of Wayncsbory, Ky., died
Thursday morning as the result of a
fractured skull. A number of other
men were seriously injured, but will
Suicide. In Bank.
At Massilion, O., Albert M. Wet
ter, a prominent young business man,
proprietor of the Massilion Sand &
Stone Company, president of thc
Massilon Steel Sand Company and a
director of thc State Bank here, com
mitted suicide in his oftlce at the
bank carly Wednesday by shooting
himself through the herat. The body
was discovered by the janltress of the
building a few minutes after thc fatal
shot was fired. Intimate friends
know o? no cause jrfrljjge act. He was
unmarried, and lived flvith his parents.
DOES EDUCATION PAY, '
livery 'Motlier und- Father Should
Road the Statistics Below.
The folio wing article was published
Ja a recent number of the Southern
Cultivator. - We hope every mother
and father.will read it. .-. "?-'
With aU rcasonablo people, especial
ly those who have given tho subject of
education any thought, the caption of
this article has long since ceased to be
a question. The fewest number of peo
ple there aTe who really believe, or
pretend to believe education does not
pay; and they are what are commonly
called crapks,- (using the word in no
offensive sense, or slaves to prejudice
v r ignorance.
But while the intellectual-assent,
that education does pay, ls almost uni
versal, thero is a large class of people
who, by their actions and spirit of
indifference, manifest a decided laok
of faith in its utility. This is shown
in the small enrollment, and still
smaller attendance, in our schools. It
Is shown in the general poor 'educa
tional facilities we are satisfied to give
our children. It is shown jin the
stolid opposition to every step'toward
improvement,' especially if money is
required or any personal sacrifice de
manded. It ls shown in a thousand
ways in a lack of sympathy and co
operation on the part of some patrons
towards those who are striving, even
against michty odds, to better the edu
cacional advantages of the children.
And this lack of Interest, sad to re
late, is found almost wholly in the
.eural districts. In the towns and
cities, where the schools are largely
supported by local taxpayers, the work
is not so badly hampered. The* peo
ple here are exempt fora a thousand
and one disadvantages tliat confront
people of thc country, and. their chil
dren attend school raore regularly.
But these obstacles, apparently so
great, arc by no means, impregnable.
If moved by an intense interest in the
cause; if * Insplredhy .an intelligent
comprehension of the true value of
education; and if drawn on by an
abiding and growing desire to have
their children properly prepared for
life, the people could and would easily
overcome these dilliculties.
Bishop Candler having been asked
if he thought education would benefit
a certain class of people, replied, "Yes
education will help an old hound dog."
Then, let us not despair, my country
men. Let us labor on. We give be
*low a few statistics illustrating thc
practical value ol' education:
According to an estimate made from
the latest census returns there are in
the United States 40,782,007 people
over twenty-one years old. These are
divided educationally about as follows:
Class 1. Without school training,
Class 2. With only common school
j training," 32,8(52,Sill.
Class 3. With common and high
school training, 2,165,357.
Class 4. With college or higher
education added, 1,091.201.
-Who's Who in America gives a list
of 8,000 persons now living In the
United States who have become
famous for some work of Importance
to the people of the country at large
or of some considerable portion of lt;
land an effort has been made to de
mine how .many of these 8,000 dis
tinguished citizens belong to each of
The 4,082,498 of class 1 furnish 31.
The 32,862,591 of class 2 furnish
The 2,155,357 of class 3 furnish
\? The 1,071,201 of class 4 furnish
f It thus appears:
Igt. That an uneducated child
has one chance in 150.000 of attaining
distinction as a factor in the progress
of the age.
2nd. That a common school educa
tion will increase his chances.nearly 4
3d. That a high school training
will increase the chances of the com
mon school boy 23 times, giving him
87 times the chance of the uneducated.
4th. That a college education In
creases the chances of the high school
boy nine times, giving bim 219 times
the chances of the common school boy
and more than 800 times the chance
of the untrained.
It ls a surprising fact that of 7,852
"notables" thus- gathered together
4,810 proved to be full graduates of
colleges? M. li. DENNIS.
