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: '?DO THOU LIBERTY GREAT. INSPIRE OUR SOULS AND MAfcl^HJR LIVES IN 'PHY POSSESSION HAPPY, OR OUR DEATHS GLORIOUS IN THY CAUSE." .]??_' . ? :'.
VOL. XXVII. BENNETTSVILLE, S. C., FMpAY, FEBRUARY 13, 1903. NO. 14.
<THE LIFE SAVERS
Hoard Voices of Boomed Men Bat
Could Not Keach Thom.
DROWNED IN SIGHT OF FRIENDS.
Tho Complete Wreck of a Pour
Masted Sobooner In Long
Island Beach. Eight
Eight lives were lost in the wreck
Saturday morning off Quogue, Long
Island, of thc four-masted schoone'
Augustus Hunt, coal-laden, for Boston '
from Norfolk, Va. Of thc crew of lu
only two men were saved. Second Mate
George Ebert of Cleveland, O., and a
Swede who was unconscious when
washed on the beach. The vessel
was in r jmmand of Capt. Robert) Blair
when she left, for Boston. Soon after
midnight, during a douse fog, the
schooner stra ided a few hundred feet
from the beach and about a mile west
of the Quogue life saving station. A
lifo saving patrolman heard the cries
for help of tl ?ose on board and sum
moned the crew. For hours tho lifo
savers were able to hear the cries of
tho men on the vessel, which was near
at hand, but buried in the fog. They
were absolutely unable tc help tlie
men. Time and again they launched
their boat, only to have it hurled back
to the shore by the heavy surf. The
life savers adso had recourse to life
lines, but the shots carrying the lines
either feii wide or short of the invisi
Soon after daylight masses of wreck
age began to come ashore, indicating
that the vessel was rapidly breaking
up. About noon a spar with a man
clinging to it was seen tossing in tlie
outer line of the breakers. After a
line had been shot across it and made
fast by the man he was pulled ashore
and proved to be Second Mate Ebert.
A few minutes later another sailor
was seen on a mass of wreckage and
half a dozen life savers, forming a
human chain, dashed into the surf
and drew him ashore. He was un
conscious and continued in that con
dition at a late hour-Saturday' night.
Thc cries of those remaining on the
wreck cont inued to grow fainter du
ring the afternoon and finally ceased
altogether. One body drifted ashore,
but it was so disfigured as to be unrec
ognizable, lt is believed that only
the bow of the vessel remains on tlie
bar and from this the exhausted sea
men dropped one by one until all were
Mate Ebert after being taken to the
life saving station, said that tlie ves
sel stranded in thu fog, having mls
*%*tim? fine"72111rcnecock light for- th;;
light of a steamer. The ofllcers be
lieved they were at least 25 miles off
shore and in no danger when the ves
sel suddenly struck and began to
pound to pieces in the heavy sea that
was running on the bar. Great waves
swept the vessel's decks, the masts
snapped off like pipestems. and with
the rigging, were carried away by the
tremendous seas. As the hull began
to go to pieces the members of tlie
crew were driven toward the bow,
where they hung on as best they could.
Ebert was clinging to some wreckage
on the deck when the whole mass
went overboard, carrying him with it.
Ebert was unable to give the names
of any of the crew, most of whom
were shipped at Norfolk. The body
of the man washed ashore was Satur
day night identified as that of Charles
Hudson of Malden, Mass. The rescu
ed sailor revived sufficiently to be able
to say that he was .lolin Somer, a
native of Finland, who was one of
the survivors of the wreck of the
schooner Jos. Hi Pharo, near Cape
Charles on Jan. 2, and who shipped
on. the Hun' at Norfolk. Another
unidentified I ody came ashore.
I3oh nailed Her Son.
Mrs. Altin r Oswald of Oakland in
a sudden lit ( f insanity beheaded her
four-year-old joy and pet dog, which
had d?fende? him from the attack
from his m o lier with an axe. Thc
head ol' the s< n was completely sever
ed from the body and was carried
from the kit then to the dining room
where it was placed in the center ol'
the flour besioo which the woman laid
the dog's bea I. Arthur Oswald, hus
band of the woman and father of the
boy, upoii returning home from work
Wednesday nignt discovered the
horrible crime. He called to his wife
but received no answer and going to
the upper part of the house he found
his wife lying in bed fully clothed
with her dress besmeared with blood.
Beside her lay their six-months-old
baby sleeping peacefully. In another
room adjoining Oswald found two
other children unharmed.
A Good hill.
The Columbia State says "Mr,
Bomar's bill to empower mayors and
magistrates in cities of over 5,000 in
habitants to issue warrants author
izing police or constables to break
open and enter any closed doors or
rooms wherein it is suspected gam
bling is going on is a measure which
the legislature should pass without
delay. It seems that some such legisla
tion is necessary to break up gam
bling in our towns and cities. Gam
bling is already outlawed and gam
blers also, but it ls not now possible,
under tlie law, to raid gambling dens
unless it is suspected that whiskey ls
Thc Georgia Mule.
Tho Augusta Chroncile says the
Georgia mule scored again Wednesday
when one of that species, while being
led through tho street?, of Columbus,
Ga., kicked a tire alarm box olia post.
This broke the circuit which turned
in an alarm and the Uro department
was given a hard and useless run.
