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THE ABMY BOLLS
Of the South Carolina Patriots Who
Fought the BritUh Hilder
MARION, PICKENS AWD SUMTER
A Document that Should Bo of O rent
Intercut to the Descendants of
The Gallant Men Led by
' The Columbia State from week to
week publishes the names of the sol
diers lu tho Revolutionary war, vas
they have been culled from the quan
tity ot loose documents discovered by
Secretary of State Gantt In the State
house. The State says when the
work ls finally done, it ls hoped,
"that a comparatively complete list
of the men who fought under Marlon,
Pickens and Sumter during the clos
ing years of the Revolution-that pe
riod whloh marked the bitterest frat
ricidal struggle that has taken place
in an American State, and of brilliant
and memorable achievements of sons
of South Carolina-will be preserved.
"Prior to the fall of Charleston, May
30, 1780, our State was removed from
the eentre of the confliot, and but for
the brilliant victory of Fort Moultrie
and a few desultory and almost blood
less Invasions, engaged in little of the
U?ht;ng; but during the closing years,
when these men whose names we are
publishing were lighting, South Caro
lina bore the brunt of the onilict,
and these men drove thc British from
our"7 State and Cornwallis' army to
Washington and Yorktown. Hut for
their deeds, and without their help,
Washington would have been like
Davis and Lee in lacie- years, the
leader of an unsuccessfui revolution,
and South Carolina prr.uably a British
province." We shall publish these
rolls from week to week as they appear
In The State. The first installment
Matthew Abbott, Capt. Anthony
ulter's company, Roebuck's regi
Soloman Abbott, Capt. Mapp's com
ly, Roebuck's regiment.
Willam Abbott, Marlon's brigade,
ames Abernathy, Pickens' brigade,
'ulbert Abele, forage master.
rt??ir? Abney, Pickens' brigade.
Michael Abney, under'Capts. John
Wallace and Joseph To wies of Pick
Dr. Nathaniel Abney, physician st
te lidl?g wounded men of Brendon's
regiment; also on duty in Sandhills
under Capt. Watson.
Paul Abney, Pickens' brigade; also
"making shoes for Samuel Hammond's
Samuel Abney, Jr., Pickens' brigade.
Dead at close of Revolution.
William Abney, first lieutenant and
then captain, under Gen. Pickens.
James Abraham, Colonel Brandon's
William Acker, in Capt. Gideon Du
pont's company (under Lieut. Geo.
Hipp, the "Oakley Creek company of
Alexander Adair, Pickens' brigade.
Isaac Adair, Pickens' brigade.
James Adair, Marion's brigade.
James Adair, Pickens' brigade; "re
covered horses lost at Briar Creek.'"
Joseph Adair, commissary.
John Adair, Pickens' brigade.
Robert Adair, dead at close of Revo
William Adair, lieutenant Sixth
regiment South Carolina Continental
line. Also, adjutant Col. Lacey's regi
Andrew Adams, Second State troop.
Bryan Adams, dead at close of
Drury Adams, Col. Leroy Ham
Geo. Adams, Capt. Samuel Adams'
Godfrey Adams, captain; on Briar
Creek campaign; at Edisto under Gen.
Rowell Adams, Col. Brandon.
James Adams, Capt. Dunlap's com
pany, Sumter's brigade.
Jarnos Adams, Plcken's brigade,
Col. SWfcjr Hammond's regiment.
Joel 'Adams, commissary, Captain.
Goodwin's company, Taylor's regi
John Adams, Pickens' brigade: also
corporal S. C. line.
Joseph Adams, Capt. Martin's com
pany, Sumter's brigade.
Llttleberry Adams, Pickens' bri
Richard Adams, Continental line.
Robert Adams, Capt. Samuel Ad
ams'company, Col. Lacey's regiment.
Thomas Adams, Pickens' brigade,
Capt. Rosamond's company.
Samuel Adams, captain, Col. Lacey's
"William Adams, Pickens' brigade:
Capt. Daniel Murphy's company; Col.
Wm. Hill's regiment; also as lieuten
ant, alBO under Capt. Wm. Goodwin
at Orangeburg, nnd under Lieuts.
Jacob Killingsworth and Reuben of
Col. Taylor's regiment.
John Addison, Continental line.
Richard Addis, under Capts. Ben j.
Jolley and nughes of Roebucks' regi
Joseph Addison, Pickens' brigade.
James Addington, Waters' regi
John Adair, with Lacey at Houk's
Bartlett Adkins, Capt. James Jen
kins' company, Col. Sam Benton's
regiment, Marion's brigade.
James Addington, Brandon's regi
Geo. Agnew, under Lieut. Wm.
Gray and Capt. Edward Martin.
George Airs, quartermaster, Major
Alex, Aiken, in Capt. Joseph Howe's
company, was at Ferguson's defeat,
and defeat of Sumter; under Gen.
Henderson at the "Congarees" from
June !, '82, to July 11, '82; under
Gen. Williamson at Briar creek.
Archibald Aiken, under Capts. Mc
Bec and Mapp of Roebuck's r?gi ment.
Ezekiel Aiken, Brandon's regiment;
also Capt. McBee and Mapp's cora
xo&ny, Roebuck's regiment,
i. George Aklns, Pickens' brigade.
f John A<kcn, in Brandon's regiment
before fall of Charleston.
Joseph Akin, Marion's brigade.
Peter Akin, Capt. Robert Montgom
ery's company, Brandon's regiment.'
William Aiken, Capt. Edward Mar
tin's compauy of Col. R. Winn's regi
ment; also service as lieutenant.
