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: '?DO THOU LIBERTY GREAT. INSPIRE OUR SOULS AND MAfcl^HJR LIVES IN 'PHY POSSESSION HAPPY, OR OUR DEATHS GLORIOUS IN THY CAUSE." .]??_' . ? :'.
VOL. XXVII. BENNETTSVILLE, S. C., FMpAY, FEBRUARY 13, 1903. NO. 14.
SWEPT BY PIRE.
Hock Aft ;r Eic ck Destroyed in the
CiijT of Baltimore. "
THE LOSS IS VERY HEAVY.
The Conflagration Began In the
Heart of the City at
Eleven O'Clock Sunday
Thc mose destructive conflagration
in the history of Baltimore occurred
Sunday in the wholesale dry goods
business district, raging practically
unchecked for hours, destroying scores
of the largest business houses in the
wholesale district, involving losses
which cannot be estimated, as the Ure
was Btlll buruing llercely when night
fell. Owing to the wide extent of the
calamity it will be some time before
even an approximate estimate can be
made, though it Is certain that it has
already exceeded '825,000,000.
The fire broke out shortly before ll
o'clock Sunday morning in the whole
sale dry goods store of John E. Hurst
& Co., on Hopkins Place, in thc heart
of the business district, with a series
11 loud explosions which were heard
.In remote parts of the city, and spread
with fearful rapidity.
In half an hour there were a dozen
big warehouses in the wholesale dry
goods and notions district burning
fiercely. The entire city tire depart
ment was called out but was utterly
powerless to check the spread of the
lUmes, which were aided by high
winds, and by noon there were savage
fires in at least 30 big warehouses and
the conflagration was steadily eating
its way into successive blucks east,
north, west and south.
On Baltimore street thc block be
tween Liberty and Sharp was soon
ablaze, then came the next block east
to Hanover, and after that the block on
tile south side to Charles street broke
out into flames. The Consolidated
Uas company's building and Oehm's
A?uie uah buming fiercely.
Meanwhile there were stores north
ot Baltimore street being similarly
consumed. M nil in's hotel caught and
other buildings near it. West of Lib
erty street on the south side of Balti
more the block was doomed, and the
big Baltimore Bargain House also
caught. Down in Ilopkln's Place,
whero the- conflagration started,
Hurst's building and the other whole
sale houses on both sides of the street
crumbled and fell.
Though every bit of lire fighting
apparatus in the city was called into
requisition as the flames continued to
spread at 10 o'clock six engines ar
rived from Washington and four from
Philadelphia. Engines from stations
in Baltimore, Howard, Anne Arundel
and Harford counties also joined in
fighting the flames. His roughly es
timated that there were 350 hose all
playing at one time upon different
parts of the conflagration. With loud
roars wall after wall toppled into the
streets and firemen ran for their lives.
All kinds of wires had to be cut to
clear the way for the lighters. The
block bounded by Gorman, Liberty,
Sharp and Baltimore streets was carly
found to be doomed and the li remen
turned their attention to saving the
buildings on Baltimore street, east of
Sharp, but the tire was beyond their
control. Bed hot cinders ignited the
roof of Front Street theatre at least
half a mlle from the main conflagra
tion, which shows to ? 'mt distance
the firey rain fell. The c. was ex
tinguished by thc liremen, assisted by
At 3 o'clock a tremendous explosion
of about 150 barrels of whiskey stored
in the upper floors of 24 llanover
street hurled tons of burning matter
across the street on the roofs of the
buildings opposite, which the firemen
were drenching with water in a vain
hope to make llanover street the
eastern boundary line of the con
flagration. Hort' an engine was buried
by a falling wall, the firemen tleaiug
for their lives.
The whole city was notified of thc
conflagration by a terrille explosion
which occurred some minutes after ll
o'clock. A sharp, t-plittiiig roar
went up with reverberating thunder.
This was followed by a peculiar
whistling noise, like that made by a
At three o'clock Monday morning
the fire was still raging. The post
office building is burning, also the
$4,000,000 court house. The Ilolli
day street theatre has been blown up
with dynamite and the United States
Express offices and central offices of
tho Baltimore and Ohio railroad are
Bicycles and AutOlllOblICS.
After some discussion on Wednes
day the House of Representatives pass
ed the following bill to a third reading:
Section 1. Any person riding a bicy
cle, or automobile, or other like
vehicle propelled by steam or electri
city, upon any puolic highway, or pub
lic road in this State, out of or beyond
the corporate limits of any city or
town, and meeting any person or per
sons riding in any of the following
named vehicles, to wit: a carriage,
sulky, wagon or cart, or anyone on
horseback, shall stop and dismount
from such bicycle or vehicle within
not less than twent y-live yards of said
vehicle and remain so dismounted un
til said conveyance has passed.
Section 2. Any person violating Sec
tion 1 of tills Act, shall be guilty of a
misdemeanor, and, upon conviction
thereof, be tined for t he first offence
not more than one hundred dollars nor
less than ten dollars, or be imprisoned
for not more than thirty days nor less
than ton days on the chain gang or in
the county jail._
They Were Married.
