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"DO THOU LIBERTY GREAT. INSPIRE OUR SOULS A&D MAKE OUR LIVES IN THY 1 X>SSESSlON HAPPY. OR OUR DEA.THS GLORIOUS IN THY CAUSE.
"BENNETTSVILLE, S. C., FRIDAY, MA1XOH 4, 1904.
OLD KING COTTON
Will Fall Under the Attacks of th
DIVERSIFICATION THE REMEDY.
I>r. V/. Bplllmnn Talk? With Groat j
Enthusiasm ol' tho Pioneer
_-----Work Bein? Starked
The Columbia State of Wednesday
says as has been announced in The
State, Dr. Spillman came to Colum
bia to speak of the diversification
farm to be located near the city on
the lands of Mr. P. H. Hyatt. Dr.
Spillman and his auditors became so
much engrossed in the general discus
sion of the boll weevil and its menace
to the south that bc had very little to
Bay of the plans upon which he will
work the farm near Columbia. He is
very proud of this undertaking and
calls the farm on Mr. Hyatt's place
."Diversification Farm No. 1," because
. Mr. Hyatt was the tirst to consent to
let a part of his farm be used by the
government. When the government
appropriated $250,000 for the exter
mination of the boll .weevil by thc in
direct method of starving it out, a
certain sum was set aside foi th? con
duot of these practical farms to show
how crops may be diversified with
profit. Dr. Spillman was then given
the address ot a number of prominent
^I^fiTrs^oT the south, and wrote to
-each of them asking if the govern
ment could be given thc use of a cer
tain portion of his farm for th'.: pur
pose named. As Hie boll weevil is so j
much more destructive in Texa- than
anywhere else, lt was decided to es
tablish in that great State. Hi if the
stations, and as the pest lias made Its
appearance in western Louisiana there
will be five stations In that Sta'e.
The others will be divided is fol-j
S?JPBI Mississippi*'.1, Alabamas, Geor
gia 2, South Carolina 2, and 1 n the
_ootton growing section of Florida.
This is the first station which Dr.
Spillman has visited and fron here
he goes to the other places .Vic'e .the
* farmers will be given an exemi liilca
tlon of the doctrine preached by/The
Statfi for so many -years-that} the
"South can.gCt_ along without *i)tton
^^fS? '"tjjte^money erop\". S
j ^GKEAT IS THE SOUTHERN CLIMB.
j In prefacing his remarks Dr. Spill
- man said that agriculture, is the basis
of the wealth of this country. Tlie
products annually amount to over live
billion dollars. Large business con
cerns empluy the best talent obtaina
ble, lt is not so with agriculture1
where capital is not massed. If agrl
, culture ls to haye the benefit of scien
^ bring this benefit to the farmers.
At the risk of being considered ex
travagant, but in all sincerity, he de
clared that the southern half bf the
Unlied States has a climate which in
-r-time will enable lt to become the lead
ing agricultural section of the world.
The south will lead in agricultural
production when all of lier opportuni
ties are improved. Tlie soil heie will
grow a great variety of crops and for i
a longer period than any other section
of the country.
The government spends less than
*any other in encouraging tlie farmers.
The present endeavors are not over
doing the matter. He told how Hie
government had spent half a million
dollars in stamping oui a disease
V among the cattle. Recently it had
app?iOPHa.t.ed $250,000--not to tight
the boU'vVecwil, for that is a useless,
hopeless fig ult-but to provide other
means by which the farmers may
BOLL. \VMJVII. nERE TO STAY.
Thero is ufct the slightest probabil
ity that the r?ull weevil will be entire
ly eradicated* Tlie government is
fully justified Vii spending millions of
dollars tc meet"- the invasion of the
boll weevil and \o teach the farmers
of this section1^- engage in other
kinds of farmingtl
When i Dr. SpilOman took up tlie
.question of the l\o!i weevil lu: was!
asked if the pest wi.uld get as far as
South Caroliua. lw giving enlight
mcnt on this subject the speaker de
parted from ids'' regular line of
thought but gave s<>roe very int -rest
ing statements. Most emphatically
the boll weevil will leonie into South
Carolina and will ei?ne to destroy.
Wherever lt has made its appearance
the country has beela blighted anda
bale of cotton cotilo; not lie gotten
_ from 25 acres of Hie most fertile land.
In reply to a question he 'stated that
it would be unsafe to buy oats or any
thing else shipped from the country
infected with the weevil, which has
now gotten into the southern part of
the Indian Territory and the western
part of Louisiana.
For a long time tlie government
saw what was coming and ende vored
to get the legislature ol' Texas ..> pass
a law preventing any cotton from bc
_Jog planted on a strip of laid 200
mUeVwide along tlie Kio Grand? river,
for the peso nid stade ils a ppr trance
in Mexico and was Yip vas ting t ie cot
ton crops thero. Hut no preci utlon
;ary methods were, adopted an I now
the entire State of Tex;.s is \ laguc
rldden. It has been reportei that
.40,000 farmers are preparing ti leave
the State of Texas and all tin a -count
?of the weevil, which has ruiner their
-crops. He cited an instance of a
farmsr in the very best ol' c rcum
stances who had been reduced CO ab
ject poverty and would have suffered
but for a little poultry ya rd which bis
provident wife was running.
HOW THE PEST WOKKS.
The boll weevil stays undercover of
the woods until in .July, said Hr. Spill
man, and when the midsummer brings
tho "forms" of embryo bolls to the
cotton plant the weevil begins his
depredations. The pest ls about a
quarter of au inch in length and has
a bill half as long again as himself.
