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DEFENDS THE SOUTH,
Sx-Qov. Chamberlain Maintains thal
Negro Eulo Is Misrule.
EXPERIENCE AGAINST THEORY
He Deelares that Illa Ad m I i lut rut im
lu this 8tato Proves His Charit?
and in Fact Hcinalnti
the Same Tn?i*y.
To the Editor o? the Beaton nerald
I wish to offer a few observations bj
way of reply to your several editoria
articles on my "Open Letter," to Mr
James Bryce, published in the Char
leaton (S. C ) News and Courier of th?
The News and Courier havini
charged you with discussing the ne
gro question with a "fatal narrownes
of spirit, and plentiful lack of rea
knowledge. .* 1 assume that by thl
was meant narrowness fatal to wis
or fair and valuable discussion. Thl
obarge you resent with warmth, ant
on Lii? point of lack of knowledge yoi
liken tho negro question to the tariff
In that the latter is "a more intim?t
and poignant li-sue in some State
than others." Do you mean that tin
tariff changes with change of locality
that the rates of schedules of th<
tariff are adapted to different States
that the rates for New Orleans ant
Loulslaua differ from tbosa for Nev
York city or State? if not, what di
you mean? The negro question Is ui
question at all, except for acadenih
consideration, in States that have nt
practical question. Another thing
the tariff is a law, a written law, :
method and theory of revenue whicl
can be as well understood In Arer
mont and Arkansas as in Rhode Is
land or New York. The negro quos
tion can only be practically or vitall:
understood by those who on the spol
have seen it, have known its working;
and effects by actual observation. Yoi
cite your familiarity with newspapers
addresses of Southern men, and ih
bates In Congress. All this is well a:
far it goes; but the negro is a bu mai
being who can be but very imperfectly
known except by actual contact. A1
most the only valuable knowledge o
him must come from otie's own con
tact or the testimony of other actua
observers. The former I assume
you have not had. as you do not men
tion it. Your discussion will, there
fore, be, as lt is in fact, theoretic
which is to say of little value. Yoi
can no doubt ai gue about the negri
and what ought to be done with bin
and for him far better than 1 can, bu
when you come to practically hand
ling him, so to speak, you have whal
Thc News and Cou vlei describes ai
"plentiful lack of real knowledge o
Again, as to "narrowness of spirit."
You show lt probably unconsciously
in talking about the negroes bein?;
"human," that they should haw
"citizens' rights, privileges and op
portuuitles equally with other clli/.en
upon conditions that do not uufa!rb
discriminate against them because
they were not white men." As 1
anybody any where, who ls of any con
sequence, at the South denied all o
any part of this! Who denies tba
the negro ls human, or that he is en
titled to fair and equal treatmeu
with white men in all rights, privi
leges and opportunities which are thi
gifts or subjects of the law? Do yoi
know, or can you point to, any In
stances of practical or theoretic do
nial of all this? No, you cooly as
sume that such denial is the c indi
tion in the South, and on this unwar
ranted and false assumption yen pro
ceed to condemn the Southern white
and bemoan the cruel fate of tin
Southern negro. First, give yoursel
a basis of fact, and then construe
your argument according to thc tact
Not to do this, as you do not, I cal
"fatal narrowness of spirit." Again
you talk of "disfranchisement in
order to secure white supremacy.'
Cite your cases. Tell us where this is
done or attempted. You are wlsei
than I-no violent, supposition, I ad
mit-if you can do it. Von probably
refer to or have in mind certain pro
visions placed in the Constitutions ol
some of the Southern States bearing
on the suffrage. Kvery one of these
provisions bears equally on white;:
and blacks. Cases to test these pro
visions as to illegal di-crimination
have been before the Supreme Cou it
of the United States. Has any one
of these provisions been set aside'.
Not one, I say, therefore, that se
loug as the South acts within its le
gal rights in rgard to the suffrage, it
ls not censurable. The fact that you
do continue to censure the South for
this ls another evidence of "fatal nar
rowness of spirit."
You say you try t<i "encourage all
liberal Southerners.'' Who are they';
And how do you encourage them? Sc
far as 1 can see, you do it only by
stimulating, if you have any influence
there, a desire or effort Lo overturn
laws which the Supreme Court will
not overturn or set aside. Tins, too,
I call "fatal narrowness of spirit."
You ask if tlie Alabama peonage
cases were "fakes." 1 am glad you
alluded to these cases, for they will
serve excellently well to refute your
whole attitude toward the South.
The Alabama peonage cases were not
"fakes;" and they were tried in a
Court in which the .lodge and disti iel
attorney were both Democrats. They
were quickly and effectively tried and
peonage was killed in Alabama at one
blow. Thc Judge and district attor
ney are among thc very f jw, almost
the only, Democrats appointed by
Roosevelt to any high otllccs in thc
South. Thisisit pat illustration, not
only of what can be done, ought to be
done, and will bc done by the best
men of the South whenever they have,
the power to act. lt also Illustrates
the extreme folly of your outcry about
the negro because he is not in politi
cal power at, tlie South.
