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"DO THOU LIBERTY GREAT. INSPIRE OUR SOULS AND MAKE OUR LI VES IN THY POSSESSION HAPPY OR OUR DEATHS GLORIOUS IN THY CAUSE.'
BENNETTSVILL?, S. C., FRIDAY, OCTOBER 21, 1904.
WILL NOT HANG.
Hoyt Hayes t-aved From Gallows
by the Governor's Decree ,
IN THE PENITENTIARY FOR LIFE
Carvalho, Celebrated Handwriting
Expert, Declares Tbat Mrs.
J?ula Hayes Was tho Author
of the All Important Note.
Hoyt Hayes will not be hanged.
Gov. Heyward has commuted his sen
tence to Ufo imprisonment in the
State penitentiary. This action was
based pr loci pally on tho decision of an
expert examiner of questioned hand
writing. Hayes had been convicted
of having killed his wife, and the evi
dence was purely circumstantial, with
nothing to show motive, and for that
reason lt appealed to the governor
that there might be cause for doubt;
the statement of the expert Increases
that feeling of doubt to such an ex
tent that Gov. Hey ward is unwilling
to see the man suffer the death penal- ,
ty. On the other hand he does not i
grant an unconditional pardon for the
- ' reason that there are so many circum
stances unfavorable to the accused
that a commutation of sentence seems ?
to him to be the only alternative. I
In making the announcement Fri
day night Gov. Hey ward said: "The 1
papers in this case were submitted to 1
me about three weeks ago and follow
ing my usual custom 1 referred them 1
to the trial judge and solicitor in or- !
der to get their aid in passing upon 1
the petition. 1
"S jllcitor Beggs said: "Defendant ?
sentenced to be hanged on Oct. 14, i
1904, 1 concur with the circuit and !
supreme courts." I
"Judge Daitzler made the follow- !
% lng report: 'The testimony in thu, 1
case bav?DJf been printed and present- 1
ed to your excellency for considera- J
tion, 1 respectfully return petitions 1
without expressing an opinion or mak j
lng a recommendation, leaving it tn
your excellency to reach a just conclu
sion frcm thc consideration of such 1
"I then carefully read the testi
mony and 1 examined the written ex
hibits used on trial. The evidence was
antlrely circumstantial, the defendant 1
and his wife being alone at the time :
of her death,
"The State failed to show any mo
tive for ,the crime. The defense re- 1
lied upon the theory that the deceas- 1
ed committed suicide and a note was j
produced, claimed by the defense to
be in her handwriting. This note
reads as follows:
" 'LULA. ?
* " 'Tjirn t~\"< . ^?;-t .hut ,J <
had rf*' die than to huye'the pain 1
and sickness of motherhood, therefore ]
g 1 write to lot you know 1 did it.'
T 1 The State Claims that this note
was a forgery by d?fendent, produced <
by him in oruer to furnish the founda- ?
tion of a defense.
"The question then, who wrote this i
note, was a most material clrcum- i
Ht ance to be considered in this case.
Testimony of local experts was had at
the trial, the prepdonderauce of such
evidence being in favor of the genu
ineness of the paper. Realizing this to 1
be a most material point In th . case 1
sent all the written exhibits used on
trial to Mr. David N. Carvalho of New
York, the most prominent expert ex- i
amlner of questioned handwriting,
inks and paper in America, with the
request that he render an opinion
After keeping the papers several day.- :
he returned them with bis repart.
"Mr. Carvalho is entirely disinter <
esten and while his opinion was not
tested by examination in court, ii <
shows that the State may have erred j
in charging the defendant with for
gery, in order to conceal his crime
This presents a ca.se where there is a ,
strong possibility that the clrcum '
stances now showing thc defendant's
-gili\?JS?iyf in the future, he explained
away. 1 cannot bring myself to au
thorize the inlliction of the death ;
sentence, which would now and for
ever prevent any correction of the
mistake, should these circumstances
"Thc exercise of the pardoning
power can be governed by no inlloxible
rule. I have been governed by a sense
j of grave responsibility in this mattel
to both the State and myself."
Gov. Ilcyward stated Friday night
that he had received a petition signed
by about 1,000 people asking for ex( cu
tlve clemency and another petition
signed by about half that number
urging him to let Hie verdict and the
sentence stand. Great pressure had
been brought to bear to have the man
hanged and on account of the preva
lence of lawlessness in the State ont
writer had urged him to let the ac
cused be hanged even if he were not
Mr. Carvalho says the note on which
Hayes was convicted was written by
Mrs. Hayes as Hayes claimed it was
Theexpett compared the note with
other writing of Mrs. Hayes and saici
they were written by the same per
son. This cleared Hayes of forging
the note, and Gov. Heyward was al
most compelled to act as he did in
commuting the sentence.
GERMANS FUR PARKER.
Teutonic Vote Said to bo A^ainM
Itoosevelt Thin Year.
