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: '?DO THOU LIBERTY GREAT. INSPIRE OUR SOULS AND MAfcl^HJR LIVES IN 'PHY POSSESSION HAPPY, OR OUR DEATHS GLORIOUS IN THY CAUSE." .]??_' . ? :'.
VOL. XXVII. BENNETTSVILLE, S. C., FMpAY, FEBRUARY 13, 1903. NO. 14.
About Two Hundred Japanese Soldiers
Find a Watery Gravo.
WA8 THE ACT LEGITIMATE ?
The Czar Said to Bo Indignant at tho
I Possible Barbarous Conduot
Ills Admiral in Destroy
iou tho Warship.
A dispatch from St. Petersburg says
Kassian torpedo boats behn.ging to
the Vladivostok squadron sank a Ja
panese military transport, the Kin
shiu-Maru, of 4,000 tons, during the
night of April 20, with all on board
with the exception of 17 ollicers, 20
sbldiers, Oft of the crew and 85 Coolie
carriers. The others, who refuted to
surrender, were sent to the bottom
with the ship.
The oflioial report of Rear Admiral
Yeszen to the emperor is as follows:
"During the night of April 20 two
Russian torpedo boats met at sea the
Japanese military transport Klnshiu
Moru of 1,000 tons, laden witli rice
and military stores and about 1,500
tons of coal. The transport was
armed with four Ilotcbkiss guns of
?47 millimetres. The Russians cap
tured on board 17 ollicers, 20 soldiers,
85 military carriers, or coolies, and 05
of the crew, who surrendered. The
remainder of the men, who were to
form a landing party and who were
left without ollicers obstinately re
fused to surrender or go on board a
a Russian cruiser, furthermore they
ottered armed resistence to thc Rus
sians. In the end they were sent to
the bottom with the transport."
Admiral Yeszen reports that be
sides thc sinking of the Japanese
steamer Goyo-Maru at Won San
fGossan) April 25, thc Rus.ians sank
at sea the. same evening thc Japanese
stesfrnct" Nakamura-Maru, of 220 tons,
whyase crew were saved.
'.Khe satisfaction of the people cf St.
PeteVrsburg at the exploits of the
Vlatyivostok squadron i: temperen
"wityl admiration for th< bravery of
the/ Japanese soldiers w io were on
hpiArd the sunken (r?uspert Kinsliiu
\Maru and who preferrec to drown
gather than surrender.
\ Rear Admiral Yeszen's full report
says that 2U0 men went down with
The admiralty admits t lat the men
acted heroically but holds that Admi
ral Yeszen had no other alternative
than to sink the traospi ri, since he
could not spare a prize crew or
hampes his swift squadron witli a
Blower steamer. lt is lointed out
that the officers un board the Kinshiu
Maru appreciated the situation by ac
cepting imprisonment lather than
: * -t.h..
In tho case of the smaller Japanese
transports sunk by the torpedo boats
nt Won San, thecrew were sent ashore
because there was no accommodations
for them on the torpedo boats.
The crew of thc Japan sse steamer
Nakamura-Maru, as well ; s the Japa
nese of thc Kiushiu-Maiu who sur
rendered, have been taken to the Rus
Tho admiralty here professes igno
rance as to the future plans of Admi
ral Yeszen, but it ls believed he is in
communication with Vladivostok by
wireless telegraphy and it, is not likely
( to be surprised by the Japanese squad
/ ron sent to prevent his return.
AN AWFUL ACJCI1>ENT.
A Little Chilli Killed by a Train on
I The Lancaster Ledger says the lit
jjtle IS mouths old son of Mr. Lucius
^if?ll, who lives at the Faster place
vM^r Riverside, was run over by thc
J^-^ound freight on the Southern
last SatS.'J^day afternoon and died from
its injurle?lan hour or so later. The
little r.'ll'i^ slipped from the
house and \ . ; Of while his mother
had goo - oiit tu ..lend to something
about lin- lot. Returning to tl ie
house she O?issed tbc child and think
ing it mig(it have followed her un
noticed thevlol shi made search of the
lot for it and had ; -no to the front of
the bouse when din spied it several
hundred yards av iy about the rail
road track. S trd an approach
train and ran u gel ber child and had
it been possibli foi ocr to have made
thc distance a m ute sooner she
would have rescued her precious boy.
.But before she could reach him the
train was upon bira and ins little life
was crushed out.
As soon as thc engin? er noticed the
child on the track he made every ef
fort to stop his train ?but being on a
downgrade the momentum of the train
carried it beyond. The little body
was badly mangled, one ann being cut
olT, a foot crushed to a p. lp and thc
Mr. Hell was in town al the time of
the accident, ?iud hastened home on
receiving thc distressing neus by
phone. Mr. and Mrs. Hell have thc
deepest sympathy of every one in the
loss ot' their only child tinder such sad
and distressing dieu instances. The
burial took place Sunday at Salem
ItiHuiio ?llu > Convicted.
At Bluiftoil, I lfd., John W. Terrell,
a wealthy niau, who sever il years ago
murdered his son in-law, Melvin
Wolf, was sentenced to imprisonment.
Terrell has become insane since ihr
crime. The killing was sensational.
Wolf taunted his mother-in-law and
Terrell shot him ill the leg. While
tho leg, which bari been .shattered by
the bullet, was being amputated,
Terrell entered the s?rgon's otllco and
killed Wolf. Terrell, although In
sane, will have to serve in prison, as
lhere is nothing in the law as to the
disposition of a prisoner who becomes
insane aller c. ri viet ion.