Vou make what I may call an ad
hoininem argument when you allude
to my administration in South Caro
lina as showing 'bala "Republican
Government, in the Soul hem Stat es
was not :i chronic or incurable evil,
even with colored men as voters and
officeholders." Slr, 1 wish to tell you
that my administration showed no
Buch thing. It showed precisely the
opposite; and perhaps I had better re
peat here, if the matter ls of any im
portance, what I have said, that the
lesson of my administration is that
with a preponderating electorate of
negroes, lt never was within the
bounds ol possibility to keep up a
bearable government. 1 will add that
lt ls more possible now. Giving me
credit for qualities and abilities for
management, tact and what not
qualities I never possessed what
could I do from 1874 to 1ST7? Mere
ly retard a little the crevasse of cor
ruption and misrule ever gathering
force behind me and sure short ly to
overwhelm me. it is ungracious in
appearance to reject intended compll
menta, but I am trying .specially to
' tell the truth on this Southern negro
question to ears long inured to un
* truth ou this theme. 8
As to social equality, to which you
allude In a manner which I greatly
regret, let me say that it you regard
lt as a mere bogey, of the whites of a
' the South, 1 do not. It is a real dan- j,
ger, or a reality, if you like the word n
' better. 1 have seen two Republican
Governors entertaining negroes, male *?
and female, at their houses, lu draw- f;
lng rooms and at tables. That is s
what-1 cal! social equal!ly. "what do j
you call it? It will happen again, tou,
? If the negroes ever return to power.
f I say nothlrg now of the right or I
' wrong of ic, but since you treat it os r
* a mere chimera, I take leave to in- s
* form you that lt ls a very hard faot. .
e To my views on lynching you give
an entire editorial article. You call jj
? my attitude "apologetic," a gross in- ^
" justice to me for which you bave no *
s excuse. I wrote the Uryce letter .
1 principally to say wbat I did about
s lynching. 1 will not traverse lu de- ?
e tail what you say in reply, farther
s Gian to reiterate all 1 tbere said, and
J to add, in no disrespectful splr.t, that
1 the trouble with you, especially on j
* this polut, is that j ou have only, in ?
? thc words of The News and Courier, *
s "a plentiful lack of knowledge" of the *
3 subject on which you preach and dog- }
3 Now will you allow me to say a J
> word here In response to the note of
? Mr. Moorfield Storey lu your issue of ?
r the 10th Inst? Mr. Storey knows al
J ready, I hope, thut 1 bold him In the J
} highest regard. For his character,
3 his opinions and his conduct 1 have
J as much respect as for those of any '
: man 1 know anywhere.
1 Mr. Storey puts tu mc what lam 's
1 bound to suppose he regards as a per- s
' tlnetib question-why, if the negro is ?
' hopelessly inferior, do thc whites fuar .
* the effect of education? Why do they .
' struggle, be asks, against his progress
'J upward. My answer is a double ono- .
4 lirst, Gie whites of the South du not
1 struggle to hinder the negro's progress .
* upward; they du just the opposite;
" second, Gie whites of tho South Iw- .
* lleve, as much as dues Mr. Storey ur
1 as do you, in education for thc negro. '
' They do not believe, nor do I, in thc
sort of education New Langland for thc '
* most part bas given him, as seen in
' ?ably at Beaufort and Hilton Head, j
' S. C. -today thc mest non-progressive
1 spots In thc South, so far as the tte- j
" grors are concerned, but the spots ,
* where education of the kind which 1 ,
' suppose Mr. Storey 'believes in has
1 been uninterruptedly applied by
1 Northern teachers fur full forty-two '
1 years! Lit him gu there with me
p and I will show him how little he
* knows of the point on which he eal's
?j me and the South to ace mut. Man
* of man, 1 do not see how we of tim
' Nor oh, or particularly of New Eug
, land- such men as you and Mr. Storey
and 1-are better than thc peuple of
' South Ca ulina or Alabama. They 1
-r worship the same Ged, "read the same I
2 Bible, repeat the same prayers, keep ,
" the commandments as weil as we do, (
s if these be your t&sts. They have, in ,
1 fact, une great quality which 1 think '
\ puts them higher than mu.it uf us. I
' mein thc high, almost bigest, great j
' quality fortitude-the quality which ,
r Burke bau in mind when he wrote !
L this memorab'e sentence: "They ou
" ly can aspire tu act greatly whu are of
1 furce greatly to sutler." Of this fnrce .
* the Southern peuple have given the i
2 last full proofs.* With our slight, per
1 haps no, knowledge of the peculiar
" problem put upon such a people, must .
we go oh fuever distrusting, denounc
ing, criticising unkindly, ir nut cruel
ly, such a people? They have their
' faults, no rlobut; but, for my part, 1
am proud uf them for countryman, I
s and I ara ready tu trust them with
\ any problem they may meet. Aud
I when 1 say let. them alone, 1 do nut
? mean let them alone t o du wrong ur
? cruelty to the negro, but let them
1 alune tn do thc best that, In their bet
1 ter judgment, can be done fjr bim
far more and better than we can du, a
thousand or two miles oil.
? This, 1 suppose, will entitle me to
be called again "extraordinary," at
, least by Mr. Storey and thc Springfield
1 endorse every wurd of Mr. Storey
; when he asserts that ls clear that
. thc South should gi\e the negro the
? best educath.ii possible." Up to the
. full limit of its ability, the Sou tn is
i doing it to-day. Mr. Storey, give us
, your bill of particulars: make your
. implied and express charges more de
- linite and certain, in the phrase of
, our profession. Till you du SJ, I can
only put in my general denial and ask
, judgment on the iusulliciency of your
When Mr. Storey allies me with tho
men uf the Smith who "insist that
thc negro is incapable of being raised
by any education to an equality with
> the white man." he does nie an injus
, tice. I hope thc neg ru can be raised
to a respectable degree of good sense,
? good capacity for work and service for
the white man as well as fur himself,
lils lot is and will be to serve, in no
degraded conditions, hut fur full com
pensation and with fair treatment,
the superior race, 1 expect, nu more.
