Newspaper Page Text
Tho Second Fart of Senator Tillman's
- ' Speech at Gaffney.
SAYS LAW MUST BE INFORCET)
And BtiKRcatB Some Changos in lc
Which Ho~ Thinks Aro Es
sential to Its Proper
Last week we published Senator
Tillman's defense of the Dispensary
Law as set forth in his speech at
Gaffney, and this week we publish
theooncluding part of the same speech,
in which he suggested certain changes
lu the law, which we know will be
read with interest by our readers.
On this point Senator Ti'dman said:
I have a deep interest in the dis
pensary law; first because it gave mc,
as Governor, more trouble than
anything I have bad anything to do
with. The whole responsibility was
on me to enforce the law as it
was on the statute books, and I
pledged myself that I would dose
every bar in South Carolina and would
go the limit to see the law enforced
and the penalty imposed, and 1 did.
There have been men who were so
little and contemptible, so lost to all
sense of decency,' without a scintilla
of evidence, that they have charged
me with lining my pockets, and 1
know my fellow citlzms have never
given any credit to it. for they have
elected me lo the Senate twice since
these slanders were started. But the
situation in the State now ls certain
ly one that is most unsatisfactory!
The law, as it was written, I tried
to enforce. I had the law written, as
far as I could convert the L' gislature
to my ideas, as I deemed b; st. and
the first session after it went into ef
fect in 1803, we amended it. As s ion
as I left the Governor's office hardly
three or six months had elapsed be
fore they char ged it. They took the
system out of tuc control of the Slate
board, composed of the Governor, At
rney General and Comptroller Gen
ci\al, and they pot the power bf d'
Ltlng, controlling and purchasing
key in charge oi the State board,
apjloiuted by the Governor. That
hey have changed twice, and now the
State loird is elected by the General
Assembly. I would not have, come
here bttt.to give you my opinion, and
I want to labor with ray friends to
take this law and key-it up, and have
the machine run as a temperance
rather than as a money-making ma
chine. It was never Intended to be a
machine for money-making or for
prc fit. They say, and it is being
whispered everywhere, that certain
members of the board had nothing
when they were appointed, but that
now they have plenty. Another mau
had a mortgage on everything he had
wbeu he was appointed, but the otho!
day lie died and left his family a lot
of money. They do not spire even
the dead in their vile slanders. Wir,
is this situatior? Because the Legis
lature has put it in tt eir power. A
mau is elected on a salary of $400 as ;
member of the board of control, ano
it is said makes *H? OOO or $30,000 per
year. Mibd you, claiming for mytiell
that I way honest in every particular;
that I bought whiskey as best 1 cou lo
and never touch any of thc State's
money, I give these men who are in
charge ?the credit of brdug iust as
honest as I was, and those men who
charged 1113 with being dishonest are
charging the men now with being dis
honest, and that because these men
can get rebates, that they have got
ten them, If the question is as to
whether lt is now possible, I say o'
course it is.
As long as the present system of
purchasing whiskey by the month is
continued and as lung as there are a
dozen men going every month to sell
these goods, as long as there is a lot
of whiskey pile 1 up which di e^? not
come un to the pr .of, which cannot
be sold, you will hear stories that this
mau or that man is making great
sums of mor.ey out of it. They
obarged me with having stolen b>
cause I could have stolen. The rea
son they charged me is because they
could have stolen if they thad had
When the dispensary law was first
enacted we had io buy on credit to
OOO, and we had to buy cn credit to
do business. Fifty thousand dollars
would nut have bought enoiuli whls
key to nave given each of the men of
South Carolina a drink apiece. lam
ready to quit the defence of Hie bis
penrary law when you can say truth
indy, it ls a political machine. Ii
was not a political machine lu my
The governing board used to be the
Governor, the Comptroller General and
the Attorney General, but they said,
we must nut allow that to go on, be
cause that puts too much power in the
hands bf the Governor. 1 tried tb en
force this law and I sternly repressed
any effort to mix in pol it'cs. 1 never
had any constable with me ?m n y cam
paign when 1 ran for the Se?ale. < tue
or two did start out, but 1 'cussed'
them out, ran them back and told
them to attend t o their dut les us con
stables. Nu man should be allowed to
have the appintment of commissioner
unless he has a clean record and only
such men have had lt so far as 1 know.
The salary of the Slate liquor commis,
sioner has been increased from * 1,800
to 82,000 or $11,000, and he is required
to give a bond of $'75,000. 1 think it ls
to insure the faithful discharge of his
duties, but the commission r is not al
lowed to have anything to do willi the
whiskey until it is bought and he
merely keeps thc hooks and attends tu
the business details. My idea, and J
have spoken privately to the Gov rn r
once or twice, wa; to make a contrail
by the year with men who have hoi
esly and character and who distil
their own liquor and let them furnish
the State of South Carolina with all
we require for the year, and let tho
commissioners examine it and see if It
is of the proper grade. If you don't
trust the Governor, Attorney Gener
al, Comptroller Generaland the other
State officers, If they are not enough,
put anybody on whom you can trust.
Put my friend, Mr. Hickson, on, pu1
any set of men in charge who can com -
mund the confidence and respect of
the whole people, but take the dispen
sary out of politics and stop the vile
slanders that are destroying all confi
You can hear them continually say
ing this man is getting rich and that
rebates are paid to commissioners for
buying their goods. 1 have shown you
that this can be stopped by buying
your yearly supply from some great
firm which will furnish the State cer
tain grados of whiskeys and that, the.s?
whiskeys may be pure, let lt give bond
for 8000,000 that they will come up to
the standard In the contract. You can
putas many men on that hoard ?us you
please. If you can't tru-.t, the present
board, put on a Supreme Court Jus.
tice, or all of them, put on anybody
and get a board above suspicion.- When
I was in charge I bad four grades of
whiskey, IX, 2X, 3Xand 4X. They had
the Palmetto tree on lt. These g ody,
goody people, many of thom advocates
of license, have gone on first and stat
ed it was a disgrace to have the Slate's
emblem on the bottle. There was no
chance for the local dispenser to make
money, as the bottles were all alike,
but they charge now that the agents
of these several firms go around to the
local dispensaries and tay, 'every time
you sell a case of our goods we will give
you fifty cents. ' EO they charge that
local dispensers are teiug bought by
salesmen. If they used tho four State's
brands, you could see once more that
all whiskey would be as much alike as
black dried peas and that would pre
vent any local dispenser from being
corrupted. Y<>u go into a dispensary,
you will find fifty brands of whiskey.
