Newspaper Page Text
The Marlboro* Democra
"DO THOU LIBERTY GREAT. INSPIRE OUR SOULS AND MA KL OUR LIVES IN THY POSSESSION HAPPY. OR OUR DEATHS GLORIOUS IN THY CAUSE.
BENNETTS VILLE, S. C., FRIDAY, MARCH 18, 1904.
. ' " -..Vir
AN OHIO MOB
Shot a Negro to Death, Thon Hanged
Him and Shot Again.
NEGRO KILLED A POLICEMAN.
Tho Jail Was stormod by
the Mob, Who Took Their
Victim Out and Shot
Him to Dentil.
Richard Dixon, a neuro, waa shot
to deaob at .Springfield Ohio, Monday
night by a mob, for the killing of
Policeman Ciarles Collis, who died
Monday trom wound j received at the
bauds Df Dixon on Sunday.
Collis bad ::one to Dixon's room on
the negro's request. Dixon nald his
mistress had als clothes in her posses
sion. Cillis accompanied Dixon to the
room and tu ;. short time the man and
woman engaged in a quarrel which
resulted in Dixion shooting Uie wo
man, who is variously known as Anua
or Marnie Ci rbin, in the left breast,
just over tin heart. She fell uncon
scious at ti c first shot and Cjllis
jumpe.l towards the negro to prevent
his escape from the room. Dixon
then tired four bails into Collis, the
last ol which penetrated his abdo
men. Dixon went immediately to po
lice headquarters and gave himself
up. Ile was taken to jail.
As Moon as Collis' de? th became
known talk of lynching the negro was
beard and Monday night a crowd be
gan to gather about the jail.
THE NKOKU SHOT TO DEATH.
At 11 o'clock the negro was taken
from tuc jail and shot to death lu tho
jail yard and the body was taken from
there to the corner of Main street and
Fountain avenue aud hung to a tele
graph pole where the mob spent the
next half hour riddling the body with
bullets from several hundred revol
vers. The mob forced au entrauce to
the jail by butting in the east doors
with a railroad iron. At 10,30 o'clock
the mob melted rapidly and it was
the general opinion that no more at
tempts would be made to force an en
trance. Small groups of men, how
ever, could be seen in the shadows of
the court house, two adjacent livery
stables and several dwelling bouses.
At 10.45 o'clock the police were sat
isfied that there was nothing more to
fear and they, with other officials and
newspaper men, passed freely in and
out of the jail. Shortly before 11
o'clock a diversion was made by a
small crowd moving from thc east
doors around to the south entrance.
iinfl f, nowed o^a ^ bi ?se mxu
made at' jostling them oil the steps
leading up to the sonth entrance.
The crowd at this point kept growing,
while yells of "hold the police,"
"smash the doors," "lynch the nig
ger" were made, interspersed with re
All this tune the patty with the
heavy railroad iron was beating at the
east door winch soon yeilded to the
battering rani as did thc inner lattice
iron cast door, and overpowered the
sheritr,Lurnke>and handful of deputies
and began toe assault on the iron
turnstile leading to the cells. Thc
police from Ll e south door were called
inside to keep thc mob from the celts
and in live ninutc. the south door
had shared tl e fate or the cast one.
MOU OK TWENTY-FIVE IIUNDKED.
In an im.ru llblc short time the jail
e?s.tyi >d vs ?i i a mob or 250 men witt;
au thc* |cn trances and yard gates
blocked b>V "u ly 2,."HM men, thus mak
ing ii lin; Wi -.iiile for the militia to
have prevent ?(1 access to thc negro,
had il K tu o : the scene. The heavj
iron partit"'"!) leading to the cells re
sisted th '*"-ob effectually until cold
chisels and S edge hammers arrived,
which vc -e only two or tiree minutes
later in a -riv fig. Thc padlock to the
turnstile was irokei and the mob scon
tilled the corridi rs liding Lo the cells.
Seeing that further r?sistance was use
less ai d to a"0ld tl' ? killing of inno
cent prisoner.-. bh< ji .i i mri ties consent
ed to'?he deioan ?ol'the mob for the
right man. Ile v..i^ dragged from his
cell to thc ia 1 door and thence down
tile stone Bt< ps to court in lie jail
yard. Fearing an Attempt on part of
the police ti rescitt* bim oho leaders
formed a boll >w squye.
NIXE SHOTS i% HIS r.ouv.
Some one knocke:l]&e nrgro to the
ground and Lliose nt agio him ell back
four of five feat. Ni?*SboCS .vere tir
ed into his p?strate betty, ant. saltsh
ed Unit he was dead,'J? d</.en men
grabbed the li felt si bi?- and with a
triumphant cheer th?niv.h surged
into Columbi i sirene aXl marched to
Fountain avenue one ofljtl e irinciple
streets of the town. \
Kroni herc they marched south to
the Intersects in of Mali/ street, and a
rope was tied around DiV" i's neck.
Two men climbed t he pol . and threw
thc rope over thc topmost cross-arm
and drew the body about, ix feet above
the street. They then rh sir-ended and
their work was greeted with a cheer.
Tho fusillade then begun and for 30
minutes Hie body was kept swaying
back aid forth from thc force of the
rain of bull?is which has poured in on
it. Frequently Hie arms would Hy up
convulsively when a muscle was
struck, anti thc mob went fairly wild
Throughout it all perfect order was
maintained and every one seemed in
the best of humor, joking with Iiis
nearest neighbor while reloading his
Want? ?I to Ijynch Him.
A special from Murpheysboro, III.,
says that seventy-five Carbondale cit
- l/.oiis attempted Thursday morning to
take a negro from jail to lynch him.
