Newspaper Page Text
"DO THOU LIBERTY GREAT. INSPIRE ?UR SOULS AND MAKE OUR LIVES IN THY POSSESSION HAPPY. OR OUR DEATHS GLORIOUS IN THY CAUSE."
BEN NETTS VILLE, S. C., FRIDAY, MARCH 31, 1904.
JAPAN AND CHINA.
"What a Japanese Mercha trays About
Their Uniting Forces.
,ONLY aUESTION OF FEW YEARS
Before tho EngliBii-SpeakiiiK People
'Will Find TJ?ciii8elven Arrayed
A^ninnt thc Doctrine of
"Asia for Asiatics."
The Chronicle says Russia and Ja
pan are still discussed, sometimes ve
hemently in Augusta. The Japanese
sympathizers are in an overwhelming
majority, but the Russian sympa
thizers, though lu tlie minority, stick
to their guns and are daily growing
more numerous. Mr. James K. Ran
dall, who, early In the day, gave his
reasons tor favoring the Muscovites,
was asked if he had anything more to
say on the subject and replied:
"1 think it is quite useless, at this
time, to discuss the matter. It is
d inion lt to change people':, minds, es
pecially when, as Mr. Stephens ptit lt,
they are "sot" in their opinions. I
have carefully read all that 1 could
get hold of .ai both sides o? this affair 1
and endeavored, like Mr. YVeigle, to <
form convictions. Perhaps, however, <
it may interest your readers to have l
some peculiar evidence from other
sources than my own. !
The most striking and important i
testimony comes from a Japanese mer- \
chant of a high order, Yamociuo, who , i
is on a visit to New Orleans. Inter- j 1
viewed by a Picayune reporter, Itel?
said that while his countrymen, like j
himself, were gratitied at the sympa-]'
thy displayed in the United States for j ?
Japan, be significantly added:
"But 1 believe this will change. '
The English speaking nations sympa- .
thize with us today, but lt will lie dif- 1
ferent in a few years. If Japan wins
this war-and 1 do not doubt that
our country will bc victorious-Japan
will be one of the first world powers, j
The yellow peril, as some English
writers' refer to it, is not remote, j
The Chinese and Japanese are very'
closely allied by racial similarity, and 1
there is'naturally a strong bund of j
sympathy between tlie two nations,
just as there is"a strong sympathy be
tween tlie two great English-speaking
nations. If Ullina is ever brought up
to the high plane of enlightenment
that Japan has reached, it will natu
rally, witli its immense population, its
? vast territory, and Its untold and un
fimaginable resources, bc the most
powerful country in the world. Thc
?-Japanese have already assisted China
>J:not a little. There are many Japanese
..cach?is in Chines?; institutions, and
? Japanese officials in the Chinese gov
ernment service, bot li civil and mili
tary. These are slowly bringing a bout
a reformation. If this reformation is
ever brought about completely and
China brought out of darkness it will |
be within tlie power of the yellow
races to overrun the world. The
doors of nations tba', are closed today
can be opened. Even a* European
powers arc now closing their doors
against Chinese, but forcing the open- L
inp: of Chinese doo?-s to foi eignem, so I
will it be in the power of Cnina to
close and keep closet its doors against ;
outriders and to force opei the doors
of the western nations. T tat is why
I believe this sympathy for the Japan
ese will change." t
Mr. Y arnoch i i no expresses the
opinion that the Japanese-Russia war
will develop into au international con- ?
filet. He thinks Lhat either Germany
or France will be iced in first because'::
of'tnWi inter?s! in the Ear East und I
because ?? t'lViii strong sympathy for
Russia. The''fib Empire will
come in later , lui will get a full
share of everything, just as it has
always done, 'l'hen the I'oiled Stales
will bc forced inti the conflict, ll
may be slowei than ihe others, even
more so til.m langland, bub this govern
ment has assumed , position in thc
Orient Ironi which it innot recede.
What will be the result of the war no
one can foresee, bu thal the conflict
now going on is thc beginning ol'one
of the great per ods in tlie world's his- '
tory must be conei th
I regarded this fe imony of the
intelligent and very frank Japanese
merchant as ver.i itu] riui.it because
it reveals t he t rue ( trie ital ambit ion.
A great many people nuki ht of the
"Yellow Peril," tilth igl Sn\.in
did not and Earl \\ < does not.
It may be that Hies Centimen have
minds superior to lhere kable
persons, but on I hai ptvn may
be difference of judgmei.t. U any rate,
if we are. to accept Jr.n testi
mony,- expressed : Mi 'i unocimo
the triumph ol' lapaii in rlie conse
quential reawaki na. as an
industrial and inti ion, bodes
ill for Kuroi ? < cul na and com
mercially threat* is Hie United States. :
Some people . thal ?I will take;
many years ; plish the reform
of China, as indicated, but they for
get that Japan ias i is< n gigantically,
in their own dav, and in ease of
Japanese domination, t hhia will lie i.o
''llowe^" 1 do not expect to con
. vince anyhow, lti.?nst bis will, but
simply suggest, lhat Mr.. Yamochno's
revelation be taken into account.
Personally, I am quite content to
await events, for, as Fredrick the
Groat said: 'Hallies are fought be
yond the stars,' that is, the destinies
of thc world are shaped by thc Ruler
of Nations, and not by the opinions of
Mrs. Horace G. Allis, formerly a
prominent society leader in Little
Rock, Ark., committed suicide at the
county hospital by hanging herself
with strips of lied clothes, lier hus
band was atone time president of the
First National Hank, of that city.