Carter H. Harrison, mayor of
Chicago, conferred Thursday at New
York with Judge Parker oncoming
political affairs in illinois, Wisconsin
and Indiana. Mayor Harrison's visit
lasted two hours or more. When
Mayor Harrison left the apartment
of Judge Parker he said laughingly to
tho Associated Press:
"I came to deliver the electoral
votes of Illinois, Wisconsin and In
diana." Afterwards he said if that
was not a big enough contract he
might include the vote of Iowa.
Speaking of the political poll made
by the Democrats in Illinois he assert
ed that lt had not been thorough out
side of Gook county, but that Chicago
Bhowed largely Democratic.
"So much so," he said, "that with
the Gerir?? voie which is with UR
I think we have a goori ohanoe tx
carr/ the state. I will n t g vt
figures on any one of the three bimbel
mentioned. I never give estimate*
until shortly before eleotlon and then
the ligures I give are acurate. The
German \ote in Illinois ls nearly one
third of the vote of the state. It is
with us on the question of imperial
ism. The Germans of my state left
their own country because of an Im
perialistic form of government, and
chat tendency displayed In the pres
ent administration will turn the
Germans from the Republican party."
Acknowledging his defeat by the
Democratic faction led by former
Mayor John ii. Hopkins, ot Chicago,
Mayor Harrison declared there aro no
opposing factions in the party in
Illinois now, and that "the Demo
crats are united against the common
REMINDER OF THE WAR.
A. Box ol Lenden Bullets lid t by Sher
Now and then some reminder of the
Civil war is picked up in an excavation
or in other place w here it has long
been buried from sight. Bullets, piec
es of shells, fragments of gun carriag
es and other trophies aro eagerly
treasured by the collectors. The Co
lumbia State says on "Sunday after
noon a mill operative named II itt
found near what is called Granby ford
J. large box eight by 12 feet in size
lying in the mud near the river bank.
No one had ever seen the bux before
for the water has never been so low as
now. Illtt prized the box out of the
mud and found that the lid was care
fully screwed down. He procured a
screw driver and opened the box and
found that lt was full of old style
leaden bullets, 5(1 calibre, and design
ed for use in Spencer carbines and
rides such as were used by the federal
soldiers during the Civil var. Hittie
ported his lind to Mr. W. T. A tkin--,
ion of the Metropolitian Life Insur
ince company, who brought a few of
the bullets to The State office Tues
iay. There was about 75 pounds of
these bullets in the box, the paper
eaps having rotted away from
ibem for some water had entered the
oox despite the fact that the lid was
fastened so tightly, lt is thought that
these bullets must have been dropped
by Sherman's army when fording the
river or crossing on pontoons to come
to this city in 1805. The federal forces
carried Spencer rifles. These bullets
ire indented at the base and when
they left the muzzle Hared open and
produced a dreadful wound about an
inch and a half in diametar. Only a
few of them were taken from the box
md the remainder left there as the
oox was too heavy to be carried."
State Fair Bates.
The matter of rates to tho fair from
Ul of the principal patts of South
karolina-bas .-boer; Sn&Hy' Rot?ed^antr
Friday the following table was pre
pared by Mr. B. H. Todd.-city ticket
i gen tot the Southern:
anderson. $4 41
Rock Hill. 3.2(?
Chester. 2 08
York ville. 3.48
Lancaster. 2 02
VVinnsboro. 1 87
blackville. 2 28
Maru well. 2.50
st. Matthews. 1.84
Branchville. 2 74
Jharieston . 4.01
Johnston. 2 22
Trenton. 2 43
Aiken. 2 ?0
Edge Held. 2.01
Bnnetts ville. 3.88
Conway. 3 lu
Dillion. 4 14
Manning. 2 52
In addith n to the regular passenger
trains running on convenient sched
ules from various points to Columbia,
tba Southern railway will operate
special trains Wednesday, v)ctober
20th and Tuursday, October 27, on
the foil jwing schedules:
Between Branchville and Columbia:
Wednesday, October 20th and Thurs
day, October 27th, 1U04. Leave
Branchville 0 30 a. m.; leave Howes
ville 0.55 a. m.; leave Orangeburg 7.15
a. m.: leave St. Matthews 7 lo a. m.;
leave King ville 8 05 a. m.; leave
Westons 8.25 a. m.; arrive Columbia
8.50 a. m.
Returning, leave Columbia october
20iti and 27tb, at 8 30 p. m.
Btween Sumter, Camden and Co
lumbla, October 2t?oii and 27th, 1004:
Leave Camden 8.45 a. m ; arrive
Ringville 8.00 a. m.; leave Suinter
7.00 a. m.; arrive Ringville 8 Od a.
m ; arrive Columbia 8.50 a. m. Return
ing train will be operated on the
following schedule: Leave Columbia
8.30 p. m ; arrive Sumter 10.10 p. m.;
arrive Camden 10.45 p. m.
