Newspaper Page Text
Practiced .'a Macedonia by the Turka
; on the Chrbitians. ; :
<0> . --- '
t HARDSHIPS THEY XTNDERQO.
-Tho .Christian Subjects of tho Sul
tan BcBhlos Boing Inhumanly
Treated Must Pay.Exorr
The Rev. Dr. Malcom Maccoll, dean
of Ripon, In England, made some
blood curdling charges against the
Turk in a recent Berraon preached by
him at St. Mark's. Marylebone Road,
London, and reported in "The Church
Times."" Among .otherx things the
Now, let me try to give you an diea
of what that tyranny under which the
Christian subjects of the Sultan groan
is and always has been; and let mo beg
you tb understand that in what I am
now going to say 1 do not exaggerate
one a toni of their misery. Every state
ment I make, you may take lt from
.me, is an understatement of the facts.
Ido not base my allegations on the
tales of travelers. I base every asser
tion which I am now about to make
an authentic documents. 1 have read,
I believe, without exception, every re
port of the british consuls in every
part of Turkey from the year 1844
till now, and also every account given
of tho condition of the Christians of
the Turkish empire by british ambas
sadors in Constantinople, and with
these I have compared the consular
reports of France, Italy and Austria
and the dispatches of these ambassa
dors. 1 do not make a single assertion
beyond these authentic documents,
and in what I am going to say about
the permanent law of Turkey, as ol
every other Musso lu man state which
wields independent sway. 1 take my
facts from the taxtbooks of the law ol
The tirst point is this, that the
Christian subjects of the sultan-and,
remember when I speak of the Chris
tian subjects of the sultan you must
draw a clear distinction between
Christians who are living in Tm key as
subjects of other powers and Chris
tians who are subject to the sultan.
A:i the nations of Christendom have
so little confidence in the honest)
and justice of thc Turkish goverment
that they have their own consular
jurisdiction and their own postotllccs
in Turkey. British subjects, or the
subjects of any other Christian power,
are not under the rule of the courts ol
justice in Turkey. They are under
the consular jurisdiction of their own
country. The Christian subjects of
thc sultan, who are the descendants
of those Christians whom the sultans
conquered long ago, have no rights at
all, but such as those which 1 am
about to describe to you. In thc tirst
place, it is against the law of Turkej
for a Christian subject to the sultan
to carry any arm, cither a dagger or a
pistol. Again, no Christian subject
can give evidence In a court of justice
against a Mussulman. The evidence
of Christians is not admissible against
Mussulmans in any part of thc Turk
ish empire. Thc result is this--that
109 or 1,000 witnesses who may bt
Christlan subjects of the sultan may
see a woman ill used, carried off by
force into the house of a Turk, or
slain, or relatives trying to rescue her
slain, and they cannot prove the crime
because, though there may be a thous
and creditable witnesses, their evi
dence is not available against a
Mussulman, and no Mussulman will
give evidence against a coreligioust in
favor of a Christian.
Again, every Christian in Turkey ti
llable to a pull tax; that is to say.
every Christian in Turkey is liable to
pay a tax for permission to live during
that year. If thc tax ls not paid at
the end of the year, his life is forfeit.
The law is universal, though not al
ways put in force. And let me say
this when talking about the Christians
not being permitted to carry arms.
Though thc Christians are not allow
ed to possess any arms, and therefore
are not admitted into the army or
gendarmeri of Turkey, every male
Christian, from the time lie is titree
months old, Is obliged to pay a tax
for immunity from military service.
He is not allowed to he a soldier, bul
he is obliged to pay a tax for not serv
ing in the army or gendarmeri. The
taxes of which 1 am speaking now an
the taxes which the Christian .subject
of the sultan pays in addition to the
taxes which the Mussulman pays in
common with him. All the taxes are
farmed out to .lews and ethers, and
the farmer of the taxes goes his
rounds, and he insists, as a rule, uponv
bribes in addition to thc legal tithe,
and when he does not get them, he
does not allow the harvest to he
gathered until the bribe is paid; and
during that time he and his retinue
of followers ure quartered on the In
habitants. The Christians also are
liable to force service whenever their
Mussulman landlord or goverment de
mands lt. Again, they are liable to
all kinds of personal insults and in
dignities. They are obliged to wear a
sombre dress, to distinguish them
from the Mussulmans, and they are
not allowed to bathe in the same pub
lie baths or to draw from the same
wells as the Mussulmans. They must
live in a separate quarter of the town
or village from the Mussulman. The
terms commonly applied to them, not
by a popular fanaticism, but in sober,
deliberate, olllcial documents, are
"dogs" and "hogs." Also in legal
and olllcial documents the death of a
Christian is called his "damnation,"
because the Mussulman believes that
a Christian at death is damned. Now,
I will quote one of the ordinary
olllcial burial certificates given the
Christian subjects of the sultan before
a member of thc family is allowed to
bo buried. I haye seen it, and I give,
you the literal words. They are these:
"To the priestof the Church of Mary:
This is to certify that the Impure,
putrid, stinking carcass of Zared,
damned yesterday, may bc concealed
Underground." That was given by
the judge of the district,, and it, is the
ordinary form o? sucli documents.
Consuls and british ambassadors have
protested against these insults, lint
Another tax and thc most cruel of
all, upon the Christians ol' Turkey is
the tax called Fazaldik, ironically
meaning the hospitality tax. Every
Christian householder throughout
Turkey is bound to give three days'
gratuitous hospitality to every Mus
sulman olllcial or government traveler
who asks for it, and olllcial is a very
elastic term in Tuskey. It includes
soldiers, includes police, who are
among the greatest scoundrels on this
earth; it Includes judges, inspectors
and so on. The Christian householder
is obliged to give three days' hospital
ity to these men and their followers.
