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'DO THOU, GREAT LIBERTY, INSPIRE OUR SOULS AND MAKE OUR LIVES IN THY POSSESSION HAPPY OR OUR DEATHS GLORIOUS
BENNETTS VILLE, S. C., FRIDAY, JANUARY 6, 1905.
- ? --
Is Worth by Yield
Be Misleading as to Value. - Aa
mportant Distinction. The Soutb
Carolina Weather Bureau's Re
port for NoTcmber Con
tains Startling Data.
The November report of the South
Carolina section of the weather bu
reau service, Just out, contains much
that is of interest to farmers and all
others who keep up with crop condi
Tne OK st interesting and valuable
portion of the report ls in the nature
of a reminder, or advice, to farmers
as to what makes the value of thc
cotton crop, and this ls especially
timely just now when thete are t-o
many b.zarre notions as to how to in
crease the price. Tue report shows
that Ilia return on the crop to the In
dividual farmer is represented not by
the price per tale, but by tho price
per acre, and some corrparlsons be
tween South Carolina and Texas are
made which illustrate the point.
The report says on t!< is line:
"It ls thc common opinion that the
selling' price ^t an agricultural pro
duct is alone the measure of Its profit
ableness. Theoretically this Is true,
but in actual praeMrte it is n.,t wholly
true, and in seine instances is not
even the most important factor,
when product i vcuchs is compared
with crop prices.
"13y far the greater part of what
the average farmer lalses ls for use
and consumption on his farm, and the I
residue is the surplus on which alone
the selling price has any effect so far
~-M^b?tXaajmer:s iiuauces aiecouccrned.
The case ?s^?\SJereut with tho cotton
farmer, for tinbin M re--production"*..;
this staple must bets ld, and none can
be piotitably consumed on the farm,
and yet a series of comparisons would
indicate that the selling price of cot
ton is less important than the pro
ducilvenei-3 per acre, In calculating
the protitabkne s of this crop.
"Tue statement that m re money
is rece ived for a small than for tx larga
M -<;?v "?j3> ?<->. "jheJc"
"uaiuun;, of money received for the
smaller crop represents a lois to the
cotton planter, in com pal ison with
the smaller amount lec.-ived for the
larger crop. This view is less com
mon, und it is based, of couise, on
the larger yield per acre of a larne
crop than a small one. lt may b : as
sumed as un approximate fact that
tbe cost bf cultivating an acre i f cot
ton \uries but little from year to
year, far less than the price per
pounh or tim yield per acre, and it
may aiso be assumed to be coustant
In the. same locality, however widely
it may vary in nifforent loalities.
"To illustrate all of the foregoing
points, the value per acre has been
calcuiaied for the total cotton crop of
South Carolina and TV xas for a num
ber of years, selected to ?epre ent the
conditions bruny stated above. In
the value per acre, in South Carolina,
was ?514 20; in Texas, $22.f>u;the price
per pound was 11.2 cents. In 1894,
the \alue for South Carollua was
$14.3 ?; for Texas, $12.50; the price
per pound ti.9 cents. In
va?U3.i were, fi r South
$15.00; for Texas, SlO.?O;
per pound 7.0 cents, lu
j eat of greatest production for which
values are available, the values were,
for South Carolina, $11; for Texas,
$13 80; the price per pound 5.U cents.
S, "Thu limits of this article will not
ti?at>Q k 11 ,u" rlihcu.ssion of the weather
i Watcdrevullefl> und l,je acreage eul
amounis 'n connection wi ttl the
lie safely H zed per acre, but il. can
acre is the caed that the yield per
tolling facU>r in the
?ther mai nf raising cottem,
larvte yh-ly^ the price per pound. A
the mo;& aQd high price would be
the i'^'1 profitable combination, bul
ltule of 'supply and demand' as
s itself very quickly in such cases,
Jratiijg en the variable factor, i. e ,
ie price. The conclusion is that In
ensive farming will do mme to make
cotton raising profitable than will
var lng the acreage from year to year
in the l ope of raising the pi ice by
lim ting production or increasing the
aonane lo supply an existing defici
ency at high prices. If the supply
can be made fairly constant the price
will remain fairly ci'iistant. The
effect of the weather on the growing
crop is, afte r all, the main factor in
the pr< Stableness of raising cotton."
PROOUKSS OF KAUM We>HK.
As to the progress of farm work
during November the bulletin says:
"The weather conditions through
s?rembcr were favorable for
.crops remained in the
^ilnly of late, scat
, : P'Sing dur
rmorith^gathering ad. buKsklng
licking ; ted [peas; dit
fig sweet potatoes; and g. ^VTinu
or crops such as turnip, L?nulg
other root crops. . ^
A general killing frost, excep
lion? the coast where lt was a beavj
frost, m the 15 h, willi freezing tem
peraiu'is :mrt thin ice over the uppei
larts?l the State, slopped all furthei
Trowth except of the very hardies!
Srgctables In the coast truck regions
fand ended the growing season of n>04
' Thc temp', rature averaged slight
below normal, but was never cole
int .ugh to a ff i rd safe opportunity foi
|utcherlng farm hogs, have in thc
in portions wht re mucn mea!
cured and packt d.
was delayed by drought,
[rain fell (?arly In the month
ground and permit
kof lands for wheat and
acreage o? both grains
ug the month. ?or
|low, owing to tbo'pre
but was.ln the
maia satisfactory. Wheat and oats
seeding was not finished.
