Newspaper Page Text
fi" M v-4 lr? I
"DO THOU, GREAT LIBERTY, INSPIRE OUR SOULS AND MAKE OUR LIVES IN THY POSSESSION HAPPY OR OUR DEATHS GLORIOUS
IN THY ?A USE."
BENNETTS VILLE, S. C., FRIpAY, JANUARY 6, 1905.
main aiflnhnf/nn VO'^^nt. "..,?> I_
h Is Worth by Yield
M SELLING PRICE
Be Misleading as to Value. - An
mporlant Distinction. The South
W&J; Carolina Weather Bureau's Re
port for November Con
' tains Startling Data.
The November report of the South
Carolina section ;?f the weather bu
reau service, just out, contains muoh
that is of Interest to farmers and all
others who keep up with crop condi
Toe mr st interesting and valuable
portion of the report is in the nature
of a reminder, or advice, to farmers
as to what makes tho value of the
cotton crop, and this ls especially
timely just now when there are to
many bizarre notions as to how to in
crease the price. Ttie report shows
that t ha return on the crop to the in
dividual farmer is represented not by
the price per tale, but by the price
per acre, and some comparisons be
tween South Carolina and Texas are
made which illustrate the point.
The report says on tl' is line:
"It ls the common opinion that the
selling price Cit an agricultural pro
io ^jyrjc thc measure of its profit
ableness. Tbeoretlcallv this is true,
but in actual practice tt ls not wholly
true, and in some instances is not j
even the most important factor,
when productivenehs ts compared
with crop prices.
"By far the greater part of what
thc average farmer raises is for use
and consumption on his farm, and the
residue is the surplus on which alone
the selling price has any effect so far
?^p?*-e?*?h??jumer-s fiuances arecouccrned.
The case I's^fffffMent with the cotton
farmer, for tliM^dre-^tn^rjaTTctttirilTi^
this staple must be s?ld. and none can ?
be piofltably consumed on the farm,
and yet a series of comparisons would
Indicate that the selling price of cot
ton is less important than the pro
ductiveness per acre, In calculating j
the profitableness of this crup.
"The statement that more money
is received for a small than for a larga
rkoiduat, of ;money neat ved for the
, smaller crop' represents a loss to the
cottoii planter, in comparison with
the smaller amount reoalvcd for the
larger crop. This view is less com
mon, and it is based, of couise, on
the larger yield per acre of a larne
crop than a small one. lt may b : as
sumed as un approximate fact that
the cost of cultivating an acre of cot
ton varies but little from year to
. year, far less than the price per
pounti or the yield per acre, and it
may also be assumed to be constant
in thc same locality, however widely
lt may vary in different loalittes.
"To illustrate all of the foregoing
points, the value per acre has been
calculated for the total cotton crop of
South Carolina and Texas for a num
ber of years, selected to represent the
condi tions brie Hy stated above. In
the value per acre, in South Carolina,
was 814 20; in Texas, $22.50; the price
per pound was 11.2 cents. In 1804,
the value for Soutli Cand?na was
$14.30; for Texas, 812.50; the price
per pound 6.9 cents. In 1806 the
y?lu'?i were, fir South Carallca,
$15.00; for Texas, 810.00; the price
per pound 7.0 cents. In 1808, the
. year of greatest production for which
values are available, the values were,
for South Carolina, $11; for Texas,
813 80; the price per pound 5.0 cents.
N ' The limits of this article will not
ni?iVv'fc a ful1 discussion of the weather
tivatedreva,led' and t,je acreage cul
nmountss lu connection with the
he safely "s?tllzed per acre, but lt can
acre 1? the caed th?t the yield per
nruniablencs?j??billng factor In the
rather thar/f ' of raising cotton,
larne yl??Pth? price per pound. A
themed und high price would be
? he Tv?'t profitable combination, but
tule of 'supply and demand' as
A itself very quickly in such cases,
grating cn the variable factor, i. e ,
ie price. Thc conclusion is that in
ensive farming will do more to make
cotton Taising profitable than will
var."lng the acreage from year to year
in the hope of raising the pt Ice by
lim ting production or increasing the
acreage to supply au existing defici
ency at high prices. If the supply
can be made fairly constant the price
will remain fairly constant. The
iffect of the weather on the growing
crop is, after all, the main factor In
the prc fitableness of raising cotton."
1'ROO It USS OK KAUM WOBJK.
As to the progress of farm work
during November the bulletin says:
"The weather conditions through
iber were favorable for
"crops remained In the
^ajnly of late, scat
";. . "''-^ugh some
first pli(*Uii dur.
rmon'tb; gathering au- husklnc
Icking fceedipeas; dl^J^
ig sweet potatoes; and g. ueriO?I
r crops such as turnip, i.ariU.o
other root crops. .
A general killing frost, excep
ilong the coast where it was a bcav
frost, tn the 15:h, with "freezing tem
peraturea and thin ice over the uppe:
? lartv?f the State, stopped all furthe;
irowth except of the very hardiest
Vegetables In the coast truck regions
1 ended the growing season of 1904
'Tho temperature averaged slight
hy below normal, tfut was nevor cole
Enough to ?ffe rd safe opportunity foi
l-licrlng farm hogs, have In the
in portions where much meat
" and packt d.
was delajed by drought,
^raln fell early in the mmth
?the ground and permit
lands for wheat and
ie acreage of both grains
lug the month, escr
owing to the'pre
r, but was.f'n the
?twiavvyi/i iFueiiu UUU Uiilii
'seeding was not finished.
