Newspaper Page Text
A Book That dight to Make the
E. HUNTER, SOCIAL BEFOBMEB,
Arraigns Conditions that Give Ono
Hundred ?nd Twouty-flve Thou
?and People Half the Na
Like a voice crying in the wilder
ness of wealth and luxury, Robert
Bunter, the young social reformer,
has uttered an appeal for the ten mil
lion people of the United States who
are steeped in proverty. To give effect
to the appeal, Mr. Hunter, with bis
young and beautiful wife, formerly
Miss Caroline Phelps Stokes, daughter
of Millionaire Anson Phelps Stokes,
has abandoned a mansion of wealth
and luxury in fashionable Madison
avenue and established in Grove
Btreet, where sloth and proverty abide
on all sides, a home from which be
and Mrs. Hunter will be able to devote
their efforts toward the alleviation ot
Not with any flare of trumpets bas
Mr. Hunter taken this radical Btep.
He and his pretty wife, whom be met
a year ago while they were separately
ministering to the poor of the slums,
had been In their quarters a week be
fore the newspapers found them out.
They modestly disclaim any purpose
to do anything but bear their Just
share of any responsibilities that the
perilous situation may impose upon all
lovers of mankind. Rut already they
are actively engaged in a score of
practical charitable movements.
BIS BCOK ON ''POVERTY."
Co-Incident with their removel to
No. 88 Grove street, Mr. Hunter's
book on "Poverty" was published by
the Macmilians. It is thc result of Mr.
Hunter's llfteen years of labor among
the poor of the nation, and it is a ter
. -?VbVe -arraignment of the State, the
corporations and the individual em
ployers Of labor, whom he charges
with joint responsibility for the con
ditions that prevail.
Startling as is his statement that
there are 10,000,'tlOO people in the
United States-on -eighth of our pop
ulation-sufi, ring from proverty to
day, that the scourage or mryikiud
consumption-ls epidemic, ?^^??????^
the poor are p-jurer man t wt ; irc*.., ~
not stop there, but predicts, unlessr^r
medial measures are adopted, an even
worse condition, ending in au ec u
omic feudalism worse than the baron
ial feudalism of the Middle Ages.
Mr. Hunter |dots not especially
charge the Trusts with responsibility
for the conditions, but the inference
wbich he draws is plain.
"Poverty" is a boc k which ls bound
to create a sensation among thinking
At thc beginning of his > cok, Mr.
Hunter. In a chapter rm general pov
erty, defines the geographical limbs
of the state of misery with wbich lie
proposes to deal. After referring to
the slum districts of foreign cit ies, Ire
"In our American cilios negroes,
whites, Chinese, file x ?cans, half
breeds, Americans, Irish und others
are indiscriminately bous? d together
In the same tenements and even in
the same rooms. Tue blind, tho crip
pled, the consumptive, the aged, the
ragged ends of life, tho bai.i.s. t!.e
children, the half-statved, uuderelad
beginnings In life, all huddled to
gether, walting, drifting This is pau
perism. T'rere is no mental agony
here; they do not work son ; there is
no dread; they live miserably, but
they do not care."
Continuing, the author says:
"How many people in tins country
are In poverty? ls the Dumber year
ly growing larger? Are there each
year more and more of the unskilled
class pursuing hopelessly the elusive
phantom of self-support and indepen
dence? ***** i have not
the slightest doubt thal, there are In
the United States io,ooo,ooo persons
in precisely the.-e conditions of pover
ty, but I am largely guessing, ai n"
there may be as many as tifteen or
twenty millions. Hut ought we not
to know? * * * *
"The number of evictions in any
community is a fairly g- o:l mt asure ol
the minimum of distress. Ln the
year 1903 60,463 families in thc
Rorougb of Manhattan were evicted
from their homes. This is about l-l
per cent, of 'he tjtal number of the
families in the borough.
"As another indication the mimbi r
of pauper burials shou il lie cited.
Every one familiar v. ii lt tho poor
knows bow desperately they sturggle
to give a decent burial to their dea 1,
* * * and yet one In every ten per
sons who die in New York is buried
at public expense In Potter's Field."
Summarizing some of the facts
which he theo gives Mr. ll unter pre
Bents this table:
STATIS!ICS OF DISTRESS.
1003-Twenty per cent of the pco.
pie of Boston in distress.
1897-Nineteen percent of thc peo
ple of New Yor lu distress.
1899-Eighteen por cent of the peo
pie of New York In distress.
1003-Fourteen per cent of the
families of Manhattan evicted.
Every year 10 per cent of those who
die in Manhattan have pauper
"On the basis of these figures,'1 he
continues, '"it would Beena fair to
to estimate that certainly not fewer
than 14 per cent of the people in
prosperous Limes (1903) and probably
not fewer than '?0 per cent in bad
times (1897) are in distress."
Considering thc causis of non em
ployment, into which the author
temporarily diverts, ho mikes this
"Tho reorganization of Industry
Into trust-, causing many thousai tis
of men to lose temporarily their i in
payment, the Introduction of ni v,
maoblnery, having the same effect:
tho speeding up of the machines,
which exhausts and displaces work
men at an early age; excessive hours
in many trades and a too plentiful
supply of lal or in many Industrial
centres, are all causes of non-era ploy
mont which >eom more active In this
country than abroad."
The figures of non employment are
then reviewed, In connection with
other causes of poverty. Mr. Hunter
cites the record of railroad accidents
in the United States f-.r tho last ?on
years, showing many thousands wert
re luccd to abs ?lulo want because of
the death or permanent injury ol the
head of tho family. And he points
out that the majority of th?se acci
dents could have boen avoided had the
railroads Installed thc necessary safe
CONCENTRATION OK WEALTH.
Ia & very significant, table lt ls
shown that Of the 865,000,000,000
which ls the estimated wealth of the
country-833,000,000,000 is possessed
Joy 125,000 of the 80,000,000 of our
Summing up the situation, Mr.
Hunter embraces In a single paragraph
bis message to the nation:
"There are, probably," he says, "in
fairly prosperous years no .fewer than
10,000,000 persons In poverty-that is
to say underfed, underolothed and
poorly housed. Of these, about
4,000,000 persons arc public paupers.