Miss Emma Edinger, of Lancaster,
Pa., became the bride of J. Jay
Mundy, of Brooklyn, N. Y. A year
ago, while employed in a cigar factory,
Miss Edinger, in a spirit of mischief,
put her name and address in a box of
cigars, together with a note asking
the finder of the name to write to her.
Last summer the box of cigars found
its way to the business place of Mr.
Mundy and he was soon lu correspon
dence with thc pretty little factory
girl. Photographs were exchanged and
last Hallowe'en Mr. Mundy met his
bride-to-be for the tlrst time. Court
ship and matrimony followed.
BOGUS MONET ORDERS.
How An Augusta Merchant .Was
Worked by a Slick Unseal.*
The Augusta Herald says a negro
operating under the names of George
Moore and Paul Austin, and supplied
with a number of postoillce money or
der blanks or checks, made payable at
the Augusta postoillce, worked a clev
er flim-llam game on C. II. Schneider
on Saturday night, Jan. 30, securing a
$10 bill of goods and forty dollars in
change, but later, in his attempt to
work the same game upon I. Silver,
lost his goods in Ids liaste to getaway
from tho place when he saw that Mr.
Silver had grown suspicious.
Under the name of George Moore
the negro entered Mr. Schneider's
store and ordered 810 worth of goods,
which a clerk put up for him, and in
payment for the same the negro pres
ented the postoillce money order is
sued at the Savannah postoillce and
signed by Postmaster Blount for $40.
Together with the order he presented
a lotter, which, he said, was from his
father, who lived at Savannah, and tho
letter staUitttbat the father had sent
therewith ^ler'.money order for the
sum named. - Believing the order to be
genuine, Mr. Schneider accepted it,
and gave the negro the goods and $30
With the money and the goods the
negro then went to Mr. Silver's store,
and made a purchase. In payment for
the same he presented a money order
for $40, made out to Paul Austin,
stating to Mr. Silver that Austin was
his name. This order was also issued
at the Savannah postoillce, but ex
amining the order, Mr. Silver noticed
that there were two different speci
mens of handwriting on the order and
that the words "Augusta, Ga.," were
written in lead pencil; whereas the
other was in ink. It was also evident
that the amount of the order had been
raised to forty dollars from some
Telling the negro that he would not
accept the order in payment foi the
goods, and also stating that he was
of the Opinion thal the negro was try
ing to work a flim-flam game, the ne
gro, then operating under the name
of Paul Austin, dropped the bundle
of goods he had secured from Schneid
er's place and bolted through the door,
losing himself in the crowd that
thronged the streets. Mr. Schneider
was not aware ttiat he had been
"worked" until Monday morning
when he presented the order at the
postoillce for payment and was told by
the postoillce authorities that he evi
dently accepted a worthless piece of
paper in exchange for his money and
goods. Upon close examination it was
then discovered that the amount speci
fied on the order had been changed, as
had also the words: "Augusta, Ga."
Shortly after Mr. Schneider left the
postoillce Mr. Silver appeared with
the order that he had secured from
tho negro, and the two checks, were
taken In charge by Postmaster Smythe.
The matter has been reported to
Deputy United States Marshal Stal
uaker, who ls working up the case
j and hopes to laud the nearo. lt is
not known how the negro came into
possession of the money orders with
Postmaster Blount's signature attach
ed unless he hails from Savannah and
secured them at the postoillce there,
making them payable to whatever
names he cared to operate under, and
afterwards altering them to his liking.
Burglars attempted to kill .Samuel
Waller and his wife and burn their
borne in Phoenix City Ga., Friday
night. While the family were in the
dining-room some one entered the
house and ransacked every room. Mr.
Waller noticed a dim light in one of
the rooms, and taking a small lamp,
went in the main bouse to investi
gate. As he passed a window some
one shot at him from the outside. He
Lurried down to the business part uf
the city, abcut a mile distant, aud
called for help, and while he was gone
bis house was tired. Assistance ar
rived in time to save the house from
being totally destroyed, but thc kitch
en was lost. After Mr. Waller went
tor help one of the burglars shot at
Mrs. Waller three times, one of the
.'hots breaking her spectacles.
The burglars lied, taking with them a
quantity of silverware, a gold watch
and some clothing. The authorities
in Columbus wen-, requested to ane;t
a negro named John Bush, who, they
thought, Imd something to do with
the crime, who lived in Columbus.
Neurons Iii Congreus.
The Washington Post says: "A
negro occupying a seat on the floor of
the house has become an unusual sight,
although in years gone by there have
been negro members galore. One of
the negro contestants from a Southern
district ventured in last week, con
testants being allowed the privilege.
Ile was a plantation negro and not j
used to such things as thc house of
representatives. The employes quick-1
ly detected his embarrassment, as bc
insisted for a time in standing near
the cloak room doors, along with the
negro attendants. Fnaliy he was
coaxed into taking a seal. The boys
have been trying to persuude him that
it was his duty to sit a part of the
time by Mr. Payne, the lloor leader,
as a matter of respect to the eminent
New Yorker, but the colored politician
is backward about accepting that
kind of advice."_
R. E. Thornton, a white man from
one of the cotton mills at Anderson,
was killed about niuo miles from An
derson Wednesday morning by either
falling or being thrown from a wagon
and che wheels passing over his neck.
