Newspaper Page Text
A NOBLE HERO
Whose Remains Repose io tho Ceme
tery at Newberry, 8. 0.
CALVIN CROZIER, A SON OF TEXAS
Story of tho Splendid HeroiHin ol fl
Mun Who Wa? Murdered ut
Newberry by Nefero.Fed
Near tho entrance to Rosemont
cemetery, this city, stands a monu
ment to thc memory cf Calvin Cro
zier, .a heroic son of t ic Lone Star
State, whose sacred remains rest be
neath. Thc story of h s splendid he
roism, which inspired him to risk his
life to defend thc honor of South Car
olina women, and to give that life to
save that of an innocent man, and of
his murder by negro rulliaus who
wore tho uniform of tbc United States
army, is well told in Hie following
article by Octavia Zollicoller Bond,
which appeared In a recent issue cf
the News and Courier:
I would be glad to "eat the slop
from your kitchen," wrote Calvin
Crozier to Iiis mother when about to
leave the Indianapolis military prison
in April, 1805.
To say that he was "one of Mor
gan's men" presents to thc imagina
tion the picture of a stalwart Ken
tucky trooper, which Crozier was not.
On the. contrary he was a rather boy
ish looking Texan for his 25 years of
age. Barely live feet, eight indies in
height, slender, with fair complexion
and dark brown hair, ho bad a mild
expression of countenance which, ex
cept for the steely gleam of thc steady
blue eyes, was not suggestive of thc
bold and determined character of thc
Captive Confederate. Kew would have
taken him to be What lie really was,
one of thc most daring of Morgan's
Intrepid raiders, one, moreover, who
had been early seasoned in arms, an
Indian lighter on the border, under
Gen. Ross, just before the outbreak of
the civil war. Especially did lie ap
pear now, at tlic end of nearly two
years' imprisonment and ill treatment,
a harmless creature. ''Almost starved
to death," as he wrote his family,
sick and pitifully thin, he had hardly
the strength to button his faded gray
jacket and walk out of the prison
gates that had beer, thrown open by
the surrender at Appomattox. The
type of thousands win? like himself
had fought for a principal with all his
might, and lost, he faced about and
began to consider, in a dazed sort of
way, how ne was to reach home. Ah,
the Galveston home with its sunshine
and Howers ami its bountiiul board,
should he never see it again? How
clearly he remembered thc patriotic
exalation of spirit in which he had
left it to i jin Good's Light Artillery
at Dallas in 1801. Well, too, he re
membered the enthusiasm of Iiis first
great battle at Elk Horn, (Pea
Ridge.) where brave McCulluch fell,
the march eastward to Corinth, where
he was transferred to the command ol
Gen. Gans, as well as the reckless ar
dor with which lie had refused to re
turn to Texas when (ians was ordered
back, and had persisted in going for
ward to join .fohn Morgan, "where
there is more fighting.'1
Now all was changed. There were
no drums and liles, no comrades and,
worst of ali. no hope, lt was a long
way to walk back to Calveston, and
he was ill. Yet the effort must be
.mflfle... ?here alone might he lind
rest ft_..ia" utter weariness in the
loving ministrations or father, moth
er and two dear sisters, and possibly a
reunon with the five brave brothers,
who, like-,himself, had dedicated all
to the South in the beginning of thc
great conllict. Hy slow stuges the re
turn was begun. Three States in suc
cession were crossed by Hie ragged,
foot-sore Confederate. With the help
of sympathizing compatriots, manyi;!
whom had.been left by -lie chances ot
war almost as destitute as himself, he
painfully pursued his journey. In the
''Old North State" a benevolent di c
tor was his good Samaritan, nursing
him back tu ?comparative health by
weeks of faithful care ?md enabling
bini, with timely aid, lo make the
rest of the journey home by rail. On
leaving the kind doctor, willi a grate
ful heart he proceeded tr Newberry, in
South Carolina. Here he was halt
way home and his thoughts t urned
with increasing eagernc-.. to the hume
folks: for this was thc native State of
his mother, who came ol' hardy South
Carolina stuck, but. later knew tu
dare the dangers ul' the newer West
and brave the perils of surrounding
savages in Alabama, b'rom hen lie
had the traditional pioneer manhood
that made him Hie oat ..;;, champion
of thc defenceless, the instinctive pro
tector of women against all thal was
brutal, low. stiong or coarse. from
his Irish father be bad the impulsive
blood to strike swiftly and freely fur
During the night ol' Thursday,
September 7, he. reached Newberry,
expecting tu malve close connection
witli thc south-bound train. In those
disjointed "reconstruction limes'
travel was not altogether safe for a
man, much less for a won.an. Especi
ally was ibis true in Newberry, where
thc 33d regiment of LT. S., negro
troops, under Col. Trowbridge, was en
camped in an adjoining grove. There
fore, when two young women frond
Orangeburg, S. <'., going the same
route as himself, were placed in his
care by a fellow passenger Calvin
Crozier accepted thc charge asa sacred
trust. As <i gentleman should as a
manly Southerner would, he felt honor
bound to stand bei ween them and
Throne h an unfortunate accident
the train on which they were leaving
was derailed (.whether done by thc
negro troops or not w as never known)
and as lhere were nu suitable accom
modations convenient, the ladles con
cluded to remain in the coach unt il
Hie train should be righted. Wli
help was being summoned from
Helena, thc nearest station, then
protector left the car lora short Lime.