Over 2,000,000 working men are un
employed from four to six months in
the year. About 500,000 male immi
grants arrive yearly and seek work in
tho very districts where work ls
"Nearly half tho families in this
country are propertyiess. Over 1,700,
000 little children are forced to be
come wage-earners when they should
still bo school. 3,000,000 women
lind it necessary to work and about
2,000,000 are employed in factories,
mills, etc. Probably no fewer than
1.000,000 woikersare injured or killed
each year while doing their work, and
10,000,000 of tho persons now living
will, if the present ratio is kept up,
die of this preventable disease-tuber
What ls to be doae? Mr. Hunter
mentions a few remedies:
"The factories, the mines, the
workshops und the railroads must be
forced to cease killing the father, or
the boy, or the girl, whoso wages
alone suffice to keep the family from
poverty; or if the workers must be
injured or killed, then the family
must at least te fairly compensated,
In so far as that be possible. Tene
ments may be made fairly sanitary by
tue action of the community and
thereby much of the breeding of
wretched solis and diseased bodies
stopped.-New York Amcslcan.
THE RURAL CARRIERS
Mold a Very Int?resiitiK Meeting In
The State Rural Delivery Carriers
association held a special meeting in
the United States cou t room in Co
lumbia Thursday. Tue purj/ose of
the meeting was to heir two addi ess
es, which were made by Congressman
A. F. Lever and Postmaster J. F
Ensor of that city, and for the dis
cussion of matt M- relaMi g to the Im
provement of Ibo free mall delivery
r Tue membership of the association
numbers something over 500, hu'
there are many of the cairiers w,.
have not yet b'.corae members. This
meeting being a called one and occur
ring i n Thank giving dav, tho allen
dane * was >ixah. Toe following ar>
the officers for the present year:
President, D C Hayden Orangeburg;
vice president, R A. Shgh, S ighs;
secretary. H. E R I n, N-tses; treas
urer, .las. Harlin m, P.o-peilty.
The morning session ope:;ei at
11 :to u'cltck. Dr. E asor was tin
lust, speaker, followed by Mr. Lever.
They were listened to with closest at
te?tl.n. After these speeches there
was a discussion by tho members of
the association suggesting improve
ments of boxes lor mail, style of
wagons, etc. A tee, ss for diuuer was
taken at 1.30 o'clock.
Business was r< sumed at 3 o'clock,
lt was agreed that The R. F. D.
News, the official organ of the Na
tional Rural Letter Carriers' associa
li ii, >-hoiil 1 be scot to every member
of the State organization, lt was
also decided that at the annual meet
ing, which ls to be held In Columbia
next July, the session should be held
for two days i:.stead of one as hereto
fore. The dates agreed upon an
July 3 and 4. 1905 A committee ol
three, consisting i f Messrs. Samu -1 C.
Tindale of Ntss s, P. M.. Hut! ot
Piedmont and N. O. Pvles of Cdura
bin, was appointed to prcseut to the
Slate legislature at it Its next ses
sion a memorial urgirg the passage ol
laws leading to the Improvement ol
public and private r< ads traveled by
by the free delivery routes.
A resolution was ottered by Mr
Pyles and unanimously adopted thank
ing Dr. Ensor and Congressman Le
ver for their excellent addresses, and
Maj. Micah Jenkins, oollector of In
ti mal revenue for thc use of the court
room, and to the press for courtesies
The following members of the asso
ciation were present:
D.C. Haydn, Orang'burg; Jjhn
C M oro, Chester; John T. McCrorev,
Richburg; P. M. Hull, Piedmont; B
J. Martin, D maids; Maxcy H. Ly
brand, New Brookland; J. E. B. M;
Cartha, Leesville; John C. Drafts,
Leesville; Horace D. Crosson, Lees
ville; Samue l C. Tindal, Necses; W.
A. Sharp, North; W. G. Pete:son.
Newberry; B. M. Wolff. Alma; W. B
Clark, Laurens, Joseph W. Little,
Simpson ville; Hugh E. Polin, Ne(s\s;
L. I). Evans, Blaney; Olin V Nurina
maker, tr mo; E. L. Wlugard, Lexlng
ton: J S3e E. Gardner, Bethuni ; D.
it Fletcher, Kershaw; M. C. Rogers,
Antioch; N. O. Pylcs, Columbia.
Four Wore Drowned.
The rowboat of Willi..rn Briggs,
ferryman between Pott Huron. Mich.,
ano Sarnia, Out, overturntd Thursday
in a heavy sea while Briggs, with six
passengers, was rowing across the St.
C:air river and thc following wen
drowned: Alfred Green, engineer.
St. Thomas, Ont.; John M. dm oman,
fireman, St. Thomas; John Dack,
brakeman, St. Thoma?, all of the Pere
Marquette railroad, and James Con
nel!, barkeeper, Sarina, Ont. Ferry
man Briggs, .ioho Dobson, an engi
neer i t St. Th unas, and Daniel
Fisher, a conductor of Ridgctown,
(0 it., savi d thcn^clvcs by hanging to
the over! urned beat,
Killed ai donison.
At Clemson College James Slzemore.
colored, died Wednesday night from
the < ITccts of a blow on the head with
a stick in the ban is of Bill Greeuleaf,
chored. The tn ttble between too
two "ook place, on Friday, tho loth of
November. "James," the head wal
ler at the Clemson club hotel, had
sold "Hill," a hand at Ciinkscales' liv
.try stable, a pair of shoes on which
. Bill" fit!lied owed a dollar. This
caused had feeling. Bil) cursed Janie.-,
because he kopi asking for th i moni y
and ' dared" him to come down to
thc stable, James went and Bill
knocked bim In the head, Uroenleaf
has disappeared. Jt mes was ahard
..orking, hunt st, bannies negro, and
was well thought of, especially hy the
white people win, knew him.
Horrible < m -.