"Bice thrashing was practically fin
ished, and the yields were not as large
as the mid-summer condition indicat
ed that they would be.
_,"The yields ot corn came up to ex
pectation and gathering confirmed tte
earlier promising reports. Both early
and late planted corn were equally
"There were generally poor yields
of minor fall crops ovtr the western
parts attributable to the long and
severe drought during September and
October; in tho eastern parts where
the rainfall was more copious, the fall
orcps were generally excellent.
"During November, as during the
previous gathering sea*on this year,
there was practically nu loss In har
vesting from bad weather, aud ail
orops were laved in toe very best con
CLIMATOLOGY FOR TUE MONTH.
The main temperature for Novem
ber was 41.6 degrees, which is 2 2 de
grees below normal. The highest local
mean was 57 2 dogrees at Charleston;
the lowest was 40 2 degrees at Oreen
ville. The monthly extremes were a
maximum of 80 degrees at Walhalla,
on the 22ud, and a minimum of 22 de
grees at Greenville and Sam us on the
15th, making the State range 58 de
grees. The greatest h eal monthly
range was 66 degrees at Walhalla, the
least was 37 degrees at Charleston
The mean of the dally maximum tem
peratures was 63.6 degrees and of the
daily minimum temperatures was only
39.7 degrees, making the average dal
ly range 23.9 degrees.
Frost (tirst killing of the seis rn)
In addition to the list in October: On
the IstatCheraw, Dillion. Lugoil. On
the 13th at Trenton. On the l i h at
I Aiken, Allendale, Anderson, Mites
burg, Callie u a Falls, Camden, Edlsto,
EUlngham, Georgetown, Kingstree,
Pe zar, Plnopolls, St. Georges, St. Mat
thews, St. Stephens, Saluda, Smith
Mills, Summerville, Teniasseo, York
ville. On 15that Beaufort, Columbia,
Conway, Society Hill, Walterboro,
Ice-Thin ice wai quite general on
the 1st, 14th, and 15th.
The precipitation averaged 2 "8 in
ches which ls 0.05 below norma). Tnt
greatest monthly amount was 4.39 at
York ville; the least was 1.20 at Con
?K""_- Tue Ki'eattaj ~' ?/.our fall wa.1
2.06 at Stateburg on the 12bb-13th
The average number of days with 0.01
or more precipitation was 0, rangiri
from 1 at Allendale to 8 at Columbia
Little Mountain, Saluda and Trenton
Snow-Twenty seven stations re
ported snow on the 13;h, generali}
only a trace, but amounting to 2. In
ches at. Batcshura. Tho snow malte?
Hb ii. ?wi't. * ' V !
Weather-The average number o
clear days was 17, of partly cloud]
ones 6, and of cloudy ones 7.
Winds-The prevailing direction o
tho wind was from the wast at 17 sta
tlons, from the northwest at 10, iron
the southwest at w, from tbe no;tb
east at 7, from the nortn at 5, fron
the east at 2, and from the s luthwes
at one tt itlon.
Iliirli Winds-Ililli winds, reacbln
velocities of 40 mbes or more, at man
places, prevailed over the State on lb
Jordon Iaaues a Cull.
President Ilarvle Joid in pt th
Southern Cotton Growers' Protect!v
nsMDClatlon Wednesday issued a ca
for an interstate convention to be bel
at New Orleans, Jan. 24 2?, 100;
Among the matters for cousi leratlo
to be acted upon are the followinj
according to the call: "Flhanctn
the entire spot otton business of tl
south; creating a bureau 6f statist!)
for benefit of the producers; tstabiisl
ment of a cotton exchange in cac
State through which cotton can t
sold direct to the manufacturen.; o
ganlz\tlon qulekly of all the otu
producers In each cotton growir
county; reduction of cotton acreai
and use of ci mmerclal fertilizers f
l?o5, of not less than 25 per cent
adoption of a local warehouse syste
to meet the praclical demand of bol
farmers and bankers throughout tl
south; lo make New Orleans the lea
lng cotton exchange lu ibo Univ
Stales; the formation of a close al
ance betweeu all the southern agrioi
tural organizjtlons now In existen
for mutual co-operation and proti
lion. These are among the lead i
matters for consideration. They a
momentous and some of them invol
tremendous propositions. But no
are Incapable of quick solution a?
practical realization. Tue south pi
seascB the brains, the manhood a
ihe money to solve any great quest!
which threatens her prosperity."
"IIOBH I'm Koady To m Tho Ca
A special to The Augusta Chronl
from Thomson, Ga., says: John Mut
and Guy Heed, the two men who wi
convicted of the murder of Mr. II.
Story herc 21 days ago, were banf.
in the jail yard at 10.30 a. m, W
nesday. They l otti took the mat
coolly, showing but little fear or n
vousness. Just before the black <
was slipped ov< r the head of Mull
with a grin on his face, he said to
sheriff; "Moss, I'm, ready to skin
cat." The negroes killed Mr. It.