Some the dispensers will push if he is
getting a commission. We can stop lt.
I have pointed out how it should be
done. We can stop any rebates or com
missions to any State board of control
who will make au anuu~l contract to
order it out as they need lt and hav
ing nothing mere than the four X's.
If the bO:irti cannot seud out any indi
vidual brand and all whiskeys are sold
as an X, lt would bein possible forth?
local dispenser to push a certain
The money coming from the dispon
sary I think it is jus', as clean as any
money. 1 differ with some prople, st 11
1 have my opinion. I believe the State
dispensary cm bc put under such cou
trol as will inspire confidence in th?
honesty of its administration. Wc ha vt
the light to govern ourselves and w<
will give ourselves just as good gov
eminent as we have sense enough t(
do. You are highest of all pol?tica
power in South Carolina, and If yoi
don't chose goori, clean men you an
responsible and the blame is on you
Now 1 w?int to apologize for havlui
trespasser! so long, but it is a grea
subject; it is one which cannot be dis
cus.-ed bg'itly or flippantly, but fal
and square, clean and truthful, aud I
l have given you any light 1 am glai
Mr. Ott : "What about thc bee
Senator Tillman: "1 hove neve
seen any law for a beer dispensary,
never had any beer dispensary when
controlled it. 1 do rr t see any la'
for running beer d'speusarlos as the
do. Any liber questions? I ma
nave left out something."
Mr Otis: "If you reduce the prk
of liquor one-half would that not r<
duce Lim pr fit ?"
Senator Tillman: "I told you
did not advocate tire dispensary sy
t"m for tlie money In Hand I len
If the State took the monopmy, o
of it tlie Stale would make money ai
make its pi op'o more sober. That
why 1 advocated it, but herc 1 ha
got to let tins minist r ( he Rev.
C. Hickson, baptist minister) talk,
will s ty, if you sell liqii r at cost
.viii be two quarts instead of one 1
a dollar, and that much more di in
mg and drunkenui S?."
"The u e of request l ooks whi
! hive been allowed io fall into dise
by the State ho.ri are a very i npt
ant part of the dispensary machi
cry. They serve as a chock to pi
voiit the tlispenser from se'ling liq :
co persons who cannot lawfully buy
'lauitoal drunkard nloors, etc, a
tho/ also prevent tni hale of retill
bottles. Every package shipped tr
local dispensary must be account
for to the inspectors, and if sales ba
been n ade to any person without I
having signed the request, the tr
?penser is iiable under Che hw to d
missal. IS is astonishing that t
grand juries in the various count
ave taken' no rv.te of tills palpa'
dis obedlenca of the law. Audit
equally astonishing that the SU
board has allowed it. They have i
screwed the tiring from one end to i
thor and mighty near turned it l< o
In stint counties they have reqtn
bf oks and In others they have not.
"1 thank you, fellow citizens, i
your courtesies. If I have doney
any good i am glad. If I have do
you any harm, 1 am sorry."
The Rev. F. 0. Hickson: ''1 hu
you all will not go. "
Senator Tillman: "I gave lt
him and let him give ?t to mc."
Rev. Mr. Hickson: ' I Innot km
of any set of honest men w ho arc wi
lng tn handle liquor. I ri n't. balle
these men can he found, as lie sa;
You lake things as '.hey arc and ri
as you w ish. I have found, asa matl
of fact, th u til? very hist people
South Carolina are not williug to.c
gage in tho whiskey busliio s." N
Hickson referred to the board buyi
$3 (?cO.oo? worth of whiskey.
Senator Tillman: "If the pcoi
want to buy $3,000,000 worth of wh
key, how are you going to keep tb?
from buying it ?"
Mr. Hickson suggested that hom
men were hare' to lind who would n
up with the dispensary.
Senator Tillman: ''ls not that :
seri h g a great, dca i of authority a
morality Tor y u to say that nuts!
of your ranks of prohibitionists thc
is no man who ls honest euought
hold tho job of commissioner?"
Tlie Rev. Mr. Hickson for half
iiour replied to Hie arguments
Senator Tillman, and then the me
Killed ny Italian*.
One American, named Dean,
Massachusetts, armed with a sev
shooter, fought a bloody battle
Friday against a score of fren/.
Dalian laborers lu a swamp one ix
east of the village of Egy.it, ni
Rochester, N. Y. l> an was i >reu
of a gang of laborers on the tracks
the electric railway, ?ind the Italii
having a grievance against him
Lacked him with B tl Ile tos. He lei 1
one Italian, mortally wounded
other, wounded several others r
Mien fell fatally wounded him;
from a hundred stillet to cuts.
Ila en lin rue 1
Tho barn and stables of He i
Ferguson Iii Lancaster county w
burned down on Monday night, w
eight bah s of cotton, four mules i
a horse and a large quantity of c.
and fodder and fanning implen.ei
Tuere was no Insurance, and
origin of Lire lire Is not known.
Ur .nit. il.
The governor has rt spited Aa
Williams, colored, who was to Iii
Friday at Camden for rape. Se
of thc best people of Hie section
which Hie alleged crime was ct
mitted lia ve asked the govi rnof
investigate the case because they
not believe the negro ought to
M ules Burned.
