Newspaper Page Text
H?llD TIMEIS COMING !
Many Thousands of Dinner Fails of
Workmen Are Empty.
HEAVY SHRINKAGE IN TRADE.
Throwing Armlos ol Workers Out of
Work, Notwithstanding the Re?
publican Party's Pledge
The full-dinner pail pledge made to
the workmen of the country by the
Republican campaign managers four
years ago, in the plea for votes to con
tinue the Bepubllcuu administration,
has proved nothing more than an un
fulfilled promise. Trade stragnation
and attendant armies of idle workers
are evident in all of the business cen
tres of the country.
Facts gathered by The World from
every industrial section of the nation
show that there are hundreds of thou
sands of empty dinner pails, a larger
number of half-filled dinner palls and
a rapidly shrinking proportion of full
The pledge that good times would
endure so long as the Republican
party was kept at the helm was splen
didly exploited. The full-dlnner-pail
promise was shouted lu the ears of the
workingmen from every speaker's
stand erected during the campaign,
lt was a bait that appeared alluring
ly In all of the campaign literature.
The workingman was to have cease
less work. There was to be neither
Idleness nor want. The mills were to
be kept running every work day in the
week and on full time every day. lt
was to be four years of plenty and
Business was to boom. Failures were
to decrease. The wheels of trade and
commerce were to whirl at their ut
lt was a splendid word picture that
the skilled orators so artfully painted.
All that the workingmen bad to do to
bring to himself four years of gilt
edged prosperity was to vote the Re
publican ticket. Then he need worry
no longer about the dinner pail for
himself or family.
A careful canvass of the men in this
city who are in the best position to
judge of the acutal state of the busi
ness world shows:
HOW BUSINESS II AS DECREASED.
That the railroads are carrying be
tween 25 and :15 per cent, less mer
chandlse than a year ago.
That the iron and steel industry
has fallen away between I "J aod 55
? That the wholesale dry goods trade
has decreased between 20 and 25 per
That the wholesale meat and pack
ing business bas decreased 2f> percent.
That the bank clearings throughout
the country show an average decrease
of between 20 and 25 per cent.
That the imports of luxuries have
shrunken about 25 per cent., showing
that even the wealthy class bas con
tracted its expenditures in proportion
to the decrease in its Income.
Ia practically every Industry but
the building trades the number of
workers employed in the city is be
tween 3 and 'M per cent, less than a
year ago. This time last year the
building trades were at u standstill
because of the great strike which com
pletely paralyzed the industry.
The building trades are busy now
completing buildings which would
have been finished months ago but for
tlie long strike. All of these build
ings will soon be completed, and then
the workers In the building trades
will feel the effect of the general
stagnation which is creeping into
every branch of industry.
New buildings are not being projec
ted on the accustomed scale, notwith
standing the peculiar condilli n which
New York city occupies in relation to
the building industry. The rapid
and ceasless growth of its population
requires hundreds and tbousonds of
additional structures each year. These
must go up no matter what the gen
eral state of trade muy be, but they
form but one branch of the building
The important branch is the erec
tion of great modern buildings, which
give employment to hundreds of iron
workers and brick and stone masons.
Within the past few years compara
tively few structures of this class
have been projected. When those
now in course of construction are com
pleted-and nine-tenths 11 these were
started before the strike of last sum
mer-the outlook for the men who
depend upon the erection of these
buildings for a livelihood will be most
CAPITAL IS IDLE.
In time of trade depression there is
always a great accumulation of idle
capital in the banks and trust com
panies. This conditiou rules at the
present time, and to export authori
ties it ls significant of the state of af
fairs throughout the entire country,
for the money of the nation (lows to
the banks of this city for pro Ii table
Notwithstanding the fact that over
?60,000,000 of American gold has been
sent abroad since April 1, there is
still a plethora of idle capital here.
Were business going along at a nor
mal rate this money wo nhl np t bc
idle, lt would be required by the
little merchant and thc big merchant.
Thc sending out of the country of
such a sum as 800,000,001) would cause
In normal times a money squeeze of
intense proportions, I Ult SJ apathetic
Is trade throughout the country that
not only bas it not been missed, but
there is so little demand for what is
left that loans can be made on a basis
of 1 per cent, per annuni.
These are starvation rates for the
banks and ruinous to the trust com
pani s, as the latter must pay their
depositors anywhere from ii to I per
Even to loan out money at 1 per
cent, requires bustling on the part of
the bankB, so feeble is the demand fei
lt. Mo place the country over ls as
idle as Wall street. This, the finan
cial heart of the nation, is th? first to
respond to any change in general con
ditions. Each pulsation of the coun
try's commerce is felt there.
AH Wall street goes so must the rest
of the country go is an adage whose
truth has often been proven tn thc
past. Conditions In Wall street today
are where they were bon years ago.
This means, In the opinion of the au
thorities, that the worst of the trade
depression is yet to be seen.
Depression in trade eventually gets
down to the workingman. The em
ployer to make up for shrinking prolits,
reduces expenses by cutting down his
The effect of this is cumulative.
Every man discharged bas less money
to spend. The grocer, butcher, dry
goods dealer, shoe dealer and clothier
that he deals with losses a percentage
of business. When tens or thousands
thrown into idleness in a commu
nity the trade shrinkage is felt in
turn by the wholesaler, the manfao
turer and the original producer. Each
one reduces the number of bis em
ployees, and with every increase in
the army of Idle ones trade generally
contracts more and more.