Tlie sheriff frustrated their plan, and
arrested four prominent citizen?.
.Shcritr Thorpe was apprised of the
mob's departure for Carbondale, aud,
with a deputy, waited on thc second
door of Hie jail. When thc mob ap
proached th; jail they were covered
with guns libra thc windows above,
and hurried) dispersed. Vaughan is
charged witt criminal assault, his vlc*j
tim being a Carbondale school teach
AN INDEPENDENT ACT
la Helero n ce to tho 1* ur ch nae of Com
To remind purchasers of commer
cial fertilizer of their privileges under
the law we reproduce an aot of the
Legislature, approved February 19,
1900. If there has been any acts,
amending or abrogating these statutes
we have failed to see them.
An Act, To Provide a means whereby
any purchaser, in This State, of
any commercial fertilizes or Ma
nures, may have tho same analyz
ed by Clemson Agricultural and
Mechanical College, free of costs,
and to provide a penalty for deliv
ering fertilizers or manures short in
ingredients appearing on Back or
: vessel holding same.
Section 1. Ile it enaotcd by thc
General Assembly of the State of
South Carolina-: That from and after
the passage of thia Act, any citlzeu of
this State who shall purchase any
commercial fertilizers or manures,
shall have the Bame anal) zed by Clem
son Agricultural and Mechanical Col
lege by taking a sample of sime with
in ten days of receipt thereof from at
least ten per cent, of such fertilizers
in the presence of at least two disin
terested witnesses. One to bc chosen
by the purchaser and one hy thc seller
who shall certify that such sample
was taken from such fertilizers or ma
nures, which certificate, with the
sample, shall be scaled by a third dis
interested party in the presence of
said witnesses, and directed to Clem
son Agricultural and Mechanical Col
Section 2. The said college shall
bave the said nana plc analyzed free cf
oust, and within three months after
receiving the sample, supply the pur
chasers or such fertilizers or manures
with a certiticate giving the per cent,
of thc dillerent fertilizing Ingredients
of same, signed by the Chemist of
Clemson Agricultural and Mechanical
College, which certllicates shall be ad
missible as evioence in all suits rela
tive to such fertilizers or manures
whether the same be instituted by
vendor or purchaser of same.
Section 3. That any vendor of com
mercial fertilizers or manures whose
goods or wares fall short to the ex
tent of ten per cent, iii any fertilizing
ingredient guaranteed by the analysis
appearing on the sack or vessel hold
ing same, when delivered to the pur
chaser, shall forfeit one-half the sale
price thereof, to be recovered by suit
or set up as a counter-claim to an ac
tion for the purchase price of such
fertilizers or manures.
Section 4. Be it further enacted:
That if any seller or vendor of ferti
lizers or commercial manures shall re
fuse, decline or neglect to chose a wit
ness, as provided in Section 1, after
having been notified or requested by
the purchaser so to do, then he or
tiicy ./oail ha>c forfeited" their rights
so to do, and the purchaser shall select
two witnesses, who shall select the
third witness, who shall proceed to
take samples as hereinbefore provid
ed. All samples of fertilizers drawn
under the provision of this Act shall
be subject to such other rules as may
be prescribed by the Board of Trus
tees of Clemson College not Inconsis
tent with the provisions of this Act.
Section 5. All Acts inconsistent
with this act be, and the same are
Approved the 19th day of February
A. D. 1900.
A Berlin Tragedy.
A dispatch from Berlin, Germany,
says Lieut Carl Beseke, (retired,)
after a long and steady decay of for
tune Wednesday took his last money
and gave a splendid dinner in honor
j of his nineteen-year-old daughter's
i birthday. Beseke then poisoned his
j wife, daughter, two sons, respectively
i 12 and lt> years old, cadets at a mili
I tary academy, and himself, withsyan
> ide of potassium, which he seemingly
i inserted in the mouth of each, in the
j form of a pill, after they bad gone
into a drunken sleep.
After a brilliant career and mar
riage with an heiress, Beseke had
readied thc end of his fortune and
his goods were to be sold by thc sher- ,
Iff. He won the iron cross during the
war of 1870-71 with France, married ?
the daughter of a rich hotel-keeper,
hereby having to leave tbe service, as
be married out of his castle, and
' started a newspaper. The lieutenant
wrote well, Imo the paper was not suc
cessful, and he became sales agent for
a manufacturer and then manager of i
a map-making enterprise He lived
beyond Iiis means for thirty years.
Last night thc Beseke family had a
box at the Iroquois. At io o'clock
dinner was ordered in from a caterer, i
Beseke was especially gay and tender,
and pressed his wife and his three
children to drink lots of champagne.
He died holding his wife's hand tight
A Horrible Death.
At Atlanta, (ia., from the effects of ?
burbs Mifs Fannie Alexander died a
horrible death. Miss Alexander was
lifting a coffee pot from a stove in the j
cooking room, when her clothing !
ignited. She ran, screaming and
praying, into a sleeping apartment
and fell in a charred mass at the bed
side of her sick motlier. She was
picked up by neighbors, who were at
tracted by her scream;:, and medical
assistance summoned, but af 1er suffer
ing agonies for twelve hours she died
Thursday morning. Mis. Alexander
is in a critical condition, as a result
j of tile shock at the time of the burn
ing, and the news of the death of her
The people of Korea arc neither
.1 ap??ese nor Chinese. They arc Mon
golian and have a polysyllabic lan
guage, with a phonetic alphabet.