Francis Albert, mariner on frigate
John Albrlttaln, Capt. Palmer's
company of Brandon's regiment; aiso
in Capts. Jolley and Hughes' com
James Alcorn, In Capt. Thomson's
company, Sumter's brigade; lost horse
at Briar creek; dead at close of Revo
Aaron Alexander, Capt. Wm. Bas
king company, Waters' regiment.
A asaph Alexander, under Capt. Nor
wood; also In Capt. "Wm. Bask!n's
Alexander Alexander, Sumter's bri
gade, ajso Picke ns.'
Charles Alexander; commanding
wagons at Col. Richardson's in 1781.
Isaac Alexander, sergeant, Folk's
regiment, Sumter's brigade.
George Alexander, Capt. Norwood's
company, Sumter's brigade.
James. Alexander, Roebuck's regi
ment, Capt. ll as ki n's company.
John Alexander, at Four-Holes un
der Col. Winn; in Capt. John Hender?
son's company of Sumter's brigade;
also in Roebuck's regiment; also lieu
tenant in the Spartan regiment of
Col. John Thomas, Jr.; also quarter
master for Col. Kolb.
Joel Alexander, Capt. Martin's com
pany, Sumter's brigade.
Joseph Alexander, Roebuck's regi
Matthew Alexander, Roebuk's regi
Nathaniel Alexander, sergeant un
Rayne Alexander, under Cap ts.
Johnston and Womack.
William Alexander, under Capts. J.
Pickens, Strain and Turk of Col. Rob
ert Anderson's regiment, Pickens'
George Allcorn, at Orangeburg in
Capt. Amos Davis company; also on
Edisto expedition and under Lieut.
Wm. Vaughan of Col. D. Hopkins'
Charles Allen, Pickens' brigade.
James Allen, Lieut. John Dell's
company, Lacey's regiment.
James Allen, Pickens, brigade.
Jeremiah Allen, lieutenant.
John Allen, Pickens' brigade.
Joel Allen, Pickens' brigade; dead
at close of Revolution.
Josiah Allen, lieutenant, Pickens'
Robert Allen, Capt. Joseph Pick
ens' company. Pickens' brigade.
Robert Allen, Capt. Wilson's com
pany, Pickens' brigade.
William Allen, Capt. Martin's com
pany, Sumter's brigade; also Capt
Alexander Allison, Capt. Venable':
company, Col. Wm. Hratton's reg!
ment, Sumter's brigade.
James Allison, Pickens' brigade.
James Allison, Pickens' brigade.
James A. Allison, lieutenant, dca?
j at close of Revolution.
I Robert Milson, lieutenant.
Thomas Allison, Col. Wade Hamp
ton's regiment. Sumter's brigade.
William Allison. Pickens' brigade.
John Allston, captain.
John Alston, Capt. Gilbert Join
son's company, Col. Taylor's regimenl
in ?imp, Frazier's, May, 1781.
Josh Ammouds, Third Continent;
regiment: also in militia.
Thomas A m mons, sergeant, Cap
Charnel Durham's company, Co
Winn's regimeut: r>t Orangeburg i
1781, and Four-Hole bridge.
Aaron Anderson, Col. Waters' reg
Abel Anderson, Jr., Capt. Jere Wi
Hams' company, Waters' regimen
also in Capt. J olin Lindsay's cot
Abraham Anderson, Col. Watci
Hailey Anderson, under Capts. Pa
sons and Bridges of Thomas'and Kc
David Anderson, Roebuck's re?
ment; also quartermaster.
Drury Anderson, Roebuck's re^
Gabriel Anderson, Pickens'.
Capt. Iltnry Anderson, Col. Lc
Casey's regiment; Pickens' brigad
Col. Casey certifies that "Henry A
derson did hear a captain's comm
sion and commanded a militia coi
pany in my regiment. * * * 1
discharged the duty of a good ofllct
* * * Ile was murdered by t
Tory party the last of October, 17?
Capt. Anderson's widow,'Ruth,' dr?
pay for his service. He also served
Henry Anderson. Jr., Waters' re
Jacob Anderson, Pickens'; widi
James Anderson, Marion: also t
der Lieut. John Piercey.
James Anderson, Col. Lacey's rei
ment: lieutenant in Capt. Thus. Rc
James Anderson, under Capt. Wai
law in '7!?: under Capt. Joseph C
bonn from so to '83; Pickens.
John Anderson, Roebuck's re
John Anderson, Jr., Pickens.
John Anderson, Col. Wade Han
Capt. John Anderson; captain
militia in '7!>; privatein Capt. Rob
Joshua Anderson, Roebuck's re
Joseph Anderson, under Jacob Bl
ton of Harden's regiment; a
Kel lis Anderson, Pickens; dead
close of Revolution.
Levi Anderson, Pickens.
Phillip Anderson, sergeant and ll
tenant, Col. Brandon's regiment; 1
horse at Blackstock battle.
Col. Robert Anderson of Plcke
brigade; captain from Jan. 14, 17
Lo May 12, 1780; then in vari
capacities until April 18, 1781, wi
he was made colonel of the Up
Ninety-Six regiment, which he ce
manded until March :io, I78:i.
Robert Anderson, Sr., private s
lieutenant under Pickens.
Robert Anderson, Jr., Pickens.
Samuel Anderson, Pickens.
Scarlet Anderson, Roebuck's rc
Capt. George Anderdon of Ches
county; widow, Margaret; 214 days
service as captain in Lower regime
between Broad and Saluda rivers, i
then put to death by Tories; was
der Lieut. Col. John Lindsay.
