Newspaper Page Text
The Mar?bor?* Democrat.
"DO THOU, GREAT LIBERTY, INSPIRE OUR SOUL AND MAKE OUR LIVES IN THY POSSESSION HAPPY OR OUR DEATHS GLORIOUS IN THY CAUSE."
- , , , , -
VOL^IX. BENNETTS VILLE S. C., FRIDAY DECEMBER,, 2, 1904 NO. <&: '?/
What Senator 1 illman Thinks Onght
to ba Tone With lt.
RAISE IT ABOVE SUSPICION
Or Farm lt Out to Homo Responsible
Priratn Individual or Firm
To Man?K>i AB \
Senator Tillman, in a conversation
regardb g tbe dispensary law, the
other day, with Mr. Kuhn of The
News ai d Courier staff, said that it
would be very unfortunate In more
ways than one if nu th lng were done
at the approachin g session of the Gen
eral Ass< mhly to straighten out the
dispensary system, and raise it above
the cloud bf suspicion that is over lt.
He said that in his opinion the whole
point wa^ the be.-teime.it of the sys
ttm. What the General Assembly
would have to do would be to straigh
ten out thirgs, remove the doubt
about the conduct of the business aud
raise the purchasing and other feat
ures of the system absolutely above
suspicion, lt ought to be nothing
more than the consideration of the
practicability pf the suggestions made
along these lines. Scuator Tillman
said that If nothing were done at the
approaching session of the General
Assembly, most likely at the next
8< sslon tue argument would be that
the proposit h n had better go before
the people, as tl.e G< neral Assr mbly
generally declined to take any radical
steps at Hs second sesdon, and on
that aocoui.t he I oped very muob for |
the sake of the dispensary that the
tuning up of tim dispensary law
would \y? undertaken at theapproach
In the o pleb ion of Senator Tillman
?t ?6 utterly Impracticable and ??1 ?u
?v vised tn have county management of j
dispensaries. He urges that the same |
incentive that it is suggested now ac
tu a te s one b; ard to making money
out of ihe dispensary, would exist
amor g forty lu arris, at.d that If there
is corruption in one central board it
would be spread out among forty
boards, Instead of one, If there were
no change in the method of purchas
ing and the manner of conducting the |
system. Senator Tillman says th it he
does not for an instant charge that
there ls this corruption or this mis
management, but that the system has
to be raised above suspicion tu satisfy
And then Si naior Til'man went on
to relate a bit of history. Ile said
that, during the progress of the dis
cussion of the dispensary system in
the Constitutional Convention there
were all sorts of suggestions made as
'-fc">_^til" Sfejjftily^? Copstltuth-n j-ej*
"tive- to Che co?ouct ofHC??e whiskey
business. The dispensary was being
attached on ail sides, and there seem
ed to be no way out of the situation.
Mr. M?CaUa, who was a delegate to?
Hie Con vi ntlon, aio^e and said that it
was icmarkab.e to him that the fath
er of th* dispensary system, meaning
Senat- r Tilim in, had not said a word
and that he had allowed the discus
sion to go ou without even making a j
sugg, sstlon. Seuatoi Tillman then
arose and stated that the rl^ht of the
State to deal In hquor had not yet
teen settled by tje Supreme C iurt,
and that he svas unwilling to enact a
provision that le?; no leeway to deal
with the issue. ~That afternoon he ?
prepared a substitution for the pend- |
iug propositions, ai d the suggestion
that he made is 1 ow the fundamenta!
law as enacted in the Constitution.
In that constitutional provision there
is a claute winch provides that the j
State can create an a' s ihre mt noro
ly and "iarm lb out." lu other w rds,
the State might turu over the riihpeii
sary to any responsible Brm under
bond, "i""} i hen require that they con
o uC t the sale, of liquor under the con
stitu? onal provisions, n quiring first,
that 1 quor be sold only in daylight,
secoua, that no llciuor should be con
sumed or op? nen on the premises)
where sold, and third, that no liquor
should be sold In less than half-pints.
With the enforcement of these funda
mental principles Senator Tillman In
sists that lt will be far better for the
. State to farm out the liquor selling
privilege, or in other weirds, to create
a roonop ly, and then see that lt ls
carried out according to law, than to
allow the systt n: m continue uoder
suspicion, ir to p rmit the counties'
handling the dispensaries, as lias been
Senator Tillman's idea ls that the
talk about the riispeivary mu.st stop
for the g io? of the Siate, whether
the talk oe with or without cause,
and thc only way lo do it is to raise
lt abe ve suspicion by putting the pur
chasing power in tlx hantij of p i pie
who co not want to have that privi
lege, and who are not candidates for
that, position, and if some such a
me"dmeut as he niggested in his
Gaffney speech cannot he adopted,
that as a last resort it would be bet
tor to "firm out" the liquor business
and have some responsible thin con
duct it untie r proper bond and re
He ls sat'sficcl that such an arrange
ment c uki readily be made, but his
chief objec i?n to it ls that lt would
bring the element of personal gain
into Hie sale ol liquor, and the chlo'
virtue of the dispensary law, If pio
perly enforced, he Insists, ls that
lhere ls no 1 len eir. of personal gain
to any one coi'mete tl with tue dis
pensary sys em, ano if that personal
etina lon can be eliminated tho dis
pensary wi 1 he run uoon the lines
that he has always hoped to see.
As to the victory again? t the dis
pensary lu Gaffney, Senator Til ?man
does dot seem lo be disturbed at all.