At St. Paul, Minn., P. W. Scannon
and wife, of Minneapolis, fell from
ihe third story window of the Ger
mania Life building to thc stone side
walk Friday afternoon. The woman
was killed and Scannon was not ex
pected to live. The woman's neck wa.k
said to have been broken. Tney both
struck on their heads. .Scannon is tin
inventor of a lire escape and it was
during a test of the apparatus thal
the accident occurred. Ile had swum
himself down from the eighth door ol
uhe building to tho third, where hii
wife was awaiting him in a window
Thc rope which sustained them wai
light and when the woman's weighi
was added to that of her husband, tin
stone window ledge above cut tb
strands of the rope, letting both fall
MUST DO OUR SHARE.
The Democratic States Must Help
Carry ] he Doubtful States.
MONET NEEDED FOR THE WOHK
Mr. Willis B. Dowd, Representing
the Do m o o mt ic National Com
mittee, Is In South Carolina
"It 1B up to the south to elect Par
ker," said a gentleman Wednesday.
inasmuch as the gentleman ls an
authorized representative of the Dem
ocratic national campaign committee
the assertion called for au explana
tion. The south's electoral votes be
ing certainly solid for the Democratic
ticket, it is generally considered that
no more than these votes is expected
from the south and that the election
binges upon the votes of the "dobut
ful States." But the gentleman
quoted proceeded to show that south
ern Democrats, having an easy thing
in their own States, must be relied
on to help carry the doubtful ct m
mon weal tbs.
The speaker was Mr. Willis B.
Dowd, a lawyer cf New York city,
who was in Columbia Wednesday on
importa?t business for the national
Democratic committee. He is a na
tive of North Carolina, but has lived
tn New York for many years, and
while always interested in politics,
has never been specially active until
this campaign. He thinks that olroum
stances never so loudly called for ac
tivity on the part of people who have
the good of the country-and especi
ally southern-born people-as now.
Mr. Dowd is a member of the Demo
eratic club of New York and of the
Parker Constitution club, and was one
of the invited guests at the recent
Manhattan club reception to Judge
Paikcr. ile, however, threw down
his personal affairs and renounced all
social and politico-social engagements
in order to do the work assigned to
bim. What that work is and how
important lt is, he explained to a re
porter of The State Wednesday at the
Mr. Dowd, with the assistance o?
the Democratic campaign handbook,
prepared the following tables:
F1GURE8 THAT TALK.
Here are the southern States cer
taiu for Parker:
Dem. States. Elec. Votes.
Arkansas . 9
Mississippi... !. 10
Missouri. .,. 18
North Carolina... 12
?South Carolina.. !. it
West Virginia. 7
Here are the northern States counted
certain for Parker:
New York. 39 I
Necessary to a choice.239
Total certain Democratic vote.. . .213
Votes to be gained. 26
Here are three ways to gain them:
New Jersey. 12
New Jersey. 12
Indiana . IS
VICTORY IN SIGHT.
"Victory is in sight," said Mr.
Dowd, "but you can say the same
thing when you see two persons sit
down to play a game of chess, with
the beard and men In full view. The
result, of course, depends upon the
relative skill of the players."
"Do you regard politics asa game?"
the reporter asked.
"No, 1 do not," was the emphatic
answer, "lt is more like warfare,
but the principles governing games or
war apply equally in politics. Weak
ness cannot overcome strength. Lack
of organiz ttion and cooperation can
not prevail against organiz ilion, sys
tem and efficiency. Everybody must
The reporter admitted on behalf of
"Well, then," continu.d Mr. Dowd,
"take another look .*t our ligures
Here wc have a group of southern
States with Ititi electoral votes, and a
group of northern States with 47 elec
toral votes struggling with a group of
Republican States with 218 electoral
vet s for certain other northern and
western States with 45 electoral votes.
Eighteen States, If you please, against
22, struggling for live. You see that !
the odds favor the Republicans to this 1
The reporter saw it and didn't
"Tiie worst ls to come," continued
Mr. Dowd, who says that he believes
In sticking to the literal truth all the
time. "We s.'C 22 solid llepublican.
States in absolute accord as to the
Importance of carrying the doubtful
States, and all obeefully chipping in
to help carry them for Roosevelt.
What has been tho condition of affairs
heretofore among the Democratic
States? Why, the southern group
has hot contributed at all toward the
i atlonaj campaign fund and the bur
den has fallen on a few northern
States, not only to carry their own
elections but to win tho doubtful
"You aro talking of what bas
been," the reporter sahl. "What
about the present?"
"1 have o ve-ry reason to believe that
things will be different this year,"
said Mr. Dowd. "A sympathetic
method ls making to awaken the whole
SOUth to the importance of taking a
hand in the fight and the favorable
outcome of it is already assured. I
have talked with Chairman Jones of
your State committee and he assures
me that South Carolina will do her
. "What in general ls expected of the
south?" the reporter Inquired.
"Well, let me ask you a question,"
said Mr. Dowd, turning to interview
the Interviewer. "Do you think IO
cents per voter is too much for the
national committee to spend on the
qualified electors of this na' ion in or
to show them the way to vote and to
see that they get in line to do it?"
Ile got a negative response.
