Newspaper Page Text
"IB It a Political Revolution?" Asks
the New York Herald.
VIEWS OF AN INDEPENDENT.
Borne ?ol' the Reasons Giren for Be?
liovintr tnat the Tide of Popu
lar Sentiment Ia With
To a calm, dispassionate looker on
in Vienna, are apparently unmistaka
ble signs throughout the country of
a political revolution, as Mr. Blaine
called the election of 1874.
From the moment that Judge Par
er Hashed hlB famous manifesto for
the gold standard, a wave of enthusi
astic popular response has been raising
and rolling eastward, until it has sub
merged even the sleepy granite bills
of Kew England and other Republican
strongholds. As far as the eye can
reach the once divided ranks of tbe
Democracy have been closed up and
present the spectacle of a united phal
anx, inspired by tbe spontaneous de
termination to press cheir great battle
for the American dag and tbe Ameri
can constitution as they were banded
down by the fathers of the republic.
In the very bosom of tbe paity in
power there have been not a few de
fections of eminent men who have
long fought for its ascendancy. More
startling and signilicant still bas been
the earnest movement among the
class of independent and inlluential
voters, as Illustrated in New York by
the powerful association of conserva
tive and leading lawyers, known as
the Parker Constitution club, protest
ing against Mr. Roosevelt's "getting
up a policy of force," vigorously war
ring for a restoration of law and
order, instead of a dictatorial, person
al government, appealing to all good
citizens to rally in the defence of civic
freedom and the sanctity of the obli
gations imposed by international law.
Rut much stronger evidence, that
of a general uprising of the people for
a return to constitutional govern
ment, is furnished by tbe careful in
vestigations of the nerald, published
on the 28tb, inst., which shows that
even if Mr. Roosevelt should be elec
ted the chances are that the Demo
"crats will have a majority In the next [
house of representatives, which accord
With other independ?nt conclusions,
indicate in the light of bard facts and
very clearly that there are only 71 de- j
batable or doubtful congressional dis
tricts, of which the present opposition
will need to carry only 35 in order to
gain a bare majority. As the Ilearld's
inquiry shows, the Republicans obvi
ously labor under a twofold diulculty
-first, that in Btates that have sup
ported them strongly In recent years,
as Pennsylvania and Illinois, "they
stand to lose many members of con
gress," and second, "Republican plur
alities In every state in the union, ex
cept in the extreme northwest and the
Rocky mountain states, have been
shrinking ever sines 189?," while the
Democrats, who were disaffected in
that year, have been returning to
their old party allegiance, especially
in the middle west, New York and
New England. In tbe clear, cold light
of Buch facts is it too much to infer
tbat the reaction which bas set in
since Judge Parker's elevation and in
spiriting campaign began promises to
alter most decidedly the present poli
tical complexion of the house. If this
should be the case it is possible, but it
seems extremely improbable, that the
popular verdict of tbe November elec
tion can give the presidency to Mr.
Roosevelt. Never since the foundation
of the government have the people
greeted a president and at the same
leston nut ln P?wcr a congress hostile
'*. x executive if we accept the
electPulRUieni/'-a, when Tilden ind
Hayes were-tt?^rival candidates in a
contest the real rWilt of which is, to
say the least, still il? a cloud of histor
ic controversy and dbyibt. Even in the
reconstruction era, wrV^en the Demo
cratic party had not re-covered from
the demoralizing effectai of the war
and General Grant was seri /lng his sec
ond term, it regained ooilstrol of the
bouse, organizing the fortt v-fourth
congress by a majority of ti.s, refin
ing its control through the forty, .iifth
and forty-sixth congresses.
As such signs betokor.i a great reac
tion from tbe domlmant political par
ty, the opposition has every reason to
give the ryeople in every state a
thorough.'campaign of education and
to bql/Uly detine the Issues to which its
nl?at'form commits lt. In this respect
the leaders of Judge Parker's cam
paign would do well to emulate the
Republican leaders, who have long
since spread their literature broadcast
over the land. ( In the one hand the
Democrats owe it tu themselves and
the country to elucidate and popu
larize the tremendous contentions of
their platform, which places them dis
tinctly in the aggressive attitude.
They contend that the federal gov
eminent has been subverted from Its
original and constitutionally ordained
ends to carry on wild and burdensome
schemes of a dangerous imperialism,
by which the country ls plunged into
vast expenditures necessitating heavy
drains upon all citizens, and this novel
anti-American system is a ceaseless
menace to the nation's peace and com
mercial progress, since with every new
foreign complication the values of all
securities, real estate and other prop
erty are subjected to Immense risks of
Budden depreciation. They also con
tend that the Republican high tari ir,
embodying protection run mad, bas
imposed mountainous and unjust bur
dens of Indirect and concealed taxa
tion upon the whole people, fostered
every form of monopoly causing a de
ticit in the national revenue and has
raised the cost of living inordinately
to every consumer in the land, while
these enormous evils have been ag
gravated by Republican extravagance
and militarism. If these and similar
- Democratic conteutlons and allega
tions can be sustained in or in whole
by Irrefutable arguments their authors
will doa great service to the county to
blaze abroad the facts that the voters
may be guided intelligently. On tho
other hand, If the Republicans are
able to parry the force of their oppo
nents' arguments and to show that
the evils complained of are exaggerat
ed or Imaginary, they will do an
equally patriotic service in pressing
their side of the argument.
