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*" ""-TT--T-?Tim ii ?nummn min? II n-vm*im
I, THE PEOPLED
g Contributions From
AN ENGLISHMAN ON IMMIGRATION
BU Views on the MetbodH .That Muit
in? Kniployed to llrlnK Imiul
' granta to .South Cnrollnn.
To the Editor ot The State:
I have been much interested in read
ing report? In the newspapers express
ing publie opinion on the question of
introducing into the State of South
Carolina a class of European immi
grants--farmers, who in sonn; respects
ure less ambitious than American
farmers-a class of people who will be
content with small farms, say HO. 'M
or SO acres ol* ground. 1 am told that
the south has enough even now of
common laborers, and that the need
ls simply those who will enter the
State and buy up the large tracts of
lands und convert them into small
The peasantry or France have small
farms which they till with artistic
skill and reap excellent harvests for
their industry. They aro a thrifty
people, save their money and at times
of prent financial depression have sav
ed the government from impending
bankruptcy. These French peasants
liv? in rural villages and go dally to
their little farms, which may be dis
tant from one to three miles from the
domestic roof. Under prevailing cir
cumstances lt would hardly bo prac
ticable to introduce such a system in
this country. It would be better to
follow out the American method, a
farm for each farmer ol' pay 50 to TOO
acres with the dwelling in w hlcu the
family lt to abide on the farm.
But how will the better class of
ISuropean Immigrants be attracted to
th* south? lt must not be forgotten
that the farmers and immigrants from
JCurape have been attracted in vast
numbera to the great northwest, where
ii ii li lour of aeren are yet unoccupied;
that western Canada ls attracting set
tlers by furnishing free farms and
homes for all who will come. By rail
road companies and local communities
thousands of dollars are being ex
panded to get these settlers on those
Lands. Now, the south has no free
homesteads, hut every one who enters
thc State and secures a farm must pay
for lt. The western people reckon
every healthy, laboring man who
makes u permanent hom* In tx ccm
muntty to be north to the place a
sum not loss than $2,000. That ls. If
100 able-bodied, industrious and enter
prising men should settle in u farming
.ommunlty, they add to the perman
ent woalth of the locality ?200.000. 1
should say sud) nn estim?t'.' ls very
conservative for there may bc among
the l?O half a dozen men who nlone
Would add more than twice- that sum
to the taxable wealth of that com
But how shall the immigrants be
obtained? One man having n thousand
or more acres for salo cannot afford to
equip and maintain an Immigration
real estate ellice for the purpose of
Unding purchasers for his hinds. A
town, county, Immigration association
and the State, acting In conjunction
with railroad companies, may adver
tise the agricultural, commercial and
manufacturing advantages through
newspapers, circulars, folders, otc, anti
distribute them through Hie mails all
over the land. They will do some good
and In time will bring some people.
But that ls not all which is needed.
I remember once spending a week on a
cotton plantation a short distance out
from Yazon City, Miss. The planter
was a native Alabamian. II?' had a
beautiful place of many thousands of
acres and one of the finest in tho Slate.
One morning bis good lady said they
must send to a dist ri nt orchard foi
fruit and to a garden for vegetables
for the table. I said to my friend,
"Why is ihls? Why ?lo you not on
yonder rising ground plant your orch
ard and cultivate your garden vege
tables; have your meadows for hay
and your own corn Holds? Cy pro
ducing these necessary supplies at
home you will save money." Ho re
plied. "I only make cotton. If you
want to kindle a lire willi the sun'.-:
rays, use the sun-glass tn concent rate
all the rays of the sun at one spot and
it will scorch it."
1 would apply this process of ana
logical reasoning to secure people to
become permanent residents of the
State of South Carolina. I think it
would be unwise to waste money in
initiating a plan of work and Iben
suffer it to languish for want of sup
port. An agricultural commissioner
with a secretary to begin tho business
is only a first step. Tho depart mr :.t
must be amply supported. This work
ls not only lo get immigrants, hut
they must got them. They must e,>
where those people aro to be found
and must select just such familles us
will h.> most suitable. You don't want
all that conic out of a ship. You want
them selected. Of cours" your com
missioner will have his principal office
in thc capital of the State, but lie
must have an oir.ee in the city of
New York. No matter what Hie cost
may bo, even $100,000 in ibis work will
bc a profitable Investment. When yon
get 5,000 or 10,000 of these p.-opie Into
your State and they are content, they
will advertise tho advantages of the
State all over lain.p.- without cost.
But tho expense at the stan must be
borne by Ibo Stale. The newspapers
of tha State, publishing gratuitously
communications like this and others
descriptive of the country, are doing
their part most liberally. Kvry lo
cality and every individual should do
As tho Alabamian said, "focus the
sun's rays." Owners of larg.' tracts
of land, some (inproved and some r.oi
Improved, want to sell so as to be
getting an Income. They are getting
nothing nov.-. They better sell these
lands to the Immigrants, If they be of
the right kind, even with a very small
payment down and in small yearly
payments and at a low rate of Interest,
ft will take pretty much all the ready
money the Immigrant has to get a
stint with Implements and stock for
lils lillie farm and io buy needful
supplies until he can grow and mai kel
a crop. Ib u. e he will need the advice,
sympathy, and often forbearance of
those with whom he deals. With a fair
chain lie will bc able in a few years
lo pay for all. Km th.- intelligence,
Ibo kindness, and generosity of south
ern communities need no suggestion
in this regard. The State m' South
Carolina is broad enough in area and
ample enough in rcsnurei s. yet unde
veloped, to afford homes ol' wealth and
abundance for 5,000.000 to 7,000,000 o?
an industrious am) enterprising people.
Will this generation, tie- presen I pop
ulation of the state, seize Uv oppor
tun I Iles afforded of increasing their
individual wealth ami a.Mine- revenue
lo their native commonwealth? South
Carolina is worthy of the greatest
efforts ol her people. I rend in an
encyclopedia spread ont before me thai
"the sufi ls highly productive, yielding
such Maples as colton, indigo, rice,
tobacco, sugar, ten, the cen ?is, hemp,
flax, hops, and many varieties of
fruits and vegetables; and en
joys a climnlic tempera i ure corres
I.Ung with that of Italy and tho
south ol France. The mineral re?
souries of lin's Stale are considerable,
comprising gold, iron, lead, copper,
manganese, c..al bismuth, plumbago,
soapstone, limestone, gi unite, china
i EDITORIALS. I
The State's Readers. |
; clays, etc.. etc." Tho heart of man can
usk for nothing- more.