Judge SlinontoirH Successor.
Tito president Wednesday sen! io
tin: senate Hie name ol' Judge Jeter C.
Pritchard, of the supreme court ol'
the district of Columbia, as judge of
the fourth circuit, lo lill thc vacancy
caused by tho death ol' Judge Charles
H. Slmonton. Judge Pritchard was a
Itepublican senator from North Caro
lina until appointed on thc bench of
the district court.
KILLING IN SALUDA COUNTY.
Fight .Grow Out ot' tho Disputed
Ownership o?' u Pistol.
A dispatch from Batesburg to Thc
State says Lien. Burton, a merchant of
Monetta, was shotand Instantly killed
Wednesday morning by Morgan Thrail
kill, a promineut farmer of tho same
section, and Lecky hurton, a brother
of tlie dead man, was shot and seri
ously wounded by ClarenceThrailkill,
a son of tile other.
The shooting grew out of a dispute
concerning the owuership of a revol
ver. Early Wednesday morning the
two Thrailkills drove up to thc Hur
ton store in a buggy and demanded a
pistol that young Burton had in bis
possession. Tile latter refused to
give it up, saying that it bad been
left with liirn by his brother and that
be had no right to give it up without
his, Lien Burton's, consent.
Old man Thrailkill raised a gun to
fire but young Burton caught, it be
fore be could lire. While this strug
gle was going on young Thrailkill, a
j boy of ll) years, tired upon Burton
witLi a revolver, indicting a serious
wound in the grain. The mule that
the Thrailkills were driving became
frightened and ran away; this, it is
conjectured, preventing them from
killing Lecky Hurton outright.
Soon afterwards hen iiurton came
uo and was immediately shot down hy
Thc only remark that Ben Burton
uttered was "What have I done to
you?" being made after he was shot.
lt is said that the Thrailkills were
enraged and for a time after the shoot
ing were perfectly wild.
Ban Burton married the elder
Thrailkill's niece, lie leaves a wife
and two children. All the parties
are respectable and well to do people.
The elder Thrailkill was one of Hie
tiniest farmers in this section of the
country, ll? is a man ot' about 45
years ol'age, while his son is only ll).
Young Burton, toe wounded man,
is 24 and the dead mau was about 33.
Thc two Thrailkills have gone to
Saluda and surrendered. Solicitor
Thurmond is on the scene to look af
ter the interest of tile State.
The county line betwei a Aiken and
Saluda counties runs through
Munetta, between Hie stores of thc
Burton and of Stevens & Cato, where
Lecky Burton was aller he was shot,
and it is said that Lecky Burton was
shot in Saluda county, wL.de Ben was
killed in Aiken.
CLIM ATE ANFfJlToP^ipORT.
Four Pros ts and Iee Twice llctnrdH
and Injures Crops ol All Kinds.
Following is Section LMreetor Hailer's
weekly crop and climate bulletin is
sued last week:
The week ending R.a. m., April.25,
had a mean temperature of 57 de
grees, which is nearly t) degrees be
low normal, due to extremely low
temperatures at Hie beginning of the
week with gradually increasing
warmth to about normal at, its close.
Frost, occurred on the Billi, 21st, 22d
and ^:!d. generally light, but heavy to
killing in the northern sections, where
vegitation was not sulliciently ad
vanced to st)lier much injury. The
frost of thc 22d was quite general and
covered the Stale nearly to the coast.
Ice was observed on the l'.)th and 201 h,
and on the latter date the ground was
fro/.en in York county. This temper
ature was unfavorable for germination
and growth, but did little damage
There was very light precipitation
in nearly all parts, bul benclicial
amounts in only a lew. The precipi
tation on the 20th wits in the form of
rain, sleet and snow in the western
counties. The ground ls very dry,
and has insuilicient moisture for the
germination of recently planted seeds,
and for the growl h of grain crops, and
for plowing in many places.
Planting operations made rapid pro
gress, and arc. nearing e mplciion in
t he east ern and centrai portions, bul
1 he pr?par?t ion ol' lands is rendered
largely impracticable by the drought,
except on light, sandy soils. Some,
hoi lom lands are being prepared for
corn. The season is about lo days
late in the westorn counties.
Corn planting is progressing Slowly
in Hie west, although uplands are
nearly lin ?shed, lu the eastern parts,
all but bottom lands have, been plant
ed, and considerable replanting bas
been done. Stands are from fair to
good, but arc being broken by birds :
and worms. Tile cool weather ls in
imical to Hie growth ol' corn, and bas
caused some lo nun yellow. Cultiva
tion is active in many places.
Cotton planting is nearly ti ills) ted in
the eastern parts, and about half fin
ished in the western ones. Germina
tion is slow and poor, and only a small
part of the crop is up to poor stands,
Some thal was up was killed by frost,
and ls being replanted. Seed for re
planting is scarce, lu the western
par' ? only a small pori ion is up. Sea
island cotton is not doing well, owing
to thc prevailing low temperature.
Tobacco transplanting is well ad
vanced towards completion in Marl
boro and Marion counties, lind made
good progress in othor sections, with
the, plants tine and plentiful.
Most of the early rice, crop bas been
planted. Much is up to good stands,
but the cool weather bas stopped its
growth and made it turn yellow.
Wheat cont innes to improve slowly,
except, in sandy lauds where ii. is not
stooling well. The condition of ? als
is variable, but they are very promis
ing on moist, lauds and generally poor
on sandy lands, where rain is needed.