Stephen Anderson, Pickens.
Thomas Anderson of Camden; (w
ow, Margaret) dead at close of Re
David Andrews, at Augusta in 1
under Col. II. Kirkland; with Sum
at Hanging Rock; under Col. Whit
Drury Andrews, Waters' regime
Daniel Andrews, corporal, Sea
.South Carolina Continental regime
Israel A nd ress.
Jane Andrews, nurse in hospital
John Andrews, adjutant, Col. III
and Col. Henton.
John Andrews, Col. Henry Hat
Owen Andrews, during 1781 un
Sumter, then under Gen. Hender?
John Anguish, matross, region
Kill Aoahorn, lieutenant artlllei
Capt. Hezekiah Anthony, ser
prior Lu fail of Charleston.
John Anthoney, Capt. Moore's o
John Anthoney, Cbarclston ba'
lion of Artillery.
Geo. Antley, Capt. Smith's c
Geo. Antse, Col. Taylor's regiment.
Robert Archer, Capt. John Steel's
Isaac' A rd 1st , Pickeos.
Anthony Argo, Pickens.
James Armor, Capt. Jas. Hoffe's
company; July and Agust, 1780, under
Sumter; on Briar Creek expedition un
Arthur Armst r, in '79 under
Oapts. Clinton ar lolt.
Edward Armstrong, Col. Brandon.
.Tames Armstrong, Jr., ot Camden,
Capt. Sadler's company.
James Armstrong, Jr., Nov., 1780,
to Aug., 1781, under Maj. Gamble of
James Armstrong, 1780 at Fishdam;
'81 at Granby under Capt. Hanna and
Lt. Joseph Steel; '82 at Edlsto under
Lieut. John Hanna; at Briar Creek in
.7'J under Williamson; also under Sum
ter at Congaree Fort and Quarter
House, and at Edisto under Hender
son, In Capt. William Hanna's com
John Armstrang, wagon master; cap
tain from 1780 to 1781.
Edward Armstrong, Col. Brandon.
James Armstrong, Sr., Capt.' Sad
dler's company; Marion.
James Armstrong, Jr.
John Armstrong, Capt. Waters'
company, Sumte's regiment.
John Armstrong, wagon master in
Col.. Robert Goodwin's reg. 1779. ~
Martin Armstrong, Roebuck's regi
Isaac Ardis, Pickens.
Reddock Arnold, Pickens.
Benj. Arnold, second lieutenant.
Col. Thoa. Taylor's regiment. -
Joshua Arnold, Casey's regiment,
Reddick Arondale, Capt. Mollee's
company, Roebuck's regiment: Pick
James Arthur, in Capt Geo.
Neely's company, under Lieut. Wm.
John Ardis, Continental line.
James Ashberry, Pickens.
Philip Ashberry Col. Brandon.
Lindley Ashberry, private, sergeant
and lieutenant, Brandon's regiment.
Robert Ashe, on Georgia campaign
in 1778; under Capt. Bratton in 1781.
Samuel Ashe, third company, Char
leston battalion of artillery.
William Ashe, Jr., during '79 under
Capt. William Brattan; '80 under
Capt. John McConnell; '8i under Capt.
Hugh Bratton; '82 under Capt. James
Wallace; was at Sumter's defeat.
William Ashe, Sr., during '78 under
Capt. Bratton; '80 under Capt. Wal
lace; as sergeant under Lieut. Alex.
Moore; '82 under Capts. Wallace and
George Ashford, Capt. Pope's com
pany, Col. Taylor's regiment.
Michael Ashford, Col. Brandon.
Wm. Ashley, Capt. Robertson's
company, Taylor's regiment; was
under Sumter at Congaree and at Big
John Ashley, "pack-horseman,"
Capt. Mapp's company, Roebuck's reg
Daniel Ayres, quartermaster.
John Askew, Marion.
Geo. Askins, Pickens.
Elisha Atkins, Wagoner in Winn's
regiment; lieutenant in Capt. John
Watkins' company; probably killed at
Joseph Atkins: authorized by Gov.
Rutledge to impress cattle on Daniel's
island and send to Charleston during
investment of city.
Richard Atkins, under Lieut. Wm.
Ardwell Atkinson, Marion.
Frederick Atkinson, Marlon.
Samuel Atterson, (OttersonV) Maj
Marmaduke Atkinson, Marion.
Timothy Atkinson, Bickens; probab
Wm. Atwood, Capt, John McGaw's
George Andoley, Capt. Jacob
Rumph's company; under Lieut. Col.
W. R. Thompson and Gen. Hender
Charles Aubrey, sergent and lieu
tenant under Col, Brandon.
George Aubrey, adjutant of Col.
Brandon's regiment; under command
of Lieut. Col. Farr at Orangeburg,
April 5, 1782, to May 15, 1782.
Capt. George Aubrey, Brandon's
regiment; also private and lieutenant
in Capt. Gavin Gordon's company.
Jesse Aubrey, Col. Brandon.
Philip Aubrey, Bickens; Brandon's
Samuel Aubrey, Col. Brandon.
Francis Austin, Capt. John Red
men's (Redmon'sy) company; under
Cols. Benj. Kilgore and Roebuck;
also in Col. Casey's regiment.
John Austin, Picker.8.
John Austin, South Carolina Conti
Capt. Nathaniel Austin, Pickens'
brigade; quartermasters sergeant of
the Little River regiment command
ed by Col. James Williams from May
22 to Aug. 27, 1799; serve.l under
Pickens after fall of Charleston.