Rut as the political situ?t i- n now
pr?tenbs itself to thc cool independent
obstryer thc resistless tide of popular
sentiment seems to be turning dis
tinctly i'arkerward, with indication
that the reaction which lins set in
will steadily grow until November s
and meantime will be .strengthened by
the logic of events. "Revolutions,"
said Wendell Phillips, "are not made;
they come. This ls eminently true of
our peaceful political upheavals,
which no human forces can stay, and
when they do come they always
prise the party ia power as much as
the authorities of Martinique were
surprised by the fatal eruption ot
Mont Pelee.-New York Herald.
LAST YEAR'S COTTON CHOP.
It Amounted to a Little Over Ten
From New Orleans tbe totals of
Secretary Hsster's annual reporu oi
the cotton crop of the United States
were given out Wednesday evening.
They show receipts of cotton at all
United States ports for tbe year,
7,252,222, agalnBt 7,724,104 last year;
overland to northern milis and
Canada, 1)39,943, against 1,083,383;
southern consumption taken direct
from the interior of the cotton belt,
1,819,209, against 1,920,072, making
the cotton orop of the United States
for 1903-04 amount to 10,011,374,
against 10,727,559 last year and 10,
080,080 the year before.
Colonel Hester has made his usual
investigation into the consumption of
the south and has received reports by
mail and telegraph from mills consum
ing cotton in the cotton growing
states, including woolen mills that
bave used cotton and the results show
a total of 1,091, 252, but of this 100,
043 were taken from ports and In
cluded In port receipts. Tbis shows
tbat the mills of the south have used
up 81,477 bales less than durin?
1902,03 and 18,719 less than during
1901 02, the decrease being due to the
unsatisfactory condition of the goods
trade and the relatively high prices of
the raw material compared with the
manufactured product during most of
Colonel Hester's full report will be
issued Thursday or the day after and
will contain Interesting and valuable
facts, showing the consumption of the
south by states, the takings and con
sumption of northern mills and the
world's consumption of American cot
ton. Ile will also give the crop by
states and facts in- relation to the in
crease In the spindles of southern
TONS OF POWDER EXPLODES.
Played Havoc With Lille and Prop
erty Por MIlCB Around.
Eight hundred kegs of powder ex
ploded Wednesday in the press room
of the Latin and Rand powder works,
two miles cast of Punxsutawney, Pa.,
Instantly killing ene man, seriously In
juring three others and causing costly
destruction of property. The dead:
Leoard Bair, 21 years old.
Lot Bair, superintendent of the
press mill, probably reeDver.
Wrm. Van Dyke, engineer, probably
Sheridan Valhoun, boiler tender,
believed to he fatally hurt.
Thu press room, which was about
forty feet square, was totally destroy
ed. Leodard Bair was in the building
at the time of the explosion. When his
body was recovered jimong the ruins
after the accident, it was found that
part of his head had been literally
blown away. No other part oi' his body
was in the least mutilated. 'Vite three
other men were in an engine room 200
feet away from the press room. Eich
was severely cut aud bruised by pieces
of Hying debris, and all were knocked
unconscious by the territio force of the
explosion. Other buildings in the fae
tory enclosure were wrecked, and
every building within a mlle of the
powder works was damaged. The resi
dence of Powder Boss Speno, 2,000
feet from the plant, was ruined. Thc
cause of the explosion will probably
Lever be known, as Bair was the only
man in the building at the time. The
violent shock of the explosion caused
every building in Punxsutawney to
tremble on its foundations.
Cotton IN Kini;.
lt is said that probably never since
the Civil War has there been such suf
fering as now exists in Old England
and New England among cotton
operatives and manufacturers. The
New Orleans Picayune says: "There
have been many years when Engl>n
winners have reaped great profits
from tue low pr/o? or American cot
ton, while at the same time Ameri
can producers who had thc cotton to
sell were driven to desperation. Now
the boot is on the other leg, and the
conditions are reversed. The foreign
spinners sillier because or the' high
prices, due tu consumption outstrip,
ping production, and producers are
reaping the benefit of the enhanced
value of theil product.
Of course, present strained con
ditions will disappear and the vari
ous brancb.es of the trade will readjust
their relations with each other. The
increase in consumption will stimu
late production, anti in course of time
tile supply will again equal the de
mand, and with the backward swing
of thc pendulum the other extreme
will be reached and overproduction
will again give spinners an advantage
over producers. There is, therefore,
no reason to feel any too much con
cern over the present dis- ress ot' Brit
ish spinners." We do not believe
that cotton will ever go below the
cost, of production again UB lt did a
?ew years ago, unless some business
depression that occurred then occurs
again. Under normal conditions of
business we do not believe that the
South can produce a cotton crop huge
enough to depress the price of the
staple below a living figure.
HIM IjiiNt Poem.
The Charleston Post says thc last
production of the lamented Carlyle
McKinley was a poem of two stanzas,
which was published in The Century
for July of this ynar. The poem was
published under thc caption of "The
Tollers," and was undoubtedly the
poet's farewell to the world In which
he lay suffering when bc wrote it.