Then reen ll the famous mon whom
j the Stnto hus produced. Their very
?names are an Inspiration and awaken
! the noblest aspirations of manhood.
In the roster of South Carolina's emin
ent sons In a past generation, 1 note
[high in the list of immortal ones Hon.
John Caldwell Calhoun, an Ineompar
' able statesman, scholar nnd phllos?
[ plier; Henry Laurens, honored above
? most -men. nu accomplished diplomatist
j and the friend of Washington; then
there was Con. Andrew Jackson, the
seventh president of the United States;
another honored name, an adv?cate
and jurist ol' great renown, likewise i
statesman. Kcholar, diplomatist, llalli
Swinton Legare; Hie Hon. Francis W.
Ipickens and the Hon. "William Allon,,
of the early governors of the State, i
11 mention with the highest regard the I
! names of Gov. Robert Young Hoyne, '
tlie nibst accomplished orator the |
! State ever produced, a match in for
Icnslc debate of the great Massachu
setts Demosthenes, Daniel Webster. I
And may 1 mention the names of
Generals Wade Hamilton, the older and
J tlie younger, both effulgent stars In
i the diadem of the commonwealth.
These are hut a few annies to conjure
I by. Buch a galaxy of honored ones
I casts n halo of glory not only over
their native State ard their own times,
j but they belong t( all time and to the
I universal brotherhood of man. Strap-!
[piing men In this generation may look:
! to those great ones and gather strength
! In their efforts to accomplish worthy
i undertakings-imitating such nollie
Frederick A. Salnman. |
! Rooms 1S03-G, Vincent Building, New I
? York City.
THE RUSSIAN IX HISTORY.
j Wliy Amerlcnn Sympathy Slioulil Ue ,
j With .lillian lu Preaent Conflict
To the Editor of The State:
It ls difficult to understand how any
one who ls at all acquainted with Ku- ;
ropean history, especially tlie part ul' lt
j that relates to Russia, can sympathize
with that country In Its struggle with'
Japan; for viewed from any stand
! point, except that of brute loree. Japan
ia by far thu more highly civilized na
tion of the two. From Its very flrst
contact with civilization Japan lins
mada a progress that is almost mar-:
velons. while Russia has romaincd.
practically barbarous despite Hie fait
that sile has been in intimate associa
tion with the clvilzlng influences ol' the
'otho.- countries of Europe,
i The truth of the matter ls that Kas
sia has a pretty bbfick record behind
her, a record of tyranny, oppression
and duplicity that almost surpasses be-I
lief. It ls easily within the memory of
people now living when it was a not .
uncommon occurrence for ladies ol' the
Polish nobility to he stripped to the
vvalst and whipped 111 public by olll
|elals of tho Russian government. When
Sweden was practically forced to ced..'j
Finland to Russin, tho latter country
pledged itself that it would n<'t inter-,
fore with Un- language or local nov- ;
eminent of tho people. This promise
has been most shamefully violated, and
the virtuous, enlightened and patriotic
Finns have bei n subjected to almost .
every Indignity that Russian Ingenuity
eoultl devise. Rut tho darkest hint on ;
Kassia's record is lound In Siberia;
I Countless thousands of Its own ?.iii-1
zens nnd from its provinces Uko Roland
, and Finland have been consigned, for,
no offense whatever, at least nothing
that would lu.- considered such in a civ
ilized country, to n living death in the ?
I mines of Siberia, without the slightest
: hop. of relief except )>y death, held as
they are by the iron hand of n despot-I
I ism that would have hardly been cx
I disable in the dark ages.
Thor? is something almost farcical in
the attitude (hal Russia assumes as
[the champion of civllizatio . nnd Chris
tianity, for slie stands in ..oro need of
civllizatio: herself lind, in act at least.1
Ils a stranger to the precepts of Chris
tianity. What was the conduct ot' the
I Russian troops during the recent trou-;
hie in China? Looting by wholesale
land tho murder nf thousands ol" li.-?i?- !
i less aiel inoffensive Chinese, driving ,
?thom Into a deep river Just as if they
were wild beasts. While the Russians i
; were acting Uko savages, the Japanese!
I troop.s maint.-.lind their splendid dis-'
cipltne, and returned to their own
Icon nt ry with clean hands .and with
out a single biol upon their record. Rut'
put i in? all Oilier questions aside, Rus-1
[sin is the aggressor nnd Ibis being- the.
case deserves to lose. Japan clearly
sees tl>?> thc lim?' has come when she
must make a supremo effort lor na
tional existence and she can be counted
'on to struggle to the bitter end. Rus- |
sin" has nu need of additional territory;
while Japan, with its dense population
stands in sore need of an extension of:
its lain] area.
lt I? very easy to make comparisons,
bul tlie present struggle Is being waged
under conditions that have never here
tofore existed. In the South African'
war England had lo transport troops
and munitions Ot war 0,000 miles, but
there was not a hostile vessel to liit?r
! fore with ber transports, lt will b.> Im
possible for Russin to send a single
man or gilli by water and h.-r sole dft
peiulenee ls on one single line of rn II
I road, and this is a very loni,' ono. Fx- I
; p.-rii-ie c has demonstrated that a sin-;
Kio line, oven for a comparatively short
distni. is tau adequate for the trans
portation of largo bodies of troops.
