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FACM A ClllSIS.
The Invasion of the Boll Weevil Is a
TO TB3 C?TION OF THE SOUTH.
' ./What EeorotAij ofAflrlcuHuro.xWn''
son Says About' thereat In ''
Ul? Annual Report to
In his seventh annual report to'Cofl;
gress Seoretary of Agriculture "Wilson
. deals at sc cac length; with a subject of
;?:'/Mn?lderable;: interest to the cotton
planters" of the; South. Here is what
he says: .
THE) COTTON BOLI. WEEVIL.
. v The continued spread pf the cotton
. boll w?evii? and the danger- threaten
lng the most important industry of
tho south by the direct prospect that
it will soon reach all portions of the
cotton belt, resulted In the. appropria
- tlon'by congress of ?20,000 for-'?'con
? tluuatloo? and enlargement of the
work of'the division wlth\that pest.
This .work was under the direct
charge In Texas of Mr. W. D. Hunter,
who was aided by a number of assist
The funds at the disposal of the di
vision enabled it for - the first :tlme to
; conduct experiments with thc cultu
ral methods of controlling the pest on
a large scale. This was accomplished
by entering into contract with two
representative large planters tn typt
cal situations* in Texas. By the
terms of these contracts- the planters
agreed to cultivate, care for, and in
every way- manage the crop exactly in
accordance with the directions of the
agent in charge. In this manner the
division was given practically com
: plete charge .of 325 acres, but without
the trouble and expense of renting
the land and working the crop, These
experiments were located at Calvert,
in the Brazos valley, the most seri
ously infested portion of the territory
at present, and at Victoria, in the ex
treme southern .portion of the State,
where the existence of volunteer cot
ton furnishes the weevils with food
very early in the season, thus adding
an important feature to the problem
that does not occur elsewhere.
At Victoria Qeld laboratory was fit
ted up, where a thorough study was
made of every feature or the life his
tory of the weevil. The matter of
parasites and the possibility of- con
trolling thc pest by their artificial
propagation, which has always ap
pealed strongly to many planters, re
ceived- especial attention. In pur
suance of this feature of the investi
gation the agent in charge made a
trip to Mexico, where the government
al commission that had been created
for the study of the weevil problem
hos especially concerned itself with
the propagation of a mite (Pedicu
loldes ventrlco'sus), which, at least
under certain conditions, has been
. found to destroy the larvae of the
" pest. The agent made a study of the
methods pursued in the laboratory of
the commission at Cuernavaca, and
through the courtesy bf Prof. A. L
Herrera, the head of the commission,
he was enabled to bring back to Texas
a large., number of cultures. These
. . parasites'^yer?'distributed from toe
laboratory at^Victorla. The work is
being contt"fvned this season, but the
indications vre that climatic condl
Mons will ai Vys rend??- *- ">"?nable
^"HuT^?xaS '"it?'vei-u?w.v.- .. ..u> ma;
. have been obtained in Mexico.
The concluding portion of Secretary
Wilson's report deals with the
CRISIS IN- COTTON PRODUCTION.
The . invasion of the cotton boll I
weevil'bas been a special menace to
our cotton crop, and has done more |
than anything else to awaken wide
spread apprehension 08 to Mic future
of this most important crop. The
. _ boll weevil first appeared in the State
of Texas in 1894, and from ? bat time
on has been under observa tin1: and in
vestigation by the department
through, its division of entomology.
It was not until 1902, however, that I
this branoh of the department was |
able to undertake anything like thor
ough and systematic work in the mat
ter of studying this very destructive
enemy of cotton. In 1903 the scope
of the work was further enlarged an
appropriation of 820,000 being made in
the division of entomology for the in
vestigations. Aside from the work
the bureau of plant industry has,
during the past year, been carrying !
on considerable work with a view to|
securing, if possible, early and resist
ant varieties by breeding and selec
tion; and hos been conducting nome |
more or less general experiments hi
the matter of crop diversification at
special points in Texas. It has also
been engaged in distributing a consid
erable quantity of cotton seed of early
maturing and promising sorts.
The work ot the division of ento
mology has shown conclusively the I
value of good cultural methods, the I
planting of early-maturing varieties,
and the destruction of wee vii-infested
material, this conclusion having been
reached only through the careful and
detailed, studies of the life history
and habits of the insect. The demon
stration work along these lines, which I
the division carried on the past year,
hos been exceedingly promising, as it I
has been shown that cotton can be
grown in remunerative 'quantity, des- ;
pite tne presence of the weevil. Not
withstanding what has been accom
plished i>7 the department, however,
the fact regains that thc boll weevil
is constant!.' spreading north and
east, and it ?1 probably only a ques
tion of time wLcn it will reach all the
cotton growing' States. Thus the!
country is confronted with a very
grave problem, os the invasion of ibis
insect must necessarily mean a com
plete revolution In'present agricultu
ral methods. During a recent visit |
to some of the southern States con
siderable time was spent In tho weevil
infested district, and from the facts|
gathered in this way I am convinced
that energetio measures must bc ]
adopted to meet the present emergen
cy. After thoroughly canvassing the j
situation with representative men in
congress and with others, I am of the)
opinion that a cotton investigation
fund should be appropriated and set |
aside for immediate usc in connection
with this most serious problem. In
order to make thc work comprehen
sive and thoroughly effective, I am of I
the opinion that a sum of not less )
than 8500,000 should be made imme
diately available for tnis purpose, the
same to be expended under the dlrcc
' tion of the secretary o? agriculture,
in suoh manner os will give the most
immediate practical results. As to
the problems which might be han
dled the department with such a BU ?ti
available, i'would respectfully call at
tention to the following:
hit It would seem highly important
that some action be taken looking to
'. 4~f?<f-?/"> i>
radio outbreaks of the weevil lb tb?