Suing a I'roachcr.
Miss Agnes Justice of Pens grove,
N. J., is suing Rev. J. W. Davis,
pastor of Hie Baptist church at Ped
rlcktown, for $10,000 damages for
broach of promise of marriage. She
wants Justice, if ho doesn't.
THE DORCHESTER LYNCHING.
The Man Huns Had Boen Guilty ot
In regard to the recent lynching at
Reevesville Sheriff Varnadoe of Dor
chester county has written Gov. Hoy
ward in detail. The letter was re
ceived Wednesday, although the crime
was committed last Thursday.
"Hearing that there had boen r
lynching near Reevesville," said tlie
letter, "1 immediately took such steps
as I deemed wiso to apprehend the
parties who participated in it. I went
to Reevesville and interviewed botli
the white people and the negroes to
accomplish this purpose. I found the
good white people of the town and
community, apparently willing to as
sist me in discovering the guilty par
ties, but nono of these could give me any
information leading to the arrest of
any party who took part in tlie lynch
ing. The negroes appeared indiffer
ent and I could get no information
nor assistance from them.
"lt seems that 'General' Lee, the
negro lynched, was in bad standing
with the people of his own color, some
of them actually expressing surprise
that he had not been dealt with Uko
manner several years ago for attempt
ed similar offenses. Notwitlistandhig
tho fact that this negro lias attempt
ed several other assaults at different
times on white women of this county
and has evaded the law, yet the white
people of Dorchester deeply regret
t his lynching.
"Of course I will do my duty in this
case and will appreciate any sugges
tion from you.: In this I have the
moral support of our best citizens who
wish to make an example of the law
"The history of the case is this; A
widow living in Reevesville, who has
several little children to support, is
running a small store. For several
nights this negro nao been hanging
around lier pl oof business acting in
a suspicious inner; She had noti
lied some of 1 neighbors of his actions
and they wc on the lookout for him.
Last Sunday hight lie endeavored to
enter her ' me but was frightened
away by hi iries for help. He drop
ped a pa-'. ' of home-made knucks
which were Identified as those which
lie had been carrying. There were
several other pieces of evidence against
Lee, one of which was a pair of legg
ings which he wore which left a pecu
lar mark, to wit: a buckle from one of
the straps marked every step of one
of his feet.
"A warrant was sworn out at the
instance of the injured lady, a con
stable was sent to arrest Lee, and af
ter he had secured him and was on
his way to jail with Iiis prisoner, lie
was held up by unknown parties who
forcibly < o ?l^4;l?>-pr Ison c.: -XIr?"con
?table was ordered to move on, which
he did to save his own life. He had
proceeded some distance vhe'n he
heard the shots which undouutedly re
sulted in the death of the prisoner.
This arrest and lynching took place on
the night following tlie attempted as
DENOUNCES MOB LAW.
Gov. Hay ward Appeals for Moro Ad?
quate Law Against Lynching.
A few days ago The State announc- ,
ed t hat Gov. Heyward had been moved
very strongly by the lynching in Dor
chester and that he would take some
steps to have the crime punished,
.lust what he Intended to do was not
known until Wednesday, when he pre
sented to the general assembly the
following special message, which made
a strong impression upon the mem
To the Honorable the Gentlemen of
tho General Assembly:
In my annual message to your hon
orable body reference was made to
lawl?ssnessjn our suite, the frequent
occurrence of lynchings being dealt
with particularly. The necessity of
respect being paid to the law by civil
ized communities was urged in this
connection. Yon, the law-makers,
had not been assembled hero a week
when another evidence of this lawless
spirit is given in the lynching at
The governor is popularly credited
with the power to prevent or punish
these out rages against the State. In
reality he is practically powerless.
When notified, lie may sometimes
frustrate the mob by Hie employment
of troops, but when the crime lias
been committed his hands are. practi
cally tied. The meagre rewards he
has been empowered to offer out of
his contingent fund have proven inef
fectual, and this is as far as he is per
mitted to go. In Hie meantime the
spirit of lawlessness is unchecked.
Any band of lawless men may feel
secure in taking thc life of a fellow
being on almost any pretext. This
deplorable condition ought to be
remedied. To compel greater respect,
for tlie majesty of the law 1 recom
mend thc enactment of special legis
lation in reference to lynching, that
the great responsibility of otllcials di
rectly charged with enforcing tlie law
be brought home to them, and that
more sffectual measures be taken for
the apprehension of persons who tako
tho law in their own hands.
In lieu of some such legislation, I
suggest that thc governor be provided
with an adequate fund for tho purpose
of suppressing lynching-a fund that
may bo used in offering suitable re
wards or in obtaining evidence against
lynchers in such marmor as may be
1 sincerely regret tho necessity for
this and am not desirous of additional
responsibilities, but I will not shirk
any duty that the general assembly
may see tit to impose for the welfare
and good name of South Carolina.
I). C. H KV WARD,
January 20, 1904. Governor.
Too Much Booze.
Tlie Newberry Observer says a man
who has been In Columbia a good por
tion of tho time since thc session of
the legislature began* sitys'he has-secn
more drunken members this time thal '
ever before. Two members have
especially distinguished themselves In
What Has Been Done During the
SEVERAL BILLS ARE PASSED.