On returning presently lie was shocked
to Und the ladies under his eme terri
lied by the insults ol a burly negro
soldier who had taken advantage ol
his absence to enter thc ear occupied
by the young women. Hurrying to
their rescue Crozier ordered the offen
sive wretch to leave, which he secure
in the military power behind him. re
fused to do. Ajribthcr uniformed ne
gro now showed Idmscl and joined
with thc first in violently refusing to
jo. In the altercation and struggle
Which followed Crozier managed to
eject them both from I be ear, when
one of them moved off in the direct ion
of the camp. Hut, thc other still
made determined resistance. Out on
thc tracks, in thc darkness, thc white
man and the bl u k closed m desperate
light, in wliich C'rolzcr drew lils knife
and slashed across the back of the ne
gro's neck, In ll loti ng a wound all too
slight for his desert. At ??i?D the
cowardly oreature fled after his com
rade yelling: "I am cut! I'm cut!"
Crozier was not slow to realize the
danger of his own position. The
town was practically In the power of
the colored troops. For an Ex-Con
federate law and justice did not exist
1 at that time; and at best there were
two witnesses to swear falsely against
i Wm, both members of a race to whom
lying ls natural. Ills only safety was
to disappear under cover of darkness,
which was Immediately and effective
ly done. None too soon had Crozier
left the spot. The awful sound of an I
i enraged mob was gathering In the
distance. With increasing noise it
came nearer and nearer. Presently
Uf ty or more infuriated blacks were
swarmlag around the station, ruaring
Tor vengeance on the white man.
While they were searching for their
intended victim Mr. Jacob Bowers,
thc section master, caine up from
Helena to superintend the righting of
the cars. He was pounced upon by
four of the mad crowd, who excitedly
cried out: "Here he is!" and drag
ged him forward into thc midst of thc
others who had gathered on the sta
tion platform. Crozier could hear
Howers declaring his innocence, while
the frenzied soldiers, refusing to be
lieve him, were denouncing him with
oaths and curses. Thc., were for
shooting him at ouce and despite his
protestations were leading him off to
lt was a crucial test for a man's
soul. Silence on Calvin Crozier's part
would insure Iiis own safety. A mo
ment more and thc section master
would be sacriliced in his stead. Hut
thc hero who within the hour had
jeopardized Ids life in defense ol' help
less womanhood was not of thc mould
lo let another pay the penalty of his
daring act. There was no choice left
to his noble spirit. Instantly emerg
ing from his hiding place lie gave
himself up boldly asserting that it
was he, not Howers, who had done the
cutting. Upon which the section
master was released and the new vic
tim was grabbed, bound last and hur
ried hy the bivouac of thc wounded
negroe's regiment, where he was kept
uiuler guard thc remainder ol' the
night. That bc was not killed on tilt
spot was owning solely to the ser
geant, who Insisted that he must bc
taken to headquarters, une would
think that, however violent mem
bers o? an antagonistic race mai
have been in their fury against bin
i that lie might have looked lor protcc
tion from Trowbridge, thc colonel o
thc regiment, who passed for a will ti
man. < In the contrary. Hie only mere;
shown him was from a negro subordi
nate ntlicer who, willing to save ;
noble life, urged thc prisoner to tak
back what he ii:;-! said and deny tba
bc was the one who had wounded th
soldier, lint Crozier stoutly refuse
lo recant, saying: "Loose mc and
will show you whether 1 am thc ma
Higher olllccrs were appealed to i
vain to save him. On being question
ed by Col. Trowbridge bc acknowi
edged the deed, explaining that li
[ acted from a sense of duly and boldl
declaring: "I would do it again.
In answer to which he was told ilia
Hie act would cost him his lite.
In short. Crozier was promptly ctn
demned to death without even tl
: form of a trial and was not allowe
communication with any citizen wlii
1 awaiting his doom. About dayligl
on the following morning (Frida;
September 8.) thc regiment was draw
up in line of mardi. Slow drum bea
; marked off thc remaining momcn
I of the prisoner's life while he was b
ing lcd a few yards from the camp. ?
was halted on thc brink of a shallo
lude, freshly dug in the earth, ar
ordered lo kneel. There was a liai
at guns in Hie murky dawn and il
'martyred Crozier fell lifeless. A rel
able citizen, who bad ventured ne;
lo watch the tragedy, saw the d
moniacal tro.ips tbrow the still uar
body into the hole, then jump upi
it. dancing and stamping with the
heels lo press it into thc insuMieiei
The 'Aila colored troops immediate
moved oil some distance down I.I
railroad lo awail thc train. Thc
degraded leader, Trowbridge, wi
afterwards heard to declare that I
took all the responsibilty of the kil
ing on bin.sill'. There let il and tl
shame of it forever rest.
During Friday morning the gm
people of Newberry visited the fat
spot where Calvin Crozier badin,
murdered. His honored remains wei
taken up and an inquest was held I
Silas .Johnstone, intendant, acth
coroner, in which much testimony wi
taken that elicited the facts aboi
stated. The body was ihcn reverent)
colllned and laid to rest in the ol
cemetery of the town, attended by
large cona msc of ihe best citizens <
In 1890 a movement was starte
by thc editor of thc Newberry t)
server to erect a monument to Crozier
memory. Three hundred dollars wi
quickly subscribed, and in I vi u
heros body was removed th "Hos
niont" Cemetery, in Newberry, whei
his noble scit-sacrilice was rccordi
upon a marble shall ten feet, iii
inches in height, ie,ling ona hiy
base of Newberry granit.