territory immediately adjacent .to
tb>t'now Infested. This could -liest
b? accomplished by .the Vbrff anlz?tlon
of ia C u'pa ot competent'ent?m?logl?ta
and could be carried ou in . cd-opera
tlon with the? State 'author! ties. .Tn!
order tb make - this work thoroughly
effeotiveit swill be necessary for the;
State.interested to en?bt?propor l?gis
lation:Thhr ia : a .matter that could
bo. handled and guided by tboso in
tlon bf tho secretary of agriculture/- ;.'
v;2i-'. Demonstration Work to Show
trie Value - of^ Improved 'Cultural
Methods by Which Farmers Can Pro
duce Fall Crops : In Spite Of thei'Wee
vll.-^Thls is theI most promising, field
for immediate .relief? and owlpg.to
the faot that the weevil 1B SO far con
IIned to Texas, the work here outlined
would necessarily bo limited moro or
less tb this Sute, although regl?os io
adjacent territory should also have such;
investigations carried on in them in
order that the people may be
come ^enlightened in advance of
the insect's - ravages. The". object
and scope ' of " the work" would be
to show by actual demonstration ex
periments the value of better cultural
methods, the?v?biebf early maturing
varieties, and the value of and neces
sity for compl?te and thorough de
struction of all Infested material. To
carry out this work thoroughly and
effectively would. requrie a. corps ' of
men. familiar, with cultural condi
tions, and who have the knowledge
and ability to dlreot the necessary
specific work-that might be ordered
by thc secretary of agriculture. Leg
islation would be required in this
case,' also, to enforce the destruction
of infested ?material; but. under pro
per organization, this could be brought
3. Work HaVing for Its Object the
Production of. New, . Early and Im
proved Varieties of Cotton.-The
value of early varieties has been de
monstrated, but most of them have
serious drawbacks In that they are
poor yielders and the llntdrops out
easily during storms. "These matters
may be corrected by proper breeding
and selection, and one of the Impor
tant problems would haye for Its ob
ject the taking up of this work on a
systematic scale, to the end of secur
ing sorts which would not only be
early, but would be storm proof and
4. Studies of Cotton Diseases.
While tbe boll weevil is mainly In the
public eye at present, the fact re
mains that other serious pests of cot
toa cause great losses annually. It
is natural to attribute all losses
at the -present time to the in
sect in ' question, whether thesi
losses be from other insects, diseases
Hoods, droughts or whatever source.
Reliable studies indicate that the lost
in Texas alone from the so-called roo
rot disease will, in all probability, ag
gregate several millions of dollars an
nually. This and other diseases shoulc
be thoroughly studied, and correctlvi
measures should be adopted.
6. Cotton Insects.-What is said o
cotton diseases is also true of cot Un
insects (especially of the boll worm
other than the boll weeull. Thesi
should all receive careful attention
and practical experiments should b
carried on with a "view to lessenini
the injury caused by them.
6. Introduction of New Crops. -
The urgent necessity for the intrc
duction of other crops which will tak
the place .of cotton can not be to
strongly emphasized. . Cotton, c
course, should be grown, but the Um
ls evidently-at hand when a concerte
effort should be made to bring abou
a change in southern agricultura
conditions in the direction of greate
diversification. This is ' recognize
now as a vital question in tbe south
In many sections already the/yield o
cotton is barely profitable, so that
when the reduction due to the bo'
weevil and other pests is taken int
account, it will be necessary to abar
don cotton growing altogether; whil
the decreased yield in the best dis
tricts of the cotton growing section
renders it more important that othe
crops should bc grown. Such crop
as alfalfa, sorghum, Kafir corn, an
cereals of various sorts should all rc
eel ve attention, not only for silage
pastures and winter forage generali}
but for green manures as well.
7. Studies and Experiments in Cor
nection with Methods for the Destru?
tiomand Control of the Boll Weev
and Other Cotton Insects.-It woul
seem highly important that the go^
ero men t should take cognizance of th
many devices which are being place
on the market for combating tb
weevil and other insects. This
necessary, as much for positive ;
negative results. Hundreds ot di
vices and nostrums are offered to th
public, and people are led to spec
money for them. The governraei
should be in position to detcrmin
once for all, the value or nonvalue i
such devices, and thus be able to d
finitely and positively advise on ?
matters of this kind. Aside tro
tins, the government should take tl
matter of mechanical devices und
thorough consideration, and shou
encourage, by the utilization
mechanical experts, the constructli
and use of everythlug which giv
promise of practical value.
8. Studies of Enemies of the Insc
-While the studies of the enemies
the insect have had, so far, no prue
cal result, there is no doubt that tl
work should be continued and evei
thing in the nature of encrai
whether they be predaceous or pai
sitie insects, birds, fungus parasli
or others, should receive careful att<
0. Securing and Distributing SE
of Cotton Known to bave Spec
Value for Earliness and Ability
Resist the Weevil-Systematic actl
sbould be taken In tbe matter
securing from every source avalla!
seed of promising varieties a
thoroughly testing them In t
weevil-infested district. In addlti
to this there sbould be a ' systems
endeavor to bring together desira
varltics from all available sources
advance trials in the sections wh
the Insect ls likely soon to make
10. General Propaganda-Un
this bead there should bo organize
competent corps of efficient work?
who could, with the cooperation of
agricultural colleges, farmers' in
tutes, State boards of agriculture ;
all such organized bodies, bring to
attention of planters everywhere
latest results as to methods of mt
lng the present emergency.