Tho Legislature Has Just Gotten
Down to Work in Good
Ernest Since the
After an adjournment since Satur
day Jan. 10, tho house of representa
tives convened at 12 o'clock Wednes
day and spent aa hour in session. At 1
o'clock Hon. A O Latlmer, Junior
United States senator from this State,
was accorded the privileges of the
hall in accordance with the invitation
sent him last week, and for a quarter
of an hour be presented to the mem
bers of the general assembly strong
arguments in favor of his bill to have
government aid In behalf of good
There was only one third reading
bill on the calandar-Mr. Efl rd's to
grant tho Lexington Water Power
company the right to erect dams at
I) relier's and Ka ucl i's shoals in Lex
ington county. This was passed aud
sent to the senate.
Mr. T. F. Stackhouse Introduced
the memorial from the State Temper
ance, Law and Order League. This
document was received as unformation
and was spread on the journal.
Unfavorable reports were made on
the following: Mr. Ford's marriage
license bill; M . Dorroh's garnishee
bill; bill to change tho time for con
vening the gene ral assembly until the
secoud Tuesday in May, and the bill
tc curtail the hi nting season.
Mr. Slnkler's resolution to extend
the use of the ?all to the State bar
association this afternoon and tomor
row afternoon : nd night was adopt
In making uo the list of ofilces to
be tilled by elecci?n Wednesday, two
vacancies in the Citadel board were
overlooked. This omission was correct
ed Wednesday ky Mr. D. O. Herbert's
WORK OK THE SENATE.
The senate session was short, Wed
nesday the body adjourniug within
the hour and little being transacted
other than the introduction of several
new bills and the reading of the cal
Senator Brice introduced two peti
tlonst asking that they be placed on
the calendar without reading. One
was from the State Law and Temper
ance league and the other from the
women of Yorkville and both were
along the lino of changing the dispen
sary law so that a dispensary might be
ipmpye? by,-popu*ar vote.
Immediate consideration was asked
by Senator Hardin for his concurrent
resolution relating to the Columbia
Female college. It Included a change
of tho name to the Columbia college
and also empowers the trustees to dis
pose of the present property If desired,
lt was passed and sent to the house.
A concurrent resolution sent up by
Senator McCall proposing to grant a
special charter to the South Carolina
Immigration society was also passed.
Senator Butler's bill to exempt Con
federate soldiers from peddlers' and
hawkers' licenses was sent to the
house as was Senator Douglass' bill
apportioning a part of Union's share
of the dispensary funds for maintain
ing a public library. The Lanham ex
cess baggage bill and Senator Itay
sors Oraugeburg school election bill
were also given third reading. The
house rcsolutior of Mr. Lanham to
give Clarendon's county treasurer cer
tain funds in repayment was in
definitely postponed. The Cause bill
to prevent ship ping shad out of the
State was made a special order for
Rev. John Lake who made the
opening prayer for Rev. Walter f Her
bert was once a page in the senate'
He is a South Carolinian and in now a
missionary lately returned from
KAUM LABORERS CONTRACT.
There was a long debate on the bill
providing punishment for violation
of labor contracts. This was a most
important measure, the object of the.
friends of thc bi l being to protect the
farmers form merchants as well as
from the laborers who violate con
tracts. It was argued that merch
ants swoop down on the laborers In
the middle of the year without giving
notice to the farmer whose work will
be disconcerted hy having his laborers
taken away. Toe bill as passed pro
vides that any laborer working on
shares of crop, or for wages in money,
or other valuable consideration, under
a verbal or writ! en contract on farm
lands, who shall receive advances,
either in money or supplies, and,
thereafter, wilfully and without just
cause fall to porfom the reasonable
service required of him bv the terms
of the said contract, shall bc liable to
prosecution for a misdemeanor; and,
provided, the prosecution shall be
commenced within forty days after
thc alleged violation, and, ou convic
tion, shall be punlsed by imprison
ment of 'IO days, or to be lined in the
sum of not less than 850, nor more
than 8100, in the discretion of the
court; provided, thc verbal contract
herein referred to shall be witnessed
by at least two disinterested witnesses;
provide that the contract shall be
valid only between the original parties
thereto and any attempted transferor
assignment of any rights 'hereunder
shall be null and void.
TO I'URLISM HANK REPORTS.
The house gave second reading to
Mr. Little's hill requiring private
banking institutions to have their
statements published as other banks.
The old law requires all banks to ub
llsh ina newsr aper every quarter a
report of the condition and business
of tlie institution, tho report to con
tain a statement under oath from the
president and tho cashier of the
deposits, liabilities, discounts, capital
stock anl properly of the Institution,
this to bo verified by three dlrectois.
Mr. Little's bill applies this law to
all private banking institutions,
whether chartered or not, and to any
person, firm or partnership doing
business of lending money, and re
?oolvlng deposits. Failure to comply
will be regarded as a misdemeanor,
and upon conviction in any court of
competent jurisdiction sball bo lined
bot less than 8100 nor moro tban 31,
OOO, or imprisonment for not less tban
tbree months or moro than one year.. |
NO LICENSE ON CERTAIN VETEKANS. I
Mr. Trlbble's bill to exempt Confed
erate soldiers and'sailors from paying'
license, which had received an unfa-'
vorable report, came up fer discussion.