Word reached Greenville Satur
if the loss of lo tine mules In a h
lire at Dor aids Wednesday nig
I bu mules were the pioperty Of
R, Dunn. Tho estimated loss ls
fi von, and tho cause of the fire ls
HOME CIRCLE COLUMN
Crude .Vhougats as They Fall From
the Editorial Fen.
PLEASANT EVENING REVERIE?.
v Column Dodloated to Tired
Mother? a? They Join tho
Homo Circle at Even?
"you iiiauT HAVE TnAin, ol-'
I waa Imrd at verk in zsy study
Whence I hm rd a gontlo tap, _
"Cunio inl" mid in camp my Jusie,
Toartul from sumo uiishnp.
And I knew Unit sho was longing
To bo cuddled in my lap.
"I bruithod my flngor or ful,
Ano. papa, it doth ache BO!"
"Well, well, run away to mamma,
Kor I can't help it, Jo,"
Eho raised her tear-wot lashes
"Papa, you rui?ht lmvo thuid 'Ot"
Tho study-door closed softly
And I was left nlono
With nothing to htndor my writing
Hut tho thought of tv (ender tone,
So loving and so reproachful
'Twould have touched a heart of stone.
And I sat ?nd looked at my paper.
Hut some how I could 't writ o
And there hroko on me in silwuco
Tho dawn of a clearer light;
Tho touch bf tl?at aching (luger
Ha l given mu my sight.
Have a tender word, my brothers,
For tho lilt o troutilcs and pains,
It wa? not, beneath our linster,
It is far above our gains;
It will hasten tho heavenly kingdom,
Where only love remains.
The thief who steals your peace o'
mind is meaner than the ono who I
steals your property.
Teach your girl how to ciok, and If
I she does n >t thauk you somebody's
son will thank you for her.
No one can so iu-ipire a man to no<
hie purposes as a noble woman, and no
one, so thoroughly degrade a man as
a wife of unworthy tendencies.
E KC lt KT SOCIKTIKS.
What ls the moral effect of Free
Masonry. Odd Fellowship, Kulglits of
Lah ir and the numerous secret .socie
ties upon the home? Solomon, the
wisc man, Faid: "Discover notas- cret
ti another," and lie had cood reasons
tor laying such an injunction, fur in
lils time, as at the present, there wore
people too much disposed to tc:l .ail
?hoy knew. One half thc trouble in
every community, comes fn m tin; fact
t.har, ;,0 many people "nave UOi lim iii
pacity to keep their mouths shut. We
have two ears but only one tongue
which is suggestive Of the fact that
we should li jar more than we til. Bj
thc power of a secret dlvu'gcd, .'ami
hies, c iu ches, ii ighbar hoods and even
nations liv apart. M. th p wer of a
-.ecret k^.pt, great oharlLles, reform i
fory movements and christian cuter
prises may b; advance:!, lt is an ofter,
disomsed ipiesh'.o 1 whether associa
tions that do nut h ive their work with
closed do >rs. a-jd admit t'ieir m.-nib TS
with pi-s words, and greet each oi lier
.viLli a secret grin are right or wtong.
Our answer is that it depend nit Ircly
upon the object for wilie 1 they in -ct.
If it ls to pass the buurs in revelry
and obscene talk, or to plot trouble
to the state, then we say with an cm
pnusls that it ls wrong. Rut where the
object is the Improvement of the
mind, the enlargement of the heart,
the defense of the government, theu
we say with just as much emphasis
that they are a blessing. There is no
need tnat those who plau foi right
over wrong should publish to the
world their Intentions. Secretary ol
plot and execution are wring only
when thc object and ends are nefar
ious. Every family ls a secret society,
every business Brm ard every tank
ing institution. The men who have
no capacity to keep a secret are unlit
for positions of trusts anywhere. Se
cret s icieties have done Incalculable
good. One society gave for the relief
of their sick in 1873, in this count ry
11,490,274. Some of the secret soci
eties have poared a very heaven of
sunshine and benediction into thc
home of suffering. Some of tiiem are
founded Inf'* dlty to-good citizenship
and the bible. Christ has given us ;i
rule by which we may judge, not onlj
all individuals, but all secret societies.
"Ry their fruits ye shall know tin ni."
Had societies make bad men. Good
societies make gi od men. A bad man
will not stay in a good society and a
good man will not stay in a had s ic:
ety: Test these societies by two or
tb ree rules. Their Influence on borne.
That wife soon h ses lier influence over
uer husband who looks upon ?ill even
ing absence as an ass.iult on domestic
ity. Tnat wife who becomes jealous
of her husband's attention to art, or
literature, or religion, or charity i
breaking her own sceptre of conjugal
P iwcr. Rut let no man sacrifice h.mae
,ife to secret society life, as some do
Some mea are as genial as angels ai
the siciety room and as ugly as sin al
How fortunate it is that there i
not a jealous person among our larg'
family of readers. We do n it know
of one; do you? Such b lug the eas
we can severely ceiiMire these j. alous
people that are to be found in m ist
ail oilier communities. Tue lirst boj
ever born was jealous. If you remem
ber Cain took a rough stick and killed
his brother Abel because lie was je ii
nus. Tlie sacrifice ?'f Abel bad been
accepted while Cain's was rejected.