He Mays that me vote was not o>
large as lt mignt have been, and that
thorn was by no means a full ballot,
and that the arivicat' s of the dispen
sary la w were riiscour.iged and di mor
ally.-d v. Uh the present condition of
talk about t hc di ;pcnsary, and that
they are In 1.0 p .sltlon to make a light
for i', Unless the dispensary can give
an mt!rely clean hill of health that
will satisfy ipeople.
Senat r Tillman I.-, of the opinion
. tba- tho i-alVncy victory was more of
a vht. irv for prohl! ill m than a pro
tgs, against the. dispensary system.
The deposition all over the South, te
believes, 1B towards prohibition, and
not towards the license system, and
the prohibitionists, he says, are earn
est and zealous workers who do not
allow any opportunity to escape, and
who are making rapid gainB with their
viewa all over the South, and unless
the Gi noral Assemb'y purlQeB the at
mosphere around the dispensary sys
tem, Senator Tillman is firmly con
vinced that prohibition wiU make
very much more rapid protz reis in this
State than is expeoted. He remark
fd that two-thirds of tbs State of
Mibsls-dppl is cow prob lol Mon, one
half of Georgia, and a very large por
tion of North Carolina, and that such
a disposition seems to be growing ali
over the country.
Senator Tillman says that be bas
no objection in the world to prohibi
tion, but that in his opinion it simply
means that they will have all of the
evils of liquor and none of the bone
tits of the dispensary syBtem, and be
is satisfied that in Cherokee County
there will be a regular procession of
Jug3 and demijohns at evory depot
along the railroad.
A HUGE ?VTT
Vast I", i j) c nell i ii rn of Money On lt to
Continue for Years.
With Secretary Morton asking con
gress to give the navy $114.520,648.34
for its expenses in the fiscal year be
ginning July 1, loon, it ls apparent
that the fleet that costa $100,000,000
a year has come to stay.
Tnis vast expenditure means that
the policy of naval expansion will go
on until the American navy ls second
only to that of England In size, and
will remain, as now, second to none
in bhlp to Bhlp tfiiclenoy. When all
the Ameaican warships now building
are completed the navy will too the
third largest In the world. Eng
land and Franco will be first and sec
The sentiment which caused the
upbuilding of the navy was awakened
twenty years ago, when naval expen
ditures were bmall. Only $14.819,
?76 80 was appropriated by coagrt ss
in 1883 The cost gradually IncreaHed
until 1898, when, with the Spanish
American war io sight, it aggregated
$33.003,234 19. The expenditures in
1S99 jumped to $56,098,783, and since
tuen oy leaps and b unds they have
increased as ship after ship hus been
added to the list.
The navy by January 1, 1900, upon
wh'ch the brunt of herrloe will fall in
event of war will be: Battleships, 13;
armored crulst rs, 8; protected cruis
ers, 21; torpedo boat destroyers, 16;
t upedo boat-'., 35 Not all ot these
ships are now lo commission. The
mont notable additions will bs the ar
mored cruisers Colorado, Pennsylva
nia.-Tir^vv^rgrara^u? auuttr DaKotwr
No armored cruisers have been added
to the fleet since the Brooklyn and
the New York were put in commis
sion, more than ten years 8g ..
When a battleship is paid for it has
ouly begun to eat un money. New
ships mean more men, more officers
and larger naval stations whore the
ships may be dry docked and repairei.
There must bi a larger clerical force
in the navy department. Tho pur
eba-oof supplies must Incoa: o. A
bittleshlp bas au Inslatlable maw for
coal. Fuel must be carried miles
across the seas in great colliers if it
cannot ba had in plentiful tunply and
satisfactory quality abroad.
Cong ret-s has usually bien generous
In authorizing new battleships and
has readily Increased the number of
blue jockets ttl man them. The en
list d personnel in 1885 w?s8 260; In
1898, 12,750; in 1889, 20.000; in 1901.
25,Q50; In 1903, 31,000, and In 1901,
Provision for more officers was
made two years ago by doubling the
representation of the country at lat ge
in the naval academy. Twice us
many midshipmen will now study
Lhere and h.; graduated to receive
commissions. All this c.sts more
money. The establishment of large
and well i quipped naval stations at
Guantanamo, Cuba, and at Olongapo.
P. P, a!so swells the financial nqulre
meuts of the service.
Blow Him Up.
At Omoha, Neb., the reildence of
Elmer E. Thomas attorney for the
Civil Federation, wai dynamited
lue.-.day morning. The federa: ion has
been a ? t i ye in enforcing the midnight
and Sunda." closirg law against sa
loons. Thomas was awakened by the
1 ght of a burning fuie on the front
porch, and starter lo extinguish the
Mjpptaed lire, when the bomb explod
ed, tearing away the whole fiont of
che house, covering Thomas with de
bris, but not seriously injuring him.
No arrest han been made.
Five I'orlstied in Fire.
Five Italians perished in a fire that
late Thursday night destroyed the old
Noble Grain warehouse at Northl.end,
between Christiana and Atelglen, Pa.
One of them was v> ashli g a pair of
.V rails in a pail of gasolene when a
spark from his pii_o fed Into the pall,
causing an explosion that scattered
the burning oil. Instantly there was
a panic among the Italians, most of
whom had been asleep. They fought
Tcadly to escape from the burning
rr> rn, and the live men kl tir ?1 are
;.hought to have boen trampled to
Oom Down Wit li Orr iv.
A special from Laurel, Del., sayB
the four masted schooner Jud^e
Boyce) built fur Laurel capitan-.Ls,
nae turned turtle off the Capes during
the storm of Nov. 13 and that its
ma-ter, Capt. Maniere Eskldge und
jrew of 10 men were lost. The Boyce
nos built at Bath, Me., at a cost of
$50,000 and was en-route to Savannah,
Ga., on L-r malden trip. Sho was only
three days out when the Btorm over
A De*dly Flgtn.
