Newspaper Page Text
The Soldier's Dream.
I dreamed a dream last night, wife; '
I thought they'd caded the roll,
And I saw the soldiers ?Mall In Hue,"
Aa they used to do of old;
lt was a solemn sight, wife
Their locks wero white as snow,
While an angel gave out badges
And a shining cross you know.
The badges were for passports, dear,
To cross a sullen stream
That wound just like a serpent
'Round our 'eampment lu my dream;
I beard the angel calling,
"Ye yet'rans fall in line!"
And 1 saw our colums moving
Like they did in olden time.
Far out within the gloaming,
Upon the bloody plain,
I could see the whitened tombstones
Of the men who had been slain;
The smoke lt seemed had cleared away
From the field, 'neath cloudless skies,
And 1 heard the angel calling
To the dead to now arise.
Deep trouble came upon me,
For the angel from on high,
In giving out the badges,
It seemed had passed nie by;
My eyes were sore witli weeping,
For I saw death's waters gleam,
And I knew 1 had no passpjrt
To bear me o'er the stream!
And others, too, were weeping
One had a precious wife,
/ son and other children,
?j loved more than his life:
jthers carried bags of gold,
. neir forms all bending low.
Thus weighed with life's treasures.
That tiley could not cross you know.
But I ran and called the angel:
"Please help me o'er t be st ream!"
For 1 beard the waves now lashing,
And could see deat h's water gleaming
Then flew the angel backward:
"Why linger thou 1 pray?
Dld'st thou not hear tile order
To fall in line today?
Then gave he my passport,
And my joy now did seem
So very great-unutterable
That it waked me from my dream, '
I've been thinkg o'er i his mai i er, wife.
Since the dawning of Hie day;
You see our forms are bending
And our locks have done I urned gray.
Our feet are sore and heavyi dear.
And our eyes are get 1 ing dim,
But, as we totter down life's pathway
We will put our trust in bim:
' We'll not falter at death's waters,
We'll not trouble at theil gleam.
For God will send an angel.
To bear us o'er the st .earn!
INSTITUTES FOR FOR FARMERS.
Tho ProRruin l'or Su ni mer iVn non ne
ed hy Clemson College.
President Mell, of Clemson college,
has Issued the following in renard to
Farmers' Institutes to he held in
South Carolina this year:
Local Institutes will be held by
members of the Clemson enlU'go fac
ulty on the invitation of nut less
than tifteen farmers, each of whom
shall sign his own name to thc invita
tion or petition.
Those desiring institutes must have
their petitions in tile hands nf tin
president, on or before the 10th day
of June, mo i.
These petitions must desiguatc a
suitable place for holding the insti
tute and will be expected to provide
either a suitable building or seats in
some grove for the comfortable ac
commodation of those who attend the
Prof. J. S. Newman, the Director
of Farmers' Institutes, will appoint
the dates at which the institues will
be held and giye>?ri>cotice to the pe
titioners in each io^u,iity. They will be
expected to advertise the time and
place of the meeting throughout the
territory from which attendance is ex
Hy authority of the hoard of trus
tees, institutes will be held during
one of the winter months in the fol
lowing named counties:
Marion, llorry, Florence, Williams
burg, Georgetown, Clarendon, berke
lev, Charleston, Dorchester, Orange
burg Bamberg, Col let?n, beaufort,
Hampton and Barnwell.
In the remaining counties, they
will be held in July, beginning on the
first Tuesday (5th).
There will be a farmers' institute
held at the college, from August '.?til
to August 12th. Distingiiished speak
ers have been engaged to discuss sub
jects on animal husbandry such as
how to raise dairy and beef cattle,
how to make butter and properly
handle milk; subjects on general agri
cultural interest such as how to re
claim wornout soil, growing of fruits
and vegetables, insects and diseases ol'
plants and animals, how to make and
apply fertilizers, the importance of
labor-saving implements, and a num
ber of otner like subjects, important
and interesting to the tanners of
The indications point now to a ver
large gathering of people on the occa
sion of the Institute, and in order
that the college may provide quarters
for those who are interested in Hie
work of the institute, it will be neces
sary to apply to the president of the j
college for accommodation, otherwise
the parties arriving at the college j
without tbis application having been j
made, may he unable to secure ijuar- !
ters during the progress of the in
A Bl? Organ.
The immense organ which was re
cently installed at the St. Louis Im
position in Convention Hall, besides
being the hugest organ in the world,
embodies one of the greatest musical
Instruments ever constructed. Its
total weight, is 250,000 pounds and
cost $t)7,0()(). The pijies lange in si/.e
all the way from thirty-seven feet six
Inches to three-quarters of ami inch
In length, numbering 10,00(1 in all. I
The organ contains l to musical stops
and ninety-nine mechanical stops, lt
has 1,115 miles of wire and has live
bellows, which are operated by a 20
horse power elect ric motor. The or
gan really combines sis organs; respec
tively, the great organ, swell organ,
solo organ, echo organ and pedal or
gan. It is said thal unless an organ
ist takes a special course of instruc
tion with it, he will lind himself help
less before the monster.
Killed ll oree I C.