Ile was moving to the country to farm
this year and was on a wagon by him
self when the accident occurred, to
which there were no witnesses. He
was said to have been drinking and
was driving very fast, and was evident
ly suddenly killed, as his body was
found only a short time after he had
passed a house by the roadside. He
was 51 years of age and leaves twelve
Carnival or Slaughter.
Prezew?lsky, tho noted Balkan his
torian, who has just concluded a six
months tour of Macedonia, asserts
that during the year 1003 Turkish
regulars razed 300 villages and massa^
cred 400,000 persons mostly aged men,
women and children.
LABOR BILL KILLED
In the House of Representatives by
a Decisive Vote
AFTER A VERY LONG DEBATE.
The Bill Limited ?the Hour? pf La
bor In the Cotton Mill? tn
Sonih Carolina to Ten
Hours a Day.
Mr. Toole had on the calendar a bill
numbered "23," showing that lt bad
been one of the very first introduced
last year. It was the first bill on the
calendar" this year, and when Mr.
Toole called it up last night for the
purpose of adjourning the debate, the
house refused to adjourn the debate,
and forced action on the measure
upon Mr. Strong's motion to strike
out the enacting words.
Mr. Toole told of the hardships en
countered by the cotton mill employes.
Ile was taken somewhat unawares by
the aotlon of the house in forcing the
tight, but made an earnest appeal for
the hill, basing his Qghton sentiment.
Mr. IJunch of Marlboro, who speaks
rarely, but generally to the point,
made a strong speech against the bill.
There is a disposition to inject into
the legislation of this State a spirit
against the pet industry of South
Carolina. Ile declared that the mills
are passing through their darkest
davs. Why does any one want to
Crow obstacles in the way of the
kindly feeling between factory and
employer" He predicted that before
the year is out operatives will be beg
ging to work 12 hours a day, with
cotton as scarce as lt is now. He
told how people of this couuty who
had not gone decently clad on the
farms are now working in the mills
and are the happiest people In the
Mr. Holman of Aiken, who styles
himself the old "warhorse," erhortcd
In favor of the bill. He seemed to
feel sore because bo had not been
noticed by mill presidents In tho cam
paign, but he had received a telegram
from one of them declarng that his
hill would ruin the mills, and he In
veighed against the corporations.
Mr. Carey, editor of a labor organi
zation paper in Charleston, spoke
earnestly in favor of the bill. Ho ap
pealed to the bouse to think of the
long hours. It was too long to work
from before the dawn until after
dark. Ile urged that this bill would
reduce the time one htmr a day. It
would give employment for ll men
for 10 hours Instead of 10 men for ll
Mr. Williams-Who is back of this
demand for this so-called relief?
Mr. Carey-The people, particularly
the organized labor.
Mr. Williams-Where is'there any
organized labor In this State outside
of a few eitle-? Is there any in the
great Piedmont, country where there
are nine-tenths of the mills?
Mr. Carey-There may be none now,
but there will be.
Mr. Carey continued that if the
Democratic party does not grant such
moderate demands as this, they will
see the time when there will be con
sequences which they will regret.
His remarks implied a threat t>f so
cialism with the white man and the
negro combined. Thc negroes are be
Mr. bennett asked If the 10-hour
day would not decrease the pay pro
Mr. Carey replied that the laboring
peoplo would rather have shorter days
of labor eveu if it entailed less pay.
Mr. Kirby of Cherokee opposed the
bill. Ile is in favor of helping the
laboring class of people. He declared
that the bill would work a hardship
on the peuple In the mills in this sec
tion. They had beggetl him to fight
Mr. Mahalfey of Spartanburg added
his opposition to the bill. The mill
people there do not want lt. The
Mills in Spartanburg have good
schools, they have good superinten
dents. He gave a picture of mill life
In Spartanburg which did not show
the need of any legislation. There
were some who had been kicked oucof
the mill communities for worthless
ness who now blackguarded the mills.
Mr. Webb of Aiken declared it to be
a fuuny thing that operativas coming
from the Piedmont country to Aiken
county always declared themselves In
favor of the bill. All t?f the opera
tives in Aiken favor it. Some of the
mill presidents themselves favor lt.
In reply to some questions from the
door, he said that these presidents
could not alTord to advocate the meas
ure more openly because the pressure
from other mills would be too heavy.
No other trades are worked over 10
hours a day. not even convict?, and
yet in some of the mills the operatives
work 13 hours a day, a violation of
the law. As to organized labor, he
declared that the operatives have thc
same right to organizo as have doc
tors and lawyers and merchants. In
the Piedmont section, in Spartanburg
county, numbers of operatives were
discharged for attempting to organ
ize. This was done in Spartanburg
and in Laurens, and yet the employers
have a right to organize. He de
clared that an operative can work as
much In 10 hours when he is rested as
he can in ll hours when ho Is jaded.