< ni the front face Of the column
thc "Lone Star of Texas." Hellcat
it is inscribed:
Calvin S. Crozier,
August, I s lu.
At Newberry. S. C.,
September 8, 180f?.
On thc north side is thc vcr-,':
"liest on. end alined and sainte
Dear as thc blood you g.ive:
No impious footsteps herc shall ire;
Thc herbage of your grave.
Nor shall your glory bc forgot,
While fame ber record keeps.
r>r honor points thc hallowed spi
Where valor produly sleeps."
i in thc remaining sides of the sha
Lhc circumstances of his death a
Calvin Crozier's four brothers, wi
ike himself bad lived through tl
langers bf four years of war. al! aile,
wards died, through a singular fatal it
'rom thc ( Heels of hardship and e
posure while lu the army. Tho so
turvlvor of thc.band of brothers ai
Kiers is Mrs. Mary i; iders, of llhui
.Texas,, who writes under recent dat
"All my kin served in thc war wi
were old enough to go."
<>n the thirty-lifth anniversary
Lhc day on which Calvin Crozier dh
tis only remaining sister with all lu
family, twelve in number, perished
Lhc great Calveston Hood.
Did I say that Calvin Crozier diet
)ur heroes can only die in being fe
jot ten. And when they are forgotti
ill that is ennobling in human natu
shall have perished in our hearts. T
/lien Crozier's self-immolation sliou
?land as an example to A meriel
nanhood, a pattern for modern chi VJ
ry; and women everywhere should
unite to htnor his name-a Dame
which the South must surely write,
in Ulumlned characters ou her his
CHAMBERLAIN SPEAKS OUT
xVntl Helmkes a Preacher Tor Savin;;
Hanna Was a Saint.
Ex-Gov. D. H. Chamberlain writes
as follows to the Springfield Republi
Will you give me space to testify
publicly my grateful appreciation of
Mr. Garrison's courage and fidelity lu
rebuking in the Republican of the
20th inst., Dr. Edward Everett Hale's
gross olTenee to good morals, not to
say religion, lu his eulogy in the Seu
ate chamber of the late Senator
The column of newspaper comments
on Hanna's death which you repro
duced in the Republican of the 17 th
inst, was surely melancholy enough
reading; for out of the whole number
only two spoke H:e truth-the Boston
Herald and the New York Evening
Post. But none of these struck KO
low a uote as Dr. Hale, the dean, in
some sense, of our Cnitarian clergy,
the man who, by age, position and ex- ]
pcrienee, ought to bave spoken a high
and resounding word for public mor
ality and ci vic conscience. 1, for one, ?
am inexpressibly shocked to tiud it
possible that an eminent clergyman of
the liberal faith can be so ignorant or
so misguided as to call Hanna "a
whole-souled child of God." I say ig
norant, fordoes not Dr. Hale .know
what all thc rest of thc world knows
that this man was simply the most
accomplished political trader our cen
tury and more of partisan politics bas
produced? Did he not know that his
advent in our national politics was as
the unblushing purchaser, for cash
and for otliccs, or the greater part of
thc Southern delegates at thc St.
Louis Convention which nominated
McKinley in isac? Bribery and cor
ruption are always vile, but their vi
lest aspect is seen in thc buying of ig
norant colored delegates, who. of all
men. most need the protection and
guidance of men who engage as lead
ers in our politics. Was ever crime
deeper or hypocrisy more glaring than
when this man went with bribes to
debauch the representatives of a race
and people whom he was loudly pro
claiming were the victims of South
ern white prejudice and injustice''
Hanna's one only conception of politics
was business, the business of making
money by politics, of carrying conven
tions and elections by money. And
vet Dr. Hale, representative, to a de
gree, of Huston culture, of Boston
morality and religion, holds tin's man
before, the nation, and especially be
fore the youth of this country, as "a
whole-souled child of God!" If a
more shocking or debasing word bas
ever been uttered by a professed
teacher of morality 1 cannot recall it.
I). II. Chamberlain.
Columbia, S. C., February 2s, taut.
Ile Han Skipped.
A few nights ago Mr. W. S. Cooper,
who bas been for several months thc
agent of thc Southern Railway at
ilonca Bath, quietly took his trunk
from thc hotel and left for parts un
known. "When thc hotel-keeper in
quired about bim next morning it was
found that be bad left money to pay
bis board bill, and, as far as your cor
respondent can learn, he settled all
bis bills in town and was straight in
bis accounts with thc railroad com
pany. lt was reported that lie left
without even resigning his position,
but lt is not definitely known whether
or not this report is true. There is
no reason known herc why be should
have left secretly, more than is con
tained is an unconfirmed, but persis
tent, rumor that there is the inevit
able "woman in the case."
Killed His Brother.
At Spartanburg Thursday playfully
pointing an old cap pistol at his
brother, pulling thc trigger and not
realizing the danger, lloyd Hailey,
aged H5 years, was shot and instantly
killed by his brother, a 12-year-old
lad, a bullet from the weapon having
entered the boy's forehead. The boys
were at nome alone at the time, their
patents having left to attend a funeral
of a friend, and upon their way home
the parents were informed ot the sad
trageddy that had fallen over their
bright and happy home during their
absence. The killing was purely ac
cidental. The younger brother did
not know the weapon was loaded, and
they had been playing with it some
lime bet?re the accident occurred.