"Very good. There are about 14,
000,000 qualified voters in this coun
try and 10 cents apiece makes 81,400,
000, does it not? and would lt bc ask
ing too much of the south to pay one
tenth of that amount? You have In
South Carolina, I believe, 41 counties
and would lt be a burden for each of
them to put up $200 for the worthy
cause of helping us dispose of Roose
velt and Crum'-'"
"It ought rot to be," The State
man responded, with alacrity. .
. "I am not here demanding any
thing," continued Mr. Dowd, "but
only explaining the situation as 1 see
it, and leaving the rest to your peo
BBFUBLICAN MON HY ABUNDANT.
Mr. Dowd went on to say that the
Republicans have plenty of money,
that Chairman Cortelyou's campaign
chest ls full to overllowing. Thc vast
corporate and private interests which
profit by Republican policies and spec
ial privileges are contributing liberal
ly; and in New York Gov. Odell and
Lieut. Gov. Higgins, the nominee for
governor, whose political fortunes are
at stake, are both men of large wealth
and can reach and Inlluence the cor
porations. As the R -publicans re'y for
campaign funds upon those who will
benetit by Republican success, so must
the Democrats depend upon those who
have most at slake in a Democratic
victory. Realizing what may befall the
south should Mr. Roosevelt with his
pro-negro policy be elected, the Dem
ocratic managers have concluded that
the soul h should be appealed to for
financial help In carrying the doubt
ful States. The farmer, who pays the
tariff tax, and the manufacturer and
merchant, wno will be injured by un
settled political conditions incident to
the race question, are expected to
bear their share of the expense. Rut
the election is only four weeks oil and
what Is done must be done quickly.
THU PB'. SPECT.
Mr. Dowd was asked as to pros
pects. He said that as bis tables show,
ne considers New York certainly
Democratic. The city organization ls
as near perfect as pi ssible and the up
State organization is better than ever
Owing to Odellism there is a 'revolt
among the Republicans and the Dem
ocrats are confident of carry Jrp- "Now
York fdr Parker as v/eli as Tor Her
As to the general situation Mr.
Dowd said that the organization is in
fine condition and all that is needed
is money-mouey to be used in legiti
mate ways, such as hiring bands and
carriages on electiod day nd halls and
paring expenses of printing and circu
lating literature. Mr. Dowd said that
Tom Taggart is a genius at organiz
ing, as iB Judge Parker himself, and
that with the proper support Mr.
Taggart can carry Indiana and New
A MONO HIS VU IKS D.S.
Mr. Dowd is an exceedingly affable
gentleman and looks the typical New
York lawyer. He met some old friends
here. He was a pupil of Col. John P.
Thomas at Charlotte and spoke very
affectionately of bis old instructor and
very appreciately of the strict mili
tary discipline he inculcated. One of
Mr. Dowd's sebo Imates was Mr. A.
K. Sanders of Sumter, who was lu the
city Wednesday attending a meeting
of the penitentiary directors, and the
two got together and swapped stories
of foi mer days. Mr. D ?wei also called
on Mr. John P. 'i bomas. Jr , whom he
knew in Charlotte and who is now
Democratic county chairman of Rich
In the evening Mr. Dowd left for
Charleston to continue his work. From
there he will prceeed according to In
structions from headquarters.-The
A (liJEt?R MAN.
Arrested for Throwing Five Thous
and Dolliirs in the Street.
Thomas Fitzgerald, a well-known
resident of Jewett City, Coan., was
found on the street in Willimantie I i
city early Wednesday throwing away 11
greenbacks, ehecks and coins. He |
was locked up. Two $1,000 bills were I I
found on him, together with hills of j i
smaller denomination and several
large checks, amounting in all to
more ti an $f>,000.
He could give little account of him
self. Ile was identilied by Maj ir
Dennis, of Sullivan, a former resident
of Jewett City, who is stopping at
Wllllraantle. Thc police have com
municated with tho Selectmen of
Jewett City, and Fitzgerald will prob
ably be taken, back to have a conserva
Fitzgerald worked In the large Sla-,
ter mills iu Jewett City, and badi*
saved up his small fortune out of his j '
wages. One thousand dollars of the M
money is said to belong to his sister. ('
Ile has been away from home for
about six week^, and a warrant is out
for him on a charge of desertion. Ile
married recently a handsome young
woman, thirty years bis junior, and
they have one child less than a yu ir
Tho man was dressed shabbily, but
lils p ckets bulged with yellow back
currency. Some of lt WJS gathered
up from the sidewalk where ne drop
ped lt as he walked along. He said
he was looking for a bank in which to
deposit lt. Some of tho checks were
drawn on New York banks, and oth
ers on Norwich banks. Ile owns real
estate in Jewett City, and recently
sold a valuable piece of real estate for
one dollar. His young wife has been
looking for him f ?r a month. *
TiiKKR Is said to he no truth In the
rumor that President Roosevelt will
order Gen. Leonard Wood to return
home and follow on thc tri? il cf Gen
In Kia Report Dr. Mell Suggests Ex
. 't? tending the Dormitories
AS MORE ROOM IS NEEDED.