He declared that as perhaps tho only
member of the house who had had ac
tual experience In a mill ho favored il
Mr. Dorroh declared that there ls a
member of the Greenville delegation
who has worked in a mill, one in the
Darlington delegation and one from
Spartanburg, and all of them aro op
posed to the bill.
Mr. Wingo declared that ho had
?charged last year that the child labor
bill was tho entering wedge to labor
legislation and was no good to any
man. Where will this end? In his
characteristic manner Mr. Wingo de
scribed his visits to these people and he
declared with vehemence that they
want no Interference.
Mr. Pearman stated that the mill
peoplo of Anderson want no legisla
tion. Mr. Pollock moved to continue
the bill. This motion prevailed by a
viit.e of 00 to 20, and the bill is dead.
The house then adjourned until 10
o'clock Thursday morning.
A FRANCHISE TAX.
Will Atlil Greatly to the Revenno or
By a vote of 89 to 18 the house Thurs
day passed the first of the revenue
bills submitted by the tax commission
appointed by the. legislature last year
to find some measure to relieve thc
State from its financial stringencies
willoh have become annoying of late
years. The bill referred to is the fran
chise tax measure introduced by Mr.
Moses. The result of the discussion
was evident from the beginning, but
regardless of the overwhelming ma
jority in opposition to him, Mr. lio
mar made a strong tight agulnst the
hill. His argument on the constitu
tional phase was very clear. The pre
sentation of the case by Mr. Moses,
and later by W. J. Johnson was very
convincing that the pace has been set
by other States, and that the revenue
to be obtained by South Carolina will
be in excess of the annual dcticit of
thc. last three or four years.
The bill provides for a tax of three
mills on the gross receipts of the fol
lowing corporations, to be paid before
the. first of June of each year: Any
railroad company, express company,
Btreet railway company, navigation
conpany, water works company, pow
er company, light company, telephone
or telegraph company, parlor, dining
and Bleeping car company.
Upon companies which are not
public utilities-such as cotton mills,
banks, oil mills, and such institutions
chartered by the State-the tax is to
be one-half of ont. mill on the capital
stock. With the other concerns the
assessment ls on the gross receipts.
With the companies not public utili
ties the payment of the franchise tax
must be made before the llrstCday o'
April, and with the public utilities the
tax of three mills on the gross rcciepts
of the preceding year is to be paid be
fore the first of June, the time of
year when the State is most in need
of "ready cash."
A COTTON PICKER.
An Illinois Man Has Invented One
Said to be a Buceos?.
A correspondent in Illinois writes
the Charlotte Chronicle as follows:
"I have seen editorial reference in
your paper to the need of a cotton
picking machine and the vast sums it
would Bave the cotton planters. 1
send you herewith photographs aDd
description of a cotton picking ma
chine invented by Mr. N. bowditch of
"How lt picks the cotton ls thus
explained: The machine consists of
two large hollow wheels, five feet in
diameter and maue of bessemer steel,
or other metal; within the rim ol
these wheels are two cams Inclined at
an angle, and between these cams are,
24 picker bars, which the revolution
of the two wheels causes to move from
the outer edge of the rim of the wheel
to the face or web of the wheel, about
ten inches. Attached to these picker
bars are a series of flexible, spiral
pickers, composed of two twisted
bands of steel with bair cloth inter
posed between, the edges being frayed
out, thus forming the picking points.
These spiral pickers arc projected
through rows cf holes radially placed
in t.he sides of the wheels, the space
betv een the two wheels being about
twenty Inches. The machine is driven
straddling the rows i f cotton plants
The spiral pickers are pressed Into the
pla its as they pass between the
wheels, and the pickers rotating en
tat gie the open, fibrous cotton, and
wii ding it up on the pickers, lt is pul
led out of the b di, and as the wheel
coi tinues to turn lt ls brought to the
top of thc wheels, where the ploketB
art entirely withdrawn into the
wheel. There being nothing to sup
port the cotton thus cleaned olT the
pit <crs, gravity makes it drop into a
ho per, where it is conveyed by an
encless belt into an elevator, at the
top of which ls a sack which receives
tin gathered cotton.
' From six to ten acres can be cov
ered by this mai 1 In i in a day, the
quantity of cotton picked depending
entirely upon the amount of ripe cot
ton on the plants, as it requires no
more time or pov/er to go over rows,
the individual plants of which con
taining thirty or more ripe bolls of
cotton, than other plants with only
ten ripe bolls. Tlie jiachlne Ls a very
gre it labor Bavins device, and la apt
to work a rapid and complete revolu
tion In a field which has heretofore
Buc^ssfully resisted the combined i.s
saults of capital, energy, mechanical
Ingenuity and inventive skill."
Memorial Servie, H.
In memory of the late John McMas
ter, repie-.entail ve from Richland
county, the house of representatives
engaged In memorial session Wednes
day at noon. The members of the
senate attended as a further token of
respect. Mr. Rawlinson of Richland
offered resolutions of respect and of
regret and made a beautiful speech In
behalf of the resolutions, which were
seconded by Mr. Ford of Fairfield, Mr.
Gaston of Chester, Mr. McColl of Marl
boro, Mr. Aycoak, Mr. Thomas and
Mr. Haskell of Richland. Tho re
marks of each .speaker were peculiarly
Titree Humed to Death.