The accident lias cast a shadow over
the neighborhood where the Halleys
Com pl ne Mastodon Pound.
The complete form of a mastodon
lias been discovered at Hillside, on
.marl;'. ( reek, according to a dispatch
from Dawson, V.T. 11 was imbedded
IS feet in the earth when lound and
the usc ot a steam thawing plant was
lecessary to unearth thc immense
mi mal. The hair and the skinned' the
(east are said to be In a perfect state
if preservation, although the tlesh is
i imewhat decomposed, and the big
usks which remain fastened to the
,Uull are in good condition, lt is
stlmated that theskeleton is worth
ibout $50,000, as there are but one or
wo in existence in as good condition
is is this. The mastodon was dis
iovcrcd buried in an old channel, well
vi th in the /one of almost perpetual
rust, which accounts for its excellent
> reserva tl on.
A Painlly Tragedy.
Another family tragedy, similar to
he Bcseko case, occurred Wednesday
,t Pankow, a suburb of Merlin, Ger
nauy. Theodore Brambach, a com
mercial traveler, took bis wife and
on ti? the circus on Tuesday evening,
nd alter returning home, the family
at down to a supper. Alter his wife
nd son had gone to bed, Brambach
urned on the gas, but the rooms were
Ob well ventilated and this plan of
catii failed. Wednesday morning
. ra mbach Shot lils son and his wife
nd then himself, having previously
eut a .servant toa friend with a letter
^plaining his act. Brambach, like
dcutenant Bcseke, had lived far he
uhd bis means and bad become In
cl ved in financial difficulties.
Nearer. My God, Tu Then.
''Tills hymn luis a singular history,
od is ii proof ol the facl that God
I looses st tange means and instilments
i times to occomplisb his purpose,
'be writer. Mrs. Adams, was the
aughfer of it couple who Hist met In
iewgate Jail, England, the father
eing a political offender. It ls said
lat Mrs. Adams was a Cnitarian:
ut the Trinitarian spirit of the hymn
so evident in every line, that it hus
lien accepted and sung by Christians
iroughont the world, lt was written
; a personal experience, and a mern
rial of answered prayer.- Selected.
A STRANGE CASE.
? Beautiful Actress Makes Strange
Charges Against a Doctor.
SAID SHE WAS HELD PRISONER.
For Months by Hyponotio lutlucuce
l>y tho Doctor, but ltoluacU to
Leave Him Whoa Sho
timi a Chanco. ,
In New York one day last week a
remarkable case ot psychic phenomena
was brought to the attention of the
West Forty-seventh street police by a
handsomely gowned woman. To the
tation sergeant she told a weird story
of hypnotic inlluence involving a pro
minent osteopathic physician.
The characters in the strange
drama are Florence Archie, an En
glish actress, and Dr. Charles P.
Starken, who has delved into the
mystic while treating a select circle
uf patients, among whom, he says,
are .John D. Rockefeller and Senator
Miss. Archie was accompanied to
the station by another woman, who
said she w is Miss Gertrude Whalen,
Of No. 03 West Forty-e?ghth street.
The latter explained thc visit.
"This w noan has been held a pris
oner against her will in the home of
one of Ne v York's best known doc
tors," she said.
The Serjeant came from behind
his dosk and stood beside Miss Archie.
She is a brunette with a Grecian type
of face, an i of striking beauty.
"Yes, it is true," she said. "1
have been held a prisoner by Dr.
Charles F. Starken in the Albany
apartment' at Broadway and Fifty
second street. 1 have been there for
some months and 1 have tried before
to get away. Thursday afternoon thc
Doctor went out and I determined to
"I don't know what thc Doctor will
do if lie ever linds me now. lam
afraid of him, aud whenever he is near
me I feel a power that 1 canuot de
scribe. Ile has rac hypnotized, and
when bc sits down and talks with rae
1 feel that 1 am absolutely powerless
todo anything unless he wills it.
"Ile has held mc in thc Albany
apartment against my will, and until
Miss Whalen caine to sec me Thurs
day I simply was unable to tell my
story to anybody, although I did
manage to break the inlluence once
and get to a hospital. Whenever 1
made up my mind tn tell thc nurs^
about my case 1 seemed tu lose thc
power of speech.
"lt is more than I can bear, and I
appeal to you to save me fruin this
man," she cried hysterically, holding
her arms toward the astonished ser
From Miss Whalen it was learned
that Miss Archie came to this coun
try a yt ar ago with an English theat
rical company. Last September she
visited Dr. Starken, and recently
neighbors at the Albany believed they
were man and wife.
Detective England overcame Miss
Archie's aversion to returning to the
doctor's ap irtment and they found Dr.
Starken at home. Ile Hew into a
ra^'e, but bis passionate outbreak end
ed as abruptly as it began. England
was then invited to sitduwn, and tak
ing Miss Archie's hand Dr. Starken
led her to a chair. She had been de
liant, but the moment he lookedilnto
her eyes they became dull and al^sigu
of hysteria left ber.
"What can 1 do for you?" "?.*
doctor to Lnglau.\-rS (. .
*'This woman accuses you ..3? '
lng' her here against ber will. She
says you hive hypnotic power overlier
and that s ie is a prisoner, We have
been asked to protect her.