> "Rice thrashing was practically fin
ished, and the yields were not as large
as the mid-summer condition indicat
, ed that they would be.
' _i"The yields of oom came up to ex
pectation and gathering confirmed the
earlier promising reports. Both early
and late planted corn were equally
"There were generally poor yielciB
I of minor fall crops over the western
parts attributable to the long and
severe drought during September and
October; in the eastern parts wbere
the rainfall was more copious, the fall
crt ps were generally excellent.
::;j "Buring November, as during the
previous gathering seasoa this year,
there was practically no loss in har
vesting from bad weather, and all
crops were saved in tbo very bebt con
OIiIMATOLOOT TOR THE MONTH.
Themain temperature for Novem
ber was 41.6 degrees, which is 2 2 de
grees below normal. Tho highest local
mean was 67 2 degrees at Charleston;
the lowest was 46.2 degrees at Oreen
ville. The monthly extremas were a
maximum of SO degrees at Walhalla,
on the 22ad, and a minimum of 22 de
grees at Greenville and Santuo on the
15th, making the State range 58 de
grees. The greatest local monthly
range was 66 degrees at Walhalla, the
least was 37 degrees at Charleston
The mean of the daily maximum tem
peratures was 63.6 degrees and of the
dally minimum temperatures was only
30.7 degrees, making the average dai
ly range 23.9 degrees.
Frost (first killing of the seas m)
In addition to the list in October: On
the 1st at Cheraw, Dili lon, Lugo?*. On
tbe 13th at Trenton. On the 14 h at
Aiken, Allendale, Anderson, Bates
burg, Callie us Falls, Camden, Edlsto',
Etllngham, Georgetown, Klngstree,
Fe zsr, rinopolis, St. Georges, St. Mat
thews, St. Stephens, Saluda, Smith
Mills, Summerville, Yemasseo, York
ville. On 15th at Beaufort, Columbia,
Conway, Society Hill, Walterboro,
Ice-Thin ice wai quite general or
the 1st, uth, and 15th.
The precipitation averaged 2 78 in
ches whioh is 0.05 below normal. Tm
greatest monthly amount was 4.39 ai
Yorkvllle; the least was 1.20 at Con
mr ~ TUB ?reautar ild?iwr- fail wai
2.06 at Stateburg on" the 12th-13th
The average number of days with 0.0
or more precipitation was 6, rangiri
from 1 at Allendale to 8 at Columbia
Little Mountain, Saluda and Trenton
Snow-Twenty-seven stations re
ported snow on the 13th,. generali;
only a trace, but amounting to 2- In
Chea at Batcshiirg. . The. snow mrdte
.ai .ii; ; ' ' . \
""Weather-Tbe average number o
clear days was 17, of partly cloud;
ones 0, and of cloudy ones 7.
Winds-The prevailing direction o
the wind was from the west at 17 sta
tlonB, from thc northwest at 10, froi
the southwest at 9, from the north
east at 7, from the north at 5, froi
the east at 2, and from the s HI th WC S
at one fc tatton.
High Winds-High winds, reachln
velocities cf 40 miles or more, at mau
places, prevailed over the State on tl
Jordon Italics a Call.
President Harvle Jordan? ot tl
Southern Cotton Growers' Protects
association Wednesday Issued a ca
for an interstate convention to be he!
at New Orleans, Jan. 24 26, 190
Among the matters for consl leratic
to be acted upon are the followhij
according to the call: "Flnauchr
the entire spot cjtton business of tl
south; creating a bureau of statist.!
for benefit of the producers; estabilsl
ment of a cotton exchange in ear.
State through which cotton can 1
sold direct to the manufacturen.; c
ganlz.tlon quiokly of all the cotrx
producers In each cotton growii
county; reduction of cotton aerea;
and use of cimmerclal fertilizers f
1905, of not less than 25 per cent
adoption of a local warehouse syste
to meet the practical demand of bo
farmers and bankers throughout t
south; to make New Orleans the lea
lng cotton exchange in the Unit
States; the formation of a close al
ance between all the southern agrie
tural organizations now In exister
for mutual co-operation and prob
tion. These are among the Iced
matters for consideration. They ?
momentous and som? of them invol
tremendous propositions. But nc
are Incapable of quick solution a
practical realization. The south pi
sessts the brains, the manhood a
the money to solve any great quest
which threatens her prosperity."
"Boss I'm Kondy To 8kta Tho Ci
A speolal to The Augusta Chronl
from Thomsou, Ga., oays: John Bul
and Guy Reed, the two men who w
convicted of the murder of Mr. R.
Story here 21 days ago, were nani
in the Jail yard at 10.30 a. m, W
nesday. They both took the mal
coolly, Bhowlng but little fear or r
vousnefs. Just before tho black
was slipped over the head ol Bul
with a grin on bis face, he said co
sheriff; "Boss, I'm, ready to skin
cat." The negroes killed Mr. R.