Six negroes engaged In a deadly
tlKiit in a fourteen-foot riu?, near
Curtis, La., tho portie.pants being
aimed with shot guns and pistols.
After the battle three lay dead. The
ither three e?captid. A woman and
two children were also In tho room
during tho affray, but weio n it
harmed. Tho trouble aroso ovur the
TALK WITH TILLMAN.
What the Old Leader 8aya About New
BTU BF RY THE GREAT DANGER
That Threatens tho Primary and
Urges Strong Action Against
Those Who Resort to
The protest in Greenville County
agatnBt the primary syBtem and ihe
election of Supervisor Walker against
Mr. Speegle has naturally attracted a
great deal of Interest, lt is, perhaps,
tho hardest blow that the primary
sys U m has received .since it has been
In vogue In this State. Senator Till
man, however, does not appear to at
tach very much Importance to the
Greenville Incident, and in a talk with
Mr. Kobo of the News and Couri
er staff about, that matter a day or
two ago at Ids home be s dd that the
whole trouble arase from the partisan
ship and blindness of the county ex
ecutive committee to their duty to
tho people who had selected them.
He is convinced that, if the commit
tee bad ordered another primary and
the people settle the contention at a
regular Democratic primary, there
would have been no trouble, and that
thc voters would have been satisfied,
but the difficulty was that the people
thought that they bad been cheated,
or in other words had not been fairly
treated, and that the result waa large
ly accomplished by a trick. This
may or may not have been so, but the
people all the same got the Impression
that there was a trick about the mat
ter, and tiley would not consent to
any such business, and they took the
blt in their t eth and showed their
disapproval of the work of the com
m.ltt6? End elect-ed Walker.
BAD EFFECT OK GREENVILLE nOLT.
T^en he went on to talk about the
effect of thlB election of Mr. Walker
would have upon the primary system,
and sild that in bis opinion lt would
et courage ludepenr-entism wherever
there is any sort of an expuse for lt.
lt would tend to relax the discipline
I of ti e party; aad in the Piedmont sec
tion, where the negroes are so scarce,
the only salvation for the primary Is
to have lt so honestly and so fairly
and openly conducted that no man
can complain. These people in the
i\edmont st ellon never suffered as did
those In the balance of the State dur
ing the Reconstruction era and the
days of good stealing. They never
had ne^ro d'.minai ion nor carpet
baglsm except as to the State Govetn
rx ont, and therefore they are less
tolerant of abuse in the primary than
the people in the tide water seotion,
who knew that t?'0 possibilities of the
negro votd really are. Tao people in
the tide water section are going to
hold steadfast to the primary system
and keep it absolutely intact, because
they have greater reason to do so, as
they are very much like the burnt
child. As a matter uf fact Senator
Tillman thought that in nearly all
of the counties of the Sta ? the prl
miry system was conducto 1 with ab
soluto integrity and hone-sty. Then
he went on to talk about the necessity
of keeping the primary syBtem above
su plcion, and preventing the use of
money in connection with the direct
or indirect purchase of votes. He
suggested that he had teen that the
Law and Order League, of Aiken, had
organized, and that one of the com
mendable features of Us work is to
cleanse the Augean stables in connec
tion with the primary system.
DA Nor.lt OK BRIBERY.
S. na tor Tillman remarked that hr
had beeu toi 1 by well-informed men
from the Horse Cre?.k Valley section
that there were at least six hundred
votes lu the Horse Creek Valley that
were absolutely for sale In the last
election in that torritory. He knew
of his own knowledge very many of
j the old time residents of Vaucluse,
j Langley, Granitevillc and the older
mill commuuitles, and he was satis
tied, In his own mind, that this de
moralization and corruption does not
lie at the door of these self-respecting
citizens who have lived in that com
munlty for very many years The
"limiters" from the Horse Creek Val
ley, who were raoit lu evidenc, must,
he thought, be new comers, who have
^one there to run the new mills t r to
go Into other work. Ho has never
thought that any considerable propor
tlon of tit.me people we re, purchasable.
If these staten cuts as lt? thc nun;ber
of votes that were t tiered in Aiken
County are true, and if the reports
from oihor parts of the Slate are FO,
lt is a horrible conduit n of affairs,
and the emeral Assembly, he thinks,
ought, to meet the condition hy pis;?
itig a law imposing a heavy penally
bott! upon the man who ( ?T-.-rs a bribe
and upon Hie man who receives it
In addition to this penalty by law,
oublie opinion must be arroused so
that convictions can he obtained, be
cause without the eult.vatiou of pub
tic opinion upon this Hoe absolutely
no good can come from such a statute.
Ile was very glad bo st o that the Liw
and Order League of Aiken had un
dertaken to purify the elections, and
to build up thc moral tone of tho peo
ple, and if this Is succ- ssfully done lt
vvl.l Eccompllsh mucli good.
BRIBERY SHOULD BE l'UNISHEB
Senator Tillman and tills corres
pondent had quite a lt ng discussion
as io tlte possibilities of st< pplng this
practice, and of Information that had
been received of where candidates had
been asked to pay for tho time of men
while they were at work in the Inter
cslsof these candidate:, and very many
other Indirect ways of getting at the
nurse strings of candidates. Senator
Tillman sild that lo his opinion any
candidate who usod money McRltl
mately in securi >g his election was
not a bit too good to reimburse him
self alter lils e.ecMon through his
(.filce. The. fact, that a mao uses
money in an election ought to defeat
him, and he behoved that if it were
tfcnerally known that uny candidate
used money to obtab his dectlon that
that fact alone ought tu defeat bim.