They choose thc best houses in the
village or town and demand the best
rooms, and wheu tho shades of night
fall they order ; the men out of. the
house ahd haye rtb? ; women at their
mercy. .This rule la universal. Yolr
will Qnd it in tho reports-of consuls,,
and you may remember "that, during
tho Armenian horrors Of '1894-*95 the
leading he.wspapersjof this country,
"The Times" ; ?moug them, sent
special correspondents to Armenia to
report on the facts, and ' 'Tho Times's"
special correspondent asserted-and I
have quoted his words in a letter to
"The Times" newspaper itself a few
days ago-that af ter very minute and
careful investigation in a large district
of Armenia be found that there was
not a single Christian woman in the
district who had not been dishonored
before she was married. . Tbat Is the
condition of the Christians through
out the whole of the Turkish empire.
Let mo give you another example of
how this hospitality tax works. 1
now quote a correspondent of another
leading English newspaper, a paper
which is by no means unfavorable to
the Turkish government, but whose
writers and correspondents are honest
Englishmen who will tell the truth.
He was In a certain town in Turkey
which was inhabited by Christians.
An otllcer of police arrived ai.d de
mandud three days' gratuitous hospi
tality. All these villages and small
towns which are Christian have a
head man appointed by the sultan to
be responsible for the conduct and
taxes of the community. The officer
of police found that by the connivance
ol this man-at least so he suspected
-some of the most beautiful girls of
the place had been sent away before
bis arrival. What did he do? After
bc hud unsaddled his horse and sta
bled lt he ordered a Christian standing
by to bring the saddle out. It was
Christmas day. Tbe head man was
pretty well to do, and he was
dressed in his holiday attire. The
ollleor of police ordered him to kneel
in the mud. no bad the saddle put
on his back, and a bridle with a bit in
it put into his mouth, and he mount
ed him and rode him round the place,
taking care to ride him, in his best
clothes through all the puddles.and af
ter his ride forced grass Into his mouth
and compelled him, whip in hand, to
cat it like a beast.
Taking all the taxes together, the
amount of taxation that the Chris
tians pay is, according to tbe reports
of the consuls throughout all Turkey,
157 per cent. leaving them 3."J per cent,
of the produce of their labor and toil
to live upon, and, in addition to that,
they have to pay bribes, and in
some places their poverty is such that
in some families they have only two
or three suits ol' clothes between them,
and some of thc family are'oblighcd
to stay in the. house while the others
go about in the two or three suits that
remain for use. You hear people
sometimes speak of the toleration of
the Turkish government; kot rae
you what the toleration of the Turk
means. It is a crime for a Mussul
man, a crime punishable with death,
iii become a Christian, and lt ls a cap
ital crime for a Christian to convert
him. 11 is a crime also for a Chris
tian to dissuade a fellow Christian
from becoming a Mussulman. The
Christian subjects of the sultan are
not allowed to build any new places
of worship. They are allowed, gen
erally after paying bribes, to repair
the old religious buildings, which they
had when thc sultan took possession
of the country. They are allowed to
repair tin oid buildings, but not to
remove them beyond tho spot on
which they originally stood, nor to In
crease their dimensions; they must
not have bells to their places of wor
ship, and they must not sing loud
enough'to offend, thc ears of Mussul
lucu in the neighborhood.
1 mentioned just now that the
Christian;! are obliged to wear sombre
dresses to mark their degredation and
to distinguish them from their Mus
sulman neighbors. Let me relate, as
in example of bow that law is carried
out, an instance related from the capi
tal, of Uu'sina, now occupied by the
Austrians, when it was under the sul
tan's administration, lt is the report
of a ll ri tish consul named Holmcr,
published in one of the Blue Bouks.
lt describes a Christian wedding par
ty. The bride and bridegroom had
carelessly, and thoughtlessly dressed
in gay colors, in violation of the law
which condemns a Christian to wear
any but sombre and coarse clothes.
While the service was going on in
church, Mussulmans were seen to
gather round and to collect the fagots
near the church, and when the bridal
party came out they fell upon the
bridegroom and bride with their yata
ghans, or short swords, and hacked
them until half dead; then they took
their still living bodies and threw
them on the Ure, for which they had
prepared the fagots, and burned them
to death. That happened in the cap
ital of Bosina in 18(57, and is reported
hy a British consul.
THE RETAIL MERCHANTS.
They Meet inJColiimDiu and Form a
Thc organization of tile retail mer
chants of the State Into a permanent
organization took place in Columbia
last week. The convention adpoted
several important resolutions that are
of vital interest to the merchants of
the State, and no doubt much good
will be done by the Association.
The following officers were elected
at the close of the meeting Thursday
morning: J. IL Levy, president,
Sumter; W. J. Ducker, lirst vice presi
dent, Charleston; Marlon B. Leach,
second vice president, Greenville; J.
W. Powell, third vice precident, Co
lumbia; Walter Utsey, secretary, St.
George;. H. Busch, Jr., treasurer,
Aiken, S. C.
Committee on Credentials-W. n.
Smith, Columbia, chairman; A. B.
Moore, Abbeville; Joseph M. Walker,
Committer on Ways and Means
James Powell; Aiken, chairman; C.
