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The Texas Cotton Planters Object to
the Boll Weevil's Foe.
TEX CAUSE OF THE OPPOSITION
Thor Suspeot lt May Prove ?
Greater Pest Than tbe Weevil
Devastating the Cotton
The proposed use of the "kalep" 01
Guatemalan ant to exterminate the
Mexican cotton boll weevil is arousing
great Interest in the south. Tbe cot
ton crop will Boon be ready to pick,
and its size depends on tbe extent of
the ravages of the boll weevil. There
fore the matter affects not the south
alone, but every user of cotton goods.
The pest is likely to grow worse and
cause greater damage every year un
less some way ts found to check Its
ravages. In spite of two boll weevil
conventions, the organization of boll
weevil commissions in Texas, Louisi
ana and Mississippi, the liberal sums
appropriated by these states and by
tbe Federal government for fighting
tbe boll weevils, and the $50,000 prize
for a remedy offered by the Texas
legislature, no method of getting rid
of tbe destructive pest bas been found.
At best it bas been possible to make
certain suggestions whereby, at great
expense and labor, tbeamountof dam
age caused by the weevil ls reduced.
From the start a vague hope bas
been expressed that some other insect
would be found that would kill off
the weevil. Is the "kalep" to be tne
deliverer? The entomological bureau
and the agricultural department bay it
ls and ask for a chance to prove it.
The have gone to considerable ex
pense to search the world over for
an enemy to the weevil, and declare
that they have atlast found it in the
Guatemalan ant. They stand ready
to make war upon the cotton eater,
but the cotton people hesitate to com
mit the ants to their fields.
Tbe planters are like tbe European
powers in the Russo-Japanese war
who wanted to see the Japanese whip
thc Russians, but were afraid of the
complications the war would lead tn
i. ni rvooeson we have a road presen I
and th/; uso.?.le.i^ave been hog n> give
. ' norse secured man for ber ally in the
war with the stag. Admitting that
the "kalep" will do all that ls ex
pected of it, may not the ant Itself
prove a more daugerous peril than the
weevil? This ls the question the plant
ers are asking.
This has led to a very gfinpr.ai dis
cussion in the southern prtss of
American and other Improvements on
nature and the results that have fol
lowed. The strongest argument in
favor of the "kalep" ls the success of
tbe department of agriculture in the
Importation of ladybugs from Aus
tralia as a cure or antidote for the
San Jose scale.
The latter peat had seriously in
fected the California orange crop, in
vaded Texas and was making its way
toward the orange groves of Louisana
and Florida, wben its ruinous course
in the south was stopped by the Aus
tralian ladybug. The experiment was
a complete success, and no one has
yet a bad word for the Australian vis
On the other hand, Senator Balley,
of Texas, Ross Olark, of Lavaca, the
leader lu the light against Importini;
Central American Insects and turning
them loose on the community, and
many other planters cite other expe
riences against the proposed experi
They call attention to the Importa
tion of English sparrows for the pur
pese of getting rid of tho worms and
bugs in New York and to their spread
all over the country, abandoning their
insectivorous habits, driving out na
tive birds and becoming very trouble
some themselves and great destroyers
The mongoose, imported Into Ja
maica to kill off the rats which Injured
the sugar cane, performed that work
successfully, but has since become ten
times the nuisance the rats were, for
a'ter killing off the rats lt took to
eating spring chlckeus. Similarly, thc
English rabbits imported into Aus
tralia have proved one of the greatest
curses of that island continent.
The Importation of water hyacinths
-which came from the same country
as the "kalep"-has cost the south
millions of dollars and put the Feder
al government to considerable expense
to get rid of Its growths, which have
rendered most of the Gulf streams un
navigable. Similarly, Bermuda grass,
Imported from the West Indies, has
Increased the cost of cultivation in t he
south '0 per cent, and cocoa grass has
also added to the trouble and expense
of the farmers.
Two of the most troublesome plants
to southern fanners were actually im
ported by the United States depart
ment of agriculture and scattered
through the south before their danger
ous character was discovered. The
lirst and worst of these was Johnson
grass, which was recommended to the
farmers as an excellent forage plant.
Johnson grass grows with a rapidity
that is startling and lt cannot be erad
icated. You may dig lt up or burn it,
but you cannot get rid of it. The leg
islatures of both Texas and Louisiana
prophit its imp u tation, and the quar
antine against it is us stringent as
The United States department of
agriculture also recommended Japa
nese bamboo as likely to thrive In the
south, and offered samples of it to
southern farmers. They planted lt.
There ls no question about its thriv
Mr. Clark, who is leading the fight
against the Guatemalan ant, is one of
the men who planted tile bamboo. It I
grew so fast that, he and his neighbors
became alarmed, as lt threatened to
cover the whoh plantation. When he
tried to g< t nd of it he could not,
until he built a lavee around his bam
boo patch and kept it saturated with
crude Beaumont oil.
Either the plant nourishes better In
this country than in Japan, or the
Japanese know some way to holding
the growth In check which the depart
ment of agriculture forget to get.
Bamboo may make very good baskets,
Mr. Clark says, but the south is not
prepared Just yet to abandon cotton
and all its other crops and contine Its
energies to basnet making.