Ile was tried by the United States
court anti given live years In the peni
tentlary for wrecking that bank. Ills
wife was well known over the state
and the disgrace attending her hus
band's downfall sent her into seclu
sion. Her husband was pardoned af
ter .'.evviny three years. On his re
lease she pleaded with Iii tn to return
to her and live down disgrace, but he
refused. He was the promoter and
Mji>U}ncU>.r of the Little Rock street
|w .vay company and numerous other
BHBK iClal concerns.
' PREPAEl^^FOR A GRAB. .
CobgresB YTiXi\(a't?K?tuiHc Their Own
anil OfiTrr Sulnrlca.
Ifc would seem from the various
comments that were passed on the bill
asking for an appropriation of $1)0,
OOO from Congrcssrfor a new stable for
the President, that this at least would
have detterred his friends from spring
ing another surprise on the country,
as Senator GalUnger did when he asked
that the President's salary be Increas
ed 925,000 per annum. The request
is in the shape of a bill, lt is to be
discussed at this session. The Galliii- !
ge>- bill raises the salary of the Presi
dent to $75,000; that of the vice
President to $ ir?, om); of thu Speaker j
of thc House to $12 OOo: of Cabinet!
pincers to $15,000: of Senators, U.epie- j
sentatives und delegates to $8,000. i
The proposed increase are lo go into
effect March I, 1 005.
ibis recalled that a bill increasing
the salaries of members of Congress bo
$7,000 was passed in 1873. A storm
of protest, was uroirsod all over the
country, many veteran menfuers or
Congress were retired to private life,
and the succeding Congress repealed
It is pointed out by' friends of the
Ballinger hill, however, that the in
dignation Of the people was aroused by
i measure which, is absenb from the
present proposition-tho retroactive.
The Congressmen of 1873 paid them
selves their back salary to the begui
ling of that terni, and likewise their
mileage. This was generally denomi
nated "a grab," and the Gallinger
Dill, it is claimed, seeks to avoid a like
The ground for the Gallinger bill
was apparently laid on February 2"' by
Senator Hoar, who talked on the sub
ject, of Senators salaries being inade
quate. The quest ion w as on provid
ing suitable quarters for Senators, the ?
Democrats having urged that the j
Republicans had known for a long
time that the Democratic Senators, or
a number of t hem. were, given quarters 1
in an unsafe and condemned building.
In the course of his speech Senator
Hoar made thc following significant
"Dur salary is also now lower in
practical value than it was before lb
was raised Hfby years ago. And yet
the one thing that we ?lo nob seem to
have courage enough to do is to say to
the people of the United States that
thc compens?t ion of this important of
fice shall be at least in some degree
adequate to its dignity and character.
"Take the salary of a judge of the I
District Court of the United States. I
Is there a judge i ." it district court of j
the United Slate who would nob con
skier his promotion .to the Senate of
the United States an advance in
dignity a"d authority*? And yet we
have put up their salaries and the
salaries ott lie judges of the . Circuit
Courts to $0,000 and $7,500 and do not j
venture to touch our own."
And now'the Gal linger bill is sprung. :
There is very libbie question thal the!
proposition, in many respects, is one
which has the President alone in mind \
and it is not improbable bhat Senator
lialliugcr wrote his hill after confer
ence with leaders in t he part y w ho j
bask in the While House sunshine.
A Deserved Itebukc.
The Aiken correspondent of The'
News ?ind Courier says when Benjamin
Buford, the white mauTound guilty
of manslaughter in killing the negro,
Larry Blackmore, was presented be
fore Judge Purdy for sentence, he was
asked by his honor if he had anything
lo say why sentence of the court
should not he passed n poi i him. Buford
replied: " Not bing your honor. " and
held up the lapel of his coat. on w hich
was pinned t he emblem of t he Masonic
Fraternity, lb-had previously given
a sign, which .lodge Purdy, being a
Mason, did not fail to recognize. The
man's object was evident ami Judge
Purdy st reilly said: '"That badge can
do you no good here. Yon are not lit
to wear it. Th mw it away. You
have, violated all that is good and
noble that emblem represents, and you
are no brothel of mine. The sentence
of the court is that you shall serve
twelve, years in the slate penitentiary
ab hard labor. You can thank your j
counsel for saving your neck.
A Horrible Death.
A horrible accident was reported
Wednesday night to Coroner Oreen as
happening to the little four-year-old
daughter nf Mr. and Mrs. Thomas
Su y dara, who live about li f teen miles
from Columbia, on tho Garners' Ferry
read. The parents of the lilt le child
came t o the city Wednesday, and the
child, on her way home from school,
slopped to play on a pile of logs near
the house. While on top, one of - the
logs turned and she was caught be
tween several and instantly killed,
her bead being crushed. It was some
lime later that the body was found
and it was late before the parents
were notified. Consequently they
were not able to leave unlil after
dark. ' The Inquest has been held and
tho funeral will be held thursday. Co- ,
A Foolish Pair.