Jealousy ls simply a grief we experi
ence on account of the superiority cf
libers. Their superiority Intalcnt,
wealth,beauty,virtue,or social or poli
tical recognition, ll i-, the .shad w of
other people's success which e-lou'is
our lives, lt is Hie thunder of eur
neighbor's popularity winch sours the
milk of human kindness in UK. lt ls
the father and mother of half the
woes and crimes of the hum in ruc-,
lt-ls jealousy that ket ps all Europe
disturbed. Nations j al us of t. il
many, of England, of Russia. .Ral
nus of eacii other and all jcdovis of
America. What a seen:: of jealousy
we bad In this country when Presi
dent Garfield was dying. Faithful
physicians sacrliiced their practice
and health in lidelity to that death
bcd Doctor Bliss, Hamilton, and
Agnew went through anxieties and
toils such as few of us can realize.
But they did not pleaso the rest of
the medical world. The doiitors In
charge could do nothing right or pleas
ing to tlie other doctors. Jealousy
When you hear a man or woman
abused, drive in on Hie d?fendant s
side. Watch for excellences i thors
rather than for defto'.s, morning g"lo
rles instead or nlght-shado. ir some
ono is more beautiful than you, thank
clod that you have not so many porils
t>f vanity to contend with, if somo
me has more wealth than you,
?od that you have not so ?neat a
ttewardshlp to answer for. IfUome ?
mo gets a higher office In church or
Hate you can thank God there are
lot so many to wish for the hasten
og ot your obsequies. K you are f
is-ailed by jealousy take it as a com
pliment, for people are never Jealous
jf a failure. Substitute for Jealousy 1
in elevating emulation. Seeing others 1
i?ood, let us try to'do better. Seeing t
athera industrious let us work more ,
hours. Lifo is .nbort at the longest; ,
let it all ba tilled up with helpfulness
for others, work and sympathy for
each other's misfortunes,- and our
arru* full nf white mantles to cover
up the mistakes -and failures of oth
ers. Surely this world ls large enough
for you and all your rivals. God has
given you a work to do. Go ahead
and do it. Mind your own business.
In all circles, in all kinds of business,
in all professions there ls room for
THE E. F. D. CARRIERS.
President Hayden of tho State Asso
ciation ISHUCU au Address.
President Hayden of the South
Carolina State Association of Rural
Carriers has issued tho following ad
dress to the rural free delivery car
d?is of the State:
Attention, Rural Carriers:
The South Carolina State Associa
tion of Rural Carriers was orgauizsd
about six months ago and is receiving
applications for membership every
week. Ic has been accepted as a
member of the national assooiatk n.
This association ls expressly for
the carriers ol this State and we need
you for a member, and you cannot af
ford to be on the outside, as you must
receicve beuedts from being a mem
If possible orgaulzeyour county and
become a member of the State asso
ciation. Tiie olllcers will give you
their bfst help to do this, and If you
wish will send an organizer to you for
We want to make the Palmetto
State one of the strongest lu the
south, and we cannot do this without
you as one of the members. Tuc
national and State associations are do
ing great things toward getting an
increase in pay for all carriers at the
next session of congress.
Whatever amount ls given us wiri
1)3 the direct result of the efforts of
the association. You do not want
somebody else to pay your share In
this work and you reap the benefit
and pay nothing towards it. Tills
being ?be Oise, we are making you
the foll wing offe : In counties where
there is no association, carriers may
become individual members of the
Slate association by plying the regu
lar dues in advance. Send $1 to the
State secretary and this will be cred
ited to your county when lt bicjmes
Send $1 to State Secretary H. E
Rjlcn, Weeses, S. C., who will send
you a membership card and a receipt.
We, thc carriers of South Carolina,
must have a pude in keeping cur
State in tho front rank. This can-,
not be done unless you come ii, sc let
us hear from you now.
Tue next State meeting will be held
lu Columbia on the 24th of Novem
ber. Come to our meeting a?d learn
something of our organization. Let all
organized counties send their repre
sentatives with their State a.ii- na
Prom the present outlook v.v are
going ts have a splendid mtettng.
Can't you help us to make it a rous
Very respectfully yours,
Donald C. Hayden,
Orangeburg, Nov. 2.
The last of thc census bulletins giv
ing the returns of its agents on cot
.on ginned for the present year up to
Octjbar IStti last, was Issued at noon
Thursday, lt shows the total num
ber of running bales to be 0,500,137
as against 3,839,728 running bales for
last year. Counting the round halts
included In these totals as half bales
the balance for 1004 is i educed to
0,417,884. The total number of run
ning bales ginned to October 18 in
1902 was 5,?)25,S72. The reports
I rom the various cotton producing
States for the present year follow:
Alabama 094,780 bales; Arkansas237,
7 7??; Florida 40,042; Georgia 1,056,
(179; Indian Territory 181,310; Ken
tucky 284; Louisiana 392,758; Missis
sippi 5(11,704; Missouri 10,021; North
Carolina 309 097; Oklahoma 100,237;
South Carolina 629,857; Tenues?ec
79,088; Texas 2.201 603; Virginia
5,145. Tho total number of ginneries
in operation was 28,110. Up to Oc
tober 18 in 15)03, 37.0 per cent, or tho
total cr- p had been ginned as com
pared with 53.5 per cent. In 1902.
This report will be followed by four
jthers, showing the quantity of cot
ton M inned from the growth of 1904
Lu N ?vember li, to Decsmber 15, to
I.inuary 16, and to the end of the
Three thousand Poles marched
through the streets of Czestochowa,
Russian Poland, Wednesday as a pro
est against the mobilization. The
jhlef of police and gendarmes ordered
jhe pur ?dei s to disperse but they re
used to do M> aud continued t-> sing
Polish s ings. A detachment of Infan
try tl en charged thc mob with bay
mets with Hie result that six persons
v.re killed and 20 were wounded.
The Wilmington Star says: "Tom
iYatson is denouncing the Hon. Wil
lam Jennings Bryan fur supporting
Iud ge Parker. Col.mci Bryan ls opt-n
y making a light for the candidate
vhom he wants elected, while Wat
en, under tho pretence that lie 1s a
and id ate himself, ls bushwhacking
or Roosevelt. That is tho difference
iel ween a statesman like Bryan and a
io!troon like Wats in.