With these facts before them, the
Texas farmers and their friends have
not only Hooded the department of
agriculture at Washington with In
quiries and protests, but also anounc
ed their intention to tight the kalep
in the courts to the last ditch. An in
junction has already been secured from
the Texas district court at Houston,
directed against Dr. Co:>k and other
employes of the department of agti
culture, prohibiting them from Intro
ducing into Texas the Guatemalan
The injunction recites that it la pro
posed to bring In thia ant and turn lt
loc-soat the United States government
experiment station at Victoria, Tex.
They say the ant would spread to all
parts ot tbe State, would become 60
numerous in time so to prove an in
tolerable pest, would sting the labor
ers In the Held and then would ren
der it impossible to pick cotton, ulti
mately destroying the cotton crop and
all other vegetation.
Tbe Injunction bas delayed the
opening of the Kalep-Weevll war.
The ants will spend some time in New
Orleans, until the department of agri
culture decides what to do.
Tbe collection of these ants cost
several months of hard work in Alta
Vera Paz, Guatemala. Tbe insect
bas no scientific name, bub is known
to the natives or Indians as the kalep.
It is red, and about twice the si/,J of
an ordinary ant.
Dr. Gook has some 5,000 ants, or
forty colonies, including a number of
queens. They are now in li rat class
condition, active and full of light, and
eager to be allowed to attack their
Dr. Cook denies all tbe charges
made against the ants. The are in
sectivorous, he says, and will not hurt
cotton-and the Mexican boll weevil
is their dearest foe.
The weevil stands no show with tiie
Guatemalan kalep. The latter stings
the weevil, producing paralysis, and
then carries Its viciim to its dwelling
house, where the weevil ls torn to
pieces or pub in cold storage for tbe
winter. Four ants to each stalk of
cotton will keep it wholly free from
weevils. So effective bas the warfare
of the kalep proved that it has already
completely destroyed the weevil in
Vera Paz and other departments
which In Inhabits.
Tue boll weevil, after practically de
stroying the cotton crop of Mexico, In
vaded Texas on the north and Guate
mala on tbe south, lt seemed to
sweep everything before it until lt
reached the country of the kaleps.
The latter have turned the tables on
lt and are pursuing it fiercely and
As for the argument presented by
Mr. Clark that it would render cottoa
picking impossible by stinging the
negroes on their bare feet, Dr. Cook
calls attention to tbe fact that thc
. incumbent, "^ves "eve^ wfr shoes:
. i f never su tiered from aut
E&fbljs? It is admitted that thens
may be limitations in the effective
work ol' the kalep. lt lives ina porous
saudy soil, like that of Texas, but it
is by no means certain that it would
lind life so agreeable in the rieb but
damp soil of the alluvial lands of the
Mississippi, where cotton reaches Its
All these facts and arguments have
not convinced the anti-ant men. E /en
if we admit, say they, that the kalep
will do all that is expected of it and
kill ol? the weevils, on what is it
going to feed after the weevil are ex
Thc South is already pretty well
overrun with ants, which have latter
ly Increased In numbers, owing pos
sibly to the destruction of insect-eat
ing birds. The ordinary American
ants, ted and black, are themselves ef
fectual as destroyers of other insects,
and indeed arc known to kill boll
weevil; but in spite of their good ser
vice In thia respect they are recognized
as a nuioance and injurious to the
farmer, and their celts are ploughed
up and destroyed whenever they are
come across, if their numbers are
swollen by importation of larger and
fiercer ants, the planters will find it
almost impossible to keep the ants
in tine, is it not a dangerous experi
ment, they ask, becaues we are Buller
ing from one inseot pest, to import
another? It depends upon the settle
ments of these questions whether the
courts will allow the great Kalep
Weevil tight to come oil in Texas this
The broader the smile the shorter
Everything is for the best, even the
worst of lt.
A smile will go a mile wbilea frown
is going a furlong.
The "sanest fourth" was whore lt
rained the hardest.
Ever notice how long the days is
when you start lt ol? grumbling?
We'd like to go tisbing just once
when only the little tish got away.
it Isa waste of time to pray for
what you want unless you really need
The man who never makes mistakes
ls the man who never undertakes any
When a mau begins to wonder if he
lojks as old as he really is, it. is a sign
that he does.
The writers of the best old songs
are dead. The writers of some of the
new ones ought to be.
The man who never ate watermelon
?ave with a fork has an awfully good
time coming to him.
The men who talk loudest about
the necessity of war are generally the
men who stay at home and linauce lt.
We v. !'. probably never have enough
money to enable us to set aside a hero
fund, and even if we do have enough
we wouldn't do lt. We'll set aside a
fund to reward the girls who can hake
better bread than their mothers.- -The
Handled Them Well.
A special from Danville, Va., says
ludge Aiken Wednesday appointed a
3pccial grand jury composed ol' pro
minent citizens for the purpose of in
vestigating the attempt of the mob
Tuesday night to take the prisoner,
Roy Seals, who is in jail charged with
Lhe killing of Flagman Annes of the
Southern railway. Daniel Talley,
JUC of the leaders of the mob, charged
in the olllcers guarding the jail, but
trhe men composing the mob quailed
jefore the determined stand taken by
die police. Talley dashed against
ibe oflicer.s alone and was captured
ind disarmed. Ile was afterwards
'eleased by order of Mayor Wooding,
vho states that he made the order
chinking it would probably have a
rood effect on the mob.
The mayor was apprised of the fact
hilt the mob was assembling by a
vornan. Thc woman carno to the
lome of thc mayor at midnight after
,he executive had prepared to retire.