A dispatch to the Augusta Chron
icle .'.ays Willie, Pincher, a lad of 13,
and Kinma Mann, a little maid who
boast of only l l summers, the pair
balling from Cold ville, Ala., drove
into West Point Ga., Thursday in a
rather dilapidated turnout ind creat
ed astonishment by announcing their
desire to lind a minister or justice
who would make t hem man and wife, i
Young Pincher said he had thc per
mission of ihc girl's parents as well as
her own, but that the Alabama laws
interfered with his happiness. No one
could he found who would tic the
knot, and to make matters worse, the 1
would-be gloom found himself devoid
of funds. A purse was made up for
the pair and they drove Into Harris
county hoping to lind some one to
Officiate at their wedding.
SUite Chairman Wilie Jones has
called a meeting of the executive com
mittee of the Democartlc party, to be
held In Columbia on Tuesday evening,
April 5th, in the office of the secre
tary of stiit.e. The state" committee
will lix the time for tho state conven
tion, at which delegates will } | elect
ed to thc national Democratic cc&fen
A Groat Skyscraper Frame Collapse!
in New York.
SEVERAL PERSONS ARE KILLED.
Criminal Carelessness un thc Pnrt
of thc Contractors. Who Had
In the city of New York fourteen
persons, are believed to have been
killed, about a score injured and sev
eral arc missing through thu collapse
Wednesday of the steel skeltou of the
Hotel Darlington, a 13-story apart
ment bouse iii course of erection at
;"J7 Forty-sixth street. The steel
frame work had been erected as far as
the eleventh floor aud the structure
was swarming with Iron workers,
masons and laborers, when, without
an instant's warning, the upper door
sagged and collapsed and the whole
structure fell with a crash that was
heard for blocks, and shook all the
buildings in the vicinity. A portion
of the steel frame fell upon the rear
o? the Hotel Tatterson, on West For
ty-seventh street, crushing in the
wall of thc dining room and killing
Mrs. Ella Lacey Stoors, tho wife of
Frank Storrs, a wealthy resident of
Rye, Westchester county, as she was
sitting at luncheon with the wife of
the Rev. Dr. Minot Savage, who
The cause uf the disaster generally
accepted is the overloading of the
lloors. Foreman James Halpin, in
charge or the Iron workers, stated
that there, was a large quantity of
cement and other building material
on the fifth Moor, and that on tue
ninth door were the three Iron beams
which were to have been used in con
structing the remaining floors of the
buildings. That criminal careless
ness is chargeable to somebody is
shown by the fact that the. building
department had placed repeated I
"violations" against the building, the j
last one being tiled Wednesday at thc
instance of Inspector Charles French,
because "the side walls wi re more
than two stories in advance of the
front walls, and the floor beams were
not properly boltedand tied."
lu spite of this and previous warn
ings, those responsible for .he con
struction of the building went ahead
regardless of consequences. Adjoin
ing the collapsed building on :he west
is the four-story brownstone lesidence
of Harold Brown. S ?me of ?he huge
iron beams struck the side of the
house and stove holes In the wall
and roof and disloged a part of the
brownstone front which was thrown
to the street. ! The occupants escaped
uninjured. On the east s de is a
house occupied hy A. Walpole Cragie
as a school for boys. The pupils had
gone home to luncheon a few minutes
before the crash occurred. Sjme of
the beams struck the house tearing
ulT a portion of the roof and smashing
holes in the side walls.
Mrs. Storrs whose husband is in
London. England, was sit til _r in lun
cheon with Mrs. Savage vt nen the
crash caine, and she and Ernest
Meier, a waiter, were instantly buried
under the debris thc roof and walls. ;
Mrs. Savage barely escapci being
struck but her skirt was pinned to
tile door by a mass of fallen bricks.
Mrs. Storrs was breathing when ex
tricated, hut died within a few min
utes. The waiter is believed to be
injured. The other occupants of the;
dining room escaped unhurt. The
Hotel Patterson was shaken to Its
foundations and the rear tire escapes ,
on seven stories were torn from their
fastenings and all the windows on
these doors were smashed. The oc
cupants of these apartments hastily
quilted the building. Rev. Minot J.
Savage was ill in his apartments in
the front ol thc hotel at the time ot !
At ll o'clock tonight the c< ntractor
in charge <d the wrecking work said
that his men had discovered seven !
bodies and that two were known to
be pinned under tiie wreckage on the
east side of the building.
Splendid work was done by thc tire
men, wdio at the risk of their lives,
crowded under the tangled wreckage
to rescue the imprisoned workmen,
l'liey were accompanied by Chaplain
Smith of tile lire department, who ad- j
ministered tiie last rites of tl echurch
to several of the injured. Harold
Clark, a watchman, was rescued un
hurt from the cellar after 1 eing im
prisoned for four hours, lie said that
lie left Frank Allison,, one of the
owners and builders, on thc ninth
il mr a few minutes before thc crash.
Patrick Murphy, the engineer of the
hoisting engine, and six workmen
were arrested and held as witnesses.
Representatives of the district attor
ney's office examine:! the wreck Wed
nesday and began an investigation
to place the responsibility for the
Deadly ItrtiHN IMn.
A special dispatch from Marion to
The State says Mrs. E. H. Foxworth
is dead as the result of picking a fever
blister with a brass pin. She was
apparently in good health when a
small blister appeared on her lip and
she picked it with a pin, after which
if festered and blood poisoning fol
lowed. She suffered a great deal until
deal li relieved her. Mr. Foxworth
was Miss Leola Laker, a daughter ol'
Mr. R. li. Laker, and lived in the
Centenary neighborhood, about 12
miles from Marion. She was a noble
hearted, Christian woman. Her unex
pected death has cast a gloom over the
community and caused sorrow in many
A Woman Hcnlpcd.