Story, a prominent farmer, beca
tic would not let them off .from w
one afternoon. Tho body was fount
a canebrake. A lynching was aver
by the quick work of Judge Hcnrj
Hammond of the supremo court,
c ravening court ano giving then
i ...ai. Tue UI..UO wa.committed,
criminals trlod and han;ed within
days, being the ncord foi-prompt
' ministration of justice in tils St
r ?hot Aswkltanr.
r In an eft irt to arrest Jesse ^ofT
ti Charles Holland, Fred West meei
, and a young man named Pattersii
. Oakwood Ga., Wednesday night,
Puckett, chief of police of that tc
I was shot through the bowels ant
? he fell he shot Jet-s Wofford th ri
: the stomach. Tho latter died she
i after while Puckett is in a clange
condition. Tiie men were (Irin,
and rowdy and when Puckett
deavored to quiet them a tlgut fol
ed, with the above results. Patter
Holland and Westmoreland \
lodged In Jail at Gainesville at i
Wednesday. The town, six n
south of Gainesville, is gre
wrought up over the tragedy.
WH AT BEAT BRYAN
Some Inside History of the Cam
paign of 1896.
A COBRUPTION FUND
Of Fve Million Dollars Raised by (he
Trust Magnates a Few Days Before
the Election for Special Use
ia Five Doubtful States
and Given to Manna.
Thomas W. Lawson charges that
Henry II. Rogers, president of the
Amalgamated Copper Company and
one of the leaders of the Standard Oil
group, directed the raising of a $5 000,
OOO fund to buy Ave doubtful States
for William McKinley In the ISD? elec
tion. The charge is mad0 1? 1 he Jan
uary i/?sue of Everybody's Magazine,
the save of whk*'-'^ -. Rogers tried
vainly to stop byThreatening criminal
libel proceedings against the Amerl
can News C mpany, which ls thc gen
eral distributing agent for periodicals
Lawson makes the charge In con
nection with his exposure of the secret
of the Hay State gas tight between J.
Elward Addlcks, of Delaware, and Mr.
R ;gers. Lawson for Add.cks liad ar
range a settlement with Rogers by
which the latter was to be paid 86,000,
OOO on a specitic dale for his rival gas
plants in Boston and other important
ouueessiuus. Tiie money was to be
raised by a new Issue cf Bay State
Everything was running smoothly,
whr n R- ger Foster, a well known New
Yolk lawyer, acting for a client, threw
the Hay State Gas Company into a
receivership, Dwight Braman being
appointe:! receiver. The receivership
proceedings were put through with
such a rush in the Delaware courts
that Addlcksonly knew of it after the
receiver had been named.
DISASTER VACUO SPECULATOR!.
Unless the receiver could bc dis
charged and Addicks regain posses
sion of the comoauy all hope of rais
lng the money necessary ttl p?rfect
tho settlement arranged with R gers
would have tu be abandoned; the war
would be continued, and Lawson, Ad
'dicks aud all of their following ci usn
tomplated suicide when h? first heard
of the receivers-hip.
Lawson say.s he went to seethe Bon
bon broker lo learn if thc receivership
could be ended. He asked the broker;
' What's the price?" and the latter, he
says, replied: * 150,000 for the lawyer
and his client, who had 8100,000 of
Bay State bonds, and 81 ?"io,ooo for
himself and those behind him. Law
son said he told thc broker receiver
that the only hope of getting thc
money was from Mr. Rogers, saying:
"The question is how to get Rogers
to advai.ee so large r?. sum in such a
ticklish business. Ile does not want
to get mixed up In a matter in which
any one man's treachery miglit mean
Lawson then vis'sted Mr. Rogers
Ile siys in his article:
"Rogers refused absolutely to he a
party to any payment that could bc
traced hack to him. He canvassed
the sources of hazard; first, through
treadle ry on the part of Foster, Bra
man or Addlcks, he mtg it he accost cl
of bribing a court o dicer, the receiver:
Addioks might blackmail him by
chat ging him with conspiracy, or a
conspiracy obarge might be brought
by Bay Strte st? ck holders aid he held
for tremendous damages. He refused
to put himself Into any suth trap. 1
put forward a dcz-m ways to meet the
emergency, but he would have none
ROGERS1 ALLEGED fl.AN.
"Finally he suggested a method
which was certainly perfect of its
kind. He began by letting me into
tlie secret that the chatict s 1 f a Mc
Kinley victory in the: election the fol
lowing week looked pretty bad, and
that the latest canvass of tho States
showed that ?nicas something radical
were done Bryan would surely win.
Hanna bad called Into consult;.'.lon
half a dozen of the biggest finan* ^.s
in Wall street, and it was decided to
turu at let.st five of the doubtful
States. To do this a fut.d of 85,000,
000 had been raised under Rogers'
direction, to be turned over to Mnrk
Hanna and McKinley's cousin, O;
borne, through John Moore, the Wall
st reet broker, who was acting as R g
ers' rcprcssntative in collecting the
"lt weuld be legitimate for tho
National Committee to pay out money
to carry Delaware, and he (Bogers)
would arrange it that the coin to sat
isfy Braman and Foster should come
through tblsobannel. Tims he would
be complete ly'protected.
" 'Lawson,' said Mr. R g^rs, look
ing at me with deadly seriousness, his
voice ctiarged with c mvictlon, 'If
Bryan's elected ibero will ce such a
panic in t his country as the world has
never seen, and with hts money ideas
and the crazy headed radicals he will
?all to Waddington to administer the
nation's alfairs busin? ss will surely
be destroyed and tho working peopk
suffer untold misery. You know we
all hate to do what Uncle M irk says
is necessary, but lt's a case of some of
os sacrificing something for the coun
try's go.)d. Bryan's election would
set our country back a century, and I
be lleve it':< the sacred duty of every
honest American to clo what beean
to save his land from such a calam
^ VISIT TO HANKER MOORE.
fontinulng, Mr. Lawson write?