Ie granted her au interview and was
old tho plans of the mob leaders.
The woman Is the wife of one of the
nob leaders. The mayor would not
IIsclo.se her name.
lCdward Deaton Convicted.
A special from Yorkvllle to the
?tate says the case of W. Edward
)eaton and Mary Deaton, charged
yith having killed J. Lawrence Pat
erson at Kort Mill last May, was
lvun to the jury about 2 o'clock Frl
ay afternoon. After being out about
wo hours they rendered the following
erdict: "Edward Deaton guilty and
ecom mended to the mercy of the
ourt; Maaton not guilty."
REFORMATION OF DEMOCRACY,
Mr. Bryan Tells of the Things He Fa
vors ?ind Thone He Doesn't.
W. J. Bryan's plan (or the reforma
tion ot the Democracy waa given pub
licity Thursday. In lt Mr. Bryan fa
vors radical changes, but advocates
tho election of Judge Parker for pres
ident as a good beginning. Ile de
clares fur State ownership of railroads,
goveruornment control of telegraphs
and abolishment of private monopoly
and favors the Income tax and election
ef federal judges by tbe people. Mr.
Bryan saya in part: /
"I have heretofore refused to take
a position upon tbe question of gov
ernment ownership of railroads, first,
because I bad )not until recently
studied the subject, and second, be
cause the question bad not been reach
ed. Recent events bave convinced me
tbat tiie time ks now ripe for the pre
sentation of tbls question. Consoli
dation after consolidation bas 'taken
place until a few men now control tbe
railroad traillo of the country and
defy both the legislative and executive
power of tiie nation. I invite the Dem
ocrats, tiierefore, to consider a plau
for the government ovmership and
operation of the railroads.
STATU OWNERSHIP OK ROADS.
"The plan usually suggested is for
the purchase of these roads by tbe fed
eral government. Tibs plan, it seems
to i e, is more objectionable than a
plan which Involves tbe ownership and
operation of these roads by tbe several
States. To put the railroads into tbe
bands of tbe federal government would
mean au enormous centralization of
power. It would give to the federal
government a largely increased inllu
ence over the citizen and tbe citizen's
affairs and such centralization ls nob
at all necessary. Thc several States
can own and operate tho railroads
within their borders just as effectively
as it can be done by the federal gov
ernment and If it is done by the
States, the objectjc? based upon the
fear of centralization is entirely an
swered. A board composed of repre
sentatives from tbe various States
could deal with the joint tratllc of the
Willie the Democratic party in the
?ation is advocating government own
ership of railroads, tbe Democratic
party in Hie cities should upou tbe
same theory espouse the cause of mun
icipal ownerships ol' municipal fran
"We have also reached a time when
tbe pos to Qi ce department should em
beatle a telegraph system as well as
a mail system.
"The telegraph lines do not reach
as many people as tbe railroads do and
while tiie abuses to private ownership
have not been SD opan and notorious,
yet there ls no reason why their nation
should not do what other nations are
doing in this respect.
"The Democratic party bas in two
campaigns stood for an income tax.
Tbe plank was omitted this year be
cause tiie men in control of the party
thought it would jeopardize success in
the eastern States. This objection may
bave weight when tbe appeal is made
to a particular section and to the
wealthy men of that section, but it
canuot have weight when the party
goes forth, as lt must ultimately do,
to appeal to the masses.
"The contest above outlined must
be made whether tbe party win3 in
November or nob. If Mr. Parker is
elected bis administration will rid us
of imperialism and of the threat of a
race Ifsue.and give us greater freedom
in tiie taking up of economic ques
CARGO OF OIL ON FIRE.
ThrilliiiK Experiences ol'the Crew ol'
The British Ship Crecdinor.
A special from Woodsbole, Mass.,
says Capt. John Humphries of the
British ship Creedmoor, and crew
were landed here Thursday, having
escaped from their vessel which was
?urned olT fire island Wednesday.
The crew of the Creedmoor num
aered 18 men besides the captain.
The mon lost everything. They left
uhc ship in ber own boats and were
picked up soon afterwards by a pass
ng schooner which transferred them
.0 a tug off Martha's Vineyard early
Capt. Humphries and the rescued
nembers of the crew of tbe Creedmoor
irrived in New York city Thursday
?vening. The Creedmoor, which left
ibis port on Monday with a cargo of
>U,000 gallons of naphtha, gasolene
ind benzine for Liverpool, according
.o tiie story of the captain and crew,
vas . oout 40 miles east of Fire island
?n Wednesday evening when lire broke
mt on tbe poop deck just forward of
,bc main saloon.
When the alarm was given Capt.
iumpbries put the vessel about while
,he members of the crew under Mate
A. M. Adams were doing their best
o bold the Hames in check. The
iresenee of the lire was made known
>y an explosion which was quickly
ollowed by otbcis.
At first the water poured on the
?lazing poop deck had noellect. After
iliout an hour's work the crew seem
d to have the tire in check, and at
bat time the Creedmoor was making
or New York at good speed. A little
.fter 10 p. m. the lire made its ap
learance again In the poop deck secj
iou of tbe vessel and this time the
;asolene bad become ignited and it
vas expected that the oil-laden ship
vould blow up at any moment.
Despite the deperate situation, Capt.