Tlie Trusts Playing Out.
The trusts went up like rockets.
They arc coming down like rocket
sticks. The latest one to hit the
ground is the salt trust, which start
ed out with an alleged capital $12,
000,000, and has landed on the earth
with $37,500. There are more In the
air headed thc same way. lt ls stated
that since January 1 of this year
forty-four New Jersey trusts have
been pluced in the hands of receivers
whose aggregate '.'authorized" capital
was $80,340,000, which managed to
get trusted by some body to .the ex
tent of $17,572,333,51, for the pay
ment of which they are "estimated"
to have assets of $1,564,684,28. That,
I is just about enough to pay the re
ceivers and lawyers for laying out the
corpses and burying them decently.
Incidentally, New Jersey's trust boom
has collapsed with the trusts which lt
promoted, tho tilling fees are rapidly
dwindling, and the inhabitants"' of
that thrifty state are confronted with
the prospect of being once more com
pelled to pay taxes for thc support of
their own state government.
Inerraseil Death Kate.
An increase in thc death rate of the
army from 13.9? a thousand in 1901
to 15.49 a thousand in 1902 is shown
in the annual report of Surgeon
General O'Kiley for the fiscal year
ending .lune 30. The increase ls at
tributed to cholera, which caused
3.91 deaths a thousand. Tho report
Commends the freedom from miscon
duct among the insular scouts. Tha
spread ol' vice in the white troops is
due to tile loss of the canteens. The
while troops suffered loss than tho.
negroes and Filipinos.
A I'OWTMASTKU of a small-otllce in
Alabama ottered Postmaster General
Payne $50 if he would appoint him
postmaster in a better town and as a
result the man has been arrested for
bribery and will face Uncle Sam's
F i KT K KN hundred republican orators
have been Invited to take part In the
Ohio campaign. Senator Uanna seems
to feel that reinforcements are nec
essary to defeat Tom Johnson.
WE see lt stated that a little eleven
year old boy was recently accidentally
killed in a cotton mill at Gaffney. Is
lt not a violation of tho law for a
eleven year old boy to bo at work In a
cotton mill? /
A CRUEL MOTHER.
A Girl Chained to tho Floor lor Six
-'.Chained to.the floor pf a roora ia
her-home? within thirty miles of #ew
York city, a young woman hasv. lived:
a captive of her ?own mother for" six
long weary years. During all that
time she bas but.once ? been '?beyond
the confines."bf'thatVone little . room
that serves as her. prison, and that
was one day four years ago when Bbc!
/nade ber escape for a few hours. The
girl's liherty ls limited to the leugth
of a clanking chain, and that meas
ures just two and. one half feet from
the point where it ispadlooked around
her body to the end that ls fastened
to the floor with heavy iron staples.
In all the years of her captivity she
has s?en nothing of the World beyond
the little glimpses that may be bad
from" two very small windows of her
From.vdaWn to dark-she sits on a
stout oaken chair. For six years she
has bad no other, and tho thick wood
en legs Sell a pathetic story of the
capt! ve'B longing for liberty, for-they
have been worn down to stubby points
by being pushed back and forth over
the Hoof. The girl's mother says that
probably two inches had been- worn
off those chair legs in the last six
years. Within a radius of that two
and a half feet of chair the floor of
the room is deeply furrowed by the
legs of the oaken chair. The floor
itself is of heavy oak planks, and yet
these furrows are no less thau a quar
ter of an inch in depth, cut in there
by the thousands of journeys taken in
that chair from the wall to tho limit
of the chain.'
The captive woman is -Margaret
Ryan, and her mother ls Anna Ryan.
Their home ls a little frame house on
a steep hillside, just north of Crofton
Lake, where the family has lived al
most from the time they came to this
country, from . Ireland, more than
thirty years ago. Margaretas now '?0
years old, but captivity has dealt un
kindly with her and she might easily
be taken for twice that age. About
seven years ago she displayed symp
toms of mild insanity. Her father,
John Ryan, a contractor in Westches
ter County, had died several years be
fore, leaving the little farm and some
money to the widow and daughter.