DARK DAYS ARE All KAI).
Tbis process has been in operation
for the past ten months, and, accord
ing to those who keep in constaut
touoh with such evolutions lu the bus
iness world, is still progressing with
lt began with the contraction in the
iron and steel trade, last October. This
bas progressed steadily, and, according
to advices from all of tho centres of
that industry the shrinkage is still go
It is started with the refusal of the
railroads to continue paying $28 a ton
the price fixed for steel rails by tbe
steel trust. Hut for the protective
tariff steel rails could be delivered in
tbis country for German and British
manufacturers at $21 a ton, with a
fair margin of profit.
It costs about $11.50 a ton to pro
duce steel rails. The steel trust bas de
livered in far off Syria cn a contract
with a Syrian railroad the same steel
rails that it charges American roads
??28 a ton for $22 a ton. This Syrian
contract was taken on a basis of about
$10 a ton for an American railroad.
A year ago there were 1(18,000 work
ers employed by the United States
Steel corporation, which benefits more
largely through the protective tariff
than any other corporation in the
country. The number employed toda
ls about 100,000, and many of these
are working only on part time.
The full dinner pail bas proved a
melancholy myth to the employes of
tbe steel trust.
The workers for the smaller Iron and
steel corporations like the Republic
Iron and Steel company; the Tonnes
see Coal and Iron company; the
Scliloss-Shctlield company; tbe Colora
do Fuel and Iron company: the Lacka
wanna Steel company and the Penn
sylvania Steel company are even worse
In good times about 80,000 men are
employed by these companies. The to
tal now at work is less than 40,000. Of
tbe still smaller companies, witn no
powerful Influences behind them to
hand out contracts even at the expense
ot the railroads or others which are
the buyers, several b?tv? gone to the
wall, notably thc United States Steel
company, a $.'1,000,000 Massachusitt?
concern. Others are tottering upou the
verge of dissolution.
The railroads of the country being
tbe largest employers of labor, have as
a result of the contraction in business
made i"no largest additions U> the idle
120,00.) IIAILKOADBIIS LAID OFF.
Since Hie li rsi of thc year fully 120,
OUO workers have been discharged by
the various railroads, and the weeding
out process ls still going i n.
The full dinner pail is only a memory
with these 120,out) men.
Thc cotton null towns of New Eng
land have much poverty to deal with.
In ordinary good timi s Mu re are200,
ooo ope rat ives employed. These peo
ple do not earn much money and are
able lo sive but very small sums.
Most of them do not attempt to save
Thes-2 mills for the past nine months
have been shutting down for a few
weeks at a time. When they are do
ing business they aie run only on two
thirds time or four days a week.
There is actually only a full week's
wi rk for about 100,000 of thu 200,000
workers, but the largest number are
given part-time employment through
the system of running tbe mills four
days a week.
This bas bron rue of the most dire
ful years to the workers in the history
of the cotton mill trade. Many of the
operatives are french Canad ans or
their descendants: So extreme bas
their poverty been during the past few
months that thousands of them have
gone back to Canada, relying upon the
generosity of relatives there ?-j support
them in the south, In the manufactur
ing district dependent upon the coal
and iron trade, there are large num
bers of unemployed.
DISTRESS IS WIDESIMtl?AD.
In the middle west, partlcualarly in
the cities where large packing houses
arc established, the army of idle work
ers is extensive.
There are 200.000 packing house
employers in times of fair business
prosperity, Hctween J.", and 40 per
ce nt. of tWese are now idle, or about
The lethargy in the packing bouse
industry is most sign!Scant of general
trade conditions and of the great idle
army throughout the country. When
the average workman is idle and is
forced to reduce the expenses of lils
family to r. minimum tile article of
food that ls cut down as much as
possible is meat. When only a few
cents can be expended upon each meal
meat becomes a luxury that is seldom
lu Chicago alone, where 40,000
men were employed last year lu thc
great packing bouses In that city, the
number now employed is 25,000, or a
reduction of 37j per cent.
That the contraction in trade is
about the same in various cities is
shown by tile .shrinkage in the bank
For the week ending .lune ll the
bank clearings were 30.2 per cent,
less than a year ago; in Heston they
showed a decrease of 32 percent., in
Haiti more a decrease of 22.2 per cent,
and in Philadelphia 20.0 percent.
The tremendous reductions made
by tbe railroads to keep down their
payrolls are due solely to the decrease
in freight tonnage. The passenger
traille bas, as yet, not shown any con
sequential shrinkage. In fact on
many of the roads it isa trille better
than last year, but this is attributed
to the unusual traille due to the world \s
fair at St. Louis.
in May the gross earnings of 06
railroads totalled $52,134,881, com
pared willi $54,001,002 for May of
100:1. This a decreaseof $1,.soo,181.
Tbe railroads in tbe section cast of
the Missis.ippi also benefited by the
strike in t he (?real Lakes, which prac
tically tied up all of thc b >at.s for a
considerable period. The lake traille
is tremendous in normal times and
cuts heavily Into the business of the
railroads. Hut for the late strike
officials of the eastern roads running
out from St. Louis and Chicago ad
mitted that Uicy would be suffering
for want of freight.
A year ago the question of getting
cars to meet tbe demands of the ship
pers was a serious ono, but for several
months there bas been a plet hora of
equipment.- New York Herald.