Iumphires and his crew sought asce
nd time to hold the tire bi check,
tut tile streams of water only t ended
o carry the lire to other parts of the
hip and in a few minutes the strug
le was abandoned.
The lifeboat and the sh'p's yawl
/ere lowered. The lookout on the
orecastle, a Portuguese sailor named
larc, was called with the other mem
ers of the crew, but lie did not rea
pond. He was called again. Then
a leaned over the side of the fore
astle and appeared bo be helpless
rith terror. In a few minutes tiie
nip was wrecked from stem to stern
y a series of heavy explosions.
Members ol Mol> Arrested.
A special from Danville Friday says
/Icker Armes, Solomon Hutchings,
iT. Bal flagland, Frank Childrens and
william Harris, participants In thc
?te attempt to force tho city jail fol
ie purpose Of wreaking vengence
pou a negro charged witn murder,
ere Friday arrested and the tirst
iree bailed In the sum of $20U each
ir their appearance before the
ayor's court on Tusday next. Chll
"088 and Harris '.vent to jail In de
ni t of bond.
THE STRIKE SETTLE'.).
Strikers Are to bo Taken Back to
Work At Once. \
A special from Chicago Wednesday
says: The strike of paoklng bouso
om ploy cs begun nine days ago and
which has demoralized, the packing
industry throughout the country, was
settled Wednesday at a conference
between representatives of th' pack
ers, the officials of the meat "utters
union and representatives of all the
allied trades employed at tho stock
yards. The whole controversy will
be submitted to a board of arbitra
tion, both sides agreeing to abide by
whatever decision this board may
reacb. Fending tbe deolsion of the
arbitration board the men will be
taken back to work as rapidly' as
possible by the packers and lt 1B
agreed by the packers that all the
old employes are to be reinstated
within 4? days from the date work is
resumed. If any of the former em
ployes are still unemployed at the
expiration of that time such persons
are to bave the privilege of .submit -
ting their cases to the arbitration
board for settlement. The strikers
will return to work as soon a3 they
can be not!lied of the peaceable ad
justment of the trouble, and lt is ex
pected that by Friday morning every
thing will be in normal shape at all
the plants in the ditferent cities where
the employes were on strike. Half
au hour after the decision bad been
reached to arbitrate, M. J. Donnelly,
the striko leader, had secured com
munication by long distance telephone
with tho leaders of the strikers in
outside cities and bad notified them
that a satisfactory settlement bad
been reacbed and directed the strikers
to return to work as soon as possible.
TI IK A LI.l KD CRAFT;
The settlement of the difilculty by
?ubitratlon ?vas brought about by the
allied craft at the stock yards, who
would have become involved in the
eontroveisy bad it continued much
longer. The representatives of these
unions, which represent about 14,000
men, got togetber and sent a final
ttppeal to the packers asking for a
three sided conference between the
packers, the strikers aud themselves
in a final effort to get- both sides oi the
controversy together again and ar
range some sort of agreement which
would prevent thc strike spreading to
the affiliated unions. This appeal of
the allied trade unions received a
favorable response from the packers
md Wednesday's conference Was the
Tile agreement reached at Wednes
day night conference is practically the.
same as the proposition made last
Saturday to the pickers by Mr. Don
nelly. The only difference is that in
Saturday's communication Mr. Don
nelly insisted that the strikers be all
taken back to work within seven days.
This the packers refused, although
they agreed to accapt every demand
made by Mr. Donnelly.
When tlie men return to work it
will be under exactly the same condi
tions as prevailed before the strike
was declared, with the exception that
the question of a wage scale will be
decided by arbitration.
As many of the old employes as can
be readied by the officials of the un|ou
Will be notified to return to w V All
the strikers who appear atr ? ants,
will be put to work as f aet- as ^oS.dble
and it is believed that all the estab-;
iisbments will be running with full
forces. ' ;'. "
- ; ? ,i Si
$20,000,000 TO BOOST COTTON.
Southern Cotton Corporation ia
Formed in New ITork.
A special to thc Atlanta Constitu
tion from New York says: instead
of Daniel J. Sully being made the
president of the new company known
is the Southern Cotton Corporation
with a capital of $20,000,000, to im
prove cotton culture and method of
making the staple, that post will be
jceupied by Colonel S. P. B. Morse,
r'/bo was a partner In . the firm of
Daniel J. Sully & Co.
The articles of incorporation of this
?ompany were filed at Trenton, lt
viii have a capital ol' 820,000,000, of
which S?,000,000 will be prefered and
(15,000,000 cemmon stock. The par
.?allie of the preferred is 8100 a shire,
jut the par value of the common,
vb ich will he taken largely In tho
louth, will be only 820 per share.
The decision to place Colonel Morse
n this position was made by the
inancial backers of the concern be
cause of the fact that as the bead of
,be trafilo department of tho South
on Pacific railroad, stationed in New
Irleans, he was very prominent in the
educational campaign which resulted
n the diversifying of the southern
The company controls the Whit
nan square bale press, which is an
inproved mechanism for baling and
guning cotton. It will compress as
thoroughly as the present round bale
iut will not meet with such opposition
s was encountered by those who In
roduced the round baling process,
iecause of the less likelihood of lire,
his new bale has already been called
be "underwriter's bale."
A comprehensive were house sys
em will also be established, which
kill enable growers to bold their col
on If they so desire, Instead of sell
ng in the glut ted market in the early
eason. Thc board of directors will
ie announced in u fow days. The
irincipal otllce of the company will be
ii that city, with branches In various
Found Treasure Ship.
