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"DO THOU LIBERTY GREAT. INSPIRE OUR SOULS AND MAKE OUR LIVES IN THY POSSESSION HAPPY. OR OUR DEATHS GLORIOUS IN THY CAUSE.'
BENNETTSVII^LE, S. C., FRIDAY, APRIL 15,1904.
MR. WATSON TALKS.
The Commissioner of Immigration
Tells New York Paper
OF NEW STATE DEPARTMENT.
Comm ?OH ?oner Wu? son Makes A State
ment of What He Hope? to
Whito Labor Hero.
By an act of the South Carolina
legislature which went into effect on
Feb. 26 there was created in the State
a department of agriculture, com
merce and immigration. E J. Wat
ftn of Columbia,-a representative >f
the new generation of energetic young
business men who are the impelling
force bick of the recent awakening of
southern industries and commercial
activity, lias been selected by Uov.
Hey ward as the iirst commissioner of
the new department.
-." Mr. Watson has been In New York
for several days on business connected
with his ofllce. This summer he will
make a trip to Denmark, Norway,
Sweedor. and Germany, with a view
to presenting the advantages ol South
Caro1.ina as a field for the desirable
class of immigrants who come from
tbo.se countries. S pea king-Wed nes
"day of his visit to New York and of
the 'circumstances which led to the
creation of the department of which
he is the head Mr. Watson said:
"M'y presence In New York at this
time is due to the new conditions that
have arisen in the middle south, and
it is no unmeaning errand considered
in the light of the development of the
country. The rapid development of
southern manufacturing and the con
sequent robbing of the Heids of the
white tenant farmer class, the demon
stration given to the world last fall of
the dependency of its cotton manu
facturing interests on the south for
raw material, not alone in this coun
try but abroad-these and Hie ten
rlr?nf\v nf the negro to move to t'no
centres of population and thence "to
the cast are the three essentials to be
"It ls perhaps a strange and yet r.ot
unexpected condition that the very
rapid development of the manufac
turing industry of the tooth-particu
larly in my State-should result in in
jury to.agricultural interests. The
explanation, however, is easy. "When
we went ahead 'and put nearly $-10,
000,000 into cost?n n^|ls, which could
.only be operated wiS; '-Re labor for
reasons it is nut nccc^,.. Jy?p discuss,
we simply rubbed our frelds of the
te tenant farmer class and left
:-^i?uRura! interests'' in su- x a
e WUOre^C?tlw^. ._..u~T
facturlng wofrd Its dependency upon
the cotton growing states of this
country, accentuating the acuteness
of a sit nation already seen and realiz
' ed.. Tho farmers fared well and they
have proliRed. Now they realize
their power and their opportunity,
but they lind themselves without the
neceisary labor, and intelligent labor
they must have. They consequently
want something and want it quickly.
"Another phase of this situation is
the negro question. Cur farmers have
.always bad plenty of negro 'abor on
their places. Today they are crying
for labor with wliich to work their
crops. Having lost the white tenant
farmer for the reasons assigned, they
have suffered the additional partial
loss of the negro farm laborer. This Is
due to the fact that the negro's ten
dency, In our State at least, In the
? last few years has been, Iirst, to seek
) the larger centres of population and
commerce. In the citits he linds him
- ^ejfpoorly clad, irregularly and ill fed
and aTfiatural victim of immorality
the consequent sulfercr from disease-i
which ?end to balance the death and
birth ?ate. Again, his tendency is to
Beek- rpilroad construction camps and
to mo\'e north and east. Thc exempli
?cationlof this can bc must strikingly
found IN Washington and Baltimore,
and event here in New York, the in
crease In'the negro population in the
two first (name cities having been
reached in the last two or three years.
"All of tr?ase things have combined,
together with the appearance of the
boll weevill in Texas, to awaken the
agricultural interests of the South toa
realization of ?he fact that something
must be dune. Thc great need is white
settlers from this country and abroad.
My State has seen the situation, and
that is why I am here. Our farmers
know that the boll weevil, unless an
insect to destroy him is discovered, is
likely to cross the Mississippi at any
moment and do *what Sully had done
this year, with t>je additional feat ure
that the effect oi} prices w ill bc per
manent. Tiley knovv that il the weevil
does come prices wifi. romain high, and
that the danger of the pest is an cle
ment in the situation. They realize
that they want diversified and inten
sified farming, and, knowing this,
they have succeeded in establishing,
near the heart of the State, diversifi
cation farm No. I. i y the federal gov
ernmanO, under the boll weevil appro
"Further, knowing the need of in
telligent labor, the State has estab
lished its department'.of agriculture,
commerce and Immigration, at the
head e>f which I have beten placed for
four years, with the view of Inducing
desirable Investment? and settlers
from north Kumpeln and American
points toc?me toScKgth Carolina-the
real garden spot of thea world, possess
ing a soil and climate producing sonic
crop the year round. \v\' have thous
ands of acres of land 1) ines Idle at this
time, and it ls .the provence of the
new department to bring Mahout their
"The department has ln^en fashion
ed upon the best features gol' national
and State departments uf 'Bike nat ure,
and the scope istarcT?cTenough to admit
of Its handling ?tiny conditions that
may arise affeotln?g Industrial develop
"I am here now to set the ball In
motion toward gratti ng that which wc
so greatly needy Intelligent white
labor of Saxon origiln. The work, so
far ls of construct!i&Kfi character, but
1 trust lt will be prolific of genuine
results. 1 am dealing wi* '.th-all having
.. * V.