Germany bas probably a bon I eight sep
arate ?mos lending t<> tho Rhino and,
about th" samo number in the direc
tion of tho frontier, facing Russia, in
lease of hostilities breaking out between
Frailee and Germany they would each I
have a million mon on the i ronlier, in
I less titno than il would take Russia to,
i put one-tenth thal number in Man
churia. Unless something entirely un-1
I expected happens Russia will bo con
fronted with very much ibo same con-:
iliiions tiiat provailod during ibo Cri
mean war. Sho bad plenty ol" troops abd
I resources but could not, owing io thc
Mack of transportation facilities; gel;
thom to the front ? 111 i> - U enough. This
1 being Hie caso, ba flied but not crushed,
I she bad to accept tin- terms Offered hy
Franco and England. Japan cannot,
ol' course, exhaust ibo resources of
Russia but stands a good chalice of
exhausting all tho resources thal Eus
Isin can make available.
To call ibis war a struggle between
Christianity ami heathenism is the
I veriest nonsense. Russia today is more
a harrier to tho propagation of chris
tianity than is Japan, fora nation, just
as it with an individual, thal professes
to be ChHsiliin and who, at tho saine
lime does the greatest violence to ila?
teachings of tho Master, is a greater
enemy io Christianity than an avbWed
disbeliever, li" it could oe accomplished
without bloodshed tie- partition ot' tho
Russian empire would bo a tremendous
gain for the cause of civilization, for
then the Itussiiin people, steeped in
dense Ignorance and ground beneath
tho beet of nu iron despotism, would
breathe the air of freedom and happi
ness ?Mid be given the opportunity to
emerge from fi position that is lan lit
tle superior lo that of tho boasts of
tho li' lil.
Tie- people of tho south ."t least ought
io bold In everlasting remembrance Hie
fact I lan v. bile they wore engaged In
Un ir gronrt struggle for Independence
Russin iiiiefl her Influence lo the
iitlorhiosl io prevent the roong
nilioii, by tho oilier countries of Eu
rope of th? Confederate States. This
was but In keeping with her national |
policy for oppression and against lib
erty. The people, however, who have j
the greatest cause to execrate the very
name of Russia ore the Jews, that Is i
if they care anything for the honor of j
tho women of their race.
W. D. "Woods.
Darlington, Feb. 20.
LOCAL OPTION VS. THE 1JISPHNS AR Y
Some (iiio.Mioiis Conccmine tb? Evil
Kr tilt? of Latter Joynt em.
To the Editor of The State:
Allow me to submit a few pertinent
questions to your readers and the re
tiring general assembly:
1. ls lt right and does lt show a!
democratic citizenship, not to say n
spirit of justice on the part of our
lawmakers, not to allow a free (?) peo
ple to vote the whiskey evil from their
midst, when In fact In innny Instances I
the people did not vote or petition lls|
2. Is it not an apparent fact that tho I
whiskey element-ring If yon choose-Isl
getting a firmer ?ind dooper hold on our j
State institutions and using lt for po
litical ends to tho extent that ere long |
it will dominate church; society, bust-j
ness, morals, politics and every lnsti-?
tution In the hind and throw around i
them the mantle of corruption that ls
sure to lower us in tho scale of state
.'!. Are the ministers of Clod's holy
writ doing their duty by their passive- I
ness In accepting prevailing conditions
Instead of' Inveighing against them on
4. Can any man, he bo friend or foe
of tho, system. In truth lay his hand
upon his heart and In presence of his I
God say he does not know that the
dispensary as lt ls managed ls a de
moralizing agent to every legitimate
huslness or institution in tho State; de
basing Its manhood, making drunkards
of tts youth, yeo, of its children oven?
Doing Giis. does It not bring woe and
misery, Buffering and hardships untold
to a helpless and Innocent class-tho
women ami children?
5. is it for political and sinister Kain
that our wise mon-masters, not ser
vants-can shut their eyes to glaring I
facts and refuse to trust those whose j
suffrage placed them In their exalted
position; and force them to be un-.I
willing particepB crlminls to the!
0. Doos the revenue derived offset'
the evil lt generates? Has lt mate
rially contributed to the State's,
finances, or reduced taxation : is lt not;
ono of the potent factors calling for
more Judicial circuits to relieve the
congested dockets of those in exist-;
euee? Is It right to apply any por
tlon of the revenue (blood money) lo:
the education of our children? lias ill
not created a stronger ring than that
tho great (?) Tillman claims to have;
overthrown a decide of ni ore ago?
ls lt nm a little strange that" In the
light of after events, tho palmetto treei
was banished from tho wlskey flask? i
St. Gooree. Feb. 1", 1001.
Dot I lug on Cook Fitshtn.
To ibo Editor of The Slate:
In several sections of our fair com-'
monwoiilth tho practice of cock fight-1
lng is Indulged in and ordinarily the
usual accompaniment of betting pre-i
vails on such occasions.
As a lover of my fellowmen nhill
seeking always their highest welfare, 1
om hided lt might provo helpful if the
general assembly enact a law forbid
ding the custom, ami accordingly 1
wrote ono of tin1 representatives about
!r. Ile replied that a bill was intro-i
dined last session which would have
given entire relief from this evil, but
.sports in the ....nato killed it, (hough
passed to ns third rending. Ho adds
that tho senate lins al the present sos-1
sion been polled touching the matter
ami thal it cannot he passed.
Disappointed in securing help from
that quarter; I wished to secure advice
of some' wiso, good man as to tho best
way of getting the matter nu tho con
science of individuals who indulge in.
tlie baneful pastime. A letter from Dr.
.lames II. Carlisle of Wofford college
contains information I bog to share
willi your n adors. Ho says:
"The great subject of erueltv to an
imals is now attracting more attention
than before. It is vero important.'
This is ono starting point. To take
tie- beautiful, spirited bird, and make
him kill or bo killed, to excite andi
amuse som.- coarse', hardened mon. and
to decide where some piles of money
must go-this is sad! Hut lender ap
lic?is aro not felt where I hero is liol
tenderness; still, those appeals, wisely
urged, may in tho cud make some im
pression. A lift up religiously, of'
course, will generali} settle many of|
these questions that cannot bo met on i
a low plane."
Now. Mr. Editor, Iel me ask tho!
i kind aid of your own skilled pen in.
encouraging tho introduction and pass-'
05e of a bbl affording relief in some
degree. Hut tho enactment of a law!
forbidding tho sport is only part of cur:
duty; we must have an increasingly I
strong sentiment current, such as willi
be possible alono by intelligent agita-j
lion of the subject.