News from Tacoma says that Capt.
'inch, manager of the Neptune Sal
age Company, bas heated the wreck
ft he Canadian steamship islander,
diieh sank in Alaska in August,
bree years ago, carrying down nearly
00 passengers and crew, besides half
million of Klondike treasure. Finch
ucceeded by use of a big steel diving
age invented by Capt. YY. M. Smith,
f Milwaukeee. He expects to raise
tie islander or recover tho treasure
oxes and valuables aboard ber. lOstl
lates of the amount of gold in the
urser's charge and in the state rooms
f passengers run from 8400,000 to
No Race Equality,
During the -discussion of South
frican affairs in the house of corn
ions In London Thursday, Joseph
bpmberlain, doonding tho introduc
on of Chinese, labor Into the Trans?
iii, contended that white la
irers would not work side by side
1th black laborers on equal terms and
? thought thc white men were right,
e added: "As the dominant race, if
B admitted equality with Inferior
ces we would lose the power which
.ve us our dominance."
I ABUSED FARMERS.
Booaevelt on Becord as Saying They
Are a Base Bet. j
HE EXPECTS FARMEBS'^ VOTES.
But All Heir- Respecting Farmers
Should Vote for Judge Parker,
Who Honors Their No
Should the Democratic party go up
to victory In November next fate will
show herself ip Ironical mood in this
year, Roosevelt will meet defeat at
the hands of one of that class of our
American'citizenry which be holds as
the -basest In the land, for Alton
Brooks Parker, Democratic nominee
for President, is a small farmer both
.by hirth and predilection, and one of
his special delights ls breeding line
cattle on the 90-acre farm, his home
at Psopus, N. Y.
Surely the ramie rs of no section of
this broad land will consider for a
moment the possibility of doing augbt
which will tend to continue in power
the.man who hus expressed such mer
ciless contempt for the farmers and
laborers of our country.
Hon. Claude Kitchin, of North
Carolina, during the last s.ssion of
Congress, speaking on the subject of
Mr.' Roosevelt's estimation of various
classes of American citizens, said:
"After attributing to the cowboys
of the west a moral depravity of which
no cowboy has been guilty within a
a half century and against which 1
protest; after declaring that they
wer,e 'brutally dissipated,' that 'when
druuk on villainous whiskey they cut
mad antics, ride hordes in saloons tiring
their pistols right and left,' etc., in
his Ranch Life and Hunting Trail
(pp'9.and 10) he adds:
"They are much better fellows and
pleasanter companions than small
farmers or agricultural laborers; nor
are the mechanics and workmen of
a great city to be mentioned in the
In a speech made by him In New
York In October, 189(1, at a 'sound
money' meeting in the Wool Ex
change, reported iu the New York
Journal October 28, 1SUU, Mr. R tess*
"Mr. Bryan.and his adherents have
appealed to the basest set in the
land, the farmers.'
Search the world over, rausack his
tory from the beginning and you will
look in vain to find another who has
in any way maligned the farmers of
his. o wu country. lt ls u marcel
that any party should oller as a candi
date for the Tresidency a man who
has so viciously traduced the character
of the best type of our citizenship,
the American farmer."
lt will he the part cf wisdom f jr
our farmers of the North, South, K st
and West to weigh well what the
chances for an administration of the
government for the best interests of
our agricultural population are likely
to ba in the hands of ;a man iwho has
expressed openly and on various occa
sions both in writing and speech such
unmistakable contempt for the char
acter and lives of those farmers upon
whose votes, it ls claimed, he is large
ly depending, for his continuation in
Surely there is no farmer in these
United States who will not In his turn
regard with contempt the character
'or the mari who since his earlbst man^
hood has fought and striven for pub
lic otllce and has lived up n public
money, money- gabbe red into state and
federal treasury in large part as a
result of the unceasing toll of the
great class of farmers whom he .so
thoroughly despfs s. ! Surely again lt
will give th?se same farmers the very
greatest satisfaction to show Mr.
Roosevelt in November next that
while he may not despise them quite
so intensely as not to take a play for
their votes, they do regard him as so
utterly unfit for the Presidential of
fice" that they will cast those votes f ir
a man of their own, a man who while
performing the duties of Chief Judge
of the Court of Appeals in the great
State of^ "New Yprk is yet living the
simple 'ahd'digniti?d life of a farmer,
himself the pioduct of several gener
ations of small, hardworking farmers,
it was doubtless this simple and hard
ly life which bred.in Judge Parker
the courage to send to St. Louis that
telegram which, he well knew might
causer Ttbe withdrawal pf .his. nomi
ndtioti' for President, by the Demo
That Mr. Roosevelt has not chang
ed his opinion of the lack of wisdom
or even good sense possessed by the
farmers of the country ls very evident
since it Is constantly asserted In Re
publican papers that it is to the rural
districts that he is looking for the
majority ol the votes which are to
give him four years longer occupancy
of the White House!