The uso of "strikers," lie thought,
was of very doubtful propriety, and
the man who would offer himself os a
"striker" to any candidate for money
was Just as liable lo sell himself as a
striker to the next man who came
along. Tbe real and effective work
in the interest of any candidate was
done by volunteer friends, and not by
men who accept money ' ~<vheir ser
vices. He does not teliev?, >>t any
man is tit to bold .othce who will start
the campaign with the Intention of
buying bis way Into office. Ho is sat
isfied that there are as few-purchasa
ble votes in South Carolina as in any
other State in the Union, and the
sooner this tendency to buy votes di
rectly or Indirectly is stopped thebet-1
ter lt will be, and that there ought
not to be tbe least hesitancy on the
part of any one knowing that a candi
date is using money illegitimately to
let it be known, and he thioks that is
the most effective way of killing out
the Improper use of money. If the
use of the money is continued in the
primary system lt will so demorallz?
it that the people will go to the legal
election, and that will mean even a
worse condition of affiirs by the In
troduction of the purchasable vote of
many registered negroes.
THE PRIMARY CONVENTION IDEA.
Then we bad quite a long discussion
as to whether the primary system, as
at present operated, was really the
best method ot choosing candidates,
and if better results could not be ob
talned and better men could not be in
duced to run for office, especially of
fices other than that of Governor, if
delegates to a State convention were
elected under the primary system, and
the nominees of the part> ohosen by
such convention. Senator Tillman s dd
that unfortunately the primary sys
tem had gone somewhat astray in this
respect, as the candidates for State of
fices, other than Governor, had very
little to show in thc campaign, and
the best men were not always select
ed, but he was satisfied that the peo
ple would not consent to any change
tn the primary system, nor would they
consent to a convention of delegates
or electoral college sekcttd under a
prlmaiy system. Ile thought that the
people were sat'stled with their seleo
tlotiB, and they were not going to give
up any of tho rights that they now
had under the primary system, and
that there was n > chance at this time
for the electoral college idea.
LEGISLATORS VOTE KOK EACH OTHER
Then Senator Tillman brancied out
and said that unfortunately the very
best results w ere not to he had from
even smaller bodies, and he cited tbe
past elections by the General Assem
bly in support of this proposition, and
said that he had always beeu convinc
ed that it was poor policy for a body
of ihis kind to select most of the elec
tive officers from among its own mem
bers, but such a policy of reciproc
ity seemed to exist and to be grow
ing. He thought that this was not at
all in the right line, but that it simply
Indicated what an ?lectoral colli ge
eleotlon under the primary system
might do, and that perhaps the pen
nie-wry? rbjbt- Jn holding-fast tno-vQXjh.
Privileg i that they now had under
the primary system.
A OuetorUly Crime.
A dispatch from Cokesbury to The
State says some evil dispos2d person
attempted to take the life of Rev. E.
R. Anderson, pastor of St. Paul A.
M. E church, at Cokesbury on Sunday
night. The would-be assassin secrect
ed himself at the encl of the church
under the hay window and as the pas
tor was entering the back door be
sprang out and attempted to shoot
him but the pistol failed to tire. The
alarm was immediately given and pur
ult commonced. The would-be mur
eror however, had gotten the start
nd then bc fired into his pursuers,
which somewhat demoralized them,
he escaped in the darkness. The
church has offered a reward of $tiu
(which amount has been deposited In
the flank o? Hodges for this purpose)
for the apprehension of, with proof to
convict, the party who committed the
Itt snit <>i A Dream.
At Chicago as a result of a dream,
Mrs. Lizzie Couet, 41 years old, lost
her lifo Thursday and her husband
and Infant child were fatally burned
in a fire which destroyed their home.
The woman dreamed that her savings
had been stolen from a hiding place
In the bottom of a sugar jj.r tn the
pantry. Startled by the reality of
the dream she took a lamp in one
hand and hi r baby under her other
arm and went to Investigate. The
lamp fell from the woman's hand and
exploded. Her husband, aroused fruin
sleop in an adjoining room, made a
brave attempt to put out the il un?
and finally succeeded with the aid of a
mattress, but. only after he, as well as
thc wife and child, I.ad been fright
fully burned. Mrs. Couet died while
being taken to thc hospital.
Xi uro Foully Killed.
T ie mutilated body of Mack Aa
? derson, colored, was found We Inesdaj
morning near his home, nine miles
northwest of Cluster. Andersen lived
on Mr. H. A. Brakefield's place and
was about "8 years old. The coroner'^
Investigation shows that he had been
taken from his hoi.se Tuesday night
some 140 yards, foully murdered autl
robbed of SoO. A bioo ly uxc and other
evidences prove the murder a verj
atrocious ono. Anderson was known
to bava some money which fact he
had unfortunately communicated to
othir negroes of the neighborhood.
Arthur Williams and Jim Sanders,
both co orcd, were arrested on suspic
ion and lodged In jail Friday. Coroner
Gladden ls continuing his investiga
tion, with the aid of a detective, and
probaly other arrests will be made.
The boston says papers In a suit for
$350,000 were served Tuesday after
noon ou Thus. W. Lawson, the noted
copper magnate. The suit ls brought
by New York parties supposed to bo
acting fur the Standard Oil Interests.
It ls also Btated that the w Idow of At
torney Georgo Towle will sue Mr.
Lawson for Hool. Ili>th suits are tho
result of alleged disclosures mido by
Lawson in his story "Frenzied Fi
nance," which ls running in a maga
Wei com ti Ulm.