Both grains need rain. Melon seeds
aro germinating poorly and some are
rol ling in Hie ground. Peaches ap
pear to be. safe on high grounds; but
are badly damaged hy frost, in low
places, Otliei fruits are more prom
ising. Tie; weat ber was too dry and
cool for truck, although shipments
continue heavy. Gardens art: gener
Kpitleinic ol' Meanies.
An Ollie i al of the New York heall li
department reports an alarming spread
of measles, many cases proving fatal
being followed by pneumonia. The
weekly report shows for Greater New
York 1,030 cases of measles with 37
deaths arf. due directly thereto und
135 deaths of pneumonia.
A SPICY DEBATE.
Dalzell and Cockran Lock in the
House of Representatives.
THE IRISHMAN TUBNS TABLES.
Points Out Charges Against Him
Woro Confession of Corrupt
Methods on tho Part of '
The heavyweights had another bout
in the house on Tuesday of last week
with Messrs. Dalzell and Cockran as
combatants. The speeches were a
renewal of last Saturday's debate but
were more personal in their charac
ters. As on Saturday the speakers
were greeted with vociferous applause
hy their respective colleagues aud the
bitterness of party feeling ran high.
Mr. Dalzell repeated his charge that
Mr. Cockran luid received money for
his support of McKinley. Tbe cbarire
was indignantly denied by Mr. Cock
The. climax came when Mr. Cock
ran offered a resolution providing for
the appointment of a select committee
of live members of the house to in
vestigate the charge which had been
made against him by Mr. Dalzell. Ile
and other Democrats, including Mr.
Williams, tim minority leader, de
manded immediate consideration, but
the speaker declined to pass on a point
of order against thc resolution until
he had examined precedents.
To support his charges Mr. Dalzell
said he would mention some facts and
circumstances connected with thc his
tory of Mr. Cockran. Ile then read
from a number of documents to show
thal) Mr. (Jockran started as a green
hacker, amt In 189G stood with the
McKinley side because lie was for
"Kor souiid money in 1896,lie
said, amid Republican applause,"trav
eling all over the continent; in 11)00
in support of Bryan, gteenbacker
snuud money man, tree silver man.
He has been a Bryanltc and auti-Bry
an-lte. He was for Bryan in 1900.
ls he fur Bryan now?"
Looking Mr. Cockran In Lhe face.
Mr. Dalzell, speaking in derision, said
that Mr, Cockrau "has been a Tam
many itc and as such has been a mem
ber of congress; he has been an anti
Tammanyite and as such ceased to be
a member of congress. Tue gentle
man from New York is a Tammany
ito now again and now again he is a
member of congress."
The Republicans were roused to a
ililli pitch of enthusiasm and ap
plause when Mr. Dalzell said Boftly:
"Would not that make one suspicious
that it was more than a matter of
conscience with a gentleman haviug
such a harlequin career?"
HUMORS IK TUB AMS.
The Democratic side of the house,
he said, bad gotten hysterical when
bc would not on Saturday disclose the
name of his informant. Ile .hen read
ihe New York Journal pub ?shed by
Mr. Cockran's colleague, W. 1?. Hearst,
in August, I8'.)(i, which theEiatemeht
was made that Mr. Cockran was for
McKinley "a position wnicli to those
who remember his career in congress,
dees not seem to involve such a strain
on his feelings as might he supposed
especially with rumors in the air of
$250,000 checks out of Hanna's eduoa
Mr. Dalzell closed amid wild Re
publican applause with a must bitter
denunciation of Mr. Cocieran, lie re-: '
ferred to that gentleman's speech be
fore the Democractic convention
which sent him to congress in which
Mr. Cockran said:
"We have readied a point where
the country is regarded asan interna
t..'iial hoodlum." Pacing the Demo
cratic side and looking directly- at
Mr. Cockran, Mr. Dalzell declared: s
"ll here heany hoodlums amongst a
us tiley are not the 'product of Amen- i ^
i an institutions or American civiliza- I
tion." Ile was interrupted with loud |1
and prolonged Republican applause.
Cuni i niling, he said:
"They are to be found rather
amongst those adventurers who hav
ing left their own country for their
country's good, find in the lield of
American polities prolilic source ofja
notoriety and pelf, men who without 1
conscience and wit bout conviction lind .;1
an opport unity now with one party, j
now with another lind a market fur 1
tin ir peculiar wares, among which is 1
not. respectability." I-w
He took his seat amid another storm !1
of Republican applause. j1
COCKRAN IN RETLY. j
Mr. Cockran had sat through the j
entire .speech of Mr. Dalzell unmoved L
and wailed for him to finish when, ?"j
rising from his seat lie was greeted
with tumultuous applause hy the
l icmocrat s.
Mr. Dalzell he declared, had
thought it proper to justify i', charge
of int,uny against a fellow member
by searching the various channels |<
"t brough which anonymous c ilumina
lion circulates ina political campaign
and with hands no cleaner than those
willi which it deals, hurls it over a
h ?dy of deliberative tuen."
Mr. Cocktail denied the charge that
he had received $ 15,000 from the Bal- j
mer and Buckner campaign commit
tee. He also denied in the most posi
tive manner that he had ever received i
money for supporting President Mc
Kinley's election in 1800. He denied;
Hie charge that he ever was a green- i
If Mr. Dalzell believed the charges
?ie had brought against him, Mr. i
fi ck ran said, it showed bim (Mr. Dal-1
Zlll) in a pitiable state. Ile was in
nefainy an i did not know it. Ile had
confessed to his own party's corrup
tion. Ile. hail proved, if he had proved
?anything, that the presidential elec
tion had been purchased, lt bad been
! charged that sixteen million dollars
had been spent, hy the Republican
campaign committee in that cam
paign. Mr. Cockran said lie iiad never
believed these charges himself.