After his death the two lived in the
little-cottage at the mouth of "Dis
For the first year after" the girl's
mind became affected she' gave her
mother no trouble, but finally she got
into the habit of running away from
home. It was then that the chain
was brought into use. Mrs. Ryan
had lt forged at a smithy near by, and
bought a big padlock witli which to
fasten it to the girl's body. Cham
and lock together weigh nearly twen
ty, pounds. One end or the chain was
securely fastened to the oak floor, just
where it meets the wall. Around the
gi r's waist the mother put a heavy
piece of leather witli an iron ring in
the middle, and to this thc other end
of the chain was locked.
Only a few days ago the neighbors
were alarmed by the loud cries of
"Murder!" coming from the Ryan
home. The screams could be heard
for a mlle around in the Crofton val
ley, but no one dared togo to see what
was wrong. Mrs. Hyan explained that
the trouble bad been caused by the
girl making a desperate attempt to
escape, "I was trying the luck to
see if it was all right,'? said Mrs.
Ryan. "Margaret spied, the key. in
my hand and grabbed for it.. > I strug
gled with her and it was all I could
do to keep her from wresting it from
I punished her for that, and it caus
ed her to scream and cry "Murder!"
so that the neighbors heard her. 1
used the gag on her tilhshe promised
not to try that trick again." For
.everal years the neighbors have been
talking about taking some step to
put'the girl in a public institution,
but ho one has had the courage to
take the initiative. So if no one in
terferes, Margaret- Ryan may spend
the rest of her days within the limits
of the chain that holds her to the
floor ' of that room in the "Dismal
Hollow"- cottage. ~;
Advertising In thc Church.
The wide-awake Methodist, and
'progressive Presbyterians of Wiscon
sin, have reached the conclusion, as
the Chicago Record Herald expresses
it, that "Christianity must go into
thc advertising business or it will
This is probably an excited and ex
travagant way of stating the fact
that publicity is one of the agencies
which might be used by the Church
or Meetinghouse to. good advantage.
Presiding Elder John, *of the Oshkosh
District, declared at a Methodist Con
ference in Green Day the other day.
that "the Methodist Church must
adopt new Methods for attracting
people or conversions would cease,"
and Dr. Sanderson, a Pressbyterian
minister, has offered "a prize for the
best plan suggested for advertising
In commenting on thc above The
News and Courier hits the nail square
on the head when lt says "there is
probably something in this., view of
the matter, but we doubt that the
ministers who spoke irpon the subject
fully uppreciated what they were
talking about, lt is proper and neces
sary, wc should think, for churches In
large communities to advertise the
regular church services in thc local
newspapers, hut the public would not
have' much confidence in the sort if
Christianity which would go into the
"advertising business" as a means of
converting people to a religious life.
There oug*ht to bc no bargain counter
methods in thc Church, and w:
should not have much faith in - a
Church which would seek tue con
version of sinners in job' lots, or in
any effort that Methodist presiding
elders and Presbyterian ministers
might make to do business hy mark
ing down thc price of salvation. Thc
sort of advertising that the churches
need is not the methods employed hy
progressive mercantile establishments
but the advertising which would
come to them hy sincere efforts to up
lift humanity. What the ministers
ought to do is to make their work In
thc pulpit and in thc pastorate more
nearly approach the needs of tho
people they arc trying to serve. Sen
sational sermons rarely.do any per
manent good. The idea of merchand
ising tho pulpit ls a very bad, idea.
Geo. A. Wagoner, Pres., Geo Y Coleman
? Succe^^ to'C. J
. 303 KING STREET,- ^-; . ?j* -
THE. ANS?vyER TO -WHY DOES OE
RATE HER M0TTO TS, HER~;W?
THE ADVANTAGE-IN FREIGHT
From NEW YORK, N, Y. PEU 10p;
TO 12 3, 4
.^CHARLESTON, S 0 50 40 34 28
* Woy Is lb that the up-country, does.