At Montroal, Canada, three persons
were burned to death in a fire In a
small dwelling house In Cableux street
Friday and four others probably were
fatally injured. Three of the inmates,
Mrs. Hogan, with her infant, and
Thomas Hare, jumped from the
second story of the burning house.
The other occupant, Kdward Craw
ford, was carried out after lie was
badly burned. The lire evidently
started from an overheated kitchen
stove on tho lower floor and spread to
the sleeping apartments
Killed His Wifo and Himself.
J. W. Hodges, a farmer In tho
southern part of Culman county, Ala.,
was found dead In hlB barn Wednes
day, hanging from a rafter, whllo In
the house was discovered tho dead
body of his wife. The woman had
been brained with a blunt instrument.
Hodges was deeply in debt, lt ls said,
and was being pressed by his oreditors.
This is believed to have unbalanced
him mentally and oauaed him to com
mit murder and suicide.
Two Very Important Bills Passed by
the House Thursday.
ANTI-COMPACT LAW REPEALED
And a Law Enacted to Crcato thc
oj?loc of. State Insurance
Conitnlnaioner With a
The House of Representatives pass
ed two Important bills on Thursday.
The Columbia State says: Three
years ago the general assembly passed
a law prohibiting the Southeastern
Tariff association from coming into
the State to make rates on property
to be'-insured. This was known as
"the anti-compact law" and Mr. Wm.
L. Mauldin of Greenville was the
author. Thursday the house of rep
resentatives by a good majority pass
ed a bill which repeals that act. Mr.
Maulding is also the author of the
repealing bill. The house passed the
Klhlcr bill providing for the olllce of
insurance commisioner. Each bill is
dependent upon the other, for it is
proposed that the insurance commis
sioner keep the companies from
runnning up the rates, and in return
for removing the embargo against the
association the companies are to give
The insurance commission under
the bill is to be charged with the ex
ecution of all laws, is to be elected by
the legislature, is to receive a salary
of $1,800 a year and $100 for office
expenses, the funds for this expense
to be derived from a tax of one-fourth
of one mill on gross premiums in addi
tion to other taxes paid by insurance
companies. The Mauldin bill provides
that there shall be an examination by
proper officials into the cause of lires.
The companies which belong to an I
association are permitted to conduct |
business in the State, provided that
the purpose of the association is not
to establish excessive or unreasonable
charges for Insurance. Upon the com
plaint of citizens, the Insurance com
missioner is authorized to order the I
company to correct the rate and to|
order restitution of over charges.
There was quite a discussion over the]
Mr. Klbler said that wherever such I
an act has been passed in other States |
it has been productive of great good.
The people need protection, and the
comptroller general's department is
unable to keep up properly with this
vast business. The department of in
surance would not cost a dollar of ap
propriation, the insurance commission
er's salary would be paid by the in
surance companies and the amount on
each policy would be so small that
there would be no effect on the |
rates. 'In . reply to Mr. Gaston, Mr.
Kibler said that he is sure that the
comptroller general, who has the
whole tax business of the State to
look after, cannot give the proper at
tention to the insurance department.
Mr. Thomas favored the bill. The
comptroller general's department
needs to be relieved of some of its
duties, for that oflice is required to
give a great deal of time to personal
settlements with the treasurers and
auditors in the several counties. In
many of the counties thousands of |
dollars might be saved if the settle
.mts were made properly and the
comptroller general, who is entirely
competent to attend to the duties of
the insurance department, should be
permitted to give his entire time to
the more important duties of the tax
department. Mr. Thomas then direc
ted his remarks to the need of an in
surance department. The anti-com
pact law is a failure according to an
example which he cited. An agent
from St. Paul came here recently and
raised the rate on a building from 1.15
to 1.85 and all the local agents had
accepted the rate so made. Property
owners should have au insurance com
mission to whom they can appeal for
Mr. Gaston opposed the bill on the
ground that the companies are called
upon to pay the expense and he sus
pected that there would be a tendency
for the commissioner to feel himself
an employe of the companies as wei
as the State.
Mr. DeVore opposed the bill. There
is no complaint from the comptroller
general that he is overworked or that
he wants to be relieved of the depart
ment of insurance, it. is wrong in
principle for the man who is to over
look and Inspect the operations of in
surance companies to be paid by those
companies. The railroad commission
is not worth three straws to the State
today, and the office of insurance
commissioner would not he worth
three st raws for the same reason that
it should be kept up by the State and
not by the insurance companies.
Mr. Rainsford wants the office of
insurance commissioner merged with
that of bank examiner created several
Mr. Beamguard favored the bill
but wanted to adjourn debate until
other insurance bills could be taken
up in connection with it.
THE ANTI-COMPACT LAW.
Mr. Mauldin spoke in favor of sepa
rating tho work of the insurance de
partment from the other duties of the
comptroller general's office. Ile de
clared that the Southeastern Tariff
association is a monopoly and he had
Introduced the bill which is now a law
forbidding thom to operate in the
State. The Kibler bill and his own
bill would put this State on the same
footing as North Carolina and Georgia.