Mr. Mauldin moved to strike out the'
enacting words. Mr. TMbble explained
that there is a law exempting veter
ans from license in the counties, but
thiB does not apply to towns. He ap-"
pealed for the old Confederate soldiers..
Mr. Holman and Mr. Barron appealed
to the sentiment of the house in re
gard to the penniless Confederate sol-';
diers trylug to make a living by ped-,
diing, but Mr. Moses rather embar
rassed the members from York by
suggesting that thc bill would exempt
from license tax the two richest mea
in Rock lilli. Mr. Mauidin disavowed
any unfriendly spirit toward the Con
federate soldiers; he >vas one himself,
and would go as far u3 any other man
toward helping them, but the bill
does not discriminate' between rich
and pior, and there are cx-Confeder
ates who are wealthy merchants. The
bill was amended to meet Mr. Maul
din's objections and was passed to
TniS "WAS KILLED.
The house Friday killed Mr. Webb's
bill to authorize and require thc dircc
tors ofjtbe State penitentiary to erect
and equip fertilizer plants and ware
houses for the manufacture and sale
of commercial fertilizers. j
A very important matter among j
the new bills was the presentation of
a memorial from the State Immigra
tion associaticu. This was ace >m
panicd by a bill presented by Mr. D.
D. McColl, Jr., to have a bureau of
commerce.and immigration. Another
new bill which will attract attention
was presented by Mr. Wm. L. Muul
oin of Greenville, which provides for
thc . establishment of distiller tea ?
breweries and blending plants in ci Jes
of 10,000 inhabitants.
THE DISPENSARY REPORT.
What tho Institution l'a i il tho Coun
ties anti Schools Liant Vcar.
In its report to the governor Friday
the State board of dispensary Oonnrol
gives the following statement of the
business for thc ?scal year ending
Nov. 30th last:
To His Excellency D. C. Ileyward,
Governor of South Carolina: '
We ha"e the honor to submit here
with a statement as the business done
by the State and county dispensaries
during the fiscal year ending Nov. 30,
1903. By referring to the several
I statements attached hereto you will
'. find, that thu total-c^L of iiqu'??Si
wines, beer, etc, for the year'hasbeen
81,997,550.47, and that the total sales
(exculslveof fresh beer) have been 82,
817,998.77. The net earnings for ac
count of the school fund for tiscal
year, which have been placed to its
credit amount to 812(>,2G?.OO. The net
protits that have accured to, and
equally divided between the counties
and towns amount to 8512,21(1.35.
Grand total of earnings for the year
for school fund and counties and
towns 8(538,482.35. Increase over earn
ings of last year 871,584.02.
Two years ago the school fund
amounted to 8011,354.38, and thc act
of Feb. 2t?, 19U2, requires us to reduce
this sum to $400,000.00, and within a
few days we will have met this re
quirment. As we said In our last re
port 8400,000.00 is an Insufficient
amount tit conduct the business of the
dispensary on a cash basis.
After the Boll Weevil.
Secretary Wilson is arranging the
details of the campaign authorized by
congress to be waged against thc cot
ton boll weevil. A number of gov
ernment entomologists and scientists
are already en route to the ravaged
Texas Heids and to the Sabine river
valley in Louisiana, the pest having
been reported from titree places in
tlint section. There will he 30 or 40
scient ists at work against the pest he
fore long. They will organize the
farmers to fight the weevil and will
educate them in the best methods,of
attack. Secretary Wilson expects to
make another trip to the districts in
volved while the light is on and Dis.
Gallaway and Howard of the entomo
logical division will keep In close
touch with the situation.
Settlors Icu* Alabama.
Seven thousand acres of land situat
ed in Washington county, Alabama,
35 miles from Mobile, on the main
linc of the Southern railway, has been
purchased for colonization purposes.
The tract will he subdivided into
small farms and sold to Italian farm
ers. The heads of 25 families have
already reached tho property and com
menced the erection of buildings.
Farms will be opened up at once.
Thc settlers will engage n general
farming, the growing of fruits ind
vegetables. From reports already re
ceived,1 the Indications are that f illy
1,000 colonists will settle in Washing
ton county during the current year.
Murder on a Train.
A special from Graham, Va., says
ti.at. in a row on a Norfolk and Wes
tern passenger train, near Bl tie Held,
W. Va., Thursday night, Thomas
Leedy, a merchant of Graham, shot
and, lt ls believed, fatally wounded
Walter Harris, a Norfolk and Western
tlreman, who was riding In the day
coach. Leedy had no ticket and re
sisted the conductor's demand for his
fare. Ho drew a revolver and tired
several shots, one of them taking ef
fect near Harris's heart and passing
through his body. Leedy was ar
Negroes on Juries.
In the case of Bogers versti3 the
state of Alabama, tho supreme court
of the Cninted States sustained thc
right of a negro to serve as a juror in
criminial cases. Bogers was tried for
murder. Negroes were not allowott
to sit on the jury, for no reason, it
is alleged then that of race and color.
The supreme court of the Unilctj
Stales holds this tobo a denial oj
equal rights under tho fourteenth
amendment. Tho decision of thq
Alabama supremo court against tho
negro, Rogors, was, for the reason
?V mn IN THE WIND.
1 ^-f-soven People Killed at Mcund
ville, Ala., by Cyclone.