At Wanenton, Va., three negro
children whose mothers locked thorn
in the room toget ter, woro burnell to
(hath In a Uno which di s Toyed th ee
dwelling.!. Thc ti re was of h oen?jary
origin, and the belief ls expressed the
tho pa, au ts of the Children started
By the State CanvasserB, Who Declaro
? hey Have Ho
JURISDICTION IN COK TE SIS.
AU of tho Constitutional Amend
mumu Were Adopted. Total
Voto for State Officer*
The State board of canvassers con
cluded Its labors Wednesday by de
claring the results of tbe recent eleo
Huns. Tuero were two contests from
Republican candidates defeated for
congress, but these were overruled by
the board and the Di mooratlo nomi
ness for all offlces voted for were de
The following wore declared elected
State otllcors for the next two years;
there having been no opposition tiokct:
D. 0. ney ward, KO vernor.61,007
J. T. Sloan, Lieut. Gov. 52,043
J. T. Gintt, secretary of state 51,622
U. X. Gunter, Jr., attorney
R II. Jennings, treasurer.51,831
A. W. Jones, comptroller.51,833
O. B. Martin, State superin
tendent of education. 51,832
J. D. Frost, adjutant general. 51,835
J. II. Earle, railroad commis
_For the presidential electors, the
nine Democrats received 52 863; Re
publicans 2,271; T. W. Vaughn, the
Socialist candidate from Richland, re
ceived 22, and Thomas Watson re
ccived one In Spartanburg.
_ DEMOCRATIC CONGRESSMEN.
Thc following will serve tbe Statt
in congress for the next two years,
each Democrat lc candidate hiving had
a decisive majority: 030. S. Legare ol
Charleston, J. O. Patterson of Barn
well, Wyatt Aiken of Abbeville, J T.
Johnson of Spartanburg, D. E Fin
ley of York, J. E. E lerbe/bf Marioi
aud A. F. Lever of L'x'ngton.
The vote cast lu tb^ sjveral dis
tricts ls as follows: J
First District---Legare, 6.068; Prio
leau, 234; Noland. 346; total. 6,648.
Second--Patters ;n, 7,420; Mjers
419; total, 7,842.
Third-Aiken, 7,659; Samps Pope,
1; Scott, 142; total, 7 802
Fourth-Johnston, 8 516; Adams.
219; total, 8,735.
Fifth--Finley, 7 928; White, 171;
Sixth-Eillerbe, 8 353; Dea?. 376:
S veuth-Lever, 8 726; Jacobs, 503;
mattering, 6; total 9 305.
The vote for s dlcltor wa3 as follows
-there being no opposition to thc
D^r.-iocrat ic car.irlatos:
First Circuit, P. T. Hildebrand, 5,
:>23; second, J E Divis, 6 590; th rd.
J. S. Wilson, 6 619; Tourth, J. M
Johnson, 5 5!4; tilth, B. Tiramer
man, G,0-18; slxtb, J. K Henry, 5,691,
seventh, T. S S ase, 8,230; eighth,?J
E. R ?ggs, 7 192.
CONSTITUTION A L A M KN DM ENTS.
All of the proposed constitutional
vmcnd.T.cnts were carried. First in
Interest is the propo ilion to have th?
' glidature meet every two yean in
stead of e ery yeer. Thc vo*e on this
was: Yt s.25 635; no, 14,491; total
number cast, 39,856. A mere majori
ty is required, a two thirds majority
A great deal of interest has been
taken in the effort to amend the con
st llu'.ion so that local or special laws
may he enacted in reference to the
building of roads, the age at which
penous are subj ?ot to road duty, and
on the question of drainage. This
w ll perm't tl e legislative delegation*
to make the road and drainage laws
conform to the wishes of the people,
for thc amendment was adopted by a
vote of 26 452 to ll 242. The propo
sitien to repeal subdivisions 2 and 0 of
section 34 of the constitution was
adopted by a vote of 20,000 to 12 024.
The subdivision referred to would
prevent local legislation on road and
drainage and tills merely supple
mcnts tho other amendments voted
The constitutional amendment to
permit Greenville to Increase he.
bended indebtedne.-s to an amount
not to exceed 15 per C:?nt. of the val
ue of the property in the county,
was passed by a vote of 21 682 to 11,
TUE CONTEST HEARD.
When the clerks rep >rted that they
had completed thc tabulation, tb-'
State board entered into the matter of
contests. The first of these came
from the tlrst district where Mr. Le
gare had two opponents, both of whom
are of the Republican party. Aaron
P. Prloleau, colored, charged with a
number of crimes, and J. A. Noland,
white, each claims that he c mid havi
been eb ctcd. Noland was represented
by a negro lawyer named Edwards,
whose contention ls that certain boxe
should have been counted over. The
State ht ard showed that had this
been done and all the votes given to
Noland the latter could not possibh
have been elected. Noland's negro
attorney also claimed that the vote?
should not have been counted with a
representative of the candidate bo;rig
tnore. Tho b ard ruled that it hus
no Jurisdiction In this case.
Priolcau's extravagantc'a'm is that
t e would have received ll 800 votes
had not his supporters been denied
thc rlgbt to vi te. Ho also clalme I
thafj some boxes where he would have
had a majority were not opened.
Prloleau represented himself. The
Stat'i beard declared that it has no
right to act In this case also, there
being n > charge of fraud.
Jacob Moorer, a negro lawyer from
Orangeburg, represented Jacobi, the
Sumter negro who is contesting Ml.
Lever's seat. Moor? r attacked th
constitutionality of the election laws
Th's matter is also beyond the juris
diction of tho board of canvassers, RS
was pointed out by Mr. B. H trt Moss
of Orangeburg, representing Mr.
The State board of canvassers then -
fore declared Mr. Legare and Mr.
Lever du y elected.
mind Tiger Hhot.
A dispatch from Charleston to Thc
State s:ys King street was a sceno of
excitement Tours lay night as a re
?tit of tho dispensary constables
searching SohladorossrB establish
ment. The constables seized a small
quantity of liquor there Thursday af
ternoon and they returned to the
place Thursday night when the two
Schladeressi's opened Uro, which was
returned, about 15 to 20 shots being
discharge d, but tho only casualty wtu
a slight wound lo tho hand of one of
the Scbiadercssl's. He ww, arrested
but later was balled at the station
house. Constables Bateman, Wil
liams, Patterson and Wright partici
pated in the raid and returned the lire
of the owners of the piaoo. Thc raid
netted 70 quarts of whiskey brandy
. SERVED HIM BIGHT. ) !