He made a big play for the labor
vote last summer when he rushed In
to the anthracite coal strike but he
doubtless knows now as well as do thc
labor leaders themselves that there ls
an organized, opposition against him
in several of the largest branches of
the Labor Union, and consequently
he is looking away from the cities to
the rural districts where reside the
men whom he luis designated as "the
basest in the land." Will they In
November next honor with their votes
Will t hey vote to continue in the
President's chair a man whose Brat
act af ter reaching the White House
almost was to lind fault, with the
dwellng which had been amply mag
nificent for former . and wiser Presi
dents, and not only to lind fault but
to proceed to tear out and destroy the
beautifully simple and historic interior
of the nation's White IIouso weeks
before Congress, alone holding the
power to authorize such changes, had
given Its permission or authorized tho
use of public money for that purpose.
Moro than $(?00,000 he spent in
extravagant and destructive remodel
ling of that which can never be re
placed. That done he required twice
as many servants to run the palace
from whose front door always hither
to open to all citizens of this free
country, the "common people" are
now turned away and directed to a
newly provided low side entrance
while foreign diplomats and personal
friends of the Roosevelt family," the
four hundred" only are admitted hy
the broad portico whose door from
the time of Adams to that of McKin
ley stood open for rich and poor alike.
The small army of servants now paid
by the government to keep this royal
Dstahllshment in order has lately been
Increased by the addition of a naval
jlllcer whose sole duty ls to raise and
lower the Hag which floats over the
Well might the Democratic plat
form declare for a return to a JelTer
?onian simplicity in the manner of
He of our public officials.
THAT SHOCKING; CRIME.
Inquest loto the Morder of Kitt
Bookbart, Near Kutawrllle.
? special to the State from Orange
burg says the Inquest over the dead
body of Kitt Bookbart, which was
found in the Santee river at Fergu
son, near lin taw ville, was held Thurs
day by Magistrate Jeff D. Wiggins at
Eutawville. Solicitor P. T. Hilde
brand, at the request of the gover
nor, went down the day before and at
tended the inquest, assisting in ques
tioning the witnesses-and bringing
out Important testimony. Solicitor
Hildebrand bas associated with him
in the investigation of this matter
tbe law linn of Messrs. Raysor &
Summers of this city, and Mr. A. W.
Summers of that lirm attended the
inquest along with Solicitor Hilde
brand, and he will give personal at
tention to tbe development of the case
and the prosecution of such parties as
may be implicated by the ptoceedings.
Eutawville is located on the Preg
nali branch of the Atlantic Coast
Line in the upper portion of berkeley
county, and not many miles from the
lower boundary of Orangeburg county.
There are tho best of people down
there, and it is learned here that tbe
best sentiment of that community
heartily condemn the killing of Hie
negro and is anxious for the guilty
parties to be uncovered aud brought
From the testimony it Is very evi
dent that tbe parties responsible ? -r
tbe death and mutillation of the ne
gro are deserving cf the severest con
demnation of the public, the severest
punishment under the law. lt is
thought that the matter will bc
brought to light in due time, and the
proper autbc ritles are working to this
end. It is understood that there was
a very large gathering tf negrees at
Eutawvil.e Thursday on account o'
the ioquest, but they were not de
monstrative and conducted themselves
in an orderly manner.
The inquest was adjourned to some
future date bo be agreed upon later
between the magistrate and the so
licitor. The jury of inquest was a
representative body of white men; and
they will not render their verdict un
til all of the test I m ny pcssible uas been
brought out. Such witnesses as were on ?
hand or could be secured v,ere examined
Thursday,' but there are other wit
nesses to be examined at a later date.
The jury was composed of Messrs. II.
G. Causey, foreman; P. (). Martin, L.
N. Shingler, L. Gourdin, J. W. Mur
ray, D. D. Sweetman, W. Ii. Jackson,
Nella Jenkins, J. F. Wetheford. E.
M. Gaillard, li. P. Winter and T. S.
THE WEATHER AND CROPS.
Si'ctiun Director Hnuer'8 Itenort for
the Pant Week.
The following is Section Director
bauer's report in full for the last
The week ending 8 a. m., July lbtb,
bas a mean temperature of 80 degrees
wbicb is slightly below normal. The
departures below normal were greater
on tbe coast than In the interior. The
extremes were a minimum of GO at
Greenville on the nth, and a maxi
mum of 98 at Blackville on the 15th,
lhere were no destructive high winds.
The relative humidity was about nor
mal over the entire State. The sun
shine was slightly deficient.
There were quite general showers on
the 12th, abd again on the lobb, hut
they were local and partial in charac
ter, with many places that had no
rain. The relative wet an I dry areas
remain about the same as last week,
with complaint of too much rain in
Chesterfield, Marlboro and Marion
counties, and of iucreased severity of
the droughty conditions in the middle
and upper Savannah valley counties,
extending into the interior over Green
wcod. Newberry and Laurens counties,
with mauy smaller areas lu the central
counties that are suffering for rain.
Rain would be very benelicial over the
western half of the State, in which
division wells and streams are very
low, and water for stock is scarce.
Laying by crops is general and t'.ie
work Is well advanced, except that
stubble land corn and cotton on red
clay lands continue to he cultivated.
The condition of old corn is critical
in the dry sections, and the prospec
tive yields will be materially lessened
unless rain comes soon. Late planted
corn continues promising.
The cotton crop Buffered from au ex
cess of moisture in the extreme north
eastern counties, and from drought in
the western ones, hut as a whole con
tinues very promising. It has attained
seasonable size in the eastern half of
the State and remains under-sized over
the western half. There are a few re
ports of toa large a weed. Cotton is
blooming and fruiting well In all sec
tions aud many full grown bolls have
been noted. Irs:cts infest fields in
Greenville, Dickens and Spartanburg
counties, wbild wilt and blackroot or
black rust have been noted in Green
ville and Orangeburg counties. Con
siderable cotton has been laid by in
general clean condition. Sea island
cotton ls becoming somewhat grassy,
and is blooming freely.