Thomas Austin, Col. Levi Casey's
regiment, Pickens' brigade.
John Avon, lieutenant.
William Axson, Capt. Darrel's (or
Dorrill's) company; captured by the
Elijah Avert, Capt, MoPee'scompa
ny, itoebuck's regiment.
Daniel Ayres, Col. John Marshall's
regiment Oct. 1, 1780, to June 20,
Who Ho Waa.
A dispatch to The State says Tl.
Rudiak is the name of the white man
whose body was found in a box car in
the Southern yards at Spartanburg
over a week ago while thc car was be
ing unloaded of bales of cotton which
caught on tire while being shipped
through here from Mississippi to G?s
tenla. After the inquest the body was
carried to a local undertaker's estab
lishment where lt was embalmed, and
has since been kept awaiting identi
fication. A juryman at the Inquest
in searching in the overcoat pockets
of deceased found In the lining a let
ter written In Russian characters and
addressed to H. Rudiak, 200 Delaney
street, New York. He wrote a lullc?
to that address and Wednesday receiv
ed a reply from a friend of the dead
man who states that deceased was a
Pole and a Roman Catholic, and that
he bas a family in Poland. The
writer will send money for the body
to be buried decently by a Roman
Hill Terry, charged with thc mur
der of his son-in-law, George Tate
Bland, last September, committed
suicide in his cell at Wilmington, N.
C., Wednesday, by slashing his throat
with a case knife that had been given
him to use with his meals. His trial
was in progress in thc superior court.
Will Be Held La Kew Buildings ui
FAIR LABT WEEK IN OCXOBEIt
An Interesting Meeting of the Hom h I
Carolina Fair Society Held in |
Coli, bia LnBt AVeek.
At the Spring meeting of the Soutjh
Carolina Fair Society in Columbia in
Wednesday night. Tho Greater State
Fair proposition was endorsed a5d
commissioners were appointed to lobk
to tlie transfer. Tbe next fair will
be held the last week in October 8n
the new buildings on the new groun
at the State farm In the southern
suburbs of the city. Two bills now
pending in congress, the one endowipg
annually in the sum of $20,000i a
school of mining ?in each agricultural
and mechanical college In the count'rv
and the other appropriating 815,0OX)
annually for experiment stations, w^re
unanimously endorsed. The execu
tive committee elected new depart
ment superintendents. Tbe following
account of the proceedings is from The
Thc following new members were
nominated and elected: Capt. II.(H.
Watkins. Anderson: Col. T. li. Butler,
Gaffney; .!. I). Howman, Seiwood: W.
T. Martin, Columbia: Col. Edward
Mciver, Che raw; Geo. Ilolliday, Con
way; .Ino. Fitzmaurice. Columbia; B.
H. Bawls, Clemson College, E. L.
Moore, Dillon: Knox Livingston, Ben
nettsville; Stevenson, Cheraw. ?
President Hamer spoke of tbe suc
cess of the last fair and said that tbe
people were evidently ready to fall in
line with tbe society for still greater
fairs in the future.
HILLS IN CONGRESS KNDOItHRI).
Col. I). B. Duncan ottered the fol
lowing, which was adopted:
Whereas, two bills are now pending
in the United States congress winch
are of special importance to tbe farm
ers and to all friends of agricultural
education. One is a bill Introduced
by Mr. Adams of Wisconsin, making
an appropriation of $lf>,000 a year to
each experiment station In the United
States for a still further endowment
of research in subjects related to agri
culture and for the special benetit of
The other bill was introduced by
Mr. Mondell for the endowment of a
school of mines and mining in connec
tion with the agricultural and Ine
cbanical colleges of the United States
and it carries an appropriation of $20,
000 a year for each co'/.age. This bill
provides that tho following subjects
shall be taught, and upon which ex
periments and research shall be con
ducted, not only for the benetit of the
students attending the colleges, but
also for general utility to the people
of the State. Bulletins are to be is
Tlie subjects are as follows: Min
ing machinery, with the application
of electricity; mining engineering,
mining exploitation, mettalurgy,
chemistry, geology, forestry, agricul
tural engineering and road making,
irrigation engineering and the
branches ' of learning pertaining to
said subjects in order to the promotion
of a liberal and practical education
therein and to secure the must int
gent conservation, use and develop
ment of thc country.
The two bills are now in the bands
of thc committee of tbe house-the
first before tlie agricultural commit
tee and the latter the committee of
mines and mining.
It is needless to speak of tbe impor
tance of these two bills to the farm
ing interests of South Carolina, be
cause the fact is carried on the face of
the measures. Every legitimate ef
fort therefore should be put forward
by the friends of the farmers and
those interested in the natural re
sources of the State, to cause the en
actment of these bills into law.
1st. Be it resolved therefore, by the
South Carolina Agricultural and Me?
chanical society that it is the opinion
of these bodies that these bills should
become" law, and that the delegates
here assembled strongly urge the rep
resentatives of the State in congress
to use all their influence to bring
these bills to a speedy bearing in thc
house and senate anti give the meas
ures a united support so that they
may become laws and thus materially
help the upbuilding of tlie agricultu
ral and mineral resources of South
2nd. That the secretary lie and is
hereby instructed to transmit, a eop\
of this preamble and resolution to tlie
senators and representatives of this
State in the I'tilted States congress.