This assertiun will, 1 fear, give new
appropriateness in Mr. Storey's mind
as well as thc minds of others, tu the
epithet "extraordinary," applied to
my Hrjc? letter an epithet which
seems a favorite one with many of
ray critics, hut one of which 1 clo not
complain. Once I did not think MC.
make the mest nf that, as you are
sure tu do. But do you and Mr.
Sn,rey imagine, that I am going tn
coutiuue to live in "a fool's paradise"
after I have found it out? You may
do .'0, if you like: 1 shall not. That
a man at, (10 ur Tu bolds opinions he
did not hold ur contrary to those ne
held at SO, I think, raises two favor
able presumptions; lir.it, that he is
honest.; second, that he is more likely
to be right than the man who has not
changed. For example, bow often do
we hear an old man boasting thal he
never voted any ticket but the Demo
cratic ur Republican, as the ease may
be. Such a boast ls a perilous confes
sion. Presumably it means that the
man has done little ur no political
thinking, made nu progress in that
great science or study.
Now, my dear sir, 1 reach thc end
of what 1 have strength or disposition
to write, perhaps of more than you
can easily lind room for. You have
on many occasions In t.ini"s past said
words uf respect and compliment of
me far beyond my deserts: sometimes,
top, when compliments fur me were
not tod frequent. . Kvery such word I
huid and shall ever hold In trrateful
recollection, come what may come.
Hut in controvi rsy v/e do not deal lu
compliments. Wc take oh* the but
tons and thrust at vital points. At
any rate, that is what 1 try tn do.
Having published this reply you can
hammer mc every day, as you have
the machinery for doing, but how-1
ever, that may be, 1 shall remain,
I). H. OHAUBKIILAIN.
?ven Handred Japancs Blown Up
by the Russians.
A dispatch from Ghe'oo says a Jap
nese column numbering approximate'
r 700 men while marching along at
tglit on a road in the valley between
.orig hill and Division hill met a
rightful disaster through the explo
[on of an electric land mine, Sept.
The mine was carefully laid by the
LussianB three weeks ago. It covered
early a mlle of available marching
pace. Tho explosive was placed at
he bottom. Rock were placed next
nd on top of these clay were paced so
arefully the ground gave the ing
ression of not having been disturbed,
'he indications of Japanese activity
a this vicinity put the Russiaus on
uard. Near midnight the outposts
ushed In and reported that the Japa
ese were approaching.
The Russians withheld their lire for
ome time. Suddenly they threw a
earchllght up the valley. The Japa
ese opened with a rille Ure. The Rus
lans waited until apparently the
/bole Japanese column was in the
anger zone. Then the mine was ex
loded. The force of the explosion
nocked a number of Russians dowu,
nd the sight of Japanese rllles, water
ottles, legs and arms hurled through
he lighted space made by the search
ight was an awful spectacle.
Some rocks landed inside the Rus
ian lines. There was one appalling
moment during which the garrison it
elf was stunned, then a death-like
Hence. The searchlight coldly light
d up the road and hillsides strewn
The following day the Russians
uried the dead, bub owing to their
ismembered and mutilated condition
he Russians were unable to accurate
/ estimate the number of killed. A
aw Japanese escaped, however.
The foregoing Information is eun
ained in a small sheet Issued Sept.
y the Port Arthur Novakral, a break
ge in the press having made it im
ossible to issue a full edition.
A Chinese arriving there at mld
ight confirms the above bo the extent
hat he heard the report that many
ap??ese had been killed by a mine,
ut he did not learn the details. On
he nights of Aug. 2(5 and 27 a simi
ir disaster befell the Japanese near
edoubt No. 2, it is reported, but no
etails have been ascertained.
THE GUATEMALAN ANT.
Viii Feed un All Kinds ol linen nod
A dispatch from Washington says
olonics of Guatemala's insect-eating
nts, which are now devouring thc
otton boll weevil, are to be located in
ther parts of the United States and
everal are already at work dining
pon potato bugs, grasshoppers and
ther things on the crop around Lan
iam, Maryland. The department of
gricuiture has come to the conclusion
hat if the ant will eat boll weevils, he
a?.y be taught to destroy the pests
hat cause hundreds of thousands
f dollars loss to other crops, aud the
lureau of entomology of the depart
ment is now experimenting along
hese Mines. The experiments are in
barge of O. F. Cojke, chief ento
?oligist who is acting head of the
lureau during the absence of Dr.
loward. The ants are of the same
3t which was imported for use in
They came in cages, and were fed
pou various kinds of bugs on their
/ay uorth for the purpose of deter
mining which they liked best and
/hlch suited their digestion. The first
Dt readied Maryland about a week
go, and since then lield experiments
ave been made with them. It is as
et too early to decide whether they
rill prove of use in the northern
elds, lt is feared that they will not
e able to stand the cold weather. In
egard to the reports that several of
lie large colonies have disappeared
rom the Texas tields, Mr. Cooke said
tils morning that the dispatch were
"There was a colony in the back
ard of a house in Paris, Texas,'' said
e, "that did not seem to be able to
et the right kind of food; they died,
'he others, those in the cotton lields
re thriving and it, begins to look as
hough the experiments will be a suc
ass, the ants living and propagating
s well hi Texas as they do in Guate
rala." The department of agricul
ture is gi'ing much study to the ques
ion of the destruction of insects,
rhich are ruining crops in various
arts ol the country. The loss has
cen growing slowly but sorely for a
coade because, it is said, of tho
aughtei of insect eating birds, it.
?emssurprising but experts make the
atement, that insects destroyed an
ually nearly $100.000,000 in crops.
