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HUMAN BLOOD STAIN;
It Caa Bever Bo Washed Out in
BOMB TIMELY OBSERVATIONS
On tho Horrurs That Attend a
Slayer of His Peliow Man.
Homo Famous South
This thing of taking the Hf e. of ?
human being except in self-defence,
during excitement or on, the field of
battle, is a terrible thing and unless a
man be hardened into brutality and
is utterly devoid of conscience it will
haunt bim to his dying day.
Three times during my career I
have deliberately mado up my mind
to kill, but determined to make my
antagonists first the assailants and to
give them a fair showing, and thus
put my own life in jeopardy. But
when the necessity for any such en
counter had passed the feeling of re
lief was indescribable.
Thousands upon thousands of use
ful and brilliant lives have been
blighted and rendered miserable by
the taking of human life; and even
when tbe killing was justitied in the
sight of both man and by the laws of
the land, the curse of Cain followed
the slayer his entire days.
My father, I think, was with the
Hon. Wm. L Yancey, the great Se
cession leader, when he killed Dr.
Earle, of Greenville. They were boys
together, were warm friends, and 1
have often heard my father speak of
the circumstance. Yancey killed
Earle as the latter was advancing up
on him with an upraised walking
cane, and when the fatal shot was
tired. Just before the beginning of
the late war between the States my
father and Mr. Yancey met in Mont
gomery, Ala. Mr. Yancey, in discus
sing tbe tragedy, stated that he had
no intention of shooting Dr. Earle,
but the encounter took place in the
piazza of the postolllce, an old wooden
building opposite the Mansion House
in Greenville, and which piazza had no
..ailing, being several feet from the
ground. Dr. Earle attacked Mr. Yan
cey because he had slapped the face of
his little son, Elias, there being no
very kind feelings between the two
men. Dr. Earle raised his cane and
advanced on Mr. Yancey, who drew
his pistol, presented it and retreated
backward. Mr. Yancey stated that be
had no intention of shooting the Doc
tor, but wanted to intimidate bim.
In stepping backward he felt that he
had reached the exteeme end of the
piazza and, in order to prevent tailing
off, had inadvertently pressed the
trigger. B(ut, this great Southern
statesman told my father, he would
freely give fame, fortune and all he
possessed and again start life a poor,
ignorant and obscure man, could be, by
so doing, only wipe that blood from
his hands; that often, in the midst of
his most brilliant orations, would see
the figure of Dr. Earle, as he appeared
with that upraised cane, and when the
tragedy was enacted, rise before bim.
It haunted him day and night, and
while be was justified in the killing
and the sentence imposed by the law
was light, bis life was unending re
morse and self-reproach. Years after
the killing, when Mr. Yancey returned
to visit his mother-in-law, Mrs. Earle,
in Greenville and Elias had grown to
manhood, the young man, who had in
nocently caused the death of bis father
appeared before the gate with shot
gun in hand and asked to Col. Yan
cey. Yancey from behind the closed
door, told Elias to go away and be
would return to Alabama and not visit
Greenville again; that be bad more or
the Earle blood then upon his bands
than be could ever wash away and did
not want any more. This visit would
probably havo resulted fatally had not
tbe old lady, who like all of the
Earles, was as brave as a lion, seized a
shotgun and told Elias that be must
go away and not further molest her
guest, and that if. he attempted any
violence towards Yancey he must li rsl.
fire through her. The next day Mr.
Yancey left for Alabama and did not
return again, 1 think, to South Caro
lina until as a delegate to the Charles
If the killing of a human being can
be made justifiable it was that of 1 Sy
num by Perry. By nu m was a noted
duelist and had been employed to pro
voke Perry into a light and take his
life. The two men represented ex
treme factions in South Carolina poli
tics, and which were as bitter as in
the days of Tillmanism and conservat
ism. Bynum was an expert with the
pistol, and bad killed, so I am told,
more than one man. On the other
hand, Perry had but little if any prac
tice with tbat weapon, being a man of
peace, but undoubted courage. But
Perry's steady nerve and cool head
proved superior to the skill of bis an
tagonist, who was killed at the first
fire, and bis gravels still pointed out
at the old historic Rock Church, near
Clemson College. But even the
knowledge that this duel had been
forced upon bim, and that his money
was given an equal, if not better,
showing for his life, could never wipe
tbo red stain from the tender con
science of Governor Perry. One of
his BOOB told me he never heard the
subject mentioned but once in his
father's presence, when his face grew
deathly pale, he raised ids band, and
'stated that be never again wanted to
hear that duel spoken of by any mem
ber of hiB family. That the horrow ol'
that tragedy, committed on a little
island in the Savannah River, haunted
this great and good man all his days,
is not doubted, and it cast a dark cloud
over a brilliant and useful life.
I have known a great many men
who had taken human life, under all
manner of circumstances, and with
out a single exception they wore the
brand of Cain upon their brows.
There was no pleasure or happiness io
life for him. Their existence was one
long reign of remorse and self-re
proach, and if they did not manifest
tho same by word of mouth, it could
be Been In the restless eve, and ner
vous starting ar, every unusual noise.
Many turned for consolation to drink,
and which only added fuel to the in
ternal fires that ever burned within
them. Ochers prospered, but during
those intervals when thc mind was
permitted to wander back to the past,
a look of haggard misery o'ersprcad
their faces. The brand of Cain was
fixed upon the brows of those shed
ders of human blood by Divine venge
ance, and only death could erase it.
I remember, while living in Ogle
thrope county, Ga., talking with a
young friend of mine who had gone
wifch a party to chastise a negro for a
re?orted insult to a white woman.