? J -
Che. Finan o I al Showing of the In
B tl tut lon Indioatcs That Thero
ta a Surplus After Mak
fiwj IHR Improvements.
Tho annual report of Clemson col
eg? Was filed recently with Superlu
endent of Education Martin. The
eport. is for the school year ending
une :!0, 1904, and ls the fifteenth
nade. Tho preliminary shows that
n every department it was necessary
o lill vacancies made by resignations,
bowing that Clemson graduates and
professors are in demand elsewhere.
?bo demand and expenditures are
norm?us and are given In the tabu
ited report below as follows:
The college opeued with 580 stu
cuts and this Increased to G05. ^\cr
GO applied for entrance. The board
epoits with regret that the trustees
lave not sutlloient money to increase
he accommodations of the college,
t ls estimated that could this he
enc the attendance would be fully
,000 a year.
Agr.cultural, 188 in freshman and
3 lu other three classes.
Chemical, 215 students.
Mechanical, 340 students.
Textile, 41 students.
Civil engineering, 14 students.
In the preparatory department out
f 140 in the class 01 remained until
lie end of the session and 53 <. f these
DS2 to the freshman class, 28 being
ountry boys and 25 town boys.
Enrolled under the new scholarship
iw this year were 204 students dls
rib?ted according co an opinion of
lie attorney general as follows:
Seniors 5, juniors 21, s-iphomores
7, freshmen 97, preparatory 34,
The report of the fertilizer inspec
lon department for 1904 as compared
rith 1903 ls a follows:
1904-Tax c dlecetd, 810<>,730. Tons
f fertilizer sold 420,921.
1903 -Tax collected, 3103,432. Tons
f fertilizer sold, 413,728.
The expenses, including salaries and
nst of inspection was $9,150.77 for
904. as-'.ompared with 89.2uo.08 for
903. i .
Thesotal income of the college in
ludlcg interest, fertilizer tax, tul
lun, Morrill fund, land s:rlp, Ciern
an bet'uest, etc., ls $108,694 G2.
The :otal expenses of the cjllege to
uno 3* were 8128,038.25.
?HE PRESIDENT'S REPORT.
In,tis annual report to the. general
t?r P- H. Mel!, president of
Memsen college, states that 74 ap
illcant^ were denied admission to the
ollege this fall, and he suggests that
t will be necessary to enlarge the
ormlt^rles and the laboratories. Ile
Iso recommends that tue liscal year
ie changed so that lt will end at the
ame time as the liscal year of the
itate government-Jan. 1st instead
f July 1st. The scholastic year over
he State ends on the date last nam
Another matter of general interest
n the report is the statement as to I I
he summer institutes conducted in a
lumbar of places in the State by
uembers of the Clemson faculty. The 1r
otal attendance on these institutes | I
vas 5,900, and the number attending
he State institute at Clemson was
Dr. Mell refers with pride to tho
onduct of the military department
if the college and gives an account
if the march to Anderson, 18 miles
Lway, and the sham battle. The
adet corpse is reported to have made
i tine appearance on this trip.
Dr. A. S. Sbealy, the veterinary in
?barge since the resignation of Dr.
destin,- who has gone to the Philip
lines, reports that he has made a
mmber of experiments with inocula
tion with the dreaded cattle ticks and
he experiments were successful,
ibo wing that it is possible to render
:attle Immune. The object of this is
o increase the raising of beef cattle
n the Slate. Texas fever was fourni
n 12 counties last summer.
Mr. Chas. E. Chambliss, in charge
if the department of horticulture,
vent to Texas to study the habits ot
he lioil weevil and is now preparing
'or circulation a report on this pest
vhlch ls ruining the cotton belt west
A the Mississippi river. He was call
id lo a number of counties in thi*
state by reports of the presence ot
he weevil, but found none.
A few days a^o a synopsis of tho
inancial report was given. Following
s a moro detailed statement for the
/ear ending July 1st, 1904:
Balance on hand July
1st, 1903. $8,093.42
interests on deposits... 1,001.24
Dash from Clemson be
Hash from land scrip.. . 5,751 00
Dash from dalry herd... 2,72i>. 18
Dash from dairy. 504.32
Dash from rents. 3uo uo
Dash from electric plant. Til 08
Dash from farm. 901 47
Dash from tutlon. 3,250 uo
Dash miscellaneous. 139 5i
Jash fr, in Morrill lund. 12,500.00
Balance inspection tax,
1902 3. 21,170.29
inspection tax, 1903 4.. 100,201.15
(New agricultural hall) 843,040.83
Military department. 2,214.82
Academic department... 14,783.20
Preparatory department. 1,360 00
Executive department... 5, Hui.50
Agricultural department. 9,079.17
Mechanical department., 17,531.01
Chemistry dep irtment... 4,192.13
Textile department. 7,425.67
Karm manager. 900.00
Collecting tax atti an
alyzing fertilizers. $9,140.21
Veterinary Inspection.... 491.G8
Entomological inspection. 012.96
Total expenses.$140,115 15
Under the head of ''Miscellaneous
Expenses" the following items are re
Farm. 1,033 30
jeoture fund. 400.00
leat, light and water. 5,247 38
Portrait, Dr. Hartzog. 50.00
Construction and repairs... 1,540 26
Treasurer's ellice. 118 02
Contingent account. 934.79
?rint'ng ( nice_. 194.54
Dairy herd. 2 272.01
teetered herd. 796.90
3and.. .._ 33.95
-iand purchase. 447.50
Vuditlng books. 200.00
^resident's ofllce. 476.60
Calf barn.'.. 1.55
."or mathematics. 243.17
ichool house. 11.65
Chapel. 1,139 64
Advertising. 154 51
trustee medal. 25.00
^alr exhibit. 75.00
lt will bs seen f rum the above that
he college finished the year with a
(alance of ?28,000 after building the
grieu'fcural hall and extending the
laut for water distribution..