"jUavlrg clearly sat forth tho politi
cal sM-uatton through which we should
bo sJvcd, Mr. Rogers proceeded to
mape/J11, my own program. First, I
must Aorfectan alibi for him by going
to Fust/51, an<l Braman and Impress
ing t-^?m that he was absolutely out
of th.) affair, and must under no cir
curacuvices be brought into it, I must
convince ?ddlcks to the same effect,
and in addition tell bim that Mr.
Bogers bad angrily refused to get Into
the mix up, that I should then hold
myself in readiness to meet John
Moore and Hanna or O .horne as soon
as an appointment could be arranged.
That afternoon I got the word and
went to No. 26 Broadway, and from
there Mr. Bogers and I went over to
John Moore's office.
" 'Jobn,' said Mr. Rogers, 'I am
going to turn this matter over to you
and Lawson, and I am to have noth
ing further to do with it. What you
two agree to will be satisfactory to
me, and remember, both of you, every
dollar that is paid by the National
Committee, but after it's all settled,
and if there is no slip up, I will look
to Ltwson for whatever ls expended.
Is ir, understood?"
"We agreed that lt was, and Rog
ers lett us."
Lawson says that the John Moore
mentioned was of the stock broker
age firm of Moore & Scbley. Mr.
Moore Is now dead. Lowson describes
the Washington connections of Moore
& Scbley, sajirg they did business for
Senators, Congressmen and other na
tional .(iUcials who speculated in
stocks on their inside knowledge of
When everything had been arran^rd
for the quashing of the receivership
by the payment of $300,000. Lawson
went to Boston with Mr. Rogers' at
torney and the directors of the Boston
companies. Legal transfers were to
be made lu Boston immediately upon
telephone news from Wilmington of
the retirement of the receiver. An
other party, headed by Addlcks and
Including the lawyer, the receiver, a
representative of Mr. Moore and coun
sel for Mr. Rogers, left at the same
time for Wilmington. This latter
contingent. Lawson says, was to carry
the money. Mr. Lawson writes:
nOW THE PLAN AVOllKED.
"Before I took the train for Bos
ton, just after the last deed bad been
s'gnrd, I had c uno to a complete
understanding in the manner in which
the court proceedings the following
morning should be conducted. It was
understood that no one should take
another's word for anything, and con
sequently that no money should pass
until specific performance of all the
"immediately on tho release of the
receivership Foster and Braman were
to be paid their "fee,1 and they asked
that thc $150,000 cash comiug to them
should bc arranged in separate piles
of bills. The two packages contain
ing Foster's and part of Buchanan's
and Braman's $50,000 were to be in
the costody of John Moorer's repre
sentative and my partner.^who, with
R >gers' counsel and Addicks, had beer
assigned to represent the Bay St.*
" 'Lawson said that Addicks had
planned a revenge upon Foster and
Braman after the payment of the mon
ey. Some of his political "heelers."
Lawson writes, bad learned of the pay
ment In cash that was to be made,
and bad planned a scuffle on the sta
tion platform while the lawyer and
the receiver were walting for the traiu
that was to take them from Wilming
ton to New York, Lawson doesn't
state outright that the two men were
to be robbed in the scuffle, merely
''Well, many things happen In a
(..'ASE KULI. OK MONET.
Judge Wales was on the bmch lu
Wilmington Circuit Court room the
next day, says Lawson. All of the
parties to the ai rangement were pres
ent and two dress suit cases were
staekf d up In the sight of all present.
The formal motion to dlsmhs the re
receivership was made and consented
"At once," writes Lawson, "the
two drtss suit cases, each loaded with
currency, were slipped to Braman and
Fuslor, lu tho bustle Braman and
Foster, each with his booty tied."
They bad arranged for a special
train to carry them out of Wllmlng
ton, and in this way. Lawson says,
the plans of the Addicks men were
defeated. Lawson says he learned
that the two men bad planned to
make a big coup li? Bay State Gas, but
he got into Ibo market first, sending
the price up from 4 bo 10 a share, and
then causing Blump when they got
aboard at the high price.
In a separate article Lawson again
attacks the life Insurance companies,
and bo upset the charge that he was
actuated by their refusal to Insure
him, pilots a fac-smile of a ?1,000,000
bond policy which he hold in the
Equitable Life and on which he pays
a yearly premium of $144,220. This
policy expire.; on August 22,1012.
when Mr Lawson Is to recelvo $1,
Shut ll i uni,-li'.
J. B. Harrison, a prominent cotton
buyer fatally shot himself at 4 o'clock
Wednesday afternoon In his room at
Magnolia Inn, at Barnesvlllc, Ga., the
ball entering just above the right ear
and lodging In the brain. Heavy losses
on cotton contracts led to the act. His
losses are estimated at about $25,000.
He has been despondent for the past
few days and Wednesday afternoon
bought a pistol from a hardware
store. Immediately thereafter, seeing
the figures giving the clos? of the
market for Wednesday, he went to
bis room and shot himself. He was 45
j ears old and stood well among the
people there. Besides tho losses sus
tained be had considerable property
and money left, amounting to $12,000
Killed tho Hoy.
At Chicago while E mer Hunt, 10
years of age, balanced a hollie on his
head, William Dougherty, who had
been boasting of his prowess os a
marksman, lt is alleged, attempted
to jirulato William Tell by shooting
the l ottie. At the second shot Hunt
fell to the lLor with a bullet between
bis eyes ant1 died almost instantly.