And," concluded an olllccr of the de
artment, "if the ant can save eve:
uarler of this, he is well worth his
Watson ii Cat's Paw,
Though Thomas E. Watson in his
peech accepting the I' pullst nomina
[iin for President at Copper Union,
?lew York, on August 18, said that
Losevelt "stands for those govern
lental principles which, in my judg
ient, are hurrying this Republic Into
sordid depotism of wealth," the ful
peech is being sent broadcast as a
['.publican document. The New
erk World states that the Republi
cs are hoping hy this means to es
range "the voters of the Bryan
lemucrats from the National Demo
rat ic ticket." "A Populistcampa'gn
i this state," continues the World,
is to be made with a plentiful sup
ly of funds, and as?ate organization,
j ls said, lt is openly intimated that
hero are not a few Republicans who
'onki subscribe liberally to the Popu
st cause for the purpose of dellecting
?ryan votes from Parker." In this
unncction it is announced that
'bomas E. Watson is to deliver forty
(leeches in doubtful states, and,
Lrangely enough, at the prceise
oints where they might be expected
j do most harm to the Democratic
icket. Mr. Watson has been in f re
lient consultation with a number of
len In New York about his plans,
onie of these men were formerly
losely identified with Bryan, but
liey have little or no inlluence in the
resent campaign. The followers of
Ir. Bryan will not he fooled by Mr.
datson, who is nothing but a cat's
aw for the Republicans.
LlTTAUKit, the president's "statute
f limitation" friend, is again a can
idate for congress this year from a
lev/ York district. He ls the great
xemplar of Mie principle of goveru
?eiital "graft," for which Roosevelt
nd his party stands.
THE COTTON OHOF.
Ot Last Year aa Compared With the
^Secretary Hester, of New Orleans,
in his annual report, which was Is
sued last week, puts the cotton crop of
1903 04 at 10,011,374 bales, adt?creese
of 71L.185 under that of 1902 03. He
says that compared with last year In
round tigures. Texas, includion Indian
Territory, has increased 45 OOO bales. !
The group known as other Gulf
States, consisting of Louisiaua. Ar
kansas, Mississippi, Tennessee, Okla
homa, U tah and Kansas bas lost 430,
000 and the group of Atlantic States,
Alabama, Georgia, Florida, North
Carolina, South Carolina, Kentucky
and Virginia has fallon off 332,000.
Mr. Hester's report on the cotton
crop of the different States Is given as
follows In thousands of bales:
Alabama 1,000 against 1,050 last
Arkansas 70f? against 1,000.
Georgia 1,325 against 1470.
Florida 55 against 55.
Louisiana 824 against 824.
Mississippi 1,387 agaioBC 1,404.
North Carolina 503 against 575.
South Carolina 825 against 950.
Tennessee, etc., 451 against 509.
Texas and ludiau Territory 2,870
Total crop 10,011 against 10,728.
lie makes the actual production of
Indian Territory 200,555 bales;-"ainsi
309,251 last year, of Oklahoma 177,
057 against 18(5,000 last year and of
Missouri 34,307 against 35,900 last
year, the two last being Included under
the bead of Tennessee, etc.
He puts the average commercial va
lue of the crop at 80L38 against
$44.52 last year and tbe total value of
the crop at $017, 501,518 against ?480,
770,282 last pear.
In reference to thc total value Mr.
Hester sajs that while the crop ls
smaller by seven hundred and odd
thousand bahs less than last year it ls
less by 1,203,000 bales than the crop
of 1898-99, which was the largest ever
marketed, It has brought a better re
turn in money values than any ever
produced in thc south.
Kefering to the increase in values
over last year he gives details as to
prices, showing that while tbe lowest
runge of last season was from Septem
ber to January, inelusive, this year
the highest range of values was dur
ing the period of marketing the bulk
of the crop and the result was ttiat
farmers obtained more of the advan
tage of the risc instead of its coming
as usual after the cotton had passed
out of their hands. In other words
there were marketed up to January :?i
of this year In round ligures 8,010,000
which s?ld for ?447,710,000 while up
to the same period last season the
amount marketed wes 7,985.000,
which brought $330,005,000, a differ
ence of only 25,000 bales and an in
crease in the amount received of over
Further teferring to crop values
Mr. Hester says that when it is con
sidered that the comb'ned values of
the past three crops resulted in pay
ment to fanners, merchan's and other
handlers of over $1,530,000,000, their
importance as a great factor in the
prosperity of the south and of the en
tire country may be fully appreciated.
The consumption bas been di vie ed
Alabama 212,3?8, Increase of 594]
Arkansas 1,444, decreases of 1 71.
i Georgia 419,701, decrease or ^
Kentucky 20,341, decrease of ?^i)1.
Louisiaua 10,121, decrease of 1,882.
Mississippi 313,841, decrease of 0,137.
Missouri 4,341, decrease of 382.
North Carolina 530,814, decrease of
South Carolina 503,980, decrease of
Tennessee 44,773, decrease of 2,773.
Texas Hi,730, decrease of 0,871.
Virginia 50,'.?30, increase of 14,891.
Total consumption of the south 1,
919,252, a decrease under last year of
THE HARVEST SEASON.
Tin: Weekly Itaport on tlx: ('rup and
Weal lier Conditions.
Section Director Baurer issued his
weekly crop bullet in as fololws:
The week ending 8 a. m., Sept.
5th, had a mean temperature of 7!?
degrees, which is about one degree
above normal. The temperature was
very uniform throughout the week.