"You didn't say that about me, did
you dear," said thc little doctor ina
southing tone. Miss Archie didn't
"This is not true. 1 have not kept
hera prisoner. She can leave me any
time she wants to. I won't stop her
at all," said Starken. Then, turning
suddenly and facing thc cowering girl
"But if you do leave me. you know
about that pistol in thc next roora.
Thc moment you go, PH blow ray
brains out. Now go if you want to."
"Come ahead, miss, you'd better
get out of herc," said England. "Do
you want lo leave him?"
"No, 1 Con't think so. I guess I'd
better stay here," she replied, and Die
astonished detective left thc apart
When an "American" reporter
called a short time later, he was ad
mitted by the little ductur himself,
"1 do not hold her herc. She says
1 hypnotize her. That is not so, fur
die is thc one who hypnotizes me. 1
:annut explain this thing. She ls all
nine and i o one can have her.
"1 am au educated man and a keen
nialyst of character, but 1 cannot
Icterininc what it is about her thal
;o enthralls me. In my pracl.lc I have
iccorae acquainted with some of the
uost beautiful women in New York,
nit to all of them I wish merely a
irofcssioual man until 1 met Miss
V reine. The moment I saw her
lometbing told me that she was the
me destined to be minc, and since
lie caine here we have lived happily.
5he is ray wife and it. is not true that
have hypnotized her. Do you want
o see her".'"
Receiving an atlirmativc reply the
loctor went to another room and in a
uomenl returned with the woman,
vho Is i inly beautiful.
"Are youa prisoner'.-'" thc doctor
sked ol ber.
"Why, no, "she replied, for thc lirst
Imo noticlug the reporter.
"Did 1 not tell you you might go
riving when you cared to?"
"Wily, Of course you did."
"Did 1 no! even say to-day that you
light have company?" said thc doc
or. looking at her with a quit smile.
'"S es. you said Miss Whalen might
all to sec me."
Thc police arc in a quandary and do
ot. know what to do.
Dr. Starken recently declared that
c had cviiived a scheme to treat John
i. Rockefeller tor his illness by plac
ig bim in a series of elect ric and
Leam oven. Ile is known as an
Lcopath and mesmeric healer and a
medalist In occult science. Since the
.ur of Dr. Lorenz in this country he
as also practiced bloodless .surgery.
Ought to Have lt.
Mrs. Mamie Monds has tiled stilt for
Ivorcc in thc dist rici court of Ileau-I
lout, Texas, alleging that she reccnt
- became converted to thc Baptist
lilli, and that her husband. .1. T. ,
cuds, persistently, anti without any
did and legitimate reason, refuses to
crmit ber tu be baptized, causing I
iii-great menta, anguish and fear ol j
sing ber soul, causing her tu bc es
anged from her husband by reason
' his sending remarks, and that life
Ith him is unbearable and a proseen-1
THE USING OF FERTILIZERS.
An lnteretitlnK .Article on the Subject
from tho Southern Cultivator.
We wisli to discuss briefly fertiliz
ing, not fertilizers. Wc wiBh to call
attention to tbe using of fertilizers
We gather, from our numerous In
quires upon this subject, that very
matiy do not fully understand this
important part of farming.
There seems to be an Impression
that wo use fertilizers for the benefit
of the soil. This is a great mistake.
They are intended to help thc crop
and not the soil.
Certain element of plant food arc
made soluble and therefore quickly
available to growing plants. We call
these fertilizers. We uso them to
help make the crops grow more rapid
ly and mature earlier.
Wc use them because they are not
soil food, but plaDt food.
Now we see at ouce that a fertilizer
to be good must he such that the
ilrst plant will take it up. Hence we
use, should use them, so as to get the
WHY DO WK FEUTILI/.K'.''
Mainly on account of our iguorance
and laziness*. We don't know that
the same ingredient of plant food
which we are buying, already exists
in tile soil in abundant supply. Or if
wc know this we are not willing todo
thc work necessary to get these from
We Und that by scratching the soil
three or fo.tr inches and using these
bought helps, weean force a fair crop.
Heneo we prefer to sit about idle all
thc fall and winter, and then rely up
on the fertiliz'-r to make the crop.
If we break the soil deep and pul
verize it very lindy, it will supply the
same things we buy. But that means
work, and most of us are lazy.
Hy continuous bad preparation and
bad cultivation, and thc stimulus of
fertilizers, ve greatly injure the soil.
That is wc decrease its productive
SHALL VE CONTINUE TO USE THEM?
lt will pay us to tloso. if we use
them right. Do all we can to get our
soil in productive shape, and then
help it out by judicious use of fertili
zers. We should buy as cheaply as
possible. To do this we must get the
ingredients and do our mixing, as far
as possible. Buy the phosphorus and
potash and ammonia each in the
Then mix with reference to thc crop
we are exrectinn to use it upon.
Plants all use much the same food
and in very much the same propor
Phosphoric acid, potash, ammonia
are the ingredients the crops need.
Some need more nf one, and sumo
more of another of these.
As the Southern farmers raise all
the cotton sei d, they do not need to
buy more nitrogen. If properly
handled, the cotton seed will supply
Ibis clement, at least as much of it
as is needed after we have taken care
of all the animal manures and rotting
Thc phosphoric acid and potash we
can not raise. We must work til is
out of tile soil or buy it.
Deep plowing, rotting of erop.1,
growing grasses and clovers and pjas
and cattle will soon supply all the
elements of fertility. Hut until this
ls done, we must buy acid and kainit
or muriate of potash.