The beautiful little poem best sums
bis philosophy of life and shows his
unperturbed spirit, more clearly than
could any words of those who mourn
the passing of the golden hearted
gentleman whose genius inspired it:
All day the toilers sigh for rest,
Nor lind it. anywhere.
The sun sinks in t he darkling west,
And t hey forget their care;
rited hands are folded oil each breast:
The Lord hath heard their prayer!
Through all our lives we pray for rest,
Nor find it. anywhere.
Then comes the Night with balmy
And soothes us unaware.
I wonder much "And is it Heath,
Or but an answered prayer?"
TOM Watson of Georgia, thc popu
list candidate for the presidency, ls
well fixed financially. Ile owns 8,
146 acres of land and is worth nearly
if ty thousand. Ile made most of his
kout of literature.
BELIEVES IN WAE.
What H G oso volt Says ia the Various
Books Ho Has Written.
THE KEYNOTE OF HIS POLICY.
Bc Says tn Groat Crises It Slay Be
Necessary to nv or turn Consti
tutions and Disregard
"What Roosevelt Says!" is the title
of a little four-pago leailet which the
Democratic national committee is cir
culating throughout the country, the
flrst copies of which appeared Wed
nesday. The oillcials of the press
and literary bureau of the committee
have been busily reading the works of
the president lately, and the quota
tions in the circular all are taken
from various writings from the Roose
velt pen during recent years.
Tlie "keynote" of the Roosevelt
policy is taken from the president's
"Oliver Cromwell," on page 52, be
ing: "In great crises it may be nec
essary to overturn constitution, to dis
regard statutes," etc. This ls given
as the tirst, quotation in the pamphlet.
It then is shown that Rresldcut Roose
velt, In the course of bis writings, has
taken occasion to excoriate each of
our chief executives from Jefferson to
Lincoln, with the sole ex eptlon of
John Quincy Adams, it being stated
in Ute introduction to these quota
tions thal the president's apparent
disregard of our natioual precedents
and traditions possibly may be ex
plained by his opinions of those who
created those precedents.
Then comes the following list of
quotations, with the works aud the
pages of the works of Roosevelt where
the sentences occur:
Jefferson-"Timid and shifty doc
trinaire," (Life of Benton, p. 73;)
"The most incapable Executive who
ever Ulled the President's chair,"
(Naval War of 1812, p. 455 )
Madison-"incapable," (Naval War
p. 455-.) results of bis administration
1 brought "shame and disgrace to
America" in the War of 1812, (The
Winning of the West, Vol. IV., p.
Monroe-With "no special ability,"
(Benton, p. 17;) as Secretary of War
under Madison, a "triumph of imbe
cility to the last," (Naval War, p.
Jackson-"Ignorant," (Benton, p.
N an buren-"Faithfully served the
mammon of unrighteousness. He
succceeded because of, and not in
spite of, his moral shortcomings."
(Benton, p. 187.)
Harrison-Taylor-Fillmore - "Small
Presidents," (Benton, p. 2(J2.)
Tyler-"Ile nas been called a medi
ocre man; but this is unwarranted
ll ittery. ile was a politician of mon
umental littleness. Ills chief mental
and moral attributes were peevish
ness, fretful obstinacy, inconsistency,
etc. (Benton, p. 2:h).)
Polk-"Excepting Tyler, the very
smallest of the line of small Presi
dents, who came iu between Jackson
and Lincoln." (Benton, p. 21)2.)
Pierce -"Small politician, of law
capacity and mean surroundings."
(Benton, p. 345.)
Buchauau-One of the "small Pres
idents," (Benton, p. 202.)
Of the President's miscellaneous
characterization of men, things and
institutions the following are clipped:
Congress--"Just at this moment
Congress in Washington, seems to
have made up its mind that having
provided for the fact that we must
tike care of the Philippines and of
Cuba, there is not to be any army
with which to take care of lt, anel
that the armed resistance is to be
made by proclamation. Well, lt is a
little soul-harrowing to have tc deal
with cattle who take that view of the
responsibility of the nation."- Speech
as Governor of New York before
Syracuse Chamber of Commerce, 1899.
New York - "New York has al
ways had a low political standard, one
or the other of its great parties and
factional organizations, and often
botli or all of them, being at all times
most unlovely bodies of excessively
unwholesome moral tune."-Life ot
Benton, page 81.
The Quakers- "A class of profes
sslonal non c imbatants is as hurtful
to the real healthy growth of a na
tion as ls a class of lire eaters, for a
weakness or folly is nationally as bad
as a vice or worse, and in the long
run a Quaker may he quite as unde
sirable a citizen as is a duelist."
Benton, page 37.
Laboring Men "They (cowboys)
are much better fellows and pleasant
er companions than small farmers or
agricultural laborers; nor are the me
chantes and workmen of a great city
to be mentioned in the same breath.."
-Ranch Life and Hunting Trail,
"Good" Lynch Law -"In many of
the cases of lynch law which have
come t, ) my knowledge the effect has
bjen healthy for the community."
The Winning if the West, Vol.1.,
All Sell!ill-1'A merchant or man
ufacturer works his business, as a
rule, purely for his own benelit, with
out any regard whatever for the com
munity at large."-Essay on "Ma
chine Politics" in American Ideals,
Opposes Protection "Political
economists have pretty generally
agreed that protection is vicious in
theory and harmful lu practice."