BB Y AN UN THE STOMP.
lo ls Now Speaking to Largo Crowds
i a I ii ii ia ii a.
W. J. Br)au addressed an open air
jeetlng at Marysville, Mu., on the
0th Instant pleading for the election
I Joseph W. Folk, Democratic can
idate for governor of Missouri,
'ouchingOD natural affairs he said he
.dieved his hearers would give him
redit for courage enough to oppose
'arker openly if he did nut regard him
s the best rr au for the place and that
e hoped his reputation for truth and
eraclty was such that his friend
..ould b.lie ve him when he said he
.as supporting the Democratic nomi
ees by every means lu his power,
n the afternoon of the same day he
ddressed a large meeting in Elm
ark. Having baen introduced as "the
aan who will some day Me president
f the United States," Mr. Bryan said
hat he used to thluk that he would
ie president and that he would be the
loses of thc Democratic party. "But
don't think so now," he said.
'Mosses, you know was slow of
peech, and the Lord selected Aaron
"s his spaechmaker. I bole! ve that 1
m the Aaron rather than the Moses
f Democracy. I am willing to be the
Aaron of the party, if cur Moses who
las been so slow of speech will but
ead the people out of the wilderness. '
SPEAKING IN INDIANA.
Wm. J. Bryan, accompanied by W.
I. O'Brien, chairman of the Demo
catio state committee, some of tito
uaders of the Fifth district, aud I f
nany newspaper men left Terre Haut
nd., on Wednesday on a special train
or an eight diys' speaking tour ol in
liana, (luring which he is scheduled I f<
,o make tilLy-two speeches. Mr. Bry
in, lu an address at Rockville, denied
,he charge that his wishes for the
tuccess ot the Democratic ticket this
rear were not earnest. Ile called at
ention to the fact that the Bacon re-11
solution was defeated in the United
states senate by but one vote, and
loninulng, said: "Had that resolution
>assed, there would have been no war
n the Philippines, 8600,000,000 we
lave spent to force a foreign govern
neut upon the pecp'e of those islands
vould have been saved and the dh
tstrous results of this war of conquest
would not have been." He regards the
lac in resolution, he said as the most
mportant question the United State;
tenate had had before lt in a quarter
)i a century.
Wanted to Kill Him. i
A dispatch from Valdosta, Ga., s
>aj s a mob of negroes are reported to t
nive tired upon the house of E J
Lngram, a well kuown negro mer
.bant of the TOIIILOAU suburb. He 1
oelieves they wanted to draw him c
iway from the house and then kill t
lim. lie brought a hand full of bul s
cts to the city which lie picked up on I
utie door after the rioters dispersed, r
He lied through a rear window to the
weo:ls where he dressed himself. A
ioze-n more shots were tired into the
house as he lied. He says that there
was a row recently In the church to
which he belonged a id some of the
members grew bit tor against him be
cause they thought he prec'pitatud
it. Ile t hinks that some of the broth
es have formed a "Fo Day Club" to
run him off or kill him._
Took ii in Own lilfOi
A dispatch to The State says Mr.
Goldsmith Thompson, a well known
young man and son of Judge ?. G.
Thompson, committed suicide Monday
night at the home of his father, tlvo
miles south of the city, by shooting
himself through thc head with a re
volver. He occupied a room alone and
upon Investigation after the report
of the pistol at 1 o'clock at night, a
member of the family found the young
man in his bed in an unconscious con
dition with a wound In his right tem
ple. He had been in ill health some
Lime and had bicorne despondent, a
fact that ls attributed as the cause ol
his act. Ile was about 32 years old
and unmarried. ?
At Gutherle, Okla., as a result of
a feud two men havo been killed, and
tho wife and two children of erne of
the victims Is perhaps fatally injured
Murield Davis and Jesse Meeks were
heads of two hostile families. Sunday
night Davis went to Meeks' house and
skot and killed him, then returned
home and shot his wire and two ohil
dren and thou suiolded,
SCARCITY OF LABOE.
Much Trouble Is Experienced in
Uathcrine tho Cotton Crop.