- : !
A R nu mil Brought io lila Benita Dy
Lawrence Gadsden, a negro man
about twenty-throe years of age, cre
ated considerable excitement in the
Ruplc neighborhood, got himself filled
with bird shot and finally lauded in
jail OM Saturday night about 10 o'clock.
It seems that Gadsden, who was under
the Influence of whiskey, left Orange
burg about- 8 o'cluck on Saturday
night, going down the old Charleston
road toward Bowman. When near
Bethel churoh he went to the house of
a colored man by the name of Wash.
Murphy, who befng absent, Gadsden
ran all the women and children out of
the house, and finally went on down
the road In the direot'.on of Bowman
as he originally started.
When be reached the place of the
late A. J. Kopie, on which now lives
Mrs. Ruple, Mr. John Ku plc and his
three sisters, Gadsden went in the
yard and was hailed by one of the
young ladles, who demanded to know
what be wanted. Thc fiend did not
make any reply, hut walked on around
the house, and, after peeping in one
of the windows, walked upon the
piazza that connects the house proper
and the kitchen and dining room, and
walked to the room of Mr. Jobn Ruple
who was absent, being lu Orangeburg
<m business, and opened tbe dour.
About this time he told the young
ladies, who were alone, that their
brother John, who t e had left in
Oraugeburg, had sent him to stay
there until he came, when he would
take him on to Bowman.
Mrs Rupie-bad gone to spend the
evening with her son Brooks, who
lives a abort distance away, and Mr.
John Ruple, as already stated, bad
not yet come home from Orangeburg,
where he bad gone on busioess. Tnis
was thc situation of affairs wben Gaels
den made bis appearance, and, it is
needless to say, that the ycuDg ladies
were terribly frightened. When Gads
den bad entered the gate and refus?e
to answer the challenge as to what hi
wanted, one of th" young ladle'
slipped out of the front door ant
went to the house of John Coulter, t
colored man who lives on the Rupli
place and works for Mr. John Ruple
Another one of the young ladles blev
the horn to notify her brother Brook
and others of the unusual occurrence
lu the meantime John Coulter los
no time in responding to the call c
the young lad.es for help and soon rc
ported ?it tho hrn's^ for duty. Who.
be arrived Gadsden had left the piazz
and was standing in the yard a shot
distance away. He declined to.aoswc
Coulter's question as to what h
wp rited, and stood his ground uni
Coulter went in Mr. John Ruple
ro m and got his gun. Wheu Gadi
d-iQ .saw this, he m ,de for the gat<
nut. tailing to get it open, be ra
under the house, and tinally jempe
the fence, making for the woods, to
lowed by Coulter. They had not pn
ceedei far bef re Coult r saw M
brooks Ruple, who had been warnt
hy tlie blowing of the horn, comlr
towards bim, with Gadsden botwet
them running for the woods Coult
called out to Mr. Brooks uplo
shoat Gadsden, at the s* ,?.e'tln
shooting at him himself.
Gadsden conti i u d to run a\d ma?
his escape to the woods, after bili
tired at six times, both gunk btli
loaded with bird shot.
In the meantime scv/.aL I > b
arrived on the t-cene and' >lned
the hunt tor Gadsden, wht ai d
appeared in the woods. .. * ..er sor
time he vs as found elise i
against a pine, with .ne hi pe,
doubt, that his pursuers would pi
him, and he would come back: to't
roal and make good his escape,
this was his hope, he was disappointe
as he was discovered uni broug
back to the Ituple house. While t
party was getting ready to bring bl
to Orang iburg, Gadsden made bis <
cape, and again reached the woot
Ile was pursued by those present, b
tiny failed to overtake him, and
looked as if he had made good I
Dut such was not to be the ca
as Gadsden was capturid by Mr. J.
Murphy, the beer dispenser at Oraui
burg, who was on ids way bon
which was not far from tbe Ru;
homo. When Mr. Murphy had gott
to where the colored man Wash Mi
phy lives, he was told by another c
o.ed mau, Perry Funches, who li'
near Wash Murphy, bow Gadsden h
acted there, and said he believed
had been killed as he had heard gi
eral shots lind in the'direction of fi
lluplc's, where Gadsden had gol
After hearing this Mr. Murphy pui
ed on to the Ruplc home, In front
which he found a number of rr
standing. After being told of t
escape of Gadsden, Mr. Murphy
membered s^elug. while parsing' Fi
ches' bouse some distance back, a i
gro man coming to thc road from l
He Immediately turned back a
pu.- bed on to where ho saw the neg
After pa s og the pla;e a little wi
he met a wagon which was bel
driven by a negro, who, on bel
questioned, denied fleeing any o
Just as he passed the wagon Mr. M
phy saw a man running fortheswa
across a Held. Ho jumped out of
buggy and hailed tho mau, tell
him if he did not stop he would sh
him. Tue man stopp cd and Mr. M
phy i cd him and took him back
tho Duple home, where he had I
the tull) from whom Gads.len had
caped, lt was a brave, thing In I
Murphy iu capturing Gadsd n as
had no weapon of any kind on
person. Gadsden Is a large, pow
ful negro, and could hive made sh
work of Mr. Murphy If he had kne
tho. t rue situation.