Col. Newman spoke in favor of the
resolution. Tlie measures, which
were now oefore the committees, had
been endorsed by the secretary of ag
rieulture, the national convention of
representatives from agricultural col?
legesand experimental stations and by
practically every State in Hie union.
The finance committee's report read
by Mr. A. Gainewell La AI ot te showed
abalance on baud Feb. 1. 1904, of
(2,450.75. The receipts from sale of
various kinds of t ickets were M.309.00
Mr. .1. (!. Mobley read ii feeling
tribute to the bite Maj. Thomas W.
NKW O HOUNDS IN SOUTIIKHN SUDUIlHS.
Mr. Alex Gulgin:rd read the execu
tive committee's steering committee
report tis to the Greater State Fair
proposition. This was to the effect]
that the ways and means committee
of council had agreed to recommend
to council a resolution carrying out
the plan of the joint Greater State
Fair committee from the Columbia
Chamber of Commerce and i no execu
tive committee of the fair society.
This plan provides for the issuance of
not more t han 830,000 in 20 year ti
per cent, bonds to finance the change.
One hundred acres of tlie Slate farm
in the southern suburbs of the city
"was the site chosen at a cost of $15,
000. Thlswould.be connected with
the steam and electric railways and
water could be gotten from the Olym
pia mill pooplo. The old grounds to
be sold, tlie proceeds to go to the
purchase of t he bonds.
The committee hopes to realizo, fully
$20,000 for the old grounds. The so
ciety binds itself annually to ret ire at
least two bonds, in denomination of|
not less than $500. The new property
after being turned over to the council
will be turned hack over to the society
under the same reservation as the city
now holds on the old .'?.'.unds-that
is, if the society fails aili in? to bold
a fair the property revu g 'ty.
Mr. Guigna rd repo.jp?
State farm had bcetjm
a personal lnvestigatb1" '
executive committee }
on which options ar.?
Fowles place can 1 -
icre, the Canap Fi>HUCnce pl28L_-ai
1300 an acre and .'the Davis placWtt
1125 an acre. None of the tract se
lected is within the city limits; lt ls
xbout a quarter of a mlle outside.
Die committee has already arranged
foi the disposition of $20,000 of the
EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE'S WORK.
The society then adjourned and the
sxecutive committee met.
The committee adopted its subcom
mittee's report as to new grounds.
.On-motion the chair appointed as
commissioners on the part, of the so
ciety Messrs. 13. II. Boykin, Alex.
Guignard and Coi. T. J. Cunningham.
On motion of Col. Love it was de
cided to hold the next fair on the
On motion of Mr. Wannamaker the
society's commission was added to the
standing committee on grounds to lay
out the new grounds and locate the
new buildings thereon. The combi
nation committee consists of Messrs.
B. H. Boykin, Alex Guignard, Col. T.
J. Cunningham, A. B. Haskell, B._F.
Williamson, lt. M. i'egues, J. D. w.
On Mr. Wannamakers motion the
secretary was directed to return the
the $2,500 borrowed last fall from the
Col. Mciver moved that the present'
legislature bo asked for the gift of
Mr. EHrd and other members of the
legislature thought the llgislature
would refuse this, this being election
yea'- and the State being now $400,000
in the hole.
Mr. Wannamake v's amendment that
a loan of $2,500 be asked for as here
tofore was carried.
A motion was then carried that the
legislature be asked for a gift of ^5,000
for use at the new grounds.
NO POSTPONEMENT OK FAIK.
Mr. Haskell suggested that the next
fair be postponed to the lirst week in
December on account of the great
work to be done in getting the new
grounds in shape.
Secretary Love suggested that any
change of time would throw the South
Carolina fair out of the circuit of the
various other fairs to be held in the
fall in this section, and our fair would
suffer from putting out the privilege
On motion of Col. Mciver lt was de
cided to bold the fair as usual on the
last week In October.
The committee voted down Dr. Kl
nard's motion to open the fair on
Monday Instead of on Tuesday.
Prof. Colcock of the South Carolina
college appeared before thc committee
to ask that the fair grounds gridiron
be conceded for the college football,
game on the same terms as heretofore
-that the use of the gridiron be free
on condition that patrons of the game
be required to pay thc entrance fee to
the grounds before seeing the game.
Referred to racing committee.
The committee elected the follow
ing department superintendents:
Field Crops-lt. M. Pegues.
Horses, Mules and Asses-W. D.
Evans and G. A. Guignard, re-elected.
Horses-W. D. Evans and G. G.
Cattle-T. J. Kinard and A. P. Has
Sheep and Goats-C. F. Moore.
Cattle-T. J. Kinard and A. P.
Swine-J. G. Mobley.
Sheep and Goats-C. F. Moore.
Poultry-L. J. Browning.
Household-J. W. Dreher.
Needle and Fancy-Jno. H. Whar
Manufacturers-M. S. Donaldson.
Mechanical-J. W. Dunnovant.
Implements and Vehicles-B. II.
Chemicals, Oils, etc.-J. W. D.
Fruit and Floral-B. F. Crayton
and Et. H. Watson.
Fine Art-Capt. Iredell Jones.
WILL SUPPORT HEARST.
So Declaren Mr. Phelps Stokes, a New
J. G. Phelps Stokes, the millionaire
clubman, who has devoted himself to
a life among the poor of the city of
New York, has, in a letter printed In
the New York American, declared
himself for Representative William
Randolph Hearst as the Democratic
nominee for president.
Mr. Stokes' determination to sup
port Mr. Hearst is based upon the
knowledge he has acquired since he
has taken up his life among the poor
and suffering. lie has learned the
pressure of the iniquitous trusts of
the country and the manner in which
they bear upon the. poor anil needy.