Yours very truly.
Piedmont, S. C. 1
THE CHARLESTON UlIlt.K.T.
Diiningv Snits A itu I a st Hu- Conanlltliiteil
It nit tray Company.
Special lo Tho Slate.
Charleston. Feb. 20.-A number of
damage suits were tiled today in tho
court of common pleas against tho
Consolidated Hallway com na ny, Thos.l
Smith wants $.~>.fl00 .lainages for having
been ejected from a car and forced lo
walk I wo mil. s io thc detriment of his j
health. The saun' sum is Wanted by.
Health Dotc.-tl ve Nlpson. w hoso buggy I
wa:: run into by a car. Frank Norh
don is suing for ?r.,ono because bo was
run into while riding bis bicycle and
former Conductor 1'oovos Ford, who'
was hun In a collision between two
cars, asks for $5,000 actual damages I
and ?"i,000 punitive damages. Isaac
Coughley bas entered .snit against tho!
American Pipe company for $1,975 for!
Injuries sustained in digging a trench.
The approaching lerm of tho court 01 j
common pleas will be noted for tho
number of like suits which have been
Th.- laving off ol' a number of field
mell ai the navy yard has caused some
disappointment and no tilth? dis
quielude, bal lt is said (hat tin- laying,
nfl' of these men furnishes the only
foundation for tho rumors of a general
suspension of woi k. No stab mehi could
be gotten from Ibo local olllclhls of ibo
navy yard in regard to ibo rumor thal
tho secretary of tho navy had ordered!
tho unexpended lia la lice io bo turned
into Ibo treasury, lt was said al the
navy yard 1 lint* the mon were only
laid nfl because they wen- much ahead;
in their work .".nd Hu- rules of the dc-'
part mehi aro against keeping mon.
on ibo payroll who are not actually all
work-. ) I
.\<ivi.es received boto stale that tho:
course of tin- dispatch boat Mayflower
may bo changed, and In this event Ad
miral l)0ive> and staff will liol visit
Charleston on ihelr way to join tho,
North Atlantic fleot for tho manoeuvres
in tia- Caribbean sea.
'I'll.- temperature tumbled early this
morning lo a reading of :>:> degrees, al
fall of ;;? degrees from tin- maximum;
reading of yesterday. Tin- wind was
high, roaching a velocity of 3? miles
from tho northeast al 1 o'clock today.
di at.ir.s Select edi
Spei ial to Th..- Slate.
Ninety-Six, Fob. 20.-AI ibo closing
of Ibo Nnii-iy-SIx high school, to bo
hold .lune :.-r, R?v. s. 11. /.I miner man
ol' Newberry will preach tin- annual
sermon, and lion. 1'liarlos F. MoKes.
.?on of M organ ton, N. C., will deliver
(ho annual address.
DAILY PEN SKETCHES
OF C1R0LIN? LIFE.
What People elf the Middle and
Pee Dee Cour try Are Doing.
TWO FIRES OCi?UR AT DENMARK
Uullruad sii.iuii stinton Burned.
Oilier NOYVM from tile 'lunn
Where ltnlVromlH Croan.
Special ta Tho State.
Denmark, Feb. 20.-The telegraph ot
flee at the junction ot the Atlantic
Coast Line aiul Southern railroads. In
thia idace, was destroyed by tire this
morning at T:?0 o'clock. Tho structure
was a two-story wooden building, gen
erally known tia the tower. All trains
over the two roads were signalled from j
this olllce and could pass only when ;
the tracks were tnrown opon by the I
operator in thc tower.
The fire started in thc ceiling and j
owing to Ibo fact that there ls no i
water near, could not bo extinguished. '
The trains wore delayed only for a
few minutes, and will stop at that !
point as they do at other junctions.
Another fire alarm was given yester
day nt about noon. In some way a
curtained closet In tho residence of ;
Mr. Fuller caught on Pro. Tho room
was closed nt the time and became
filled with smoko, causing every one
to think that tho house would neces
i-arily burn. However, tho Uro was
soon put out, there being considerable
loss from removal of furniture and
damage to tho house by water.
AT BEECH ISLAND.
A Delightful Entertainment for the
lien.-IM of (bc School.
Special to Tho State.
Beech Island. Fol?. 21.-On last Satur
day night all the good people of Beech
Island wore assembled at the Downer
hail to obtain some of thc pleasures
of a delightful Valentino party, given
by Miss Helen Brice, for the benefit of
the Downer library By tho little sock
arrangement and the serving of ro
freshnients tho neat sum of ?2r. was
raised. With this and our pro rata
share from tho State the management
hopes io muk.; some valuable addition
to tho already well equipped library.
There bas boon some discussion about
establishing i.n agricultural expert-]
mont station In each oumy. If tills!
is .lone wo soo no loasen why tho.
Downer institute should riot bo the!
central station for Aiken county. We
aro well equipped boro, Ibo school owns i
enough bind to start an excellent ox-,
perunental station. Wo are interested
in tills and trust that our board of1
trustees will pull foi- it.
Oil last Monday night Mrs. Janies!
Hammond gave a delightful pkt party
In honor of ber sister, .Miss Nita ' I hack
of Atlanta. Among those in attend
ance were: Misses Helen Brice. Qeor-1
gio dolphin, Helen Davies, Harriet
Davies. Mr. and Mrs. Warren \Fair,
Mr. a:..' Mrs. s- th DuPuls, Messrk R.
I:, and W. B. Dunbar. Henry I.ako
M. 13. Brockman and Dr. p. H. \Rye.
Mrs. Ed. Atkinson gave a delightful
oyster supper last Tuesday nighr. In
honor of her cousin. Miss Belle Bal lev1
of Ellenton. | "
Miss Helen Brice has gone to ber I
home in Blackstock for ii short vlsltj j
DEATHS irv. i : I ) (. i, I ' 11. i. I ). (
Popular Young; Physician's "Wtfe-i-Y
Child Clinked to Death.
Special to Tho State.