If we are fertilizing the grain crops,
and a large number of truck crops, I
av.n as cabbage and tomatoes, then'
we need some ammonia.
For all of the legumcnous crops we
need only aeid and potash. For cot
ton, we need a very small quantity of
If Hie previous crop was peas or
clover or Bermuda grass we do not
need any ammonia for cotton or corn
Hut if the land has been badly hand
led or planted in ordinary crops we
will need some.
In writing to inquire to fertilize it
is not necessary to describe your soil.
The soil is thc work-shop, and varies
Loo much to enable any one to pre
scribe for it.
Of course these are merely guides.
You can vary them to suit your cir
eurastanees. Hut they will lit most
Acid phosphate.1200 pounds
C. S. Meal. 500
Kainit. .tOO "
If you uso muriate, lo?los, will do.
At id phosphate.IOHO pounds
C. S. Meal. ooo "
Kainit. loo "
For grasses, sorghum and all that
class ot' truck crop:
Acid phosphate .I200 pounds
C.S. Meal. loo
Kainit . 500 "
For melons anti fruit:
Acid phosphate.lOOO "
C. S. Meal. 500
li the previous culture has been
good and the soil is tilled with humus,
then use loss C. S. Meal aud more
If the soil is worn and washed and
thin, and l icks vegetable mat ter and
humus, then use more C. S. Meal.
If you wish to use live cotton seed
t hen use U pounds in place of one of
C. S. Meal.
The quantity of any of these to tte
used, depends upon how much crop
you wish to make and how much mon
ey you aro. willing to invest in the
Lost His Fingers.
Thc Augusta Chronicle says Willie,
Lhe five-year-old son of Mr. and Mrs.
M. F. lintier, residing al 5111 Broad
street, bad the thumb of one hand
md two lingers of thc other hand cut
?tl Wednesday morning by a lawn
nouer. The little fellow was in the
lack yard of thc home, with the other
.hildren ol'the. household. Willie's
arger brother had the lawn mower
dazing with il. Willie had a wagon.
In some way the wagon became fas
ened in the lawn mower and Willie
vas endeavoring to extricate it. Ile
noved the machine without thinking
d' his great danger, and thc heavy
dades ol' Ibo machine caught both
lands, doing the above damage. The
it tlc fellow was quickly extricated
rom the machine b> those, who heard
us enos and rushed to the, scene, and
arrled into the house. Physicians
vere hastily summoned and the arrt
ititated lingers given surgical atten
Jinny I'enplc Drowned.
A special dispatch from Paris an
lOUiices that the French steamer
lam hodge (ol' 2,355 ions,) which left
tangOOIl February 17 for Cocllln
Jbina, and European ports, bas been
/rocked ina storm oil' the coast of
'ochin-Cblna. The Cambodge carried
ne hundred passengers, mostly
innamese. About fifty of them were
HOW IS THIS?
Thomas E. Watson Finds a Flaw in
Grover Cleveland's Denials.
DOUGLAS AND WIFE AT WEDDING
Ho Also Says Cleveland When
Governor of New York
Signed a Bill for
Thomas E. Watson, the historian
and an ex-member of Congress, who,
because of his retirement from active
political life possesses unusual influ
ence among the people of the South,
In an open letter to tho Atlanta News
declared that Cleveland was worse
than Roosevelt on the negro question.
Mr. Watson's letter, dated at his
home, Thomson, Ga., is aa follows:
Mr. Cleveland denies that C. H. J.
Taylor lunched or dined at his table.
Certaiu newspapers devoted to Mr.
Cleveland print his letter under sraie
headlines which announce that "No
negro ever ate at Cleveland's tables."
In saying this they unwittingly go
too far, and they make trouble for
their oracle. Ile did not say that
"No negro ever atc at my table." He
confined his denial strictly to Taylor.
It might not bc fair to recall in
stances where colored Congressmen
dined at the White House, at State
dinners, but it is perfectly fair to re
mind Mr. Cleveland of Fred Douglas.
This negro, who had married a white
women (of a certain sort) was not
only treated with official considera
tion, but when Mr. Cleveland (with
extreme delicacy) had his bride come
to the White House that he might
wed her there, he invited Fred Doug
'as and his wife to attend the recep
tio i. This reception was not a state
function. It was social, purely. No
( ni had thc right to be present save
those Invited, and surely Mr. Cleve
land must have respected his lovely
and accomplished bride too much to
have summoned any man or woman he
di J not consider his or her social
equal, lt does not appear that bc in
vited either his coachman or bis cook.
Fred Douglas, whose color proclaim
ed thc African, was present among
the guests, and with him came his
Not only did Mr. Cleveland dc this
kind of thing in Washington, but
when Governor of New York he signed
the bill providing for mixed-schools,
Owing to this system, which he thus
approved, negro children have been
injected into thc white schools, and
white children have been compelled to
submit tu neg ru teachers.
If this is nut social equality, what
?What does that system of co-educa
tion lead tu, inevitably?
Tu the Southern white people noth
ing could be more olious than tlds
forcible l?ringing together, on terms
of absolute equality, little white girls
and little negro boys. ,
To compel the intimate association
of thc two races in the school house
during the. plastic period of youth is
the most insidious and dangerous
attack that could bc made upon the
racial integrity of the whites. The
i Hort to delude the people into the
belief that there is any material
difference between Cleveland and
Koossveit un the negro question, or
any uther political issue is enough to
stir ones disguest. There isn't any
material difference, and all observant
men know it. *
Recently John Sharp Williams tlie
Democratic House leader, labored
faithfully in one of thc magazines to
show that his wing of the Democra
tic party had an issue. In spite of all
that John Sharp could du, his article
lamentably failed to disclose any issue.