At tho last session he had voted to re
peal the anti-compact law, because ho
believes that his bill in connection
with Mr. Kibler's would be better for
Mr. Homar testified to change of
sentiment. Ile had opposed the bill
last year, but. since that time the
Spartanburg chamber of commerce
had reported to him that the rates in
this State are -one-third higher than
In North Carolina. Ho had Invest?*
gated and bad found this to be true.
The department of Insurance ls a side
issue now and should bi given more
Importance for tho insuranco business
in South Carolina is enormous, $1,400
000 premiaras last year. This would
save thousands of dollars annually.
Mr. Gaston insisted that it would
be better 'for tho State to bear the
cost of the department and made a
strong argument along this line.
Mr. Lido declared that it ls a mat
ter of no small concern for the busi
ness man to know that he is getting
gilt edge Insurance. The value of an
insurance policy ls a mere promise to
pay without any security and it is
wise to have an insurance commis
BAW A TROJAN HORSE.
Mr. DeBruhl spoke against ? Mr.
Mun ld i n's bill on the ground thatib
gives one man the right to say
whether or not a tire is incendiary.
lie does not believe in sacrificing too
many rights to secure a reduction in
rates. Ile declared that it is strange
that those who advocate this step get
their statistics from the insurance
companies themselves. He wants the
law let alone, and wants the comp
troller general to remain in control of
the department. It is better to pay
a little more in premiums and get the
full amount of the policy.
xMr. Bomar sa'd that the reduction
of a third in the rates would mean a
saving.of ?300,000 or $400,000 a year
without a cent of cost to the State.
The manner of fixing the pay could be
fixed later if it proves unsatisfactory
Mr. DeBruhl wants to know what
guarantee there is that the bill would
save money to the State.
MU. DEVORE SUSPECTED SOHETHIKQ.
Mr. DeVore asked if this bill is fa
vored by the insurance companies,
and pressed the question in such a
way that it indicated that he sus
pected that the bill would do more
good for the companies than for the
insured or the companies would not
Mr. Sinkler declared thal liiere ls
no Trojan horse in the bill. The in
surance companies favor the bill be
cause it would give them greater pro
tection-for which they are willing to
Dr. J. B. Black thinks that the du
ties of the department should be put
upon the comptroller general and" he
given the clerical help to enforce the
Dr. Mauldin admitted that this is
ah "Insurance company bill," and he
introduced the bill last year at the re
quest of the companies, because as au
thor of the anti-compact law he had
seen that the law had served Its pur
pose and had brought tho insurance
people to a condition where they are
willing to deal fairly with the people.
There were practically no Ares before
insurance companies came into exist
ence, but when a man is well insured,
or over insured, he becomes careless
and tires are of more frequent occur
ence. If laws can be passed to pre
vent such carelessness, lt will be to
the Interest of the companies, and
also of the people. That is why the
companies are willing to have a reduc
tion in premiums,
nOTII BILLS PASSED.
The previous question was then or
dered. Mr. Ruinsford's proposed
amendment to have the office of bank
examiner included was voted down.
Mr. Aycock's amendment to have the
commissioner's salary paid by the
State instead of out of the receipts
from the companies levied for this
purpose was rejected. Mr. Johnson's
amendment to have the office elective
by the general assembly instead of
appointive hythe governor was adopt
ed by a vote of 53 to 37.
By a vote of 75 to 33 the house re
fused to continue the bill on Mr.
Mr. Beamguard wanted to reconsi
der the vote by which the office IB
j made elective. The legislature has
I enough of elections, and the governor
could not afford to appoint an un
worthy man. The house voted down
Mr. Beamguard's motion.
The bill then passed second reading
and will come up Friday for final con
sideration in the house.
Mr. Mauldin's bill was then token
j up and passed with but slight uiodl
Killed hy a Trolley.
At Savannah, Ga., Adaline Nous
line, a white giri, 10 years old, was
killed late Friday afternoon by a
steet car at the corner of West Broad
and Broughton streets. Her head,
chest and arms were crushed and she
was instantly killed. The motorman
and conductor of the cor were arrest
ed, lt is said that the cars run too
rapidly in rounding the curve. The
accident is not the first Berlous one
that has occurred there. Tho mother
of the child ls an inmate of the
Widows' home. When she reached
the drug store to which tho little one
had been carried there was a pathetic
The Scoundrel Caught.
Goldstein Howard, a negro, ls under
arrest at Bluetleld, Va., suspected of
having assaulted Mr. Shields, of
Roanoke, on Saturday week. The
Roanoke authorities were notified of
the arrest, and, after getting a de
scription of Howard, wired the
authorities to hold him. On search
ing tho prisoner a silver handle,
broken-pointed penknife, filling the
description of the knife used in at
tempting to cut Mrs. Shields' throat,
was found, as was also a whisk broom
supposed to be the broom missing
from the Shields home. Howard
admits having boen In Roanoke on the
day of the tragedy.
The Columbia State says: "The
Springfield Republican commends Mr.