Doughert y escaped and the police are
searching for him.
Kilted hy au Kxploslou,
Specials from Covington, a town on
tho Georgia railroad about 40 miles
east ot Atlanta say: Tho toilers at
the electric light plant exploded there
I Wednesday and killed the. ilreman, J.
' L. McCullough. Tlie cause of tho ac
Icident Is unknown, the boilers being
I practically new, having been used but
A OARING RESCUE.
B|ri|g Life Savers Take Twenty
One Men from Ship.
VESSEL TOTAL LOSS.
e Oil Steamer Northeastern
ding to Pieces on the Treach
erous Shoals of Cape Matte
ras. Crew. After Great
U Peril, is Saved.
A'ter hoing Imprisoned on the
wreaked oil steamer Northeastern
ulm mSlea off Capo Hatteras f jr 3(5
htu*g, Capt. Wilder and his crew of
21 tuen were taken ashore at noon
Tht-rsday by the crews ot Klunakeet,
Creeds Hill and Hatteras life saving
The big steamer is pundlng Dia
mond shoals under a terrille sea and
is given up by the crew as a total
Irfcfc bewildering fog Tuesday night
the Northeastern, on ber way up the
coai.:, from Port Arthur, Ti xas, to
New York with a cargo ot crude pet
role* ,n, shoved her prow into the
deadly sands on Hacteras and was
fas> rn tho clutches of the graveyard
of sapping before her crew realized
wbnf.i bad happened.
T^g|Jwas at ll o'clock and before
day Shad come the gale that swept
over" the country from the middle
west had st. uok the s;a and waves
Trsrc crashing over thc hui pi ess incess
The force of the wind and tide threw
her on her port beam and the fl iod
of w "i?r extinguished her tires before
her "inflammable cargo could become
Ignited. Had this not been the case,
the 22 man aboard the Northeastern
would have met a horrible fate with
no ph?slble ohance of escape.
When morning dawned the wreck
was sighted by the life savers and the
weather observatory at Hatteras. She
wasriirie miles off shore and the water
between was a seething miss of moun
tainous waves. No surf boat ever
buhu could have lasted one minute in
suet', a sea and the life guards on the
coerL bad to stand by helplessly and
walch: the big ship being pounded by
che ? aves. During Wednesday night
th" ' :nd diminished, t?ut the temp r
..oed ?bout 20 degrees, add
..ub buffering of tue crew. Tins
m . ng at sun-up the hardy life
sa\. rs began their attempts to get a
sur.'boat to the ship. Again and ugaiu
tho life boats were sent bead on into
the sea, only to be caught up by a
monster wave and hurled back on the
beach. Human determination con
quered the elements after a three-hour
struggle, and at 9 o'clock three life
boats, with their brave crews, were
safely across the breakers. When the
surfman reached the wreck they were
confronted with a problem of great
danger and difllculty. The sea. while
lt bad ub,hied to some estent, was
still in an atgry mood ind the little
Ufv? boats wore being tossed like cockle
shells about the helpless mass or
steel. Lines were tina ly strung be
tween the boats and the Northeastern
and every man was ta-cen from the
vessel In safety. It was "ver six hours
before the first cf the boats reached
shore again. The almost exhausted
crew waa cared for by the Hatteras
life savers. No statement could be se
cured from Capt. Wlider Wednesday,
night, owing to the fact that *.he
coast wires were broken shortly after
the barest fact* c moori, lng the rescue
The vessel, it ls said, will be a total
The Northeastern is a steel ocean
steamship, built lu Chicago In luOl,
aud ls owned by C. ( cunse'.mau of
Cincinnati. The Northeastern sailed
for Port Arthur, December 7, from
New York, arrived on tho 17th and
sailed the same day._
Dr. It?cli;.i il,.on KobtKUS.
A dispatch from Spartanbu-g says
Rsv. W. R. Richardhon, D. D., has
severed bis connection as editor with
The Southern Christian Advocate and
bas received an appointment from
Pdshop Duncan as pastor of the First
Methodist church at Pulaski, Tenn
He will leave In the near future for
his new field of labor, lt ls not defi
nitely known who will succeed Dr.
Richardson as The Advocate editor,
lt fs currently reported that for the
present the editorial work will be
dono by one of the following gentle
men: President Snyder of Wofford
college, Pastor E. (). Watson of Cen
tral Methodist church, or Rsv. W. A.
Rogers, D. D. The departure of Dr.
Richardson and his family will be a
matter of genuine regret throughout
city. As editor of The Advocate and
as pastor of Central Metho.ilst church
In years past, Dr. Richardson had
made many friends, irrespective of
creeds, who held bim In high esteem.
Whipped White Man.
A. D. Lewis, a white man, S3 joars
of age, whose home ls In Chicago was
whipped in the woods near Natchez,
Miss., Wednesday, and ordered out of
the State. Lewis was being taken to
4be county convict farm to sorve a
sentence for insulting women on the
streets. While under arrest, a crowd
of six white men look him from the
guard, carried bim to the woods three
miles from town, stripped him and
gave him 60 lashes across the back,
then placed him on a t~aln and order
ed him to leave tho Stn te.
Ha Wan I o oohed.