Kill-, d by n Woman.
William Morrow, a noted desperado,
las been shot and killed at Burns ville,
\\ C., by Mrs. John Phillips, a young
narrled woman. Morrow was infatu
ted with Mrs. Phillips, hut his ad
anees were repulsed, and Friday shu
ired the charges in two barrels of a
hotgun at him when he renewed his
dvanccs. Morrow is said to have
ommltted several murders.
Seo.-en i'll Iti ll.
A hundred persons were drowned
'riday night by the sinking of tiie
Tench steamer Gironde after having
ecu In collision with the French
'.earner AschlahTo, near Herbllllon,
wenty-three miles from Bona Algeria,
.'ne Gironde left Rona with 110 pas
eng'ers of whom one hundred were
t?ARKET COTTON CROP SLOWLY.
Ippoal from Souther i Cotton Grow
era Proteotive Association. .
. At the annual session of the South
ern Cotton Glower*' Protective asso
dation, held at the world's fair|
j rounds In St. Lou's, Sept. 20, 1904,
where several hundred progressive !
:otton planters were present, repre
senting every cotton growing State in
bbc south, tho following resolution
waB Introduced aud unanimously
"Resolved by tho Southern Cotton
Growers' association in convent'on at I
St. Louis, Mo., Sept. 2b\ 1004, Tbat|
we urge as fully as it is in our power
to do so that every cotton producer in
tbe south place a minimum price of I
10 cents per pound on all cotton to be
hereafter marketed this season: that |
no cotton of middling grade be offered
for sale if the market at atty time,
due to the fluctuating ii lluet'Cis of I
speculation, fall below the price of 10
cents per pound; that each and every
producer is urg.d to. market Iiis crop!
as slowly as possible, believing fiat If
the crop is. marketed slowly through
tlie months of October and November
the price of cotton can be maintainer!
at 12 cents per pound, its true value
at the present time, during thc bal
ano/? of the season.
"Your committee further rec 'tn
mends that this association insist
upon the better handling of cotton to
the end that our cotton when prepared
for market may be placed lu Oiore ad
ceptable, merchantable condition,
thereby eliminating as far as po&sibli
many of the abuses to which the sta
pie 13 now subjectoi "
Up to the present time the cotton
producers from North Carolina to Mle
Brazos river, Tex., have generali)
stood Arm by holding a part of their
cotton and refusing to throw lt upon
the market nt prices under 10 cent?
per pound. With the most det< r
mined efforts on the part of the bear
speculators and other combinations
formed to depress prices the market
bas only been forced down 50 points
below our minimum [ rice, during thc
month In which most of the farmer
obligations fall due, and an un prece
dented season for gath"ring and ginn
ing the crop. The glanera' report, is
sue! Oct. 25th indicated that a little |
more than f> 000,000 bales of the pres
ent crop had be.m ginned, while S-.C
rotary [lester's report fur the sam ?
time indicated that only about 2 000.
0*10 bales hart been marketed, showing
that nore than 00 per cent. Of tl if
I crop was being held in t he hand* o!.
the i r. dimers. If only 5,000,000 and
ja quarter bales had been (/inned up t ?
Oct. 15, it must bi clear to every
fanner that the high estimates placed
upon this crop by the bear eiemi nt of
speculators will never material z\
They are using the same devices
adopted last year to b oak the nerve
I of the producers. Note their ligures
f f last year compared with the facts:
Mr. Theodore Price, on Sept; 2S, 190:i
i sued a circula .- estimating the crop
for 1903 to be 11,141,655 bales.' A. J.
Huston, the palace car staticlah ol
Liverpool, Eng., on Oct iib, 190a, Hg
ured the crop at 11,250,-000 bales.
NeilUros.br England estimated thi
crop.ou Nov. 24. 1903 at 11,000,000
bales, and H. C. Uorst of Liverpool
on the name dale Issued an estima1 ?
lixlng the yie'.d at 11.430,000 bales
Now letti? look at the estimates of
disinterested parties: Tno Uuited
States department of agiJeulture, on
Dec. 3, 1003, issued its estimate fix
ing the yield at 9,902 03!? bales. The1
southern Stites' c< th th issi irer of agri
culture in convention at Montgomery,
Ala., Oot. 9j 1903, estimated the crop
at 10,471,000 bal?s. No-v let us .set:
what was the actual ciop. We lind
t lat the actual c. ranercial crop of
1003 04 amounted tb 10 011,374 bales.
Note the com paris u of bear estimate*
and government estimates.' The
United States department of agrien!
ture was under the ac.ml Ugures only
40,000 bales. The commissioners of
agriculture . overestimated the crop
400,000 balts, while Mr. Theodore
Price mis- erl it 1,734,000 bales,-and
the rest of the bear element ad the
way f:o;n a million to a million and a
half bales.' Mr. Price is pursuing the.
same course this season and callina
upon the farmarsevery where to dump
tueir cotton on the market so as tv>
depress prk?s and let Mr. ''Mear'
Price coin hi.s millions at the expense
of hundreds of thousands bf'-producers
In the south!
Tbe recent estimate of the south
ern commissioners of agriculture in
conventional Huon R gue, La., O.
tuber 22ad, ligured the crop for this
season at 10,171,000 babs. Mr. Theo
dore* Price and otlier bear speculators
ligure the crop at i2,ooo,ooo bales.
The commissioners of agriculture
overestimated tho crop 400,000 baled
las J year, and the ind leal ions are that
their, present est i malo is not so far
wrong. Eveo if tbe crop sbmild reach
11,000,000 bales the world wants
every bale of lt and the .spinners are
better able to pay high prices this
season than last, beciuse yarns have
advance! 3 cents per pound this sea
son and a heavy demand for cotton
?omls ] x's ts'."