Story, a prominent farmer, beca
he would not let them off .from w
one afternoon. The body was foum
a canebrake. A lynching was avei
by the quick work of Judge Hcnr;
Hammond of the supremo court,
convening court and giving tbci
. ...ai. Tue io .mn WA committed,
criminals tried and hailed wlthtr
days, being the record for-prompt
' ministration of justice In tils St
r Shot Assallnnr.
r In an effort to arrest Jesse ?oft
b Charles Holland, Fred Westmere
, and a young man named Fatter*)
. Oakwood Ga., Wednesday night,
? Puckett, ohlef of police of that tx
1 was shot through the bowols an
r he fell he ?hot Jess Wofford ton
? the stomaoh. The latter died HIK
J after while Puckett is in a dang?
condition. The men were driu
and rowdy fmd when Puckett
deavorcd to quiet them a fight fol
i ed, with the above results. Fattei
Holland and Westmoreland
lodged In Jatl at Gainesville at i
Wednesday. The town, six r
south of Gainesville, is gre
wrought up the tragedy.
WHAT BEAT BRYAN
Some Inside History of the Cam
paign of 1896.
A CORRUPTION FUND
Of Fve Million Dollars Raised by the
Trust Magnates a Few Days Before
the Election for Special Use
ia Five Doubtful States
and Gi ven to Hanna.
i ' -,
Toomas W. Lawson charges that
Henry II. Rogers, president of the
Amalgamated Copper Company and
one 'of the leaders of the Standard Oil
irrou p. directed the raising of a 85 uoo,
009 fund to buy Ave doubtful States
fori William McKinley in the 1890 elec
tion^ The charge ls made In the Jan
uary i?sue of Everybody's Magazine,
the Bavs of whi?*-4r"73 Rogers tried
vainly to stop byunreatening criminal
libel proceedings against the Amer!
can News C mpany, which ls the gen
eral distributing agent for periodicals
Lawson makes the charge in con
nection with his exposure of the seoret
of the Bay State gas fight between J.
101 ward Add lek*, ot Delaware, and Mr.
It ?gers. Lawson for Add;oks had ar
range a settlement with Rogers by
which the latter wes to be paid 86.000.
000 on a sped lie date for bis rival gas
plants in Boston and other important
concessions. The money was to be
raised by a now issue of Bay State
Everything was running smoothly,
when R' ger Foster, a well known New
York lawyer, acting for a client, threw
the Bay State Gas Company into a
receivership, Dwight Braman' being
appointed receiver. The receivership
proceedings were put through with
such a rush In the Delaware courts
that Addlcksonly knew of lt after the
receiver had been named.
DISASTER FACED SPECULATORS.
Unless the receiver could be dis
charged and Addlcks regain posses
sion of the comoany all hope of rais
ing the money nicessaryto perfect
the settlement arranged with R gers
would have to be abandoned; the war
would be continued, and Liwson, Ad
"dicks and all pf their following 01 usn
-ai. ii *&??xc CD '?-|lt7d"rrVif v.'j'iW,i'f'':
tem plated suicide when he first heard
of tue receivership.
Lawson says he went to see the Bos
ton broker to learn if the recelvendiip
could be ended. He asked the broker;
"What's the price?" and the latter, he
says, rcpllod: $150,000 for the lawyer
and lils client, who had 8100,000. of
Bay State bonds, and 8150,000 for
himself and those behind him. Law
son said he told the broker receiver
that the only hope of getting the
money was from Mr. Rogers, saying:
"The question is how to get Rogers
to advar.ee so large a sum In such a
ticklish business. Ile does not want
to get mixed up in a matter lu which
any one man's treachery might mean
Lawson then visisted Mr. Rogers
He says in lils article:
"Rogers refused absolutely to be a
party to any payment that could be
traced back to him. He canvassed
the sources of hazir.l; first, thiough
treachery on the part nf Fester, Bra
man or Addlcks, he mig it be accused
of bribing a court oillcer, the receiver:
Addioks might blackmail him hy
charging him with conspiracy, or a
conspiracy charge might he brought,
by Bay Strte stf ckholders at.d he held
for tremendous damages. He refused
to put himself into any such trap. 1
put forward a dczon ways to meet the
emergency, but he would have none
ROOKES* AL.T-.EOED PLAN.
"Finally he suggested a method
which was certainly perfect of Its
kind. He began by letting me into
the secret that the chances if a Mc
Kinley victory In the election the fol
lowing week looked pretty bad, and
that the latest canvass of the States
showed that unless something radical
were done Bryan would surely win.
Hanna had called Into consultiJJLpn
half a dozen of tho biggest, finan* J, a
In Wall street, and lt was decided to
turn at lelst five of the doubtful
States. To do this a fund of 85,000,
000 had been raised under Rogers'
direction, to be turned over to Mnrk
nanna and McKinley's cousin, O;
horne, through John Moore, tho Wall
street broker, who was acting as R g
ers' repressntatlve In collecting the
"lb wculd be legitimate for tho
National Committee to pay out money
to carry Delaware, and he (Hogers)
would arrange it that the coin to sat
isfy Braman and Foster should come
through this channel. Thus ho would
"'Lawson,'said Mr. It- g-^rs, look
ing at me with deadly seriousness, his
voice charged with conviction, 'If
Bryan's edeoted there will te such a
panic in this country as the world has
never seen, and with his money ideas
and the crazy headed radicals he will
call to Warrington to administer the
nation's affairs business will surely
be destroyed and the working people
suffer untold misery. You know we
all hate to do what Uncle Mark says
ls necessary, but lt's a caso of sonne of
us sacrificing something for the coun
try's goad. Bryan's election would
set our country back a century, and I
believe lt's the sacred duty of every
honest American to do what he can
to save his land from suoh a calam
V VISIT TO RAXKKR MOORE.