Edgefleld, Feb. J!.-Xews has 'just,
boon received boro of tho death at I
McCormli k of Mrs. Fuller, tho youthful
wife of Dr. B. M. Fuller, a lady well
known and much beloved, a. daughter
of Mr. Edgar s. Reynolds of ??ong
mire's and a sister of Mrs. A. E. Pad
get! of this town.
Dr. Fuilor is also a young man of!
Longmire's, but moved to McCormick
six or right mon His ago as a wider!
field for bis profession. Tho untimely
death of this popular young woman
?viii bring deep sorrow to a very wide
? ireh; of relatives and friends.
She will bo buried at old Bethany I
church, near Longmire's, tomorrow. " i
Another sad death in on section and
vet y sudden was that of :. iii tie 2-yeur- 1
old son of Mr. and M s. Tandy " Cul-j
br-ath ol' Rehoboth. This child was
by some terrible mishap choked to
ilea th. H. \\\ C.
Ph-iiKiiitt Dill Noten.
Special to Tho Stat. .
Pleasant Hill. Feb. 20.-Mr. Tom
Peach, a resident of tho Bussell place,
die.) yesterday of pneumonia after a
On tho 1Mb tho Rev. S. .V. Watson
performed tho ceremony uniting Mr.
Lewis folo and Miss Alice Beckham,
daughter of Mr. and Mrs. Geo. W".
Mr. Edmund Tiller and wife of Til
lers Ferry aro visiting Mrs. Tiller's
brother at this place.
Mr. \V. A. Beckham and wife of
Kershaw aro boro on a visit to Mr. (
Beckham's brother, Mr. M. I.. Beck
ham, of t his placo.
. >w big to ibo very cold and rough
weather very little farm work has
bren .lone as yoi. i is generally talked
that ibero will bo no increase In tho
cotton acreage. As a matter of fact'
tho farmers cannot afford to do it. for
tin- presumption is that labor is going
to bc scarce.
Special to Tho St: le.
Hopkins. K.d). 'Jo.- -After several'
days ot' excessive i old tho weather is
moro favorable and farm work is pro- .
grossing. Oats ate small, owing to |
tho ba.t weathei.
County Superintendent of Education
E, B. Wallace ivas in town Thursday
on a lour of inspection of the country
invitations have hoon issued by tho,
primai y department of the Hopkins
graded school to Washington birthday 1
exercises. Tho invitations are in Ibo
shape of a small hatchet doc-orated
with cherries. This department is un
der tho very efnelt nt management of
Mrs. Whitlock. There have boon sev-j
tral additions to tho school, which is'
in a nourishing condition.
Mrs. Brnndonburgh is much Improv
ed, after ber recent severe illness.
Special to Tho Stale.
Pinewood. Keb. 'Jo.-Tho public roads
In this vicinity aro being repaired by
thc county ohalngang. which is well
equipped with proper Implements for
tho work. Their advent has boon
bailed with delight, as places on lin
differon! toads loading Into town were
almost impassable, and could never
have boon effectively worked by the
Mr. B. H. Johnson, a farmer living
near hero, was mai ried on Thursday
evening to Miss Norvellc Stakes, ol
Paxvllle, Tho Rev. Mr. Huggins ofll
Tile continued severe winier has re
tarded farming operations and for tho
same cause tho small grain crop is
Tho weather burean in ils forecast
ned Saturday lind this ominous pre
diction for yesterday: "Bain!" And
tho prediction was verified from ll a.
m. until 6 p. m. without a break.
THE HILL GO??NTRY
OF SOUTH CAROLINA
Events of Greatest Interest in the
Busy Piedmont Section.
FEDERATION OF WOMEN'S CLUBS
'J lu- Stale Executive Committee Meet?
In Newberry-tlelcKnte* to Hie Na
tion?! lint IIITIHJ? lu St. I.out*.
Special to The State.
Newberry, Feb. 2l.-~The State execu
tive committee of the Federation of
Women's Clubs di" South Carollua met
here Thursday night at tho residence
of Mrs. H. D. Wright for the purpose
of arranging ii programme for the
Stall: federation, willoh will convene
here on Tuesday. June 14th. The
meetings will bo held In the auditorium
of the new building or Newberry col
lege. On Tuesday night the meeting
will he opened with itu Informal re
ception. Wed nestln y night will be
niven over lo lite art, music and civic
committees. Thursday nlghl the crown
ing event of the session will be it very
large and elegant reception.
The following delegates were ap
pointed tb represent South Carolina In
the National Federation ol' Women's
clubs, which will convene in st. Louis,
Mo., in May: .Mrs. Julius VisansUa of
Charleston: Miss Blanche Jones of Co
lumbia: Mrs. M. V. Ansell of Green
ville; .Mts. Joseph Hodtley of Hock
HUI and Mrs. L. T. Nichols of Chester.
Mrs. .lames Orr Patterson of Greenville,
presid? nt of the State federation, ls a
delegate by virtue of her office.
The alternates are: Miss Helen
Mower. Newberry; Mrs. L. AT. Cole
man. Charleston: Mts. A. Robertson,
Columbia; Mrs. Ira B. Jones, Lancas
ter: Mrs. J. Ii. Vandlver, Anderson;
Mrs. s. I.. McLaughlin. Snartonburg.
Pour nev.- clubs were federated. They
were the Fortnightly club of Newberry.
Rotary Hook dub of Oreen vi Ile, the
Old Homestead of Darlington, the
Alumnae association of Mrs. Smith's
school. Chariest on.
After the business of the committee
hud been disposed of Mrs. lt. D. Wright
gave a delightful reception in honor of
At a joint meeting of the federated
clubs of the town. Mrs. S. B. Jones,
president of Woman's club; Miss Ber
nice Martin, chairman of Bachelor
Maids; Mrs. L. W. Floyd, president
of Fortnightly club, were made a gen
eral committee io arrange for the en
tertainment of the state federation
Mesdames T. C. Cool, W. II. Hunt,
<>. lt. Mayer. C I). Weeks, A. T. Crown. ,
Misses Cannie McCnughrin, Lalla M u
tin. Corn Dominick. Nina Carlisle,
Helen Mower, were appointed chair
men of the sub-committees. Their
committees will be appointed nearer
the time for the meeting.