Tobacco curing is now general; thc
crop Ss a tine one. Bice is beading,
anti is In need of more fresh water;
June rice is doing fairly well lu the
Georgetown district. Melons are bear
ing well and .shipments are heavy.
Minor crops vary in condition accord
ing to the moisture supply, and range
fruin excellent to very poor.
Plaintiff Got a Verdict.
A special from Columbia saysa ver
dict of $870 was rendered against tile
Atlantic Coast Line Thursday after
noon by the jury in the suit brought
by E. L. Richardson against that
company. The suit was interesting
and tlie original omplaint asked for
for $5,000. The bearing of thc evi
dence consumed nearly all day Wed
nesday and the argument took part of
tho time Thursday morning. Rail
road men took considerable interest in
the proceedings, because it concerned
the sale of a ticket to a point at
which the train on which Richardson
was riding did not stop. It seems
that several months ago Mr. Richard
son bought a ticket to^ Latta and the
rule was that change should be made
it Florence for tho train which stjpp
id at that place. However, the plain
tiff was put olT at Pee Dee, which is
ibout eight miles this side of Latta,
iccause the train on which lie was
iding made no stem, although bis
Jcket read for that station. Suit was
lied for $5,000 and then the point
vas raised that thc train should have
ttopped at thc stallen, although there
vere orders to the csnstrary. The
verdict and the whole case will un
toubtedly end In the supreme court,
LS the counsel for the railroad, Messrs
iarron and Ray, have already given
lotice of a motion for a new trial.
The Skylaad Hon?
28 Mlles west of
Asheville, N. 0.
jutuue 2,700 feet.
Building Large andiComfort able. Ideal'?Locat len. Scenery
tba Sky." No place la the Mountains better nilled .for reut ?nd recreati^.
Pigeon, iii ver Beetloo. W. K. Woodall, Proprietor.
RATES: $5.00 to ?7.00 per week, 2 in a room. Single Rooms f 8.00 to $f,l.
Special rates to parties or families for Season.
, - ? wOHIMIUl
/J0 A1 Osborne's Business College
jTC?mCWA AUGUSTA, GEORGIA
OR TUITION REFUNDED
1854. COLUMBIA COLLEGE. 1994.
An institution for the higher education of young women. Classified as
a College. University plan of studies. Strong faculty. Literary, Muslo
A rt. Expression departments are under thoroughly competent and experienced
teachers. Cist ern water. Heated by hot-water. Health record unsurpassed
Great advancement in Music department.
For catalogue address the President, W. W. DANIEL,
Columbia, S. C.
WHAT DOSS IT COST?
Write to us and wa will be glad to giro you prices that will interest
you on PAINTS; OILS, VARNISHES, BRUSHES, etc. What is Calci
COLEMAN-BALLr-MARTIN PAINT AND OIL CO.
367 King Street, CHARLESTON, S. C.
Piana and Organ Bargains?
lf.you want the .bargains of your life write at once to,
Malone Music House, Columbia, S. C.,
N. b. in answering this ad. please state which you desire Piano or Organ
F' \IJ _ f L Don't think that every one who bangs out a sien as a "watch
lllC VV tl LL II nnikor" is competent to repair your flue watch. Repairers who
are fully competent are scarce. We do work only one way,-the
best-we can make any part of a watch, or a complete watch.
Our prices are often no more than you pvy for inferior work?
IVhon our charge for work ia 21.50 or over we will pay express charge one way. Send us your
watch, P. H. LACHICHOTTE & CO. Jewelers, 1424 Main St, Columbia, S. C.
ARE LOOKING .
FOR YOUR ORDERS
COLUMBIA LUMBER & tire. co.
COLUMBIA SC. .
Write for Free Catalogue of the
Medical ^Department, Unioersitu cf Nashville.
Founded in IPSO,
fra dun tea 4,406.
Curriculum Includes twenty-three lecture courses, each followed by a thorough revl3W
quia: seven laboratory courses, and three hours of hospital work dally. New building
elaborately equipped with modern apparatus and appliances.Expenses moderate. AddreBs
J. billard Jacobs, M. D., Secretary, 635 South Market St., Nashville, Tenn.
Whiskey Morphine I Cigaret I AlhDrugand Tobacco
Habit, I Habit | Habit | Habits.
Cured by Keeley Institute, of ?5.
1320 Lady St. (or P. O. Box 75) Columbia, S. C. Confidential correspond
Everything for supplying Saw Mills, Oil Mills, Quarries and Ginneries,
Belting, Packing, Shafting, Hangers, Pulleys, Pipes, Valves, Fittings, In
jectors, Lubricators, etc. 10,000 ft. of good 1 m. second band black pipe
for sale. Write
COLUMBIA vSUPPLT 00.,
Columbia, S. O. The machinery Supply house of the stat?.