"gontlnulng, Mr. Lawson writes
"Uavlrg clearly sat forth the politi
cal situation through which we should
bo 8avea"i Mr- Rogors procoedod to
mapcV1, my owo program. First, I
must, Apifectan alibi for him by going
to FostA" ann" Braman and impress
ing f^em that he was absolutely out
of th'i* affair, and must under no cir
cumstances be brought into lt, I must
j convince Aciaicio to tue sanie eff?ot,
'and in addition tell bim tbat Mr.
Bogers bad angrily refused to get Into
tbe mix-up, tbat I should then hold
myself in readiness tb meet John
Moore and Hanna or O,borne aa soon
as an appointment could be arranged.
That afternoon I got the word and
weut to ND. 26 Broadway, and from
there Mr. Bogers and I went over to
John Moore'B office.
" 'John,' said Mr. Rogers, 'I am
going to turn this matter over to YOU
and Lawson, and I am to have noth
ing further to do with it. What you
two agree to will be satisfactory to
me, and remember, both of you, every
dollar that ls paid by the National
Committee, but after it's all settled,
and jf there ls no slip up, ? will .cox
to L iwson for whatever ls expended.
Is ir. understood?"
"We agreed that lt was, and Rog
ers lett us."
Lawson says that the John Moore
mentioned was of the stock broker
age firm of Moore & Schley. Mr.
Moore ls now dead. Lowson describes
the Washington connections of Moore
& Schley, saying they did business for
Senators, Congressmen and other na
tional r_rifflcials who speculated in
stocks on their inside knowledge of
When everything had been arranged
for the quashing of the receivership
by the payment of 9300,000. Lawson
went to Boston with Mr. Rogers' at
torney and the dlrcotots of the Boston
companies. Legal transfers were to
be made in Boston immediately upon
telephone news from Wilmington of
the retirement of the receiver. An
other party, headed by Addicks and
including the lawyer, the -receiver, a
representative of Mr. Moore and coun
sel for Mr. Rogers, left at the same
time for Wilmington. This latter
contingent. Lawson says, was to carry
the money. Mr. Lawton writes:
HOW THE PLAN WORKED.
"Before I took the train for Bos
ton, just after the last deed bad been
signed, I had come to a complete
understanding in the manner in which
the court proceedings the following
morn'ng Bhould be conducted. It was
understood that no one should take
another's word for anything, and con
sequently that no money should pass
until specific performance of all the
"Immediately on the release of the
receivership Foster and Braman were
to be paid their "fee,' and they asked
that the 9150,000 cash coming-to them
should bo arranged in separate piles
of bills. The two packages contain
ing Foster's and part of Buchanan's
and Braman's $50,000 were to 'ho In
the costody of John Moorer's repre
sentative and my partner, who, with
R igers' counsel and Addioks, had beer
assigned to represent the Bay St"
??vlhccourt." - . -
Xa^goTr"sa??tT''th?t Addicks had
planned a revenge upon Foster and
Braman after the payment of the mon
ey. Some of his political "heelers."
Lawson writes, bad learned of the pay
meut in cash that was to be made,
and had planned a scuffia on the sta
tion platform while the lawyer and
the receiver were walting for the train
that was to take them from Wilming
ton to New York, Lawson doesn't
state outright that the two men were
to be robbed in the souffle, merely
"Well, many things happen In a
CASE FULL OK HONEY.
Judge Wales was on the bench In
Wilmington Cirouit Court room the
next day, says Lawson. All of -the
parties to the arrangement were pres
ent and two dres3 suit cases were
stack? d up in the sight of all present.
The fermai motlou to dlsmbs the re
recelversnip was made and consented
"At once," writes L\wson, "the
two dress suit cases, each loaded with
currency, wer*> slipped to Braman and
Foster. In ino bustle Braman and
Foster, each with his booty fled."
They had arranged for a special
train to carry them out of Wllmlng
ton, and In this way. Lawson sayB,
the plans of the Addicks men were
defeated. Lawson says he learned
that the two men had planned to
make a big coup in Bay State Gas, but
be not Into the market first, sending
the price up from 4 to 10 a share, and
then causing slump when they got
aboard at the high price.
In a separate article Lawson again
attacks the life insurance companies,
and to upset the charge that he waa
actuated by their refusal to insure
him, prints a fac-smlle of a 81,000,000
bond policy which he hold in the
Equitable Life and on which he pays
a yearly premium of $144,220. This
policy expires on August 22,1012,
when Mr Lawson IB to receive $1,
J. B. Harrison, a prominent colton
buyer fatally shot himself at 4 o'clock
Wednesday afternoon In his room at
Magnolia inn, at Barnevvllle, Ga., the
ball entering just above tbe right ear |
and lodging In the brain. Heavy IOSSSB j
on cotton contracts led to the act. nis
losses are estimated at about $25,000.
Ile has been despondent for tho past
few days and Wednesday afternoon
bought a pistol from a hardware
store. Immediately thereafter, seeing
the figures giving the close of the
market for Wednesday, he went to
bis room and shot himself. He was 45
years old and stood well among the
people there. Besides tho losaos sus
tained he bad considerable property
and money left, amounting to $12,000
Killed tho Hoy.