TO CARRY ON Tl I IC WORK.
To carry out the foregoing work
fccl.ually, lt is believed that the 1
results will be secured by a sepat
organization. It will be seen t
the two branches of the departtn
primarily Interested In this mal
are the bureau of plant Industry!
the division pf entomology; and tl
olllcers and men would be in
to effect the proper o?
t?^d?rect? tibo tnpal ?! !f?^t^r?B; brr tho
work,.. I ^b^?i^e^'f?r^WpMU?U' :
^recommend' that if tho" amoiiht'al- :
ready montioped bfrset aside aa%cot-i 1
tori invesslgatlori tuha,tb? secretary of
isrrloulture ba authorised''to take'such
?tepa in the; (perfectingof < a '-proped *;
argauization forbaridllng: the: work '?s I
in his judgment, may be best. Ow- "
lng to the very nature bf tho inves- ;?
Ligations and the fact that they will ;
Involve most thorough -and far-reaob>.
lng scientific wofk, the management
af the gener?i.plaris must necessarily
rest wita the 'department.: ., lt ia :bq-j
lleved that the work.can b'o strength
sued; by securing the advlco and .a*
aper?tion of one or two thoroughly J
practical men in the Scated most di- '
rectly interested, viz; . Louisiana and j
Texas. The Beoretary ot agriculture,
however, should have full authority
bo organize tbe work for the sole ob
|ect of securing, ;aa already indicated, 1
t he moat Immediate practical results.
; In order, to more effectually handle
the problems which must necessarily
Tall to the work of the division of eu
boinology, I bave already recommed
3?d in my estimates.t&at.thls impor- ;
bant j branch ot the -department be
made a bureau. The work that it
has done in the past, especially in thc
Held in question, certainly justifies ,
this action; and I most earnestly re- '?
commend .that thia matter be" given 1
primary consideration in connection
with the entire problem, lt is very
desirable, furthermore, that, the full-:
est cooperation be effected by the de- '
partment with the experiment sta
tion Vin the respective States, where
tba u>ore important work will be con
ducted. This especially true of Texas,
where tbe agricultural college ls doing
everything in its power to aid in the
matter, but where lt is.more or less
handicapped by laok.of proper faclll-: '
ties and funds. .
Tbe fund recommended to be set
aside for the purpose mentioned and
used in accordance with the plans out
lined will give the department such
liberty bf action as the exigencies or
the case demand. An Industry which
brings to the country an annual in
come of something of $500,000,000 is
threatened, and the time is at band
for energetic action. I again, there
fore, most earnestly renew my recom-.
mendations for the means . and
authority to carry out the plans as
herein set forth.
James Wilson, .
Washington, D. C., Na v. 28. 1903.
TEE WORKING GIRL;
A Savannah Minister Pays Her a
Ililli and Deeervcd Tribute.
Ttev. Robt. Van Devent?r, a Bap
tist minister of Savannah Ga., recent
ly preached a sermon on, "The Work
ing Girls of the South." He paid a
tribute to the army of girls and young
women who earn their living, express
ed bis sympathy for thom, and deal
ing witb their trials and temptations.
His text: "Many daughters have done
virtuously, but thou excellest them
all,!' from Proverbs, thirty-first chap
ter and thirty-first verse, was applied
to the Southern working-girl of today
who, persevering the traditions of ber
ancestors, retaining -all the - charms ;
and .graces of womanhood and com
manding the respect of those who bave
the highest regard for the memory of
women of the old South who did not
work, goes . forth into the world of
trade and commerce to.assume duties
which have heretofore fallen to the
lot of men, and performing them to ?
bhe absolute satisfaction of her em- '
"I maintain that the working-wo ?
men Of the South excel them all," said
Rev. Mr. Van Deventer. "Southern
women have always merited the ad
miration they have; taken the
place of husbands and brothers at
ionic while the men fought back the
memy, and have divided their sub
it?neo with the despoiler, in times of
trouble they have been strong, but the
Southern working-girl of today,
iescended from ancestors who lived
lives of ease and luxury, officiate in
??heir several capacities with dignity
ibat ia patriotism to nerve them for
jbeir tasks in the hutnjltum business
world, yet they work self sarifielngly
ind without a murmur."
The minister impresjed upon his
?ongregatlo?, among which were a
arge number of those of whom he was
?peaking, the essen ti al it, y of ambition
ind economy. " Work! ag-glrls should
ilways look up to something higher
ind develop their talents in order that
jbey may be competent to fill higher
placea when the opportunity to step
ilgher presents itself." "Without am
bition," he declared, "to be icontent
yo remain in the present positions
meir Uves become as narrow as the
jonfinements of the offices in which
"The strength of religion ls above
ill essential," he declared. "The life,
t,he pathway of the working-girl ls
beset with temptations, of a peculiar
nature, temptations that are strong
er tban are presented to the man who
works because in the way in which
some people consider tbe girl who
finds it necessary to go out and earn
ber daily bread. It 1B dangerous for
ber to rely upon her own strength of
will power. But with ambition," he
concluded, "and economic, upheld and
strengthened by religion the working
girl of the South has a brilliant
A dispatch from Spartanburg to
The State says after the second act in
"Romeo and Juliet," the play pre
sented by tbe Simvelle Co., Wednes
day night at the opera house, during
curtains, a quarrel arose between L.
M. Mortie," who essayed the role of
Romeo and Miss Louise Clarke, thc
Juliet of the troupe. Spartanburg
theatregoers were subjected to .hear
ing the use of profane language on
the stage, and behind bl JO scene, thc
same emanating from the enraged
Romeo. This is the first instance of
the kind ever recorded here. Several
policemen went bebind the scenes and
snowman?ed peace soon reigned su
preme. The quarrel was due to Ro
meo accusing Juliet of cutting him off
in his lines.