I therefore calLjupon the producers
throughout the si uLii to stand linn,
and refuse to sell their cotton at pr?s
ent prices. Heavy receipts d press
tho market. The. speculators have
iolrt millions of bales tor a future de
livery and they want to buy that cot
ton for le s money than the staple is
Actually worth. The producers should
Jemand from ll to 12 cents for the
balance of the crop. They are in
position to fore;: prices np by si Ming
Dbe staple slowly. Debts have been
paid as a rule, and tnere is no longer
ibsolute necessity of rushing our cot
ion on the market.
The merchants and bankers of the
louth should encourage slow selling
leeanne tho prosperity of the produc
?rs make; prosperity certain In all
ithcr avenues of trade lathe south.
We will I.O'J make a bumper crop;
n; st of the staple bas been gathered
ind ginned. Let us detormino t<>
.'and (irmly together tho balance of
ihis season and force tbe bear specula
tors to cover. Toe present price of
cotton is too low, and I urne every
uoduccr lo refuse to sell until the
narket properly read-justs Itself,
lave no fear that cotton will bo worth
ess in the fiP.ure than now. Thj.se
vho hold will get better prices when
he speculators are forced to pay it.
Hie producers are now standing linn
mt the speculate rs and spinners hope
o break t heir nerve and cause a gen
ial rush on tho markets in tho near
uturo Lot us prove to the world
hat sont in ni farmers can assert and
oa'ntain their rights in the face of
he strongest combinations ever or
:an!/. d to depress the prlco of cotton,
.ay no attention to the bumper crop
s tl mates and let the buyers of our
tapio understand that thc balance
if this crop can utily bo purchased at
?rices botweon 10 and 12 cents per
lound. Store your cotton at homo
loder good cover and keep lt safe
rom the weather.
If money ls needed store a part of j
.?our cotton In local warehouses and '
.'so the receipts as collateral to borrow
Money from your local banks. . Don't
leil any cotton at present prices mere
y to follow the old pinn of selling. By
loki lug your cotton the advance in i
prices later will pay a heavy internst
>n the Investment, when no lute^est
.viii bo secured if you sell now aod de
posit the money in bank, lu un e your ;
jotton, whether stored at'home or In
i, warehouse, and take no risks, where
risks are likely to be incurred. Let
assail this orop for at least $700,000,
300, and put general prosperity amt sg
the farmers of the south.
President Southern Cotton Growers'
? HUMAN MONSTER.
Most Korol tine Oareor in tho A?nala!
of Crime In Gonuany. )
A dispatch from Berlin, Germany,
says the Hamburg "baby farmer,"
Elizabeth Wiese, bosbcon found guil
ty of thc mulder of live Infants and a
long series of other grave, crimes. In
accordance with German law she ha
been sentenced live times to death,
once for each murder. For perjury .
and forgery the was sentenced to six
years' penal servitude. Another cu
rious pen hint to her sentence was
the lo^s of honor for the remainder of
her natural life. The details of the
trial were revolting In the extr-me.
proving the woman to be a monster
The story of ber career is one of thc
mor.t revolting in tho oriin'u.il annals
f the empire. It appeared from the
vidence given at the trial that sh?
was born In Hanover, in 1S59, her
maiden name being liyrkc Held. After
a somewhat, checkered career in her
native province, where several prose
cutions and imprisonments for illegal
operations and Imposture had render
ed Itimpo sible for liertocirry on her
calling of mid wife, she moved to
Hamburg, renting an expensive rtsl
dence in one of the fa-diionable thor
oughfares. Here she established her
self as a professional foster-mother.
Her m ?thol of procedure was to In
?.crt lo both (iorman ann foreign pa
pers prominent advertisements, in
which the adoption of children born
out of wedlock wa? pr< m i sid In return
for a id" gie monetary payment.
These notices brought lier many ell
! euts from the fashionable, as well as
"rom tho humble rank; of r.ccicty.
For instance, it is stated that for
taking over a child whf.se parents
helo* ged to the login st circles
of the town of Hanover sbe received
a fee of $1,000 lu addition to
.?iioO as hush money. At the same
line she Inserted in the p ipers other
advertisements to toe eO>ct that a
"young and beautiful ghi" appealed
to n. hie-minded g< ntl. ni- n for temper
ary assistance, aod forced her own
ill?gitimit? daughter, Paula, into im
pr >per relationships with the men
.Abo replied to those thinly-veiled en
tic mcuts. She visit -d London, ano
i be names of persons said to beresi
dent in tlie E ighth metropolis we'i
nentloned in the course of the tr:a
lt. was furrher alleged against her.
though on this count she has been ac
quitted, thar, sba attempted to colson
her husband, who found her proceed
ings not to bis liking. One of the chi)
dren adopted by her is said to have
b en the child of an K lgll.Oi woman
offltle. Of the children whom she
was paid to take those whose age
made thc proceeding profitable were
corrupted. Others she poisoned with
morphine, throwing their bodies into
the Ein'-. (,r burning them in her
kitchen fireplace. Tho crime < f in
fanticide was broug.it home to her lu
n i fewer thin live spec-tic eases, and
.how fir that number was from com
pleting the gruesome tale of her Ini
quities there is no means of knowing.
A dramatic feature of the trial was
the appearance of the woman's hus
band and daughter as witnesses
Tllli THU Iii Al LAST.
tho Japanese Admit tim Loas of their
li? nt Battleship.