Muller. Charleston; L. E. Williams,
Orangeburg; John Bratton, editor
Southern Merchant; G. O. Boag,
Committee on Resolutions-Walker
A. Utsey, St. George, chairman; J. II.
Levy, Sumter; J. W. Powell, Colum
bia; Marion B. Leach, Greenville.
A part of thc most important work
done by the Convention was thc adop
tion of the following resolutions:
Whereas, the statutes of South
Carolina relating to collections and
garnishments proceedings, and thc
judicial decisions proceedings, and the
judicial decisions under them have
become so complicated and contradic
tory that they have resulted increas
ing t/h;,t undesirable class, which, by
fraud ?-.nd deception, live off of honest
and industrious, making it utterly
impossible In the majority of cases for
retail merchants to collect their Just
Awful Conditions of 8o?Li?;Life.in the
City of Manila, . r '
AS BEEN BY A COLORED MAN. ;
Tho White People ?re Doing Them
selves and tho Poor Filipinos
? A Great and Xfast
Two years ago the Atlanta Consti
tution published from its special repre
sentative In the Philippine islands a
number of letters showing that dis
graceful conditions figured prominent
ly in the "benevolent assimilation" of
the Filipinos. The statements made
by the Constitution's correspondent
were bitterly criticise 1 by Republican
newspapers, but - just now it is the
Couetitution's time to laugh, if, In,
deed, anything connected with the
conditions in the Philippines may be
said to be properly productive of
T. Thomas Fortune, a negro lawyer
who was recently sent to the Philip
pines in the role of special commis
sioner, has written to the New York
Evening P ?st an inteiesting article in
which he touches upon social condi
tions in Manila. Fortune says:
"There are relatively Tew Ameri
can white women in the Philippine
islands. Those who are there have to
go away once every two years to re
new their life. The climate eats them
up. Where white women cannot live
permanently, white men will not.
"This pregnant fact is the parent of
many evils in the social life of the
Philippine islands, which are so glar
ing that they cannot escape the notice
of the most casual observer. Mar
riages between white American men
and Filjpino women are regarded with
as much horror as marriages between
blacks and whites In Tennessee. A
White chief ot bureau who married a
Filipino woman was 'shunned by his
associates and hounded by his superi
ors? so that he was glad to find seclu
sion in a common clerkship in another
department; but, being a competent
man, he gradually recovered his otb
cl?l position, but not his social po
sition. Just before I left Manila, in
May last, the local press was full ol
thc story of a Filipino woman who
was deserted by her American hus
band. The story was as follows: A
Filipino woman in one of thc pro
vinces married an American. They
lived together for some time. One day
the American told his wife he waa
compelled to go to India on business.
After his departure his wife became
.suspicious and followed him to Ma
nilla. She discovered that he had
taken passage on an army transport,
then lying in the harbor, hound for
the states. She appealed to the civil
authorities to prevent her husband
from deserting her, as the Manila
newspapers phrase it, but she was
told that they had no authority. She
then appealed to the military authori
ties, according to the local newspa
pers, and got a like answer. The poor
woman, deserted and heart-broken,
was standing on the shore as the
tra . '>rt swept out of the glorious
"But this sort of agony is avoided
in the main by not marrying and giv
ing in marriage. I was seated in the
third-story room of a house in the
Tondo district of Manila one after
noon in April last. The weather was
warm and sticky. All the windows
and doors in sight were wide open.
Across Ute way there was a row ot
two-story tenement houses, eleven In
number. My friend suddenly sail:
'There is a condition for you. Those
eleven houses are occupied by eleven
American men and eleven Filipino
women. Tue house on the extreme
left is occupied hy a colored Ameri
can, who is married to the Filipino
woman. The other ten houses are oc
cupied by ten white Americans, who
are not married to the Filipino wo
men. You will lind that all of these
men occupy subordinate positions in
the civil government. They are never
seen outside the house with these wo
men, and they leave them when the?
tire of them. The condition is a com
mon one herc and in the provinces,
and it is much to he regretted.' And
as 1 rambled about Manila, as I did all
the time that I was uot in the prov
inces, I found that the statement
made by my friend was substantially
lt ls fortunate for Fortune that he
ls not attached to the regular army,
else he might be court-martialed and
dismissed in disgrace. But as it is,
the Constitution says that "Fortune
has written only, what everybody
knows to be true but as truth of this
kind is not popular with President
Roosevelt and his party, he is not
likely now to lind thrust upon him
many inviations to stretch his legs
under the White house mahogany."
The Vienna Arbeiter Zeltung re
ports thc seizure of Armenian church
property a Badu and the killing of a
large number of Americans. The
soldiers tired ten volleys into a crowd
of men, women and children, killing
130. The Americans then took refuge
in a church, and bred ut the soldiers,
who thereupon stormed the building
and butchered all who were inside.
Tlie exact number is not known. Thc
old sexton was bayoneted as lie was
ringing an alaru bell. After the
light the soldiers bivoucacked in the
Killed by a Limb.
Capt John C. May, a planter, a
member of the hoard of curators of
Kentucky university and one of the
most prominent men in thc central
part of Kentucky, was killed
Wednesday night about 35 miles south
of Chattanooga. While climbing a
precipice of Lookout mountain a
heavy limb uf a tree fell, striking him
on tlie head and throwing him fiom
the bluff. Ile died before medical
assistance could reach him. He was
prospecting for coal.
A Brutal Attack
At Brooklyn, N. Y., with her face
and head streaming with blood from
a dozen gashes, Miss. Margaret Hunt,
prominent in social circules, hung des
perately to a negro highwayman Fri
day morning at Vanderbilt and Atlan
tic avenues. The police arrived just in
time to save her life.