any interest in tbe situation that ls
attracting attention to tbe middle
south-the southern France of Amer
ica-and thus far effectively. I am
trying to see all who are interested In
any way, for I feel that those who
invest or settle in South Carolina have
-a bright future awaiting them. When
thc waste places have been populated
the act under which wc are operating
is so constructed that we can turn our
attention to other plans of develop
ment as the necessity for them ar
"There ls no part of the country
that olfers so many inducements as
does the middele south just n''.w to
the native and foreign settler and
Investor. Our State department has
just been launched, but 1 believe it is
constructed upon better and broader
lines than any similar State depart
ment in thc country, and 1 expect
noteworthy results. We are now in a
position to oiler to thc desirable farm
er from across the water lands upon
which he can raise something tlie
year round, aud with due considera
tion to all conditions I cannot see
wherein the element of failure enters.
1 know we have obstacles to sur
mount, but obstacles aro ever an
clement in tlie success of any Import
ant undertaking which is of itself a
departure from the beaten tracks.
"All tlie Southern States are begin
ning to awaken to thc value of their
own resources, and it is safe to pre
dict that in the next few years this
part of the United States will become
a considerable factor in the produc
tion of the wealth of the country at
large. Bistern capital is at this time
paying more attention to southern
land and other investments than'ever
before, and the spirit of progress is
today running strong in places where
a few years ago tlie people seemed to
lie ignorant of their opportunities."
Baw York Sun.
Five Wero Sun'ocuteil.
Five persons are dead and anothci
is dying as thc result of a fire that oc
curred Wednesday in the Columbia
hall building, a metal sheathed three
story structure located in Wilson
Place at Mount Vernon, N. Y. Tlie
Nathan Frey, (?ti years old.
Isidore Frey, 12 years.
Stephen Frey, V) years.
Henry Krej, -*t years.
(iossie Dohring, 10 years, a cousin
of Mrs. Rebecca Frey.
Mrs. Frey is dying in a hospital.
The iirst Hour of tlie building was
occupied by tlie Columbia Piano com
pany. On the second floor was Co
lumbia hall, with ante-rooms and on
the third door were apartments oe
copied by the Frey, Parry and
Lavignefamilies. Fire'spread through
out the toop lloor with great rapidity.
The inmates were aroused Dy the
smoke and heat and i\H endeavored tc
;-naJ><\ rjifdr esr***!* bu 'io mrniSert
. .u? uri ,an? Kirs, starry atid Mr.
aird Mrs. Lavigne managed to reach
windows on the third lloor and were
brought down ladders by the firemen.
All "Mic dead are more or less burn
ed, bul their deaths probably resulted,
directly from suffocation. The prop
erty loss is estimated about $'50,000.
Studeiita Shoot a Mun.
At Lexington, Ky., Coley Hayden,
IS) years old, was shot at the State
college baseball park Friday by Lee
Andersen, a State college student
who was acting as guard at tlie park,
The bullet entered Hayden's lcfl
shoulder and indicted a serious wound
Police Capt. Brown went to the pari
lo ur rest Anderson. As sion as Ander
son learned his mission, he pulled hil
revolver and declared he would liol
submit to airest. A crowd of 201
State college students backed him u|
in Iiis refusal. Capt. Brown rushet
in before he could shoot, however, am
af 1er a tussle, disarmed Anderson, lb
was placed under arrest an<
thc students made no fur the
attempt to keep him from th?
police. Later lie was rclcasei
on bond. The State college an<
Central university were engaged In i
game of baseball, and Hayden wa
looking on through a crack in tb
fence. Anderson ordered him awa;
when, it ls said, Hayden cursed him
Anderson there upon shot him with
out further words.
Gava Mic l'or Friend.
Four men lost their lives in an ex
pit sion Friday at thc Pi nt sch t?a
Compressing company's plant in south
west Washington. Thc dead are
Stephen Henson, Charles W. t?rigsby
Joseph Cumberland and an unknowi
negro. Henson, Cumberland and th
negro were instantly killed. Grigsb,
was seriously burned and died at til
hospital. His injuries were Hie rt
Milt of an heroic attempt to rescu
his comrades. Ile. rushed into th
. ngine room and catching the arm o
Cumberland, who was buried in th
debris, tried lo drag him out. Th
Hames rapidly enveloped Grigsby bu
lie released Iiis hold on Cumberlan
only after the arrival of the liremei
He told the hospital physicians tin
Hie disaster was caused by Hie gas bi
coming too high and Hie inability <
the men to lind tlie leak. "Tl
lonin," said he, "must have been ful
t he gas kepi rising and the roof WI
A Trust "Hunter."
Congressman John W. Gaines, i
Tennessee, in a speech against an a
propriation for building a road
Alaska, said that his const!tuen
needed good roads and besides we
j oppressed by trusts, but Hie oppn
sion of the icc trust had been relievi
by Chief Justice Allon B. Parker ai
others in New York, when Hie D un
crats applauded the name of Parke
and Mr. Gaines again provoked a
plausc on Hie minority side by say In
"We ure going to put him in tlie Whi
House. He is going to crush the bi
ance of Hie trusts in this countr
which the Republicans will never dc
Sin; IMuycd The Knees.