A special to the Augusta, (?a.,
Chronicle says Mrs. Stephen Jones
committed suicide Tuesday afternoon
at ber home three miles in the coun
try by shooting herself through the
head with a pistol. Hit husband had
come to Jackson to bring their two
little daughters to take music lessons
and while they were away the deed
was committed, lt was caused from
insanity, Mrs. Jones' mother now be
ing In the asylum. She leaves a hus
band and four children.
Killed a Child.
A spike thrown at. an Atlantic
Coast Line train at. Naylor, titi., by a
boy, crashed through the window and
struck a eh i id lying in it mother's lap.
The child died from the wound. The
Identity of the child's parents have!
not been learned.
SOME WAR STORIES.
Bloodiest Records Made by South. Car?
(dina and Pennsylvania Troops
DURING THE CONFEDERATE WAR
South euroli un Lout Twenty-three
Por Cent, anti Pennsylvania
Seven Per Cont, of Her
Mr. J.'Colton Lynes, of Company
"I," First South Carolina Volunteers,
Maxcy Gregg's R?giment, contributes
the following interesting artlch to
The Nows and Courier, from which
paper we clip it:
Tho bloody records of the civil war
show some Interesting parallels be
tween the record of regiments on the
Pennsylvania championed the North
in the contest for first place on the
roll ol* honor, and a trille over 7 per
cent of her quota of soldiers met death
on the battlefield. South Carolina
led the Southern States and sacrificed ;
over 23 per cent, of her military popu
lation as it stood in 1801.
South Carolina furnished . the regi
ment that lost the highest number
killed in battle during the war
"Orr's S. C. Hilles''-which piled up a
death roll of 'i'J4. Maxcy Gregg's 1st
S. C. Vols, scores 2S1, thus taking
the second place. Orr's lillies was,
however, a much larger organization
at the start.
The first place on the Union side
was uiken by the f>th New Hampshire
with a score of 295 and the second
place fell to the 8'kl Pennsylvania
regiment, which has a score of 282.
The 8'ld Pennsylvania's score of killed
and wounded was 957, while the 1st
S. C. Vols, has rolled up a score of
950 killed and wounded.
The 83d Pennsylvania came Into be
ing as a reorganization of a regiment
composed of volunteer and militia
companies that responded to president
Lincoln's tirst call and served three
months. The colonel, John W. Mc
Lane, had served as volunteer olllccr
in the Mexican war and distinguished
himself as a master in organization
Thc 1st South Carolina Volunteers
had a similar history, for lt was form
ed out of the disbanded 1st South
Carolina, of the provisional army
called into being by the Convention
when thc State seceded. The r?gi
rai nt was made up of the old militia
companies and volunteers enlisted to
serve the State six months.
This provisional regiment and the
one formed out of it were both of them
created and lcd by the same colonel,
Maxcy Gregg, who had been a volun
teer otllcei io lue war with Mexico,
and had acquitted himself as au able
disciplinarian and master of military
! tactics. And it happened that at the
! very time, to a month, and almost to
I a day, when Col. <?rcgg was getting
his Palmetto men out of thc old har
ness luto the new and touching them
tip with his Mexican war reminiscen
ces, Col. Mc Lane was doing the same
thing with his Keystone boys. The
Sad .vas ready for orders in the fall of
1861 and the 1st South Carolina, also.
AT GAINES'S MILL.
Each went to its respective stations
for assignment to place In line and
both began their fighting careers on
the same day and on the same field,
within long-range rille shot of each
other. The Pennsylvanians number
ed ?.bout 550 men, the Carolinians a
trille less. They were not directly
oppi sed upon that field, Gaines's Mill,
Juno 27, lS(i2, but were engaged for
the whole three years in the opposing
armies of Northern Virginia and the
Pott mac, often on the same battle
No fanciful comparison could
heighten the parallel. The regiments
started fairly equal, and both were in
the thickest of the tight, with vary
ing numbers engaged and varying loss
es in dur?rent battles against metal
tempered by the same heat. They
emerged with a neat result almost
The South Carolinians struck "hard
linos" in that first tight at Gaines's
Mill. They were brigaded with four
other regiments from the same State,
and Col. Gregg, as brigadier general,
ltd l he whole column.
The color guard went down to a
man, and Col. D. II. Hamilton took
thc flag and called on his men to
stand, (ion Gregg, seeing the slaughter
and the uselessness of trying to ad
vance, ordered the regiment to retire
by Hiing through the Interval of the
second line. The lieutenant colonel,
one captain and three lieutenants
were killed and live lieutenants were
wounded, twenty men were killed and
125 wounded 1 "> 1 in all.
The following finir days the 1st re
giment fared better at Seven Pines,
Savage Station, Fraser's Farm and
Malvern Hill, in which last the 1st
was not actually engaged, but its Un
ion double was terribly punished.
UAILUOAI) CUT AT 20 MANASSAS.
The. 1st South Carolina was not en
gaged again until the second Manas
sas, August 20th, where the Caro
lina brigade was ordered to defend the
famous railroad cut, which was Stone
wall Jackson's key in that desperate
contest. The 1st was sent across thc
cut as skirmishers to meet an attack
ing column. Retiring step by "step
uudei fire lt rejoined its linc behind
thc cut and helped repulse thc Union
charge, at times lighting the enemy
at ten paces.