At Covington, Ga., Mrs. J. W. Wor
sham, wife of the superintendent ol
thc Covington cotton mills, suffered
Thursday from a distressing accident,
as the result of which she may die.
While in the basement of the mill her
hair was caught in some belting of
moving machinery and she was
scalped, the skin and hair being torn
from lier nose to thc back of lier neck.
Thc machinery was stopped as soon
as possible and she was rescued from
her precarious position. Her condi
tion is serious, and lier physicians can
not tell what may be the outcome,
aside from the permanent disfigure
A HO* TIME.
Grover Clcvelantl Charged With Din
in K With a Negro Man.
There was a red hot debate in the
house on Monday, During which Mr.
Scott asked Mr. Gilbert if he did not
know that a negro dined at the White
House during President Cleveland's
first administration, to which Mr.
Gilbert replied that the Democrats
were not particularly claiming Mr.
Cleveland, and that he wat not a first
Mr. Scott then said that C. H. .).
Taylor, a negro from Georgia, was
brought to Washington and was
taken to thc White House when Mr.
Cleveland invited him to dine with
ldm, which invitation he said, was
Mr. Seott drew a contrast between
Washington and Taylor, saying the
former was a man of recngul/.ed abil
ity and had been tlie guest or distin
guished people at home and abroad,
including Queen Victoria, and declar- 1
ed that the later had nothing to com
mend him save the claim that he car
ried the Democratic negro vote in his
pocket. He said rurthcr that Taylor
had been appointed to a position in
Washington. "And by Cleveland,"
suggested a voice on the Republican
Continuing, Mr. Gilbert said that
in the Spanish war there were Gener
al Miles, commanding general of thc
army; Admiral Dewey at Manila, Ad
miral Schlcy, Generals, Lee, Wheeler
and Pell, all of whom were Demo
crats. On the other side he said there
was a member of the Republican cab
inet accused of scuding embalmed beef
to thc soldiers. "Then," he said,
"there was a Republican horse doctor
sent to Cul ?a who was accused of be
friending the gamblers and lawbreak-1
He referred to thc conviction of
Rathbone and Neely and alluded to
General Funston, who, he charged,
had violated the rules of ci vili/. id war
fare in wearing the uniform of an
I enemy in che capture of Aguinaldo.
He next referred to General Davis,
"who," he said, "sold rice and other
provisions to starving natives at coor
in ais prod ts."
The Republicans bad promised to
destroy trusts, declared Mr. Gilbert,
but they now had a bill in tlie senate
"making lawful all reasonable trusts
and repealing tlie imprisonment
clause of the Sherman law as to oritni
Mr. Dalzell (Pa.) diseusssing Cana
dian reciprocity, said he had been un
able to find, after exhaustive research,
I a single, solitary argument which
would justify tlie negotiation of a re
c'tprceity treaty between the United
States and Canada.
Mr. Williams (Miss ), responding to
Mr. Dalzell, asked the majority why
they did not pass the Kasson treaties
which, he said, represented McKinley
S. Pat Jobs Mr. Tainui tia? to
Tl c Cdumbia State says sixty em
ployes on a (2,400 a month pay roll at
the State dispensary aie on the anx
ious bench to know what the new
commissioner, Mr. W. tj. Tatum, is ?
preparing to do with their heads.
Mr. Tatum is keeping painfully silent
on the subject, and while the greater
number of the present employes are
expecting to retain their respective
positions, the commissioner is being
besieged from every sectiou of the j
State ny applicants for all sorts of
jobs, lt is thought the tension will'
be relieved now in a few days, as Mr.
Tatum is expected to announce his i
appintraents when he comes herc to
take charge early this week.
Only one man knows so far "where
he is at." This is Mr. G. H. Charles,
who as chief h lokkeeper and secretary
to the hoard of directors has been re
appointed by thc board with the ap
proval ut the commissioner. Mr.
('bailes has great strength with the !
management on account of his compe- '
tency and long service, and he is pop
ular with thc other employes. He
receives a salary of $130 a month.
Thc Incumbents of the other lea 1
ing positions with the monthly salar
ies they receive are:
Superintendent -T. H. Dickson,
Assistant Superintendent I. E.
Bar hard t, *('.">.
Shipping Clerk-Charles .1. Lynch,
Receiving ('.erk \\. .1. Powers,'
Five Traveling Inspectors-----\V. .1. I
McCartha, N. H. Stansell, Z. A. Sear
son, A. H. Dean and Clarence L.
Brown, each $100 and expenses.
Four Hjokkeepers-M. II. Moblcy,
H. A. Hawkins, W. N. Kider and T.
W. Collins, $125 each.
Revenue Clerk T. P. G. Reasoner,
Tlie new board is expected to hold
its li ist regular monthly meeting on
the ?tb of March.
A Blander Nailed.
In reply to news which has been
talked, lt is false. As 1 am well
known over the. State and I know that
none can prove such against me, as I
now remain single. 1 want one, and
all to kr.ow lt. As I have been
charged with having a wile. Now if
there is any woman who wishes to
make any such claim against me, this
ls the time for I would Ilk ; to know
wno it may be. If news carriers
would mind their own business, our
county would be far better ol?. As I
learn, there are many who seem to he
interested in me, just bear in mind,
if 1 ever get married, there will be
many who will sing ann shout
"Dixie." As I have been hearing
bad news and my name ls a dayly
song) it must be stopped now, at once.