This young man was stationed at a
window, through which thc negro en
deavored to escape. He fired on the
man and shot him dead, bis body
hanging over tho sill. This young
im?n/arTd wt?o,jy^:,? successful, mer
chant, stated to mo thai, he nfrorwaras
?l?cbv?jr?d.'trj?t'h.e ha'd ' killed an In
nocent and Blanderea man, ' and - trio
party who had -mode; up .that story
was ^enraged against1'the negro be
ca?s?'he.iutended- to leave lila farm,
and he wanted to haye him chastised.1
But my young friend stated to me.
that his whole life was' blighted, arid
his entire existence of misery anti re
moreejthat thesight of poor the negro
haunted him all day long was a con
stant nightmare. Freely would he
give up al! hie possessed, and become a
convict in stripes, to have that stain
.washed.from"-- bis conscience.-Ile
often felt that did he possess the
wealth of the world he. would freely
give lt for even one day's relief from
the agony of mind tha.t:purfiucd: him,
and: that he might experience the
feeling of innocence he knew before
that wretched night.
Were th ls-globe of ours coined into
gold, and placed' at my disposal to
take the life of the most debased and
miserable human being that walks the
earth, even under tho most justifiable
circumstances,^ I would scorn the
Unless a man, as I have stated, has
a heart'seared, with.sin, and is incap
able of feeling remorse, I sometimes
think it would be an act of mercy and
kindness for the laws-of his country to
put him-.to death, arter willfully and
deliberately taking the life or a fel
low man. . A Jury may acquit him,
and ho may live a lung, applauded and
honored by the world, but there
beats in his breast an Inner monitor,
and which will ever keep him remind
ed of that dark deed. Ills entire ex
istence will boone prolonged agony and
there will ever walk by his side In day
and repose -upon his pillow at night,
an unseen spectre of the dead man,
and from which terrible and constant
visitor there is no escape.
The murderer is reminded of the
fate that awaits him by the Bible and
which commands that 'He who sheds
man's blood by man shall his bluod be
I admit that there are occasions
when lt becomes Imperatively neces
sary to take human life, but my great
est hope and ? desire is that no such
dread alternative shall^ ever b? forced
upon myself. I had sooner go to the
grave the victim of another, than
spend my days on earth with hands
dripping with the life blood of anyone
created in God's own image.
Lite is sweet, bub it is anything but
sweet to the red-handed murderer.
In penning this article 1 had no in
dividual ?ase in mind,.but give it as
the observation of my life and a warn-^
lng.-T? Larry Gantt, iu-Spartanburu
MANY DAMAGE SUITS,
Sum of $13f3,000 Already Sued for
Because of Fishing Greek Wreck.
Within the last few days damage
suits aggregating the total amount of
?81.15,000 have been filed in Yorkville
against the Southern Railway, as a
result of the Fishing Creek disaster of
a few weeks ago.
The first suit flied was by the widow
of Engineer U.C. Brickman for the
sum of $75,000. This is one of the
largest damage suits ever tiled in this
Conductor Ed. Turner, who escaped
with serious injuries, has brought suit
Tor $20,000. The conductor is still
confined to,bis home by his injuries.
J. Wi Rhyne, tho father of Fred
Rhyne, the fireman who was killed,
has brought the third suit, he suing
for $40,000 for the loss of his son.
So far as can be learned none of the
passengers who were hurt have (ilcd
suit. Marvin Morrow, the Blacksburg
banker who was hurt, has to be wheel
ed about in an invalid chair. He will
probably sue for a very large amount.
Young Johnson, the former Wul?ord
student who was so badly hurt that
they thought for several weeks he
would dje, has not yet been heard
from in a damage suit, but will likely
ask for a handsome amount. It is be
lieved that all those who were Injured
or who had near relatives killed will
bring suits. The total amount sued
for will be about half a million dollars,
or nearly as much as the line on which
the accident occurred is worth.
??.'Was Not Dead;
W. sl^Love of Savannah, Ga., who
has been missing from his home for
several months, and who was reported
to have been drowned, lias been locat
ed in Denver, Col., where he has been
working as a bookkeeper. An eastern'
Insurance company, in which beheld
policies, delayed payment upon them
until an investigation into Iiis report
ed death could be made. John W.
Garrison was detailed to make thc in
vestigation 'and whi.e in Denver on
other business accidently met Love on
the street and recognized him. Mr.
Garrison says that he does not believe
that there was an attempt to defraud
.the company in Mr. Love's disappear
ance. Mr. Love says he made no ef
fort to conceal his identity since com
ing herc, but used his real name, and
in seeking employment gave the names
of Savannah business men as refer
Oems of Thought.
Thc best cure for a man's conceit is
a woman's laughter.
Man regards human nature as a
pack mule on which to pile his sins,
Fearfulness burns thc bridge he
hind; fear, the bridge before.
No man was ever discontented with
the world if lie did his duty in lt. ,
Man thinks more of the cigar
thrown in than of the box he pays for.
Some things that are received as
gifts are really intended as invest
When you conquer your enemy by
force, his better part remains uncon
Every wise man has a parachute of
prudence attached to his balcon of en
The foundation of self respect ls
work. Work is the parent of enter
prise; idleness is tlie parent of vice.
t>jr ? f/Oiialaiiie.
John Dendy a noted negro desperado
of Greenville county, was shot last
week and seriously wounded by Con
stable Davenport, of the constabulary
force, in a hand-to-hand encounter.
Constable Davenport, who was In
search of an illegal distillery, had en
tered the negroo's house after being
satisfied from looking in the window
and observing thc negro handling li
quor, that he was connected with the
distillery he was seeking.