The extremes were a minimini of 50
at Greenville on August 3oth, and a
maximum of 94 at Blackville on ttie
3rd. Thc sunshine was slightly above
thc normal amount, and the relative
humidity was slightly below. There
were no violent winds or any hall
storms during tho week.
The precipitation averaged less
than the weekly normal amount, al
though in the northwest eoutith and
in the middle Savannah valley e:nm
ties there were excessive rains locally,
over ?i lite large areas. A number of
places had no rain until the Ith, when
generally showery conditions prevailed
over the entire State. What rain fell
dining thc week was generally bene
Tlie moderately high temperatures
and general absence of precipitation
were favorable and farmwork made
Fodder pulling is under way and
nearing completion in the western
counties, and is prect ?cally finished in
tlie eastern ones. The bulk of the
corn crop has matured and lt isa uni
formly la-ge crop.
On sandy lands cotton has stopped
growing and generally stapped fruit
ing: it is opening fast with picking
general over the eastern and central
counties, while picking has just be
gun In the western counties where the
crop is from one to three weeks late.
Rust, shedding and blight continue
to cause deterioration on light lands,
and rust has appeared on some clay
lands and on sea island cotton. Holl
worms and caterpillars have appeared
in a few lields, but are not yet threa
tening. Sea island colton is heavily
fruited and is still blooming freely.
The weather was ideal for cutting
rice, and much of thc carly planted
crop has been harvested; late rice ls
very promising: rice birds have ap
peared on a few coast fields. Consid
erable hay was cut and cured In line
condition. Peas arc fruiting heavily
recently. Nearly all reports indicate
a, continuous promising condition of
all minor cropi and fall truck.
An oftlcial from Filch mond, t^ue.,
states that in a collision between pas
senger trains on the (?rand Trunk
railway near lUchmond, Qu.,e nine
people were killed and two have since
:llcd of their Injuries. The number of
injured is not know.
A Pata; Fall.
Mrs. George Hodges of Spartanburg
fell down a Hight of steps at her home
in Spartanburg on Tuesday of last
week and Injured herself fatally.
Th? Objiot ts Obtais Fulivalue for
Their Crops. Jl
THE PLEA OF S ? LF-DEF?NBE.
They Claim That Cotton Milla anti
Oil Milln Aro Con.iUiied ?nd
that They Have a Right
to Combine Also.
At Greenville one hundred and
fifty of the county's substantial and
progressive c itton planters met at
the court house Thursday and organ
ized the Cotton Producers' Associa
tion of Greenville County.
The meeting was called to order by
Col. S. S. Crittenden, and J. M. Whit
mire was made chairman and G. M.
Wilkins, Jr., secretary.
The following oulcers were elected:
President, ll. 13. Tinda'; vice presi
dents, Bates, J. M. Whltmire; Fair
view, A. S. Peden; Highland, C. Ii.
Jackson; O.ieal, Thomas Grocr;
Gantt, It C. Wllllman; DonkUn, J.
1?. Knight; Grove, J. P. Moon; Green
ville, W. S Milier; Butler, E. M.
Wilkins; Oak Lawn, Albert Hean;
Paris Mountain, W. P. Cunningham;
Austin, W. A. Uamby; Cleveland,
W. Ii. Hardin; Saluda, Arthur
Hodges; Glassy Mountain, J. M.
Center; Chick Springs, W. H. Green;
secretaries, T. W. Earle, J. M. Wil
kins, Jr. Executive committee: J.
S. Peden, S. S. Crittenden, H. B.
Tindal; E. B. Smith, J. M. Whitmlre.
The following resolutions were
"Resolved, That we forthwith pro
ceed to organize an association to be
called the Cotton Producers' Associa
tion of Greenville County.
"That the prime object of this as
sociation is to praect our.elves
agaiust all combinations to reduce the
price ot cotton iu Greenville county
below the legitimate price it should
command with open competition in
"That as our friends the cotton
mill presidents throughout this sec
tion by mutual agreement and combi
nation lix the price to be paid for cot
ton by their buyers day by dav dur
ing the cotton season, aud also lix by
mutual agreement the minimum
pricu at which they will sell their
manufactured products, and as ct.ttou
seed buyers throughout this section
operate by the same methods, so we
claim the right to unite and agree
upon the minimum price at which
wc will Sill our cotton during certain
periods of the jeur.
"R;s:)lved, That any cotton pro
ducer, landlord, tenant or proprietor
in this c ninty can join this associa
tion by pledging himself to observe its
rules and regulations so long aa bis or
ber name shall remain upon the roll
uf its membership.
"The oilicersof the association shall
consist of a president, 'ti vice presi
dents (one from each towi'.slrp), two
secretaries, one treasurer, executive
committee of live members to be
eleetul annually on the tirsl Monday
"Meetings shall be held In the
court house eaob salesday and the
president or a maj >rity ol" the mern
bers of the executive committee may
call a meeting at any time.
"Resolved, That with if. cotton
mills in operation in our county with
.? grade of cotton produced all around
^.hem that is not excelled In quality In
any portion of the world, our staple
should command a price not excelled
In this section ol' the country.
"That we request the newspapers
of this county and throughout the
State to publish with every issue the
price of spot cotton in New York with
the prices paul in their respective
"Resolved, That the members (ff
this association hereby p edge them
selves not to sell any middling cotton
of tlie present growing crop fur less
than 10 cents before January next, or
until further ac'.ion of this associa
"That we cordially invite the cot
ton growers throughout the south to
unite with us In this movemeut.