A. M. .)., in Walterboro Press and
?tve Hp tho Job.
Postmaster E. S. Parnell of Union*
Junction, Ark., bas resigned beeau.-e
be h. afraid of bel?g killed by feudlsts.
Four members of his finally have been
assassinated within the past fifteen
months, and bc Intends to hunt a saf
GIVES IT THE LIE
Grover Says He Did JU ot Lunch
With a Colored Man
AS CHARGED 3Y A CON QBEr. SM AN.
Koola! Equality of thc lloosevoltion '
Variety Discussed in a Very
i'lnin Manner in the
In the houseThursday a letter from
Grover Cleveland to Representative
Webb of North Carolina waa read de
nying that C. H. J. Taylor, a negro,
had dined with him at the White j
House while he was president, as
cl i art; ed by Representative Scott of
Kansas ti few days ago. Mr. Webb
said he had written tho former presi
dent sending him an extract from ,
Thc Congressional Record and asking ,
if the statements made by Mr. Scott
were true. ' ,
"This morning," he said, "I receiv
ed the following reply," which he
read amid, applause: ,
Princeton, N. J., March 2. ,
E. Y. Webb, 'House of Representa-!;
Dear Sir: It is a matter of small j
concern to me that Mr. Scott has ,
seen lit to use my name lu a display
of his evil propensities on the floor of
the house of representatives. In an
swer to your Inquiry, however, I have ,
to say of his statement that the col
ored man, C. II. J. Taylor, took lunch
with me at the White Iloi.se that it
is a deliberate fabrication out of the
As far as Mr. Taylor is concerned, 1 ;
understand, prior to his appointment
as register of deeds at Washington ,
that he had served as an assistant in ,
thc office of the city attorney at Kan
sas City. Ills nomination as register
was con firmed by the senate and he \
served in that place with intelligence
and efllciency. He has since died.
Some people restrain themselves from ,
abusing Inc dead.
My Inquiries concerning Mr. Taylor ,
before I.is appointment, my observa- ,
t'on of bim during his incumbency, ,
and the little I have known oT bim .
since sal isfy mc that his character is '
very unjustly attacked in the diatribe ,
of Mr. t? ?ott. ,
One < barge is made against Mr. ]
Taylor by Mr. Scott which he doubly ,
clinches with truth when Jie declares, j
"He wa; a black negro." I am led, |
however, to doubt his familiarity with ,
his suggestion when he adds: "As (
black as you ever saw."
Yuurs very truly, . '
G nov en CLEVELAND. I
Mr. Webb, said he war ted this de- ,
nial ro-.ttra"' '.'.V.?*!?r: tbo- j.taLement of. <
Mr. Scott n. ghi h? overtaken:- i
"Mr. Cleveland was a lriend of the ?
n>igro, but not a fool friend,"said Mr. ?
Webb. "Ile never by wt rd or action ?
encouraged thc dream of social equal- ,
ity in the breast of the ilaok man." ?
This was greeted with ipplause by <
tlie DemocraLs. s
"Again," he continuel, "he was j
thc fricr d of colored men, but he also L
was the friend of the soi them white I j
iran and sympathized wit.h us in our s
n.cc problems and race burdens, and j
that, sir, is mure than Mr. Roosevelt L
seems ever to have done..* | j
Mr. Scott said he accepted the : (
statement of Mr. Cleveland as true L
and ullcred his apology to the former t
president. In justice to himself, said H
Mr Scott, he desired to say that he s
never before heard the report denied. "t
Mr. Swanson of Virginia asked Mr. t
Scott where lie had heard the report, t
to which Mr. Scott replied that he .
had seen the statement in newspa
Mr. Swanson asked further for a
copy of a newspaper containing the j
statement. Mr. Scott explained that
these, statements were made several
years ago and the papers might not
be easily procured. He said that he
had made lull apology to Mr. Cleve- !
Mr. Scott added that lie had 1
brought to Mr. Cleveland for the tirst *
time In four years applause from thc j
I >einocratiu side.
This was loudly applauded upon thc i
majority side of the chamber. J
Mr. Williamsville minority leader, . |
charged that Mr. Roosevelt iiad dined .
Hooker Washington to carry the li^'lit i
of example to the south which does not
believe in social equality. When al.
question is raised, he said,against the (
appointment of a ne . u. " ?siti?os in
the south the statement is made that
there can be no discrimination on ac- '?
count of color: but, continued Mr.
Williams, tlie administration would .
not appoint a Chinaman as ;:. postmas-.
ter on thc Pad tic coast if lie possessed j
the ability of Li Hung Chang. Mr. '
Williams said the whole incident was (
a telling blow at the abstrait theory
of general equality and that it "is a L
discovery of thc underlying hypro- ?
erisy uf tlie contention Ilia, all men I (
are socially equal, regardless of color, ?
race, traits and tendencies."
Mr. Scott desired to know who had ? \
been asserting social equality. L
"I have understood,'' replied Mr. !(
Williams, "that the political theory j ,
of your household political faith fori,
thc last 2U years has been that men, 1 '
regardless of color, race, traits, ten
dencies, characteristics, capabilities
or what-not ought tobe strictly equal
politically,'' and said social equality
"Hut that is not all, the head of
your pa ly set the example of social !
equality in the only manuel it can be '
set by inviting a black man toa
Mr. Williams said tba'/ ir what the
president had done was not to carry
the light of example it was done for
no purpose at all.