Wh< says the Southerners are not
patient and forbearing? The man
who at thc Nashville reunion pro
posed to change "Dixie" was allowed
lo escape uninjured, says the Haiti
Ron. John Shark Williams Bees Du.
plioity in Franchise Hank
HE DECLARES THAT IT ME AND
One I i cw tor Massachusetts
and Another roi* the South,
and Presages A n o t Ii e r
The following ls what John Shark
Williams, the Democtatlo Confesion
al Coder, says of the suffrage clause of
the Republican platform as adopted at
"The plank in which the party
promises, if it finds the suffrage lu any
State 'unconstitutionally limited* by
special discrimination, to reduce the
representation of that State In Con
gress and in the Electoral College,
strikes the South us producing an issue
upon which all Southerners will meet.
The adverb 'unconstituti inally' Is use
less and fools nobody, especially when
one remembers that the author of the
phrase, or at least the voice that read
it, was the author of the old 'Force
bill.' Whether, or not, the suffrage has
been ^unconstitutionally limited' is a
matter for the courts to determine,
and a reportof a Itepublean Commitee
on elections lu the last Congessso con
fesses lt. If a man be 'unconstitution
ally ' denied the suffrage, then, altera
determination to that effect, he can
vote-that is his remedy, and the right
remedy, and having voted, of course
there can be uo reduction of represen
tation on bis account.
DEFINES TUE "ltKAt, OBJECT."
"Rub all this deceives nobody, as 1
said. This real object or the the Re
publican party, in so far as this plank
ls concerned, however specious the
phraseology in which it is clothed, is
to reduce Southern representation
without reducing that of Massachu
setts, Connecticut and other States,
wherever in the South negroes are dis-i
fracchlsed, rot as such, but because of
ignorance, by an educational quail li
cation, or because of any other right
reason, in any other constitutional
way. Disfranchisement of a negro for
Ign?ranos in Mississippi is a horrible
thing; disfranchisement of a white
man of ignorance in Massachusetts is
a part of "higher civilization.'
"Let not the business interest of
the country deceive itself; let th< so
controlling it prepare fur another pe
riod of uncertainty, unrest, business
disturbance and race war in the South
ern States, instead of that pt ace and
prosperity which holli races now en
joy, and which has bern rendered pos
sible only by home rule and by white
supremacy. Let the South not deceive
"If the Republican party were sin
cere in its proposition to reduce South
ern representation on the ground of
the disfranchisement of the negro rase
in the South, thereby condoning the
disfranchisement or uhconst tution.il
limitation it elf, it could accompany
that proposition with another, to-wit;
the proposition to repeal the Fifteenth
CALLS IT DOUBLE DEALING.
"Their duplicity is shown in this:
they wish to maintain thc amendment
which forbids the negro, for racial
reasons, from being disfranchised, and
yet, on tho pretence that he is for
racial reason disfranchised, they would
have the negro not counted as a basis
c f representation in the S uthern
States, where he. cb icily rt sides. It ls
?not the white man, as a white man,
who is Injured by a recurrence to the
tendencies of force bill days-he can
and always will maintain himself-it
is business, commerce manufacturing,
agriculture and the negro himself.
"Commercially and industrially the
white men of the South will not be so
much injured by this ...ort of agitation
as Northern people will, because the
average Southerner is not rich anvnow,
gets his foo 1 and clothes out ol* the
world, and these he would get anyhow.
The mercantile class would be the lirst
to sutler, but as they owe debts to the
North and buy from the North, and
as nearly everything they sall is manu
fae tu red in thc North, they wi uld not
be alone in their suffering. This is but
the entering wedge to a new period of
THElit KOA ST AS TO TRUSTS.
"The boast that the administration
has executed the ant i-trust laws is, of
course, ridiculou:;. The Attorney-Gen
eral, In response to a resolution of my
own, frankly confessed that nothing
had been done, and left the inference
that nothing would be done toward
the criminal prosecution of men found
guilty by the Supreme Court (if the
United States, In the Northern Se
curities case, which owned its i ul tai
ti ve to Governor Van Sant of having
violated the provisions ol anti-trust
"The Attorney-General, in answer
to another resolution (the Hearst re
solution), tailed to show that tiny thing
substantial was balng done, civilly or
criminally, against the anthracite coal
carrying railroads and anthracite coal
mine owners, const ?tuting together, in
violation of law, ene of the great e t
trusts in the country. This same
Knox, has just been appointed by the
Governor of Pennsylvania a Senator
from that Stale on the demand of the
very men who constituted this trust
and who are, at any rate, the presi
dents of the railroads and the owners
of the mines cmstilutiiu; it." >
M its. Mary Anderson Navarro re
fuses an offer of 3200,000 to give a
series of public readings in the United
States. She says: "I have ?ill that I
could want or wish for. The glory of
a woman is in her luisband, her home,
her children. In one word, I have
learned the lesson of content." These
are noble words, and should be pon
dered hy every woman who has a hus
band and children._
A bouquet of immortelles from Dixie
land should be laid on the grave uf
Dan Emmett, the man who wrote
"Dixie" and knew not what he wrote.
As the Atlanta Ci ns ti tu lion says he
gave the world its most thrilling na
tional air and the greatest army in
the world its musical inspiration.
Dixie" will live so long as Southern
patriotism endures. May the old man
rest ut peace!
Tun Pension Bureau estimates that
there arti not more than 20,001) veter
ans or the Civil War now living who
are not on the pension rolls. The
pension attorneys have already accom
plished about all that thc service pen
sion by executive order can accom
plish, so far as getting the names on
the roll is concerned.