Excited men often rushed ahead of
their ranks and grappled In deadly
combat: Olllcers used their pistols and
fought man to man. In the last hours
or moments, perhaps, of the hand to
hand struggle the 1st lost its quota
for the day and came out minus 24
killed and lill wounded, a total of 143
out ol 238 taken Into the tight. Its
commanding oilicer, Major Edward
McCrady, was among the wounded.
Thc next, afternoon the .w.'ld Penn'
sylvania charged upon the railroad,
then defended hy other troops and lost
two commanding olllcers, wounded in
quick succession, and 2!? men out of
In the Maryland compalgn follow
ing 2nd Manassas the 1st South Caro
lina regiment shared in the bloodless
victory at Harper's Ferry, and later
on, the bloody 17th September, dou
ble-quicked to Sharpsburg, just in
time to mingle their dead willi the
fallen around Dunker Church. The
1st lost 3-i men out of Its rosier of
At Fredcricksburg, in December fol
lowii g, it again found a warm corner
L?y oi e of those accidents of bailie.
Gregg's brigade occupied the second
inc in front of a position charged by
Union troops. Owing to a misplace
ment lhere was a gap lu the front
inc, anil a Union charging column
Hirst through and struck the lst's
:ompanlon rcgimcut, Orr's S. C. RI
ties, SQ suddenly as to throw lt luto
The 1st stood next to the rides and
Its commander immediately swung it
around at right angles with the old
line so as to buffet the enemy's ad
vance. Again the tight raged at arm's
length, or a few paces at most, and
the regiment stood its ground until
support reacbed the spot. This inci
dent of war cost the regiment live
officers and fifteen men killed and four
olllcers and fifty-eight men wounded
-eighty-two lu all. Gen. Gregg was
killed in the gap trying to right
things, and another colonel of the
brigade, Samuel McGowan, took com
mand, giving ids name to the or
The 1st would have been wiped, out
at Fredrloksburg but for the return of
its wounded to duty and the Con
federate system of conscription.
By the time "Stonewall Jackson,"
who was its corps leader, was once
more on the war patti the regiment
had picked up a lighting strength of
300 and started out on Sunday morn
ing, May 3, to drive Jackson's wedge
to the heart of Hooker's citadel at
Chancellorsville, lt was not as plain
sailing as was expected, for Slckles's
3d army corps was moving in the same
direction just ahead of the Southern
ers and would not be hurried even to
suit Lee!s "Invincibles." The 1st
regiment passed in splendid line over
a bare knoll, at the base of which
Slckles's men lay under cover. The
Carolinians stood it as long us man
could and then retired to a line of
breastworks, and the pursuers took a
turn at punishment, and then at a
test of speed in running away. Tile
1st held the ground with a loss ot
twelve killed and eighty-eight wound
ed-one hundred in all, with seven
olllcers among the fallen.
ITS FLAU TUB FIRST IN OBTTYSBUUO.
The Carolina brigade marched to
thc field of Gettysburg in July, with
well filled ranks. Gen. A. P. Hill
was their corps leader in place of thc
dead but immortal Jackson. With
him they assaulted Reynolds's corps,
lu McPherson's Wood, ou July 1. As
at Gaines's Mill, a battery confronted
their advance, and rained shell and'
canister into the brigade, chielly upon I
the l it regiment. The battery was
doomed. ( ?ne piece was the prize of
the 1st, and they dashed forward
without a halt until their banner was
lloating in the town, the first Confed
erate Hag in Gettysburg.
t hie day later, almost to an hour,
at the other dank of the same field,
thc 83d Pennsylvania fought gallantry 1
to defend Bound Top with a success
equal to the Carolinians in their
charge. The 1st lost one olllcer and
nineteen men killed, six olllcers and
94 men woundid one hundred and
twenty in all, which was more than
uue-haii of its membership.
In the Wilderness battle on May 5,
1804, thc 1st led it brigade and di
vision in au attack on thc Confede
rate left along the Orange turnpike,
a couple of miles distant. Both regi
ments suffered in the ensuing three
days, the 1st with a loss of sixteen
killed and fourteen wounded, besides
six olbcers killed.
TUB IILOODY A NO LB.
At Spottsylvania, a week later, the
1st, reduced toa handful, entered the
"Bloody Angle" with it"s brigade in
the forlorn attempt to h?i>ld its assail
ants at arm's length. Its commander
and five others were wounded, the sec
ond in command killed and the ranks
lost nineteen killed $nd fifty-one
wounded. At the enc)/ of auother
week, after almost two years of this
eccentric duelling, the two regiments
met fairly at Jericho Ford, North
Anna River, on the road to Bichmond
The 1st charged at the head of Mc
Gowan's brigade and ru.ii into the bat
tery supported by the Pennsylvanians.
The regiments grappled for an in
stant, thc leader of the 1st was killed
in the melee and twenty-five men were
lost as prisoners.
Bloody Cold Harbor next following,
both escaped, and throughout the
siege of Petersburg their lines ran
separate again, though with propor
Almost at the close of the war the
brigades to which each belonged were
used as supporters to companion bri
gades that fought at White Oik road,
March 31, lSti?, one week before Ap
pomatox The adair ended abruptly,
and neither regiment was severely en
gaged, but the colonel of the 1st was
shot dead by a stray bullet. This was
the last death in the regiment and
the score stood 2s I. The record nf
wouuded closed April 2 whoo the
major commanding and ono captain
were shot down, makiug 950 in all.