After Mr. Murphy carried Ga isi
back lt was decided tn bring him
Oran reburg and turn him over
Sherill Dukeaj which was d ?ne. 1
only violence offered him after be
captured was by Mr. John Duple, v
lives Ailh his mother and sisters
the I ouse visited hy Gadsden. W
he li st saw Gadsden he was FO 6'
pcratud that bc bit him a blow or I
with a pleco of iron. He was s
utile;cd and tho negro was lod
saloly lu Jail, whom be now ls A
reaching thc j iii Gadsden was ex;
Incd and it was found that he
been pretty well sprinkled with t
shot on different parts of his pen
It was also discovered that this
not tho first time that the rascal
been shot as his back was full of
shot scars. He is said to bo a 1
Ho hal seen Mr. John Ruple
town and when he went to the Ri
home he knew that nothing but la
were there, and there ls no tel
what he might have done, bad lt
been for the fact that the young
dies S?W him when he first enb
thc gate and were thus apprizer
tho tlend's presence. Mr. Murpl:
being congratulated on all sides
ibe brave mac nor in which ho cap
tured Gadsdou in the face of what
night have been great danger. We
hope the law will be put to Gadsden
bo tbe fullest extent, and that the
rascal will be sent to spend several
Rimmers on the banks of thc Conga- ,
ree. It Is Just such no account vaga- 1
bonds as Gadsden that hurts the col- >
:>red race lu tho eyes of the world.- i
Orangeb'urg Times and Democrat.
A SALUDA SENSATION.
Fonr White Moa Kc!d for thc Murder
of a Negro.
"We find that Will Culbreath came
to hts death from a pistol shot wouod
In the hands of S. D. Glllion and that
U. D. Gillon. M. B. Morse and J. Mid
Moffett were accessories to the kill
This was the verdict of the coro
ner's jury at Saluda empaneled to In
quire into the cause of thc Degro,
Cu'breath's, death and which was
reached late Wednesday evening after
quite a prolonged session.
S D. Glllion, the principal, hasbe:n
quite a partisan tor the Moises and
against W. L. Henderson and young
Free since M. M. Morse's death a few
weeks ago. U. D Gi l'on is a sun of
S. D. Glllion and M. IS. Morse ls a
brother of M. M. Morse, Will Cul
breath was the negro who was driving
the one horse wagon the night M. M.
Morse was killed, and for whose anest
the governor was Indued to oller a
reward of ?50, but which was with
drawn. It ls but Just to Bay -??ry few,
If any, believe the negro bad anything
to do with M. M. Morse's death and
the theory ls that the negro was Im
plicated f-o as to discredit his test!
mony at the trial of W. L. Hender
son, should his testimony be In favor
of Henderson and against tho State's
case. There is not one iota of te; ti
mo ?y connecting the negro with the
killing of Morse. Several days ago Cul
breath was brought back from Pros
perity-whither he went after Morse
was killed-by Mr. W. L. Henderson's
friends and since that time has been
at work for W. W. Henderson, a
brother of W. L. Henderson. On Mon
day, lt ls understood, a warrant was
issued f )r the Culbreath negro on the
part of the State and S. D. Glllion
was made a spacial constable to exe
A synopsis of the testimony at the
inquest tells tue remainder of the
Edgar nrnderfeon, a 14 year old son
of W. W. Henderson, was at work lu
the field with the Culbreath nigro.
The darkey was plowing and young
Henderson wa-? cutting corn stalks.
His 12 year old sister happened lo be
In the Held with her b.other when
Gillion and his party came up. Tin
boy says Mr. Gilli n rode up to Will
and said: ''Hello, WUP. I have a war
rant for you. If you run I'll kill you."
Will ran and was limning as hard
as he cjuld and fe'.l while running.
The girl corrobor itcd E'yer Hender
son's testimony and in answer to a
question as to what, Will was doing
when shot, says, "He was runulng,
trying to get out of lt."
Both stated that S. D Glllion went
to where the negro waa laying after
he was shot and said, "Poys, come
look at him. He ain't hurt."
The girl was frighten d and begin
to scream and she says Mr. Gibt n
came to her and said, ''Daughter
don't be afraid. It alu't nothing.
Mr. J. D. Davi-J, ex-auditor of
Edgefield county, was swum and said
he was on his way home from tc' 0)i
and met S. D. .Glllion and Mid Mof
fett. Asking them them the news.
Gillion leplled ''nothing'1 and then
said: "Yes, I have some ne .vs and
bad news. I ba've killid Will Cul
breath." Gdllon then r ques'.ed that
witnesses go to where the m g o was
laying and search for a knife or
pistol. When witness went to the
negro he found no knife or pis'.ol. In
answer to a question Mr. Davis said
Glllion "told me he went to the field
where the negro was plowing and told
bim he had a warrant for him. The
negro ran off. He got off of his horne
and ran after him, and was gaining
on him when the negrj turned and
put his hand In his pocket. Suppos
ing the negro meant to light him he
Other parties testified to senlng the
other men handicapped nearby with
guns. The evidence showed that the
negro waa some 30 yarns from Gillion
when shot and was running for life.
The bullet entered the back of the
head and going through was cut out
under the skin In or near the center of
S. D. Gillion came down Thursday
evening and surrendered to the sher
iff. Ills son was here also but it is
sild he went home. Warrants have
been Issued for M. B. Morse and J.
Mid Moffett. lt is also stated that
warrants will be issued for Dock Mc
Kay and two other parties, whose
names yi ur correspondent could int
learn, ns, lt ls said, they were in the
woods when Culbreath was killed and
were with Gillion and his party. Mc
Kay is a brotucr in-law of the dead
S. 1?. Gdllon was tried here just
after the county was formed for kill
ing a Mr. Cogburn in the northwest
ern part of the county.
.lump' (1 Overboard.
"Good-bye, God will take care of
me," wiote a young woman whose
berth aboard the Old Dominion liner
Princess Annie was discovered to have
been unucrupied after she look pas
sage from New York for Norfolk Wed
nesday and who has nev.:r been seen
since. On tin; paper in which she up
parently bade farewell to her father
and to life, was also written a request
that her father, F. J. Henkel, bo no
titled at 43 Orescent street, Wakefield,
Mass. Search was Instituted for the
girl and In her statero'im was found
her pathetic note. Tho missing young
woman, who ls described a, a yinni,;
girl budding Into womanhood, took
passage at New Yorn for Norfolk, glv
mg her name as Miss E iza be th
Henkel. That this was her tiue name
ippears to be indicated by her note to
Killed ? (Jouplo.
Near Philadelphia, Pa., on Wedna*?