As to defending himself, he said:
"1 can always protect myself from
the gentleman from Pennsylvania t y
choosing my own side of tile street.
"Before I sit down, 1 shall ask this
house Lo agree with me on this, that
if what the gentleman ha? said ls
true, I am unworthy of its member
ship; if what bc said be false, be is un
worthy of membership."
Mr. Cockran was Interrupted with
loud cheers from his Democratic col
leagues. Ho continued: "This will
take a wider range than our personal
virtues. I shall ask for a committee
to investigate this charge, and shall
ask for power to send for persons and
TUE ItEPUUMCANS SCORED.
Mr. Cockran then reari his resolution
reciting that Dalzell bad charged that
Cockran had been paid ninney to a po
litical party for support o. a candidate
for the presidency; that if the charge
was true it established such conduct
as should unlit any man for member
ship in the house aud providing for a
committee of live members appointed
by the speaker with power to compel
attendance of witnesses for the in
vestigation of such charge." Loud
Democratic applause followed Mr.
Cockran's reading ol the resolution.
He then resumed and said that when
that resolution was adopted in all Its
terms something more importaut tbau
his conductor the action of the mem
ber from Pennsylvania would be made
"We will see," he said, "just how
the election in 18UU was conducted,
and wc will see whether in fact the
presidency was bought or purchased,
ar whether it was won in honorable
political conllict or whether it repre
sented as the gentleman from Penn
sylvania would have us believe, tho
skill in corruption which was pos
sessed by tile managers of the He
publican organization." If it be true,
?ie said, "that that campaign result
id in sucli use of money as had been
iescrihed, there was but one possible
>af''ty for tue republic."
The gentleman from Pennsylvania,
Vir. Cockran said had asked him whom
t was we would choose fi-r our stan
lard bearer. 1 said there was a man
?ut in Missouri whom we might ciioose
o nominate as our standard bearer,
lecause the main issue, of this cam
laign will not be "how we are to col
ect revenue," hut he said amid Wild
)emocratic cheers, "how we are to
teep the thieves from stealing its pro
Mr. Cockran deuied having referred
a the United States as "an in ter na
loo al hoodlum."
Thc Democrats went wild as Mr.
,'ockran sat down aud tho speaker
our.d dillieulty in resorting order.
Mr. Cockran then asked immediate
ction on ids resolution as a mutter of
irivilcge, as did also Mr. Williams,
tut Mr. Grosvenor objected, the
peaker refused to rule on the point
if order and Hie house adjourned until
?leven o'clock tomorrow.
SAYS THE EARTH IS FLAT
In?' orre.t-H Itcward to Anyone Who
Can Provo lt.
It is asserted that on the Niagara
leuinsuliii-, tho fruit bolt- a! ...T..
if which tiiis city is the centre, Jive I
tut of six persons believe that tho
arth we live on is Hat and not globu
ar, says the. St. Catherine (Ont. ) Dis
?atch. The chief exponent of this
beery is John S. McClelland, city
lerk of St. Cat herines, formerly edi
or of a daily newspaper here.
Mr. McClelland is well educated and
las made an extensive study of as
ronomy. After much investigation
ie concluded that the earth is flat,
nd rests on water instead of air; that
he sun is no bigger than it. looks to
he naked eye, and is only a few
housand miles obovo the earth.
The earth, Mr. McClelland thinks,
s stationary, while the sun travels
lack and fort h above it. The sun's
utensil y is not sufficient to light the
rhole earth at once, and thus when
I is at one end of the world the other
nd is in darkin: s anil night is ac
Mr. McClelland points to the fact
hat/ the sun and moon are both seen
bining at the same time, as unassail
ble evidence that the earth is not
mil-like shape. He scouts the gravi-;
afion theory. There is no such1
bing as gravitation, he contends,
nd he further asserts that the
heory is merely an iuveiifion of as
ronomers to bolster up t he supersti
tion, ?us he calls it, that the earth isa
rlobe. How could there be sutllcient
gravitation or attraction, he asks
cornfully, io hold on all the water
her?; is in the world with it, revolving
it. the rate they say it does?
As for the moon, Mr. McClelland is
iontident that ii is no more than ooo
niles away. The theory that the
.tars are as big as the earth is pro
louiiced altogether ridiculous. The
noon's light he points out, is of a
thosphoric character, not at all like
mat of t lie sun.
The Hat earth theory has gained
i'.rength about here in view of the
act I hat recently Mr. McClelland is
ated a challenge to members of the!
Hoya I Astronomical Society, living hi
rorontoand Hamilton, to meet him
tn t he public platform and publicly
??seuss with him the question wheth!
ir the earth is rund or Hat. and not
me of the asl ronomer.4 has seen lit tc
respond. Then Mr. Mcclelland post
sd an ol?er. and it stands today, ti
jay $100 for a single ,proof that th
.-art li is round liku a h ill.
Tried to Po I HO 9 Many.
A mere accident; \Wj dnesday aver1
!il lin; poisoning off,00 students (
Lho military school Vat Sol?a. Tl;
?00k and one ofilcerof the inst itu! io,
m entering the. kitchen on theschol,
.aught a young st udent of the Soa
mi versify in the act of putt inga j
package of cyanide of potassium Ito
tile food hi ing prepared. Thc Si
lent was arrested, and later su icier!
in his cell, lt has been learned tat
Hie student was a member of an
anarchist society, w hich had appi'U -
iiil him to use ' lis means of ifuig
away with all Hie students int lie
Blanglltr >l>y thc Trolley.