RLMEK Oliver, of Plymouth, Pa.,
s suing Miss Elizabeth Alspaugh for
$5,000 damages for breach of promise.
She broke the engagement, without
any reason, he says, and he wants to
teach her a lesson and rake in a few
shekels. Oliver ought to be put on
A COWARDLY ATTACK.
Au Atlant? Preacher Assaulted
While In a Barber's Chair.
At Albany, Ga., on last Monday
Ohlei of police R. N. Wesbrook as
saulted Dr. Len G. Broughton, of
Atlanta, with a rawhide whip. The
attack was made In a Broad , street
baroer shop. The encounter caused
Tbe trouble started Sunday after
noon when Dr. Broughton who in
leading a series of meetings In Albany,
slated in the presence of a large con
gregation that rottenness pervaded
the city government of Albany. He
specifically charged that Chief of Po
lice It. N. Westbrook had been taken
from a bouse of questionable resort, in
a state of Intoxication. Ile promised
to produce atlldavlts to sustain his
charges if they were desired. .Ohlei'
Westbrook denied the charges. His.
friends confidently stated that be
would personally resent what they
deemed an unpardonable Insult and
their confidence pioved to be weil
The ball opened Monday afternoon
when State Senator-elect Cruder. West-'
brook a son of the chief, made a per
sonal attack on lt. W. Jordan, who
titus been taking a prominent part in
the revival meetings and who, it was
alleged bad furnished Dr. Broughton
v. ith the Information which had been
used in the sensational charges made.
Monday afternoon just before t?
o'clock, Dr. Broughton went Into a
Broad street barber shop, accompanied
by several of bis friends. In a few
minutes he was followed by Chief
Westbrook. Dr. Broughton was in a
barber's chair. Chief Westbrook made
several inquiries as to which of thc
several gentlemen who were being
shaved was the Atlanta divine. .'As
soon as he Identified Dr. Broughton
the chief produced a heavy rawhide
whip and struck him three or four
times, but owing to the interference
?f a dozen persons the blows did hot
take full effect. There were several
-ide tights precipitated In the1 excite
ment. It ls charged by a, number of
persons who were present that Dr,
Broughton had a pistol and threat
ened to use lt. He assumed the defen
sive with a heavy iron cuspidore, held
tightly in one band, the other band
being thrust deep Into one of his coat
pockets. Chief Westbrook used some
unprintable language in denouncing
Dr. Broughton, who dirt not reply. *
A HiiNsian Submarine Boat Had Seri
ous Disaster at Neva.
A dispatch from St. Peter>burgsays
the submarine boat Delfin sank at her
moorings in the Neva, off the baltic
shipbuilding yard, at ll o'clock Wed
ncsdiy morning with the less of an
officer, Lieut. Cherkasoll, and 20 men.
The accident was due partly to the
excessive number of the crew, mcstly
inexperienced men; and chit Hy to the
unfortunate attempt of a man to es
cape while Ins comrades were screwing
down the manhole.
The officers and men detailed for
submarine instruction had assembled
ar, the Baltic jard and three of the
officers decided to go down in the Del
tin although her captain was not pres
ent, relying on the experience of her
skilled crew. A score of novices were
anxious to go with the three officers.
The Dellin's nominal capacity is tfii
men, instead of which 32 e 'tered the
beat, bringing her manho?e~ln* ??ll
gerous proximity to the river level,
.lust then a tug passed, sending a
heavy wash against the beat.
As soon as the water splashed Into
the submarine boat's interior, it cre
ated a panic among the novices and
one of them tried to get out ot the
manhole which the other hands were
screwing down preparatory to the de
scent, tlie submerging compartment
having already been opened. The
water rushed in and as the submerged
vessel sank like a stone, the officers
and some of the men were saved, be
ing blown thrtugh the manhole by
the rush of escaping air.
The Delfin shortly afterward was
raised. Lieut. Elaguin, who was one
of the officers saved, said to the cor
resp ndent of the Associated Press:
"The tragedy was like a dream. I
remember a sickening sense of suffo
cation from the fumes of the storage
batteries and then a rush of air and
water. Tlie next thing 1 knew I was
ashore." The Delfin is Russia's best
submarine boat. She was designed by
Naval Architect Bnubnoff and Capt.
BekelmishelT and underwent a success
ful trial In 1893;_
A Cloud Hurst.
( iver SOU homes, business houses and
school-houses, a short distance from
Pittsburg, Ba., on the Pan Handle
railroad, are inundated in two to ten
feet of water from llobinson's run hy
a cloud-burst Wednesday night. Many
bridges and buildings were washed
away, horses and cattle were drowned
and at least one life was lost. It is
rumored that others perished, but the
reports have not been veritisd. There
were many escapes, lloth electric line
plants at McDonald are Hooded and
the town is in total darkness. Traffic
in the Pan Handle disttict ls com
pletely tied up. The only fatality so
far known was the drowning of an un
known Italian, and his body has been
found lloating in Robinson's run this
Sold Under Moi-t^uKe.
What, is regarded as another failure
of negro ownership anti operation of a
cotton mill was marked Wednesday
when the Coleman cotton mill at Con
cord was sold tit public auction under
an execution of two mortgages held by
the Dukes of Durham, N. C. The
property was bbl in for the mortgages
at * 1 o.ono. The concern owes *20,uU0.