Mullet! Mullet! Mullet!
and all kinds of Fresh and Salt, Water
fish and oysters. If you are dealing in
Fresli Fish ur intend tu deal In them
write for prices and send your ordrs to
TERRY FISH CO., Charleston, S. C.
or COLUMBIA FISH & ICE CO
Columbia S. C. We ship only fresli
caught lisli and our prices arc as low
as they can be sold at. Write us.
Try us, and be convinced.
MEN WHO ELECTROCUTES.
iA.Porson'ot Mystery. Hiia Put Heven:
ly-four Persons to- Death, -,
When he killed the Van Wormer
boya hr the state prison at Dannemora
lost, week State EleotrlcianvEd.wurd
F. Davis flhlBhed his seventy-fourth
execution by - electricity.Of these
seventy-one occurred in this Btate,
two in Massachusetts and one IQ .Ohio,
says the New-York Sun. .'
This man, who invented th?'eleotrlo
chair, owns the patents on it and ls
the only man who can be absolutely,!
depended upon to conduct an execu
tion without a bitch, is remarkable in;
other respects. ? ThuB, whenever he
goes he Hocks by himself. . He rarely
speaks to anybody unless he is spoken
to llrst and then he is found to be n
most affable person, more than anxious,
to talk about himself and li is. work.
He will cheerfully answer any ques
tion put to him, no matter how per
sonal it may be. T About bis work he
is absolutely cold blooded. He looks
upon an execution asa matter of busi
ness, nothing else. In this he re
minds one very much of little Joe
Atkinson,, the old Tombs hangman,
who was as cheerful an executioner as
one would care.to meet.
"My dear sir, 1 do not kill these
men," said Mr. Davis just after- tbe
Van Wormer execution tuan inquirer.
"The people of the state of New York
acting through a judge and jury, kill
them. I am simply the instrument
of the law. " I work the machinery by
which the State of New. York takes
the lives of murderers."? .?avis Is a
little gray-haired man of 6}. Ask a
New York politician who 1? the hard
est man to find in the city and he will
tell you Tim Sullivan. Ask a state
otlicial at Albany, especially Superin
tendent of Frisons Collins, who is the
hardest man in the state to lind and
he will tell you Davis.
Davis is a living mystery. He slips
from place to pince, never maintain
ing residence in a given locality for
any length of time and rarely letting
anybody know where he is. Every
once in a while be appears suddenly in
Albany, maps out his work for the
next few months, and then goes away
again, whither nobody knows. He
can be absolutely depended upon how
ever to put in-appearance at the state
prison where there is to be an execu
tion several days before it is time to
He goes right to the death chamber
and gets everything in readiness, and
after the execution he goes away as
silently and as mysteriously as he call.
The state prison pays Davis $160 for
each man be kills. It has tried re
peatedly to buy his patents, but he
will not sell. If he should die there
arc probably plenty of men who would
be able to work bis apparatus, but it
would be more or less an experiment,
even if an electrician willing to dc
the work could be found. Davis'
mysterious movements are attributed
by some to a fear of assassination.
Davis was asked about this receutly
and laughed heartily. He receives
many threatening letters, he said,
but he pays no attention to them.
The night before an execution Davit
goes to bed very early and leaves word
that every precaution is to be taker
not to have any noise around his room.
Ile sleeps like a top and wakes uj
bright and early. His works in tin
death chamber, outside of preparing
the apparatus, is very slight. li:
looks on while the keepers strap Mu
men in, then puts his brc^'f:--': . .?'?? -i
switch and turns on the current. He
never leaves the switch after the firs,!
shock until the man in the chair h
o ill ci al ly declared dead.
Very naturally some people have ar
aversion to Davis because he ls tin
state executioner. Far from being an
noyed by this, Davis ls rath?r amused
At a recent execution 'Davis took din
ncr at a hotel near the prison. M
Adolph Godot, a French physicist
refused to sit at the table with him
p,-efering to wait until he wa1
t hrough. Davis calmly ate his din
ncr, reading his paper the while, anc
then smoked two cigars while th?
hungry boarders waited for him to gel
away. Davis has no assistant. H<
docs bis work, alone, and unpleasant
as the work may seem, he certainly
does it well.
THE WINTER WILL BE COLD.
An Old Fashioned Sign Points t<
Very Severe Weather.
There is a good old fashioned "sign'
that tbe coming winter will be a se
vere one, twentieth . century omei
Iconoclasts to the contrary notwith
standing. Grandparents held firmlj
to the belief that where there was ?
suberabundance of fruits^ and nut)
Dame Nature's liberality was but tb<
display of wisdom in providing he;
children substance for the severe win
ter that was coming.
Another "sign" that has been no
tlceable for the past week or ten dayl
ls the unusually blood red sunsets
and even long after Old Sol has pull
j ed up his last tent tlap and the day li
done, the sky remains a glory of dcej
crimson which gradually fades awaj
before the silvery rays of the silver]
moon. These signs were all firmly be
lieved in by our fore-fathers. Tin
wild fruits and nuts are said to exisl
in great quantities this year. Ilene?
the winter should be an unusally hare
Farmers are getting to be so up-to
date that they come to lose faith ii
tbe signs that have been believed it
since the beginning of things. Belie
in the etllciency onthe ground hog ai
the forecaster of the weather, in tin
time honored gpose bone as an indica
tion of cold or mild weather, or in th?
sl/.e of the nut crop as signs of th?
sort of weather-mid or frigid-thal
is to distinguish the wintry season
had all been relegated to the depart
ment of tradition in ancient history.