INTERSTATE Y. M. CA. GATHERING
There Are Two Hundred . ?[cjftltcN In
Attendance nt Sparta- .<<. n~-?Iud
Weat lier Prevail*.
Special to The State.
Spartanburg, Feb. 21.-There are 2<?0 j
delegates attending the interstate Y.
M. C. A. North and South Carolina are
w.-ll represented by an earnest, active
body of workers, young men who are
?lit e. i ?ns their efforts to the advance
ment of moral and religious thought
Today's weather has been the very
worst of a season of unchangeable mid
winter time. The sleet fell Hrs!, and
the ground was frozen over in n slip- :
pery condition; an icy rain succeeded.
Despite this inclemency, large congr?
gations wore at the several leading
Protestant church this morning to hear
instructive and helpful addresses from
the prominent workers of the Y. M.
C. A. in atendance on the meetings.
A mass-meeting for men was held
this afternoon nt the opera house, c.
C. Michener was the speaker of the?
occasion. He is from New York and
?1 Lader In Y. M. C. A. work. He
nia.ie .1 si MU?;; address, emphasizing
tl..- adherence to Christianity along ail
lines of business, and asserted that
the man with Ihe right kind of char.le
ter has a decided advantage ovei otil
?is. Gambling, drinking and Impur
ity were touched upon .ind III an earn
est, effective manner Mr. Michener dis
coursed for an hour or more to one of
the largest mali? audiences ever as
sctnplcd in the opera house. As a re
sult fully ?100 Christians expressed their'
Intention of lending better lives, and
l'.o "sinners" signified that they wished '
the prayers of lite christian people. In
a brief meeting, held after the address,
at least 3? of the latter professed con
Cr. Yan Dyke, the lecturer, addressed
the convention at Converse college ibis
evening. c. II. F.
THE NEAR EASTERN TROUBLE
ItlllKltrtll Trying to Keep Ont of a Fight,
According io Their A KC nt
Paris. Feb. 21.-M. Zololiovitz, the
Bulgarian agent in Paris, made the
following statement today:
"I chu give the formal assurance
that Bulgaria has more than ever re
solved to tin nothing to compromise
the peace. It is with great satisfac
tion (liai we have seen the powers elah
orate a plan for reforms in Macedonia
and we wish, without reservation, the:
reforms realized. Above till, with this'
moment when the powers are follow
ing with anxiety Ute events in the far
east. Bulgaria will avoid doini; any-'
Hiing th u would cause the belief that
sile proposes io profit by the crisis. The
Bulgarian people have unanimously
expressed warm sympathy with RllS
"It is unfortunate that Turkey per-,
sists in her ree,j et table hostility. He
sides the annoying police measures she
has taken against our people our com
merce suffers serious obstacles: and
finally, the continued concentration of
Tin lush troops along our frontier andi
the mobilization of troops at strategic
points is menacing us."
M. Zolollovttz said lhere is a war I
party in Constantinople which has a
pi'epondernting Influence and quoted
from consular reports to the effect that
the Turks fear a military uprising if
war with Bulgaria is not <. et ii red.
"In the light of tues " M. ?
Zolollovltch concluded. 'ural
that Bulgaria, too, sine 'par
t ale Senator 11111% Wfdovt Head.
Washington, Feb. 21.- Mrs. Hill, the
widow ot the bu.- Senator lien H. Hill
of Georgia, who lias been ill here for
some time, died here (oday at the res-I
id.-nc., of lier ?laughter. Mrs. H. H.
Thompson, in the 7!uli year of her age. i
At her bedside when the end came also j
Wore her (laughter and two sons. Hen,
H. Hill mid <'. 1>. Hill. Accompanied
by them the remains were taken to At
lantn, where thc funeral services will I
lie held on Wednesday al 11:30 a. m..;
In St. Mark's Methodist Episcopal
St. Hugel a's Hcadomy.
Special to Tim State.
Aiken, Feto. 20.-Thme annual enter
tainment of St. Angela'B ucademy came
oft on Friday afternoon and evening
before a large and appreciative audi
That the numbers were varied, high
classed and superbly rendered 1B as
sented to by uP who were present. F.s
peclally is this praise well founded and
flattering in view of the fact that In
the brief life of the academy there
have been no pupils ns yet bpyond the
third term lu music, declamation and
voice culture; indeed, the great ma
jority ure drat and second term pu
pils. Thc? oles and choruses were ex
cellent, as the most fastidious could
expect under tho circumstances.
The boys and girlsclusses made their
first bow to the public in pleasing
chorus. Before many years they will
figur? successfully in person as they
did last Friday evening "In gobs."
I For brevity sake, the special points
of excellency of individual pupils, or
I numbers, connut he emphasized In dc
I tall. It ls but fair to point out In pass
1 lng, however, the cleeutionary proflcl
i ency displayed In tell scene from
Schiller's ".Mary Stuart;" the beauty of
?the arin? and recitations in Longfel
! low's "Wiek of the Hesperus;" the
control of voice and breath in the "An
gel's Serenade." "Grass and Roses,"
and the selected Terzette; then the
? general excellence of the Instrumental
i St. Angela's is rapidly becoming a
stronghold of Intellectual power among
I the youths of this ectloh. Judging
i from the splendid exhibition of last
! Friday it is safe to assume ttu^t, as the
; work progresses, the patrons and
! friends of the school will be welcomed
i again to still n better programme and
n more excellent rendittlon.
A Fatal Wreck.
Kunkake, III., Feb. 21.-James Mar-!
j tin of Kankake, lil., was killed, and live I
oilier passengers were injured in a
wreck of a Knights of Columbus spe
; eial train today on the Kankake and
Seneca railway near Wauponset, duo to
a spreading of a frog. Ono passenger
conch containing 25 people turned com
pletely. Martin was hurled through n
I window. The special was cn route to
1 Morris, where the Knights of Colum
bus were to participate in an Installa
A t?ovcrnm?u? Victory.
