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FO? ?HE SCHOOLS.
A Coa?entmB of Opinion on the Sub
ject of Libraries.
WHITTEN BY J, FKAf?K F008HE.
flhould Bo Itoad by All Parent?,
Guardians or Otliern Why Aro
Interested tn thc Wei;
fore of Children.
The following is the flrst part of an
article written by Mr. J. Frank
Fooshe, editor of the Winnsbbro News
and Herald, for The State. The second
part will be published next week:
As Important as ls tho school libra
ry as a factor in the development of
tho very best in school work, the se
lecting of the books that are to go
therein ?B of far greater importance.
The measure of success .that will at
tend any efforts in the direction or
the establishment of a library will de
pend in no small measure upon how
well the details of this difficult task
are carried out. Tine getting of the
most books for the least money or the
getting of the books that will' he most
ornamental will not atone for any er
rors that may be made in getting
those books that will not be read or
lu getting those that ought not to be
- read. As most school libraries have
to be started on a very small scale,
there is a great temptation to make
the flrst of the two blunders men
tioned. But it is well to bear in mind
that a few well chosen books that will
be read over and over, that are stimu
lating in the matter of developing
the reading habit, are worth many
times'?ver any number of those that
may fall in these two most impartant
respects. And even whore the first
books have been found to be well se
lected, the problem of selecting those
that are to be added is still a difficult
Within the past six years about 400
volumes have been bought for thc
library of Mt. Zion; and as to how
well this law of selection has been ob
served the list that is appcuded below
will attest. In keeping with the prac
tice of tho past few years about 50 to
100 volumes will be added thereto in
the nert few weeks. The committee
^__that has i_n-Charge the selection of the
~bobl?TtI?at are to be purchased decid
ed that it would be better to spend a
part of the funds that will be avalla
ble in get ting the views of others as
to what books should be added. Ac
cordingly they prepared a list of the
books tuat are now in the library and
sent the same to about 150 teachers
and a fow who had taught school. No
lists were sent out of tho State for the
simple reason that the committee de
sired its information fi om those who
werej^fionally known to them and
ad had to do with problems
most ?jmllar to tho.se confronting
them.' Then, too, they, had already
made a very free use of the many pre
pared lists that are o'ten sent out.
The questions were not only for sug
gestions as to the best books to be ad
ded to thc Hst, but also in regard to
. certain phases of library work. While
the number of answers that have been
received thereto has not been as large
as had been hoped, yet many valuable
suggestions were contained therein;
' and a study of these might be profita
ble at this time. Especially ls this
true at this time, for it is getting to
be more and more a custom to direct
the proceedings arising from the usu
al Christmas entertainments towards
the establishing of a library. And
when the proceeds are in hand the
teacher has that difficult problem of
making tlie best select ion and cherish
. es any helps that may be given from
r' any source in the solution of the same.
The following is a list of those who
answered the questions: Hr. J. I
McQliu of Erskine, Prof. H. T. Cook
of Furman, Prof. W. S. Morrison and
. J. S. McLucas of Clemson, Dr. D. D.
Wallace of Wofford, Supt. . ~
Dreher of the Columbia ?fltXscnoois,
Supt. W. A. Stuckip^ftlie Newberry
schools, PrJnc'r ai E. C. McCantsof thc
der*on Graded schools, Editor Zach
. Ghee of thc Spartanbury Herald,
Prof. Patterson Wardlaw of the South
Carolina cfilege, and Kev. J. H. Bold
ridge or Lancaster. Thc above list
includes five college professors, two
graded school superintendents, one
school principal, one editor and one
HOW TO STAUT A LIUKA KY.
/ Inasmuch as the matter of estab
y lishing a library is one that is likely
5 to be of the greatest Interest their an
swers on this point are given first.
There seems to be a unanimity of
opinion that the best way to get this
work started ls by getting the chil
dren of the school interested in thc
matter. It is not so much the getting
tho funds with which to start the
work as it is in awakening an interest
that will result In the free use of thc
books when they have been purchas
ed. Dr. McCain suggests that it is
best to raise the necessary funds by
means of "entertainments In which
the children, themselves take a pro
minent part," and "by such enthusi
asm on thc part of the teacher as will
awaken a desire for literature in the
school and in the community, and
lead patrons to contribute money and
books." Dr. Bold ridge takes the
view that "a careful explanation of
tho need of the library will create a
willingness to give to Its establish
ment;" and adds that in bis experi
ence in which be established several
libraries that "I secured the coopera
tion of tlie students." Prof. Ward
i law follows up the same idea in the
following suggestion: "by contribu
tion of nmney, of books or of old peri
odicals by citizens; entertainments;
donations by the lend a-band society;
contributions of public documents by
congressmen, appropriations by the
board." To the above suggestions
Prof. Cook adds one that is most prac
tical and is certainly within the reach
of all, as it is without money and
without price: "If 1 were in a rural
section I would secure papers on farm
ing, stock raising, bulletins which are
free from the experiment stations,
and also the consular reports, which
/ are free. Our State is largely agricul
tural, and I would try to interest
children In the farm and In the light
now being thrown on tlie calling by
exeperts. Consular reports give a
bird's eve view of things not seen in
other papers-our trade aad market
for our goods."
THE SCnOOL, LIUKA lt Y ESSENTIAL.
In answer to the last question as to
whether tho public funds should be
expended In equipping the library
two very imp irtant points are brought
out-that the library Is an essential
part In the equipment of a well order
ed school and that thc success of tlie
library depends more largely upou the
interest the teacher taliesin directing
the reading of tlie pupils.
Prof. Wardlaw is very emphatic in
his answer about the essentiality of
i wi IB lilli inn i^niiii mn"! i III i"-r^i-.
Lhe library lo tho following statement: 1
"Since the library ls an essential part i
of the apparatus of a properly equipp
ed school, there ls the same reason
fer cxpcdlng public money on lt as for
buying desks, blackboards or charts."