With this bill and Its point, which is
like a clrculur saw, the bug attacks
the tender li trie bolls, and after bor
ing ii round hole Into the form de
pt ' \ an egg which ls covered with a
ki pf wax. The egg in a very short
?o produces a worm which feeds
.the Interior of ? the. cotton boll
the vermin develops into a full
1 boll weevil and goes upon tho
of attacl ;ng cotton bolls. Dr.
emphasized the fact that
the pest is sure to spread and that in
three or four years lt will take South
The way to exterminate the ord!-,
nary pest is by finding another bug
which will devour the weevil, as was
done in California when the orange
trees were attacked bj a scale louse.
The common "lady bug" was put on.
the trail of thc scale vermin and in a
short time the pest waa driven out.
But there is nothing known in science
which will exterminate the boll wee
vil. It cannot be reached with spray,
for the nal instrument of destruction
is within the boll where the poison
would ruin the fibre as well as the
The only hope or growing cotton
with any success in an infected terri
tory is to get a very early variety and
plant lt very early, and even then
half the bolls would be ruined by the
The price of cotton is driving farm
ers to increase their acreage. The
time may come when cotton will be at
such a high price that half a crop will
pay. The object of this movement is
not to displace cotton entirely, but to
give the farmer something additional
to rely upon. Tho boll weevil cannot
be fought with a spray, but a third of
the appropriation lias been set aside
as a fund with which to make experi
ments against thc boll weevil. In
I Louisiana an effort is being made by
I the government to raise a crop despite
thc boll weevil, the government ex
pecting to get haifa crop developed
before the weevil gets to work and
then to cut down every stalk and burn
it and plow up the laud carefully.
The early varieties are not so good as
a rule because they drop the fruit too
METnODS NOT 1?XPEK13IKNTS.
Dr. Weller, who has been conduct
ing hybridization arouud Columbia
for several years, will try to breed up
improved varieties of early cotton.
Thc department of entomology has
: discovered varieties which arc not vnl
I nerable tc "root rot'' and "wilt dis
ease," ami is now working on "rust. '
Tlie "wilt" is caused by the water
veins in the plant being stopped up
by some kind of fungus.
In regard to the work which Dr.
Weber bas been doing here in connec
tion with Mr. it. C. Keenau and oth
ers, Dr. sp?l man spoke in terms ol
commendation, but that ls an experi
mcnt farm and the new %'enture is i
farm to teach methods.
Dr. Splllman then told of the man
ner in which the quarter of a mlllior
appropriation would be expended
One-third would be given to the de
I partmcnt of entomology to rind some
I very early plant which could be mad?
vigorous. Another third has been set
aside for the purpose of making ex
pertinents to see if the postean be ex
terminated by the use of any oLbei
-J.?*, w viiiEfWiso."" . - .. .. "~
Ot the remainder, 820,000 has been
set aside for the di ve rsi iicat ion ot
southern agriculture. This, in hit
mind, is the remedy for the boll wee
vil. In order to induce men to let
the government lia ve tlie use of apart
o', their farms, the seed and half ot
the fertilizers will be furnished.
These farms are not experiment sta
tions but are being run solely foi
prctit and to exhibit approved meth
ods. The government wants to taki
advantage of local expel lenee. Ht
had not come here to tell Mr. Hyatt
what to do, but to get his neighbor!
to assist him, and for that reason the]
would have a board of directors.
There is a fine market for farn
products right here in South Carolin;
where there are so many mills, but
from bleak and barron New Englan<
many commodities arc shipped int?
the State whereas they could be raise?
here mue'i cheaper and suki at bette
pr?.tit than cotton.
He had looked over Mr. Hyatt'
farm and is very much pleased. H
does i ot expect as much success fron
any othei of these farms as he d?je
from Jiis one in Columbia.
lie then told that In the fall he wi]
establish another diversification farn
in this State, perhaps in Spartahburg
where the character of Hie soil is dil
feront, and during Hie progress of til
farm work, he wants criticisms, com
plimentary or otherwise, just so the
In order to exhibit the manner i:
which lie will go about operatin
these diversification farms, be ex h i I
i ted charts silo wi rig thc work t?i h
done on a ?l?-acre tract In Texas. II
i accounted for every item of cost an
estimated item of receipts, althoug
he declared that the estimates In th
latter case were really a little lowe
than Lim receipts would lie, pidgin
by past experlnce. ile accounted f?
every pound of provender which woul
j bc obtained, showing tlie percentag
which would be used and tlie part tba
would be sold.
AN KX A M Iii IS CITED ?
On this farm of :i:i acres he woul
have lo dairy cows, 2 young cattle, I
I hogs and 2 mules. He would plai
I alfalfa for tlie hogs, one acre suppor
lng lo lings, and (> additional acres ?
this succulent food for hay 'or tl
cattle, the hay being the liest stot
food in the world, ami entirely U
rich before curing. His farm won
oe divided into ll acres for permanei
crops and 22 to he used alternately fi
summer and for winter crops. Of tl
ll acres for permanent crops the di
tribution would be 7 acres for alfal
and 4 for Bermuda. Of the summi
crops tlie planting would be as fe
lows: 1!) acres in corn and peas,
acre in sorghum and 1 acre in pe;
alone. The winter distribution won
be oats and vetch 4 acres, barley
acres and rape li atares. The estima
ed income would lie: milk, 2 gallo
daily from eacli of 10 cows, $810; ha
$120; 4 calves, *2t) (a very low tigur
lie declared); 15 hogs at lf>0 pontt
each, $112; total, $1.002. He cit
this just to show what ls possit
when a man plans his crop to suit 1
In regard to thc farm near Colui
bia, he said lt would cost less to run
In diversified crops than it would
cotton. There would be no ohlcke
or fruits raised on the dlversltl
farms for the first year or so. 1
gave an instance of what had be
produced on 13 acres of la?aron J li
such soil as Mr. Hyatt's timmi, ai
predicted an entire succe',j.|^R t
new venture. As ariothf.rfBHn^i
lion, he told of a "hon" f:'SBBr?
be has mapped out ta TBBM?I
Texas?. He would put 70 hogs on this
farm and expc-ots au Income of 91,231.