At Chicago while E mer Hunt, 10
years of age, balanced a bottle on his
head, William Dougherty, who had
been, boasting of his prowess as a
marksman, it is alleged, attempted
to emulate William Tell by shooting
the bottle. At the second .-.hoi Hunt
fell to the fljor with a bullet between
his eyes ant1 died almost instantly.
Dougherty escaped and the police are
searching for him.
Killed by an Explosion.
Specials from Covington, a town on
the Georgia railroad about 40 miles
east of Atlanta say: Tho boilers at
tho electric 11^ lit plant exploded there
j Wednesday and killed the fireman, J.
Li. McCullough. The cause of tho ac
cident ls unknown, the boilers being
I practically new, having been used but
! four yean.
Bri|?e Life Savers Take Twenty
One Men from Ship.
VISSEL TOTAL LOSS.
Tbe'ifgfrge OH Steamer Northeastern
dim io Pieces OD the Treach
Jerons .Shoals of Cape, Hatte
ras. Crew. After Qreat
Peril, ls Saved.
ATter hoing Imprisoned on the
wrested oil steamer Northeastern
nlnorhlles off Cape Hatteras f jr 36
btu-s, Capt. Wilder and his crew of
21 n;en wore taken ashore at noon
Tht-?sd?y hy the crews of Klnnakeet,
CreudB Hill and Hatteras life saving
The big steamer is pcunding Dla
mond shoals under a terrille sea and
1B given up by the crew as a total
liva bewildering fog Tuesday night
the Northeastern, on ber way up the
coaiiy from Port Arthur, Texas, to
Nev. York with a cargo of crude pet
roler.n, shoved her prow Into the
deaqly sands on Hatteras and was
fas"i'n the olutohes of the graveyard
of iping befora her crew realized
whi t>ad happened.
Ttvjtij'was at 11 o'clock and before
day "?had como the gale that swept
over tuc Ouuulry from the middle
west had st.uok the s ia and waves
wore crashing over the helpless lncess
The force of the wind and tide threw
her on her port beam and the flood
of w - "<er extinguished her Ares before
her inflammable cargo cculd become
ignited. Had this not been the case,
the 22 men aboard the Northeastern
would have met a horrible fate with
no pasible ohance of escape.
When morning dawned the wreck
was sighted by the lifo savers and the
wearier obsarvatory at Hatteras. She
wasche miles oil" shore and the water
between was a seething miss of moun
tainous waves. No surf boat ever
bulli, could have lasted one minute in
sud', a sea and the life guards on the
coaf t had to stand by helplessly and
walch the big ship being pounded by
the' vaves. During Wednesday night
th*1 :nd diminished, .hut the temp-r
-.ued about 20 degrees, add
les suffering bf "tn?crew. Tins
m.' /og at sun-up the hardy Uf?
sa\.rs began their attempts to get a
sur: ' boat to the ship. Again and again
tho lifo boats were sent head un into
tho sea, only to be caught up by a
monster wave and hurled back on the
beach. Human determination con
quered the elements after a three-hour
?Druggie, and at 0 o'clock three life
boats, with their bravo orews, were
safely across the breakers. When the
surf man reached the wreck they were
confronted with a problem of great
danger and difficulty. The sea. while
lt bad ubslded to som 3 extent, was
still In an angry mood and the little
life boats were being tossed like cockle
shells about the helpless mass of
steel. Lines were Ana ly strung be
tween the boats and the Northeastern
and every man was taken from the
vessel'in safety. It was ?ver six hours
before the first of the boats reached
shore again. The almost exhausted
orew was oared for by the Hatteras
life savers. No statement could he sc
oured from Capt. Wilder Wednesday
night, owing to the fact that the
coast wires were broken shortly after
the barest facts c mee.ri lng the rescue
The vessel, it ls said, will be a total
The Northeastern ls a steel ocean
steamship, built In Chicago in 1001,
and Is owned by C. Counselmau of
Cincinnati. The Northeastern sailed
for Port Artnur, December 7, from
New York, arrived on the 17th and
sailed the same day._
Dr. ?lioliardson lloblgns.
A dispatch from Spartanbu-g says I
Kev. W. R. Richardson, D. D.,bas|
severed his connection as editor with
The Southern Christian Advocate and
has received an appointment from
Bishop Duncan as pastor of the First
Methodist ohuroh at Pulaski, Tenn
He will leave in the near future for
his new field of labor. It is not detl
nltely known who will succeed Dr.
Richardson as The Advocate editor.
It 1B ourrently reported that for the
present the editorial work will be
done by ono of the following gentle
men: President Snyder of Wofford
college, Pa?tor E. O. Watson of Cen
tral Methodist church, or Rev. W. A.
Rogers, D. D. Tbe departure of Dr.
Richardson and his family will be a
matter of genuino regret throughout
city. As editor of The Advocate und
as pastor of Central Metboilst church
in yo-.ru past, Dr. Richardson had
made many friends, irrespective of
creeds, who held bim in high esteem.
Whipped Whlto alan.
A. D. Lewis, a white man, 33 years
of age, whoso home is in Chicago was
whipped in the woods near Natchez,
Miss., Wednesday, and ordered out of
the State. Lewis was being taken to
Ibo county convict farm to serve a
sentence for insulting women on tbe
streets. While under arrest, a crowd
of six white men took him from tho
guard, carried bim to tho woods three
miles from town, stripped him and
gave him 60 lashes across the back,
then placed him on a train and order
ed him to leave tho State.
Ho Was lo "ohed.