They have a recorded history, bf dis
puted authenticity, which claims fur
them a continuous existence as a Ko
rean people of about 5,000 years, tho
earlier part of which, of course, is
shrouded in the mists of tradition and
A Fatal Fight.
In a light near Valden, Miss., Aaron
Stewart and his son on one side and
W. W. Hill and two sons on the
other, on Wednesday, Hill and one
son were killed and his other son waa
seriously wounded. They fought
with pistols about a boundar^rfie.
A WILD MOB.
The Homoa of Negroes Burnt ia Ohio
by "White Men.
ANOTHER NIGHT OF TURMOIL.
Governor Herrick Was Very Blow
in Ordering Troops to Tho
Rescue of the Colored
A dispatch from Springfield, O.,
says intense excitement prevails hero
afc an early hour Wednesday morning
which nofc ever the presence of seven
compaules of national guard can allay.
This excifcemeiiL is shared by all the
business men a.id property owners of
the city, the "jar that some negroes
will attempt to avenge the burning of
the levee districts by tiring the down
town business houses or their homes
m the residence district. So far the
negroes have nofc tried to make good
their threats U dynamite the county
jail to "even up" with Sherill Rout
zahn for permitting the negro mur
derer Dickson t3 be taken by the mob
Monday night without the shedding of
blood to save him. Nota fourth of
the business d strict of the city is
under patrol by either militia or police
and it looks as if a close guard would
have to be kept for several days to
prevent further incendiarism. Ifc is
thought, however, that, the troops
now on hand will be able to save the
western levee district in West
Washington street, which the leaders
openly dec'ared they would set lire to
as soon as the work in the eastern half
of the street was completed. There is
little or no disorder, the mob of 2,OOO
men standing quietly watching tho
spread of the Hames in thc neighbor
hood of Spring and Gallagher st ree ts,
and apparently ready to help if ifc
should shev? signs of spreading beyond
the confines they originally set for lt..
"When the leaders of the mob passed
down off of East High street early hist
evening to begin the work of burning
tho levee residences, Father John
Cogan, assistant, pastor of St. Rap
hael's church, got down on his knees
on tho sidewalk and implored them to
desist in their work as they might
start a lire they would not be able to
control. The incendiarists paused
only a moment, a few of them cursed
him and then went quickly on to be
gin their task. So far the lire loss
does not exceed $30,000.
DKTAILSOF NIOIIT OF TRIAL.
Threats throughout, the day and
Thursday evening to burn the levee,
the negro district of the city, contirm
ed Mayor G. J. Bowl us in his behalf
that more trouble was brewing Thurs
day night and he asked Governor Her
rick for troops. Two companies from
Dayton-nmi V""T"*-'zsm Mlamls
burg, Urbana and Columbus, have
been .promised to reinforce the two
Many of the negroes of the city were
surely and moody Thursday night, and
it was realized t hat only a spark was
needed to set off the magazine of a
race war. At !':.'I0 o'clock Thursday
night, the crowd gathered in the levee
district numbered 1,500 and one or
two revolver shots had been Hied at
By D:30 o'clock a crowd of 2,000
men had assembled along the Rig Pour
railroad tracks almost, blockading
Washington .street which is known as
the levee from Fountain avenue. Two
hundred negroes were clustered
together just west, of Fountain avenue,
in the levee district near the place
called Honky tonk.
The negroes .vere unusually quiet
and seemed to be waiting for a start
to be made, by he white men. The
other crowd was boisterous and there
were frequent yells and several pistol
shots heard, alt tough no one has been
reported injured so far.
Al 11:20 the hreat of the mob, fre
quently made brough the day and
evening, was Iii ally made good and a
volume of Hame was seen to shoot, up
from the rear ot' aplace occupied by
"Les" Thomas, a saloon keeper. Pre
ceding the tirim; of the hui ding, the.
mob at a distal ce of a hundred feet,
shot at the fron' of the building for a
half hour, but it is not known whether
any of thc occupants bad remained in
the building and if they did whether
?lily fatalities resulted from the shoot
ing. Thc lire s iread hut h ways from
lt is understood that the negro
population is highly incensed at Sher
iff Roiitznhn for not using greater
force in protecting Dixon. Sherill'
Rotit/abi) had been warned that the
instant the torch was applied in
Washington street he had better re
move his family from the jail as that
institution was to be immediately
Throughout thc day there 1 as been
a vague unrest in every quarter of the
city. The body of thc lynched negro
was taken from thc telegraph pole at
ll o'clock Thursday morning and placed
in a little undertaking shop. Through
the forenoon fully 15,000 people saw
the body and stood about the city in
groups. The police and officiais were
worried, but did not seem to know
what was best to do.
At noon t he undertaking office was
closed. The crowds did not disperse,
and nobody seemed to be working. Al
nightfall there were reports of threat
ened trouble (lying thick and fast and
the crowds in the st reets grew larger.
lt, was rumored that t he negroes would
at tempi to burn the city and the in
surance men appealed to Mayor Bow
lus lo protect them. Thc police were
in a stale bordering on panic after
their horrible experience at the jail
the night before.
The company of militia from Xenia
arrived at 1 :'M (Wednesday morning)
and were immediately sent, towards
the levee by a circuitous route.
Company M. of t he Fourt h regiment,
of Xenia, abd Company D. of the
Third regiment, of Urbana, are now
picketed along the Dig Four railway
tracks facing the burning district
along East Washington street. There
are 22? enlisted men In-each.
At 12:46 o'clock three cars attached
to the eastbound Pig Four train
brought Companies G and K, of Day
ton, and Comp;.ny II, of Miamisburg.