Mr. McOants ls no less emphatic In
bia statement on the same point: "I
know of. no other plan whereby a
behool board can get so great a return
in real good to a community with so
little expenditure of mouey. A school
without a library ought to be placed
in tho same category as the school
without a* teacheir-, as lacking in
a very essential particular. Wherever
possible school boards should make a
yearly appropriation-no matter how
small it must be-for tho library."
Practice is the basis upon which
Supt. Dreher endorses the expendi
ture of public funds in this way: "1
am heartily in favor of this. Our
board does it every year."
What is moro needed than any
thing else, according to Mr. McGhee.
is brains. "First of all, regardless of
any aud all other considerations,
trustees should spend their money on
bralns--that is, get good teachers
and pay them well. If there ls any
money left,"provided you have a com
fortable schoolhouse, then it should
be expended on the library."
The most important of all, accord
ing to Prof. McLucas ls tho teacher:
"lt should be remembered that a
library not used ls worthless. More
important than a library even is a
teacher who knows something about
books for children and is anxious to
Interest thc children in them."
The person whorls to direct the
reading is not to be overlooked us an
essential part in the successfull work
ing of the library in the opinion of
Dr. "Wallace: "For some competent
person to guide the reading is almost
as Important in most cases as to have
THE TEACnKK'S DUTY'.
Not only is the teacher to take an
interest in the reading of the pupils,
but must also be doing some good
reading. After naming several of the
strong books printed in the list else
where, Dr. Holdrldge very pertinently
remarks: "Of course these are mostly
for teachers and they ought to be
read by all teachers. The advanced
scholars ought to see them enough to
know what they arc and to have their
value explained to them."
While it may be a new idea
with many teachers, Prof. McLucas
in the following statement makes it
very clear as to what should be expect
ed of teachers In respect to the
library: . "1 have had no experience
in this matter and none in publh'
schools; but I should like to suggest
that lt ls the teacher's main business
to introduce children to books, and
that they should therefore not wait
till a library eau bo established to In
troduce them. For as little as 2?.
cents from each child a whole year's
reading can be provided for a class bj
thc method of rotation. A circulat
ing library of this sort should bf.
established In each class from the pri
mary grade up, the teacher selectinj
such books as the children would like
The value of the library is not ai
highly esteemed by Supt. Stucke;
as by thc others: ''The value of ai
extensive library to a school is, in m;
opinion, very much overestimated
Had 1 muney to expend for such ?
purpose I would simply purchase ?
few books to be used as parallel read
ing-in the lower grades. For tb
high school department 1 would pur
chase selections iron thc varlou
authors whose lives and writing tin
course of study might embrace, sa;
such pamphlets as are published b;
Houghton, Mithin & Co. After I dl<
Lins I would then purchase an en
ci cloped i a jv vd an unabridgc dict'ou
ary. ~~^*'-~\>ry J.vru
hut i^it, lvalue tt
the ?s, .-vThontains sonn
JJ?f^' ..IL of the successfulness ol
-"^v \^tti& *s kne use tnat '8 made ol
?j?S-*Wrrrng on this point Mr. Mc
Cants makes the following very per
tinent suggestions: "There an
libraries and libraries. In some thc
books are too clean-too nicely kept,
I like ti) see books get a wearing oui
under fair ami legitimate usage."
NOT POIt SOUTHERN CHILDKEN.
Not only were suggestions asked af
to books that should be added, but
there was also a question in regard tc.
books that should be taken off thc
list that was sent out. The answers
to this question were of a unit in re
gard to the eliminating of "Uncle
Tom's Cabin" where the matter was
touched upon at all. Then, too, ii
was found that there were some othei
books that did not meet with approval
on tho part of some.
Prof. Wardlaw made the following
objection: " 'Tom Sawyer' and
'Huckleberry Fin' are excellent books
for adults to laugh over; but In spite
of what has been published on the
subject, 1 believe that they are not
good reading for children, as they pre
sent the wrong sort of buy for Imita
tion. 'Uncle Tom's Cabin' is not a
book for southern children to read."
In regard to certain books that
should be left off, any list that might
be made up, Prof. McLucas has the
following to say about "Thelma,'' one
of the list that was sent him: "1
think almost any reading better than
none, provided the book ls not dis
tinctively immoral; but boys and girls
should be discouraged from reading
suoh books as "Thelma," when there
arc so many that are better. Healthy
adventure and romance is good foi
children; but books whose chit f charm
lies In mawkish sentimentality and
absurd pseudn-scleiitldc inquiry lute
the unknown had better bc excluded
from a library intended for the use ol
The "Elsie" bonks, which are sc
much approved by some who make iq
lists of books for children to read,
have no friend in Mr. McCants
"Naturally in such an exceedingly
miscellaneous collection you have
much that is of doubtlul value. ]
notice that you have a few of thc 21
SO-ca?led 'Elsie' books, I regard these
aa distinctly harmful, because thc
children drawn there arc impossible,
and because as books they have nc
literary merit. They are about at
unhealthy for girls as those of thc
'Deadwood Dick'series are for boys,
A lie is a He even though told in a
good cause, and the point of view ol
these books ls essentially false."
The title of a book ls no safe guide
to what lt contains, and a book h
not to tv read merely because of Itt
title. Mr. McGhee makes some very
valuable suggestions on this point:
"1 have never read Stepping Heaven
ward,' but judging from Its title 1
fear that lt ls an immoral book; and
unless its contents greatly belle Ith
title I should take lt out and send lt
ii few steps In the other direction. J
am serious about this. A schoolboy
jr girl has no business stepping
aeavcnward. He ought to be step
ping pretty lively on Ulla ?arth, and
with a broad dat foot too, trying to
be honest and useful and loving and
true, ?etUng hereward out or thia
kind of living, not putting bia eyo on
harps and rosebeds and idleness.