A special from Neal, Ga., says"
Herbert SlmmooB, a negro, was
lynched there Thursday for tho killing
of J. A. Park, a white man and one
ot the community's best known cltl
z ns. Tho negro was taken from the
officers by Infuriated citizens whllo bes
ing carried to the Zebulon jail and
after hoing strung upon a treo lils
body was riddled with bullets. Mr.
Park'-*as murdered on tho night of
Deo. 27, hi? skull being crushed in
with i\ large.stiok. Tba coronov'3 ver
dict vas that he came to his death at
tho nvnds of Herbert Simmon*'.
SiwTBisi<nrrTiTi - 'Ps
SOLD YOUft COTIO?."
8ucb la the Advice Given th? Farm
era on All Hides.
The concensus of opinion on all
sides ls that to sell cotton at this time
ls little short of suicidal. This ls the
time, it is declared, for the farmers of
the south to Btand firm-stand pat
and not show their hand. To yield, to
sell at this time, is to simply .add to
the panic and give the bears a- still
further chance to beat down prices.
It is argued that if the crop should
reach the unprecedented figures of
13,000,000 bales, not more than 10,
000,000 bales of this will be marketed
before the decreased acreage ot 1906
is a faot beyond dispute. A heavy cur
tailment of the acreage planted this
spring means a higher market and a
rush of spinners to secure st? ck for
future use. There is common sense
in this view.
The Augusta Chronicle says the be
lief is strong among the cotton men
of tbat city that the ll >ecy staple ls
already far below its real market val
ue. They feel that the reaction is
bound to come. They argue that Jan
uary contracts for exportation have al
ready been supplied and hence there
are few seekers of cotton on the mark
et. But there are Febiuary, March
and April contracts yet to be arrang
ed, and factors claim that the borrow
lng s?beme speculators and exporters'
agent} attempted just before the holi
days, ls a proof that they fear the
consequences if forced into tbe mark
et later as purchasers. The advice
from all sections of tbe south is the
same, to hold o tton. The further
advice is to the effect that throughout
the south the cotton factors and farm
ers will hold what has not already
been marketed. It is a fact, the cot
ty u men air,rm, tnat the farmers were
never in a better condition to hold
the residue of their crop not already
sold than now, and that not to do . so
is to give up the fight when every
thing points to ultimate success-tbe
whipping of the fight.
Factors called attention to the faot
that New York financial papers ad
mit that throughout the present
crisis cotton bas been friendless on
their exchange; "a friendless waif" is
their term, and had been umeroifuily
hammered down by the bulls, bent on
the freezlrg out of the southern hold
ers of the goods. Under these condi
tions they are not surprised that cot
ton is as low as it is. They wonder
that tho slump did not continue. That
lt did not they-argue ls good evidence
that the bulls know the staple is fear
fully underva'.ued. W. P. Brown, an
authority on cotton in New Orleans,
ls cut in a long Interview along the
same line, urging the holding of cot
ton at all hazards, and, as u b?eoud
measure, a leduotion of acreage next
year. He urges that the farmers of
the south have the situation in band
if tne/will remira' q?repo-^ noid
The indications are that the advice
will be.car'rled out to the letter by t]ie
people of the South. Buyers and ex
porters' agents report from all over
the cuntry that no spot cotton is be
ing offered for sala. At Meridian,
Miss., faotors refused to sell where
offers above prevailing prices were
made and the parties stood ready to
buy in any quanitles. The New York
letters and papers are loaded with
telegrams from Southern representa
tives to the effect that farmers aro
determined to hold what cotton they
have and that none is being offered
on the markets. They cannot buy.
They are not buying. The consensus
of opinion is that cotton ?bould be
held and average reduced for the next
season. It is the hope of the southern
farmer. The belief is firm that the
speculators and manipulators are in
the main responsible for the severe
slump of the past few weeks, that
cotton is at least two cents below the
real market value, and that the pre
sent crisis is precipitated hy the bears
ouly in the hope of breaklug the hold
of the farmers on the fieeoy staple and
thus ealing off the situation which
they have created.
Commissioner of Agriculture Ste
vens of Georgia says: "The thing
for the farmers to do is to hold on to
the cotton they have now. If they
will only hold, and cut down the acre
age next year you will see the price
go 'shuting up' instead of down. If
every one would cultivate only ten
acres of cotton to every plough and
produce instead of 11,000,000 bales,
only 6,000,000, then you would see
the price go skyward in a hurry. A
man can make more money out of a
5,000,oro bale crop at 12 to 15 cents
than be can out of a 11,000,000 orop
at 0 cents. Then by confining bim
self to ten acres of cotton to the plow
it would give him an opportunity of
planting more grain, and moro things
upon which to live at home. If be
doesn't want to do tbatheoould allow
bis land to rest. If the farmers will
see cotton bringing 12 cents next
year this time.
"I am going to talk with Commis
sioner Poole, of Alabama, over the
telephone Friday afternoon. Ho is
president of the Commissioners of
Agriculture of the Southern States.
My Idea is to bavo a meeting in New
Orleans some time next month to dis
cuss tho situation. If each commis
sioner in the cotton growing states
would write a personal letter to each
farmer in his stat), advise bim to bold
what cotton he now has on hand and
to plant only ten aores to the plow. I
believe lt would have a wonderful ef
fect. It did in 1899 and wo got ten
cents for cotton. I have a list of over
30,000 farmers in my office, and I can
get them out letters in a very short
while. Coming from the head of tho
agricultural department in each state
I feel Bure that the farmers would
take notice of lt, and many of them
would act accordingly, lt ls a quos
tlon for the farmers to determine?
but I am folly convinced if they will
follow my plan we will have twelve
cent cotton next fall."