President Roosevelt has promised to
visit Texis early in the spring, and
willi make speeches at Fort VVorth,
Dallas, Houston and either Austin or
BOLL WEEVIL WAE.
Names of Delegates to Convention to
be Held at Shreveport.
BATTLE TO BB PUSHED HARP.
The Peat or tba Texas Cotton I
F leid a la Now a Mon?
aoe to the Entire
The State says: Gov. Hey ward ls
taking a great deal of Interest in the
meeting of the cotton growers to be
held at Shreveport. La., on the 12th
of December. At the suggestion of
Commissioner Watson, tho following
gentlemen were appointed Tuesday to
represent tbls State at th? meeting:
M. L. Donaldson, Greenville.
J. E. Wan na maker. St Matthews.
L. A. Seaae, Prosperity.
E. J. Watson, Columbia.
Charles E. ChambllBS, Clemson Coi
E. D. Smith, Magnolia.
E. W. Dahbi, Goodwill.
J. G Stribllng, Pendleton.
R. M. Pegues. Cheraw.
H. B. Tindall. Greenville.
P. L. Hardin, Chester.
J. J. Fretwell, Anderson.
E. E. Vernor, Seneca.
R. P. Hamers, Jr., Hamer.
A. W- Love, Chester.
Sumter Brabham, Manning. .
J. W. McCloud, Manning
Bright Williamson Darlington.
D. B. Cook, Hartsvllle.
N. g. Gibson, Winona.
J. H. Manning, Dillon.
C. S. McCall, Bennott8ville.
A. J. Matheson, Bennettsvllle.
W: E. Lea, Tlmmonsvllle.
J. I,owls Lee, Conway.
S. G. May Held, Denmark.
E. $. Addison, Ninety-Six.
J. C. Lanham, EdgcQeld.
J. B. Stepp, Switzer.
J. Allen Tobin, Barnwell.
W. T. Jones, Santuc.
E F. Strother, Batesburg.
Harry Hammond, Beeob Islands
W.,'D. Evans, Cheraw.
J: W. Lj brand, Wagner.
3. S. Booser, Newberry.
J. G. McCullough, Bensar.
T. ?. Moore, Moores.
W.;Q. Hammond, Anderron.
W. G. Hinson, Charleston.
E 1. Watson, R dge Spring.
I. F. Still, Blackville.
W. S. Middleton, Clark'B Hill.
A E. Aycock, Wedgefield.
B. H. Boykin, Boykin.
1). iff. Bradley, Easley.
Richard Singleton, Acton.
D. r*. Splvey, Conway.
A. IK. Sanders, Hagood.
J. .1. Peterkin, Fort Motto.
. D.. B. Norris, Pendlettjn.
' ,rs Norton, Marlon,
D. EQrd, Lexington.
John H. Wharton, Laurens.
W. T. Aycock, Columbia.
F. H. Wea ton, Columbia.
C. B. May, Waltorboro.
Gov. Heyward requests that all
who can attend will notify Commis
sioner Watson at once. The three
delegate. ?rst named are members of
the State board of entomology, arid
Pro'. Chamblhss ls the entomologist
at Clemson who went out to .Texas
tblr. summer to study tho boll weevil.
A MENACE TO THE BOUTn.
The executive committee of the na
tlonal cotton convention In its address
. "No more serious menace has ever
confronted any orop in any country.
Since 1893 the cotton boll weevil bas
spread and devastated the greater
part of the cotton growing area of
Texas and has this year Invaded sev
eral parishes of Louisiana. The Hight
of the weevil during the summer of
1904 fas been fully 60 miles north
and east into territory heretofore un
infected, and Indicates a habit that ls
beyond the power of Individual States
"In an tff jrtto proteot the produc
tion of cotton from the ravages of the
weevil, large sums of money have been
spent by the national government,
and the States of Texas and Louis
iana; and most of the cotton growing
States have enacted laws prohibiting
the importation of the product from
Infebted areas liable to introduce the
weevil. These past efforts havo been
of untold value to the territory In
volved, but nevertheless emphasize In
ho uncertain tones the danger threat
enlog the citton crop of this coun
try, unless lmmed'.atc, detlnlte and
co-operative action is taken by every
cotton growing State and every cot
ton Interest to utilizo the result of
past investigations to further perfect
remedial endeavor. A division of i
pinion und Interest In a campaign
against the weevil will bring disaster
"A national cotton convention for
the purpose of dlsousslng aud organiz
ing a uniform plan of campaign is
opportune and expedient and the pro
ceedings of tho convention should
reach the fireside of every cotton far
mer of tho south, and Bhould BO
stimulate natio.ial Interest as to make
this vexed prob'em much easier of
solution. Lot no State fail to intelli
gently shoulder its share of tho re
THE OFFICIAL PROGRAMMS.
The following programme has been
First day, Dec. 12, 1904, 2.00 p.
m.-Address of welcome, Governor
Blanchard of Louisiana. Respons?,
the governor of Tennessee. Election
of officers, appointment of commit
Second day, D.c. 13, 1004, 9.30 a.
m.-Address, Hon. James Wilson,
secretary department of agriculture,
U. S. "The Boll Weevil Situation,"
Dr. W. D. Hunter, bureau of etomo
logy, U. S., department of agricul
ture; "Louisiana Legislation and the
Work of Her Crop Pest Commission,"
Dr. W. C. Stubbs, director Louisiana
experiment station; general discus
Afternoon session 2.30 p. m.-Dis
cussions by the representatives from
tho various cotton growing States,
limited to 15 minutai each.
Third day, Deo. 14, 1904, 0 30 a.
m.-"Tbe Cotton Factors' Interest lu
the Boll Weevil," D. A. Tompkins.