Don't misunderstand me. 1 believe
In religion, but this ls my religion
and mind you what ls too naraby
paenby and sentimental for boys is
too much so for girls too. I have no
patience with the idea that a girl is
to bc fed on honeysuckle tea and kept
in an 'aviary' till she is married, being
then 'innocent' which means Ignorant
and totally unfit for the companion
ship of a man with brains.- So strike
out your sentimental nonsense and
put something human into the hands
of your children."
By an oversight Mr. McGhee failed
to note that the list contained several
of the Alcott books and this called
for*b from him the following in re
gard to thean boobs which are so gen
erally put Into every school library:
"I notice that you haven't Miss Al
cotfs?books. I never read these book i
and 1 never expect to-neither am I
sorry for that great Omission, for- I
have an Idea that they are namby
pamby. But I have never before
heard of a school library without
A HOOK FOK ALL AOK3. .
By an oversight on the part of the
committee lu printing the Hst "Plu
tarch's Lives" was left off, and this]
called forth the suggestion from sev
eral that this should by all means be
in the list and also the following very
valuable suggestion from Dr. Bold
ridge in regard to the value thereof:
"By all means get 'Plutarch's Lives.'
This author helped to make Shakes
peare, Napoleon, Emerson, Franklin,
Alexander Hamilton, Nathaniel
Greene and many Lot hers. Mabie is
right in saying he furnishes pastr
age for noble minds. Much can be
Through a similar oversight Web
ster's^ International Dictionary wah
omitted from the list, and thal1
brought forth from all the suggestion
that no library was complete without
a standard dictionary. 1
HEDUCINQ TO A PERCENTAGE llASIS.
The eflort to get everything down
to a percentage basis' does not always
j take. Mr. McCants hit a death blow
lat this percentage craze: "I teach
mathematics, but I never think in per
cents. In fact, it doesn't so much
matter what per cent, of fiction, as
what iletion, how good travels, whose
history, biography, etc., and what ls
contained in your miscellany. I could
mike np a library correct In percent
ages and otherwise worthless."
Prof. Wardlaw finds it easier td
place the relative values of the differ
ent divlsion-of reading that should be
in a library bflan to reduce the same
to a percentage basis. He suggests
the following: "I cannot give the
per cent., but the following would be
tho order of rcalative fullness; stories
(whether Uutltious or true), biography,
history, travel, miscellaneous."
There- ls a considerable difference
in the ao?wers that were given in
which the.precentage basis was made.
Prof. McLuoas suggests: Finction, til)
per cent.; travel, history, biography
and miscellany, 10 each. Supt.
Dreher: Fletion, 15: travel, 30; his
tory, 30; biography, 20; miscellaneous,
5. Dr. Wallace: Fiction, 3C; travel,
10, history, 10; biography, 15; mis
cellaneous, emphasizing poetry, 35.
Prof. Conk; History, biography, travel,
fiction, 10 per cont, each; miscellany,
GO. Mr. McGhee: Fiction, 10; travel,
20; history, 20; biography, 30; miscel
laneous, 20. Prof. Morrison: Fic
tion, 30; travel, 20; history, 20; bio
graphy* 20; miscellaneous, 10. Nei
ther Dr. McC'.?.. nor Dr. Boldridge
found themselves able to reduce their
L!*nswers"*ti/--a._percentage basis, but
each makes a good^higgestlon. Dr.
McCain: "The answerth th.is- quos-,
tion would depend very much upon
the age of the children." Dr. Bold
ridge: "1 should not like to be posi
tive in my answer to that question.
Each scholar would be a special study.
One would need more of these divisi
ons than would another. I believe in
a good portion of each, but all should
lead up to the higher study of history.
There is one question the answers
to which never fail to interest, and
that is the one in regard tr> those
books that have made a lasting im
pression. On this point there is a
very considerable variation always hot
only on account of the -Inaccessibility
to certain books, but also on account
of varying tastes that are always to
be found in children. Tile answers to
the question as to the three books
that had made the most lasting im
pression were as follows:
Dr. McCain: Bible, "Pilgrim's Pro
gress" and "Weem's Marion." Dr.
Wallace: ' Pilgrim's Progress," "Tom
Brown's School Days," "Sanford and
Merton." Prof. Morrison: "Pilgrim's
Progress," "Tom Brown's School
Days," "Eutaw." Supt. Droller: Bible,
"Tom Brown's School Days." "Mother
Goose Melodies." Prof. Cook: Blue
back speeling book, Milton, . Bible.
Prof. Wardlaw: Mayne Reid's "Ban
Away to Sea," "Young M a moue rs,"
"Swiss Family Robinson," Weera
"Life of Marion." Mr. McCant'
Bible, "Robinson Crusoe," miscellanea
ous lot ol' old histories. Dr. Boldridge:
"Life of Henry Martin," "Tom
Brown's School Days," Shakespeare,
Bible. Prof. McLucas: Bible, "Ae
sop's Fables," "Robinson Crusoe."