The Colemcn mill was the first in
North Carolina to run with colored
help. Tlie organizer of the mill was
Warren Coleman, a well known negro
of Concord. He had considerable means
and it ls sa'd that the failure of the
venture cost him most of his property.
Coleman died some months ago. . ?
Pound Hotly Floating.
At Miami, Fla., the body of W. A.
McQueen was found lloating in the
river at the old bridge Thursday
Morning. Judge Hill impaneled a coro
ner's jury and the body was view at
King's undertaking establishment. On
McQueen's head there ls an ugly bruise
and the theory by some is advanced
that he was murdered and his body
thrown in the river. The jury has not
brought in a verdict at his time. Mc
Queen was well known tlierc as a quiet
and Inoffensive man.
About u Oabbajre Patch.
At Fayetteville, Ga., Steve Ren
froe, an Old man 7U years old, shot his
daughter-in-law throught the head
Thursday killing her Instantly. Mr.
lienfroe and his daughter in-lcw dis
agreed about a cabbage patch. Feeling
ran high for awhile against thc old
man, but it !a unlikely that vlo
encc will be done him.
At one of the reuni?n meetings, at
Nashville, an effort was made to
change the words of "Dixie," but lt
met with almost universal refusal. The
appeal came from the Alabama Daugh
ters of the Confederacy, but was turned
down promptly by the old Confederate
soldiers at the assemblage. In com
menting on the refusal of the old sol
diers to change the words of "Dixie"
the Augusta Chronicle says: "That a
negro medley, utter drivel and trash,
considered from an artistic or poetic
view-point, should cling thus is a kind
of literary paradox, but such ls the
case. Dan Emmet wrote the jingle for
his minstrel troupe, before the war,
with not the remotest Idea that it
would be adopted as a sectional battle
ballad; but, somehow, lt was picked
Up, made Intensely popular and re
mains so to this day. lt is the music
and the environment that perpetuate
it. Nobody bares much, If anything,
about the rag-time words; but as they
were-assi mi lated to the war spirit and
traditionally continue, no change
seems possible." Mrs. I. M. P. Ocken
don, of Montgomery. Ala., cleverly re
wrote "Dixle,"< and submitted- her
veris ion. She was highly endorsed by
some of our prominent S millern men,
but met with rib success, though, on
general- principal she deserved it.
Here are her proposed substituted
1. In Dixie cotton loves to grow,
- With leaf of green and boll of snow,
Look away, look away,
Look away, Dixie-Lund!
Here waves the golden wheat and
In Dixie-Land where I was born,
Look away, look away,
Chorus, -Then I wish I was in Dixie,
in Dixie-Land I'll take my stand,
To live and die in Dixie.
A way,'away! ?
Away down South in Dixie!
2. In Dixie reddest roses bloom:
Toe Jasmine yields Ks rare perfume,
Look away, look away,
Look away, Dixie-Land!
And here the sea-breeze haunts the
With orange blossoms in its mouth,
Look away, look away,
Look-away, Dixie Lauri!
Chorus: Then* I wish 1 was in Dlxle,$c.
4. The Dixie skies are Honnie Blue,
And Southern hearts are warm and
Look away, look away.
Look away. Dixie Land!
Let there be love throughout the
The pure white Hag of peace unfurled!
Look away, look away,
Look away, Dixie Land!
Chorus:-Then I wish I was in Dixie,&c.
5. In Dixie-Land 'tis sweet to rove,
Thro' phiey-woods and sweet-gum
Look away, look away,
Look away, Dixie Land!
And hark, the rebel mocking bird,
With sweetest, song you ever beard!
Sings away, sings away,
Sings away, Dixie-Land!
Chorus:-Then 1 wish I was in Dixie,&c.
0. In other lands 't is sweet to roam,
But, Dixie-Land is Home, sweet
Look away, look away,
Look away, Dixie Land!
And Southern maid with merry song,
Loves Dear Old Dixie, BIGHT OR
Look away, look away,
Look away, Dixie Laud!
Chorus:-Then 1 wish 1 was in Dixie,&c.
The Chronicle goes on to say that
whatever our private or personal opin
ions mav bc and, however, m.rltous
the* change of words, it ls certain
I that, while the Veterans remain,
"Dixie's" words, though trashy and
unworthy, will remain as they are, a
kind of reminlscential consecration.
What may happen, win n the Confed
erate soldiers pass away, need not now
be discjssed." Appropriate to the
foregoing, however; is the fu?owing
from the Houston Post, to which it
was inspired by the quotation from
the Albany Herald, which is given:
Great is '.Dixie"-"Dixie Land" and
" Dixe," the song. The playing of the
popular Southern air stopped a stam
pede from the theatre in our sister
city, Americus, a few nights ago. The
cry of tire had been heaid. The crowd
rushed for the entrance, and nothing
could stop the frenzied fugitives until
the orchestra st ruck up" Dixie." Then
they stood still and yelled. Nb true
Southern man or woman will run from
anything when they are backed by t be
st rains of "Dixie."--Albany Herald.
Don't you know it! Dear old "Dixie!"
Let t he grand old cadence swell
And there's not a Southern living but
would seale thc walls of hell!
And would wake the deeps infernal
wit h the ringing rebel yell!
Dear old "Dixie!" Play ls softly; play
it soft and way down low,
And there's something in its sweetness
wakes the scenes of long ago,
And old com ratios mareil beside us in
the ways we used lo know.
Dear old " Dixie," blare it proudly and
you'll hear the Southron's cheers.