All through his remarks Dr. Spill
man was plied with questions, and in
concluding h? called upon Or. N eso tn
to give his views on the subject. Col.
Newman, the head ot the department
at Clemson, bad been expected; butas
be could not come the presence of Dr.
Ne som was gratifying.
Gov. Heyward waa then called upon
for some remarks. He declared that
in his oaicial capacity he would do
everything he could to get the farmers
interested in the diversification of
their crops and he thought that there
is a demand for just such farms as
this. The DesCbamps bill, which
was introduced in the legislature, pro
vided for one of these farms in each
county, but as lt was seen til not to
pass the bill he is glad that the na
tional government will establish some
farms along about the same lines.
Shall Uu Exempt.
Hon. Lewis W. Haskell Introduced
: a bill which the general assembly
passed without amendment, lt pro
vides "that thc personal property of
tbe bead of any family in tbls State,
whether entitled to a homestead
exemption iii lands or not, to the ex
tent of $500, shall bc exempt from
attachment levy or sale; and the per
sonal property, c jnsisting of necessary
wearing appeared, and tools and Im
plements of trade, not to exceed the
value of $:it)0, the property of any
person not the head of a family, shall
be exempt. In case the right of sucli
?exemption be disputed by the credi
! tors, the oftieer in whose hands the
j process is lodged shall cause the same
to be^ascertained and appraised, sub
ject to the right of either creditor or
debtor to except to the same, as pro
vided by law; and au exempted proper
ty, so ascertained and appraised, by
appraisers appointed and sworn for
that purpose, and the return of which
bas been duly made, tiled and record
ed, shall vest absolutely in the party,
freed from all debts of the debtor
then existing or thereafter contract
ed, whether such debtor retain or sell
Served Him Hight.
A man in Philadelphia purposely
fell in front of a trolley car and lost
his leg in order that he might secure
damages from the company. Two
friends who were to act as his wit
nesses against the company were un
able to undergo the ordeal of a severe
cross-examination and revealed the
scheme. The cripple was found guilty
of conspiracy and sentenced to two
years imprisonment. He finished his
tenn the other day and has returned
to his home, broken in health, maim
ed for life, a charge upon bis relatives
and forever branded with the stigma
of his convic't . sentence. His was
Indeed an unprofitable .And
Five Miners Killed.
Five minors were killed by a cave-in
of earth anti rock in the Minnie Healy
near lunts, Mon., Thursday after
noon. The accident occurred on the
sixth lloor of the 1,000 foot level.
Early in the day Foreman Joseph
Kane was informed that the ground
in that place was very soft and in
danger of falling. He withdrew all
the miners who were working there.
Thursday afternoon Shift Boss Hager
ty took four men into the place to
bulkhead and otherwise 'strengthen
the weak spots. .lust how the fall
came will never be known, as not one
of the five escaped. Only two bodies
have been recovered.
Burned to Death.
A dispatch from Anderson to The
News and Courier says about two
o'clock Wednesday afternoon Mrs.
Wilson, living wit h Mr. L. M. Wilson,
a prominent planter, at Monea Pat h,
was terrible burned and cannot re
cover. Members of the family who
had left, her alone in the room, re
called by her screams, found her on
the door, with her clothing all ablazed.
They extinguished the Hames, but the
doctors say that the extent of the
burns and t he shock preclude hope of
Humed to Death.
A two-year-old child of Mr. and
Mrs. Thomas Land, of Piedmont, was
burned lo death Tuesday night. The
child was visiting next door and it is
not known how it caught lire but it
is thought that lt was from a lantern.
The children had been playing with
lt when attracted by the screams of
tlic child. A lantern was found
scattered over the door. They had
placed it on the grate and it exploded,
resulting as above stated.
ll il touched hy Hall (more Fire.
The building of the Bobbitt Chemi
cal C., No. 316 West Lo ai bard Street,
Baltimore, the proprietors of "ltheu
maclde," the famous remedy for
Rheumatism, was saved from the
great tire that destroyed most of Lhe
business section of theciBaltimore.
jTlme and again it was threatened
with destruction. But "Rheuma
cide" is still being manufactured i.nd
shipped io quantities from the same
The Capitol Burned.
A dispatch from Madison, ^Vis.,
says tire starting at three o'clock Sun
day morning completely gutted Wis
consin beautiful capitol building caus
ing a loss ot $800,000. Insurance was
only 800,000. The lire was not dis
covered until it had gained consider
able headway and had virtually burn
ed itself out. Aid was summoned from
Milwakee but it arrived too late.
Murder and Suicide.
At Buffalo, N. Y., Henry Schwartz,
a prominent attorney, was shot and
fatally wounded in his private olllce
in thc Marine Bank building Friday
by H.A. Knowles, of the firm of a
large dry goodshou?c. After holding
the police at bay a few moments
Knowles turned the revolver on him
self and blew out his brains.
OuHhed to Death.