COMPLETELY WIPED OUT.
"ind Monster Came In tho
.?ness. Several Have Thrll
ft Kscapcs. Details of
j ?\ Ispatch from Tuscaloosa, Ala.,
says: l>e most disastrous cyclone tbat
evti flyvept over that section visited
i/illo, Ala., a town of 300 in
nis, 16 miles south of Tusca
?Frlday morulog at 1 o'clock
ya result 37 persons were killed
drift more than 100 injured, and every
biasness house with thc exception of a
Small drug store completely destroyed.
'rb.C: cyclone struck the city from
Itijkt?^uthwest, dealing death and
dpa' ir?ction as it made its path, a
|fiutj:'t?r of a mile wide, through the
tcv q. The following is a list of the
I w?u?> (bersons who were, killed:
VJ. :'. Seymour of-Nashville, Teun.,
who accepted his 'position as operator
a*'" rj?-raliroad station last evening.
v,; W. Warren of birmingham, em
plbjed by the Alabama (grocery com
iing station, from Nashville,
jort Powers of Tuscaloosa.
Dfes Hettie Farley,
negro dead are:
Miles, wife and six hildren.
Libert Holscon, wire an I thres
.jjkc nolstm, wife and three cbi
I df?p. ,
??ine other negroes, yet midenti
Thc following is a parti il list cf ]
the seriously wounded:
Mrs. . W. A. Grubbs of Kontacky,
dislocated h p; lt. L. Grlllln, sprainel
back? Mrs. lt. L. Griffin, arm broker;
bee. Qjiffin, badly bruised; A. I-.
Grjffln; eyes torn out; Mrs. Farley,
face cut and ankle broken; Mrs. Gal
ley, badly jut; Mrs. F. T. Galley,
badly lacerated; Mr. Farley, blinded;
A. B. Taylor, leg broken; Mrs. Mc
Catiey, ches ? crushed.
The names of the injured negroes
have not ye', been procured.
Surgeons vere rushed toMoundvill:
from Greensboro and Tuscaloosa, an 1
all possible \/as done to alleviate th i
I sufferings of the injured.
I^y the force of the storm person}
were blown hundreds of feet froci
their beds i i the blackness of night
?Through terror, a father, mother and
ti ?ree children lied from their hom? tJ
I sec lc .refuge and in their excitement
,'iGi? ;vnvb year old boy in bed.- This
i [norning he was pulled from beneath
some timber and thus far it is i inpos
sible i o hud any other member of the
Bedding, carpets and wearing appa
rel are scattered a distance of ten
miles through what was a forest, but
wbich is now as clear as if it had been
cut by the woodman's axe.
Freight ears are torn to splinters,
thc trucks from them being hurled
hundreds of feet from thc track.
The depot, tie hotel, warehouses,
gins, 30 homes, the store houses cccu
pied by ll. L. Grltlln, A. W. Wiggins
& Sou, W. J. Dominick, A. D. Gritlln
and W. P. Phifer, together with their
|s%cks, were completely destroyed.
Where they stood it ls impossible to
lind even the pillars upon which these
Bales of cotton, which were stored
in warehouses were torn to ato?is,
the fragments of lint together with
thc debris lodging in trees making ic
appear as if that section had been
visited by a snow storm. Heavy iron
safes were carried hy the storm, the
doors being torn from their hinges.
A young clerk employed hy W. 1'.
Phifer, hearing the terrible roaring of
tlie cyclone, let himself down into a
well in the centre of the store. He
had no sooner found his place of safe
ty than the store was completely de
molished. Friday morning he was
drawn out uninjured.
An AKi'icaltuul Hall.
The corner stone of the Hall of Ag
riculture was laid at Clemson College
on Tuesday, Jan. 19. Senator Till
man made au earnest address, giving
tli'j history of causes that led up to 1
tho founding ol the college and a his
tory of thc college since. He showed
how thc college had been turned from
its intended course into a mechanical
direction by force of circuiii.stances
and the demand of tho people. He
said it was a sad fact that tho young
men were leaving t he State to lind po
sitions. He. hoped that the founding
Of t his building would lead to giving
tlie sons of farmers an cement ?on that,
would help them make au honorable
living on the farm. Col. Newman
followed in an eloquent speech,, deal
ing with the long st rug/lo for such a
building ano expressing high hopes of
what this, thc lirst agricultural halli
in tlie south, would do for South
Ca roi i na._
Dr. Crawford Declines.
The State says Dr. T. A. Crawford
has declined election to the board cf
trustees of Winthrop college. Tbl3
action on lils part is regarded as mor j
than liberal, it is looked upon by som i
as magnanimous, becusc Dr. Crawfor 1
himself was legislated olT of tho boar 1
about three years ano. It appeals
I that Dr. Crawford was elected Thun
day night lo lill tho vacancy cause 1
! by the expiration of thc term of Sens
tor Tillmarv. Having declined, Di.
Crawford le ives an opening for Scnt
tor Tillman to be elected.
Ho ls Hight.
W. Q. I Ia.n mond, an Anderson rai
nier, gave Ii s check for $100 on Mor
|day for Anderson's share In the ca
penses ol'thu State Immigration socie
ty. He says tlie Immigration move?
mont is tho most important that has
been launched in the state since til i
Tho Republicans aro getting to
work carly. The state convention
will bo held on the 24th of February
on tho call of thc executive oommitee
which met last week. Tho commit
I ten endorsed Roosevelt, and said they
I wanted him for four years moro.