Dead in tho Hold.
After reaching the navy yard at
Brooklyn thc lifeless body of J. Mc
Toomcr of Elizabeth, N. J., a me
chanic, was found lu the hold of tho
Chattanooga, where he had evidently
fallen from a platform near the cruis
i II .i.i.; ' ; ? _
TEN CENT COTTON y
? ' ? ? - -_
Senefltf Southern^ Cotton /Mill .'0$n.%
.era, "Says'-Mr. Edmonds. '
BY PLAIN FACIS AND FIGUBUS
He Shows that Cotton is too Cheap
AVbon It Falla. Bolow tho a
AvorORO ol' Ton Couta '
Since tho -days of Solomon lt" hal
ever been truo that the^jjuy^r^is a:
naught, saith the buyer," basr-beem
the cry of the man who seeks to force
down the" price of that which ha de
sires to purchase; but' it;,would ts?im:
that it has been left, for this day and
generation to produce ? seller wnp
Joins in with the buyer and seeks to
depress the vah?o Of his ^owh goods.
The south is the great seller of cotton
tb the world, nod in these days it
stems to' take delight In .-.letting the
buyer of its cotton not only fix the
price, but even joins in with the
buyer in helping to create the im
pression that^th? "bull" on- cotton is
a dangerous animal, while the "bear"
is the only truly good animal in thc
It ls tu be expected that the great
cotton manufacturers of Europe and
New England should unitetheir .forces
In beating down the price of colton?
we are not surprised at their efforts' to
create the impressionthat the limn who
seeks to ad vance the price of cotton is a
conscienceless gambler who -deserves
to be executed by all right-thinking
people; we are not surprised that .they
hold him up as the enemy of man
kind in forcing the closing of mills
and tlie stopping of employment for
thousands of hands, but it is a little
surprising that the south so complac
ently accepts these teucbings, add
that southern people gi ve heed to them
as though they were the .honest con
victions of sincere men. On t?he oth
er band, the "hear," the man who
lives on the sufferings entailed upon
the millions of cotton producers by
forcing down the price bf cotton, is
held up as a great benefactor. Even
let it be granted that both be gam
blers, yet the bull is a power ' helping
to seeure for the producers a fairer
price than he has had for many years,
and to that extent at least he is doing
great good to the south; while the
.bear's work results in keeping the
cotton grower'pnor for the uenetlt ol
the manufacturers of Europe and the
At the recent meeting of the New
England Cotton Manufacturer's Asso
ciation, the president and a number
of other speakers bitterly denouueed
tb? efforts of the bull leaders which
brought about the higher prices ol
cotton, and the president expressed
the'hope that the time would soon
come when other countries would
grow enough cotton to make thc
world more Independent of the soutl
as Its chief Bource of supply. Herc
was the president of a great Anieriea'r
business - body expressing the hopi
that the south might lose its monop
oly on cotton by the development o
cottou growing elsewhere, and against
such unpatriotic sentiment,-, prompter,
only by his desire that In tb}s way UM
price of raw cotton might be" forced
down to a lower level, I have not seer
a single word or protest in bbrtherr
papers and very - little in southern
What cared he whether the .cottot
producer,-be he black yr white, get $
lair return on his cotton? His onlj
concern was that he and his fellow
manufacturers might buy cotton at x
low ?gure, since the margin of prod
to the mill is always.much larger ot
low price than on high price cotton
Nobody eau blame these people fo
fighting for their own interests, hui
the south has a right to ask that thej
make an honest light, and that thej
do not .seek to convince the world tha1
tlie man wno leads in breaking dowt
cotton prices is a saint, while the om
who works for higher prices is th?
COTTON NOT TOO niOIT.
As I said, the strangest thing aboui
the matter is that without studying
the subject many southern peoph
adopt these views and think that it i:
a misfortune to-thc south for cottoi
to command high prices. Only ^es
terday a prominent southern banke
said to me; "I hope these high price!
of cotton will not last longer that
this year, for if .they ; do* the southon
mills will not:rmake-so muot>/j?8ftoy
lt ls doubtless true that with higl
prices the mills wouldn't make sud
arge protits and no one more hlghl]
appreciates than 1 do the magnilicen
work of the mill interests pf the soutl
i rf the development o'f this section ii
che creatior of employment for hith
orto idle people and in every go^i
work that tends to thc upbuilding ?
the whole south. But suppose higl
price cotton should cause a net'de
cline of ? per cent in the earnings o
all cotton mill capital in the soutl
the aggregate decrease would he say
$10',000,000 to $12,000,003, as there (j
now about $175,000,000 to $200,000,
000 invested; in southern mills tho?gl
even this might not corot true, as th
mills might be able to so.adjust thei
operations as to avoid any decrease
On tlie other hand an advance t
even 1 cent a pound in the raw stapl
would mean an additional profit to th
growers and thus to thc south of $f>0.
000.000 to $(50,000,000, which wool
.several times over offset the decline i
For the last ten years we have bc
come so accustomed to low prices fe
cotton that weare apt to forget tba
for nearly a hundred years the worl
took our cotton atan average of hedi
ly 10 cents a pound. From 1800 t
1840 cotton prices ranged from 44c
pound down to 1 .'tc, thc latter, bein
the lowest New York average for an
year in that period. About 184
prices declined and in 1841-43 the a\
cragc New York price was 5.0 cents
pound, the lowest average on recort
Brices continued low for several vean
but gradually advanced and from ll
10 to 1800 they averaged about 11 t
12 cents a pound. Thc crop of 18f
of 4,800,000 bales brought an averaj!
of ll cents and yet af ter nearly ha
a century, with tlie enormous ad vane
In population, wealth and consumln
power, crops of only a little more tba
double that have sold as low as (J an
7 cents a pound; and from that gradi
ally advancing to something over
cents. And this year a Wcracndoi
effort is being made to beat down tl
price to 9 cents or less. Judged b
tlie increase in the world's consum?
tive requirements, cotton should n<
this year only but in all years, unie
there should be some temporary grei
over-production, sell as high as tl
general average of thc last nunan
years and that would bo over 10 cen
OUKAT FKOS^FJtVTY,. WILL. FOLLOW.