Thc story is circulating in ollie!
circles and exclusive society, th
Miss Alice Ko* sevelt luis been banish
to New York for the rest of t
Washington racing season because8
made I.els on races and was pbol
graphed in Hie act by some pliol
g ra plier on the grounds. The in
who took the snap shots tried to s
the pictures to newspapers, but t
president and friends suppressed t
WANT TO COME Hi.BE.
Views of^a ?ew Englander Who]
Wants His People
TO SETTLE IN SOUTH CAROLINA.
One Atuonjc Many Who Wish to Settle |
In a Moro Temperate Climate.
A sincero Yankee Deo
To the Editor of The State:
I have received two letters from my
friend, Mr. Howard, who is.deeply in
terested in getting Massachusetts)
men to settle In South Carolina.
In his letter of March 23d Mr. How
Ware, Mass., March 23, 1904.
Col. John P. Thomas, Charleson, S. C.
Dear Sir: The Columbia State at
hand. Your editorial O. Iv. I aro
inclined to think Mr. Watson thinks
you and I have too much to say. At
any rate he don't condescend to ac
knowledge our good intentions. I see
M. V. Uichards has sent a m?n to
Columbia in the interest of Southern
railroad. We no doubt will see the
workings of the bureau of immigra
tion In goori time if we only will have
patience. Mr. Watson is no doubt
working his brains. Thc class of peo
ple this very State of Massachusetts
has allowed to come in last year are a
curse to any country, and are contin
ually dumped over here-to thc bene
fit of the country they leave, and a
curse to the one they come to. If
you don't believe it visit any of the
manufacturing cities of Massachu
setts. 1 am, Very truly yours,
W. V. HOWAHD.
In his letter of March 21th Mr.
My Dear Colonel: 1 sent you a few
clippings yesterday and 1 see one in
last night's paper I thought 1 would
send you today, with my views of it.
1 have advertised my property for the
last three weeks iu 10 papers, viz.:
Huston Globe, Boston Herald, Wor
cester Gazette, Springlleld Republi
can, Springtield Union, Sprhmlield
Homestead, Hartford Courant, Ware
River News and Harre Gazette. Yes,
10 papers, and 1 have had but one
mau to call to look at my farm and
some six letters of inquiry. The
trouble in New England is thc cold
winter for me; that is thc one great
reason 1 want a change and I can't
see why thc west part of South Caro
lina is not an ideal place for me, a full
blood, dyed-in-the-wool Yankee, and
lots more of us who have always been
workers, and are willing to let our
arm out if we. can come with the
right hand of fellowship extended.
U. oouJi?<?aTU^ u'po^?i7ue
??Now England Yankee as tricky, sharp
and always looking for the almighty
dollar. Tills may be so to an extent,
but these yarns as to the Yankee be
ing a. "negro lover" is all bosh; the
class of people I would like to see
have a chance lo better themselves
want none of it. There may he in
and around Harvard college and llea
cou street a few so-called "nigger
lovers," but they want them at arms
length. Now in my town of 0,000
people there has never been in the
past ?O years but one colored family.
Ocr people outside of the cities know
nothing of them and want nothing of
them, only they would like to see Hie
colored man, as long as the Great
Creator has put him on tin; earth,
given a chance to have a home and
country and sume of (Jud's blessings
that are given tu uthers; and the most
of the peuple, that is, thc class 1 have
requested you to present' to the chief
of the bureau of immigration for his
consid?ration, would much prefer this
government (Instead of the millions
that have been blown in foulis dy and
needlessly in the Philippines on a lot
of peuple who want no part of us, and
DU per cent, of the people of this
country want nu part of them) would
give tu the iiead of every colured fam
ily a hume of 25 or f>0 acres of land
in, we will say, Central America,
Cuba ur Jamaica. (Jive the colured
man a country of his own and a Hag;
establish him on his land with proper
looking after and advice till his chil
dren can have the benefit of schools.
That tlie colored people can live in
this part of tia: world and a white
man would have a hard time of ii, i^
well known; that, is the way the Yan
kee who works tor a living would
suive the negro problem.
My (har colonel, I started to tell
you how 1 was trying to sell out here
and don't have the success I could
wish; the fact is there are 1,000 farms
for sale to one buyer: farms aro a
drug iu New Kngland. I intend t"
write you from time to time anyway
in order to keep posted as to immi
gration, etc. 1 am,
Very truly, etc.,
W. V. HOWAHD.
This is one clipping Mr. Howard
"The Hartford 1'ost lightly says:
'Pour Waterbury hotels were plum
full the other night when a colored
clergyman applied for a room in one
after another ot them.' It is for this
reason that so many northerners see
tit to protest against the Introduction
ot' Jim Crow cars in the south, 'i le y
have an easier method here.'" Spring
This is another:
"Tables of figures showing the lift
migration Of foreigners into Nip
England during 11)03 have, just boen
completed by Kev. Joel S. ives ot
Hartford, who for the past fooryJirs
has conducted a census of the forngn
population of the six Stales in bjiall
of the Congregational Home Mission
ary society According to his Heures,
the influx of foreigners last ye* was
as follows: Maine, 1,997; New Hamp
shire, 1,801; Vermont, 1,011; Massa
chusetts, 05,757; Rhode Island '),lt>7,
and C nnecticut, 21,813, a jbtal ol'
j 102,f)0t). Southern Europe ?lippiled
? a great number of these Inmigrants,
for of the total 28,151 were Italians
and 1 1,877 Poles."-Springleid Re
Thc third clipping I gi vi is from
thc same paper, the Springfield Re
"The south wants wbiU immigra
tion, but is denied it; and why that
section In vain seeks to attract such
Immigration is tbus stated by tbc
Wilmington (N. ?.) Star:
" 'As long as we lynch In the south,
and furthermore draw our guns and
shoot each other to death on the
streets, we are wasting time In estab
lishing immigration bureaus. People
will be deterred from Immigrating to
a State where a bi?i murder record ls
made year in and year out.'