Thoy were stationed at various points
to prevent ingress of either negroes or
whites and so far as their scanty hum
bera would permit, will forestall any
efforts to buru the immediate business
district. At that, however, there is
grave danger of the lire starting in
the great outlying districts, among
the factories or dwelling houses and
ten times the number of troops now
on hand would be entirely insufliolent
to prevent incendiarism.
The tire in East "Washington street
has burned out exactly the district]
the mob should go, and there is now
no danger of it spreading either fur
ther east or west or to the north
where the fashionable East High
street district, including St. Raphael's
Catholic church was for. a while in
imminent danger from the spread of
Charles Jackson, aged 10, a negro,
flourished a big revolver In the pre
sence of a small crowd ol' whites in
Primrose alley and within two minutes
a mob of seveial hundred surrou ided
him and he was hidden bj the p dice
to save his life. Ile was held at
headquarters all night, the p illee
fearing to remove him to *.he county
A liUrKC Number Heit! Over and Pow
Changer, Arc Mario.
The new state liquor commissioner,
W. O. Tatum, of Orangeburg, Tues
day announced his appointment for
! tho term. There are a number of
I changes and transfers, tut several
men are retained, and the result will
be somewhat of a surprise to those
who thought, that the ne* commis
sioner, would make a ch an sweep.
Mr. Ot, 1 . Charles is retainee as clerk
of tlie board of director. Mr charles
bas serv>d in this oftice a long time
and is fully up to its duties. The book
keepers, Messrs. M. ll. Mubley, B. A.
Hawkins and W. M. Bider, all remain,
as does Mr. T. W. Collins as invoice
bookkeeper in the eummissionser's
office. Mr. C. J. Lynch, former .ship
ping clerk, is displaced hy Mr. L. L.
Baker, and Mr. J. II. ClalTy, of Or
angebirg, is marie superintendent.
Both of these men have been dispen
sers, the former in Batcsburg. Mr.
T. E. Dickson, former superinten
dent, lias been made contrabant clerk,
displacing Mr. W. W. Harris. Mr.
Dickson has been in the dispensary a
number of years Mr. W. J. Powers
continues in oftjee as shipping clerk,
hut Mr. Tliom:is Reasoner ls displaced
by Mr. W. LI. Sondley, a new appoint
Mr. J. E. Ehrhardt retains his po
sition as assistant superintendent, as
does Miss li. P. Harrigan as steno
grapher to tho commissioner. The
inspectors, Messrs. W. J. McCartha,
A. H. D.'an and C. L. Brown have
been retained, but J. C. Richards, of
Kershaw, formerly a member of Mm
legislature Jp ^ppolateoTin puco ol
H. Stausei*-??o appointment has been
made yet for the Inspectorship now
occupied by Z. T. Searson.
A new otlicc bas been created by
Commissioner Tatum, that of stock
bookkeeper, and this place is to be
tilled hy J. T. Parks, of Orangeburg,
the editor of the Orangeburg Patriot.
This elli ice ls made because of the
enormous amount of stock handled.
A Good Mau Gone.
The Columbia State says "it was
but a week ago t hat immy friends
were called upon to mourn the death
of Mrs. < ). A. Darby, and now conies
the announcement of the death of
that faithful servant of the South
Carolina conference, Kev. O. A. Darby ,
of Sumter county, lt, was feared that I
the blow caused by the death of bis
wife had affected him very greatly,
and while the news of Dr. Darby's
death was not expected it, did not
create such a shock as it would other
wise. The St tte Wednesday night
received a telegram from Mr. E. D.
Smith <>r Lynchburg stat! i lg: "Kev.
< ). A. Darby died .suddenly Wednes
day afternoon nt 7 o'clock. His Wife
died suddenly inst ten days ago. He
was in apparently good health u > to
the time of Ids death. Eimern at
Washington Street church at noon
Senator Tillman sick.
A dispatch from Washington .'ays
Senator Tillman of South Carolin! is
very iii with a serious tlirott trouble.
His friereis are much concerned au it
is impossible for bim to sw allow and
a little liquid nourishment is all Hutt
bc can take. A thorough examina Jon
was made of tho Senator's throat
Wednesday and disclosed tte fact that
an abscess bad formed tn the left
tonsil, lt is slid to be a .'erv small
one. and be physicians behove it can |
I bc relieved wit hout great riitliculty.
An operaoion will be performed Thurs
day morning. After that sj ve ral days
of complete rest will be necessary by
which timo Hie phsicians hope the
?throat a,'ain will be in ts normal
i condition. The statement was nade
lat the tcnator's house Wed net day
! night tl) it bis condition is not dung
! erous an 1 that lie has only a very
Kari i it m Gm H I ;>.
L. D. Gardner, importer of radium,
With i thees in the Temple Court
building, gives out the startling news
that the price of radium bas increased
; $4,200,000 a pound in two days. Thc
commercial rate last week was $3,100,- j
ooo, now lt ls $12,000,000. Mr. (Jard
ncr bell ves thc rate ?viii be even
higher. "Hy April i," he says, it
will bc almost impossible to buy ra
dium at any figure. We now get all
radium from Europe, this country
having been unable to extract it so
far. The increase In price will stim
ulate American prospectors. In Utah
Colorado, Texas and other Western
States, pitch-blended, carnotile, fer
guROnite and oran i tc have been dis
covered, but I have not heard that
radium bas been extracted from these
Don't ninnie flor.