Building aud Re-Pressed Brick. Spe
ra Cotta Flue Linings. Prepared to pl
YOUNG MENr YOUNG
Prepare yourselves to meet the dem:
and bookkeep'ers. Write for catal<
MACFEAT'S BUSINESS CC
W. H. Macfeat, ofllclal Court Stenos
We Do Not Deceive
If you are sick and v
but be sure that your ?
We do not-believe in a
FREE MEDICINE seller,
under our treatment
lar Need be paid Until
tists who have est?bil!
^^?^SSSgE^ and collecting the fee.
pf?-^^|^^555it^ if you want HONEST
form of Chronic Diseases, write us TOD.
has never been excelled.
BOX Z, A'J
"VV" t; (1 cl i ii .
Jewelry, Silverware, Cut Glass, Clot
plated Tableware, all make very accept!
illustrations now of some of above. ' VV
at close prices. On all orders accompa
charges on the goods. We guarantee si
article does not please you, send it back
Isn't that fair? Send us your orders."
P. H. LACHICOTTE
1424 Main St
Founded in 1850.
Write for Free C
MEDICAL DEPARTMENT UN
Curriculum included twenty-three
thorough review quiz; seven laboratory
work daily. New building elaborately (
appliances. Tuition $(55.00. Address,
LARGE STOCK. Pl
Howard H. Staff
WRITE FOR PRICES.
Whiskey I Morphine I Cigarett
Habit, I Habit | Habit
Cured by Keeley I
132? Lady St. (or P. O. Box 75) Colui
The plain, simple old way is the- best
way1-certainly it. could hot be Im
proved by bargain, counter rashes on,
ceri ain occasions when- thff'}m$chinery
of salvation 1B supposed to bt? 'rd?lng j
its-best work." "?
- m " . .-:--- . *
TUREE of the Van Wormer broth
ers, who murdered their uncle, were
electrocuted in the .prison at Danne
moro, N. Y., Thursday. They were
no ordinary criminals, yet the crime
for which they paid the penalty was
one of the most dastardly In the court
annals of the State, lt ls rather grue
some to think of a family being wip
ed out in one day by the law. although
the Governor, knowing the evidence
was forced to decline the pitiable
plea sent forth iri behalf of the prison
ers." . '?
COL. Leonidas Williams Spratt died
recently in Jacksonville in the - 82th
year of his age. He was the last sur
viving Charleston delegate to the se
cession convention and amoung the)
last surviving six to sign the declara
tion of secession. Through the j
columns of The Southern Standard,
of which he assumed editorial charge |
in 1853, he strongly advocated s?cese
sion of thc South, and was sent to I
Florida to persuade that State to cast
its lot with South Carolina. He was a j
first cousin of President James K.
MR. M. V. Richards, land and indus
trial agent of the Southern raliway,
writes to the editor of The Charles
ton Evening Post that a number of I
Northern people are conferring with
the Southern railway otllcials with re
gard to locating canning factories |
or preserving works at or near Charles
ton. This is very welcome news and
it is to be ?hoped that something
material will develop from the negotia
If you arc not wr.'. u-ul -jvniit to lenoir tho
trcth about y Qu r
troublo, sena Tor 'ray
free booklet? ttnd sell
No. 1, Nervous Debili
ty (Sexual Weakness),
No. a. Varlcocele, No.
3, Stricture, No. 4, Kid
ney and madder Oom
plaints, No. 6, Disease
of Women, No. 0, Tba
Poison King (Blood
Poison). No. 7, Ca
tarrh. These booka
fihouitf bc In thc hands
of avery peT"" afflict
ed, ns br. Hathaway,
the author, is recog
nized as tho best au
thority and expert In
tho United Htates on
/ DR. nATnAWAY. these diseases. Write
: or sond for tho book you want to-day, and lt
? will l>e sent you free, sealed. Address J. New
ton Hathaway, M.D.