Charlotte, N. C.; "Cotton," S. F. B.
Morse, 74 Broadway, New York city;
"Cotton Transportation," E. L. Ruf
eell of tbe M. and O railway, Mobile'
Ala.; general discussion.
Afternoon session 2.30 p. m.-"The
Nation's Interest In Cotton," Ed
ward Atklram, Boston, Mass.; "Tile
World's Interest In Cotton," Baron
Speck von Sbernburg, German ambus
sador to tbe United States; general
Fourth day, Deo. 15, 1904, 9 30 a.
m.-"What the Weevil Has Dme,
What tho Weevil May Do, and What
the Weevil Must Not be Allowed to
Do," Prof. J. fIf. Connell, editor of
Farm and Ranch, Dallas, Tex.; "Can
National L?gislation Prevent the De
struction of Our Cotton Industry?''
Corgrcssman A. S. Bur.'eson of Texas;
Afternoon session, 2.30 p. m.
"Ways and Means," speeches United
to 10 minutes; committee reports;
KO CHALLAN GUS.
Tho South's Proper Attitude To
warda Congressional Reduction.
Proposed reduction of Southern rep
resentation, as voiced in the Chicago
platform, is little credited among the
well Informed. Congress In neither
branch ls likely to enter upen such a
programme. But the subject contin
ues in the forum of political jhcus
slon, where lt is kept by many of tbe.
very Republican leaders who, in pri
vate, emphasize the utter Impossibil
ity, if not unwisdom, of such action.
In meeting such a discussion, the
Southerners differ widely in theil
A few days ago Representative Bur
leson, of Ttxas, told Tho Post that
be would practically welcome sach a
crusade, if the Republicans wanted to
enter upon it. Representative Sims,
of Tennessee, who comes from one . A
the close congressional districts of the
South, but, after untiring work, has
been reelected by a good majority, lit
tie effected by the geueral Demucratl
slump elsewhere in the state, thinks
that ls not the correct attitude to as
"I grant that the possibilities of ac
tion by congress to reduce our rcpre
sentatlun are remote," says Mr. Sims,
"I am one of thoa?>. who think that
not even the house Of representative;
will undertake any legislation of that
character, to say nothing of the sen
ate, where thc battle would be fought
to the last ditch. But I do not believe
that the Democratic party should
challenge Its opponents to the si' p. Il
is enough for us to be ready tu defend
ourselves whenever we are attacked.
We have a good defense. And yet it,
is not necessary for us to constantly
provoke the Republicans by inviting
rjbem to make a great issue on that
plank In their platform."
Mr. Sims says that pluralities in
several seotlons of Tennessee were
largely induced at the recent election.
Congressional districts that have been
going D.mocratio by 5,000 or 7,000
returned Democratic members by lets
than 1,000 plurality. The indifference
of ?he voters was very marked all dur
lng the canvass. No interest in Demo
eratic speakers was displayed by the
audiences, which seemed dead to po
lltlcal appeals. Only by the most ani
mated personal work was he able to
get the voters to the polls.-Washing
The damage suit for 865,000 against
the Southern raliway brought by the
family of the late James L. Andrews
of Greenwood has been compromised
The road offered to pay 810,000 ant
this amount has been accepted. The
death of Mr. Andrews was unu uallj
sad. He was one of the best knowt
business men of Greenwood and at the
time ot his death was president of thc
1 Hirst-Andrews company, a large
wholesale and retail general merchan
dise concern. He was standing In a
car watching the unloading of some
dour and while so doing the car was
moved by a shifting engine and Mr.
Andrews was thrown out violently on
the ground and sustained injuries
from which he died a few days later
in a hospital in Augusta, Ga.
Shut by HIT Stepson.
A special from Waycross, Ga., says:
Mrs. Julia Williams, wife of Henry T.
Williams, a well known citizen, died
Thursday morning at 4 o'clock at bet
home near that city from the e freeth
of a pistol shot wound inflicted by het
stepson, Kinch Williams, a young man
18 years old. The sheeting occurred on
? Nuv. 14 because she refused to give
j him some whiskey He thought she
had hidden lt. Williams shot his step
mother with a 32 calibre pistol, tnt
ball entering her right leg near the
kneo, passing through tho bone. ft. ls
said that the young man was orazy I
drunk when he tired the shot.
Killed nt Hsluda.
A dispatch from Saluda to The
State says late Tuesday afternoon
Will Culbreath. colored, the negro
who was driving the wagon the night
W. M. Morse was killed, was shot ano
instantly killed, lt is said, by M t
Morse, S. D. Gillon and others. He
was plowing for a bother of W. L.
Henderson and was killed in the Held.
Ho was shot only once, tho weapon
used being a pistol. Tho wound was
in the head, lt is Bald that they baa
gone to arrest Culbreth and that he
attempted to run when they fired upon
A sad .and fatal accident occurred
about ten milos east of Swansea ID
Lexington County on Wednesday
evening a.,oui 5 o'clock. Vandy Say
lor, white, and Welton Glover, color
ed, were out hunting and by some ac
cident young Saylor's gun was dis
charged at short range, the entire
load taking effect in Welton Glover's
back in the region of the right kidney
and just to tho right of tho spinal
column. The wound was two and a
half or three 1 nobes across. Welton
died in 18 hours after uccldent. . In
ante-mortem stateimnt Glover said
that it was an accident.
Entiro Crow L>ost.
Tho Swedish steamer Bur, from
Grimsby, Eng., with a cargo, founder
ed Thursday at the entrance uf Arko
sound. Tho entiro crew, numbering 17
men, perished. It ls believed the ves
sel grounded and that her hollers ex
A STATE R13FOBMAT0BY.