"That our president and txucutivc
committee are instructed lo obtain in
formation and report at our next
meeting as tu the best terms on which
the meml.ers of the association can
warehouse, with insurance. 10,000 or
more bales of cotton during the ap
proaching season; and also the best
terms on which money can be borrow
ed tm ware-house receipts.
"That our next meeting shall benn
salesday in October at ll o'clock in
the eourt bouse."
Killing ul' ll? tn anti IIIHCOI Katini;
Birds Not Allowed.
lt is not generally known that
those who shoot bats, martins and
other insect-eating hirds are violating
the laws of the state and are subject
to a tine of $10, one half of which
goes to the Informer. Wednesday af
ternoon Solicitor Thurmond and
Judge Purdy, while in the suburbs,
noticed a large number nf young men
shooting. The attention of others
was called to the matter and as the
practice is general all over the state
there was reqiies' that the act, which
was passed in 11102, be published so
that those Ignorant of the law might
know the result of the violation, lt
is as follows:
"Section f>U 1. lt shall not bc law
ful tor any person in Ibis state to
wantonly shoot or entrap for the pur
pose of killing orin any other man
ner destroy any bird whose principal
food is Insects or to take or destroy
the eggs or young ot any of the
species or varieties of birds who are
protected by the provisions of this
section, comprising all the species and
varieties of birds represented by the
several families of bats, whip-poor
wills, flycatchers, threshers, warblers,
linches, larks, orioles, nuthatches,
woodpeckers, bumming birds, . blue
birds and all other species and varie
ties of land birds, whether great or
small, of every description, regarded
as harmless In their habits, and where
Heall ls unlit for food, including the
turkey buzzard, but excluding the
jackdaw, crow, eagle, hawk and owls,
which prey upon other birds.-'
The linc is # 1 o on conviction, one
half of which goes lo thc Informer.
Murder and Suicido.
At Lousiville, Ky., W. E. Neal, nu
der indictment for thc murder last
winter of Assistant Commissioner At
torney James K. Simuler, Thursday
shot and killed bis wife, Nellie Robin
son Neal, and then ended Ids Ufe.
The tragedy occurred In a boarding
house on west Broadway, where Neal
and bis wife bad been living since
Sunday as Mr. and Mrs. Johnson of
, DANGER OF BOLL WEEVILS.
Augusta stocked With Xciau Oats to
bo Durapod on Us.
Tbe Columbia State says lt has beeu
stated that tbe act of tbe last legisla
ture prohibiting the importation of
oats and other grains from tbe boll
weevil infested sections of Texas and
Louisiana ls practically without effect
because under Its terms witnesses
may bave to be brought from tbe
other end of the line to prove any date
of violation, a tbing that will be next
to impossble to do. There ls no way
to compel the attendance of witnesses.
No oftleial opinion bas as yet been
rendered but that is the conclusion
reached at a conference of State h use
otlloials. An investigation of tbs
laws of the southern States on this
subjot discovers the additional re
grettable fact that the Georgia board
of entomolgy, which has charge of
tnls matter in that State, bas not
outlawed the Texas oats, although lt
bas forbidden the importation of cot
ton heed, hulls, squares or bolls from
All of which facts and circum
stances recalls to the mind of a prom
inent Columb'a merchandise broker
that while he was in St. Louis last
week he was shown a letter by a dealer
In western grain from the western
dt aler's correspondent at Augusta, In
which the Augusta man explained why
there was practically no market in
tbat territory for western grain by
saying tbat the town was stocked up
with Texas oats. The lettersaid ttat
lhere were then over 100 cars of Texas
oats in Augusta. Inasmuch as a
large part of South Carolina contigu
ous lo Georgia docs hs buying Ju
Augusta the fear ls felt that these
infected oa*s are being dumped into
Commissioner of immigra'ion Wat
son recently a. ale the following sum
mary of the laws of the southern
States regarding the intioluotion of
oats and farm products from Texas
for the information and guidance ut
the railroad eomnihsion:
"In reference to your r quest as to
regulations of the Unitea States or
State government bearing upon the
introduction of oats shipped from the
State of Texis into this State, 1 will
say that under the law if these oats
come though any of the boll weevil
infested districts of Texas or Louisi
ana the peisou or corporation bring
ing them in is guilty of a misdemean
or with tine n >t exceeding $100 or im
prisonmeut not exceeding 30 days.
With regard to the laws of ihe States
of Alabama, G ?orgia; North Carolina,
Mississippi and Louisiana, nearly all
of which prohibit the movement of
products infested with the boll weevil,
lt would be well nigh impossible for
any coinmou carrier to get any such
product as far as South Carolina. The
law in Alabama for instance, enacted
in 1?D3, provides a tine of $600. The
Lou siana law ls almost as severe and
inc'ud s oats.
"For further information 1 will say
that thc Infestad eli tr?ete of the
State of Texas may b; ni irked on the
map of that State by drawing a line
from uorth to smith through the
northwestern edge of Starr county to
the eorthern edge of Stephens coun
ty, thence northeast from Stephens
county to north end of the dlvlbion
line between Crayson and Kanni ii
counties, thence in a southeasterly
direction to the centre of Sabine par
ish, La., thence almost due south to
the southwestern point of Jefferson
county, Texas. The act of our legis
lature clearly prohibits common car
riers from bringing into this State
any product whatever through the
medium of which the boll weevil
might he introduced, provided that
product comes from districts indicated
within the boundary lines glveu
"There seems to lie m United
Slates regulation In regard to this
maller, all of the States having act
ing upon thc recommendation of en
tomology of the Unted States depart
ment of agriculture. Should you, or
those making the inquiries of you,
care to examine Hie acts of the sev
eral States referred to other than
South Carolina's act and read the
recommendations of the special agent
who has been conducting the boll
weevil investigations for the federal
government, they are upon tile in this
outee and 1 would be glad to afford
you the opportunity."