LIMESTONE COLLEGE FOREMEN;
POINTS OP EXCELLENCE:-High Standard, Able Faculty, Thorough Instruction,
Juiveraity Mothods, Fine Equipment, Splendid Library, Excellent Labnitoriea, Beautiful
site, Unsurpassed Healthfulness, Honor System, Full Library, Scientific, Musical and ArtiBtlo
Jouisoa, Degrees of A. H. aud A. M. Winnie Davis School pf History. Next Session opeus
?September 20ih, 1?04'. Send for catologue.
Lee Davis Lodge, A. M., Ph. D., President.
Southeastern. Lime & Cement Co.
CHARLESTON, S. C.
Building Material of all kinda. High Grade Roofing
"RUBEROID." Write for prices.
Ivime Cement, Plaster,
Terra Cotta Pipe, Roofing Paper, Car lots, small lots, write,
Carolina, Portland Cement Co., Charleston, 8. G.
Severe Storm In Augusta.
A special from Augusta says a
itt.rm of cyclonic proportions swept
.be eastern and southern section'of
ihe city Thursday afternoon, doing
jreat damage to property and injur
ing several people. The Hale Street
baptist church was completely demol
ished; a paint shop of the Central
railroad completely wrecked; small
jottage on Hale street complete
wreck; the rr of of a carpenter shop of
Mie Georgia railroad blown away; end
A bouse on Lincoln street crushed in
oy falling tree; grand stand at base
oall park complete wreck. J. K.
Morris was fatally Injured; Wm.
Against Child Labor.
An organization to be known as
"The National Child Labor Commit
tee" has been formed in New York
and at the first meeting to complete
the organization and elect officers lt
was announced that the commmittee
liad secured as Its general secretary
Samuel McCune Lindsay, commission
er of education in Porto Rico. Among"
those Interested in the new organiza
tion are Jane Adams, Felix Adler,
Mrs. Emmons Blaine, A. J. Cassatt,
j Grover Cleveland, Cardinal James
i Gibbons, bishop David H. Greer,
Adolph S. Debs, Hoke Smith and
Senator Tillman. In speaking of the
irown, bead gashed and ear gone; J. j work of the committee, Mr. Lindsay
V. Livingston, Wm. McCarty, J. K. 'said; "The National Child Labor
Committee desires, wherever its co
operation is requested, to investigate
the conditions under which children
are engaged in gainful occupations in
all parts of the country, and to help
create a healthy public sentiment in
favor of giving every child tho best
possible chance to make the most of
Jalboun and W. H. Fenly slightly in
ured; all employes of the Central
.abroad. Sophia Turner was slightly
uirt in nale street bouse.
A special to The State from Tlm
nonsvilte says a fast through vegeta
te freight which passed there about
i o'clock Sunday morning struck and
tilled a negro man, Robt. Walters,
lbout half a mile beyond the town
limits. The negro was sitting on the
track and is supposed to have boen lu
i drunken stupor. He lived about a
nile and a half from town and had all
if his bundles of groceries with bim
which he had purchased the evening
oefore. He had evidently spent the
light In town spreeing and was on bis
,vay home. The train was running
it a rapid rate and going downgrade,
naklng it impossible for the engineer
,o stop bis train in time to save the
uifortunate man's life.
Kills His Wile's Father.
A special to the Journal and Trib
une from Jonesboro, Tenn., says that
Robert Keys h?.s been shot and killed
by his son-in-law, Joe Martin, at the
Keys horne twelve miles from Jones
boro. No details are obtainable. Keys
was a prosperous fanner. Both fami
lies are prominent.
Edgar E. Tawes, secretary ot the
?oard of trade and Business Men's as
ociation and a prominent citizen of
Norfolk, Va., commltthd suicide Frl
ay night at his summer home at
)cean View. He readied home early
rom the city and went to his., room,
lauding In the presence of his 12
ear-old son,Dawes placed a pistol In
is mouth and pulled the trigger. He
ras Instantly killed. No calis? for bis
ct can bc learned.
Killed His Wife.
Dick Teele, a yening white farmer
f Carroll county, Ga., shot and killed
is wife near Graham, Ala., Friday,
le slipped up to the window of her
lotbor's borne and shot ber as sbc
it at work. He claimed to believe
er unfaithful to him. Posses were
rganized for tho pursuit cf Teele.
le lied into Georgia. A posse pur
ling bim found and surrounded bim
ear Roopville Tuesday afternoon,
lather than surrender Teele shot
iraself, and his dead body waa se
ared by his pursuers.
Throe MimilifO Bales Burned.
A tire .tarted Thursday in the cot
ton which bad been discharged on
the quay at bremen haven, by the
Atlantian from New Orleans. The
Hames were subdued but 300 bales of
the cotton were damaged by fire and
If you are no? wf ?. want to ki.-.* luy.
'.rr tb a li o ut. you/
trouble, sena tor my
free bool: le tr nnd sell
No. 1, Nervous Debili
ty (SexUsd V eakneaa),
No. a. Vancocele, No
ney and madder Oom
plaints. No. 6, Dlueaae
of Women, No. ?, Tbr
Poison King (Blood
Poison?, No. 7, Ca
tarrh. These book?
should be In the hand"
of avery person afflict
ed, rvs Dr. Hathaway,
the author, is recos
nixed as the best au
thorlty and expert In
the United States on
i DR. H ITU AW AY. the?e diseases. Writ?
or seud for the book y?u want to-day, and li
wilt be sent you free, scaled. Address J. N?^.
\on Hathaway. M D *%
28 Inman Building, 221 S. Broad
St., Atlanta, Ga.