Time was when the dweller alonj
the country side held himself to hil
oak tree or his chestnut grove or loo!
at his walnut or hickory trees -to gel
bis tip on thc weather probability
for the winter. If the crop uf au?riii
was large or the yield of nuts wai
great un the trees, the believer oi
such signs would smile to himself-il
he liad his oak and lightwood in anc
liked a cold winter -and said: !"M'm
we'll have a severe winter, plenty ol
frost." Nowadys all signs look alike
to bim. If the nut crops arc abun
dant, he's well satisfied; if they arc
scanty, he takes It philosophically:
but he no longer pins his faith to sucl:
things. The seasons have changed
lie, says, and you can't bank on any
A Ilig Job.
Editor Watterson of thc Louisville
Courier-Journal very emphatically de
dal rs that the Panama canal project
was nothing more nor less than a
gigantic Job from beginning to end,
by which 810,000,000 was to be divid
ed between French and American
HISTORY OF RECONSTRUCTION
Col. Farrow Will Write of South
It wdl be gratifying to know that]
? reliable- history of the Reconstruc
tion and redemption of South Caroll n
is being prepared whioh-wlll vindicate I
the Stateand let the world know what
our people had to endure under the
carpetbag rule. It will be seen from
the.- following l?ttl?r that Col. John
P.Thomas bas turned over the data]
he had colledtfed to Col. T. Stobo Far
row and urges those friends who were
assisting him In getting up data on I
the subject to turn said data over to |
CoK'Farrow and aid him in hts work.
Col: Thomas' letter follows:
Columbia, S. C;, Oct; 24, 1903.
Gol. T. Stobo Farrow", Columbia, S. C.
Urged by friends, 1 have been ar
ranging to write the history nf Recon
struction In South Carolina from 1805 |
to 1870-eleven baleful years, embrac
ing the times that tried men's souls
and women's hearts as the Confeder
ate, war never did. In that second
war-wherein the pen was the only
weapon that could be mad: effective
to redeem the State and save our
white civilization-I thank God that
nt* South Carolinian fought harder
ul more persistently tbun I with
v^ce and with peu as the records will
\nd I suppose that no survivor of
it war knows more than I of the
?cr and the outer spirit of that
v. liggle from which South Carolina
.^erged with the whiteness of ber
jl preserved. Hence I did contem
?ite writing a history which I hoped
t?. make the vindication and the Justl
C ation of a prustrate State, and the
g\bry, too. But Informed by you that
y?u have already made considerable
progress in said history and that you
propose to make yuur history of the
Reconstruction peri >d in South Car
olina thorough and comprehensive
and believing, furthermore, that yuu
arc well equipped for your work, I
hereby yield to you the held of upera
tlon In this matter. All the material
that I have bearing upon the subject
matter-including the bound files of
The Columbia Phoenix and Weekly
Gleaner and The South Carolinian
under my editorship from 1868 tu 1878
-I shall turn over to you, and I beg
all friends of mine, who had expecte
to aid me in furnishing the data o'
historic matter, to turn said data ovcr
With best wishes for the success of
your much needed patriotic volume, I
am, Yuurs sincerely,
Jno. P. Thumas.
Col. Farrow was a member of the
State Democratic Central club dunng
the campaign of 18ti8, uf which Gen.
Wade Hampton was the president, a
member of the State Democratic ex
ecutive committee which issued the
call for Stralghtout Democratic con
vention which nominated Hampton
and Simpson for governor and lieuten
ant governor, leading to the redemp
tion of the State in 1876; a member
of the State press from 1873 to 1883,
and chief clerk of the State senate
from 1877 to 1886. It will be seen
that. Col. Farrow has had unusual OD
portuuitteS for becoming familiar with
all the incidents of the Recunstruc
tion period and is peculiarly titted for
writing the history of the reconstruc
. j T?S "?LD HOBS" 8ALE. .
Tho Sad Story of Trunks Purchased
bv a Greenville Man.
' There is always mystery about the
contents of the sealed packages sold
at the "old boss sales." Frequently
the "sells" are two-fold, bringing in
comedy, but occasionally there h
pathos and life tragedies passed on In
the transfer at these unclaimed arti
At the last "old hoss" sale in Green
ville a prominent gentleman bid In
several wealther beaten trunks at a
nominal figure which had been ori
ginally consigned to Major Wood, U.
S. A., Aiken, S. O. This is not the
real hame, which, for obviousv rea
sons it is kindly courtesy to leave In
When the trunks were opened there
was reveah d a pathetic story. The
Major who had served his country well
and bravely for many years, had at
last succumbed to the mortal foe, con
sumption. He was granted a leave ol
absence and came south tu woo bach
health, but at Aiken he died. These
trunks were shipped to the Major, bul
did nut reach Aiken until after hh
One trunk was filled with a small
but very choice library of books, tin
subjects naturally dealing principal^
with war and warriors to the taste ol
the soldiers. Another trunks con
tained a number of relics, curios anc
small bits uf brlc-a-brace which hac
been gathered together during thc
travels of a man of education and
taste. Thc personal possesions, in
cluding the uniform and the sword
which had seen service in the late
war were the pathetic contents of an
ther trunk. It was a shipment ol
things so closely personal, things
which lt would seem so natural that
the family of any man might treasure,
'hlngs which loved ones would always
.'.sire to possess and keep in memory
I i the dead, that the gentlemen win
iurchased the trunks for the mere
freight was reluctant to retain them.