NEGRO ATTEMPTED ASSAULT.
A Little White Girl Hnd Narrow Ka
cupo from thc Fiend.
A dispatch from Hrevard, N. C., to
The Slate says about half-past 12
o'clock Tuesday a young negro at
temptcd au assault on a little l.'J-year
old girl, the daughter of a prominent
gentleman ol New Orleans, who is
spending the summer at a hoarding
house at Hrevard with her uncle aud
The girl, who has an attractive face
and dark brown curls, was returning
to her hoarding house, after getting
the morning mail, when she was ac
costed by a mulatto, apparently about
21 years old, who insolently said:
"Shake hands with me."
"I wont," she cried, and attempted
to run in the opposite direction, ?lien
he caught her by the throat and tried
to choke her, but she struggled and
screamed, which frightened the negro,
who ran off, while her cries attracted
Hie attenti in of tome boys who were
near the Hrevard roller (louring mills.
When they found her near the mills
on the railroad track, she was weep
ing and running distractedly, with
lier throat hearing the imprints of
the negro's lingers, hut fortunately
he had been unable to accomplish Iiis
Tbe child was brought to the Tran
sylvania lodge, where she was given
every attention, while the alarm was
given, and in a few moments dozens
of armed, excited men were scouring
every section of the country. With
in an hour a young negro was captur
ed, bub when brought before the child
she said he was not the right, person.
An hour afterwards another negro
ssas caught whose description tallied
In every particular with that first
given by the child, and she laen ti lied
him except as to his hands. He was
promptly ommitted to jail, and the
judge who is holding court here now
says -he will bc given an immediate
trial, if the posse uow scouring the
country do not bring in a man who ls
positively Identified. The whole com
munity Is greatly excited, but lt ls
thought that a lynching will be avert
lt is expected that a neg'ro from
South Carolina working for a negro
farmer named Arthur Ilemphill may,
he the assailant, and the road to South
Carolina will he strictly guarded.
No doubt Hre'r Waring, of the
Charleston Post, knows how a candi
date feels who baa bien left stranded
on the bleak shores of defeat.
OF SOUTH CAROLINA,
CLIIMTOrSI, s. e.
BOARD, ROOM-RENT and TUITION .for Collegiate Ye
1117.50. Next Session begin? Sept. 22, 1904. *
For Catalogue or information address'
A1 Osborne's Business College
. AUGUSTA, GEORGIA
OR TUITION REFUNDED
0 AND TELEGRAPHY
Most in Quanti ly. - Belt tn Quanti.
ForWYeaiTHa^ Remedies. \ W?r
SOIaO BT ALL DH-tlGrClrlBTS.
JAMES F. BALLARD, St. Louis.?
Don't think thnt every one who hangs out a sien as a "watch*
maker" ia oompotent to repair your lino watch. Ropairora who
are fully competent are acaree. We do work only one way,--the
beat-we ean make any part of a walch, or a complete watch.
Our prices are of ton. no more than you p?y for Inferior work.
When our charge for work 1B $1.50 or over we will pay express charge ono way. Send os your
watoh, P. H. LiACH?CIIOTTE & CO. Jowelors, 1424 Main St., Columbia, S. 0.
I COLUMBIA LUMBER & NFC. CO.
? ' :f ;-:^COi^MBl>VS:c.i:':(,V,c ,
Everything for supplying Saw Mills, Oil Mills, Quarries and Ginneries.,,-^
Belting, Packing, Shafting, Hangers, Pulleys, Pipes, Valves, Fittings, In
jectors, Lubricators, etc. 10,000 ft. of good 1 in. second band black pipe
for sale. Write
COLUMBIA SUPPLY 00.,
Columbia, S. C. The machinery Supply house of the state.
Southeastern Lime & Cement Co.
CHARLESTON, S. C.
Building Material of all kinds. High Grade Hoofing
"RUBEROID." Write for prices.
Whiskey I Morphine I Clgaret I Alb Drug and Tobacco
Habit,. I Habit | Habit | Habits.
Cured by Keeley Institute, of SS. C.
1329 Lady St. (or P. O. Box 75) Columbia, S. ?. Confidential correspond
Iviine Cement, Plaster,
Terra Cotta Pipe, Rooting Paper, Car lots, small lots, write,
Carolina. Portland Cement Co., Charleston, 8. O.
How I Cure Them.
HOOK BENT FREE ON REQUEST, SPE
CIAL MEDICAL LETTER ALSO
Every sick Woman who earnestly dodrea to
recover her health should write me, describing
bow she puffers, and I will p tint out to her a
simple m eu na of permanent cure. At any rate
EXECUTION OF A BRUTE.
Iicj-nl Execution ul a Piena for a Re
George Williams, tbe Jefferson
county negro who waylaid and crlmi- *
naly assaulted Laura Knade near
Harper's Ferty, W. Va., several weeks
ago, waa banged at the State prison in
Moundsvllle Friday evening aF'fCt?!
o'clock. Eleven minutes later life was
pronounced extinct and the body was
cut down and prepared for burial in
the prison cemetary. Williams never
J 'ost bis nerve and went to the scaffold
.vithout a whimper, declaring to the
last bis innocence. The crime was per
haps the most revolting in the crimi
nal annals ol' the Stale. Laura Knade,
a beautiful while girl who.-.e family ls
une of the most, prominent in the east
ern Panhandle, left ber borne on a
bright duly morning delving to Har
per's Ferry to board a train for the
world's fair. On tbe way Williams
waylaid tbe girl and committed the
assault. The crime aroused tbe coun
trvside to a man aud when tbe negro
was captured publie excitement be
came so great that the prisoner was
taken over the burder into Maryland.