In answer to the question as to the
10 books that should be in every
school library, the variation was so
great that it would require the nam
ing of nearly as many books as there
aire answers. This was no doubt due
to the fact that several seemed to
con true this to mean the 10 best not
on the list, lt is therefore best to
take the answers to that question in
connection with those to the question
calling for the naming or live books
not on the list that should be added
out of Hie funds that were to be in
vested. That list contains the follow
ing: Seton Thompson's "Wild Ani
mals That 1 Have Known," The
Guerber Books, "Boy's Town," "Who
Goes There?" "Les Miserables," "A
Child's (Jardell of Verse," Homer's
Odyssey (Bryant's translation), "Ae
sop's Fables," Fairy Tales (Anderdon,
(Jrimm), Miss Andrew's "Seven Sis
ters," "Ten Boys," "Prince and Pau
per," Lamb's Tales from Shakcspare,
"Ethics of Dust," "Bush Roys" (au
thor not given); Craik: "Bowow and
Mew-Mew," "Little Lame Prince,"
"Jackanapes" by Ewing, collection of
jf famous verse by Anges Rlppl'er,
Kipling's Jungle Books, Hanson's
Stories of Homer, .Rome and Arthur
[3 vols.), "Goodie Two Shoes" by
Joldsmith, "Major Jones' Courtship,"
Jhlld Book by Scudder, "Little Lord
Fauntleroy," James Lane Allen:
'Cardinal," "Aftermath," "Flute and
Violin," "King of the Golden Rivers,"
Lang's Fairy Tales, "Bird's Christ
Jarlo" by Wiggins, Child's History of
(Cngland, "American Boy's Handy
Book" by Beard, "Boys of Other Coun
tries" by Taylor, Brooks' "Stories of
Hind and of Odyssey," "Story or
Bad Boy*' by Aldrich. "Maf. Wli/?m
a Country" by Halo, l'CouuU ot Monti
80ME BIG SALARIES.
Enormous Sums Paid, Jj'tut Merit
?A! wa vs CoimtH. j
Salaries paid to public t.fficlals In
tile richest countries of len ..compare
poorly with those which pubsir* func
tionaries receive in the realm? hearest
bankruptcy. The Turkish Jminlster
of finance has 840,000 a y ea fr. Even
he, however, is less well p/aid than
tue official who ls in charit? of the
admiralty. His salary ls 1)85,000 a
year, and thc pickings are ^BO plenti
ful that the present holder, ls said to
have piled up the neat little) fortune
o. ? 12,000,000.
Without doubt, howevcr,.|the best
paid statesman^ on earth is the grand
visier uf Morocco. Ben Hammed, the
recently deceased holder off the vlz
ierato, left a sum equal to ne; i ri y $20,
000,000. lt was stored iu gold bul
lion in the cellars of his. palace at
Compared with rlcbeatf.uch/as those
of these eastern statesmen,] the 850,
000 which tho Presldeut of the United
States receives ls a poor t|urja, even
though It is backed by free i residence
in the White House, and a handsome
allowance for entertaining foreigners
A very few years ago the great In
comes of state officials were looked
upon with envy as quite unapproach
able by salaried^workers in private
life. Today there are a number of
the latter whose emoluments absolute
ly dwarf even such a salary as that of
thc President of the United 'States.
There ls a. man who received an
offer of the large salary of 1 $200,000
a year, and, incredible as it may seem,
refused lt. This is Herr Ballin, the
gifted German, who is managing
director of the Hamburg-American
line of steamers.
A dozen years ago the public had
never heard of Clinton Dawkins of
London. Then he became Mr. Go
schen's private secretary, and in 1895
secretary of linance in Egypt. There,
and later on in India, be made a great
uamc as a financial expert. His fame
attracted the notice of J. P. Morgan
& Company. He now draws 8200,000
a year in their service. His is said
to be the biggest salary paid by any
bank. There are not more than three
batik managers in England who get
one-fifth of Mr. Dawkiqs' salary.
The great life iusurance companies
pay very high figures to the men who
control their investments. : The Lwu
largest in the world each allow their
president's $150.000 a year.
Thc richest corporation in the
world is said to be the Standard Oil
Trust. John U. Rockfeller is its
president. But the $15,000,000 which
forms his yearly iucome from the oil
holdings is not salarly, but .interest.
His vice iresident, however, Alexan
der McDonald, a Scot with a marvel
ous head for finances, receives a ng
ular salary of $200,000 a yearjund has
bis fare i aid to Russia or Burmah
whenever ne wishes to inspeot the oil
fields of ri val companies.
Railway companies are not stingy.
J. Pierpont Morgan paid Samuel
Spcucer $50,000 a vear to gi ve ^expert
opinions on the railway properties
be was buying up.
As managing director of the Con
solidated Goldfields or S- h (Africa.
Limited, Mr. RhodesusejL about
$225,000 a year.
The suguar trust pays its Officials
well. A notable instai.ee is tile $50,
000 a year which their chemibt, J. O.
Donner, gets. But Mr. Dormer has
to work hard tor his money. / Sugar
from every part of the world, cane
and beet, comes before him,i and he
bas to exercise expert opinion on it.
The great experts in all j of the
principal commercial lines are well
paid. Fifteen thousand dollars a
year is the salary of the cbie^tea-tas
ter and blender of one great British
tea firm. This gentleman has all thc
expenses of a three months' holiday
paid yearly. He needs it badly, for
tea-tastln? is most trying to the
nerves and beith.
Twenty thousand dollars a year is
tho remuneration of a laborer, A. J.
Day, who is employed as "roller" at
thc Pittsburg mills of the Steel Trust,
He is the best man at his special
work-the rolliug of steel rails-and
is paid accordingly. |._9
Great singers like Patti have made
the astonishing record i-f 35,000 a
night. This she did at New Orleans.
Mut neither she nor any other prima
donna ever kept up that sort of tiling
at a steady Income.
The amounts to be made by lec
turing rival the salaries of prima
donnas. Ian Maclaren once made $50,
000 in six weeks. Slr H. M. Stanley
did even better.
Gruesome Tale TOIIB ol Crime Oom
Itnittcd Three Year? A>*o.