Ile wrote to the War Department and
told of his purchase and asked if he
could be put in communication with
tne family of the deceased Major Wood
with a view of restoring what was evi
dently lost property.
The answer came promptly, giving
thc address of the widow and laconi
cally adding, "Widow refused ship
ment unless War Department paid
freight." This was the tragedy. Thc
sad tragedy of a man who died alone,
whose cherished treasures had passed
Into thc hands of strangers, who car
ed only for tho intrinsic value. Love
less and alone, r.hn ?tory thc trunk?
told, 'a heartless woman whose vow?
were-no more than ashes tossed to the
winds was the story the ti links told.
Poor Major Wood, who can tell,
but all can guess what life held for
him whose wife was so nearly a pillar
of stone that even Death, the leveler
of all anger and hate, could not touch
thc heart of Hint.-Greenville News.
Millard Lice Hanged.
Millard Lee was hanged at Atlanta
Friday for tho murder of Miss Lila
May Suttles, May 20, 1002. Millard
Lee, a rejected suitor, killed Miss Sut
tles Just after tho minister had pro
nounced the benediction In a little
church at Ben Hill, a few miles from
Atlanta. Lee was captured after a
two days' search by passes. While
the case was pending In tho various
courts, Lee wus granted six respites
and his sanity was the subject of an
Recognized as the Leading and
Most Successful Specialist in
. His line in the United States.
'-A- .?? My euro for thlB disease ls
^TFIf.TlltrH no outtlntr?r danReronn st
VP ll iv? mi v? uai attention, andtreatlU
tlon and soreness ia allayed and tho canal hcaU
!?_._"_I_ Thin d(soaso ls tho enlai
WilPinnCGlfi the vitality. Itwoakena
uui luuuviu form certainty just as qu
any other disease, and their strength ls bellied
ed, and learn the causo ot your tcoUblc. He ml ii
RI find Poison kS?Viustwh?t?Sy
D1UUU I UI3UDI bones, falling halrft
I will tell you frankly whether or not you aro a
drug?, In os quick. If not quicker, time than any
will bc eradloated from tho system forever. Sci
Diseases of Women gs
to health thousands ot Bullering women. Bend
Chronic Diseases ??
ls equipped with tho most approved X-Ray and
Home Treatment S?
countries. Correspondence confidential.
THE FERTILIZER TRUST
Will Sqnoczo the farmers Next Year
Pour liol lars Per Ton.
Not sn t ? s ti od with the reports that
the Fertilizer Trust will raise the
price of its manufactured product
next year, leading farmers of Laurens
county have calle j a meeting at which
they will endeavor to suggest some
pian by which they will not be forced
to submit. Practically the entire
business is controlled by the trust.
When lt met witli financial dilliculties
two months ago the impression went
forth that in time..thc farmer would
have to make up the deticienoy, and if
what the Laurens pqople believe is
true that is exactly what will happen.
It is said that the rates will be in
creased about four dollars a ton,
which will cut deeply into the revenue
of the agricultural class and will en
tail hardships which will be unfortun
ate to say the least.
Eleven of the most prominent plant
ers in the county issued the call for
the meeting to be held on November
<5, and if they find that the old tariff j
will not be continued they will urge 1
their brethren of the held not to buy. j
It is not a boycott. Heretofore the
planters have been helpless. They
had every reason to express the most
genuine regret when all of the plants
in this and other States, with a few
exceptions, passed under the control
of the combine, and when the stock
was watered and thrown on the mar
ket every man with commou sense
; realized that speculators would try to
' get rich at the expense of the impov
erished element in the South. Among
other things- tile farmers say:
"We arc informed that this in
creased price is not based on any
claim that these concerns are going to
give us a higher grade of goods nor do
they rely upon the argument made
' upon the occasion of a former raise In
' prices, that it is on account of the
raise in the prices or cost of the mate
rial used iii the manufacture of their
goods, but solely on the ground that
; they are selling their goods too cheap.
; Now arc wc not already paying'a high
price lor guano? Would it not be bet
' ter to farm without guano than to
', nive more than we are already paying?
i Shall we sit idle and let these concerns
; go ahead and arbitrarily fix the price
! of everything we sell and everything
. we buy without even a mild protest ?"'
' In commenting on the proposed ac
. tion of the Laurens farmers the
, Greenville News says:
' "Thematter is of vital interest to
f every farmer in South Carolina. This
? year tiley are being paid more for
1 their cotton, but it will not help them j
I to any extent if they are required to
? give up cxhorbitant sums for fertiliz
I ers. Just how they can meet the cri
sis, should develop, is not an easy
problem, but if they unite, and will
! stand together, refusing to purchase
thc manufactured article at exeessiv
rates, the trust will lind that it can
1 not afford to squeeze when there are
' few planters to buy. lt may be that
i something practical will be suggested
> at the Laurens meeting, in which case
' it will doubtless meet with the hearty
? support and'co-operation of the mass
! cs on whom wc depend for our living.V
What is tile; farmers of Orangeburg
1 County going to do about the matter?
i Died Suddenly.
I At New York while being con
gratulated 'by a number of women
friends on her 25 th birthday at her
: temporary residence in Brooklyn, Miss
. Beatrice Rosenthal, the eldest daugh
ter of late Adolph Rosenthal, a
I wealthy jeweler of Charleston, S. C.,
'? uttered a cry and fell unconscious at
the feet of her well wishers, and
when medical aid arrived she was
dead. Two years ago Miss Rosenthal's
father died in Charleston, leaving his
> fortune to Hcatrlcc and her sister.