Tilomas H. Benton, page 07.
America an International Consta
ble- "Any country whose people con
duct themselves well can count upon
our hearty friendliness, li a nation
shows that it knows bow to act with
decency in industrial and political
matters, if it keeps order and pays its
obligations, then it need fear no In
terference from the United States."
- Letter to the Cuban Dinner, May
"Sound Policy" for a nation-"In
old days, when I lirst came to Little
Missouri, there was a motto on the
range: 'Never draw unless you mean
to shoot.' That is a pretty sound
policy for a nation in foreign affairs."
-Speech at Tacoma, Washington,
May 22, 1903.
"Carry a "Big Stick"-"There is a
homely old adage which runs: 'Speak
softly and carry a big stick; you Will
go far.' If the American nation will
speak softly and yet build and keep
at a pitch of the highest training ti
thoroughly elilclent navy, thc Monroe
Doctrine go far." -Speech at Chicago,
April 2, HI02.
No Permanent Peace Wanted If
wc ever grow to regard peace as a per
manent condition and feel that we
can albnd to let the keen, fearless,
virile qualities of heart and mind and
body sink Into disuse, wo will prepare
the way for Inevitable anti shameful
disaster in the future. * * * The
peace which breeds timidity and sloth
Is a curse and not a blessing."-Speeoh
before Republican Olub, New York
City, Feb. 13, 1890.
Further documentary evidence on
Mr. Roosevelt's views is now being
gleaned from the President's writings,
and will form a good part of the cam
paign literature of Vue Democratic
THE COTTON CROP.
A Fall of Heven Points in the Staples
The monthly cotton crop report of
The New York Journal of Commerce
as generally anticipated shows the
condition of tbe crop to have declined
during the month of August.
According to the special reports of
this Journal there was a fall of 7
points during the montb. Reports
were received from over 1,300 corres
pondents, their average date being
August 24. The condition reported ls
77.4 compared with 84.4 last montb,
and is about 2 points lower than a
year ago, but between 8 and 7 points
better than in 1002 and 1901.
Tlie most serious decline is In Tex
as, where condition is reported at 08,
a drop of 14 points during the month.
Wire advices received since these re
turns suggest still further deteriora
tion owing to the hot aud dry weath
er. The declines of 7 to 9 points in
Alabama, Mississippi and Louisiana
are also significant, as these states
combined produce considerable more
cotton than Texas. Excessive rain
followed by drought and then shed
ding and rust were the principal caus
es of lower conditions in most states
except where in addition to unfavora
ble weather the boll weevil is doing
Our correspondents express consid
erable alarm over the ravages of the
weevil, but a year ago, it will be re
called, these pests caused much ex
citement in the infected regions, al
though subsequent estimates made by
the government statisticians, placed
the damage to the entire cotton crop
from tills cause at less than 3 per
cent, and the Texas yield declined
only 2(i,'.iU0 hales with the previous
In Texas the crop ls fully one week
early, lil other states it is generally
ouc week late. A year ago tue crop
was two or three weeks late. In Au
gust, 1903, the condition advanced
about 3 points, but dropped over 12
points during September of that year.
On tbe labor question it is worthy
of note that the correspondents gen
erally report no Important difficulty
[on that score. Missouri is the only
state snowing improvement. This
was three point to a condition of 89.
Oklahoma remains unchanged at '.?2.
Otherwise the declines exund from
1 point in Georgia to 14 points in
Texas. Tbe condition in these fctates
bein? 81 and 08 respectively. North
Carolina declined 8 points to 82, South
Carolina 2 points to 80, Florida 7
points to 81, Alabama 7 points to 70,
Mississippi 7 points to 7'.), Louisiaua
y p"lints to 79, Arkansas 4 points to
70, Tennessee 5 points to 83, and in
dian Territory 3 points to 77.
Gone to Item.
Carlyle McKinley, the sweet spirit
ed aud beloved friend, has ended his
earthly work and now rests from his
labors. For twenty years he was the
chief editorial writer of The News
and Courier, yet we doubt if one
tenth of tlie readers of tl _c
newspaper knew that such a~ man
lived. To use tbe language of The
State "lie was agenlus, we might say,
aud yet Le was Just a steady toiler.
Day after day, quietly, unostenta
tiously, modestly, be has ?one about
his work. The products of his brain
I ave been seen and talked about aud
have left ttelr impre si?n but the
mau himself has been hid, as it were,
behind the journalistic entity which
lie has done so much to make. A
recluse, we might almost say, and yet
he knew human nature too well not
to be a man arnon? men; a scholar,
he surely was; a philosopher, a poet
and perhaps a prophet. The editorial
anonymity has concealed the author
ship of many of his best writings, but
be has given Lo the world several
works that will live. His poem, "Sa
pelo," is indeed a gem. His "Appeal
to Pharaoh" is a work which goes to
tbe bottom of the race problem and
oilers a solution that ls brave, and
bold and yet philosophical." In bis
death tbe State loses one of her truest
and most devoted sons, and the
press of the South one of its mest
gifted and brightest ornaments.
Modest as a malden, retiring in dis
position, Carlyle McKinley was a most
lovable man, and those who knew him
best will regret his death most. Peace
lo lils lushes.
Holl Weevil Increasing.