At Washington, D. C., Minister
Lyon lias reported to the state depart
ment from Monrovia, Liberia, under
date of Nov. 4, last, the details or the
massacre in the depths of un African
forest of a white missionary named
john G. Tate, with all bis following,
eighteen in number, lt appears that
the massacre took place as far backus
March 15, 1001, yet this, the first de
tailed account, has just come to hand
in an atilda vit by Mrs. Mary L. Allen,
a white missionary at Nouna Kroo,
Liberia. She had the story from
some of tlie native Doo tribesmen,
who knew of the killing. Tate bad a
large mission farm, and, beside he
maintained a considerable school in
tb*? jungle, and altogether nineteen
p. pie were in the mission when it
was surrounded in the night by the
Duos. The first man who answered a
knock at the door was shot. The in
terpreter next was shot and as Tate
appeared and tried to protect the
body of thc interpreter, he too, was
shot and < ut to pieces. Tho Doos
then killed all the remaining inmates
of the house, cut off their bands and
placing bb? bloody members in a
collin, sent them back to their people
as trophies. In explanation of their
action tlie Doos said, "We have no
tight with tho white man; but If we
do not kiii him now he wiil bring his
country to make war upon us."
Minister Lyon on the strength of
this affidavit, bas communicated with
tlie Liberian secretary of state, with
a view of scouring fuller information
and perhaps the punishment of the
perpetrators of the messacrc.
Tho State says the authorities cf
Cross Hill, Laurens County, have sent
Henry Brown, a footless negro farmer
of that section, to the county Jail to
serve a sentence of 30 days for being
drunk and disorderly aud resisting ar
rest. Brown is about 35 and lost his
feet several years ago in a railroad
accident. He walks on his knees and
ls a rouyh character when drinking.
THE MILL TROUBLE.
Tb? Beorganis^-on of th? Columbia
Miilt ???' Now Proceed.
DECISION FILED WEDNESDAY.
What tho Olympia MU! Manago
ment la Required to Do.
No Keooi vcrablp for
In the United States circuit court
at Charleston Wednesday Judge Si
monton and Brawley rendered theil
opinions in the suits against the Co
lumbia cotton mills, wblch were ar
gued last week, the opinions allowing
the plan of reorganization of the mill*
to continue. &
In the tlrst case, commonly spoken
of as the Dearings suit against- lihe
Granby and Olympia mills, which pro
vided for the Granby and the Rich
land mills to be recognized as credi
tors or the Olympia, the Judges sign
ed the compromise agreem nt drawn
up by the attorneys representing the
Dearings and the defendants, provid
ing for the setting aside of 50 pei
cent, of the mills' holdings of Olympia
stock, $150,000 in the case or Granby
and *75,000 In the case of Richland
mills, n the- first mortaguge bonds,
whlcL are to be Issued according to
the plan or the reorganization, the
same to be held by the court, pending
the adjudication of the claims and
differences between thc mills, which
are In process of adjustment, the mills
to share like all other creditors in all
further proportionate distribution ot
bonds and settlement of the pending
In the Pbinizy suit,, ror a receiver
for the Olympia mills, the court re
served its opinion on the appointment
or a receiver but will grant the tem
porary injunction, unless the defen
dants enter a bond to the sum of $20,
800, the amount of the holdings of
stock by Pbinizy and Hull, for the
performance of such decrees as may
be issued in the case, which is now to
be given a full hearing.
The decision of the court allows
thc plan or reorganization to proceed
and the promoters of the scheme are
given the opportunity to demonstrate
Its successful working.
The decision in the Pbinizy case
read as follows:
'This case comes up on a bill for an
injunction and receiver, a rule to
show cause, the return thereto, ano
affidavits filed on both sides.
Thc case aa made by the bili is that
the complainants purchased prcfcrrel
stock in the Olympia mills from thc
agent of the mills in Augusta, that
ls lo say, Leonard Pbinizy 12 share*
for $12.480. and Mrs. Alice S. Hull
eight shares for $8,320; that before
they would purchase they required
assurances that the Olympia rnillt
company would never execute a
mortgage ot Its property ?,o as t<
create a lieu antecedent to the pre
ferred stock. That this assurance
was given by the production of a cer
tified copy of a resolution of the
stockholders or the Olympia mills tn
this effect fortified by the opinion ol
W. Hi Lyles, Esq., counsel for and a
director in the mill company? as to
the binding force or the resolution
and its enforcement by injunction
were it violated. Tbl? having been
shown them, - and in consideration
thereor, they paid their money which
went Into the treasury or the com
pany. The bill then charges that
notwithstanding this resolution and
contract on the raith or wblch alone
complaints purchased and paid r
their stock, the directors proposed uo
the stockholders and the stockholders
resolved to execute a mortgage on all
the property ot the Olympia mills for
the pul pose of funding its debts to
the amount or $1,750,000.
The bill does not deny the solvency
or the company. It charges gross
mismanagement on the part ot the
directors, all or whom, but two, have
resigned, and, others have been ap
pointed in their stead.
The return is voluminous. It denies
the allegation or the bill as to the
purchase or the stock trom the com
pany, and denies the validity or the
resolution and contract under which
the stock was purchased.
To go into a detailed statement or
the affidavits would be as tedious as ti
would be unnecessary.
It ls enough to say that complain
ants *prlma fade have made out their
case as to the purchase of the preferred
stock from the company, the assur
ances under which lt was purchased,
the production of the resolution of a
meeting of the stockholders agreeing
not to put any mortgage upon the
properly of the mills, so long as any
prererred stock was outstanding; that
this was the moving consid?ration for
the purchase by them, and that the
money they paid went Into the treas
ury of the company.
Under these circumstances, as the
matter now presents Itself, they are
entitled to a temporary Injunction Un
less they are piotected from loss on
lt ls, therefore, ordered, adjudged
and decreed, That a temporary in
junction as prayed for in the bill do is
sue, unless the defendant, the Olym
pia cotton mills, do, within 15 days
from the entry of this order enter in
to bond, approved by a judge of this
courl, to stand to, abide by and per
form such decree as may be entered
lo favor of Hie complainants, and each
of them, as the result of a full hear
ing of this cause.
Thc matter of the appointment of a
receiver Is reserved.
CHAULES H. SIMONTON,
WM. II. BHAWLEY,
U. S. District Judge.
Dec. 29, 1903.