BRYAN EST ETISSIA.
Tho "Novoo Yremya" Quotes Bim as
tho Democratic Leader,
Mr. William Bryan, tho famous
American politician anti rival of^the
late Mr. William McKinley in the two
last presidential campaigns, is now
visiting St. Petersburg. Mr. Bryan
will not remain long in Russia. He
will depart in a few days. He came
hore as a tourist who ls Interested in
Russia and interviewed Count Leo
Tolstoi, whoso writings an* teachings
Mr. Bryan says have penetrated his
heart. Tho ex-candidate is of middle
height, somewhat stout, with a hand
some face ami clever eyes. His big"
forehead and clean-shaven face remind
us a good deal of Napoleon I.
lt is to be regretted that Mr. Bryan
refused to go Into the question of
some sharp politics. In his early
youth, he says he became interested
in Russia. "When a schoolboy I read
some in Russia, and I was convinced'
that there awaits Russia a great fu
ture in Europe, as a great future
awaits the United States in the
We.have mentioned in our paper
more than once that of late the Amer
ican press denounces us very bitterly.
Mr. Bryan, when asked to give us
some explanation on this subject, re
plied in a very resigned tone:
"The United States are under en
tirely different conditions irom the
rest of tito powers. They have no
friends nor enemies. Nor do tiley
have any allies." And as to the
American press, Mr. Bryan points out
that our press often criticised the
United Siates government, but that
it would be ridiculous to blame the
entire nation therefor. Mr. Biyan re
called that the czar, as the author of
peace was first to call the conference
at the Hague, and has set the founda
tion of peace in nur times.
"Of course, " Mr. Bryan sai s, "we
cannot harvest tomorrow what we
have sown today," but he hopes that
the peace-loving tune of Russia poli
tics will not change. "At.tho pres
ent crisis in the far east," Mr. Bryan
continues, "when the air is full of
war rumors, it is especially pleasing.
I shall sympathetically regard Russia,
whose future is very great, and also
Japan, which stands in the road of
progress, and it would g-ieve me in
deed if these two conn tries should
meet in collision. All mer sures should
be taken to avoid this c readful war,
but this, I fear, will not ie done."
Mr. Bryan was interested to know
about our new city administration.
He inquired about the parties In the
city hallj ana" whether we are satisfied
with tlie results of the election, and
what we await from the new adminis
tration. He himself' is a Journalist
and editor of a newspaper. The Com
moner, and its circulation is 150,000
copies. The Commoner is devoted to
Democracy, as lie is the leader of the
Democratic party in America. Mr.
Bryan is also known as the leader of
the silver-10 to 1-sentiment. The
American embassy is giving a dinner
in honor of its distinguished guest.
St. Petersburg Novoe Yremya.
An Object Lesson.
Tiie Columbia State says Manitoba
is a province in Canada not a great
deal larger than South Carolina. It
has few railways and poor wagon
roads. It is frozen up six months of
the year, the temperature going to 50
below zero. Yet the commissioner of
immigration of the Dominion govern
ment reports that 122,111 immigrants
settled in Manitoba during the nine
months ending September 30th last,
and that 41,000 of these were from
the United States. During the same
months the previous year 54.490 im
migrants settled in Manitoba, 23,000
being from this country. That was
the result of "very energetic work"
I y the Canadian government to induce
immigration. She secured the best
class; people who had some money and
who expect to work. What could not.
the south accomplish if the laws were
enforced and active effort made to
people the waite places with industri
ous whites 1
An Awful Fate.
The Colima jla State says Mr. B.
I Meddautfh, an engineer for the Pboe
j nix Bridge company, which is putting
ina bridge foi the Southern at Broad
river, near Shelton, was brought to
Columbia hospital Wednesday and
died Thursday night from Injuries re
ceived in the shafting of an air com
pressing machine. Mr. Meddaugh
was standing near the Hy wheel of the
machine when his coat was caught by
a key on the Hy wheel shaft, and was
Instantly wound up in the shafting,
whirling his body over and over. The
machine was stopped as quickly as
could be, and the mangled form ex
Advice to Farmers.
The Columbia State says: "With
cotton selling for 14 cents a pound
there is no usc arguing against a tre
mendous acreage being planted this
spring; nor with a fair season s there
likelihood of thc jield being less than
12,000,000 bales. The Sr,nth Carolina
farmer's wisest course is to plant as
early as is reasonably si.fe; to plant
the earliest maturing varieties ol seed
obtainable and to use economy, mak
ing the greatest quantity with thc
least outlay. Whatever the size of
the crop, high prices will be com
manded by the first half million bales
of the new crop that are put on the
Sixty Persons Drowned.
It is now estimated that 00 persons
were drowned as a result of the burst
ing of a reservoir at. Bl >emfonteing,
South Africa, Sunday, which also de
stroyed 170 houses and .bree hotels.
There was a public funer il and inter
ment Monday of 23 of the bodies al
ready recovered. The ceremonies
were attended by all the local officials
and 2,000 of the inhabitants. The
shops were closed and the town is in
Ile Will Preach.