Why Do We D e?
Vital statistics classified shows the
respiratory organs to bethe feeble point
lu man. Diseases of the lungs ar? out
of all proportion in fatality. Take
Taylor's Cherokee Remedy of Sweet
Cum and Mullein for coughs, colds and
consumption. At Druggists, 2f>o per
Buy your Paints, Oils, Var
nishes, and Brushes, Sash,
Do JIB, and Blinds from
SH&ND BUILDERS SUPPLY C0\,
615 Plain St Columbia, S 0
" Tho specialist ls now indispensable. In ?ll walks of lifo thoro li adomand for tbemaa
rho can do ono particular thing bettor than any one else, and such a maul* one who has confined
ls endeavor to, and centered all ut hie energy and ability on the ?peoialty he lias chosou for bl*
Early In my professional career I realized that Chronic DlseAsea w^^^
Uontton' willoh their Importance warranted. I saw that theso diseases required a special flt*
ess which tho busy practitioner could'never acquire. For more'thain iw'e?fy y?ar? Ilfaave de- !
otcd myself exclusively to tho study and treatment of theso diseases, and the fact that pb y s i- ;
&ns-'rccommerid mo to their patients ls anovldonce of my skill andablllty ia my spocUl line.' I
Ive special counsel to physicians with obstinate and obscure caaes.
I havo devoted particular attention to chronic diseases of men'and,women, and' no other,
as.- ol disease- requires moro intelligent and expert treatment. It ia a fact that a majority of
icnowe tho seriousness of their condition to improper treatment, and ? failure to're*Ui0 tho'.
?portanco of plaolng their case In the hands of a skilled and expert ftpsclallat.'
Overindulgence!Indiscretions and excesses aro not tho only.'
causes of an impairment of sexual strcnr-tti. Such a derange
ment, frequently comes from worry, overwork, mental strain, .
which gradually weakens and injures the system, before tho unfortunate victim real lifts .
ie true nature ot his trouble. Nervousness, weak back, dizziness, loss of memory, spots before
ie eyes, despondency, clo., often are the first symptoms of an Impairment of manly vigor; and If :
eglccted serious results are suro to follow. I want to talk to every man who has any of theso
rmptomsof weakening of his manly functions. .lean promptly correct all irregularities, and !
ruler my skillful treatment, you wilt have restored 'all of the'strength and glory .Cf. your man- -
Dod. Whether you consult nie or not, do not jeopard".T your health by, experimenting With'"
?ady-made medicines, freo samples, so-called quiok cures, cte., as the moat delicate ore-ana of
ie body are involved, and only an expert should ba entrusted with your1 case; fiend for f rea
)oklet, " Nervous Debility and Its Family of Ills." ? ' V
gentle and painless, and .often causes no detention from business or other duties. It Involves '.
irglcal operation. Improper treatmont will result in serious injury. I give each case Individ- "
i every requirement. Every obstruction is removed, and all discharge soon ceases, in flam ma- ?
i up promptly and permanently. Send for free book on Stricture.
rgemcnt ot veins ot tho scrotum, which flit with stagnant blood, causing a constant drain upon
the entire system and saps away all sexual strength. 1 cure this disease with the same uni-'
lek as consistent with medical selence. Probably moro men are afflicted with Varlcocele than -
rained away without their knowing tho cause. Como to me at once lt you think you are'afflict*''
?r freo booklet on Varlcocele. . .-..;.;>..-;...;
o ls no longer Incurable, and when I say thatt can euro the most sovore case I do so-because I,
treatment has accomplished^ If you have sores, pimples, blotches, sore throat, patna In .tho|
>r any symptoms which you do not understand, lt ls important that you consult me at once, and ?
n unfortunate victim. I will guarauteo tocare you without tho ase ot strong and Injurious"
known treatment. My cure ls a permanent ono, and ls not mere patohwork, and tho dlBcaso
id for my free booklet, "The Poison King." -
ion who Buffer from tho ailments peculiar to their sex am cared br my gentle and painless
md of treatment, which avoids all necessity for surgical operations. Ix you suffer from bearing
a pains, backocho, irregularities, leuohorrhea, etc., writo mo about youroaso. I bave rostered
for my free booklet on women's Diseases.
ty also lnclndos all other chTonlo diseases, Bach as Rheumatism, Catarrh, Diabetes, Bright
omach. Livor and Kidney Diseases, Piles, Fistula, Kupture, Paralysis, Locomotor Ataxia, 8.
:e, etc., and all who want skillful, expert treatment should write me about their case. My omeo
electrical apparatus, so that my patients get tho benefit of the latest discoveries of science. "
ryone to consult me without charge, and will refund railroad'faro ono way to all Who'toko
It you cannot see me in person write for symptom blanks and full Information about my iuc
of home treatment by which I havo cured patients lu every State In the Union and In loreign
ul St... Atlanta, Ga.
Geo A Wagener, Pres. Geo Y (Jolenaan. VicePres. I G Ball, Sec'y & Treas.
Coleman-Wagener Hardware Company,
Successor to C. P. P?ppenbelm.
363 KING STREET, - - .- - - CHARLESTON, S O
THE ANSWER TO TITE QUESTION, WHY DOES NOT THE TJP
i COUNTRY GIVE CHARLESTON HER ENTIRE TRADE IS, BECAUSE
I THEY DO_NOT_KNO_W JDILVRLESTON nAS THIS GREAT ADVAN
ALL YOU HAYE TO DO IS TO
TAGE OVER HER COMPETITORS.