Tbe excitement was allayed seeming
! ly and* Williams was taken to Charles
Recognized as the oldest established town jail but again mubs formed and
and Mosi Reliable Special. | ?*e PJ??ner was hurriedly taken to
ii will not t
|iose lo euri!
Moundsvllle penitentiary to await
trial. Guy. White called out the na
tional guard and under its protection
Williams was taken back to Charles
town and tbe trial held under military
protection. The night before tbe trial
the excitement culminated in the for
ost anything to lind out how l pro
> your disease, so I ur?;o that you
write me without delay. Thousands of sick
women have cured themselves up in this way.
Out of the ripeness of twenty-live years ex
perience as a specialist, I have developed au
entirely DBW Kystom of curing chronic diseases
and it adapts itsulf especially well to tho ?uro mation of the largest mob Of all and
of diseases of women, to which 1 have given assaults were made on the jail but the
special study all my 1 fe, J wi I ?V^0/?^ I militia, under Col. Sims, succeeded in
your case, and understanding lt, I will readily1 1 ' .
?Ind tho moans of eure. li the general run ol', overawing the Citizens and then fol
I doctors have failed, if patent medicines that1 lowed the trial which speedly resulted
aheap, but are really costly in the end in a ver(ijct ()f guilty and tbe sentence
have done you no good, theil I am inoro
certain that 1 will ciire you, for stubborn cases,
aro the ones 1 want to hear from, I will euro
you fifty per cent quicker tluui by the old
method, and Rive you audi a treatment as will
not only cure your disease, hut build you up
thoroughly and make you feel better in every
1 want especially to hear from women who
have trouble with the womb, ovaries or ner
vous system, who suffer from loucorrhen
and menstrual ilifliciillicn, disorders of
tho blood, weak heart, headache, neuralgia
vertigo, stomach trouble, rheumatism, skin
affections, kidnoy troubles, any disease of tho
throat, lungs or urinary organs. To such as
these, I will guarantee speedy ami complete
recovery hy my new original method. At any
rate, you should investigate this maller Ini
tiier, ami if you will write me regarding your
self, I will study \our caso and report to you
fully how to ho cured. All this will cost youl
nothing. I will also inclose a booklet of my own '
writing going into all the special diseases of
women with Symptoms, causes and effects,
free of charge. Voil are at HO expense what
ever, KO if you really want to lie cured and
not he a weakling all your life, 1 expect to
leur .'rom von soon. My private address is
.1. Newton Hathaway, M. D" 88 Inman Itldy.,
221 S. Ilroad St., Atlanta, lia.
Try lo write me today.
A Private Sanitarium.
Dr. L. G. Corbett, for so long at the
head Of I lie Keeley Inst it ute in Sunt li
Carolina, and of "late connected with
tbe original Institute at Dwight, 111.,
bas returned to South Carolina and es
tablished at Greenville a Sanitarium
fur tho treatment of nervous diseases,
ami the drug and liquor habits. His
friends and former patients know that
his ability ls unquestioned; and tts bc
is enabled to give t bis service at a more
reasonable cost than is usually paid,
many afflicted with I hose maladies are
availing themselves of the benefit tu
bo tieri ved there.
to bang at Moundsvllle September 9.
Tun Augusta Chrouicle says: "An
'indignant subscriber' who writes to
stop the weekly Chronicle and whose
letter, by the way, came to hand hi
thc same mall with two yearly sub
scriptions for the dally - wants us to
understand that he would 'swim the
Savannah river for Tom Watfon.'
Although the Savannah river itself
needs washing just now, still, we have
no doubt that thc performance would
Improve his sanitary condition-but
otherwlso we are not Interested."
Tin: Cullimbin Record says: "The
unwritten law in reference to two
terms for railroad Commissioner might
now he said tu be written, and we
think this is shown in the defeat of
Mr. G ir ris. lt was generally ack
nowledged that be was thoroughly fa
miliar with the intricate matter of
rates and was well equipped to accept
ably lill the duties of the office. He
made a great mn, but still the rule
prevailed one term fur a railroad
com m i sioner."
CHARLES C. LESLIE
WHOLESALE DEALERS IN
FISH AND OYSTERS,
8 and 'JO Market Street, Charleston, S. C.
Consignments of .Country Produce uro Ko
apectlillly Solicited. Poultry, Eggs, &c.
Pish packed in barrels and boxea for country
trade a specialty.
Williamston Female College
Will open in its now buildings at
Greenwood, S. C.
Tuesday, Sopt. 27, WOT.
Our well known advantages with valuable
additions. Send for catalogue to
Rev. Jno. 0. Wilson, Wi ll tamaton, S 0.
Mullet! Mullet! Mullet!
and ?til kinds of Fresh and Salt Water
tish and oysters. If you are dealing in
Fresh Fish or Intend to deal in thom
write for prices and send your ordrs to
TERRY FISH CO., Charleston, S. C.
or COLUMBIA FISH & ICE CO
Columbia S. C. We ship only fresh
caught tish and our prices are as low
t bey can be sold at. Write us. Try
us anti bo convinced.
<t> tsr HAH BANK DEPOSIT
yJjsJmX?XJx? Railroad Faro Paid. 500
* KU Ki: Courtes Offered.
Iff IPV" ul lb-ili?TI BoardatCost. WrltoQul;?