Skates Idko a Boy at ?0 Years.
William Hammel, eighty years old,
went skating Wednesday with thi
rest of the "boys'" at Shiloh, N. J.
Ho wrote his name on the lee, cul
tbe figure eight, and then raced s
milo with a much younger man ant
won. Tho venerable skater used th<
siates ho bought in PblladiAobh
oisty-soven years ago.
THE GOSPEL Off TEE COBK.
On? SslentUt Worth Millions
Farmers of Iowa.
One single s?ieutlflo brain, study
ing on the subject of scientific corn
raising, bas earned in the last year for
the State thai employs him over 810,
000,000, and this is only a beg i ur, I og.
Professor P. G. Hoiden, bf the Iowa
Agricultural College, in Ames, is the
man. Ile began as a school teacher,
teaching about grain os a aide issue.
Now he ls known as an agronomist
and preaches tiie "gospel of tho cora"
from special oars drawn throughout
the rural districts.
The farmers ot Iowa once laughed
at the idea ot a professor with such a
title teachirg thom, the best corn
growers in the world, anything about
raising om. Now they flock from
miles away tb listen to him and he is
revered and obeyed as no other man
in the State.
As a result, In large part, of follow
ing bis advice, they have raised about
one hundred million bushels more
corn this year than in any year of this
century, and they exp*ct to add an
other one hundred million bushels tb
their orop next year.
Prfessor Holden became an agrono
mist-that ls, an expert In grain
raising-by accident. When he
taught Babool lu Michigan he got up
a corn growing erntest among his
pupils. He induced the boys to pick
out the earliest, biggest and most
perfect oars from the Heids, save them
and plant from them the best and
most perfeot kernels. The result,
aided by scientific methods of cultiva
tion, was that the bows raised more ?
cora on their little patches than any
hndy h arl ev?r dreaded cf.
Professor Holden worked on his
system until lt was perfeoted. . His
fame spread, and the Funk bpf?f?BrsT
who own a 25.000 acre farm/in mi.
nols, offered hlm_3_blg-8??iary to run
it. He planteiTS?Tooo acres of corn a
year fortbem, land added to their
jylet?^fj??Tnao one hundred thous
and bushels the first year. The State
of Iowa thought he was a good thing
and engaged him to occupy the chair
of agronomy in the Iowa Agricultural
College, In Ames. The chair was
created especially for him.
Professor Holden made the farmers j
believe after a time that he knew)
more about corn raising than they
did. He travelled all over the State j
In special trains last spring and win
ter, making "tall end" speeches and
getting better orowds than any vice
Presidential candidate saw later in
the season. He told the farmers how
to select their seed corn, how to plant
and cultivate.it, and on what sort o'
ground to plant di fi?rent sorts of corn
and how to handle it tinder different
The results are read In the crop re
.ports on Iowa's oom yield this year.
ian! J*verabro omp of Iowa corn for
^forty bushels to the acre.
Forw , ^S8ai? it has been 27 1-2
bushels. Tfltt^v ornn w", nfr"rft
gate 350,000,000 b?L^?BP ^^125 -
000,000 more than iasrf-aD?T "?J
The crop ls worth about $3Gv& i
more than a year ago, and Professrq
Holden is universally oredlted with a1
third interest IP the extra yield.
Barned to Death.
Three persona lost their lives in a
fire which totally destroyed tho farm
residence of Chas. McMillan ab the
head ot Conest?s Lake, N. Y., on
Lottie McMillan, his sister.
Frank C. McMillan.
Lula McMillan, another sister,
escaped. The cause ot the fire has
not been explained.
The McMillan's were among thc
prominent families of Livingstone
county. The three McMillans lo?t
their lives in an attempt to save the
house from destruction. Aioused by
the crackling of the flames the family
fled from the house In their night
clothing and awoke a farmhand who
occupied a house a few roads awayi
He arrived on the scene just in lime
to see Charles, Prank and Lottie rush
into the burning building with palls
of water. Lula McMillan and Mary
Doman, a servant, were restrained by
main force from following the others.
The charred bodies of the viotims
were "-md in the ruins. It is sup
posed 'hird body ls still in the
At a meeting of a number of gin
ners of Georgia and Alabama at At
lanta, Friday, two vice pr?sident!
were named from Georgia to attend
the next convention of cotton ginnen
to be held at Dallas, Texas. President
J. A. Taylor of tho National Glnnors
association was present at the meeting
and made au address urging the gin
ners to retain Information regarding
I cotton produced. Among other thing!
he said: "The government report o:
the cotton crop is totally incorreot
I These reports are as far wrong as any
thing I know. Many ginners did no
oount-their bales correctly, often add
lng many hundred bales more thai
they ha* in reality ginned. In man]
instances the number <~." rales ginnet
was guessed at. I have como to thc
ODcc'.mlon that I and the other gin
ners were chumps for giving out tin
Shot In a Cotton Mill.