: Let the so?t'?' f?r'?ve.or slx'year?:
get/??c??ts for; itscbtton and ?u farm
and ia factory, in village and lo city,
thora would be unhoundod prosperity.
The farmer ?nd the farm laborer
would no longer . be forced to econo
mize aii during t?ho\. las?;.tea ??ars of
low prices. Ttie ma??f?ct?rei-of cot
ton goods as well as of all other!goods
would find a ^better market for,, h.'-.
wares*t'tjbe Jba'nk.?r and;, the merchant
would,'belmore prosperous, the tide bf
immigration 'which' always, by" s?me
natural law, iseeks a . country, which
lB<prosperlfag7 would; be; turned; this
way and new population and dew. cap
jtaljwpuld. be. poured into* the south,
as tnpjf w?rfelfitolih? gr?atrw?sttw?ri
W-lv?? years feo 'when th?tf s?bt??h*
become:the'cMter of-;activjty?for the
suYpTUsyen?rgy and c?pit?Yof Europe,
and America. Then letAtlie. sou^h
cease to join bands with jit?ds;e:wilose
interests in?ko them Selfishly 'cry
down the prlce'bf cotton, who seek to
false a great bugaboo of the few bales
of cotton^ which the English and "the
continental spinners succeed., in pro
ducing in their fuuie- efforts -to force
cotton growing In other countries,
aneV;lgt'.iVhe Bouth, by proper handbjog
and. m'af ketlng.icompel ?j the fbdyer to
seek the cotton at a fair price rather
than that .we should begT:him; to take
our jjrea staple .at. any price which
suits'his good pleasure. ' V,'
This is not visionary, it is plain,
common .sense and }eventually -j.be',
south; will ..cease .to beL f rlghte?eof at
the cry bf over-production when there
is UQ.over;productIon,. jind at the^el-.
'sbora'to^jress disH^lre?'-jv and 'g^y??n-'
mentjfep?'rts ryicbut every tithe some
foreign organisiation resolves to.'try:tb
raise 'more^?btbn in the . heart of-Af>
rica..4iAfter.a while it may cease to
pay attention* even to the- utterances
of a member of,ttje ..cabinet .who, in
an-entirely- unj??bl??dM Interview,.at
tempos, a?. .Secretary Wilson lately
dia;"*to b'r?ak: down tbe.pride of . cot
ton.lt was possible to give even a
forecdst-'of the " chances of the new
crop. . is'.t.y.
I have never bought, sold or raised
ha bale of cotton in my life except
' once, and that was many years ago,
and so I haye no"^personal Interest to
serve, as have many bf the so-called
authorities who constantly, put forth
their predlct?on?.'??" ft*the future of
My own business interests-bring me
in touch with; manufacturers .more
than with the farmers,. but that docs
not make me b'?il?ve, as many manu
facturers do, that low prices are bene
licial to the south. -By Richard ll.
Edmonds, Editor Manufacturer's Re
HOW ROADS ARE WORKED.
Extracts from no Essay; bv the Lato
DhV the reader ever see a group of
rustic road builders working out its
road tax? When, a community desire?
a church built, it secures an architect
and builder, who may have had ex
perience. When a road is wanted the
com.raunlty; builds lt itself. As the
merciful man is merciful to bis beast,
a good way to serve God, do good to
the dumb brute and molify the terrors
of profanity would be to make ;rbads
with some sort of system, inBtead of
making mudpies at a dollar a .day,
annually pulling back the same old
dirt in Hie..same old hole. R
-jWhy should a self-made ^road
master, wi til a whisk-broom beard and
patt tait-.> w Vi? .y*-- ' '------7
his breastbone hores a -hole in the
'roald??fprv.time he sfts down to think
'?y^ l^gljrfeitiiat Chat he can .boilld a
pe"rm'ane*ntr^hlghway? When :X was
a youth and had to work on the farm,
working out my father's road tax was
the only ?relaxation 1 had. It is thc
only green'spot' In my agricultural
memory. It was there I met, each
year, other tjright young minds, and
learned "for the first time that-the
earth ls round like a ball and that
.Itbjs, composed of land and water,
which, wheu united, make the av
erage American road.
A good highway leading to town is
of more-value to thevJdrmdf Viban a
bloodless and heartless railroad operat
ed by-noh-r?S'ldents, who make fuu of
the farmer J fj<)m a safe distance,>Uo
over, his milch .cow aha* set fire to his
crop. '..Fclio'w. farmers, let us think pf
thetifeJmings, and no longer haul our
produce over the paths laid for us by
the racoon' and the. Indian. Let us
risc and throw off the fetters that
mark the years of barbarism, and no
longer seek to patch'" up an old war
path with Meeting clay.
r*v^?fV. should' we .whistle ub'a.vfhole
dry goods box in the''discussionbf the
silver question, when it will not make
twe(nty cents difference with us one
^wayv or 'the other; while :; eV^py-fence
corner contains the bleaching bones
of a descrcpit and per maturely broken
downt wagon or a debbi tated horse.