; San Domingo. Feb. 21.-Yesterday a
French merchant steamer entered the
! river, convoyed by a launch from the
United States cruiser Columbia. The
: rebels nbtsained from firing on the
' Thffl morning the government troops j
?attacked the rebels outside the city'
? and severe firing ensued, lasting many i
I hours. The rebels were, rfneed tc> re
! tire, leaving many killed und wounded j
on the field. The action resulted in '
a complete victory for the government.
'nnd the siege of the city ls considered
lo have been raised.
S II upi clou* <'Ir cu IHN ttl ii cen.
.Ww York, Feb. 21.-Following he ?
death late tonight of Mrs. Florence
Myers, 46 years old, from morphine
poisoning at a boarding house in West
Forty-sixth street, she woman's hus-j
band and n colored nurse wore arrested.
They are said lo have administered"]
morphine tablets to Mrs. Myers. This j
they admit, according to tho police, but j
allege that the woman was addicted '?
to tile use of morphine. The husband Isl
Col. Frederick Myers, a veteran of the 1
Civil war Tl years old. this being his 1
birthday. Thc dead woman is said to '
have been Col. Myers' fifth wife. I1
"PISGAH FOREST" RESERVE.
A Vast Prlmlnl Wild Vow an Adjunct 1
to millilitre l?tate. '
flin riot te Observer. '
Raleigh, Fob. C.-No greater interest
has .iver been felt in any hunting pre- ]
serve in the south than in the magnlfi- .
cent one of George W. Vanderbilt,
which is know as "Pisgah Forest," andi,
which embraces a large section of the I,
county of Transylvania, in one of the j ?
most exquisite sections pf all the noble |,
mountain country pf which Western!.
North Carolina affords. It ls certain j,
that this park or preserve has badi,
much to do with the now groat move-|
tn? nt for the national part to be known
as the Appalachian Forest Reserve. .
This originated in Vanderbilt's two ?
great developing ideas, shown first In |
his Blltmore estate and next in his
Pisgali Forest. Thc latter is a true j
forest, Mr. Vanderbilt having been so ,
fortunate as to discover a place where
nature had been almost unmolested ex
cept by occasional tires, and then to
secure ibis and gently aid her in work
ing her own sweet will. Everybody
knows about Blltmore, and its chateau,
the finest private re; Idence lu all Amer- I
icu. but few know anything about Fis
gah Forest, nnd so this will be a story
about the latter, the writer having
spent n fortnight there in the most de
lightful mnnner in the world.
Pisgah Fores! is ?.bout ir. miles long
and embraces something over 100,000
acres. It takes its name from Its domi
nating peak Mount Pisgah, the most
perfect mountain .unid the hundred
of mountains in Western North Caro
lina, being a true cone, a landmark
amid all the peaks in the vast. Irregu
lar and lofty plateau bctweeen the ?
Blue illidge and the great Smoky
Mountains. There are various way of
getting into Pisgah Forest: one hy
Asheville and Blltmore and by a very
tine road con: txueted hy Mr. Vander
bilt to Pisgah Lodge; the oilier by way
of Mendei'sonvllle and Davidson's riv
er, up a rallier steep and rough road,
bul one full of charms and surprises,
along tho French Broad. Davidson's
river and Avery's creek. To the na-:
lives Pisgah Forest ls know as Mr. I
Vanderbilt's place, and hs boundary is
marked by a three-strand barbed-wire
fence. 'The best way to see Pisgah.
Forest is on foot or horseback, prefer
ably the former, ns In this way the full
beauty pf the place can best be seen. I
Gd where one will there is ever the
sound of falling water, the rush or the
.all. of the mountain streams, which
most of the linio is Invisible, high over- ;
head or in a gorge, perhaps a thousand
feel below. Coing by the Davidson,
river way. when thc crest nf the "gap"
In the great mounlaip wall is reached;
there ls a glorious view lo tho south
ward, far into South Carolina, and to
the northward ocr tho Vanderbilt do
main. The heart of I hts great forest1
has been known as the "Pink Beds'' :
ever since white Bettlers wem imo that
mountain region. The origin of the!
name ls in some dispute, but very
probably conies from the color of tho
rhododendron, which ls so profuse as ;
lo make the whojc region look like a
conservatory during the months of
May amt .lune. The mountaineers rail
the place the "Pink Beds." and under
this name it appears in thc geological
mai.-, lt is a sort of table land, be
tween high and nearly parallel ridges,
threaded by streams as bright as a
looking glass, all running ill beds of
solid sion-, literally like nights bf ;
steps, and which seem like quicksilver ;
ns they Hash or fall from under their
lofty sources. I
Pisgah Forest cost Mr. Vanderbilt
something like a quarter of a million
dollars, or about $2.50 per acre. Most
of it he secured at once, and the other
portions were bought In large or small
(tacts, so that now his rangers arc the
only denizens or the wide area. There
are live of ;??.-?..-. ,ii? picked mountain
eers, good riders and ?load shots, to
whom the mountains are Ilise an open
book. These ni?n have many duties.
They must sea thai the boundary fence,
SOO miles long, ls all right; must keep
out poachers, loo!; after the game,
whether in fur or feather, and also
after the trout, and further keep an
eye on timber stealers. Poachers
would come from near and far to get
the-trout, with which the streams ara
superbly Btocked. killing them by ex
ploding1 dynamite in the dep pool?,
where the big trout lurk, or to kill
the deer, the turkey? or the- grouts,
whteh are known in t lie muuntaina. as
pheasants. The trained ears of, these
rangers hear the explosion of dyna
mite a great distance, and they track
the orinuleis ns a bloodhound would
track them, into other counties, and
even into Tennessee.'