At Spartanburg Arthur Leiste)
Ghot and killed George McAllister li
the card room of the Appalaobe mil
at Arlington Wednesday morning
Leister was card room boss, and hat
discharged one of McAllister's family
Tuesday, and this caused a quarrel bo
tween tho two. This quarrel was re
newed and resulted In Leister shoot
lng McAllister tbreo times, thc latt v
dying almost Instantly from the ef
feet? of his wounds. Leister came t<
Spartanburg and gave himself up ti
tho sheriff. He was lodged In th
Falling Tree Killed Two.
A special from Kllijay, Ga., BAJ
that Wm. Cantrell and Joe Cbastln
were killed and a brot'ier ot Ghaatln
seriously Injured near Pur nt rnotmtil
by a falling tree. The tree was blow
by a high wind across a small tram
nouna in wh'.oii th? mea were slttlo
at tho tinao.
ia the Price of . Cotton on Ac?
count of Ginnsrs ?cpoil
OE THE GOYSHNMENT.
PrlMt the Uwcst in Three Y?*ri. Tki
Report, as Gives Out by the Census
Bureau, Indicates a Yield et
Thirteen Million Bales
for this Year.
A dispatch from Now YoTk say? till
cotton mallet broke 30 to 35 point]
on the connus bureau's glnners' repor,
Indicating a crop In cxcesB of the gov- f
ernment's estimate. There was very -
heavy tradlug on the decline. The
bears contend that the ginners' report
probably forecasted a crop of nearly
13,000,000 bales. Following the re
port prices, which bad shown weak
ness since the opening, broke sharply,
with January selling around 6.66,
March 6 81 and May 6 06, or a net de
clino of 22 to 25 points and a break of
practically ?0 a bale in two weeks'
time. The market was very activo
during Wednesday afternoon with big
short interests covering while / (ere
was also heavy liquidation ar/ : on
every little bulge the bears ,8?
disposed to withdraw their '
' or dei s S?d ssH moro cctt-Q?y~
j figures reached in thc*
I lowesti^bifc J&$3?9.gj
THE GLNNEnS' REPOllV,
The census bureau Wednesdt.,
sued a report giving the quantity
cotton ginned in 737 counties up
December 13 last to have been ll,
986,614 running bale?, which ls the
equivalent of 11,848,113 commercial^
bales. Tbe commercial bales reported
to the same period for 1903 amounted
lu arriving at the number of coant
merolal bales, round bale3 are couy
ed half bales. ?
The report to the same date /
year covered 812 counties as ag??
737 this yt ar. The report for
present year covers the outp,
29,527 ginneries, while 29, _
included In the report for 190
product of the different state
? year, in runn>ng bales, ri
i December 13, la as follows:
NEW OHu... TT,r . A MAS, it
A dl&paf?u. from New Ono* \\yA
wlth the reading of the glnners'iv^y^ .
on the cotton exchange Wednesday V
cotton slumped 47 to 55 points. Ex- /
traordinary excitement attended tho ?
break. Tl te market was hammered
with greai energy. After the first
excitement the market grewquleter
though thc decline"was not arrested.
January cotton went to 6.40, which
is a decline pf about four cents during
the last three months.
A dispatch from Atlanta, Ga.^
one bale ot cotton was burned f
streets of Fort Gaines Thursday ar^
noon by farriers of Clay county, w'? .
set Ure tty the fleecy staple after a."
mass^nlee'.ing In which the cotton^
j^Jaiiters o' that county declared they 1
were willli g to burn their Interest in 3
the two m Jllon bales representing an y
excess oro ?> produced In the oottcw"v>?
states. Tho burning was accor^u, in
by great ceremony ajjtJsiCi'iowe.
Btlll. Kte?*wer excltji^?nt. Much ?i
tbuslaam was'?Txdenoed at the mas
meeting of the farmers at which this
radical action was planned and adop
ted. Several speeches were made and
then followed the resolution which
provided tnat Clay county should take
Ute initiative and burn the 2,000,000
bales above tho normal crop. Other
counties have been asked to follow
this action and In this way rid the
market of the surplus crop.
Murdered ia a Olub Koora.
Travis Johnson, a weU known citi
zen, was foully murdered Wednesday
in rooms at the Arlington club, his
head being nearly severed from his
body by either a knife or a hatchet.
John Griffith, marine engineer, waa
arrested almost Immediately after tho
assassination and charged with the
crime. The victim was at breakfast
when he received a telephone message
to return to tho club rooms, as Berne
ono wanted to seo him. He was ac
companied Into the room by Griffith,
who was seeu a few minutes there
after leaving the place by a rear en
trance. Feeling against the prisoner
is intense and a quick trial is de
manded. Tbe motive for the crime
waa probably robbery, as noarly ?200
was taken from the mnrlered mun.
TrulnB in Kftt/tl Crash.
The ncavy fog caused a fatal accl
dmt on the Now Haven road Wednes
day night. Tho Boaton t tpross duo
at 7 03 In charge ot Conductor J. A.
Daly, of Hartford, and Engineer
Charles Banyo, of Now Haven, crash
ed Into an accommodation train in
the Stamford depot. George How
land, a travelling conductor, of Mount
Vernon, wat killed, and many wera
At Chicago on Friday, after buying
F. collin ostensibly for a irionrl, barny
Iv, Nesbit, A banker, committed sui
|clde Friday in an uaderta'flvi>r estab
lishment. Scribbled oh $ oatt! In' thej
bank or's pocket wai a note saying:
''I am Uro:! of being a stipple."
Nesbit had a abrl veiled leg.