There is no quicker way to get at the
jiurplus. AQd spread lt among the work
ing class?s than to put it into good
roads. Let some of tbese old, tired
statesmen, who have become anaemic
and sporadic from breathing the
"iViatea- \iUr of legislation, go home
.and .-rub the ?niuiB??d ?urns of their
grand -children, (whihl '?younger, men,
I with j> "nhit.!""* 'i"11*? ".ctrtSmselves y and
t)1P,.. fellows, introduce a few modern
methods among a long suffering peo
ple. We h?<?c! got. war vessels enough,
now let us encourage, tb? 'arte-of
POSSE IN A FIGHT.
Three Negroes Killed in Ugly Clash
Near Now Orleans.
In an encounter between a band of
negroes, lcd by bad white men and a
constaBlc's'posse, three negroes have
been killed and seven or eight wound
ed in the rear of the Pecan Grove
plantation in St. Charles parish neat
New Orleans. None of thc posse were
hurt. The surviving negrocsand theil
white leader, Pat McGee, are In the
swamps and are being searohed for.
Further trouble is fear?di V,
McGee and the negroes have been
working for the Mississippi Valle*
railway. Several days ago.complaint
was lodged against some of them that
they had contracted debts and refused
to'pay. Charges were'made and Con
stable Songy went out to nco tho ne
groes. On his way he met John Hinds,
thc.negro assistant of McGee, who
covered him with a shotgun and com
manded him to keep away from the
Songy returned to St. Rose and or
ganized a posse. Near the camp the
posse encountered eighteen of the ne
groes and McGee, all heavily armed.
Moth parties concealed themselves in
high weeds and a battle of twenty
minutes resulted. Tho negroes and
McGee finally lost nerve and lied.
The bodies of three of the negroes
(Were picked up when the smoko had
cleared away. Soven of the negroes
aro said to have been wounded. ,
Tho Present Alone is Ours.
There's but'one word upon the face^pf
. Tlme^/>*v; j?: ? ?<
. That word ?s "Now,^ -
Heed it'bofore you-hear Life's evening
r ? chime,::' - -'v/:. '.' :. '." I
K . \') : -Your head to bow;
And, .with a gemless crown, at Fail
1 ure's shrine,
' :'. " Ask God to; raise . . wv ?
The',ourtairr'-'twixt: the hope that
j seems'1 divine
And misspent days.
.'..??'wV ls the cr 's of man's clrcum
: stance-^ i Y/; i '
His Hie, his all;
The trial of his fortitude-his chance
, 2~ To rise'or fall.'
%'ho column waits, the bid flag floats
But soon the suri, ~
Will count a day lost,; and .in,sadness
''Nobattle won.'V;. vA
?Thepotter's clay is in thy hands to
An angel's face
Why-leave it, idly, to turn crude.and
; cold, . ? '?'?'
And lose its grace?
The mountain beckons from its wooded
"-[..""Come unto mer"
iThe-Vlver wltispers, "Ah, my strug
Tho. desert calls for water, that a
May raise its head;
Arid soieuce pleads,-her resurrection
To leave the dtad.
Great Now, while yet we sing, you
In raystio air,
1 ?utfrom'tbe sunshine of the glad to
.Op, oh. to where.
Tomorrow, youth's bright harbinger,
; still thrives
'T will never be;'.-. .
If man should have .a hundred thous
lanaMffes; ...:- . - -
\ He'll rind inthec
? The power that made the lilly first
Her wealth of white. ...
HOW ZACH CAMS TO COLLEGE
A Little Book That Every Boy Should
Bead and Study.
The Spartanburg JourOBI says: "A
prophet is not without honor save lo
his own country." And it ls some
what against the human bent to give
to the efforts of those we know, whose
personalities and individuality have'
become familiar from everyday asso
ciation, whom we know to be men or
women of flesh and blood, perreotly
human like ourselves, that favorable
consideration we are inclined to give
to the effo.rts of those who are only
known to us hy those efforts, those
products of their higher self and purer
skill. Despite this w? cannot but
commend, praise and endorse thc r?
sultai Prof. John G. Clinkscale*1 re
cent literary 'efforts entitled "3ow
Zach Came'to College," the perusal of
which has proven a pleasure indeed,
and a source of edification, the real ex
tent of which was not fully expected.
The story ls by a Spartanburg man,
and it deals with people whom we see
every day -with a lime many of us can
remember; ls ?la .redolent with local
coloring; and'?bove^all it ls true to
facts and nature and 'yet contains that
effusion and poetic construction that
ls tjhe story teller's art/
It tellsof ?Vbig, gruff, rougrurioun
--cUt?hitifr' Inspiration i-f rom a
chance glance a^'a'Wotro?d'cAmmence'-l'
men t. and determining on a college ca
reer'.''He declared..that, he would
speak up thar ope o' these days," ahd
true enough he did, though, ta breach
tho chasm between him ano} the com
mencement rostrum, he was compell
ed to perform.meit arduous agricultu
ral tasks by^dayVaud -Qy the light of
the) moon, to search - for the cunning
'bosSum" the evasi ve; . coop and the
honeyed "bee tree," . Above all he
had to fdrego Ids marriage; and as he
climbed the intellectual summit, he
had to take his untutored bethrothed
along with him so that she would be
capable of understanding and enjoy
ing with bim his mental advance
ment.- He persued his course despite
the fact that enlightenment caused
him. to see more clearly the faults of
hisneighbois; and having that rugged
honesty bred into him by his guod
Old mother and his beloved Bible, he
opposed some of these faults and had
The local evil he combatted most
was the clandestine manufacture of
spirits away from the guiding hand of
?ncle Sam. In intellect and physi
que; he-'-reigned among his mountain
companions, ne dethroned by his
eloquence the demagogic politician
and during his last year at college
"pulled down" the strongest man of
the county, and wound up by thrash
ing the recognized "bully" of Ruther
fordton County. He -at.last spoke
from "up thar" and was loudly, ap
plauded fur his eloquence. He mar
ried lits first love and settled down
and became a Baptist minister.