On March 31 also, the 83d scored
281 deaths and on April 1 added 1.
making 282, closing its record of
wounded at the same time. So the
duellists stood, at Appomattox, 050,
against 971, casualties on the battle
field, almost the maximum war
strength, of a regiment.
Guessing Contest n Lottery.
Nathan Krank, former congress
man from the Twelth Missouri dis
trict and president of the Star Pub
lishing company. August Krank, vi?'o
presldtnt and trea.suror. of the same
company, and M. J. L?wenstein for
merly business manager of the St.
Louis Star, were indicted on Saturday
hy the grand jury on charges of ad
vertising and maintaining a lottery.
Four indictments Were returned in
Judge McDonald's division of the
Circuit court against each. The
lottery charge grows out of a guessing
contest conducted hy the company, in
which prizes aggregating $25,000 were
ottered to persons guessing the num
ber of admissions to the world's fair
on the opening day and to others com
ing nearest tn the correct number.
Nathan and August Krank surrender
ed went into Judge Taylor's court, to
which the cases have been assigned.
A few minutes later they were j lined
by Mr. Lowenstein and all three gave
bond in the sum. of tl,000 each, lt
is said on what is considered reliable
authority that the Star collected
$100,000 asa result of its guessing
contest. This fact was brought to
thc attention of the grand jury and
indictments followed. Conviction
means a two year sentence in thc
Found in ihr Imke.
A dispatch from Atlanta says a
black chillon hat, identified as that
worn hy Miss Sophie Klocckler, who
disappeared from her home on Grant
street Tuesday morning, was found
on the hank of thc lake at Lakewood.
Thc lake will be dragged, lt Js*be
lieved she was murdered and her body
thrown in tile lake. She was seen
with a young man near Lakewood.
Thc mystery of her disappearance has
been deepened by the finding ot a pair
of man':, cuff buttons near the s-pot
where the body was pulled out, marked
"A. F. B." A watch chain was ?lsn
found near the same place, lt ls be
lieved that further developments $i)l
speedily follow the discoveries.
On Account of tue the Ravages of the j
MEXICAN COT ION IS DOO! ED.
! lie : MI ni I lull ; nu 111 I > < n \. vet
Compote With flint Grown ?t*
the United States, Saya ?
Dr. L. ?. Howard, chief entoipolo
gist of tli2 department ot agriculture
lias returned from a tour of Investi-1
gation of the lx)ll weevil and yellow
fever mosquito problems in -.Mernoo.
As a result of his investigation he
says it Is possible for yellow fever) epi
demics to occur at higher elevations
in Mexico than so far has beeny the
case and that such epidemica wil? oc
cur at the higher elevations If noth
ing is done to them. Dr. Howard
says, however, that the superior board
of health of Mexico is working ener
getically and trylug to Improve oh. tue
Dr. Howard made a thorough s'iudy
of tbe boll weevils situation in Mexi
co, but failed to Und the boll weevil
parasite, lie discovered, however,
that the boll weevil has reached au
elevation of G.out) feet, which ls much
higher than lt was expected the pest I
would go. Owing to tlie climate,
Mexico cannot adopt thc remedial
I measures which are used in this coun
try and on account of thc great rav
I ages of the weevil Dr. Howard ex
presses thc belief that Mexico could
never compete with the United States.
Dr. Howard also visited Louisiana |
and examined the pr?cautions adopted
! in the etToit to keep tho weevil out of
j that state. Ur. J. H. Stubbs, direo
! tor of tho Louisiana experiment sta
tions says he feels confident that it
I can be kept out for some years. The
Louisiana shore of thc Sabine river is
I the most langerous means of spread
! lng the pest into Louisiana from
j Texas. 1 bc res'; of the state boun
I dary is heavily timbered, and it is pa
trolled by men for whoso service the
state is reimbursed by the federal au
thorities. Kven the negro laborers
who cross the boundary are rigidly in
spected and In two places in the state
where thc weevil appeared last year
thc crops are not being cultivated at
all this season. *
KNOCKED DOWN AND ROBBED.
Dr. IJ.O. Howard.
Itecclved Brutal Treatment at thc
Hands of Sonic Thuj*H
A special to Thc State from WU
Harriston says one cf thc most daring
and dastardly attempts at robbery
? that has ever been reported In this
section was committed right in thc
heart of that town Saturday night.
lt seems that Mr. M. H. Reeves, a
popular citizen and druggist, loft his
store about 10 o'clock and stepped
across the street to the ellice of the
Southern railway agent with whom be
had business, but Mr. Willis, the
agent, had closed his ollice for the
night and had gone home. As Mr.
IV?CVCS took hold of the door knob and
attempted to turn lt to enter the of
fice he was struck from behind and
foll to the Moor of the platform and
knocked senseless. Mr. Reeves knew
nothing until perhaps au houv bf ter
when he was found lying in a se 1
cunsclous condition opon VJC ^.^?\ )""??'
where he had fallen, by Policen...n
Nelson, who heard his groans. '
Mr. Reeves' budy bears the marks
of more than 25 bruises where he was
beaten and kicked. His pockets were
rilled, but only a small amount of
money was missing from one of his
pockets, while the other, which con
tained his pocket book, was undis
The whole case is wrapped in mys
tery. The theory is advanced by some
that his assailants thought they were
victimizing Mr. Wills, the railway
agent, with a view to robbing thc do
pot or obtaining a considerable sum of
money perhaps, which they hoped to
Und upon the person of the agent, as
it is generally known that he has no
safe in his ollice. However, what the
object of the attack was, can only be
lt s a well known fact that Mr.