Women's Federation Aol Ivel j Pro
motlng Snoh an Establishment.
About seven years ago the women
ot Alabama, seeing the great evil
done to youthful law-breakers by as
sociatlon with adult criminals, Inaug
urated a movement for the establish
ment of an industrial school for white
toys. A committee was appointed,
which presented to certain legislators
the great need of suoh an Institution.
The Legislature granted a charter
for a "reformatory and industrial
school, to be established under the
care of the State of Alabama * * *
for the bench t of orphan, helpless and
wayward children," and said school
"io receive and provide for the wel
fare of white children between the
ages of eight and sixteen who, by rea
son of their conduct or surroundings,
aie likely to become base or criminal,
cr hurtful to the State or the best in
leiests of society * ** * or such chil
dren as shall have committed petty
offerees or crimes;" said children to
oe committed to the school or refor
matory by any judge or other proper
The Legislature approprated three
thousand dollars for this school,
appropriation wis supplemented by
contributions from public-spirited
ottlzens, aud a school wasestbliBbedat
East Lake, near Blrmhgnam. The
Legislature has since made increasing
appropriations, and now ninety bois
are being cktbed, boarded, educated
and tialned in useful industries. A
pron,h.eut judge recently said that
Alabama could better do away with
every other p die institution than the
Tennessee has bad an industrial
icboel for fifteen years. Careful re'
curds kept of the subsequent careers
ol tue tbousaud boys dismissed show
that less than two per cent, reverted
to evil ways. Experience having
thown that lt ls cheaper to prevent
crime tnau to punish the crimioal, all
save fourteen of the United States
h ive e .t.. bl iahe (I such schools.
In the last fifteen years, how many
South Coolina bojs have been allowed
o commit one petty offence after an
?Tlier, and left unpunished and un
cared for, until old enough to perpe
. rate crimes leading to terms lu the
Tne South Carolina Federation of
Women's Clubs, having undertaken
he work e f securing a school modeled
m the lines of the one successfully
operated In Alabama, asks and confi
dently exp. eta, the hearty support of
0.11 citizens of South Carolina.
It Is proposed to form an industrial
school association, with a vice presl
lent fur each oounty, which vice pres
ident will organize the work in her
county, endeavoring to arouse inter
st In the movement. Tue following
committee urges tho co-operatiou of
all women lu South Carolina who be
lieve In giving every boy a chance:
Mrs. M. F. Ansel, Greenville; Mrs
W. B. Wilsen, Rock Hill; Mrs. Ira B.
Iones, Lanceaster; Mrs. J. M. Vsm-,
ka, Charleston; Miss E. Mcclintock,
Columbia; Miss M. E. Waterhouse,
Beaufort; Mrs. John G. White, Ches
ter; Mrs. B. G. Clifford, Union; Mrs.
Charles Petty, Spirtanburg; Miss M
Caroline Mciver, Darlington; Mrs.
Mortimer Glover, Orangeburg; Mrs.
A. P. McKlsslck, Greenwood; Mrs.
R. D. Wright, Newberry; Mrs. S.
Uleckley, Anderson; Mrs. F. W. P.
Butler, Edgefiela; Mrs. W. H. Car
roll, Bannettsville; Miss Dulce Moise,
Sumter; Mrs. J. O. C. Fleming, Laur
ens; Mrs. Martha Orr Patterson,
HEPHEW KILLS OW ULE.
Business Rivalry Causes One Mer- |
chant to KUI Another.
As a result of business rivalry W.
lt. Murray Friday mornh g shot and
instantly killed his uncle, J. S. Mor
ay, at Durham N. C. The shoottrg
took place In front of the store of the
dead man on Main street In the bud
ness section of the city.
Both men had been running music
stores and were well known business
nen, W. R. Murray, who did the
ihooting, ls a brother-in-law of LE
Emerson of Baltimore, Md., the well
known ch?, mist.
Early Friday morning J. S. Murray
xas preparing to ship a plano and be
accused a salesman of W. R. Murray
of watching and prying Into his busi
ness for the purpe.se of trying to
thwart the trade.
W. R. Murray heard that his sales
man had been accused and, accom
panied by his son, Eirle Murray, he
.vent to the store of his uncle, which
is about half a block from his own
place of business. At the door he was
j^et by J. S. Murray.
A short, bitter quarrel followed and
J. S. Murray pulled his revolver and
icgan shooting at W. R. and Eirle
Murray, the three bullets fired all tak
mg effect on Earle, in the hand, aim
and thigh. W. R. Murray, a powerful
nan, closed in on his assailant and,
taking the revolver from bim, shot
ulm, tho bullet entering just to the
right of the breast and ranging up
-s ard and to the left, severing an art
Tho wounded man fell and was tak
en Into his storo where he expired
within a few minutes without have
W. R. Murray was arrested and will
remain in custody until 10 o'clock Sat
urday, when the. Coroner's Inquest
,vjll be held. Nearly every lawyer in
Durham has been retained on one side
-or the other and several out of town
lawyers have been called In. The af
fair has caused a sensation in Durham.
\V a KI'S Ot'Hm.
Mrs. Lola Green of Atlanta, late of
Greenville, S. C., was shot and killed
in a hack at Kennesaw, Ga., on Sun
day night by J. B. Butler, : nengineer
on the Central railroad. Butler then
shot and mortally wounded himself
with the same pistol. Thc couple were
on thie-r way to the depot to oatch a
train for Atlanta.
Negroes Mast Go.
Tho chief of police of Reno, Nov.,
has I sued orders that all negroes
must leave town-and they are leav
ing by every train.