"It was an unconscious exhibition,'
continued the minority leader, "of
the arrogance t hat teaches men now
and then to shed the light of example
upon the benighted white population
of thc south."
Mr. Williams went on: "Nor am I
quarreling with Mr. R losevelt, nor
have 1 quarreled with him at all. He
has a perfect right to invite a colored
man if he chooses, but as far as 1
know he waited until ho vas president
of the United States so t, could bear
an otllcial stamp before je ever did
Mr. Scott said be bad AI ade no Im
putation of fault against; Mr. Cleve
land. He had simply pointed to-the
allega Mon he made because the Demo
cratic party had gone into hysterics
because one man had invited a col
ored man to his table."
"All right," said Mr. Williams, "I
am glad to hear that because I
thought the gentleman had a sharp
stick and was after my dear and much
adored old friend, Grover Cleveland."
Further discussion was cut short by
ii point of order.
A LOCAL OPTION ME ABU RE
Permitting Townships to Vote Upon
Special Road Tax.
The special township road tax law,
recently enacted by the general as
sembly, is of much Interest to the
residents of South Carolina. The act
ls so explicit that it ls reproduced lu
"The voters or electors of any town
ship who return real or personal prop
erty for taxation, are authorized to
levy and collect an annual oad tax, to
supplement any special or tither funds
for like purposes, in the following
manner: Upon the written petition
or request of at least one-fourth of
the resident electors of the township
and a like proportion of the resid?nt
free-holders of the age of 21 years,
as shown by the tax books of the
county, being tiled with the county
board of commissioners, asking for
the same and stating the rate of the
tax levy proposed which shall not
exceed two mills, the said county
board of commissioners shall order
tho township board of assessors of said
township to b old an election at some
place within thc township, after giv
ing notice of the time and place there
of for at least two weeks in some
newspaper published within the
county, and by prating notice there
in* in at least three public places
within such township, for such
length of Untie, unless there be no
neu sp iper published within the coun
ty, which event the posting of the no
tices as above shall sutlice. At which
said election only such electors as re
turn real or personal property foi tah
iti ?n, and who exhibit their tax re
eel ?-ts and registration certi Ilea tes as
required in general elections, shall be
lilt wed to vote. For said election the
tov ushlp )oard of assessors shall ap
pui it tim managers, and the election
sh: 1 be cinducted as is provided by
law for tl e conduct of general elec
Lio is. At said election each elector
Tav irlug tl e proposed levy shall cast a
tia!lot coi taining the word 'Ves,'
pr i. ted or written thereon; and each
?lector opfosed to hald levy shall cast
i ballot containing the word 'No,'
printed or writen thereon. Within
.en days after such election, if the
nujorlty tf those voting shall vote
:8uc-h:JliX3*j th onboard, of .assessors
?hall furniah the county auditor with'
i Bfatemet t of the amount so levied,
ind the auditor shall enter the same
n the tux duplicate; and he shall an
?ually, for two years only, enter said
imc-unt in the tax duplicates; and the
sounty tre; surer shall collect tho same
is other co mty and State taxes. Such
evy shall I e a lien on the property In
iucli township, which shall be subject
.hereto in sase of default of payment,
ia'd tax st collected shall be used for
?be improvement of the public reads
>f the towi.shlp, and shall be paid out
>y the com ty treasurer upon warrants
lrawn by t ie county board of commis
iloners, countersigned by the chair
nan of the township board of asses
iors: Provided, That any surplus of
nell levy remaining in the hands of
,he county treasurer at the explra
ion of any fiscal year shall be paid
mt the next year for the same pur
PROTECTION OF BIRDS.
t Won Ul in Large Measure Holrr thc
Roll Weevil Problem.
In all this talk about expenditures
'or helping the farmers in the cotton
iclt to kill the boll weevil-govern
ment help that, we believe, is never
ixtended i.o northern farmers when
jheir crops are menaced -lt is strange
Amt not one congressman has hit upon
.lie cause of the trouble. The weevil
multiplies because the birds that
would otherwise cor. mme it are being
killed oh*. Here ja preposition to
mend large sums of federa money to
help tlie men who have been killing
their best friends. Last year the rava
ges of the boll weevil in Texas amount
ed to $ii.r),()?u,U0O. Did th3 gains of
thc compensate for that? Will thc
protits of all the feather workers in
the world amend for the loss to be in-1
liicted on the cotton growers In our
southern lier, If the weevi increases
his pasturage? If so, and the whole
cotton belt suffers as Texas has suf
fered, it is estimated that Hie loss will
equal a quarter of a billion annually.
The man who kills tlie bird that
lias been eating tlie grubs and beetles
In his orchards and plantations, be
cause he can convert thc bird's skin
Into merchandise worth a few cents,
brings upon himself tile means of fail
ure, and deserves that failure when lt
co.nes, for the wearings he has receiv
ed have been plentiful!. The women,
kv ho are responsible for the enormous
daughter of our songsters, because
Lhey wanted their dead bodies to wear
in hats, are realizing the necessity
for reform in this matter, and among
the thinking members of the sex the
f?f lion of bird wearing has gone out.