Jay Frank Say lor, a negro farm hand
Uiotand killed Henry Henderson, aged
23 years, and when ho was overtaken
by George Henderson, Henry's uncle,
Tatally shot him also. In addition he
[ired two shots at Ella Scott, whose
refusa' to accept his attentions
irousod lils Jealousy. Say lor escaped
Into a den.se woods and has since
Adara Weiss, of Chicago, a pn&sen
ger on the steamer Kaiser Wilhelm
IL, committed suicide when the stea
mer was two hours out from New
Y ork, on Weduoaday.
Visits Thornwell Orphanage. Beni
Inory Li m-m il Down.
A dispatch from Clinton to Tho
State says at six o'clock Tuusday
afternoon tho Thornwell orphanage
seminary building caught dre in tho
roof from a defeotive flue and was
burned to the ground. Workmen tad
j u-it finished testing a new furnace and
tbe building bad been clcsad for tbe
day. The lire was discovered early
but a3 the town bas ni t yet put in its
waterworks the efforts to put out the
dames were of no avail. The Are soon
reached an 85 foot tower and besame
a huge pillar of flames. Efforts were
then diverted to the protection of the !
McCormick, a dormitory building on
the orphanage campup and the r. c'ta
tion hall of the Presbyterian ooiiege,
both of which were threatened. B tb
buildings ? ere adequately proteoted
The "Thornwell Seminary for Or
pliant-," which was the name of the
burned building, was dedicated in
1883 by Gov. Hugh S. Thomson,
whose diath the people are now la
The building wus In process of con
struct ion for 18 months, during which
pei lol the labor and other bills wen
prompt'y met at the end of each week,
though at no time were tbe funds io
band sutlloient to pay them a week ii
advance. This wa* the main education
al structure of the institution and con
tained In addition to a large chapel
some six class r oms. The loss ls $8,
OOO,, with only 81,000 of Insurance, li
falls therefore as a heavy blow upot
an in titutlon which only a few days
ago bal a similar loss, from which it
had partially recovered by donations
Lo the dining ball of the orphanage
help ls needed as never before. The
flues from which lt caught have beet,
iu almost dally uso s.uce 1883. Tb?
president'of the crphanage has made
it a practice to walk around the
grounds each night after the retiring
hour to see that all was safe. The
Ttiornweil orphanage bas many
friends. The help of everyone of them
will be needed now. J. F. Jacobs.
ItcoelptB off i'ostoillon.
The auditor for the po steffi ce de
partment lias issued his annual report
of tbe gross rec ipts and expenses of
presidential elliots throughout tbi
country for the fiscal year which end
ed June 30, 1004.
The ligures show that tbe total re
?'iipbs in presidential otu :es In Soutl
Carolina were $430 522; that thu sal
aries of the postmasters were 671,351;
that the exp -hsi s of special deliverj
services were S3 425 30; clerk hire.
$57, 5i:7; r< uts, lights and fuels, 810,
001, ai d tb cwt ol free delivery 852
070. The figures as to the various
pO?t Ol es in the State are as follows.
th<i flr;-,fc figures be og the gross re
ceipts of the sa aries of the post
Abbeville. 85,358 04; 81,700,00.
Aiken, 88 001.03 82 000.00.
A ders m, $13.232 56; 82 300.00.
Bambe'g. $2 000 28; 81,300 00.
biruwnl, 83 220 28; 8,400.00.
Batesburg, 82.234 SO; 81 ooo oo.
Beaufort, 84 181 39; 81.000 00
B rmettsvllle. 85 113 45; 81 000.00
Cimden, $7,359 30: 81,800 00.
Charleston, 8113 004 42; $3 300 00
Cheraw, 4.3 022 18; 81.400 00.
Chester, 87,t5?. ?2; Si 8JO 00.
Clemson Collei. 82,044 00; 81,100.
Clinton, 84 007 87; 81 5 10.00.
C lumbla, 855 302 03: 83 100 00.
Di-llng on, 7 555 87; 81 8)0.00.
Di.loo, 83,718.58; 81.3e0.0J.
E isley, ?613:52; $300 00
Edge Held, 83,081 04; $1,300.00.
Forencc. 87.727 53; $3 800 00.
Gttlne , $5 870 42; $1.700,00.
G orgeiuwn, 88,600.92; 82.OU0.0?.
Greenville, 826 616 IS; 82.600.00.
Greenwood. 89 104 26; 82,000 00.
Uartsville, 82 433 14; 81.200 00.
Hones Path, 81,204.13; 8550 00.
Lancaster. 85 801 33: 81.400 00.
L ureOB, $6,487 70: 81.700.00.
Manning, $2 707.04; 81,100 00.
Marlon, 84 551.52; 81 500 00.
Newberry, 87,575 34; $1 900 00.
Orargeburg, $8.387 04 ; 82.000.00.
Pelz r, $3,117 53; 81,400.^
Rick Hill. 811,181.011; $2,100.00.
Senect, 82 800 73; 81,200.00
Spartanburg, 823,982.55; 82,000 00.
Summe!vide, $1,621.31; 81 500 00
Slimier, 814 108 27; $2,300 00.
Un'on, 87,002.51; 81,800 00
Walhalla, $1,7io oo; $w25 oo.
Wa1 tetboro. $2 002 25; 81,200 oo.
Westminister, $482 00; $275 00.
Winnsboro, $3,883 71; 81,500.00.
xorkville, 84 258 02; 81,600 00.
Murder and Suicide.
Mrs. John Kyser late Friday after
noon shot and m irtally wounded Miss
Nellie Edwards at ber home iu Wood
lawn, a suburb of Birmingham and
while on a street car returning to the
city, shot and iustantly killed herself.
Both Mrs. Kyser and Miss Edwards
are v.oll known, lt is said that Mrs.
Ivyser was jealous < f her husband who,
lt ls alleged, was formerly engaged to
Miss fi 1 wa rds.
Cut Ult* Throat.
Elmer Johnson, the man who gave
himself up to officers at Jonesboro
Ark., a f*;w days ago for a murder
committed in Chattanooga, Tenn.,
sixteen years ago, cut his throat.
Thursday morning in his cell, where
he was held awaiting the arrival of
author!t'es from Chattanooga. Jobn
s ?ti ls in a dying condition and is not
expected 10 survive the night.