Reeves has no personal enemies and
he is popular among ali classes and ls
a member of town council. No pains
will bc spared on the. part of those In
authority In hunt down the guilty
ones and bring them lo justice. *
British Hoads Have Few Accidents
and American Kn.ul H Many.
The number of persons killed in
traill accidents during tlie last three
moni hs of IU0.'J was 44<i, and"of injur
ed:), I TH. Accidents of other kinds,
including those sustained by employees
while at work and by passengers in
getting on or oil of tho cars, etc.,
bring the t. ital number of casualties
up to 11,485 I, ltiii killed and 13,819
injured. There was a total of 147
passengers killed and 1,148 injured,
all of whom, wit h t he except ion of tif
teen injured, suffered in collisions or
derailments. The ligures are discour
aging, indeed, and comparing the re
cord of the three months in tiuestioh
with thal of any other previous three
mont bs since the beginning of tlie
bulletins, we lind ?tn Increase of about
150 per cent over tlie highest previous
In order to get sonic basis of com
parison, we must refer to the figures
given by the British board of trade,
which exhibit, but twenty-live passen
gers killed during the whole year of
1903. lt will lie remembered that
during the yeal 1001 no passenger was
Killed in a collision or derailment on
the railways of Great britain, and
that in L?ie year 1002 six passengers
only were killed from this cause. In
the great increase which took place in
1903, however, ahn st* all of it was
due lo a collision of unusual sort at
Glasgow, where seventeen passengers
were killed; and yet, with even sn ii
;i tremendous proportionate increase
I bc british mortality for one year is
but one-sixth of the mortality in this
(.?.?..int ry for three months.
No Negroes Wanted.
At Portsmouth, Ohio., Virginia
negroes imported to till thc places of
striking employees v.*, the Hanging
Kock, Ohio, Iron Company were tired
upon Thursday night. The strikers
stormed their camp booses tiring
several hundred shots. Thc terror
stricken negroes barricaded theiii
sclvo.s lu the main plant and thc
ri otes withdrew without lenewing the
uttack. There were no fatalities, hut
tinother outbreak may occur at any
Lime as authorities seem Indillererjjt
Lo thc situation.
OUR STATE'S GREAT RECORD.
south Carolina First to Enter Cotton
South Carolina's great development
in the cotton manufacturing Industry
is shown lu splendid shape in the
bulletin which is being prepared by
J. L. Watkins, cotton expert, for the
Agricultural Year Hook for 1904. The
bulletin shows the development of the
The bulletin shows that although
Beverly, Mass., is credited with the
distinction of building the first cot
ton mill In the United States, In 1787,
the historical records show that dur
ing the same year a small mill, run
by horsepower, was erected on James
Island, near Charleston, by Mrs. Ram
age, the widow of a Carolina planter.
The consump'on of cotton in this
country has steadily increased since
1800, 1810 most all of the cotton goods
were manufactured In private families.
In lower Virginia, the Carolinas and
Georgia, almost every article of cloth
ing was the manufacture of prl ^ato
families. Statistics show that in 1810
Virginia, North aud South Carolina
and Georgia manufactured more house
hold goods than the combined output
of the New England States with all
Its manufacturing establishments. In
1808 the. South Carolina Homespun
Company was organized in Charleston
with a capital of $30,000. Toe object
of this corporation was to develop
hom- manufacture of domestic fabrics
South Carolina is entitled not only
to the distinct ion of ranking among
tbe Southern States in the manufac
ture of cotton, but as being the Brat
to undertake its manufacture. As
already stated, the lirst mill was
I erected in 1787. The increase in the
number of mills was very slow. Be
tween 18U0 and 1820, it is said that
but three mills were constructed in
Hie State, two of which being es
tablished in the upper part of the
SUite, one in Greenville county and
one in Spartanburg. Thus it will be
seen that these two counties have
been rivals iii the co'ton manufactur
ing business since the lirst part of the
last century, lt was not until 182!?
that a mill was built which was run
by other than horse power. This was
erected at Pendleton, in i s41; a mill
was built at Graniteville, which was
at that t ime the largest in the State,
containing :tu<) looms and 8,400 spin
dles. From this time to 1851 ab ?ut
eight new mills were built in diff?r
ent parts of the State. The records
do not show any new mids from 1851
to the beginning of tho,Civil war.
However, lt was not until 1884 8f>
that thc cotton mill Industry of the
State began its remarkable develop
ment. The census ol' 185)0 was a sur
prising revelation. lu ten years the
number of mills had been more than
doubled the number of spindles more
than quadrupled, and the amount of
cotton consumed was nearly ?ive times
as great, liven more wonderful Is the
progress of thc development since
18'.)0. Tlie number of mills increased
from .'?4 to 130, the total number of
spindles from 332,781 to 2,579,531, or
340 per cent. In 1890 the number of
hales of cotton produced in South
Carolina was 747,190. Of this amount,
the cotton mills consumed 133,342
bales, or 17.8 per cent. In 1903 thc
number of bales produced was 925,
490, and the cotton mills of the State
cousumed 580,87(1 bales, or 03.4 per
cent. The Increase is something re
markable." 'In 1902 a greater percent
age than this was consumed, 72.1 be
l?g the percentage for that year.