William Brady, a farmer of Campo
bello, Spart anburg County, was killed
Thursday afternoon by a tree falling
on him and crushing his body. He
and several other men were out fell
ing trees on the lands of Benjamin
Bowling, .hear Campebello, when the
tragic "becurrence happened. Mr.
JJradyi? survived by a widow.
CAPERS ON DECK.
He Is ? us a?ne d by the Republicano of
South Caro ina.
AND BRAYTON IS KNOCKED OTJT.
Tho Principal Feature of tho Uopub
lican H ta to Convention Wa?
tho Attack by Brayton
on Jno.G. Capors.
The Republican State Convention 1
met in Columbia on Wednesday, trans
acted Its business and adjourned.
The complexion was mostly dark, with
a faintsprinklingof white-tbose who
hold otllce or hope to hold an office.
The make-up was very much like its
predecessors. A hurried glance over
the temporary roll will show the com
position of the convention and the
very small sprinkling of whites
Abbeville-R. R. Tolhert, Jr., Al
fred Ellison, S. J. Donaldson.
Aiken-It. B. Perry, G. W. Halford,
E. J. Dickerson, J. G. Eubanks.
Anderson-E. F. Cochran, John
Cochran, Jr., A. E. Quick, J. S. Ad
ams and G. Wadsworth. k
Bamberg-D. ?. Jeter, C. P. Robin
Barnwell-W. S. Ditton, G. G. But
ler, J. A. Davidson.
Beaufort.-Robert Small, Samuel
Green, J. I. Washington.
Berkeley-A. P. Prioleau, R. II. Jen
kins, F. S. Edwards.
Charleston-W. ?. Crum, J. L.
Mitchell, T. L. Gran, J. G. Capers, C.
M. English, M. Caulfield, E. B. Bur
roughs, S. E. Smith.
Cherokee-W. M. Goodwin, J. W.
Chester-C. Ross, J. C. Atkinson, J.
- Chester field-J. B. Highland, ?.
Clarendon-lt. A. Stewart, S. M.
Walker, Julius Durant.
Colleton-W. F. Myers, S. B. Butler,
Darlington-E. H. Deas, Z. W.
Wines. W. H. Smvrl.
Dorchester-J. H; Abbey.
Edgclield-P. Sirakins, A. W. Sim
Fairfield-I. S. Byrd, J. B. Williams,
E. W. Hoykin.
Florence-J. R. Levy, W. C. Rush,
M. W. Harr?ll.
Georgetown-J. A. Baxter, J. W.
Bolts; alternate, lt. B. Anderson.
Greenville-J. A. Brier, A. A.Gates,
W. T. Smith, Thomas Brier, L. F.
Greenwood-J. R. Tolbert, J. W.
Tolbert, J. 1. Reynolds.
Hampton-W. A. Alston, G. W. Al
Horry-G. C. Singleton, J. TI. Got.dy.
.Kershaw-C. C. Scott, P. .S. Brown,
Lancaster-F. R. Massey, W. F.
S wari ngen.
Laurens-P. S. Suber, L. W. C. Bla
lock. J, D Adams. ?
^Aington-F. C. Aldridge, S. L.
L?rick, G. W. Assman.
Marion-W. II. Collier, N. E. Bc
thea, T. R. Alford.
Marlboro-E. J. Sawyer, J. C. All
Newberry-R. E. Williams, J. C.
Young, J. D. Eichelberger.
Oconee-R. Q. Merrick, Jj. M. Smith.
Orangeburg-J. ll. Fordham, Jacob
Moorer, A. D. Webster, C. W. Cald
well, A. D. Dantzler.
Bickens-R. K. Moon, \V. M. Wat
Richland-E. M. Brayton. R. W.
Baylors, L. C. Scott, J. F. Lopez.
Saluda-J. M.Jones, M. W. Watson.
Spartan burg-B. F. Means, G. W.
Foster, Laban Morgan, S. T. Ponder,
Thos. Rhodes, G. C. Page.
Sumter-G. W. Murray, Z. E. Wal
ker, C. C. Jacobs.
Union-J. C. Hunter, J. P. Sartor
Williamsburg-James Tharpe Z. R.
Coooper, G. W. McCullough.
York-C. A. Watts, J. W. Salter
white, A. W. Lee, S. ll. Harris.
The work of the convention was
begun by the election of 10. H. I) is,
of Darline ton, as chairman, and J . ll.
Johnson, of Richland, as secretary,
E. J. Dickerson, of Aiken, threw a
bunch of bouquets at Chain ian Deas,
and said: "You have won."' He
congratulated the convention on what
he called the reuniting of the Repub
lican party. He whooped things up
In good style on the reuniting of the
E. M. Brayton also rejoiced and in
sisted that this representative con
vention was an omen of success. He
felt that it meant much for the good
of the State. He most heartily sec
onded the nomination of Deas and
said be deserved all of the glory show
ered on him.
Robert Smalls placet! the nomina
tion before the convention and pre
sented Chairman Deas.
Deas spoke of thc unify of the party
and expressed his surprise and gratifi
cation at the selection. Politics is
such a peculiar thing, he remarked,
that most folks do not know where
they will go to sleep.
Smalls said it seemed to be a har
monious gathering and he moved that
a committee on credentials be ap
Capers Lbcn took the lloor and re
plied to the attack recently made on
him by E. M. Brayton in a Charleston
paper. He denied that he ever bad
any connection with lynching negroes
or embezzled funds of anyone. Bray
ton replied and accused Capers of
pleading the baby act. He said bc
did not want Capers elected to the
national convention as a delegate.
The convention then adjourned until
the evening when it reassembled.