John Sharp's entire magazine produc
tiou could he summed up in one
sentence, "We would rather do it
than let the uther fellows do lt."
Without intending to amuse any
body, John Sharp's performance was
almost as humorous as thc caperingsof
those Democratic Senators who have
been "cussing" Roosevelt with thc.r
tongues and Indorsing him v Ith their
votes un the Panama business.
If 1 were a party man at all, winch
I am not, I would shell the woods
where this kind of tweedie dee at d
twecdle-duin nonsense goes in: and I
would do my level best to create the
opportunity fur some -national canch
date with brains enough and pluck
enough to make an issue with UU?
preseut lords and masters.
_THOMAS L. W\TS<>x.
Labor Contrail Law.
Following is the law in relation to
laborers contracts, as amended at the
recent session nf the general assembly:
Section 1. He it enacted by ihe
g?nerai assembly of the State of South
Carolina. That thc Criminal C ?de
(Vol. 2, Code of Laws. 1902), be
unamended by adding after Section
158 a Section, tu be known ?us Section
.'i.'jTa, to read as follows:
Section It?Ta. That a conviction of
eitiier party mentioned in Section
:t.")f> and Section .'t.">7 nf the Criminal
Code (Vol. 2, Code nf Laws, I WI), for
violation of such contract as is men
tioned in said sections shall nut
operate as a rlicf ur discharge of such
persons from thc performance of any
part of said contract which i> to be
performed subsequent to thc date of
the breach for which such conviction
was bad: Provided, however. That
such persons shall not be criminally
liable for thc non-performance of any
obligation due to be performed during
tba period nf time such person may bc
Master and Flowers.
The use of Howers in Lister deco
rations was derived, according tn anti
quarians, fn m the Dridds. While
palms and lillies are the duse asso
ciates uf Laster in the south lands, in
English villages the young willow
boughs bursting into bloom are usu
ally substituted. In Roumanla and
Asia Minor all the houses are wreath
ed with budding branches of weeping
While the stately Lister lily, with
all Its beautiful associations, seems
thc Utting symbol for sacred us s in
thc sanctity of the church, for house
and table decorat loi s nothing can
compare with daffodils, jonquils or
the delicate narcissi
How About ohio?
At Chicago Wednesday night, in a
meeting preliminary to the general
conference of tho African Methodist
church, llishop Charles S. Smith, of
Detroit, Mich., urged that the United
States should acquire the island of
San Domingo asa placo-of refuge for
the negro race. Who are passive and
non-resentful iti the face uf such bar
barities as the recent burning of col
ored people In Georgia and Mississip
pi," he asked. A number of the
liigher officials of Hie African church
.vere present at the meeting and the.
ipeech of bishop Smith was loudly
rive Physician. h?d *??*^JK*j&?T
SH who had O** of tho mon terrible r??
rec"d. Tfecv o? MM ?at? oce
IT CURIO HELPLESS CRIPPLE.
Mr. Wilke? wilt?? In the conti? ol . loni letter, Jttei AuEuit ll. 190J:
MrWi "tro (IUD bick until mr (cet touche? my hip?. I yuHHWlM HItlW
.tr nettly 12 moothi. Th? muiclei ol coy ?rmi and lei? wei? hird tad ihrlralc? ??. I
.altered dettb mtny tine? o??r. Wu ttetted by lix different ?hyaldina tn McColl. Dillon
?nd M arion, but none ol them could do me ?ny rood, until Dr. J. P. Ewlnf, ol UUion, tot?
se to try your RHEUM ACIDS. I betta tottke lt, tnd before the Srtt bottle WM ?Md
I botan to get better. I med 5i bottle? ?nd wt? completely cured."
Dr. J. P. Ewlns confirma Mr. Wilkel' internent lo ?Terr ptrticuUr.
met TRIAL DOTTLE OJCNT ON APPLICATION TO
BOBBITT CHEMICAL CO., PROPRIETORS. BALTIMORE, Ml
THE LOUD TALKER SAYS -
THE NEW KIND OF CHEW
THAT WON ENOUGH CHEWERS *
IN A YEAR TO MAKE
THE LARGEST COMPETITIVE BRAND
OF SCHNAPPS TOBACCO.
Geo A Wag mer, Pres. Geo Y Coleman, VicePres. I*Q Ball, Sec'y & Treas
Coleman-Wagener Hardware Company,
Successor tx? C. P. Poppentaelm.
363 KING STREET,.CHARLESTON. S O
$850.000 GIVEN AWAY FREE.
FOURFIER SEARCIIMONT AUTOMOBILE, at 6.30 p. m.
April 1st, 1904.
At tho Arntv Cyclo Company's store '12 Broad St., ono ticket will bo given freo'with caoh"50o
mailorder. ldontiflcation?of tickets will bo hy name, boneo all tickets must bo signed and
deposited before noon. April 1, 1904. This mannor of awarding tho automobile.will bo loft to
ibo ticket holders nt, tho place of drawing.
The machino is on exhibit at our store and w" will bglao d to have you inspect it.