Dear old "Dixie," play it softly o'er
the green mounds of the years
Till the hearts are tilled with rapture
and the eyes are bright with tears.
The state department Saturday
received the following dispatch dated
Ispanhan, Persia, and signed "the
Armenian bishop of Persia:" "Turkish
barbarians are massacreing thousands
of us each day. We humbly solicit
the United States government, In the
name of Christianity and humanity,
o save many human lives."
May Be Ho.
The A gusta Chronicle says an old
Con federate officer, in Augusta, while
favoring the .Japs, predicts that Eng
land, France, Germany. China, and
Roosevelt (beg pardon Uncle Sam) will
have a general scrimmage in the Far
East. In that event, Armageddon
may be near.
They know Him.
The national bank otllclals of Sa
vannah were recently the guests at a
tish supper of President Leopold
Adler, of the Challum bank. After
supper a straw vote was taken on the
presidential question. Fifteen voted
for Cleveland for the nomination and
two for Parker.
THE Philadelphia Record says: "A
Democratic victory would be about as
important to the Republican party
as to the country, and the Republican
leaders, chained to wheels of thc red
and gold band wagon which Mr.
Roosevelt thinks is a charlot, are con
scious of the fact. Never did the
Democratic party have so capital a
chance to carry the election as lt. has
this year. '"We hope wise counsels
will prevail at St. Louis, aud that a
good platform and candidate will be
UNITKD States Judge Emory Speer
decided at Macon, Ga., on Tuesday
that a police court has no right to
sentence a person to the chalngang.
The decision has created a decided
sensation and will be carried to the
supreme court before it ls ended.
DR. HATHAWAY. uyn
Most Successful Specialist in th?
His line In the United States. bo?
Recognised as the Leading and
iful Specialist in
ie United States.
O?I.!A4I MA My cure for thia disease ls R
^IlinYlli fi no cutting or dangerona sui
WH ??.???? w ual attention, and treat Its
tlon and porenesa ls allayed ond tue canal hcnls
II_I,_. This disease Istha enlari
w3rBf.nnfilfi the vitality, lt weakens
VC?l IUUUUIU form certainty just aa qui
any other disease, and their st rength la being dr
ed, and learn the cause of your trouble. Send fo
m_J _" This horrible disease
Binni] rOISOn know just what my i
UIUUU I "I?U1I bones, falling hair.o
I will tell you frankly whether or not you are ai
drusa, tn aa quick. If not quicker, time than any 1
will bo eradicated from the system forever. Sen
to health thousands ,.t Buffering women'. Send
Diseases of Women
to health thousands ot Buffering wo
ls equipped with the most apr lived X-Kay and ?.
Home Treatment Sg;
oonutrlea. Correspondence confidential.
28 Inman Building, 21* S. Broad S
Great Blrtl< ?nd Death Hates ;;rc
The census bureau Friday issued
the tinal bulletin en the negro popula
tion of the United States. The num
ber of negroes in the United Ssatcs,
iuuiudi^g liie entire area cove ed by
thc I2t h census (continental United
States, Alaska and Hawaii) and Puerto
ltico is 0,204,?91, perhaps a larger
number than is lound in any other
country outside of Africa.
The report indicates that between
ll and lt; per cent, of the negro
population ha ire or are believed by thc
enumerators to have some degree of
white blood. The centre of the negro
popularon is in Dekalb county,
Alabama, about four miles from west
ern boundry of Georgia, having moved
thence from Dinwiddie county, Vir
ginia, slt.ee 1790. Over 77 per cent,
of the negroes live in the country,
against over 57 per cent, of the
whites. Almcst 90 per cent, of "the
negroes lu continental United States j
are In southern States and three
tenths uf them are in Georgia, Missis
sippi and Alabama.
Negroes onstitute a out one-llf
teenth of the elby population and
about one seventh of the country 1
population of c mtinential United!
States. There was an increase among
the negroes of 1.345,318 or 18 percent,
in contlnential United States but the
tate of increase declined steadily
through the nineteenth century.
The negro s, unlike the Indians and
the native white, have a slight excess !
of fin?ales, llliteiauy among them -
is about seven times greater than
among the whites. There are 3,992,-1
337 negroes in the United States en
gaged in gainful o ?eu pattons. Their
death rate approximates :?0 per cent,
while that of the whites under the
same calculation is 17 percent.
The proportion of mulattoes to all
negroes is usually higher in cities of
the great cotton growing Statis than
it Is in the districts outside of the
cities. The district In which the pro
portion of negroes is greatest lies in
the Mississippi alluvial region along
both banks of the lower Mississippi,
where live-eights of the population ls
negro, the maximum being in Issaque
na county, Mississippi, with more than
If) negrcs to each white person. Ne
groes form one-third of the population
in the south both in cities and In
countty districts while in the north
tiley are about one-fortietb of city and
one-ninetieth of country districts. In
the country districts of the south, ex
cluding thc population of the 212 cities
which had at least 2,500 inhabitants
both in 1890 anti in 1900, the negroes
increased 1890 to 1900 over 1 ti per cent. ;
in the 242 southern cities as a whole
they increased 22.7 per emt. Their
increase In the country districts was
about two-thirds as rapid as that of thc
whites in the same area; their increase
in southern cities was nearly live-sixths
as fast as that of the whites in the
In the live southern cities, having at
le.ist 100.000 inhabitants in 1900, the
negro population increased 2?.8 pjr
cent., 1890 bo 1900; the white popula
tlon of the same cities increased only
20.8 per cent. This is the only group
of southern cities in which the rate of
increase of negro population exceeded
that of the whites. In the .'18 cities
of this class of continental United
States the per cent, of increase was 38
for negroes and 32.7 for whites.