A special from Neal, Oa., says"
Herbert Simmons, t=. negro, was
lynched there Thursday for the killing
of J. A. Park, a white man and one
of the community's btst known clti
z ns. Tho nogre. was taken from the
ofnceis by Infuriated citizens while be
ing carried to the Zebulon jail and
after belog strung upon a tree his
body was riddled with bullets. Mr.
Park waa murdered on tho night of
D'.o. 27, hld skull being crushed in
with a large stick. Tho coronor's ver
dlot vas that be came to his death at
tho bvnd? of Herbert iilmmona.
"HOLD YOUR COT I ON.
Huoh Ia the Advice Gi von th? Farm?
era on All Hides.
The concensus of opinion on ali
sides ls that to sell cotton at this time
is little short of suicidal. This is the
time, lt ls declared, for the farmers of
the south to stand firm-stand pat
aud nut show their hand. To yield, to
s-.-ll at this time, i-s to simply .add to
the panic and give the bears a still
further chance to beat down prices.
lt ls argued that if the crop should
reach the unprecedented figures of
13,000,000 bales, not more than 10,
000,000 bules of this will be marketed
before the decreased acreage of lu05
ls a faot. beyond dispute. A heavy cur
tailment of the acreage planted this ?
spring means a higher market and a
rush pf spinners to secure st? ck for ?
future use. There ls common sense
in this view.
The Augusta Chronicle says the be
lief is strong among the cotton men j
of that city that the fleecy staple is
already far below its real market val- j
ue. They feel that the reaction is ,
bound to oome. Tuey argue that Jan- <
u L ry contracts for exportation have al <
ready been supplied and hence there <
are few seekers of cotton on the mark \
st. But there are Febiuary, March
aud April contracts yet to be arrang- ]
cd, and factors claim that the borrow j
lng Boheme speculators and exporters' t
lf^eoti attempted just before the hull- ?
rlays, is a proof that they fear the j
jonsrqncnces if forced int? the mark- c
?t later as purchasers. The advice j
[rom all s- ctlons of the south ls the j
jame, to hold c tton. The further t
id vice is to the effect that throughout r
Lhe south the colton factors and farm- t
sra will hold what hos not already c
been marketed. It ls a fact, the cot- t
ton men a ni rm, that the farmers were
aever in a better condition to hold s
the resin ne or their crop not already (
sold than now, and that not to do so \
ls to give up the fight when every- t
thing points to ultimate success-the i
whipping of the tight. j
Factors called attention to the fact j
that New York financial papers ad- a
nit that throughout the present c
jrisis cotton has been friendless on s
ibelr exchange; "a friendless waif" la c
their term, and had been umercifully (
Hammered down by the bulls, bent on c
the freezing out of the southern hold
?rsof the goods. Under these condl- t
tiona they are not surprised that cot- t
Lon is as low as it ls. They wonder c
that the slump did not continue. That [
t did not they.'argue is good evidence t
that the bulls know the staple is fear- r
fully undervalued. W. P. Brown, aa j
lutbority on cotton in New Orb ans, t
ia cut In a long interview along the t
?ame line, urging the holding of cot- s
LOU at ail hazards, and, as u see./ml [
neasure, a reduction of acreage next \
pear. He urges that the farmers of c
the south hftve the situation In hand
if the/will remirii qtrmr? ^ j1Ql? cot.
The Indications are that the advice 1
will be.carried out to the letter by the 1
ppople of the South. Buyers and ex- I
porters' agents report from all over i
the cuutry that no spot cotton ls be- <
lng offered for ssl3. At Meridian,
Miss., factors refused to sell where i
offers above prevailing prices were
made and the parties stood ready to I
buy in any quanitles. The New York
letters and papers are loaded with
telegrams from Southern representa
tives to the effect that farmers are 1
determined to hold what cotton they j
have? and that none is being offered j
on the markets. They cannot buy.
They are not buying. The consensus
of opinion is that cotton should be
held and acerage reduced for the next
season. It is the hope of the southern
farmer. The belief ls firm that the
speculators and manipulators are In
the main responsible for the severe
slu np of the past few weeks, that
cotton is at least two centB below the
real market value, and that the pre
sent crisis is precipitated hy the bears
only in the hope of breaklug the hold
of the farmers on the tleecy staple and
thus easing off the situation which
they have created.
Commissioner of Agriculture Ste
vens of Ceorgia Bays: '"The thing
for the farmers to do is to hold on to
the cotton they have now. If they
will only hold, and cut down the acre
age next year you will see tho price
go 'shuting up' instead of down. If
every one would cultivate only ten
acres of cotton to every ph u/h and
produce instead of 11,000,000 bales,
only 6,000,000, then you would see
tile price go skyward in a hurry. A
man eau make more money out of a
5,000,0C0 bale crop at 12 to 15 cents
luau he can out of a 11,000,000 crop
at ti cents. Then by confining him
self to ten acres of cotton to the plow
lt would give him an opportunity of
plantii g more grain, and moro things
upon which to live at home. If he
doesn't want to do tbathecould allow
I his land to rest. If tho farmers will
see cotton bringing 12 cents next
year this time.
"I am going to talk with Commis
sioner Poole, of Alabama, over the
telephone Friday afternoon. Ile is
president of the Commissioners of
Agriculture of the Southern States.