Tl ere are, however, thousauds of the
Ign irant and ill bred who advertise
Lli ir vulgarity by tlie wearing of dead
an mais upon their clothing, and so
loi ? as the want exists there will be
fm nd mc i base enough to supply it,
though the cost ls a high one. Take
thu shotgun away from the southerner
for a few seasons, and we shall hear
less of weevils, and less of appropria
Tho Turkish government has resolv
ed to forcibly prevent the "Russia
Black sea Meet from passing through
IhC Dardanells, and :? light will prob
ably occur should such an attempt be
made. The defenses along the straits
have been strengthened and mines
have been laid. An ofllcer has also
been appointed especially to suporvlse
defensive measures. Tho reason for
Turkey's bold action, it is learned, ia
that strong representations have been
made by I he powers against sucha
breach of Russia's treaty obligations.
HOMES ?ND LI VE 3
Fay a Heavy Tribute to tuc Raging
A dispatch from Lawton, Okla.,
.says prairie tires that swept over iarge
portion of Kiowa and Oomaoohe coun-4
ties Thursday night, destroyed hun
dreds of farm buildings andmuoh live
stock, made 1,000 persons homeless,
caused tho death of several persons,
threatened a number of towna and
swept away rcores of buildings on the
outskirts of the towns. Tbe follow
ing deaths are verified:
Dr. Harmond, six miles from Law-'
ton; body found.
Unknown boy, body found on
prairie near Lawton, burned beyond
John Harmond and a daughter of
Mrs. Henderson, living near Lawton
were fatally burned.
Thc country was very dry, no rain
having rallen for months. Grass and
stubble fires, set by farmers as is cus
tomary at at this season of the yeer,
were driven beyond control by a vio
lent gale which rose suddenly.
Estimates of the loss exceed $200,
Report says that more fatalities arc
expected as the reports from some dis
tricts are meagre.
At Hobart, the county scat of
Kiowa county, the tire apprached rrom
the east, destroying the stables and
fifteen race horses, fifteen residences,
two business houses and various small
buildings. Spreading to the south
west, the fire swept seventy-live
thousand acres of military and timber
reserve and Indian school reserve, de
stroying several Indian houses and
forty head of government cattle.
Spreading westward the fi?mes cov
ered miles of the homestead district,
destroying houses, barns and stock.
It was in this district that five per
sons are reported to have perished in
attempting to protect their property.
The names of three have been learned.
They are as follows:
Dock and Tchii Harmon, brothers,
and a man named F.shcr.
The other two were women and
t heir names have not yet been learned.
Late at night the fires began mov
ing southward'toward the city. At
midt.ight tive thousand people of the
city were battling with the approach
ing llamos. The advance hue of the
tire was fully two miles in length and
caov: in a semi circular form.
A thousand men turned their ef
forts to checking the grass borders of
the reservation at the city limits.
Water from every source, carried in
every conceivable way, was distributed
along this line and all arouud the city
limits. This served the purpose of
checking the advance lines of the fire,
but was of little^'avall In hindering the
continual rolling of the lire blands
Into the street of the city. In more
than a hundred places fi?mes arose
from dwellings, barns and outhouses,
but wherever a blaze'grew raen were
present to quench it with water. As
a result of the cool judgmcct of the
fire-fighters the city's loss, was onlv
Families lay out in thc prairie
throughout the freezing nb ht after
the storm had passed with only thin
clothes on their backs. Hundreds of
people are destitute and are suffering
intensely from the cold.
AN INSANE SOLDIER
Violto the War Department and j
Shoote Down Two Soldiers.
At Washington armed with a 38
callbre revolver, Wm. J. O'Brien,
alias Wm. Duffy, an insane discharged
soldier Thursday entered the war de
partment and going to room 227 in
the mail and record division, shot
Robert J. Manning, a messenger, and
Arthur Wiecker, a clerk. Miss Emma
Saxton, another clerk, barely missed
being shot through the head. The
injury to Manning is on the right side
Just above the kidneys and is regarded
us dangerous. Wieckcr was shot in
the left arm above the elbow. Before
the maniac could Ure a third time he
was overpowered by James J. Dawson,
a messenger. It required the com
bined strength of half a dozen men to
finally subdue the man. Piominent
among them was Lieut. Gen. Adria R.
Chance, chief-of-staff. Thc lunatic
still held the smoking weaptn in his
? hand when Gen. ChafTce noticed lt
' and with his left hand took the wea
; pon from him and also the pipers in
ilia pocket. Majs. Kean and Ireland,
! of the surgeon general's sti ff, were
I hastily seno for and gave lint aid to
the injured men before tl ey were
taken to the Emergency hospital.
O'Brien or Duffy in talking to
Charles Brandt, the chief of the divi
sion, expressed dissatisfaction with
his discharge papera. Then without
a word of warning he drew the pistol
from his pocket and aimed it directly
at Brandt's head. Brandt ducked and
the bullet entered the arm of Wiecker.
fie then turned the weapon on Miss
Saxton aud tired. She, too, dodged
and the bullet st ruck Manning.
O'Brien was taken to thc police
station, it requiring four men to get
bim out of the building. O'Brien
was admitted to St. Elizabeth's asy
lum in 1893. He later WM paroled
but returned in 1897. Ho served in
the Sixth cavalry ana Third artillery.
No Sloop in T? ii Yenrs.