The ;'act that the negroes are leav
ng the farms year after year In
treater numbers to seek more profit
ible and easier employment, or to get
nto the towns where they can loaf
nd live as well as when they worked
iird all day, is aggravated just how
y the fact that the long continued
ry weather is causing cotton to open
'ith unprecedented rapidity. The
care', cy of labor was perhaps never so
ntensely and painfully felt than lt
? todey, according to rerorts which
each here I rom various parts of the
jw-country as well as from the red
ills of the Piedmont section of the
tate. Cotton pickers are getting
bout the best pay they have enjoyed
Ince the negroes were emancipated.
?he Charleston Post says :
Railroad Commissioner B. L. Caugh
lan, who has had varitd experience
s a practical farmer and who has ie
ently observed conditions in trips to
arums parts of the State State, said:
'"There is no doubt but that the
ry weather is causing the cotton to
pen with great rapidity, and there is
ho no doubt about thc wisdom of
avlng it gathered without delay, for
svo good reasons: If the cotton is
llowed to remain in the Held if lt
oes uot fall out of its own weight it
)ses heavily by the oil drying out,
nd what's of greater importance,
berc is always the grave danger ot
ne of i hese fall gales coming a'ong
nd blowing i: puc of the bolls on to
iie ground wbcre lt becomes stained
r ls lost altogether by careless plckcro
eglecting to gather it. A. gale like
tie one that started up here a few
ays atto would have resulted in a loss
f over $50,000 to South Carolina cot
on farmers had lt kept up a day or
Vi as I? generally it; custom.
"I don't know what's gotten Into
tie "negroes lately. They are leaving
lae farms rapid y, coming to town or ?
oing to what they call 'public works.'
tut those who rt main on the farm
re more trilling than negroes ever
ere before. Since the establishment
f rural free delivery the negro farra
rs are getting their nev.spapers more :
eneral y in ?-orne sections than the ?
hite farmers are getting theirs.
"The prevailing price for cotton
Icking is 50 per cent, higher today
ian it was last year or in several
jars. The standard price of 40 cents
hundred has been advanced to as
ad G5 cents, and 1 understand th50 ?
t some sections of the low-country at -
Igh as $1 a hundred is being paid,
ear tho cities that is causing the
iee and women servants, particular- ?
? the CMoks, to desert the households ,
od go to the fields.
"Another thing that is hurrying
ie farmers to get their cotton picked (
, that they have been f lightened luio :
ie belief that the price will go down
rom 10 cents to 9 and maybe 8 cents,
iut so far labor conditions arecon
?rned tue high price increases the ?
rouble. Fur this reason: When as
ired that the price will probably be ?
0 cents or more the country mer
hant will cheerfully stake the negro
ropper or renter, whereas when the
rice is low the merchant requires ,
he white farmer to stand for the ?
enter or cropper.
"But this heavier price for cotton
icklng ls not resulting in any more
otton being picked, as sad as that
act ls. It is the negro's cat ore to
/ork only for an immediate living,
nd the more pay he g';ts the less
/ork he is going to do. There were
Dur negro excursions into Columbia
here last week in as many days. This
nought several thousand negroes
here, many of whom would other
wise have been in the field. Thirty
o forty more bales o' cotton would
lave been picked but for'those exeur
iors. " *
A SALUDA OUUNIY TRAGEDY. .
?'rom Willett (One Mun 1B Dcnd mid
A dispatch to The State from
saluda says Monday night, 10th In
cant, near Richardson ville, in the
S otb:rn paiCuf that couLty, M. M.
? rse was shot and instantly killed
ind W. L. Henderson was wounded
n the right bani, lo the left arm and
prink led with shot in other parts of
Both parties were white and the
veapons used were shotguns. Just
low the affair was started and who
lid the shooting which resulted so
ragically will probably never be
traightened out. lt is known that
iad blood has existed between thc
lead niai and Henderson.
Several days ago Heilders n was
traveling the road by Morse's home,
Slurse cune ( til with a gun, and get
ing the drop on Henderson, it ls said,
jroceeded to abuse him in the most
violent manner. Morse, lt will be re
jailed, is t !i'! man whose hom : was
?bot into some months ago at 'iight.
rhereaf er Gov. Hey ward otTered a
reward for the capture of the parties
out nothing ever came of it.
From woat can be gathered thc
oasis of the trouble seems to have
:>een of a domestic nature. A niece
)f Henderson married Morse's son and
?liey were separated in the early patt
if the year. Henderson's brother
then went for his daughter and carrl
?d her to his home. To this action
iie dead m in took exception and ther?
las been an almost continual row ever
??nco, \Y. IJ. Henderson being even
iiuaily drawn into tho affair.
Monday hight when the killing oe
surred Moise and lils son-in-law, Mike
De Loach, were returning home from
R igt Held. They were in a buggy and
Morse was .carrying his gun. It ap
pears that they met Henderson in thc
center cf the road, and that arter a
few words the shooting commenced.
Just who the aggressor was can not
be ascertained. Chic report is that
Morse was shot two or three times,
the fatal shot being tired hilo the ab
(loaren. Henderson's right hand will
probably have to be amputated and
he may lo.e his h ft arm.