The largest number of negroes liv
ing in compact masses are found In
cut tain urban c ?unties,several of which
lie outside of the great cotton growing
States. Tlic four each having over
75,000 negroes are: District of Colum
bia, cjcxtensive with Washington;
Shelby county, Tenn., containing
Memphis; Baltimore city, Md., and
Orleans parish, in., coextensive with
New < ).leans.
The general conclusion soems war
ranted that the proportion of inula
toes to total negroes was found by the
enumerators to be high or low, accord
ing as the proportion of whites or ne
groes ls high or low.
Ttic total numbers of negroes repor
? ted -jy the twelfth census was 8,810,
789. To th's number may be added
the 3(1.1,712 persons of pure or mixed
negro blood in Puerto ll!co, making a
total of 9,204,531 negroes under
American Jurisdiction, This Includes
8,833,091 negroes of continental Unit
ed States, which excludes these of
ruerto Riep and a lew in Alaska, Ha
waii and the military and navals, rvlce.
The social 1st I? now Indispensable. In ?ll walks ot Ufo there ls a demand for tho man
?o can do one particular thing better than any one else, and such, 4 m?? ls one who bas confined
a endeavor to, and centered all of his ^ncrgy and ability on the spec! he has chosen for bis
Early In my professional career I realized that Chronic- Diseases w? re not bc>.h;r given tba
.en tlou which their importance warranted. I saw that these diseases required a spacial Hi
ss which tho busy practitioner could nover acquire. For mon? than twenty years 1 have do
ted raynell exclusively to tho study and treatment of tBese diseases, and the foot thatpbytt
ins recommend meto their patients ls an evidence ot my skill aud ability iii my special line. I
re special counsel to physicians with obstinate and obscure cases.
I have devoted particular attention to chronic diseases ot men and women, and no other
isa of disease requires more intelligent and expert treatment. It ls a fact that a majority of
move the seriousness of their condition to improper treatment, and a failure to real Ito the
portancc of placing their case In the bands of a skilled and expert speclaljst.
Overindulgence. Indiscretions and excesses are not the only
causes of an impairment of sexual strength. Such a derange
ment frequently comos from worry, overwork, mental strain,
... which graduolly weakens and injures thc system before the unfortunate victim realizes
5 true nature of hu trouble. Nervousness, weak bnck, dlzzlness.loss of memory, apota before
? eyes, despondency, etc., often aro the first symptoms of an lmpalrmentof manly vigor, and if
fleeted serious reeu.'ts are sure'to follow. 'I want to talk toeyery.- sn vrho its sny cf thees
inpious ofweakening ofh?s man Fy functions. lean promptly correct all Irregularities, and
der my skillful treatment you will have restored all of the strength and glory of your man
od. Whether you consult me or not, do not jeopardize your health by experimenting with
idy-made medicines, free sr.mplcs, so-called quick cures, etc..!as the most delicate organtot
; body are Involved, and only an expert should b"i entrusted with your case. Send for free
iklct, " Nervous Debility and Its Family of Ills."
;entlo and painless! and often causes no detention from business or other dulles. It involve?
rglcal operation. Improper treatment will result in serious injury. 1 give each caso lndlvld
every requirement. Every obstruction ls removed, and. all discharge soon ceases, inflamma
up promptly and permanently. Send for free book on Stricture;
lenient of veins of the scrotum, which flit with stagnant blood, causing a constant drain npon
thc entire system'nd saps away all sexual strength. 1 cure this dlBease with tho same unl
ck as consistent with medical Hulence. Probably moro mon ore afflicted with Varlcocele tuan
ulned away without their knowing thc cause. Come to mc at oucc it you think you are afflict
r free booklet on Varlcocele.
) is no longor incurable, and when I say that I can oure the most severe case I do so because I
treatment has accomplished. If you have sores, pimples, blotches, sore throat, pains In the.
r any symptoms which you do not understand, lt ls important that you consult mc at once, and
1 unfortunate victim. I will guarantee tb euro you without the use of strong and injurious
known treatment. My cure is a permanent ono, and is not mere patchwork, and the disease
d for my free booklet, "Thc Poison King."
on who suffer from the ailments peculiar to their sex are cured by my gentle and painless
od of treatment, which avoids nil necessity for surgical operations. If you suffer from bearing
pains, backache, Irregularities, leuchorrhea, etc., write me about your case. 1 havo rejtorei)
for my free booklet un Women's D?SCBBCB.
y also includes all othrrchronle. dUcascs, suchas Rheumatism, Catarrh, Diabetes, Bright**)
imaoh, Liver and Kidney Diseases. Piles, Fistula, Rupture, Paralysis, Locomotor Ataxia, 8..
!. etc., and all who want skillful, expert treatment should write me about their case. My omeo
?loctrlcal apparatui, BO that my patients get tho benefit of thc latest discoveries of science.
yone to consult me without charge, and will refund railroad fare'one way to all who take
If yon cannot see me In person write for symptom blanks and full information about my suc
if home treatment by which 1 have cured patients lu every State in tho Union and In foreign
ON HATHAWAY, M. D.
trect, Atlanta, Ga.
fjj) At Osborne's Business College
C/CkttmiA AUGUSTA, GEORGIA
OR TUITION REFUNDED
1854. COLUMBIA COLLEGE. 1904.
An institution for .the higher educat ion of young women. Classified as
a College. University plan of studies. Strong faculty. Literaiy, Music
Art. Expression departments are under thoroughly competent and experienced
teachers. Cistern water. Heated by hot-water._ Health record unsinp?ssed
Gieat advancement in Music department.