Fire In Manning. .
A special dispatch to The State
from Manning says while the town
was quietly worshipping in the
churches Sunday about ll o'clock and
a high wind prevailed, Ure broke out
In Thomas & Bradham's stables, de
stroying the stableii, barn, sheds, etc.
Eight horses, including a line stallion,
about 150 wagons, besides many bug
gies, mowing machines, a lot of hogs,
corn and many tons of hay were de
stroyed. The loss cannot, be estimat
ed yet and was only partially covered
by lusn rance.
Knowledge from Exp rienoe;
ls what we undorstnnd when Dr. Spalding
an eminent liant ?Ht divino, of Oui veston, Tex
as, writes "send mo two bottles of Taylor's
Chorokeo Remedy of Sweet Quin and Mullein.
It Is for a friend Hu(Toring from consumption.
Jt Is a preparation I kuo'v from oxperienco to
bo good. At druggists :'.?> mid 50o bottlo.
A Cowboy named Wilson discovered
two men floating on a cake of Ice
down the Republican river, In Ne
braska, and, riding close to the shore,
cast lils lariat over one and then the
other of tho men, drawing them
ashore to safety.
OR. HATHAWAY. 7?
Recognized as the Leading and reij
Most Successful Specialist in thc
His line In the United States.
?"??A_* ?.. "_ My cara lor thia disenso la p
^TPiiiTlIifi nu cutting or dangerous mu
.JU IUIUI V ualattentlon, andtreattla.
.ni and t-oreneaa ls allayed and thc canal ?soul s
. ? ?__l_ This dUcoso ia tho cnlarj
vAriOfl??l? the vitality. It weakens
??*C IWUWO'W form certainty just as qui.
riv ?thor disease, and their strength la bein? dn
. I, ond loam the cause ot your trouble. Bend to
3_I n This horrible disease
'^Sfinn rOISOSl know Justwhatwy I
.JflUUU I UIOUII bones, falling bair,O'
wtllt^ll yon frankly whether or not you aro ar
-up- tn ?va iiulok. tf not quloker, tirun than, any I
'llP.be eradicated from tho system forever. Sen
. health tliouaamls ot suffering women. Send 1
3iseases of Women
Shronic Diseases ?$??
equipped with tho most approved X-RaylCiid c
ountries. Correspondence confidential.
28 Inman Ihiildlni*. 21A fi. Rrnnd fi
SHOCKING RECORD OF HOMICIDE
There Were 222 Oases in This State
tile Past Year.
There were 222 cases of manslaugh
ter reported to the attorney general
during the year 1903. The record is
appalling. And it is possible i "nut
there are some homicides which are
not reported by the clerks of court.
Iii 1897 and in 1900 the number of
cases reported was 225, exceeding tho
record of 1903. Mr. Gunter has been
examining the records of other States
and linds thal South Carolina shows
up badly. Only 91 homicides were re
ported in North Carolina last, year,'
and that number was thought to bc a
fearful record for the adjoining State.
The following ligures show the num
ber of crimes of various classes com
mitted in each year since 1888, thc
first ligure being for 1888 and each
succeeding one for the year following:
Assault and battery: 291, 309, 451,
501, 108, 417, 541, 508, 700, 002, 61?,
535, 512, 529, 598, 454*
Burglary: 132. 112, 79, 48, 53, on,
105, 212, 152, 89, 139, 108, 70, li5,
Larceny: 247, 199, 271, 228, 278, j
207, 309, 290, 193, 210, 299, 304,' 315, '
337, 305, 401.
Rape: 18, 10, 33, 24, 12, 19. 23, 18,
14, 34, 22, 32, 19, 8, 14, 10.
Perjury: ll, 2, 12, 18, 7. 8, 13- 22,
21, 10, ll, 7, 1, 6, 3, 9.
Forgery: 25, 29, 13, 28, 15, 18, 15;
18, 21, 34, 30, 20, 37, 42, 17, 35, 27,
Resisting officer: 23, 27, 29, 31, 38,
28, 30, 23, 31, 33, 28, 25, 20, 22. 21.
Obtaining goods under false pre
tenses: 13, 22, 29, 25, 15, 20, 37, 33.. i
30, 21, 38, 53, 15, 29, 38, 33. '
Adultery: 57. 8u, 88, 48, 40, 20, 74, .
32, 49,05, 00, 44, 34, 48, 34, 31. I
Murder: 107, lil, 120, 143, 105, i
131, 141, 210, 202, 225, 247, 213, 222, 1
192, 190, 222. I
Violation dispensary law, from 1891:
117, 150, 027, 433, 311. 373, 301, 307,!
The Saturday Evening Post says the
recent discovery of a method by which
any ordinary cotton cloth can be made
as waterproof as sheet tin ls regarded
asa marked achievement in chemistry*,
Subject to the pew treatment tho
flimsiest of fabrics becomes so impervi
ous to water that if buldged or folded
in the shape of a bowl or pocket it will
hold water for days without letting a
drop escape through its meshes.
The significant process In the new
treatment is liberation of a gas, such '
as carbonic dioxide, simultaneously i
with the precipitation upon the fabric
of various chemical reagents.
The result, is thar this gas, in a line- '
ly divided state, merges with 11 io inso
luble compound employed and is held .
fixed in this chemical coating in such |
a way that water, even under pressure,
cannot pass through il.
In the tests cotton cloth was passed
through two baths. The first of ttiese
was prepared hy adding to 100 parts of
water 10 parts of steane acid, one and
one-half parts of sodium*hydrate and
two parts of sodium bicarbonate. This
mixture was then boiled until it was
In complete solution. Then 500 parts
of water were added and acetic acid
comprised the second hath.