Killed His Mitti.
W. J. Blank Instil p, an aged whit
man of (Oak Hill, 12 miles west of
Covington, was si ot and killed by J.
A. Scott, a wealthy bach' lor farmer
nf that community. Blankinsblp rents
land from Soott and lt ls reportod that
the two men h ive had difficulties re
cent ly over matters pertaining to the
division of Blnnkiushlp's crop.
Fourteen Minoru Hilled.
A Fernie, B. C., dispatch to The
Pioneer Press says 14 miners wero
killed at tho Carbonado mines near
Morrissey Friday afternoon asa result
of a terri ties explosion of coal g is. Thc
disaster occuned in No. 1 minc, ten
ii iles west of Ferule. Thc work of
rescue was kept u 1 all afternoon and
all the bodies have been recovered.
You can't down Atlanta, Julius
Brown, of that city, ls out with a card
proposing that tho electors of all
southern states v. ito for Roosevelt and
make his election unanimous. Ho
makes the proposition because he says
Roosovelt has been unjustly attacked
on tho. negro question and about thc
Philippines and, In fact, on all public
questions. He concludes the card: "He
is a good man, hair S lUthero, and we
of the South ougtit to be able to trust
G. W. BLACKWELL, aged 55, opera
tivo at thc Maple cotton mill at Dil
lon, wt.s killed by a train on the Coast
Lino while asleep on thc track Thurs
day. He was drinking.
Building and Re-Pres ed Brick. Sp
Terra Cotta Flue Linings. I'repa
Whiskey I Morphine I Clgaret
Habit, I Habit I Habit
Cured by Iteelejr I
1329 Lady St. (or P. O. Box 16) Oolu
That is exactly what it ls. a B
day at the State Fair showing lia fii
Every Farmer, Oil Mill, Saw M
Droper ty should have them. For sa
Cohimbia, 8 O The urtu
Building Material of all kii
A WAK ROMANOS
That Was Bosun iii Ncwb rn Sumo
Forty Years Ago.
A war time romance which was be
gun in Newbun in 1862 had a har pt
ending in New York a few days ago.
An account of it is giveu in the New
Goff-?imer.-In this elly, Oct? bjr
6, 1904, Dr. C evtfland Willis Goff, of
New York city, to Mrs. Jane Lawson
Uimer, of Savannah, Qa., by the Rev
William B Tower, pastor of the
Washington Square Methodist church.
Ry the foregoing announcement,
published in the Herald, many friends
of a physician well known in bis forty
years' practice In this city, will b
surprised that an elderly man, long
tgo given up as a hopeless bachelor,
ba? taken uuto himself a wife. Few
will know that it also marks the good
story book ending of a war time ro
manee, beginning ID Ncwberu, N. C.
lu 1802. lt d02s rot lose Its interest
oecause Mrs. Goff, herself white"]
haired, told it last nrght.
Dr. Gi ll, whose olllce ls at No. ll
East Sixteenth street, was a joung
physician in Rochester when the call
to arms came in 1861. Ile enlisted
in the Third New York cavalry known
as Van Allen CY dry, serving first as
quartermaster then rising to the rank
of captain, aud later do ng duty as
Dr. Goff was with the army that
occupied Newbern. N. C , in 1802
i There be met Miss Jane Lawson
I daughter of a local merchant, and
needless to say, a very ardent sympa
cbizer of the Scu'.hern cause. Tne
young surgeon fell in love with her
"I am sure that my treatment of
Dr. Goff waa cot lh? kindliest," tald
nis wife last night. 'Tn those day*,
of course, we could see nothing good
11 the Yankees. Rut be was persis
Tnere was a youug Confederate of
ficer lu the case at that time. II
was James Ula.e.- and he was also In
love with Miss Lawson. That mace?
Drt Goff's suit impo-slble and be was
told so plainly. What he said when
ae learned this was not revealed last
night, but he continued to urge bis
suit, even afttr the war closed. That
vas all ended when, a few years af'er
the war, Miss Lawson became Mrs.
rim -r and moved to Savannah,
wlv?re her husband went Into busl
Dr. Goff returned to New Yoik and
began the practice of medicine, lie
had many patients, amassed ac m
fort able fortune, travelled extensively
and in the opinion of his friends was
a man whose heart had never been af
fected by -'.ny worn m.
It ls likJy that the story would
have ended here had not Mrs. Ulmer
paid a visit to N::w Yurk in October.
Mr. Ulmer bad died turee years be
tore. There were no children. She
was c mfortably well off and liked to
i ravel. She did not kuow exactly how
if happened, but one day at her hotel
she thought of Dr. Goff and wouler
ed if he were still living. A dieo
ory gave his address ana she called
Mrs. Goff laughed last night when
she came to this part of the story. ' It
was the d clor,'' she said. "Of course
tm had changed. For that matter
both of us were, well, a little older
but we were soon chatting about old
times during the war. Then;" Mrs
Goff hesitated and a chuckle came
from her husband.-New York Her
Ilopon Ol Cuttun Uiitned.
The oensus bureau Friday issued a
preliminary rrpoit on the quantity of
cotton ginned to Nov. 14, 1904.. in
081 counties, fr m which reports have
been received to this date, lt shows
20,817 active ginneries against 20,710
for the Barae period in the name coun
ties in 1U04 of 8,912 125 running biles
against 0,414,058 lu 1903. The last
named figures Include 234,720 round
bahs for 1004 and 470,020 for 1903.