For catalogue address the President, W. W. DANIELf
WHAT JDOGJS Vt* COST?
Write tons and we will be glad to give you prices that will interest
you on PAINTS, OILS, VARNISHES, BRUSHES, etc. What is Calci
COLEMAN-BALL-MARTIN PAINT AND OIL CO.
3157 King Street, CHARLESTON, S. 0.
YOUNG MEN, YOUNG WOMEN, WAKE UP
Prepare yourselves to meet the demand for Stenographers,.typewriters^^
and bookkeepers. Write for catalogue of I**- _
MACFEAT'S BUSINESS COLLEGE, Columbia, S. 0j?-i-.
W. H. Macfeat, otficial Court Stenographer, President. \
Don't think that every one who hangs out a sign os a "watch
maker" is competent to repair your Uno watch. Repairers who
aro fully competent are scarce. We do work only one way,-tho
IV PPiz-liri TIO* Deflt-w0 uin xaa^i0 aay part of a watch, or a complete watch.
.tYV^ IJCllll -"f^* Our prices nro often no more than you puy for inferior work.
Whan our charco for work is $1.50 or over we will pay express chnrgo one way. Seud us your
watch, P. H. LACHICHOTTE & ?O. Jewelers, 1424 Main St., Columbia, 8. C.
Founded In 1050.
Write for Pree Catalogue ot the
.Medieal department, UnioerMtif cf Nashville.
Curriculum Includes twenty-three lecture courses, each followed by a thorough review
qui/.; seven laboratory courses, and three hours of hospital work daily. New building
elaborately equipped with modern apparatus and appliances.Expenses moderate. Address
J, billard Jacobs, M. D" Secretary, 035 South Market Kt., Nashville, Tenn.
. . . tr
Y/E-ArRE LOOKING ?te
FOR YOUR ORDERS
COLUMBIA LUMBER & MFC CO.
Piana and Organ Bargains.
If you want the bargains of your life write at once to',
Alalonc music House, Columbia, S. C.,
N. H. In answering this ad. please state which you desire Piano or Organ
Everything for supplying Saw Mills, Oil Mills, Quarries and Ginneries,
Belting, Packing, Shafting, Hangers, Pulleys, Pipes, Valves, Fittings, In
jectors, Lubricators, etc. 10,000 ft. of good l in. second band black pipe
for sale. Write
COLUMBIA SUPPLY 00.
Columbia, S. C. The macliihery Supply house of tho state.
Southeastern Lime & Cement Co.
CHARLESTON, S. C.
Building Material of all kinds. High Grade Roofing
"RUBEROI?." Write for prices.
Whiskey I Morphine I Cigaret I A lb Drug and Tobacco
Habit, Habit | Habit | Habits.
Cured by Keeley Institute, of <0.
1329 Lady St. (or P. O. Box 75) Columbia, S. C. Coniidentlal correspond
Inline Cement, Plaster,
Terra Gotta Pipe, Rooting Paper, Car lots, small lots, write,
Carolina. Portland Cement Co., tT/narleston, R. u.
Thu Author ol'Dixie.
Dan Hmmett, the author of "Dixie,"
died at lils home at Mount Vernon,
< )hio, last week. Emmett belonged
ning of the Civil War itbicome the
rallying sting for the South.
For a number of years Dan Emmett
bas lived a quiet and peaceful lite with
to the first negro minstrel troupe ever | bis wife in a little cottage just north
organized and was the author of a of Mt. Vernon, O., where be devoted
number of catchy songs, Including his time to raising chickens and talk
1'Old Dan Tucker," but pf course, the lng over old times with any visitor
fame which was bis, because of the who migbtcbance to como. Hisstor
autbotsbip of "Dixie," overshadowed les of the early days of mlntrelsy were
all bis other otTorts. j entertaining and be never lacked tor
"Dixie" was written on one rainy company, lie bad in his posseslo.n
Sunday in New York and sung the j when he died the orignal manuscript
next-night, making a instantaneous of "Dixie" and other songs and tho
bit. The old fashioned minstrel oom- 'collection will now undoubtedly be?
pany which sang the pl?ce was com
posed of less than a do/en performers,,
sitting In semi-circle and all playing
some kind ol' Instruments. Dan E?t?*
mell played the liddle.
The manager ol the aggregation told
Dan after the show Saturday night to
compose a new "round" l'or the com
pany, and thc next day being rainy and
disagreeable, thc old minstrel's i
thoughts turned toward thc sunny
South, and without hesitancy he wrote
the words and music of the song.
Everywhere the company appaarod
"Dixie" made a bit. and at tho begin
Two white men have been murder
ed by white men in the county of Mar
ion In the last two weeks. Where will
/ TEED j
?Urs AO?l BANK DEPOSIT
(J9\Jm\?\?K? Railroad Fare P?ld. SOO
'_ F rt BK Courses Offered.
??BBMRHI Boaidr.iCoM. Write Quick
GEORGIA-ALABAMA BUSINESS C0LLCCE.Macon,Ci,