My idea ls to have a meeting in New
Orleanu some time next month to dis
cuss tho situation. If each commis
sioner in the cotton growing states
would write a personal letter to each
farmer in his btati, advise him to hold
what cotton he now has on hand and
to plaut only ten acres to the plow. I
believe lt would have a wonderful ef
fect. It did in 180? and wo got ten
cents for cotton. 1 have a list of ovor
30,000 farmers In my otfice, and 1 can
get them out leUera In a very sheri
while. Coming from the head of the
agricultural department in eaoh state
I feel sure that the farmers would
take notice of it, and many of them
would act accordingly, It is a quos
tlon for the farmers to determine?
bm, i am fully convinced if they will
follow my plan we will have twelve
cent cotton next fall."
Skates Like a Boy at MO Years.
William Hammel, eighty years old,
went bktttlng Wednesday with the
rest of the "boys" at Shiloh, N. J.
Ho wrote his namo on the loo, cut
the figure eight, and then raced u
mile with a much younger man and
won. The venerable skater used the
skates he bought In Philadelphia
slxty-sov'on yw.. ago,
THE GOSPEL OF THE COEN.
On? Scientist Worth Millions to the
Farmers of Iowa.
One single scientific brain, study
ing on the subject of scientific, om
raising, bas earned in the last year for
the State that employs him over 310,
000,000, and this ls only a beginning.
Professor P. G. Holden, of the Iowa
Agricultural College, in Ames, ls the
man. He began as a school teacher,
teaching about 'jrain as a side issue.
Now he is koowa BS an agronomist
and preaches the ' 'gospel of the cora"
from special cars drawn throughout
the rural districts.
rho farmers ol iowa once laughed
at tho idea of a professor with such a
title teachirg them, the best corn
Krowera In the world, anything about
raising om. Now tbey flock from
miles away tb listen to him and he ls
revered and obeyed os no other man
In the State.
As a result, in large part, of follow
ing bis advice, they have raised about
jnc hundred million bushels more
SOTO this year tban In any year of this
?entury, and tbey exp-ct to add an
)tber one hundred million bushels to
jhelr crop next year.
Prfessor Holden became an agrono
nlst-that ls, an expert in grain
.alslng-by acoldent. When he
.aught sahool in Michigan he got up
i eora growing eintest among his
luplls. He induced the boys to pick
JUL the earliest, biggest and most
:erfect ears from the fields, save them
ind plaut from them the best and
nest perfeot kernels. Tue result,
kided by scientific methods of cultiva
ion, was that the boss raised more
:orn on their little patches than any
)ody had ever dreamed of.
Professor Holden worked on his
ystem until it was perfected. His
ame spread, and the Funk b^t?eTS7!
vhoowna 25 000 acre farm/in uni
mis, offered hlm_a_h?g-malary to run
t. He plantea 20,000 acres of corn a
rear for tb^m, land added to their
'leid-ffivxrinihaa one hundred thous
md bushelB the first year. Tht. State
if Iowa thought he was a good thing
ind engaged him to occupy the chair
)f agronomy in the Iowa Agricultural
College, in Amf;S. The chair was
sreated especially for him.
Professor Holden made the farmers
lelieve after a time that he knew
nore about corn raising than they
lid. He travelled all over the State
n special trains last spring and win
er, making "tail end" speeches and
jelling better crowds than any Vice
presidential candidate saw later in
ihe season. He told the farmers how
o select their seed corn, hov to plant
md cultivate lt, and on what sort o'
rround to plant diff?rent sorts of cora
ind hov to handle it under different
The results are read in the crop re
ports on Iowa's corn yield this year.
Tani avora?e or?P of Iowa corn for
li>041? ^forty bushels to the acre.
, i ne>i?ars it has been 27 1-2
aushels. Thiarf.Tr- pro 1M ntT[rrft
<ate 350,000,000 bOjSJ abouti
)00,000 more than ?Mi>?^fiJJS i
The crop is worth about 830^1^,,^!
cnore than a year ago, and Profess^
?olden is universally oredlted with a t
third Interest in the extra yield.
Burned to Death.
Three persons lost their lives in a
Ure which totally destroyed tho farm
residence of Cbas. McMillan at the
head of Cmesus Like, N. Y., on
Lottie McMillan, his sister.
Frank C. McMillan.
Lula McMillan, another sister,
escaped. The cause of the fire has
not been explained.
The McMillan's were among the
prominent families of Livingstone
county. Tue three McMillans lost
their lives In an attempt to save the
house from destruction. Amused by
the crackling of the Hames the family
fled from the bouse in their night
clothing and awoke a farmhand who
occupied a house a few roads away."
Ho arrived on the scene Just lu lime
to see Charles, Frank and Lottie rush
Into the burning building with palls
of water. Lula McMillan and Mary
Doman, a servant, were restrained by
main force from following the others.
The charred bodies of the victims
were found In the ruins, lt Is sup
posed the third body ls still in the
At a meeting of a number of gin
ners of Georgia and Alabama at At
lanta, Frlde.y, two vice presidents
were named from Georgia to attend
the next convention of cotton ginuer*
to be held at Dallas, Texas. President
J. A. Taylor of the National Ginners'
association was presentat the meeting
and mide an address urging the gin
ners to retain Information regarding
cotton produced. Among other things
he said: "The government report of
the cotton crop ls totally incorrect.
These reports are as far wrong as any
thing I know. Many ginners did not
count-thelr bales correctly, often add
lng many hundred bales more than
they hai In reality ginned. In many
Instances the number of laies giuned
was ?ue9aed at. I hiive como to the
e. mc: inion that I and the otbor gin
ners were chumps for giving out the
Shot In a Cotton Mill.