A bert Ilerpin, born in France in
18(12 and for ilfteen years a hostler in
the employ of Walter Phares, of Tren
ton, N. J., declares he has not slept
a wink in tho last ten years and that
his eyes seldom closed in slumber for
several years preceding. Notwith
standing this, he does not seem tc
suffer any discomfort from his remark
able condition. He goes to bed re
gularly, but says he never closes his
eyes, or at least never for an instant
loses consciousness of all that ls go
ing on about him. In the morning he
arises refreshed and ready for another
day's work. Ile-declares the change
of position and the darkness of tho
room seem to give him all the rest he
requires. The man's story is sustain
ed by physicians who have examined
him and who have made vain efforts
to afford relief.
By the United States in the Philippine
HOW TO GET AH APPOINTMENT.
Unmarried Women Not Elligiblo for
Examination, bnt WU"be alvon
. Preference if Their Hus
bands are Selected. ?p
The United ' States Civil Service
Commission announces an examina
tion on March 20-30, for tbe position
of teacher In the Philippine Service.
Information has been received from
the Insula Bureau of the War Depart
ment that 150 additional teachers
will be required early in June. The
salary of this position ranges from
$000 to $1,200 per annum and will be
based upon the experience and the .rel
ative standing in the examination.
Those appointed will be eligible for'
promotion to the higher gnuic?? in the .
service, rauglng from 5900 to $2,000
for teachers, and from $1,500 to $2,
500 for division superintendents.
Women will not be admitted to this
examination, exempted tbat the wives
of male applicants v/ill be permitted
to take the examination and, if they .
pass will be preferred in appoint
ments, provided their husbands are
also selected for appointment. This
examination is held in view of the
ueeds of the service and will not take
the place of the examination schedule
to be held on April 10.
As peace has been established in
thc Philippines and the conditions of
living are improving every month,
this examination alfords an excellent
opportunity for young men to enter
j an attractive service. Applicants for
uris examination should be devoted
to their profession, and conscientious,
energetic, aod successful workers.
The examination will consist of ten
obligatory subjects. There will be
no optional subjects given at this
Twn days nf Kevon honra each will
be allowed for this examination. The
first five subjects will be given on the
first day, and the remaining subjects
on the second day.
The examination will consist of tho
subjects mentioned below, which will
be weighed as follows:
Thesis (of not less than 300 words
on either subjects given, to test
knowledge cf syntax, style, spelling,
punctuation, and capitalization) 12.5;
penmanship (rated on thesis), 5;
Arithmetic (as comprised In the ordi
nary grammar school text-books,)
12.5; English (as treated in the ordi
nary grammar school text-books, In
cluding analysis and parsing), 12..1;
Geography (mathematical, physical
and political) 10; History and cl vii gov
ernment bf the United States (as cov
ered in the grammar school text-be oks
and the CoLStitutlon ot the United
States), 12.5; Physiology and hy gene
(as found in the grammar school text
books), 7.5; Natuaral study and draw
ing (involving a knowledge of the de
velopment, growth, habits, abd pecu
liarities of the more common animals
and plants, methods of Interesting
pupils in the study of the same, and
skill in the execution of illustrative
drawing), 7.5; Science of teaching
(comprising school government, meth
ods of teaching, duties of th*e teacher,
etc.,) 10; Experience, training, and
fitness (rated on Korm 2), 10; total,
Age limit, 20 years; but preference
In certitication will be given to those
who are. under 40 years of age.
Each applicant-will be required to
submit to the examiner, on the elay
lie is examined, a recent photograph,
not more than three years old, of him
self, which will be filed with his ex
amination papers, as a means of iden
tification in case he receives appoint
ment. An unmounted photograph is
pteferred. The date, place and klud
of examination, the examination num
ber, and the year in whieh the photo
graph was taken should be indicated
on the photograph.
This examination is open to all citi
zens of the United States who com
ply with the requirements, and olfers
an excellent opporUnity to entera
service whieh has many attractive
features and to see a most Interesting
part of the world, China and Japan
are near at hand and are favorite
places to visit during vacations. The
Philippine .Service ls classified, and
the law contemplates promotions ou
the basis of merit from the lowest to
the highest position.
Appointees will bc required to pay
their expenses from their homes to
Persons who de.fire to compete
should apply for app ?cation blanks at
Goori I'or tho Governor.
A dispatch from Greenville to The
State says a big cocking main was in
terrupted Thursday by Sheriff J. D.
Gilreath, acting under instructions
from Gov. Hey ward, and there was
great disappointment in the crowd
numbering 150 who had come from
North Carolina, Georgia and various
points in this section. The rendevous
was nearly live miles from the city, at
McBee distillery, and the cock fight
ing was about to begin when Sheriff
Gilreath and his deputy drove upon
the ground, which caused such con
sternation a large number took to the
woods literally. A messenger was
sent immediately to tlie city for legal
advice, and when Senator Dean was
consulted this afternoon lie informed
all that the sherill was obeying in
structions from the governor. Tho
courier hurried back and it was agreed
to stop any further proceedings.
Subject far the Kool killer.
A brooklyn min ster, Rev. Cort
[ land Myeis, stated to his horrified
congregation one Sunday that be had
net washed his bane's s'nee be had
shaken the hand of President lt X)S3
velt the week before. The Minnea
[ polis Times siys the congregation has
' been on the lookout for their pastor's
resignation ever since, feeling con
vinced that he ls qualifying fora pro
! fcssjrshlp in the Chicago Uunlversity.
Tho Japanese Wounded.
Seventy-one wounded ofllcers and
; men from the Japanese fleet arrived
at Sasebo on the hospital ship Kobo
Maru from Port Arthur. All these
were wounded In the attack upon Port