During the morning session two
preachers got into a fisticuff over
some discussion they were having near
the chairman's desk. The combatants
were Revs. A. P. Dunbar and E. D.
White, members of the staff of a col
ored paper published in Columbia.
At the evening session the preachers,
who had thc light in the morning, ex
plained their troubles, apologized,
said they were not delegates and
begged lorgiveness. They were exon
erated by a formal vote.
Chairman Deas issued an ultima
tum that the deficiency for hall rent
and expenses be raised.
Capt. Capers put up $25 and most
of the candidates $f> each.
Chairman ?eas Is a wonder as a col
lector. He utterly refused to get
things moving until the collection
The platform endorsed Roosevelt
and his administration. It was In
troduced by Capers. Another resolu
tion protested against the mannor in
whloh tho dominant party ls enforc
ing the suffrage laws, which are not
only repugnant to the Federal Con
stitution,'but aTO enforced in viola
tion of the laws of South Carclin.X
itself. A separate resolution con
demned as unjust and narrow the act ]
of tho State officers who had refused
the uso of Hal? .of the House of Rep
Resolutions ware adopted on the ;
death of Marcus A. Hanna.
There wore two protests against the
alleged disfranchisement of the col
ored voters of tbe State. It was held
that loo.ooo Republicans were dis
franchised, and asked the Republican
party to take the matver ap.
Oeo. W. Murray wanted to take
away the suggestion of nominations
from thc national committeemen and !
put lt In the hands of the congress- ?
men or congressional nominees.
There were nominated for delegates
to the National Convention: L. W.
C. Blalock, Laurens; W. D. Crum,
Charleston; John G. Capers, Charles- i
ton; E. n. Dea?, of Darlington;
Robert Smalls, Beaufort, R. R. Tol
bert, Abbeville; G. W. Murray, Sum- i
ter; Dr. W. T. Smith, Greenville; E.
M. Brayton, Columbia. . '
After nominating speeches of ten ?
ml notes each and seconding advertise
ments of five.minutes each the con- I
ventioh went into an election, the <
delegates voting for four as their
names were called under the direction ?
of three tellers. The. chair announced :
that (33 would be necessary to a choice,
there bein 125 delegates.
Capers voted for Blalock, Deas,
Crum and Smalls. Cru m voted for
Capers. Deas voted for Smith, Bla
lock, Small and.Capers.
A. A. Gates voted for Capers,
Smith, Smalls and Blalock. John R.
Tolbert voted for Deas, Tolbert,
Crum and Murray. Joe Tolbert voted
for Capers. Blalock voted for Capers,
Smith, Deas and Crum.
United States Marshal Adams voted
for Blalock, Capers, Deas and Smalls.
J.H. Fordham voted for Capers, Bia- t
lock, Smalls and Deas. Before Rich
land was reached Deas, Capers and
Blalock had received a majority.
Brayton, by proxy, voted for himself,
Deas, Smalls and Murray. Postmast
er Boinler, of Srartanburg, voted for
Capers, Crum, Smith and Blalock.
G. W. Murray voted for Tolbert,
Brayton, Smith and dum.
The VOLC on tho first ballot was:
Blalock 80, Crum 43, Capers 102, Deas
107, Smalls 45, Tolbert43, Murray 47/
Smith 22, Brayton 10.
Great yelling and rushing about
the hall followed the announcement
of the vote, and Chairman Deas
threatened to put a motion that Crum
be declared the fourth delegate if the
member.1 did not take their seats and
maintain order. This finally restored
Brayton and Tolbert then .withdrew
their names. Murray Withdrew lu
favor i Jrbjxi. Smal's-ftOVi-ii-V ?
iii ' -wiunb'o.. ni Cru mrs la vdt.
Then after' some more disorder
Smith's name was withdrawn and
?rum was elected by acclamation.
An attempt was made to have the
four defeated candidates chosen as al
ternates, and a motion to this ei?eet
was put und declared carried by the
jhair, amid ciies that Brayton oe sent
xs one pf the alternates.
The district delegates to t ie Na
tional convention ?re elected jy the
Suit for DaninfccH.
Tile News and Courier of Saturday
says in the Court of Commoi Pleas
In that city on last Friday James F.
McGowan and John M. Inman, co
partners under the brm name of In
man & Co, through Attorneys Miller
Whaley, tiled suit against the
Western Union Telegraph Company
'or damages in amount of Su 11 91,
illeged to have resulted from the
lelayed delivery of a telegram tiled by
.omp'.ainants with the defendant
company, September 24, lwu.'J, at 8.50
\. M., addressed \V. G. Mullins, ()r
mgeburg, S. (J. The message i a ques
tion read: "Don't buy without con
ferring with us." lt is claimed that
iy reason of the message not being
lelivercd until after ll A. M. of thc
lay it was sent, tlie address pu relias
ul meanwhile a lut of cotton at a
price above the immediate market
price, resulting in the ultimate loss of
the amount sued for.
The Postoiilce grafters have been
convicted and sentenced. Two years'
mprisonmcnt and a line of i lo,ooo
;ach was the punishment meted out
.o ex-Superintendent A. W. Machen
>f the free delivery division of the
post?nico department, George E.
Loren/ perfumery manufacturer of
Toledo, Ohio, and Dlller B. G rolf, in
ventor and manufacturer, of Wash
ngtun, by Judge Prichard In the
sri tn inti court recently. Motions
'or arrest of judgment and a new
:rial were immediately after convic
tion entered, and the four con
victed men were released on S20,
)00 bonds each. The motion for a
new trial was heard by Judge Prich
ird at 10 (?'clock Saturday morning
ind was refused.