Bryan for telling a New Jersey audi
ence that their State was worse than
a robber's roost, but Mr. Bryan can
say, and probably has said, some
equally appropriate things about Wall
street and perhaps Massachusetts that
The Republican will not endorse.
New Jersey bas been stepping on her
Hinter's cornH and The Republican lo
not a Nev/ Jersey creation."
At Detroit, Mich., Jos. Meunier,
alias Miller, who surrendered to the
police Wednesday and confessed the
murder of his paramour, Mrs. Jos.
Seville, on Saturday afternoon, was
arraigned before Justice Whelan
Thursday morning, pleaded guilty,
sentenced to Jackson Prison for Rfc
and taken thore by train Thunda)
A GREAT CONVENTION.
ThJnlitii? Men Will Meet In ?Sp?rtnn
' t. ' ' i ? ? ? ij'- - Tv;'jj ?' '.. ; 1
bur? for a Conference.
The city of Spartanburg, S. O. will
entertain the first Inter-State Conven
tion of the Young Men's Christian
Associations of North and South
Carolina. The meeting will take
place February 20-23.
Heretofore each State met In sepa
rate convention, but the recent federa
tion ot all the Associations In the
Carolinas with one Executive Com
mittee makea it possible to meet in
"Service," is the central theme of
this significant gathering of young
men. The convention is to be materi
ally strengthened by the presence of
some prominent Association workers
from other. sections of the country.
Among those who have alread> con
sented to be present ls Mr. Chas. R.
Towsen, of Philadelphia. Mr. Towson
is Secretary of the Pennsylvania Rail
road Department, Young Men's Chris
tian Associa tlon which is by the way,
the largest Association of Its kind in
the world. C. C. Michener, of New
York City, is another prominent
speaker. Mr. Michener ls ono of the
International Secretaries and is giv
ing practically all of his time to
Association work in great industrial
plants. Prior to the convention, Mr.
Michener ard Secretary Knebel will
visit some of the large cotton mills
and confer with the presidents and
superintendents with reference to the
feasibility of erecting special build
ings with all the modern equipments
for the male operatives.
W. D. Weatherford, of Nashville,
who is the International Committee's
special Student Secretary for the
South, will also be a prominent figure
In the convention.
H. O. Williams, one of the Interna
tional Railroad Secretaries is another
prominent speaker. Mr. Williams
and Mr. Michener will be the special
speakers on Monday night of the con
vention; this entire evening will be
devoted to a discussion of "Work
Among Industrial Classes."
. Rev. J. A. D. Scherer, Ph. D.,
president elect of Newberry College,
will deliver four addresses on "Funda
pientals." Dr. Scherer ls today the
leading man in his denomination a
broad scholar and a most attractive
Rev. M. D. Hardin, pastor of the
Second Presbyterian church, Char
lotte, will deliver the Convention Ser
There wlli be a number of business
and professional men who will till
places on the program. Altogether it
ls going to be a most significant
gathering-some of the choicest men
in the Carolinas will thbs be brought
together in a three day's conference;
they are coming from villages, from
oities, from railroad shops, from col
leges and universities, to plan to
gether how they may individually be
of great service to their fellows.
This paper is au tho rf /.od to extend
a general invitation to any of its
readers who may be interested to at
tond this convention. There will be
reduced railroad rates, but all who
cont?mplate attending must flret com
municate with the State Committee's
office and be supplied with the proper
credentials. For further information
address State Secretary, Young Men's
Christian Association, Charlotte, N.
Stfangle* Uer Daughter.
A special dispatch from Walterboro
to The State says about 4 o'clock
Sunday morning Pasty Ellcan, a negro
woman living on Mr. Josiah Hutu's
place about eight miles from town,
went to the bed of her own daughter,
Anita Eligan, and clutching her by
the throat, choked her until sh* was
dead. There were two other negro
girls in the room but they seemed to
know very little about the horrible
deed except that they helped carry
the dead body of their sister into the
adjoining room at the command of
their mother. Anita Eligan was
about 17 years of age. Magistrate J.
A. Ackerman of Cottagevllle held the
inquest, the jury finding that the de
ceased came to her death at the hands
of her motb?r by choking. Patsy was
committed to Jail Wednesday charged
with the murder of her own child.
l'afeHcd Bad Checkt?.
At Hot Springs, Ark., a young man,
giving the name of J. H. Miller, is
alleged to have cashed worthless drafts
to the amount of nearly $10,000 in
that city in the last two days. Miller
stopped atone of the most fashionable
hotels, and lb ls claimed he Held
several drafts to merchants and club
houses importing to have been issued
by the bank of Rural Hill, Ills., and
signed by D. C. Craig, cashier. In
vestigation shows that there is no
such bank at Rural Hill. Ono con
cern bereis reported to have 84.000 of
the paper. Miller left the city Fri
day and his whereabouts are unknown.
Papers found in baggage left behind
indicate that the man has operated
in Texas, Indian Territory and Cuba.
At New Orleans In attempting to
save the life of a sailor named Peter
Hansen, George Stadle, engineer of
tho oil steamer Northtown, from Port
Arthur, lost his life Wednesday.