Ile has learned the exact effect of a
live cent raise in the price of beef per
pi un ul. an increase of three cents a
gallon in the price ol' oil and the in
crease of more than a hundred per
cent in the price of coal last winter.
Several years ago .1. G. Phelps
Stokes went to live among those whose
conditions he wished to better and im
prove. Ile lived their lives with
them, came to know them. His re
nunciation was greater than 'chat of
Tolstoi, and the result vastly better.
Two years ago, in speaking of his
work, Mr. Stokes said:
"This is the most interesting life I
have ever led.
"lt is deep, whole-souled enjoyment
from beginning to end.
"Those who render the best social
service are those who have the great
est enjoyment of life.
"My work is based on ideals. They
are in the impelling forces which lead
"I look forward to the time when
thc spirit of brotherhood shall become
so strong that we shall have a union
of all the people, not only In a politi
cal sense, but lu a truly social sense
"Politically the United States is a
republic, socially it is not. Artificial
and wholly unjust barriers are set up
by some to sepal ate them from the
rest of the people. Wealth, social
prominence, geneaological trees and
such things ate used tocrettte barriers
between man and man."
Actuated by such thoughts, im
pelled by such Ideals, Mr. Stokes h;us
lived a life of abnegation of all the
things to which he was born, and for
several years has known no other life
than that led by those among whom
ho has cast his lot.
Cotton (?mills Advancing.
The price of cotton goods is advanc
ing, keeping pace with the increased
price of cotton. The lower grades of
cotton cloth have fora long time been
Loo cheap, and with everything else
cm thc face of the globe that man or
woman eats, wears, sees or smells got
.1-Mr more expensive, there Is no
. Ul'.a. why cloth mado from the
Dec l**yit staole should not join
says the Columbia
A GOOD BILL.
The State Senate D?SCUESCB at Length
an Anti-Treating Law.
TO TREAT OB NOT TO TREAT.
It Would Bo a Most Excellent Thing
If Such a LAW Were to Be
Passed and Be .strictly
"To treat or not to treat,"' was un
doubtedly the queatton in the senate
Tuesday. The bill introduced by
Representative Doyle of Ocouee, which
was threshed to a mass of pulp In the
house, was brought up after the calen
dar had been read, and after a good
hour and a half had been devoted to
ita merita and demerits. The bill
provides that on election days, no one
.shall give away or sell liquors witbln
tbree miles of. the polls. This ls man
ifestly to prevent repetition of the
public .scandals caused by the alleged
wholesale distribution of "booze" dur
ing thc general and municipal elec
tions that have taken place in South
Carolina within the last half a de
Senator Hay provoked the down
pour of verbiage that ensued, by mov
ing to accept the majority report, lt
seems that the committee on privi
leges and elections, with thc excep
tion of Senator Ilerndon, agreed tc
report the bill unfavorably. Senator
ilerndon, in whose county the bill
originated, aro e immediately to de
fend thc measure, saying that men
under the influence of liquor could not
vote conscientiously, or If bribed were
not Ht to vote. Senator Stanland
also favored thc bill, having promised
some of his constituents that he would
vote for it. He spoke of the amount
of whiskey circulated in the in
terest of certain candidates at the
last primary election, and cited thia
as an instance which showed the need
for such a statute.
Senator Brice WPS another support
er of the bill. "Liquor used in an
election is always used by the worst
candidates, who show by its use that
they are unfit to hold ulllce." Even
thuugh the statute were not rigidly
enforced (though it should be) the
moral effect of the State's condemna
tion would be salutary.
Senator Hay said that every time
that a law that lt was known would
no*; be enforced wa* placed upon the
statute books, much more of the pub
lie's respect for the laws was destroyed.
As for the sale of liquor the dispensa
ries are always closed on election days,
and at no other place should it be ob
tainable, were all of the liquor laws
rigidly enforced. To pass this law
would be voting away a personal right
that ought not to ba taken away.
After Senator McLeod had spoken
in support uf the bill the ayes and
?ays were demanded on Senator Hay's
motion to adopt the maj ?rity report,
which was rejected by a vote of 19 to
10, which may bc taken os an index ot
Those who voted "aye" were Sena
tors Aldrich, Hay, Hydrlck, Marshall,
M ?Iver, Peurifoy, G. W. Ragsdale,
Sharpe, Sheppard, Walker.
Those who voted "nay" were Sena
tors, Blake, Brice, Butler, Carpenter,
Douglass, dalnes, Goodwin, Hardin,
Ilerndon, Hough, Johnson, Manning,
Mayfield, McLeod, Mowe-, Raysor,
Stackhouse, Stanland, Williams.
An amendment was offered by Sen
ator Raysor who wished to strike out
the words "throe miles," and Insert
"thc immediate vicinity." This was
vigorously opposed by Senators Hern
don and Blake, because of alleged in
definiteness. More discussion ensued.
Senator G. W. Ragsdale speaking
against the bill. Senator Brice spoke
for the bill, Senator McLeod on the
same position, and Senate'. J. W.
Senator Sharpe thought that as to
the purification of the publie morals
miracles would have to be wrought to
Senator Brice: "Then you do ad
mit that the politics of the State are
Senator Sharpe: "So I have heard
on every side this mor' lng. Not st:
In my county."
This bill was finally killed.
Hem M '., Southern Kin.
A dispatch from Greenville to The
State says: "Mr. Wm. II. Whitmire
of this city has received information
of the death of lils cousin. Mrs.