The State says the government ls
sending out in South Carolina,
thrungli Section Director Dauer, stat
istics concerning tho boll weevil. The
weevil is making rapid inroads in
Texas and from duly 15 to August 27
it became known in many new locali
ties in the Line Star State.
"Cotton continued to make good
growth and is fruiting and bobing
well, with bolls opening and and some
picking heir g done; on account of bot
weather and boll worms the crop has
suffered some damage over nearly all
portions of tho section, especially over
the Chickasaw and Choctaw nations,
whore much shedding bas been report
ed; generally the crop condition and
prospect continues good," says thc
Oklahoma and Indian Territory re
Thc Texas report Ls not more cheer
ful, lt reads: "The cotton crop has
sulTered decidedly from the drouth
and high temperatures in the north
ern two-thirds of the Statt:. Growth
bas been greately retarded. Very lit
tle new fruit is being nude and in st
of that ls soon thrown od. The boll
worms continue to be quite destruc
live in a number of northeastern
counties. Doll weevils are punctur
ing nearly all the squares in the
southwestern, central, eastern and
coast divisions and arc doini much
damage as far north as Dallas, Kauf
man and Hunt counties. The bolls
open rapidly, in some localities prema
turely, and picking is now in full pro
Uivss. The staple is generally re
ported to be rather short."
Judge Edgar M. Cullen of Brooklyn
was Thur.sday afternoon appointed
Chief judge of the court of appeals of
New York by Gov. Odell, .succeeding
Judge Alton lt. Parker, resigned.
Judge (Julien is a Democrat and is now
nerving as an additional judge of the
sourt of appeals, a position to which
'ie was designated by Theodore lioose
velt when be was governor of New
York, lt lias been settled by tho Re
publican managers that .ludge Cullen
will be nominated by thc Republican
party for the position to which bo was
STATE BEINGS SUIT.
Sensational Char gea Made in the State
THE COMPLAINT FILED TUESDAY
Mitchell Afc Smith, Iteprefeentlntc LOK
islaturc's Appointees, C??sr?c
Couuplracy Against Archi
tect and Contractor.
The summons in the matter of the
State of South Carolina against Frank
P. Milburn and others waa flied Tues
day with the sheriff of Richland
county. The charges are very direct
in their wording and the plaintiff
asks for damages lu the sum of $200,
000 for the unsatisfactory mauoer in
which the State house was completed
through the alleged "fraudulent and
collusive agreement to cheat and de
fraud the plaintiff."
The summons was drawn by Messrs.
Mitchell and Smith of Charleston, at
torneys employed by a committee con
sisting of Senator Aldrich and Repre
sentatlve T. Y. Williams to prosecute
for damages under authorization of
recent act of the legislature. Ap
pended to the summons, ls a copy of
the contract between the State of
South Carolina, through Its commis
sioners, with Mr. Milburn, and a
statement from Senator Aldrich In
regard to the Undings of the legisla
tive Investigating commission, of
which he was chairmau.
The complaint avers that l? i ward
J. Mcllvaln, J. G. ?Uukefer, S. ll.
Goucher and Jas. C. Johnston, f irm
ing the firm of Mell vain, Uukefer &
Co., and Frank P. Milburn, architect,
are the defendants against whom the
suit is brought. The paper recites
that in February, 11)00, the legisla
ture set aside 8175,000 of the sinking
fund for the purpo-e of completing
the work on the State capitol, and
that the commission, with Gov. M. B.
Mcsweeney as chairman, selected
Frank P. Milburn as architect, and on
the 11th of August. 1!)00, coutracted
with the Urtu above named, the price
It is charged that Mr. Milburn
drew the contract and that upon his
certiflcate the contractor was paid
the whole of the contract prlc? when
"the contractors claimed to have per
formed the work" required by the
GROUNDS OK COMPLAINT.
Failure to perform the contract is
charged in the following particulars:
Tnat the work done and the mate
rial furnished was not equal lu any re
spect to work done and and material
furnished on the previously completed
portion of the main building, marring
the elf Ct c 1 the ti ac work upon the
That the contractors removed the
tine steel celling of the rotunda, and
carried away the material, substitut
ing therefor a ceiling of plalu material
costing not over $500.
That the two granite columns in
the inner part of the front portico
were not placed as required by con
tract. These columns, it is alleged,
would have counteracted a tendency
of tho portico to pull away from the
That in lieu of carving leaf work on
the columns equal to the leaf work on
; the capitals of the old columns, "a
I coarse, unsightly and unfit leaf work"
. as substituted.
That the columns in the rear por
tico should have corresponded witli
the columns in the front portico. This
was not done, no lintel stones were
placed there and sheet iron boxes to
represent granite were substituted.
"Defective glass Dooring and cheap,
shoddy, stainp2d Iron celling" was
used in the porticos.
That the nof is of tar and gravel
Imperfect in quality, it ls alleged, and
with the gravel of improper sivrs.
The roof is said to leak badly, Hood
ing tue main lobby. There aie no
ventilators to carry off the air be
tween the ceiling and the roof.