. A dispatch from.Parls says the As
st dated Press was put in a position
Thursday to state p silively that its
dispitches from 'dice foo, Port Arthur
and Tokio last June to the tlicet that
the Japanese battleship Yashima had
been sunk by a mine i tr Dal ny, which
dispatchs were denied by Mle Japan
ese authorities at the Um}, have been
confirmed. The Japan se govern
1 lent has not i tied loreign govern
ments cf the loss of the ship. The
number of men who went down with
the vessel is not known, bul ls bel lev
er) to have been small. The ollieial
details show that thc Vashima struck
a Russian mine and later attempted
to make Dalny harbor, but this prov
ed Impossible and she sink in deep
The4 lons of the Yashima has been
concealed by the Japanese, though the
Russian authorities have believed for
some time that the rep Tts that the
battleship had been destroyed were
sorrect. It is important, since lt is now
lisclosed that Japan has only four
modern battleships rem lining.
The Yashima was one of the llnest
battleships of the Japanese navy. Her
displacement was J2,300 tons, ab nit
the si/.: of the American battleship
Main-, and she had a speed of 19
knots. The Russian squadron at l\irt
\rthur includes tive modern battle
ships, more or less damaged, and Vice
Admiral Itojetvensky's command,
which is now cumule from tho l?altlc
.0 the Far Fist, also numbers five
mttleshlps. .'In view of the Inferiority
if tlie Japanese lu battleships, their
irmorcd cruiser strength ls important,
hey being greatly superior to the
Russian In t his respect.
About Board Hill.
At St. Louis, Mo., a quarrel overa
( cai pt for the payment of a board
lill resulted In tho killing Wedncs
lay of Hayden Y. L Ting, manager of
he Loring hotel near oho. exposition
[rounds by Norman M. Vaughan,
nanagcr ot the Elks Publishing com
>any. Vaughan tired several shots at
.coring, all of which took ctlect, and
ie dropped charl. The shooting was
vitnessed by Vaughan's thirteen year
Id sister, ilma, who stood near Lor
ng, it is said, beseeching her brother
iot to lire. Vaughan quickly left the
lotel, boarded a street car, and went
own town, whero bc was arrested on
he street, after having talked for an
K ur with several friends lo whom he
id not mention the shooting.
,'augban refused to make a statc
nent other than to say that he had
rod In aclf-defcnso.
BOOK-KEEPING. SHORTHAND C>
I AND TELEGRAPHY
1 WRITE US
That ls exactly what lt ls. a ?
day at the State Fair showing it* Hr
Every Farmer, Oil Mill, Saw M
property should have them. For sa!
Columbia, 8,-O Thema?
Building and Re-Pres ed Brick. Sp
Terra Cot! a Flue Linings. Prepa
Building Material of all ku
Habit, Habit | Habit
Cured by Keeley J
1329 Lady St. (or P. O. Box 15) Cob
iviiixe Oe iii et
Terra Cotta Pipe, Rooting Pa
Carolina. Portland Came:
Glri'ri Body Mutilatrd.
The dead body of Miss Rosa Butts,
aged 23 years, a white servant girl of
the city, was found Friday In the su
burbs of South M irshall, Mo., in a
pasture. The girl had evidently been
murdered. Her throat had been cut
with a Ehirp stick, a piree of which
still remained In the Mesh; her left
oar had been cut-off and there was a
bullet iKdc in her head. There was
evidence that the girl bad made a
struggle for life. A cigarette tear
the body and bluoiy tracks leading
i way from the spot are the only tan
gible clues. Miss Butts was last seen
late Wednesday night last, with two
young men, one of wht m her sit-tei
can recogn'ze. Neither ot the mon
have been located. A man living
uear where the body was found re
ports having heard scre-ims on Wed
nesday night, but no search for the
girl was started until Friday.
timmi .iwcui l-.ir.mi.
A letter dated Oct. 20, received from
Georgetown, Grand Cayman, gives
details of the storm which swept ov. r
that island about t.vo weeks ago. Tue
shconer Albatross bas njt baeu hea'd
from since the storm. The people arc
sufre:lng from the dirent pjverty.
There is nota p >ur,d of foodstuff in
he whole i-ilaud for sale a^d hundreds
of p rsons have nolhicg *o eut. T.ie
British steamer B u Chino, Smith
master, IB asfior? on the reefs on "the
east end of the island. She was b -und
from Port-au-Spain to Gulfp irt, Miss.
She has a hole In h r bottom and has
been bilged aud will prcbibly he a tc
tal less. The sloop Gold tish ls also re
A Km.ii Accident.
At Qliney Mass., two workmen
were killed, two o hers seriously aud
several slightly inj ired by th) sud len
slipping Iroin the block uf the big
steel barge, being built for tho Stan
dard Oil company at the yards ot the
Fore River Snipbuildmg company
Wednesday. The dead are: Louis
Crump, single, 34 years of age, of
Newport News. William Johnson,
married, 35 years old, of Camden, N.
J\ Crump aud Johnsen were bota
calkers and with tlie others lojurel
were at work on tlie barge. Men at
work on the barge say they were'raak
lng tet>t preparatory to launching
when one of the "shores" gave way
under the strain.
1 wu Killed lu Vt reek.
As a result of a wreck ou a branch
. ine of the Atlanta, Rn xv.lle and
Northern railroad rear Ball Ground
Cherokee county, Ga., late Friday two
men are dead and several others ser'
ously Inj ired. The dead: James P.
Harrison of Ball Ground; A. C. Gad
dis of Ball Ground. Tlie known in
jured are: Y. T. Thomas, H. T. In
lngram and Peter Jordan, colored.
Mr. Harrison was well known in At
lanta, where for many years lie was
head of the James P. Harrison Print
ing company. Details of the accident
are meagre, but lt seems that a mar
ble train ran off a trestle into a pond.
Whether thc men were killed by
drowning or otherwise Is ne-t known
. IO'OtiiiiK Ky^Htit-llM.