Through this great Pisgah reserve,
which nOw ls leused for use by one
of the most exclusive hunting and fish
ing clubs In this country, there are 7G
miles ot wagon road und 2?5 miles of
trails, the lotter leading Alongside each
trout stream. These roads and trails
are always kept cut out and ready
Tor use. There are miles of what are ;'
known. as "shooting paths" 15 feet
wide, which branch out right and left
from certain or the roads, so that when
deer are driven by the dogs they must
cross these paths, and by means ot the
latter alone can they be seen In time to
afford a shot. Deer can stand in the
rhododendron thickets in 10 feet ot a
hunter, und yet be absolutely Invisible,
so dense and so perfect ls this paradise
of game In which there ls so much of
wild animal life. The foot prints of
the deer are constantly seen, and once
seven superb specimens were noticd hi
a grout), drinking from booking Glass
creek. High overhead a golden eagle
was soaring and later on the ranger
showed a mounted specimen of this
noble bird, which he had killed with
his revolver as he sat in a tree top 80
Mr. Vanderbilt began to acquire Pis
gah Forest Vi years ago, aud he
promptly began the work of restocking
the streams with trout, in the simplest
manner, that is, by protection, without
any artificial protection, in some or
the streams rainbow trout have been
pinccd, but those are not nearly BO
satisfactory as the native trout. Tho
number ol' trout in this particular re
gion was years ago Incredibly great.
In the old days, before there was any
protection, there were caught In two
days by three fishermen 3,C50 trout, ann
most of this needles slaughter was ab
solute waste. Pisgah Forest has large
ly been chosen as the place for th.?
study of forestry, under the direction
of the very talented iJr. Sehenck, who
succeeded Gifford Pinehot. now the
head forester of the United States. As
all the world knows, Mr. Vanderbilt
has at Biltmore, which adjoins and
With its 10.000 acres forms In a way
a part of Pisgah Forest; tin arboretum
of over 300.000 trees and shrubs. Pis
gah Forest ls the complement of this
arboretum, and In these magnificent
Woods Dr. Sehenck has a lodge, where
he spends much of the summer with
his (.-lass, making a tree study under
wonderfully favorable conditions. In
those classes are youths of wealth and
high Murial position, wno si udy forest
ry, a study sorely needed In this coun
try, where there is so much destruc
tion. Nowhere east of the Pacific slope
are there nobler treps-^tuilp trees or
poplars. Spanish and roil oak, hem
locks, chestnuts, black walnuts, cu
cumbers and pines of half a dozen
kinds, rise In stately symmetry, this
being one pince where tho lumberman
has never injured the primeval foresl.
It is this great covering ol' wooda_ .?
which gives that tender blue to thu
mountains, which is the reason for the
name of the Hine Ridge.
There ls a nail to the very peak-of
Pisgah, and on the mountain crest are
found lovely meadows, lush With ten
derest grass and studded with dwarf
trees, wind-blown and indescribably
pioturcsque. The trail along this crest
leads by Pnsgah lodge, the finest col
lection of log houses In this country,
bui't in imitation of Swiss chalets, only
the finest selected logs being used, ami
the furniture being all ol' native work
ind of mountain woods. Sportsmen
will be charmed with this lodge, with
its stately dining hall, the walls of
ivhlch are covered with dressed skins
nf the deer, fox, wild-cat, skunk, etc.,
mainly those of the wild-cat, all thn?6' ??
mimais having been shot or trapped in
Pisgah forest, while great eagles peer
Jown from the beams upon the visi
tors. The view of Biltmore house from
Pisgah peak or front from this lodge is
nearly like a vision of enchantment.
The house seems to bang In the middle
ilstance, like Aladdin's palace, snowy
ivhite and vast, and quite near it ls
Four- counties corner on this peak.
Southward there spreads the unbroken
mass of Pisgah forest, to the eastward
ls the rieb valley of the famous French
I'.road river, bounded by the cloud
touching Wall of tho Blue Ridge, while
lo the west wat ti there Is a wild and
rugged view of mountain piled upon
mountain, finally bordered by the Great
Smoky range, which towers like the
wall of a world. Within the swoop of
vision one sees the culmination OL the
great Appalachian system with no less
than 43 peaks exceeding 6,000 feet in
altitude, there being the Smoky, tho
Balsam and tho Black ranges, Mt.
Mitchell in the Black dominating them
all with its C711 feet. lr. its entirety the
view is the very noblest which the
eastern part of America affords.
Tho conservation of gamo In the for
est will be promoted still further, .is
groat caro la to be taken in limiting
tho "kills'' whether of fish or fowl.
The grouse have greatly, Increased, j
hardly any .limiting having been, dene '.
in the dozen years, and there are many j
turkeys. Squirrels are, of course, |
abundant, both tho gray and the small
er brown ones, the latter being univer
sally known in the North Carolina
mountains as the "boomer." There is
another kind of game in this region,
which is not so much esteemed, this
being tho rattlc-snnke, which shares
with tho general publie- the appreciation
of the l'inl; Beds. The rattlers are of
tho black variety, and while short are
unusually large, throe inches in diam
eter sometimes. Ono of the rangers
keeps a tally-stick with a cut for each
rattler killed, and said that during one
season he killed 2t> himself; his three
employes saying they had killed as
A watchful oyo is. therefore, neces
sary when one is out of a road or a
trail. The rattlers, as a rule, ave "very
peaceable," as tho mountaineers say,
so much so that when they think per
sons do not see them they lie quiet and
do not coll and rattle. That lhere is
really little danger from those snakes
is shown by the fart that surprisingly
lew poisons are bitten ami ol" these but
low die, whiskey being instantly taken
as an antidote.
Mr. Vanderbilt bas other holdings ol'
lands, not connected with Pisgah for
esl or with Biltmore ami its forest,
some of these holdings lying to the
northwestward. There is another game
preserve in this State, this lying along
Linville river, which is over in an
other mountain plateau, the owners ho
ing perhaps a score of gentlemen, some
of whom are N'ow Yorkers, others be
ing residents ol' this State. Tho streams
there have been restocked with trout,
tine way into this preserve ls by Blow
ing Kock and along tho Yohahlossee
turnpike, which is considered by good
judges to bo one of the finest mountain
roads in America and over which old
time stages ran.
Fred A. Olds.
Troops Landing In Coron. _
Paris, Fob. 22.-In a dispatch from
Harbin the correspondent of tho Matin
says Gen. Velkoff, who ls on guard
along the Mongolian line, has arrived
there with Gen. Dasilovski, of the en
Half of the Japnnese fleet, tho cor
respondent says, ls covering the land
ing of troops in Coron and the other
half is seeking the Vlatllvostock squad