In the reactions caused by the meet
ing of the ingredients of the two baths
two insoluble compounds, aluminium
st?arate add aluminium hydrate, were
precipitated upon the fabric, while at
the same time carbonic dioxide was
liberated and was found to be distri
buted and hold by the chemical coat
ing that, as stated, water could not
pass through t he fabric.
It is predicted that the new process,
which is protected byjpatent, will work
a revolution in the manufacture pf
water-wroof garments, inasmuch as it.
will enable lite people engaged in this
industry to turn out a much greater
variety of mackintoshes and pthetawlh
garments and at a lowor cos1, Iban is
possible in thc making of waterproof
clothing at present.
BOTA M IC
The Great Tested Remedy for the ?peedy
and permanent cure of Scrofula, klieun.a
11 ?i,.. Catarrh, Ulceri, Eciema, Sores, Erup.
lions. Weakliest, Nervousness, and all
BtOOD AND SKIN DISEASES.
It it by fer ?he best building up Tonic and
Blood Purifier ever offered to the world. It
makes new, rich blood, imparts lenewed vi
tality, and potseisci almost miraculous
healing properties. Write for Book Ol Won-.
dtrf_! Cures, ssr.t ?ros o., ?pp?c?iion.
If not kept by your local druggist, send
$1.00 for a large bottle, or $5.00 for ?ix bottles,
and medicine will be sent, freight raid, by
BLOOD BALM CO., Atlanta, Qa.
.Tho specla'lat li now Indispensable. lu alt walk? ot life them Ss >? du tiling fur
io cii< doonoprnU-nlar Otu ; bo .ter than ?ny ow elB?,apdaueh A maul i one wUo lia* .;i>,.
i endeavor to, and centered all ot bis energy ?Hil ability on Hie jpoelalty ?io hay chojeii for b"ts>
Early in .ny professional career I realized that Cliroul? Dl6-!a3ej wen? ivit'ielr. : r-ivri thc
eniio:i which tbcli Importance warranted. I ea-.r that, these diseases rpijuirxd ti spccl.il Hi
ss wh'.o?? the buwy practitioner could never acquire. For more fian twenty year? 1 havo'<b>.
ted-mycelf exclusively to tho study and treatment of these disease*, and ibo fart thicphysl
na recommend rue to their patients ia aa evidence of ruy ah ll I and ability r.x oyfriiwliil Hu?, 1
ro special counsel to phyaletans vrlth obstlnatoand obscure cases.
1 haw'divoted particular attention to chronlo diseases ol men nn<) won. en, an-1 no other
sa of disease rehuiros moro Intelligent and oxpert treatment. It ?3 u fact that a majority cf
mowo 'Ito seriousness of their condition to Improper treatment, and a ialluro to realize tho
portance cf placing their case In tho handB of a skilled and oxpert specialist
Overindulgence, indiscretions and exeespos aro not the f?nly
causes of an impairment of scxu.tl ?trenttth. Hueh a detanso
inen t frcu.uon tty comes from worry, overwork., mental ot min.
willen gradually wcaitens ?nd injures tho pystom before tho unfortunate vtcliui reaitws
s'truo nature of his trouble. Nervousness, weak back, dizziness, loas of memory, fi*.ts befort?
i eyes, despondency, etc., often are the first symptoms of an impairment of manly visor, and if ?
Ulected serious results are Bure to fellow. I want to talk toovery man who hosnnyof ttiese
pptorus ot weakening of lils maniv (unctions. , I can promptly correct all IrrcRulnrli?e-t, and
der my skillful treatment you will havo restored all of. tho strength and glory ?.f ymir man
ad. Whethervnu consult mo or not, do not Jeopardize your health by experimenting wltu'
idy-made medicines./reo samples, so-called aulok cures, etc.. as thc most delicate r>r?-ansof
i body are Involved, and only au expert should be entrusted with your case. Bend for free
>klet, " Nervous Debility and ItsTarnlly of Ills."
;entle and painless, and .often causes no detention from business or other dut lc It involves
-Rtcat operation. Improper treatment will result lu serious injury. .Iglvo each en?fc Individ
every requirement. .Every obstruction is removed, and all discharge spun ceases, inllatuma
up promptly aud permanently. Send for freo book on Stricture.
cement of veins of tho scrotum, which fill with stagnant blood, causing a constant drain upou
the entire system and sap? away allbexual strength. .1 cure this disease vrlth the same uni
ck as consistent with medical sulence. Probably moro men aro afflicted with Varlcoeol? than
lined away without their knowing tho cause. Come to me at once if you think youJ?yV*/ulo,fc
r free booklet on Varlooccie. .. ??- ---
. .'' . " y-: ?I/A?J-;*-; -
i is no longer Incurable, and when I say that I can onre the most severe case I du sc because I
:reatment has accomplished. If you haye sores, pimples, blotches,'nore throat, pilnsln th?
r any symptoms which you do not understand, lt ls important that.you consult me ot once, and
unfortunate victim, i will guarantee to euro -you without th?ru<ie of strong an'.f injurious
nown treatment. My cure li a permanent one, and U not ine/c patch work..aud tho disease
d for my free booklet, "Tho Poison King."'
on who suffer from tho nil mon ts peculiar to Mio.tr sex are cured by my Kentle and painless
od of treatment, which avoids all necessity for Marginal operations, li you suffer from bearlns
pain's, backache. Irregula-itie?. lnuchorrhea, etc.. write mo about your caso. 1 hu vc restored
tor my free booklet on Woman's Diseases.
y also includes nil other chronic diseases, such as Rheumatism, Catarrh, Diabetes, Bright -
mnch, Liver and Kidney Diseases, Piles, Fistula, Rupture, Paralysis), Locomotor Ataxia. S
i, etc., and all who want skillful, expert treatment should write me about their case. My oiUce
.toot .-leal apparatus, sc that my patients get thu benefit ot thc latest discoveries ot HC?CUCO.
yono to consult mc without charge, and win refund railroad fare one way to all who take
If you cannot H>>C me in person write for symptom blanks and full Information about my euc
if home>treatmcm by which I have cured patients in every State lu tho Linton and in foreign
ON HATHAWAY, M. D.
troot. Atlanr.-i. Ga.