W. L. Henderson, lt will be recall
ed, figured In the tirst murder trial
ever held in this county, being tried
together with his father aud brother
for killing John Buzhardt. AU of
thom were acquitted. *
MECCA OF DEATH.
8uoh Proves 'o'be a'Drinking Place
in Hew York.
WOOD ALCOHOL DID THE WORK.
Twenty-five CUB tumers Who Drank
.it Friteohe's Barrel House
Died ia a Few Hours
After Drinking. _
New York bas a sensational case on
hand. Acting under Instruction from
the coroner, the poHce have taken
into custody Rudolph Fitsche, who
keeps a little saloon at 723 Tenth ave
nue, New York. Fitsche is charged
only with being a suspicious person,
but the police say that in his saloon,
it is suspected, whiskey was sold
which contained poison, and this
whiskey is responsible for the many
deaths that have occurred in the
neighborhood recently. Frltaohe only
recently bought th? place, which ls of
the variety generally described as a
Investigation of the numerous
deaths in the neighborhood during
the past few weeks showed that nearly
all those who had died suddenly were
customers of the "barrel-house."
Frlt'-cbe, after being taken to the sta
tion house, was admitted to bail. He
returned to the saloon, but the police
followed, olosely questioned the pro
prietor and closedJihe doors.
Twenty-five persons living In the
neighborhood, all of them mlcicj}
aged have died during the paatr^two
sveeks. The symptoms were in the
main identical. They >v7ere charac
terized by the attendant physicians
in all oases as those of alcoholism. In
the past twenty-four hours one death,
y?*t?r>(.ilohert Smith bas been report
ed while the following awaited burial:
Michael McAulifle, aged 45, died
Charles McLeavy, aged 50, died
William Delain died Friday, aged
Adolphe Lehman, died Sunday.
Nora M?Glnnes, died Sunday.
All these persons resided in a pre
scribed territory. * Lehman's stomach
and a bottle of whiskey purchased in
the neighborhood were taken to the
health department for analysis the
result of which has not yet been made
A doctor living in West Forty
Eighth street, who was called to
attend several of the persons mention
ed said - that while the cas s be had
seen were p'ainly enough alcoholism,
there was yet something . peculiar in
such an outbreak of the ailment in so '
circumscribed a territory.
"I was called," said he, "to see Mc- ...
Leavy. McAulifle lay dead of . the
same disease In a.room Just across thc
hall when I got there and McL?avy
was already dead when I arrived.
"It would appear as though there
bad been something in the form of
alcoholic beverage they had been tak
ing which had ? powerful effect in
arresting the heart's action. I have
found that in the case o?. several who
died they had been,- in the. habit o*. ..- -
buying whiskey at the rate of
cents a p'.ut and that in some.;
stances they drank great quantities,
pouring it into ordinary drinking
tumblers full and pouring it down as
though lt were water. It is barely
possible the whiskey was made of
Coroner Scholer has ordered the
chief statistician of the department
of health to furnish him a list of all
persons who have died during the past
three months in the district lying
between 4i5tn and 53d streets, Ninth
avenue and the North river. All will
be Investigated and if it is thought
advisable in any instance, the bodies
will be exhumed.
A report submitted later to Police
Captain Hussey by the department of -
health analyst, alleges that wood
alcohol was found In Lehman's
stomach and it is further alleged that
a bottle of whiskey purchased by a
detective also contained a large per
centage of wood alcohol.
Determined that no mistake should
be made, Coroner Scholer at once
ordered that the fuueral of McAulifle
and McLeavy be postponed and their
Samples also were taken from bar
rels of whiskey in Frltsehe's saloon
and the police took entire charge of
the place. Coroner Scholer declares
it is his opinion that the same kind
of whiskey will be found in other
saloons and that other deaths will be
traced to its use.
I ?sui teil Hts Wi lo.
n. A. Videtto, a promiuent mer
chant, of Augusta, Ga., was shot and
killed Friday night by H. D. Chap
man for an alleged insult to his wife.
A negro servant girl of Chapman's
had represented to Videtto that her
mistress was enamoured of him and
j repeatedly brought him messages
I which he returned. Emboldened by
their repetition he spoke to Mrs.
Chapman Friday morning who re
buffed bim forcibly. He then apolo
gized and explained why he had dared
address her. When she told her hus
band of the occurrence, ha- went to
Vldetto'R store and offefed him the
ciuice of a horsewhipping or some
I thing. wors3. Videtto tried to fur
1 tliet apologize but Chapman reiterat
I ed bia threats. Videtto turned to
ward a telephone to summon the po
lice when Chapman tired,.the bullet
?striking Videtto in thc back. He
was taken to the city hospital where
he died a few hours later. Chapman
Tlio States Needed.
Thc New York Herald says these
arc the states upon-which the Dcmo
I eratic national campaign managers
are counting on to supply the 80 elec
[ boral votes that mast be added to the
I vote of tho Sjlid South to give Judgo
Parker the 230 votes lu tho electoral
?college that constitute a majority of