Several other men were prostrated by
the fumes, but woro resuscitated,
nansen went into tho hold to repair a
valve and was overcome, and Studio
volunteered bo go to the assistance of
Hansen. He succeeded in tying a
rope about the sailor and tho latter
was dragged to the deck, but Stadie
in the meantime fell unconscious and
died in a short time. One by one
seven mon went Into the hold in the
effort bo aid Stadle, but all were over
come by the fumes.
Showers ot Hot Coala.
A dispatch from Amsterdam, Hol
1 land, says the colonial office received a
1 dispatch from the governor of the
East Indies, reporting the eruption of
1 the volcano of Merapl, in tho island
of Java, and saying twelve persons
were burned to death and that twenty
1 were sevorely injured. The eruption
' was accompanied by show ,rs of red
hot coals. \
HOPE OF THE PAETY.
Figure < Showing the Chance of the
Democracy in Hext Election.
THE DEMOCRATS ARE HOPEFUL.
Forecast Made by on Expert on
the Htntcs to be Carried,
Disposition of the Doubt
? fal Column.
Charlea W. Dayton has sent out in
"Democracy" the following forecast
of general interest: The Democrats
are hopeful-more than hopeful -con*.
fldent of carrying tbe presidential
election in the coming year ia appar
ent to every observer of political
events. That they have reason on
which to base their confidence is as '
plain to every one who has taken the
trouble to examine the figures In the
returns in recent presidential elections.
Examination of those figures will
show that of tile 470 electoral votes
to be cast, the Democrats can safely
rely upon 215, while the Republicans
can at the. utmost claim to be sure of
160. This is coDceding that there
arc thirteen doubtful states, with 101
votes. Now, of theso 101 votes it
would be necessary for the Rep?bli
ca is to obtain 70 to possess the 239
votes to elect their candidate, while
25 votes would be all that were
necessary to give the Democrats vic
Here is a table of the states the
Democrats claim, the states concded
to the Republicans, and the doubtful
Alabama. ii ....
Arkansas . . 9 ... !
Colorado. 6~ ..TT'
Delaware. 3 . ;...'.'?
Florida. 5 ....
Georgia.... 13 ....
Idaho. 3 ....
Kentucky. 13 ....
Louisiana. 9 ....
Maryland. 8 ....
Mootana....*'.^. 3*"*\ ...
Nerada. 3 _
New Hampshire. 4
New York . 39 ....
North Carolina. 12 .
North Dakota. 4
Per nsyl vania. 34
South Carolina. 9 _
Tennessee. 12 _
Texas. 18 _
Virginia. 12 _
California. 10 .
New Jersey. 12
Rhode Island. 4
South Dakota.,. 4
Washington . 5
West Virginia.". 7
Now, to consider thc doubtful
states in their order: In California
in 1896 McKinley hada plurality of
only 2,797; Cleveland carried the state
in 1892. Connecticut was carried by
Cleveland in 1884, 1888 and 1892. In
diana was carried by Cleveland in
1892. Kansas was carried by Bryan
In 189G and so was Nebraska. New
Jersey was carried by Cleveland in
1884, 188S and 1892. Rhode Island is
debatable ground and has a Democra
tic governor. South Dakota was car
ried by Bryan in 1896. Utah was
carried by Bryan in 1896, and al
though it turned to McKinley in
1900, it was only by a plurality of
2,123. Washington went Democratic
in 1890. West Vlrglnip. was car
ried by Cleveland in 1884, 1888 and
1892. Wisconsin gave the electoral
vote to Cleveland in 1892. Wyoming
gave its vote to Bryan in 1896.
The people are ready, yes, anxious,
to repudiate the trust building, trust,
protecting Republican party. Thous
ands of Republicans are alarmed by
th i vagaries of our "unsafe," spectac
ular president. Influential . Demo
cratic leaders will guide the party
into ways pointed out by the lessons
of the past.
la looking over those facts and fig
ures, does lt seem more probable that
the Republicans can gain tho 79 votes
needed by them than the Democrats
shall obtain 25? Is there any cause
for wonder that the Democrats are
hopeful; any cause for wonder that
they are conlldent?
it may be objected that Now York,
with its thirty-nine electoral votes,
should be placed in the column of
doubtful states. Granting for the
moment that this should bo so, the
table would give to the Demoorats
175 votes, to the Republicans 160,
and the number of doubtful votes
would bo 139. The Republicans
would still have to obtain 78 of the
doubtful votes, while the Demoorats
would need but 63. But Now York
thin year is not a doubtful state, as
Democrats and Republicans oliko
kne w. With a candidato such as the
Democrats should nominate and a
platform such as they should preaaht,
lt ls suro to take its place in the
Thc Story of Leap Year.
Ono story says that St. Patrick de
creed that women should have the
right to propose in leap year; another
professes to refer the right to an act
of the Scott ish parliament of 1228,
which gave it to "ilka malden" during
the rein of her malst blessed males
tie Margaret. " There was no Queen
Margaret in Scotland in 1228, how
ever. A t>ook entitled "Courtship,
Love and Marriage," published in 1608
is said to rofer the right to the com
mon law of England, but tho law
books say nothing of it. The real ori
gin ls unknown.