North Carolina, has 100 more mills
than South Carolina, but the latter
has 083,131 more spindles than the
Virginia also began the manufac
ture of cotton at an early date, re
ports showing that a mill was in ope
ration at Petersburg in 1809. ID
1840 there was 22 mills in the State,
consuming 17,700 bales of cotton.
Now there are 17 mills, 191,540 spin
dles. The number of bales produced
is 15,014, and the number consumed
ls 43,341, over 25,000 more than the
The average uumber of bales pro
duced per mill in South Carolina is
4,315, the greatest in the South; in
North Carolina it is 3.240, and In Vir
ginia the average is 2,548, over 300
greater than that of South Carolina^
For the whole South the statistics
show the total number of mills to be
639, with a total number of spindles
aggregating 7,100,202. In the last
year the South produced 10,030,495
bales of cotton; and her mills con
sumed 1,923,401 bales, or 18.1 per
cent, of thc entire crop. Over one
fourth of the number of bales con
sumed are credited to the mills of
Tho lOlkt? Organizo.
A South Carolina Association of
Elks was formed Thursday morning In
thc club room in Columbia, lhere be
ing a large attendance of tlie members
of the order from the brother state
lodges, lt was decided at the meet
ing to simply form a preliminary or
ganization here which after being sub
mitted to the various lodges will be
permanently organi/.ed at a meeting
to be held in Charleston on June 28.
Temporary officers were elected as fol
lows: E. ll. Clark, of Columbia, presi
dent; Lr. C. Hunting Colston, of Char
leston, tirst vice president; Dr. J. M.
Oliver, of Orangeburg, second vice
president ; 1'. T. Hayne. of Greenville,
third vice President; VV. 1>. MeGtit
chei), of Sumter, secretary: Elliott
Estes, Jr., of Spartanburg, treasurer:
W. L. I ?.ivis, ot' Georgetown, masbal,
and Dr. 1'. t>. Brooker of Columbia,
doorkeeper. All of the lodges were rep
resented, these being Columbia, Char
leston, Orangeburg, Sumter, Green
ville, Spartanburg and Georgetown.
Two Mormon eiders went b'J Win
gate, six miles cast of there last Fri
day, says the Monroe Enquirer, ?ind
before they left that village ran up
against Kev. J. W. Little, a Baptist
minister who is well known through
out this section for his unique way-.of
going tor those men and measures
which are so obnoxious to him. Mr.
Little and the. elders engaged in con
versation and the subject of polygamy,
as practiced by the M muons, w is
sprung. One of t he ciders said that,
he hat! no argumentagaint polygamy,
but the mother of Christ practiced it .
That assertion was too much foi Mr.
Little and we learn tint he told the
cider that, he could say what he pleased
about Jimmy Little, but that he had
gone too far in slandering t hat wo
man, and willi that declaration he
landed a Ost. on thc elder's mouth,
and t lie elder, not being a man of war,
turned to llec and as he did.SO Mr.
Little kicked him, and also kicked the
other elder, anti thresv a valise which
one had left them, and told them
never to come to Wingate again.
Neither of tho elders showed light.
Recognized as thc Leading and
Most Successful Specialist in th
His line in the United State*. I*
f\ . . x MA Mr pure for this disease ls
^Tril?TIIi fi no cutting or danserons HU
STU lUhui v ?ml intention, and treat Its
tiou und Pureness ia allayed und the canal heals
This disease ls the enlnr
UiirSCnC?l? the vitality, lt weakens
wwi Bv?ww?v? lorin certainly Just as qui
any other disease, and their strength li being di
rd, and learn the cause of your trouble. Send fe
BlOOd POtSOn *n\>V fist what m"
UIUUU 1 "?V"1* bones, falllnir hair,e
I will tell yon frankly whether or not you are a
rtrugs.in as quick, if not quicker, time than any
will be eradicated from the system forever. Beti
tn health thousands ot suffering women. Send
Diseases of Women
to health thousands ot suffering wome
Chronic Diseases ?
Vi tun Dane
is equipped with Hie most approved X-Kuy and <
jountric*. Correspondence eohfldeutlal.
28 inman Building, 21? S. Broad fi
A WREATH SENT.
Fruin CluirleHtoii t<> t.'liicnfjo to Dec
orate Union Soldier* GrnvcH.
When the cornerstone of the Con
federaLc dead in Ojkwood cemetery,
Chicago, was laid about six years a^o,
Col. Henry L. Turner, commanding
the First r?giment Illinois State
troops tired a salute over Hie graves
af thc Con fed era Le soldiers, much
against the will of many-Grand Army
Turner is himself a veteran of the
Army of thc Potomac and a member
of Hie Grand Array of the Republic;
but lie (ired the salute and will ever
be held in the kindest remembrance
by the sus vi vors of thc Confederate
armies and the patriotic women of the
Mrs. James Connor, widow of Brig.