Two lo von liont.
At Colorado Spring?, Col., two lives
were lost in a tire Friday morning
that destroyed three buildings and
threatened the entire business sect ion.
Plie dead are Lela Smith, 15 years old,
ind a man burned beyond recogni
tion. Tlie girl's mother escaped by
lumping. Six horses were killed and
the loss ls 810,000.
A Family Tragedy.
Tlie daughter of Tlios. Hess o?
Madison county, N. C., eloped with a
young man named Hensley. Her
fat lier induced her to ret urn home
ind then shot and killed, her, and he
in turn was slot and killed by tho
young husband. This happened on
Itcj'iHtcr I? 1 I nu;;?'il.
For the double murder of Jesse
Soles and Jim Stanley and the burg
lary of their house, which was burned
to conceal his crime, Jabel Register
was hanged Friday at Whiteville, N.
G. Thc father of the condemned man
Is serving a life sentence for Instigat
ing the crime.
heaves Hlx Widows.
Thc Greenville Nows says thc Gor
mon elder who killed himself in Kan
Bas City on Saturday did so because a
young convert refused to be his wife.
He lraves *tx VyJdows.
THE NEW LAWS.
Lint of the Acts of General Interest
Passed at the Late
MEETING OF THE LEGISLATURE.
Brice Bill, the CottROstmll Bill, .the
Dp?- Tax Bill, the Immigra
tion Bureau Bill Amonjr
Below will be found a list of tho
new law? of general interest enacted
nt the late meeting of the Legisla
ture. From time to time we will
publish the full texts of these acts:
Senator Warren-To provide for bi
ennial sessions of the general assem
Mr. Lanham-To require common
carriers of passengers to transport
baggage or sample trunks of two hun
dred pounds weight or less, free of
:harge with any passenger.
Mr. Richardson-To require owners
ind tenants to fence in or (ill up aban
Mr. Slnkler-To punish malicious
ind mischievous. Interference with dre
ind police alarm boxes, wires and ap
Mr. Whaley-To empower cities of
iver 40,000 inhabitants to impose and
jollect a license upon certain condi
Mr. Wright-To provide punish
nent for safe-crackers.
Mr. De Br?hl-To amend the con
stitution, so as to permit the geueral
issembly to enact local and special
Mr. Halie-To grant electric llght
ng and power companies all the rights,
)Owers and privileges conferred upon
clegraph and telephone companies.
Mr. DeDrubl-To make baby car
Mr. Walker-To nay gel. M. P.
Cribble $i,500 for compiling Coufed
Mr. Trlbble-To exempt soldiers
md sailors from paying license.
Mr. Gausc-To prevent the ship
ing of shad beyond the limits of this
Mr. Smith-To allow persons to be
-ried before magistrates to deposit a
um of money In lieu of entering into
ecognizance for their appearance for
Mr. Halle-To have constables for
ndustrial communities of 50 persons.
Mr. Toole-To provide for special
owushlp1 road tax.
Senator von Kolnltz-To punish
nallciousand mischievous interference
villi lire and police alarm boxes,
To provide for repairing thc moun
ts vt? IA;XV??? i* n e
attlefJeld of Chickamauga.
To encourage the establishment of
braries n the public schools of the
Senator Mci vt r-To amend the code
3latlng to the execution of mortgages
f rn ll roi 1 comp mies. .
Mr. M .rgan -To amend the code, as
3 labor contracts.
Mr. ?. U. Hebert-Tu amend the
ade, as to mileage of members of tho
eneral assembly. so as to make it con
jrm to the provisions of the constitu
lon of 189.).
To amend the code, concerning wit
esses'fees in tourt of general ses
Mr. Whaley- To amend the code
sncernlug the lieu of certain mort
Mr. Doyle-To prevent treating on
Mr. Pyatb-To prohibit the theft
f electric current.
Mr. Little-Ti amend the code so
s to include private banking institu
Mr. Doar-To authorize establish
lent of mimic pal courts in cities
aving a population of not less than
,01)0 and not more than 20,000 in
Mr. DeVore-To amand the code
dative to the counties exempt from
lie general laws providing for cotton
Mr. Haskell-To amend the code as
j homestead exemption of persons
ther than heads of families.
Senator Stackhouse-To guard j ^
gainst the Introducion of the Mexi-I?
an boll weevil into the State. i?
Mr. Ford-To lix thc salaries of the
herltls in this State.
Mr. McColl-To make the filing
own or otherwise altering of horses' j '
nd mules' teeth a misdemeanor. |.
Mr. Dennis-To prohibit the false''
larking, branding, stamping or label
tig of food products.
Mr. Wade-Making it unlawful to
penile any slot machine in this State.
Mr. Moses, for Tax Commissioner
'o require the payment of annual
cense fees of corporations doing busl
ess in this Slate and report to the
?cretary of state.
Mr. Richards -Relating to the
sholarships at Winthrop, providing
100 for each scholarship and prescrib
ig tlie conditions of competition. .
Mr. D. (). Herbert-To provide for
encliciary scholarships in thc Clem
Dii Agricultural College of South
Senator Manning-To establish a
lepartment of Commerce and Immi
ration and to provide for the ap
ointraent and compensation of a sec
s tar y.
Senator Ifydrick -To give thu rail
oad commissioners jurisdiction over
ll telephone lines In this State
Senator Kaysor-To tlx the salaries
f county supervisors
Senator Mayfield-To appropriate ! ri
?OO to aid thc I). A. lt. In erecting a
monument to the partisan generals on
he State house grounds.