Forty deaf , a month fron the
operation of s^Vcct railway lim and
of railroads err iring a city is aeavy
toll upon huma?! life. Virtual 000
persons a ye ? lind des ttl umr thc
wheels in Ol figo. Such an ggre
Kiito killed in-*( day would stale the
world, even v 'c the other. \\ days
to be lmmuntq^ This sacrilicef life,
year in and yiJ.rout should boppall
Ing. but it (.Jes on seeinlnglas one
af the Inevlta 'lc consequeuceof lifei
In a great ci tv
A SAD CASE.
Twp White Women Shoplifters Ceu
! vi ted in an Atlanta Court.
MAKE A PATHETIC APPEAL.
Air?. Ella Hivers and Mrs. Edith
IIIKRH Aro tho Nanice of tho
\ Two Unfortunates, Who
Hail from Charleston.
ft'he Atlanta Journal says Mrs.
Edith Riggs and Mrs. Ella Rivers,
o? Charleston, S. C., recently arrested
for .shoplifting, after having robbed
many department stores in Atlanta,
under Uve indictments charging
larceny from the house, were convict
ed i in the Fulton criminal superior
court "Wednesday morning. Judge L.
S. ttoan imposed a tine of 3500, cash
on each of the women, in lieu of the
payment of which they will serve a
sentence twelve montbs on tire couuty
public-works. The $500 aggregates a
lincof $100 in each of the cases against
the women, their counsel having
agreed to abide by thc rinding and
sentence in one case. The charges
against the women were felonies, but
on the recomendation ofxthe Jury in
thc one case all were treated as mis.lc
mcauors by Judge Roan, whose heart
svas touched by thc pathetic scene
which was enacted in the court roora.
The tines have not been paid, but
lt is understood that a movement is
>n foot in Atlanta among certain
mafltablc people to raise the Si,ooo
by public subscription, several good
ladijs having interested themselves in
Attorneys Harvey Hill and Van
Asttir Batchelor, representing L!w;
woiieu, elected to have the prisoners
brie;) together. To save time they
gptiited into an agreement with the
.ullJitor that the result in one case
ihodld hold good ip the five.
Aller the jury had been drawn and
thejovidence for the state introduced.
Lhehttorneys representing the women,
Lo the surprise of the court, the solici
tor laud everyone else in tho room,
; ta Lld they bad a couple of witnesses
lo introduce, lt had been thought
that no testimony for the defense
woula be offered, the counsel depend
ing mtirely upon the statements of
UNFORTUNATE CU I LD H EN.
TM nineteen-year-old daughter of
Mr& [Riggs, who arrived, with lier
broiler, from Charleston Tuesday
?ighl, was called. The girl Is an idiot
ind } paralytic. She was assited to
the Uand, but her feeble mind was
v.nable of grasping. The sight was
e. most pitiable ever seen tn
it. ii room. 1 ne giri paid'fio'
lttc'utlon whatever to the queries of
he attorneys, she'disregarded the re
nafkes of the judge and made no sign
it recognizing lier mother, wdio sat
peiping. Slie could gi vt no informa
,ioi or testimony regarding her
'Jhe I rother was next called, ile
S dxte :n years of age, and, like bis
iisi-r, is also au idiot. But the boy
solid talk. Occasionally a ray of
ntilligeuce would break the mono
on) of his gasping. When Harvey
[HI asked the lad why he had came
, ? Ltlanta, the boy mumbled feebly,
't-.see mama." Not once, however
iictbe witness display any sign of re
: ijjiizlng his mother, who was still
Irs. Riggs was placed on the 'and
,o Dake lier statement. She said:
A .MO l ll IC lt S Al'l't?AL.
'Gentlemen of thc jury: 1 am
ieb to auwer the charge of a dis
?rceful act. 1 fee! mortally ashamed.
I hpc to be able under this terrible
irdal to give you a true ?ketch of my
larjllfc. 1 want to appeal to your
;erler hearts for whatever considera
do; you think I deservo. When 10 | v
/ers of age, I married the fainer of
ibi two unfortunate children you
lae seen. He drank very hard, neg
e<cd his home and family. After
i Jw years he was taken LO the insane
islum. 1 was penniless and almost
rindless. 'lo tell all of my sutler- '-"
DH would take all day. The sad|a
iii.it you have seen best tells the
itYy. Whatever mistakes l have
mile in the past was done for the sal
k'.iion of my poor, crippled children.
Fr ll) long years I have struggled
fi> them. There is no booie in South
L'rolina for unfortunates so atllicted.
L fmt thora north, but they were re
tied because I had no funds with
?yjh which to keep t hem. They can '
lither walk nor talk. No one can
iderstand their wants but me.
Dey need my care. 1 have never
icu away from them before. In con
a?ration of these helpless children
ijd what my freedom is worth to
"em, I humbly beg for mere v. 1 am
cir only support and nothing but
i overpowering desire to relieve their i v
ants would have persuaded mc to do 1
?at 1 have done. i read of the
(ckage with which I did my work in
New York paper, lt was my lirst
?tempt, lt will be my last. Remcm
?r that mercy is all 1 ask. My life
us been a living deatn. Brave men
five fallen. I am only a weak ami
/orburdened woman, if you feel
tat 1 deserve no pity, then, for
gaven's sake, look at the helpless
lildren. They cannot, speak, but
leir humble presence isa crying plea
ir their mother's freedom."