Chas. B. Bobo, a prorrlfhent mer
chant of Laurens, has sold his homo
and business and has gone with his
family to Louisville, Ky., where lie
will take a course in the Baptist
Theolglcal seminary preparatory to
entering tho ministry.
KILLED BY AN OVERSEER.
Trnccdy on ft Plantation "About Bevon
Mlles from Aiken.
A dispatch to The State says a ne
gro named Jim Stevens, living on Mr.
J. D. Protbro's place about seven miles
below Aiken, was shot and killed by
Mr. Jackson Fanning, an overseer for
Mr. Prothro, Tuesday afternoon J>.n.
19. Mr. Fanning was here Tuesday
and stated that the trouble arose over
a dispute with the negro about water
ing the stock. The negro was Imper
tinent and Mr. Fanning reprimanded
him. The negro cursed Mr. Fanning
and advanced upon him with an open
knife in his hand, and Mr. Fanning
drew his pistol but slipped it in his
pocket and struck the negro with a
stick. The negro than ran to bis
house and others standing by told
Mr. Fanning that he had better be
careful for Stevens would kill him If
he had to waylay him.
Mr. Fanning did not believe that
the negro would trouble him again,
but he went home and got his shot
gun and came out to the gate. In
the meantime Stevens had gotten his
shotgun and came back to Mr. Stev
ens' place, stopping on the way and
trying to buy rome buckshot. The
negro crouched behind a wagon shed
and tried to get a shot at Mr. Fan
ning who had dropped behind the
fence when he saw the negro coming.
After the negro came bis wife, who
screamed and bagged him not to kill
Mr. Fanning. Mr. Fanning, think
ing that perhaps the woman was
maneuvering against bim also, turned
his head towards her when Stevens
shot him and ran." Mr. Fannkig's
face and head and hands wore pep
pered with bird shot, but as the ne
gro ran off he sbot him twice and
killed him almost instantly.
Mr. Fanning is a young man, un
married, and seems to be quiet and
orderly, and tells bis story In straight
forward mannor. He has been work
ing for Mr. Prothro only a few months
but his employer speaks well of him.
His homo is in Willlston where he
has many friends. And while he re
grets getting Into trouble there is no
doubt that he killed the negro In self
defense. The coroner's inquest was
held Tuesday but the verdict ls not
TRUST CASE DECIDED.
First Step in tl.c Fight Against the
Judge Gary h is rendered a decision
in the state's case against the .Vir
ginia-Carolina Chemical company and
seven fertilizer concerns of this state, j
charging them with .violating the
anti-trust laws of the state and enter-1
ing into a conspiracy to control the
prices and products of tho product in
South Carolina. The decision is upon
a demurrer entered by the company to
the charges and the demurrer is_over
The complaint was first lodged
againsnt the company under the acts
of 1807, amnded by the acts of 1898 in
regard to the combination of two or
moro parties or corporations that may
lessen competition. The complaint
alleged that in 1900 the V. C. compa
ny with a capital of $24,000,000 purch
ased all other similar concerns in this
state except four small ones and also
an interest in Che Southern Cotton
Oil company which produced a fertili
The company demurred on the
ground that thc act of 1897 was in
violation of tho const itut ion of the
United States. This is overruled by
Judge Gary on the ground that tho
ant i-trust laws ire within the police
powers of the sti.te and that said pow
ers aro not subject to the amendment
referred to, which is the ]4th.
The second ojjection was that no
state had the -ri-.rht to pass laws that
impair tho obligations of a contract.
This was oven tiled on the ground
that the corporation carno into this
state knowing the laws and found the
other co-defend: nts organized under
the said laws and subject thereto.
The third objection in regard to the
shipping of goods which conies under
the inter-state commerce law is sus
tained, but the judge holds that the
other clauses of :he action constitute
a cause for action, the clauses being
In tho fourth and fifth objections
that tho complaint does not state
facts that the company has violated
.the terms of the act, the judge recited
thc complaint and concludes that
there is sufficient ground and overrules
Ute demurrer. This is practically the
first step in the light and it, is proba
ble that this will be carried to the
supreme court.-Coulmbia Record.
lie Should Jtesign.i
P. D.Ollarron, who misrepresents
York County in the lower house of
the legislature, seems to have a rather
unique idea of thc rights, privileges,
and prerogatives of thc representative
in the general assembly or this com
mon wealth. Ile was taken up a few
days ago in Columbia for drunk and
disorderly condt ct and carried to the
station house by thc police. Coming
up thc next morning before thc re
corder's court l e was convicted and
tined. This was not only too great an
Indignity to be perpetrated upon one
of tho cleat and set apart function
aries of tho state; and not only this
but as Representative Barron saw it
it was positivcl..' against the law, and
he forthwith entered thc pica that he,
being a raembei of thc legislature was
not amenable to arrest and punish
ment. As a h glslator it was his to
make laws, so nobody else's to obey
them. Such a representative is a rc
llectlon on thc people ho misrepre
sents, and the} should forthwith re
quest him to vucate.
Tired or lil Ito.
Col. John Hi Bacon, 75 years old,
former mayor of Colorado Springs,
Cul., committed suicide by shooting
himself on Sunday becauso of bad
Rather than face lils creditors,
Harry S. Twambly, a Blddeford, Me.,
jeweler, ended his Ufr on Monday
with a dose of cyan''1- potassium.