Senator McColl-To incorporate
he South Carolina Immigration asso
Senator Sharpe- To amend the
ode relating to education.
Senator Mayfield-To amend thc
ode relating to the oath of apprals
Senator von Kollntz-To mark Jim
)row apartments on ferry boats.
Senator Raysor-To secure tho pur
hase money of property sold by at
Senator Douglass- * protect elee
rie lines, wires and ?ortences.
Senator Dean- ? ake the penal
y for assault v. itu ^nt to ravish,
0 years. < '
. / ^
Senator Harden-To provide for cot
tonseed meal Inspection.
Mr. Sinkler-To regulate the givlDg
of security for loans under 825.
Mr. Moses-The now medical regula
Mr. Johnson-To declare all muni
cipal charters perpetual unless other
Senator Mayfield-To test the
Southern's lease over the S. 0. & G.
by suit, conducted by the attorney
Mr. Laucaster-To allow entire fam
ilies the use of milage tickets.
Judiciary Committee-Ceding lar.ds
In Rich'and, York, Spartaoburg and
Georgetown to the government for
Mr. Logan-To create pension funds
for disabled and superannuated lire
Mr. Cooper-Relating to "violation
of labor contracts.
Mr. Sumar-To allow city officers
to grant warrants to break Into and
enter gambling dens In eitle? of 5,000
Mr. Mauldin-To provide for the in
vestigation of incendiary fires and-for
the better prevention of excessive fire
Mr. D. O. Herbert-To tax dogs 50
:ents^ach, for the school fund.
Ways and Means Committee-Gen
jral appropriation bill, supply bill.
Mr. Irby-Pay check system of la
Mr. Dean-Relating to the manage
ment of ferries.
Mr. Cogge8ball-To prevent freight
Mr. YoumanB-Relating to county
jourts in certain counties.
Senator Sheppard- Change in gen
eral precinct bill.
theVoorhees Industrial school.
Senator Mciver-To write certain
iccounts off the books of the State
Senator Mciver-To provide for ?.ho
imposition of certain funds now in
Senator Warren-To ascertain the
mount of phosphate in the waters of
Senator Brice-To allow voting out
)f established dispensaries.
PROTECTS A NEGRO.
The Man Wbo Murdered a Mail
Clerk Has Been Caught.
A dispatch from Meridian, Miss.,
iayi three full companies of state
roops surround the county Jail here,
n which is lodged J. P. Paris, a negro,
vho is charged with the killing of
lohn JR. Stockton, a mail clerk, the
ierious.-wounding of J.A.Bass, an-..
. Hw Y, *. - -*-?
nal! car on the Aiauama ?r?atfS??????
rn train, which left that city early
Jonday morning for Birmingham.
Paris was captured early Monday,
tloodhounds following a bloody trail,
trown with bits of registered letters
nd other mail matter, from thescene
if the hold-up to a negro cabin, where
Jaris was found. As soon as the cap
ure of thc. supposed bandit was noised
bro ad, there were indications that a
aob might attempt to lynch him, and
he sheriff of this county immediately
otifled Governor Vardaman by tele
raph. Very promptly Governor
'ardaman wired Major Dement, of
his city, to cali out the state militia
nd to protect the negro prisoner "at
The two militia companies here and
ne from Newton were put under
rms at once and Sunday night were
rawn about the jail square, permit
ing none to enter without a pass
rom the military commander.
Hie train had stopped at the Mobile
nd Ohio railroad crossing, when a
egro sprang into the mail car and,
rithout warning, opened tire on tho
wo clerks and a mail weigher, named
vans. At the first shot Stockton,
all dead, shot in the mouth. Bass
ros hit in the shoulder and arm, and
all unconscious. Ivans escaped injury
y jumping from the car into the
The negro seized a through regis
ered mail pouch and sprang from the
ar. The firing had not attracted the
Mention of any of the train crew, and
he train started forward. Bass re
ained consciousness before the train
lad gained full momentum, and,
hough severely wounded, crawled co
he emergency air valve and succeeded
n bring the train to a stop.
Tlie train was then backed into
Meridian, posses organized and the!
base of the bandit begun. Blo?d
?ounds took the trail and followed it
o the cabin, where Paris was captur
id. Paris was in bed at the time and
in investigation showed that one of
ds feet had been recently cut off at
ihe ankle. Pairs protest his innocence
>f any complicity In the hold up, but
viii make no statement regarding his
icculiar injury. Ile claims to live at
?elma, Ala., and says that a negro
lamed Joe Murray, of Birmingham,
Via., was the author of the hold-up.
Paris was taken before Mail Clerk
lass and identified by him as the ban
lit who perpetrated the robbery. A
pedal session of court has been called
o try the prisoner. It ls thought
hat more than one person was i m pl I -
ated in the robbery and the negro
amlly in whoso cabin Paris was cap
ered has been placed under arrest.
Boy'H Body Found.
A dispatch from Jacksonville, Fla.,
ays on New Year's day, 1903j Ray
nond Currie, a twelve-year-old soi? of
Jr. D. J. Currie, disappeared. Sun
lay his bones were found in a clump
if palmetto brush near Cummer's
aili, three milos north of JackEou
ille. Tlie remains were identified by
be boy's parents by his clothing. The
kuli had been fractured by a blunt
veapon. About two weeks ago a rusty
irowbar was found near whero thc
>oy'3 bones were found Sunday that
ic was killed with this. He was last
cen riding a bicycle. This was not
Ulllotl by a Boar.
The body of Baron Martin Yon
schlossor, formerly an officer In the
berman army and for many years a
esidontof Port Angeles, Col. lias been
'ound on the range south pf tho Hot
springs, near the body of a dead bear.