The jury was out only a few min
ies before returning a verdict,.lind-1Z
ig thc women guilty and recoin-L
ending them to the mercy of fie
.lodge Roan tined them $100 in each
rn.! Oulla Way.
In Cuba, two hours before a paper
distr.buted, a copy must be sent, | '
ith the editor's name, to thc govern
entand one to the censor. When the
iper is returned with thc censor's en
irsemeut the paper may go t.i the
The cave-in of a coal mine at Toe
a, Seville, Thursday burled many
iners. Fifty bodies have been ro
gered. The of the miners were res
ired, but all of them arc badly in
FUTURE FOR 8WEET POTATO.
Department of AKficulturc Making
Experiments in Georgia.
The Washington correspondent of
The State says the day will, I be
lieve, come when the sweet potato
will lurnish the starch of the world
The possibilities of tho potato are far
beyond anything at present realized.
This is the opinion of Dr. Harvey
W. Wiley, chief of tho bureau of
chemistry of the agricultural depart
ment, whose attention has recently
been directed toward the development
of the possibilities he ludientes, and
and who is preparing the way for
interesting experiments in that di
The opinion I have quoted was
given in the course of a conversation
with Representative Brantly of Geor
gia, who had called to h's attention
the advisability of the department o-.'
agriculture following up its experi
ments upon the sugar cane of Georgia
and South Carolina, Floiida and Ala
bama, with a somewhat similar study
ot the sweet potato.
lt was largely through the intluence
of Representative Brantley that the
experiments now beiug conducted to
develop th. cane syrup industry of
those sou "jem States were begun.
The successful results obtained at the
government's experiment station near
Waycross suggested the possibilities
In a somewhat similar direction of the
study by the government's exports of
the sweet potato, and he has had sev
eral conferences with Dr. Wiley on
bile subject. The experiment station
at Waycross is perhaps the most com
plete of its kind in the world, and
could be utilized for such investiga
tion as tiie experts may be able to
Mr. Brantley has made something
nf a study of thc uses to which the
ordinary potato which grows so abun
lantly and so generally throughout
thc Southern States could be put, and
is convinced that there are great pos
sibilities in tlie manufacture of glucose,
itarcb and alcohol from it. In bis in
vestigation, the facilities i f the Way
cross syrup station naturally suggest
ed themselves, and when he broached
.he subject to Dr. Wiley be promptly ,
igreed that the intluence of the de
partment of agriculture should be ex
ited toward securing thc necessary ?
ippropriations for the utilization of ,
ihat plant in the expert s ,udy of po
In another year the department ex- ;
jects to complete its work with the ?
ingar cane, or at least carry it to i
practical completion. Dr. Wiley has
igreed to recommend that in the next (
sericultural appropriation bill there ]
re added tu the sum appropriated to i
,he department for experiment pur
poses such amount as may be regard- ]
?d necessary to take up the potato ex- i
>ci iinents aud carry chem on as th.-.se ,
ipen sugar cane have been conducted, ,
md he considers the Waycross plant
ibo ideal place for such experiments,
le is himself quite enthusiastic over |
?hi; possibilities of making the potato ,
:n j another great money-crop for j
pb?; Southern States, and will do
.vi 'ything in his power to make it ?
A MASKED HIGHWAYMAN. \
?roves to nc a Well-Known Young
Society Mun. 1
At San i ose, Col., on Wednesday I
vheu the mask was tom from the <
ace of a during thcif who hud been ?
?hot death in a wild dight, to escape i
lis pu rsm rs were surprised to lind ?
hey had killed their friend, Bert i
Plmrndyki, one of the most proini- 1
lent young men ot that city. ;
While ;i hali dozen of the wealthy
aembers of thc Del mon te Social Club ;
vere loungiug lu thc parlor of the i
luhbouse they were startled by the !
ppearanc of a tall man wearing a .
lack mask and carrying a large re- i
olver in e ich hand. i
"1 want your money and jewels, i
aid the "'hold up" artist quietly, t
'and you will lind the easiest is tbe .
cst way." i
Following the direction of the mask- .
d man. the trembling guests unload- I
d their money and jewelry on a table, j [
nd the thief leisurely examined i
ratones and rings before putting them u
ito his pocket, ile lined the guests lt
gainst the wall, told them he would t
iii them if they stirred, backed out t
1 Hie room and disappeared. j.
A posse ut armed men was speedily 1
rganized, and after following the i
rial of the thief for an hour he was j
iscovcred and driven to a corner. I
Vhilo he stood at bay thirty shots
.ere exelringed and the thief dropped
ead, with a bullet in his heart.
"Ifs Bert Thorndyke; poor Bert,"
aid tlie men whu had sent him to his
Thorudyke, withins wife and young
aughter. lived with Mrs. (?. M.
truce, his mother-in-law, a wealthy j
ddow, and the exposurer was a fern
ie blow td his family.
An lOnglno U.vploi ed.
Wednesday morning engine No.
20of tho Baltimore and Oblo, casi
iou nd, while passing Tenth street In j
Iraddock, l'a., exploded, fatally in
uring three men and seriously injur
?g three others. Five buildings were
.recked and partially demolished, and
wo of them were set on tire, rcqulr- j
ig the attention of the tire depart
ment. The train was proceeding at a
lir speed when the explosion occur
ed. This was followed by a cloud Of
team, cinders and ?lames which COD.
inned to be propelled Into the air un
il the engine reached Eleventh street
?block away from tho explosion.