"The Charleston News and Courier
says of this that 'that ls thc plain
truth plainly spoken. Only the des
perately adventurous and most unde
sirable would seek residence In a com
munity or State where a cit ?zen's abil
ity to draw a pistol and shoot tirst ls
his greatest security.' Such talk
from southern newspapers ls very en
eucouraging. No situation, however
bad, is hopeless where the truth linds
outspoken and fearless utterance."
Whereupon Mr. Howard comments
"There are knifing, cutting, shoot
ing and crimes of all sorts 00 percent,
more in New England than in the
I wish to add that Mr. E. J. Wat
son, the Stale commissioner, has In
formed me that it ls his purpose to
communicate with Mr. Howard with
the view of ascertaining how he eau
advance thc cause of immigration to
thc south in New England."
It is such men'as Mr. Matthcson
anti Mr. Howard and such railroads as
the Southern that advance In a prac
tical way the main purposes of the
hdrcau of immigration. Let them be
encouraged and sustained for the
public good. J NO. P. THOMAS.
March 30, 100 I._
An Uprising of Prisoner!) in th? Mis
souri State Penitentiary.
A desperate attempt was made by
about liffey convicts at the Missouri
penitentiary to blow up that institu
tion early Wednesday morning, killing
all thc guards who interfered with
them and to turn Innseon Jefferson j
City some three hundred criminals.
At 10 o'clock Huck Williams, a
guard in charge of the jail, heard
some one call, "hold up your hands"
which was immediately followed hy
a shot. Williams grabbed a poker
and yelled at a convict, "tire awaj."
Yardmaster Lehugh heard the
shot and sounded a general alarm.
John Hrunner assistant yardmaster
arrived, and breaking a window lev
elled his gun at a convict who dodged
into a cell after tiring another shot.
Several guards with guns appeared
but Hrunner was the only one who
had nerve togo into the cell building.
Taking an extra gun Williams ?ind
Hrunner entered the building and
with Williams proceeded to a cell,
where the convicts had been seen. 1%
.?r.i^j- ul, inc- g-?ai?bj nutu
up your hands!" Hut later brought
their guns into play and the convicts
A search of the cell was made and
twenty p ninds of dynamite, besides
a bottle of nitro-glycerine, two revolv
ers and a box of cartridges, were found
and a number of skeleton keys, lt ls
not known how i he weapeons or ex
plosives were obtained.
Hinting Kollows Strike.
Although it was announced Tues
day night that thc strike at the
American Can company's plant in
Chicago had been settled tue rioting
around the place was fiercer Wednes
day Dian lt has been at any time and
one ?nan, .John Nichols, lost his life
by a bullet fired, it ls said, from a
train on which were a number of non
union men being taken back to thc
city after the conclusion of the day's
work. The lighting beagn early in the
morning, when 300 Creeks who have
iieen employed during the strike at
tempted tu conic to the factory. They
were met at the gates by a large mim
bi i of union pickets who attacked
them with stones and clubs. A large
detachment of the police had their
hands full in protecting thc Greeks
when a shot fired from the crowd
aroused the Creeks to fury. Those
who had entered the factory came
pouring out armed with knives and
revolvers and attempted to attack the
union men and their sympathizer who
were assaulting those Creeks who
had not yet reached the gateway.
The police after a desperate struggle
managed to keep the two bodies of
men apart. In this light a number of
men were haltered up. At night
when the .iud Greeks left the plant
they were attacked by a mob fully
10.000 strong that pelted them with
stones, sticks and bot tles.
Tile New Stumps.
The new scries of stamps commem
orative of the Louisiana purchase ex
piation will be placed on sale by the
p istotllce department April ?10 and
will ba continued till December 1st.
Thc designs are as follows: One cent,
with portrait of Llobt. lt. Livingston,
United Stales minister to Prance,
who CC ducted the purchase negotia
tions; two cent, red, portrait of Thos.
JelTcison, president at the time the
purchase was made: three cent, pur
ple, portrait of Jas. Monroe, special
ambassadi r to france; live cents, blue,
poitrail William McKinley, who as
president approved tho act of con
gress tfllcially connected with the
exposition: ten ci nt, brown, bealing
United States map, showing the ter
ritory of the purchase.
Mail Noni! to (.'ut.
The House of Representatives in
Washington was considering a bill to
prohibit the docking of horses' tails.
Congressman Perkins was speaking in
favor of the measure when he was in
terrupted by Mr. Cuopcr of Wiscon
sin, who asked: "Why does anybody
dock a horse's tall?" Mr. Perkins re
plied: ''Ch I elly because it looks a great
deal totter. Why do you cut your hair
instead af having it clown over your
sholders." Tue humor of this reply il
any, lies in thc fact that Mr. Cooper
ls about OS bald as a tu ni I p.
A Foolish Denver Mau.
In order that she may get photo
graphs of the face of a man hi the
greatest agony for reproduction in
a realistic painting, Mrs. Josephine
Devcl, an artist of Morristown; ?. J.,
bas hired a Denver man who has con
sented to have bis hand mutilated
while thc camera acts.