Killed by Hamnlo Medicine.
The Cherokee News says ono day
last week a representative of proprie
tary medicine came to town and dis
tributed samples of bis medicine, lie
gave out some at tho Limestone mills.
Some of the samples went into the
home of W. M. Oabiness. Mr. Cabl
nesa bad two six months old twins
who were sick. lie gave them each
a dose of the medicine about nine
o'clock on y/ednesday night and' then
went to bed. When be waked up
next morning be found both children
cold and stiff in death. They were
afflicted with the hives. Tho a filleted
?^ygvgUh^^ympathy of a host
A T?AIN Wfi?CK
fa the Terrific Explosion ot a|
? Naphtha Tank Car
AND SETS FIRE TO A TOWN
rho Explosion Shatters Several Build
ItiRS, Overturned Stoves and
' v . Started Swift Piro a.
. Streams bf P?rea.
? ?f town "waa fired, aYwhole' traln o?
tsars destroyed, two hien wore killed, a
score were more or less injured, two
perhaps fatally; and ?railroad system
waa blocked Thursday shortly after
nbonYby a collision or two freight
brains, followed by the terrific exp?o-1
sieh of h naphtha tank car at Dover,
The following is" a list ot .the dead
DEAD-Breakeman Edward J.
Roaob, of Georgetown; infant- child
31ed pf heart Bhock.
INJ un ED -On the train, Conductor
C. J. Hall, of Wilmington; Engineer
?.-:'\V; Sheppard,*. Wilmington; Fire
man John Barker" Wilmington. Ci ti
sons Injured-Mrs. W. Morris, serious
ly; Mrs. Edward Jones, Mrs. Cleo Cox,
Mrs. E. K. Todd, Dr.- H. C. Johnson,
Mrs. Johnson, Mrs. C. \V. Parker,
Mrs. John W. Boswlck, Charles An
drew's, Mrs. Jones, Mrs.. Mandy
[lowell^ "Asbury Morris, ' Edw'ard |
A long train or freight cars was !
standing on the main track of UK
Delaware Division of the Pennsyl-!
vania Railroad In the town of Green- !
wood, a place of about 1,000 inhab- '
Itants. Directly in front of the
caboose, or last car, of the stationary
train was a tank car tilled with
naphtha.' Another heavy freight,
running forty miles an hour, crashed
?tito the j ear of the train at rest, and
then came the roar of an explosion
which was heard for th'rty miles.
The sudden blast shattered every
window in Greenwood, and then there
were the creaking and crashing of
timbers and shrieks of wounded or
dying men about the train. Fifteen
cars were piled in a mass of wreck
age, and the locomotive of the second
freight was sunk in a bole fifteen feet
KIKE SPREADS TO TOWN. I
Before the panlc-stlcken , inhabi
tants of the place had recovered from
the shock, which many of them at
first thought was an earthquake, a
new danger menaced them. Streams
of blazing oil extended from thc wreck
and set fire to nearby bouses, while
other houses partially wrecked by the
force o? tu? explosion caught fire from
' In many instances a small blaze,
which, under ordinary circumstances,
could have been quickly extinguished,
was'permitted, because of the general
panic and confusion, to gain unusual I
headway. In this manner tho Green-1
wood Hotel and the Publio School
house were almost totally destroyed,
and other buildings badly injured and
partially burned were the Methodist I
Episcopal Church, the Greenwood'
Grammar School, the Sattertield
stores, the post office, an3 the Penn
sylvania .Railroad station, and : the
residences of Dr. H. C. Johnson, L.
Owens, Frank Porter, John Wiley and I
C. W. Ammerman. V ? |
THE CALL FOn AID. .
Self-possessed railroad. .*^w -i':' ky.
workmen, who took'their nandi", and
hrave citizens set to work' to restoro j
order out of the chaos, first by rigging
a special telegraph wire and summon
ing railroad workmen from every
where, together with all the physi
cians within reach. It being evident
that thc railroad tracks could not- be
cleared at once, a special .train was |
made up at Harrington and hurried
to the scene with a number of doctors
HAD HIM EJECTED.
A. Labor Leader Refused an And ir
euee by Speaker Gannon.
Speaker Cannon, resenting what he
deemed an insult from Herman J.
Schultels, chairman of the national
legislative committee of the Knights |
of Labor, summarily ordered Mr.
Schultels from the speaker's room at
the capitol Friday with the parting
Injunction to the labor leader never
lo darken bis door again.
Mr. Schultels made his first call
upon the speaker several days ago
with the demand that Representative
Llvernash of San Francisco be made
sharman of the committee on labor
and that Representative Wynne of
the same city bo made a member of
that committee. As both of these
men are members of the minority Mr.
Gannon explained to Mr. Schultels
that their committee assignments j
would depend upou the recommenda
tion of Representative Williams, the j
minority tloor leader, but that lt
would be impossible to make Mr.
Livernash chairman of the committee,
as no chairmanship would go to the
When Mr. Schultels appeared be
fore thc speaker he announced in
what was taken by that official to be
an offensive manner that the labor I
committee had been ''packed." Ile
renewed his demand that Mr. Liver- ?
nash be assigned to this committee,
announcing that he had defeated Mr.