The Baron undoubtedly Jiad been
tilled by the boar while Kflftng
FIVE SHIPS SUNK.
The Ru?siniis Give the Japanese a
. Very Warm Reception,
AND FORCED THEM TO RETIRE
Prom Port- Arthur, Which Placo
They Attempted to Bottle Up
With Homo Old Worn
A dispatch from Paris says the Rus
sian embassey in that city, received a
communication to the effect that a
Japanese squadron, during the night. ;
of February 24, tried to blt ck i ! r en
trance of Port Arthur harbor at tlie
same time attacking Russian war
ships there with torpedo boats and
trying to set them on Are. * The bat
tle ship Retvizan, supported by the
coast batteries, repelled this atta k,
forced the Japanese to retire and suc
ceeded in sinking four of their vessels.
The news of this Russian victory was
posted in the lobbies of the Chamber
of Deputies and tlie Senate during the
sitting Wednesday and caused great
FIVE burrs SUNK.
A dispatch to Reuter's Telegram
Company from St. Petersburg, sent at
Ll o'clock Wednesday night, says that
3n February 23 the Japanese attempt
id to send four steamers lilied with ex
plosives among the Russian fleet in
Port Arthur harbor. These fire ships
lid no damage and were themselves
iestroyed, two being sunk and two
roing ashore. Two Japanese boats
escorting tho iire ships were destroyed
>y Russian guns.
A dispatch to the Central News
!rom St. Petersburg gives another ver
don of the reported Japanese defeat
it Port Arthur, according to which
tie Japanese planned to sink some
sarges in the strait. leaning from thc
outer to the inner harbor of Port
Arthur, thus blocking the exit. Tlie
Russian gun tire, however, sunk the
jarges bofore they arrived at the In
A RUSSIAN ACCOUNT.
A Telegrata from Viceroy Alexiefl
to the Czar says: At a quarter before
3 in the morning of Feb 24, numer
ous Japanese torpedo boats attempted
to attack the battleship Retvizan and
?ink la.-ge steamers loaded, with in
flammables. The Retvizan was the
tirst to observe the torpedo boats and
opened a strong tire on them. She
was supported by the land batteries.
3he destroyed two steamers near the
?ntrance of the harbor; they were
jomlng directly towards ber- One of
them went on the Peninsula and tho
inking condition and cfgLV torpedo
Kiata departing slowly to rejoin tho
vatting Japanese war Bhlps. Some of
he sailors of the Japanese vessels
vere drowned. The grounded steam
r ls still burning. The enemy is ob
erved in the Offling of Port Arthur in
wo lines. The Japanese crews saved
hemselves in boats, and it is possible
hat some nf them were picked up by
he enemy's torpedo boats. "I am
rocecdlng to examine the coasts. The
ntrance of the harbor is open. I at
ribute the complete derangement of
he enemy's plan to the brilliant ac
ion and destructive lire of the Ret
izan. Floating mines are still visible
a the roadstead. I have recalled the
bree cruisers sent In pursuit of thn
nemy in order, in the first place, to
lear the roadstead of floating mines.
Ve had no losses."
TryiiiR to Deceive.
A dispatch from Cheefoo says: While
he Japanese representative and their
leet was unsuccessful In their latest
.ttack on Port Arthur, they are using
?very endeavor tn attempting to pre
-ent details of any injury to the
rapanese ileet from leaking out. Sur
dvors, said to be from sunken Japa
lese transports, who landed thero
?aturday are not allowed to see any
me. They will be sent home on pa
ole. The original Japanrse fleet in
ront o? Port Arthur consisted o? Hi
hips. Two battleships and a dls
latch boat are missing, lt is learned
rom the two sources that two of the
nissing warships were taken to
Sasebo in a disabled condition. It is
icing circulated among the Chinese
hat Port Arthur, has fallen.
At Washington, ?. C., Wm. S.
Daniels, correspondent ot the St.
L.ouis Republic, was found dead In his
lillee Sunday afternoon and gas was
escaping from a hole In a pipe In thc
?oom. Ile had been dead for some
Ittle time when lound. Ile was about
13 years old and came bete from New
England. He was private secretary to
First Assistant Postmaster General
Stevenson and also served Mr. Steven
son in the same capacity when the
atter was vice president. He also
vas employed In the postofllce depart
nent as an inspector. In his early
lfe he was a telegraph operator.
liff* Money for Clemson.
A dispatch from Columbia to thc
Charleston Post says the fertilizer
irlvilege tax receipts to dtitc are $21,?
100 in excess of the receip s up to this
rime last year and equivalent to ths
mtlre Income from that tax two
fears ago. The total for all of last
'ear was $08,000, while to date the
004 receipts are $80,000, with tho
.ales of March expected to be quito
?eavy. As this ls the principle source
)f revenue of Clemson College, tho
'riends of that institution will appro
bate this vastly increased revenue.
Twelve I.IVCB l.o.sti
At Robcrval, Quebec, twelve lives
vere lost In a tire which destroyed the
lome of Tilomas Guay, at St. Fellcien
Monday. When the tire was first no
ticed by neighbors who live at some
llstance the house had been burned
xi the ground. In it at the time were
ibo eight small children of Thomas
3uay, Mrs. Phillip Gagnon and her
?hrec small children. All were burn
?d to death. Roth Gaguoa und Guay,
iheir fathers, were absent working in
A Severe Hattie.
A battle occurred on Wednesday in
North Alabana between the Alaban?
ians and tho Turkish troops In which
500 of the former were killed, tho
Turks also losing heavily.