Do you suffer with painful menstruation? Hither retarded, excessive, or insufficient
If so, commence nt once to take Ottoman Female Regulators, and they will give prompt and
permanent relief. These pills euro painful monthly sickness, whites, agonizing pains duo to
suppressed menstruation, regulato the bowels, stimulato the heart, increaso the appetite, aid
ST? OTTOMAN FEMALE KEGHULATOES. CX&? '
and nt;t as a general tonie, to the female genorativo organs. They aro especially useful aa
it tonic after child-birth and will speedily restore tho patient to her normal condition. Foll
particulars of this wonderful remedy sent with each box of pills. Price $1.00 per box. Sent
by mail in plain wrapper upon receipts of price.
Ottoman Remedy Company,
P. O. Box 123, Wilmington, North Carolina.
s mude when you purchase pianos or organs of
M. A. MALONE, COLUM?iA, o. XX"
As manufacturer's ngottt for many of tho best factories, his prices aro as low as tho lowest.
His largo business is built np on tho strength of his reliability aa a consciontous expert in
musical instruments. Get his advice uoforo purchasiug; then you will know what you are
THE GUIGNARD BRICK WORKS,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
Building and Re-Pressed Brick. Special shapes, to order. Fire Proof
Terra Cotta Flue Linings. Prepared to fill orders for thousands or
Southeastern Lime & Cement Co.
CHARLESTON, S. C.
Building Material ol all kinds. High Grade Roofing
"RTJBEROIIX" Write for prices.
Everybody Should Read This
We sell the best goods for the least money that they can legitimately be x'o)d_
you need anything iii the machinery supply lino write us for prices. Just recevivj,'^
car funds of pipe and ear load of iron. Cheapest place in state to buy pipe and iron.
G. A. GUIGNARD, Pres. COLUMBIA SUPPLY CO., C Atkinson, Sec ip Treas,
Columbia, S. O.
WE ARE WOKING \
FOR YOUR ORDERS
COLUMBIA LUMBER & MFC. CO.
When our chtirct
Don't think that ovory ono who bangs out a sign ts a "watch
maker" is competent to repair your lino watch. Repairers who
aro fully competent aro scarce. Wo do work oi ly ol o way,-tho
best-we can make any part of a watch, or a complete watch.
Our prices aro often no more than you poy ?'or inferior work,
for work is $1.50 or over we will ,i,.y express charge one ?ny. S ?nd us your
ll EiACHIOHOTTK ?k CO, Jewelers, 1424 Main St, Columbia, S. O.
YOUNG MEN, YOUNG WOMEN, WAKE UP
Prepare yourselves to meet the demand for Stenographers, f.ypewritora
and bookkeepers. Write for catalogue of
M AC FEAT'S BUSINESS COLLEGE, Columbia, S C.
W. FI. Maofeat, otllcial Court Stenographer, President.
J_,iiiie Cement, Plaster,
Terra Cotta Pipe, Rooting Paper, Car lots, small lots, write,
Carolina, Portland Cement Co., Charleston, a. O.
Whiskey I Morphine I Cigarette I AU,Drug and Tobacco
Habit, Habit | Ilabit | llajits.
Cured by Keeley Institute, of O.
1329 Lady St. (or P. O. Box 75) Columbia, S. C. Confidential correspond
A Deep Mino.
There is a gold mine in Australia
which is :(,0()i) feet deep, and the va
rious tunnels are so hot that cold
water has to be continually sprayed
liver tho miners working the lode. The
temperature ls usually about 108 de
grees, and the men have to work al
most maked in order to stand thc
who are In nerd of th?
best medical treat
ment should not fall
to consult Dr. Hatha
way at once, as he ls
ree. og n I r. ed as the
leading and mont suc
You are safe in
placing your ease In
hts hands, ns he ls the
and has the best rep
utation. He cures
where others fall ;
there ls no patchwork
lor experimenting In
jills treatment. Per
?onal attention by Dr
'"?<*' Hathaway, also spe
cial counsel from his
when necessary, which no other office ha9. If
rou can not call, write for free Inioklet? and
question blanks. Mention your trouble. KT
srythlng strictly confidential. J. Newton
Hathaway, M. U. t
28 Inman Building,122i S.'.Broad St
The Collcton Ktory 1'ulno.
The Charleston Post say*. Mr. W.
W. Jones called at the onVc of Tho
Evening Post to make emphatic de
ntal of a story published last Thurs
day to the e(TecJ,tna.t Section Master
Jones, of the Atlantic Coast Line, had
recently made Confession, on his death
bed in Collcton county, to the murder
of his wife at Ravenel station In 1902,
for which crime three negroes wero
lynched. Mr. Jones stated that ho
was section master at Ravenel In May,
1!>02, and that the story was utterly
without foundation and did him a se
sious injury. Thc Evening Post's re
port was to the etfect that the story
was being told In Collcton county,
whence it had been brought to Char
leston. The report made no assertion
of the truth of the story, but merely
stated that lt was corrent?n Cjlleton
A CHARMING widow living in Coun
cil Bluffs took advantage of Leap Year
the other day, and after much persua
sion won a husband in spite of her
Hf ty year.-), lier dowry was one thousand
bushels of corn and the man accepted
because he was a moonshiner.
Tile naval board at Washington
wanta 68 battleships. The appropri
ation by tho present congress will
probably be $120,000,000, and $100,
000,000 for 8ovoral years.hereafter.