The entire number of counties from
which ginning was reported last sea
son was 812 When all of the agents
should have reported for the present
c op there will be published a sum
mary distributing hy Stat s the total
quantity ginned during the season
pri. r to Nov. 14. The entire numbir
of active glntierles repot ted prior to
Nov. l l, 1903, was 29,606, and the en
tire cotton ginned was 7,070,437 run
ning bale*. Ry States the reports for
tho 081 counties so far reported for
the present season prior to Nov. 14,
follows: Alabama, 50 c unties, 3,318
active ginneries, 923,979 running
l?ales; Arkansas, 00 counties, 2.200
ginutrles, 52lj 192 bales; Piorlda, 15
counties 214 ginneries, 41,012 bales;
Georgia, 119 counties, 4,57ginneries,
1,433,907 hales; Indian Territory, 15
counties, 320 ginneries, 207,485 bale ;
Kentucky, 1 county, 3 ginneries, 860
bales; Louisiana, ?39 emmies, 1,500
ginneries, 400,974 bales; Mississippi,
08 count'os, 3,733 ginneries, 973,821
bales; Missouri, 7 counties, 50 gin
neries, 20,785 bales; North Carolina,
63 oouoties. 3,787 ginneries, 608,782
bales; Oklahoma, 15 counties, 247
ginneries, 190,789 bales; South Caro
Una, 39 counties, 3.114 glunerbs,
921,876 bales; Tennessee, 34 coontie*,
050 ginneries, 181,003 bales; Texas,
138 counties, 3 855 ginneries, 2.478,
501 bales; and Virginia, 6 ocuntles, 83
ginnerl-.a, 8 019 bales.
Got Two Outlaw?.
One outlaw ls dead and another ls
In Jail morta'ly wound, as the result
af a draperate battle between oattle
tneives and oflicrs of tho law nea:
Deeth, Nevada, on Monday.
IA, ?59. c.
eclal Shapes to order. ' Fire Proof
red to till orders for toou?ebd^cr;.
J AU Drug and Tobacco
??tit ute, of &. C.
mbliv. t?. O. Confidential correspond.
El! KILFYRE ! I !
'ire Killer. Demonstration every
e fighting qualities.
Ul, Ginnery and any one owning
~hinery Supply Louse of the State
e & Cement Co.
ON, 8. C.
ids. High Grad? Roofing
SrVrite for prices.
TUB ofllolal figures of the result of
the congressional election show that
the Republicans In the bouse of repre
sentan ves of the F-fty nineth con
gress will have the largest majority in
the history of congress. A compila
tion made rc cen t ly by the file clerk of
the house shows that the R publicans
made a gain of forty-one members the
past elec.i n, and that of the 380 of
total membership of the house the
Republicans will have 251 and the
Democrats 135, giving the Republi
cans a clear maj >rttv of 110 votes.
TUB Spartanburg Journal says:
"The dispensary has been established
eleven years io South Carolina and no
other state has adopted it. If it were
a good thing, wouldn't it have
spread?" How about South Caroli
na's anti-divorce law? The fact that
it basT not spread is no evidence what
ever that lt IR not a good law.
Mullet! MuUetl Mullet!
and all kinds of J? resh and Salt Water
tish and oysters. H you are dealing in
Fresh Fish or Intend to doal In them
write for nrloRR and m*nt\ your ordrs tb
TERRY FISH CO., Charleston, S. O'
or COLUMBIA FISH & ICE CO
Columbia S. C. We ship only~'ffes?-_^
caught fish and our prices are as low ^
they can be sold at. Write us. .Try
us and be convinced.
Blood Poison and
WRITE HIM AND HE WILL GIVE YOU
THE MEANS TO CUREjTOURSELF
AT HOME PRIVATELY.
Any gentleman reader of thia paper bavins**
privuto disease, mich us Norvous Debility, Var
icocolo. Stricture, Spocillo Blood Poison or
any Uretliul,Discharges should write Dr. J.
Recognized as the oldest established '
and Most Reliable Special.
Newton Hathaway of Atlanta for particulars
of his new system of curing these disoases in
half of the time required by the old method,
You apply it youinolf at homo, undor tho Doc
tor's directions, and no ono but yon and he ?
know anything about it. In a short time you
Hud yourself well and h-vilthy aud not a pain
or sign bf disease anywhere.
Ho cures Imp?t- ney in old men, stops dis
cbarges in a few days, dissolves Stricture
without pain, and lu the name ahort timo of
fecta a marvelous change for tho bAiifir Ia.all.
private diseases of men. By nu origid?l svV
tein of answers, ho can tell exactly what is tba
matter with you, and compound tho treatmrfe?
ll? sends it d'-rectly to your homo In a plat?
pnekago without mirks td indicate the con
tenta bot him send you bia now booka cover
ing the diseases of men. Ho lue; four of them
-Distases of the Vital Organs, Blood Poison
ing, Stricture^ Varicoce'o. His full address ls
Dr. J. Newton Hathaway, 8S Inman Bldg. 22J
S. Broad St. Atlanta, Qa. Writ? for the ono
you wa>it. It is free, also a detailed lotter
covoring your case, it is a good way to And
out if you oin bo cured and at no cost to you;
so wrko without delay, nnd ns tho doctor has
been prominent in the South for twenty-five
yema, you can roly on what ho says.
5 PIANOS AND ORGANS, g
. -And Lots of Them
S WE SEL THE BEST MAKES. S
Our prices are about ten per .
cent under Northern prices. g
E cry Hinno or Organ we sell (p
is fully warrnntod by the makers, ?
and backed up by us. Write us at ?
once for catalogue, prices and j*
iWALONE'S MUSIC HOUSE, |
COLUMBIA, S. C. .
c n^Airnririr~L ism
WHOLESALE DEALERS IN
FISH AND OYSTERS,
8 and 20 Market Street, Charleston, 8. O.
Consignments of Country Produce are Ito
ipect?ully Solicited. Poultry, Eggs, &o.
Fish packed in barrels and boxes for oona try
f.rnde n funnjnl tv.
Cures all diseases of .men. Lost
manhood, syphilis (blood poison),
gonorhoea, gleet, stricture, varlooeele,
hydrocelo and all private diseases of
men. Catarrh in all forms cured
quickly.' Piles cured without opera
ci?n or detention from business.
Undor guarantee RHUM 421 and
422 Leonard building, Augusta, Gv
HT.), . . _ v. .._. _ , ?
>i linc mi iiuiuu viraviuouii VUIJO
hours: 9 a. m. to 1 p. m. Sundays,
10 a. ra. to 2 p. ra.
<fce AHA BANK DEPOSIT
*4*\J.\?\7\? Railroad Fare Paid. 500
* FRBK Courses Off ?red.
??HwHII BoardalCo*?. WrttaQutck