James Connor of Gen. Lee's army,
and president of the Charleston chap
ter of the Daughters of the Cjnfed
eracy, has sent a wreath to Chicago
bearing the following inscription: j
"To Col. Henry L. Turner from the
Charleston, S. C., Chapter, Daughters
of the Confederacy, wi ttl the request
that this palmetto wreath shall be,
placed by him on the grave of a rep
resentative federal soldier in apprecia
tion and acknowledgment of Col. Tur
ner's fearless, soldierly courage amidst
circumstances in giving military hon
ors to tile Confederate dead in Oak
land cemetery, Chicago. He honored
our dead. So ..th Carolina would wish
to hold this tribute from federal to
Confederate in perpetual, grateful
Killed on t he Hull.
The mangled remains of voung
Jerry Sheehan were brought to Wade
ville Thursday afternoon and an in
quest was held by Magistrate W. A.
Gjles. Young Sheehan was killed by
tile Southern passenger train near
Walkers Station, about three miles
from Blackville on Thursday morning
just before day. Sheehan's father,
who is manager of the transfer bush ;
ness in Augusta, came dowu on the
passenger Friday night and took bin
to Augusta for burial. The young
man was 17 years obi and his father
reports was a high toned young man 1
nf strictly temperate habits, but was
influenced by evil assoeiates to take
bis tirst hobo trip and consequently ?
his untimely end. The magistrate,
found ?'i 15 in his pockets.
Blown Into AtoniH.
With terrific detonation the boilers
of tow boat Fred Wilson exploded at
3.20 Thursday morning at Louisville,
Ky., killing twelve or fifteen men and
seriously injuring ten others and com
pletely wrecking the boat. The crew
bad just liulsucd making a tow of
coal, which was to be taken South
this morning and was preparing to
tie up to the hank when the explo
sion occurred. lt came without
warning anti so great was the pressure .
and so large the boiler that the steam- j
er was battered to small bits while
the crew were blown into the air, '
some falling into the river, and others
landing on the embaukinent. others
were caught in the wreckage and in- j
Ile Wu* ii M lner.
An extraordinary a Hair is reported
from /.urich. The police, on examin
ing the room of an o'.I man who hail
died from starvation found a veritable,
k'old mine. In every nook money,
notes mid bonds were discovered, and
on au inventory being made it was
found that the miser bad left nearly ?
$200,000. Nobody was ever seen to
visit the old man, and as there was
no will the authorities are greatly
puzzled as lo how to dispose of the
Burned in n Barn.
A special from Seaey, Ark., says
that Dr. Ll. C. Llghttc, a leading phy
sician of thal place, has been burued
Lo death in his barn, which was de
ttroyed by the explosion of a lamp. "
A GOOD PIANOV,
Good Materials, Skill, Knowledge,
Jare and a lot. of lit tle t hings yon don't
?ec, all cost money-pay .?us much as
Weare factory representa! ives for
be most celebrated F?anos, viz:
Chlckering, Knabe, Fischer, Vose,
Itebr, Mathushek, MoPhall, anti oth
Whatever von pay us, you are sure
)f a GOOD Fl ANO and a saving of *25
,o &7?>. Address,
ualonc .ivti?io House
Jolumbia, S. C., will entitle you to
iatalOgUC. lennon Orgaim
The socialist l< now indispensable. In all walks of life thor? 1) a demand for tifie mau
'hocan do ono particular tiling better than any one else, and auch a titan ls on? who has confined
ls endeavor to, and centered ail of hld energy and ability on the jpcclalty he hon choseu fur hi*
Early In my professional career I realized that Chronic Diseases wer? not behr; elven the
tetmoQ whica their Importance warranted. I saw that these diseases required a special Ut
en which tho bu^y practitioner could never acquire. For more t .au twenty yean 1 have de
sled myself exclusively lottie study and treatment of theso discuses, and the fat t that ph"*t
mis recommend mc to their patients ls an evidence of my skill and ability m my special line* I
ve ?pee lal cou use! to physicians with obstinate and obscure case i.
I huvo devoted particular atteutlon to chronic diseases of men and women, and no other
ass of disease requires more intelligent and expert treatment. It ls a fact that a majority of
cn owe ?ho seriousness of their condition to improper treatment, and a failure to r?alit? the
aportaneo of placing their casn in the hands of a skilled and expert specialist.
io true nature of hts trouble. Nervousness, weak buck, dizziness, loss of memory, spots before
i? eyes, despondency, etc., often aro the first symptoms of an lmpulrmentof manly vhror, and if
Selected *erlous results are sure to follow. I want to talk to every man who has any of these
mptoiiis of weakening of lils manly functions. I can promptly correct all Irregularities and
ider my skillful treatment you will have restored all of tho strength and glory of your man
ind. Whethnr you consult me or not. do not jeopardize your health by experimenting with
udy-made medicines, freo samples, so-called quick cures, etc... as the moat delicate ori'ans of
e body are Involved, and only an expert should be entrusted with your case. Send for free
loklet, " Nervous Uebillty and Its Family of 111B."