lt is a good story well told. As you
read it you can see the towering
mountain with the patch of corn by
Its side, hear the bark of- "Towser"
as he pursues his object in the distant
wood, see the mountain schooner"
wend its way, drawn by stalwart ox
en, along thc rugged road lo the val
ley:- It ls a good book, inspiring,
helpful and interesting and no Spar
tan who reveres the days of old, and
noone who loves character sketching
true to life, and no one who believes
that a college education ls not In thc
reach of all, should fail to read it.
Studying Our Methods.
Blozo Abe of Osaka, Japan spent
Wednesday In Charleston studying thc
methods of handling cotton and thc
classi fl cation t)f the staple. Mr. Abe
is engaged in the manufacture of
cloth in Japan and he is in the United
States for the purpose of informing
himself on matters, connected with
the Industry. He spent some time in
New York and is now traveling
through the south, visiting the cotton
fields and thc ports. He is much "
terestcd In'the harvesting and ginning
of cotton and in fact in thc entire
handling of the crop from the time
that it ls taken from the boll until lt I
ls woven into yarn and cloth. Japan
manufactures considerable cloth, be
stated and also imports sufllcient cot
ton to bo able to export it In turn to j
China. His investigations of the j
methods of shipping cotton and hand
ling it generally will bo put to use |
upon his return to Japan.
Plvo Mon Drowned.
A skiff, containing five Hungarian
laborers, was swept over the Spring
dale dam near Colfax Station Pa.,
during carly morning fog, and four of |
tho occupants were drowned,
heavy fog prevented them seeing the I
proximity to the dam until the swirl |
caught ino boataud carried it over.
Rebuking tho President. .
S\ President '-Roosevelt baa doub??ss
learned by;, thiB time that1 there oro
many people in tho United States
who have not forgotten General Mo?:
CleUari :i? he has.-?.'? 'Soirie. of tho
Speeches delivered at the "Antietam
celebration ' by Now York vetoruns,
hold at Brooklyn; maybe interpreted
as a somewhat bitter rebuke to Mr.
Roosevelt'.' Gen. Horatio C. King,
speaking- on that- oectision, said:
"The Union annies had met with
defeat,-!' After the battle of Bull Run
they wore thoroughly disorganized/
and cunio to Washington hatless,
shoeless and w'.tk their gunB thrown
aside. "The people bael lost confi
dence in the generals. After re
peated '.disasters lhere .was only
one man to whom tho people looked
for tho preservation of 'tho Uni?n,
and.he was in Washington when the
whipped armies came there. "The
great pr?sident, Abraham Lincoln;
realized this, and went from the
White, house -to tito residence of
General McClellan to ask him to tnke
command of tho armies. He was
never . really relieved of command.
In twenty-four hours the disorder in
the armies was over, and McClellan
took that, previously demoralized
army, equipping them on the way,
and in six weeks fought ono of the
greatest battles in tho great struggle,
sending back across the Maryland
lino General Robert E. Lee and his
confederate army. Such a battlo
between other nations would'haye
ended a war, but the contestants
were of the same blood, .equally
heroic and convinced of tho causo
for which they were fighting." Gen.
Kiug'B speech was roundly cheered
by the veterans who Heard it. ..We
agree with him that Gen. McClellan
was a great general, one of tho best
developed on either side during the
civil war. He will live in history
when the men who try to belittle him
Hanna ls Worried.
Tho Ohio campaign is becoming
more interesting every day." A New
York paper attributes to Senator
Hanna tho admission that the Re
publican nominee for governor is to
have "no such" iii his contest against
Tom L. Johnson, the Democratic
nominee. The Johnstown, . Pa.,
Democrat describes the situation in
an interesting way when it" says:
"The Republican and the reorganizer \
papGrs are full of Ohio political stuff
antagonistic to Tom L. Johnson, the
Chicago Chronicle leading with
lurid tales of Democratic revolt and
of Republican jubilation. Perhaps
tho wish is father to the thought.
But then it is remembered that when
ho was running for congress the first
time it was confidently claimed that,
the workingmen wouldn't touch him
with a 40-foot pole and that there
fore he would never come in sight of
tho wire. The samo representations
were made when he came out for
mayor. All the Republican papers
and all tho pluto-democratie organs
declared him tobe impossible. But
somehow he Avon out all right and he
won out again and again each time
by a more sweeping majority. May
he. not fool his enemies again? May
he not provo as potent in the state as
he has shown himself to be in Cleve
land and in ?uyahoga? Of course
Bernard is against him in Hamilton
county. - But he was against him be
fore. He has always been against
anybody who was a real Democrat
and if beean combine with Republi
can Boss Cox so as to throw Hamil
ton county over to_ Herrick the Re
publican candidato" there isn't the
slightest doubt that ho will do it."
Tom Johnson may bo defeated, but
ho is certainly giving Mark Hanna a
great deal of uneasiness. In fact
thc old boss boodler seems to have a
Republican papers have had much
to say concerning lawlessness in
Breathitt county, Kentucky. Not long
ago Curtis ?lett was tried aud convict
ed oh tho charge of assassinating At
torney Marcum, .lett was sentenced
to lifo imprisonment. Later Jett
was placed on trial on the charge
of killing Thomas Cockrill, whote
assassination occurred several years
ago and long prior to the killing of
Marcum. Tn the Cockrill cas? Jett
was found guilty and sontenced to
death. The Commoner says '"accept:
ing then, the verdict, in both sf these
cases as having been rendered in ac
cordance with the law and the evi
dence, it seems that Kentucky, to this
extent, at least, has redeemed itself.