Drusilla Whitmire Apperson, the
grandmother of Congressman "William
Randolph Hearst of New York, who
died recently at her home in Berkley,
Col. Mrs. Appearson was the daugh
ter of Henry and Ruth Hill Whitmire,
and was born in Newberry county, S.
C., Sept. 24th, 1810. Mr. W. H.
Whitmlre's father was William
Whitmire, a twin brother of Henry,
and they married sisters, so that
there is a double relation between the
Whitmires and Mrs. Apperson, who
was taken when a child to Missouri.
On .lune 28, 1840, Mrs. Apperson was
married to Randolph Walker Apper
son of Virginia, and they moved to
California in the early '60s, making
their home near San Jose. Mrs.
Phoebe A. Hearst, the mother of the
congressman and prospective candi
date for president, and Elbert C.
Apperson arc tho surviving children
of thc deceased."
A Special dispatch from Washing
ton to The State says Columbia ls to
have a complete and up-to-date weath
er bureau observatory. Representative
Lever has taken the matter up with
the chief of tho weather bureau and
bas convinced both that oflleial and
the secretary or agriculture that Co
lumbia possesses railway and mail
facilities sufficient to warrant the es
tablishment there of a meteorological
obsevatory. Mr. Lever has received
a letter from the secretary of agricul
ture approving the construction of an
observatory building at Columbia.
The bui'dlng will cost between $10,
000 and 815,000 and will be completely
equipped for purposes of observation.
The agricultural department has not
yet selected a site but this will prob
ably bo done on the recommendation
of Superintendent Bauer. This will
bc thc only building of its kind In the
Elvo Children Burned.
At Council Bluffs, Iowa, Ure on
Wednesday morning destroyed the
residence of Peter Christiansen, and
five children, from the habo in arms
to eleven years old, were burned to
death. Mrs. Christi anson was burned
so badly that she will die. It is not
known how the Bid started.
FROM THE I N$ID? ;
BEGINS WORK with the first dose,
cleansing the blood of all the poisonous
adds that produce RHEUMATISM, driving
out all thc damero us germs that infest thc
body-tha.t is the way cures are effected by
Other medicines treat symptoms; Rhtumaridt rtmwts tb*
taust, and, therefore, its
CURES ARE PERMANENT.
Helps the digestion, tones up the system; Sample bottle
free on application to BOBBITT CHBMICAL Co., Pro
prietors, 316 West Lombard St., Baltimore, Md.
Geo A Wagener, Pres. Geo Y Ooleman.lVicePres. I G Ball, Sec'y & Treas
Coleman-Wagexier Hardware Company,
Successor to C. P.; Foppeahelm.
303 KING .STREET,.CHARLESTON, S O
$850.000 G?VEK AWAY FREE.
FOURFIER SEARCIIMONT AUTOMOBILE, at 5.30 p. m.
April Iht, 19)4.
At die Army Cyclo Company's storo'll ?road SU ono tickot will be given tren with each oOo
mail order. fdentinentioniof tlckoU will bo by na ne, hence nil tickets must bo signed and
deposited beforo noon. April 1, l*.)0i. Thia manner of awarding the automobile will bo loft to
tlie ticket holders nt the pined of drawing.
The machino is on oxhihit nt our storo nnd wo will h?lao d to hnvp yon Insp?cl i t.
Do you sulTcr with painful menstruation? Either reinrded, axsesssve,. or iastilBcieat
If sn, commence at onco to take Ottoman Pon?alo Regulators, and Uley will elvo prompt and
permanent relief. These pills cure painful monthly sickness, whites, agonizing pain? duo tn
suppressed menstruation, regulato tho bowels, stimulate the heart, increase the appetite, aid
ttPSfr OTTOMAN FEMALE REGULATORS. ?Z&?Z
and net as n genond t onie to tho female, generative organs. They aro ospeclallv Useful as
a tonic after child-birth nnd will speedily restore the patient to nor normal condition. Poll
particulars of this wonderful remedy sent with each box of pills. Price $1.00 per box. Bent
by moil in plain, wiappor upon rocelpts of price.
Ottoman Remedy Company,
P. O. Box 123, Wilmington, North Carolina.
s rna do when you purchase pianos or orgnns of
M. A. NELONE, COLUMBIA, B. C
AB manufacturer's agent lor many of tho best factories, his prlcos aro na low os tho lowest.
His largo business is built up on tho strength ofi his reliability us a conscientous export in
musical instruments. Get his advice before purchasing; then you will know what you oro .
Southeastern Lime & Cement Co.
CHARLESTON, S. C.
Building M a* erial of all kinds High Grade Roofing
' "RUBEwOIli." Write for prices.
y^? ARE LOOKING -
FOR YOUR ORDERS :
COLUMBIA LUMBER.& MF?. CO,
Iii i-? r\ WI * f Don't think thnt every ono who hangs out n sign os a "watch-'.
lli? YVcllCll maker" is competent to repair your lino watch. Repairers who
uro fully comp?tent aro scarce. NVo do work only ono way,-the
host-wo can innko any part of a watch, < ?? a completo watch.
Our prices ar* often no moro than yon j for inferior work.
When our c?mrco 'or work is $1.50 or over wo will pay express charge or > ..ny. Send us your
wnteh, I?. II Ii iACHIOHOTTE & CO, Jewelers, 1424 Maia SU, Columbia, S.C.
Everybody Should Reed This.
Wo sell tho best gomia for tho least monoy that they can legitimately bo sold at. ll
you need anything in the machinery supply lino write tis for prices.