A BLACK FIEND
ehooU Twioo at Young Lady Hear
CAME BE IB BEING LYNCHED. y;^
Bill Willtamfi, the Suspect, la Now la
the Greenwood Jail Charged
With the] Awful Crime
nt Brutal Assault.
A special dispatch from Greenwood
to The Slate sat s Bill ' Wilbarr s, a
negro, was brought there Monday ?
night by Magistrate W. L. Fouo^r?;
and Mr. D. Sidney Haitiwaugcr o?
Ninety S x and lodged in jail, charged
witb attomptlog a criminal assault
upon Miss Ludle Smith, the 10-year
old daughter of Mr. Mllledge Smith, a
well known farmer who lives below
Ninety-Six, about half a mile from
Sister Springs church. The story of
the attempt, as told by Miss Smith,
is substantially as follows: Tuesday
afternoon Bhe was out in -front of ber
father's house sweeping up leaves and
burning them and otherwise cleaning
up the yard. Her father and mother
were both away from home, and ber
two brothers were picking cotton in a
field about 150 yards back ot the
house; Between 2 and 3 o'clock,
while she was sweeping as above de
scribed, she beard a noise back of her,
and, turning to see what it was, saw
a young negro man advancing towards
ber. His appearance was forbidding,
and becoming frightened she started
to run. 11 : ordered her to stop, and
followed his order by a threat to
shoot. She did not step, and.b^inw ----
a pistol and fired. At the /rfst shot
s'ie glanced over her shoul/wir, ana" he
again ordered her to sl?up. She had
uow realized her dang/Sx fully and ran
in the direction of/the field where ber
brothers wera-^ac work. Tue negro
(ired a secoan shot at ber, but both
failed of.fini lr aim. In a fev? seconds
a^e had'reached her brothers and told
th-3m of what the negro had done,
'and they both rushed to the house
only to find that the brute had mada
good his escape.
The news spread rapidly, and at
3 o'olock the news had reached the
sheriff's office in a request for blood
hounds with wbiob to trail the negro.
It was kept quiet, but thu dogs were
sent at once In charge of Deputy
Sheriff Chark s Dukes and Capt. Jim
McCombs, who has charge of the
county cbaingang. ?
Judge Ernest Gary who "ls here
holding the court of common pleas
this week, beard of the attempt and
he at once had himself put in tele
phonic communication with Ninety
Six, and in a conversation with E. M.
L'pscomb, pres dent of the Cami--""'''
orldge bank thero, an J o??tu. james
Rogers, former magistrate and now
county superintendent of educa
tion for tbif county, he urged upon
thise two gentlemen the neorsslty of
using theil- Influence to pi evo nh a
lynching, and told them to prelect
W?llans taere and bring him to
Greenwood and that he (Jur'ge Gary)
would see tc it that he was protected
here. Both thes3 gentlemen and
many others, all men cf sound, calm
common sense, at once left for the
scene to use all their influence to have
the law upheld. " ,
Meanwhile the degs had arrived In . ' ~~
ubarge of Messrs. Dukes and Mo
Combs and ?.hey were put to work, but
so many people bad visited the place
and had been rid li g and walking so
promiscuoui ly around tbe premises
that the dogs could not make a start.
Finally the-, got off on some trail aDd
ran it a she rc while, but finally gave
it up. Wb le this was goiDg on, and
a majority of the crowd were watch
ing with feverish interst the work of
the dogs, an ther party were at work
or a due which a few had got hold of
and which had been kept from the
main body of men. Following up
their clue, they soon bad under arrest
the negro Bill Williams. He was
carried before Miss Smith, who cuuld
not positively identify bim, but she
said be was about the right size, and
there were other similar marks of
identification. She thought that the
negro who fired at her had on a dove
colored hat, but the negro Bill Will
iams was wearing a black bat. It
was ascertained that he bad changed
shoes in the afternoon, aud it ls like
ly, or lt ls possible, that he might
have changed his headgear. He was
not aimed when found, but as no
search was made of the house in
which he was found, this fact does
not go as far as it might in his favor.
The negro lives ab ut a mlle from Mr.
Smith's house. Tuesday afternoon
he came up f rem Chappel's to Dyson's
on a log cart belonging to another
Mr. Smith. From Dyson's he started
out to walk to his borne. On tho
way he stopped and bad some talk
with a negro, and this conversation
was denied by Williams, although tho
other negro held to it that he talked
with Williams. Also, the negro Bill
Williams claimed that he did not go
up the regular road by Mr. Smith's,
but went around the back, a routo
that was in the neighborhood of a
mlle and a half out of the way.
Others saw him going towards his
home that afternoon by a road dif
ferent from what he claimed be used.
Even if there had been no fear of
a lynching, there was enough against
tbe negro to warrant bri being held,
and there was certainly enough
against him to warrant some, if no
other negro answeriug more closely
tho description could be found, in
making bim pay fie customary pen
alty in the customary way. Unless
some other negro Is found, Bib Wil
liams will have to stand trial for his
dastardly attempt, but it is greatly
to the credit of every one concerned
In the affair that he is now in tho
Gleenwood Jail in the hands of tho
olllcers of the law.
Tanner Killed ill.. Bon.
In a dispute over some farm work,
Pay no HLkman, a farmer residing
near Knoxville, Tenn., killed his sou,
Walter, aged 21, striking him.a blew
on the head with a stick, which broke
the young man's neck. Tho tragedy
was witmsscd by other members of
the family. The young man is said
to have IK cn advancing on his father
with a drawn knife when the latter
struck him In Keif defense. The al
leged murderer was arrested and
brought ti Jail In that city, being un
able to furnish bonds for 95,000,