Told by a Presbyterian Missionary
to tho Can o Free State.
THE CANNABAL ARMY MURDERS
Innocent Women nnd Children Who
Are Captured to Show that
Work of IlafdiiiK Villngos
ls Well Done.
Dr. W. M. Morrison, Southern
Presbyterian' missionary to the Congo
Free State, in an address at Louisville,
Ky., gave an impressive recital of
alleged barbarities practiced on the
natives of Congo by the authorities,
and of the obstacles thrown in the
way of their correction by the of
Ile said: "1 lived with those peo
ple seven years, and know what I am
talking about. King Leopold has
there a native cannibal army of
twenty thousand men, oilicercd by i
white Belgians and armed with
repeating lilies. They are men re
presenting the worst and most savage
type of natives, caught and carried
far from their homes and forced into
military service. In tum this soldiery
ls used to com psi the natives to bring
iu enormous tribute of ivory and rub
ber. It ls wot th nothing that the
Klug of Belgium is today ls reputed to
be the largest dealer in ivory aud rub
ber in the world.
"As a result of forced military sorv- j
iee and laboi, great and unspeakable I
cruelties are practiced on the natives I
I have seen live thousand fleeing to
the forests to escape the cannibal
soldiers of King L:Ouoi?. i nave
seen soldiers scouring through the
forests catching men wanted by the
government as laborers and taking
the.captives away with ropes tied
around their necks.
MRaids upon villages are constantly
made, some are killed, others sold Into
captivity and others forced into labor
and military service. One can buy
all the slavo w tuted for tenor tifteen
dollars each. In these raids innocent
women and children are killed or cap
tured. Their hands arc cut off tob;
taken hack ui thc Belgian olllocrs to
show that vite work has been well
done. On one of those raids near tho
mission stations, one of our misi?n
aries counted eighty hands out off.
drying by a tire to be taken to an
officer and forty-live dead lying near.
"The Belgian government make
stereotyped denial ot all charges. I .
have seen personally thc G jveruor of i
the Congo Prec State and have been
in nhe palace ol the King of Belgium:
nether will do anything. The British
government ls Interested in the situa-,
tic'i. Consul Roger Casement, as the
;.?-*tQiioij ?AU ,\-v^i.. i ... .opreijopfefttivo
to Congo, has lust made a tour of In
vestigation. His report ls now in the
hands of the government at Washing
ton and presents a most deplorable
Clearing ix Mystery.
The first trace of Mrs. John C.
Burns since her disappearance from
a Chicago lionel two years ago was
found last week when James Taylor,
a negro, was arrested at Cincinnati.
He had in his possession, Mrs. Burns'
Daughter of the American Revolution
pin, engraved with her name, as well
as several articles of jewelry which
bore initials. Toe prisoner is said to
have disclosed the hiding places of
other Jewels, which are alleged to
have been the property tit* .Mrs. Bums.
Tlie total value of the property re
covered is nearly $5,000. About two
years ago, Mrs. Itu ros announced that
sin: was going away on a short visit.
Uer husband was believed to bein;
Ku rope. Taking several trunks, but ',
leaving many of lier belongings in her
room, Mrs. Burns left the hotel giv- ,
lng instructions lo hold mail until
she sent lier forwarding address. From ?
that clay to this no word has been re
ceived Irom her or her husband. Mrs.
Burns was prominent as a member ot
thc Daughters of thc American
Revolution, and also was connected
with several women's clubs, most of
the organizations to which site belong
ed having beei- located in the K.tsl,
where she resided before coming to
Stoic tho Mormon's Wives.
Prospectors from t hc lower Siena
Madre Mountains of Mexico, south
west Of Kl Paso, bring the story of a
raid made by ("nan Colorada, a'.ais
'".lohn Bedhead," upon Don Felipe,
a newly formed Mormon C Ku iv. Thc
noted bandit timi Iiis band pillaged
the settlement, carrying away t hree
of Elder Hiram Johnson's wives, one
of which is the favorite of bis large
household. A posse of Mexican rural
pol ice .and a squad of Mormons, who
asa vigilance committee, style them
selves ''avenging angels," pursued the!
bandits for Ihirty-six bouts and final
ly surprised them in (lu: fastness of
the Sierra Macha Mountains. A light
toole pluck in which two bf thc out
laws were wounded. The baud Med, '
leaving the wouien. They had been
kept, I wo days in a cave, where a coi -
siderable amount of bullioh treasure
was found, which, it. is believed, was
.stolen from a pack train recently.
(?rent Trust Grower
Unqucsli nably Thcddcrc lt ?ose
velt is the greatest friend Hie t rusts
ever had, judging from tile ligures.
Under eight years tit Cleveland $200 -
000,000 wcith of Industrial trusts
wore formed, under Me Kinley about
$2,200,000.00, while under Boose ve lt
tlie capitalization of these colleens
reached the fabulous sum of $3,070,
000,000. Never in thc history of tho
world hilve the trusts flourished in
such rank luxuriance ?ii they have
under the benign influence of Abdul
Served Hint Itight,
At Savannah, (?a., Henry Olson was
found guilty in cbc United States
coull Wednesday morning of shang
haiing sailors out of Savannah. A re
ceipt was shown in court, indicating
that Olson nad received $250 for the
Shipping of eight negroes who wero
subsequently discharged penniless in
Bristol, Eug., whence they were re
turned to tliis country by tho Ameri
can council. There ?ire ot her cases of
a similar character against Olsen.