1?re it left the tracks, striking the
Ide of the Polish Lutheran church,
,Ide. the cylinder head blow in the
pposit.e direction, striking the wall
f an icc house, breaking it down,
'he debris was widely spread, but
aost of the damage was done to
roper ty in the block which the cu
What Strikes Cost.
In the last twenty years, according
o tho tlgures of the labor bureau at
Vashington, there have been more
han 22.U00 strikes, Involving a loss to
mployeesand employers of over $100,
00,000. The loss to the workmen
hemselves has been more than twice
hat of their employers.
ACCUMULATION OF WEALTH.
It Can Only Bo Dono Honestly by Giv
lng Value Received.
One of the cardinal traits of ? gen*
uine moral character ls honesty. It
is a bond of social and commercial
confidence. It is the basis of real
prosperity. /We feel like nob only en
dorsing the sentiment that an "hon
est man ls the noblest work of God,"
hut also adding that an honest man
ls the bedrock and bulwark of society
A dishonest man ls a carbuncle up
on the neck, a felon upon the Unger
of the social bod j;. Ile causes a sight
of irritation; trouble and inconveni
ence pbe works couiusi^n and loss; and
not infrequently communicates poison
to thc entire social system.
There is much complaint of a lack
of strict honesty In the land today,
and there arc many evidences te sus
tain the complaint. We can scarcely
pick up a paper without reading or
thefts and defalcations, and the ope
rations of fraudule.it and swindling
scliemes, and the extortions of cor
(Jolncldent with the carnival of dis
honesty ls the prevalence of the gam
bling mania, and may it not be that
these two things are somewhat related
as effect and cause?
The speculative spirit ls wide
spread. It permeates and infests all
classes of society from the lowest to
the highest. In the lowest lt finds
expression in crap Shooting and in the
devices of gambling dens. A little
higher up, as men grade society, it
linds expression in laying a wager on
thc bali gam?, and the cock tiglit and
the hor.se race. Among the respecta
ble lt linds expression around the card
table of fashionable parlors and draw
ing rooms, and reaches the climax of
expression in what is commonly known
as "dealing In futures."
Timm, are many men who would
not bet on a horse race or stake money
on aganic of cards, but they will put
up money as margins on cu-.ton con
tracts and grain futures.
Doubtless there is a lawful dealing
in futures. As things are, lt is possi
ble that in no other way cculd large
dealers in thes9 products protect
themselves against serious losses in
certain cases in the course of bona
Hut for the mass of men who en
gage in this kind of dealing, it is
nothing but gambling. They are
protecting no legitimate interests,
they are simply and solely indulging
the gambllug spliit. Their dealings
imouut to nothing-but a wager laid
upon the future price of a product.
Lt means that one man's gabi 's an
other man's loss, and it leads to
risks tha'j are not legitimate and
Jafe. ' i
But* Without'arguing the question,
let us consider the result. Tue safest
rule hy which to judge of tiie moral
3haracif:r of j.ny thing ?j tLe~ old
jnc given by the Master Teacher,
"By their fruits ye shall know them."
What are the fruits of dealing upon
Lhe exchange? lt saps the essentials
A sterling manhood, honor, patient
industry and economy.
If 1 can make $f>0() by venturing.
3IOU upon margins, why hesitate to
risk on the venture the 8100 in my
bands as a trust. 1 can soon pay it
back, and have a nice surplus for my
If I can make *.">0() on the exchange
in a day or a week, or even In a
month, why need I be plodding along
for $30 or $50 a month? And why
worry myself with stinting and econ
imizing at every turn and living
plainly and frugally? And thus the
tsscntials of noble, vigorous manhood
collapse under the touch of the ma
ign? transactions with their golden
These dealings have unfitted many
i man for any employment requiring
concentrated and persistent toll; they
lave 'made thieves of young men in
.tores and banks; they have made de
aulters and embezzlers of t'iose who
lave bad t rust funds in their keep
ug: they have brought man) a family
o poverty, and many a good name to
?hame and disgrace, and many a life
.vitil bright prospects to a suicide's
"'rave and to a dark eternity.
These transactions kindle a desire
X) get rich in baste, and he who
nakes haste to be rich will rarely, if
?ver, be honest, lt will ever be true ? ^
bat '"They that will Lc rich fall into j
.cmptation and a snare and Into many . f(
oolisb and hurtful lusts." The
;ambling spirit so prevalent today in
nw and high circles, in the den and
n the pit, is a giant foe to honesty,
it is subversive of that aivient com
oand sp ?keri fruin beaven, "Thou
.bait not steal."
Lf you would be an honest man,
teep out of the Niagara rapids of
?peculation. There are deadly falls |
inst ahead. You may never get rich,
mt there ls something better than
riches. This is not a popular doc
trine at this hour, but that it is be
cause the popular vision is disordered
md distorted. But believe me, there
is something more valuable than
money and that is unsullied man
1 do not condemn money getting, j 0
Du the contrary, I praise lt. Make j a
ill the money you can and save all
[.be money you can, so you use it for
iud anil humanity. There is no vir
ile in poverty. On the other hind
ibere IS a fearful sacrifice of power
PuL yourself down to lt; m.ike
noney, but, see to it that you need a
lean conscience r.<rl olean bands.
Two Pi rc mon Killed,
At New York two fireman were
(Hied arid,'one mortally wounded by
-he collapse of a wall at a lire in .lohn ? a
Stanley's soap factory on West I w
thirtieth street Wednesday morning.