Cannon for election to thc Fifty-sec
ond congress and that unless this re
quest in this instance was accorded,
he would go into thc speaker's district I
in the next campaign. Mr. Schultels!
did not have time to finish telling thc j
speaker what he would do to him at
that time, as Mr. Cannon at this
point gave his peremptory order for
the man's ejection from the room,
stating as he did so that there was no
chance of the committee's being
"packed" by Mr. Schultels.
Drowned in thcjCoiiK?*
A cablegram received at Nashville,
Tenn., announced thc death of II. C.
Staymenter, an American missionary
and the drowning of 23 of the native
crew by the capsizing of a boat on the
Congo river in Central Africa. Toe
boat was the "Lapsley" and was the
missionary craft of the Southern
Presbyteriau church. On it wero Mr.
Staymenter and Motte Martin of Alex
andria, Va., who left the United
States on August 1 and went as mis
sionaries into thc Interior of Congo
Free State. The boat capsized bet
ween Leopoldville and Lueho, and
Staymenter went down with 23 of
the crew. Martin was saved.
Tho Kopo Broke.
Eleven coal miners were killed Fri
rlay at the Gasson-Laquasse mln&at
Montegene, Belgium, through'tho
breaking of the rope by which a ' cage
was being hauled up. The men were
precipitated to the bottom of the pit
tod their bodies were horribly man
AMOUNT OF COTIO? GIHNBD.
No Comparative Htatemont for this
Month, but Evidently a pecrea?o.
.Tho United department? of
commerce and i?bpfi, has sent out "the
following statement of cotton glpned
up to November. 14th:
. No. of No. of
United States. . . .7,070,437 S 29,600
Alabama .._ 743,638 - 3,797
Arkansas ........ 400.393 2,408
Florida.39,144 Ti: 204
Georgia:.:. H92 053 4,913
Indian Territory.! ^172,973 485
Kentucky;. . 308 2
Louisiana..,:. 510,494 2,098
Mississippi. 929,890 4,107
Missouri. 22,294 70
North-Carolina,'.. 407,199 . 2,652
Oklahoma.-116,639 <;-? 227
South Carolina.. . 625,611 3,147
Tennessee .....'i. 163; 188. 755
Texas.. ...... 1,932,539 4,412
"Virginia. ?? 7,744 108
In explanation the chief statlcian
"Tho above statistics of the quan
tity of cotton ginned on November 14
were collected through a canvass of
all the ginneries in the cotton States
by 631 local special agents, who found
that 29,500 ginneries had been ope
rated tblB season up to and including
November 14, and that these had
ginned 7,070,437 commercial bales, or
bales as pressed at the ginneries.
Counting round bales as half bales,
the number is 6,815,162.. In this rc
port no account has been taken cf the
quantity of linters obtained by tho
cotton seed oil mills from reginuing
cotton seed of this year's growth, but
statistics of such cotton mills will be
included In the final report for this
"This report will be followed.by
two others, Bhowlng the "-quantity of
cotton ginned from the growth of
this year to December, 13, 1903, and
to January 10, 1904."
THE FARMER FEEDETH ALL.
Some Very Interesting Figures About
Our Farm Products.
Seoretary of Agriculture Wilson in
his seventh annual report to congress
reviews at length the production and
exports of American agricultural pro
ducts. The increase ic the exports
of farm products for the half century
ended 1901 was from 8147,000.003 to
8952,000,000-550 percent. The ex
ports of farm products for the closing
decade of the last century was over
8700,000,000, and for 1903 over $878,
000,000, an amount second only to
that of i??i.
Although the consumption of cot
ton in t his country is greater than
that of any other country In the
world, yet in addition to supplying
the home market, the south exported
last year over three and a half billion
pounds of cotton, worth 3317,000,000.
Of grain and grain products, the
export, exceeded io value $221,000,000,
and in the supply of animal, meats,
and meat products, the value of ex
portation was 8211,000,000.
Disoussing the balance of trade, the
secretary shows that the favorable
balance to the credit of this country
ls due entirely to the farmers. The
balance of trade In favor nf farm pro
ducts during the last 14 years, no
year excepted, aggregated 4,800 mil
lion dollars. In pro lucts, other than
th?se_?f the farm, during the same
period, the balance of trade was ad
verse to this country to the extent of
$865,000,000. Our farmers not only
conceited this immense obligation, but
placed 3,940 million dollars to the
credit of the nation when the books
bf International exchange were balanc
ed. He concludes that, "It is the
farmers who have paid the foroign
Reviewing the magnitude of agri
cultural porductlon, after giving the
ligures of the most important crops,
Mr. Wilson states that tbe value of
all farm products, not fed to live
stock, for 1903 considerably exceeded
their value In the census year, when
lt was given as 3,742 million dollars.
According to the department's' In
ventory of farm animals for January
1, 1903, the value of horses was over
81,000,000,000, and of mules, nearly
8200,000,000. The value of cattle of
all kinds considerably exceeded 1,300
million dollars, of sheep, $168,000,
000. and of bogs, $365,000,000.
He congratulates the country upon
the better distribution of agricultural
progress since 1890. The distribu
tion of expansion, progress, and wel
fare has been more general through
out all sections of the country, espe
cially In the south.
Two Tugs Callide.
Three lives were lost and one man
was badly hurt Wednesday by a col
lision between the tugs Idle Wild and
Hercules off Ellis Island In New York
harbor. Hans Peterson, Wm. Lasker
and a man whose name has not been
learned were drowned. John Stor
berg, a boatman was cut about the
head and bis left knee broken. He is
tn a serious condition and unable to
give any details aa to how the accl
.dent occurred. The Hercules ls owned
by the American Towboat company
of Baltimore. The Idle Wild, which
had ll men on board, was cut nearly
in two and sank immediately. All
save three of those on board were
picked up by. the Hcrculess. The
Hercules was not seriously Injured.