At Spartanburg Arthur Leister
shot and killed George McAllister In
the card room of the Appalacbe mill
at Arlington Wednesday morning.
Leister was card room boss, and had
discharged ono of McAllister's family
Tuesday, and this caused a quarrel be
tween the two. This quarrel was re
newed and resulted in Leister shoot
ing McAllister three times, thc latter
I dying almost instantly from tho ef
fects of his wounds. Lsister came to
Spartanburg and gave himself up to
tho sheriff. He wa? lodged In the
Falling Tree Killed Two.
A special from JEUiJay, Ga , says
that Wm. Cantrell aud Joe Cbastine
were killed and a brother of Chastlue
seriously Injured near Hurnt mountttn
by a falling tree. The tree was blown
by a high wind across a saiall frame
house in whloh tbs mon were sitting
at the timo.
In thc Price of . Cotton on Ac
count of dinners Report
OF THE GOVERNMENT.
Prices the Lowest ia Tire* Y tar?. Thc
Report, ax Given Out by the Cent us
Bureau, Indicates a Yield ?f
Thirteen Million Bales
for this Year.
A dispatch from Now York saya thl
??tton market broke 30 to 35 point!
sn the connus bureau's ginners^epov
Indicating a crop in excess of thu gov
ernment'!; estimate. There -was very
tieavy tradlug on the decline. The
oears contend that the glnners' report
probably forecasted a crop of nearly
L3,000,000 bales. Following the re
port prices, which bad shown weak
ness since the opening, broke sharply,
-vitil January Belling around 6.66,
March 6 81 and May 6 96, or a net de
dine of 22 to 25 points and a break of
practically $6 a bale in two weeks'
iime. The market was very active
luring Wednesday afternoon with big
ihort interest's covering while / jere
vas also heavy liquidation ar( ! on
?very little bulge the bears ,sd " :
ilsposed to withdraw their-.-1*
irders and sell more cottc^f'
lgure8 reached in tn/^
S?tf?y three years.
THE OIKNEES' KEPOB>^
The census bureau'" Wednesa?i?
med a report glvlng the quantity
iotton ginned in 737 "counties up
December 13 last to have been ll,
?86,614 running bale.?, which ls the
qulvalent of 11,848.113 commercials
jalea. The commercial bales reported
?o the same period for 1903 amounted
In arriving at the number of coaa
nercial bales, round bales are cou;
d half bales.
The report to tho same date i
'ear covered 812 counties as agV;
37 this yr ar. The report for
iresent year covers the
19,527 ginneries, while 29,527
ncluded in the report for 1
uoduct of the different state
rear, in runnsng bales,
December 13, ia as follows
H or th G^?^iiv
6? j /J'
SEH uiu.."..,>.( MAS, it
A dispatch frc ni New Oinx. p,y>
wlth the rexdiug of the ginuers' ?v,^ .
on the cotton exchange Wednesday \
cotton slunped 47 to 55 points. Ex- ?
traordinar/ excitement attended the I
break. The market was hammered
with grea. energy. After the first
excitemeni the market grew quieter
though thc decline was not arrested.
January cotton went to 6.40, which
is a decline of about four cents during
the last three months.
A dispatch from Atlanta, Gav
one bale ot cotton was burned ?
streets of Fort Gaines Thursday a1
noon by farmers of Clay county, w?\
set'fire to-the neeoy staple after
mass mee lng in which the cotton1?,
planters o! that county declared they *
were wlllit g to burn their interest in ^
the two m ilion bales representing an /
excess crop produced in the oottwVl o
states. The burning WM aceotf^h in
by great ceremony vt^a^ilo^A .
still greaser excitement. Much XT:
tbuslasm was i , ideuoed at the moss
meeting ol the farmers at which this
(radical action was planned and adop
ted. Several speeches were made and
then followed the resolution whloh
provided that Clay county should take
the Initiative and burn the 2,000,000
bales above the normal crop. Other
counties have been asked to follow
this action and in this way rid the
market of the surplus crop.
Murdered in ? Club Koona.
Travis Johnson, a well known citi
zen, was foully murdered Wednesday
tn rooms at the Arlington olub, his
head being nearly severed from his
burly by either a knife or a hatchot.
John Griffith, marine engineer, was
?arrested almost immediately after the
assassination and charged with the
crime. The victim was at breakfast
when he received a telephone message
to return to the club rooms, as some
one wanted to see him. Ho was ac
companied into the roona by Griffith,
who was seen a few minutes there
I after leaving the place by a rear en
trance. Fooling against the prisoner
intense and a qulok trial is de
manded. The motive for the crime
was probably robbery,- as nearly $200
was taken from the umrlered man.
Trains in Fatal Crash.
The ncavy fog caused a fatal aoci
d mt on the New Uaven road Wednes
day night. Tho Hoston express due
at 7 03 In charge of Conductor J. A.
Daly, of Hartford, and Engineer
Charles Bahyn, of Now Haven, crash
ed into an accommodation train in
tne Stamford depot. George How
land, a travelling conductor, of Mouut
Vernon, was killed, and many were
At Calcago on Friday, after buying
a collin oat t si ;il ly for a friend) Lf.roy
K. Nesbit, a banker, e<n.-imit,te.d sui
cide Friday lu an undertaking estab
lishment. Scribbled on a cart! In tho
banker's pocket was a note saying;
"I ara tired of being a cripple.M
Nesbit had a shrivelled log, and
snout thousands of dollars in