That the dome is given a lot of
space in the instrument. It is said to
have been constructed in a crude and
unworkmanlike manner, full of crimps
and kinks. The inner dome ls not
securely supported, according to this
complaint, and there are other alleged
After numerous other specifications
in the complaint, all of secondary im
portance, it is alleged that no protec
tion was afforded for the interior of
the building while the roof was being
removed and in consequence all of the
galleries were hooded and the painting
and feorscoing was ruined.
( III A KOKS CONSIMUACV.
The plaintiff believes that Mr. Mil
hum and the linn of contractors
"collusively and fraudulently agreed
together that the work to be done
under the aforesaid contract should
be insufficiently and improperly done.*'
and that said Frank P. Miluburn
well knowing the same to be defec
tive, Improper and Insufficient- -falsely
and fraudulently certified in writing
that the payments for the same ..ad
become due." And on this certificate
of Architect Milburn the said contract
sum was procured to be paid to the
contracting firm and the plaintiff'
claims to have been?j?damaged to the
extent of 6200,ooo.
The second cause of action reviews
in formal way the matter of the ap
propriation and the making of the
contract. The complaint then states:
"Plaintiff ls informed and believes
tint thc said Fiank P. Milburn in
tending and purposing to cheat and
defraud the said State of South
Carolina so prepared bis specifica
tions and plans In the matter as
to leave the same open, general
and vague and ambiguous in many
respects so as to enable him hy collu
sion and confederacy with any contrac
tor to cheat and defraud the State by
performing the same cither well or ill
as the said Frank P. Milburn might
decide." lt is charged further that the
architect lixod the plans so that he
"might require the contractor to per
form tlie same at great expense or be
relieved therefrom and also that he
might bo allie thereunder to permit to
he performed and provided work and
material wholly, insufficient and de
fective and improper."
That thc contract was prepared by
Milburn and he was the sole judge of
the due performance of the work is
also charged. The plaintiff is inform
ed and believes and so alleges and
charges that Milburn and thc con
tracting linn upon the acceptance of
the hid made by the Mcllvaln & Un
kefer Co. and the execution of said
contract "then and there entered into
an agreement to cheat and defraud
the Stale of South Carolina whereby
the said defendants should not per
form the work according to the tru<
Intent and meaning of the contract,"
and lt is also charged that Milburn
would protect them and declare thc
work properly done,
i The complaint charges further tha
the firm "after ?aid collusion and
fraudulent agreement" carried out the
work Improperly and furnished defec
tive material "it being well under
stood that the plans and specifications
bad been so drawn and would be so
interpreted by the said F. P. Milburn
so as to permit the same to be done,"
and tbat thereby they prooured from
the plaintiff the sum of 9158,300 for
the payment of work done and mater
lal furnished "wholly defeotlve, insuf
ficient and values to the plaintiff for
the purposes of the completion of the
It ls charged that the contracting
firm "obtained and converted to their
own use a large amount of valuable
material belonging to the plaintiff"
and also "when aotlng in pretensive
performance of said contract exposed
the exterior of the State house to the
In conclusion the complaint d>
"The plaintiff ls informed and b>
lleves that by the aforesaid acts of the
defendants done and per fur med under
their aforesaid fraudulent and tollu
-?Ive agreement to cheat :>nd defrau 1
the plaintiff that plaintiff bas been
damaged In the sum of ?200,000."
The State. *
Beloro ami Al'?.cr.
The Carrol ton Free Press says t' e
following two lette rs wi rc wi it ten 1 y
a Texas man who ran for ellice an I
UEFOKK TUE ELECTION.
"Do:r Bill," wrote the candidate
to his brother In Texas, "I write lo
say that lam getln'ap among th*
photographs. 1 am ruining fi r clerk,
and the hoys say 1 will wiu banc's
down. Tia re is uo way to beat me.
Twenty-live bundi- d have pledged me
their sui_p.it persi nally, ai.d theie
will be only 3,500 votts in the county.
So you can tes my majority won't
only be handsome, but overwbe'm'ng.
Old Carroll country is allrightand the
fellow who can't rats' in this neck of
the moral vineyard has absolutely no
'yeast' in his anatomy. 1 am writing
this on the eve of the election and ere
these linen reach you 1 will be clerk
of the goad old county of Carroll. Bill,
if you are needicg anything in the
shape of iinanc'ial assistance, don't fall
to call on your devoted brother,
AKTE It THE ELECTION.
"Dear Bill," wrote John a few days
after ihe foregoing epittle was pen
ned, "you may consider this a repudia
tion of my Torrner letter in reference
to my race for clerk. My opponent,
that red-healed freckled-face hyena
of Henry Peters- you remember bim
-btat Hie socks off me. "I have
come to the conclusion, Bill, that
King David didn't go far enough when
he wrote, '1 said in my haste that all
men are liars.' Ile should have added
'and since I have thought the matter
over, I have nc ohing to take back. If
I know anything, it is thh : that Car
roll contains twenty-five hundred of as
robust, able-hodlei liais as you can
find in fie whole state of Texas. Dill,
I want to ask a fa vi r of yt u,and to
cut it short, I'm finauciul'y dead and
the vuliuies Of bankruptcy are after
me. 1 want to bonow a hundred un
til 1 can ntake my crojpSi And Bill, if
you ever comeback to Carroll ona vis
it, I'll coir.ider it a mighty big favor
if you won't tell the boys about that
first letter regarding my candidacy.