G. A. GOMARE, ms. COLUMBIA SUPPLY CO., C, Atkinson, Sec and Treis,.
Oolxsml>??i, s. O.
Cigarette I All i Drugi
Habit I Habits.
Cured by Keeley Institute, of @. C
1329 Lady St. (or P. O. Box 75) Columbia, S. C. Confidential correspond
All i Drug and Tobacco
i in ti Oom ont, JL^laster',
Terra Cotta Pipe, Roofing Paper, Car lots, small lots, write,
Carolina, Portland Cement Co., Charleston, B. C.
A MODEL FARM.
Thc National Department ol' Agricul
ture Will Establish Near Columbia.
The depertment of agriculture will
probably establish a model farm near
Columbia upon one of tilt farms of
Mr. F. U. Hyatt for the purpose of
showing the farmers how to grow
something else besides cotton. The
department of agriculture is laying
its plans to meet the spread of the
cotton boll weevil. Congress bas
appropriated t2?U,000 for this pur
pose and this sum is to be used not
only in Texas, but in the various cot
ton growing states.
The department not only proposes
to deal with thc weevil in Texas, but
it proposes to teach the farmers to
grow something else than cotton, if
it should appear to thc department
that it is not able Ut control the pest.
To this end diversification farms will
be established in each of the South
ern states. Two of these farms are
to be in South Carolina, and the de
partment has about decided to place
them in the districts of Representa
tives Lever and Johnson.
These are not experimental farms
in any sense of the word, but are to
be model farms, under the supervision
of the experts of the agricultural de
partment. The plan ls for the depart
men to furnish all the seed, one-half
the fertilizer and the expert super
vision, while the individual is to fur
nish the land and the labor.
The correspondent of the News and
Courier says of this idea that Mr.
Lever has recommended to thc de
partment as a suitable man to carry
on this idea Mr. F. Hi Hyatt, who is
a most progressive citizen, living near
Columbia, and within easy touch with
the entire state, lt is proposed not
only to grow the various crops, but
during the summer time to invite the
farmers of the state to visit the farms
In order that they may see their prac
It is proposed not to plant cotton,
but only to supplement lt. ditton ls
exhaustive to the soil, and this diver
slflcatlon idea is i ti tended tn demon
strate to the farmers that it Ls better
to grow crops In rotation, in order not
only to maintain the fertilizer in the
Hoi!, but actually increase it. Great
practical good is expected by the de
partment from this plan.
HOOD BOTANIC ?
ilDiDiDiBLOOD BAL.RA ?
The Great Tested Remedy for che speedy
and permanent cure of Scrofula, Rheuma
tism, Catarrh, Ulcers, Eczema, Sores. Erup
tions, WraVtnr.t, Nervousness, and all
BLOOD AND SKIN DISEASES.
It is by far the best bvilding up Tonic and
Blood Purifier ever ofTei ed to >he world. It
mal?es new, rich blood, . mparts renewed vi
tality, and possesses ilmost miraculous
healing properties. Writ) tor Book Ol WOn>
dcrful Cures, sent free or cpplicailon, BX
, If not kept by your local druggist, send li
Tl Ji.oo for a large boitie. or 4$ bo for six bottles, E >
Tl ?. " * *tj freight paid, by 8, >
XV y*ata, Qa. | ?
In the State Senate on Tuesday it
appeared as if there would be a de*
bate over Senator Manning's bill to
change the salary of the suyiv.tie
court justices from $2,850 to ?3,500
per annum. One zealous guardian of
the State's finances moved to strike
out the enacting words, and the au
thor of the bill urged that the circuit
court judges are now paid higher re?
numeration than the supreme court
justices. The cost of living is now
much increased, since the time that
tbe general salary bill was passed.
"It is easy to increase sitiarles and
to make appropriations," said one
senator, "even though a deficit stores
the State in the face. When a vac
ancy occurred in tbe supreme bench
many gentlemen wore willing toaccept
it without question." Ile thought
that there was "nb kick from the
supeme court." An amendment was
offered to make the increased salarv
$3,000 and the bill passed to third
Men and Women
who fir* in ?.*-e<l of th?
be*t meilicitl treat
ment should not fall
toonpan Or U.ith?i
wa y ol mire, an he la
recopn luci' as the
lendiriR and mnM KUC
ceVSfUl s peela Hat.
You are safe Sn
placing your ca-e In
n?a hunns, as h i lu tho
I O ll fiP Mt CHtai'U:?h?tl
mu? hus tho U -t rep
utation. Hf cures
vhf rc others full;
there is no patchwork
lor experimenting la
.his treatment. Per
. aonAl attention by Dr.
Hathaway, alfo ?pe
nn, HATHAWAY. elal connue! from his
?riten necessary, which no other offk-e has. ll
you cnn not call, write for free booklets and
uue-itlon blanks. Mention your trouble. KT
erythlnp strictly confidential. J. Newton
Hathaway, M. D.
28 Inman Building, 221 S. Broad St
Wc want all thc "carpenters: to send
us their address, .lust for the.Address
we will send a present.
Then we want them to help ?us to
get orders all over the State*
Wc will pay a commission.
SLUHD BUILDERS SUPPLY CO.,
815 Plain St Columbia. S 0
I^ieH SXIKI Oysters.
18 & 20 Market St.. Charleston,' b. C.
Consignments of Country Produce
nre Respectfully Solicited, Poultry,
.Fish .packed in barrels and .boxes for
Country trade a specialty.