Constables In a Fight.
The Columbia State says Chief Con
stable Hammett has been apprised of a
battle between constables and the per
sons at Babb's distillery, near Green
ville. The report of C. L. Cureton,
the chief constable, states in a terse
way: "Wednesday, Dec. 2, I took
ray force and went to the Lark regis
tered distillery, known as the Tully
Babb distill jry, about four miles from
the- city, and while there we were
fired on a number of times by Tully
Babb, Joe Babb and others. They
used Winchester rltles and breech
loading double-barreled shotguns. Wc
succeeded in arresting all concerned
and captured their arms and ammuni
tion after they had shot 30 or 40
rounds. The preliminary will be held
on the 14th."
Fooled the widow.
Charging that she bad been de
frauded of her entire fortune of $160,
000, Mrs. Mary A. Jex, of New York,
widow of a former Wall Street opera
tor secured a warrant* Thursday for
thc arrest of a man said to bea prom
inent real estate dealer. Pending the
serving of the warrant the namo of
the man bas not been made public. It
ls charged that Mrs. Jex entrusted
ber property to this man. whom she
was engaged to marry, and that he
appropriated lt to his own use.
Tetero ls no grumbling about the
hard times. Let us make the best of
it and bope for better times next year.
Tho Scou?tirel WM' Trailed tnt
Caught by Blood Hounds.
THE TJS.tTAL' OBIMB THE^ CAUSE. ; ;
Details bf tho . Assault and Pas-salt;
. dapture and ExecutlooSof
tho Brutal Aesatlanlt of
; a Youri? Lady.
Dorchester County has bad ber first .
ltachlng, but lt won't be the last uni ?
less the black brutes down there keep
their bands.ott of \wbite. women. A: ,
brutal fiend made an assault' upon.a jj
young lady, near Ross, a station about
eight miles below Georges, on last
Friday afternoon about three o'clock. .
Before"nigh?, there was gathered lb
the little towi. if Rosa a crowd of de
termined citizens numbering about '
three hundred Jmen from thc adjacent
towns' and county, bent upon tbe
swift punishment of the dastardly
fiend who bad attempted an assault
upon a respectable young lady. For
tunately, by the brave , fight of the |
lady, who is a member of a promin
ent family, tbe brute failed in bis
diabolical purpose, but the lady'was
badly bruised by bel?g choked.
It seems that tbe young lady walked
a short distance from ber borne to
where they wero having some "farm
work'done and, after getting there,
fouud that the workmen bad . opt re
turned and sbe dcolded to wait;and .
lt was whilst she was walting there, fi
practically in calling distance of her
home, that the negro, John F?gle, .
came upon her and undertook his das
tardly work, but, being frightened by i
her pitiful cries for help and bpr i
struggles to free herself from bia 8
clutches around her throat, he ran td- c
wards tho woods near by. ?
Tbe report soon gained currency t
and by night there was a posse of de- "
termlned men scouring thewoods and \
swamps for the negro. The search 1
was fruitless, although several sus
picious characters were caugbt and
brought for identification before the
young lady, none of whom answered
the description. Until the midnight
train from Charleston brought the '
blood bounds nothing could be done. 1
As su-in as the dows caught the trail \
they followed it Until lt brought them
to the home of Fogle, and after a
search was made for him tbere was
found that ho had again escaped; so
going back to the scene of the crime
at the early hour of 4 o'clock Saturday
morning, another traill was taken
again, and this time as before tbe
dogs carried the scent till they reached
thc steps of the negro's bouse, sud .
then' their shrill bowls and barks j
broke out on the crisp morning, air
and the posse knew that tbe fiend was
He was carried before the young
woman, who immediately identified
him, and then in a quiet and still
manner, just as thc sun was peeping
from over the eastern hills, Fogle
paid the penalty for bis crime, sus
pended In midair. Then tli?^boum of
a hundred guns broke tue death-like 1
silence and announced the first lynch- "
lng In Dorchester County. The body
of John Fogle was left dangling from
the limb ot one of the trees of the ;
forest as a silent warning.
'Hui South Vindicated.
In discussing the formation of-the
Republic" of Panania the Springfield .
Republican says: "So it bas come.to
pass that a State may secede by telo- ,
graph in the morning, organize a
government before noon secure recog
nition in order to catch Ute afternoon
editions and announce its ministers "
plenipotentiary under scare heads in
the evening extras. In the twinkling
of an oye lias corae this strenuous mod
ern miracle from the man on horse
back at Washington. Hay ne, Cal- .
lioun, ("Bob") Toombs, Yancey, Pres
ton S. Brooks, Gideon Pillow, Briga- <
dier Floyd, Vallandigham, Magoffin, 1
Joflbrson Davis, and all tho illustri- .
ous line of ("secesh") and ("coppor- ?
head") chivalry, you aro vindicated
at last, Webster, John Quincy
Adams, Sumner, Lincoln, Seward,
Grant, Sherman and all the boys in
blue, your idea is forty years out of
date." Tlie South tried to teach the
North this great lesson forty years
ago, but the people of that section
were so obtuse that they failed to
take it in. But Teddy has succeeded
better than tito South did. The logic
of tlie Republican is sound. If the
State of Panama has the right to se
cede and form a Republic in 1903,
the South had the right to clo BO in
I860. We were confident that tho
South would be vindicated, but wo
did not expect the vindication to
come so soon, nor from the quarter
it has. Let us hoar no more about
rob?is. This government has not
only endorsed a rebellion, but it has
actually used its navy to protect the
rebels in their effort to set up a gov
ernment in opposition to the mother
country. All of which goos to provo
that John G. Calhoun was a great
statesman and a true defender of tho
rights of men. We endorse the ac
tion of Teddy in tlie Panama affair
becauso it is a vindication of tho
position of tlie South when it with
drew from the Union.