At New York, Mrs. Eva Abernathy,
wbo, according to her husband, ls
only 20 years old, was put In the psy
chopathic ward at Bellevue Hospital
last night. She lives at 120 West
Thirty-first street. Her husband, a
porter, said that she bad been made
Insane by the care of their tbirteon
children, all of whom arc alive. She
bas mane threats, be said, to kill her
I POSTOFFICES OWNED
By Senators and Representatives Who
Are Involved in Scandal.
MONEY VALUE OF "INFLUENCE."
Another Chapter in Last Summer's
Post?nico Investigation. Dif
ferent Forms ol' Crooked
.' Another chapter In the postofflce
Investigation of last summer was re
vealed Thursday when Chairman
Qverstreet of thc house committee on
postoffices and post roads 1;? d befo-e
the house of representatives a closely
printed document of 218 uages r2
c?unting tbe Instances on tl e. In the
ppstofilee department in wi ch men
betB of the senate and house of repre
sentatives have used their."iitlucnce'1
with officials of thc postoflli ? depart
ment, wltb more or less suet' ss, to 82
ciire increases in ti.e salaries of post
masters, additional clerk hir: and a 1
vaptagcous leases for buildings fori
Thc rcpo-t was made hy the unani
mous vote of thc members of Mr.
Overstreet'i committee, in response
i to a resolution calling for thc informa
I Mod; introduced by Repr?sentatif
i Hay of Virginia. As the Information
accompanier thc report, the comm! >
Ice recommended that the resolution
lay on the table. Three cases are st t
forth In w heh members of congres
own buildings which are leased to tl c
government for pistolllce purpose;.
The members involved are J. V.
Wadsworth of New York: J. I). Bov
cfBbOCrC, of cvansas, and Ceo. L. Lilley
of Connect icut.
The histcry of Hil cases is given in
the report wherein members of coi -
gress ligure in getting authorization
for clerk hire in excess of thc amout.t
thC-Offivic in question was entitled tu.
I Minv of these increasts were only
I temporary, and have been diseontiu- ;
i Among those whos2 "influence" I
seemed good with thc post?nico de
partment are Senator Clay and Rep
resentative Griggs of Georgia; Sena
tor Pltehard secured an increase for
clerk hire of Greenville, N. C.. from
$70 to S150 per annum, whidion Dec.
1, 199H, was discontinued altogether.
He ajso secured an hicreaso from S40
to SI J0 for Wake Forest, N. C., which
was reduced to the former amount
Oct. J, 190:t.
Senator McLaurin appears for an
increase in South Carolina. Repre
sentatives Brownlow and Gibson se
cured Jscvcral Increases in Tennessee
whl?itjhave been reduced since. Six
?out ~*'J I cases In Virginia are down
to 'edit of Representative Swan
Ism, ''ark Agnew's name also
Th %'c accounts of 177 instances
in the report where members of con
gress have made recommendations in
connection with leases of buildings for
post?nico purp ses.
Senator ( )yerman is thc owner of
the building in which the postotllce at
Salisbury, N. C., is located. Thc re
port says that on taking his sc:it as a
United St?'es senator he offered to
surrender toe lease, but thc oller was
declined by the government, it beim:
held t hat th.- lease was not invalidat
ed by his eic Lion as senator.
Tin: report liles in the p< st office de
partment indicate that the office at
Tuskagce, Ala., is owned by t.be Rep
resentative Thompson of Alabama.
The report gives Lite correspondence
between Beavers and Representative
Thompson at bis successful ellorts to \
have the rentj allowance increased
from $2!0 to ?.'100 annually.
The following names of senators j
and membcis appear in the leport tis
having made representations to the
postoillee department concerning the
leases of promises for postottlces and
for allowances for rent, fuel ;. ul light.
Alabama Rcprescntatlvec.'i Bank
head and Cl vyton, Senator 1* Hus.
Connectic it -Repr?sent?t! es Her -
ry Hill and Lilly.
Georgia- Representative 0 riggs.
Illinois- tepresentatives G. W.
Smith, Mai sh, Graff, Mann, Se?an r
Cullom, ex-Senator Mason, Speaker
Indiana- Representatives Watsor,
neracuway, Cromer, < ivcrstrt ?t, Brie*
and C. B. L mdis.
Iowa-Representatives Connor. Hep
burn, Hull, Cousins, Thomas, Hat -
ghen and Senator Dolli ver.
Kansas- tepresentatives Cable -
head, Curti> and Bowersack.
Loulsiani a Representatives Brc? -
^/.eale, Ransdell and Senator McEnerv.
Massachutetts - Rep rcscntativis;
Lovering ai d Greene.
Michigan representatives Gard
ner, Smith, Fordncy, Hamilton,]
Bishop, Wm. A. Smith and Darragl .
Minnesota- -Representatives Mo
Cleary and Tawney.
Nebraska -Repr?sentative Burkett
New Jersey Representative Howell
New York Representatives Alex
ander, Brccland, Ketella ra, Sherman,
Wadsworth, Payne and Littauer.
North Carolina Senator Overman.
North Dakota -- R e p r e slcututivc
Dliio- Representatives Van Yoor
his, Slides and Grosvenor.
Pennsylvania - Represe ntatlvt s
Wagner, Bates, Ii vans, Acheson, Sib
ley, Dalzell and Butler.
South Carolina Representatives
South Dakota - lt ep r es en tat! ve
Tennessee Representatives Brown
Texas- Representative Ruileson.
Vermont Representatives Foster
Virginia Representative Swanson.
Washington -Representative Cush
West Virginia - Re presentatlves
Hughes and Dayton.
Wisconsin Representatives Minor,
Jenkins, Cooper, Davidson, Babcock,
Esch and Brown.