First sign of RHEUMATISM- Dann??;,. ?? u
ran. Easy to euro now. A singlo bottle ot ^
Will probably do the work. Uzi cuet requlremore. RHEtmACrbr
eurea by getting rid ol the ciuie, to thu no trace of the dlieaae lloren
In the lyatem. lt pnjlfiea the blood, rellerea the inflammation of the kid
ney!, the chronic conitlpation asd the catarrh that follow? turir a condi
tion of the tyitcra. I
Thoofh Mn. Marr B. Welbora. of High Point, fi. C.. ta SO ycara old
?nd had tuflered from rhcumatlam for 20 yean, abe wai completely cured
by RI?EUMACIDE, and declarea alie feelt "yean younger" and la anxloui
for all who ?ie tuflerlng from any ol the forma of thia dread diicaae" f
try RHEUMACIDB and be cured. ?-".? n
REV. J. R. WHEELER, a noted Methodiit minister, of Relitentcwa.
Md., wrllei enthuilaitically of RHKUM ACIDS, which cured him. Ucla
73 rear* old and hat been In the rainlitry SO yean.
CAMPLE BOTTLE rnCC FROM
BOBBITT CHEMICAL CO., PROPRIETORS.
'Orrs AT THC JOINTS MOM TM I INSIDE."
A Wagener, Pres. Geo Y Coleman. VicePrea. I G Ball, Sec'y & Trea8
Coleman-Wagener Hardware Company,
Successor to C. P. Poppenhclm.
363 KING STREET, - - - - - . CHARLESTON, S O
$650.000 GIVEN AWAY FREE.
FOURFIER SEARCnMONT AUTOMOBILE, at .1.30 p. m.*
April 1st, 1904.
Al tho Armv Cyclo Company's store 22 Hrond St., ono ticket wilt bo niven fr?* with cach"50o
mail order, fdehtiflc?tiqn of tickets will be by name, heneo nil tickets mu- bo signed and
lopbsited bofnro noon. April 1, 11)01. This nuuutor of awarding tho nutomoLllo will bo loft to
lh<-ticket holdors nt tho placo o? drawing.
Tho machino is on exhibit nt our store and wo will bglno d to have you mapeetit.
Do you suffer with pninful monstruntion? Either rotnrded, excessive, or insufliciont
If so, coinmonco nt once to tnko Ol toman Femnlo Regulators, nml they will givo prompt and
permanent relief. These pills euro pninful monthly sickness, whites, agonizing pains due to
suppressed menstruation, regulnto Uio bowels, stimulate tho heart, incronso tho appetite, aid
i!kinsli?ud OTTOMAN FEMALE REGULATORS. tZ$A
and ucl us a general tonic to tho female generativo organs. They uro eapeciutly u?eiui a?
ti tonic after child-birth mid will speedily restore the pntient to\her normnl condition. Full
particulars of thia wonderful remedy sent with each box of pills.\_Price_?1.00 per box. Sent
I j mail In plnin wrapper upon receipts of price. _ ~ ^lU?
WE ARE LOOKING *s
FOR YOUR ORDERS 3
COLUMBIA LUMBER & MFG. CO.
Sterling Silvor, Cut glass Jowlry, Wntclias, Chains .Rifigs, all the
numerotts urticles suiUtblo for presents of nil kimi ;, wo now have ?
illustrated hy photographs direct from tito articles in our catala
gtto ot over 100 (inges, of which wo will bo pleased to sond you
oui' on request. Wo deliver all goods freo by mail, oxpress, or freight on all otdera with cash,
und guarantee satisfaction. ?
P. H. LACHICOTTE & CO., Jewelers,
1424 Main St COLiUMRIA, S O
Xviiiie Cement, Plaster,
Terra Cotta Pipe, Rooting Paper, Car lots, small lots, write,
Carolina, Portland Cement Co., Chu rles? on, r*. G.
AU -I>rug-T.?>.ii Tobacco
Cured by Keeley Institiit?; o? O.
132'J Lady St. (or P. O. Box l?) Columbia, S. C. Conlidential correspond
YOUNG MEN, YOUNG WOMEN, WAKE (JP
Prepare yourselves to meet tho demand for Stenographers, typewriters
and bookkeepers. Write for catalogue of
iMACFKAT'S BUSINESS COLLEGE, Columbia, S. C.
W. H. Macfeat, oflloial Court Stenographer, President.
HIGH GRADE PI?NOS, I?HT ??? TURNING
The QUALITY, T? RMS and
PjBLU$S wffl please.
-Call or' write
Hi ii L O ors
Establlslicfi 1884. Opposite YMCA
COLUMBIA, S. C.
We can make you close prices on
Newels, Spindles, eta, etc
SHT BUILDERS SUPPLY co,,
Un^ncrt to Death.
At Troy, N\Y" Moses T. Clough,,
one of Troy's olttest lawyers, and Wil
liam Shaw, a/?o one of Troy's best
known lay/rycrs, lost their lives In a
fire willen destroyed tho Troy club
fciirly^-^ Wednesday morning. Mr.
OK^Muas president ot the chi'.,,
ncluded among its members
Silliest mon of the city.
Ch) Plain St
Columbia. S 0
CHARLES C. LESLIE,
-Wholesale Dealers In
Kitsh and Oysters,
18 & 20 harket St.. Charleston, S. C.
Consignments of Country Produce
ure Respectfully Solicited, Poultry,
Fish p&oKcd in barrels and boxes for
Country trade, a specialty.
GUANO Riplds is maintaltiing ita
repuiatlon of being a rapid city-;for