Tho Postal Steal.
In tho publication of an abstract!
of General Bristow's report, the
country has an authentic record,
supplemented by notes from Presi
dent Roosevelt, of tho general cor
ruption which has existed in tho
Post Office Department for several
yoars and under Republican ad
ministrations. Hero is the rosult of
tho investigations. Four oflieors of
tho department havo resigned and
thirteen have been removed. Forty
six indictments havo hoon iuuhxh
involving thirty-one persons, ton, pf
whom wcro prominent iii the postal
sorvico. Mr. Bristow esd/tioatos tho
total amount obtained from tho
government hy fhcao swindlers at
about ?'J00,0Q?, hut admits that thia
amii is small in comparison with tho
losses involved in tho purohaso, at
exorbitant rates, of usoless and un
necessary supplies. In his review
of tho report, tho Prcsidont praisos
tho thoroughness of tho work dono
hy tho investigators, agrees with tho
advico to extend tho stati?to of
limitations for a period of five years
for officors who. hold positions of
trusts under tho government, and
oiuls with n dissertation cn tho ovils
of corruption in., public life, tho
equal guilt of bribe-giver anti bribe
taker and eimilar, platitudes. He
reu. E.?y lit cur? uaw, A alua'? bohle a?
, Will ptobibtir 4o tire iotfc;'B?4 'ctie*rcqBto
iii??* r7-**'^ ?.*,.(.?..?????;? ? tb? nptr*c^ o? thoiiit?H-iiint.ri .
i la tb? ?ritenu It parlfiei the blood, telltrei the Inflt:?mill?n of thc kid-.
^e??, tb? eh tonic ,i;ooMlrMloa>nd the cartu h th? |ollov?v?ai? ? kSSfri
'. 71???h-'*,,-?l.??LBi w?tb???.' w.Hi?fc py^i?;c;;fi so re?? ?ia :
. y W}W?CW*> ind declare, the feeU.Vrcarirounder".Md (l .njcioit.:
try RHEUM AC<L)B ind be cured. i .? T * ?
? RBV. J. R. WHEELER. ? noted MethodI?tBlnI?ter,i>irR*Iit?rira>?-o>'
' Md:, wtlt?t end,?.iMtle?ll, of RHEUM ACIDE, *Mc.'i&oS^BS??
?5 rews old ?nd hu been lo the.mlntitry 50 rears, ? ;.; ;', ? J7: '
OO BB ITT CHEMICAL CO., PnoPRIETO RS,
BALTIMORE, MD. . "
..orr? AT THl* JOINTS rnoM TH?v moioe.- i'v
If you aro' sick and want to got woll.do not e'x;porl:nent,' but' bri snro
that you nra placing your caso inexpert hanitaiV^Wo do nut boliovo irmny,:
'form of docoptlon. Wo Iiave no I? REE MEDICINEV "
BcUcmo to?li\:?ive? bickU
but every case put ?indi'r our treatment :ia' pofiitively?giuraite'?diby^ot ti &
Oollnr Need bo paid Until.Cured, and wo aro tha\only: Special tis? who1
have established a reputation for curing tho offiic'tod'and collecting the..
foe af tearwards. ir . " -"_; ? : 1'.
If .you want HONEST and also .'SKILLPUL'treatracnt ??r any "form pf .
i E*Z-bHVri?Chrnnio' Dis?ns??, write .us TOD'AY, of method of Homo -Treatment baa
r^Vi^tR?^?^-'iiev?rbeen'excelled.-' ' . ...'-.' . . ". , '...".'
DB. REYNOLDS & COMPANY,
.BOX Z, TLANTA, GA. V.-'Pi?'
uippressed mens t mut ion, regulato tho. bo weis, stimulate, thp.heart, increase tho appetite. aid
? OTTOMAN FEMALE R
md net us n genernl tonic to tho female generativo' organs. They aro especially^ uso ful as
i tonio after child-birth and will si>eedily restore the patient to ? h?r normal' condition? I'ul 1
)articulnrs of this wonderful, remody sent with each bolt' Of 'pilla. ' > Price ?1.00 par box.' Sont - --'"^
>y mail in plain wrapper upon receipts of price. ?? r
Ottoninn Ucmpdy Company,
P. O. liox 123, Wilmington, jNorlh. C?r?lina,..;';'.;..v.;^^^'.:'...'..
G. A. GUIGNARD, Pres. ~~ "~ "VcT?^TKI^S^N^ec?&^^
THE COLUMBIA SUPPLY-CO., : ...(
svill'be glad to answer and correspondence of any person using Machinery, We
:arry 3grades of Rubber Belting; 3 grades of Leather any . Gandy - Belt. : Alse
Wood Pulleys, Pipe Eitting, Valves, Shafting, Hangers, Romlngahd: every,
thing else in the supply line. You save money by writing or calling on-u?.-.?'