SHOT BY CONSTABLES.
They Were Assaulted by Ono White
Man and Two Negroes.
? dispatch from Charleston to The
State says M. S. Sullivan, a lineman
of the Postal Telegraph company, was
shot and seriously, perhaps fatally,
wounded in an affray with State Con
stables J. T. Owens and C. T. Hud
son, which occurred Thursday night
on the steam launch Hornet, between
11 and 12 o'clock on the cove beach at
Mount Pleasant. The shooting grew
out of the capture of contraband li
quor which Sullivan was conveying
from thc Clyde wharf to a storehouse
on thc water front. Two negro men
were with Sullivan at the time, one of
whom, it is said, was also wounded by
the constables. Their names could
not be learned, for neither has j
been seen since the affair, ll >th ne
groes lied from the boat, it is said,
when the shooting commenced.
lt is not positively known which !
constable shot Sullivan. At the St. j
Francis Xavier infirmary Thursday,
Sullivan, it ls alleged, stated that
he was shot by Constable Owens and
that the negro was shot by Constable j
Hudson. Sullivan is thought to be in j
a critical condition. Ile was brought i
to the city Thursday about 3
a. tn. and sent to the Infirmary. An I
operation was performed upon him
and it was found that the ball had
passed through his left arm, entered
thc side and perforated the Intestines
in six different places. The bullet
was not located.
Constables Hudson and Owens ar
rived in thc city this morning at 3 80'
o'-lock with 10 gallons of whiskey,
which they had captured from thc
Hornet, Sullivan's launch, having
lured a row boat at Mount Pleasant
and rowed the goods over to Charles
ton. Chief Constable Holmes was
immediately notified of the shooting
of Sullivan and the capture of the li
quor. Chief State Constable Hammet
was informed of the shooting early
Hr nay morning by Constable Holmes
and he ls expected in the city soon
to make an investigation. Consta
bles Owens and Hudson, acting upon
the advice of Constable Holmes, sur
rendered to Sheriff Martin about ll
o'clock Thursnay and were sent to
Jail to await further developments.
A WOULD-BE SWINDLER.
Coughed up the Money When the
Doctor Dosed Him.
At Columbia Wash Kinsler. a young
negro man, will be given a prelimin
ary before United States Commission
er Vernor shortly on the.eharge of at
tempting to pass, counterfeit money.
The story of Kindler's attempt tq
"Escape anti his ..-at tom ot to..evade the
charge ls strange. IvinsTer "wafk.efl
into the fruit store of the Syrian,
Gjorgo Mack, on upper Main street,
Saturday night at 12:30. He purchas
ed a pair of cheap earrings and some
fruit and carelessly threw down what
purported to be a $2 bill. Mack spott
ed the counterfeit at once. O Ulcer
Dunning happened to be passing and
was called in. The situation was
taken in at a glance and the officer
grabbed Kinsier. Ile was just a
little too late, however, for Kainsler
rammed the bill in his mouth and
swallowed it, despite t he choaking he
received. Then Mr. Dunning called
for Dr. Pope, the city physician, and
the rest was easy. A hy perder m ic
injection was given Wash, which
acted asan emetic and the bill "came
up" in about three minutes. The
negro was searched for more counter
feit bills. No bills were found, but
a watch he had stolen was recovered
and the negro st amis a chance of serv
ing a tenn for the State for larceny
and for the United States forattempt
ing to pass counterfeit money, the
penally for the latter, according to
the revised statutes, being from live
to fifteen years. The bill which
Kinsler attempted to pass is an old
Richland Building and Loan certifi
cate, this association flourishing about
1878. The certificate looks very
much like money and there are a num
ber of them Moating around. Kinsler
lives on Gates street, near Senate, and
his reputation heretofore lias been
Knile in the Brain.
At New Ha ?ran, Con., a portion of a
long thin knife blade, which had been
imbedded more than twenty years in
his skull, penetrating an inch into thc
brain, was rem ived from the head of
Christopher osborn by I>r. M. .!.
Adams. The patient is .. negro, f>7
vetos old. I le is employed by Prof..!.
M. Weir, of Vale. According to
( ?shorn's history of the knife blade, he.
quarreled with another negro, who
struck him in thu head with a knife.
The blade broke off and the steel close
to the skull. Osborn was sent to jail
for his share in t he light, but recover
ed and suffered no inconvenience until
a few weeks age), when he began to
have convulsions. They grew in fre
quency, until last week he had them
every half hour and paralysis be
gan. Dr. Adams says the man will
Passing of a Pad.
The Chicago board of education has
condemned the vertical system of
writing. Through its official bulletin
thc hoard says: "lt is an injustice to
tile child to impose a system of hand
writing upon him and force film to
adhere to it through his growing years
at the cost of not only suppressing bis
individuality In this acquired mode of
expression, hut also at tho sacrifice of
his time and the mental lluency that
comes with the case which accompan
ies a mode of expression fitting the
New Costal Caril.
A new style of postal card for re
turn message will he issued hy the
postolficc department as soon as the
stock of the present s?ries ls exhaust
ed. The card will boar two portraits,
one of Cen. William 'Tecumseh Sher
man for the side hearing the message
and one of Gen. Phil Sh? rldan for the
return side. Many millions of thc
new card will bo ready for distribution
at an early date and all ('dices sending
requisition for them will receive their
quota as rapidly as they can be sup
SUNDAY SCHOOL CONVENTION.