A supplemental list ls appended to
the report including thc names of Re
picsentatlves .Burnett and Thompson
of Alabama and Representatives W.
W. Kitchen and Small of North Caro
DAMAGE BY FLOODS.
Many Families uro Ilcnilcrcd Home
iens Much Moncv I-iosr.
The city of Wilkesbarre and the
Wyoming valley In Pennsylvania, was
lo a turmoil Wednesday. The mighty
How of water spread out north and
south west, making the north branch
of the Susquehanna river a vast, mad
dened, coursing lake, sweeping in its
path whatever there was to invade,
and the scene was more terrifying
than on Tuesday.
At Plymouth tho 9ntire business
section of the town ls under water.
Only a few business houses escap
ed the Hood, and as a result the
merchants have lost thousands of dui
lars worth of goods. The ice is gorged
there and the .water hacked up so
rapidly Wednesday afternoon to leave
their homes, and are now ll/'ng on
Hie upper floors.
Over a million dollars worth of prop
erty has been destroyed in the Wyom
ing valley and over two thousand fam
ilies rendered homeless. Tho igh the
river is falling at Wilkesbarre Wed
nesday night, towns in the vicinity
of Bloomsburg are experiencing the
worst Hood in their history.
Three spans of the great steel bridge
erected by thc state ?.t Catawissa
were swept from their piers early in
the afternoon and carri 3d four hun
dred yards by the ice and Wednes
day evening thc two remaining spans
Mill street, at Danville, the busi
ness thoroughfare of I hat city, was
under water Wednesday night for Its
whole legth more than i, mile. The
Ice moved at Danville ?arly in the
afternoon and carried tl e great cov
ered river hrlgde from it.:; pliers. The
water works of Danville are under
water and the city is without electric
light and gas. Two hundred families
have been forced to leave their homes.
CoiiercKHiuun Croit Dead.
A dispatch from Washington dated
March 0, say:;: "Representative
George W. Cruft ot the Second con
gressional district of South Carolina
is critically ill at his home here and
hope or his recovery has been aban
doned. Ile is suffering from blood
poisoning with complications of storm
ach trouble and heart failure due to
protracted illness. Heart stimulants
and saline solution are being admin
istered, but they are giving only In
different relief, and his death is be
lieved to be but a question of a few
hours. Mr. Croft's brother, a physi
cian of Aiken, S. C., is with him. Mr.
Croft's illness dates back about eight
weeks when he suffered an inllamma
tion of the right hand, due, lt is be
lieved, primarily to a splinter which
was removed from the palm after he
had been sick several days. For a
time tuj} inliiimmation decreased and .
tater, however, it again Deeame acute
and spread with greater virulence
than before, the whole right forearm
being.affected. Mr. Croft ls 57 years
of age, ls a well knowu lawyer of
South Carolina and was leading coun
sel for the defense in the Tillman trial
last year." He died Thursday.
IiiHiti c MHO'S Freak.
At Valdost l, Ga., a negro named
.lohn Wesley Stevens was adjudged in
sane and will be sent, to the asylum.
He had been terrorizing the negroes
around Clayatteville and Olympia and
was arrested Saturday and started to
the city on the train. When some
distance this side of Olympia he
jumped heath foremost through the
car window anti took to the woods,
lie was found Sunday in a lake, wad
ing around in water up to his neck.
He was Dually arrested again and
brought here for trial. The negro
has .some lucid moments, though he
sn Ile rs periodic spells, caused by hav
ing his head crushed under a wagon
wheel some time ago.
A Iii? Plant.
Thc Secretary of State Tuesday
issued a commission to the Pepe Clay
Product Company of Aiken which will
have a capitalization )f $'.00,000.
The corporators are J. C. Mosser and
J. C. Murphy of Harrisburg, Da. Thlsl
concern is backed by Andrew Carnegie
and will manufacture aluminum from
the kaolin with which Aiken a >ounds.
The manufacture of pottery glass
and lire brick also will bo con 1 neted.
The clay of South Carolina is attract
ing great att ention now, a **.00,000
concern having been chartered recent
ly to make paint out of thc inexhaust
ible ochre beds near Columbia.
A Railway Massacre.
The southbound limited express, on
the Alabama Great Southern, run
ning sixty miles an hour, collided
head-on, with a north-bo ind Southern
Railway freight near Kt wanee, Miss,
early Tuts lay. Accord! lg to reports
received there, no passengers were
killed, but Ave railway employees
lost their lives, several were injured
and parts of both trains were burned.
The dead are: Engineer P. P. Larkin,
Fireman Henry Manics, colored;
Robinson Higgs, mail <derk; D. D.
Nicholson, mall clerk; Express Messen
ger.!. II. Hinds. Doth roads use the
same track near Kewanee. Thc ex
press train was three hours late.
United Slates Commercial Agent
lt. T. Greener, at Vladivostock, has!
transmitted to thc department of j
commerce and labor the following
from a Chinese publication on thc
census of China: "According to the
last census taken in China, by impe
rial order, In view reassessing taxes,
thc total number of inhabitants
amounted to 420,447,32/> souls. The
18 Chinese provinces proper had 407,
737,305; Manchuria, 8,500,000; Mon
golia, 3,354,000; Tibet. 0,430,000 and
Chinese Turkestan, 420,000 inhabi
Poisoned by Mail.
A dispatch from Des Moines, Iowa,
says sending poisoned candy to Rena
Nelson of Pierre, South Dakota, re
sulted in lier death. Governor Cum
mi?s has announced that under the!