...COLUMBIA SUPPLY CO.. Columbio. S. Q. ? :
YOUNG MEN, YOUNG WO VI EN, WAKE UP
Prepare yourselves to meet the demand for Stenographers, typewriters
!" and bookkeepers. Write for catalogue of
MAC FEAT'S BUSINESS COLLEGE, Columbia,- S. C. ii
W. H. Wacfeat, ofllcial Court Stenographer, President.
Sleding Silvor.Cut glass Jowlry," Watches, Chiiit? .P/mgs, all tho
numerous articles suitablo for presents of all, kinds,,we how havo
illustnited by photograph-, direct from tho articles in ollr.ciatula
. gue ot over ICU pages, of which wo will be plea-iod to send you
mo-on request. We deliver all goods freo by mall, express, pr freight.on al} ordors^vi?i cash,
md gimrunlee satisfaction. " ? "
P. H. LACHICOTTS & CO., Jewelers,
1424 Main St COLUBJ4IIA, B O
DNG, RE-PRESSED AND
LARG^ STOOf : - ? ^m^?^;..
GEuKGlC'CABOijiN A. BRICK CO.,
Howard H. Stafford, President. .
WRITE FOR PRICES. . ~' AUGUSTA, GA.
. Ililli ts Cement, X^lsast?rv
Terra Gotta Pipe, Roofing Paper, Car lots, small lots, write,
Carolina; Portland Cement Co.,:. Otiarl^Rion, t?. C.
&< i] hine
ablt I '"Habits:
Keeley Xnstit-^to, of
1 iad^ St. (or P. O. Box 75) Columbia, S. C. Confidential correspond
leclares that all offenders shall be
punished but makes no comment on
lie case of Perry S. Heath, who now
itands high in Republican politics.
We publish" this week a part of Gan
?ra? Bristow's report, which HO
loubt will be read with intere^K
BM GRADE PM0Su
The Columbia Stat? says Sam
Shlpp, a brakeman on tho .Southern,
railway, was dangerously and perhaps \j
fatally injured at Ridgeway Friday
tfternoon, The unfortunate train
Hand was pushing a car with a pole.
\n engine was approaching to pick up
tho car. The pole broko and Shipp
Tell under the wheels ot. the loco mo
blve, his head being badly crush''(\,
The injured man was brought to 'j0.
lumbla and is under the care? ot Hr.
Kendall, who fears that the accident
will result fatally.
The QUALITY, T?RM?. trndl
VKI?ES will pitase.... -
-Call cr write
Established 1884. Opposite Y M O A.
COLUMBIA, S. C.
.yl want to kr.'/c? tao
fri:th about, jrout
trouble, sena Tor rn;
iree booklets ?nd Belt
No. 1, Nervous Debili
ty (Sexual Weakness),
No. 2, Variuocele, No.
8, Strictu re. No. <, Kid
ney and Bladder Oom
plalnta, No. 6, Disoaso
of Womfn, No. 0, The
Poison King (Blood
j?oIsoi>), No. 7, Ca
varrh. These books
sbou'.dbein the hands
of overs-person alli let
er!, na Dr. Hathaway,
I the author, ls recog
Intsed as the best au
thority and expert in
the United 8tates on
, ' Dit. HATHAWAV. these diseases. Write
Dr send for the book you want to-day, and lt
will be sent you free, sealed. Address J. Nitr
ion Hathaway, M D
28 Inman Building, 221 S. Broad St.
A Fathers Worry.
Your poor?\vpariod4wifo loosing sleep night
if ter night nursing the tUUo ono suffering from
that night flwid fdr children and horror to
parents, onQVtV should have a bottle of Tay
lor's ChorpKoA Utemedy of Swcot Gum and
M\tl\oiiiA an uiH\oul)tod croup preventive and
pure for, coughs, onl??. nnd consumption^ At
[i?uggitts 25o per bottle
and all kinds of Fresh and Salt Water
fish and oysters. If you aro dealing in
Fresh Fish or intend lo deal in them
write for prices and send your ordrs to
PERRY FISH CO., Charleston, S. C.
jr COLUMBIA FISH & ICE CO
Columbia S. C. Wo ship only fresh
jaugbt fish and our prices are as low
is they can be sold at. Write us
Try us. and be convinced
CWVP Young Men
GUARANTEE!} IN WRITING.
SOC) FRFP SCH?LAKKU11-S OFVEItKD
?WV I 11 bi Ea Wit ITC TO-DAY TO '.
GA.-ALA. BUS. COLLEGE. MACON, G*
Dlposts what you oat?
-ILM?1 BLOOP B?LRil
The O reatTested Remedy for thc speedy |
and permanent eyre .*f Scrofula, Rheum??
I tism, Catarrh, Ulcers, ?cxem?, Sores, Erup
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BLOOD AND SKIN "DISEASES?';*' K'
" lt is by far the best building up Tonic and.
Blood Putifier ever offered to the world. It;1
makes new, rich blood, imparu.renewed vi
tality* and ' possesses almost , miraculov/sy
healin.R properties. WrltO for Book Ot Wos
dcrful Cures, sent free en appllcAtlon.
If n>ot kept by your local druggist, snen
$1.00 for a large bottle, or $5.00 for six bonita,
and medicine will be sent,- freight paidj,Sy j
BXOOD BALM CO., Atlanta, Oax
S1?ND OS Y?UR N A3IE.
W e've got ia usef?\ -?i^sunt fiwe
ready tosend, just usin as yonsendl
us your na??c.
There will "be other pr?sente, t?ov
next year, spme three ov four of therre
and you w ill he glad tc, get them, you\
SH?HD ; BUILDER? ,;SUPPhi kC0.?
615 Plai? i St Columbia, S O
W ilson'? 7 /rookie Cure.
to rem o v ! e.
also as; a, -:
turned if ft;
50o. Trial, fjj
5Gl?n?Vd ^y vour druggist, wrlt? ;
I. p ; y ILSOU & CO,
< m*rh ??ton.S.O.
C. LESLI F.,
cc" t i?L?<r? 'la and boxes for
. padKed in barri t
/y trade a npcc]a^