Official Programme of the Meet!og to
Bo Held in Colombia.
Mr. William E. Pelham of New
berry, secretary of the State Sunday
School convention, bas Issued the pro
gramme for the twenty-seventh an
nual State convention which meets in
Columbia on May 2nd. The conven
tion will be held in the Washington
Street Methodist church and will be
attended by a large number of Sun
day school workers from all parts of
The programme ls as follows:
Monday eveuing,- May 2.-8.30,
Devotional and song service; 8.45? ad
dress by the president, Prof. E. L.
Hughes of Greenville; 9.30, address,
"The Sunday School's Call for Men,"
by Rev. ll. W. Spilman of North Car
olina; enrollment of members; ap
pointment of committee on nomina-j
? tion of otllcers.
j Tuesday morning, May 3.-9.00,
Devotional and song service by F. F.
Whllden; 9.30, primary teaching by
Miss Minnie Macfeat of Winthrop
college: 10.15, open conference and
? questions; 10.30. "Teacher Training,"
Dr. George il. Cromer, president of
Newberry college; 11.30, open confer
ence and questions; 12.00, "The Sup
erintendent," Rev. B. W. Spilman;
12 30, Conference and questions.
Tuesday afternoon, May 3.-3.30,
Devotional exercises and song service;
4 00, practical primary work, Miss
Minnie Macfeat, before a class; 4.30,
lieport of otllcers; 5.00, "An Amateur
with a Blackboard," Rev. B. W. j
Spilman of North Carolina.
Tuesday evening, May 3.-8.30,
Devotional exercises and song service,
Rev; F. H. Wardlaw; 8.45, "Christas
a Teacher," Rev. James A.B. Soberer,
Bb. D., Charleston; 9.45, "A Study of
a Bible Character for Sunday School
Teachers," Rev. B. W. Spilman.
Wednesday morning, May 4.-8.30,
Devotional exercises and song service,
Ilev. J. B. Knox; 9.00, '^Iow to En
list and Hold Voung Mos," Rev. W.
B. Duncan, Laurens; 10 00, confereuce
and questions^ 10.30, "A Look
Ahead," William E. Pelham, chair
man executive committee; 11.00,
"The Question as a Factor in Teach
ing," Rev. B. W. Spilman; 12.00,
Wednesday afternoon, May 4.-3.30,
Devotional exercises and song service;
4.00, reports of departments: (a) exe
cutive committee, (b) treasurer, (c)
superintendent primary department^
(d) hoirie department.
Wednesday evening, May 4.-8.30, '
Devotional exercises and song service;
8.45, "The Teacher Getting Ready
for Next Sunday." Rev. B. W. Spil
man; 9.30, "Christ the Great Teach
er, His Subjects and Methods." Dr.
II. N. Snydors, president Wofford col
Thc Sundayfichool association
i ter-dcnomPiat ~x *"s" """""
I build up tho.'9untray*S^c.w^_
South Carolina. Its present aim i? rju
organize every county In South Caro
lina. Every wide awake and progres
sive Sunday school of South Carolina
may send delegates. "Pastors^ super
intendents, teachers, workers, all are
The otllcers of thc organization are
the following: Prof. E. L. Hughes,
Greenville, President; John F. Tol
bert. Laurens, vice president: Prof.
B. W. Gctsinger, Spartanburg, secre
tary; Rev. W. I. Herbert, Columbia,
treasurer; II. E. Itevenel, Spartan
burg, superintendent home depart
ment; Mrs. M. A. Carlisle, Newberry,
superintendent primary department;
executive committee, William E.
Pelham, chairman, Newberry; Rev.
T. H. Law, D. 1)., Spartanburg: J.
H. Ellerbe, Esq., Sellers; Rev. J. W.
Shell, Spartanburg; S. B. Ezell, Esq.,
Spartanburg; Rev. W. B. Duncan,
Laurens: Dr. E. C. Jones, Nesvberry:
Rev. George A. Wright, Newberry;
H. IO. Raveuel, F.S(|., Spartanburg.
Stoical Death ot' White Horse.
Sixty-three Indians in a special car
cn route to Washington to see the
President were smashed into by a
mail train on the Chicago & North
western, two miles west, of Haywood,
lil., Friday morning during a heavy
fog. Three Indians were killed in
stantly, three fatally wounded and 20
others more or less seriously injured.
White Horse in charge of the Indians
on tho train, was fatally injured. The
bodies of the Indians who had been
killed were laid on the prairie beside
i the the track. Chief White Horse
i being carried with them. He said,
that lie knew that death was near and
requested that hebe placed near his
, deatl companions. The chief was
I propped up and sat stoically while
physicians worked on his injuries. Ile
smoked a pipe quietly, anti gave, no
si^n of the pain he must have sul?er
ed. Persons on the train say thc
\s reck was nuques' ionably caused by
a fog. which stretched many miles
Hom Lake Michigan. The Indians
were from the reservation at Rush
ville, Nebraska, and on a journey east
ward primarily for show purposes at
Five AV ?ire Drowned.
Five persons, members of a pleasure
party from the Florida Methodist, col
lege at Sutherland, Fla., were
drpwned near Anclote lik'ht house
Sunday night. Toe dead are: Mrs.
Walker, wife of the president of the
Miss O'Connor of Atlanta.
Miss Slaughter of Sutherland.
Miss McCray of Sutherland.
Mr. Bouland of Sutherland.