The men in the ruins are John Crean p
ind Tims. Madigan. Two companies j
if firemen on the adjoining roof had a fi
larrow escape from death from an- j a
ither falling wall. Men by working
Inally got to the buried men. The
oss is Slim,OOO._
George Lee Warren and frank
?Varren were sentenced at Yorkville
in Tuesday to ton and live years re
?pectlyely for shooting Into a train
ast January and wounding Conductor
Ross. George died tho first night ho
vas on the chalngang and Frank
same neary dying, lt ls suspected
.hey took poison.
Of a Pullman Coach Over Two Mil?
Into Gar of Whiskey.
WOEK'OF AN UNKNOWN NEGRO.
Alon, Women, Boys and Girls, WMt?
and Black, Scramble to
Catch tho Spilling
The Columbia State says the peopl?
of the mill dlstirctof that city wit
nessed au exciting runaway "Wednes
day afternoon. A Pullman coach,
whose brakes had been released by ah
unknown negro oh mischief bent, as
the car stood on an incline at tho
Seaboard's Gervias street yard, dash
ed at a high rate of speed over the
long trestle south of the city. In
the coach at the time were a Penn
sylvannia railroad porter, D. 0. Mur
ray, who says he lives in Jersey City,
and his helper, Joe Rubersten, a
small negro boy who says he lives
with his mother, Frances Robertson,
at 913 Pendleton street. Both were
asleep at tho time the coach started
out, but were aroused before the
coach reached the Seaboard's, malu
line trestle, which starts at the south
ern end of the yards and extends
through the mill district to the rear
oi thc Olympia and Granby mills, si
[listance of nearly two miles.
Over this elevated track the coach
med at a rate of about 40 miles an
hour. Murray tugged at tho brakes,
mb without apparent result, his .
lailure being due, he thinks, to his '
ixcitement and fear. At the end of '
.he trestle behind the mills stood a
Seaboard box car loaded with 30 bar
els of Wateree corn whiskey consign
id to Commissinnnr T.atnm which had
leen temporarily switched on to the
nain line by a train busy in the mill
liding. Murry and the boy retreated
.o the end of the co ich furthest from
ihe approaching danger. The box
?ar was telescoped and reduced to
?plinters by the heavy Pullman,
vhieh was hurt but little. Neither
K'cupantof the coach was injured. Ike
Dreher, a yard brakeman, who was on
Aie top of the box car as he saw the
runaway coach rounding the curve
;oward him, did not hesitate long to
yonder. He had just made his way
lown the embankment when tho
Thirty-six barrels of whiskey rolled
lown the embankment unbroken.
Tour were smashed and the contents
treamed out of the werck and collect
ed in the shape of a little lake,
?uickly a collection about 50 men,
romen and boys, white and colored,
rere on the scene with bottle, pans,
lasses and buckets scrambling for
ositions under the various little:^
Hearns of vlraUr-y pouring forth
rom the wrecked boxcar. When tho
fbite boys and girls began to dip.uo
he whiskey in their caps and what
essels they were able to muster into
Brvice on short mtice, a white man
ritti a deep-seated look of disgust on
is face found a shovel and began
browing dirt into the lake. The
hildren who were running off to
rink tho whiskey as rapidly as'they
;ooped it up raised a protest and
line men who were also dipping into
ne mine made remarks about the
ian with the shovel being smart and
[Vicious, but he heeded not and did
ot stop until he had obliterated the
A wrecking train working from the
ridge end and a freight engine from
lie other cleared the track in less
lian an hour, and no trains were
elayed. The Pullman coach, which
as dur- to go north with the Sea
oard's 0.30 train, was hauled back to
lie yards for repairs, lt was slightly
philtered and broken in at tho col
siou eui, but it is remarkable how
tile it. was damaged in view of the
omplete way in which the box car
ad been wrecked.
THE WEATHER FOR MAY.
V hat the Conditions Muy Boas In
dicated by 1'iu.t Itccords.
The following data, covering a
erlod of thirty-three years, have
een compiled from the weather bu
uau ?ecords at Charleston. They are
isued lo snow the conditions that
ave prevailed during May for the
hove period of years, but must not
e construed as a forecast of the
'eather conditions for the coming
Mean or normal temperature, 73
cgrees: the warmest mouth was that
t 1800, with an average of 77 de
lves; Hie coldest month was that of
SST, with an average of oo degrees,
.'he highest temperature was 98 de
rees, on May 30, 189S; the lowest
emperature was 45 degrees, on May
0, ibul. The earliest date on which
Irst "killing" frost occurred in au
umn, November 0, 18S0; average
ate on which first "killing" frost
ccurred in autumn, November 30;
verage date on which last "killing"
mst occurred in spiing March 1; the
nest date on which last "killing"
rost occurred in spring, April 2,
Average precipitation for thc
ion tb, 3.58 inches. Average mim
er of days with .01 of an Inch or
lore, nine; the greatest monthly
recipitation was 8.ti2 Inches in 1883;
lie least monthly precipitation was
.4:s inch in 1681. The greatest
mount of precipitation recorded In,
ny twenty-four consecutive hours
as <;.:?S inches, on May 1 and 2, 1083.
Average number of clear days, 12;
artly cloudy days, l l; cloudy days, 5.
The prevailing winds have been
.om the southwest, 20 per cent. Thc
verage velocity of the wind is 11.2.
'he highest velocity of the wind was
; miles, from the northeast, on May
Five hundred Greeley potatoes,
hielt will weigh ono ton, will boone
' the ColouuSoe.xliibilsattho World's
air. Another tine collection of tub
rs, four tit which, placed lengthwise,
ncr a space tho length of a yard
dek will be sent from the Centen
ial State to St. Louis. t