On account of the aforesaid twenty
five hundred able-bodied liars, 1 hum*
bly inscribe myself, your necessarily
haeked but still game brother,
Wonder if any of the candidates
who were defeated in the late pri
mary bad a similar experience to
J ol m.
Drowned in tho Suri*.
A dh patch from Charleston to The
Slate sajs William J. Fleming, a well
known young man, was drowned
TliuisJay night while lu surf bathing
oil Sullivan's island, near the place
where the beach was washed away a
few days ago. He was bathing with
a party including Miss Reynolds, to
whom he was engaged to be married
and who narrowly escaped a similar
fate, being rescued from the water
in an unconscious condition. Mr.
Fleming was c mnected with the bag
gage department of the Southern
Railway ejmpany, running between
Cliaile.-uon and Columbia.
DAVID H. Hill has announced that
be is making his last political cam
paign In his wi rk for the election of
Parker and that this is entirely a la
bjr of love, lie says that be will
never again seek ellice nor undertake
the dir etilen of political movements
and that he will not accept any place
at the hands of .lodge Parker should
tile Democratic candidate be elected
President. We commend Hill's sensi
ble action t:> Grover Cleveland and a
a few other has b.ens.
IN the current issue of Puck there
appears, at the head of the editorial
page, this legend: "For Emperor,
Theodore Roosevelt of New York. Por
i'rince Imperial, Charles Warren Fair
banks, of Indiana. For l'rcsldent, Al
ton Brooks Parker, of New Yolk. Pot
Vice President Henry Crassaway
?Davis, of West Virginia." Thus does
this clever publication line Itself up
once more with thc Democrats and
another ejective agency is engaged in
the good cause of electing l'arkcr.
JUDOKGeO. O'Reilly died at Wash
ington last week. He was a Virginia
congressman, then consul to Zanzibar
under Grant. Tue queen and lier at
tendants bathed dally in the surf op
posite thc consulate. < >'Reilly object
ed, but the bathing continued.
O'Reilly with a shot gun full of pep
per and sault thoroughly seasoned the
naked queen, and this stopped the
Williamston Female College
Will open in ita new buildings at
Greenwood, S. C.
Tuesday, Sept. U7, l'JOI.
Our well known advantages willi valuable
additions. Soml for catalogue to
Rev. Jno. 0. Wilson, Williamston, S.C.
CHARLES C. LESLIE
WHOLESALE DEALERS IN
FISH AND OYSTERS,
8 ami 20 Market Street, Charleston, S. C.
Consiantuonta of Country Produce are Re
spectfully Solicited. Poultry, Eggs, deo.
Pish packed in barrels and boxes for country
tiailf H specialty.
Mullet! Mullet! Mullet!
and all kinds of Fresh and Salt Water
lisli and oys I ors. If you are dealing in
Fresh Kisli or Intend to deal in them
write for prices and send your ord rs to
TERRY FISH CO., Charleston, S. C.
or COLUMBIA FISH & LOE CO
Columbia S. C. We ship only fresh
caught Os)) and our prices are as low
they wm be sold at. Write us. Try
us and be convinced.
Tell Me How You Suffer
I Will Send the Cure.
An Original System of Curing the Chronic Diseases of Men aud'Wornen,
No Mutter Where They Reside, hy the .Famous Old Southern
Special'st of a Quarter of a Century Experience.
EIGHT MEDICAL BOOKS FREE TO THE SICK; SEND FOR THE
ONE YOU WANT.
Recognized us thc ( ildest Established and Most Reliable Specialist.
Afiur -3 y wi ra of active prnctive, laboratory
experiment mid scientific study, I, l>r. J. New
ton Hathaway, ear before you ?is the origi
tor of ? new sj ?teni of curing disvaso, compris
ing noteworthy discoveries that hiive n bear
ing on ovoiy lorin ol clin nie disease of both
sexes mid which have already (lone milch lo
revolutionize thu old-style practice ol medi
cina ns followed l>y most doctors. By lids
new system i tun enabled to miro disease 50
per cent quicker than was heretofore thought
possible: 1 am enabled to cure diseases that
other doctors have given up ns incurable; I mu
better able by this new syst? in to locate the,
cause of the disease, better able to compound j
ii treatment that will banish it, better aldo to
so vitalize the treat mein that it will not only
elim the disease bill all complications ns well
and nive you purer Mood, strenger muscles,
steadier nerves, bet tor app?tit", sounder sleep
mid moro perfect functions of heart, stomach
and kidneys. 1 have this system to such a
point ol perfection that I ein accomplish the
cure equal y as thoroughly by correspondpuce
ns when the patient comos to my office, and in
proof of this I nm prepared IO send yon copies
of letters from people who were cured in this
\\hnt I want you to do right now is '.o semi
me a descripl ion of how yon Buffer BO that I
can have time to compound :i treatment to
euro you. Not only this hilt 1 will study your
letter carefully ami write you a letter from a
specialist's experienced Btondooint us to wh it
your disease really is ami ids') inclosa one )of
my booklots goin > into the deUiils_of th-j st
ject. 1 want to hoar at once ?Yo a mah
women who suffer from any d seaso of th?
generativo organs, of the generative organ*,!