President Walkerand Miss Newton
reached the beach alive. The bodies
of Mrs. Walker and Miss O'Connor
have not yet been recovered. The
bodies of the other thiee who lost
their lives were washed ashore on the
beach and recovered. President
Walker had taken tuc party out for a
cruise tn thc bous?, but met with
rough weather and the boat was over
turned in the gulf. The Florida
Methodist college is located at Suther
land, on the west coast of the gulf,
about 30 miles from Tampa.
Hint a Fight.
A dispatch from Huntington, W.
Va., says that John McFarland, chief
of police r f North Fork, and J. A.
Ballard, a bunher merchant, are dead,
as the result of a pistol duel which
followed the Republican district con
vention at North Fork. They mot
after thc convention, the lie was pas
ed and tho shooting occurred.
BACK EEOM NEW YORK
CommiBBloner Watson Well PleoBed
Wi*h Prospect for Immigration.
GREAT INTEREST IN THE EAST.
Xho South's Opportunities Tor Bet
tlers and I livest munta Ar?
in All Classes.
The Columbia State says Col. E. J.
-Watson,, commissioner of commerce
and immigration of South Carolina,
returned Wednesday evening after
a ten day's trip to. New York in the
interest of the new work of which he
has been placed In charge.
The commissioner has the faculty
of taking up everything he does un
dertake with enthusiasm, and this in
stance is no exception. He is highly
pleased with the results of his trip
and seems fully imbued with a deter
mination to accomplish something-in
the lieiu to which he has been called.
The interview and editorial is re
produced from the New York Sun
show that Col. Watson "caught on"
in New York, as such a paper as The
Sun dees not open its columns to a
Soon after reaobing the "city
Wednesday night Cd. Watson had a
talk with Gov. Heyward and the
governor was well please with the Jn- .
formal report which he made. Wednes
day the governor received the follow
ing note from Mr. William Williams
of the New York department of com
merce and labor:
"Mr. E. J. Watson, the head of
your department of agriculture, com
merce and immigration called at Ellis
Island today with your letter of in
troduction; It gave me great pleas
ure to see him and I will assist him
to the extent of my ability on his
present mission to the east."
When seen Wednesday night Com
missioner Watson talked most inter
estingly of his trip and the prospects
for his work. While all that he had
learned, considered and undertaken
could not bo reviewed in the time
then at his disposal, he consented to
tell of a few things that had come un
der his observation.
"1 have been in the east," he said,
"for the last ten days giving the most
earnest attention to the southern im
migration problem, and arranging all
I the preliminaries for the founding of
the work of the new State department
upon a substantial basis. I knew at
the outset that the work was one of
man ami li ca ti o ns, and that speedy
actitn and vigorous measure
be necessary. Since st -1
can Say :Xt inc ^
no easy one.
"I am greatly gratified at the man
ner in which I was met by the offlolals
of the government and by those whe*
really' control the tide, of immigra
tion, and feel that the first fortnight
of. the new department's career has
been well utilized.
"What struck me most forcibly in
the east was the widespread Interest
in all circles-whether Wall street or
on Ellis Island, or in eastern business
or otllclal circles, or at the national
capitial-In the movement in the
south for immigration and emigra
tion. The federal government, I
gathered, would be glad to see jthe
title turn southward, thus preventing
the congestion in large centres of
commerce and the consequent misap
plication of intelligent, farming olasses
to trades and callings for which they
are totally unlit, resulting in depor
tations. Never ha>o the eyes of tho
east been so thoroughly turned to the
middle south not only in population
movements but in investments. Tho
easterners realize the value of our re
sources better than our own people,
and I have received the heartiest as
surances of earnest aid and co-opera
tion on all lines.
"In Washington the liveliest inter
; est ia manifested on all sides, as has
been manifested by the prompt, favor
! able action taken on Senator Sim
> mons' immigration information meas
, ure. 1 ara more than ever convinced
, tif the opportuneness of the move
[ ment launched in this State, and 1
sincerely trust our effort will bo
crowned with success. Ono danger
is in the people expecting too great
results In a short time. The work is
necessarily slow, and when it is based
upon a determination to handle
only such matters as posses the
elements of success, patience is an es
sential. However, 1 trust results can
be shown in certain branches of the
work at an early date. Another dan
ger is in the possibility of landowners
wishing prices for their lands at first
that wi 1 make their utilization difll
eulf. I trust that this danger will
not materailze. In a few days a call
will be issued for information wanted
immediately in this ohMeo concerning
available lands, and otllclal blanks
calling for the exact information will
be furnished the land owners. Tho
department is already receiving scores
of inquiries from all parts of tho coun
"of what, has b;en accomplished
and what balls have been sot in mo
tion at the count ry's chief port of en
try l do not care to speak just now, as
competition in immigration work is
i so strong 1 can only say that results
i thus far obtained exceed my expecta
"Concise pamphlets of information
as to our resources aro badly needed
and these will be issued at the earliest
possible moment, ltriof ones will bo
issued in the different, north European
languages for speedy use."
A < >necr Notion.
Mr. C. M. Strader, a Kentuckian,
before dying in Philadelphia the other
day, dictated a will requiring his body
to be cremated, thc ashes taken to
Louisville and "scittered on the
waves of the beautiful Ohio." He
concluded: "When this ls dono, If
the angel Gabriel ci.n collect my re
mains for the Judgment, I will take
off ray hat to him, and will bo there
I at the last roll call." The instruc
tions have been carried out.