DEAD IN A M?NE.
A Terrible Fire Damp Explosion.
Deals Death to. Minors.
A BRAVE RESCUER PERISHES.
Women and Children Crowd
Around tho Month of tho
Mino Becking Their Hus-/
bands and Fathers.
A dispatch from Pittsburg, Pa.,
says from all that can be learned be
tween 180 and 190 men are lying dead
in the beadings and passageways cf
the Harwick mine of the Allegheny
Coal company at Cheswlck, the re
sult of a terrific explosion. Cage af
ter cage has gone down into tho mine
and como up again butonlyone miner
of all those who went down to work
Monday mornb g has been brought to
the surface. The rescued man is
Adolph (Junia and he is still.in a
.semi-conscious condition at the ten -
porary hospital at the rude school
house on the hillside above the mint.
. In addition to the miners who were
at work when tho explosion occurred,
lt is now believed by practically all of
the men of the rescue party who come
up the 220 foot vertical shaft for a
warming and breathing spell, that
Selwyn Taylor, the Pittsburg mining
engineer, who plotted the mine and
who was the first to reach tho bottom
after the explosion happened, is now
among the list of dead. Every effort
is being made to rescue the imprisoned
The explosion occurred at 8.20 Mon
day morning and tho first warning
was the sudden rumble under ground,
and then a sheet of flame followed up
the deep shaft. Both mine cages
were hurled throiUTh the tipple, 29
feet above the landing stage and the
three men on the tipple were thrown
to the ground. A mule was thrown
high above the shaft and fell dead oo
the ground. The injured were brought
at once to thc city where some of them
have died since. After the explosion
I the brash at the pifo m?uth~stOTflecT
the little village.
The wives and children of the men
below rusheel to the scene of the
disaster, but to gain no encourage
ment. There was no way to get into
the deep workings. The cages that
let the men into the mines and
brought them out again 'when the,
day'n work was done were both
demolished. All day long there was
a jam of women and children waiting'
about the mouth of the pit. There
were calls for assistance and for surgi
cal aid from the men in charge of the
mine, but.it_was not until 4 o'clock
Monday afternoon that the first
attempt at rescue was made. This
was a failure as the two men who
volunteered were driven back by the
A BRAVE MAN'S DEATH.
Shortly after 5 o'clock Sel>7yn M.
Taylor and one of his assistants 'sig
naled for the engineer to lower them
into the shaft. Taylor is still down
there. Three times efforts have been ,??
made to reach him but so far wity' *'0J!B<I
avail. Thomas Woo?lU..ne n* 1 yV
of the rescue party hi???i^Kaj^^^y^Rqu
face, told his story of hi3 fcrrw whore
the mine. He said: "I was wit#^ij0_
lor and we clambered over three *
four falls. Taylor laid out tho minex"^
and seemed to know the way. There
was one man alive at the f^ot of the
shaft. He was sent up and then we
took the mule path into the south
lever. We saw two men who wereallve
and notified those back of us and then
went on. We passed the third,.fourth
and fifth headings and then went,
through an overdrlft into the other
shaft. I began to feel dizzy and siclr,
and than I saw Taylor stagger a.nd
fall. His lantern fell. We tried to lilt
him but could not carry him up and I
made my own way to safety." tTte
body of Mr. Taylor was found and
brought to the surface at a little after
?two o'clock, having sacrificed his Hie
crying to rescue others.
Many "Want Onice.
The Columbia State says Mr. W.
O. Tatum, recently elected dispensary
eomraisiioner, iabeggining tc feel tbe
responsibility of ofllclal position. At
lils disposal are 18 clerks' and inspec
tors' positions paying from 860 to
$150 a month. In addition he bas
the employment of every person who
works by the week or by the day
around the big warehouse where the
bottling is conducted. Mr. Tatum
Monday appealed to the newspapers
to state that ho will entertain no
applications now. His work in the
legislature is very much interfered
with by communications and by per
sonal appeals. He states that he. will
announce no appointments just now,
and he will keep all written applica
tions on file, answering none. When
ho takes charge of the office about
the 1st of March, te will announce
the names of the successful applicant:}.
There are fifty now applying for tho
live places of inspector. As each
place in thc establishment has an in
cumbent who is anxious to hold on,
and as there are hundreds of others
trying to get in, Mr. Tatum's posi
tion is easily seen. Tho State says
Mr. Tatura has on tile live hundred
applications for jobs in the dispensary.
Fatal Huntliip: Accident.
At Savannah, Ga.,'Henry Qarwes,
keeper of the city cemetery, died '
Thursday morning from a gunshot
wound in tho abdomen, inflicted on
Tuesday morning accidentally by a
friend, W. H. Kldwell, during a deer
hunting expedition o.i Saint Catherine
Island. Garwes had left his stand
and was makiug his way ont of the
woods. Kid wellshot at a deer. One
buckshot glaced on a board fence and
ricocheted forty feet striking Garwea
In the abdomen. He was brought to
thc city on a tug and died Thursday
after much suffering. .
Burned to Death.
At Springfield, Mass., August Stein
hart, aged 71, a cripple living here,
today poured kerosene on his wife's
clothing and houso and set fire to
them. Tho woman escaped sevoroly
burned. Steinhart was bumed to