88 Inman Building 22J S. Broad St
A tlanta, Ga
bullet! Mullet! Mullet!
and all kinds of Fresh and Salt Water
lish and oysters. If you arc dealing in
Fresh Fish or Intend to deal in them
write for prices and send your ordrs to
TE li RY FISH CO., Charleston, S. G.
or COLUMBIA FISH & ICE CO
Columbia S. C. Wo ship only fresh
caught tish and our prices aro as low
as they can be sold at. Writo us.
Try us, and bo conviuccd.
. yi?ePros,; I G Ball, Sec'y .
y s- vi;, ^
CHARLESTON, S 0
:ARDESTON . M??vl?:TH ?'W?TEft ;
.TER KATE Gl YES BER.D?UBLE
P.: RATES. MAKE A. COMBA RI
NAILS, . ;~
23 17 j2c per lOO^lbg
not give Charleston her entire traie
?Ai's:u?%" V :.. v
dal shapes to order. Fire proof Ter
1 orders for thousands or for million
WO Vi EN,. WAKE Ul'
md for Stenographers, typewriters
3gU6 Of ..'rj?".?k;v ..'
)LLEGE, 0:.lumbla, S. C. '
rant to get well, do not*experiment
ar placing your case In expert hands
ny form of deception. We.h?vono
ne to deceive slok, but every case: put
ls positively guaranteed by Not a Hoi
[ Cured, and we are thc only Special ''
shed a reputation for curing the^atllct
afterwards. :" -;-**??.
: and also SKILLTUL treatment for any.
KY, for method of Home Treatment
3 & COMPANY,
3ks, Bronze Figures,-FIue Lamps, sliver
xble wedding presents. We can send
e handle only line goods, which we sell
nled by the cash wc prepay express
itisfactlon and if for any reason any:
at once and we return your money.
& CO., Jewelers, .:'.'<
CfOLiUMBIA, so . " .
IVERSITY OF NASHVILLE.
lecture courses, each followed by a
courses, and three hours of ellnical
?qippcd with modern apparatus and
J. "DiLLAitD JACOHS, M. H., Sec.,
South Market St., Nashville, Tenn.
ENA BRICK CO.,
. . AUGUSTA, GA.
e I All.Drug and Tobacco >'-~ :
j > Habits,
listitirte, of ?. O
mbbVi S.NC. Confidential corresppnd
G A G?inard-,.
Sec. and Treas.
Columbia Supply. Co.
. COLUMBfA, S. U. . ; '
BO?^'W^??jj??ivAIB ?mvsBQ ^Jni^^?^
Now' ls. tli? time you ; are; .'looking *
around yobr Gins and other machinery
to see wliat'supplies you need..-Wc,
carry three grades of Rubber Belt*
3 grades of Leather and Gan?y Belt*
Largest-Stock of Wood Pulley's'lh tho
State. Carry Pipe, Fittings,.--V?)ves; v
Shafting, Hangers, Roofing and eycry-;
thing else In the supply line.: We wanb
your orders, this applies to any one "
using or handling machinery.- . ?
You can save money by writing us.
GREENVILLE FEMME COLLEGE, i
Greenv'He, S. C.
College oi htgiiest grade. Degree
courses and specials. Faculty ot:.18.
Greatly improved equipment. ;Pure
mountain water. Climate . taiely
equalled. For catalogue and terms,
write , E. C. .TAMES, LITT. D., Pres.
Wilson's Freckle Care. >.
to rem ove
I and Pimples
'also as a
turned if it
50c. Trial //
.H not sold by your druggist, write
I. R. WILSON & CO,
Charleston, S. O.
Buy your Paints, Oils, Var-'
hi shes, and Brushes, Sash.
Do3is, and Blinds from
SHARD BUILDERS SUPPLY. C?|
615 Plain St Columbia, S O
The Quality, Terms and Fric?? wi ht
Call or write
Malone's Musio House,.
I Established 1884. Opposite Y MCA,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
CHARLES C. LESLIE,
--Wholesale Dealers in
I^i?li tun cl Oysters.
8 & 20 Market St.'.' Charleston, S.
Consignments of Country Produce
are Respectfully Solicited, Poultry
Fish packed in barrels and boxes
country trade a specialty.