Iowa laws, (-.eliding poison through
the mall is au cxtradlble offense. He
says no pcni.lty is provided in Iowa
fur the offense, and he knows of no
way in willoh Mrs. Sherman Die,
under ar ri st at Doone, charged with
murdering Miss Nelson, can be prose
cuted. She probably will be released.
Site was jeal JUS of husband's' atten
tions to victim.
Some ThouKlitful Itemarks on the
.Subject from Southern Field.
The Southern Field says the South
in times past has grown too much cot
ton, grown it unadvisedly, as well, in
the case of hundreds aud thousands of
Individual farmers and planters, with
out intelligent cultivation. Always
the great money crop aud the one
easiest to market, as well as the one
about which so many, especially the
negro farmers, know most, men have
been kept raising it to their own
detriment. The trouble was not that
the world's production of cotton was
too large, but that the whole atten
tion was given to cotton, season in
season out, while the farmer had to
spend money for hay and other feed
for bis stock and for all that bis family
used, instead of raising on a portion of
bis farm the farm produce and forage
which he needed, thus making thc
cotton crop cost much more than it
ought, wltile the land was being im
poverished by the non-rotation of
crops. With cotton his only crop,
and a cash outlay necessary for all pro
visions and forage, Ute smaller farmer
had to market as soon as the crop was
made, with the result that tho lowest
prices resulted. Disaster necessarily
often followed, especially in the years
of general panic and depression, when
the demand for cotton declined. The
past few years, however, have been
better for cotton growers. Two years
have been rich ones for him, and all
the Indications are that they must
Tito time bas arrived when more
cotton must be grown to supply the
world's demands. The yield of cotton
has not increased of late in ratio to
the increased demand and consump
tion. Two years of short crops have
made this especially evident, and peo
ple are beard speculating as to the
supply of the future. Several things
have co-operated in bringing about
this change. One of the influences is
the great development of the textile
industry in the Southern States, which
bas made a home demand for raw cot
ton, at the same time the manufac
t u reis have been extend i ng the ma rkets
for their products, thus diminishing
tho amount available for export,
lessening tho supply of foreign mills,
which hare not been able to lind one
elsewhere. Undoubtedly, too, recent
advances in textile manufacturing, by
which new uses have been found for
cotton, have had much influence upon
tho demand for the staple.
The continued non-rotation of crops
has destroyed for a time a good deal of
cotton land and thus cut down the
yield. Tlie awakening of Southern
farmers to the value of'a diversity of
crops has reduced-the cotton acreage.
The scarcity of labor, caused in great..
measure by tho loaylr? of ! he.,farjns
i>?Mi, -, . > >...-?v?^v^ ??_- ior "Vt'tts .
towns, the factories, the mills, mines
and other work, bas helped to lessen
the acreage anti decrease the yield.
The result of all this has been to put
the price of raw cotton where it be
longs and make the cultivation of it
one of the most profitable of all kind?
of agriculture, and also to cause wide
spread discussion as to the future sup
ply of cotton, as well as regards the
ability of the South to greatly increase
its yield. The poorest crop of cotton
the South bas bad for years, that of
lOO.'l, from the iiigh prices, meant at
least $500,000,000 to her people, mak
ing it the most important of all
The question as to the ability of the
South to produce the cotton of the
world, or the most of it, bears directly
upon tlie question of the value of the
crop to the producer. The South will
increase tlie acreage in colton this
year very materially. This will natur
ally follow the great prolits from the
crop of last year. Much land which
has been devoted to other crops will
again be put. in cotton, but this will
not. make such ? great difference as at
tirst may lie thought. Many farmers
who have learned to diversify erops
have seen tho profit in tho practice
and will not abntulon it. Many have
left the cotton fields for good. To in
crease tho cotton crop to its proper
size two things there must be,a great
er care in cultivation and an inllux of
cotton growers, small cotton fanners,
or of cotton liehl laborers. The pre
sent situation nuikes a tine opening
for the intelligent farmer from the
North or Europe. It adds greatly to
tho opportunity in the South for good
farmers. These should he farmers
who will not make cotton their whole
crop, depending entirely upon it and
sending their money out of the coun
try for their food, their forage and
even for their stock, but farmers who
will diversify their labors and make
cotton simply one of their many pro
There is no (leith of good cotton
lands in the South, nor of lands for
general farming purposes. Some cot
I ton lands have rundown until often
I they fail to yield profitably, just as
! Dakota wheat fields have run down
j from con' Inuouscrops of wheat. The
South is nota one-crop country; on
the contrary, it is the best country in
thc world for diversified crops. Tho
?old cotton lands in most cases simply
need a rotation of crops and the right
kind of farming to make them yield,
instead of 200 lbs., from "uio to 800
or moro pounds per acre.
There are millions of "acres too
which have never had a plow on them.
When it is remembered that farm
lands in tho South are cheaper than
in any other sect ion of the country, it
will be seen what an opportunity is
open to thc immigrant from other
States. Thc Northern man can raise
cotton successfully; and while he is
doing it he can sell his extra produce
to other cotton planters who follow
the one crop._
The Ts'cw York American says spec
tators in Justice Truax's part of thc
Supreme Court were amazed yester
day when Mrs. Hertha Mccallum testi
fied in her suit for the annulment of
her marriage last summer to l'ercy
Mccallum. Thc Justice drew a long
breath as he looked at her-a child in
appearance. Sie testified that niter
living with her husband for three
weeks she returned to her parents,
Mr. and Mrs. Max Weiss, because he
could not support her. Mr. and Mrs.
Weiss testified that their daughter
would not be sixteen until April 0.
Justice Truax reserved decision.
MARES GOOD START.