Would it not bc well now for some of
these republican papers to devote
their attention to tho state of Indiana,
which state, because of tho conduct
of its republican authorities, ia in
need of a little wholesome work along
tho r?demption line? William S.
Taylor, former governor of Kentucky,
is now given protection by the re
publican officials in the state of In
diana. Taylor is charged with hav
ing taken part in tho assassination of
tho late Governor Goeble, and al
though thc governor of Kentucky
has rependly called upon tho repub
lican governor of indiana to surrend
er Taylor of thc Kentucky authorities,
the Indiana governor has refused lo
A New Slander. '..
"Summer vacations and winter
trips to the South," says Secretary
Stuart of thc New York State Health
Hoard, aro fruitful sources of typhoid
fever epidemic." Following out this
theory, ho intimates that -condition
in the South during mid winter aro
such that every tourist takes in tho
gorm, cultivates it for a good long
period, and then scatters it after re
turning home. Naturally, tho health
authorities aro inclined to take issue
wit h Secretary Stuart. His statement
is characterized as a wild fancy, to
which there' is not the least founda
tion, and indeed, several eminent
medical mon have said it was duo to
sectional feeling. We doubt that,
however. It requires too much strain
ing to believe anything like that, for
tho charge was evidently made by a
man who was ignorant. Dr. Brunner,
of Georgia, believes that in evey com
munity where typhoid fever is epi
demic tho trouble ia due to local con
ditions, and not to germs gathorcd
ot Palm Beach or St. Augustine. It
Geo ?. Wagener, Pres. Geo Y Coleman* VicePr?s.y:??^-J?a^?t^f/.&i; Treas
Successor to'O. P~.-J?oppenheIra>
;.'; 303 KING STREET, '?% - - : - - ; CIIARLRSTON, S C
TUE ANSWER TO THE
COUNTRY GIVE CHARLESTON HER ENTIRE TRADE IS, BECAUSE
THEY^DO NOT KNOW CHARLESTON HAS THIS! G HEAT. ADVAN*
TAGE OVER HER COMPETITORS. ALL YOU HAVE'TO JJQilfcgfflff
COMPARE RATES. . ; ir,
From NEW YORK, N. Y, . I*KB. 100 I?BS. ./ >
TO 1 2 3 4 5 6
CHARLESTON, S 0 . ' . . 60 40 34 28 23 17
Will tho up-country buy from Charleston if they sell cueap?rVth?ri ^tlio
pitido? . . . .
^fe . FOR YOUR; QRDER5
12o p?i i?O lbs.
CdLUMBiA LUMBER ? MFC. CO;
T HE (jr qiGN lt AD BRICK Wo? M??
COLUMBIA, S. C.
Building and Re-Pressed. Brick. Special shapes to or l i-. '?[ i ? ."? >' C\
ra Cotta Flue Linings. Prepared tn lill ordcr-T for tlnSiH i Vh-ir ' ? . t
Prepare yourselves to meet the demand for Stenographers'? typewriters-': ,
and bookkeepers. Write for catalogue of .
MACE KAT'S BUSINESS COLLEGE. Columbia, S. O. ,
W. H. ?Kacfeat, ofllcial Court Stenographer. .President.
Aie Yon Coming to the State Fair.
If you come we want you to call in at our Handsome Store and make our
acquaintance. You can have yoQr mail sent yon,in our care, and .whim. in the j
City we will take caro of your.packages.
Tlie State Fair officials promise'to have this year the biggest Fair on record
and the City of Columbia Will dohershare ih providing amusements: '^DouV
forget the dates, Oct. 20, 27, 28, 29.
P. H. LACHICOTTE & CO., Jewelers.
1424 Main Ht ? ?? COLUMBIA,-SC
Founded in 1850. - Graduates 4,453
Write for Free .Cat alogue of t he <*
MEDICAL DEPARTMENT UNIVERSITY OF NASHVILLE.
Curriculum included twenty-three lecture courses, each followed by a
thorough review quiz; seven laboratory courses, and three hours' of elinical
work daily. New building elaborately eqlpped .with modern apparatus and
appliances. Tuition $05.00. Address, J. DILLARD J ACOHS, M.. D., Sec.,. iiY.:
641 South Market St., Nashville, Tenn:
JDI lOJV FANCY SHAPES;
LARGE STOCK PROMFP SHIPMENTS
GEORGIA-C A ROLINA BRICK CO.,
Howard H. Stafford, President.
WRITE FOR PRICES.* AUGUSTA, GA.
G. A. GUIGNARD, Pres. G. A. ATKINSON, Sec. & Tres.:
JTHR COLUMBIA STTPPLY CO.,
will be glad to answer and correspondence of any person using Machinery, We
carry 3 grades of Rubber Belting. 3 grades of Leather any Gandy Bolt. Also'
Wood Pulleys, Pipe Fitting, Valves, Shafting, Hangers, Rolll/ng and every
thing else in the supply line. You save money by writing or calling on us.
COLUMBIA SUPPLY CO., Columbia, S. O.
Whiskey I Morphine I Cigarette . I All.Drug and Tobacco
' Habit, I Habit j Habit | . Habits.
Cured.by JCeele^y Institute, o? <C:
1329 Lady St. (or P. O. Box 75) Columbia, S. O. Confidential correspond-;
Lime, Cement;, Plaster.