I rom any genito-urinary disease fr >m nay dis
ease of thc lungs, throat, heart,stomach, liver,
blood, kidney*, rheumatism, bladder, womb or
ovarian troubles, var?enosle, stricture, urinary
disorders, enlargement of ino p.-csUitc, spociUo
blood poison ami s > forth, ns for these 1 huve
ii positive cure and want you to know about
I have written eight interesting, medical
books on the subject of how I cure dis.uso aaa
which tell nil about tho disease, as follows:
1. Diseases of tho Vital Organ?; 2. Throat
ami Lung Trouble*; 3. Fanni e DIH?UMS (nt.w
edition); -1. Stricture; 5, Yaric co'e; 0, Blood
Poison (in detail J; 7, Kidney, bladder. Rheu
matism*, 8, Nervous debility and Waikno-sei of
.Men (enlarged new edition). 1 will send _ji?a
any one or moro of these books up"n request,
according to the disease you havo and .also u
symptom or question ?dank. Hilve no hesi
tancy whatever i:i writing rae for them as they
are free tit i>o given away to sufferers. Au
: dress me J. Newton Hathaway, M. D, 88 In
man Bldjr.-22J S. broad St. Atlanta, Ga.
Please write to me as BJOU as you possibly
can as I want to hear from all of yon without
d-day, knowing full wall that 1 have a cure for
your very disease.
OE SOUTH CAROLINA,
. CLIIMTOIM, S. C.
BOARD, ROOM-RENT and TUITION for_
$117.50. Next Session begins Sept. 22, 190-Hj
For Catalogue or information address
iate Year foi.
A.. JED. -SIPXDrcOJriCJR.,
QR TUITION REFUNDED
I300K-Kf FPING. SHORTHAND
?* AND rELEORAPHY "
"A KITE US
At Osborne s Business College
"X -yr T_ i? WHITE'S CREAM
Must In Quantity. - Best In Q-.ixllt-.
For 20 Years Has Led all Worm Remedies. < W?&
X5"2T AIJL DRUGGISTS,
.JAMES F. BALLARD, St. Louis.
Don't think that every ono who hangs out a sign aa a "watch
maker" is competent to repair your flue watch. Repairers who
are fully competent aro scarce. Wo do work only one way,-the
i\ Pf~n 1 VI fl 0" ',oat-wo am taake any part of a watch, or a complete watch.
lVt jJu.ll 111^. Our priceo aro often no more than you puy for inferior work.
When our charge for work is $1.50 or over we will pay express charge one way. Send us your
watch, 1?. H. LACH lOHOTTB ?fc CO. Jewolera, 1434 Main St, Columbia, S. 0.
m WE ARE LOOKING .s
s : FOR YOUR 0RDER5 '
COLUMBIA LUMBER & MFC CO.
COLUMBIA S C.
ivi JV CM i1 rv ic i* v *?UPIJIVIIC?.
Everything for supplying Saw Mills, Oil Mills, Quarries and Ginneries,
Belting, racking, Shafting, Hangers, Pulleys, Pipes, Valves, Fittings, In
jectors, Lubricators, etc. 10,000 ft. of good 1 in. second hand black pipe
for sale. Write
COLUMBIA SUPPLY GO.,
Columbia, O. The machinery Supply house of the state.
Southeastern Lime & Cement Co.
CHARLESTON, S. C.
Building Material of all kinds. High Grade Roofing
"RUBEROID." Write for prices.
GRENVILLE, S. c.
EDWIN MCNEIL POTEAT,
Courses leading to thc degrees of Bachelor of Arts (B. A.) and Master of
Arts (M. A.) Library Heading Room, Laboratories, Large and
Comfortable Dormitories, Expenses reduced toa Minimum.
Next session begins Sept. 14. For rooms apply to Prof. H.T. Cook. For
atalogue or information, address, The Secretary of the Faculty.
Whiskey I Morphine I Cigaret 1 Alli Drug and Tobacco
Ilabit, Ilabit | Habit | Habita.
Cured by ICeeley Institute, of G.
1329 Lady St. (or P. ?. Box 75) Columbia, S. C. Confidential correspond
L/ime Cement, JJlaster,
Terra Cotta Pipe, Rooting Paper, Car lots, small lots, write,
Carolina, Portland Cement Co., Charleston, B. C. $
A Private Sanitarium.
Dr. L. (i. Corbett, for so long at thc
head of thc Keeley Institute in Soul h
Carolina, and of late connected with
the original Institute at Dwight, ill.,
hos returned lo South Carolina and es
tablished at Greenville a Sanitarium
for the treatment of nervous diseuses,
and the drug and liquor habits. His
friends and former patients know that
his ability is unquestioned; and as ho
is enabled to give this service at a more
reasonable cost than ls usually paid,
many allllcted with these maladies are
availing themselves of the bonedt to
be derived there.
Burned to Death.
At Sprigntield, Mass., Suter. Golm
of the Little FraucLscan Slstersof the
Sacred Heart lost her lifo Thursday
morning while trying to save that of
her patient, Mrs. Fred Passlno. Au
oil stove exploded In the Pafslnohome,
win re the sister bad been a nurse since
Monday, and lt ls thought her habit
caught tire from tho blazing oii. IQ?
stead of saving herself she ran to the
aid of tho sic? woman. Tho fire de
partment rescued Mrs. Pa^s'no and
her baby, but Sister Gohn was dead,