e ia no longer Incurable, and when I say that I can cure the most scvoro case I do so because I
treatment has accomplished. If you have sores, pimples, blotches, sore throat, pains in the
tr any symptoms winch you do not understand, it ls important that you consult me at once, and
n unfortunate victim. I will guarantee to cure you without the use of strong ami Injurious
known treatment. My euro ls a permanent oue, oud ls not mere patchwork, and tho disease
id for my freu booklet, "The Poison King."
en who suffer from the ailments peculiar to their eex arc cared by my gentle and painless
lodof treatment, wlilcn avoids all necessity for surgical operations. If you suffer from benrtne
l pains, liackaolio. Irregularities, leuchorrhca, etc., write mo about your case. 1 have restored
for my free booklet on Women's Diseases.
ly also Includes all?lkur chronic dlseaRes, such ns Rheumatism, Catarrh, Diabetes, Bright
?mach, Liver and h'dney Diseases, Piles, Fistula, Rupture. Paralysis, Locomotor Ataxia. 8
c. etc, und all who want skillful, expert treatment should write me about their case. My offlco
L-lectrlcal apparatus, so that my patients get tho henel'.t of the latest discoveries of science.
jone to consult me without charge, and will refund railroad fare ene way to all who take
If you cannot see me in person write for symptom blanks and full information about my suc
Df borne treatment by which I baveoured patients lu every State In the Union and in ?orelga
HATHAWAY. M. D.
itrcet, Atlanta. Ga.
?dds that produce RHEUMATISM, driving
out all the dangerous germs that infest the
body-tha.t is the way cures are effected by
Other medicines treat symptoms; Rhtumactdt rtmavts tb?
tmutt, and, therefore, its
CURES ARE PERMANENT.
Helps the digestion, tones up the system. Sample bottia
free on application to BOBBITT ^CHEMICAL CO., Pro
prietors, 316 West Lombard.St., Baltimore, Md.
l},1;?^ MEDICAL STUDENTS ??^?'
Write for Pree Catalogue of the
-*-V?edieal SDcpartmcnt, Unioemtq cf Nashville.?*
Curriculum Includes twenty-three lecture courses, each folio .ved by a thorough review
nut/; novrn tutu ratory courses, and three hours of hospital work dally. New building
elah >r:i le Iv equipped With modern nppn'iit us ?nd appliances Expenses moderate. Address
J. Dillard Jacobs, Al. D., Secretary, 683 South Market St.. Nashville, Tenn.
$P ARE LOOKING ?
FOR YOUR ORDERS
COLUMBIA LUMBER & MFC CO.
COLUMBIA 5 C.
IVF ?.OIII1NFISR-Y SUPPIvIES.
Everything for supplying Saw Mills, Oil Mills, Quarries and Ginneries,
Hultintf. Packing, Shafting, Hangers, Pulleys, Pipes, Valves, Fittings, In
jectors, Lubricators, etc. 10,000 ft. of good 1 in. second hand black pipe
B. A. GMARD, Pres. COLUMBIA SUPPLY CO., i Atkinson, Sec and Treas,
O?ltinibict, S. O.
COLEMAN-B ALL-MARTIN PAINT AND OIL CO.
CHARLESTON, S. C.
CALCI MO- the finest wall finish made.
DA YT< )N R EA DY MA 1)10 COLORS-in paste form, one of|the.raost.du
rabie and economical paints.
P. O. Pl ERCE CO'S, celebrated Carriage Paints and Colors.
lilt/ VV tilt- ll mnkcr" is competent to rc-pair your (ino watch. Repairers who
, . ur? fully competent aro acareo. Wo do work only ono way,-the
rv PT VI 1 VI fl O' -M0 can "ul't0 any part of a walch, or a complote watch.
lVv IJClli 111. Our price? ano often no mor? than yon p*y for . inferior work.
When our chnrrjo for work is ?1.!>0 or over wo will pay express charge one way. Send us joi'^f
watch, 1*. *t. LAOH1CHOTTB Ai CO, Jewelers, 1424 Bain StytCoiuabla, Bj,,ifjC
Prepare, yourselves to meet the demand for Stenographers, typewriter?
and lx>okkeepers. Write for catalogue of /
MACFEAT'S BUSINESS COLLEGE. Columbia, S. 0.
W. H. Macfeat, official Court Stenographer, President.
Building Material of all kinds. High /Grade Roofing
"RUBEROID." Write for l?rices.
UV hiskey Morphine I Cigarette I AU.Drug and Tobacco
lablt, Habit I Ilabit | / Habits.
Cured by Keeley Inst itti^e, of O.
1329 Lady St. (or P. O. Box 75)*Columhia, S. C. ! Confidential correspond
I gillie cement, X^liaister*,
Terra Cotta Pipe, Roofing Paper, Car low, small lots, write,
Carolina, Portland Cement Co., Cfharleston, ?. C.
L'alilc Showing tho Number of l'on
shiners in Flach County.
Ail Interesting table, lias been com
i ic I, showing the increase in pensions
his year tiver the year before. As
nil he. seen from the following list,
bowing the number by counties, th
ncrease is very slight:
.hhcvllle .142 14?
amherg. 73 00
arti well .145 137
eau fort. 40 3f>
erkeley .127 119
nile ton.372 353
Dorcu?stejr. 86 8t)
Greenville .442 418
Hampton* ..loo 191
( )eonec.302 300
Saluda. 102 159
* 8,520 8,250