From NEW YORK, N.
CnAKLESTON, S C
PEU 100 LBS,
1 2 3 4 5 6
60 40 34 28 23 17
12c per 100 lbs.
Will thc up-country buy from Charleston if they sell cheaper tban othe
$ W ARE LOOKING H
. FOR YOUR 0RD?R5 '
COLUMBIA LUMBER & MFC. C?.
. COLUMBIA S C.
THE GUIGNRAB BRICK WORKS,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
Building andJEte-Pressed Brick. Special shapes to or I ir.
.F(c3 Pf) >C T^&r
ra Cotta Flue Linings. Prepared to till orders for tlious?n"l< ->> f fr' i
YOUNtTM^rYOUNG WOMEN, WAKE UP
Prepare yourselves to meet the demand for Stenographers, typewriters
and bookkeepers. Write for catalogue of
MACFEAT'S BUSINESS COLLEGE, Columbia, S. C.
W. H. Macfeat, ofllcjal Court Stenographer, President.
Are You Coming to the State Pair.
If you come we want you to call in at our Handsome Store and make our
acquaintance. You can have your mail sent yon in our care, and while in the
City we will take care of your packages.
The State Fair oillcials promise to have this year the biggest Fair on record
and thc City of Columbia will do her share in providing amusements. Don't
forget the dates, Oct. 26, 27, 28, 20. .
P. H. LACHICOTTE & CO., Jewelers,
142-1 Main St .COLUMBIA, S O
Founded in l?5u. Graduates 4,45
Write for Free Catalogue of the r?*s .
MEDICAL DEPARTMENT UNIVERSITY OF NASHVILLE.
Curriculum included twenty-three lecture courses, -each followed by- a
thorough review quiz; seven laboratory courses, and three hours of clinical
work daily. New building elaborately eqipped with modern apparatus and
.appliances. Tuition 8?5.00. Address, J. DILLARD JACOBS, M. D., Sec.,
^ 641 South Market St., Nashville, Tenn.
TRTP?P?T BU|,LDNG? RE PRESSED AND
-Ol IU1V FANCY SHAPES.
LARGE STOCK. PROMPT SHIPMENTS
GEUKGI?-CAROLINA BRICK CO.,
Howard H. Stafford, President. xv .
WRITE ^ORJP^CES^_AUGUSTA, GA: .
G. A. GU1GNARD, Pres. G. A. ATKINSON, Sec. & Tres.
fcTHE COLUMBIA SUPPLY CO.,
will be glad to answer and correspondence of any person using Machinery, Wo
carry 3 grades of lUibbcr Belting. 3 grades of Leather any Gandy Belt._ Also
Wood Pulleys, Pipe Fitting, Valves, Shafting, Hangers, Rofliing and every
thing else in the supply line. You save money by writing or calling on us.
COLUMBIA SUPPLY CO., Columbia, S. C._
Whiskey I Morphine I Cigarette I AlbDrug and Tobacco
Habit, I Habit | Habit | Habits.
Cured by Keeley Inst itute, of $=5. C.
132'.) Lady St. (or P. O. Box 75) Columbia, S. C. Confidential correspond
ence solicited. ^X^-l^~N*VV?N^rWN*\*N#N^?
Terra Cotta Pipe, Rooting Paper, Car lots, small lots, write,
Carolina, Portland Cement Co., Charleston, ts. C:
Wilson's Freckle Cure
to rem ove
also as a
Money r e
turned if lt
50e. Trial /?
1 size 25c.
If not sold by your druggist, write
?, H. WILSON <& CO,
Charleston, 9. O.
GREENVILLE FEMME COLLEGE.
Greenvale, S. O.
College -of nighest, grade. Degree
courses and specials. Eaculty of 18.
Greatly improved equipment.. Pure
mountain water. Climate rarely
equalled. For catalogue and terms
write E. ?. .J AMES, LITT. D., Pres.
fttmtttttmmmttm? High Grade
BDiDiDa BLOOD BALM
The Gre*'.Tested Remedy for the speedy
and permanent cure of Scrofula, Rheuma
tism, Catarrh, Ulcers, Eczema, Soros, Erup
tions, Weakness, Nervousness, and a'A
BLOOD AND SKIN DISEASES.
It is by far the best building up Tonic and
Blood Purifier ever offered to the world. It
makes new, rich blood, imparts renewed vi
tality, and possesses almost miraculous
healing properties. Wrllo for Book ol Won
derful Cures, sent freo on application.
If not kept hy your local druggist, tend
$t.oo for a large bottle, or $5.00 for six bottles,
and medicine will be tent, freight paid, by
BLOOD BALM CO., Atlanta, ila.
Cleanse* and btftutmet the hair,
l'rwnoln a lmurlnnt growth.
Novar Palls to Hentoro O ruy
nair to Ita Youthful Color.
Curia scalp illw??n ft hair filling.
?Qc and tIXC at Dru (Bri ita
The duality,-Terms and Pri?es will
Call or write
Malone's Music House,
Established 1881. Opposite YMCA,
COLUMBIA, S. 0.,.
CHARLES C. LESLIE,
-Wholesale Dealers in
T^itf?li and Oystera;
8 &20 Market St.. Charleston, S, O'.
Consignments ot Country Produce
arc Respectfully Solloitcd, Poultry,
Fish packed in barrels and boxes for
country trade a specialty.