New Russian Commander at Port
Arthur Uses New Tactics.
ATTACKS THE JAPANE8S FLEET
And Sinks One Torpedo Boat and
Loses One Torpedo Boat
Des t roy PI-. The Japs
The Russian torpedo boat flotilla
left Fort Arthur at broad day light
Thurday morning and attacked the
Japanese fleet. One Japanese torpedo
boat was sunk and one Russian tor
pedo boat destroyer, the Bezposht
chadni, was sunk. Admiral Maka
ron* inaugurated his assumption of the
command of the Russian fleet at Port
Arthur by a complete change of tac
tics. As soon as he appeared he or
dered the removal of tho battleship
Retvizan, which was stranded at tho
mouth of the harbor and barred the
channel at certain stages of the tide,
making tho egress of battleships im
possible. Thursday morning he di
rected a sortie of tl ie torpedo boat
flotilla, supported by parc of the Rus
sian squadron, against the Japanese.
WHAT A1.EXIEFK SAYS.
Viceroy Alexiell has sent the follow
ing message to the emperor:
"In the light between our torpedo
boats and the Japanese cruisers on
March 10 Capt. Mattoussevich, Ensign
Alexandros and Mechanical Engineer
Blinoil received slight wounds, and
Ensign /noir was severely wounded in
the head, losing his right eye. The
commandant at Port Arthur report
the following details of the bombard
ment of the fortress on March 10: 'As
soon as the enemy opened lire our bat
teries replied. Six of the enemy's
ships remained behind the LiaoTishin
promontory and opened lire on the
fortress over thu I siteiler. They
ceased bombarding at ll. 15 .p. m. The
enemy Hied about 200 projectiles.
One shell from battery Ko. 15, on
Electric CHIT, damaged a Japanese
cruiser seriously. ''The results of the
bombardment were insignificant; six
soldiers were wounded. Three inhab
itants of the town were killed and
ono was seriously wounded. Accord
ing to Cen. Stoessel's report the offi
cers and soldiers in the shore batteries
displayed exemplary courage and fired
their guns in perfect order."
A MORE IM: LA 11.Ki) KKFORT.
"Admiral Makaroff, commanding
the tleet, reports from Port Arthur,
under date of March 10, as follows:
"Six torpedo boats which went out
to sea the-night i f ..Vinxel. }$^ '~ n^&s&s
maud of OaptffR, .^(S?p^?^I^H?^!^
countered tho enemy's torpedo boats
followed by cruisers. A hot action
ensued in which the torpedo boat
destroyer Vlastini discharged a white
head torpedo and sunk one of the
enemy's torpedo boats. O a the wt.y
back the torpedo boat destroyer
Steregusehtehi, commanded by Lieut.
Sjrgueleff, sustained damages; h jr
engine was dlsibled and she began i.o
founder. By 8 o'clock in the mornir g
live of our torpedo boat destroyers
had returned. When the critlcil
position of the Stereguschtchl became
evident, I hoisted my fl ig on tho
cruiser Novik and sent the cruiser
Boyar?n to the rescue. But as Ave
of the enemy's cruisers surrounded our
destroyer and as their battleship
squadron was approaching, I did* not
succeed in saving the Steregusehtehi,
which foundered. Part of the crew
was made prisjners and part was
"On the ships which participated
in tlie night attack, one officer was
seriously and three others were slight
ly wounded; two soldiers were killed
and 18 were wounded. At 9 o'clock ii
of the enemy's ships ?ssembled before
I'ort Arthur and a bombardment was
begun with the heavy guns of their
battleship squadron at long range.
This tlisted until 1 o'clock in thc
afternoon, lt is es ;i mated that the
enemy tired 15-1 12-ineb shells. The
damage to our vessels was insignifi
cant, und they are agaiu ready for
battle. Oiir losses were oue officer
slightly wounded and one soldier kill
ed and four soldier!? wounded. Tho
Illumination of the sea at night hy
the srarchlishts momted at our bat
teries .vas most satisfactory and sev
eral times isolated shots from our
batteries forced the enemy's torpedo
boats to retire. "With tho announce
ment of the bombardment at dawn
the guns of thc fortress replied to tho
enemy's tire. "The crew on board all
the ships engaged ,'ave proof of re
markable coolness i i action. Below
decks the work of the day followed Its
ordinary course in spite of l he shells
falling between thc ,'esscls and cover
ing thom with fragments. "A bom
bardment at such a distance must be
considered ineffective; but vhe Japan
ese cruisers Takasigo is reported to
have been seen to si (fer serious dam
age, tho extent of which, however, lt
was Impossible to ascertain at a dis
tance of live miles. Many shells were
fired at a range of 7 1-2 miles."
Section HiimlB Killed.
At Harrisburg, Pa., four unidenti
fied men were burned to death In a
box car containing gasoline, which
caught fire near Harrisburg Wednes
day. Two others barely escaped with
their lives. The men were employed
as section hands. One man lighted
his pipe near the eask of gasollno
She Must Work.
A court at Coshocton, O., has en
joined a woman who ts suing her hus
band for divorce from abandoning her
household duties, ordering that she
must make his bed and cook Iiis meals
during the pendency of the action.
This would seem to be carrying gov
ernment by injunction to tho limit.
Murder ami Htilcble.
At Trenchtown, N. J., Miss Mary
Wyker, pretty young school teacher,
is dying, and Paul Weaver, eighteen
years old ls dead, as the result of lils
insane jealousy which led him Wednes
day night to make a murderous attack
I on the gir, with a pistol, ami v.h.-u
I pursued by a posse of bis neighbors
I he took his own life.