Melt somo tallow and with it paint
Dn the shell of an egg, making letters,
?umbers, profiles or any outline which
your fancy may suggest, then Immerse
the egg in stronge vinegar. After the
lapse of a few hours whatever is cov
jred with thc lines of tallow will p-o
I ?ct slightly, the vinegar's acetic acid
laving dissolved away the unprotect
id surface. By palutir g with a Que
j rush an Intricate scroll or vine pat
:ern, carrying it all an had the egg,
ibo result is very pretty, giving the
ITect of carved Ivory.
At New York thc ferry boatColun -
ila of the Wall street line was run
nlo and sunk Friday by the Norwich
iner C:ty of Lowell. There were about
50 passengers and seventeen te uns on
loard tlie Columbia at the time of the
incident. All the pa-s?i g rs wen.
aken ell safely, but eight or ten
?orses were drowned. Ttiere was a
leavy f ig on the river at tho time of
Ho Was Mistnkon.
Over Bixty years ago Spencer T.
Iancock of Manchester, Vt., was In
iad health thought he was going to
ie and named the persons he desired
o aci as his pallbearers. Last Sunday
e celebrated his eighty-first birth
ay. All the original pallbearers are
ead and he has now picked out a new
Um l ion- Aooidont.
At Leesville recently while butchre
lg was going on Mr. L. P. Sfcead
lan's little 3-yaar-old cnlld fell Into
tub of bolling water and died fro
he effects of thc scald Thursday
arne's Business College
El! KILFYB? !!!
'ire Killer. Demonstration every
o fighting qualities.
Hi, Ginnery anti any one owning
?hinery Supply house of the Stato
ecial Shapes to order. Fire Proof
red to till orders for thousands or
e & Cement U*.
ow, s. c.
ads. High Grade Roofing
Write for prices.
AU Drug ami Tob?ceo
Lne^titute, o? ??. C.
nubla, S. G. Confidential oorrespond
per, Car lots, small lots, write,
nt Go., Charleston, 8. C.
How I Cure Them:
BOOK SENT FREE ON REQUEST, SPE
CIAL MEDICAL LETTER ALSO
Every sick woman who earnestly dc?lroa to
recover her health should write me, describing
how she suiters, mid I will point out to her ft
sin.ul., nwvtllH ?.f mirmmioril OUiS. At Biiy ?Titt*
Recognized as the oldest established
~i ;.:i.\ M LHV L!.-.-liable ?pootal,
it will not cost anything to flndouthow I pro
pose lo cure your diseuse, so 1 urge that you
Writs mo without delny. Thousands of sick
woman bave cured themselves up in tbi3 way.
Out of ibo ripeness ot' twenty-five years ex
perience us ii specialist, I liavo dovolopod uti
entirely n w system o> curing chronio di toases
und it adapts itself especially well to the cure
o? diseases of women, to which J. havo given
special study all my life, 1 will tmdoistnntl
your case, and understanding it, 1 will readily
?Iud the means of.cure. If tho general run of
doctors have failed, if patent medicines that
scotti cheap, Ina uro really costly in tlie end
hnve done Von no good, then I am moro than
ceriain tliat I will cure you, for stubborn cases
are thu ones I want t-> hear from, I will euro
you llfLy per cent quicker than by, tho old
method, and give you auch a treatment as will
not only cure your disease, but build you up
thoroughly and make you feel botter in every
I '.'.ant especially to hoar from women who
liavo trouble with the womb, ovaries or ner
vous bystotn, who stifler from leucorrhea.
and menstrual diiiiculiics, disorders of
tho blood, weak heart, headache, nouralgin
vertigo, stomach trouble, rheumatism, skin
affections, kidney troubles, nny disease of tho
throat, lungs or urinary organs. To su?h as
those, i will guarantee speedy and completo
recovery by Div now original method. At any
rate, you should investigate this matter fur
ther, and il' you will write ma regarding your
self, I will study your casa and rop-irt to you
tully how tn be cured. AU this wilt cost you
nothing. 1 will als j inclose a booklet of myowu
writing going into ali the special diseases of
women with symptoms, causes tmd'-eQocts,
free of charge. Von are at nu expenso what
ever, so if you really w.iiit to bo cured and
not l)0 a weakling all your lifo, I expect to
hear from you s ?on. My privato address ia
J. Newton Hathaway, M. I)., 88 Inman llldg.,
2A S. llroad St., Atlanta, Ga.
Trv ti write me today.
? PIANOS AND ORGANS,
-And Lots of Them
WE SEL THE BEST MAKES.
Our prices are about ten per
cent under Northern prices.
K very Piano or Organ wo sell
is fully warranted hy the rankers,
and backed kup by us. Write ua at
once, for entalegue, p ri COS and
MALONE'S MUSIC HOUSE,
COLUMBIA, S. C.
CHARLES C. LESLIE
WHOLESALE DEALERS IN
FISH AND OYSTERS,
8 and 20 Market Street, (Wrloston, S. C.
Consignments of Country'Produce are Ite
ipootlully Solicited. Poultry, Eggs', &or
Fish packed in barrels and boxea for oountry
:radc a specialty.
Mulletl Mullet! Mullet!
md all kinds of Fresh and Salt Water
ish and oysters. If you are dealing in
e'resh Fish or Intend to deal In them
virile for prices and send your ordrs to
TERRY FISH CO., Charleston, S. C.
ir COLUMBIA FISH & ICE CO
jolumbla S. C. Wc ship only fresh
taught fish and our prices are as low
hoy can be sold at. Write us. Try
is and be convinced.
Pr v .
Railroad Fard Paid. SOO
FR.KK Courses Offered.
EQRGIA-ALAOSMA CUSIN ESS COl.tEGE.Mac&rt.Ga
Nothing In lt.
G. P. Sawyer and M. It. Prlnoa,
hain gang overseers tried at Edge
ield on thc charge of boating convict
Vado Hartley to death, were ac?
[uittcd on Wednesday, the jury ro
aalnlng out only ten minutes,