Terra Cotta Pipe, Roofing Paper, Car lots, small lots, write,
Carolina, Portland Cement (Jo.*, Charleston, b. C.
onay he, aa the Greenville News says,
from which papor we clip the above,
that Secretary Stuart is running a ! rewni? v e
press bureau for some other winter ' --r' 1
resort as a side line.
Wilson's Freckle Cor?.
Liattor Day Proverbs.
The coan of real force doesn's -have
to resort to loud talking.
Gossip often Qnds listeners among
the most refined.
The mao who runs' and reads, re
llects little and digests less.
We generally, pay for the interest
we have in this life. .-.
Some people who cao?t do anything
else amuse themselves . and disgust
others by. kicking.
.Many a bright man has put out his
When we begin to look behind"us we
are prone to go backward.
Few make light of the deeds they
do in darkness.
If you would advance, look well
An idle word has cost many a penny.
also as a
Money r e
fails. Price /-?
60c. , Trial /fi* _
If not sold by vour druggist, write
I. R. WILSON & CO, i A
. Ai- ' Charleston, 8. C.
1854. ' - ? . - lf>02-'03;
GREEN YULE FEMALE COL LEGE.
Greenv'lle, S. C.
Gamblers Must Go.
The State says 'several houses in
Chicago have tacked up printed
notices warning their employees
against visiting gambling . bouses
whether through curiosity pr desire
to play. They also drew the line on
betting upon horse races, ball "games
or anything of the kind. ' These
notices have been' posted because the
gambling habit is said to-be greatly
on the increase. This increase of the
betting habit is not confined to
?Chicago. The introduction of slot
machines, pool rooms, athletic sports
and glove contests have all tended to
break down a former public sentiment
against- betting, and even small boys
are found laying wagers with all the
aplomb that characterizes professional
flanged Him Twice.
A grewsorae spectacle was witnessed
at Birmingham Ala., Thursday when
Felix Hall, colored, was hanged for thc
murder of Norwood Clark, . whipe.
When the drop fell the rope slipped
I and the condemned man hung for ten
minutes, only half choking, lie wa3
hauled up and the rope re-adjusted.
This time the fall broke, his neck."
Hall's last act was to write a declara
tion of innocence.
CoBege ol highest grade. < Degree
courses and specials. Faculty of 18.'
Greatly Improved- equipment. Pure
mountain water. Climate rarely,
equalled. For catalogue andVtorms
write E. C. JAMIES", LITT.'D.,'Pres.
The Great Teated Humedy for the speedy
[ and perm anett t c ure o? Scrofula, Rheuma
j ii.m, Catarrh, Ulcers, Eczema, Sores, Erup
tions, Weakness, Nervousness, and al!
BLOOD AND SKIN DISEASES.
lt is by lar the best building up Tonic and
Blood Purifier ever offered io the world. It
male<r. new, rich blood, (mparts renewed vi
tality, and possesses almost miraculous
healing properties. Write "for Book of Won
derful Cures, sent (ree on application.
If not kept by your local druggist, send
.co for a large bottle, or $5.00 for six bottles,
' and medicine will be sent, freight paid, by
BLOOP BALM CO,, ?tisati?, ?a. "
Mullet! Mullet! Mullet!
J and all kinds of Fresh and Salt Water
tish and oysters. If you are dealing In
Fresh Fish or intend to deal in them
write for prices and send your ordrs to
TERRY FISH CO., Charleston. S. O.
or COLUMBIA. FISH ? & JOE CO
Columbia S. C. We ship only fresh
caught ilsh and our prices are as low
as they can be sold at. Write us.
Try us, and be convinced
The duality, Terms and Prices wjli
! please. "- - .'.
Call or write .
I Malone's Music House,
Established 1884. Opposite Y M O A?
* "... COLUMBIA, S. C.
avcBother. -, ' I
If yon ?rn not "'?*. -"d .vant to !?..>* inn
. rr th ?bon, your
lr miilo, sena tor my
fr?e booklet.-- HIUI sell
Wo. ], Nervous Debili
ty (Sexual V* eaknosa),
No. 2. Vancocelo, No.
C. 8 trtbtu re, No. 4. Kid
ney and madder Com
plaints. No. 6, Disease
of Women, No. 8. The
Poleon King (Blood
Poison), No. 7, Ca
tarrh. These books
h h on. d ba In the hands
ot ?very person aflllot
cd. rvs Dr. Hathaway,
tbs author, la recorf
ntied aa the beat au
thority and expert In
the United Statea on
, nn. HATHAWAY. thesedlseaaoa. Write
or send for the book y MI want to-day, and ll
will lie aent you free, scaled. Address j. New
ton Hathaway, M D
88 Inman Building 221 S. Broa'i St
Buy your Paints, Oils, Var
nishes, ?.nd Brushes, Sash,.
Do DIS, and Blinds from -
I SHAND BUILDERS SUPPLY CO.,,,-,
015 Plain St Columbia, S ?3
CHA RLES. C. LESLIET*"''"*
-Wholesale Dealers in
l^isU nd Oysttirgil";"
8 &20 Market St.. Charleston, S: C.
Consignments of Country Produce
are Respectfully Solicited, Poultry,,
Fish packed in barrels and boxes ito
country trado a specialty.
Why Do We De?
Vital statistics class! He'd shows tho
respiratory organs to be the feeble point
in man. Diseases of the lungs are out
of all proportion in fat all ty..-,; Take
Taylor's Cherokee Remedy -of Sweet
Gum and Mullein for coughs, colds and
consumption. At Druggists, 25o per